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Archimedes

The Gold
Crown:



Archimedes
King :
Is my
crown pure
gold?
If its the
same
material
Equal mass
should
have
the Equal
volume



The Story of Archimedes
In 247 BC Archimedes (Greek mathematician) was ordered by
King Hieron to determine if his new crown was pure gold.
The King suspected that the goldsmith, Aurus Anvil, pilfered
some of the gold and replaced it with silver when he made the
new crown.
Archimedes was told not to damage the crown during this
process in case it was pure gold.
Archimedes figured out how to non-destructively test the crown
while bathing. He ran in the street naked shouting Eureka
(which means in Greek I figured it out).
Archimedes proved that the crown was not pure gold by taking
a mass of pure gold equal to that of the crown, placing them
separately in water and measuring the weight of water
displaced.
The water displaced by each should be identical if the crown
was pure gold.
The water displaced was not identical.
Aurus Anvil was executed.
Archimedes Principle
Mass of a floating object is equal to the
mass of the water it displaces.

Volume Displacement
Volume Displacement Can