You are on page 1of 10

A

. ,


, . ,
,
.
-
, ,
, , , ,
, , , ,
.
" ".

(Drachmann)
.

. ,
. " "
:
, ,
: ,
1968-1972, ,
,
.
I.
,
, .
I. : ,
.

1 / 10

' 16 ., Polonais
Witelo ( ) , ,
.

3. .
.
, ,
. .

2 / 10

2.


/. 2,20 .
()

9.
.

,



( )
(1304- 1374),
De remediis utriusque fortunae
(1452-1519)
. ,
,
.
I. .

3 / 10

I. 1/5 12 1981
50
.
.

10.
.

11.
I. .

, , ,
15 1981, :


, .
, , .
.

, .
- - .
.
400 , .
6 10 ,
.

50 .

4 / 10


:
(1 .. .), (3 .. .)
, .
Bo (Carra de Vaux) 1981
.
Kitab Arshimidas fi amai al binkamat (
).
1918 . (E. Wiedemann) . (F. Hauser)
, ,
, .
.
, .
:

.

.
.
, ,
.

(1 .. )

.

,
, . , , ,

.

(Ibn Ishaq al Nadim) (. 995) ,
(Ta rich al Huqama),
(Ibn al- Qifti) (. 1248)
. , (Al-Akfani) (. 1348),
,
, :
,
(Al-Gazari),
(Ridwan) - -
.
I.
, ,
... , ,
- -
.

5 / 10

12.
I. .


.

, , I.
.
,
1991, ,

, ,
, ,
, ,
,


.


,

,
,
,
,
.
,

.

, .
, ,
.

6 / 10

,
, , ,
.
212 ..,
,
. (), ( ,
) o ( ).

,
,
.
.
212 .., ,
1973 I. ,

. 1200 ..
5 .. ,
,
(Roger Bakon)
1250 (Buffon) 1747.

.
Giulio Parigi (C. 1600) "Room of the Mathematicians" Uffizi Gallery, Florence

7 / 10

Don Cowen, Archimedes at the Battle of Syracuse, 212 BCE. Painting on loan from Drs. Aden and
Marjorie Meinel, University of Arizona Science & Engineering

Kircher .
,

8 / 10

1966 I.

. I.
.
:
,
. , ,
, ,
100 .
100 .
.
: 24-6-1973, 50
, 1,70 x 0,69 ., 17-7- 73 100
22-7-73 130 . ,
. ,
, 100 ., 1 .


()
:
(6).
, 55 .
(7).
(8)

9 / 10


.
, 6 1973
.
40, 55, 75 100 .
70 ,
1,70 x 0,70 . ,
, 55 . ,
,
.

.
I. , ,
. I. 2.000
, :
.
I.
.
.

, 2000
.

I. 2.000
,

10 / 10