You are on page 1of 27

ArcGIS Major Assignment

Spatial Analysis of Niagara Wineries

Matt Reaume
December 11, 2014
GISC9301

December 11, 2014


GISC9301
Janet Finlay
GISC Program Coordinator and Instructor
Niagara College
135 Taylor Road
Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON
L0S 1J0
Dear Ms. Finlay,
GISC9301- Assignment 3: Major ArcGIS Assignment
Please accept this letter as my formal submission of deliverable three Major ArcGIS Assignment for the
GISC9301 Introduction to ArcGIS course.
The assignment serves as a means for bringing the concepts and methodologies learned throughout the
course together. Within the submission, the report is comprised of a brief introduction, background
information about the geodatabase and the creation process, the methodology, and the findings presented
from performing the objectives in the methodology. There are four formal map layouts that shows detailed
cartographic maps within Appendix A. Lastly, the report includes a CD that includes the created
geodatabase, along with the provided and newly created datasets. After completing the Major ArcGIS
Assignment an advanced understanding of ArcMap, ArcCatalog, and ArcToolbox has been achieved.
Should you have any questions regarding the enclosed document, or if there are technical issues regarding
the files please contact us at your convenience at mkreaume9@gmail.com or at 226-345-2440. Thank you
for your time and attention. I look forward to your comments and suggestions.
Kindest Regards,

M.R. BES
GIS GM Certificate Candidate
Niagara College
M.R./m.r.
Enclosures:

Hardcopy:
a) ArcGIS Major Assignment: Spatial Analysis of Niagara Wineries
b) CD comprising the geodatabase and datasets

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

Abstract
The wineries in the town of Niagara-on-the-Lake are producing chemical additives from
the creation process of red, white and rose wine types that are entering local streams. These
local streams have a potential to be contaminated due to the travel distance of the chemicals
being produced in the various wine types. A database was created that contains datasets
including the Regional Municipality of Niagara boundary, hydrology networks, road networks,
the locations of each winery, and wine type. Along with these datasets are the associated buffers
around the hydrology projected, roads projected, and wine type datasets. These datasets will
provide the required information needed to perform a spatial analysis of the wineries in the town
of Niagara-on-the-Lake using ArcGIS.

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

ii

Table of Contents
Abstract .......................................................................................................................................................... i
Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 1
Background ................................................................................................................................................... 2
Goal Statement ............................................................................................................................................. 3
Methodology................................................................................................................................................. 3
Findings ....................................................................................................................................................... 14
Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................... 16
References .................................................................................................................................................. 17
Appendix A: Formal Map Layouts ............................................................................................................... 18
A1 Regional Municipality of Niagara .................................................................................................... 19
A2 Winery Buffer Analysis .................................................................................................................... 20
A3 Hydrology Buffer Analysis ............................................................................................................... 21
A4 Overlay Analysis of Wine Type and Hydrology ............................................................................... 22

