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ARCHIVO

DEL GENERA" 1111141M


NEGOCIACIONES
1804-1806

TOMO XVII

EDITORIAL LEX
LA

HABANA
1950

NA.L

35io

PROLEGMENOS DE
LA INDEPENDENCIA
DOCUMENTOS Y CORRESPONDENCIA

,i.tort194.

leADRIII

ARCHIVO

DEL GENERIL MIRANDA


NEGOCIACIONES

1804-1806

TOMO XVII

EDITORIAL LEX
LA HABANA

1950

N. B.Se advierte que tanto en los textos en espaol como en los textos en francs y en ingls, se ha
conservado la ortografa de los documentos originales.

zs

IMPRESO EN LOB TALLERES TIPOGRIPICOS DE "EDIT ORIA L LEX",


CALLE DE AMARGURA, Nos. 259 Y 261.-LA HABANA, CUBA.

NOTA PRELIMINAR
Este tomo contiene los volmenes IV, V y VI de
los archivos originales del General Miranda en su
seccin "NEGOCIACIONES".
La documentacin inserta corresponde a los aos
de 1804 a 1806 y es muy interesante por cuanto se
refiere a los prolegmenos de la independencia de Amrica en uno de sus aspectos ms lleno de incidencias.
La correspondencia que se cruza entre Miranda y
los altos personajes britnicos revela la actividad del
Generalsimo, que urga para poder efectuar su expedicin independentista. En estos aos aumenta su
actividad directa con sus agentes y amigos en la Amrica del Sur, como lo dejan ver los documentos aqui
recopilados.
Aparecen tambin en este tomo los papeles relativos a sus actividades en New York, cuando preparaba
la expedicin del "Leandro" y, por ltimo, las rdenes y documentos emitidos durante la expediciOn y
despus de su fracaso, mientras Miranda haca un nuevo periplo por las Antillas Britnicas para restaurar
las fuerzas expedicionarias e intentar la nueva acometida por la Libertad Americana.
LA COMISION EDITORA.

Caracas, 1950.

Documentos y Correspondencia

My Dear Sir,
I have not heard any thing from Mr Vansittart and
as I am going not of Town on wednesday Evening for
a fews days to try to recover my health.
could I receive any information from Mr. Vansittart before I set off. I could sent the whole matter intraining so that no time might be lost. I wish if you
could make it eonveniens to call on me tomorrow at 11
to 12 o'clock to took at all the Patterns whieh I wish to
have your approval of.
I am My Dear Sir, Your very faithfully
ALEX DAVISON

St Jame's Square
Mtmday Mong.
N.: 1'. IV, f.

202.

Jane'. 4 de 1804 Gra/ton St:

Voiei l'extrait des Lettres de la Trinidad que vous


m 'avez demand hier: Vargas en-a fait la traduction du
mieux qu 'il a p, en laissant de cot les longs details
que ces Lettres contienent.
Nous voila enfin arrivs au point ou ii faudr prendre un parti queleonque.Autrement, eeux a qui vous
avez promis un support ainsi que votre amiti depuis
plus de 13-ans, vous considereront comme des amis
perfides, et des hommes les plus dangereux pour for-

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

mer dans l'avenir une conexion intime ;et a moi, comme une personne inepte (pour le moins) et incapable
de conduire leurs affaires, ayant fait jusque dans ce
moment, par mes Opinion en faveur de l'Angleterre
baucoup de mal, et pas le moindre bien au Pays ni a
la cause que jfai embrass.
Je vous laisse a juger les consequences qu'un semblable resultat pourroit enimenerje ne dis pas sur les
inters de ce pays-ici seulement, mais sur le genre
humain tout en semble I Ainsi je vous prie instarament
de soumettre ces observations aux Ministres de S. M. B.
afin de m'obtenir une decision quelconque : comme
j 'eus l'honneur de vous le representer ces jours passs.
Je vous repetrerais encore que Nous avons trouv ici
des negocians respectables que nous offrent des armes,
des Batimens, et les fonds necessairs pour cet objet ;
mkne quand le Gouvernement ne voudroit pas s'immisser ni faire la moindre depense ; pourvu seulement qu'il
prete son assentiment, ou qu'il ne s 'en oppose pas.
Je suis avec confience, et la plus parfaite estimeVotre tres hum e et tres obt
M-A.
NICH a. VANSITTART, ESQ :
N.:

T. IV, f.

203.

Je vous remercie bien de votre note du 12j 'aime


infiniment mieux (militairement parlant) une mauvaise decision que la plus flateuse indicisionJe viens de recevoir hier plusieurs avis du cot de
la cote de la Trinidad, qui conforment mes conjectures
au de la du doute et qui rend indispensable que Vs s'
embarque sous huit jours dans la division du Convoi
qui doit partir pour les W: In le 25 du courantJ'aurois l'honeur de vous soumettre quelques lettres
sur cet objet demain matin a l'heure accoutum et je
vous prie de garder ces choses ici dans le plus profond
secretce qui se passe sous un autre meridien dans ce
moment devant nous convincre qu'on peut repeter les

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

memes erreurs tous les jours et ruiner de fond en


comble les plus grandes entreprises.
A vous tres sincerement
(sign) 11
N.

VANSITTART ESQ.

Graf ton st. 16 March 1804.

N.: T. IV, f.

203 vto.

ce 21 Mars 1804

J'ai v Mr Davison hieret ses dispositions me


paressent excellentes. Il m'a repet encore n'avoir
besoin que du seul assentiment garanti par vous de qui
il me paroit avoir congu la plus haute opinion, et une
confience tres certaine. Son offre va jusqu'a 100.000
ster: vingt fois plus que ce dont on en a besoin.
En fin il m'a donn copie de la Liste des effets
que vous aviez marqu chez luiJ'ai pris la Libert
d'ajouter ce qui est indispensable pour le complement;
et en effect, pour rendre sure notre demarche, j'espere
que considerant la modicit de la demande, et les inmenses avantages et profits qu'un resultat tant soit
peu heureux doit produir a la Nation comme aux individus qui font les avances de l'entreprise, on ne me
refusera pas l'assentiment total, a quoi se bornent
aujourd'hui nos suppliquesVous en savez le reste
Cijoint est la Liste en question (copi par Davison)
pour eviter toutte ambiguit.
A vous
N. V.

ESQ.

N.: T. IV, f. 204.

Je ne me suis pas trouv moins surpris que Vous


a la receptio de votre Note d'hieril m'a falus entandre V. avant que de le condammner, et de vous faire
un reponse. Je suis fach (d'apres cette recherche)

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

d'etre forc a croir que le blame tombe sur lui... Je


vous expliquerai le reste a la vue, pour ne pas etre
oblig a ecrir 'Au favorablement, de eelui en faveur
de qui j'ai tant dit du bien
Mais cela ne doit pas changer nos plans, puisque
je puis faire partir une autre personne a sa placeet
que les principaux agens sont toujours a Trinidad;
Ruth erfurd le premier comme homme prudent et mr.
Lambot sous lui comme militaire inteligent et actif. et
Brown le negogociant charg de fournir le necessaire,
et de recevoir ce qui viendrat du dehors.Ayez done
la bont de ne pas vous deranger en rien pour cela, et
de m'accorder une entrevue chez vous apres demain
(mardi) matin, afin de prendre nos mesures definitives. La Tresorerie me paroit d'ailleurs un androit
trop publique pour nous voir dans ce moment.
a vous pour toujours.
ce dimanche 25 mars 1804
N. V. ESQ.
N.: T. IV, f. 204.

En consequence de notre convention du mereredi


dernierje me suis occup d'ecrir a Trinidad, a New
York, et a Boston pour instruir mes cooperateurs: sur
cet objet. Cette circontance doit fixer plus irrevocablement mon depart a la fin du mois d'Abril proch:
terme assign au convoi pour mettre a la Voile.
J'espere done que vous n'aurez pas manque de voir
ce jour la mr Davison et de lui communiquer vos ordres, comme nous etions convenEn attendant je
fait mouvoi seeretement tout au mme bt, et il m'est
indispensable de vous voir souvent afin que mes calculs soient exacts, et que nous marehions en tout avec
la plus parfaite harmonie.Ayez done la bont de me

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

marquer le jour que Vous serez en Vine, pour que je


puisse m'entretenir avec vous quelques minutes.
a vous pour toujours.
M

ce samedi 31 Mars 1804.


N. Vt . Esq.
N.: T. IV, f. 204 vto.

Je viens dans ce moment de voir Mr Davison, ainsi


que le Chev e Popham qui se trovoit a StJames Square pour l'affare en questionLe Vaisseau presque arm, est finalment achet; et touts les effets ordonns seront abord sous huit jours. La derniere malle pour les
West-Indies partira demain, ce qui rend indispensable
que je vous voie un instant avant d'ecrir a mes correspondans ; j' aurai done l'honneur de me trouver chez
vous pour cet effet a l'heure acoutum; a moins que
vous ne m'envoyez un avis contraire.
a vous pour toujours.
Grafton St. ce 6-- Avril 1804
N. Vt, ESQ.
N.: T. IV, f. 204 vto.

My Dear Sir.
supose Mr Vansittart was with you on Wednesday last, and that the arangement agred upon, gos on
towards its executionif any dificulty should arrise,
I beg you will acquainte me with it so that I may remouve tic obstacle in time if possible.
I shall call on you next Wednesday, in hopes of
seeng you being acquinted with the progress of our
important bussinesYours
march 31 1804
ALEX. DAVISON ESQ.

N.: T. IV, f.

205 vto.

(Borrador de Miranda, sin firma)

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ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Lista de los efectos comerciables de mayor consumo en la Costa firme Espaola de Caracas y Cartagena.
Hierro
Acero
en barras
Coletas
Listados N9 2.
id. de Chollet
Bretaas
Platillas
Olanes crudos
Estopillas
Pauelos de Bayona
Muselina de todas clases
Indianas idem.
Medias de algodn idem.
Sombreros id.
Loza id.
Blondas negras
Encajes de todos tamaos ingleses
Cinteria id.
Terciopelos de algodon
Paos de todos colores
Casimires
Borlones
Lieneos de Irlanda
Tulas o Salempurs
Botas
Algunos zapatos
Machetes
Hachas
Hazadas
Vidrios
Quincalleria

Cera
Fresadas
Sargas
Bayetas
Cerveza
Sedas sueltas
Sedas torcidas

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

11

Hilo de todas clases


Ahujas de todos tamaos
Creas o Morlaix.
N.: T. IV, f. 208.

My Dear Sir,
My servant delivered to me a message from you
that you intended to hence me with a call to morrow
morning at 10 o 'clock, as I have an Engagement from
home at that hour, if you can make it convenient to
call at 1/2 past 11 o 'clock. I shall be happy to have the
pleasure to receive you.
I am My dear Sir
Yours very Faithfully.
ALEX DAVISON

Thursday
4 March
N.: T. IV, f. 209.

N 9 7-haven

Bath 2d. April 1804.

My Dear General.
I have received intimation from the person I employ that He have a ship in vew that he conceives will
exactly answer the purpose and that she will be ready
in the course of a few days for Ins pection. I liad the
pleasure of seing Mr V on wednesday, who, gave

me verbally the necessary instruction to proceed with

every thing the Arms, Pikes and Gunpowder.


FIowever these articles, I can have no great difficulty
in procuring, should be at anu time approved the purchase of them. He appeard most ready to the plan,
and from what could learn from Hirn, it will not be

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His fault, if the Object be not carried into the full


Extent of yours wishes. He is a pleasant Gentleman
like man, and possesses the strictest principies of
Honor. I pin great faith on what he says. I wish you
would see Sir Home Popham and ask him if he knews
if a clever fellow that woul on Friday next go an take
a look at the ship I have in view to purchase as I would
wish to consult professional man, tho' I am myself a
tolerable good judge of ships, yet upon such an oresion
as the one in question, it would be a very great satisfaction to me to have my own opinion sanctioned by that
of a Naval character. I shall be at Home en Thursday
by Noon.my absence do not prevent the supplies
being provided as I have issued out all the request
orders for them agreably to Mr. V instructionThe
ship reputed to me is about 300 Tons pierced for 20
and cal culated to carry 140 Mens and is
I still continue very weak, tho' I ful rather better
from the charge of air. I have Bath to morrow Evening or very carly on wednesday morning taking Oxford
in my way to TownI have writen fully to my Broker
in the subject of the ship, and whilest Mr. V. was
with me on wednesday last. I showed him my first
letter to my Broker which he approved. As it is a
matter that must possitively be kept a profound secret,
and every deception used to prevent its being made
public for at least two month to come.
I am My Dear General
Your very faithful humble servant
ALEX DAVISON

I have made my
Broker believe that
the prospet I want a
ship is to send her ont
He nor any one else employed
need ever knew to the contrary.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

13

PRIVAT&

GENERAL MIRANDA.

1.
2.
3.
4.
N.: T. IV,

quantos hm"
140
P
Gove de Trinidad
Escrivir quatro ling-a RuthMi dinero el lunes
f. 210.

Articles forth with to be provided by M r Davison


5000 Jackets
5000 pair pantalons
5000 pair of Gaitors
5000 pair of Socks
10.000 Shuts
5000 pair of Shoes
ordered
5000 hats with Tufts
by Mr. V.
5000 Caps
10.000 pair Stockings
10.000 pair Stucks.
50 Tents.
5000 pair Blankets
50 Life preserves
1 Printing press.
Added by General Miranda
300 Muskets
3000 Pikes
200 Hatchets
200 Shovels
200 Trenching Tools
100 Barrils Gunpowder
25 Tons Pig lead
A vessel of about 300 Tons to be purchased and
compleatly filled out, and armed.
N.: T. IV, f. 212.

march 20t 1804

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Pitness April 4th 1804.

My dear General
Von received a letter I hope yesterday from Davison, he will be in town tomorrow, & I have desired him
to call on me in his way up from Bath.
I was obliged to come here for a day as I have
two children with the Hooping cough, but I shall be in
Town at 2 o'clock tomorrow precisely; & ready to obey
your commands
Every Your sincerely & faithful
Friend

HOMIC POPHAM

Staines April Four 1804


GENERAL MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square
London
HOME POPHAM

N.: T. IV, f.

(ABSTRACT)

Dublin Castle 3d. April 1804.

"I long to hear from our friend M All him that


I shall rejoice at any thing that may happen that may
put things in the footing he wisheshe had some jealousies about Sullivan, he is mistaken about him, because he is an honest man as is Vansittart neither of
whom will deceive him, he should consider how they
sland and how necessary it is for them to be on their
guard"
If he will give me a few lines, I shall be obliged
to him, he knows I wish him well.
GENERAL MIRANDA

Grafton Street.
N.: T. IV,

f. 214.

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PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

Je serai tres occup demain, mon eher General, de


bon matin, mais je serai chez moi a deux heures et
demi pour vous recevoir.
N. V.

Vendredi soir
6 Avril.
GEN' MIRANDA

26 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Sq.
N.: T. IV, f. 215.

SECRET

Mon eher General


Je me trouve dans un grand embarras par une
circonstance qui doit vous donner aussi le plus grand
regret. Je me trouve defendu de prendre la moindre
part meme indireetement a l'affaire. Ceci me fait bien
reflechir eomment eviter de vous gener. Peutetre faut
il que vous ne me fissiez plus de communications. Au
moins ii faut un peu de tems pour y penser.
Tout a vous
N. V.

(Avril 7 1804.)
N.: T. IV, f. 218

My Dear General.
I did no trouble you with a une yesterday I had
expeeted the pleasur of seing you as you said on saturday that you would call M r Vansittart was with me
yesterday and who is sineerely disteehed about you.
I am quite satisfied in my own mind that it is not owing
to himself that the service has not been earried into
effect, He expressed much concern on your account
Popham, but I imagine he will be with me this morand 1 am sure He is sincereI have not seen Sir Home

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

16

ning. I shall also hope for the honor of a visit from


you.
I am My Dear General
Yours very sincerely
LEX DAVISON

S. James's Square
10 April 1804.
N.:

T. IV, f. 217.

Mr Melville, went to Mr Williams' in Finsbury


Square yesterdayThe first of the General's letters,
was sent by the packet. to Americathe last, was
yesterday put under the particular care of a Gentleman going a passenger in an american ship that would
saul to daythere will be no opportunity again, prior
to the next packets on the first wednesday of May
Mr Phillips has not seen Mr. Skinner since M: left
the note for him he expects him to call dailyMr
Dulau, had not on wednesday evening received the
36. N9 of Pettenowing to the Gentleman to whom it
had been erroneously sent, being out of Townth N9
37 had not them been publishedGENERAL MIRANDA.

N.: T. IV,

f.

218.

Wednesclay evening

Dear Sir
In the present state of your important affair,
am sorry to day, that it does not appear to me likely
that I can be of any possible service to you by remaining any longer in EnglandI must therefore request
your permission, to make application again to my
friends, for some situation in which I may creditably
return to the West Indies in the next Convoy.
While I remain in London however my whole time,
shall, as usual, be at your disposal.and with your

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA.

17

leave I shall with avidity, join you at Trinidad, any


time hereafter, as soon as I hear of your arrival.1 should have no hesitation in abandoning any situation however lucrative to do thismy own distress
of mind however, combined with some other very pressing circunstances oblige me to seek for some other
object in the mean time, by which I may both employ,
& be of advantage to my seif.
At all events, I mean positively to leave England
in three weeks at furtherd.Most Respectfully Iremain
Dear Sir
Your obt Servant

J. MELVILLE

GENERAL MIRANDA

N.: T. IV, f. 219.

Mr. Williams presents his Compliments to General Miranda acknowledges the receipt of his Note of
the 17th March, & of a letter for Mr Gore, which was
forwarded in a few days after by the Juliana bound
to New York.
Finsbury Square
April 21 1804.
GENERAL MIRANDA

Grafton Street 27
Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. IV, f. 220.

Dear Sir.
I rece'. a Letter this week from my friend in Liverpool in answer to my request respecting the sailing of
any vessels from thence, and he informs me that there
are two or three daily expected, and as soon as they
arrive, he will let me know when they are to sail, so

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ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

that any of my friends may know when to leave London. I am much disappointed that our Packet is not
yet arrived, but she may be momently expected. in
consequence of a letter that has been reced from Greneda dated 20' Febry ; which says "tha both the Decr"
Packets liad arrivd at Barbados on the 17" I presume
the Easterly Winds that have prevail'd has kept her
out, but now having two or three days fair winds, it
is to be hoped she will be in by monday next; when
I trust we shall both receive some satisfactory
counts. If the Wind continues fair I think we shall
receive Letters down to March, by runing Vessels.
You may rely on the earliest information after the
receipt of my Letters and I beg to remain with great
respect
Dear Sir
Yours truly
Jilos. J.

PEIRCE

Saturday 21th April 1804


Lime Street
GEN' MIRANDA

N.: T. IV, f. 221.

Votre Note du7du courrent mon cher Monsieur,


a du certainement m'affliger et me surprendre--d'autant plus qu 'elle ne donne aucun motif apparent rour
justifier un procede pareil ; et qu'a coup sr on n'a-pas
fait un pas dans cette delicate affaire, sans vous avoir
consulte prealablement, ou avoir obten votre assentiment pour le moins. Cependant, comme j'aime avoir
les actions de mes amis, et des hommes honnetes au
jour le plus favorable, et que vous dites "il faut un
peu de tems pour y penser" je remettrai mes sentiments sur cette singuliere transaction, a un tems plus
favorable ou plus opportun.
Les engagemens que j'ai contract ailleurs en Vertu de mes conventions ulterieures avec le Gouvernement de ce Pays-ci, pesant uniquement sur moidans

19

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

ce moment, II faut bien que je tache de m'acquitter


d'une maniere honorable en justifiant aussi la droiture de mes intentions et ma bonne foi envers ceux
qui doivent plus ou moins soffrir d'un pareil ressultat.
A cet effet uniquement, et pour mettre ordre dans
l'arrangement definitif de mes affaires personnelles
et pecuniaires, je vous demanderai une entrevue, en
tems et heu convenable. La bonne foi et l'exactitude
dans les transactions, etat les seules choses qui puissent garantir a l'homme quelque repos ou satisfaction
dan savie, je vous prie d'excuser cette importunit:
et je vous avon franchement que la qualit d'homme
de bien etant a mon avis la plus honorable qu'on en
puisse posseder, c'est aussi le seul titre que j'ambitionne de pouvoir meriter un jour.
Je suis avec l'estime et toutte la consideration qui
vous sont dues.
Monsieur.
Votre tres hume et fidele serle'.

M-A.

Grafton Str: ce 10-Avril 1804.


NICE113 VANSITTART ESQ : &C. &C. &C.

ce 15 Avril 1804

Je suis bien fach de vous importuner dans cette


occasionmais Mr. Melville ainsi que d'autres, avec
qui j'avais pres quelques engagemens me pressant singulierement et avec raison, pour avoir un'expedient
quelconque, ne pouvant pas attendre un plus long
tems; je vous supplie de ne pas differer mon arrangement, afin que je puisse depecher de quelque maniere
ces honnetes gens qui reellement me font de la peine.
Avous tres respectueusement.
N. V.t

M-A.
ESQ :

N.: T. IV, f.

222.

20

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

CO 24

Avril 1804 -

Je n'ai pas voul vous importuner ces jours passs vous croiant assez occupe :mais ne pouvant plus
differer a renvoyer Melville et autres, qui me pressent excessivement, je vous demanderai un moment
d'attention pour apres demain chez vous (sur les 9.h.
p.m.) afin de transiger cet objet, qui me devient reellement embarrassant.
Je vous prie aussi de faire dire un mot a Mr Ramns
sur le payement du dernier quart, qui ne s'est pas verifi encore; et qui ne laisse que deranger un peu.
A vous tres sincerement
N. V.t.

M-A.

N.: T. IV, f. 222 vto.

My Dear General
In consequence of what Peter told me from you,
I with great pleasure complied with your Desire, &
did not send the letters to Mr. Vansittart, which I liad
prepared for him, respecting M MelvilleI cannot
help however mentioning to yours that I have with a
great degree of certainly that Spain is very desirous
of keeping well at present with this country, & that
Mr. Trine has drawn on Lord Flawkesbury for considerable sums from Madrid A Rupture with Spain will
Spain will in all probability take place but it may not
happen for severas Months--& Mr. Melville is so much
distressed, & got himself so much in debts that I am
really afraid, that he will be under the necessity to
leave England, to procure himself subsistenceIn that
case, he would be sut out of your Reach, & incapable
of being got, at, when he might be wanted. You liad
therefore better reflect seriously, whether it would not
be better for you, at this moment, to lay him under
Obligations, by Obtaining for him a Place at Deme-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

21

rara, from whence you could have him to join you


whenever you wished.
Believe me always & most sincerely
My D r Sr
You very faithful & obed serv.,
JOHN TURNBULL

Guildford Street
8 May 1804.
GENERAL MIRANDA

Please Turn Over


The account at the Treasury is not yet settledyou
liad better thefore urge Mr. Vansittart finally to close
it as New Secretaries, particularly Mr. Bons without
the smallest appearance of Reason might be troublisome.
N.: T. IV, f. 223.

SECRETTE)

Le soussign prends la libert de s'adresser aussi


tot aux Nouveaux Ministres de S. Mpar deux motifs,
qu'il espere sufiront a faire son Apologiele 1" est
la necesit d'empecher que les ennemis de ce pays-ci,
profittant du delai qu 'on leurs accord ne s 'emparent
des ports de Caracas et de Santafee de Bogot afin
de s'opposer au mouvement d'Independance que ces
deux Provinces sont pretes a executer dans ce moment.
Le 2' est, que les preparatifs faits pour cet Objet tant
ici qu'a la Nouve York, Boston, et Trinidad, etant touts
prets; ainsi que les Personnes reunis pour cet Objet,
et qui attendent avec impatience, l'avis ou l'arriv du
Soussign aux points convenuss; ne se jetent da-ns la
confusion, et le desordre, faute de recevoir une decision quelconque.
Les Negociations continues avec les derniers Ministres de 5. M. a ce sujet, etoient arrives deja au

22

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

point d'execution definitive quand elles furent suspendues ex abrupto le 7. du mois dernier.Cependant le
Soucecretaired'Etat nomm par le tres hone MT Addinttong pour conduire cette affaire ayant fait sentir
au soussign dans une conference que ils eurent tout
recemment, l'ineortance, et mme la necessit qu'il
y aurait de voir sans delai les Nouveaux Ministres de
S. M., a fin d'obtenir leur opinion dans une affaire
aussi maj eure et aussi Important, aux interets de ce
Pays ici; le consign espere qu'on lui accordera dans
le moindre delai qui soit possible l'entrevue qu'il solicite a cet effectou la nomination pour le moins d'une
personne du Gouvernement, qui mis a la place de Mr
N. Vansittart puisse conduire cette delicate et importante affaire a une issue favorable dans les moments
aussi pressants que critiques .
Les Plans militairesles Correspondences avec les
Agens du Pays Americainet l'etat actuel de ces Operations seront soumis a la Personne dessign pour ce
Objet; et il espere que d'apres cet examen, la continuation du Projet obtiendra certaiment l'assentiment
des Nouveaux Ministres de S. M.; d'autant plus que
touttes les depenses ainsi que les preparatifs sont deja
faiteset que le Gouvernement restera le Maitre de
paroitre dabord ou de ne pas le faire; de prendre part,
ou de ne pas la prendre, selon qu'il le jugera convenable.
PR. DE MA.
a Londres ce 16 mai 1804 Grafton Str: (27.)
HONe WILIIAM PITT &C. &C. &C.
N.: T. IV, 4. 224.

N9 3.

Trinidad 4th March 1804.

My dear General
I had the honor of paying my respects to you not
long ago, since when deprived of your agreable letter,
I have daily been in most anxious expectation of hearing from you. 1 have at present nothing under the

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

23

sahpe of novelty which I can communicate to you respecting the business which so gratly interest you. I
shal however at the first moment furnish you with a
very interesting account from a Gentlemen of a great
respectability in this Colony, who is not long since
returned from a gran tour across the neighbooring
countries of the opposite continent he at present does
not which his name to be commited to paper, because he
intend a second excursion that way before long. He
fully & very strongly confirms what is already so well
known to you, that is; all descriptions of people even
the greatest part of the Monks drb Cleargy are to wearried with the present venatious sistem, that the smallest
impulsion would most assuredly accomplish the business the moment you were personally at the head of it
from the appearance of things we have been expectinn for a long time to see you here every moment. We
have (I mean our House) allways been keeping in our
way of business two three & as far as four small part
sailing vessels within our ready reach to be employed
in case of necessityI have likewise been suporting
by interest, or pecuniary means some individuals who
have no means of existance here, to prevent their leaving the Colony, as they are people whose names are
known to you, & they would be of great use in the
eve-nt of your coming out. General Hislop continues a
warm friend to you, & to our cause. I have personally
every reason to be satisfied with his kindness & allentions to me. I can say exactly the same of Colo' Rutherfurd. his curiosity keeps him so much in the woods
& amongst the Indians, that he is adquiring the surname of the IndianHi is at present at Banda del
heste, & not expected in town for some time.
I now come to a subject, General, which just this
moment most materially interest me, & in which I am
almost certain it will be in your power to serve me most
essentiallyM' Unween Deputy of Mr Chapman (who
is Lord Hobarts office) for the different offices which
that Gentleman hold in this Colony, met with an accident yesterday, in consequence of which he is expeeted

24

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

to die every instant, it he es behond the least possible


chance of recoveryYou will render me, General, a
most important service, if you will be good enough to

see Mr Chapman as soon as possibly can after the


reception of this, recommend me to him to appoint
me his deputy in time of Mr UnweenI don't recollect
how far you may be acquainted with Mr Chapman; at
any rate I done say you may allways get Mr Sullivan
to speak to hi min my favor. I believe, General, you
know me well enough to be convinced money is never
with me a first consideration ; the respectability attached to the office is what wou'd make me to exceedingly
desirous of obtaining it, I wou'd theref ore in point of
emoluments most chearfully agree to any kind of
arrangement which Mr. Chapman cou 'd possibly wish
to point out. As to the Securities my friend Mr. Peirce
wou'd take care that they were perfectly satisfactory
I by this opportunity write a few times to Mr James
Buller of Searle Street, a very particular friend of
mine, who being a member of the house of Common &
a man of great interest. if he has any knowledge of
Mr. Chapman or any conection with him either directly or indirectly, will most certainly make very warm
application to him in my favor. I write also to two other
friend, who I know have indirect connections with
Mr Chapman, & through whose means I shall be mos
likely very particularly recommended to him, I am
in great hopes. General, that if you are in time, before
Mr Chapman has taken any engagement, I may have
a tolerable chance of succeding in obtaining his favor,
& I hope he will have no reason to be dissatisfied.I
am informed by Govr Hislop 's Secretary, with whom
I am very intimate, that his intention is not in any
way to interf ere or to recommend any one to Mr Chapman, & he even will leave to the Council to appoint the
person who is to act untill the reappoint reaches us
from England. I expect that Mr Woodyear, as he is
the person who procured the office to Mr Unween from
Mr Chapman, & stand his security, will have interest
enough with the Council to be appointed to act in the

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

25

interim, particularly as Colo' Rutherfurd is out of


town ; but that Gentleman conducted himself with somuch violence, & whilst Secretary of the Commission,
that I think he wou'd harclly be the person M Chapman
wou'd wish to employ & therefore suppose he will not
be confirmed.I hope, General, I may depend in this
occasion on the warm regard & friendship which you
have been allways kind enough to profess for me, &
if you are no successfull its will not be for want of inmediate application & good wishes.
I have the honor to be most respectfully
Dr General
Your most hum
obt servt
Jos. LAMBOT

N.: T. IV, f. 225.

William Brown
Jhos Jbboth Peirce
George Fitzwilliam
Joseph Lambot
Jhos Jbboth Peirce
William Brown

Trinidad

London

N.: T. IV, f. 227.


(En esta pgina hay un recorte de peridico con avisos comerciales)

26

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Maro!" 24th.

D General
Since writing the foregoing Mr Unween is dead,
I having nothing particular to add Still hope you will
be good enough to apply as early as possible in my
favour with my respect I remain
Dr General
Your most ob t ser
Jos. LAMBOT

N1
GENERAL MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
London
N.: T. IV, f.

234.

N9 13

I" y Marzo 30 de 804.

C. P. B.
Apreciable amigo y Seor mio Ayer tuve el singular contento de recivir la muy deseada como apreciable
de V m 7. de En' posterior, q el Caballero It1 me trajo
en persona a mi morada, qn parece la tenia en su poder
10 12 dias hacia, pero como anda siempre fuera me la
dio a su regreso y por qe tambien me dijo estubo a darmela el dia de S n Jos y yo estaba de paseo en la ciudad.
Crea Vm. estaba mi espiritu inquieto con la obserbacion de su silencio, no atinando mi discurso la cansa
de l, en atencion qe las mias pa Vm. eran ya 4" cuya
ultima dirig p r mano de Mr Lambe) en Dic" ultimo, en
la qual comunicaba Vm. quanto tube adquirido sobre
el punto consabido, y las operaciones de los que rigen,
igualm te la inquietud por lla del oprimido pueblo en
la Capital. Despues an sido escasas las noticias recogidas, y de poca fee los Cle las an dado; sin embargo las
espondr adelante, puesto que las dadas y Ce Vm. me
acusa le son, y a nuestro grande h y Gef e M... de algun
agrado pa seguir el bendito proyecto del bien eza.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

27

No tengo e2presione con qe manifestar Vm. mi contento el ber las esperanzas que me anuncia p a ser el

asunto egecutado y concluido, y la memoria singular qe


nuestro Gefe. . . . hace de mi en atencion a la minima
mia (bien qe graduo Vm. me abra faborecido mucho pe
con l) y como indibiduo de ningun merito : Quisiera

disfrutar el alcance mas elevado para tener el honor de


ser Vm. y l en algo meritorio como asi mismo todo
buen patriota; con todo consuelame el creher qe VMS. y
muchos centenares de hombres saven mi aficion (puedo
asegurar es natiba 6 bien desde Cle tube algun uso de
razon) el restablecimte del dre natural y bien de los
hombres, tan injusta y tiranamte usurpado por el despota. Me acaban de decir unos de Caracas, Cl e an hido
mi muger &a bajo partida de registro (pa esparia, ablar
adelante) Cielos, acabar de faborecernos pa bengaros y
bengarnos de tantos y tan indignisimos tire.
Aunqe no una sola ocasion manifest mis totales necesidades y desamparo al Cabe Cor', y aun por escrito,
y todo en atencion la recomendacion de Vm., nada se
insinuo fin de darme algun consuelo; de suerte qe me
bi tan apurado g e tenia resuelto ausentarme y aun se lo
espuse en una carta; y desde luego lo ubiera efectuado
el arrimo del Joben Ce Cl e me escribio, con fha. 10: de
Octre y recibi en 10: de Nobre ultimo, diciendome contase con l, dandome un barco suyo qe pensava comprar
siempre qe no tubiese efecto pronto nuestros asuntos del
punto; Cle me dice est prontisimo contribuir con
todos sus alcances, y persona; los quales save Vm. son
los suficientes para quanto se quiera, y con la mayor
prontitud (por instruhido qe est asy por sus principios
matematicos como por el virtuoso difunto Gual y otros
peritos) sca planos de riberas intera. del punto predho : No he tenido mas cartas de ste abil joben, y no le
he podido dirigir yo, por Cle las ocasiones son escasas y
nada seguras; aora ber si lo puedo berificar por conducto del Cabe Cor'; por g e el mozo est desesperado por
saver guando ser el dichoso tiempo pa benirse &a &a y
aun me ariadia, qe sino tenia seguridad p a dirigirle las
unas e instrucciona qe tambien pedia al Cor', fuese yo

28

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

mismo acomunicarselas, a lo qe me ofreci puntual al


citado Cor' qn qued en llo ; pero desde aquel tiempo
asta el presente he notado alguna indiferencia en este
Cab : Ignoro los motibos.
Hace dos meses tube el particular consuelo de q
aquella Sra Fransa en cuya casa me dejo Vm, me dio
unos pocos generos p a una tiendecita a partir utilidades; y estos ultimos dias me propuso si quena 200: portuguesas de a 8 y y qe me manexase con ellos comprando & a mi gusto: Acept, y me hice cargo de ellas en los
mismos generos qe tenia puestos a mi cuidado; pues
aunqe no rinde sino p a un mal diario, a lo menos asy
creo esperar el asunto, y llegada de Vm. &a ; y encliciendo
bamos pgo con los generos y plata qe tenga hecha, y
caso de faltarme algun pico, p a no quedar mal, no dudo
de un jabon p a cubrirlo.
Uno de los Sugetos qe espuse Vm. de qe me hace
mencion con encargo de manifestarle su afecto y el del
Gefe . . . (lo efectuar luego qe lo bea, y los dems)
creo le abl Vm ; pero segun me significado no se
abrio, por qe es muy reserbado, y quanto a trabajado en
el asunto y reconocido en los territorios lo hecho con
la mas bella finura, sondando los animos, asy del ingenioso, como del mas inocente; por lo qual todo lo pone
en la situacion mas bala, y facilidad de la Egecucion.
En dias pasados me pregunt qe sabia del estado del
negocio, qe no le pude contestar cosa de substancia, por
qe nada savia de Vms : manif esto grandisimos deseos
bengan breve los auxilios & a como a,sy mismo el migo
Marino, (con otros) qe le he manifestado lo de Vm. y
queda muy gososo, agradeciendo la fina memoria de
Vm. Cl e me encarga con el mayor afecto, anelando con
todos y con migo la venida de Vm. &a &a ; (Me acaba de
decir escribir Vm.) y estamos todos unanimes trabajando con la prudencia posible, en el asunto, tan dignisimo de qe el hombre sacrifique mil vidas qe tubiera.
Una tengo, y me he prometido con ella hacer gemir
algunos tiranos : si llegara el dia de berme con facultades y un troso de bayonetas en su busca, me contaria por uno de los hombres mas satisfechos plegue a

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

29

Dios q e llegue este dichoso y memorable dia. El Amigo


Es. . . con motibo de haberlo quitado de aqui ( instancias del Amigo marino, que contribuy, el Caba
Cor' y puestolo tierra adentro ocupado, est muy sufrible, y sin embargo no tengo por nada con beniente manifestarle haver recibido letras de Vm.
Sigo el punto de las infelices familias: Para hechar
el resto la iniquidad an dispuesto los tiranos, q e nues-

tras disdichadas Esposas sean trasladadas con sus hijos


y familias los Reynos de Espaa y poblaciones del
nacimiento de cada uno de mis desbenturados compaeros, (me an dicho, qe todas y todos van la Peninsula,
y otros dicen solo la mia y de mi hermano) igualmte
de todos los otros naturales del pais inmediato, asi de
color como blancos, y ya tengo noticia, como digo arriba, embarcaron algunas, inclusas la mia y de mi hermano afligido, en el mes pasado de Febrero, con el dolor
qe se deja considerar (y expresan los qe me lo dicen),
encerraran sus inocentes pechos, y los de todo aquel
pueblo que observa tan crueles hechos. Para seguir con
sus depravados intentos de engaarme (q e necios, sin
embargo de sus save B ) me lo an comunicado en un decreto acordado y carta adjunta del Cap. Gral. Guebara,
como si el amor de la muger que quitase de mi sistema
&a . Dentro de poco me tendr, como es de pensar, la gracia EY pa qe con ella pse a incorporarme con la muger
a el ltimo rincn del mundo, y despa quiz acabarme
en una tenebrosa prision, de n, q e es pensar demasiado bien de unos embilecidos t. intimarme penas de
muerte si salgo del lugar, de la peninsula, como lo an
hecho ya con los Indultados, y cumplidos. A todas estas
amarguras no me queda otro consuelo q e el pensar,
podr el Cielo concluir nuestra obra quanto antes, y qe
los perros qe se cojan servirn de rehenes pa intimar
su Capitn y mayor cruel t.. Espaol ponga inmediatamente a su costa y con todos sus vienes, detrimentos,
&a a las mugeres, hijos y compaeros, a donde su ambicion y embilecida cobardia, los sac, y den aorcar
aquellos perros.

30

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Despues de mi citada ultima Vm. bolbio de un


viage qe hizo a Ore uno de los qe cit Vm. como practico, y me dijo: qe de la Capital havian remitido polvora
y otros utensilios ligeros de guerra, y q e no havia indagado de esto otra cosa, sino ge lo hacian por ciertos temores qe por alli tenian: Que las Milicias estavan con
ordenes, de qe la 1" disposie se juntasen. Por lo respective a todo lo demas abajo asta la Capital est tranquilo segun frescas noticias, ( otros dicen hay Caballeria
miliciana en algunos parages de la costa) y qe el pico
de tropas Europea existe alli pero repartida con la del
pais viva en diferentes piquillos, que todo supone tres
berengenas, siendo lo propio el qe amontonen municione
y alisten milicias, por qe todo es para nuestro mayor
bien en llegando todos a bernos (t a : Las Milicias de la

Capital entre blancos y de color son nada, y muy mal

peltrechadas. Las de los demas sitios son un conjunto


de inocentes qe menos disciplinados y peor armados al
ber ruido de un trozo vivo qe dispre al aire una descarga, todos largan la caria y quanto carguen y hecha a
correr; esto todo como si lo vieramos, por qe en 15 arios
qe he estado alli tengo bien bisto el animo y disposicion"

de todos.
El picaron del Andaluz qe d. 9. M. coloc en aquella
Habitacion, junto al quartel de blancos, ya dige Vm.
escribio contra de mi y otros; qe fue aqui preso por 2"
bez y por ultimo soltado pasando a cuman y de all,
dicen aora, fue la Cap' donde se suena est tan asegurado qe nadie lo v y ni saven si es vivo. Si esto es cierto
lo deve este bribon los oficios mios, qe guando supe
su perfidia lo procur recomendar aquellos T . . haciendome el mas refinado hipocrita con el objeto qe
guando llegse dudsen de sus produccions y lo acabran de algun modo. A todo contribuyo perfectamte el
Am Marino, y otro qe hechamos enemigo del Andaluz,
qe fue la Capital y disfruta buen concepto ante act
Gob. Todos aquellos lobos pretenden engaarnos, y
esto mismo nos ensea procuremos hacerles lo propio,
para qe por mas qe los soplones le adulen en perjuicio
de uno, bacilen y esten siempre dudosos &a. En resumen,

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

81

yo estoy seguro, qe por mas qe les soplen, qe discurran, qe


dispongan, qe atemoricen con ordenes y hechos, y aunqe
se figuren estar a cubierto de la manera q e se les antoge,
en viniendo esos Dibinos auxilios con los quales nos
presentemos an de llamar al demonio sugetandose
nuestro adbitrio. El nombre, solo resonado en el punto,
de nuestro virtuoso Eroe y Gefe M. y. &a : es y ser lo
bastante pe atraherse quanto encierran estos bastos
amenos y ricos Paises, y todas las personas g e el T.
arme seran nuestras.
Lleg esta maana el sugeto insigne consavido practico, y le manifest lo qe Vm. manda de su parte y del
Gefe. Queda muy gustoso y me dijo hiba a escribir

tambien a Vm. si lo hace y la entrega la incluire, como

lo hago con del Am marino.

Digne Vm. repetirme la obediencia de nuestro


Eroe y Gefe. Aadiendole q e pa la felicidad general
de sus Paises solo se espera su persona, cb y mientras el

todopoderoso me concede el jbilo de abrazar Vm. le


ruego de todo corazon conserve a Vmds. sus importantes salud y vida, mandando a su af m Amo imbariable C.

J. M. Rmo.
P. D.Estmos en q' muchos de los qe dicen en sta
ge hay estos y los otros preparativos en el pais, pueden
ser, como lo son barios picaros de los qe soplan a los T.
y bienen con encargos de correr estas boces los mas
sncillos y qe son los qe mas creo, dicen qe no hay nada,
cr todo esta quieto. En este momento acabo de ablar con
uno qe corre todo este seno amenudo, y me asegura lo

mismo de no haver tales milicias de caballo, sino las


de siempre, qe son 4: abitantes de las costas; quiero
suponer qe sean ciertas, y qe rebentar sean 500. 800:
desde Orinoco asta la Capital de C8 sern estos suficientes, separados en mas de 100. sitios, p e reparar o
impedir las mas leve tentatava disparate seria imaginarlo aun suponiendo fuesen 2 (mil) y e todos fuese
Posible juntos, no son pa oponerse a 100. de resolucion
y bien equipados, lo qe aquellos no lo estarian y ni an

MADRID

32

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

estado. Yo soy leguisimo rematado en todo, y en la


milicia mil heces mas, y sy me pongo al frente de 40:
ha militara me ago dueo de todo este seno Espaol; y
con 600 800., de la misma Capital estando la espalda guardada). qa es donde residen todas las fuerzas,
mas yo los conozco a todos &a.
N.: T. IV, f. 235.

EXTRAIT

ET TRADUCTION D'UNE LETTRE DE MR.

J. M. Rico

dat dellsle dela Trimitei 12. Octobre 1803.

Mr. Rico dit que les nouvelles qu'il a reu dernierement dela province de Caracas etoient qu'au moment
que le petit reste des troupes europeenes, qu' y etoient
depuis 1798., allait mettre a la voile pour l'Espagne
etait arriv un ordre pour les retenir dans le paysMr. Rico croit que l'Espagne a peut tre event les projets des americains Espagnols de Caracas, et que ceci
est la cause del 'inaction de cette puissance contre 1 'angleterreOr lui dit aussi que les milices etoient en etat
de guerre dans tous les parts et qu'on faisait le denombrement des hommes en etat de porter les armes, pour
les armer. Tout cela est admirable, dit il, car plus on
armera plus nous en aurons dans le jour de besoin.
Il ya des hommes verteux, dit Mr. Rico, qui se font
un devoir de courir pour cet objet et en observateurs
les points principaux du pays. Parmi ceuxci il y en a
un qui depuis de-ux mois parcure sous des pretextes
plausibles les &ches de Cumana, Barcelona &c. a. 11 vient
d'arriver al'Isle de la Trinit, et il assure que les esprits
sont entierement prepares pour le moment ou les secours arrivent, car ils n'attendent que cela pour se
declaren Ce Mr. est un homme a talens riche, et qui
possede des plans tres circonstancies des points principaux dela dele. Ii est decid a sacrifier toute sa fortune
dans cette affaire. Il en a deja depens une partie dans
des voyages sur les cotes et dans l'interieur. Ii est su
desespoir du retard des secours, car c'est lui qui a tout

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

33

cobin dans les differents endroits dela province de


Caracas, et qui sans cesse travaille depuis six ans dans
cette cause. Ii etait intime de Qual et de MIl assure
qu'avec mille ou deux mille hommes on peut faire toute
la besogne ; mais qu'il est du moins necessaire le nombre
de dix mille fusils pour armer ceux qui se presenteront
d 'abord; et sur tout la promptitude, parceque le gouvernement Espagnol fait tout ce qui peut pour conten
ter le monde, sachant l'ettait critique du pays.
Mr. Rico dit qu'un officier de la marine espagnole
natif del'Havanne, que par des persecutions se passa
a la marine franeaise, est arriv dernierement a la Trinit on lui ecrit de la cte ferme pour 1 'engager a y
retourner, mais II refuse tout reconciliation, et restera
a la Trinit jusqu'a la arrive des auxiles. Cet officier
est ami de Messieurs Cortez et Pi. (personages qui
jouissent d'un grand credit a Caracas, le premier est
maintenant Capitain du genie a la Guadalupe, aux
quels il vient d'ecrire pour les preparer. Le Colonel
Rutherfurd connoit personellement cet officier de marine, il est au fait de tout ce qu'on vient de rapporter ;
et 1' officier le voit souvent.
Maintenant Mr. Rico dit que les Espagnols de la
Trinit sont dans un grand trouble, parcequ'on les
forc a prendre les armes, non seulement ceux etablis
dans 1 'Isle, mais ceux qu'y vienent pour quelques tems.
La plupart en sont partis, et le reste partira sous peu.
Tous ces Messieurs, dit Rico, vont a la cte-ferme en
rependant par tout des raports peu favorable a nos
interts. Cela n'est pas beau, patience
Mons. Rico est d'opinion (et il y en a d'autres qui
pensent comme lui, qu'il n'est pas necessaire que la
guerre existe pour avoir les auxiles. Au contraire dit
si nous obtenons ceuxci sans que la guerre soit decla
r
tout le monde sera persuad que ce ne sont que des
auxiles, autrement la guerre existant. On ne manquera
pas de dire que c 'est pour conquerir le pays, et le gouvernement saura profiter de cela pour faire manquer

l'affaire.

34

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Dans les lernieres lignes Mr. Rico insite sur la necessit d'envoyer les seeours le plutot possible; car autrement dit il tous ceux de nous autres qui pourront
tre utiles avec nos persones et nos eonnaissances nous
ennuyerons et nous nous en irons dans d'autres endroits, ou peut-etre on ne nous laissera pas languir
avec le bras croisss.
Dans l'autre lettre du 25 d'aout dernier Mr. Rico
dit presque la meme chose que dans sa derniere. Seulement ii croit que beaueoup des Espagnols que sont
partis de la Trinite pour la cote ferme espagnole en
consequence des ordres pour les enroller dans la milice,
feront un mauvais rapport du caracter de la nation
Anglaise, ce qui ne sera pas tout-afait favorable pour
nos projets ulterieures. Cependant il est si bien persuadd de la bonne volont du peuple pour son independence, qu'il croit qu'au moment ou les secours arrivent sous
la direction du General en chef M, tout le monde,
jusqu' aux enfans d'hui ans, prendront les armes pour
cette belle cause.
Monsieur Rico etait en 1797, un negociant tres riehe
de la Ville de la Guayra dans la province de Caracas.
Il entra a eette epoche dans le projet de Qual sur l'
independance del'amerique Espagnol. Ce plan ayant
manque Mr. Rico fut arret et envoy a chateau de la
Havanne, ses biens confisqu &ca. Ii echapa de la prison
par l'entremise de quelques amis, passa al'Amerique du
Nord, et dela a la Trinit ou ii vit maintenant sans etre
eonnu que de tres peu de monde.
N.: T. IV, f.

239.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

35

N9 12.
Ptto. de Espaa en la Trinidad de Barlovento.

Cavallero Bargas

a 30 de Marzo de 1804.

Mui S` mio : No puede imaginarse V. el placer que


he recivido a vista de su firma sobre la que bienen estampadas mis esperansas que ya iban desmayadas; y
se reviven por medio de las noticias comunicadas a ntro.
Montesinos el que gososo de tan no esperado recivinto.
corno aponer en mis manos la carta de V. y en ella
hallo sus afectuosas expreciones y fino ofrecimt alpaso
que no me fue de menor gusto la idea que da de la salud
de mi Venerado Gef e, y Sor aquien estimo tiernisimam"
por singulares prendas, y interesante persona. que descansa en s, todo el peso del mas singular Heroismo,

obra tan perfecta, y para tan altos fines, que solo pudo
este aborto produsirlo ntro. clima a efecto de sacar de
si, su propio remedio, por qe si Colon descubrio poseido

de una ambiciosa gloria de interes para que se estendiese sin limites la inhumanidad, y propagase sin riendas el despotismo de los Tiranos : la America, en la epoca de su mayor aflixion, y en tpo. mas combeniente, d
ins un hijo que pueda ser el unico Caudillo de sus
criollos quienes desterraran los embejecidos abusos cortando de raiz el mal que en gral. actual" padesemos,
y sacudiendo el insoportable yugo de la esclabitud que
lloramos, sembrar la paz y alegria, con la Libertad tan
deceada.

No son para escritas muchas circunstansias dignas


de toda atension. El esperar a V. por momentos me
priba de pasar a B.L.M. de ntro. respetable amado
G-ef e; me paresia mui del caso mi viage, pero me ha

trastornado todos mis proyectos las insinuaciones tan


laborables de V. hechas al compaero Montesinos : solo
si, no es demas aparte en esta, que la tibiesa de este

destino me hacia exasperar; por ultimo, qtos. movimi"


obserbo, son diametralmte opuestos al sistema; la politica que se practica, la admito perjudicialisima guando no aganar los afectos que deberan serbir el dia deceado, siquiera, amantenerlos de buena fee, y no que

36

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

desconfien en que tenga buen exito, por no llegar a


emprhenderlo, y si se emprende, sean distintas las miras de los qe protejen la obra que asi quieren hacerlo
pareser ; y tan desentendidos en los aucilios de primera
necesidad con los dos que descubiertamte ntros agrabios son publicos como somos Montesinos y yo, que ano
ser pr la divina provida hubieramos peresido, pues nos
vimos en tanta escases, que quasi hibamos aprobar fortuna en el pais que fuese mejor la acogida, y la casualidad protexio en tan critico momento ntro. desamparo
alcansando el comparie la caridad de una piadosa Ma y
el empleo de Thente de Polisia para mi, con 4 Portuge
mensuales, sin obenciones haora vea V. en esta tierra

si dan siquiera a comer, pues los arbitrios son negados


conforme esta la Colonia y sintiendo mi positiba escases, y otros motibos que reserbo evitando dar una testaruda y tal vez mi ruina de perseberar, porqe cumplo
con honor. me case ; no busqe dinero, sino una Espaola criolla que tubiese muchos parientes y que hicieran figura para sobstenerme de las abenidas que podian asaltarme, y havia semblante qe amenasase. El
nuebo estado no obstaba a dirigirme a Londres que,
como facultativo, el pasage me seria franco pero con
la asista de V. inspirada tendremos nuebo espiritu y
caris debe ser propicio y los aspectos se nos haran
mas visibles y la casa de frente, que haora las tenemos de espaldas. El referido empleo, se me confiri
pr el Cabildo a influxos de Mr. Black, y Ma Begora
que al teson del ultimo, asintieron con sus botos el
resto de los focales sin mas recomendacion qe el antecede de serbir en la Republica Francesa, y llegando
baxo su Bandera al Orinoco el Barbaro Govae me despojo de todo pr usurparse los intereses que conduje
y me encerro dos arios en una Masmorra pribado de
toda comunicacin hta qe varios cavall' apasionados
aprobecharon la coyontura de ponerme en salbo baxo
el Pabellon q8 actual me guarda; la tragedia es dolorosa, y se renobaron sentimientos a los agrabios por
los qe abandone la Espaa, y su insoportable intrigante e iniquo Gova y su servicio ingrato, e inconse-

qente.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

37

El amigo dn Andres Es por poerjudicial lo hemos


desterrado a lo interior de la Isla, lo q e trat con el
Cava Rutherfurd, quien acsedi pues habla lo q e es
y no ser, y sin que pueda tener enmienda, ni ser posible sacarse provecho. Es mal Paysano ; gosa dos
fuertes diarios de qe vive, por fin, es l mejor librado,
gracias a V.
La causa que a V. con tanto anelo le desvela es la
misma mia baxo iguales cirqunstancias que me desatinan, y aunque por diferentes estilos los motibos que
nos traen despatriados todo biene asalir haya, sin embargo de ser yo disimulado qe no he trabaxado descubierto por lo que los Berdugos de la humanidad no me
han conosido, y con solo mi mansin en Trinidad, ya

se sospecha mas que algo; se me declara por el Govern?


del Orinoco Reo de Estado, despues de la fuga, luego
que tubo sierta la idea de mi detension entre los Ingleses, y tiene circulando requisitorias interesado ha haberme a sus manos; se pueden admitir estas disposiciones como para paliar los atentados cometidos contra mi
Indiv y intereses Republicanos de que yo me encargaha; Teme como a la propria Muerte persuadido a que
instruire a Bonaparte lo que estoi lejos de practicar de
sierto tpo. aca a vista de, las conseqensias guardadas
de ambas Naciones, y no hacerme sospechoso por acaso
a esta, y que una golondrina no hace berano para enemistarse si se exigiera la debida satisfaccion, que no
venia yo Espaol; y asi digo a V. soy uno de los primeros interesados en la distinguida obra, que pondre qt
este de parte mia a distinguirme en ella que son los meritos que espero me recomendaran desde el instante felix que se comiense para merecer el preciosisimo concepto de Ntro. mui Amado Gefe, y inmortal amistad de V.
supiendo mientras tanto la mas fina gratitud en correspondencia de sus obsequios, que debuelbo llenos de un
cordial cario ofreciendo mi inutilidad ha haquel S"

teniendo V. la bondad, que asile suplico, de manifestarlo, y la de apoyar con su intersesio la dicha de contarme
en el Nobilisimo Num de sus subditos para lograr la
gloria de obedecerle fiel, y acompaarle intrepido.

38

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Son mui escasas las faborables ocasiones que se


presentan para seguir la correspond a a la Gualadupe
con el insigne Cortez; Esta tan dispuesto como V. vera
a su aribo a este Ptto. por carta que me contesto, detallando en ella los medios de unirlo a nosotros guando
combenga, pero si, no quiere suseda hsta. que todos
estemos de la parte de aca, y es lo que mas combiene
por las razones queda.
Los dos Goviernos de Cumana y Orinoco son mudados al primero sucede Cajigal, Teniente Rey, que
era de Caracas; y el segda un Teniente Coronel Criollo

Mexicano. No es noticia indiferente siendo dos puntos


tan consequentes, y mas interesante Orinoco por su
situasion, y el Paysano criollo que biene a mandarlo.
Ansio a V. buen viage, y pronta llegada, el supremo
ser lo conseda y toda satisfaccion con salud y valor.
B.L.M. de V. su mas afto. atento serV"
CARLOS CAERO.

P. D. Tan solo una Lancha de las qe hacen el trafico del contrabando a la Costa firme lleb cinco Baules de Pistolas de bolcillo, se estan introduciendo muchas Armas en el continente apezar de estar defendido
aqui su extraccion ; y todo el mundo a Miliciano en
particular grande na de caballeria qe se ha creado.
para guardar las costas y asegurarse las Golillas.
N.: T. IV, f. 241.
PRIVATE)

My Lord.
The subject to which the under signed has devoted
all his attention for many years is so well known to
his Majesty's present Ministers with whom he has liad
the honor of discussing the points in detal on a former
occasion, that he only feels it necessairy to apologize
for intruding himself so early & so suddenly on their
notice, tho' he trusts he is in some respects justified by

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

39

the particular situation of his country the growing &

extraordinary Influence of the first Conseil with the


Court of Madrid & the probability of his extending his
Intrigues to the distant quarter in question. The un-

dersigned is very aprehensive that the French may


suddenly obtain possession of the Ports of the Caraccas
& the Province of Santa Fe de Bogota with a view of
suppressing the favorable disposition of the inhabitants to the common cause which at this moment exists
in a very premising degree; & as certain preparations
have been made in New York in Trinidada & England,
he solicits the earliest attention of His Majesty's Gouvernment to a final resolution on this subject which
has beeb throughly discussed by the late Ministers who
made many arrangements for it's Execution.
The Merchans who had prepared all the articles necessary, under the orders of Mt Vansittart who was deputed by Mr Addington to confer on all occasions with
General Miranda & who absolutely received an order
from Mr Vansittart to purchase arm a ship for the
conveyance of these articles received very suddenly on
the 7th of last month an order to suspend every preparations & 7expence which he liad been previously directed to undertake--Mr. Vansittart however in the
las conference he had with General Miranda on the 3d
of the present month pressed month pressed on him
the importance & necessity of submitting himself on
the earliest occasion to the notice of the New Administration; & he trusts & share to attend the first vacant moment to lay before them his Military Plans &
his correspondence with the agents of his South American Friends & others who are now residing at Trinidad will General Miranda wishes to repair withouth
any lost of time to open a more direct intercourse with
the settlement at Guena opposits to Trinidad when he
conceives there is a very formidable Party already established & which may pase the way for the accomplishments if all his view in the Rive Oronoque &c . . & this
side open such a channel for exporting the manufactures of Great Britain, & returning a very baluable trade
to this countryTre General scarse think it necessary

40

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

to trouble His Majesty's Gouvernment more in detail at


this moment, further than to observe that he considers
he shall be able to make a considerable progress from
Trinidad before even war (which in his Mind appears
inevitable, should take place with Spain) ; provided
the Governor of Trinidad is a Person of some political
knowledge & a general conciliating dispositionFR: M-A.

