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Introduction

Some objects float on water which only shows that water exerts an

upward force on objects place on it. Objects which is denser the object will

sink, otherwise it will submerged.

liquid. This upward force is called buoyant force. The buoyant force assists in

supporting a body against the downward pull of gravity. The body is said to

“lose weight” – that is to undergo an apparent loss of weight. The apparent

loss of weight in liquid is equal to the buoyant force. (R. Sotto, Physics)

Principle. This principle states that an object partly or wholly submerged in a

fluid is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the fluid it displaces.

II. Objective

experiment to the determination of density and specific gravity.

b. In particular, the specific gravities of the solid heavier than water, a

solid lighter than water and a liquid other than water will be measured.

I. Materials

2. Alcohol

3. Set of weights

4. Hydrometer

5. Metal Cylinder

6. Graduated Cylinder

7. Wooden Cylinder

8. 1000-cc Pyrex beaker

9. Lead Sinker

10.Fine thread

11.Distilled water

I. Data / Table

Solutions:

S = ww - w1

S = 122g122g-107g

S = 122g15g

S= 8.13

Percent Error

%error = 0.1

II. Question and Answer (Analysis)

1) (a) Explain how you can obtain the volume of an irregular solid

insoluble in water.

i. In getting the volume of an irregular object, is weighed first in

air and then in water, the difference in weights will equal the

weight of the volume of the water displaced, which is the same

as the volume of the object.

(b) How can you obtain the weight of an equal volume of water?

ii.Since we already have the volume of the irregular object, we

can merely say that the volume of the object is equal to the

water being displaced.

2) (a) Why does a block of wood apparently lose more than its entire

weight in air, when completely submerged in water?

i. The wooden block sinks into the water until the buoyant force of

the water is equal to block’s weight.

(b) How is this made possible?

ii.The pressure at the top of the cylinder at depth h1 is P1 and the

pressure at the bottom at depth h2 is P2. The forces acting on

each surfaces are as follows:

F1 = p1A and F2 = P2A

or F1 = ρh1gA and F2 = ρh2gA

Since h2 is greater than h1, F2 is greater than F1. The difference

between these two forces is equal to the buoyant force B exerted by

the fluid. Thus,

Buoyant force B = F2 – F1

= ρh2gA - ρh1gA

= ρgA (h2- h1)

buoyant force is

B= ρgAl

of liquid displaced by the cylinder. Therefore,

B= ρgV

Since ρ= mv

B=mvgV

B= mg=w

Therefore, the buoyant force is equal to the weight of the water

displaced.

3) (a) What becomes of the lost weight of an object when immersed in a

liquid?

i. The surface water will rise and float.

(b) How is this apparent loss of weight explained?

ii.The part of the block that is submerged displaces water equal to

the weight of the block.

4) Suggest a modification of the apparatus arrangement shown in Figure

30 that will demonstrate your answer to Question 3.

i. The tread may not involve to the experiment so that we can

measure the water displace in the object and on how does it

affect to the water.

III. Conclusion

After performing the experiment, I therefore say that the force present

which the fluid exerts on an object placed in it is equal to the weight of

the fluid the object displaces. Archimedes’ principle also makes possible

the determination of the density of an object that is so irregular in shape

that its volume cannot be measured directly. If the object is weighed first

in air and then in water, the difference in weights will equal the weight of

the volume of the water displaced, which is the same as the volume of the

object. Thus the weight density of the object (weight divided by volume)

can readily be determined. In very high precision weighing, both in air and

in water, the displaced weight of both the air and water has to be

accounted for in arriving at the correct volume and density.

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