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

iii

List of Figures
Figure 1. Define Projection of Base Map ...................................................................................................... 3
Figure 2. Original Display of Raster Image............................................................................................ 4
Figure 3. Inverted Display of Raster Image. ............................................................................................ 4
Figure 4. Winery Data Added to ArcGIS............................................................................................. 4
Figure 5. Winery XY Point Data. ................................................................................................... 4
Figure 6. Metadata for Reaume Geodatabase ............................................................................................. 5
Figure 7. Join Winery Tables.6
Figure 8. Location of Wineries .... 6
Figure 9. Define NTDBS30M03 Roads Projection. ................................................................................ 6
Figure 10. Define NTDBS30M06 Roads Projection.. .......................................................................... 6
Figure 11. Project NTDBS30M03 Roads. ................................................................................................. 7
Figure 12. Result of NTDBS60M06 Projection .............................................................................................. 7
Figure 13. Export Polyline Feature Class....................................................................................................... 7
Figure 14. Projected Hamilton-Niagara Municipal Boundary ....................................................................... 8
Figure 15. Define Projection to Hydrology ........................................................................................ 8
Figure 16. Project Hydrology Projection ............................................................................................ 8
Figure 17. Result of Hydrology Projection .................................................................................................... 9
Figure 18. Added Wine Type Field Name ..................................................................................................... 9
Figure 19. Select Wine Type by Attribute........................................................................................... 10
Figure 20. Create Layer from Selected Features ........................................................................................ 10
Figure 21. Wine Type Buffer 10
Figure 22. Result of Wine Type Buffer...10
Figure 23. Hydrology Buffer ........................................................................................................................ 11
Figure 24. Result of Hydrology Buffer......................................................................................................... 11
Figure 25. Union of Wine Type Buffers............................................................................................ 12
Figure 26. Result of Wine Type Union.. .............................................................................................. 12
Figure 27. Dissolve of Wine Type Buffers .......................................................................................... 12
Figure 28. Result of Dissolve Wine Type Buffers ........................................................................................ 12
Figure 29. Intersect of Wine Type and Hydrology............... ................................................................. 13
Figure 30. Result of Intersected Buffers ....................................................................... 13
Figure 31. Regional Municipality of Niagara ............................................................................................... 19
Figure 32. Winery Buffer Analysis............................................................................................................... 20
Figure 33. Hydrology Buffer Analysis .......................................................................................................... 21
Figure 34. Overlay Analysis of Wine Type and Hydrology .......................................................................... 22

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

Introduction
This assignment served as a means for bringing the concepts and methodologies learned
throughout the duration of the introductory ArcGIS course together. ArcMap, ArcCatalog, and
ArcToolbox will be used to create a geodatabase and to analyze the spatial data that is part of
such a dataset. The geodatabase feature dataset that was created to house the data needed for this
assignment is comprised of various types of feature classes, which include points, lines, and
polygons. These feature classes are the roads network, hydrology, Regional Municipality of
Niagara boundary, and the location of each wine type.
These different types of data will be useful to undertake a spatial analysis, using ArcGIS,
for a number of wineries in the town of Niagara-On-The-Lake. The issue at hand is the various
types of wines, which are red, rose, and white, require varying chemical additives during the
creation of each wine type. The contaminant travel distance is either 0.5 kilometer, 1.6
kilometers, or 2.5 kilometers, depending on the wine type. The additives all have differing
probabilities of migrating off site to contaminate nearby waters. Therefore, an analysis must be
completed to examine the possible threats relating to the local streams.
A methodology will be created to describe the process of obtaining the necessary data
that will be needed to undertake a detailed analysis of the proposed issue. The findings will
provide a background to wine additives and its effects, and consist of a buffer analysis/discussion
that will identify the key issues that the town of Niagara-On-The-Lake is potentially facing.
Using ArcGIS, an advanced level of understanding will be achieved to illustrate and present the
findings associated with this assignment, along with meeting all of the objectives required to
meet the goal.

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

Background
The winery data was created initially in Microsoft Access 2013, by creating different
tables and populating the required fields. The tables consisted of winery information, wine
variety names, wine type, recommended wine variety, wine products and prices, and the wineries
location. Each table was populated in Assignment 2 of the Database Concepts and Designs
course, and then was imported into ArcGIS. Data was created and stored in the attribute table of
each wine type as a result of joining the winery information with the winery location. This
newly created data is used to represent each winery and the wine type being produced at each
location.
A geodatabase is a collection of geographic datasets of various types such as, feature
classes, raster datasets, and tables. By creating a collection of these specific dataset types,
geographic information can be stored within ArcGIS. The feature classes in this assignment
includes points that are resembled by different types of wines, lines include the roads and
hydrology networks that travel throughout the Niagara Region, and polygons represent the
Regional Municipality of Niagara boundary. Lastly, tables are used for each feature class that
describes attribute data, such as location and winery information for each wine type.
New datasets were created within the geodatabase on top of the original datasets provided
in the assignment. The original feature classes were not projected correctly, and therefore had to
have a coordinate system defined and projected to each feature class. Feature datasets that were
added to the geodatabase included the original data, which was then projected in NAD 1983
UTM Zone 17N. These datasets are the hydrology network, roads network, and the Regional
Municipality of Niagaras boundary. There are also other features classes that include the wine
types, which includes points that consist of each type of wine and their associated buffers.
Newly created datasets were created to provide more data that will help achieve the objective of
this assignment.