Graf ton Sr: Fitzroy Square


May 15 1804
The Rigt

HODble LORD MELVILT31.

My dear General
I had some conversation yesterday with Lord Melville who takes up the thing very warmly; he has just
began on Office, which is in such confusion that it will
be some days before he can see his way clear. he will
certainly give you an audience that week, & he ask'd
if you was well & &. I assured him of your extreme
anxiety to pay your Respects, that you was very discrect, & that there was no chance of anything transsissions.
I am every
Most Faithfully Yours
HOME FOPHAM

Friday 18 May.
N.: T. IV, E. 246.

(Aqui termina este tomo IV de originales y su ltima pgina


no numerada es un cuadro litografiado que dice :
A VIEW OF THE BRITISH ARMY
en que figuran los distintos cuerpos militares del ejrcito ingls
y sus respectivas seales distintivas.)

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

41

NEGOCIACIONES
TOMO V.
(ABRIL 1804 A JUNIO 1805)
Ysla de Trinidad y Abril 4/ 804.

Mi Venerado Gef e y Paisano.

Con fha. 26 de Noviembre de 800 di aviso del fallecimiento de mi compaero D. Man' Gual de la qual no
he tenido la menor noticia si V. la recivi ; lo hice aquella (ocasin) por encargo de dho. difunto, como asi
mismo se lo encargu al Seor . . . para q de su parte
diciese lo mismo p a con U., aun (le este en su modo de
contextarme me di entender qe no lo aria, todavia le
durava el recentimiento de la Carta q e V. escrivi mi
amigo en contextacion de la suya, en la qual anunciava
haver presentado su instancia agregandole que era hijo
del Comandte de la plaza de la Guayra aquel valeroso
militar qe mandava guando atacaron los Yngleses
aquel Puerto, pero la esprecion de que en un tiempo
(ilegible) ti era adicto nuestra causa, pero qe en aquella fha. lo sospechava ; (le) caus tanta irritacin q e nos
dio bastantes pruevas de su benganza, ha sido la primera y ultima qe mi amigo recivi de V., y se sospechava que luego qe (el se) atrevi a abrir y leer aquella,
y po ser tan publica la entrego las demas, si acaso U.
remiti algunas se las guardo, el difunto murio en esta
inteligencia, como asi mismo en la q e dho. S. P. era
sobornado por el Govierno Espaol de Costa Firme
para qe pereciesemos aqui.
Si mi venerado Gefe, mientras qe el Seor Picton
sostenia la causa estavamos atendidos de todos; pro lo
mismo fue este cavallero cambiarse que asi el como los
demas del pueblo les gediamos, le parecer V. ponderacion, pero llegaron a decirle Gual que le hiciera
favor de no ir sus casas, que no querian complicarse
con el govierno de Costa firme los particulares de esta
Ysla, cuya causa de verse despreciado y abatido tener
q mendigar le causo una melancolia, que aun cr cambio

42

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

de temperamento no le fu posible restablecerse, porqe


de dia en dia se le renovava mas su pena por tener que
balerse de dho Seor para que . . . por Dios le subministrase algo para comer; las remesas eran tan limitadas que *guando le venian Ha las devia. En la delicadeza de Qual, que (piudoras Opin) (ilegible) no
eran estas cosas, mas lleg pedir al Seor Bron, cien
pesos por cuenta de V. y este fu y le mostr la carta
Picton, y este cavallero le dijo dos mil disparates
Bron, ello es que no le subministr ni contexto ; en una
palabra para que se bea la abundancia con q e nos hallavamos una pobre viuda tuvimos que pedirle quatrocientos pe premio para travajar y proporcionarnos
una subsistencia por no andar mendingando cuya cantidad. satisfice yo los quatro meses de su fallecimiento.
N.: T. V, f. 1.

Yo he permanecido siempre aqui hasta el 1 de Mayo


del ao pasado que notisioso de ser agraciado por mi
Govierno no lo ignora; bien que alli no poda tomar
al Puerto de Vigo el 3 de Julio ; de alli pas Madrid
donde me present con bastante desconfianza en Agosto: Si es cierto se me manda debolver mis vienes y sueldos devengados mi y et otros, pero conociendo yo lo
que es mi govierno lo he tomado por una politica pa
agarrarnos todos juntos, como beo qe en la causa me
encuentro aun mas complicado q e otro, asi por lo acaecido antes, como por la compaia de Gual, Manzanares,
Picornel y Cortes que he tenido despues, lo qual el
Govierno no lo ignora ; bien que alli no podia tomar
nada, aun qe lo solicit, y que aninguno se la ha sealado destino, me puse en salbo desuerte qe el 27 de
Diciembre llegu esta Ysla y desde aqui travaj o por
si acaso puedo conseguir algo de mis vienes y sueldos;
pero no por qe yo piense en bolver pesar de que en el
dia nos vemos aqui atropellados con las Milicias, qe
este Govierno quiere q e todos tomen las armas que ha
sido la causa de haver salido varios, y quien sabe si
por algun acontecimt me tocar ami el salir, pero
en todo caso pasar Guadalupe con Cortes, Vivimos
solo con la esperanza del dia deseado; pero guando ser

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

43

ese famoso dia. todos tenemos consebido e el Govierno


Espaol secretamente con el Gavinete Yngls, estn de
acuerdo para tenerle V: siempre lleno de esperanza,
temeroso de que si sale de ay, en otra parte se lleve
efecto su proyecto, si no fuera asi es posible que en
8 6 9 aos no se ha podido adelantar nada sino espe-

ranzas '? Mire V. que su fin es sugetarle por que preveen


las consequencias ambas Naciones; y hasta guando
hemos de estar sufriendo? es posible que solo nuestra
causa halla sido tan desgraciada qe todas las otras an
eneontrado proteccion y Auxilio de Monarcas y pueblos, y la Nuestra todas las puertas estan cerradas: todos soldos a nuestros gritos, valgame el Ser Supremo
hasta guando arrastrar esta cadena tan amarga y cruel.
(entre los sentimt" el mas sensible es el tener una infeliz hermana que por onrada se be en un encierro por
diez aos, y no se qe mas despues de servicios, no quisiera acordarme de lo que sufre aquella infeliz)
N.: T. V, f. 1 vto.
Si

mi amado O efe, no se hasta guando guerra ese

sr supremo que suframos tantas indigencias, lo mas


presioso es el tiempo las circunstancias del dia, el esta-

do en que se halla la Espaa sin tropas, sin armada y

hasta sin gente ; por otra parte que los complicados


desmayan con tanta espera, y quiza guando se quiera
no se encontrarn los sugetos; todos estos cabos me persuaden dar credito que ambos gobiernos son de acuerdo, y q la Ynglaterra trata de entretenerlo hoy con
esperanzas : digame V. dado de caso el qe V falleciese
(qe insensantemte pido al ser supremo prolongue su
vida mas (le Matusalen como dicen) quien seria que se
encargaria de llevar su plan al efecto? Nadie: pues no
creo se encontrase ninguno que proporcionase las bentajas publicas, en un todo (le el mismo govierno Espaol lo confiesa, yo creo qe si acaso V. llegase esta Ysla
con solo la llegada suya desaparecerian los opresores
del Govierno Espaol que continuamente tiemblan, en
dias pasados fu denunciado un Hacendado del Llano
de Cuman, y renglon seguido del denuncio le dieron
parte al Gov er qe la casa la tenia llena de Armas, cosa

44

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

incierta, al instante puso todo el continente en movimt


dando bozes, que la America era perdida, y sin atreverse dar un paso contra el denunciado, ello es qe se
pasaron algunos dias hasta qe al fin se desenga de
no haver tales armas, y al instante giro contra aquel
infeliz desconfisco sus bienes y lo declararon por reo
de Estado. En el dia todas las causas criminales de
la Costa firme son de Estado, bien es que en Espaa
sucede lo mismo, esto nos hace creer el temor en que
est toda la Nacion. Toda la Costa firme, estan prontos
al exito de la Causa, mas no se atreven mani festarselo
a nadie temerosos del govierno ; ademas tenemos la bentaja que en toda ella no se encuentra un sugeto capaz
de mandar no digo un Batallon, pero ni una Compaia; el unico qe havia que se podia temer lo mandan
pasar Espaa instancia pedimento del Gay' por
qe se lo teme, y ha sido calumniado sobre nuestra causa, mas no le an podido provar nada y por esto se han
balido de este pretexto que pase Espaa, es un bello
sugeto mui adicto la Causa comun tiene dadas pruebas de ello (pero es Europeo) no obstante que entre
ellos se encuentran varios adictos pero quieren qe siempre estubiese sugeta la Amea al otro emisferio cosa
opuestisima contra toda la opinion general, no es por
que ellos no lo conocen sino que preveen la ruina que
provendria toda la Europa entera.
N.: T. V, f.

2.

Me ha sido bastante sencible no haver tratado aqui


Mr Bargas no obstante qe este cavallero no solicito por
los amigos compaeros de Qual; yo no me atrevi
solicitarlo, por qe luego que lleg aqui fue ganado por
Montes, y como en aquella epoca decia este que se iba
de la Colonia, nos dava en que entender y mucho mas
que sospechar el que si acaso su introduccion con ese
C. seria para imponerse del estado de la Cosa y dar
parte al Govierno de Costa f. su reputacion en este particular dava que dudar y maxime un hombre sin caracter como Montes, al mismo tiempo digo que en algo
contribullo mi viage ello, por Cle dos meses antes me
retir del Puerto al Campo con mi familia para dispo-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

45

nerme partir. Confieso q e hice mal en haver gastado


algunos pesos en esto, pero me era preciso en vista de
lo qe se decian algunos sugetos, y pasquines q e me pusieron, no obstante q e no ha dado fruto puede qe mas
adelante lo d.
N.: T. V, f. 2 vto.

No quiero importunar mas la atencion de V. con mi


relato, basta por ahora, que espero guando su viage no
sea luego, tenga el onor de irme poner las ordenes
de un gel e aquien toda la America desea, se prolongue
sa vida m 8 a8 y e el ser Supremo permita q logre el
fin TI solicita tantos aos ha, en veneficio de tantas
miles de Almas, como las que gimen en toda la A. entera bajo un yugo insoportable, &c.
Tengo el onor de ser de V. su mas at to am y
seguro subdito Q. S. M. B.
DOMINGO SNCHEZ.

Mi M.B.G.

y O.M.

N.: T. V, P. 2 vto.

N9 15.
Trinidad

28th apri/ 1802.

Dear
I have not now heard from you for some timeyour
friends begin to get tired Information has been
brought to me here that your friend Corts at Guadaloupe is actually making preparations for the business.The man who carne with this news is variously
reported to mesome suspect him of being a spy of
Spain-- C . . . wrote to Calero that he hacl both men
inoney & ships & only wanted a place to rendez vous
near the scene of action. As we are at peace with
Spain, the Governor won't not hear of any thing of
hat kind at present.
The Captain of the armed brig belonging to the island was detained the other day by one of the Commandant of the Quarter on the tierra firme under the

46

ARCHIVO DM GENERAL MIRANDA

idea of his having come on shore with his men armed.


It was rather a violent proceedingHe is not yet released
Does Vargas come out againI wish he would
bring my Dulcinea del Toboso con mi hijoahora yo
hablo su lengua facilmente.
Yo he dado 40 pesos fuertes a su amigo del Marino
para pagar los gastos de un hombre que ha venido de
Guadaloupe con novedades de Cortesmis Complimientos a VargasYo soy de U. el difelisimo servidor que S. M. (B.)
Mr.

M. RUTHERFORD.
MARTIN

27-Grafton Street
Fiezroy Square
London.
N.: T. V,

f. 3-4.

PRIVATE

My Dear General
My friend from Ireland dined with me qute alone
and expressed how much he would like to see youyou
have not a warmer Friend than himself.
Yours truly
ALEX DAVISON

Saturady night.
N.: T. V, f. 5.

Dear Sir
I Have this moment reced a Letter from Mr Lambot, dated 15'h March, which Therewith endose you this
Letter come by was of Barbados in a Ship to Liverpool
by which I have got Letters down to 18' April, but they
are all on private business, theref ore have nothing

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

47

political to comunicate-- By Lambot's Letter, it appear


that no time shou 'd be lost in the application he wishes
for which I beg leave to submit to you and shall be
happy to assist in procuring him the place. I am in
haste.

Dear Sir
Your faithfully
JHo". J. PErscz.

Lane-Street
11 o Cloek Tuesday Mora.

(*) (Mr (Jhapman to appoint him his diputy, in


heu of Air Unween who is ding Suc)
(Esta nota es de letra de Miranda)
GEN' MIRANDA

Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square.
27.

N.: T. V, f. 6.

My dear General

When your Note carne to me yesterday, I was at the


Admiralty soliciting an Interview with Lord Melville
on your business which he has appointed for tomorrow
at 11 Ock you shall know the result as soon as possible.
Your Ever
HOME POPHAM

Friday.
GEN' MIRANDA

N 26 Grafton Street
N.: T. V, f. 8.

Fitzroy Sq.

My dear General
I really have not had resolution to call on you, as
I cannot yet obtain from Lord M. any fixed appointment to see you, he is so overwhelmed with business

48

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

that except to his immediate department he has not


yet a moment to dispose of; I saw Davison who teils me
he is pressing Sir Evan to interest himself to bring
everything to an immediate Issue ; I shall never lose
sight of the great object, I will not fail to take every
opportunity of urging its Consequence & urging an
Interview with you as soon as can possibly be obtained.
I am Ever
Most sincerely Yours
Holm POPPIAM
Sunday
GENERAL MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. V, f. 8.

Mon cher General


Je n'ai pu voir Nepean aujourd'hui mais j 'ai appris qu couche a la campagne, mais qu'il a un appartement N9 10 Duke Street Westminster tout aupres de
chez moi ou il se trouve tous les matins.
Tout a vous
N. V.
GEN'. MIRANDA

N 26 Graf ton Street

Fitzroy Sq.
N.: T. V, f. 9.

Tuesday 10 Ocb.

My dear General
I have seen Lord Melville to day & I intended to call
on you afterward, but I must go down to the House of
Commons, will you do me the Favor to call on me at

49

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

7 this Evening & take Tea. I hope you have approved


the paper & copied it, if so bring it, & I wish lay it bef ore Lord M. tomorrow, & he will I have no doubt immediately appoint an early Interview.
Yours Ever
HOME POPHAM.
GENERAL MIRANDA

27-Grafton S' .eet


Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. V, f.

10.

My dear General
I wrote a short Memorandum for you, which Lady
P. copied last Night I think you ought to say so much,
more if you like it, 85 alter it to your own fancy, but it
should be ready against the Ministry is appointed no
body has any nomination yet but P.M. I am going
to the country tomorrow for one day when I return
I will see you.
Yours Ever
H. P.

Friday
N.: T. 4, f.

11.

PRIVATZ

My dear General
I do not know whither you have yet seen our friend
Nepean or Lord Melville, or whither any thing has
passed on the subject of the supplies I still hold in my
possessionAs bef ore Mr. Vansittart retired, an intimation was given that I might deliver the articles which
I am not disposed to do till I knew the result of wour
Interview for 1 once part with them. they may not

50

ARC HIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

easily be recovered."Bird in the Hand is worth two


in the Bush"
Your faithfully
ALEX DAVISON.

1 can immediately lay my hands


on 700 new arms should they be

Friday Morning

wanted without interferring with


the Board of Ordenance.
N.: T. V, 5. 12.

Boston 12 May 1804.

My dear sir

We arrived here about a month since in Health and


Spirits, and I lost no time in endeavouring to procure
among the most respectable wealthy merchants an
attention to the Subject on which we conversed, and
have preceeded so far as to satisfy myself, that the
moment it is ascertained, that jou have quitted England for the object pro posed, what you desire will be
done here and pro bably in N. York. But considering
the Delays that have taken place on your side of the
water and altogether inconsistent in the opinion of all
wise men here, with the real 84 obvious Interests of
61-. B. nothing could templ. the Merchants of this Town
on N. York to risque their Property untill they know
the Enterprise is moving or about to commence I write
not hing new, because I am in daily expectation of
having that you have quitted London.
N.: T. V, f. 12 y 13.

Yours truly
(sin firma.)
GENERAL MIRANDA

P. S.The center to where our friends letter was


addressed had left N. York & gone to the HavannahTo

GENERAL MIRANDA

Grafton Street

Fitzroy Square
London
N.: T. V, f. 13.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

51

My dear General
I have been constantly engaged since I have been
on this side of the water and have not had hardly one
moment to appropiate to my private friends.I had
wished to have seen you bef ore I last left England, but
at that moment I was equally engaged.
I shall be in Duke Street on Monday at ten o'Clock
shall be very glad to have the pleasure of seeing
you there.
Believe me to be
very sincerily yours
E VAN NEPEAN.

Dulham, Saturday
2 June
(1ENERAL MIRANDA.

N.: T. V, f. 14.

eber General
On m'a propos un tour a la eampagne ou je pourrai partir de tres bonne heure. Je tacherai de voir
Sturges aujourd'hui (1 de le preparer a vous reeevoir
j'aurai le plaisir de vous revoir en ville au comrnencement de la semaine prochain.
Tout a vous
N. V.

GENERAL MIRANDA

N 27-Grafton Street

Fiezroy Square-N. : T. III, f. 15.

My dear

General
I am grieved to tell you, that I have not seen Sir
Evan Nepean, no have I received any further information on the subject, which ought long ago to have
been finally determined upon by Government. if I do
not hear something on the Course of to day. I shall
uecessarily be obliged, tho' how ever reluctantly, to

52

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

assign over the articles to the Transport Board.I am


sorry I can give no interesting intimation whatever . . .
I should hope Sir Evan would give me a call soonSir
Home Popham took a late dinner with me yesterday,
but could say hithers farther on the Grand objectYours very sincerely
ALICE DAVISON.

Thursday morning.
7th June 1804.
N.: T. V, f. 16.

My dear General

It is with a considerable degree of regret I can give


you no flattering prospect of Government soon deciding on the object we have so long looked with much
anxiety, of being carried into Effect.
Government so tauch occupied in making thus arrangement, thus I fear it will yet be some time, ere they
can give the consideration to the aception of the plan
we are so desirous of seeing carried into execution.
I have not seen either Sir Evan Nepean or Mr. Huskison since. I last wrote to you. I am extremely mortified at the delay, but which, it is not in my power to
prevent. I have not seen Sir Home Popham since
Thursday.
I am My dear General
Your very sincere
ALEX DAVISON

Monday Morning
11th Juin 1804
N.: T. V, f. 17.

My dear General
If you will carne down here and breakvfast at half
past Eight we can go to town together and have at
least half an hours chatI do not know when 1 can

PROLEGMENOS

DE LA

53

INDEPENDENCIA

have more leisure than that opportunity might be


1ikely to afford me.
Believe me to be
very truly yours
EvAN NEPEAN.
Dulham 17 June
Sunday
GENERAL MIRANDA.

N.: T. V, f. 18.

General
No tidings of Sir Evan Nepean Mr Huskisson dined with me on Saturday. I asked him if he know, if any
thing liad been donehis answer was, what I expected,
that the Departments liad been so fully occupied he
sonte time. nothing could be urged upon the subject.
I should however imagine, that you will hear something
from Fulham in the course of to day, or to morrow, as
if is impossible to remain much long silent in a matter
so very interesting to the Country, and what would in
three or four years indemnity it, for the Expences of
the warPatiense is a Gfreat Virtuea virtue whieh
in the present occasion you ought to possess 1-1 am my
Dear General.
My dear

Your faithfully

II. B. TENAN

ALEX

DAVISON

25th . June 1804.


N.: T. V, f. 19.

My dear General
I shall be at the Office at twelve to morrow evening
and be happy to see you
Yours truly
E. N.
1Z.: T.

V, f. 20.

28 June

54

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL

MIRANDA

Ce Jeudi

Aolit 1804.

my dear Sir Evan.


Je ne vous incommode pas aujourd'hui, pour vous
laisser le tems d'arranger tout a votre aise ; mais
demain sur le midi ; je me renderai sans faute a Duke
St, comptant d'y trouver ce resultat si long tems attendu, et si positivement promis.
yours truely
M

A.

Grafton str.

the Right HOIl ble .

SIR

EVAN NEPEAN.

N.: T. V, f. 21.

My dear General
You may will belive the pleasure your note of yesterelay has given me, and the happy prospect of the
great object soon being brought to a decision.
The Mohawk Indian is to be with me this afternoon
a 5 o 'clock and will possibly stay an Hour or two with
me, I wish you could make it convenient to call in upon
me at the time, that you may see him (as it were accidentally) He is a sensible cliver active man, and one
that in any opinion would be extremely useful. I have
never seen Sir Evan.
I am My Dear General
Your faithfully
ALEX DAVISON

Wednesday Morn:
25th. July 1804.
Sir HOME POPHAM dined ith me
on Monday, and was yesterday to
dine and spend the day with Lord
MELVILLE at Wimbledon.
N.: T. V, f. 29.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

55

Mr Melville presents his respectful compliments to


General Miranda.M r M. feels very gratefull to the
General for his kind dispositions towards himthe enelosed however he begs leave to assure the General, he

has not at present the Smallest occasion for, as Mr M's


own friends, anticipate all his wants in that respect.
Mr M: hopes the General will be good enough to
excuse him
( ENERAL MIRANDA

Thursday afternoon 4 o elock.

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. V, f. 30.

M r Melville begs his respeetful Compliments to General Miranda,he is very sensible upthe honor done
to him, by the General yesterday.
Mr M: would have liad the pleasures of waiting
, according to his desire this morupon General M
ninghad not an application of Leeches, which wa.s
ordened for himput it out of his powerhe will
however avail himself of the first opportunity to do
so.
Wednesday noon.
GENERAL MIRANDA

N.: T. V, f. 31.

27 Grafton Street 27
Fitzroy Square.

N, 14
My dear General
I have not seen Sir Evan Nepean but as I understand he sets oft for Ireland on Tuesday or wednesday
next, I hope before his Departure you and him will
llave perfectly understood each other, and that the
great object which so long has been kept in weried suspense is about to be decided upon. For if matters are

56

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

not finally settled before Sir Evan gets, I fear you may
have some diffieulty in arranging it with any other
person, as he so thoroughly understand the Business
and so elearly sees the Benefit that ultimately must
derive to this Country by the plan being earried into
Effeet.
If the malles be soon settled 1 can secure in a week

10,000 pik es, 3,000 stand of Foreiyn Arms and the like
quantity of Swords, without any interference of the
aduana.It is a very great pithy that this malle should

be delayed, of such Importance, as I coneeive it to be to


Great Britain.
I am my Dear General
Your faithfully
ALEX DAVISON

Friday morning
3d. augt . 1804.
N.: T. V, 4. 32.

PRIVATE

MEMORANDUM

L 'etat actuel des Colonies Hispano-Americaines est


extremement critique et preeaire dans ce moment iciLes Provinces de Caracas et de Sta Fe de Bogot n'attendent que le signal eonvenu pour renvoyer Panden
Gouvernement et pour se former un autre par soi-mme
qui leurs soit plus analogue et qui assure leur independance : et eette mesure devient d'autant plus urgente
que les mulatres et la gens de couleur libres composant
une partie essentielle de la population actuelle des Villes, et qui sont deja armes et forms en Corps de
milice, pressent ce mouvement et menacent de saisir
eux mmes tout le pouvoir, si les Creolles et les principaux proprietaires ne s'empressent de prendre des

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

57

mesures qui puisent calmer ces esprits et satisfaire en


mme tems les voeux general du PaysLa puissance
des Gouverneurs Espagnols, est presque nulle aujourdhui dans ces Provinces, comme on peut le voir par les
Lettres n9 1 et 2; et 011 assure, par des avis assez recents, que l'etat du mexique est a peil pres le mme.
N.: T. V, f. 33.

Tous les officiers natifs de ces Provinces, et autres


Personnes qui en vertue de diferents conmotions qu 'ont
u lieu dans ces pays depuis ces 10 ans passes, se trouvoient rependus dans les diferantes Ysles de Parchipelamericain, ainsi que dans les E.U. d 'Amerique, sont
dans ce moment reunis L 'isle de la Trinidad, ou a
New York; d'ou jis attendent le dernier avis, ou Parriv
du soussign pour se mettre en mouvement et agir de
concert. Parmi ceux-ci on distingue des Yngenieurs,
des Officiers de la marine Royal Espagnole, et des
grands Proprietaires du Pays Americain ils sont
inme parvenus par leurs emissaires gagner et reunir
pour la mme cause les missionaires, moines et Ecclese
qui ont une grande influence dans les Tribus Yndienes
de lOrenoque, Rio Meta et Apure Guayane Espagnole,
&e. v. n 3.
Les Ministres de S.M. qui viennent de sortir, ont
donn diverses epoque au soussign des grandes esperances et avoyent mme promis des secours qui etoient
dej presque sur le point de partir (v. n9 7) Ces diverses occurrences ont et regullierement transmises aux
Agens Americ,ains la Trinidad, et New York; de
maniere que tout est aujourd'hui un point de maturit, que si le soussign n'arrivoit pas promptement le
mouvement partiroit sans sa direction, et sans cet accord general, qui est indispensable pour se promettre
la reussite avec un resultat heureux et solide.
Les secours dont on besoin (dans la suposition que
l 'Anglettere ne voulest agir dabord que indirectement)
sont tres pu de chose ; et se trouvent desja tous prepa-

58

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

res entre les mains du Negociant respectable qui s'en


etoit charg... nos Amis dans les E. II. nous promettant d'ailleurs les Armes, et munitions necessares en
toute abondance &e. v N 4 et 5,Si le Gouvernement
vouloit cooperer un pu plus efficacement, ceux marques dans la Note N9 6. seroit tout fait suffisans,
surtout s'ils etoient diriges par Sir Home Popham
officier qui contribua sous la sanction du dernier ministere, . faire l'arangement naval; puisque on est
persuad qu'il joint au connoissences militaires et politiques un zele, et un devoument pour le succes de cete
entreprise, qu'il seroit difficile de trouver reunis dans
un autre.
Dans tous les cas, le soussign ne demande que son
depart le plus tot qu'il soit possible; considerant le
delai dans la conjuncture actuele, comme un gTand mal,
qu'il faut eviter par tous les moyens possibleset de
convenir avant son depart d'un Plan General d'operation, dans toutte l'etandue du Continent II. Americain,
L 'Ocean Pacifique &c. afin qu'on puisse agir apres
dans tous les evenemens possibles avec accord, et selon
un mme Plan.
N.: T. V, f. 33 vto.

Les plans de Gouvernement Provisoirede Gouvernement Federalet de l'ataque de Caracas selon qu'ils
etoyent convenus avec le Gouvernement de ce Pays en
Mai 1801. son aux N9 8 9. et 10.Ceux qu'on a form
posterieurement sur les renseignemens qu'on a obtenu
par les Correspondents du Pays Americains, seront
communiqus verbalement Sir Evan Nepean, pour
qu'il puisse donner une complete ide aux ministres de
Sa Majest-

Gtrafton-Street: ce 12 Juin 1804.


M-N.: T. 4, f. 83 vto.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

59

ADDITION

Aout 8 1804.

Par des Lettres reeues posterieurement de Trinidad


en date de 30 mars 4, et 28Abril dernier on s'accorde
eire, que l'Opinion publique et l'etat des Choses tant
sur les Ctes que dans toutte la Province de Caracas,
est encore dans le meilleur etat possible, malgr les
alarmes et les inquietudes que les Agens du Gouvernement Espagnol ne peuvent moins que laisser a pereevoir
par ses demarches (v. n 13-11-12) Les inquietudes
que les Personnes, et autres Agens des Americainsmeridio : qui se trouvent actuellement reunis la Trinidad, temoignent non obstant, dans ce memes Lettres,
meritent grande consideration le Col: Rutherfurd le n
15avance, qu'on lui assure, que Cortes fait des preparatifs la Guadeloupe, et qu'il a deja des hommes,
des armes, vaisseaux, et argent pour tanter l'entreprise
qui nous occupe ici depuis si long tems, voyant que le
gouvernement Ang : ne se prononce pas, et que le retard
leurs devient deja insuportable Suc . . . Les autres
poussent la mfiance jusque la tmerit de supeoner
ce Gouvernement perfide et de mauvaise fois (v.
N9 11- 12) et prient le soussign de quitter l'Angleterre, et de venir aupres d'eux.Les memes souhaits
sont repets, par ceux qui se trouvent egalement reunis
New York et Philadelphie das les E. U.; selon des
avis tres recens qu 'on a reeu.
Si a tout eeci, on ajoute l'effet que doit produir dans
des exills impatiens, l'arriv de LecourbeMaedonal
et autres officiers Franeais, qui par suitte du nouveaux
regime Ynperial, quittent dans ce moment la France
pour se rendre dans les E. U. d'Amerique ; on sentira
la neeessit qu'on a d'agir promptement si on ne veut
pas voir bien tat ces Chefes Jacobins au Mexique et
dans tout ce beau Continent prepageant leurs doctrines
detestables!
MN. dei 11.Este documento est escrito con letra de Miranda.
N.: T. y, f. 34.

60

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Fitness August 5th. 1804.

My dear General,
I received your Letter with its enclosures on Friday
night & I carried that with the other, to Sir Evan
Nepean at Fulham yesterday morning, he read them
all with much satisfaction, & as he said he woud endeavour to arrange all points before he went to Ireland
I am inclined to think much better of the chance of its
being put into execution, I promised to return Sir Evan
all the Papers this morning copied but he said there
was no occasion, & he woud send to you for such Letters
as he wanted for Mr Pitts Information; I also spoke to
Lord Melville on the subject, & you may rely on it,
that independant of my sincere regard for you. I see
the thing has so many national advantages, that I feel
it a Duty to advance it with all my weight, which God
knows is but very little, you may howeever rely upon it,
that I shall lose no opportunity to press it to an issue ;
but Sir Evan is the person on whom you must place all
your dependance, & I advise you by all means to see
him the moment he return from Bridhort.Fulham at
9 in the morning is the time & place ca li on Davison on
Monday & he will teil you when Sir Evan returns.the
moment I hear anything I will inform you, & I beg you
will always command me when you have occasion only
dont be in a passion.
Yours most truly
HOME POPHAM

Staines August five 1804.


GENER,AL MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square
London
N.: T. V, f. 35 y 36.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

61

My Dear General
I saw Si Evan Nepean on Saturday and He promised to come to me again this day. but I thought it
might be a satisfaction to know from me that He seems
to think that every thing is in a train of being brought
to a decision without farther delay.I gave him a List
of additional articles I conceive highly requisite for
to have and which he approved. He till me you were
to be .vvith him yesterday and afterday he war to be
with the ministers so that I flatter myself the another
is finally adjusted and fixed.
I am My Dear General your faithfully
N.: T. y,


f. 37

A. D.
Monday, 6h. Augt 1804.

My Dear General
Not having seen you, I conclude that you have heard
nothing decisive. Indeed I hardly expect that you will
knew much, till Sir Evan Nepean return which I presume will be this EveningLady Nepean was with me
this morning and said, she thought he would be back
either to night or to morrow.I feel very desirous that
every matter may be settled, and your mind relieved of
extreme anxiety--to be kept in a state of eternal suspense, is the very Devil.
Not knowing if you have heard from Popham, I
send his letter to me received this morning for your
perusal.
I hope in two or three days he will be in Town. Lest
you have not liad a letter from him, yourself . . . it will
he satisfaction to you read the inclosed.
I am my Dear General yours truly
N.: T. V, f.

88.

A. D.
llth. Aug' 1804.

62

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

COPIE

Monday, 6' h

Aug' 1804.

I find it impossible to prevail on a certain person to


allow our friend to embark immediately, the reasons he
objecting to it in the present moment are obvious.
NEPEA.N.

ce 14 Aolit 1804.

Mon eher General


Depuis le depart de Nepean. Je n'ai pas entendu
le moindre mot de votre affaire quoique j 'ai vu Mr.
Bourne plus d'une fois. Je vous renvoie Pierre Martyn
avec bien de graces pour le plaisir que j 'ai reeu du peu
de ses lettres que j 'ai eu le tenis de parcourir.
Tout a vous.
N. V.
GENERAL MIRANDA

Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. V, f. 40.
ce 15 AM

1804.

Le Gen' Miranda a l'honneur de presenter ses respects au Tres honorable Williams Pittet le prie de
vouloir bien lui envoyer sous cachet les Documens relatifs l'Amerique Meride que Sir Evan Nepean lui
remit la semaine pass.Ces Papiers furent confis
originaux cet Honoe Ami, avec la Condition expresse
qu'il les retournerait soigneusement apres les avoir
montrs Mr Pitt, qui souhaitoit qu'on les lui laissat
pour deux ou trois jours.
Sir Evan partit precipitannuent pour l'Irlande
avant hier et laissat une Lettre qui fait croir que ces
Papiers sont rests entre les mains de Mt Pitt.La
crainte qu'ils ne puissent s'egarer et compromettre tant
des Personnes respectables dans une affaire aussi deli-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

63

cate qu'importante sont le motif, et l'apologie de cette


pressante sollicitude.
Grafton

St: ce 15 Aot 1804

N.: T. V, f. 41.

Dear General
T shall be in twon at ten tomorrow morning and I
shall be obliged to you if you wil find or rather bring
to me all the papers mentioned in your memoranda
numbred as referred to in it.
Your very truly
EVAN NEPEAN

Fulham, Sunday night.

N.: T. V, f. 42.

London ce 21 .4.otit 1804.

My Dear Friend.
Vous ditez dans la Lettre D"I find it impossible
"to prevail on a eertain person to allow our friend to
"embark immediately, the reasons for objecting to it in
"the present moment are obvious".
Je pu vous assurer que cette resolution n'etoit pas
hors de mes caleuls, et que je n'ai aucunement me
plaindre de vous, la chose n'etoit pas dans votre pouvoir mais ce qui m'a fait de la peine, et dont je me
pla; ns, e 'est de votre depart precipit sans me voir, sans
vous expliquer, et sans me remettre les Doeumens sacres que je vous avoit confiCe-ci etoit certainement
ce me semble dans votre pouvoir, vous me l'aviez promis, et je devez y compter comme d'une ehose immanquabl e
Ayant consult avec notre ami Air Vansittart, j 'ai
envoy la Note ei jointe a Mr Pittpoint de reponse
encore ; et
S. Bourne se trouvant dans ce moment

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

64

la Campagne, je ne sgai reellement qui m'adresser


sur un objet aussi delicat que grave.
Je vous ai manifest avec sincerit et franchise mes
sentiments; j'espere que vous nous communiquerez les
votres, quand ce ne seroit que pour le recouvrement des
Papiers, dont Pegarement seroit pour moi une perte

irreparable.
je suis avec amiti et respect,
Votre tres humble serviteur.
MA.

Grafton St: 27.


the Right 110 ble . SIR E. NEPEAN.
T. V,

f. 43.

TARJETAS

COLe . TYNDALE

Dr. MOORE
Clifford St. 15
D. W m . Thomson
Gravel Pete
Kensinghton

M. J. BROGDEN

Park Street
104 Grosvenor Sqe.

COLO' FALIKAM

Chapter House Court


N 3 St. Paul
DR.

MOYES.

Mr JENNINGS

Great Cumberland Street


Mr MASSERIN.

ALL KINDS OP WATCHES, CLOCKS


ez TIME-KEEPERS

Either on the most Complieated or improved


Construetion both Nautieal and Astronomie purposes
Repeating & Strikeing Watehes of every Deseription Made & Repaired with the utmost dispateh.
(Aviso con grabados.)

N.: T. V, f. 45.

65

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

27 ugt. 1804.

Mon eher General.


On m'apprend que Mr Bourne ne retournera en ville
que dans douze ou quinze jours. J'ai vu hier Huskisson
qui m'a promis de tout faire pour retirer vos papiers
d'entre les mains de M r Pitt.
Tout a vous.
N. V.
GEN'. MIRANDA

Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. V, f. 48.

EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM Wm BROWN ESQe


OF TRINIDAD

dated 10 Juno 1804.

I Observe you say that Gen' Miranda had wroteI

have heard nothing of any Letters from himperhaps

Colonel Rutherford who is out of Town may have re-

eeived Letters from him I sineerely hope his plans


wideh are good may beeamse into executionI will
thank you much if you will have the goodness to offer
my

best respeets to him, when you see himI had

him in eontemplation it the Consequences when I cmmene'd the new Buildings on the Baymake him if you

an offer of themthey are extensive and well


ealeulated for any Purpose he may require.
piense

T. V, f. 59.

66

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Mr Peirce wit his best respects begs to Endose


Gen' Miranda the Extract of M r Brown's Letter.
MT Pissany he cannot yet annouce the Arrival of the
Leeward Island Packet, which is much out of time.

N.: T. V, 4. 50.

Monday Morning
27 Augt.
46 Lime Street.

Dear Sir.
I have reeed a Letter from Mr B. of 9' July & I
here with repeat a paragraph relating to you. "I am
"happy to observe by letter rec d from General M. that
"he was wellIf he should be in England, I beg my
"best respects to him.Every thing here is in the best
"possible trainI hope the late change in Administra"tion will be favorable to his ViewsMy new ware"house are now almost completely finish 'dthey are
"capable of holding five thousand Banch Provisions &
upwardsThe Dwelling House the best in the Island.
"I have had a great deal of Letter iivriting to friends
"by this Packetor I could have done myself the honor
of waiting on you. I remain with much respect
Dear Sir Yours truly
Friday 7th. Septr . 1804.
Red Lime Square--

Trios.

J. PEIRCE.

N. : T. V, f. 51.

EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM MT BROWN

dated 2d Janry. 1804.

"A matter of the utmost importance, which possibly


"you may have come little knowledge of, appears to me
"to be on the eve of bursting forthwhen this, which
"has been some time in Contemplation, comes to matu-

67

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

"rity, it will be of great consequence to you, and every


"other person connected with our House on this jou
may place confidence. llave the goodness on receipt of
this to call on General Miranda, and inform him that
all friends in this Hemisphere, are as could be wish'd.
Mr Lambot writes to the General by this conveyanceli is letter is of importance. Our mutual friend Colli Rutherford who I am with even hour almost is invery high
health & spirits.all this for the General.
N.: T. V,

f.

52.

16. Lime Street Thursday Morn.

MT Peirce presents his respectful Compliments to


General Miranda, and agreeable to promise has sent
bim the Extract of MT Brown 's Letter.
GENERAL MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square
N.: T. V, f. 52.

Monde( Morning
27 augt. 1804.
My Dear

General.
I received a long letter from our friend in Ireland

yesterday with an account of his situation previous to


bis quotting London, and the impossibility of seeing
you. As he does not say whether he had written to yourseif) I thought it right to let you know that he could
ilot do more than he did to promote your objects. If he
has not already written to you, you may depend he will
the moment he receives your letter.
When you call, I will show to you his letter to me,
which contain his observations on some other matters.
I am my Dear General
Yours most sincered
N.: T. V, f. 53.

A. D.

68

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

My Dear General
When you find leisure to call on me, I will show
you eopy of my letter to Lord Melville in the subject of
yours grand objects.
Yours
ALEX. DAVISON.

N.: T. V, f. 54.

Friday Morning

El folio 55 es un Diario de Filadelfia constante de 8 pginas, editado en


Ingls, titulado "The Port. Folio" y dedicado a la memoria del Alejandro
Hamilton. (Julio 21 de 1804).
El folio 57 lo forma un folleto en ingls constante de 24 pginas, titulado
"Elogio de Alejandro Hamilton, pronunciado a nombre de los ciudadanos
de Boston, por Harrison G. Otis. 1804.

5a PARTE ARO 1805. N9 3.


PRIVATE

a Londres ce 3 Avril 1804

Dear friend
'ai eu l'honneur de vous eerir a la reception de
votre lettre de Gravesend ; et cette reponse fut envoy
Mons. Williams dans l'espoir, qu'elle vous parviendroit avant que de quitter Portsmouth; en tout cas,
voiei la Duplicata des Extraits qu'elle eontenoit, a fin
que vous soyez mieux instruit des predispositions favorables qui predominent tant la Trinidad qu'ailleurs
sur notre objet : et pour que vous ayez la bont de transmettre copie au eher ami de New York sans delai.
La ehose marche ici sans variation et sans retard,
conforme a l'arrangement, que je vous ai communiqu
avant votre depart ; le mien est irrevocablement fix
pour le 1 du Moi de May prochain; le Batiment est
achet, et on finira son armement dans huit joursAin:si tout ce que je vous demande avec empressement,
est de me faire avoir avant mon arrive Trinidad (qui
sera sur le milieu du moi de juin prochain) 4000 fusils
de guerre, et de la poudre a feu, le reste peut venir par
la suite a votre loisir ; mais ces articles-ici ii faut qu 'ils

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

69

soient a Trinidad dans le tems marqu ei dessus, comme

une chose indispensable dans mes calculs.je me repose


absoluement sur votre zele, et bonne amiti : et je vous
ajouterai, que le Gouvernement-iei, est enchant de

eette operation et plus encore, de ce que ei soit vous et


qui le dirigent
M r 1K
La couleur de l'uniform est Bleu et jaune.
Audentes fortuna juvat yours(sign) M

N.B. Direct all


MESS. W

8.

things to

BROWN C

Trinidad
( 'hrist : GORE, ESqr.- Boston.
M ItuTHER.
N.: T. V, f. 63.

Cannon Coffee house


Charing Cross

a Londres ce 5 May 1804.

Je suis sur le moment du depart comme vous voyez


par le precedenteet me voila arret par le changement
subit du ministreLa suspention ne peut etre que momentain, et tout le monde espere que ce sera pour

mieuxvous etes en etat de juger par vous mme connoissant le pays, et le papiers publics vous en donneront
Pinformationsous peu des jours je vous ecrirai le
resultat, et vous prie en attendant de transmettre cette
i nformation au cher ami de New York.
a vous pour toujours
e : CI DRE ESQ.
(Borrador de Miranda.)
PRIVATE

a Londres ce 6 Sepre. 1804.

Dans le moment du depart avec l'Agrement de MT


P------- et C, me voil encore arret sur des pretextes
f rivoles et d'une indecition reellement revoltants . . . la
Patience me manque dej et la souffrance. Cependant

70

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

j 'espere sur Passurance de Sir E. Nepean et de Vansittart que les evenemess me fairont partir bien-tot pour
la Trinidad; d'ou on m'ecrit que tout est prt, et que la
Prespective la plus favorable sur eette Entreprise s'
annonce dans ce moment de toutte part; ou pour les
E. U., si je vois qu'ils sont decids comme par le pass
nous perdre. Le stupeur et l'imbecilit sont ici son
comble ; II faudra nous preparer tout, et plus tot perir
que laisser sacrifier nos interets et notre Pays.
La mort fatale de Hamilton me desole, et je crains
bien que les consequences ne soient tres funestes au sort
futur d l'Amerique et de la Libert j 'attends avec
impatienee vos nouvelles sur cet objetet je vous prie
de transmettre cellesci . l'Ami de N. York, de qui je
n'ai pas reeu le moindre avis; mais sur qui je compte
toujours.
La votre du 12 may m'est parvenue, et j'ai donn
eonoissance la maison de Bro-vvn , Trinidad, qui travaille avec beaucoup de zele, et bonne volont.
yours most sineerely.
C.

GORE ESQ :

Boston.

M--

N.: T. V, f. 63 vto.

Coembe Lodge Sept'. 9. 1804.

My dear General
I shall certainly be in twon about two o'clock on
Wednesday shall be very glad to see you. Believe me
Your sincerely
N.: T. V, f. 64.

N. VANSITTART

Richings Sept". 12. 1804.

My dear General
I find myself detained here on my way to town al
least till tomorrow but more probably till Friday Sc
therefore must request you will have the goodness to

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

71

cali on me on Friday morning about two if it is convenient to you. Believe me.


Yours sincerely
N. VANSITTART.

N.: T. V, f. 65.

My Dear General.

Trinidad July 10. 1804.

I have got yours two letters of the 30th March and 5


MayI have mentioned to Guardi & des Sources your
good dispositions towards them, wich was received with
leasure 85 they both are willing to do you all the
service in their power ; which I take to be considerable
if you were here direct their talents.There are
many others here who are equally desirous to enlist
under your banners if you could only once unfurl them
to the worldIn short they took up to you to be the
Wn of their country.
Rico D 'Espaa are wellthe latter in my Department surveyingHe thinks of not hing but storming
redoubts Labarrere is also in my Department, an
Excellent Engineer who has both capacity Constitution for active service & who is well disposed to you-

Col. Campan 85 myself are a little brouill, but he will


serve you, and I believe in a good ()Meers of InfantryThere can engage many others.
With res pect to the Indians cb the canesthey can
be got at a moment warnings.
N.: T. V, f. 66.

I regret the loss of our friend Vansittart muchI


however hope that his successors will be friends to the
cause ;
I forbear mentioning the names of several of the
spaniards here who wish you well they speak of you
ternts of high respect.

72

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Labarrere has surveyed & levelld the une of canal


from the navigable point of the Caronic River to that
of the Oropuche acros the Islandand has found it not
only practicable but of easy executionat least it would
be so in EnglandThe Governor proposes to execute it
with two blaek Regiments if the Government approve
of itIt would lay open a beautiful Country.
You teil me to furnish money a sus compatriotes,
pero adonde se halla dinerono es facil amigo mioHable U. con sus amigos Poderososy si ellos quieran
yo puedo emplearlos en mi Departimiento, y seran pagados como agrimensoresYo les he dado un poco
ahora. Yo no deso a V. mil arios, pero bastante para
acabar su asunto, y para gozar los frutos de sus trabajos y de su constancia. Yo soy de V. el fidelisimo

servidor.

Q. S. M. B.
W. RUTHERIPURD.

M . MARTIN

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square
London
N.: T. V, f. 67.

GENERAL MIRANDA.

Trinidad: 20th July 1804.

Dear General
Allow me to have the honor of introducing to you
Mr George Fitzwilliam, my friend, & Partner in the
house of business in which I am engaged at this Island,
That Gentleman is going to make a Short Stay in
London, & while he is there he will be able to give you
any information you may wish to have respecting this
Colony. It seems there is a great deal of uneaseness
among a Certain dass of People as they have had some
hint that a Kind of negociation seems to be carrying
on between some part of the opposite Continent & the
Government of St Domingothere is no knowing hovi

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

73

far despair may drive people, but if unfortunately it


should happen that means of that kind were adopted &
employed every thing, no doubt must be ruined & it
wou 'd be really very unfortunate-- I was to have sent
you to me very interesting papers, but the Gentleman
who has them being at his Estate, & the Convoy being
appointed to sau l immediatly, I doubt much wether it
will be in my power to get them indeed, the Gentleman
I allude to was very near going home hymself to deliver them to you, & nothing but the Ideas that you
might be in your way to this Country prevented his
going with an other Gentleman who intended to aceompany him. lt appears the ramifications of the projet are extended behond what can be imagined, & so
much to, that meany leading Caracthers have no connections with other who are employed in the same
plans, at very remote places from each other. So that
tipon the whole nothing seems to be wanted but a chief
& Placed Ralliement. I inclose you a Small Book in
which you will see the Military cer civils employments
of the Colony, & who are the Persons who occupy
them. Colonel Rutherfurd is at Arrima some twenty
miles out of town, & I do not know wether he will be
here previous to the sailing of the Convoy. In hopes
of seeing you here soon I remain very respectfully.
Dear General Your most obt servt
N.: T. V, 1. 68 y 69.

JOB. LAMBOT.

P. S.I entirely omited to say that since my last


you have to congratulate me on my marriage with M"
De GI-ourvillea very accomplished young Lady, a distant relation of Baron de Montalembert & one of the
first connections in this Part if the World.
FRANCISCO DE MIRANDA
London
N.: T. V, f. 69 vto.

74

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Puerto de Espaa: 22 de Julio de 1804.

Amado Dueo y apreciable amigo mio: Me habr


Vm. sin duda tildado de silencioso puesto que en tan-

tos meses qe hace recivi su favorecida 7 de En ultimo


qe luego contest; no haya continuado con mis lineas
a Vm; pero luego que se imponga de las causas no
dudo disimulara mi falta. Fu la la no haver ocurrido
nada de particular qe fuese interesante el nuestro
asunto asta 44 fuimos entrados en Mayo, cuyo punto
expondr por lo menor abajo, sin embargo que considero lo habrn Vm. y nuestro CV comunicado el Caballero Cort R. y MT Lt como que an tenido total ciencia en ello. La 2 causa fue pensar no estubiese Vms.
en esos paises al arrivo de mis Cartas, segun ciertas
expresions q entonces apercivi, y la 3a qe como fui el
Emisario embiado por parte de los indibiduos de esta
y de los nuestros ante el Joben C... me demor sobre
dos meses en el biage, y hall por escusado escribir
Vm: asta mi regreso, que no efectu inmediatamente
por tambien la causa de haver entendido querian embiar uno de nosotros ante Vm: y nuestro dho. G. M.
los citados Rd Lt &ea. y esperava esta ocasin para yo
explicarme con Vm: mas, de 10 ( 15 dias esta parte
me an dicho no es necesario ya el qe baya, sugeto alguno por las recividas de Vms. y sus buenas noticias qe
aunqe no me las an comunicado graduo ser fabors guando por ellas se ha detenido al Emisario.
Del Continente nada hay qe nos perturbe, todo est
sosegado, y parece positibo, (le el resto de las tropas
Europeas fueron pa la Peninsula hace meses y antes
estabamos por tiempos dudosos por la bariedad y los
noticiantes; pero al presente no deja duda guando beo
q aqui habia oficiales del propio cuerpo con licencias,
y los hicieron marchar, por llamados de aqi g" pa embarcarlos, cuyos parientes tienen noticias lo efectuaron todos. Estos tenemos menos p a estorbo, 6 quiza
menos amig por qe yo pienso qe el forsarlo al embarqe
no es por arrepentidos sino por qe los temen ellos
N.: T. V, f. 70.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

75

mas qe , los del pais, si llegan sonar Caxas estrangeras ite = En mayo fui comisionado la Ysla de la
Guadalupe. De resultas de haver llegado nosotros
un mulato con un Carta del Joben C. qe contenia en
substancia, digeren en respuesta definitiva; que havia
are nuestro asunto adelantado asy por aqui como por
esos paises, &c., por que si no havia cosa fundamental
o Gle lo qe hubiese fuese cosa de solo esperansas y todo
remoto, tena ciertas ideas con auxilios pecuniarios
(por unos de nuestros compaeros residentes en Cuba)
qe prestaban margen poder egecutar haviendo parage
donde fuese la reunion aunque solo fuese de 400 500
q el se atrevia con ellos emprender el negocio, y mucho mejor si aqui permitiesen la rehunion y equipar con
lo necesario. Lo encontr mi arribo qe marchava la
Martinica con el Gral. Dultot y sin embargo desp s de
enterado de mi comision (q e hice con el conocimt de
todos Estos Sr" y aun del E xme Sr Gob" y Cap" Gral de
sta) me contesto bars cosas de palabra, y por escrito
ablando con todos los de aqui nuestros, q e aadio un
plan de operacion n de tropas, bagages, Artillers los
sitios por donde se devia egecutar, y el cmo, con mas
la corta suma de dinero qe con los 400 a 500 podia gastarse, y 3 buq' de 8 12 carion p transportes, &c. Estos
papeles inmediatamente los puse en manos del Sr de
R d (le creo an bisto los dems, Stea : El Joben est con
los mayores deseos del asunto, y lo qe falta p qe el
hiciese quanto ofrece, es el modo seguro de tener correspondencia con los de la Era Puerto Rico, &c pa juntarlos y arrancar dineroq manejan propio y de otros
adictos; todo esto se conseguia muy pronto tomando
un pequeo buq qe costaria 600 1000 p' y uno de
nosotros ( otro de los qe hay, qe sin temor puede entrar y salir en todas partes, como q no an tenido noticia los t. de ser uno de tantos & ac) hir visitando los

barios sitios donde estan los Comps traher y llevar

c orrespond a' y de paso, pa ebitar sospechas en todo


Puesto ec, llevar y traher cargas y pasageros, lo q daria pa los gastos de tan saludables diligencias. Esto lo
N. T. V, f. 70

y 71.

76

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDX

he apuntado aqui, pero hay tan desmayados animos


qe piensomas de 4 beces en todo hablar por hablar;
y guando se trata de lo qe combiene haciendo un cortisimo desembolso cada uno de los pudientes, se quedan callados y nada ponen sino dificultades qe hacen
caher de animo los qe somos berdaderos comp s &ca.
En una de las Yslas neutras inmediatas, hall algunos
sugetos qe esperan el tiempo deseado pa contribuir como cada uno mejor pueda, y entre ellos uno de los mis
compa propio pa hacer las diligencias citadas y reunir
los demas donde se le digese, y est pronto quanto
se quiera, pues auneis es compa no llegaron los t.
cogerlo, y ni fu citado de nadie; pero como se hallava
enterado de todo, (y qe antes fu preso, por qe el solo
quiso, y lo empes poner por obra, guando en La
Guayra habia 1500 franc s prisions dandoles soltura &c*
y apoderarse de todo enarbolando el tricolor) pens
prudente, guando nos vio presos, (le lo prenderian la
ora menos pensada, y se pas las colonias, donde con
mil misers estado y est.
Los (le tenemos berdadera debocion no podemos
hacer nada, y yo de mi parte juro Vm. qe si tubiera
1000 ps ya me hubiera hechado al mar, y con el dho,
mozo (es genobes) y lo conosco muchos aos h, y desde
que falto de su bista me escrito ya 3 Cartas, siempre
hablandome de nuestras cosas (y que trabaja &ea)
correr todas las Yslas asta la Hna y no hacer caso de
tantos ricotes qe solo charlan y nada dan &ca pero sin
dinero nada puedo hacer, y qe aunqe lo tubiera me
lo dieran no bolberia embarcarme en bucle qe yo no
mandase, pues me bi en millons de disgustos guando
fue mi Embaxada, y al regreso en las bocas muy
cerquita de haber dado en la costa firme por tiempo
contrario, Corrientes, y el Capitan y gente un atajo de
borrachos, qe no me entendian &ca. En fin, ya me consider en las uas de mis t. y de contado en un suplicio; pero estando en estas tristes consideracions cambio el biento al E. fresco y salimos al mar, y con prontitud me bi la vista de este puerto &ca.
N.: T. V, f. 71 vto.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

77

Para efectuar mi citado biage de comision y negocio de todos, lo practique, como dige, con el conocimiento de todos y sus instruccues. Nadie me dijo, tome
Vm. pa el biage un rl sabiendo q e yo no tengo con qe
comer, y yo sin embargo de obserbarlo, como tenia interes en el placer Gral &ce yo qe tenia dada mi palabra
fuy sacando dinero del fondo corto y ageno Cl e manejava (de (le di Vm noticia) pa llevar mi viage y
pagar pasages &c a . Bolbi y ni tampoco se me ha preguntado q e gast y ni como ni qa me mantubo : En cuya
atencion hice una cuenta exacta de todo lo gastado, y
se la apunt el Am Marino (M T Caero, acti tente de
Policia de este puerto) pa qe como qe trata con todos
mas a menudo y tiene sus oidos buenos, les hiciese
presente y entre todos me abonasen pa yo ponerlo en
su sitio y darle cuentas el dueo de lo qe manejava,
como q e luego q e llegu me las pidi y de consiguiente
result de mi viage disgustarnos y entregar quanto
manejava, quedando yo en descubierta de sre 200: ps
lo qe gast en el viage redondo (fu forsoso pasar
Nt Bartolom y otras Yslas pa buscar buq de retorno) fueron 138 p8 y pico de r 8 . El Am" Cali" nada
me acontestado sin embargo qe hace dias le entregue
dila cuenta y yo no le he preguntado nada y lo hoy
hacer un dia de estos por qe la muger duea de lo que
tenia, me apura pa q e le pague
Yo Espuse mi pellejo; abandon quanto tenia sin
mirar g e hacia mal no teniendo otro abrigo, nada se
me puso por delante, y asy efectu el deseo de todos
estos Serior s ; aora por ello he perdido la corta combeniencia qe tenia, me beo empeado, y aun q e he sacado
unos 400 p s a credito de 2 almac s nada he logrado por
estos S res y es imposible salga bien con utilidades
(l e me rindan la comida. Nada de todos estos lamentos
son citados Vm. pa qe se duela de mi, y ni me recomiende nadie, sino pa q e sepa Vm. q e no es oro todo lo
qe reluce &e y todo sy, mucho humo, quedando los mas,
bien con palabras (no con migo) y hechar fuera el
cuerpo y la bolsa: Por ultimo de este punto pienso
N.: T. V, f. 72.

