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KUTZTOWN UNIVERSITY

ELEMENTARY EDUCATION DEPARTMENT


LESSON PLAN FORMAT

Teacher Candidate:

Gina Laureti

Cooperating Teacher:

Dr. Varano

Group Size:

20

Subject or Topic:

Date: November 6
Coop. Initials

Allotted Time 50 minutes Grade Level

Types of Water

3rd

Section

STANDARD:
3.2.3.A1. Differentiate between properties of objects such as size, shape, weight and
properties of materials that make up the objects such as color, texture, and hardness.
I. Performance Objectives (Learning Outcomes):
A. The students will compare the differences between salt water and freshwater
by completing a Venn diagram.
B. The students will test if salt water is denser than freshwater by completing an
experiment and the lab-recording sheet.
II. Instructional Materials
A. Egg Drop YouTube Video
1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfuLoaEYKis
B. Hypothesis bulletin board
C. Post-it notes
D. Venn Diagram
E. PowerPoint
F. 8 glasses of water
G. 4 containers of salt
H. 8 eggs
I. 4 teaspoon measuring spoons
J. Lab recording sheet
K. Bill Nye video
1. http://dep.disney.go.com/billnye_demo.html
III. Subject Matter/Content (prerequisite skills, key vocabulary, big idea, outline of
additional content)
A. Prerequisite skills
1. Knowing what a Venn diagram is and how to correctly fill it out.
2. Understanding the definition of density.

3. Understanding the definition of buoyancy.


B. Key Vocabulary
1. Density: The weight or heaviness of an object when it takes up a
given amount of space. It is an objects weight relative to its size.
2. Buoyancy: The ability of a substance to float. It is the upward force
produced by liquid on an object. Buoyancy depends on the density
of the object.
C. Big Idea
1. What is the difference between salt water and freshwater?
2. How do the different types of water affect whether an object will
float or not?
D. Additional content
IV. Implementation
A. Introduction
1. The teacher will show the Egg Drop YouTube video to the class.
a. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfuLoaEYKis
2. The YouTube video will end with the question Why does one egg
stop in the middle of the glass?
3. The teacher will ask the students to turn and talk to their partner
about why they believe the egg in the salt water floated more than
the egg in the fresh water.
4. The pair will come up with one hypothesis, write it on a post-it note,
and put it on the hypothesis poser board in the front of the room.
5. The teacher will state the purpose of the lesson today is to test the
difference between salt water and fresh water and its affects on
whether an object will float or sink.
B. Development
1. The teacher will pass out a Venn diagram to the students and explain
to use it to take notes during the PowerPoint. The Venn diagram
will aid students in differentiating between freshwater and salt water.
2. The teacher will begin the PowerPoint presentation on freshwater
and salt water.
a. Slide 2: The teacher will begin the PowerPoint by asking the
students to think about if they have ever tried to float in a pool
or the ocean. Which body of water was easier to float in?
Why do you think one was easier to float in versus the other?
Students will turn and talk to their partner to share their
experiences. The teacher will ask the class to share which
body of water was easier to float in.
b. Slide 3: The teacher will begin to describe the differences
between salt water and freshwater. Salt water is easier to float

3.

4.

5.

6.

in because it is denser than freshwater. Salt water is denser


because of the salt that is added to it. Salt itself is denser than
water, so adding it to water makes water a dense substance.
Teacher will ask students to explain to their partner why
objects float better in salt water rather than freshwater to check
for understanding.
a. Students will write on the Venn diagram facts about salt
water mentioned in the slide.
c. Slide 4: Teacher will use the definitions of density and
buoyancy that were previously taught to the students to further
explain why salt water is easier to float in. Objects float better
on a dense surface because the object must be less dense than
the water in order to float.
a. Students will write on the Venn diagram facts about salt
water mentioned in the slide.
d. Slide 5: The teacher will review what the class has learned so
far. The teacher will ask the class what type of water is denser
and how it will affect whether or not an object will float.
e. Slide 6: The class will now test the theory that salt water is
denser than freshwater by using raw eggs.
The students will break into their 4 lab experiment groups. Each lab
group will have two glasses of water, a container of salt, and two
eggs.
Students will test if the theory of salt water and freshwater will work
on a raw egg. Students will leave one of the glasses as freshwater
and add salt to the other glass of water. Students will measure how
much salt they want to add to the water.
a. NOTE: Teacher will hint to students that the more salt that is
added, the better the experiment will work.
Students will record how much salt they added to the water on their
lab sheet. They will then record how many eggs they will be adding
to the water. Students will crack open one egg in each glass of
water. They will record if the raw egg will float or sink. Finally
they will record why the raw egg floated in the salt water instead of
the freshwater.
Students will complete the conclusion sentence at the bottom of their
lab-recording sheet by using their definitions of density and
buoyancy.

C. Closure
1. Teacher will show a Bill Nye video to the students that did the same
experiment as they did. This will prove the results of the students
experiment were true.
a. http://dep.disney.go.com/billnye_demo.html
D. Accommodations/Differentiation

1. A.P. has a learning disability and will receive a word bank to


complete the Venn diagram about the difference between salt water
and freshwater.
2. A.P. will also receive a work bank to complete the lab-recording
chart and the conclusion sentence.
E. Assessment/Evaluation Plan
1. Formative
a. The teacher will walk around the room while the students are
experimenting with their groups. She will use the following
checklist to assess student participation in the groups:
+

Students worked
together and
discussed their
predictions and
ideas about what
objects will sink
or float.
Students filled out
their recording
sheet throughout
the experiment.
Students used
their new
vocabulary
(density and
buoyancy) when
discussing if an
object will sink or
float.
b. The teacher will assess the lab-recording sheets the students
complete during the experiment to check for understanding.
She will use the following checklist to assess the sheet:
The student mentioned density and buoyancy in
their conclusion of the experiment.
The student completed every part of the table
accurately.
2. Summative
V. Reflective Response

A. Report of Student Performance in Terms of Stated Objectives (Reflection on


student performance written after lesson is taught, includes remediation for
students who fail to meet acceptable level of achievement)
Remediation Plan
B. Personal Reflection (Questions written before lesson is taught. Reflective
answers to question recorded after lesson is taught)
1. Did the PowerPoint provide enough information for the students for
them to understand why salt water is denser than freshwater?

2. Were the students engaged during the experiment?

3. Did the students come to the right conclusion at the end of the
experiment or is more instruction needed?

VI. Resources (in APA format)


K. O'Leary, N., & Shelley, S. (2003, January 1). Do Objects Float Better in Salt Water
Than in Fresh Water? Retrieved November 8, 2014, from
http://www.infoplease.com/cig/science-fair-projects/objects-float-better-saltwater-fresh-water.html
Sullivan, C. (2009, February 26). Buoyancy: Salt Water vs. Freshwater. Retrieved
November 8, 2014, from https://deepstop.wordpress.com/2009/02/26/buoyancysalt-water-vs-fresh-water/