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

Goal Statement
The primary goal of this assignment is to undertake a spatial analysis, using ArcGIS, for
a number of wineries in the town of Niagara-On-The-Lake, and report upon the findings of this
analysis. In order to complete this goal there are ten different objectives that need to be complete
to fully analyze the findings of this assignment. The required data needed to complete this goal
are comprised of the Regional Municipality of Niagara boundary, hydrology network, roads
network, and the Niagara Wineries. By serving the role of a GIS expert, an advanced level of
understanding will be crucial for completing this goal.

Methodology
In order to undertake a spatial analysis, using ArcGIS, for a number of wineries in the
town of Niagara-On-The-Lake, and report upon the findings of this analysis, a detailed
description will be provided outlining each objective. Described below are ten procedures that
outline the steps taken to complete this analysis. The objectives involve importing raster
imagery, importing the Niagara Wineries, creating metadata, joining attribute tables, importing
feature classes and projecting each class, buffering necessary features, and performing unions
and intersects.
The first objective involved creating a layer of raster imagery of the Niagara Region as a
base map for the project. The raster dataset was not properly projected initially, and therefore
the data must have a coordinate system defined. This step is illustrated in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Define Projection of Base Map


5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0
226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

When the raster data was added to the layout there is a black background that is shown, which
was due to the histogram of the raster image. By inverting the layer, the colour ramp is flipped
and all of the null values are no longer displayed. Figure 2 below shows the black background,
and Figure 3 illustrates the final result of the Niagara Region base map.

Figure 2. Original Display of Raster Image

Figure 3. Inverted Display of Raster Image

The second objective involved adding the wineries relational database into ArcGIS,
which is shown in Figure 4. This procedure was done by connecting the tabular/attribute data to
geographical data. The wineries have XY point data that was collected using a GPS in
Assignment 2 of the Database Concepts and Design course. Using the hydrology project layer,
the XY data that was assigned to this layer was projected to the wineries to show the full extent
of the winery and winery location tables. This step is illustrated in Figure 5.

Figure 4. Winery Data Added to ArcGIS

Figure 5. Winery XY Point Data

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

The third objective involved creating metadata for the newly created geodatabase using
ArcCatalog. The metadata consists of the title, tags, summary, description, credits, and use
limitations. The Reaume geodatabase contains various feature classes that consist of points,
lines, and polygons that are used the project the required data needed for Assignment 3. This
geodatabase was intended to provide the components for undertaking a spatial analysis for the
Niagara wineries in Niagara-On-The-Lake. The metadata was created for Assignment 3
purposes in the GISC9231 Introduction to ArcGIS course, using the Regional Municipality of
Niagara and Niagara Wineries data. Figure 6 below, shows an illustrated screen capture of the
metadata created for the Reaume geodatabase.

Figure 6. Metadata for Reaume Geodatabase

The fourth objective involved relating and joining the winery names table and the wine
location table that was used to create XY point features within ArcGIS. In order to complete this
step, a primary key was needed to connect the winery table and the wine location table. In this
case, the Winery ID was the primary key that connects the two tables by keeping matching
records, which is illustrated in Figure 7. These two tables were chosen to be joined because they

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

are both essential for creating an exact location of each winery in the Niagara Peninsula. Once
these two tables are joined, the newly created Locations dataset will be added as a layer, which
has attribute data from each table. The points that are displayed on the map are the locations of
each of the twelve wineries that were created in the Database Concepts and Design course.