78

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

hablar claro sino me abonan lo gastado, y sy lo pierdo


entre gentes qe se jactan de dar sus vidas &a. por el
generi (qe lo hiciera entre t8 nada diria) creo qe en
lugar de tenerlos p r amigos los tendr por 128 inutilisimos y sospechosos, y qe nos engaan con prosas.
A* nadie comunico estos renglon solo he dicho qe
escribo Vm: todo lo sabra Vm. ser se lo refiero, y
si biene pronto mucho mejor.
El Cab Rd habiendome preguntado en mi propio
alojamiento en qe entrado por la ocasions por mi estar le cont lo qe siempre, sac una onza de oro espaola y me la di, diciendome, remediase algo mis pobresas : Se lo estim infinito, pero no puede menos qe
decir me fu de sumo bochorno, y la admity por atencn
&ca.

Nada de todas estas querellas est Vm. son pa eomprehender el Sr de Rutd ni Mr Lt pues con estos no
hablan, sino con la mayor parte de los demas qe aqui

miro muy fingido" de lo que no son capaces de efectuar, y doy al tiempo por testigo de este mi sentir, y
qe suceder todo lo contario con los qe no podemos
nada &ca.
Encargo Vm. repita mis mayor afectosas expresion a nuestro amado (y deseado por ac) Gral M. con
los devidos agradecimientos que corresponden este su
mayor Am qe lo abraza Vm. y a l con todo el corazon del fino Pta &ca.
J.

MONTESN. RICO.

N.: T. V, 4. 72 vto.

P. D.
No puedo menos qe aadir Vm. qe he ablado oy
con D a Elevan Loubais (se halla arrestado &ea ) y
me ha dho lo embian fuera al N" Am" como desterrado. Su Causa, concibo es, por qe pide lo suyo,
maxime habiendo contrahido Esponsales con da Juana

79

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

Robles, S" acomodada, honrada, &c a las cosas de


aqui necesitan un J... y un BE' &c, &c, &c.
de

M. VARGAS Care of GENERAL MIRANDA


N9 27 Grafton Street-- N 27.
Fitzroy Square
LONDON
N.: T. V, f. 72 vto.

Wednesday Evening

My dear General

I have seen Lord M. & spoke again very fully on the

subject, he said he saw no objection to your going at

once to Trinidad

so far he is prepared against Sir Evan

speaks to him & he must take up the thing & bring it


to an Issue, for he has the confidence of all parties
& no more opinion will have greater weigh.
If you are disposed to take a Cup of Tea I shall
ho at home this Evening at 1/2 p. 7 & always happy
to see you.

Yours Ever
H. P.
GENERAL MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square.

N.: T. V, f. 74.

Mon eher General

Ce 20 Sep. 1804

J'ai reeu votre lettre d'hier avec une veritable sati sfaction. J'espere que notre Gouvernement detromp a la fin sur les vues de la Cour de Madrid mettra
d'autant plus d'energie dans ses mesures que les affaires ont deja souffert de tort par les lenteurs & l'in-

80

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

deeision. Ce qui me paroit le plus urgent c 'est d'expedier des ordres par terre au Gouverneur general des
Indes a preparer un Corps de 6000 troupes Indiennes
pour une expedition lointaine & de se menager une
reserve de pareille force pour les suivre apres quelques mois. Si vous n'avez pas l'oceasion de voir Milord M vous pourrez lui faire suggerer eette ide
par Popham. Ii ne faut pas perdre du tems a faire
partir un eseadre pour la Mer du Sud avant que la
saison est trop avance pour doubler le Cap Horn. Les
connoissances ainsi que le zele de N. seroient infiniment utiles mais je erains qu'il ne pourra quitter l'Irlande que lorsqu'il sera remplac.
N.: T. V, f. 75.

Je serai en ville Mereredi prochain comme je me


l'etois propos, et je vous reeommande surtout de mediter sur l'organization du Pays apres sa liberation.
Tout a vous.
Reading Sept r . twenty 1804.
GEN'.

N. V.

MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square
London.

N. VANSITTART

Gt. Russet Street


Sepr. 24th. 1804.

General
I had the Honor to deliver your Letter to Lord Melvile yesterday at Wimbledon, and communicated to
his Lordship the alarming uneasiness that prevailed on
the Continent of South America in consequence of a
correspondence carried on between St Domingo and
Emigrants setteld on the MainI endeavoured to impress on his Lordships mind the danger that might result to the Coloniesif those people gained a footing

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

81

there. That the inhabitants of South America galled


with the Yoke of their Govt were eager for Indepen-

dence and a free Trade. And thousands from one end


the Coast to the other would flock under the Banners of their Independeney and Freedom, That if this
Country afforded their assistanee & Support the advantages that it must dirive in a Commereial view are
of

incalculable.

I observed to his Lordship that any proerastination


to your plan ereated difieulties, and might prove fatal.
But no doubt of Success eould be entertained, if a
force suffieent to inspire confidenee were inmedia-

tely sent. His Lordship appeared to be impressed with


the importance of the Subjeet, and with the Idea of

Prompt

exeeution. repliedhe hoped you would not

require a large Force, and desired me to inform you


he intended to bring the business forward the first

lhing when he carne to town, He enquired my address& at same time observedhe could hear of me

from you.

N.: T. V, f. 76.

Ins

Lordship made some inquires respeeting Trade

and the causes for the deetine of the Spanish Trade


lo the Island of Trinidad, to whieh I informed him-

the restrietions of their Govtand Frendeh Influenee--rendered it so dangerousfor their to import Britkh Manufactures in return for their Cattle & produce,
timt few attempted it.
With high respeet
I have the Honor to be, Sir
Your most ob' St

CENI.

GEORGE FITZWILLIAM
MIRANDA.

&a, &a, &a.

N.:

T. V, 1. 77.

82
PRIVATE

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Greten Street 27th Sepr. 1804.


Fitzroy Square n 27.

My Lord
I have received with gratitude & satisfaction the
message your lordship had the goodness sent to me
last Sunday by Mr Fitzwilliamand I have seeing likewise the Letter your Lordship wrote to Mr Davison on
the same subject. upon this suposition we have agreed
(Mr. D. 85 miself) that all the artides purchased already, and on account of Governements those lately added by Sir Evan Nepean for the same purpose
should be prepared and ready in the curse of fortnight
from this days: the inclosed note signed by na' Davison containes the whole: and if you should think proper to increase or diminish any part of it, be so good
as to informe rar Davison, that nothing may be done
contrary to your wishes, or prejudicial to his interest.
the forces I conceave suficient in the actual state
of the Province of Venezuela, are very small indeed,
and the greatest part may be found in the island of
TrinidadI. Regiment of Infantery (if people of colour, the beter one part of it, at least) 1 company of
Artillery : and 1 company of light Horse. this Force
may appear trifling for the purpose; but if we consider that instead of enemis, we go to meet friend, it
will be conceaved very practicable: otherwise the
attemps would be preposterous.
the only danger I foresee is in the delayif the
enemy or the revolutionary people of Santo Domingo
(that your Lordship knows is already invited by the
unaware inhabitants of the coast of Caracas) gets the
start before us then this Plan becomes nugatory; and
the evil will be inmense

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

83

I hope that Providence and your Lordship 's


dom will avert the mischiefI am with the greatest
respeet.

My Lord your Lordship 's most obedt, hume


servant
F. DE M.
The Right HOIl ble . LORD MELVILT.P.
N.: T. V, f. 78.

PaiVATE

Grafton street Sepr. the 19 1804.

Gen' Miranda presents his respectful Compliments

Hon' Lord Melville.and request the honour of an interview with him on a subject that Sir
Evan Nepean and Sir Home Popham have already introduced to his Lordship's considerationthe pressure of circunstances and the importance of the subjeets is the best apology he can offer for the intruding
a l the present moment.
to

the Rigt

The Right Hon'. Ld. MELVILLE Admiralty Wimbledon.

PRIVATE

Grafton street Sepr. .22 1804.

Gen' Miranda presents his respectful Compliments

Lord MelvilleHas taken the liberty of given this note of introduction to Mr G. Fitzwilliam, a respectable merchant of the Island of Trinidad, as the information he brings with him is of such
a nature, as he conceives ought to be transmited withaut delai to his Majesty's Ministers at this present
mo rnent.it will show besides to his Lordship how
well founded the aprehention of G. M. were, when
he wrote upon this very subject on the 15 th of May
l asthan how necessary it is now to take some immediate measures to prevent the total subversion of the
to

the Right Honble

84

Aunnivo DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

HispanoColonis of S.America; and soon after of


those of all the west India-Islands, the proyected alliance and connection between the Province of Venezuela, and the negroCovernment of S t Domingo will
infalliblybring this fatal blow upon mankind 1
Wimbleton
N.: T. V, f. 78.

Dear General
If you can call on me in the cource of to day I will
show you a letter I have received from Lord Mel e.
in answer to the one I wrote to this Lordship in which
he desires me to inform you, that he had received your
letter an tha the business will on his return an instant
taken upI sincere wish you say with all my heart as
I think now it will be carried into Effect.
yours truly
A. D.

26 Sept.
GENERAL MIRANDA

N 27 Grafton Street

Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. V, f. 79.

New York August 22d. 1804.

My dear Sir.
You have been very silent for a long time past"
I have not been favoured with a une, since I addressed
you from the Union Brigade in New Jersey.
Have you nothing to write or are you enjoined
secrecy? you may venture a line, by the return of my
friend Col' Charles Williamson to america. 1 shall al-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

85

ways be happy to hear of your health & prosperity,


Po you never expect to pay this City a Visit, If you
do not, I shall have no objections of visiting you in
your own Country say when & where.
Yours sincerely
W. S. SMITH.
FRANCISCO DE MIRANDA

London
N.: T. V, f. 80.

E.
Sunclay 14th. Octr. 1804.

After the conference at Wimbledon on Friday Night


on tue subject of South America, & the desire of Lord
Melville to have an interview with General Miranda
oll Tuesday, I thought it right to see the General for
the purpose of obtaining such Information as wou'd
eoable me to state, in the consisest Terms possible, the
1 irth & Education of General Miranda Su his pursuits
subsequent to his quitting the Spanish Service, -with
1he progress he has made up to the present moment, in
llie great object which induced him to leave his own
C ountry, "The emancipation of South America, from
rannical Government, it's oppresive Administra' ion, it 's arbitrary exactions & the very exorbitant
"Advances on al European Articles. & here it may not
he amiss to observe that several partial revolts have
1:dzen place in the principal provinces, such as Lima,
Ca raccas, Santa F &c. from the Year 1780 to 1798;
n fue first Instance they were compromised & the Gove rnment broke it's faith, but latterly it has been obligPd to propose Terms of Accommodation & to suffer
the most violent insurgents to remain unnotice which
is the strongest picture of the State of the whole Country with respect to Spain.

86

ARC EM) DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

General Miranda was born at Caraeca & is one of


the first Family in that Country. He received a Classical Military Education & in Compliment to his
Family the King have him at Once a Captain's Commission in the Army ; he was then made Aid de Camp
to the Governor General, & Seeretary to the Government of the Havannah in which situation he remained
during the American War; here he first received representations from the oppress'd Provinces, which at last
terminated in spedck propositions, to these he did
not pay the least attention in consequence of his publick
Employment, but quitting the Spanish Service at the
conelusion of the War, he on Aceount of some Family
disputes, went to America, when the Provinces of Santa
F Caracca renewed their addresses to him, & he laid
the whole before General's Washington, Knox & Hamilton, who promised him every assistance, & gave him
assuranees of raising Troops in the Province of New
England provided he cou'd persuade Great Britain to
assist with her Navy.
N.: T. V, f. 86.

In 1785 Miranda carne to Europe, & seeing that


England had bus just emerged from a long War, he
travelled over the Continent, remaining a eertain time
at Berlin & all the high Military Sehools, studyind not
only every Military principie, but the principies of
every Government when he resided. In Russia he had
several audienees with the Empress Catherine, & cornmunicated to her, his views in visiting Europe, with
she was highly pleased & gave him every protection by
Circular Letter 's to her Ambassador 's for the purpose
of Carrying into Effect his philanthropiek plan.
In 90 he carne to England & submitted it to Mr Pitt,
who he say's promised him every support in case of a
Spanish War with Spain, but the dispute about Nootka
Sound terminating Amieably ; he then went to Paris in
consequence of some Letter 's which he had received
from the South American's residing there, assuring him

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

87

that France was well disposed to countenance his project ; & during his Negotiation France was attacked by
the Allied Armies, & he was solicited to enter into her
service, which, he did conditionally for one Campaign.
Al the expiration of it, he was appointed Governor &
Captain General of St Domingo with an Army of
12,000. & an adequate Fleet for the purpose of cooperating in his Enterprize in favor of South America ;
just at this time however the principies of the French
Government under which Miranda first Engaged having matterially alter 'd, & growing every day worse
worse, he hesitated to undertake this Expedition, &
during the time of his suspence he foresaw that Spain
must be inevitably engaged in the War, & he sent Caro
& Nario the two last Emissaries that had arrived from
South America, to London, whither he soon followed,
them, immediately renewed his proposition to the
Brithish Government, & although he had reason to
Expeet, from the Assuranees he received that something wou'd be done especially as the King the American Minister was taken into the consideration, & had
several conferences with Lord Grenville, yet he was so
nressed with Letters from South America that in 1801,
he went again to France, when he was so disgusted
with the Tyranny & despotism of Bonaparte that he
returned to England in 1802. & brought with him two
of the last arrived South American Commissaries &
sent to South America, with the Strictest Injunctions
to his Countrymen to remain quiet till some favourable
event ha,ppened of which he cou 'd profit either by the
Assistanee of Great Britain or America, as they were
the only two Countries on wich he placed any reliance.
N.: T. V, f. 87 y 88.

On his arrival in London the British Government

offer'd him immediate aid for the execution of his


Plan, The Articles necessary were purchased, &

a ship

named to carry him out, but at this moment the preli-

minary Articles of Peace were signed & this Enterprize

then lay dorMant. The Government however, offered

88

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

him fair & honourable means of subsistence not only


for himself but for his Countrymen who were in
England, & aboye all a promise of support whenever
an opportunity occurred : this Intelligence he sent to
South America ; & to his Countrymen in Philadelphia,
& he repeated his advice to them to remain quiet & not
to encourage any premature measures of revolt.
N.: T. V, f. 89.

Since the present War he has had various communications with His Mayesty's Minister's & he pressed
for permission to accompany M r King to america but it
was not granted, & Mr Vansittart assured him in the
name of the Government that although the moment was
not yet arrived for him to act, yet he might send to Trinidad & assure his Friends that when it did happen
he shou'd have the most liberal Cooperation England
cou'd give. I was present at many of his communications with the late Adminsitration & particularly consulted by Mr Secretary Yorke, & just before the change
took place, a great proportion of the Articles which he
required were prepared & a ship ordered to be purchased which order was as suddenly countermanded.
When the New Government was formed I sent all
the Papers I had written on this subject, since my first
intimate conection with General Miranda to Lord Melville & I shall now trouble him with two propositions,
the first a Military one, on a respectable scale comprehending all the points of descent in the pacifick,
the Southern Atlantick & Terra Firma from Assia &
Europe, & the other on a more limited footing, dependant on Circunstances which can only be decided by
the particular disposition of His Majesty's Minister's
& the nicety of their feelings reciprocally weighed with
the Conduct of the French 0 overnment, or the Seale
of Analogy which any countenance or Assistance on
our part will bear with the Conduct of Spain, when
she enter 'd into a Compact with France to aid our
Colonies in establishing their Independance ; previous
& subsequent to this she supplied the American's with

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

89

Money from the Havannah, which was of more Service to them in accomplishing their object, than all the
Troops & ship's that France employed on this Service,
N.:

T. V, f.

90.

In entering upon the subject of South America it


is scarce necessary to call the attention of His Majesty's
Minister's to it's position Wealth, or it's Commercial
Faculties, they have been I am persuaded contemplated
over & over again, & a universal anxiety has prevailed
to turn this never failing source of Wealth into any
Channel but the one which at present enjoy 's it ; &
T may without any exaggerated Calculation suppose
that in Specie & produce nearly Twenty Million Sterling is imported into Spain & two thirds of that at
least, carried into France, consequently under the peculiar situation that Spain is with respect to that Country, she is very little better than the intermediate Agent
of her own Colonies, till Bonaparte is prepared to
oller some political plea for sending an Army to Veracruz for the purpose of gaining possession of the rich
provinee of Mexico, & putting an effectual stop to any
Expedition from the United States. If at the same
time he can manage, either by secret negotiation or
particular exertion to throw a force into the Brazil, &
to this may I presume to add the possibility of a third
point, Rio de la Plata, from the Cape of Good Hope
oi.. the Mauritius espeeially as the Force which he has
in the East Indies can no longer Act with any degree
of Spirit there, & may be recovered from it's panick
by a little exertion in a friendly Port. If such an operation shou'd ever be realized the Eneray will be in
p ossession of the East, South East & A. W. points of
fiat great Continent of South America, (if I may be
allowed to cal]. all the Spanish possessions South Ameriea, because in a geographieal division the une between
North & South is drawn I believe aeross the Isthmus
of Darien). Having explained according to my conseption what it is possible for France to do, let us now
e xamine whether we have it in our power to avert so

90

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

fatal a calamity. let us see what are our means direet


& indirect, how we are to apply them, & whether the
objects to be obtained, are equal to the risk & trouble
of attai-ning them.The idea of conquering South America is totally out of the question but the possibility of
gaining all it's prominent point alienating it from it's
present European Connections, fixing on some Military
position & engaging all it's Commercial advantages can
be reduced to a facil calculation, if not a certain Operation. The Nerve & Spirit which such an Enterprize
wou'd give to this Country if successful, are incalculable. The riches that it wou'd bring in, the new sources
that it wou'd open for our Manufactures & Navigation
both from Europe to Terra Firma & from Assia to the
Pacifick, are equally incalculable, & the popularity &
stability that it wou'd give any Government that understood it, may be estimated from the proceeding propositions, with the additional satisfaction of knowing that
some accounts must be received of it's result, at least
the result of it's first operation, in three months after
it sailed from England.
N.: T. V, f. 91.

In of fering my oppinion to the best points of descent, I rnust beg it may be understood that they have
been previously submitted to General Miranda & met
his fullest approbation. First Trinidad as a Rendezvous for all the operations on Terra Firma between the
River oronoque & Santa Martha which is a little to
the Eastward of Carthagena. & here let me observe
that the Provinces of Santa F de Bogot & the Caraccas, on which the General rests his greatest Faith,
may with their Influence be considered to contain all
that Track of Country from Oronoque West to the
Pacifick Ocean about 350 Leagues, & certainty from
the Latitude of 11 0 N. to the une, this will include also
the Province of Quito, which is guided by the same
principie at the Caraccas & Santa F. Our dependance
on the disposition of these provinces must rest on the
faith we have in the correspondence which has been

PROLEG6MENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

91

communicated by General Miranda; I have had a most


confidential Intercourse with him for some time & I
think his Letter 's & Papers are in such fair & regular
succession that no doubt can exist of the Fact, & as
most of the Original Letter's have been shewn or transmitted to some part of his Majesty's Government.
I shall only insert an Extract of a Letter from Trinidad, as I a mnow on the subject of that Island, under
date the 20" of July last, from Mr. Lambot a Resident
Merchant & planter there.
N.: T. V.

"It appears the Ramifications of the project are


"extended beyond what can be imagined, & so much so
"that many leading Character 's have no connection
"with others who are employed in the same plans at
"very remote places from each other, so that upon
"whole nothing seems to be wanted, but a Chief, &
"Place de ralliement".
This .Account was confirmed by Mr Fitzwilliam's a
Merchant who is just arived from that place, & has had
the Honor of seeing Lord Melville, but he adds that
tlie partizans of this Cause in the Island are considerably alarm 'd at the possible result of a Mission sent
to the Black Colony of S' Domingo they pray for the
protection of the British Government, which in either
case of War or Peace will insure a most beneficial
cummercial Intercourse with the River Oronoque & the
N eighbouring Continent, & make the Island one of the
first Colonial possessions in the Western Hemisphere.
The Mission to which I allude may have been urged
p robably by some of the Emigrants from St Domingo
resident at the Caraccas, on the desponding societies,
p ressing the activity of their Countrymen to espouse
so good a Cause, & stating in stronger Colours than it
can possibly deserve, the apathy & desinclination of
their European Friend.
N.: T. V, f. 93.

92

ARC IIIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

The Force which Gen' Miranda thinks will be fully


sufficient, is two Thousand Infantry, two Troops of
dismounted Cavalry, two Companies of Artillery, with
permission to raise as many free Corps, as there are
Emigrant Officer's to embody at Trinidad; Yet he only
asks this Force to be at his disposition not intending
to withdraw it form the Island, but in such proportion
as may be found absolutely necessary, I cannot however resist pressing the policy of having such a Force,
as it may be proper to establish a permanent English
Garrison at Caracca or some other place on the Coast.
The Naval Force to be specifically nominated for this
operation shou'd be, one 64. or 74one 50.One FHgate, one sloop of War, two Bombs, three gun Brig's,
two Cutters & three Coppered Transports.These may
carry out the Troops to Barbadoes from whenee seasoned Troops shou'd be removed to Trinidad they will
also carry out all the Stores necessary for this Expedition a List of which has already been submitted by
Miranda to Lord Melville.The Naval Force may be
curtailed if his Lordship cannot spare it, but with what
I have mentioned there can be no doubt of succeding
in every point of View, provided always that our expectations of Assistance from the Inhabitants are realized. I do not think it is an object that the whole of
this forse shou'd sail until there is a moral certainty
of War, at least till the Cabinet decides that war shall
take place at a giver time, but it really is an object of
the last importance that Miranda shou'd quit this
Country without a moments loss of time; his Arrival
at Trinidad in the simple Character of a settler, wou'd
give new life & spirit to the principal People in the
Country, & shake in proportion the existing Government of Spain; it wou'd also set aside the doctrine of
the French Emigrants who have instigated this Mission to St Domingo & prove by his presence that Great
Britain, waited only a proper opportunity to give him
her Countenance, & to act in a manner consistent with
the policy of the Times, & the existing relations between
France & Spain.Before 1 proceed any further in the

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

93

detail of operations, I shall ask a few simple questions.


Is Spain independant of France No! Is she virtually under the dominion & controul of that New Empire Yes! Will France allow her to be on Terms of
Peace with Great Britain one Moment longer than it
is consistent with the Vieuws & projects, of Bonaparte?
No! Does France draw any revenue from South America, thro Spain? Yes, very great Wou'd it not materially distress France to cut of f that source of wealth?
Ves! Wou'd it not materially benefit Great Britain,

to throw that source into her scale, & open new Channels for the Export of her European & Assiatick Manufactures ? Yes! What supports the Spanish Navy
with which the French are in some respects now
us? The Treasures & Timber of South America!
& the Nursery which that Foreign Commerce holds
out for her Seamen. I will therefore ask whether the
independance of South America, will not annihilate
fl Spanish Navy, & consequently oppose to us a less
mnfederate Force in any future War; H I may be
alowed this argument, then I can assert, that the third
val power in Europe will be destroyed, & that Power
consider the Injury to have originated with France
against whom she will in course, take any opportunity
ei . being revenged that may present itself, in the
extraordinary fluctuation of European Politicks.
N.: T. V, f. 94.

ff I may Credit the Assertion of M r King the late


America-n Minister, the emancipation of South AmeIlca in general Terms, has been acknowledge by some
of the leading Men in opposition as a measure of extreme policy, & Lord Grenville declared to him in
tue most unqualified Terms that he thought it the
g reatest object for this Country to attend to & almost the only one to save her.This may be a strong
e xpression, but it shew that the subject has underg one a great deal of discussion & that nothing has
been publickly urged against the policy or expediency
of undertaking it on a dignified & extended scale.

94

ARCHIVO DEL OMNERAL MIRANDA

I will not enlarge any more on the advantages to


be gained by this Expedition, or the extreme popularity
that will attack to it, but confine myself to the intended
progress from Trinidad & then notice the other points
of descent. The first operation from Trinidad must
depend on two things, local Information which will be
received on the Spot, & the Force disposeable for this
Service. Miranda has been obliged to change his plan
of operations several times, but at present he considers
the possession of Leon de Caraccas as the first point,
which will insure the Port of La Guayra, if there is
any Faith to be placed either in his Intelligence or
Expectation he will in the course of a Month be able
to raise an Army of Twenty Thousand men daily increasing, especially as he advances into the Country
which is his present intention ; fixing on Stations of
Communication & Intercourse with the Squadron.If
the Provinces of Caracca & Santa F give him that
protection & assistance which he expects he will proceed
by the most Convenient preconcerted routs to the Isthmus of Darien & the Squadron or proportion of it with
such Force as may be embarked from Jamaica will go
on, to the River Chagra where the English Adventurer 's landed many Years ago & if the Spirit of Independance is as Active as it is now calculated to be, then
all the future Intercourse will be carried on by Jamaica. It is proposed that this Island shou'd send a
small Force to Santa Martha consisting propbably of
One thousand men ; it is not however the intention of
Miranda to take the least notice of Cartagena, PortoBello or any of the Fortified Towns at the Coast, as
they are in general unhealthy, but means will be adopted to Cut off their supplies by the exertion of the
People of the Country.
N.: T. V, f. 95 y 96.

The next point from Europe must certainly be


Buenos Ayres, & to accomplish this object it will be
necessary to have a Force of three Thousand Met'
because it must be considered that it is really a Mili-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

95

tary Operation, to which however some facilities may


be given by engaging two or three of the South Americans to attend the Expedition by way of explaining to
their Countrymen the great object of this Undertaking.
Then with respect to the Pacifick Ocean, I consider
two points of descent as sufficient, one however might
suffice, but if the other can be accomplished it will
have a great Effect upon the people to the Southward

of Buenos

Ayres.I mean in speaking of this one which


is on the Coast of Chili to propose Valpariso, & if the
Force fon that object cou'd either be concenter 'd at, or
taken from New South Wales, by new levies or otherwise, it wou'd make this proposition perfect. The great
Force however for the pacifick which I will propose
to come from India & to consist of Four Thousand
Seapoy's & a small proportion of European's shou'd
direct it Course to Panama which is fixed upon as the
point of Concentration for all our Forces, & from this
point with the Assistance of the Ship's from India &
tue Spanish Ship 's that we can procure in the South
Sea, comm-unications will be immediately made all along
tue Coast as far as Lima & means of assistance given
to the Country to establish itself in all the positions
which may the (sic) thought worthy of attention.
N.: T. V, f. 97.

On the first view this may appear a very complex


midertaking but I think it may be simplified brought
into a very narrow Compass, & certainly the principal
Point, which is Trinidad attended to, without the least
suspicion. The three Regiments may sail from Ireland
for the West Indies. The Ship to carry out the General
whoever may be the Governor of Trinidad & Commanding Officer of the Navy, Rendezvous at Cowes
fitted for Foreign Service & if she has an acting Captain the whole may be done with the greatest secrecy &
Miranda Embarck from Lymington.
An arrangement must be made about the Royal
Treasures, which I think ought to go to the Crown for
the Expence of the Equipment, this however & a vare-

96

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

ty of other details may be enter'd into when it is determined to undertake this great object & if one confidenet' person of Government is fixed on to make all the
arrangement with power to apply to each of the Offices, I pledge myself that the whole in the most extended
scale, shall be ready to sail in fourteen day's If however
any reasons of moment shou 'd be urged against this
Plan superior to the probably advantages already described, of ultimately annihilating one Fleet, of Cutting
off Fifteen Millions from the revenue of France, &
probably adding it to our own, & raising in that proportion our consequence in Europe. then I submitted
the propiety of taking up without a moment loss of
time the consideration of Trinidad as a Colony, a Naval
Station, & a Military & Commercial position with respect to Oronoque & Caraccas. & then send Miranda
there & ascertain the extent of countenance or assistance that it will be expedient to give him personally ;
for I think no more imputation can attack to any
moveable protection, than does already, by keeping
here for this Specifick purpose, to apply him & his
resources, whenever it shall be considered that this
Country is politically justified in doing so.
N.: T. V, f. 98.

If this Expedition is undertaken on it's proposed


scale of extent, & can sau l from England by the beginning of November, then the Force which may be
destined for Valpariso, or any other part of the Coast
of Chili mai sail with the force destined for Buenos
Ayres, & be detached from thence round Cape Horn
after the capture of that place.
Exact Copy.
MIRANDA.

N.: T. V, f. 99.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

. 97

October Dover.

My Dear General

Here I am waiting a summons to go to Town, &


I rely on your not letting the matter sleep after all the
pains I have taken to bring it so eompleatly under
Lord Melville noticeI only want them to send you
& me to make the preliminary arrangements; if the
Antelope commes here in time, let her be sent to Come
& me can embark from Lymington without any person
knowing it.if Antelope does not arrive here in Time
kt a ship at Spithead be named and we can leave Lond on next week. teil Davidson to me his Influence with
Hudge ez when you hear any news write to me I will
put Lord Melville in mind of you by Letter tomorrow.
Yours Ever in sincerity
N.: T. V, f. 103.

Sir.

HOME POPHAM.

Grafton Str: Spe. 29th

1804.

it appears to me that the time is come when I ought


lo elaim your sacred promise, of assisting and given a

benevolent support to my native country (in the case


of a War with Spain) for the purpose of obtening its
e illancipation and Independency. My Friend Sir Evan
Nepean transmitted to you lately various Documents
relative to the same subject, and after having examined
them and given a thorough consideration to the whole ;
repported to me, that it was your desire I should wait
until the result of certain negociations pending at
Madrid war known to you, &c. . . this case I understand
is arrived, and in consequence I request with deference
your permission to procede to Trinidad, where I am
expected by my Countrymen and Friends reunited in
I his island (by the aquiescense of the late ministery)
for the same purpose.

98

ARCHIV DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

My departure from England becomes so much more


necessary, that what was a conjecture when I made my
last aplication to you two months ago, is become a fact
to way, by the information brought from Trinidad by
jr Fitzwilliam a respectable merchant lately arrived to
London, it appears that commissaires from de Province of Caracas, have passed through that island send
to Santo Domingo (the late spanish Colony) requesting
the assistance of the people of colour, of that settlement, for the purpose of obtening independency, and
formind an alliance with them, &c. I need't want to
show you the fatal consequences that such an unaware
step (if caried into execution before our arrival) will
produce in the colonys of S. AMerica, and of course on
the whole systeme of the West Yndies.I hope Sir
that your Patriotism & wisdom will avert the eviland
will save the New-World, as well as the old from the
calamities and ruine that threaten both at this critical
moment.
N.: T. V,

f. 104.

The preparations required for the object are most


ready, through the Zele and activity of Mr Davison, a
Person recomended by Sir Evan Nepean, and which
directions he has followed to compleate them, my Lord
Melville has the Liste of the whole for his your aprobationthe forces wanted for this operation as submitted to you by Sir Evan, may be found chiefly at
Trinidad as I has the honour of stating to you before;
and to Lord Melville in my Letter of the 27th instant.
I am with the greatest respect, and consideration.

Sir.
your most obedt hume servt
the Right Honme. Wm. Pirr.

F. de M-A.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

99

Grafton Str: Oct. 22 1804.

Sir.

I Hope that the Plans submited to Lord Melville,


Sir Home Popham and myself on Tuesday last,
have meet with your approbationand give me leave
to add here, that unless they are executed with decision
and celerity, the success may be considered as precarious and very uncertain, particularly after the event
of Cape Santa-Maria has taken place.
I hope also that you will excuse my anxiety on a sub ect of so much importance, at so critical a moment:
and that in either case, I shall be detained any longer
from appling the personal assistance at least that my
distressed country expects of me.
I am with great respect.
your most obt hume servant.
by

the Itigth

hone. W m . PITT.

F. DE M.

N.: T. V, f. 104 vto.

Deal October 29 t11 . 1804.

My dear

General
It woud have been the quated satisfaction to me,
if I coud have administerd any confort whatever to
you, for I assure you that independant of any personal
respeet, I think the object to which your attention has
been so long called is of the greatest Consequence to this
Country, but my friend I not only fear from a letter
that I have received from Town, that its accomplishment is very distant, & the selection of me for it still
more so; if however it does take place I shall most
h eartitly with it success & I will give you all the advice
assistance on any power to afford, tho I do confess
it will be very distressing to me to see it in full force
without my being called upon to act at one of the points ;
If Sir Evan Nepean was in England 1 do think it

100

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

woud not only take place with some spirit, but that
I shoud be employed most materially in its direction.
I am very much disappointed in every thing, but the
extent of my Family is such, thus in respect to them
I must bear with the vexetious desappointments I have
met with ez trust to the indeference of Fortune to
extricate me, for I much doubt having any Friends,
yet I cannot think Lord Melville will totally desert
me ; I shall write a few unes to Davison to day if I can
if not when you see him say he shall hear froni me
directly. Believe me Ever My Dear General with great
Regard.
Most truly Yours.
HOME POPHAM.

Pray allow your servant to put the enclosed in the


Post for your obliged.
E. H. POPHAM.
Dover October Twenty Nine 1804.
N.: T. V, f. 105 y 106.
GENERAL MIRANDA

N 27 Grafton Street-

Fitzroy Square
London.

25 DE AGOSTO DE 1804
TRATA DE UNA REAL ORDEN DEL Exmo. SEAOR PRINCIPE
JUNTA GENERAL DE

DE LA PAZ GENERALSIMO DE MAR Y TIERRA

Leyose en esta Junta con su mayor complacencia


y satisfaccion dicha Real orden cuyo tenor es el siguiente.
El honor de V. S. su fidelidad al Rey y su rectitud
de principios me son conocidos desde el tiempo que
empec tratar los negocios de ese Pais. La benevo-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

101

de S. M. es notoria, pues sobre su Real deferenlas


solicitudes del Pais en todos tiempos acaba de
cia
agraciarlo con la extension de su comercio en el nuevo
Puerto de Abando. Entre los servicios con que el set-torio quena demostrar S. M. de gratitud, respeto y
fidelidad era el de armar en porciones sus naturales
para salir la defensa del Pais en qualquiera ocurrencia de invasion maritima terrestre. S. M. que pudiera no haber mirado con aspecto de ingenuidad la proposicion hecha por un pais donde se carece de nociones
sobre el regimen militar de la Monarquia, quiso prestar su consentimiento la expresada solicitud pero
uirandola como una gracia concedida al Pais y no como
mi servicio hecho su Monarquia, esperaba S. M. que
la Junta remitiese su soberana aprobacion este proyecto anunciado en bosquejo como dige la Junta por
mi carta de 13 ultimo instruyendola de la direccion
(pie debio dar al citado Plan, como peculiar del Ministerio de Guerra. En este estado de tranquilidad
inc hallaba guando un inesperado y detestable suceso viene turbar mi sociego en un correo que se me
despacha por esa Diputacin fecha del 18. Veo anotados excesos de horror y escandalo, turbada la tranquilidad, abandonados los deberes de la subordinacion
y en fin un tumulto de desorden qual no pudo jamas
creerse del Pueblo fiel en que cayo tal mancha. Qual
sea la causa equivocada que anima el desorden quales los objetos de un descompasado insulto ageno de
reflexion, podr V.S. demostrarmelo, manda el Rey
nuestro Seor de cuya benevolencia han abusado tal
vez los individuos quienes mas alcanzo ; Y pues que
ya hoy es el 22 dia de termino la Junta General
convocada, espero qual lo exige la importancia una
respuesta esplicatoria, expresiva y la mas conforme
la razn y justicia para que S.M. determine en
su vista lo mas conveniente. Dios guarde V. S.
nts a'=-S. Yldefonso 22 de Agosto de 1804.El Principe de la PazA la Diputacion del M. N. y M. L. Seinri de Vizcaya.

leneia

N.: T. y, f. 107.

102

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

DECRETO
Enterada la Junta acord que para manifestar
S.E. los favores y gratitud que en esta ocasion tan critica y como siempre ha merecido de S.M. por su poderosa mediacion este M.N. y M.L. Seorio de Vizcaya
lo mismo que de S.E. los Seores Padres de Provincia
llamando quantos Letrados gustasen sin que puedan
excusarse con la gravedad del asunto y oiendo quantos voluntariamente quisiesen prestarles alguna instruccion luces, propongan esta Junta la mayor
brevedad, un Plan de gracias y de completa satisfacdon dicha Real orden, con todo lo demas que les
parezca conveniente servicio de S.M. y utilidad de
este Ylustre Solar.
Trata de imprimirse dicha Real orden.
Enterados S.S. acordaron su impresin y que se
reparta por vereda para inteligencia de los Pueblos y
que al efecto se pida permiso al Seor Corregidor,
quien asi lo estimo.
N.: T. V, f. 107 vto.

My Dear General.
I am sorry I can give you no farther information
of the progress of your businnessbut you will be
pleased to hear that Sir Home will be sent for either
to day or to morrow, when I hope He wil be able finally to arrange and settle every thing will ministers
to you and His satisfaction. Tho' I am still in the
same opinion that no effectual measures will be taken
till the arrival of the next Dispatches from Spain. It
is however possible I may be mistaken in my conjectures upon this point.
Yours most sincere
A. D.
Monday morning.
N.: T. V, f. 108.

103

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

N , 6.

A Rough

An Estimate for the Expedition are Question.


One of the large Indiamen of from 12 to
1400 Tons say 1300 Tons, at 18 shillings.
14,040
p. Ton per Month, for 12 Months
Four hundred extra Men, at 5 p. month
to include everything for 12 Months
9, 24,000
Two of their smaller Ships of 900 Tons at
52,670
the same proportion for 12 Months
27,000
The Bomb & three smaller vessels for 12 M"
99

Expences of vessels for 12 M 8 ... 117,710


N.: T. V, f. 109.

This calculation is made on the supposition of what


the aboye Vessels might be charter'd for in the River
& to cover every expence whatever; if the India Company woud charter their vessels & Government appoint officers to them they might be got ready in six
weeks at fourther. To there woud be wanted one Regiment, orte Company of Artillery & two dismounted
Squadrons of Cavalry. The ships woud carry all the
(ilegible) & the Troops.
Government to pay the Complement for the seven
Ships & provision them, but the Merchants to cover
Government will pay inmediately into the Treasury
six Months payment, say at 4 L. p. Mont to man. say
33,120, & the other six months the moment the ships
return; as Government never pay the pay till the
ships do return. It is impossible for any Expedition
to be carried on without the Establishment of Military
Law, & consequently the men must be those of Gov ernment. The officers to be appointed by Govern-

104

ARCHIV O DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

ment to all the ships the same at His Majesty Slip,


the three larger ships which will mount 60-40 & 40
Guns to be host Ships to enable Courts Martial to be
held. General Miranda has the Merchants ready &
will name them & the officer to superintend the whole
if this plan meets approbation of Dir Addington.
MA.
Grafton Street Novo. the 2th. 1803.
N.: T. V, f. 109.

Nov.. 2d. 1804. Deal.

My dear General
I coud not answer your Letter yesterday, because
I was both busy and billious, the observations on my
former Letter, did not I assure you originate from any
correspondence with Home & Davidson, but from a
Letter I received written at an office not for from
Charing Cross, from the Admiralty itsell probably
concerned with a veine of loivering my sanguine expectations, or have a knowledge that the thing was not likely to take place & 1 less likely to be employed if it
did; the one I think woud be a great publick evil,

the other on a certain degree a private injury, I have


made my mind up to it, & consequently shall not be
disappointed if I am totally neglected, I shall have
this consolation that if you succeed I a m sure you
will not forget me, & the little ones at Tomata Hal l .
you have no conception what a number of contemptible
insects are rearing their Head to sting me, & invitate
me into something intemperate, but they may be disappointed, I shall keep my self cool & clear, ready to
repel, but not to attack. When I go to Town I shall
certainly see you & I beg you to be assured that I ever
am most faithfully & trusty your friend.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

105

Robertson shall copy the profytas fact as possible.


HOME POPHAM.

November Second 1804.


GENERAL MIRANDA

27Grafton Street,

Fitzroy Square
London
1IOME POPHAM
Y.:

T. V, f. 111.

6 the Novr. 1804.


Halfied

My Dear

General
I had a long and satisfactory conversation. But
untill my return it is impossible for me to form any
definitive opinions respecting the Modus Agendi.
I meant to have wainted on you to day. but was
detained so late that I had hardly time to reach this
place at seasonable hours. I am thus far on my way
I () Scotland & inmediately on my return shall have this
pleasure of seeing you. In the mean time it is ought
o teil you that a Machination was foot between Picton
& His sureties Mr Manyon & Mr Inglesthe Letter is
only surety on the affair of Lorenso Calderon. These
0 entlemen waited on Lord Camden as the organ of Trinidad for recommending his adption of British Laws.
They have gotten Mr Mannery into the planas the
protector of Gloster & advocate for PictonAmong
them, the object is, to throw the arrangements of the
Colony into the hands of Gloster & Picton dependens
to Deceive MinistersAnnoy the Spanish Interest &
Defeat the objects which you have so much at heart.
I kave the Honor to be
My Dear General Ever your
M. FuLLARTorr.

106

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

You will oblige me by a few limes addessed to me.


at Wartners Hotel
EDINBOURGH.
GENERAL MIRANDA.

&. &. &.

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. V, 4. 113.

My Dear General.
I woud write a short & strong letter in English to
Pitt.ask for an inLord Melville, & in French to
terview with the former, say to him that the posture
of Affairs is such that you cannot resist writing to
him to push that your preliminary arrangements on
which the fate of S. A. depends be adopted, especially
as you see almost offensive measures adopted against
every Port in Spainthis is Middleton in paris & I
am in haste but will write again Sunday.
Yours Ever

H. P.
N.: T. V, f. 114.

Hoop Griffin Inn


Deal 2nd. Novr. 1804.

Sir.
Agreably with Sir Home Popham's directions, &
your request, I have the Honor to transmit you, under
two covers, all that I have been able to get transcribed
of the Paper on the subject of South America ; & beg to
assure you, that the remainder shall be copied without

PROLF.GMEN08 DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

107

delay & forwarded. With the greatest respect, I have


the Honr of being, Sir
Your very obedient Humble Servant
W. ROBERTSON.

P. S.

With this goes three others to your addres.


GENERAL MIRANDA.

&e, &e, &e,


N.: T. V, 4. 115.

Dungenness Nov. 21. 1804


My

dear General.

Although I did not answer your proposition about


Hie Spanish Frigates, yet I transmitted your Letter to
Lord Melville which I thought was the best way to
prove whether your Idea on that subject was correct;
I confess myself that I saw some objections to the
plan, & such as woud naturally occur to Ministers, first
that the Ships were not yet prizes of war, only Vessels

detained; secondly thus after so long a Voyage thus


woud want docking and probably great repairs. & thirdly that it woud be impossible to make any attempt
to seduce the Men without giving great cause of suspicion, & without that kind of seduction it woud be
impossible to carry any of them out of the Kingdom.
Now my honest friend I have answered your Letter;
I wish I coud see any one mode of bringing this thing
to an Issue. I am quite tried with devising expedients when I do not see our projects at all advanced;
1 thought we should have been half way to Trinidad

108

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

by this time but this move our great Men; the English
is the worst constitution in the world for any Enterprise, there are so many branches to be consulted on
every occasion.
I have a letter from Davison who seems in high
spirits at the prospect held out, & assures me I am
to go with you, be that as it may you will always have
my sincerest wishes, & most anxious desires to anything I can to serve your Cause, or aid your views
on this side of the water. when I get to Town we will
go to Fitness, & spend another day or two with the
old Lady without writing so much.Adio mio caro
amigo.
.Allways thine.
(Firma en griego.)
GENERAL MIRANDA

N.: T. V, 4. 116 y 117.

Dover 23d.

My dear General.
I came here for a few hours & I find a Letter from
Lord Melville on our business of the most pleasant
nature, it will do, he says he shall soon send for me.
now my honest fellow, in a few words you must write
to Lord Melville, tho the first thing you are to do is
to send for a chase to go to Wimbledon, call first of
the Admiralty to see if he is in Town if not drive
there.While the Chaise is getting ready, write a few
unes which you can leave at Wimbledon if he is not of
home, but try to see him. Let your Letter say, that as
Mr. Frere has asked his rapports there is not now an
hour to be lost, & you hope he will send a Messenger
after Sir Home Popham without delay to come to
Town to make the whole of the preparation for this
affair, & if his Lordship means his present ship to go

109

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

that he will let it come to Spithead to be ready to receive you. this is the substanceput it in your language.--vvrite to me at Dungenness Kent, when I shall
be tomorrow.
Yours Ever.
H. P.
Dover November Twenty three 1804.
GENERAL MIRANDA .

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square.
London

llomE POPHAM
N.: T. V, f. 112.

a Bisham
Mon cher

ce 25 Novr.

General.
Je reviendrai en ville Mardi prochain avec l'intention
d'y faire quelque sejour. Nous aurons au moins le
plaisir de la conversation.
Tout a vous.
N. V.
N.: T. V, f. 119.

Fitnest Sunday 25.

Many thanks Dear General for your kind commuhication received yesterday, it was forwar by a
Letter from Sir Home this morning in which he says
he had just heard from Lord M: who assured him he
eould shortly be sent for to Town or your business I
wish to my heart he was in London, for both private
public affairs make his presence very necessary if
he is to go of inmediately, & no good can be doing by
remaining on Board the Antelope.

ARCHIV DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

110

I am anxious to see war publickly spoken if for I


can't find the smallest hint of it in the papers, but I
have no doubt on the subject & I sincerely trust every
wish of your heart may be gratifiedAs you may
know more of Sir Home 's movements than myself
pray give me a une if you know anything new 4%.
Believe me truly your obliged Friend.
E. W. POPHAM.
GENERAL MIRANDA

27Grafton Street-Fitzroy Square.


London
25th. Novt.
N.: T. V, f. 120.

Novr. 27h

Dungeness.

My dear General.
I have tried every means in my houder to get to
London, & I cannot go till the Admiralty send me permission; I hope Lord Melville will soon think it right
to call me up to assist you; I am of less use here than
I should on the Monument. I want him to send you
out to make the preliminary arrangements at Trinidad, without an hour loss of time, this is what you
should press.
Your most truly.
Barm POPHAM.
N.: T. V, f. 121.

My Dea General
Lady Popham has desired me to request the Favor
of you to call on his in York Place at 1/2 past 1 o'Clock

this day, and to Escort Her Ladyship on a visit to me.


1 should like that you were me as early after 2 o Clock

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

111

as you can, as at 4 o 'Clock. I have an appoitment with


a Gentleman in particular business, which will be with
me till about 6 o'clock.I have liad no accounts from
Sir Home to day.

Your most sincere


Aucxr

DAVISON.

Wednesday Morning
9 o'clock.
N.: T. V, f. 122.

Downs December 12th. 1804.

My dear

Miranda:
I have only this morning received yours of the 6"
1 am very glad to hear from you that affairs are so
near a Crisis, but you must know that I cannot move
without an Order from the Almiralty. The moment
that arrives I will go up to Town, tho at present I am
lame, I knoched a nail of a Toe about three weeks ago
& took no notice of it ; feiled & sweled & the Doctor
has been cutting 8r contriving to make it well every
(lay these last Twenty Days.
Yours truly.
Hm

POPHAM.

At Sea December Twelve 1804.


GENERAL MIRANDA

27 Graf ton Street--

Fitzroy SquareLondon
N.: T. V, f. 123.

My dear

General:
Your Letter just missed me as I liad left the Country for London. It however reached me to day what
is the reason we have no public intimation if war is

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

112

decided.Sir Home is I faney off Boulogne tho' I


have no Letter since saturday.I leave Town again
tomorrow at 11 o 'cloek, if you have any more news
pray give the Bearer a lime to yours most obliged
E. W. POPHAM.
Monday

Place
GENERAL MIRANDA

N 27 G-rafton Street
Fitzroy Sqr.
N.: T. V, f. 124.

My Dear Sir
My eldest Sir not having dined at home, 1 send this
note by the second.
The Letters by the Lisbon Mail have not been sent
to day to London ha-ving been kept at Falmouth to be

fumigatedof course we have little news till to morrowbut a Letter has been reeeived from the Master
of the Paekets at Falmouth, to M" Minch a merchant
here which acquaint him that Mr. Tron had left Madrid. that another Frigte had been taken from the
Spaniards-85 that Sir John (ilegible) with his Squadron blocked up Cadiz.
Always ez very Sincerely Yours.
JOHN TURNBULL.

Wednesday Eveng.
GENERAL MIRANDA.

N.: T. V, f. 125.

My Dear General

We remain still undecided, absolutely, with respeet to war Lord Harroby has met with a very bad
accidenthe yesterday fall down the stairs, what oc-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

113

easioned a Contusion in his Skull Mr, Hammond received the Commettee to daybut liad nothing to com-

municatehe told me by ourselves, that they liad no

aecount of when having left Madrid, but that it was


likely he would do so, in a few days after the date of
iheir DispatchAt change it was reported with con-

fidence, that Mr. Tron liad left Madrid on the 14".


Allways a very sincere Yours.
JOHN TURNBULL

GEN I . MIRANDA.

N.: T. V, f. 126.

Thursday
6e. Drumr.

_My Dr Sr

We have liad to-day a long Interview to Mr. Pitt,


very communicative, 85 by his convination
flire appears to be no doubt that a War will take
place. If you are not with me tomorrow by one o'Cloek
1 would wish you to be at home at seven certainly call
fll you.
Yours very truly
who was

JOHN TURNBULL
n /.

8t. Dier. 1804.


I am just some Limes & got the stay to Me'. TuRNsuLL.

MIRANDA.

N.: T. V, f.

127.

PRIVATE

Wimbledon
8 Decemr. 1804.

Sir,

I am very sorry that you or any other Person who


to write to me should be kept in suspense; but it necessarily arises from the nature of the subject on which you address me. Whenever 1 am at
has occasion

114

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

berty to be explicit either one way or other, there will


be no unnecessary delay on my part.
I am Sir, with regard
Your most obedient humble servant.
MELVIT rP
GENERAL MIRANDA.

N.: T. V, f. 128.

My Dear Sir.
As you were so justly anxious uneasy at the Reports with respect to Spain, I made no delay at Count
Starhembergs, but hasten down to Lord Harrowbys
when I immediately saw M. Hammond, who assured
me officially that there was no Truth whatever it that
amount.ez that there was no prospect of an accomodationthat Ministers had not received adyice of Mr
Tron's arrival at Lisbon, but at the date of this last
Dispatches he was hourly expected.
Yours very sincerely
GEN. MIRANDA

JOHN TURNBULL

12 Decr. 1804.

N.: 'I'. V, f. 130.

Prafton Str: ce 14Dec. 1804.

Monsieur:
Apres avoir patiemment atend le resultat des negociations entams Madrid, J'espere que vous ne me
refuserez pas la decision promise depuis le Mois d'
Aot dernier par l'entremise de Sir Evan Nepean.
Cette decision est d'autant plus pressante dans le moment actuel, que le Pays en question est menais d'une
invasion Franaise, aussi bien que d'une irruption des
negres de Santo Domingo: comme l'attesten les infor-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

115

mations transmises par Mr Fitzwilliam, negociant respectable de l'isle de la Trinidad (actuellement it Londres) ainsi que differentes Lettres qui me sont adresses depuis peti, par des personnes de consideration
dans cette Isle. Aujourd'hui meme j'ai reu des Lettres en date du 10-Octob dernier ; m'engageant dans
des termes les plus pressants, me rendre sur les lieux
avec assurance que tout est pr et arrang dans mon
Pays, et que tous les moyens necessaires pour cette
entreprise sont dja prepars la Trinidad.
N.: T. V, f. 131.

J'espere egalement que les documens que vous avez


concernant ce propre objet par mon ami Sir
Evan, on meritt votre aprobationet je vous prie de
vouloir bien me les renvoyer aprescet examen, comme
etant des Originaux qui me sont necessaires et indispensables.
Par les propres motives, ai-je et aujourd'hui la
Tresoreryayant prie Mr Bourn de vous parler sur
mes petits Arrangemens pecuniaires.. . je vous supplie
de vouloir bien donner vos Ordres, pour cet objet avant
les holy-days; comme etant une chose qui m'est indispensable avant le depart.
votre tres hunm et obeist ser
monsieur,
reeues

Fr: de MA.
Au tres

Hono b1 .

WILLIAM PITT.--&C.&c.---8te.

116

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

727Graf ton Street Fitzroy Square


octe. 19th. 1804.

My Lord.
the recent event of C. Santa-Maria, appears to me
of such a nature in the scale of Spanish politicks, that
unless inunediate measures are taken toward S. Arnericaall the Plans we considered on Tuesday last, may

be easily defeated by our enemis. The measures I mean


are those that will prevent the influence of St Domingo in the Province of Caracas, and will enable us to
act with vigour and certainty, when the moment of
execution shall arrive.
I hope your Lordship will excuse my importunity
on a subject upon the success of which so much happiness, and interest are pending.
I am with due respect,

my Lord
your most obedt hume servant
F. DE MThe Right Honme. LORD MELVILLE.
N.: T. V, f. 132.

Grafton str: octh. 29 1804.

My Lord
give me leave to acquaint you with a circunstance
that may be of great importance at this present moment,
and which silence I should deem blamable in my situation. I am informed by a Person well qualified to know

it, that two vessels, were ready to sail yesterday for


Vigo, & Bilbao' dispatched by the agents of the Spanish
government in this Country & caring information that
various expeditions are at this moment fiting out in
England against the Spanish possessions in America.
"Bergantin N. 8. de Begoa M. Cortinapara Bilbao, "Bergantiz
Sta. Teresa Juan Joseph para Vigo, Ferrol, Corea.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

117

this step appears to me so natural that I have no doubt

the information being corrects : and leave to your


Lordships consideration the fatal consequences that
may attend our preconcerted Plans, in any further
procrastination.
I am with the highest respect.
my Lord your most obedt hume servant
of

the Right Honme. Ld. MELvrr 'up


N.: T. V, f. 132 vto.

Grafton St: Nov". 7 1804.

My Lord.
At a moment when the fate of S. America is at Stake
that our common enemis are taken measures to defeat
all the preconcerted Plans, for the purpose of ruining
this Country, as well as my ownand that I receive the
most pressing suggestions from the natives of S. America that actualy are at Philadelphia and the island of
Trinidad with whom I am acting in concert, as having
until now followed my adviceGive me leave to ask
your Lordship for an intervview of very few minutes,
tuof I may write, or take some decisive step towards
preventing the mischief that is pending upon that innocent Country at this very instant and that may be
impossible to remedy afterwards.
I am with the highest respect.
my Lord &c.

L. MELVILLE.

My Lord.

Graf ton str: Nov r. the 26th. 1804.

It is really painful & distressing for me, to see the

period prefixed for the commencement of the preconcerted Operations on S. America arrived, and not re-

118

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

ceiving any intimation whatsoeveryet, some previous


and indispensable arrangements both in private personal and political matters, ought to precede my departure from this place. I hope therefore My Lord, and I
entreat your Lordship, not to def er any longer the only
opportunity left to us by Providence, to rescue my
unfortunate Country from falling into the unmerciful
hands of French tiranyand appling at the same time
its welth and future prosperity to the support and glory
of Great-Britain.
I need'nt mention to your Lordship how essential
it would be for the despatch & the success of this Enterprise, the actual cooperation of Sir II. Popham . . . but
I must recommends in the present case, the sound
Roman war maxim.
"Occasio in bello amplius solet juvare, quam virtus."
Vege :
I am with the highest respect.
my Lord your most obt hume servt
F. DE M.

Ld. ME.LVILLE
N.: T. V,

f. 132.

Grafton Str: 14 Dece. 1804.

My Lord.

I receivd with satisfaction your kind Letter of the


8'" instantand I hope that the ternaination of the
pending negociations at Madrid, will bring now the
decision you had the goodness to promise me at Wimbledon, some time ago.
the measure become so much more urgent at this
moment, that by Letters I received this very day from
Trinidad (dated the 10-Octe last) it appear, that every
thing promise succes at present; and that we may yet
be in time to prevent the evils that threaten S. America,

119

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

both from

France, and from the negro government of


DomingoSanto
1 am with the highest respect 8r consideration.
My Lord. your most obed t hume servt
FR. DE M-A.

(Borradores de letra de Miranda).


the Right Honme. LORD MELVILLE.
N.: T. V, f. 133.

My Dear

General
You have not been gone from me a quarter of an
hour before Sir Home arrived. He sat with me an
Hour and set off for Fitnest without going into Town,
so that no one knews of his having been here with me.
He will be in York Place to morrow night and happy
to see you early the next morning.He looks wonderfully well and is much pleased with the appearance of
inatters.

Perhaps you may send it convenient to give me a


morrowbef ore you pay a visit to Downing

can to

Street.

Your most truly


A. D.

1/2 past 1 o 'dock. Monday.


GENERAL MIRANDA.

N.: T. V, f. 145.

Dear General
I have just time to say I have received a letter from
Sir Home informing me of his appointements to the
Diadem and thus he expects to be very shortly in Town.
I shall see him. I hope this Evening, is to morrow in
haste

yours truly
GENERAL MIRANDA.

A. D.

Friday morning.

