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Fig. 1. Varna. Terracotta figurine of boy with kausia, Type
1. Inv. No. 868 (Varna Regional Museum of History).
Photograph: R. Stoychev

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Fig. 2. Varna. Terracotta figurine of boy with kausia, Type
2, Variant . Inv. No. 305 (Varna RMH). Photograph: E.
Mircheva.

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Fig. 3. Bednyakovo (present-day Stoyan-Zaimovo), Stara
Zagora region. Terracotta figurine of boy with kausia. Type
2, Variant . Inv. No. 4277 (National Institute of Archaeology
and Museum, BAS). Photograph: K. Petkova.

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Fig. 4. Nesebar. Terracotta figurine of boy with kausia. Type
2, Variant C. After Ognenova-Marinova 2005, 81

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Fig. 5. Varna. Terracotta figurine of boy with kausia. Type
2, Variant D. Inv. No. 2141 (Varna RMH). Photograph: R.
Stoychev

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Fig. 6. Kavarna. Terracotta figurine of boy with kausia. Type
3/1, Inv. No. 640 (Kavarna Museum of History). Photograph:
R. Stoychev

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Fig. 7. Varna. Terracotta figurine of boy with kausia. Type 3/2,
Inv. No. 2153 (Varna RMH). Photograph: R. Stoychev

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Fig. 8. Varna. Terracotta figurine of boy with kausia. Type 4,
Inv. No. 4062 (Varna RMH). Photograph: R. Stoychev

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1969: . .
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1974: . .
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(10), 1974, 19-56.
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sogenannten Kausia - Darstellungen aus Demetrias
(Thesssalien). - In: A. Muller (ed.). Le moulage en terre
cuite dans lantiquit: cration et production derive,
fabrication et diffusion, 7-8 dec. 1995, Lille. Lille,
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Terracotta figurines of boys with kausia from


present-day Bulgaria (Abstract)
Kalina Petkova
The present paper discusses eight terracotta
figurines of the popular Hellenistic type boy with
kausia. The largest group was discovered on the
territory of the Greek colony Odessos (presentday Varna). One was found in Kavarna (ancient
Bizone), and one in Nesebar (ancient Greek colony of Mesambria). The only example from the
interior of the country was found in Bednyakovo
(present-day Stoyan-Zaimovo), Stara Zagora region, and is kept in the National Institute of Archaeology and Museum, BAS.
Following their specific iconographic features,
the figurines of boy with chlamis and kausia on
the head could be classified in four types with
variants. Type 1 depicts a boy with kausia with
low brim, shallow groove and trapezoidal upper
part, and chlamis, fastened at the right shoulder.
The hair is short. The left arm is bent at the elbow and pulls down the neck of the cloak. The
type is dated to the Early Hellenistic Period. Type
2 is a boy with kausia with distinct brim, groove,
and oval upper part. The face of the figure is with
fine features, framed by curly hair, falling to the
shoulders. The chlamis is fastened at the right
shoulder and falls down to the left ankle. In this

case, variations in the facial features and the treatment of the cloak allow for distinguishing four
variants. Variant A broad face with small eyes,
nose, and lips; the hair is long and curly and falls
to the shoulders; the cloak is fastened at the right
shoulder and covers the left part of the body. The
left arm is covered by the cloak, bent at the elbow
and slightly pulling down the neck of the chlamis.
Variant B - the face is small and oval, with pretty
features, small eyes, nose and lips. Variant C - the
face is oval, with small eyes and nose and normal
lips. Variant D - the head is missing; the chlamis
is fastened at the right shoulder; the left arm is
held tight against the body, pulling the inner end
of the cloak to the left. This type could be dated
to period from the first half of the 3rd to the 2nd
c. BC. Only one figurine belongs to Type 3 and
it is partially preserved: the chlamis is fastened
at the left shoulder and falls down to the ankles.
Type 4 is with pillar-like body, tightly enveloped
in the cloak that is fastened at the right shoulder.
It falls down to the ankles and the lower edge is
cut straight. Type 3 could be dated generally to the
3rd c. BC, and Type 4 is the latest that is attested,
dated to 2nd-1st c. BC.

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