Figure 7. Join Winery Tables

Figure 8. Location of Wineries

Objective five involved importing the National Topographic Database Series (NTDBS)
Single Line Road Network (SLRN), Tiles 30M03 and 30M06 data into the geodatabase. The
30M03 and 30M06 Tiles needed a projection defined before they could be imported as layers.
Figure 9 and Figure 10 below shows each dataset being assigned the GCS North American 1983
coordinate system. After the projection was defined a geographic coordinate system, a projected

Figure 9. Define NTDBS30M03 Roads Projection

Figure 10. Define NTDBS30M06 Roads Projection

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

coordinate system must be assigned to the feature class, as seen in Figure 11. The projected
coordinate system projected the feature class to the Niagara Region base map. The
NTDBS30M03 Roads feature class outputted the dataset to the NAD 1983 UTM Zone 17N
coordinate system and created a new dataset for the feature class that was projected
appropriately. The NTDBS60M06 Roads Network was already projected accordingly and the
result can be seen in Figure 12 by showing the bold black line (roads) correctly placed over the
orthoimagery.

Figure 11. Project NTDBS30M03 Roads

Figure 12. Result of NTDBS60M06 Projection

The sixth objective involved creating a


Niagara-On-The-Lake Municipal Boundary
Layer within the geodatabase. The Municipal
Boundary has many feature classes attached,
which includes annotation, multi patch, point,
polygon, and polyline. After viewing all the
feature classes within the Hamilton-Niagara
Municipal Boundaries feature dataset, polyline
was the only feature class that was added as a
layer to the base map because the other feature

Figure 13. Export Polyline Feature Class

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

classes had no data or were not relative. The polyline feature class was then added to the
Reaume geodatabase by exporting the data, which is shown in Figure 13. Once the HamiltonNiagara Municipal Boundary was successfully added to the Reaume geodatabase, NAD 1983
UTM Zone 17N must be assigned to the feature class as a coordinate system. The result of the
projected Hamilton-Niagara Municipal Boundary is seen below in Figure 14.

Figure 14. Projected Hamilton-Niagara Municipal Boundary

The seventh objective involved creating a layer within the geodatabase for the streams of
Niagara-On-The-Lake using Hydrology data. First, the data had to be exported into the
Reaume geodatabase, and after completion the data set was defined a projection. Lastly, the
projection was projected onto the base map, as seen in Figure 15 and Figure 16.

Figure 15. Define Projection to Hydrology

Figure 16. Project Hydrology Projection

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

After the projection was projected on top of the base map and the Hamilton-Niagara Municipal
Boundary, the layer was assigned appropriate symbology to match water features of the data.
The result is shown below in Figure 17.

Figure 17. Result of Hydrology Projection

The eighth objective involved undertaking a buffering of winery features by wine type
produced. In order to buffer the required wine types a field name had to be added to the attribute
table of the Locations feature class that was populated with the red, white, or rose wine type
shown in Figure 18.

Figure 18. Added Wine Type Field Name

Once the field name was added to the attribute table, a newly created layer was made for each
wine type by selecting the required attributes. Figure 19 and Figure 20 illustrates the
aforementioned steps above.
5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0
226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

10

Figure 19. Select Wine Type by Attribute

Figure 20. Create Layer from Selected Features

After each of the wine type layers have been created, they had to be placed into the Reaume
geodatabase before they could be buffered accordingly. The buffer tool was used to create a
contaminant travel distance for each wine type. The rose wine has a 2.5 km travel distance, the
red wine type has a 1.6 km travel distance, and the white wine type has a 0.5 km travel distance.
Below, in Figure 21, shows the buffering process for the rose wine type. Lastly, shown in Figure
22, is the result of each wine type buffer with appropriate symbology to illustrate each wine
types contaminant travel distance.