120
PRIVATE

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Graf ton St: ce 6 Sep". 1804.

j 'ai reeu avec plaisir mon Cher et sage Rutherfurd,


votre Lettre du 10 Juillet de Trinidadje suis charm
d'apprendre que les miennes de mars et mai dernier
vous sont parvenues ; puisque on les croyoit perdues
dans les Packets pris dernierement. je vous prie de
reiterer mes amitis Mess : Gardie, et des Sources,
avec des sentimens d'Estime et de connoissance pour
tout ce que vous me temoignez leur egard. Aux Compatriotes Sanchez, Caero, Espaa, Rico, &c, &c, j 'espere que vous ne manquerez jamais de manifester les
sentimens fraternels et d'estime qui sont dus la vertue,
et au malheur persecut, je pu dire dans toutte la force
du terme
"non ignarus mali, miseris succurrere disco."
mas hablemos en otro idioma que me parece pose V.
ya completamente.
El cambiamiento de ministerio es causa de que yo
no huviese y partido hace ya algunos mesesy aun
ultimamente estavamos casi en punto de dr la Vela,
guando se nos intim el suspender por poco tiempo &c...
sepa V. que tenemos tambien entre los Nuevos muchos
amigos de una Causa (aunque como los otros, gente
irresoluta) y que Vansittart aunque no en puesto, sigue
el asunto con tanto zelo y actividad como antes; lo
mismo Sir E. Nepean, Huskison, Popham, &c . . . V.
lo hemos introducido con toda la Nueva Caterva y sus
Cartas estn en manos de MT Pitt. No se imaginen
Vmds. que por ac se pierde tiempo ni coyuntura favorable; mas es necesario aguardar los eventos y aprovechar el momento : en esta sit-uacion estamos precisamente y guando Vmds. menos lo piensen all, nos tendrn.
La razn porque no han recivido Vmds. las embarcaciones americanas, es la misma que cito anteriormente;
pues aguardavan mi ltimo aviso, y este aviendo sido
suspensivo, se han detenido alli por fortuna. Vargas
en lugar de atender sus obligaciones en Trinidad,
como avia prometido, se ocupa de la Botnica en Kensington, y se ha hecho poner en la Lista de los acusado-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

121

res de Picton asi me lo asegura Fullarton con quien


com hace pocos dias.
N.: T. V, f. 147.

Yo cuento con las caas, y con los Yndios que V. me

dice; y creo que las sillas de montar de Malloney no


puedan sernos mui tiles. Aqui tenemos un negociante
que ofrece hasta 100.000 siempre que se obtenga la

aprobacion; y otros hai en America que se ofrecen al


tanto, asi no dudo que tengamos entonces con que pagar
abundantemte quanto V. y Brown pidan, por los cortos

suplementos que necesiten ahora los compatriotas necesitados de Trinidad. Aqui tengo yo otros tambien, que
mantengo del propio modo, hasta que desatemos este
dificultoso interesante nudo. No me dice V. nada de
Lunbot (ni yo he recivido Carta suia tampoco) y lo
siento, pues contava con su actividad, y buena voluntad.
quien es el Coll: Campani que V. me cita 1 Cuide V. de
entregar las adjuntas, de recomendar mucha discresion
todos, y enfin de mantenerlos en amistad y buena

harmonia, hasta que yo pueda llegar con el completo

pag amento por tantos y tantos favores y servicios re-

eivi dos.

Por siempre de Vms.


MCOL: RIITHERPURD.

oy 20 Nove.: nove : ut supra

se aadi una Postdataintroduciendo M r Rutter,


nuevo Guarda Almacn de Trinidad; informndole
del estado actual de este pays con la Espaa, &c. &c.
N.: T. V, 2. 147.

122

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

PRIVATE.

Grafton Str: Dice. 22 1804.

my Dear Rutherfurd
La suerte est tirada, y la guerra al fin declarada
entre la Inglaterra y Espaa.El negocio que U. sabe,
est tambien decidido; mas guando saldr de aqui el
todo? aun no puedo decirle con precision. . estoy persuadido que siempre tardar de quatro cinco semanas
por lo menos (contando desde la fecha) aunque se dice
que menos.
lo que importa s, que V. hable a De Sowces, Gardie,
Lambot, Sachez &c. y que (baxo la mayor reserva) les
diga lo que juzgue por combeniente en este particular,
para que guando lleguemos alla, no les coja el asunto
desprevenidosni que tampoco hagan antes ruido, que
pueda perjudicar nuestros intereses Enfin manej ese
V. de modo, que este aviso sirva solamente para que
se apronte lo que tenemos combenido, sin peligro de
alborotar las gentes del Pais. consecutivamente recivir
V. otros.
ever yours
COL : RUTHERFURDTrillidad.

D. fev 22 1805.

Mi sospecha en quanto al retardo se ha realizado


mas se me asegura que mui presto saldremos de aqui,
y asi no hai que desmaiar, pues los aprestos siguen aun
con major aumento.V. amigo mio, es negligente en
escrivir, por fortuna que el Zelo de Lambot ha suplido
esta falta y que los ministros principales van de buena fe.
Ever yours(Borradores de Miranda)
CoL.
N.: T. V, f. 147 y 148.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

123

Trinidad 6th. Oct'. 1804.

Dear Sir.
Since my arrival at this Country, I have postponed
the pleasure of paying my respects to you from one
opportunity to another all-ways in hope of seing Mr
Forbes with us momently.I am now informed by his
letter of his having gone to Demerary where he is appointed Collector, which gave me a most heartful salisfaetion, as I am in hopes he may in serving your interest
considerably mend his own fortune. I hope you, my
dear Sir, Mr Turnbull & your aimiable family are all
perfectly well and happy & that your affairs will soon
be brought to a satisfactory issue. I am very sorry to
ee that you must have had very little satisfaction from
your late concerne here owing to a variety of Causes &
Chiefly to the ignorant Stupidity, & Rascallity of a man
in whom I was unfortunately deceived as well as your,elf, whom I knew too late I don't suppose that a
more bar-faced Villain ever existed than that man.
However as soon as I descovered it, not accustumed

to bad faith, or to eountenance it, I attacked him in the

very face of justice, or the good respectable man with


whom me are concerned in England, wou'd have been
ruined. I am now dissolving the firm of our house, and

all I allow him is to inspect my transactions but never


to act. The Governor who is allways very kind to me.

my friends look upon him as a most


eontemptible old wretch, & I can assure you I treat
him as such.I told Gloster he had better prevent the
Arbitrators giving in their award yet a while for I know
iudge Nihel, and

they have passed hirn. Charges which I think very un-

fair, take an apport' of pointing them out to him


I can not conceive what is the reason why the Gibraltar
House did not send out a power of Attorney here, &
their acct Current the ballance of which they woud have
reeovered immediately, as nothing in the world eou'd
p revent it, I think the sooner it is done the better for
Your interest.I now, my dear Sir, beg leave to inform
You of my late Marriage with M"e De Gourville daughN.: T. y,

f. 149.

124

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

ter to your friend M r De Gourville a most respectable


and agreable connection in every respect, & have no
doubt from the friendship which you were allways to
good as to shew me but you will participate in my present happiness. I do not intend to do any more business,
which I find really too desagreeable in those Countries
where good faith & delicacy are almost unknown & live
quietly untill I can regain Europe with my relations
I wish very much I cou'd send you something that
wou 'd be acceptable to M' Turnbull, & hope some favorable opportunity wil offer so to do. I flatter myself
I shall have the pleasure of hearing from you & to be
informed your situation is entirely confortable & happy
believe my dear Sir that no one can rejoin more hartly
at it & that I shall ever preserve the highest sense of
gratitude for your kindness to me while unfortunated.
I request you will be good enough to make my most
respectfull Compliment acceptable to 31" Turnbull,
every thing friendly to your aimiable young familyI
have the honor to be with great respect dear Sir
Your most ob t servt
Jos. LAMBOT.
Trinidad 6th. Oetr. 1804

Jos. LAMBOT
Reed. 15th. Deer.
(Copy)
Esqr.
8 Silford Street-- 8
JOHN TURNBULL

N.: T. V, f. 150.

LONDON

Wednesday Evg.
19th Deer. 1804.

My Dear General
I intended fully to have called on you this Evening,
but being prevented, I lose no time, in informing you,
that Mr. Fawkenen acquainted my Father to day, that
Orders would be given this Evening, for laying a

125

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

General Embargo on all Spanish VesselsWhen my


Father was at the Council Office, the Order of Council
was not yet come out, & therefore W Fawkener wished
it not to be mentioned.
P. E.

(nomre en griego)

TURNBULL.

GEN'. MIRANDA.

N.: T. V, f.

Grafton Street.
151.

Dear General
I saw Lord Melville yesterday afternoon for five
Minutes; no Letter has yet been received from Mr
Fiere; he appears firm about our business, & I am to
make him a report on my return from woolwich of the
State of the Ship which I will communicate to your
Excellence tomorrow at Ten o'clock, if you will do me
tbe Honor to be here :
Yours truly
H. P.
Yk. Place.
Friday.

GENERAL MIRANDA

N9 27Grafton StreetFitzroy Square.


T. V, f.

152.

Trinidad Nov. 10th. 1804.

Dear General

Colonel Hope of the 37" Regt of foot who is going

Imme by this opportunity is to good as to promise me


to take charge of this, & to deliver it to you himself. I
am happy in having this opportunity of introducing
Inin to the honor of your acquaintance, as I am sure it

will be a high gratification for him to Know a man of

your high Merit, & you will find in him a very aimiable
man most Generally loved & regretted in this Communi-

t Y his acquaintance desirable for any Gentleman


(

kam.)

126

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

we understand, he is sent for home, by his friend


Lord Melville to be inverted vvith some important Command in England Col. Rutherford with whom I dined
yesterday told me you complained of your not having
heard of me & Fitzwilliam says the same.I have not
perhaps written you as often as I might have done but
having a good deal on my hands & nothing very particular to say, was the cause of it & no other reason. As
to my being Married, which is all very well & very
happy for me, yet it, never cou'd be an inducement nor
any thing else, to withdraw myself from an enterprise
in which I wou'd most unavoidable have an opportunity
of taking a Share in your lancets & so far you may at
all times rely on me with Certaintythere is here a
Gentleman with whom I am very intimate, his Name is
Briarly he is a Master in the Royal Navy, was with
Lord Nelson at the Battles of Nile & Copenhagen of
which he published descriptive Plans he commanded
during the last Peace a Mertehaut ship with which he
went up the Oronoque & went several times by Sea &
land to Caracas from the Angustura & knows all the
places & coasts of that province most perfectly. He
even took all the sounding of the Oronoco which he has
been unwilling to Publish on account of some misunderstanding between him & Lord St Vincent that Gentleman is at Present commandant of the Sea fencibles &
Trinidad flotilla with the Rank of Lieut. Colonel, &
wou'd be to you of the most essential Service he has a
good deal of Correspondence with the Continent, but
not of a Political nature, as I never Yet Spoke to him
of our business however I am well assured that he woud
at any time be of our Party. the Governor Esteems him
very much, & was very essentially assisted by him in the
Survey of a Bay & Plan of a Hill aboye which the
General wishes to fortifyI had promised you some
Accounts from a Gentleman whom I cou 'd not see before he went away, & is returned to the Continent 1
suppose he will be back in some months of which time
he will give me all the information he has collected-N.: T. V, f. 153.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

127

the Spanish Lanches from the opposite shore visit us


some time since very seldom indeedthe some change
in the Money, & some slight restrictions which were
imposed on them seem to be the Cause of that abandonment of our Island by that List of useful traders, (er we
all more or less feel it. We consequently having so circumscribed an intercourse are not able to receive such
regular intelligenee as we used to do, we however know
that things are allways nearly in the same state. A few
Spanish king Bricks arrived out lately & some troupes
were landed at Caracas from old Spain but not to any
very considerable numberone of the officers who is
a young man of this place who carne out in the Queen
Regiment, & got leave of absence to visit his friends
ltere gives me that information. He himself seems
to hace a better opinion of these troops than we
generally have & thinks that it wou'd not require an
in considerable force to have any effect on them he likewise thinks Caracas very wel protected, by the bad road
ct mountains which separate it from La Guaira & the
other parts of the surrounding coasts where-an enemy
might land, but he agrees that the inhabitants are all
desaffected to Government c long for one more rational
c more just.there are here a few individuals who
having remained here merely in expectation of seeing
you out every moment have run out the little money
they had, I have helped them as muck as possible, cf
particularly one Rico who is really a very excellent kind
of a Man who Made an expensive voyage to Guadeloupe
ah ich 1 intend to let a subscription on foot to defray,
as it was undertaken with a vew of serving the comon
i nto-est. I hope you will call on Col' Hope, & you will
see him of ten during his Stay in LondonHe will
confirm what I wrote you respeeting General Hislop, &
if he was employed with you he wou'd no doubt have
as a eooperator the Baron de Montalembert who is well
known from the distinetion & Glory whieh he aequired
in the Campain at St Domingo during the last war, &
wou'd of eourse be a very great aequisition Col. Hope
N.: T. V, f. 155.

128

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

knows him likewise very intimatly. Having not any


thing particular to Communicate further believe
with the most sincere respect,

General Your most oblist


N.: T. V, f. 155 vto.

Jos. L

Trinidad 15th . Nove. 1804.


My dear General
I had the honor of presenting my respects to you
some days ago by Colonel Hope of the 37' Regt of foot,
who left us for England I flatter myself that Gentleman
will call on you, & that you will find him an acquisition
to the circle of your acquaintances. He is a friend of
Lord Melville, & will have to see Mr Pitt having dispatches from the Governor which he will have to explain to Government respecting the fortifications of
this Island. Mr Briarly of whom 1 already mentioned

to you in my last, had promised me to put into your


hands the chart which he made of the Orono que with
his observations res pecting it, ce the Country; However
General Hislop requested him yesterday to let him have
it, cb to have it delivered to Lord Camdem. by his friend

in London who has the Charge of it, therefore Briarly


havingcomplied with the request, it will be delivered
to Lord Camdem, & I suppose you will be able to see
it. 1 inclose you a Copy of a few observations which
Mr Briarly has thrown paper given to General Higlop
to go home, accompany his Chart.I myself think
that since he was there, which is better than 15 Alonths
ago. things are in some measure altered in res pect to
the Strenght of the Country; some troops have arrived,
ce I since writing you last was informed that there were
from 15 to 20 Government Vessels of different descriptions lining the C oast under the pretense of preventing
the contreband trade, ce that not les than 14 Spanish
N.:

T. V, f. 156.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

129

launches engaged in that trade had been captured


u'ithin these few days past. What is very certain is
(hat we used to have dayly several arrival of launches,
wit hin the six weeks or two Months pass't, we have
hardly ever more than one or two, .fb of ten non at all,
which at any rate shows that the vigilance on the oposite side is infinitely greater than it ever was bef ore
fronb the late accounts from the late accounts from
Europe it wou'd seem that war is not very far, that war
was ever possible Su the enterprise in question wou'd
be still more so among the British Nation, which induces me to hope that Ministers will take it up se-.
rionsly, & dispatch you out believe me with every sincere sentiment of respect,
Dear General Your most obt serv.
Lt.
GENERAL MIRANDA

pr.

Grafton Street
London
Parker
Via Barbados.
N.: T. V,

f. 157.

London Jan?'.

18th. 1805.

General

The Capa Brierly mentioned to you by Mr Lambot.


tonunanded the Ship Edward Foot.loaded & fitted
out liere, by Mess" John & Abram Atkins on account
of a Contract made by a M r Robinson, with some Spams}1 agent for Govt, either at La Guira or Caraccas for
a Quantity of Tobacco.The ship arrived at Trinidad
lii March or April 1802, and an express was sent to Mr
Rob inson.who arrived from Curacoa about the Month
of June, shortly after, the Ship Edward Foot sailed for
La Guira & took with her the American ship Mary
loaded with Flour, which was purchased by Mr Milivard
(he Super Cargo of the Edward Foot. at Eleven Dollars
P. bbi.

130

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

The Ships discharged their Cargoes at La G-uira &


the Edward Foot was sent to Barcelona to receive her
Cargo of Tobacco. On arrival there they found the
Kings Tobacco Warehouses, had been distroyed by
Fire--When Capt Brierly or Mr Wilward went to the
Caraccas to obtain orders to receive their Tobacco of
other Portand returned with directions to proceed
to the Oronoco.The ship 1 believe did not arrive
the River Oronoco till the beginning of 1803, when she
received her Cargo of Tobacco, but the ship did not
reach England till the Month of Jan Y 1804. Mr Milward
the Super Cargo left the ship at the Oronoco, & wellt
over land to the Caraccas and arrived in England in
March or April last.
Capt Brierly is much the Gentleman, and is consi
dered a Man of Considerable abilities, not only in his
profession but as a Draftsman. And from his Knowledge 'the Coast would prove an acquisition to the Expedition.
I have the Honor to be with respect
General Your most obdt Servt
N.: T. V, f. 158.
GENERAL MIRANDA

GEO FITZWILLIAM

OBSERVATIONS

the Passage between Trinidad & La Angostura will


not take up more than Nine days, by going through the
Macareo Branch ; the joining of it with the great River
is pointed out in the Chart, a little below the Apostadero
& St Raphael, from which Village there is a Road to
Angostura, which I have travelled in three days. By
taking this rout with an Army, you will avoid the neeessity of passing old Guayana, & at the same time dispateh the Troops destined against Caracas, where they
will arrive in seventeen days short Marches through a
Country where water & Beef can had in abundance
not meet the smallest obstruction, until your arrival al

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

131

a few) say three


liandred regulars ce about the same number of wretchcd Milicia, there is not a great gun, nor piece of Ordnance in the V alley, ce I think the whole Province might
be taken without the loss of twenty MenAfter getting

the City. Nor even then, (except from

possession of that, there is only one pas which is defended from the La Guira side by a draw Bridge, &
one G-un ; but that you of Course Walk into without the
smallest obstruction. Here you may make a stand,
untill your Guides conduct you down a private Road to
tue Battery of La Quina which you may take one after
the other without much trouble, as I don't believe there
over was more than four men in each of the Tippen redouts, if you even throw stones from them, you will
kill every man in the Towntho the lower Works are
Strong, they are only so from the Sea, ce the Garrisson
does not consist of more than one hundred men including about twenty of the Hermione's crew that are in the
ArtilleryWhile you are employed taking this Prorince (the riehest in South America, particularly with
respeet to Agriculture) with your Troops, two hundred
inen which you may have left behind on the Road loadim; to Angostura will take all the Province of Guayana.
they may march directly to the Town, & I can assure
them they will not find any opposition, as there is not
150 armed men in the Whole Province, except the small
Garrisson at old Guayana of Ninety Men. these you
will starve out in three weeks, by keeping the Apostadero beiere mentioned & Angosturathen you have the
key to the Province of Barinas from which the king of

Spain receives a revenue of aboye four million of Dollars for the Single Article of Tabaco, not speaking of
the immense quantity of C ocoa, Indigo, C otton ce C of f ee
that is constantly coming down the River in crafts of
from fifty to a 100 Tons Burthen. In short Angostura
is a most certain secure key to all South America, as
there are Navigable branches of the River into all the
Pr ovinces, even to the Borders of Peru. I have seen
twenty Launches in the course of one month that had
N.: T.

V,

f. 159.

132

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

arrived from Rio-Negro, aboye four hundred leagues


aboye Angostura; di even from the Portugueese Settlements on the River Amazone, there is a Conneetion.
This is merely a Sketch to show how easily a conquest
of that country may be made, & I am perfectly convinced & will stake my existance from what I have seen,
that two thousand men would secure & Garrisoon all the
Provinces, without the loss of a hundred Men, & that
the whole operation wou'd not take uo three months
from itcommencement, at Trinidad.Signed Briarly
at the Original.
These observations from Mr Briarly who is well
known as a Master in the Royal Navy for his Talents,
are made to accompany the Chartwhich he himself
drew of the Oronoque a couple of years ago, & which
will most likely appear before his Majestys Ministers.
N.: T. V, f. 160.

Trinidad. Novr. 10th. 1804

My dear General
I write you by this opportunity a long letter which
Colonel Hope is good enough to say he will deliver
personally. that Gentleman is much connected with the
Scotch Interest Lord Melville &c. and as I have no
doubt but you wil find him an acquisition to the circle
of your acquaintances I have been happy to avail my seif of this opportunity to introduce him to you by a
letter which he has promised me to deliver himself
with much lost.
I have the honor to be General Your
N.: T. V, f. 166.

Jo. LAMBOT

My dear General
spoke to Lord M. about the object we have both
so much at heart, & pressed it on his immediate attention ; he did not appear to me to have liad any previous

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

133

knowledge or conversation with any body in the preliminary operation. but I am to see him on tuesday; &
if you like to call on Monday Evi ehez moi, with any
Memoir I shall be most happy to see you & to add my
111ile to your superior knowledge & experience.
Ever most faithfully yours
}kam POPHAM.
Saturday Night.
N.: T. V, f. 167.

Translation of the substance of Monsieur Bertrand


de Moleville's plan for alienating the Continent of
South America from Spain, & for establishing there
independant States, with the advantages which will
result to England from the success of such a project,
& the means for earrying the enterprise into Execution.

The People of England tired with the sterility of- a


with France for these last 18 Months ; with anxiety naturally direct their hopes & fears towards the
war on the eve of bursting with Spain.
Experienee & reason demonstrate that France in its
present position is invulnerable & it is also obvious
that England has mueh to dread from her hatred &
p owerThat the safety & even the existence of Great
Britain imperiously require the humbling of France,
or an augmentation of England's power equal to her
rival. (Note A.)
England by eonfining herself to a defensive roar
g ives every chance of success to her Enemy, her former
Military laurels tarnish, & she gradually exhausts her
f inancial resourees, in a struggle without an object,
sinee she is impotent.
The Revolution in making Spain absolutely dependant on France has made a Provinee of what Bonap arte arrogantly calls the western Empire. From the
War

134

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

center of this Empire he turns his attention on England


whose ruin he threatens, & on the Eastern World whose
spoils he eovets.
The Ottoman Empire ready to fall to pieees, presents a vast field for his Ambition, & may afford him
an opportunity to augment his power by treaties or by
Conquests, & of carrying the glory & terror of his arms
to the extremities of Europe.
It will theil be the favorable moment which he proposes to himself to fall on England with the half of
Europe & prohibit her manufactures in the different
states under his dominion & influenee.
To frustate this inevitable Calamity, England must
carry on the War offensively, & if France be properly
speaking invulnerable she ought to attack the Alijes
tributary to France. She ought to open a new carreer
for maintaining & augmenting her power. She ought
in imitation of France to derive resourees from the
War, & open new Channels of wealth to support &
prolong it. Having a view to success of a lucrative nature & adhering to her ancient system she ought to
support & extend her Commerce by the power of her
Arms, & her power by her Commeree.
N.: T. V, f. 168.

If it be admitted that a Revolution has destroyed


the balance of Power in Europe, & has put the best
half of this part of the World in a state of dependance
on Bonaparte ; & if he cannot effect to the full extent
bis projeets of implacable hatred attempted to be exercised with his preponderance on the Continent in order
to shut up Englands Channels of Commerce, it is neeessary that another Revolution should open new Channels ; it is proper that England should have the glory
to give Independence to the riehest half of South Arnerica, & there establish new Empires, whose rapid prosof her superior knowledge, civilization & industry. In
short, since the European part of the Spanish Monarchy has become a Province of Bonaparte's Empire, it
is necessary to wrest from him his vast States in Arne-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

135

rica, there establish new Empires, whose rapid prospeperity might soon tend to re-establish the balance destroyed in Europe.

Means for carrying it into Execution.


Mexico being that part of the Continent of _America
more a porte to Great Britain is the point against
which, it is proposed in the first instance to direct all
her

efforts (B).

Spain appears to have been aware that Mexico was

the most vulnerable of her possessions by the precautions which she has constantly taken to prevent all
Communication. (C.)

It will be easy to acount for this extreme jealousy


the Court of Madrid if we cast our Eyes on the
Map of America, a simple glance will suffice to convince anyone that Mexico is the Key of this vast &
rieh Continent. (D)
of

Mexico having never been attacked is probably not

a state of contending against an European Army


diseiplined such as England could send; but it is presumed that it would not be her interest to think of
cmiquering that Country for the reasons detailled in
Hie subjoining Note (E.) She ought to annex it to her
by her Industry, Commerce, & that dependency which
arises from necessary protection, & for that purpose
the best means would be to second a revolution & which
Cireunstances might render by no means difficult, a
revolution which without subverting the social Order,
uperates only a change in the Government, which for
ever alienates this Country from the Crown of Spain,
& eonsequently from the Empire of Bonaparte, for its

in

sllecess I propose the following Measures.


To Revolutionize a Country, there are two methods,
the one Moral & the other Physical, namely terror &
persuas ion.
In order to excite terror it is necessary to make the
descent with a powerful force to spread fear & dismay

136

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

among those whose interest & duty it might be to make


resistance, to insure success in the first instance whieh
may raises hopes of a potent protection in those who
might be wavering in their resolution.
N.: T. V, f. 168 vto.

To persuade it is necessary to exhibit to the Mass


of people a Commander or Chief, & an object whieh
flatters the passions & prejudices.
This object will be the regeneration of the Natives
& Empire of Mexico, & would deliver them from the
Tyranny of its Oprressors, the Chief which appears to
unite the most desirable trails for the success of a
similar Enterprise is the Duke of Orleans seconded by
the Princes his Brothers at the head of an Army of
15,000 Men, & assisted by an adequate Naval Force (F
England in adopting a plan far less doubtful,
expensive & more useful than the efforts which she
made for the re-establishment of the Bourbons on the
throne of their Ancestors, ought to act as an Auxilliary
& furnish to the Duke of Orleans pecuniary succours
& the land & sea forces necessary.
Altho 'we may not have precise information relative
to the Military forces of the Spaniards in Mexico, there
are reasons to believe, that they are by no means adequate to what is required for the defence of the Country, & that they are badly disciplined, not all warlike.
An Army of 15,000 Men will be more than sufficient
to revolutionize the Country, altho' a similar force
would probably not suffiee to subdue & maintain
Country so vast if the entire Conquest of it was
attempted.
This Army ought to be provided with a train of
Artillery with a few Companies of flying artillery, with
7 or 800 dismounted dragoons, & sundry implements
necessary for a Campaign.
This Army might be composed of about five Or
6,000 Europeans Troops, principally foreign troops in
the pay of England, of soldiers from the Garrisons of
Malta, Gibraltar & the Islands in the West Indies, 0"

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

137

Troops expeeted from India in order to have soldiers


seasoned to the Climate.
The Rendezvous of the Troops is proposed to be at
Jamaica, where they ought to arrive about the 15 March
at the latest, in order to have some months to aet before
the rainy season in the Month of June sets in.
These Troops might be joined by 5 or 6,000 of the
Black Corps from the English Colonies, & it might
probably be easy to complete these Regiments by new
levies, or to make an augmentation of about 2,000 Men
to them, were it deemed neeessary in order to spare
the European Troops.
N.: T. V, f. 169.

It might also be practicable to raise a few Regiments of the remains of the French Army at St Domingo, or prisoners of war in England. It might be
deemed expedient to send immediately an aceredited
Agent with presents & Money to Dessalines, who is no
doubt embarassed with a Numerous Militia, sinee he
has driven the Freneh from St Domingo, Sc probably
still more so, by several ambitious Generals, jealous of
Lis

Authority. It-is more than probable that with

addres, Presents & Money a Corps of 5 or 6,000 Men


might be obtained & a Treaty for recrui established,
iikore especially as he might be tempted by Warnke
Stores & Ammunition of whieh he must necessarily
f. tind in need.
As it is diffficult to keep secret an expedition of
this Nature, it will be necessary to give out, that it is
destined against the Havana, & direet the attention of
the Spaniards to this point, whieh they look opon as
the Key of their settlements in AmerieaSome ships
of War might beforehand be ordered to eruise off the
Havana apparently with a view to Blockade it, while
the Armament put to Sea for Vera Cruz. (G.)

There would be little diffieulty in surmounting the


feeble obstacles whieh oppose themselves in taking
p ossession of the Roadsted of Vera Cruz. The batteries
on the Island of St Jean d'Ulloa its weak Garrison

138

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

would be easily overcome & the fleet with the Armament might with little loss force the entrance into
the Road/.
The Town thus surprised & panic struck would in
all probability surrender at the first summons, which
should announce that the English did not come as Conquerors but as protectors & to give freedom.
After taking Vera Cruz it would only be necessary
to leave the fleet to Garrison it, & without giving the
Troops more than two or three days repose, they ought
to be ordered to march the Army direct to Mexico. A
longer stay might expose the Troops to epidemical
disorders so fatal to European soldiers & might give
the Enemy time to recover his first consternation &
to rally his Forces.
N.: T. V, f. 169 vto.

As there is but one Fortress on the route from Vera


Cruz to Mexico, it would be proper not to stop in a
attacking it, because a Revolution is not effected by
securing positions of retreat, but by marching directly
forward, and striking the Government at the heart.
One of the first objects after debarkation should be
to organize free Corps, & to levy among the Natives a
National Army ; for this purpose it would be necessary
to be provided with a sufficient quantity of Arms in
order to be distributed to the partizans, & a good number of experieneed Officers should accompany the
expedition for inrolling & disciplining the Mexican
Militia.
The aboye is the substance of Monsr Bertrand de
Moleville's plan, but the separate papers of Notes &
illustration referred to, contain many profound political reflexions on the motives & means for carrying
the Objects proposed into execution. These papers also
contain local & topographical observations on the ProIt was taken by Privateers in 1863. & in 1712 by the Freebooters.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

139

vinces of Mexico ; on the Civil & Military authorities


84 Administration of the Country; The population,
wealth, revenue, & Manufactures of this vast Empire.
The advantage which would result to England by ope-

ning new sources of wealth, new Channels for her

European & Asiatic Manufactures, &c. &c.


Although the writer admits that the extensive Spanish settlements might also be attacked at the same
time with advantage to the Southward, & on the side
of the pacifick Ocean; yet he thinks great obstacles
would arise, & that an immense expence would attend
so distant an expedition & the success of such an enterprise he thinks would be extremely doubtful. In these
papers he has also given the substance of the Proclamations proposed to be circulated in Mexico by the
Duke of Orleans. The writer also in a separate paper answers very ably, tho' perhaps not satisfactory
enough, the various objections that have or may be
=de to his project, either respecting the single point
of descent (Vera Cruz), or a Prince of the Bourbon
family being established in Mexico.
N.: T. V, f. 170.

this Cursory review of Mons r Bertrand de Moleville's papers, it occurs to me from the recollection I
retain of a detailed plan I copied in the Spanish Armament 1790 while Secretary to Admiral Elliot whom the
0 overnment had eventually in Contemplation to emP l oy on a similar expedition, that the descent was not
solely to be confined to one vulnerable point on this
sido of Isthmus of Darien; but that a Cooperation on
the other side in the Pacifick Ocean near Panama was
intended to be made by troops embarked from India;
thai, a third point of descent in the Rio de la Plata
or ( . 021tiglIOUS to it was also proposed with a view to
di stract the Enemy's attention & ensure the success of
the eilterprise. In this place it may not be improper
In

2 The plan alluded to was detailed in about 60 pages foolseap paper &
I und erstood
at the time, that it had been presented to Mr. Pitt, & was written
b, a J esuit, or aome other person, who had been long resident in South Arne-

lea & well aequainted with the Country.

140

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

to observe, that from the advantageous position & facilities which the Island of Trinidada affords for the
rendezvous of an expedition of the nature proposed,
perhaps a fourth point of descent might be deemed
eligible on the Terra firma this side of the Oronoque,
should His Majesty's Ministers adopt the whole or partial parts of the Plans noticed.
Although many important Observations are made
by Monsr Bertrand de Moleville, of which His Majestys Ministers may avail themselves in the event of any
similar expedition, yet, I am humbly of Opinion
prominent features of his plan are objectionable.
1st The descent being limited to the single point of
Vera Cruz, a place considered extremely unhealthy for
European Constitutions. 2d The number of Troops,
ships of War & transports required for this solitary
service are over rated. 3 1 The policy or expediency of
establishing the Duke of Orleans as an independent
Prince in Mexico, may be questioned, & if attempted,
the result would be problematical, while it would be
attended with serious difficulties & incalculable expence. If every any plan be adopted to render that vast
Country independent, why not under the protection of
England allow the Mexicans to have a Chief of their
own Election, & such a Government as may be congenial to their own religious Maxims & Customs All that
Great Britain could desire by affording protection
support to the Mexicans or South Americans, in establishing their Independency, would be fully accomplished; & adequate be nefits would be derived from
the reciprocity of interests, which bind the most distant States to each other, & which would lead the South
Americans into such Commercial relations & treaties
as to make England the favored Nation. The Channel
once made, would naturally expand & deepen by the
streams of Commerce pouring in, & in progress of time
would not be easily turned from its regular Course.
eh That part of Monsr de Moleville's plan respeeting the Auxiliary Black Troops proposed to be had
from S Domingo, has also insuperable Objections,

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

141

which are sufficiently obvious without expatiating on


them ; but upon the whole there are many parts of this

plan deserving of serious. Consideration at this crisis.


(Signed) J. M. A.
York Place Pohrtman Scie.
Jany. 7th. 1805
N.: T. V, f. 171.

Substance of Mons r Bertrand de Moleville's plan

for alienating the Continent of S. Anaerica from Spain


an d for establishing independent States. With a Rep-

port and observations by J. Me . A. transmitted with


the Original Papers to Lord Melville 1" Lord of the
AdmiraltyJanuary 7th 1805.

Deal.

Sir.

I llave just written to my friend M r Barton of Liverpool, requesting to know when here will be an opportunity from thence for Barbados, observing that two
(Ientlemen from hence wol'd be very glad to engage
their Passages and beg'd to know when they may leave
ti is was to be in time.with regard to the business we
were talking about the last Evening ; I think on second
thoughts that it will be much more elegible and less
e xpensive to have the Bales ship'd from hence, as there
is not only Land Carriage to be consider'd but also an
extra freight from Barbados to Trinidad. We are now
shiping on board a Cypper'd ship-called the David,
(irect to Trinidad, and if you approve of it, we can
have your freight taken in, whenever you think proper,
T lie Letters from the Demerary ships are not yet
Town... You may rely on it 1 will communicate to you

142

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

any first intelligences from any quarter and beg to


receive with great respect
Dear Sir
Yours truly
THoe. J. P1C/RCE
Lime Street
Wednesday morns.
GEN'. MIRANDO
GEN'. MIRANDO
27 Graf ton Street

Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. V, f. 172.

My Dear General
I fear you must have misunderstood Sir Evan
regarding a message he was to have sent to me on Monday.I have not heard a sylable from any quarter, and
as I cannot, we will not keep the Holders of the Arms
longer in suspence, as I am every day receiving some,
very unpleasant communications for them, I will rather
subrnit to the loss out of my own pocket and pay them
what they state when charge to them, by having kept
then 10 long on hand to their very great inconvinienee
on the Idea of my taking them and preventing their
makers a sale of them six months ago. I am sorry at
being this circumstance, and am my Dear General with
every good wish for your better success.
Yours truly
A. D.
Wednesday
22 Jany. 1805.
N.: T. V, f. 173.

From what you send, have liad the Musquets


weighed and find them considerably Lighter than Tower musquet.and 1 have every and very grad reason

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

143

to say, are as fit for the Service, as any Musquets that


can be had, I will not ever except, some new ones that
have lately been made.It is nothing to me, whether

they are or are not taken, beyond the loss I must be


aumentable for the detention of them
N.: T. V, f. 174.

My Dear General
I have this moment received a Note from our
Friend, very satisfactoryHe has had a good deal of
conversation about the business, and L d M. has written
for authority to purchase the arms, which I shall have
to morrow.
Yours most truly
A. D.
Friday Evening 8 o'clock
18 Jan'. 1805.

1 saw Sir Horn immediately after


you left me. and from what he
said, I think he is better pleased
with His Ship.
N. T. V, f. 175.

My Dear

General
I have received your note, and am mortified in
telling you, that I have not seen or heard from any one.
'Pho' I expected to have had the pleasure of a visit on
Monday from Sir Evan, inconsequence of a message
that he sent one by a Gentleman that Dined with him
on Sunday.
I conclude that nothing has yet been finally settled.
1 shall be Happy to see you to morrow, and as your

144

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Account, do I heartly with I may be authorised to


communicate something pleasant to you.
Yours most truly
A.LEX DAVISON.

30 Januy. 1805.
I have not seen Sir Home. possibly
have been better engaged at the
was
he
Admiralty. at least I hope so.
N.: T. V, f. 176.

a G. Gengish,
ce 30 Janvr.

Mon cher General


Comme je suis oblig passer demain chez le speaker entre dix & onze heures & qu'il me faudra ensuite
aller la Cour, nous aurions plus de loisir pour nous
entretenir apres demain l'heure nomme. Je suis
d'autant plus dispos a ce delai que je compte voir N.
demain au Parlament que ne s'assemble pas aujourd'

hui.

Tout a vous

N. V.

N.: T. V, f. 177.

Graf toi Str: ce 5 Fevr.-1805.

My Dear Sir Evan:


Apres avoir patiemment attendu la rupture avee
l'Espagne, comme l'epoque fix par les ministres de
sa Majest, pour prendreune resolution definitive,
sur les affaires de l'Amerique meridionalle: ii ne me
reste d'autre parti prendre; voiant que cette importante affaire (a ce qui paroit) est de nouveau ajourn
ad infinitum; malgre les preuves incontextables que
j'ai offert an gouvernement, des danger imminents qui
menacent ce pays-la dans le moment actuel; que de

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

VOUS prier

145

de demander pour moi, au tres II. W" Pitt,

et a Md Melville un passage aux isles du vent sur quel-

que batiment de guerre, avec ordre aux Gouverneurs


de S. M. dans ces isles de nous laiser agir sans obstacle
centre l'ennemi commun. croyant infiniment plus sage
d'agir par nous mme, pendant qu'il y a une esperance
de remedequ'avec tous les secours que pourroit nous
ffrir l'Angleterre quand la confusion et le desordre
se soit une fois introduit parmi nous.
N.: T. V, f. 178.

S'il etoit compatible avec les intentions des ministres de Sa Majet, que des negociations anglois qui
s 'offrent volontairement nous donner des secours en
Armes, et en batimens ; fin que nous puissions obtenir
Tale independance semblable celle que l'Espagne et la
France procurerent aux Colonies Anglo-Americaines
du Nord, moienant quelques avantages commerciaux,
qu 'en leur garantiront en cas de succs; puissent de
faire sans repugnance du Gouvernementc 'est tout ce
que nous souhaiterions dans se moment, pour nous promettre une reussite sure, et pour donner au commerce
nglois des preuves non equivoques de notre sincere
Amiti et qu 'un interet mutuel ne manquant pas de
rendre permanente dans l'avenir.
Mais je vous prie Sir Evan, que cette proposition,
toutte majeure et importante qu'elle puisse tre au
Conurterce de l'Angleterre, et aux interes de l'Amerique
merid', ne soit pas un obstable mon depart immediat;
le delai etant dans ce moment le plus grand de tous les
inaux. Puisque il est tres possible, que dans quelque
tems d'ici, les paisible colons de l'Amerique m' n'aint
pas mme une propriet soi, ni des interets commertiaux qu'offrir l'Angleterre.
Je suis avec le plus profond respect, et une parfaite
reconnoissance.
Sir Evan
votre tres hume et obeist servr
FR: DE

M-.

146

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

P. S.

Je vous prie de vouloir bien reprendre les Documents Originaux que j 'ai Au l'honneur de vous confier
il y a quelque tems, pour le montrer m r P.sous la
plus grand reserve, comme ne lui etant plus necessaires.
the R. H. Si

EVAN NEPEAN.

N.: T. V, f. 179.

Mon eher General


Je n'ai eu aucune reponse au billet que j 'adressai
samedi matin a Nepean. J'en conjecture que je le
verrai cet apres midi a la Chambre des Communes.
Je suis bien fach que je n'ai pas pu vous advertir
a tems que Milord S. desirant beaucoup me voir ce
matin j 'ai et oblig a passer chez lui avant votre
arrive.
Tout a vous.
N.: T. V, f. 180.

N. V.

Mon eher General


Mon occupation imprevue m'obligera a sortir demain avant l'heure de notre rendezvous, mais s'il vous
est egalement commode de passer chez moi vers les
trois heures & demi j 'aurai le plaisir de vous recevoir.
Tout a vous.
N. V.
ce 8 Fevrier
N.: T. V, f. 181.

Mon eher General


Je n'ai pu parler a N. qui est indispos 86 se ressent
beaucoup de la fatigue de Mardi. Je tacherai de voir
cet apres midi & vous aurez de mes nouvelles demain.

147

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

Je suis etonn de ce que dit J. puisque Sturges m'avoit


expressement assur qu'il avoit prepar Cooke a vous
reeevoir. J'irai voir C. quoique je n'aie pas beaucoup
de sa connoissance & vous aurez demain de mes
nolwelles.

yours truly
N. V.

N.: T. V, f. 182.

General
Une legere indisposition qui m'empecha d'aller hier
au soir a la Chambre me priva peutetre de l'occasion
de parler a N. & je n'ai pas pu le trouver ce matin
3I r P. se renferme pour preparer son budget & ne deeidera certainement de rien pendant quelques jours
je crains fort que les delais se prolongeront.
Yours faithfully
3Ion eher

N. V.

N.: T. V, f. 183.

nac.

6115
30
183,450.

4 / 660 / 166
4
26
24
026

muert.
3581
34

14324
743
61,754.

5166
34

20664
15498

175,644

3 / 20,00 / 660
18
020
18
02

148

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

6 / 166 / 27

12
046
42
04.
N.: T. V, f. 184.
Nota: Al reverso de este pliego de cifras estadsticas, hay un trazado
en tinta.

El folio 185 corresponde a un Impreso para prevenir y curar la fiebre


en Londres, en 1804.

amarilla, publicado

Mon eher General


J'ai tout arrang avec Cooke que m'attendait qu'
une espece de certificat de ma part. Je ne crois pos
revenir en ville avant onze heures.Lundi mais j'y
serai au plus tard vers midi.
N. V.
ce Samedi 23 Fevr.
N.: T. V, f. 186.

Mon eher General


Je suis tres occup ce matin 86 je crois que si vous
vous trouvez ici demain a 11 heures nous aurons assez
de tems pour notre discussion avant l'arrive de N. Je
vous felicite d'avance.
Tout a vous.
N. V.
GENERAL MIRANDA

N.: T. V, f. 188.

Gen' de Miranda presents his respectful complito Mr Cooke. He was informed this morning bY
his Friend m r Vansittart that m r C. wished to see him
for the purpose of settling an small account pending
yet with him from the last Administration: and to that
effect G.M. called twice this evening at Mr offiee,
ments

149

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

without being able to see him. If m r C. will have the


goodness to appoint his convenient time, G.M. will do
'timseif the honour of waiting upon him or to intrust
itis Friend M r Turnbull (that is in the habit of seling
inr very often) with the authority of settling for him,
to avoid trouble; should
C. aprouve of it.
N.: T. V, f. 188.

the Small sums due are as follows for


secret Services
payed at Trinidad
170.
D D at New York, in Ame:
80.
Due to me (on the annual gratification
of 200 ) 3/4 for the las year, ending
Decemb er last
150.
400

Grafton str: Febr. 25th. 1805.

GENERAL MIRANDA

Graf ton
N. T. V,

f. 188.

Street

Fitzroy Square.

Inhabitants of Trinidad in 1804.


White English
363
do. Spaniards
419
do. French
1571
Total White
2353.
Free People of Colour mostly Freneh 6,407
Lidian Natives
1.071
Slaves 1/3 French
20.919
Total Inhabitants
30.750.
N.: T. V, f.

189.

Plan for the forming of a small Corpswith


the idea of inereasing the numbers as the serviee may require--and to form a foundation on
which a legion may be raised-fitted for serve
in. This corps to consist of heavy Infantry,

150

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Light Infantry or Riffle men, a proportion of

Cavalry and artillery.


The Corps to
a 2d. Lt.
eonsist of 4 2 Companies
Command of
of
eompanies
Cavalry
Riffle Men
heavy
Infantry

Commdt. 2d.
in Command.
Cap t . commanding Companies
1et. Lieutenant
2d. Lieutenant
Surgeon
2 Surgeon 's mates
Sergeants
Corporals
Drums
Bugles

4
8
4

2
4
2

12
12
8

6
6

2
2

120

20.

Trumpetor

Artificers
Taners
Privates 60 fr Company

1
240

The Offieers neeessary to eompleat the Staff


may be found from the subalterns aflowing a
proper eompensation for this troublea added
to the Corps by appointement
a 2a. Lt.

Command of
Artillery

1
2
2

5
15
N.:

STRENGTH OF TFIE CORPS


1 Commandant
1 2 d. Command
6 Captains
12 Lt.
8 2 d. Lieutenants
1 Surgeon
2 Surgeons mates,
22 Sergeans
22 Corporals
8 Drums bring 2 pr. Con', of Infantry
2 Bugles bring 1 pr. CoY. of Rifflemen
1 Trumpeter for the Cavalry
5 Artificers attached to the Artillery
1 Taner attached to the Cavalry.
395 Privates.

r. v., f. 190.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

151

PLAN for the forming of a Small Corpswith the idea of icreas the numbers of the service may required and to form a Foundation on
which a Legion many be raised fitted for Service in. This Corps to consists of hea-vy Inf antry, Light Infantry or Riffle man a proportion

of Cavalry and Artillery.


Commandant
2 d . in Command

Captains Commanding
Comp Y
l st. Lieutenants
2(1 . Lieutenants
Surgeon
2 Surgeon Mates
Sergeants
Corporals
Brums
Bugles
Trumpetor
Artifieers
Furrier
Privates 60 pr Company

The Corps to
consist of 4
Two
companies of Companies
Heavy
of
Infantry
Rifle Men.

a 2d.
Lieutenants
Command of
Cavalry

4
8
4

2
4
2

12

12

1
1

240

120

20

288

142

27

The Officers necessary to compleat the Staff


may be found from the subalterns aflowing
a proper compensation for this trouble, or added to the Corp by appointement.
N.: T. V, f. 192.

152

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

A 2d. Lieuta.
Command of
Artillery.

STRENGTH OF THE CORPS

15

1 Commandant
1 2d. in Command
6 Captains
12 Lieutenants
8 2d. Lieutenants
1 Surgeon
2 Surgeons Mates
22 Sergeants
22 Corporals
2 Drums being 2 pr . CompY. of Infantry
2 Bugles being - p r . CompY. of Rifle Men.
1 Trumpeter for the Cavalry
5 Artificers attached to the Cavalry
1 Funier attached to the Cavalry
395 Privates

25

487 Total.

1
2
2

Sir
I have the honor to inform you in obedience to the
InAructions, I received from Mr Michael llogan owner
of the private Ship of War the Chance Under my
Command I sailed from hence on the 16" of February
last to Cruize on the Coast of Peru, on the 15' of April
Anchored at Port Jackson to Compleat Wood and
Water and our Ships Company to Eighty having taken on Board with the Governors permission thirty
men who were out of their tune.
On the 27' I sailed taking on boards at the request
of Governor King Nine Convicts of dangerous Characters whom 1 landed and delivered to Major Joveaux

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

153

Lieutenant Governor of Norfolt. Isle in the SouPacific Latitude 29 2 South Longitude 168.
10 East on the 16 of May I sailed from thence. On the
6 of July anchored at the Island of S' Mary's on the
Coast of Chili in Latitude 375 South Longitude 73
West where we compleated our Water we proceeded
W'd Examining every anchorage till we arrived
off the Port of Valparyso when on sending in Boats
manned and armed I found only one ship Dismantled
that was not worth taking.
On the night of the 4 of August 1 sent five Boats
weil appointed into the port of Arica in Latitude 18
South they suceeded in bringing out a Spanish Brig
the only Vessel laying there under a Battery of 12
guns this Vessel being empty was senttled out of
Soundings. Continued our Course to the Northward
(lose in shore till on the 6" of august I anchored in
tue Port of Vio Latitude 170 60 South, here I found
four Brigs of about 130 Tons each two in Ballast and
two with yelow Earth which we took possession of
without much resistance, being in want of refreshnichts. I sent five Boats well manned under the Orders of the first and second Mates exclusive of 20 men
trained as Marines under the Command of Mr Dyes
Surgeon, who acted as Marine Officer During Our cruize on approaching the Town the Inhabitants abandoned it after the fire of a few Volleys of small arms, the
Governor, and the Colonel Commanding the troops,
were so close pressed by our party that they were
falzen prisoners and sent on Board the Chance, before
2 P.M. We had entire possession of the Town of
Ylo and our party consisting of 60 men finding horses
mules sufficient to mount the whole (saddled)
rode alter the Spaniards, and penetrated as far as 10
miles in the Country in which rout they took possessioti of 2 villages from whence they drove 25 Oxen
and about 100 sheep with a few sacks of flour and
p orn the Inhabitants suffered no injury nor was there
a ny plunder allowed, at 12 at night they returned to
tue

thern

N.: T.

'V,

f. 193.

154

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

the town of Ylo without any loss Except the Boatswain and 3 men that deserted to the Enemy bringing
with them the supply wanted, at 10 A.M. On the seventh the Enemy appeared in great force all mounted
apparently well appointed to the number of 400, mir
party being formed near the town charged and drove
them in great confusion having several dead in different directions, the object of the Attack being attained the Cattle and all hands were embarked that Evening with only 2 men wounded. On the 8" the Governor having pledged his honor that he would have the
four Deserters in their possession sent back on Condition that the officer and him were allowed to go oll
shore and that we should desist from further Hostililies in consequence of having many prisoners I agreed
to his proposals and he was landed I lay till the 10"
under a flag of Truce then sent a Boat on shore without Armes to demand the fulfilment of his Enagements but to my astonishment and Indignation they
were opposed by a party of armed Men and with diffieulty got on board again; this finished my truce and
determined our destroying the Town which under the
fire from the Ships was effected before night by a
party and landed for the purpose after dark we weighed and made sail with the four Brigs in Company but
their value being small and that sending them here
would reduce the Crew xx I scuttled the whole
deep water.
N.: T. V, f. 194.

I continued our Rout to the northward till on the


16" of August close off Lima I fell in with two ships
and a Brig which we hove too to engage they wore
and stood in being dose under the Batterys I coud not
with safety pursue them.
At 4 P.M. on the 19" of August the Island of St
Laurance bear-ning N 6 two Leagues saw a large ship
bearing towards us at 9 brought her to dose action and
engaged her within half pisto! Shot for an hour and
an half but finding the metal much heavier than ours

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

155

and full of men boarded her on the Starboard quarter


lashing the Chances Bow Sprit to her Mizen Mast and
after desperate resistance of three quarters of an hour
beat them off the upper Deck but they still defended
from the cabin and Lower Deck with long pikes in a
most gallant manner till they had twenty five men
killed and twenty Eight wounded of whom the Captn
was one getting final possession she was sock dose to
fue Island that with much difficulty we got her off
sbore all her Braces and Rigging being cut to pieces
by our Grape Shot. She proved to be the new Spanish Ship Amiable Maria of about six hundred tons
mounting 14 guns eighteen twelve and nine pounders
Brass and carrying 120 Men from Conception bound
from Lima laden with Corn Wine Bale Goods, cep On
this occasion I am much concerned to state M r Bennett
a very valuable and brave Officer was so dangerously
wounded that he died three days after the Action the
2" and 4th Mates Marin Officer and two Sea Men badly
wounded by Pikes but since recovered. On the 20th
both Ships being much disabled and being more prisoners then Crew. I stood close in and sent Eighty six
on Shore in the large Ship Lauch to Lima we afterwards learned that seventeen of the wounded had died
having spent some days in refitting the Ships standing
off to t;he Coast and dispatched the prize on the 24th
of august for the Cape with two Officers and twenty
six men and four months provision and water. On the
25" I stood in for the Cruizing Ground off Lima on
the 8th of September Entered the Port of Pisco where
we found a large Gun Boat with a long Brass eighteen
pounded in her Bow which after a short Action we
took possession off and destroyed.
N.: T. V, f. 194. vto.

On the 20' of September stood into the Harbour


Of Payta found two ships and one Brig Spanish laying
there armed at 1-/2 past 6 P.M. Engaged them dose an
hour three quarters obliged them to cut . . . and
Put to sea but being on a Sea Shore our Maxts salis and

156

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

standing and running Rigging much cut from the fire


of three vessels we were unable to persue them further.
At 4 A.M. on the 24' of September standing in to
cut out from the Roads of Puna in Guaiaquil Bay a
Ship that I had information of mounting 22 Guns feil
in -with a large Spanish Brig with a Broad pendant
at main top mast head a 5 she Commenced her fire on
us but she being at a distance to windward and desirous to bring her to close action we received three
Broadsides before a shot was returned at 1/2 past 5
being Yard arm and yard arm commenced our fire
with great effect and after a very severe Action of 2
hours and three quarters during the later part she
made every effort to get away I had the honor to see
the Spanish flag struck to the Chance she proved to
be the Spanish Man of War Brig Limeo mounting
long six pound Guns commanded by Commodore Von
Philip De Martinez the Senior Officer of the Spanish
Marine on that Coast and manied with One hundred
and forty Men sent from Guaiaquill for the express
purpose of taking the Chance and then to proceed to
the Northward to take three English Whalers laying
in olle of their ports she had fourteen men killed seven
wounded the Captain mortally wounded who died two
days after the action the chance had two Men killed
and one wounded and had only fifty men at the Cornmencement of the Action mounting 16 Guns 12 and 6
pounders. The shattered state of Both Vessels determined me to send the prisoners on shore after the 2'
Captain two Lieutenants and other Officers giving
written Engagements that they would not serve till
they were Exchanged as prisoners of war by officers
of equal rank they were landed under a Flag of Truce
in the River Jumbos the Commodor Buried under a
Salute of Eleven Guns from each Ship as a tribute of
respect for his rank Bravery and the general good
racter he bore from his Officer and Crew who were
my Prisoners.
N.: T. V, f. 195.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

157

I remained in the Bay Guiaquill refitting both


Ships for a Week having taken the Command of the
Brig Myself being of very superior force to the Chane and devided the Men their proceeded to Gallipagos
Island to refresh and the time limited for the 0-ruize
being out left the Coast on the 9' of October and parted Company with the Chance off Cape Town on the
16th of November.
I cannot in justice dose the detail of my cruize
without stating my gratefull acknowledgements to the
Officers and Men I had under my Command from the
formed I liad on all and on very trying occasions assistance and support that does them the greatest Honor and from the latter steady obedience and true
English Bravery.
The Limeo is a very fast sailing fine Vessel of
reat dimensions About 6 years old compleately Equipped as a Man of War Cost 3 months ago 40.000 Spanish Dollars in a thorough repair in Guiaquill is new
(loppered and in my opinion well calculated for his
Majesty's Service for which I beg leave to make you
a Tender of her . . .
have the Honor to be with the 1Ttmost respect,
Sir
N.: T. V, fol. 196.

Your obedient and most Humble Servant


Singd

WILLIAM WHITE.

I have the pleasure to endose the parole of Honor

signed by the second Captain and first Lieutenant for

iliemselves five other Officers and 110 Seamen and


Marines taken in the Limeo that from a scarcity of
Water and Provision and the fear of having too many
p risoners on Board I was necessitated to land together
with Copies of my two Letters to the Vice Roy of Lima
a one to the Governor of Pisco.

1 have the honor to remain

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

158

With the utmost respect


Sir,
Your very obedient and most humble Servt
Sign'd

WILLIAM WHITE.

12 Deer. 1801.

Al Reverso del folio 196.


Copy
Captn. Wrn. WHITE to
Sm ROGER CURTIS
Admiral &e.
respeeting South America
N.: T. V, f. 196.

El folio 198 es la continuaci6n de un folleto impreso en castellano que


trata sobre la manera de prevenir y curar la fiebre amarilla.

TARJETAS DE -VISITA

M. N. VANSITTART

SIR GEORGE POWNALL

Paris Hotel
Suffolk Street

Great George Street


N9 36. Wetminster

Hay Market.

Mr.

Durweston Street
24
Baker Street.
Lt. COL'. RUTHERPURD

GORE

P. P. C.
Reddishi Hotel
St. James Street.

MAJOR GEN'. POPHAM

LIEut. Col). VASSALL


Ibbotson's Hotel
Vere Street, Cavendish Square.

al reverso del 201


SAMUEL WILLIAMS

13 Finsbury Square
N.: T. V, f. 201.

T. J. PEIRCE
Lime Street-- 46.
Red Lion Square.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

159

My dear General
I have engaged Vansittart & Mt Williamson to morrow at six at Fulham when I hope to have the pleaure of seeing you.perhaps you and Williamson will
eorne togetherHe is at Brunets in Leicester fields.
Yours very sineerey
EVAN NEPEAN.

Fulham Tuesday night.


26 Feb.
GENERAL

MIRANDA

27Grafton Street-Fitzroy Sq.


N.: T. V, f. 204.

ce Vendredi /r. Mars.

General
Sir N. ne vient pas a la Chambre des Communes eet
apresmidi je lui unirai ce soir. Je suis fach d'etre
oblig a sortir demain d'assez bonne heure & de ne
pas savoir precisement a quelle heure je pourrai renMoo eher

trer.

ever yours
N.:

T. V, f.

205.

N. V.

le Lunds: mir
5 March 1805

Mon eher

General
vu N. cet apresmidi qui m'a dit avoir eu avec
Milord M.une longue conferenee sur ce qui vous eoncerne mais sans avoir reeu le deeision si long tems
ntendu.
N.:

T. V, f.

206.

160

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

J'al promis a Milord Sidmouth de passer chez lai


demain a onze heures, ce qui m'empechera de vous recevoir: mais j'espere que le tems pourra etre bien eim
ploy pour la cause.
Tout a vous.
N. V.
GENERAL MIRANDA

N.: T. V, f. 206.

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Sq.

Mon eher General


J'ai trouv V S. tres dispos a faire ce qui dependroit de lui. Je n'ai pu parler hier a N. a cause de la
foule dont la chambre et remplie, mais j'espere le
trouver plus facilement aujourd'hui.
L'arrive d'un de mes parents en ville m'oblige a
m'exeuser aupres de vous ce matin.
Yours sincerely
N. V.
GEN'.

N.: T. V, f. 207.

MIRANDA

27Graften Street
Fitzroy Sq.

Mon eher General


Il a eu vraiment un qui proquo dans le billet que
vous avez reu mais qui etoit destin pour une autre
personne. Celui que vous auriez du reevoir portoit
seulement que je preferois de passer chez vous demain
a onze heures puisque j'etois engag en ville a diner
& que nous aurions par consequent plus de loisir.
Tout a vous
N.: T. V,

f.

208.

N. V.

161

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

ce 9 Mars.

Mon eher General


J'ai vu Mr Gooke mil m'a promis d'arranger vos
affaires Lundi. Je viens de reevoir une sommation
pour onze heures Lundi matin mais j'espere ne
vous incommodera pas de passer ici sur les dix heures
& demi.

Tout a vous.
N.V.
GENERAL MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Sq.
N.: T. V, f. 209.

Mon eher General

ce Jeudi 14 Mars.

C'est avec bien de chagrin que j'ai appris que Sir


E.N: est attaqu par une indisposition assez grave
pour le retenir au lit. C'est ce qui m'a empech toute
la semaine de le voir, & comme je passerai dans votre
quartier demain vers midi, je ne vous donnerai pas la
peine de

venir ici auparavant.

Tout a vous.

N. V.

GEN . MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Pitzroy Square-N.: T. V, f. 210.

Mon eher General

Notre ami n'etoit pas assez retabli pour me recevoi r. 11 etoit cependant un peu mieux & avoit quitt
SO n

lit.

162

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

J'espere vous voir demain vers midi surtout si VOUS


avez appris quelque chose de nouveau.
Tout a vous
N. V.
ce 17 Mars.
N.: T. V, f. 211.

ce Dimanehe soir
a Blackheath

Mon eher General


Une estafette qui vient d'arriver d'Irlande m'apporte la nomination de seeretaire de la part du Vieeroi
ce qui me donnera beaueoup d'oecupation demain
matin & m'empeehera d'avoir le plaisir de vous recevoir.
Tout a vous.
N. V.
GENERAL MIRANDA

27Graf ton Street


Fitzroy Sq.
N.: T. V, f. 212.

Al folio 213 se encuentra un impreso sobre la limpieza y orden a


de un buque redactada por Sir Home Popham.

bordo

My Dear Sir
I write this from the Admiralty, where I have beeu
waiting sometimeLord Melville is here--but Lord
Castlereagh has been long with him ez your friend Sir
Home Popham has had a long Conference with hirn.
& has not yet left him.Lord Melville would see me,

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

163

but I cannot wait longer & shall again call on him


Iorrow.
Allways My Dr General sincerely Yours.

to

JOHN TURNBULL

Thursday 5 o'Celok

SIR ROBt. PRESTON

Several others have been disappointed of seeing

Lord MelvilleI hope that Sir Home will settle every


hing satisfactorily.
N.: T. V, f. 214.

The Elephant 79 & the Maidstone Frigate 32 were


paid off nearly the same time.
The whole of the Elephants Ships Company was
lurned over to the Ramillies& the Maidstones ships
Companywas divided between the Diadem 60 & the
Jacon 32now in proportion to the complement of the
two cutters the Diadem ought to have had 2/3This
Circunstance is mentioned because General Miranda
says tha the Diadem has had such marked attention.

Trinidad 5 January 1805.

My Dear General
I have got your letter of the
Septr and the Duplicate of it of the 20' Novr 1804.
I have seen Jardie and Des Sources and shown
your letters to themThey both seem willing to serve
you, and I believe are capable of it particularly the
latter who seems to be considered a good soldierI
asisted in procuring Sanchez some lands here on
which he is settled at presentCaero is employed by
the CavildoEspaa has been employed by me in my
D epartment for there 18 months and is now turned
suveyorLabarrere who is the best of them is still in
my Department at .300 p.an. and has been employed

164

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

in levelling the projected canal. Rico is the only that


is unprovided, I have given them about 60 dollars
amongst them, and to say the truth. I have found it
difficult even to spare that, for I have so many people
hanging upon me, that my income hardly sufficesI owe at the same time near 2.000 which must be
paidyou see therefore my good general that I must
draw in, in order to do justice to my creditorsYou
might possibly have it in your power to forward the
fixing of the fees of my office which they have never
yet done and on which my principal dependance for
advancing my fortune in this country restThe person who now occupies M r Sulivans place is engaged to
get this settled for me, and I understood has promised
to do itbut it is possible he may forget it, and if you
could bring it to his recollection Ulis any of your
friends you would oblige me.
N.: T. V, f. 215.

I give you joy of the propsect you now have of


executing your schemesI have letters which say
that war with Spain is inevitableand I can see no
object the Minister can have of equal importance or
of equal probability of success as the on you proposeI wish you every successIt will give me much pleasure to visit you in a new situation covered with glory.
I remain My Dear General
Most truly you
W. RUTIIERFURD.
N.: T.

V,

f. 210.

My Dear General
My not having been favored by a visit from you,
makes me conclude nothing very Interesting to you
liad yet been arranged.
Sir Evan Nepean has written me a note to say
that he will be with me in the course of this day.

165

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

I presume with an intention to tak over your matters-Tu teil you the Truth, I am beeome quite eallous upon
the subject, and but for you. I would entirely decline
baving communieation with any person further upon
the businessSo much time having already been lost.
1 fear the most extraordinary exertion will be necessary to make up the see way, should it be determined
to put the Original plan into Execution. I detest drivilling opperationI am My Dear General
Your most faithfully
A. D.
Wednesday Morning.
3 April 1805.

My Dear General
Our friend has been with me, but I regret he is not
yet authorised to go fully into the business.
Nothing will be finally decided upon till this eursed
matter respecting the naval Enquiry is settled, which
(umnot go beyond the weekour friend is as anxious
as you are to bring the affair to a decisionand larient very much indeed thus there should be farther
delay--but he cannot help itI have not seen sir
Horne for some daysI want to have a few minutes
eonversation with him, I imagine he must be greatly
oecupied at the present moment preparing every thing
for the Information of the House of Comuns upon his
own cause so essentially Interesting to Hirnseif-11e
will come off with Flying ColoursCol. Williamson
sat an hour with me this morning, as impatient as a
man well can be,but alas! all the pressing and the
exertion any private Individual can make avails nottbingI am sorry you have been indisposed, but hope
soon to receive a visit from you.

166

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

The West India account are unfortunate as they


are unpleasant at this Junction.
I am My Dear General
Your most truly
A. D.
Wednesday
4 o'Cloek.
N.: 'I'. V, f. 218.

Wednesday 2 o'clock.

Dear Sir.
The Schooner Nelly from Barbados has arrived this
morning with despatches from Come Hoodtheir purport is not yet known in the City.
The unpleasant News of yesterday occasions much
uneasiness among the West India Merehte and MT P.
is much reprobated for the sharneful unprotected State in which he has suffered the Islands to remain.
I am Dr Sir
Your most obdt Servt
GEO FITZWILLIAM.

GEN . MIRANDA.

&e. &e. &c.

N.: T. V, f. 219.

Graf ion sir: Jan'. 19 1805.

My Lord
By repeated advises from the Coasts of the Province of Caracas, it appears that the enemy has already send some small force from Europe to this Province, previous to the declaration of warhaving at
the same time taken measures to cut of all communication with the island of Trinidad. This step shews

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

167

that his attention is turned towards that quarter, and


if we dont move with some degree of celerity, all the
'Ileasures in contemplation upon that part of the Continent of S. America, may be easely defeated, by the
Enemy takin (from any unforseen accident) the start
lipon us.
As my Friend sir Evan Nepean, and Sir Home Popham are in daily communication with your Lordship,
I dont demand interviews that may take much of your
dttention: yet if compatible with the pressure of the
you could grant me a short audience I should
extremely
hapy, and the Political arrangement of
lic
the Plan might receive considerable benefit from it.
I am with the highest consideration respect,
my Lord
your most obedt hume sert
FR.
N.: T. V, f. 220.

DE

M-a.

Graf ton street March the 29th.


1805

My Lord.
it is with great concern I learn, that armements
are fitting up in the Ports of Spain for their Colonies
in S. Americaif they take the start upon us, it is
evident that our Calculations will be in sufficient, and
our Projets probably defeated. Give me leave therefore My Lord to beg of your Lordship the grant of
that final division that is wanted only for carring our
p reconcerted Plans into execution. Or at least the indispensable Authorizations to Col: Williamson, 8r Mr
A. Davison for preparing the Arms, and organising the
Corps already approuved and recommended by Sir E.
Nepean.

The absence of Sir Evan from the Admiralty now


and the pressure of actual circunstances, will excuse

168

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

my solicitude at this present momentand I hope will


obtain from your Lordship's Patriotisme, and wisdom
such prompt 84 efficace measures as will save my unfortunate Country from its pending ruin, and insure
to Great Britain and everlasting source of commertial
prosperity.
I am with great respect and the highest consideration.
my Lord
your most obedt hume servt

M.
R, II, LORD MELVILLE.
N.: T. V, f. 220 vto.

(PRIVATE)

Graf ion street ce 10 Avril 1805

My Dear Sir Evan.


je suis tres aflig de ce qui s'est pass hier la
Chambre de Communs : et je vous prie de presenter mes
sentimens de reconnoissance et de respect Mylord
Me ; il partage le sort des hommes illustres presque
partout; mais ii ne doit pas doutter que la Posterit et
mme ses contemporains lui renderont la justice qu'on
lui refuse dans ce moment, par une suite de la plus
violente persecuttion qu'on a jamais v.
je vous prie de voir s'il n'a pas encore dans son
pouvoir les Documens m'appartenant que vous avez
remis Mr Pitt avant votre depart pour l'Irlandeils
sont d'une importance majeure et par cel mme doivent etre mis l'abri de toutte inspection. S'il les a
remis mr P vous deveriez mme les reprendre ce
me semble crainte qu'ils ne s'egarent pas, etant des
originaux, et pour les mettre ensemble avec ceux que
Mr Vansittart en a dans son pouvoir. je vous supplie
de ne pas negliger cette importante recherche dans le
moment actuel.

189

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

je suis charm d'apprendre que votre sant se retablie rapidementet je ne manquerai pas de aller vous
voir Fulham la fin de la semaine.
it vous toujours...
M-A.

the R. II. SIR E VAN NEPEAN.


N.: T. V, f.

221.

TARJETAS DE VISITA
LE CHEVr. D 'AND'UAOA.

Envoy extraordinaire
et Ministre Plenipotentiaire
de sa Majest Catholique
Lower Brook street N 43.

Coi). DuNLoP
G t . Suffolk S.

21 Brompton Road
request the Honor of General
Miranda 's Company to Dinner
on Tuesday next the O th of October at half past five o eloek.
CAPt. COLUMBINE

LE COM TE DE NEST

24 St. Alban's St.


Mr. COCHRANE

COLONEL FULLARTON

58 IIarley Street.

at M. DORINGTON 'S

Millbank row
Weqtminster.

W. CHARLES TAYLOR

Adelphi

N.: T. V, f. 222.

My Dear

General.

Will you have the goodness to give lis the Honor of


your Company to Dinner on Thursday at five o dockhave the Honor to be My Dear Sir
Your faithfull and Obed t Servt
W. FUILARTON
21 Brompton Road30 th . Jan s'. 1805.
N. : T. V, f. 232.

170

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Col. Pieton Letter to Lord Hobart


a Pamphlet (Spanish Ships)

Telegraph
Consideration for & against S.A.'".
d
d
d
Hobby Bill
Present State of France
Golf Pownals Pamphlet
paid at New York off er lto for letter to
be sent to ship Warren at Gravesend .
Saddlers Bill
Hatters Bill
Tin Man Bill

1.
2. 6
7. e,
2.
2.,,
6.18.
3. 6
3. 6
.
1.10.
1.10.
1. 7.

6
0
0
4

. 12. 7. 4
5. -

To be paid Mr Turnbull

. 12.12. 4
Paid
. 10. -. -. 8

as
per
other
side
remains

10. 8. . 2. 4. 4

N.: T. V,

f. 233.

Reed to exehange into Gold


gave in Gold Change
2 Guineas
5 do.
5 do.
remains due.
N.: T. V, f. 233 vto.

20.
7.
2.
5.
5.

.
2.
5.
5.

19.12.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

My Dear General

171

25, King Street


St. James's 26th. March 1805.
Tuesday.

M" Fullarton and I request the Honor of your


Company to Dinner on Monday next the first of april
quarter before six o clock.
You will mee Capt Columbine and sornes other
Friends.He and I propose dining tomorrow at the
ammal meeting of the society of artsof which I told
you the other day that I am a Member. If you will
give us the honor of your Company it will add much
to the satisfaction wo shall have at the meeting.I
euelose a helmet, as I am a subscriber. We shall go
from hence to the Crown and Anchor Tavern in the
Strand a quarter before five o clock. and request you
will take the trouble to call for us there that we may go
togetherI have the Honor to be with true respect &
regard

My Dear General Yours most faithfully


W. FULLARTON.
GENRAL MIRANDA

&, Se, &e.


27 Graft,on Street
N.: T. y,

N[r


f. 234.

Fitzroy Square

Cusac est paye de ses Leons jusques au rnois

d'Aout 1804.

pay completement le 20mars 1805.

172

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Aout 25 began
Sept. 25 absent
Oct. 11 began again
N.: T. V, f. 235.

Apuntes personales
Carta de RutherfurdHongevendoctrina Partieularum.
dinero para mis Pagos.
Libros.
Pownal y Fowkner
Paillio Caseaxales.
Urquijo libre.
Caxigal, en Caracas
Saravia, en Guatemala
Narvaez, en Panam
Toro, en Aragua
Eserivir a Merry
N.: T. V, f. 236.

1)
Exe: en Caracas el ario de 1798
D. M. de Espaa: a la Guaira.

D.

Blanco: de Caracas.

De las 62 personas que arrestaron en Caracas de


resultas del levantamiento proyectado en 1797, se
ahorcaron tambien despus ocho, el 10. de los mulatos
y negros de la misma ciudad t otros se cortaron las
manos se embiaron presidio etc.
Y todo esto despus de una amnista general con
que el govierno espaiiol los atrajo, para engaiiarlos:
deshonrarse ms y ms, a s mismo: y colmar la medida de sus crmenes y crueldad asia l'Ameriea y sus
infelizes habitantes.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

173

2)

De estas personas; que por la mayor parte eran


de las principales familias de Caracas, y Viscainos establecidos all; los que no fueron executados, los embiaron a Espaa, en dos o tres embarcaciones que se
apuontaron para el efecto; cargados de cadenas y hie r ro: Por fortuna que estas embarcaciones fueron apresadas por los Ingleses, aquellas que lo fueron por corsarios tuvieron la felicidad los presos, de que aviendolos
desembarcado en las islas de Bahama, se fueron a Philadelphia, y New York, donde sus amigos y parientes
les enviaron socorros para subsistir etc. ... D. Mani.
Gual, y Espaa se fueron a la Isla de Trinidad; de
donde me escribi el primero sobre estos asuntos y
Espaa pereci, porque disgustado del carcter insoleme y desptico de Picton el Gov r . de Trinidad, se
meti en el peligro nuebamente y se perdi. La tercera

embarcacin lleg hasta la Ensenada de Cdiz,

donde una fragata inglesa de las que bloqueavan aquel


puerto la apres el Capitan o Comitre espaol le
hizo ver al (jefe ingles que no trahia mas cargazon que
la de 15 rebeldes de la prov a . de Caracas para que el
Rey de Epa. los hiziese ahorcar, y que los tenia bien

encadenados a este efecto bajo de escotillas el otro


cap itan Ingles parece que era de la familia raza Nelson, y as puso al instante vandera parlamentaria y los
entreg en el pto. de Cdiz no sin horror segn me
han asegurado de los mismos espaoles testigos de la
villenia! ! ! En fin siguieron los infelizes cargados de
cadenas hasta Madrid donde haze poco mas de un ario
que hicieron correr la voz de que avian ahorcado 5.;
y el resto los embiaron presidios y castillos etc. (Para
celebrar esta fiesta era naturalmente, el combite que
P r . (agigal me proponia la Espaa haze dos aos)
En fin todo el mundo, sin distineon de colr, ha
>ido desarmado en la Proa. de Caracas, no permitiendo
a . ninguno que tenga armas de fuego, ni en la ciudad
ni en el campo. La indignacin lleg a tal punto
que las familias de los ajusticiados y proscriptos por
la
5 ) mayor parte, se han ausentado del pas, unos a la

174

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Havana y otros a Cuman, la Margarita etc. ... de


modo que se halla la provincia en una desolacin general, y una indignacin que no es disimulable. Aadiendose todo esto, el que los Americanos del Norte,
que durante la guerra sacavan los productos del pas,
y trahian algunas manufacturas y cosas necesarias al
consumo, se han expelido con motivo de la paz; finalmente todo estava en la mas calamitosa suspensin,
al tiempo que el informante se embarc para Europa
a la conclusin de la guerra con la Inglaterra en
Enero 1802.
(Estas notas son de pullo y letra de Miranda).
N.: T. V. fe. 237 y

238.

REFLEXIONES DE UN SUGETO AMANTE A LA LIVEBTAD


INDEPENDENCIA DE LAS AMERICAS ESPAOLAS

Sobre la independencia de las Americas Espaolas,


qe en la actualidad mas qe nunca, desean en todas partes
se les presente ocasin, p a sacudirse del Yugo qe los
oprime de tanto tiempo.
Solo un Talento particular como lo tiene el S or Du
Franca Miranda, con la excelente recomendacion de los
elogios qe pr sus bastos conocimientos ha merecido se
hagan a su merito pr todo aquel continente (de lo q e he
si do testigo) pudiera comvinar y adquirir los auxilios
qe son tan necesarios y dirijir como principal Gefe esta
grande obra con la que se inmortalizaria de gloria.
Al efecto y deseoso un apacionado qe con l mayor
interes y causas; desea se realize con la posible brevedad, manifestar sega mis alcances lo qe se me ocurra
en el particular.
Se hace indispensable q e para principiar, quente
dho. Seor con tener asu obediencia un cierto nmero
de sugetos de la mejor f y honor, q e lo ayuden ejecutar y practicar sus ordenes con el mejor acierto; los
quales fuesen reunidos al punto qe se les mandase al
tiempo oportuno.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

175

Soy de opinion cie haviendo auxilios de dinero sean


inmediatamte comisionados sinco individuos en quienes
se reconozcan estimulo de ambicion a esta empresa; pa
el N., Trinidad de Barlob t ; Jamaica: Curazao y la
Granada. para q cada uno de por si : acrediten sus
( PE eos y celo en reclutar gente util serialandoseles el
Quartel provisional donde deveran de dirigirse con
bligacion de hacr patente cada uno de los sinco su
conducta con una cuenta y razon ge aclare la integridad
de su comiso ; esto proporcionaria induvitablemente un
cuerpo respetable de mil y quinientos hombres los
menos utiles, con que dar principio la campaa.
N.: T. V, f.

240.

Tambien seria muy del caso qe si hubiese persona de


satisfaccion en Trinidad de Barlovt, se le confiaze bajo
de reserba con antelacion, la comision de buscar dos
individuos para la tierra firme con barios impresos en
(1 se declaren los d r08 perdidos ge ban recobrar con lo
(lemas qe favoresca al intento; en calidad de emisarios
ofreciendoles una recompensa digna de tan buen servi(jo; pe esto contribuiria despertar los animos, y de qe
mas atrevidos nos recibiesen con aclamaciones de
Paz.

En mi entender, toda la dificultad de exterminar el


actual en estas Provincias, conciste en las dos
Pl azas de la Guaira y P t Cavello por las razones qe
dir: e inmediatamt sepa el Capa G-en' la llegada cierta
del Gens Miranda no digo la costa si n inmediato
al continente ; sin detenerse Junta de guerra ni cosa
(le lo embrome; trata de hacer trasladar la Guaira los
caudales, archibos Publicos y de Gl-ovierno los Tribunales toda la sala de armas con las personas Cle se hallen
expuestas insultos, sin olbidar su equipage y dinero :
mandara reforzar de tropa r o Cavello y poner la
Plaza en estado de recistir alg t P depocitando los viberes nesesarios otro tanto har con la Plaza de la
Guaira excepcion de la tropa q con sigo
pl su custodia y con la q har la retirada los primeros
movimientos al Paiz y qe el Gen' Miranda haya entrado.
Govn

176

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Antes de estas medidas la principal y mas interesante g e tomar sera la de embiar embarcaciones ligeras
P te Rico Havana y han Cartagena de India; en
los dos primeros pidiendo los auxilios g e prontam te se
le pudiesen mandar, y en el ultimo, p e g e en el Reyno se
precabiesen supuesto se haya amenazado, todo esto
traheria crudas consecuencias, y el modo de evitarlo es
el sigte.
N.: T. V,

. 241.

Haunq e se proceda la reunion de gentes Gle se han


de armar en el punto Cle se sefiale, y los emisarios indicados, de lo Cle puede resultar transcenderse el proyecto, nada de esto pondr en movimte al Cap e Gen'
(haunq e en su interior sienta otra cosa) mediante h
qe es lo mismo Cl e s Pre se ha dibulgado halli ; p r lo que
acreditaria pusilanimidad y temor q e redundaria en
deshonor de su authoridad ; por lo tanto tal resolucin
y abisos sern ejecutados con la realidad de la llegada
del Jefe de la expedicion haunq e como 116 dho. sea inmediato al continente: instruido de sus actividad y de
Gle sabr estrechar sus disposiciones p e proceder inmediatamente las hostilidades.
Por lo tanto convendria se sacasen de aqui 6 de uno
de los Puertos del N. una Frag te armada en guerra: dos
Bergantines con dos coters Goletas de fuerzas, en la
primera deveria de navegar el enunciado Gefe y bajo
de la que hiria los barcos de transporte con el armamento y demas efecto Cle se condujese, con lo q e la
bista q e se descubriese el Puerto q e se haia de tomar,
se destacasen los quatro Buques de guerra menores
recorrer la extencion del orizonte con fuerza de Bela,
haciendo entrar toda embarcacion (le descubriesen,
q e no se permitiria salir ni otra alguna, hta ge no
se berificase la marcha de la expedicion, observando las
demas reglas q e condujesen al intento siendo una de
ellas, la de tomar en el interin los puntos necesarios
con los mismos Buques de guerra.
En solo tres dias de detencion en dho. Puerto Cle se
haia de permanecer el Gefe para arreglar la tropa y

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

177

ordenar las demas disposiciones es suficiente t": para


armar ocho embarcaciones menores q e con a nticipacion
se habra pactado su compra; los seis en caoneros con
una pieza de artilleria cada uno del calibre de 18 6 24
y los dos con un mortero cada uno arreglando del mejor
modo sus tripulaciones.
N.: T. V, f. 241 vto.

Si el numero de tropas excediese de mil hombres


seria mas favorable dividirlas en dos partes, la una con
el primer Gefe qe desembarcase entre las dos Provincias de Cuman y la nueva andalucia y la segunda al
cargo de un oficial de acreditado balor p. rudencia talentos y conocimt"a Militares y haun del Paiz se dirigiese
por el Puerto de Ocumares, con instrucc a de sus operaciones y facultades Cl e se le concediese de maniobrar
conforme las circunstancias de lo q e deveria de dar
cuenta, con individualidad.
Dispuesta ya la salida sea baxo de este pie 6 del
modo qe sea ; luego se d la Bela: la esquadra ligera que
sern los Buques de guerra de Bergantines y coters lo
liar con anticipacion llevando la banguardia con bastante delantera pa que descubra h" el primer punto de
desembarco en donde podran quedar y anclar la Frag"
armada Barcos de transporte q e esta dibision pertenescan con tres caoneros y una Bombarda en donde
esperaban las ordenas del Gefe sobre la retirada, o lo q
combenga de apostaderos pa cooperar con sus fuerzas.
Los dos Bergantines de guerra, seguiran sin detenerse un momento cruzar sobre la Guaira con orden
de no dejar salir ni entrar embarcacion alga.
Con la segunda division seguir los dos coters las
tres caoneras, una Bombardera y los barcos de transporte h" el Puerto de ocumares, desde donde del mismo
modo pasaran cruzar los dos cuters sobre la Plaza de
Puerto cavello, y solo las dhas. caoneras fondearan pa
abrigar el desembarco, y subsistirn hta qe se le comunique las ordenes de este segd Gefe.
De este modo se lograria alistar un mismo t e habiendo armas, municiones, bestuario, y demas con alga

178

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

artilleria y de campaa, gente con qe poder formarse


dos exercitos tambien situados, que esto junto al Bloqueo de las dos Plazas proporcionaria maniobrar con
tanto desembarazo, q e con la ayuda de las tres caoneras y una Bombardera qe se situasen bentajosamte se
conseguirla de qe dhas dos Plazas a un mismo t P9 capitulasen y se declarase generalm te la independencia qa
se solicita.
N.: T. V, f. 242.

Declarada esta con el Govierno provisional aseguradas estas dos Fortalezas del mejor modo posible con
guarniciona y defensas qe las cubriese de toda sorpresa:
entran las disposiciones de continuar obrando los dos
Exercitos el prima assia Cumana, Guayana, y lo interior; y el 29 assia Barina y Maracaibo.
No detallo las reglas qe deberian de seguirse en las
mensionadas Provincias, pues conformes sus abitantes
en los sentimt " de oprhesion juzgo se prestasen y reconociesen al nuebo govierno sin la menor oposicion la
primera requisicion qe se les mandase ni contemplo (le
sus Governadores incurriesen en semejante temeridad;
y si las embarcaciones armadas en guerra fuesen suficientes pa qe al tiempo de cubrirse los Bloqueos de las
dos referidas Plazas se pudiesen guardar los puntos de
Cuman, Barcelona y Maracaibo, seria muy oportuno
impedir toda extracca qe de este modo se lograria. La
actividad intrepidez con acuerdo de la prudencia; una
vez de desembarcar ha de ser la baza sobre q e se conseguir en dos meses ber todo este Paiz independiente; y
pesar de toda ella sin las fuerzas maritimas, q e son
las menos qe puedo proponer no solo se duplicarla el
tiempo con la espectativa de la esperanza de socorro; si
no qe tal vez se experimentase rebeses y contrastes q
acarrease daos y descreditos qe no se pudiesen reparar.
Los emisarios qe de antemano se introdusean en la
tierra firme, seria de mucho interes, se les instruyesen
del rumbo qe uno y otro deverian de tomar para qe
juntasen Partidos de eonsideracion en los parajes qe
se eombenga al desembarco, repartiendo exemplares de

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

179

se pretende con las bentajas q* se


experimentaran con el govierno q asu consecuencia se
extablezca; y ponderando al mismo tiempo q el numero
de individuos qe con toda resolucion pasan en su favor
como aliados es infinitamte mayor lo mismo los pertrechos y demas y de las embarcaciones de guerra qe custodiaran la costa; lo q los empear mas y mas al

la sana livertad q

deseo.
N.: T. V, f. 242.

tiempo lo permitiese, el arribo de las dos


en Tierra una de las primeras diligencias de
una y otra parte havia de ser mandar mensajeros con
earias los sugetos de los qe dar relacion solicitando
su favor y auxilios para obrar de concierto.
En el tP qe durase los sitios de la Guaira y Pt Cavello de lo (l e no me rebajo, que e" que los medios contribuyesen, se deven de atacar un mismo tP, hay el
auxilio de toda especie de embarcacion en los Puertos
de !a costa, pa q no desatiendan su principal objeto las
de guerra, las quales con ligereza podian hir y benir
las eolonias amigas por los socorros Cle se ofrezcan.
Es bien probable de q al Reyno de Sta F se le refue rze de tropas y pertrechos desde la Havana en la
oeaeion de este nuebo extablecimiento instancias del
virrey; mayormte si las fuerzas Britanicas no toma
parte en impedirlo pr esto nunca podr ser obstaculo,
aseg urandonos caminen de buena f sus moradores,
pa ro marchar con un buen pi de Exercito y con el
q e trabajemos pa q sigan el mismo exemplo que los
n t "' si en ello no se encontrasen dificultades por tie-1 que los embarasen de una vez, suponiendo de que
por mar se hallen custodiadas sus costas con sus fuerzas (le no compitan con las nuestras; y es la razon de
que en ningun caso mas bien qe en este, es guando mas
se necesita los socorros de esta Nacion Inglesa; p. logrando la independencia general de estos dos Reynos,
se pueden asegurar los demas q se quiera, con los recursos qe se quiera, con los recursos q juntan ambos.
Y si el
Divisiones

N.: T. V, f. 243 vt0.

180

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

En quanto se entre en Caracas habr quanto dinero


se quiera y credito para las colonnias esto puede facilitar de q e prontamente se haga benir cosarios de bastantes fuerzas, y de componerse una esquadra (l e con el
auxilio de las Lanchas caiioneras y Bombarderas se
dispute el paso ya con bentajas; p' lo (le combendr se
proceda luego que se pueda la Matricula provicional
de todos los pescadores, y gente de mar haunq e se impida en este tiempo el poder comer pescado Cle pftesso
hay abundancia de carne que es lo principal.
De Cuman; la Nueva Barcelona; Guaira P" Cavello-Coro y Maracaibo se enquentran Marinerasos con
q e poder tripular h ta quarenta barcos cafioneros, y una
esquadra de beinte Buques de guerra ; y entre los oficiales de mar y Pilotos los mas vizcainos muy capaces
para estos mandos, y de espiritu sobresalientes en los
casos de ataque, que son los unicos en quien fiaria tales
facciones, y no en los oficiales de tierra que discurren
los ebentos de esta carrera con poca madurez careciendo
de esperiencia.
Es cierto que en habiendo fondos hay las proporciones mayores en el N. Nuebo Orleans. y en Quiniston
de Jamaica para hacer benir inmediatanata de ocho
diez Frag' de las mejores qualidades con otros tantos Bergantines, y de hacerse de quince o veinte Pailebot barcos al proposito para un cafion de 24 el a 36
en la cruxida con ruedas corredizas, qe son excelentes,
p a dar caza huir ataque p" tierr y mar q" sea neceesano.
Del expresado Nuebo Orleans hay adbitrios y recursos como no los puede haver en ninguna parte, de
gente p a el servicio de tierra y de la mar de todas clases:
los mejores Barcos de benta de todas especies: ca -iones de todos calibres Municiones, Pistolas, armas, sables, &c.
Chags . 12

de Febo, de 1805.

N.: T. V, f. 244.

B. SNCHEZ.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

181.

NOTICIA DEL ESTADO DE FUERZAS EN QUE SE HALLA LA


PLAZA DE CAMPECHE; SITUACION DEL PUERTO CON LAS
DEMAS ANEXAS

QUE SE ME PIDEN Y SON LAS SIGUIENTES

El recinto de la ciudad que es de una corta extencion,


est circunda do de una debil Muralla antigua de la que
sale tres angulos por la parte de tierra con algunos ca-

ones biejos, que mas podran serbir para espantr que


de o fendr ; y por la de la mr mirando al N. descubre
otros dos, en los qu, y en el Lienzo de la Muralla que
les cierra, hay igualmente de la propria artilleria y
uso en muy corto numero. La indicada Muralla la defiende un semi-glasis, con una estacada desbaratada,
la que tiene quatro Puertas que se nombran la del
Muelle : la S. Roman : la de S. Francisco; y la otra que
no me acuerdo y si de que tiene inmediato unos Pozos
de donde se surten de agua el becindario ; por las tres
ltimas se salen los tres barrios contiguos que son los
que componen la mayor Poblacion al descubierto por
todas partes y sin la menee custodia, que es lo que
facilita la introduccion y extraccion con que promueben
el comercio clandestino los moradores, que es con lo
que mas subsisten.
A mas hay dos Fortinez de la parte del L. y otros
dos de la del O. per fuera de los Barrios de S. Roman
y S. Francisco, custodiados por una Partida de soldados y un sargento que no exceden de ocho hombres cada
una; haunque es muy regular se aumenten con la
Guerra; la Artilleria es bien poca y de muy poco prohecho, sin comodidad de agua dentro ni de biberes con
que poderse mantener en el caso remoto de recistencia
que en mi inteligencia por corto numero q e atacase
un mismo tiempo estos quatro puntos con que se ludan
dueilos de la Plaza, no podrian mantenerse 24 horas, los
qu si se sorprhendiera de noche aseguro de que no se
exp erimentada esta detension.
N.: T. V, f. 245.

La posicion de los indicados Fortinez es dominando


la Plaza, cuyos fuegos podran molestarla y mucho mas

182

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

se beria en consternacion y se reducirla en brebe, si se


les agregase dos Morteros en cada uno de los dos Fortinez mas inmediatos, que se haria preciso conduscir lo
necesario al efecto; y si el Director que imbent las
tales obras hubiera meditado mejor los incidentes de la
guerra pienso que nos las formarla por el gran peligro qe amenazan toda la Provincia.
La guarnicion conciste en un Batallon incompleto
de tropa reglada, y otro de Milicias ambos compuestos
de soldados y oficiales con gentes del Pais los mas bisoos y floxos de todas las Americas, con l agregado
de un ml armamento con que los reducen bender bien
caras sus bidas si es qu Militan en ellos las reglas y el
balor, hay tambien una compaia de Artilleros que es
toda la fuerza qe tiene q oponer Campeche.
El Theniente de Rey de la Provincia que es un biejo
de ochenta arios, caduco y achacoso es el actual Governador; y a su Sargte Mayor su segundo quien he tratado bien de serca, no le fiarla yo el Puesto q e un cabo
de esquadra desempearla, cuyas circunstancias expreso por parecerme pueden ser muy utiles.
La ciudad de Menda Capital de la Provincia dista
40 leguas tierra dentro assia el L: en donde recide el
Capitan General con un solo Batallon de Milicias de
Ynfanteria y una compaia de lo mismo de caballeria,
el que sin recursos quedarla cortado si sucediese una
imbasin.
Los Presidios del Bacalar y el de la Laguna de Termino estan sugetos este Govierno ; del primero no
puedo dar otra razon si no es que es de poca atension,
segun me inform su Governador hace poco mas de un
ao que pas mandar el segundo Cl e sito ; en l que si
estado fondeado bista de l, con lo que he reconocido
la situacion del cana p r donde sin dificultad entran y
salen desde el Puerto las embarcaciones de doscientas
toneladas para abajo, y de que el Precidio es de corta
recistencia el qual se halla 30" leguas al O. de Campeche y el del bacalar ciento para el L.
El Puerto de Campeche que es abierto de L. O. por
la poca agua qe tiene no permite fondear los Navios

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

183

de Guerra menos distancia de la ciudad que de nuebe


millas y las Fragatas que siete y por las grandes
baciantes que hay en aquella costa de continuo: y solo
aproximandose assia el O. es que admite algo menos por
el aumento del agua qe denota la sonda.
La Navegacion q se observa generalmente desde
este Puerto la baliza del Ro del Nuebo Orleans es la
siguiente. Presisados los nabegantes asegurarse de la
corriente que en la trabesia regularmente corren para
el O. procuran antes de perder la tierra de bista franquearse y ponerse N.S. con la punta Zisar que son 30
leguas de costa desde la ciudad de Campeche que toma
para el N.E. y desde aqui es que ba hurtando en seguida
al L. y O: Si se quiere pasar para mas seguridad al S.
del alacran en esta posicion facil de prolongar la bordada sobre la costa que es limpia se granjea de seis
ocho leguas : lo suficiente entonces dejarla con plena
satisfaccion de hacer una buena recalada.
Al efecto desde que se resuelbe hasta dejar la sonda
se hace el rumbo del NE. si el biento lo permite; en
seguido al N. NE. y las singladuras con que se aumenten quatro grados de Latitud se va metiendo para el
O. has coger la sonda de la costa de esta Probincia que
por la calidad del fondo qe manifiesta el escandallo se
reconoce la situacion y marca el rumbo ha que demora
la bauza; cuyas tierras son bien bajas.
A la misma entrada que est al O. se descubre en la
parte mas dominante la casa que habitan los practicos
que siempre bigilan toda seriales de los Buques que
solicitan entrar; la parte SO.E. hay otra pasa para
el rio que solo sirbe para Goletas y demas embarcaciones menores. Desde la barra hasta la ciudad se cuentan
96" millas de bueltas y rebueltas que tiene el rio, que
es lo que le hace tan dificil de montar y romper la corriente la que baxa para la boca en la mayor parte
del ario.
Tengo echa la navegacion desde la Movila por dentro hasta el Ball por donde se entra la ciudad del
Nuebo Orleans; pero se requiere para ella Barcos que
mande muy pocos pies de agua.

184

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

En quanto la Navegacion de todo Navio de guerra


&c. que desde el Puerto de la Ysla de Trinidad de Barlovento quiera pasar entre la Ysla de la Margarita y
la costa de Cuman no tiene impedimento berificarlo
cogiendo el canl, desde donde corre toda limpia y con
fondo suficiente hasta Puerto Cavello, que es lo que
podr asegurar en esta parte.
Sobre la situacion del de la Nueba Barcelona podr
manifestar, es facil y sin dificultad su entrada que
mira al N., abrigado de los demas bientos, y del que sin
examen sobre el fondo no puedo decir otra cosa si no
de que la primera ocacion que pas a el fu sobre el
Bergantin de guerra Guarda costa de diez y ocho caones y fondeo sin algun recelo y lo mismo me sucedio en
la segunda con una grande Goleta: mas de que la
inmediacion a la entrada del Rio que esta casi N.S. con
la entrada del Puerto indica es capaz de recivir toda
clase de Buques con comodidad.
Desde la propia entrada del rio que es bastante
eaudalozo hasta la ciudad hay de distancia poco mas
de tres millas, en l que las corrientes siempre tiran
para la boca. La poblacion que es muy crecida soy de
opinion contendr de quince mil abitantes para arriba.
Es regida por un Theniente Justicia que nombra el
Governador de Cuman quien est sugeta esta Provincia: su principal comercio son de carnes, zebos, cueros y Quesos para la Habana; por separado del trfico
con Lanchas qe tiene en las costas de arriba y abajo:
No hay otra defensa que un Destacamento corto de tropa que le da Cumana de las 4 compaiiias regladas que
esta tiene.
E reconocido de muy serca la Ysla de la Tortuga, y
en la costa del N. he bisto unos ranchos ocupados por
una quadrilla de costeros qe con el Titulo de Pescadores
son duefios de ella, en donde hacen su negocio por el
contrabando y auxilian todo lo que les pueda baler
reales.
N.: T. V, f. 246 vto.

185

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

NOTAS
1La Ciudad de Caracas la conceptuo compuesta
en num de avitantes en secenta mil almas por
lo mas baxo.
23Y en lo que mira al numero de esclavos negros
y Pardos en la Provincia sincuenta mil; cuyo
calculo saco por las noticias que de uno y otro
adquiri al tiempo de mi salida de aquel Destino.
3 3Navios Fragatas y demas Buques de guerra
existentes en el Puerto de la Havana fines del
ario 1 803, de los que distinguir los mutiles,
que en mi opinion se hallan incerbibles.
Navios

N9 de Caiiona

Sn Eugenio de
S" Lorenzo de
Sta Ysabel de
S" Leandro de
S" Ramon de
Asia
de
Fragatas

80 Inutil
70 Inutil
70
70
60 Inutli
60

N9 de CaTions

Gloria de
Minerva
La O. de
La Anfitrite de

40

40
34
44

Dos corvetas su porte de 18 20 carion: Tres


Bergantines; y de dos tres Goletas de Guerra.
A las orden del Virrey de N. E.
Tres Bergantines Cle montan sobre 24 caones y
barios otros Buques de pocas fuerzas; con 4 Lanchas caoneras q en esta ltima guerra del
N.: T. V, f. 247.

186

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Yngls se mantenian apostadas en Alvarado,


todo esto al N. del Reyno ; pa por el S. no hay

nada.

5aLas costas de las Provincias de Caracas en mi


tiempo heran guardadas por un Bergantin de
18 caones dos Balanto de 14 y siete pequeas

embarcaciones, con un caonea() del calibre de

2": sus capitanes todos particulares y vizcainos, hta el mismo Comte del Resguardo.
6aEn las de S ta F son custodiadas segn tengo noticias por ot igual numero de Buques que se
hallan Dotados con oficiales de la Armada,
las ordenes de un comte de Marina (le hay nombrado (le en la actualidad lo es el Cap a de Navio
n Juan Carranza, el que mantiene su Insignia
en una Fragta de Guerra qe tiene el Puerto de
Cartagena a su disposicion de armadilla que

llaman.

7aEn el Puerto del Callao de Lima Reyno del Per,


pr extablecimiento hay otras dos Fragtas tambien
de armadilla por separado de los Buques menores y por comte de Marina el Gefe de Esquadra
Un Thomas Huarte.
8 "-En Philipinas al mando del Thente General
Alava un Nabio con tres Fragatas de guerra
de lo que segun me informaron en Mexico por
el ario pasado, el Navio se halla incapaz de na-

vegar.

WEn el Reyno de Buenos Aires, Rio de la Plata


deve pr extablecimt, ahber dos Fragt" de guerra pr separado de las embarcaciones menores pa
el resguardo: las ordenes del Brigadier de la
Armada, Governador de la Plaza de Montebideo

Bustamante y Guerra.

10aEn el Cap' de la Ysla de Puerto Rico un Bergantin con un Thente de Navio con dos tres

Buques menores para el mismo efecto del resguardo.

N.: T. V, f. 248.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

187

Estas son todas las fuerzas navales de las Americas


espaolas menos de que no se hallan aumentado en
el presente ario, sobre lo Cle absolutamente caresco de
noticias.
Londres Julio 4 de 1804.

NOTICIAS PARTICULARES DEDICADAS AL SOR.


GENERAL DN FRANCISCO MIRANDA POR LO QUE PUEDA
INTERESAR, RELATIVAS LAS PROVINCIAS DE VENEZUELA:
REYNO DE SANTA FA Y DE MEXICO.

Plan de Noticias que continuacion expreso, las qe


he adquirido relativas las Amricas Espaolas desde
el ario de 1792, que sali del servicio de la Provincia de
Caracas, en donde fu Cap a de Infanteria hasta el de
1803 que sali de Mexico ; por lo que pueda interesar;
y estado de fuerzas en que se hallan las Plazas que las
defiende: de sus guarniciones, con los conocimientos
anexos ambas cosas.

Situacion

Fuerzas de Defensa; y Distancia qe. media de la Plaza


de La Guaira
la Capl. de la
Ciudad de Caracas.

La cituacion de la Plaza de la Guaira


en el ario ya dho. concistia en lo que son
fortalezas sobre el mismo recinto de los
castillos nombrados el colorado Zamuro y
gabilan ; el primero sus fuegos son ofencibos la mar por lo que mira al principal
frente ; y los dos ultimos es igualmente
ella que a las abenidas por tierra de las
comunicaciones de Macuto que se halirdi
al L; y de las que baxan de Caracas
por el S. formando caada y son trancitadas por lo regular de muchos individuos qe desean cortar camino como
de los correos que llaman Proprios ; pues
la distancia que media desde esta indicada Plaza a la misma Ciudad de Caracas por las bueltas y rebueltas del
camino real subidas y baxadas, es de

188

Sitnaeion

del almacn de
Polbora.

Guarnieion

Tropa de Infanta veterana.

Ydem de Ar-

tilleros.

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

sinco leguas, y pr el ahire no hay mas


que legua y media: Desde la puerta cis
nombran de Caracas q ets al S.O. empieza la muralla, que nace desde el inmediato cerro, y cierra dando buelta por
la mar como al S. E.; en esta extencion se
encuentran sine baluartes, con un corto
numero de caones, todos de hierro sumamente antiguos, con los eorrespondte Pertrechos; el primero es sobre e l camino de
Maiquetia ; el 29 en la Puerta de la caleta,
en donde entra diariamte el unico oficial
de Guardia que da esta guarnicion ; el 39
y 49 extablecidos al centro ; y el 59 sobre la
Puerta de la Trinchera que mira al camino
de Macuto, que es en donde se encuentra
el mayor espacio de Terreno, el que es dividido con un foso de 12 15" pies de profundidad seco, y su estacada : El almacen
del repuesto de Polvora se halla colocado
fuera de la Poblacion, Rio arriba que
baxa y desahoga en el mar; por donde se
ha extendido dicha Poblacion de una banda y otra, y para qe se correspondan, se
ha fabricado un Puente de mamposteria.
La guarnicion constante conciste en tres
compailias veteranas (le baxan de la capital hacer el Destacamento por un aiio, con
sus oficiales, siendo la Total fuerza de
ciento ochenta y tantas plazas inclusos
sarg"g y cayos.
A mas hay como veinte artilleros veteranos con dos cayos y un sargt, sobre los
qe se han agregado dos compailias de Milicias para este servicio al cargo instruccion del oficial de Artilleria d0 Agustin
Garcia, sugeto de unos Tal Pntos e instruccion particular y amante a la felicidad de
aquel Paiz ; por lo q le concidero capaz
N.: T. V, f. 250.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

189

de qualquiera confianza: las enunciadas


compaiiias de milicias tienen los oficiales

Plana mayor
de Oficiales de
la Plaza.

Clase de abitantee de que


se compone la
Poblacion

Descripcion
de las casas de
Philipinas y
Administracin
de dros. Rentan.

Noticia del
Capa. del Pto.
emvareaciones y
oficial* que las
Tripula.

naturales de la Patria.
La Plana Mayor conciste en el comte de
la Plaza, Cle en aquel entonces lo hera el
comte de Yngenieros Dn Fermin de Rueda

accidentalm te pr hallarse en comision en


Trinidad de Barlob" el proprietario Brigadier D" Estevan de Aidmerich, y un
Ayudante Cle exerce las funciones de
Mayor.
Los habitantes de qe se compone la Poblacion son ascendados de aquellas inmediaciones; pe con la proximidad se enquentra todo el comercio extablecido en
Caracas, quien es mantienen sus almacenes aqui, pa depocitar los frutos q" hacen
conducir y embarcar p r sus Dependientes,
los demas son Pescadores que surten diariamte a Caracas v al Pueblo de este genero, hijos del Pa.is.
Serca del muelle hay una gran casa
qe corresponde a la compaiiia de Filipinas,
con porcion de almacenes ; la qe por lo
regular sirve de Posada todas las Personas de algun decoro g e entran salen:
e inmediata se halla otra qe sirve de contaduria y Administracion de Aduana con
dos Ministros de W Haz da y un competente numero de oficiales: Un com" de
resguardo ; otro segundo, y un cavo de
Rentas con sus Yndividuos.
Hay un Cap" de Puerto Criollo con el
grado de Alfrez de Fragta, aquien he tratado muy superficialmente por lo qe no
puedo informar de este sugeto : En el interin dura la carga y descarga de las embarcaciones, se mantienen anclados en esta
rada, y lo demas del tpo. Cle se detienen, si
N.: T. V, f.

251.

190

De la Punta
llaman de
Mulatos.
qe.

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

es y tienen sobre que, se trasladan


Cavello : Los capitanes sobre cargos y oficiales de las qe reciden estan en tierra
siendo el fuerte y lo general de la nacion
vizcaina, gente toda dispuesta en favor de
aquel suelo, y de sus moradores.
Una legua distante de la La Guaira pr
tierra pa el L. hay una Punta qa llaman
el Mulato en donde se encuentra un medio
Fortin, con uno o dos caones, qe lo
custodia quatro Milicianos artilleros de
Pardos.
N.: T. V, f.

En el camino
de Caracas: el
salto.

De un castillo
ti la mitad de l
(le. nombran de
In cumbre.

1) e la distancia ha que se
descubre la Capital de Caracas.

251.

Caminando desde la misma Guaira


Caracas se encuentra otro Cle se nombra
el salto por el mismo estilo; pro que no
tiene semejante custodia, ni artilleria.
En la cumbre que es donde se divide el
camino se hizo en mi tpo. un Fuerte, y se
trataba de colocarle artilleria condusciendola de la Guaira, el q quidava un corto
destacamt con un cavo q se mandava de
Caracas: cuya situacion es ventajosa y
sin duda se hizo, con las miras de ampararse y hacerse fuerte el Capa Gen', con
las fuerzas de Tropas q pudiese reunir en
el caso de imbasion levantamt, desde
cuyo punto se halla en proporcion de maniobrar segn las circunstancias se lo pidan,
con recursos q de otro modo, no lograria.
Desde legua y media se descubre la
famoza ciudad de Caracas, que este Titulo
merece por su cituacion bentajosa, orden
con qe se haya extablecida, y adorno de sus
edificios; con el gran rio guaire qe le serca,
la dilatada vega qe se extiende para Petares, y el famozo llano q Tira a un Pueblo llamado el Valle, y para otro Maraca,
q pasa pr el barrio de S' Juan.

PROLEOME.NOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

De la Guarnicion existente
de Veteranos y
Milicianos en la
ciudad de Caracas.

191

La Guarnicion de esta Cap' es la siga.


De un vatallon veterano qe hay creado
compuesto de diez compariias con la una
de granderos, spre. se hallan sinco fuera
entre las dos Plazas de Puerto Cavello,
y Guaira,por separado de otro Destacamt
qa segun estoy informado d a la Provincia de Coro de lo q infiero, q lo menos
q marchar ser una compaia; por cuya
razon deve de suponerse quatro las q con
este motibo quedarn: Un vatallon de
Milicias de blancos: otro Ydm de Pardos:
otro Ydm de Morenos.
N.: T. V, f. 252.

Nomvree de
los Gefes de loe
cuerpos y de los
oficiales de mas
confianza pa.
acciones qe. exijan concideradon.

y un escuadron de Milicias de Cavalleria


compuesto de tres compariias : en el primero su comte lo es el Theniente de Rey
Dn Jun Manl Cagigal y la sargentia mayor
ignoro; pe he sabido de que el ario pasado
estava vacante aquien se le habr dado :
todos los oficiales excepcion de uno
dos, son hijos del Pais assi como lo es de
las tres partes del vatallon las dos : entre
los expresados oficiales hay quien es por
su capacidad aplicacion al arte Militar y
deseo por la felicidad de su Patria; se
deven contar con ellos para los casos de
acciones y son los sigtee Da Juan Manuel
de Salas y Da Jos Maria de Salas Di'
Antonio Ayala: Dn Juan Pablo Ayala:
Da Juan Manrique : Da Jos Maria Fernandez : Du Agustin de la Concha: caballero Berde : y Maulcon : oficiales retirados
y excelentes sugetos de una edad mediana
Da Manuel de Ayala y Da Manuel de Matos: Coronl del de blancos Marques de Mijares, Sargt Mayor Du Pedro de la Roza
ambos del Paiz, todo el se halla compuesto
con Yndividuos de la Patria excepeion

192

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

de los Thenta y Ayudtae ct deven ser europeos; p ro si asegurar estan todos acrio-

Sobre lo que
concivo de loe
Pardos Morenos
y cavalleria armados en Carnean.

llados p r el mucho tiempo q a tienen de


Provincia, y disgustado del ningun caso
q e el govierno de Espaa les hacen para
sus ascensos, de los quales tengo experiencia de tres ge son bastantes capaces
y de un espiritu sobresaliente D a Jos
Gutierrez ; D EI Antonio Gutierrez y Da
Man' Xab r de los Ayud te el Pral. Ir' Manuel Moreno: Los otros tres cuerpos de
Pardos Morenos y Cavallera se han formado igualm ta con gentes del Paiz, de
cuyos Yndividuos no tengo conocimiento
en particular; p ro si de la buena disposicion de animo en favor de su Patria los
que abilitandolos de uniformes armamentos con que se authorizen de soldados
con iguales privilegios Ol e los demas haunque con distincion de clases, incorporandoles oficiales de instrucc a pa su mejor
disciplina, no solo se conseguiria perfeccionarles, si no qa se criar con estos cuerpor el almaacigo de donde se extraiga de
todas clases con q a interpolar los demas
cuerpos Cle se hallan de lebantar por ser
el mayor numero, y los mas entuciasmados
en el arte de la guerra estan.
N.: T. V. f. 252 vto.

Audiencia de
Caracas.

En esta Capital est establecida la Audiencia compuesta de su Precid ta qa lo es


el Capa Gen' Regente, tres Oidores, y un
Fizeal Togado ; de ninguno de ellos se deve
de fiar, y si de uno de los tres oidores cr
hace poco tiempo salio provisto Regente
de la Audiencia de Quito en donde reside
dr1 Joseph Ygnacio Cortinez.
Del Cuerpo de Abogados sin embargo
(le los mas son discolos intrigantes y rebol-

PROLEGMENOS DE

LA INDEPENDENCIA

193

tosos con sus malbadas Leyes; pn con las

tales tienen pa dejar y tomar, no deja de

Cuerpo de
abogados y de
los q. creo 'en
utiles pr. su capacidad.

Estado de R1.
Hazienda de
Caracas.

haver entre ellos algunos Cle merecen la


mejor aceptacion, y haunqe mi retirado
trato con los dhos abogados assido bien
lexos podr mencionar los qe se podrian
elegir, Sanz : Espejo: Los dos hermanos
Moras : y dn Faustino Plazas g e son los

que tengo mas presentes.


Recide aqui un Yntend" Gral. de Exercito qe fu probisto ahora ao y medio hallandose de Director de la Loteria de
Mexico ; pr solo el merito de ser hermano
del Ynquisidor general quien conosco
bien: Las caxas Prales. son administradas
por un contador y Thesorero quien es tienen pa el Despacho un cierto numero de
oficiales; y por separado hay un Trib' de
cuentas con dos contadores mayores que
rebizan todas las cuentas de estas caxas,
y de las demas subalternas de las demas
Provincias.
N.: T. V, f. 253.

Cavila Ecco.
y secular.

Numero de los
Comventos de
Religiosos y Rehgiosaa.

En el Cavildo Ecc el obispo Ybarra es


del Paiz entre los canonigos los mas son
igualmte de la Patria y en general los
demas seglares sobre lo qe no me hallo con
ningun conocim t. Y menos del cavildo
secular y de los Regidores por el tpo. q
media de mi salida.
Conventos de Frailes podre nombrr a
los Mercenarios, Franciscanos y Sn Felipe Neri, mas no el total de los g e se componen; y dos de monjas carmelitas y
concepcion.

Todos los mas de los forasteros empleados en l comercio de este Paiz son vizcainos Yslerios, de todos los qe juzgo muy
bien por la lealtad y buena disposicion cr

194

Clases de Poraeteros qe. hay


en la Provincia.

Los pasos del


rio Guaire hta.
los altos de Sn.

Pedro: Estado
de tropas qe.
hai en las Poblaciones hta.
Puerto Cavello
y nomvres de
los Gefes qe.
pueden ser utiles.

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

spre. han manifestado la independencia


de esta Provincia como unieo asilo de su
felicidad y fomento, cuyo inters los ineitarjan las mayor' empresas.
Saliendo de Caracas en busca de los
altos de Sn Pedro qe dista como sineo lega
me aquerdo de haver pasado 36 veces el
rio guaire qa serea esta ciudad en tpo. de
creciente y de noche los q a bade sin obstaculo sobre una mula, llegando a la mayor
altura en poco mas de tres horas, de donde
ya se descubre los Valles de Aragua y en
ellos las Poblaciones de la Victoria, Turmero, Sa Matheo, y 9/ Bartholom en los
Cl e hay formados un vatallon de Milicias
de blancos, otro de Pardos y otro de Morenos; p" desorganizados por incompletos
de oficiales y demas indibiduos ; assi como
lo estn los mismos vatallones Cle hay establecidos en Valencia que es otra ciudad
distante de Puerto Cavello sinco leguas
cituada inmediata una espaciosa y dilatada laguna; la Cie merece el mayor fomento en mi entender por las ventajas de
la proximidad a un Puerto q resultaria
excesibos beneficios al comercio general:
De unos y otros cuerpos no tengo mas conocim" qa de los dos sargt" mayores de
blancos y del Com" del de Pardos de aragua qa los citar pa en todo caso; p los
tres son utiles Da Fran" Alburqueque : Dn
Antonio Moreno de aragua y D a Benito
Perez de Balencia : siendo el Pral. el Marqus del Toro coroni de Milicias en este
Destino.
N.: T. V, f. 254.

Por una contingencia me bi precisado


en dicho camino torcer para un Puerto q
llaman Ocumares q se halla situado sin)

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

Camino del
Puerto de Oeumares De las
proporciones qe.
dho. Puerto de
enmares facilita de gente
y embarcaciones
menores.

Situaeion de
la Plaza de
Puerto Cavello,
y reglas qe. me
dieta los conocimtos. qe. tengo de ella con
je. hallaran su
rendicion si se
solicita.