Figure 21. Wine Type Buffer

Figure 22. Result of Wine Type Buffer

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

11

The ninth objective involved undertaking a


buffer of the hydrology features. The streams can
be impacted by contaminants up to 1200 meters
from the stream centerline, and therefore had to be
buffered accordingly. Figure 23 illustrates the
buffering process by using the buffer tool and
ensuring the dissolve type is set to ALL. This
allowed the buffer to surround the whole stream
network as opposed to each individual stream
feature. The result of the buffer can be seen in
Figure 24, by highlighting the hydrology network
with the appropriate buffer assigned.

Figure 23. Hydrology Buffer

Figure 24. Result of Hydrology Buffer

The final objective involved undertaking an overlay analysis for the wine types and
hydrology buffers in objectives 8 and 9. The newly created overlay consisted of the intersection
of the two buffers, and this was completed by using the union, dissolve, and intersect tool. First,
a union overlay of all wine types has to be executed by adding all of the wine type buffers,

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

12

shown in Figure 25, and the result is shown in Figure 26. Note that the result has combined all
the buffers and created a new layer within the geodatabase.

Figure 25. Union of Wine Type Buffers

Figure 26. Result of Wine Type Union

The union overlay displays the boundaries of each wine, and in order to eliminate these
boundaries the dissolve tool had to be used to aggregate the features next. Shown below in
Figure 27 and Figure 28 is the step taken to dissolve each the wine type buffers and the final
outputted result of the newly dissolved layers.

Figure 27. Dissolve of Wine Type Buffers

Figure 28. Result of Dissolve Wine Type Buffers

The last step involved in the process to undertake a complete spatial analysis of the
wineries in the town of Niagara-On-The-Lake was intersecting the hydrology buffer and the

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

13

newly created dissolved layer of the wine types. This final step is shown in Figure 29, along with
the result in Figure 30. The result shows how the hydrology buffer and wine types dissolved
buffer overlaps with one another to create a new layer within the geodatabase.

Figure 29. Intersect of Wine Type and Hydrology

Figure 30. Result of Intersected Buffers

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

14

Findings
There are many wineries nestled below the Niagara Escarpment within the town of
Niagara-on-the-Lake. Twelve wineries were used to undertake a precise and accurate spatial
analysis in the town of Niagara-on-the-Lake. These wineries are part of a close-knit community
that are only minutes away from one another. Each winery has been producing wines for a
couple decades within the town and have been known to produce contaminants that travel
various kilometers depending on the wine type. After completing the required objectives needed
to undertake a precise and accurate spatial analysis of the wineries in Niagara-on-the-Lake,
several key findings were discovered.
The chemicals that are used to create the various types of wine types require varying
chemical additives, which all have differing probabilities of migrating offsite to contaminate
nearby waters. In 1985, a media scare collapsed the Austrian wine exports and the Austrian Wine
industry lost all credibility. This was due to German producers illegally adding diethylene glycol
to Austrian wine. (Tagliabue, 1985). Wines have been more regulated since this time, but there
is always a potential risk with chemicals traveling across residential areas. Since these
residential areas are connected to streams, the risk is increased as people are likely to drink the
water, which could lead to negative results.
The white wine type has a contaminant travel distance of 0.5 kilometers. This wine type
has minimal effects on the Town of Niagara-on-the-Lake due to the small travel distance. There
are four white wine types that are produced across the twelve wineries and two of these do not
have contaminants entering the hydrology network. The other two enter the streams, but only
contaminate one or two small streams. The red wine type has a contaminant travel distance of
1.6 kilometers, which has a higher effect on the town of Niagara-on-the-Lake than the white
wine type. The red wine type is produced in four wineries across the region. One of the
wineries has the contaminants entering all streams within the 1.6 km radius, and the other three
wineries has contaminants entering most, but not all of the streams within the radius. Lastly, the
rose wine type is located in four wineries across the region and has the highest contaminant