195

leguas al L. del de Puerto Cavello, por lo


qe bi practicamte qe h, pesar de una cuesta
por donde se baxa al Pueblo, algo dilatada; es facil de conducirse artilleria y demas que se quisiera, proporcionando este
paraje recursos de hombres utiles a quienes alistan, y hallarn el trabajo, qe demanda al transporte del Tren qe se quiera
conducir hta llegar al alto : en q e por separado hay el auxilio de embarcaciones de
costa y menores con qe hacer uso pa todo
qt pueda convenir : sin qe en este punto
haya defensa qe embaraze el desembarco.
La Plaza de Puerto Cavello consistiendo
su Defensa en el castillo q e cierra la boca
de l pr la parte del N. echo dueo un oficial qe tenga a sus ordenes como mil hombres, con la competente artilleria, municiones y demas, teniendo conocimientos
sobre los terrenos que le sercan, hallanando con actibidad y presencia de animo los nimios obstaculos qe antes de
acercarsele se presentan, es muy facil su
rendicion echo cargo de su corta guarnicion; de los precidiarios qe se encierran,
qe son los mayores enemigos q e tiene; y de
los ningunos recursos qe les quedan de viberes cortandoles la comunicacion: siendo

la baxa prai en la entidad de estas maniobras la prudencia solo temida de la fuerza


con lo qe indubitablem" resultaran bentajas conciderables, quales son ebitar efusion de sangre; pe no se hace la guerra
como enemigos, hacerse de un pi de
Exercito qe imponga respetto y haga extender y resonar las Victorias desde este
quartel las Provincias de Barinos, Coro
y Maracaybo.
N.: T. V, f. 254 Tto.

196

Metodo en el
caso de imba!don como amigos 6 enemigos
qe. conceptuo

por mejor en la
Provincia.

Distancia h
qe. se descubre

la Silla de Caracas desde la


'MAL

De los frutos
qe. produce la
Provincia.

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Los motibos por ele me paro estas reflexiones qe me dicta mi inteligencia y


deseos son el creer pr muy combente que
siempre qe las fuerzas y preparatibos coadyuben, se deban de dividir, berificandose el desembarco por el dicho Puerto de
Ocumares, en dos trozos fle formen cuerpo:
el uno con el pral Gefe que se dirija la
Capital para en seguidas caber sobre la
Guaira y continuar p a el L. hsta dar sobre la Guayana; sin olbidar lo interior
desde dicha capital con Destacara' pr
sugetos capaces q" hagan proclamar al
Redentor de sus esclavitud' con lo que se
han de prestar y alistarse si assi lo exigiese la necesidad; Y el otro p a los fines
ya expresados pend' a y Obed" las ordenes de su superior, con obligacion de dar
quenta diariam's de sus operaciones, y
poner en practica qte se le mande.
Nota... Me parece del caso advertir en
este papel Cle la berdadera baliza de la
Cap' de Caracas conciste en la silla de
Caracas ge llaman, la qe se descubre 30
leguas ms fuera, y esta cituada S.SE.
con la indicada ciudad.
Que el comercio en esta Provincia y sus
agregadas puede ser de la mayor consideracion con respetto sus ricos frutos como
son el cacao superior qe con abundancia
producen: El ail: algodon : azcar: caf:
cueros: carnes: Zebo : arrz : con otr e renglones de menos concideracion Cl e no son
despreciables, y para que se calcule con la
moderacion qe conviene tan importante
objetto, tengo bien presente de haber oido
en Cadiz en el ario de 800" Gonzalo de
Orea y d5 Illathias de Pimentel el P habia
estado en Caracas y el 2 hera hijo de la

N.: T. V, f. 255.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

Noticia de la
perdida qe. hizo
en seres de doe
afios el comercio de esta Provincia en la ultima guerra del
Yngles pr. oda

Conocimientos
sobre barias Yelas adyacentes.

Provincia, calculaban la suma de pesos


sega los cargamentos de las embarcaciones
*Ti havian cogido los Yngleses con esta ultima guerra pertenecientes aquellos Dominios de doce trece millones en el t" de
serca de dos ailos qa se havia declarado:
de donde se puede inferir lo muy adelantada qa se haya la agricultura y q a producir ventajas coneiderables si se le amplia
sen, socorros (la animasen 6, los Labrador' qa disfrutan de un Terreno tan fertil
y pingue.
A mas de lo dho. he reconocido personalm" los efectos q producen las aguas
que derraman sobre el golfo triste el rio
del Orinoco: El del Ydem nombrado el
Parian: el Puerto y rio de la nueva Barcelona: el de la Ysla de Margarita, y por
tierra h" su Capital; P" Rico con la aguada de Sa Franca, S" Domingo Espaol, y
Curazao.
REYNO DE

Sobre la dieposicion de voluntades qe. en

lo general reina
en todas clases
de moradores en
el Reyno de
N. B.

197

N. E.

Todos sus abitantes en este basto Ymperio desean sacudirse del Yugo q los oprime; pues estn todos sus moradores penetrados y bien, de los sentim"' q los separan de la felicidad podian disfrutar con
un govierno menos oprimido, y q con mas
apego interes los alibiasen de impuestos,
dejandolos en libertad p a qa con sus sudores y travajos pudiesen subeistir en la
Sta Religion C.A.R. qa adoran y qe mantienen costa de sus fatigas; p 5 pa citos
actos dictan los ceremoniales de ella son
obligados sus naturales contribuir con
arreglo arancel, lo qa se hace bien extrao ahun en los ignorantes, lo q se ha extablecido como un comercio.
N.: T. V, f. 258.

198

De los esfuerzos y diligencias


qe. se han practicado pr. barios
sugetos qe. han
deseado como
eavezas la independencia del
Govierno de N.
E.

Motivos sobre
que la corte de
Espaa pesar
de qe. saben el
eomplote no toman providencia.

Dictamen sobre el paraje


pr. donde se faeilitaria la entrada en el Reino con fuerzas
qe. impusiere
respetto.

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Me consta de qs en su capital de Mxico


qs contiene muchos sugetos bastante capaces han travajado incesantemente, y se
han correspondido con algs ots sugetos de
poder en el N. americanos rogandoles por
los auxilios qe son necessarios, y sin los
quales se hacian impracticables sus esfuerzos pa lograr y ber realizados sus proyectos de Yndependencia, que sPre han mirado
como objetto de la mayor felicidad: estos
deven de no haver correspondido con consequencia, desps qs se mostraron propicios
sega las noticias que alcans de haver remitido por Puertos extraviados numeros
de armas en lo qa se qued y lo qa contribuy formar ya un codigo de Leyes pr sugetos Letrados, qa deverian de regir: todo
esto no lo ignora el mismo Govierno quien
no se atrevido proceder conociendo es
expuesta la operacion de resultas de los
enlaces y numero de Yndibiduos qe hay
ganados y mesclados en l tal complote;
con lo que no hacen mas que dar t" ganar y extraher qt's intereses se puedan con
annuencia de la corte, qe de todo se halla
enterada, conociendo qa al cavo h de beihr parar en la Libertad con q desean
governarse s"a qa un sugeto de Poder, Talento influxo se apersone y mire con
inters esta causa conmn assia ellos de lo
qs nada podran remediar.
Desps de hallanr los pocos inconvenientes qe se opongan la gener,l rendicion al Reyno de S' F qs los tengo por
muy fciles, sega los informes con qs me
hallo, y es muy comben" reunirlo las
Provincias de Benezuela haciendo una
maza comun, soy de parecer que con los
auxilios qe estas dos conquistas proporcionar con sus aliados Protectores; se

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

199

forme expedicion contra la Provincia de


Mrida de Yucatan, comprhendiendo ser
la Llabe Maestra, qe facilitar la entrada
en los demas Puertos hta Mexico.
N.: T. V, f.

Exposicin de
los motivos pa.
desembarcar sobre las costas
de Menda de
Yucatan: auxilios con qe. deve de berificarse ruta y obstaculos fach l de
bencer al paso.

Pequefios inconvenientes de
los Rios qe. se

encuentran al
trancito y reglas de allanarlos.

256.

En esta Provincia de la qe me h instruido pr menor y de la qe tengo bastante


conocimte que se halla indefensa y facil de
acometerle por donde mas comvenga, hay
recursos innagotables S se berifique
con prevencion de armamentos y vestuarios; espadas, sillas, frenos y pistolas pa
cavalleria. De donde con semejantes auxilios lograr el oficial encargado de otra
expedicion manejandose con el Tino acierto prudencia y conocimt" Militares atravesar sin oposicion por tierra Beracruz
con un exercito respetable, sometiendose
al trancito y de paso al Precidio del Carmen y Provincia de Tabasco, precedido y
el de Bacalar qe se halla al SE. de la
situacion de Campeche, Plaza qe defiende
a la Provincia de Mrida de Yucatn.
Haunque hay Rios pr donde trancitan
en el camino, no haviendo (le disputar los
pasos, ni ota fortaleza Cl e la del gran rio
de huaracualco qe es facil de vencer; con
Pontones provicionales y se formen pr
medio de los Ytinerarios qe deverian de
abanzar con suficiente custodia y orden de
qe se formacen con la mayor seguridad y
anticipacion se hallanarian estos cortos incomben' fin de no reatrazar las marchas qe con toda aceleracion deberia de
practicarse; pr lo qe combiene en Yguales
casos.
N.: T. V, f. 257.


200

Parecer sobre
el aprieto en qe.
se beria el oficial qe. mandase
en Gefe la Plaza de beracruz
bista de tal
genero de gueTra.

Bencido el
punto de la Beracruz el derrotero qe. deveria
de seguir hta.
la capital.

Desde Mexico
lo facil qe.
los demas extablecimtos. del
interior.

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

De este modo se lograria q haunq el


Virrey de Mexico con noticias q tubiese
anticipadas previniese la Defensa de la
Beracruz, reforzase su guarnicion y Fuegos : a bista de ocho diez mil hombres
bien ordenados disciplinados y dispuestos
acometer, con el entuciasmo de la Libertad qe tanto la desean los naturales de
aquel Reyno, y con lo qe le faltaria t'al a
qualqa oficial en Gef e que mande de alistar
gente a sus Banderas, se beria en la necesidad de capitular el de experimentar los
ultimos rigores de la g rra y p a lo qa deberia
de prevenirse un Bloqueo de Buques de
guerra menores sin necesidad de qe se
mantubiesen la Bela, y si anclados en
ciertos puntos con qe impedirian la entrada y salida de toda embarcacion, de '4 se
daria instrucca pa no exponerse perdidas.
Hallando este punto de Defensa, dejando la competente guarnicion, y los sugetos
de mayor confianza pa todo ebento, siguiendo el Derrotero por el camino de
Orizbal qe es el mas facil pa conduscir
artilleria, se conseguiria llegar la ciudad
de Mexico su capital sin mayores incomvenientes con lo qe ya llebo expresado ; pa
lo qe es el castillo del Perote como unica
fortaleza por el otro camino de la antigua
y Xalapa no merece atencion.
Desde Mexico ya extablecido con disposiciones Militares se puede emprhender
penetrar lo interior y Reyno de Guatemala y demas qa se deseara.
Londres 30 de Junio de 1804.

r Nota . . . En la Provincia de Cuman


sualterna de la de Venezuela hay tres compatlias Beteranas arregladas al pie anti-

PROLEG6MENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

Fuerza de
Tropss de la
Provincia de
Cuman.

201

guo de seeenta y tantas plazas compuestas con gente del Pais al cargo delThent
Coronel d" Francisco Montarla y un cuerpo de Milicias de Blancos y Morenos de
otras quatro compariias su total incompletos: de estas una recide en la Nueva
Barcelona.
N.: T. V, f. 257 vto.

Ydem de la
de la Guayana.

Ydem de la
de Maracaibo.

2"Nota . . . En la Guayana hay otras tres


compafflas veteranas con otras tantas de
Milicias al cargo de su Coman dt" el coronel D France de rosco a quien he trata-

do con bastante confianza en Caracas y al


de Cumana.
3" Nota... En Maracaibo Ydm. Ydm.
su comandante el Thente Coronel d" Ramon Correa y Guebara en punto Fortificaciones por lo g e mira la 1" Provincia
de las tres qe nombro por Nota no hay
ninguna, y de las dos ultimas no puedo
dar raza pr no haver estado en ellas.
Nota... Haunqe tiene sus contras el
desembarco en toda costa sotabento, qd
se reconoce de Cl e el enemigo tiene Barlovento auxilios con los quales hallandose
en proporeion de acudir luego, puede incomodar 6 fustrar la aceion; la sola concideracion de Cle a Sotavento de la Plaza de
la Guaira es por donde se pueden reunir
suficientes numeros de Yndividuos utiles
con q se alisten la Ynfanteria Cavalleria y demas atenciones, basta p" que se
desprecie el temor q pr este motibo se
recele : llevando prevencion de musica con
que se les inspire el gusto.

Dictamen sobr, lo qe. combiene berificar


si se intenta el
desembarco
sotavento de la
Guaira.

N.: T. V, f. 258.

202

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Bon

No 3.
NUEVO REYNO
DE GRANADA

t Virrey

Meilleur
Exelent
o
Mauvais

El Thente. Gral. D. Pedro


Mendirueta.
o Inspector
El maris". de C. D. Anastasio Cejudo.
o Governor
El maris'. de C. D. Anastasio Cejudo.
The Reg.
El Coroni. D. Manuel Es.
pinola.
Cartaxena
t Comte. de Art. . El Brigr. D. Domingo Esquiaqui.
Direcr. de Ingens. El Thete. Gral. D. Antonio
Arevalo.
Castillo de Boca-chica Commante. El Thete. Cola. D. Barme.
Cucalon.
Fuerte del Pastelillo
Com
El Thente. Cor'. D. Pedro
Guerrero.
1 Gover. .
Santa Marta
EI Coron'. D. Ante. Samper.
O olor. . . El Cor'. D. Jos Medina
Rio Hacha

Galindo
Comte. Gral. .. El Brigr. D. Antonio Narvaez.
The -Rey
El Cor'. D. Juan Ante. de
Panam

la Mata
Slub-Inspector El Brig. D. Antonio Narvaez.
f Govee. ... El The. Cor'. D. Loe. de
Porto belo
Carga y Sabedra.
Castillo de Chagre * comto. D. Jos de Matos Sargt.
Maior del Cuerpo de
Cazadores.
Vacante.
Gover. ..
Veragua

El The. Coxa. D. Franco.
Darien del Sur
t Gov.
Ayala.
t Presidente ..
El Mar'. de C. Baron de
Carondelet.
Quito

El mismo.
Inspector
Gover. .... El Inge. ordinario D. DieMaynas

go Calvo.
Santa fe . .

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

Cuenca

Popayan

El Cola. D. Jos Ante. Va-

t Gover.

Guayaquil

203

llejo.
Gover. . .. . El Cola. D. Juan de Ur-

bina.
Gover. ... .

o Govor. .

Choc
Mariquita

Antioquia

El the. Cor'. D. Diego Antonio Nieto.


El Capitan D. Jos Mi-

caeli.
El Capit. D. Remigio M.
Gover. ..
Bobadilla.
Gol/el'. . .. . El Cola. D. Victor Salcedo.

Noms de persones distingues dans les dernieres


commotions arrives dans l'Amerique Merdionale, qui
ont t obliges de quitter le pays, et se trouvent actuellement Philadelphie. Scavoir :
Sorondo, de Caracas
Don
Don
Zinza, ditto.
Manuel Truxillo de Santaf-Don
et trois autres dont on ne conoit pas le nom.

Mayo 26 de 1801. en Londres.

Trinidad
D. Manuel Gual
D. Manzanares
Jamaica
D. Manuel Gonzalez.
Curazao
D.
Sorondo
D. Zinza
D. Manuel Truxillo
y otros.
N.: T. V, f. 262 vto.

204

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

APOSTROFE DE MILTON A CROWELL SAC \DA. DE SU


DEFENSIO SECUNDA POR EL DOCTOR BIRCH EN
LA VIDA DE AQUEL

Has rehusado justamente el titulo de Rey, porque si


guando eras una persona privada fuistes capaz de reducirlo nada, si ahora que estas tan altamente levantado, te dexaras captivar de l seria exactamente lo
mismo que si despues de haver subyugado, con la asistencia del verdadero Dios, una nacion idolatra adoraras las Deidades que tu havras conquistado. Considera
frecuentamente que tu patria te ha confiado su mas preciosa prenda, la de su libertad. Considera las grandes
esperanzas que se han concebido de ti. Reflexiona que
el destino de tu patria depende enteramente de ti. Observa el aspecto y heridas de tantos hombres valerosos
que baxo tu mando han combatido por la libertad : los
manes de aquellos que han muerto en la batalla : lo que
las naciones pueden pensar y decir de nosotros, y las
grandes cosas q ue ellas se han prometido de nuestra
noble adquisicion de libertad, y del establecimiento tan
gloriosamente comenzado de nuestra noble Republica,
que si no se verifica ser la mas grande infamia para
esta nacion. Ultimamente considera tu propio caracter
y no sufras jamas que la libertad, por la qual haz pasado tantos trabajos y peligros sea violada por ti mismo
de ninguna manera deteriorada por los otros. Tu
mismo no podrs ser libre a menos que nosotros no lo
somos tambien, porque tal es la constitucion necesaria
delas cosas, que qualquiera que invade la libertad de
los demas antes que ellos pierde la suia propia, y siente
primero su propia esclavitud. Pero si el que siendo el
patron, y como la Deidad tutelar de la libertad, y
ademas estimado como un hombre dela mas grande
integridad y probidad oprimiese esta misma libertad
que el ha defendido, tal cosa seria una herida perniciosa y casi fatal no solamente su reputacion, sino
aun ala virtud y piedad en general. Parecera que la
honestidad y virtud se havian perdido. La religion
liana poco caso de ellas, y la reputacion seria despues

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

205

contada por nada; la mayor desgracia que puede suceder al genero humano.
N.: T. V, f.

263.

Milbank Friday

Dear Sir,
I send the sketches whieh you wished to have, for
the purpose of getting them copiedI will thank you
not to let them out of your house, lest they should be
laid about carelessly, & spoil 'd.
I also return Hakluyt with many thanksI have the honor to be,
Your most obedt servt
W. COLUMBINE
N.: T. V, f.

264.

Londres ce 21 Avril 1805.

On apprend par des Lettres de la Trinidad (en date


du 12 Fevr dernier) que la nouvelle de la Guerre entre
l'Espagne et l'Angleterre, produit la plus grande sensation dans la partie pos du Continent Hisp : Americainet qu'on consequence on se reunit de touttes parts
dans des certaines Isles adjacentes (C et M.) dont les
Gouverneurs ainsi que les habitants sont des partisans
secrets de l'independance continentalle ; afin d 'organiser, et d'obtain un nombre d'armes et de munitions
sufisantes pour s'emparer de certaines Villes du dit
Continent qui sont pretes les recevoir en Amis, et
prendre les pour la armer a la meme cause. Et il parait
que l'affaire est dej, si avanc qu'on ne demande it
celui qui forme cette note, que de venir les joindre au
plus tot, ou de leurs envoyer au moins le Plan de Gouvernement Civil qu'on leurs promis, et qui est la
seulle chose qu 'jis attendent pour y commencer. &.

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

206

On craint que le refuse d'une reponse satisfaisante ou


du Plan qu'ils demandent, ne les precipetent dans des
mesures ineonsiders et faeheuses dont les suites peut
etre ne pourront plus s 'arreter, ni corregir par toas
les efforts qu'on fairait apres.
(Borrador de pufo y letra de Miranda)
To
SIR EVAN NEPEAN.

N.: T. V, f. 265.

Monsieur,

Je prends la libert d'insrer mon compte, afin de


le soumettre votre examen. Le porteur reprendra
Roeheetymon.
Si vous Ates toujours dans l'intention de faire achat
d'un Moniteur complet, je m'estimerai trs-heureux de
vous en fournir un. Je trouve sur votre Compte une
Introduetion au Moniteur, cela doit tre une erreur de
ma part, paree que je vous l'avoit prt & vous me
l'avez rendu.
Me reeommandant la continuation de vos bonts,
je suis trs-respeetueusement,
Monsieur Votre tres-humble & tres
obeisant serviteur.
Y. DEBOFFE.

Le 4 Mai, 1805.
GENERAL MIRANDA

N.: T. V, f. 266.

Grafton Street,
Fitzroy Square.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

207

My dear General
I have seen Sir Evan Nepean desired him

to comEngland.
leaving
municate to Mr Pitt your resolution of
If he sees Mr Pitt to day I will send you word in the
Evening : if not I shall be glad to see you on Thursday morning at ten o 'clock in Gt George St.
y r Truly

N. V.
22 May 1805.
Irish Office
Thursday morng.
N.: T. V, f. 268.

Je vous felicite, mon

eher

General, de la decision

prise, j 'espere voir N. incessament vous embrasser

demain.
ce 23 mai 1805.
al

GENERAL MIRANDA.
N.: T. V, f. 269.

Admiralty
23d may 1805.

My dear General
I shall be at your service at any time to morrow that
you may find most convenient.I have had a conver-

sation the subject of which I have made known to own


friend in Great George Street.
Your most sincerely
EvAN NEPEAN.

GEN'. MIRANDA.
N.: T.

V, f.

270.

208

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

(Mayo 24 1805)

Despues de ayer recibido ayer y hoy los dos adjuntos billetes de mi amigo Vansittart (v. X.) y ademas de todo esto, averme traido Williamson la noticia
de que Sir E. Nepean le havia asegurado en Zilhani
esta maana de que yo partia mui pronto para Trinidad, y que si yo pedia al govierno que W me acompaase, ciertamente no me lo rehusaria, pues la intencin era de que yo fuese contento, y con buena disposic ion acia el Pais este sin recargarme de personas
que no fuesen de mi agrado, que jo no solicitare para
el caso; por lo qual me suplicava que lo eligiese e
hiciera mi peticin para el caso al govierno etc. ...
As se lo promet y l se parti contento vr tambien
a M r Cooke el Secret de V Camden sobre el mismo
objeto. En el intermedio yo recivi este billete de Sir
E. Nepean y poco despues bolvi : mi Williamson,
mui satisfecho de la Conferencia dilatada que me dixo
acavaba de tenr con Al Cooke sobre Nuestra Empresa, y que este le avia repetido con sinceridad que su
opinin (de C.) era que no se perdiese un momento
de tiempo en llevar execucin mi Plan de operaciones, y que para ello seria necesario que las Personas
principales encaragadas de la execucin partiesen in-

mediatamente para Trinidad etc. ... que en medio


de todo esto perciva sin embargo en Cooke, una cierta predileccin por la idea de Mr Pitt, de embiar fuerzas considerables de Tropas-Inglesas fin de inspirar
confianza los americanos; mas que l (W.) le replic esto que en lugar de producir un bien tl vez aria
perjuicio inspirando temor de conquista en los habitantes... y que mejor seria hacer la prueba como yo
lo habia propuesto en que combino al fin Cooke.
Aadiendo, que sabia adems que la opinion de Mt.

Pitt era tambien de que el Plan se llevase a execucin

sin el menor retardo ... y de todo esto, junto con lo


que havia podido colegir de las demas conversaciones
y apariencias en las Secretarias del Govierno, conN.: T. V, fe. 270 y 270 v.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

209

club Willi: que ahora hiva la cosa de veras y no retardaria nada nuestra partida etc.
Con este buen informe me fui temprano en casa de
Vansittar para saber prim lo que Nepean le havia informado sobre mis negocios, y concertar al mismo tiempo mis gestiones subsecuentes. Me dixo solamente que
.Nepean no le havia dicho mas ayer, sino que Je Pitt
habia dado por respuesta, que si el govierno me havia
ofrecido el dexarme partir guando yo lo juzgase conbeniente, era necesario cumplir religiosamente la promesa; mas que era necesario que jo prometiese el no
hacer nada en Trinidad sin consentimiento del Governador etc. ... Esta resolucion me dex absolutamente sorpreso ; y le observ que en buen lenguaje no
quena decir otra cosa, sino que pasase la Isla de
Trinidad para que el governador de esta isla me hiciese saber all la voluntad de Mr Pitt sobre mi persona
. que esto en lugar de ser una cosa justa equitable,

era un insulto personal, o un destierro infame sin la


menor apariencia de razon 6 autoridad para ello
enfin era lo mismo que mudar de una posicion incomoda, una insoportable infame ; mayormente guando sabiamos lo que el governador precedente Picton
habia hecho con Gual y otros en la propia Isla ... Mi
amigo sinti la fuerza de mi argumento, me aconsej
que fuese vr Nepean ; mayormente guando el informe de Williamson parecia contra decir en todo, lo
que el havia entendido del mismo Nep.; y que a eso de
las 3. rasase por su casa, pues en el intermedio debia
ver a M r Pitt, y le hablaria sobre el particular. Fuime
pues al Almirantasgo (despues de haver visto a Davison, y aun Williamson que me confirm la certidumbre de lo passado con N y G el dia antecedente) y hall Nepean algo embarasado, me dixo oue
Vansittar acavava de estar con l, y que era posible
que despues que l havia visto Mr Pitt, que este
tuviese visto NI' Camden ... que asi valdria mas que
fuesemos juntos al oficio de Cooke, y asi sabriamos
punto fixo lo que era ... sin explicarme otra cosa
efectivamente nos fuimos acia Downing-street, mas sin
hablar una palabra por la interrupcion constante de

210

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

los conocidos que encontramos por el camino en el


oficio supimos que Cooke corria por las dems Secretarias, y as nos separamos, entrandose Nepean en el
de foreigner-affaires, y yo segu con Williamson, quedando ambos de bolver alli eso de las 3. para ver a
Cooke que estaria ya de buelta.
Tan enfadado me hall de estas tergiversaciones,
y misterios que me retir a mi casa, sin nimo de bolver las 3. en casa de Cooke, ni de Vansittart y
solo encargu a Williamson que bolviese, y me trajera
respuesta de lo que supiese de Cooke por la tarde: en
efecto me inform haver visto Cooke que le dixo avia
hablado a Nepean y que lo que l le havia dicho el
dia antes ( W.) era su opinion unja:cm', y no la de
otra persona etc. este es el Pastel que N C y C:
han compuesto para enrredar mis asuntos. Dios quiera que no tengamos aun otra repeticion de las infamias
de Duperon, o Hawlesbury en los Preliminares de
Amiens.

(Borrador de letra de Miranda)

N.: V, fs. 271 y 271 Y.

Graf t: Str: ce
1805.

1 Juin

J'ai reeu les Papiers que vous aviez chez vous, appartenant l'affaire en question ; et jis me sont parvenus en suret.j 'espere que Ceux qui etoyent chez
Md Melville, et qui ne sont pas moins importants seront
deg repris par Sir E. Nepean comme il nous l'avoit
promis ; et que si par hazard ii l'avoit oubli, votre rapel
lui aura fait faire cette demarche essensielle.
Cette semaine ne nous a pas eclerci encore sur lo
position ou direction des Escadres Combins, mais j'
espere que d'ici Lundi prochain nous pourront peut
etre voir plus clair. Si pour ce jour la vous pouviez
concerter une entrevue avec Sir Evan Nepean afin de
prendre une mesure difinitive quelconque sur mon depart, je vous seroit infiniment oblig. Je souhaite que
vous soiez present ces transactions finales, pour qu'en

PROLEGMENOS

DE LA

1NDEPENDENCIA

211

tout cas, mes desirs d'emmener une conclusion amicale


(quand elle ne puisse pas etre tout a fait satisfaisante)
ne soient pas frustrs.Vous savez mieux que personne les efforts que je fais depuis plus de trois ans, pour
accorder les interets de ce Paysici avec l'independance et le bonheur du mien : vous savez que je ne peus
plus differer mon depart pour l'amerique meridionelle
sans compromettre mon honneur, ma consideration et
sur tout le salut de ma Patrie prette entre ainsi que
l'Hollande et l'Italie sous le joug du moderna Atla!
Ainsi ne perdons pas un instant je vous en conjure,
pour prendre les mesures les plus raisonables, et la
plus compatibles avec les interets des deux pays, dans
un moment aussi extreme!
sunt certi denique fines,
quos ultra, citraque nequit consistere rectum",
Je suis avec une parfaite estime et la plus sincere
reconnoissance
V. t. h. s.
M-A.

the

R. W. NICEI. VANSITTART
N.: T. V, I. 272.

At David Williamson Esqr Advocate


Alisons Square Edin: 1 8t June 1805.

My Dear General
I arrived here yesterday a little fatiqued but very
well otherwiseI found my poor old Father very near
closing his daysI beg you will do me the Honor to
write me a une by return of Postmerely to say if you
think my being with you on the 12 Inst. in place of the
10th will make any difference--if I do not hear from
you, 1 shall leave this so as to be with you on the fore-

ARCHIVO DEL OENERAL MIRANDA

212

noon of the tenth instantI have the Honor to be D'


Sir
Your most sincere and with great
respect your Humble sert
C. WILLIAMSON
GEN: MIRANDA

N 27 Grafton Street

Fitzroy Square.

N.: T. V, f. 273.

Blackheath
Sunday morning (2 a of

une 1805)

D ear General

I did not get your letter yesterday till I was leaving


town. I shal be glad to see you tomorrow at two o 'elock
& will endeavour to see N. before that time.
Ever yours
N. V.
GEN'. MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square
N.: T. V, f. 274.

Dear General
I saw N. this morning he has not got your papers
from Ld M. but promises to exert himself to get them.
He will meet you here at a little after ten Wednesday
morning.
Yours sincerely
(monday 3 d . june 1805)
To
GEN'. MIRANDA
N 27 Grafton

Fitzroy Sq.
N.: T. V, f. 175.

Street

N. V.

N. VANSITrART

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

213

MT Vansittart present his Compliments to Gen' Miranda and will be glad to see him at 10 o 'clock on
Wednesday morning, at which time Sir E. Nepean is to
be with him.
Irish offiee
4 june 1805.
GEN'. MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square
N. VANSITTART
N.: T. V, f. 176.

St James 's Square


4h June 1805.

My Dear General
I called yesterday to ask how you did, not having
seen you for a length of time, I was glad to find you
gone to Mr Vansittart's where I hope you would receive
some gratifying information on the long pending expedition. Every day produces on my humble opinion
fresh proofs of the expediency of the measure being
earried into effect, and I most sincerely lament Government had put it in execution fifteen months ago.Pro
erastination is the very Devil and utterly destroys the
best plans however well formed.
I have heard from Lord Nelson under date 10th May,
who had received on board six months provening and
determined to follow the French Fleet.M Davison
is in the Country extremely unwell and which occupies
my whole time in running back and forward upen the
Road.I go out of Town at 11 o 'clock, but shall return
to morrow morning by Nine.
our most Truly
A. D.
8 o'clock morning.
N.: T. V,

f. 282.

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

214

My Dear General
I am obliged to attend a Gentleman on some business
between 7 and 8 o 'clockwhich will prevent my being
able to call this eveningalmost the whole of my time
this day was taken up at the Office of the Commander
in Chief and with Sir Ja a PulteneyTomorrow I will
make up for this loss of time.I have the Honor to be
with great respectYour most sincerely
C. WILLIAMSON
GEN: MIRANDA
IV 27 Grafton Street

Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. V, f. 283.

Part 12 monday

I thank you My Dear General for the news as to


CuracoaI sincerely hope it may prove true.I think
this event should prove a strong inducement for a speedy movement if inducements were wanting. This esai
will afford great variety of eventsand there will be
little dependance on what may be the state of any particular Island a twelve month, or even Months home the
present circunstance puting Curacoa under the power
of this country will I hope be a happy one and ought
to be improved.
I shall be at Home all this forenoon and if I can
knew when you are returned home will attend you.
I have the Honor to be your most faithful ob. sert
C. WILLIAMSON
N.: T.

Y, f. 284.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

215

PRIVATE)

Graf ton Street ce 13 Juin 1805.

Monsieur
La demande que j'ai eu l'honneur de vous soumettre par Sir Evan Nepean tendante vous demander la
permission de partir incessamment pour la Trinidad,
n'a pour Objet que de me reunir des Compatriotes
qui se trouvent aetuellement dans cette Isle, et qui
attendent avec la plus vive impatience mon arriv, pour
donner la main l'Oeuvre importante de leur mancipation, qu'ils sont tout-pret de commencer par euxmmes ; voyant que les seeours promis par l'Angleterre
souffrent un delai trop long, tandis que le moment
actuel est a leur Avis le plus propiee qu'on sauroit en
souhaiter.
La mme Personne qui m'a transmis votre reponse
sur cet obj et, m'a fait sentir que ce n'etoit pas en realit la faute de bonne volont de votre part qui eausoit
ce retard mais les demarches inconsiders de quelques
8 de mes Compatriotes, qui faisot hesiter le Gouvernement dans ce moment, sur la deeision de eette affaire ... Je ne doute pas Monsieur, que dans la nature
des evenements humaines, et dans le eours de l'affaire, qui nous occupe depuis un si grand nombre d'annes, la meehancet ou mme la Calomnie ne soient
pas venues troubler la marche et empeeher une conclusion heureuse; mais ce qui m'afflige reelement e 'est la
magnitude de l'obj et, et l'interet immediat d'une grande portion de l'espece humain qui doivent en tre la
Vietime... Ainsi permettez done (je vous en supplie)
que je lve toutes les doutes et toutes les difficults
cet egard, en offrant les preuves les plus evidentes,
et en me soumettant un examen quelconque pour
detruire ces perfides insinuations. Je les appele ainsi,
puisque n'yant jamais departi un instant des prineipes
politiques, et moraux qui formeront notre premiere
liaison politique en 1790, je n'aurois pas la moindre
difficult detruire l'ombre mme du soupeon, on
de l'inconsequence dans une inculpation queleonque.
N.: T. Y, f. 285.

216

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Quand on a pass 25 Ans de sa Vie occup constamment d'un seul et mme objet, et que cet objet est l'
etude des principes sages qui conduisent les hommes au
bonheur pour les appliques au bien de sa Patrie, on ne
doit pas, ce me semble douter de ses propres Principes,
ni rougir d'avoir pass la vie dans des honteuses occupations. cet effet j'ai l'honneur de vous proposer la
mesure suivante.
Qu'on nomme deux, ou trois Personnes de votre
Confiance, qui on transmettra toutes les eharges qu'
on puisse trouver sur mon Compte, ou celle de mes
Compatriotes, et qui portent incompatibilit aux Propositions, et aux renseignemens que j'ai eu Phonneur
de presenter au Gouvernement de S.M.B. sur l'independance, et l'emancipation des Colonies Americaines, differentes poques.et si on trouve aprs
cet examen que ces inculpations sont destitus de fondement, l'obstacle sera certainement aplanie, et la confiance mutuelle retablie pour le bien d'une partie
considerable du Monde civilis
Je n'ignore pas qu'un jeune Allemand nomin Duperou, et que je fis venir ici de Paris, ayant t corrompu par des Emigrs dans ce Pays il y a sept ans,
fut conseill d'enlever quelques MSS. relativement
la Population de l'Amerique meridionale--Ainsi que
quelques extraits d'autres papiers, qui tombant par
hazard entre les mains d'une personne honntte les fit
bruler aprs; qu'il fit en outr des fausses denonciations la Police de Londres contre moi, se voyant
arret ici par les intrigues de ces mmes migrs qui
l'avoient seduit auparavant ; et qu' la fin se precipitant d'un crime dans un autre il parvint jusqu' faire
des vols dans les chemins publics de la France 85.
mais cet accident ne doit pas affecter la probit de mes
Compatriotes qui le connurent par un pur hazard, ni de
moi qui l'ayant cru reconniassant, lui ai confi quelques papiers pour les copier chez moi.
Deux autres faits portants des allusions peu favorables ma moralit sont aussi arrivs ma connoisN.: T. V, f. 286.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

217

sance, mais qui ne m'ont pas paru meriter pour lors


une refutation publique.
Dans Panne 1801 (le 13 du mois de Juillet) 1'
Attorney General Law dans un proc qui ne me regardoit directe ni indirectement, s'est permis de dire
que le Geni Miranda serviroit contre son pays la France,
l'Angleterre, ou la Russie selon qu'on le payeroit
mieux S'il l'a dit comme une vague conjecture, c'

est une reflexion illiberale et deplacesi au contraire


on le prend dans un sens affirmatif, l'une et l'autre
supposition seroient evidemment fausses, et Pauteur
im lache Calomniateur.
My" Bute encore pretendant connoitre ce qui se
passe dans l'Espagne et dans ses Colonies mieux que
personne, fut trs occup il y a six ans propager ici
Pide que j'etois un Aventurier, puisque j'avois fait
la Contrebande dans l'Amerique meridionale... On
pourroit avec une meilleure logique prouver sa seigneurie, qu'une decision Judiciaire du Conseil supreme
des Indes declaroit tout le contraire dans Panne 1799
me justifiant de toutes ces eharges, ainsi qu' mes
associs dans la propre cause, le Gouverneur de la
Havanne Cagi gal, et le Viceroy de Sta Fe Espeleta,
qui n'etoient pas des Aventuriers pour cela. Un homme
de l'age et du rang du Marquis de Bute parlant et
raisonnant de la sorte, fait rellement piti, et merite
plus tt le mpris.
L'importance de l'objet ainsi que ma delicatesse
envers les Personnes respectables qui m'ont honor
de leur Amiti et second avec leurs efforts pendant
cette longue et' penible negociation, exigent encore
cette demarche de ma partC'est une Justification
enfin que j 'offre, et que je dois ma Patrie mes
Compatriotes, mes amis, et au Gouvernement mme
qui m'a donne Asile et un honorable support 1... Sous
ces rapports je ne puis pas douter Monsieur, que vous
ne m'accordiez cette juste et honorable demande, comme l'unique moyen de satisfaire une inculpation fond, avec les preuves justificatives necessairesou de
N.: T. V, I. 288.

218

ARCEIIVO DFJ, GENERAL MIRANDA

condamner un infame mepris, des obscurs et vils


calomniateurs, s 'il-y-en a
Je suis avec profond respect, et la plus haute
consideration.
&c. &c. &c.
the H. R. H. W'". P.
N.: T. V, f. 288.
En los folios 290 y 291 se halla el borrador de la carta anterior que enva
el General Miranda al Ministro Wm. Pitt, de pullo y letra de Miranda.

NOTE

Graf ion str: ce 22 Juin 1805.

Le Gen' Miranda presente ses respects au tres hone


Wra Pitt, et le prie de vouloir bien jetter les yeux sur
le Duplicata cipoint.C 'est la //Ame Lettre que Sir
Evan Nepean eut l'honneur de lui remettre il-y-a quelqes jours sur un objet de la plus haute importance et
si les interets de l'Angleterre, aussi bien que ceux de
l'Amerique me : n'etoient pas egalement compromis et
lis ensemble, dans cette importante affaire G. M. se
gardera bien de distraire l'Attention du Premier Ministre de S. Majet B. dans un moment aussi affair
et aussi critique que l'actuelN.: T. V, f. 291.

Julio 5 de 1805.

La Respuesta esta Carta, ha sido un mensage


vervl por Sir Evan Nepean (y que tambien me remiti Vansittart) en que Mr Pitt me asegura que no tenga la menor inquietud sospecha sobre rumores semejantespues su opinion cerca de mi integridad y
honradez es invariable, no obstante lo que pudo ocurrir aos pasados en tiempos de mas turbulencia que

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

219

deseava se sepultase en perpetuo olvidoy me suplicava estuviese bien persuadido del mejor concepto, y
perfecta confianza que yo le merecia 85c, &c, &c,mi
amigo Vansittart convino con migo sin embargo, que
algun fundamento havia havido, y que mi justificacion
estava bien puesta en todo caso, por lo que valiese. Y no
hai duda que la impresion debe ayer sido fuerte, pues
los aparentes fieros, se han transmutado de repente en
obsequios y satisfacciones.
(Notas de letra de Miranda.)
N.: T. V, f. 291 vto.

Londres 1 de Agosto de 1805.


DISPOSICION TESTAMENTARIA

Hallandome punto de embarcarme para la America, con intento de llevar debido efecto los PlanesPoliticos en que tengo empleada gran parte de mi
Vida; y considerando los graves riesgos y peligros que
para ello ser indispensable superar; hago esta declaracion fin que por ella se cumpla en caso de fallecimiento, esta mi voluntad.
Los bienes y derechos de Familia que tenga en la
Ciudad de Caracas Provincia de Venezuela, mi Patria, los dexo beneficio de mis amadas hermanas y
sobrinos, quienes afectuosisimamente deseo toda
prosperidad.
N.: T. V, f. 292.

Tengo en la Ciudad de Paris en Francia, una preciosa Coleccion de Pinturas, Bronces, Mosaicos, Gouaches y Estampas (segun los Catalogos del Legajo A)
que paran en poder de Mr Cleriseaux d' Auteville y
de su yerno Mr Le Grand Artchitecto de la misma
Ciudad de Paris; y del Abogado Mr Chauvaux la
Garde, mi defensor y amigo.Asi mismo me debe la
nacion Francesa por mis sueldos y gratificaciones en
tres Campaas que servi la Republica mi Costa, co-

220

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

mandando sus Exercitos (segun cuentas de la Tesoreria, Certificaciones de ministros de la guerra Servan, Pile, &c.) unos diez mil Luices por la parte que
menos hasta el ao 1E01en el mes de Marzo que el
infame Bonaparte me honr, como el Directorio, con
una especie de Ostracismo, y yo voluntariamente renunci la Francia como nacin envilecida y subyugada
por los hombres mas perversos de la Revolucion Francesa.
Dexo asi mismo en la Ciudad de Londres en Ynglaterra, mis Papeles, CorrespondenciasOficiales
con Ministros y Generales de Francia en tiempo que
comand los Exercitos de dicha Republica: y tambien
varios M S S. que contienen mis Viages investigaciones en America, Europa, Asia y Africa con objeto
de buscar la mejor forma y Plan de govierno, para el
establecimiento de una sabia y juiciosa Libertad Civil
en las Colonias Hispano-Americanas; que son mi juicio los paises mas bien situados, y los Pueblos mas aptos para ello, de quantos yo tengo conosidos. Quedan
estos cerrados y sellados en 30 caxas de Carton (mas 1
portafolio de Cuero que est en poder de M r Clericaux
en Paris).
Mas, mi Correspondencia y negociaciones con los
ministros de su Magd B. desde el ao 1790 hasta el dia
presente, cerca de la Yndependencia absoluta y del
establecimiento de la Libertad-Civil en todo el Conti'
nente Hispano-Americano; en los propios terminos que
la Francia lo hizo con los E.U. de America. Quedan
igualmente cerrados en quatro Portafolios de cuero,
con mi sello.
Ytem los muebles y adornos de la Casa en que vivo
N9 27 Grafton Street con alguna Plata y Loza, segun
el Catalogo r.
N.: T. V, f. 292.

Dexo por encargados y Albaceas en esta Ciudad de


Londres mis respectables amigos John Turnbull
Esqr of Guildfor street (por su falta P. Turnbull su

PROLEG6MENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

221

hijo) y al mui hon' Niche Vansittart, quienes suplico se encarguen de mis asuntos durante mi ausencia
y de la execusion de esta mi ultima disposicion en caso
de fallecimiento.
1 Todos los Papeles y MSS, que llevo mencionados se embiaran la Ciudad de Caracas (en caso de
que el Pais se haga independiente que un Comercio
franco abra las puertas de la Provincia las dems
nacionespues de otro modo seria lo mismo que remitirlos Madrid) poder de mis deudos, del Cabildo
y Ayuntamiento, para que colocados en los Archivos
de la Ciudad testifiquen mi Patria el amor sincero
de un fiel Ciudadanoy los exfuerzos constantes que
tengo practicados por el bien publico de mis amados
compatriotas.
A la Universidad de Caracas se embiaran en mi
nombre los Libros Clasicos-Griegos y Latinos de mi
Biblioteca, en seal de agradecimiento y respecto por
los sabios principios de Literatura, y de moral christiana con que alimentaron mi Juventud.., con cuyos
solidos fundamentos he podido superar felizmente los
graves peligros y dificultades de los presentes tiempos.
2 Toda la Propiedad que queda aqui en Londres,
y en Francia (segun llevo expresado anteriormente) se
aplicar la educacin y beneficio de mi hijo natural
Leandro que dexo recomendado especialmente mis
albaceas y amigos; pues queda en la tierna edad de
18 meses y sin mas proteccion de deudos Parientes.
N.: T. V, f. 293.
39 Las 600 st: que dexo Mr Turnbull para hir
pagando la renta y gastos de mi casa (segun el arrendamiento de 70- annuales) se entregaran en la parte
restante mi fiel ama de llaves Sara Andrews quien
dexo igualmente los muebles de dha Casa n 27en
Grafton street, la Plata, Loza, Fixtures de Lt misma
Casa, &c...
Fecha ut supra.
FRAN : DE MIRANDA

222

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

P.S.
A mi estimado amigo el mui hone Niche Vansittart
dexo por memoria la Coleccion de Mapas y Cartas Geographicas que estan en un cofre hecho para este efecto:
y W Turnbull los dos Gravados de Morghen de la
Trans figuracion y el Cenculo que estan en la sala
principal: y dos quadros su eleccion de los que estn
en Paris.
ut supra.
MIRANDA

N.: T. V, f. 293.
Nota: Este mismo Documento se halla publicado con una variante mas
en los Ytem en el Tomo VII, de Viajes, folios 135 al 138.

To Mese:
JOHN TURNBULL Ese.
P. TURNBTJLL
The Right ion. NICHs. VANSITTART

To be open only, in case of my Death


MIRANDA

Inish Office
13 June 1805.

Dear General
I did not write to you yesterday or to day as I
rather expected you would cali here sometime in the
morning. I Ishewed your letter to Nepean who very
much approved of it & thinks it may have a good
effect.
yrs sincerely
N. VANSITTART.
N.: T. V, f. 294.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

Grafton street

ce

223

19 Juin 1805.

Mon digne ami:


Je ne me suis pas rendu chez vous hier que pour
obtenir les Passe ports dans les termes dont nous sommes convenus avec Sir Eban Nepean ily a plus de
15 joursJe suis d'autant plus empress de les obtenir, et de partir avant que vous quittiez Londres, que
la mchancet affecte de trouver des motifs pour y
nuire &c... Voici unne Copie nette de la reponse qu'on
peut leur offrir, et qu'ils meritent
Enfin, je vous supplie de voir aujourd'hui Sir Evan
ce sujet, et de m'accorder unne entrevue pour demain matin, afin de conclure cette ennuyante et interminable affaire. n'oubliez pas mes Papiers, qui etoient
chez My d Melville.
vous avec unne reconnoissance infinie

MA.
The R. H.
N.:

NI. VANSITTART.

T. V,

f. 295.
Grafton street Saturday
16th .Jufne 1805.

My Dear General
M rs N. and I request the Honor of your Company
to Dinnes before six o'clock on Saturday next 23'
June. Believe me always with sincere regard.
Your Faithfull and obed t servt
W. PULLARTON.
N.: T. V, f. 296.

224

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

frh Office
20 Itote 1805.

Dear General
I saw N. this morning & he told me that he had
put your letter into Mr Pitt hands & had also given
him a draft of an instruction to the Gov r of Trinidad
relative to the mode of cooperating with you & that
P. said he would attend to them but had not yet given

him any answer.

Ever yours.
N. V.

N.: T. V, f. 297.

My Dear General
You may be well assured the Chagrin I feel at not
being able to fulfil my engagement with you to day.
Mrs Davison is still in such a state of Health, that I
eould not possibly leave Her alone. I have however
arranged matters so as allow me to run up to Town
to morrow for a few Hours. and I hope you will make
it convenient to be in St James's Square at 12 o'Cloek
I am truly vexed I cannot see you to day, tho' I flotter myself Twenty four Hours will make no material
differeneeI intend to be in Town to morrow about
11 and shall not leave it till 2 o'clock.Believe me

My Dear General.

Yours most faithfully.


ALEX DAVISON.

Sipson House
Monday morning
6 o'Clock

PROLEGMENOS

225

DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

Stipson House.
near the 13 mill stone on the Bath Boad

My Dear General
I have this instand received your note and I lament
my absence from Town at the present moment.M'8
Davison feeling herself so extremely low, it was absolutely necessary that I should accompany her into the
Country for a few days.already she has experienced
its benefits, and hope in a very short time Her Health
will be perfectly restablished.I see nothing (at present) to prevent my coming to Town on Monday morning for a few hours. and if you will make it convenient to come to me in St James's Square we will talk
ever again a subject of other I ever have conceived to
be of the First Imputance to this Country. it is unnecessary to repeat my sentiments upon a matter, you
already so will know. I shall only say, the man I reflect on the ultimate Benefits that would result to this
Nation, the more my feeling are wounded at the unaccountable delay and procrastination aparently on the
part of Government in carrying the Plan into Effeet.
I can only add, whatever depends on me, shall not be
wanting to promete with vigour and by every possible
exertion to expedite the operations the momentthe
word is given by authority for that purposeBelieve
My Dear General

Yours most Faithfully,


A. D.

N.: T. V,

f. 298.

Friday 21st June 1805.


2 o'Clock

If you consider it absolutely necessary I will take

a run up to Town on Sunday.a line left with my man

in St James's Square, with directions to forward it inmediately to me will come to me by one of the after-

226

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

noon Coachebut you most in that case let my servant have your letter by 1 o'Clock of the day of tomorrow.
N.: T. V, f.

299.

Dear General
I saw N. this morning & he informed me that he
expected to see Mr P. & Camden.
Y" sincerely
N. V.
GEN1. MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street,
Fitzroy Sq.
N. VANSITTART
N.: T. V, f.

300.

St James's Square
8 o'Clock

My Dear General
I am this moment arrived.I have received several
letters from Lord Nelson, the last says (of 12' June)
I am going after Gravena & Villeneuve and hope to
catch them &, &.
If ever Ministers seriously thought of putting your
Plan into exeention, to me there never was so favourable a moment as the presentthere now can be no
excuse for farther procrastination.
I shall stay in Town till to morrow after noon.
Yours Ever most truly.
LEX DAVISON

To
GENERAL MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square.

N.: T. V, f. 301.

227

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

Dr Gen.
I wish to have an opportunity of speaking to you
before you go out.will you be so obliging as say at
what hour I will find you at home.
With great respect.
E. N.
11 o'cloek.
GEN: MIRANDA

N.:

T. V, f. 302.

PRIVATE

ce mercredi 26 Jutin 1805.

My Dear Friend.
J'ai vu hier Davison, qui j'ai communiqu l'affaire que vous savezil accepte la proposition sans aucun
difficult, et promet que tout l'armement necessaire
sera pret dans 15 Jours, du moment qu'on sera d'accord sur mon depart ; que la combinaison de Liverpool
soit adopt, ou non. il ne voit des difficults ni des dangers, que dans le retard!
Je crois moi, que des ennemis fort dangereux dans
ce moment, sont iei; et que ce sont eux qui nous ont
agit ces jours passs.Les emigrs enfin aprs avoir
contribu par leurs intrigues perdre l'Europe, tournet leurs regard empoisonns du cot de l'Amerique
Les Instruments dont lis se servent auprs du Gouvernement sont, je crois Hus . . , Lon... est Sir F. Ban...,
avec les subalternes Mendoza, et peut tre Var.
il faudroit precautionner Sir Evan sur cet objet, si
vous le jugez propos. De toutes les manieres, marchons sans perdre un moment, et laisons aboyer ces
petits Cerberes. . .
Et latrat, sed frustra agitur, vox irrita ventis,
N.: T. V, f. 303.

228

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Et peragit cursus, surda Diana suos:


J'aurai Phonneur de passer chez vous demains sans
faute,
&c.
the R. H.

NICH : VANSITTART.

ce mercredi 26 Juin 1805.

My de,a,r Sir Evan


J'ai vu our Friend MT Davison hier, et je lui ai propos l'affaire dont nous avons parl ensemble.il accepte la proposition, et m'a dit de vous informer, que
du moment que mon depart soit arrang, il aura tout
l'armement necessaire prt (15 Jours aprs) soit qu'on
adopte la combinaison de Liverpool, ou non. il n'apercoit des .difficults ni des dangers que dans le retard.
Je suis parfaitement de son opinion.
Marchons sans hesiter, et laissons ces miserables
(mais dangereux) aboyeurs, s'agiter entr'eux et leurs
mensonges...
Davison n'a pas t vous voir hier, parceque ii fut
forc de retourner it. Mrs D qu'il laissa malade la
campegne. il m'a dit que du moment que nous lui
communiquerons l'avis tout sera prt.
&c, &c.
the R. H. SIR EVAN NEPEAN.
N.: T. V, f. 303.

Ramsgate June

28th 1805.

Dear General
I have received an Answer to a Letter I wrote to
Liverpool, and the Gentleman informes me, he will
communicate the contents to some of his Mercantile

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

acquaintance and write me the result next week.I


Higham, which inhave not as yet an answer from
duces me to suspect he has left Liverpool.
I observe by the London Paper of Yesterday, a
report, that a serious Insurrection had broke out at
Mexieo.
The Shipment of the Treasure is opposed by our
Partywhile the Government Party contend, that the
Mother Country cannot exist if the accustomed shipments are withheld.These interval eommotions will,
I trust, tend to stregthen & faeilitate your views.
The unfavourable state of the Weather, prevent
my leaving this to day but I hope to have the pleasure to pay my respeet to you, on Sunday or Monday
morning at farthest.
I am with mueh respect.
Dear General, Your most. Obd. St.
GEO FITZWILLIAMS
GENERAL MIRANDA
&. &. &.

N.: T. V, f. 304.

(Co)
Sir
It having been reported, & it being sanguinely hoped that the Report will be eonfirmed, that the Island
of Curacao had surrendered to his Majesty's Arms,
I beg leave to submit with due Deference to Lord Camden, that under the present Cireunstances of Obstruetion to the British Trade, in almost every Country of
Europe, no Event could be more conducive to its Interest & Advaneement, than the Acquisition of that
Island. In many respeets, it has infinitely the Advantage of any of the others Free Ports. Its Harbor is
much more safe & capacious, its Magazines & Warehouses for Merchandize more large & eommodious, its
Vicinity (only a few Leagues distant) to one of the

i)i
Mre

"e";737.1:7.4
.SAA0P.10.

er.

230

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

most flourishing Provinces of Spanish America, renders it peeuliarly desirable. A large Commercial Intercourse, highly beneficial both with respeet to Import
& Exports, will no doubt, be carried on; & the greatest
of all Objects may be thereby obtained that of forming
a friendly Establishment for the British Trade, in some of the opposite Towns on the American Continent.
The Duke of Montrose, as President of the Committee for Trade, embraee every Occasion, with distinguished Zeal & Patriotism, that may tend to promote
the Navigation of this CountryNothing could more
effectually do so, than by opening a direet Intercourse,
with some Ports in Spanish America. The Trade by
the Medium of free Ports, depending on contraband
Dealings, whieh the Enemy may find Means and great
Measures, to frustrate or prevent, eannot be ealculated
on with certainty, or to any great Extent.A proper
Arrangement with some Ports in the Neighbourhood
of Curacao, would enable British Convoys to proeeed
directly thither, furnish the Inhabitants with the
Means of availing themselves of the British Protection
& afford a greater Mart, for the sale of British Manufactures, 85 a greater Encouragement, for the Commercial Marine of this Country than by any other Means,
could be effeeted.
N.: T. V, f. 305.

I entreat to be exeused, for thus submitting my


sentiments to his Lordship's Consideration, whieh I
am indueed to do, from the Relation I have held, for
many years past, with the Commereial & Manufacturing Interests of this Country.
I have the Honor to be, with great Respect &
Esteem (te
(Signed)

Guilford Street
29th. June 1805.

E. COOKE ESQr.
N.: T. V, f. 305.

JOHN TURNBULL.

231

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

Mr Vansittart present his Compliments to Geni Miranda and beg learn to acquaint him that it is uneertain at what time he will return to town to morrow
morning.
Irish Office
30 June Sunday.
N.: T. V, f. 306.

Londres ce 1 Aout 1805.

, Mess. Chauveau la GardeClerisseau d'Autevilleet Le Grand, Arehiteete.


Je vous prie mes Amis (en cas de Trepas) de remettre tous les Papiers et autres effects m'appartenant; ainsi que les Tableaux et monument des arts,
Mess. John Turnbull Esqr, et au tres hone Nich8 Vansittart ehargs de mes dispositions Testamentaires.
N.: T. V, f. 308.

Touttes mes dispositions anterieures eelle-ei devant etre caneells, je vous prie de ne pas faire aueune
attention et de soigner seulement qu'on donne une gratification de 100 Louis ma Bonne France Pelicier. et
je prie Mon Ami Chauveau de prendre quelque Meuble ou tableau, como souvenir de notre intime Amiti.
Vale
MIRANDA.
ei Messieurs

Chauveau la Garde Avoeat


Clerisseau
Arehitecte
Le Grand Architeete.
6. Paris.
N.: T. V, f. 308.

232

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Londres ce 28 Aout 1805.

Meessieurs
je vous prie dans mon absenee, de vouloir bien
prendre soin de mes affaires dans cette ville-ei: et de
repondre pour moi tous eeux qui se presenteront
avec unne demande quelconquevous conformant toujours aux instructions que j'aurai l'honneur de V0112
transmettre par ecrit, et selon que vous jugerez plus
convenable mes interets.
La meson, ainsi que tous les effects et ameublement
qu'elle eontient, seront laisses dans le mme eta qu'ils
sont actuellement, et la eharge de Mn' Martin qui
en aura tout le soin possible.Elle recevera pour eet
effet 50: s: ehaque trois mois, Min de payer la rente,
et les taxes annuelles, ainsi que sa manutention &c
si elle et besoin de quelque chose de plus, on le lui
avancera pour mon compte. L'argent que M r Turnbull
en a reeu pour eet objet fournira les sommes necessaires, selon que cela est expliqu dans sa Lettre du
18-courrent, que M rs Martin gardera dans son pouvoir.
Mes dispositions testamentaires, que je laisse eachets dans un tiroir, seront ouvertes le cas echeant,
et mises execusion par vos bonts, et par un effet de
la bonne amiti dont je vous suis redevable.
N.: T. V, f. 310.

Les restant des comptes avec les Libraires Dulau,


White, et Evans (qui sont les seuls qui ne sont pas
termins) seront satisfaits aussi-tot que je le pourral,
et en tout-Cas, les memes libres qui ne sont pas pays
leur seront retourns, selon que nous sornes convenusMost Faithfully yours.
M-A.

To Jorm

TURNBULL

DRY.

and the R. Hon. NicHs. VANSITTART.


N.: T. V, f. 310.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

233

NEGOCIACIONES
Tomo VI

Expedicin a Caracas.

Julio 1805 a Junio 1806.


My D Sir

I have been to day at the Admiralty, & have learnt


from the first authority, that advices had been received from Commodore Laforey dated the 25 May, that
he had reeeived intelligenee from Demerara, Surinam,
& other islands, that they were apprised of the arrival
in the West Indies of the eombined fleets, & prepared
to receive them. The Report of Trinidad being taken
is without the least foundation.
Your always & very sincerely
JOHN TURNBULL

4 July 1805
P. T. O.
GEN'. MIRANDA

I met Mr. Vansittart at the AdmY--& talked to him,


& others about Caracasit is generally believed that
it will be taken.
N.: T. VI, f. 1.

Mr. Cookes eompliments to General Mirandaand


he incloses him a draught for one hundred pounds according to his desire.
Downing St.
18 July 1805
N.: T. VI, f. 2.

234

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

PRIVAT).

London, July 13th 1805.

Mon cher Ami


Aprs des inconsequences, et des retards inconcevables et insupportables, nous voila sur le point de
partir. J' ai cru indispensable de vous en prevenir,
pour que ceux qui vous avez pu parler sur cet important objet, soient instruits et prepars de leurs cot
Je compte m'embarquer dans le courant de ce mois,
et de vous envoyer quelq'un ou de vous voir moi mme.
C'est mutile de vous dire davantage dans ce momentcependant ii ne faut pas perdre du tems dans
les preparatifs que vous aurez eu en ve; et sous peu
de semaines vous recevrez sans faute mon intimation
definitive pour agir, que ceci soit tenu avec grande reserve, et le plus grand secret possible. J'envoye ce
meme avis . notre ami GEver &c
(Borrador de Miranda.)
RUMS KING ESQ.

PRIVATE.)

London ce 13 Juillet 1805.

Mon cher Monsieur


Apres des inconsequences inconcevables, et des retards insupportables me voila sur le point de partir.
J'ai cru devoir vous en prevenir, pour que les Personnes a qui vous avez parl sur cet important objet, soient instruites et prepares pour agir. Je compte de
m'embarquer dans le courant de ce Mois, et de vous
envoyer quelq'un incessamrnent pour vous apprendre
le reste.
C'est mutile de vous dire davantage dans ce momentmais il ne faut pas negliger un instant dans
les preparatifs dont vous me parlez dans votre lettre
de 12 Mai 1804. Dans fort peu de semaines vous recevrez tres probablement mon intimation definitive pour
agir.

PRotaco5mtmos DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

235

Que ceci soit tenu avec grande reserve, et le plus


grand secret possible, pour le bien de la chose, et pour
la reussite des interesss.
Je communique le mme avis, aux amis de New
York
Ever &e.
(Borrador de Miranda.)
CHRISTOPHER GORE, ESQ.

Boston.
PitiveTz.)

July 13th 1805

My very Dear Friend


I have been in expectation of sending you a satisfactory reply to your kind letter of ... for this six
months past :however I am able to teil you now, that,
what your Friend Wwrites to you upon that subject,
is perfectly correct, And that you shall see me, or receive my intimation to join, in the course of few weeks
from this day.
I depend with confidence on your promise, and I
request of you, not to lose a moment's time (after you
have see this) in preparing all the means you can command, for to ensure success to our affairs:any reasonable promise, and liberal offer, shall be fullfilled ;
and you know me enough, for to take my word &c.
I trust you will act always, with that gravity, prudence, and vigor so congenial to your Character, and
disposition.
Ever & faithfully yours.
the same.
(Borrador de Miranda.)

W. S. Sktrrn ESQ. New York.


N.: T. VI, f. 3.

236

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

MillbanIc--Thursclay-

Dear Sir,
I send you some sketches made several years past
in the West Indies and on the West coast of Scotland
which I hope will amuse you for a few minutes
A servant will call for them on SaturdayI have the honor to be
your most obed.
humble servt:
E. H.

COLUMBINE.

GENERAL MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. VI, f. 4.

Gosport July 13 1805

Dear Sir,
I was in hopes that long before now some effectual
arrangement would have taken place to further your
great & noble undertakingbut alas! there seems to be
no end to delay & the minister seems to be more occupied with the defence of L-Mthan with the annoyance of our enemiesI have therefore not been much
surprised at not seeing Col' Wn, as it would be useless, (nay, injurious to your design) for any one to
make a movement unless government were fully determined to follow it up. I continue however to study
Spanish closely, & will live in the hope that it may
someday be useful to me
I presume that you have done with my sketches of
Teneriffe & Madeira by this time; & will therefore
request the favor of you to send them to Mr Dorington,
Millbank-rowas my nephew will come down here at
the end of this week, & 1 wish to take advantage of

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

237

that opportunity to have them brought carefully to


me
I have the honor to be
dear General
Your most obed.
humble serv:
E. H. COLUMBINE.
GEN.

MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 6.

My Dear General
A particular circunstance has occurred that will
prevent me being with you this Evening at 6 o 'clock.
I shall -with your leave call upon you to morrow at
11 o 'clock. when I hope you will have some pleasing
intelligence regarding your own objects to impart to
me.
I am my Dear General
Your most faithfully
ALEX

DAVISON.

Wednesday 3 ()Weck
(July 31-1805)
N.: T. VI, f. 6.

C. Williamson has the honor to inform Gen. Mirandathat Sir Evan Nepean did not come to town this
day nor probably would tomorrowSir Evan Servant
had been at the Admiralty for his letters said he
continued to get better.
Should Gen. Miranda see Sir Evan Nepean tomorrow if the Gen. sees proper he might inform him-

238

ARCHIV DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

that should it be necessary for C. Williamson to request


any thing particularly personal for himself from M.
Pitt that he will apply to B. Gen. Hope aid him with
his influence--but that any further application through
Gen Hope will probably be unnecessary untill the
business takes a more determined form :untill that
is the case, C. Williamson can only as he has already
done express his anxiety to be employd -vvith Gen:
MirandaWednesday 3

o eloek

N.: T. VI, f. 7.

Teil Mr. Yorke your


anxiety to have the honor
of knowing him arose
from hearing Sir Home P.
on all occasions declare that
him the most efficient
decided & liberal Minister
of this Government.
The Saddles. t to be orderd
The Ships j immediatly
all the other Article
In talking about the
necessity of Sir H. P commanding
say you know that in
august Lord S' Vincent
had no objection to his
commanding an Expedition
on the French Coast, or
had he any to his being
employed on another occasion
of the greatest Importance.
(al vuelto de
esta hoja)

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

239

1. Davison2. mi dinero3. Vargas y Ruther.


4. Melville-

5. Agencia
N.: T. VI, f. 8.

My Dear Sir
I am just come from the Admiraltywhere I was
at four oelock, wiLh Mr Mander& then, no further
aceounts had been reeeived from Sir P. Calder but
momentarily espectedEvery where I found the Public Offices oceupied about your Businessat the
Treasury I met Mr Davison& again at Lord Castlereaghyou had been third; & Sir Evan Nepean&
afterwards Lord Plane Seeretary war mueh employd
with Mr. CookeI did not give them the least hint of
knowing any thing of the matterI entirely depend
on your friendship to me, 84 my familyAs I am equally delicate with Mr. Molini 84 Mr. Fitzwilliam, I shall
be obliged to you, to send them to me to converse together, about our future commercial arrangementsFor the attainment of so immense an Object you certainly do right to make the most of everyone, & everythingbut it must be owned, that everyone whatever,
except our two selves, have perpetually acted, in interested PrinciplesOur Friendship commenced&
continued for many years, when there was not the
possibility wish, & fully trust will protect you, & promote your views.
Yours, My Dr Sr, faithfully & sincerely.
JOHN TURNBULL

1 August 1805.
GEN. MIRANDA

N.: T. VI, f. 11.

240

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Graf ton Street ce 13 Juillet 1805.

My Dear Sir Evan

J'ai vu hier notre ami Mr. Vansittart, a qui j 'ai


pri de vous voir pour accelerer la conclusion de mon
affaire, aujourdhui ou demain au plus tard; puisque
j'ai deja pris tous mes arrangemens particuliers pour
m'embarquer dans le courant de la semaine prochaine.
Je suis occup dans ce moment, ecrire aux Amis et
Compatriotes interesss sur cet Objet, et dans la suppsition que je serois embarqu dans 15 Jours pour les
joindre &c. . .
Vous voyez ainsi, que je n'ai plus mon digne Ami,
un moment perdre, et que mon sort sera decid en
tres peu de tenis. Dieu veuille que cela soit pour le
bien de tous! Je l'espere ainsi, et j 'en suis persuad.
Lundi prochaine je serai chez vous a Fulham, pour
prendre definitivement mon dernier arrangement, et
pour vous recommander ma Maison que je laisse sous
la protection et sous la charge de notre bon ami
Davison.
Je vous prie sur tout la plus grande reserve dans
une affaire aussi importante, que delicate : pas pour
ma suret personnelle, que pour le bien de la chose
Even and gratefully yours.

ce Vendredi 2 Aout 1805.

My Dear Sir Evan


Je ne suis pas depech encore, malgr mes effortsje vous supplie done, de ne pas m'oublier, et de me permettre de passer chez vous demain matin a Fulham,
pour terminer une fois cette ennuyeuse affaire: je
crains que vous ne partiez pour la Campagne, en me
laissant en l'air I
Voila les ngociations des Russes termines tout a
m'accorfaitEst ce que cela n'induiroit pas Mr.

241

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

der les secours promis ou a me donner au moins, de


moindre support a la Trinidad.
it demain
Ever Yours
(Borrador de Miranda.)
The R. H. SIR EVAN NEPEAN
N.: T.

VI, f. 12.

My dear General
I am glad to hear you are to have another consultation this morning. I wish it may be attended with all
the success the consequence of the object merits.
As I mean to set off to morrow in the North, should
you have any thing further to annulldate to me, I shall
be at home the whole of the day arranging all my private matters.With every good wish for your health
and prosperity.
I am my Dear General
Yours very faithful
ALEX DAVISON

Saturday morning
6 o'clock
3 augt. 1805.
C4ENERAL MIRANDA

27 Orafton Street
Fitzroy Square.
N.:

T. VI, f. 13.

Dear General
I shall be glad if you can come to me on Monday at
ten oclock as I understand the Privy Council sits at
eleven.
Yr faithfully
N. V.

Saturday morning
N.:

T. VI, f. 14.

242

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Dear General
I have been again prevented by a meeting of the
Council from going down to Fulhambut I hope at
all events to do it tomorrow, if you go down in a
chaise I will take my passage with you in the evening
to return, but in the morning I shall either walk or
ride there.
Yours sincerely
N. V.

Friday.
N.: T. VI, f. 15.

My dear General
I have been prevented this morning by official business from going to Fulham but I hope to able to go
there tomorrow & to see you about 11 en saturday.
Y" faithfully
N. V.

GEN' MIRANDA

N 27 Grafton Street

Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. VI, f. 16.

Blackheath

Aug. 15. 1805.

My dear General
I have for these last two days been paying a visit to
Lord Darnley in the Country; but I shall be in town
tomorrow before eleven oclock very glad to see you.
Yours faithf ully
N.: T. VI,

I. 17.

N.

VANSITTART.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

243

Mr. Vansittart presents his compliments to Gen'


Miranda and begs to inform him that as he will not be
in town to morrow he will be glad to see Genl Miranda
at 11 0 'elock on Thursday morning if it should be
convenient to him to call at that time.
Fring. Office
6 augt.
N.: T. VI, f.

18.

Grafton Street ce 9 Juillet 1805

MonsieurApres avoir patiemment attendu long tems la decision des Ministres de sa Mal est, sur les Secours
tont de fois promis par le Gouvernement de ce Pays,
aux Colonies Hispano-Americaines pour seconder leur
emancipation ; apres avoir transmis, et concert avec
les mmes Ministres les Plans et les mesures necessares
pour mettre a execution cet important objet ; apres
avoir vu partir les Escadres et les troupes de nos Ennemis vers l'Amerique, dans le dessin (dans mon humble
opinion) de renverser et de frustrer ce mmes Plans,
qui nous avoient couts tont de premeditation, et aux
quels etoient atachs en quelque sort les plus grands
interets plitiques, et commerciaux de l'Angleterre pour
l'avenir ; apres enfin avoir attendu avec la plus vive
inquietude ces jours passs, la decision du Probleme,
qui devoit decider du sort de l'isle de Trinidad (avec
toutes les Persones qui par mon avis et sous la recomendation des Ministres de sa Maj e, s'etoient reunis
dans cette Isle) et par consequent celui des Provinees
de Caracas, Santa Fee, Quito &c . . . Et que la Providence-divine semble, ainsi que les glorieux efforts de
la Marine Britannique, avoir voulu sauver pour cette
fois-ci Permetez moi Monsieur par votre interposition, de supplier les Ministres de sa Maj este de vouloir
bien venir a unne resolution quelconque tres immediatement; puisque ii m'est imposible de prolonger mon

244

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

sejour dans ce pays-iei audel du tems neeessaire pour


delivrer mes Passeports, et faire les arrangemens indispensables pour mon transport aux isles, dans un batiment de guerre; comme vous devez le sentir vous meme
d'apres tout ce qui a eu heu jusquis ici et plus particulierement la rupture avec l'Espagne.
Mais pour qu'en tout cas, on voye que le dessin dans
eette penible et longue negociation, n'a jamais vari
du but qu'on s'etoit propos au commencement . . . e 'est
a dire, de reunir les interets commereiaux de toute
Amerique avec ceux de l'Angleterre, comme parfaitement compatibles aux bonheur de deux Pays.Messure
d'autant plus necessaire aujourd'hui, qu'elle peut retablir la balance Politique, que la France a tout a fait
bris en Europe et qui peut etre ne pourra se retablir
avec suret pour l'Angleterre et ses Allis, que de eette
seule maniere. On propose les arrangemens suivantes
qui sans exiger des grandes forces peuvent fournir les
moyens sufisans, ou au moins indispensables, pour obtenir un objet aussi importan ; en profitant de 1 'occasion favorable du moment qui dans des enterprises
pareilles, vaut souvent bien plus que la force.
19 Le Plan combin deja avec My Lord Melville
et Sir Home Popham, eonsistant dans un vaisseau de ligne 2Fregates et 2Transports.
avec 3000hom8 de troupes colonialleset un
Armement pour 20,000 hom: qu 'on leveroit immediatement apres notre debarquement, parmi
les gens du pays &e.
Le
Plan arrang avec Sir Evan Nepean, qui etoit
119
de 2. Fregates de guerre, 2. Corvetes, 2. Cutters
colonialles-et un Armemant pour 10,000 hs. qu'
et 1. Transportavec 1500hom8 de troupes
on leveroit apres notre debarquement dans le
PaysIII9 Le Plan arrang avec Mr Davison, par le quel
ii ofroit d'armer 2. batimens du port de 350tonauxd 'embarquer un Armement complet
pour 5000hom. et prendre a l'isle de Trinidad

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

245

1000. hom. volonts, et des gens de couleur, qui


en debarcant sur les Cotes se renforceroit des
5000habitans du Pays &c.
Le Plan que des negocians de Liverpool proposent ; et que consiste a fournir deux bons batimens arms en Corse, avec un armement pour
10,000hom., qu'ils conduiroit a la Trinidad, et
qu'ils debarqueroit sur la Cote du continent
opos, dans l'endroit qu'on leur indiquerait &e.
VQ De simples Lettres de recomendation pour les
Gouverneurs de la Trinidad et de Curacao
(si elle est prise) afin de permettre que ceux des
habitan i voudrc.nt volontairement s 'embarquer dans les batimens neutres ou arms en
Corse, puissent sans obstacle le verifier, en portant avec eux des armes et munitions de guerre
&c &c.

Ir

Je suis avec unne parfaite estime, et le devouement


le plus sincere
&c. &c. &c.
The R. H. Sm EVAN NEPEAN -

M.

N.: T. VI, f. 19.

Graf ton Str: ce 18 Juillet 1805

Le General Miranda presente ses respects au tres


hon. W-m Pitt, et le supplie de vouloir bien lire la copie
ci-jointe :C 'est un objet majeur, et qui a merit
attention du Prem. Ministre de S. M. pendant plusieurs annes ce qui rend une communication indispensable. Ii s'agit de mettre a execution la mme ide
avan que lEnnemi commun puisse la rendre impracticable; et on compte de se servir des rnoyens qu'offre
le pays mme, dans une conjoncture aussi critique, que
favorable si on a le bonheure d'arriver encore a tems,
pour empecher l'entr des Gaulois-modernes dans le
continent americain.

246

ARCIJIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Le Gen' espere en consequence, qu'on ne le refusera pas le mt de Reponse qu'il solicite par son ami
Sir Evan Nepean ; attendu la presse du tems, et la
necessit ou il se trouve de s'embarquer dans le courrent de la semaine pro chame, pour profiter d'un batiment Americain qui s'offre a le transporter avec quelque protection... Puisse la Providence divine en
secondant ses Viles, rendre l'Angleterre, ainsi que son
Pays-natal a jamais independants, amis, et heureux
N.: T. VI, f. 20 vto.

Julio

16

P.

La respuesta que esta nota me ha transmitido Sir


E. Nepean, despues de a yer conferido largamente con
Mr. Pitt sobre el asunto, es que me aconsejava
aguardare aun algo ms, porque los negocios Polticos de la Europa no estavan aun en el grado de madurez conveniente para comenzar nuestra empresa;
y que si yo por falta de paciencia atropellava todo, y
no les dexa alternativa ninguna ... que no debia
hecharseles la culpa etc. . . . A esto respond, que no
podia acusarseme de precipitacin despues de tantos
arios de paciencia ni tampoco de falta de confianza
guando dentro del espacio de un ario solamente, avia
experimentado quatro quebrantamientos de promesas
dadas por los mismos ministros de S. Magd.? y lo mas
particular era; que ni aun si quiera se me explicavan
los motivos que para ello pudiesen haver ocurrido, cubriendolo todo con misteriosos pretextos de negociaciones etc. ... Mas para que ni aun este pretexto pudiese jamas alegarse contra mi, ofrecia un expediente
que lo allanaria todo y pondria mi derecho a salvo ; que
se comunicase el secreto motivo mi amigo Mr. Vansittart junto con las personas que Mr. Pitt nombrase
por su parte, y si despues de esta conferencia, mi amigo me asegurava que debia conformarme en seguir
el consejo de Mr. Pitt, como compatible con el interes y honor de mi Patria, yo estava pronto a some-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

247

terme y aguardar todo el tiempo que Mr. Pitt juzgase combeniente ; y si por el contrario la decisin fuese,
contra el dictamen de Mr. Pitt, y en favor de mi
resolucin, deberia entonces combenir de que la razn
estava de mi parte, que se me franquasen los pasaportes y medios necesarios para mi partidaque deberiamos quedar buenos amigos, y aguardar por consecuencia el resultado de mis operaciones, para darseme
entodo tiempo aquellos auxilios que se me tenian prometidos, y que en cierto modo se me debian despues de
tantos sacrificios personales como yo tenia hechos
para ello.
Conbino que mi proposicin hera equitable, y mui
justa que la comunicaria inmediatamente a Mr. Pitt,
y que sin dilacin se pondria en practica.

Efectivamente recivi el 19. del corriente, la adjunta


nota de Mr. Vansittart con la decision a mi favor.
Estuve con Sir Evan al siguiente dia, y me dixo que
Mr. Pitt estava de acuerdo, y se sometia a la decision
que quena se cumpliese puntualmente lo que el gvierno me huviese prometido de antemano por Mr.
Vansittart y que solo sentia mi partida pues era
el mayor amigo de mis planes y proyectos que yo
podia imaginar (aqui me cont Nepean para mi satisfaccion una anecdota curiosa Pues guando Mr.
Pitt oy mi resolucin de partir dixo si el dinero
fuere de consideracion para con l, le detendramos
toda costa; mas sus pensamientos son tan por encima
de ello, que seria inutil el pensarlo ... y' asi dex ab-

sortos los dems colegas que estavan presentes. Esto


me dixo Nepean para que supiese la buena opinion,
buen nombre que yo dexava detras de m, en el govierno de este pais) en fin convenimos en que me
aprontaria, lo que fuese necesario para mi partida
etc.
Agosto 5 li estado con Nepean para mi despacho y hemos visto a Mr. Cooke, que est pronto y
amigable sin embargo me inform Nepean que Mr.

248

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Pitt quena que yo reciviese de la Tesoreria 1.600:


para mis gastos; y que esto no era en compensacion
de mi pension de 700 pues siempre que yo bolviese
Inglaterra tendria mi pension corriente en los mismos trminos que al presente y que esto debia convenserme de la sana intencion de los ministros y del favorable concepto que yo les merecia etc. ... De nuevo
comenz repetirme quan sentidos quedavan de verme
partir sin que pudiesen darme la menor asistencia posible . . . esto repliqu que la guerra recomenzava
con mas vigr, y asi me parecia extrao, que lo que era
IllaS practicable hace 5meses, fuese imposible ahora
aque replic que asi era justamente el caso sin embargo. Lo qual me confirma en la idea, de que Mr.
Pitt ha estado negociando con mi Persona por largo
tiempo .. . y que en el dia tiene ofrecido al Portugal
que con tl de que la Espaa lo mantenga en su neutralidad e independencia, la Inglaterra le asegura
la Espaa de no perturbar sus colonias ni de permitir
que de sus Islas se d el menor auxilio al continente
etc. . . . ni que la Rusia crea tampoco que la Inglaterra
quiere arrogarse asi el comercio de toda la Araerica
guando se declama tanto en el dia contra la ambicin
de la Francia : lo que mi amigo Vansittart cre igualmente que y, sr el motivo de esta aparente incongruencia y apathia. Aadese a esto que Nepean conviene en que los intereses de mi Pays requieren tal
vez un pronto movimiento, aunque este no sea de ninguna manera interesante la Inglaterra en la posicion
actual; pues el revolucionar la America meridional
este momento, trastorna sus designios en Europa. Sin
embargo hemos combenido en que y d aviso las
Esquadras Inglesas que se hallen por aquellos parages, y que embie agentes con poderes aqu: que mantegamos correspondencia secreta y que vaya persuadido en que el govierno intimamente me desea el mayor
suceso en esta empresa, y no dexar de sostenemos
con todo su poder y esfuerzos, despues de comenzado
el asunto. Esta es la opinion tambien de mi amigo
Vansitt : que me asegura vaia intimamente persuadido, que mas esperanzas tienen los ministros puestas

249

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

este punto, en la Empresa que yo voy a executar en


la America-meridional, que en toda la coalicio continental de Europa etc. ...
N.: T. VI, fe. 20, 22 v. y 23.

Dear General
I saw Sir Evan Nepean this morning & am sorry
to say that though he gave me the fullest assurances
of Mr. Pitts good will to the cause he said nothing
which could satisfay me of his intention to act, or
which could justify me in dissecading you from huroning your intention of going to America.
I shall be glad to see you here tomorrow at a little
after eleven. Yours sencirely
N. VANSITTART

Irish Office
19 July 1805
N.: T. VI, f. 21.

Blackheath 15 Augt

Dear General
I expected to see you yesterday & hope you will be
able to call either tomorrow or Saturday morning as
I shall not be in town for several days after saturday
& wish to put my letter to Mr. King into your hands.
Ever yours
N. V.

I have just received your Note of this morning &


shall be glad to see you.
GEN'. MIRANDA

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square
N. VAjeITTART
N.: T. VI, f.

27.

250

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

On my return this morning My Dr. General, I was


sorry to find that in my absence you had wished to see
meas the person who brought me the message told
my servant you was just going out I did not call at
your HouseI will do myself the Honor of calling on
you before 3 oclock if I am not then sent for to attend
Mr. Cooke or Sir E. NepeanThese las two days but particulary yesterday I was
Hopes
of knowing with some degree of certainty
in
what Govt meant to do with mebut after waiting late,
To lose my claims for neceswas disapointed
sary advances, as well as two years labour would both
be inconvenient and unpleasantI am more interested
in pleading the cause of several Officers both there and
in America who have no dependance but my exertions
in support of their claims, they are new and have been
for about 18 months acting and serving under the commission or letter of service I held from the Govi--a
temperate representation of this case will show I have
untill 1 gave my
done my duty for them
Memorial a few days agoOn every occasion I made
use of my wish to accompany you, as a reason for pressing a decision in my case, that nothing might impede
my joining youand tho' it appeard for some time
past that all expectation of open aid was goneYet
from many circunstances I still supposed that your
success was interesting to the welfare of this country,
and might equally serve me as a plea.
Whether the intention and wishes I have expressed
will aidone in a speedy settlement will entirely depend
on the manner Govt may view the expedition
They cannot well prevent me going to America in my
private business if it should require my attentionbut
(if they choose to demand it) they certainly may retain
me in the service and gave me orders to attend to the
Recruits and Officers now in Canadawho have been
raissing men under my Authoritya very few days
must determine my situation, and I will have nothing
undone that can forward itand that can tend to place
me in situation to render you service-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

251

I shall do myself the Honor of attending you as


soon after 2 oelock as possible1 have the honor to be with great respeet Dr. Gen.
your Humbl. serv.
P. WILLIAMSON
GEN: MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 28.

My Dear Gen:
A letter from my Brother at Edens informs of the
Death of my FatherThis event I had every reason to
think was at no great distanee from my Father's age
and his infirmity.I was however in hopes that I
would have left this country bef ore His Death liad
taken place.As the Estate he leaves to my Brother
and myself is mostly landed Estate, and I am the eldest
Brother I fear a Journey to Seotland to enter Hier to
my Father will be unavoidableand the legal forms
neeessary to be attended to may take up some days
supposing every thing perfeetly distinet, more if they
should not be distinet---The funeral will be I suppose
this day and in the eourse of post I shall hear from the
Lawyer of the family and know what I must do in relation to the Estates ; left by my Father
With great respeet I have the Honor to be
Your most faithfull sert.
CIIES. WILLIAMSON

London St-Thursday morning.


GEN. MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 30.

252

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

May 20th 1800. Peliasen writes that he cod pay the 10


to Mad. Pollenand 40/. per month for the future &e.
1800
May 20'.Paid Mad. Pollen by Peerregawx
240
y Co
30 Aug" (paid De by D. july. aug. sep. & oct-48"
192
each
Livres

432

In Pelian Acct. Dn. 1800


N' 28. P. says I have directed the Payment to M. Pollen to ceass
at Paris in this acct he charges 4 months paid in adv
to it 10
N.: T. VI, f. 31.

Art. 111.It is furthermore concluded and agreed


that the eommisioners appointed in persuance of the
seventh article of the said treaty of Amity commerce
a navigation, and whose proceedings have been heretofore suspended, shall immediately after the Signature
May 20" Paid Mad. Pollen by Perregaux & C9 . . 240
of this Convention reasemble, and proceed in the Execution of their Duties according to the Provision of
the said 7th article, excepting only that instead of the
Awards of the said commissioners being made payable
at such time or times as they should appoint all sums
of money by them awarded to be paid to american or
British claimants, according to the Provisions of the
said 7-article, shall be made payable in three equal annual installments, the first whereof to be paid at the
Expiration of one year, the second at the Exp. of two
years & the third & last at the Exp. of three years next
after the date of the Ratification of this Convention(Al margen de este documento hay las siguientes anotaciones)
Memorandum

1. enviar por el negro.


2. hacer venir mis Libros y Papeles.

PROLE436NEN08 DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

233

3. emplear en Trinidad el hermano de Hindel


4. Explicacion sobre el n.
5. Pagamento pa.

Turnbull.

6. Otto questiona Mr. K g.


Issiclorus, Pelusiaco-Griego

ROM Arre & Stinces.

Scaligirana Paris 2. 1. 12'

N.: T. VI, f. 31 vto.

500 homs.gente de color en las Islas-- y a este efecto eserivir de antemano a TrigConferencia con el Gover. de Curazao quanto antes,
y que se le autorise 6, levantar 2000 h:
dar Rutherfurd un Secret e qe. le ayude.
Procurar 4. oficiales del Cuerpo de Jeny.
tambien algun Ingeniero.
una compaffla de artilleria.
embiar Aviso inmediatamte. a Maa.
Licencia para embiar 500. a Hollanda
sobre Pownall.
sobre Mr. Kg.
N.: T. VI, f. 32.

C. Williamson would have done hirnseif the Honor


of waiting on Gen: Miranda last evening but the bad

night kept him near homeand as he found the expected debate of last night caused mueh anxiety wished to
let it pass bef ore he mune to any explanation with
Sir E. Nepean or Mr. Cooke at all event C. W. will
attend Gen : Miranda this eveningSaturclay Morning
C. Williamson has changed his lodging to N 31 London StreetN.: T. VI, f. 83.

254

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Noticias interesantes extractadas de la Guia de Forasteros de Madrid del ao de 1802.


Sta Fe de Bogota

Tropas Veteranas
Compariias de guardias del Virrey entre la Caballe
plazas, de las quales los mas son-rainfte:58
nativos del pays.
El Batallon Auxiliar de S" Fe consta de cinco compariias de dotacion al pi del exercito. Nunca completas,
todas las plazas son de espaoles
Cartagena

Vn regimiento de Infanteria fixo compuesto la


maior parte de nativos de lo interior del Reyno, y de
dos batallones. Los Comandantes Velazques, Castillo
&ca son casados con mugeres del pays. y de largo asiento
en aquella plaza.
Panama

Vn batallon fixo de infanteria compuesto como el


antecedente de gentes del pays, nueve compariias, y los
oficiales casados la maior parte con criollas.
Quito

Quatro compariias de nativos con las mismas circunstancias de los antecedentes.


Popayan

Vna compaia.
Chagre

Son 29. plazas de nativos.


Dos compaias de dotacion es la Artilleria de Cartagena, y Panama.

255

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

En la Plaza de Guayaquil el Governador es D" Bartolom Cucalon casado con una Seora de Cartagena,
El Comandante de Portocabello es Don Manuel Marmion, cuio yerno, Ingeniero tambien como el, fue mandado Espaa de resultas de la revolucion que querian
intentar en el pays con Gual y los otros. Este sugeto se
metio en Caracas ocultamente despues de haver errado
largo tiempo en Burdeos, y haviendo sido descubierto
quedaba encerrado en una prision ahora seis meses.
Governador de Maracaybo Mijarez Gonzalez, nativo
de Cuba, es hombre de ideas mui liberales.
El Governador de Portovelo Fortich est casado con
una Seora Aparicio de Cartagena.
N.: T. VI, f. 34.

My Dear General.
Lest Sir Home may not have time to call on you, it
will be a satisfaction to you to know that he had yesterday a very pleasant conversation with the First Lord of
the Admiralty, who asked him if I had all the articles
in readines to shipping shall in the morning
send off for the Gunsmith and pike maker and hasten
them on Sir Home called on me about 6 o 'clock on his
return from Woolwich.
I shall be very happy to see you to morrow, that I
may communicate what I am about to do, in consequence of Sir Home conversation yesterday.
Yours must truly.
A. D.
Friday Evening
8 o'clock
N.: T. VI, f. 35.

256

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

My Dear General.
I think by to morrow I shall hear somethingIf
you can make it convenient to give me a call, I shall
very glad to see you
I am Yours most truly
GENERAL MIRANDA.

A. D.
Wednesday

N.: T. VI, 2. 36.

My Dear General
Be perfectly satisfied that every thing is going on
as you could wish it.You need not have any apprehension of PeaceBut the very ReverseYours truly
A. D--N.:

VI, f. 37.

past 8 o 'clock-

If General de Miranda is to be at Home this evening


Col : Williamson will do himself the Honor of calling
on his about Eight o 'clockBrunits Hotel Leicester Square
Monday mornGENERAL DE MIRANDA

N 27 Grafton

Street

l'itzroy Square
N.: T. VI, f. 38.

Dear General!
Sir Home desires me to remaind you of your promise to dine lacre tornorrow at 1/2 past. 5, 1 know you

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

257

will allow us to eat a little raw you shall have quite


a family dinner that Sir Horne 's Head may be clear.

Yours very truly


Friday.

E. M. POPHAM

N.: T. VI, I. 39.

Dear General
Expecting every day some conclusion as to my Regimental business, has prevented my wayting on youfor in fact affairs as to myself stand exactly as they
did when I liad the Honor of serving youI am however in momentary expectation of my business being
determined and that the officers I have in this country
will be employdThe moment it is in my power to
act I will attend youI have the honor to be with
great respect & Esteem.
Dr. Gen. Your Humbl. Serv.
C. WILLIAMSON
Monday Morn.
GEN. MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 40.

My Dear General

I have not received the Note, you supposed I would


have had from Sir Evan Nepean, which makes me conclude that He had not seen Mr. Pittor that nothing
had been decided upon. I think it possible, I have a
une from this morningSir Home Popham called upon me soon after you
left me, but liad nothing particular to communicate, I
entreated him not to have any communication with the

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

258

Military Department but to have it to Nepean to arrange and settle every thing ; it has better that he keeps
his own element
Lord Mieree is to be with me in the eourse of the
dayYours faithfully,
ALEX. DAVISON

Tuesday Morning
N.: T. VI,

f. 41.

GEN. MIRANDA.

Dear General
I dine with Lord Melville to day at Wimbledonand will be there greater part of tomorrowI shall do
Tnyself the Honor of ealling on you between twelve and
one to day, as I wish to see you previous to my going
to WimbledonIf you go out before I cali will you be
so good as direet your servant to inform me when you
expeet to be at home1 have the Honor to be
with great respeetYour. ob. serv.
C. WILLIAMSON

Friday morn :
N.: T. VI, f.

46.

Dear General
I am just going to Woolwieh to reeeive some orders
realtive to business I am to attend to for Govt in Upper
Canadabut will return this afternoon to townI
went to Blaekheath yesterday to my friend Hope to
press him to aid my being despaehed immediatelyhe

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

259

will see Mr. Cooke on my business to dayI have sent


my servant to Capt. Coit to know if he can take me
on board at Dick or Cowes and how many days bef ore
he leaves the English coastI shall do all in my power
to go in the ship but if I cannot will not fail of going
in the next, as the next Packet should noAmerican
ship be going sooner.
With grear respect I am the Honor
to beDr. Gen. Your most serv.
C. WILLIAMSON

lionday Noon.
7. o 'clock.
N.: T. VI, f. 47.

Gen.
I am extremely mortifyd at not geting my business
o settled as to feel myself at liberty yetMr. Cooke
was so good on friday as to go to the Commander in
Chief Office on my affairs, but the Duke of York not
being in town. Col Gorden his Secretary told me it was
necessary to wait the return if an answer from him-in
the course of tuesday or wednesday, thus may be expectedtomorrow I go to Woolwich to attend to some
busines which I am requested to do for Government in
Canadabut will be in town again in the eveningI shall send to Morrow to the Capt. of the Pelly to
know if he will take me on board at the Isle of Wightand I can get an order should me be necessary to embark
my baggagc
I have nothing of my own business to
detain me an hourbut I cannot leave this Government
in an imhandsome manner or in such a way as would
ahnt me out from further claims on the G-overment of
my native country, either in my own account or in account of my childrenwhich certainly I would deserve
if I with drew myself in an irregular manner from the
service at the momentI am certain of being immediaDr

260

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

tely sent by New York to Upper Canada, but the forms


of Office may detain me a week yet butcannot longer
I shall theref ore stay home to be able to go with you, or
should that not be in my power follow probably in the
very next vessel. with great respects
I have the Honor
to be Your most resp. Dr. Gen.
GEN. MIRANDA.
N.: T. VI,

I. 48.

Dear General
The Duke of Yoork is not to be in Town untill monday to my great disapointmentbut as he can do in
one breath all I want from his R Highness at present
I hope that no inconvenience will arise It is impossible for me to do more. With great regard & Esteem.
I have the honor to be Dr. Gen.
Yours most truly
C. WILLIAM/SON

G.

DE MIRANDA

N.: T. VI, f. 49.

Dear General
I am sorry I was out at home when you did me the
Honor to call at my lodgingI send you enclosed the
letter for Col. Smith, which my servant teils me you
wish to haveI most exceedingly regret that I should
be so situated as that I cannot now accompany youconnected with this country, and under many obligations to respectable men now in Offi ceI cannot rudely
break from them and as this country is situated forsake

261

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

is immediate services without forfeiting for ever these


friendship and confidencea few days patience in my
part will place me in a situation that I can with Honor
and propriety aid in any mesure that may advance the
welfare of this country and North Americafor I look
done by me in one wayand that I am endeavouring to
in them as equally interestedbut this can only be
Pursue--suchs secrets as you have in confidence Honord me with you may relynever will go further.
I only fear that in the ardour with which you will
pursue your object a life too valuable to be spoiled with
in ordinary occasions, will be put to un . . . necessary
rishThere is in New York a Spanish Counsul, and
generally severa! spanish Agentsall these during the
dispute about New Orleans were very busyand the
moment you land will be a moment of alarmI mention
this that you may take such precautions as you think
best from the very first step-What ever may be my after pursuits I shall soon
follow you to New Yorkfor my other business (independent of my -wish to be there soon after you as possible) makes it necessary to me to sail from this by one
of the first shipsand I cannot help saying that to find
myself so situated that I could join in your magnificent
plan would be the happiest moment of my life--and it
is with most sincere regret that I cannot join in it from
this moment1 have the Honor to be with great respectDr. Gen:
Your most sincere FIumble serv.
C. WILLIAMSON
GEN: MIRANDA.

P. S.I saw at Gen: Ilope's a Note from Admiralty saying the combined Turret Fleet were seen a few
days agoin Lat. 449 17and W. longitude 99 7"
steering W. by. N. p North
N.: T. VI,

I. 50.

C. W.

262

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

C. Wwould have done himself the Honor to see


Gen Miranda yesterday but was busy untill the eveningmaking arrangements for his departureC. W. finds a great deal more to do than he expected
but has no doubt but he will be ready in a very fetv
days-

Wednesday morn
14th Augt. 1805

GEN : MIRANDA.
N.: T. VI, f. 52.

GEN. MIRANDA -

De,ar Gen.
It was my intention to have called on you this eveningbut having you dined abroad, as it was not for
ceremony(but to express my bestwishes for your
safety and happiness). I did not call knowing you
was out.
Will you do me the favour to take two letters for
New York for me--one is for Col Smith the other for
Mr Ogden Hoffmanwhose wife's Brother is a midshipman on Board the Blanche Frigate lately taken,
and whom I this day took some measure, to relieveIt is with extreme regret that I find myself so
situated that I cannot accompany you in the glorious
Enterprize before youfrom the first essaybut I still
hope that before much advance can be made any circunstances that prevent me will be compleatly removed
Whatever may happen to myself my most anxious
wishes for your safetty ami happiness will ever attend
you.
I have the Honor to be
with great regardsYour most sincere H. Ser.
WILLIAMS

London 29 August.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

263

P. S. I would not ask you to carry any Letters that


were not open: those I send are so.
GEN: MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI,

f. 53.

London 31. August 1805

C. Williamson having stated to Gen Miranda that


he expected a communication from the Commander in
Chef, that would determine his voyage across the Atlanticbegs to inform the Gen. that this morning he
liad his answerwhich enable him to embark for New
York when he choosesThis C. W. thinks proper to
state to the Gen: as a confirmation of what had been
saidand to say that by the next opportunity he will
sail for New YorkAt the same time must add that
Gen Miranda having thought proper to take no sort of
notice of several Notes C. W.very latelyaddressed
to him, is at once a bar to his going across the Atlantic
in the same ship did the vessel remain a few days near
the coastOn this at present C. W. make no comments
but lives in hope of having the pleasure of seeing the
Gen. in New York, when both will have more leisureSaturday eveng.
N.: T. VI,

f. 54.

London 31 Augst 1805. 11 Oclock P. M.

General Miranda presents his compliments to Cor


Williamsonbeing upon the Point of taking the Post
Chaise to leave London has only time to say in answer
to Col' Williamsom's Note of this day ; that he has received no Note from Col' Williamsom lately that he
thought required any particularly answer, and more-so
at the Moment that G. M. was so busily occupied in his

264

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

own affairs and had twice since personally communicated with him. The supposition that G. M. by his
silence should have wished to put a bar to the embarcation of C. W. in the same Vessel appears to him rather
strange, having on the contrary waited for more than
one Month C. W. dispatch to embark with him: and the
apprehension is certainly unfounded and incompatible
with the trust and Friendship he has shewn him. The
open Letters he received from C. W. to his Friends at
New York he put at the bottom of his Trunks unexamined, they were sent at that moment on board the
Ship, and will be delivered to them in the same state,
without any body perusing them.
N.: T. VI, f. 55.

Al Exministro de Estado Urquiso ; y a Mazarredo


los han sacado presos de Bilbao y los han llebadcp a
Burgos, de resultas del alboroto pasado en el que es
savido se manejaron con fidelidad y honor pues influyeron con el Pueblo quedandose los dos entre el pr rehenes pa Cle soltasen al Corregidor en tres ocas i ones: esta
noticia la a dado en confianza el Edr muy aflixido a vn
amigo suyo con la mayor reserva prebehiendo crudas
consecuencias &a.
(Sin firma)

N.: T. VI, f.

60.

Mi Estimado General
Considerando mi Muger hijas en vn Paiz en
donde carecen absolutamente de conexiones con que
puedan sr socorridas despues de mi larga ausencia,
expuestas mendigar pensando lo mas favorable; y por
otro lado impresionado de que sus grandes ideas de V.
no tienen otro apoyo que sus buenos deseos, li deliberado ponerme en biaxe para la Jamaica atropellando
por quantas dificultades se me puedan ofrecer, o aqual-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

265

quiera otro Destino que me pueda reunir mi familia

y mantenerla de mi industria como mi primera obli-

gaeion.
Al efecto li conseguido vn corto auxilio con que
pueda salir con este sano intento, y haunque me boy
crehido, de que por la mucha bondad de V., si le hubiera noticiado mi resolucion sin dificultad hubiera
cooperado mi alibio para qe con otro desaogo berificase mi marcha, receloso de que me pudiese apartar del
proposito q con tan firme determinaeion deliber vltimamente, li preferido seguir con mi eseaces, y manifestarle por medio de esta mi reconocimiento, por los
favores que me ha dispensado, los que deseo q mi
situaeion en lo succeeibo me permita la satisfaccion de
corresponderle en el interin le apetesco mil felicidades
y le protexta el cario mas sincero de todas partes este
su atento afectisimo.
J. PAVIA.

Londres 12 de Febrero de 1805.


MIRANDA Esqr.

27 Grafton Street
Fitzroy Square.
N.: T. VI, f. 61.

Mi Venerado General: En medio de las desgracias


qe me h constituido al estado presente; mi espiritu se
halla abatido y pendiente, sin poder desechar de mi
imaginacion, el desamparo de mi Muger hijas, en un
Pais en donde no tienen quien arrimarse h g e las
consuelen, si no es un sugeto extrao sin otra obligacion q el de su propio interes, como de ordinario son
los comerciantes; y assi no hay dia ni hora mientras
subcisto aqui, qe con tales reflexiones no me sea del
mayor martirio; y haunque quisiera resignarme p r mas
tiempo en prueba de los deseos y sentimientos de mi
corazon: me es moralmente imposible desterrar de mi
mente las hideas qe he concebido con dattos irrefragables, de la demora al tiempo lo que en ningn caso devo

266

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

esperar, sin arriesgar mi total ruina con la de mi desgraciada familia.


Los sentimientos de vna alma grande como la de V.
con su claro talento, precisamente han de cooperar ha
declararme la razon; baxo la qual favoreciendome ; suplico V. encarecidamente se sirba p r un efecto de
bondad, contribuir el remedio, pa qe mi salida la berifique en todo el presente mes ha q e estoy resuelto bien
sea baxo los seguros q6 me h ofrecido, o supliendome
cierta cantidad con qe me pueda transportar, correspondiendo al reintegro y de lo demas, en los terminos q
ya indiqu.
Muchas veces he pretendido hablr V. sobre este
particular, y otras tantas receloso de no importunarlo,
ni querer abusar de los favores que tan sin merito me
ha dispensado, me he retraido aguardando oportunidad; ps desearia no tener los grillos q e comprimen y
tan todo buen Padre, pa que con la mejor voluntad
acreditase la constancia de mi buena amistad, la que
con toda sinceridad ser suya de todas distancias, y
puntul al cumplim r de sus preceptos de lo q e recivir,
la mayor complacencia su atto apacionado Q. S. M. B.
Mi Gen'. y Sefior
London
N.: T.

D0.

Jost PAVIA.
FRANCO.

MIRANDA.

vi, f. 62.

Mi Venerado General : Quando recivi las vltimas 25


livrs de V. satisfice tres semanas de casa y comida qe
devia guando me mude a esta en la que cumplo pasado
maana quatro : quince y media q e me cost el dichoso
Maestro de lenguas Frances, y vna el Pellizer con lo qe
e invertido extrechandome en lo posible, hace dos dias
me hallo sin un chilin y deviendo ya dos semanas de
casa; por lo que me detengo en hacerle este corto detalle; pues me seria sencible creyere V. que en pasa
tiempos abusaba del favor qe me dispensa.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

267

Anoche esto mismo quise hacerselo preste y estorvandomelo mi propio caracter deseoso de evitarle semejante molestia; siendome moralmente imposible subcistir en tal estado, ruego a V. se sirva mandarme con
la Portadora alguna cosa mas de las 75 libra qe me ha
suplido, de todo lo qe spre le estara reconocido su mayor
apacionado
Jost PAVIA.
SOR

FRANe. MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 63.

Mi Venerado General y Protector: Tengo manifestado a V. con toda la sinceridad de mi natural caracter
sobre los motivos qe me han reducido al estado presente;
siendo la causa principal, la de mi Muger ; hija de un
Ministro honrado americano que por el desinteres y
providad, qe se conduxo en los empleos qe por espacio
de 40 arios obtuvo en aquellos dominios, n solo acredit
al tiempo de su muerte su celo integridad en esta
parte; si no el de haver sacrificado todo su patrimonio,
en los gastos de los biaxes, con vna numerosa familia,
que dex en el mayor desamparo.
Agregado esto a 27 arios de buenos servicios que
contraxe en los Exercitos y Armadas de S. M. C. en los
quales sobstuve ataques en qu mostr deseos de ganar
reputacion, y por lo qu mis ascensos desde cadete de
Jefa subieron hta Thente de Navio ; solicit ponerlo todo
a la consideracion del Govierno Espaol, y qe este en
Justicia procediese a dispensarme vna colocacion correspondte a las circunstancias expresadas.
Pero spre duro a los clamores de los Yndividuos qa
con derecho le piden, maxime si son de la America, me
entretubo por largo tiempo dando ocasion ha que mi
Muger hijas en la Havana y yo subcistiesemos expensas de suplementos imboluntarios, perdiendo los
sueldos de mas de dos arios, qe desps no se me abonaron
con el pretexto, de haverme excedido de R,' Licencia;
y por vltimo ya aburrido a mis repetidas Instancias, me

268

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

despachase con vna colocacion despreciable, q a la


fuerza tube qe tragarlo mirandolo con horror; pues por
su calidad y corta Dotacion spre prevehi las crudas
consequencias qe experimento en el dia y me h acarreado el fruto de los servicios relacionados
Esto es en glovo, los motivos por lo que me hallo en
esta ciudd con la dicha de haver encontrado V. en ella,
sin lo que dudaria de mi existencia y lo q e ha dado
margen ha qe hta ahora hiba esperanzado de reparar
mi suerte desgraciada en l gran proyecto convenido,
deseoso de manifestr al mundo qta detexto la Tirania
y amo la Justicia, baxo la Direccion de quien puede
Dictar reglas qe destierre lo primero, y establesca lo
ser', baxo de un govierno humano.
Pero en honr de la verdad y haciendole a V. justicia espa me dispensar esta corta disgresion, q la hago
penetrado del mayor sentimta si l plan formado pa el
referido proyecto no estuviera rebestido con las sabias
y sanas intenciones que demuestra; con las juiciosas y
moderadas reflexiones qe lo caracterizan a los hombres
mas sabios y sensatos; ni su recta intencion se encaininra a progresos qe induvitablemt resultaria por su
celo, travajo, amor a la livertad y su patria, de q en
todo el mundo lo aplaudiese atribuyendole todo el travajo (de lo q estos son tan celozos), no tengo duda en
qe hace mucho tiempo hubiera sido despachado el asunto; pr qe no hubieran tenido motivos de imponerse tan
fondo de vnas reglas y matherial a q pa el concepto de
ellos se les figura deven apropriarse crehidos ser lo subrir las berdaderas intenciones de este govierno, contificiente al inetnto de su parte ; puede ser q me engae
qe lo deseo, y qe suceda al contrario; pro yo aferrado a
esta hidea desde qe V. tubo la bondad de imponerme,
del tiempo, y los tramites que havia seguido este asunto,
no 116 decistido de ella, ni jamas crehi las esperanzas
lisongeras q le dieron en estos vltimos dias.
Yo bien creo que nada de esto se le habr obscurecido asus conocim " ; pro que ansioso de apurar y descunua en su total desengao, conducta q e realmente es
sagaz y plausible, para q se inmortalize de la mayor

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

269

gloria la Posteridad; sobre lo q creo no faltra quien


publique sus fatigas y deseos.
Mi situacion actual: lo distante q contemplo la marcha de V. si llega el caso; y la inaccion con qe bivo
ignorante de la suerte de mi desgraciada familia; son
motivos muy poderosos, pa estar en un continuo desasociego, pribandome del sueo de muchas noches; lo
que me hace rogarle encarecidamt siga favoreciendome en mi desconsuelo actual, asegurado de mi buena
amistad y lealtad, con Cie de todas partes sabr darle
pruebas nada equibocas de mi reconocimt ; pa lo qe
espero interceda con un comerciante de aqu, q e me
franquee de dos tres mil libras esterlinas en los artculos qe y le pida pa conducir a la Isla de Jamaica, baxo
las possibles seguridades, y de entregarlas con l premio de comercio establecido, a los quatro mes' de mi
arribo, de donde no me separar hasta recivir a mi
familia y de donde pienso trasladarme y establecerme
en Trinidad de Barlobt ; por serme facil de aqui mi fomento con la proporcion de frutos de la costa firme, qe
trahen ventajas conciderables a este comercio con
quien apetesco acreditarme y travajar.
A mas de lo dho me encontrar dispuesto en este
Destino hacer empleado conforme deseo en todo buen
servicio ha q se me considere capaz: le ser V. un
conducto seg por donde se haga de noticias berdaderas,
exactas, interesantes, con qe se asegure para sus hideas, y en todo lo demas qe concierna la matheria
manifestar actividad y desempeo, supuesto de q con
mi propio comercio quito, toda sospecha y recelo.
Ancioso en no perder tpo, y de aprovechar este
convoy reitero V. refleccione si haciendome acreedor
a su estimacion meresco se cumplan mis deseos y mi
felicidad, a lo qe constantemt le bivira agradecido este
su mayor apacionado Q S. M. B.
Mi Gen'.

JOSEPH PAVIA.

y Sor. D.

FRANC' MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 64.

."tjeJ
VADrti3

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Mi Venerado General:
La situacion en que me ha puesto la suerte, me proporciona la satisfaccion de expresar V.; que despus
de los servicios que contraxe en la guerra de 1780 sobre
el sitio de Mahon, Bloqueo de Gibraltar en el que me
hall en vno de los empalletados, y de guarnicion en
la Plaza de Ceuta; se me confiri mi destino en 1786
en el Batalln Veterano de Caracas, en donde servi el
Empleo de Capitan hasta el ao de 1792 que pas
Cadiz continuar el servicio en la Clase de Then te de
Navio de la 11' Armada solicitud mia, precedida la
Justificacin de instruccion con que me hallaba de la
facultad; estimulandome a ello el casamiento que hice
con una hija del Oidor Decano de la Audiencia de Caracas quien tenia sus bienes en la Havana, y por lo
que aspiraba lograr este Destino.
En l tiempo que permaneci en esta Provincia se
me cometieron barios Destinos con lo que adquiri un
conocimiento exacto de toda la costa que corre desde
la Guayana Espaola hasta Puerto Cavello : Por tierra
recorri parte de las dos Provincias de Cuman, y la
Nueva Andalucia: Desde la Capital de la de Benezuela
trancit en otras dos ocaciones hasta Puerto Cavello,
instruyendome de este Derrotero que pasa por los BaIles de Aragua y de sus Poblacion e el que facilitaria sin
obstaculo qualquiera operacion que se me quisiera intentar por esta bia; con otros puntos de bastante consecuencia qe exijen toda atencion en qualquiera ebento
y que producirian ventajas: De la situacion local de las
dos Plazas de Puerto Cavello y Guaira, con los caminos
y comunicaciones que a esta ultima la separan de su
capital; extendiendose mis conocimientos a las Islas
de Curazao, S to Domingo, Puerto Rico, y Margarita
en donde h estado.
A mas de lo referido me hallo impuesto de la totalidad de sus guarniciones en las clases de Veteranos,
Milicianos, Pardos y Morenos por lo que me conocen
los mas: He tratado a los Comandantes de las Provincias internas quales son Guayana, Cuman, Maracaibo,
Barinas, Coro, y de las Plazas de Pt Cavello y Guaira,

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

271

como igualmte los Jefes de los Cuerpos, y personas


distinguidas en estos Paises.
Despus de estr incorporado en la Armada pas
con la Esquadra al mando de D n Gabriel de Aristhizabal en la guerra contra la Francia en l mismo ao de
1792 la Guaira, to Cavello, Port Dauphin, Rayana,
y Trinidad de Barlovento, recalando en los tres primeros Puertos en el ao q e sigue de 93.
I en l de 1794 pas Cadiz sobre el Navio S u Gabriel en donde obtube destinos honrosos los que desempe a satisfaccion de mis Gefes; p ro biendo a mi Muger
hijas separadas a tanta distancia careciendo de los
auxilios que con mis fatigas podia proporcionarles
para su subcistencia, solicit un Destino honroso en
aquellos Dominios de imerica con qu poderlas soportar, y se me concedi el de Contador de Tribunal de
Cuentas de Mexico con vna mediana Dotacion.
Este empleo me facilit ocaciones por el tiempo de
serca de quatro aos que permaneci en aquel Reyno de
corrr la Provincia de Menda de Yucatan, la de Tabasco, con todo lo interior del Reyno de Mexico desde
la Beracruz, y de todas sus costas desde el Cavo Codera hasta el Rio de Nautla qe est cituado 40 leguas
al N. del enunciado Beracruz.
La contigencia de benir a Londres y el deseo de ber
V. si se hallase en esta Capital me hace suplicarle se
sirva franquearme su amistad supuesto lo y relacionado; pues serciorado de que con sus Talentos, pericia
militar, y lo que es mas el amor a su Patria desea realizar el gran proyecto de restituirle lo que es suyo a sus
compatriotas para q e se goviernen por s, y disfruten
de las ventajas ha qe son acreedores y lo qe de tantos
aos carecen, livertandolos de la oprhesion de vn gobierno adbitrario; y siendo y vno de los que mas inters tomaria favor de los moradores de aquel Paiz
por el amor qe les profeso, ruego , V. que mediante
mi corta capacidad, y lo que es mas mis buenos deseos
en querr cooperar dha empresa, me admita y aliste
baxo sus ordenes pa quanto concierna este importante
objeto, de lo (le me resultar la mayor satisfaccion y
gloria.

272

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Anhelo por l acierto y felicidad de este buen servicio h que en todos tiempos ser loable mi constancia y actividad, como de qu a la Ed d de 40 aos que
quento meresca sacrificar mi bida gustoso con vn motibo del mayr hon& la posteridd.
Londres 26 de Junio de 1804.
BLM de V.
Sil mas atto y seg servr
Sor Gen'. D.

Jost PAVIA.
FRANc. MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 66.

Mi Venerado Protector: sah dar vna buelta a oraciones y la buelta para casa con el hielo q cahido
dado vna cahida de espaldas q e pa quererme sobstener
con la mano me he desbaratado vna mueca con vn
dolor qe me priba pasar ha ber Vd. si alguna cosa se
le ofrece q ordenarme estimare me lo comunique por
la criada.
N.: T. VI, f. 69.

Mi Venerado Protector: Estoy sin vn chilin y con


este motivo precisado molestar V, y suplicarle se
sirva favorecerme con lo que pueda; siendome muy
sencible esta repeticion de incomodidades que le causo
por ser tan contra mi genio, qe desearia tubiose termino del modo mas facil y pronto q e se pudiera; y en
l interin queda de V. su mas atto reconocido y ser
servr Q.S.M.B.
JPH. PAVIA.

S. D.

FRANCO. MIRANDA.

A M. MIRANDA
London.
(Al lado las notas que siguen)

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

Sepe 22
Dinero pagado Pavia
2

3 Agt
1 D
49 Sepa 24
Oct
Nov

Dic.
En 1805-22-

273

50
25
10
5-

10
100
12
12
12

N.: T. VI, f. 70.