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

15

travel distance at 2.5 kilometers. However, due to the 1200 meter buffer of the hydrology layer,
most contaminates that travel across the town do not enter the streams.
There are various types of additives that are used in the production of the aforementioned
wines that includes sulfur, yeast, tannin, sugar, copper sulfate, calcium carbonate, and numerous
types of acids. These legal additives are common in the production stage of wine, and have been
closely regulated for years. (Wine Folly, 2012). However, wine additives can still be dangerous
regardless of how closely monitored and regulated they are. These buffers created in the
objectives described in the Methodology section, have produced key data illustrating streams
across the town have a potential risk of being contaminated.
The Town of Niagara-on-the-Lake has been subjected to these wineries for decades and
chemicals have been travelling across the town entering streams connecting to residential areas.
The findings described above indicate that the town is potentially at risk because the contaminant
travel distance intersects with the hydrology network. Given the regions history, these wineries
are here to stay and if reported cases of disease, infection, or even death is recorded action must
be taken to move the residential areas away from the contaminated travel distance of each wine,
so that the streams do not interfere with the residents.

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

16

Conclusion
There are various types of wines (red, white, and rose) that require chemicals additives
during the creation process of each wine type. These wine types travel across the town at a
0.5km, 1.6km, and 2.5km radius that are comprised of the aforementioned chemical additives.
These chemical additives have a potential of entering nearby streams, which could harm the
residents of Niagara-on-the-Lake. The overall goal of this assignment is to undertake a spatial
analysis of the wineries in the Town of Niagara-on-the-Lake.

In order to achieve this goal, a geodatabase had to be created, along with additional data
sets that provided the necessary data required for a detailed spatial analysis of the wineries in
Niagara-on-the-Lake. This geodatabase houses point, line, polygon feature classes, which
includes hydrology, roads, boundary, and wine types locations. Along with these feature classes,
are the newly created projected datasets and buffer, union, intersect, and dissolved layers. This
assignment serves as a means for understanding key concepts taught in the introductory ArcGIS
course.
A methodology was provided to describe the detailed process of obtaining the required
data needed to undertake a spatial analysis of the issue at hand in ten objectives, along with
illustrated figures. The findings reported upon provided an in depth description of harmful
additives used in the process of wine making, brief history of past wine additive cases, and a
buffer analysis that identifies the key issues that the Town of Niagara-on-the-Lake is facing.
After completion of the assignment an advanced level of understanding has been achieved in
ArcGIS by creating and developing data that will aid in discovering key findings in a spatial
analysis.

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

17

References
Tagliabue, 1985. Scandal Over Poisoned Wine Embitters Village in Austria. New York Times.
Retrived From: http://www.nytimes.com/1985/08/02/world/scandal-over-poisoned-wineembitters-village-in-austria.html
Terms of Reference for 9301 Assignment 3, 2014. GISC9301 Introduction to ArcGIS.
ArcGIS Major Assignment. Niagara College Glendale Campus.
Wine Folly, 2012. Learn About Wine. What You Need To Know About Wine Additives. Blog.
Retrieved From: http://winefolly.com/review/wine-additives/

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

18

Appendix A:
Formal Map Layouts

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

19

A1 Regional Municipality of Niagara

Figure 31. Regional Municipality of Niagara


5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0
226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

20

A2 Winery Buffer Analysis

Figure 32. Winery Buffer Analysis


5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0
226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

21

A3 Hydrology Buffer Analysis

Figure 33. Hydrology Buffer Analysis


5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0
226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com

22

A4 Overlay Analysis of Wine Type and Hydrology

Figure 34. Overlay Analysis of Wine Type and Hydrology

5 Taylor Rd Niagara-on-the-Lake ON L0S 1J0


226-345-2440 mkreaume9@gmail.com