Mi Gen': segun creo el dia de hair se concluy el


mes de haver recivido las vltimas diez livras; por lo
que incomodo V. con esta para qe me dispense su favor como hasta aqui; y suplicandole que teniendo en
concideracion, lo qe me es preciso gastar con el Povre
Vizcahino, sin cuya compaia con la falta del hidioma
me beria apurado, con otros extraordinarios de quA
moralmte me es imposible prescindir, quales son el chupar q de tantos aos lo vso, el fuego desde que empezron los frios &a se sirva aumentarme sobre las diez
livras qe quento, alguna cosa mas: haunq no sea mas
que por este mes.
Remito los Planos: y y quedo spre de V. din
Q.S.M.B.
Londres oy 22 de 8re de 804.
Mi Gen'. y Sor D n FRANen . MIRANDA.
F. MIRANDA Esg r. &a. &a.

N.: T. VI, f. 71.

JPH. PAVIA.

274

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Mi Estimado Gefe y Protector: Quando insinue


V. por mi ultima carta se sirviese hacerme vn aumento
las diez libras, no me fue posible declararle la berdad
en lo que me fundaba, por que no creyese abusaba demasiado del favor que me dispensaba.
Creo tendr V. presente le dixe ahora dos meses,
me havia atacado en casa aquella Muger despechada
que por todas partes me seguia, por sinco libras de
que la hiban poner presa, y trueque de qe no se
bolviese jamas acordar de mi, y me dejase tranquilo,
como assi lo ha berifieado, cometi el sacrificio (no teniendolas con migo,) de mandar empear mi relox, desde guando cargo l del Vizeahino ge de nada me sirbe.
Este mismo poco despues se bi en bisperas de ser
atropellado por quatro libras qe devia a vn sastre, y
conociendo soy parte de que l no est colocado en vna
casa de comercio; por lo vtil que me es, y puede ser,
empe vn sable y espada de Plata para sacarlo de su
apuro, como de vno y otro caso si es necesario lo acre
di tar.
A esto se agrega la mucha falta ge me hace vn pantalon de abrigo y vn par de justillo de franela; en cuya
birtud suplico V., qe sin exemplar, me franquee doce
livras pr bia de extraordinario, lo que contribuir a mi
mayor sociego, hta qe en adelante la suerte me favoresca conforme los deseos de este su afmo
Oy 10 de Nove . de 1804.

P.

MARTY

N.: T. VI, f. 72.

Mi Venerado General: noche quise decir V. que


oy se cumplia el mes que recibi las vltimas doce libras,
y (le con el motibo de vn Pantalon y vn chaleco cie absolutamte carecia, la remontadura de mis Botas y en vitimo las Pasquas con ge me ha sido preciso cometer
algn exceso en compaia del Vizcaino, debo en la casa
pasan de dos semanas de alquiler mantencion con
el agregado de n tener ni vn peni: en esta virtud suplico Vd. se sirba mandarme por la portadora el con-

275

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

tingente o algo mas en concideracin la deuda indicada, y el mas gasto q se me ofrece este mes q entra,
con el pobre Mozo Ce se queda del todo arrimado ami.
Me es sencible mis importunaciones y deseo Cle sezn por el bien que se desea y apetece este su atto afmo
seg servr Q.B.L.M. de V.
Pavia.
Londres 16 de En. de 805.
M. MIRANDA Esqr.
N.: T. VI, f. 73.

Memorandum London August

30th 1805.

Mr. F. will not delay longer than the 15th of Neri.


Month in leaving England for this destination.
At his arrival to Barbados he will consider if it is
better for the purport of his Mission to go to Trinidad
or to proceed inmediately to-C In case he takes this
last step he will send full Information to his Friend
Mr. Lambot at Trinidad (the Chief Agent for this
Affair at that Island) & send the Letter which he has
for that Gentleman
In either case he will immediately on his arrival at
Barbados write to his friend at New York/ acquainting him with his resolutions.
After his Arrival atC(which must try to do in
the shortest time possible) he will cultivate a correspondence with the Island St Thomas; for the purpose
of obtaining the necessary Articles to the Business he
has in view.Whatever liberal terms he may think
proper to offer to his associates for the Accomplishment of his business as well as any expences it mav
be necessary for him to go to, will be confirmed,
ce, rewarded on the Success of the Object.
N.: T. VI, f. 80.
N del E. Los folios del 81 al 91 contienen un diario de abordo, del buque
"Polly", Cap. Wm. Coit, en el cual embarca Miranda en Gravesend, Inglaterra, para New York. Comienza el 2 de septiembre de 1.805 y termina el 9
de noviembre en que llega a New York.
Este diario no contiene sino el estado del tiempo y otros asuntos nuticos.
Mr. Geo Martin e,are of Mesa. Danl. Ludlow & C 9 New York.

276

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF NEW-YORK,

Request The Honour


Company,
Of General Miranda's
on the 25th inst. at their
ANNIV_ERSARY DINNER,
Given in Conunemoration of the Evacuation
of the City, by the
British Troops. . . 1783.
Dinner in the City-Hall, at 4 o'clock.
Answer is requested at the City Inspector 'a Office,
City-Hall. City Hall, Nov. 18, 1805.
t3outhwick Hardcastle, Printers, No. 2, Wall-street.

(Pie de Imprenta)
N.: T. VI, f. 92.

General Morton in behalf of the Officers of the Brigade of New York State Artillery request the honor
of General Miranda Company to dine on Monday 25th
Instat 4 oClock at the City Hotel Broadway.
New York Novr 19 1805.
N.: T. VI, f. 93.

D. LUDLOW
Requests the honor of
MR.

GENE MIRANDA

Company at Dinner on Thursday


the 218t of Novem" 1805.
(Pie de Imprenta)

N.: T. VI, f. 94.

Stopforth.J.&

Little Newport Street.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

277

New York 27 Nov. 1805.

Sir
I find that there can be procurd in this city about
700 Stand of Muskets at about $7 each, 50 Rifles from
$15 to 20-500 Quarter Casks of Cannon Powder &
2000 of Musket Powder at $40 for Cask. Clothing &
Necessary for 500 men can be got & made up in One
Month which will Cost $25 fr. sett.
I am Sir Yr most Obed. Hbl Serv.
GEN' MIRANDA.

Wm ARMSTRONG.

N.: T. VI, f. 95.

Pulvern

Nm-York, Novr 27 1805

My Dear FriendThe object of this Letter is, to inform you, that the
moment is at last arrived when the great Scheme we
had in View for this many years past is to take place,
or at least to be attempted with great probbility of
success. And as you may have in your Power to cooperate at its execution either by you, or some of your
friends; at the most critical interesting moment I
send you this advise through an intimate friend at
Boston that he may give you every information that
could be required on the subject.
I am very hapy to hear that you family are well;
I wished my bussines could permit me to go & see
you, but I am going to Washington tomorrow, and
must be embarqued in the curse of the next month.
My respects to Mrs. Knox & remembrance to all our
mutual friends-Your most sincerely
MGEN'. KNOX.

N.: T. VI, f. 96.

278

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Parvem

New-York ce 27 Neve. 1805.

Vous avez appris sans doute mon cher ami. que


je suis arriv ici depuis le 9. du courrent &c... Nous
avons arrang deja nos affaires de maniere que je
puisse partir d'ici vers la fin du mois prochain sans
faute. deux batimens Armes et tres bien equips sont
prets pour cet objet, tout ce qui nous manque (et que
'espere obtenir par vos amis de Boston) est le complement des armes, et un peu d'argent pour partir sans
delai. ce dernier article ne sera pas meme necessaire,
si mi nous offre le moindre assentiment a Washington;
puisque dans ce cas on nous promit dans cette Ville
ici touttes les resours pecuniers qui son necessairs enfin pour que vous soyez parfaitement instruit de ce
que nous avons ici, et de cequi nous manque pour
faire notre debut avec succes, nous sommes convenus
(l'ami d'ici et moi) que le Major Armstrong Porteur
de celle-ei, et un des cooperateurs, personne mure et
discrete, passe chez vous pour donner tous les renseignemens et touttes les information qui soitent neeessaires sur cet objet, afin que l'ensamble marche avec
accord parfait.
Comme le risque est plus considerable, et le Service
bien plus important dans cette premiere occasion, que
par la suite, II faut aussi que le profits soient en proportionet je croirai qu un un pour unt, et meme
davantage, ne seroit pas un trop haut prix. Vous
fairez en tout cas comme vous jugerez a propos-Voici une Lettre pour mon ami le Gen' Knox, qui
pourroit peut etre seconder nos efforts dans le moment
actuel; mais si vous croyez cette demarche mutile, ou
peu necessaire vous pourrez la souprimerC 'est avec
l'avis de notre ami commun ici, que je l'ai ecrite et que
je fait tout desiderant que la chose se fasse avec sagesse, et bonne direction pour que la reussite soit notre
recompense. Je part demain pour Washington et vous
aurez de mes nouvelles sans faute. Agisez en tout cas
je vous en prie avec promptitude et energie puisque
le moment est precieux et les avantages incalculables!

PROLEGMENOS DB LA INDEPENDENCIA

279

Voici les moiens que notre Commodor propose pour


envoyer les Armes; et pour prevenir l'effet de la loi
qui exige une Caution &c. N9 1.
N.: T. VI, f. 97.

The Mayor's compliments to Genl. Miranda sends


him the book he promised for perusal.
26 Novr.
GENL. MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 98.

Gen' Miranda presents his compliments to the


Mayorand return the book of Mr Ellicott's jurnal,
that he had the goodness of lending for perusal.
G. M. being obliged to quitt the town for Washington early tomorrow morn: will be deprived of the
pleasure of waiting on the Mayor as he intendedand
to thank him personaly for his particular kindness
&
New York. Nov. 28 1805
N.: T. VI, f. 99.
El folio 100 y 101 contienen un folleto o libreto impreso con una LISTA
de las calles, edificios, & de la ciudad de New York y un
plano anexo de la misma ciudad.
ALFABETICA

Friday 29th Nov 1805. At 7 1/2 Oclock in the Morning I left New York on my way to Washington:
crossed the North River (Hudson River) to Paulus
Flook, and from thence took the Stage.
I passed through the Town of Newark, the capital
of Essex Country in New Jersey, it is 9 Miles from
New York celebrated for the excellence of its Cider

280

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

and is the seat of the largest shoe Manufacturing in


the state, making about 200 Pairs dauly. An Academy was established here in June 1792, which promises to be a useful institution. In Newark and in Orange which joins it on the N. W., there are 9 Tanneries,
and valuable quarries of stone for Building.
6 Miles south of Newark stands Elizabeth Tovvn;
tue
same County, it is one of the oldest Towns in
in
the State, have been purchased of the Indians in 1664
nd settled soon after. It is pleasantly situated on a
small Creek which empties into Arthur Kuli. In the
compact part of the Town, there are about 150 Houses,
two brick Churches, one for Presbyterians very handsome, the other for Episeopalians, and an Academy.
10 Miles S.W. of Elizabeth Town is Woodbridge
N. Jersey, on a stream which falls into Arthur Kuli
aboye Amboy. This Tovvnship contained in 1790,
3550 Inhabitants.
The Stage arrived here about 2 Oclock, and stopped to let the Passenger dine.
10 Miles S.W. of the aboye Town is Brunswick, in
Middlesex county in N. Jersey, on the S.W. Bank of
Raritan River. It has 300 Houses and 3000 Inhabitants, one half of whom are Dutch. One of the most
elegant and expensive bridges in America, has been
built over the river opposite this City. Queen's College
was in this City but is now extint as a place of instrucHon.
18 Miles S.W. of Brunswick is Princeton situated
partly in 1VIiddlesex, and partly in Somerset Counties,
N. Jersey. Here are about 80 dwelling Houses, and
a brick Presbyterian Church.
Nassan Hall College an institution which has produced a great number of eminent scholars, is very
pleasantly situated in the compact part of this Town.
This Edifice is a handsome stone Building, of 180
feet by 54, four stories high, and stands on an elevated
and healthful spot, and commands an extensive and
delightful prospect.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

281

The Stage arrived in this Town about 7.1/2 Oclock


in the Evening to supper ; and passed the night in this
Place.
Saturday 30th Novr. left Princeton at 6 Oclock in
the Morning, and arrived at 8.1/2 to Breakfast at Trenton. This Town is the largest in the N. Jersey, and
the Metropolis of the State, on the East side of Delaware River, opposite the falls, and nearly in the centre of the state from N to S. The river is not navigable aboye these falls, except for Boats which will
carry 500 to 700 Bushels of weat. This Town, -with
Lamberton, which joins it on the S. contains about
300 Houses, and 2000 Inhabitants. Here the Legislature meets.
The stage was ferryed over the Delaware, the Bridge not being yet finished.
The distanee is 12 Miles S.W. of Princeton.
10 Miles S.W. of Trenton is Bristol in Bucks cumty Pensylvania. it stands on Delaware River opposite
Burlington, in N. Jersey; and has about 50 or 60 houses, and is noted for its Mills of several kinds.
15 Miles S.W. of Bristol is Frankford a pleasant,
thriving village in Philadelphia Co. Pensylvania, on
the N.E. side of' a Ceek of the same name. It contains
about 100 Houses chiefly of stone, and is 5 Miles from
Philadelphia. At 2.1/2 Odock in the afternoon I arrived at Philadelphia, the Metropolis of Pensylvania,
it is situated in the county to which it given name, on
the Western bank of the river Delaware, which is
here a mile broad. A 74 (hin ship can come up to this
City; Stops go 35 Miles farther to Trenton ; and Boats
that carry 8 or 9 Tons can go 100 Miles farther up
the Delaware. It was laid out by William Penn, the
first proprietary and founder of the Province in the
year 1683.
On arrival I took Apartments, at Mrs. Lim's Second Streed.
This City undoubtedly the first in America, and
deserves from its eligible situation to be the seat of
Government. Commerce Agriculture and Manufactures are equally flourishing in the State.

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Many of the Public and Private Building are worthy the attention of the curious. The Pensylvania
Bank is a remarkable neat an elegant marble Edifice
of the Jonick Order, built after the model of the ancient Temple of Minerva in G-reece. The Eastern and
western fronts are adorned with two lofty Colonnades
of solid marble.
Wednesday 4th Dec r. at 7 Oclock in the Morning
I left Philadelphia in the stage for Baltimore.
15 Miles S.W. of Philadelphia is Chester in Pensylvania the Capital of Delaware county. It is pleasantly situated on the W. side of Delaware River near
Marcus FIook. The Stage arrived here about 9.1/2 and
stopped to Breakfast. 13 Miles S.W. of ehester stand
the Town of Wilmington the most considerable of the
state of Delaware. It contains upwards of 600 Housee
and 3.000 Inhabitantes. About a mile to the North of
this Town are the famous Mills, thirteen in number,
ealled after the creek on which they are situated the
Brandy wine Mills. It is said 300,000 Bushels of weat
and Corn annually ground here.
21 Miles S.W. of Wilington is Elkton at the heul
of Chesapeak Bay in Maryland it consists about 90
Houses. The Stage arrived here at about 2 Oclock and
the Passangers dined in this Town.
16 Miles S.W. of Elkton is Havre de Grace at
Which Town I arrived about 8 Oclock in the Evening.
It is situated on the W. side of Susquehanna River.
The Stage as is customary remained on the East side
of the river, and the Passangers with their Effects
erossed the River in a small Boat to Havre de Grace.
I supped and slept at this Town.
Thursday 5th Decr. at 7 Oclock in the Morning left
Havre de Grace and arrived at about 9 at Harford or
Bush the distance being 12 Miles S.W. The Stage
stops here for Breakfast.
25 Miles S.W. of Bush is the Town of Baltimore
the largest in the state of Maryland. It is built arouncl
what is called the Bason, reckoned o one of the finest
harbour in America. This City has increased within
these few years with amazing rapidity both in the

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

283

Weath and Population and now ranks with the first


Town in the United States. The Stage arrived here
about 3 Odock, and I dined and passed the night in
this City.
Friday 6th Dec'. at 10 Oclock I left Baltimore for
Washington and arrived at Elkridge about 12 the distance being 8 Miles. The stage was here crossed in a
ferry boat over the Patapsco River. This place is only
remarkable for a particular quality of Tobacco called
Kite 's foot. Two or three Miles beyond this place the
stage stopt at a Mr. Spurrier to dine.
30 Miles S.W. of Elkridge is Bladensburgh on the
Eastern Branch of Patowmac River. it contains about
160 Houses and a warehouse for the inspection of
Tobacco.
6 Miles S.W. of Bladensburgh is the City od Washington at which place I arrived about 7.1/2 Oclock in
the Evening, and took Apartments at Stelle's Hotel
on the Capital Hill.
This City which is also called The Federal City,
became the seat of the seat of the Government of the
United States since the year 1800. it is situated at the
junction of the river Patowmac and the Eastern
Branch.
The following Frigates were lying off the Navy
Yard:
44 Guns
United States (1)
President
44
Chesapeak
44
Congress
36
Constellation (2)
36
New York
36
John Adams
32
32
Boston
Captn. John Cassin Superintendent of the Navy
Yard vary politely accompanied me on board of the
United States and Constellation Frigates, and like
wise shewed me the different Stores, Timber, Ord(1) Fete de Navio de 74
(2)

Famosa por el combate con las dos Fragatas francesas

284

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

nance & belonging to that Department. Most of thr


Cannon were from the Founderies of Columbia.
Sabado 7 de Dice, 1805
Este dia a eso de las 11 estuve a Visitar al Presidente de los E. V. embi un billete con mi nombre,
y la Epistola introductoria que me di el Dr. Rush
reciviome immediatamente no obstante que estava
despachando con sus ministros en numero de 3
hablome con agrado preguntandome como dexava la
Europa... que al parecer estava casi toda con las
Armas en la mano, y pronta destruirse unos con
otros. Nosotros (dixome) will feed them all whieh
they fightif they pay for it afiadio uno de los ministros presentes, y Jefferson dixo to be sure &c...
y asi continuo la conversacion por un rato y me des-.
pedi luego por no interrumpir mas largo tiempo el
despacho.
De aqui pas a la Secretaria de Estado de negocios
Extrangeros, y enbie mi nombre y Epa de Dr. Rush
Mr. Madison, que me recivio con agrado y amistad.
Dixele que tenia ciertos negocios politicos puramente
americanos, que comunicarle, si el Presidente juzgava proposito, el que entrasemos en conferencia, baxo
una reciproca confianza, y el mas inviolable secreto
me contest que estava muy bien, y que tomaria la
Venia del Presidente sobre el particular, y sin perdida de tiempo me daria aviso.
8 D6.

En el interin, por no perder tiempo me propuse


hacer una visita Afount-Vernon la Venerable habitacion de amigo-antiguo el Gen'. Washington... partimos en consequencia eso de las 10-a.m. en un Paquet,
y en menos de 35-minutos llegamos Alexandria (7millas del Navi Yard) Aqui tom un coche de alquiler,
y luego me puse en ruta para Mount-Vernon distante
como 10. mill: de Alexandria el camino no es de lo
mejor, y asi llegamos alli a eso de la una del dia. El
heredero y Propietario Judge Washington, me reeivio

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

285

con sumo agrado, y yo procedi al examen de todo con


gran curiosidad 19 al Jardin que es un pequeo
quadro dispuesto en el antiguo gusto Olands;*y en un
lado hay una Serrada en que se conservan algunos
exoticos en buena preservacion pasamos al frente
de la casa cuya situacion es elevada sobre la rivera
isquierda del R. Potomack, y comanda unas hermosas
Vistas sobre dho. Rio, y el Pays Opuesto de Maryland
la casa toda es de madera pintada, muy pequea
en sus dimensiones, y del antiguo mal gusto en su
construccion... mas de una modestia y sencillez en el
conjunto que realmente caracteriza el caracter de
Washington, y nos recuerda aquella primitiva virtud
y sencillez Romana de los Camilos, Fabricios, &c...
no muy distante de esta Terraza esta la antigua bobeda
que llaman, donde esta depositado el cuerpo de W
y de su mugr en Ataudes separados sin inscripeion
ni nada que d la menor idea de lo que contienen
con estos hai otros de la propia familia, y el espacio
es tan reducido, que a poca distancia se v otro del
propio estilo y algo major que el Gen'. hacia construir
guando murio. De aqui pasamos a la Cochera, y Caballeriza que est todo por el propio gusto y moderacion. Tuve despues una conversacion interesante con
el criado-mulato que acompa al General en toda la
Guerra de la revolucion tiene una memoria exacta de
los sucesos, y es lastima que como Clery, el criado de
Luis 16-, no nos d el diario de lo que l vio, y supo
en el particular los adornos y muebles de la casa
esta son por el proprio gusto y estilo, y las pinturas
mui inferiores La Libreria, que es lo que yo mas
deseava ver, no est y ah, mas el heredero me aseguro que no era cosa de maior consideracion ... que
el asunto de que se componia era Agricultura, y Arte
militar y el ne de volumenes era corto &c Convidome comer este Caballero, y me present su muger
y Sobrina (Miss Blakborne creo) personas amables y
de agrade. sociedad lleg tamb e. el Secrete, de embaxada Ingls Mr. Foster Joven amable y de bellos
modales; tuvimos combite agradable y l Juez W
quena absolutamente que me quedase dormir alli.

286

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para gozar al dia siguiente de la Caza del Ciervo y

Perdices que tenia dispuesta para larga compaia. mas


yo me despedi y puse en marcha eso de las 6 y
llegu Alexandria antes de las 9
Lunes 9. De.

Despues de visitar el Mercado de Alexandria, tom


el Stage-Coch, eso de las 10-a.m. y las 12. 1/2a. llegamos Georges town, y poco despues mi posada de
Stellee's hotel eso de las 3. p.m. recivi un mensage
de varios miembros del Congreso que alojan actualmente en esta Posada de venir comer en su mesa privada, y pocos minutos despues el Sr. Eaton de Dendera vino en Persona hacerme la propria suplica, y
asi baxamos juntos comer. El Senador Buadley
y el representante Livington me ofrecieron hacerme ver maana el Senado, y Salon de Representantes
por la noche estuve en casa de mi amigo Law, donde
en compaia de Dr. Johnson, Dr. Logan, y Mr. Moor
miembros del Congreso lo pasamos en politica discusion hasta las 10
A eso de las 10-a.m. me fui con el Gen'. Buadley
al Senado bella sala en forma semisircular, mas
demasiado alta en su proporcion... dho. Senador me
hizo conser casi todos los miembros del Senado, con
quien conversamos ampliamente, y estos no ocultavan
stA sentimiento de odio contra Bonaparte. A las 12me fui la Casa de Representan y Livington me
coloc en la galeria interior de donde logr vr la
Sea nee completamente hasta el fin un medio proporcional me pareci, entre la Negma holandesa, y el
bullicio Francs. De buelta mi alojamiento encontr
el billete adjunto de Mr. Madison, y la hora sefialadn
aviendose pasado y, le escrivi el adjunto billete, y
bax comer.-- Al fin de la comida me vino un oficial de la Secreta de Estado con mensage de Mr. Madison, remitiendo nuestra conferencia maana la
P del dia. Por la noche en el Theatro ver la, Muerte
de Viraren.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

287'

11 D6.

A la 7. p.m. justamente me hall en la Secreta y


luego nos enserramos Mr. Madison y yo Reciviome
este con sumo agrado, y amistad: y asegurandome que
tenia orden del Presida para recivir mi comunicacion
con el Sigilo y reserva necesaria, yo procedi a manifestarle con franqueza los exfuerzos que yo havia hecho
por mas de 20-aos tanto en Inglaterra, como en Francia en orden procurr una Emancipacion solida y
absoluta del Continente hispano-Americano, en los
mismos terminos que este Pays la avia obtenido de
la Inglaterra y que para lograrlo en este momento
solo se necesitava del consentimiento tacito del Govierno, lo menos que haga la -Vista-gorda (to Wink at it)
pues teniamos amigos en Nueva York y Boston que
se ofrecian avanzar caudales y quanto era necesario
para el asunto con tal de que el govierno este prestase
su asentimiento y aprobacion.. con gusto me pare cio
haber oido la proposicion corroborando mis sospechas
en la mala f dela Inglata, que si se aposecionava de
qualesquiera parte del continente querria tratarnos
como la Inda. Oriental y disiendome que los individuos de este Pays podian muy bien ayudar en el
asunto, pues el Govierno este conforme al Derecho de
Gentes, no respondia de los hechos o empresas de particulars 1. preguntome con cuidado quales eran las
Provincias que estavan prontas comensar la Empresa ? y aviendole dho el nombre de las Trs, parecio
conformarse; de que infiero que ellos tienen puestas
sus miras sobre Mexico o que estn tratando con
los mexicanos sobre el asunto. En fin hicele cargo de
la Importancia del asunto por todas razones, y de la
necesidad que habia de no retardar la respuesta
convino en ello, y me dixo que pasase por alli despues
de la maana la misma hora, y estaria ya pronto.
mi buelta casa encontr el billete adjunto de combite del Presidente &e...

288

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

12 ----

D.

Aprovech del buen tiempo para hir ver el Arsenl en que hay 6- Fragatas y otras pequeas embarcaciones con mui buena artilleria como queda dho
arriva : (Por la noche estuve en el Teatro ver la
Pieza revolucionaria intitulada la Muerte del Gen'.
Warren que aunque de asunto sumamente heroico,
est friamente tratado y con poqusimo gusto arte
(esto fue el 10- d9 ) Tuvimos por la noche Asamblea
en que logr vr las damas de estos contornos. El
Mayor de la Ciudad Mr. Robert Bernt me obsequi
mucho, y me present todas las Damas parientes de
la Familia de Washington, con quienes me entretuve
largo rato qual fue mi sorpresa al encontrar aqui
una Dama que me avia conocido en el sitio de Anveres
y en cuia casa havia habitado mi Edecam Bourjot
ella vino joven este Pays con su Padre Mr. Steer,
que dexo Anveres de 1793 la 2 da entrada de los
Goleses, y vino a estableserse con una buena fortuna
en este Pays, y asi su hija encontro con casamiento
ventajoso en la Persona de Mr. Calvert descendiente
del fundador de Ld. Baltimore era la mejor moza de
(Dantas avia en la Sala, donde se hallavan mas de 30
personas de su sexo mui bien paresidas pareseme
efectivamente que las mugeres han mejorado infinito
en estos 20-arios atras, tanto en el personal quanto en
sus modales ; mas los hombres se han quedado atras
en lo general huyo mui elegante Cena y continuo
el bayle hasta mas de 1a del dia siguiente.

/3 -

De.

A la una en punto me fui ala Secreta. de Estado


donde hall Madison que me aguardava entramos
en discusion y me dixo que el govierno este con la mejor voluntad acia nosotros, y nuestra Causa no sabia
como podia ayudarnos en el momento actual sin faltar la buena fe, y la amistad que aun subsistia
con las naciones con quienes estavan en pz maiormente en un modo tan aventurado y pequeo . .. mas

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

289

bien calculado para particulares en dr su ayuda, que


para el govierno que podia comprometerse en caso de
fallita Yo repliqu que no pediamos mas que una
ayuda indirecta como la que iirancia habia dado a
este pais antes de la declaracion de la Guerra, majormente guando los beneficios que resultavan en favr
de este Pays eran tan considerables como los nuestros
proprios y que si el govierno protegia el Asunto,
yo estava Autorizado de mi ame. Mr. K prometr
quanto suporte fuese posible de parte del partido
Opuesto en el da; quienes ofrecian suplir quanto dinero fuese necesario para comensar la Empresa si el
govierno solamente daba un asentimiento and Winkedat it me replic que no consevia para que era necesario el que el govierno sonrriese, mirase-airado
en el asunto, guando los Particulares por si podan
hacer quanto las Leyes absolutamente no prohibia y
mayormente en un asunto honroso y util yo cite
entonces el decreto que se preparava para la prohivicion de exportr armas y municiones de guerra &c...
esto no sera tan pronto me dixo. Enfin continuando
el debate me respondio en el susceso tendran Vm,s.
todo el mundo por aprobantes mas por la misma razon repliqu yo era menester asegurar el principio de
la Empresa con quanta ayuda fuese posible. Propusele la solicitud de Smith p r una Licencia par hir
New-Orleans y me dixo que la cosa era impracticable, que mucho mas facil le parecia el que S tomase
sobre si el riesgo en un asunto tan importante y glorioso para l Ultimamente viendo que no podiamos
sacar ms en este particulx, y que solo panda evidente que deseavan el que la empresa tuviese buen
exito y comensase quanto antes, le dixe que no teniendo mas que hacr aqui, partiria dentro de 2. 3-das;
esto me pareci algo sorpreso, y me suplic le hiciese
favor de comr con l antes de partir, y que si el martes prox no me era incomodo lo reciviria como un
favor asi se lo prometi no pudiendo excusarlo.
A las 31/2 me fui en casa del Presidente que ya
estava reunido con varios miembros del Congreso. me
recivio con agrado, y comenz hablarme de la Ame-

290

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

rica meridional, y de lo que Humbold le havia comunicado cerca de dho Pays ; en quanto la Poblacion

no lo creia pues la diminuia demasiado por las noticias que le avian dado en el Pays. me hablo mucho de
un canal de comunicacion con la Mar del Sur, y pr, un
rio que estava junto la pa. de Yucatan que Humbd.
le havia dho era el mas facil &c... Nos enseo una
culebrilla con 2- cabezas y otras bagatelas que anuncian pequeez, y un espiritu mas bien adaptado la
Literatura que al govierno de un gran Estado. Pasamos luego la mesa que estava cubierta suntuosamente, sentome su lado y continuamos la conversacin... dixome entre otras cosas que seria mejor
para la Espaa el que les cediese las Floridas que
se proponian sacar Asucr de la Luisiana para el consumo de estos payses que los Indios Apaches y Chiroquies les instavan que atacaran los dominios Espaoles, y que ellos guiarian la Vanguardia que
el canl de comunicacion con la Mar del S. seria mejor
que ellos lo hiciesen que los Espaoles que le Chevr.
de Bergoin le havia informado de cierto proyecto en
este particular, y que havia obtenido dho Papel Que
el mapa que avia embiado Faden para publicarlo
tanto tiempo hace aun estava sin executarse Enfin
exclamava que habia nacido demasiado pronto para
ver la gloria y esplendor de la America, que se avanzaba a gran pazo en su Independa. universal, canal de
comunicacion entre los 2- mares &c. &c. Comio alli
su hija Mrs. Randolph y talaba. el yerno de la otra
hija 2. que mal% hace poco tiempo.
14 Antes de ayer vi al Ve. Presidente Clinton, mi antiguo conosido que me recivio con poco fervor de amistad y tuvo la sencillez de decirme si mi entusiasmo
Republicano habia temperadose? le dixe que nunca
habia estado tan exaltado como el suio, mas que la
experiencia lo habia madurado sin Variarlo por la
noche estuve con el Dr. Jones, y M. Moor que me instruyeron del estado actual de los esclavos y gente de

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

291

color en Maryland, y Virginia, Asegurandome que


creian que casi ninguna muchacha de dhas Clases llegava a la edad de 15- aos si ayer sido desflorada
aunque despues de Casadas muchas vivian con recato
y honestidad. Me aseguraron igualmente que el Proyecto gigantesco de esta Ciudad era evidentem e. quimerico y que casi todos los edificios comensavan a
arruinarse. mi buen amigo Law ha consumido 40-mil
.s: en dho proyecto de que acaso no sacara 8-mil lo
cierto es que la casa misma del Presidente no se conserva en la reparacion debida, de vidrios en las ventanas, texas &c... El Navy-Yard es lo que unicame.
parece progresar.

/5.
Escriviendo este diario, y por la tarde vino mi amigo Mr Law, que me presento al Ministro de la Marina
Mr Smith, que me parece Persona instruida, y con
quien hable sobre el estado de la fundicion de Caones, y de las manufacturas de Polbora, que realmente
progresan admirablemente en este Nuevo Pays luego con M. Jones y Moor, y el Dr. Logan que me dan
ydeas del Pays
16.
Estuve esta maana a ver la Fundicion de Artilleria de Columbia a 2-millas de George-town, mui
buena por cierto, y aunque baxo de apariencia rudica,
y dirigida por un Cura puedo asegurar que las
piezas tanto de hierro como de bronze, me parecen
construidas por los mejores modistos y taladradas con
el mayor asierto. me aseguran que el mejor hierro
se saca en este Estado, y que es tan maleable y bueno
como el de Suecia all vi algunas piezas de tronce
con las Armas del Papa, que Bonap e. destrozo, y que
han venido aqui para refundirse &c.. Vino mi amigo
Stephen-Sayre que comio con migo, y he reunido a
nuestro antiguo Proyecto. Por la tarde fui a ver Mr.
John .Adams, con quien he ablado mucho de Berlin

292

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

donde estuvo 4-arios. No me paresen sus conocimientos mui Varios ni mui extensos. Vive con Mr.Hellen
cerca de Georg-town. 3.mill. del Capitolio.
17.
Estuvo con migo Sayre a quien he recomendado el
Secreto y circunspection. Tambin el U. Logan que

me conto como habia hecho para impedir el rompimiento entre la Francia y este Pays en 1798 p r . el
mes de Julio el objeto del directorio era de revolucionar estos Payses como lo habia hecho con la Suisa,
y la Holanda, mas el Dr este les abrio los ojos, por
medio de Merlin de Douai, uno de sus miembros, y asi
se corto el designio, y se frustro nuestra Independa.,
sinque el buen D r. supiese el mal que hacia por esta
parte. .. y vea Vms. aqui como se goviernan los mayores negocios del mundo !! Vino a Verme tambien
M . Johns primer oficial del minist de Hacienda, que
me recordo nuestro antiguo conocimiento en la Hayana, y Charleston S.C., se recuerda con gratitud de Cagigal y me aseguro que este govierno no consentiria
jamas a renunciar la Luisiana del Oeste, por las Floridas, ni ninguno otro cambio que la Espaa propusiese.
N.: T. VI, f.

102/119.

Nota. Este documento es un Diario llevado por el General Miranda en

el viaje que hizo de New York a Washington, que consta de 10 folios, numelados del 102 al 120; pero dentro de estos folios hay otros documentos
y asuntos relacionados con ese viaje, a saber:

Una tarjeta:
M. R. RIISH.

N.: T. VI, f. 105.


Una Minina litografiada
:`..fount Vernon, the Seat of the late President

Washington.

N.: T. VI, f. 108.


Un plano impreso de la ciudad de Philadelphia y sus alrededores, marcado
el folio con el nmero 110.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

293

Una carta:
Mr madison presente his respecte to General Miranda, and will have the
pleasure of seing him tomorrow at 2 Oc. if that time be agreeable to him.
Office of Stale. Monday. Devr. 9.
GEN I . MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f.

111.

Un borrador-contestacion de Miranda:
Gen i . Miranda presenta his respeetful compliments to Mr Madison is
vory sorry that the Note he sent to him dated yesterday, monday the 9tb,
lid not come to him until this day after 2 oc: whieh eireunstance has prevented him from waiting on M r Madison at the honor he had the goodness
to appoint for this day but he will do himself the honour to wait on him
tomorrow at 2 oc: in hopeo of finding him at his Office, ami amending the
retard produeed by this mistake.

Steiles Hotel Tuesday Dee r. 10


N.: T. VI, f. 113 vto.
[na invitaeion:
Jh: Jefferson requests the favor of Gen ! . Miranda to 'une with hito
on Friday the 13 th at half after three.
Dec. 10. 1805.
The favor of an answer le asked.
N.: T. VI, f. 117.
Cinco tarjetas:
The Vice President. (Respaldo con lapiz:) Por GEN'. MIRANDA.

M r. Apelas (con lapiz:) for GEN I . MIRANDA.


D r. LOGAN (con lpiz:) for GEN I . MIRANDA.
M r. LEWIS. (con lpiz:) for GEN I . MIRANDA.

Mr. BROOM. (Con lpiz:) for GEN I . MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 119.


Nota: Los folios 120 121 y 122 son tres planos impresos de la ciudad
n le Washington, de Franklinville y de Lystra, respectivamente; el folio 123
e'l una hoja del periodico ADVERTISER, de Philadelphia, Thursday, December 5, 1805; y el folio 124 es otra hoja de peridico, titulado IINITED
S TATES' GAZETE, tambien de Philadelphia, friday, June 28, 1805.

Sunday Decr. ./st. 1805.

My dear friendThe Major embarked yesterday, and has had a fine


wind, he will be at his post tomorrow.
I am filled with solicitude, for your success, you
will have to deal with, cold and distant characters, who

294

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

will put your patience to very severe tryals, you guard


your temper, and keep yourself perfectly cool, If they
will not go fully into your plan, but will permit it to
pass with their silent approbation, and give me a
Letter of service, with permission to enter into foreign service, al pleasure, it will do; the service I contemplate entering into, need not be expressed or attended to.
It may be will for you to keep a Journal of all that
passes, during your visit, the names and characters
you meet, and the conversation that takes place. it
will be of service, in future consultations, and Stamp
Characters on the mindLet me hear from you every
day, Mr Adams will address the letters to me & frank
them, they come safe.
Yours truly
(Rubricada)
GENERAL MIRANDA

at W. LAWS
Washington
N.: T. VI, f. 125.

New York Dece. 6u1 1805

My dear Friend

I have received yours of the 3d inst from Philadelphia, and noticed the reserved Conduct of the Gentleman you met at diner on that day, Since your departure I have and shall continue to be also, on the reserve, adding vigilence to Circunspection waiting the
result of your visitI have this morning received The
Presidents message ; you find yourself at the Seat of
Government, at an higly interesting moment, I expect
after this, to hear from you minutely, you may rely
mi the safe conveyance of our Post Offices, should you
make progress agreable to my wish (which the temper

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

295

of the times may particularly aid) you will no doubt


be prompt in your communication to me,

Yours(Rubricada)

N.B. The Presidents message will not a little annoy the reserved Gen' at a Philadelphia
GENERAL MIRANDA.
N.: T. VI, f. 126.

New York 1)6e. 16th 1805.

My dear friend-

I have received yours of the 11' ins' am pleased


to learn you progress as you wishI communicated with our Te who writes by this
postI have a Letter from A. and expect him here
every hourThe people he has been with are of opinion you should avoid for the present any communication, with the reserved Gentleman,Solicitous for
your sucess
I am truly yours.

Porward 'd
Mr . Mouru
To eare of Mas. AVERY Nr 8 State Street
New York.
N.: T. VI, f. 127.

(Rubricada)

296

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

New York Deo?.

19th 1805.

My dear friendI have received your Letter dated 14th and 15" of
DecrI have not been able to find L A. is not yet
returned in hopes of seeing you promptly I remain
Yours. Truly
W. MOLINI

(Rubricada)

post restant
Philadelphia.
N.: T. VI, f. 128.

PRIVATE.

Washing u Dece .

14th 1805.

Dear Friend I saw yesterday for the second time


both the Gentlemanand after talking fully upon the
subject I think I brough the bussiness to a conclusion.. yet Mr M upon hearing my determination of
quitting this City tomorrow for N-York appeard surprised and persuaded me not to leave it before Tuesday next (the 17) when he expected me to dine with
him and to have a little more conversation I supose.. .
on consideration I thought that to Stay three days
longeur might shew calm and patience on my part,
who would give to this step all the dignity I intended
thoough I am persuaded that no more shall be obtained than whoat is already imparted.
Their tacit aprobation, and good wishes is evidently
with usand they dont see any dificulty that may
prevent the Cit: of the V. S. in attending Personally,
or sending supplys for this object, provided the public
laws should not be openly violated.
your demand of permission or leave of absence, is
considered impracticable, and M. thinks easier to take
the risk upon yourself at once . . . however we shall
consider this subject with much reflexion when we

297

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

shall meet at n.Y. .on the 18th early I shall certanly


leave this for Philad a, from where I will write to you
againand without much delay, procede to New York.
in the mean time I request of you to have every
thing ready for departure before the last day of Decr--and I beg of you to shew to our Worthy Commodor
as much as is necessary of this Letternot thinking
prudent in me at this moment and on so delicate a subjet to write any more do the same with the Majorand repeat to both my most sincere friendship and permanent esteem.
When we meet, you, and them shall hear more on
this subjectin the mean time, act with much caution
and great activity.
Yours.

MN.: T. VI, f. 129.

Slip Indostan 525 Tons.


22 Guns
150 Cask of Powder
8 Tons of Shot

$ 40.000
2 400
200 bbt of Beef
3 200
100 d of Pork
3 000
400 d of Bread
250
30 d of Flour
1 400
15 Hoghda of Rum
2 000
Sundaries,Gabin Stores &
$ 52,250
Officers & men
200 men at 25, V month = $ 5000
2 month advanced pay $10,000 10.000
Extra's

$ 62.250
2.800

298

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Marines furnished from the Infan$ 65.050


try-40 Rank & File
40.000
Leander,
$105.050
N.: T. VI, f. 130.

The Leander .... 200


18 Guns Musketts, Pistols, broad
Swords Boarding Pikes . . . $ 15.000
25.000
Outfit (fic Expenses for 100 men
$ 40.000
N.: T. VI, 4. 131.

New York Jan. 14th 1806


GENERAL MIRANDA -

My dear FriendAs the important question which we have contemplating, and steadily pursuing, for sixteen years past
progresses to a point of execution, I see difficulties
arise and dangers threaten, which nothing but our
united vigorous exertions can possibly overcome.
I am extreamly apprehensive, that you will meet
with perplexing circunstances and unpleassant scenes,
for the want of my aid and influence over my Countrymen who I have associated to attend you, in the first
instance.
To relieve you and to give the question the fairest
possible chance, which the importance of it to your
own Country and mine really merits, I have determined to accompany you if such arrangements can be
made, with Mr K.and his friends, as will place at my
disposal fifty Thousand Dollars to answer contingencies, and furnish the means of advansing the business
for the spring embarkation and the supply of arms,
accoutrements and amunition with a substancial covering force, to follow in the path pointed out for the

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

299

freedom of a world. and the amelioration of the state


of civilized man.
Our two Countrys liberated from the galling yoke
of oppression will furnish an espanded assylum for
the injured and oppressed to fly to, and the northern
and southern Continents will become the abode of
freemen, sheltered from the assaults of Tyrants and
the intrigues of Vicious and Corrupt CourtiersThe
oppressed European will find a tranquil and safe retreat and the native american, embrased within the
benevolent bosom of Civilization, be under the protection of a well digested Constitution a Government of
Laws, (not of men) that written Constitution as a basis,
firm and immoveable as the pilars of TimeIf however, you still continue to think, that it would
tend more to the promotion of the success of the dignified object, that I should remain here, making the
necessary interior arrangements, untill you can forward a proper supply of cash, to cover the expenses
already entered into, and those I shall embrase, preparative to the return of one of The Ships, I shall of
course acquiese and promise the full exercise of my
zeal and abilities to promote your views confident that
the great objects you are pursuing, has alone in view
the happiness of your Country, too long labouring
under the galling yoke of oppression.
Permit me my dear friend, to offer you my eldest
son William Stunben Smith, as an aid De Camp, in your
dignified career, he has rocked in the cradle of freedom, and nurtured in the lap of Liberty, and I can but
flatter myself will do honor a Cause, in which I have
on similar principies, fought and bled under the Standard of my Country, in that memorable revolution,
which gave liberty and Independence to The United
States of America. Permit me to call your attention
to the propriety of taking an early opportunity after
you have embarked of impressing on the minds of the
of ficers who I send with you, that they are not moving
to a war of conquest, that they accompany you to your
native Country, to aid a mild and benevolent people

300

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL

MIRANDA

in assuming their rights and establishing their Liberty


and Independance, and of course that it is expected
from them, that The Inhabitants in every situation are
to be treated with mildness and benevolence.
Inculcate this incontrovertable truth that, Opposition to Tyrantsis Obedience to God.

That your Countrymen may properly appreciate


your worth and the steady exertion you have invariably
pursued to promote their happiness, an that the most
unbounded success may attend you, is the ardent wish
of your attached friend
WILLIAM STEPHENS SMITH.
N.: T. VI, f. 133.

Wodnesday Evening.

My dear General
If you are disengaged and will call in, there are a
few of good men and trueWho I should be happy to
introduce to you
W. S. SMITFI.
MIRANDA
at Mils. AVERY
GENERAL

State Street.
N.: T. VI, f. 136 vto.

New York, Jan. the 20th 1806

My very dear Friend.


The Proposals, offers, and sentiments conveyed in
your letter to me of the 14th instant, are as worthy your
Patriotism and the love of mankind, as they are congenial with my own ideas.For fear that I should be
deficient in shewing you the warmth and gratitude of
those for whom they are intended and in whose name
I am to give an answer ; let us leave the task to them
selves when your Letter shall be presented ; and I have
no dout but their gratitude & generosity towards your

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

301

conspicuous Virtues and magnanimity, will be competent and satisfactory.


I should by all means pref er your coming with me
in the first instancebut as the pecuniary arrangements that are wanted for the purpose can not be obtained at this moment. I acquiesse in the second idea
of remaining here making the necessary arrangements,
for the raising of the Corps of Americans that we have
agreed uponand that must be rely to embark soon
after the arrival of the Slip that shall bring the necessary supplies of money for this object.be persuaded that whatever arrangements you may have formed
towards the fullfilling of this important comission will
be attencled to, and sanctioned without the least difficulty when conducted -with that prudence, ability, and
integrity that I have known you for so many years
to possessI accept with pleasure the offer of your eldest son
Wm Stuben Smith as my Aid de Campit shews both
confidence and friendship ; which pledge will strengthen more and more our mutual confidence, in benefit
of this great Enterprisehis early virtues and aimiable dispositions will be improved under my particular
care so that in a short time and under the auspices of
Providence, he may be an ornament to his country, the
glory and pride of his Parents and friendsWith gratitude and my most ardent friendship and
affection I remain Ever yoursF. DE

Col: Wm.

M-.

5. SMITII.

N.: T. VI, f. 141.

Sir
I have to acknowledge the sight of that portion of
your letter to S. which appears to have been intended
for me, and to observe, that I have been and still remain perfectly patient owing to a sanguine hdpe that
a little time will mature your object. I am now & have
been since some days waiting with my Ships in the river

ARCHIV DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

302

my seamen all on Board. only for your deeision, I


mean, the St. Domingo operation, when your assurances shou'd warrant my abandoning that project.
turn my mind to a more favorite one. I shall act so
most Cheerfully, untill there I shall remain in anxious
expectations, with 200 men Eating Exerting at my
Expense,
with sincerity respt
J. L.
P. S. May have you made the acquaintance of Mr
Granger the Post Master General.
N. Yk 15. 1 0 1805.
GEN'. MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 142.

General
I wait with great impatience to receive a une from
you, allow me request of you to write me as soon as you
have any thing interesting to communicate, be as explicit as possible, let your letter be couched in such Terms
as to decide me in my resolution.
with consideration respect
New York Deeembr 5 tb 1805.

J. LEWIS.

GENERAL MIRANDA

Care MR. LAW

Washington
N.: T. VI, f. 143.

Dear Gen'
I see with Extrem regret pain that all your exertions are in vain,be assured no Confidence is to be
placed on the energy and Exertion of Merichts. It is a

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA.

303

thing, which they will not understand, unless it be in the


language of Shylockmy situation niakes it indispensable for me to depart without further delay ; it is
absolutely impossible for me to wait, reasons I presume
are unnecessary to you,with the hope of seeing you
on my return, I conclude by wishing you patience
happinessGod bless you

J. L.

New York Dee . to day


GENERAL MIRANDA
at Mis. AVERY.
N.: T. VI, f. 144.

Boston

/6/th December 1805.

My dear Sir
It has afforded me great delight to learn your arrival within the United States after the storms you have
endured. I am just returning to the district of Maine
where I have an establishment, and where my family
are at this time. But being connected with the Legislature we shall pass the Winter in this Town. Permit me
to solicit a une of recognition.
This will be delivered to you by Mr Bowdoin grandson to the late Gl-overnor and son of the late Sir John
Temple. He has at the request of MT Bowdoin his uncle
assumed his name.
You will find Mr Bowdoin a gentleman in all respects, and as my friend I warmly recommend him to
you.
I am my dear Sir with great attachment
Your obedient humble servant
GENERAL MIRANDA.
K.Nox.
GENERAL MIRANDA

N.: T. VI, 1. 145.

304

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Cask
5000

50
5000

90
5000

120
5000

$ 20,000
I will engage on having the aboye means furnished
to fit out the Ship Leander with 14 or 16 Guns and 80
Men Armed compleat.
To go to the put that shall be named on the Spanish
MainCarrying G. M. and such other persons as he
shall choose to be delivered safe thereI will also load
the Ship with such a Cargo as G. M. shall point out,
consisting if necessary of Muskets, Pikes & &.
will also put on board the Ship a Cargo of Goods
aasorted for the Spanish Market in Value Doll
which if the Expedition succeeds shall be sold there at
the best price the Market will afford, and G. M. engages
that such price shall Amount at least to 200 p ct advance-I will engage as soon as the plans shall be matured
to furnish addition Ships (say Emperor & Indostan)
and to promote the future operations all in my homeShould the expedition not succed I will have no claim
whatever for losses & Damages other than 20,000 $ first
rnentioned.
N.: T. VI, f. 146.

Amount Invoice Ship Leander . . . $ 38,302.31


34,161.49
Amount Ship Disbursements . . .
Total Amount of Expedition $ 72,463.80
144,927.60
Advance 200 Per Cent
Doll' 217,391.40
N.: T. VI, f. 147.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

305

If right Gentlemen assoeiate to aid this plan, by a


risk of $2.500 each, upon a promised advance of 25 p'
cent should suceess attend the enterprise the compensation will be satisfactory and the fuilure not ruinous.
N.: T. VI, f. 148.

Daniel Ludlow 800 Stg font a peu pres $ 3555.


500.

Recu en diverses fois
$ 3055.

Solde
Dt

Sam' G. Ogden

Avr

$ 200
$ 3055 En Especes
8880
2000 sgt. on London
19% $ 30 09 i,
22200 24% Rondins 5... .761'1"
5000 sgt. on Trinidad
Solde de Ludlow

N.: T. VI, f. 149.

PRIVATE.

New York Decr. 30th 1805

J 'ai vu mes eooperateurs hier en vous quittant, et je


les ai trouv tous deeids suivre sans relaehe eette Patriotique entreprise, avec un zele vraiment heroique.
mais comme la promptitude, ainsi que Petendue des
apprets tient en quelque sort dans ce moment, aux supports que je puisse leur proeur tr de mon cot--je vous
supplie de ne pas negliger aujourd 'hui la demarehe
dont nous sommes eonvenus hier au soir, afin qu'ils
puissent definitivement fixer dans la journe le nombre
de batiments et la quantite des Armes qui doivent etre
pretes dans 10--jours--

306

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Je ne vous fait pas d'apologie sur mon importunit,


puisque vous connoisez l'importance de l'objet, et la
presse du tems!
a vous invariablemt.

M.
P. S.--ei joint est le maximum de leur demande.
Rurus

KING, ESQr.

N.: T. VI, f. 150.

New York 31 January 1806.


MESS

es . CAMPBELL & 0 'HARA.


Jamaica

Gentlemen

Should the Bearer of the present M r Jonathan S.


Smith by any accident be earried to your Island, I will
thank you to supply him with what money he may
want, and I hereby engage to honor his Dfts on me for
the Amount.
You will also confer a particular favor on me by
rendering every service in your power to Mr Smith and
such Gentlemen as may accompany him, should any
accident bring them to your Island.
Very respectfully I am
Gentlemen

Your most obd S.


SAM
MESS. CAMPBELL & 0 'HARA

Merchants
Kingston
Jamaica.
N.: T. VI, f. 151.

G.

OGDEN

307

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

New York 30th Dec. 1805.

Sir
As you have expressed a nevish to have a report in
writing of my operations at Boston, I now have to
inform you that I arrived there on the Eveng of the 2d
Inst.,Next morng I waited on Mr. Gore who was there
in Coast & delivered to him your Lettr & appointed to
raeet him that Evening at his own House,at which I
was informed by his servant that he was exceedingly
unwell as to be confind to Bed & unable to see me.On
the Evening of the 5th I (by his desire) again waited on
Gore who informed me he had read your Letter, and
after much Conversation on the subject & assurances
that every thing in his Power shoud be done to promote
your views, he concluded with saying that he woud toraorrow see & have a Conversation with some of his
friends who he thought woud embark in the business, &
that he woud inform me of the results of it,Next forenoon I read a Note from him saying that he liad seen
Conversed with Col' Perkins on the Business who wished to see rae upon it.At one o'cloc I met sk had a
long Conference with him & explaned the object of my
Mission, In the course of the conversation he observed
that he had long iz of ten thought of the Business which
certainly offerd great advantages to all concerned in it,
but at the same time observed that the raerchants there
were very Enterprising, they were very Cautious
he was much afraid would be avt 'rse to entering into a
trade when they coud not insure against all Risk.
We however said he woud introduce me to Mr Wigginsson with whom he had often conversed upon the subject, & whose opinion woud ha t much Influence with
him & others.
In the course of the Day I was introduced to W
Wigginson & Stated to him what I had done to Mr PerGore
kins, he said he woud make it a Point to see
who still continued very unwell, & endeavor to fix a
time when he with some of his friends woud meet me
either at Mr Gore or his house--Next day I received a

Note from J. G. saying they woud meet me that Eveng

308

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

at Mr Wigginssons at 6 o'clock, at which time I attended


& there met Mr Loyd, MT J. Perkins, Mr Sern Perkins,
W Wm Payn & Miss"' Wigginson & SonMr Wigginson opend the Business by saying that he had been with
Mr Gore who was still confind to his Bed with whom he
had a long conversation & had received from him a
Lettr written by Gen' M to Mr Gore, which he desired
his son to translate & read to the Company, tho he believed they understood French perfectly well, the Letter
was accordingly read, and I was then asked what proposals I had to make to them.These I enumerated
agreeable to the differents Conversations I have had
with you, & conduded with saying that in Case we shoud
not be able to procure suffieient funds in this Place, I
wanted them to advance the value of $25,000 in such
things as I shoud point out to them, & $25,000 in Cash
to pay such articles as were orderd here.After this
Mr Wigginson took from his Pocket a Lettr from Mr
King to 32 Gore received that Eveng in which he mentions having recd a Confidential Lettr from Mr V,&
strongly Corroborated every thing I had previously
advanced.The conversation was then resumed, innumerable Questions were put to me & answerd, dt several
objections were started pincipally by Mr Wigginson &
Mr Loyd.Those they seemed to dwell most upon was
the impossibility of getting any Insurance or Seeurity
for the payment of the Property after it was landed
the Danger they run in involving this Country in a war
with Spain, & thereby making themselves nable to a
Procuration by the Gen' Government which might
ruin them.
To the first objection I replied that it was impossible to offer any Positive Security, It was not to be
seen altogether a mercartile Speculation, but as we stakcd our Lives on the success of it, they must be convinced
we had a good opinion of it, & that if suceessfull the
advantages they woud receive woud be much greater
than the risk they ran and as to any Danger front the
Gen' Governmt, that might verily be avoided by their
lending you $50000 to be expended as you show, the

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

309

Terms they shoud draw out themselves & I woud immediately lay them before you for your approbation.
After two hours, we parted, they agreeing that they
woud revolve the matter in their own minds & met next
day for the purpose of drawing up those terms.
Owing to unexpected Business the meeting, and then
the folowing morng at 8 o 'clock. I called on M r J
Perkins, & was by him informed that the Gentleman
with whom I had had a meeting with some Eveng before, totally deelind having any thing to do with the
Business I had proposed to them.
After this I waited on Mr Gore who tho better was
still very unwell Communicated to him the result of
the Business, & inquired if he had any Letters or Commands for you.To this he replied that he hoped his
being so unwell woud plead his apology for not writing, & that he regretted exceedingly the unexpected termination of my Business.Tho the whole of the Gentlemen with whom I liad any Conversation appeard to be
Lukewarm in it, yet in Justice to Mr Payne & M r J. W
Perkins I must say they appeard desirous of entering
hito the Speculation & did say to me that of the other
Gene to wit Wigginson Loyd had not thrown Cold
water in it, they wound each with pleasure have subscribed 5 or $10'000 towards Carrying it into Execution.
I have thus endeavord to give you a sketch of my
operations whilst at Boston & sincerely regret the result
has not been favorable to your expectations & my
wishes.With perfeet Esteem I have the
Honor to be Sir Your most Obed. Hble Serv.
Wm.
GEN' MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 152.

RMSTRONG.

310

ARCEUVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

L0101071.

Sept.

29th

1805.

Dear General
I regret exceedingly you should have been so long
wind bound in the Downs but as the Wind has been
favourable for the last Week, I hope you are by this
time well on your Passage, and may not experienee
any further delay to a Speedy Arrival1 have engaged my Passage in the Slip Wanstead
Cap. Wilsonan Armed Ship, whieh expeet to get the
Convoy of a Frigate as far as Madeira& afterwards
run to B/dosit is the only opportunity that has offered from henee sinee your departure--but as you
were so long detained in the DownsI have no doubt
but I shall arrivein full time at B/dos to meet any
Orders you may send me after your arrival in America.
The Capto assures me he will have the River in all the
ensuing week and I fully hope that the Week after we
shall saul from Portsmouth.
I have not seen Colonel Williamson sinee your departure, he left town a few days ago for Devonshire &
In understand intends to go out in the Packet for New
of next
York which is appointed to saul on the
Month.
The American Papers lately reeeived lead to a belief that a Rupture between that Country & Spain is
inevitable,and the following paragraph has been inserted in several London Papersviz-"Letters from Havanna announce the Suppression
"of Numerous Monastic & Religious Orders in that
"Island and that all similar establishments in the Spa"ni sh Transatlantie dominions were to experienee a
"like fate. The immediate cause of this extraordinary
measure arises from the Poverty of Government
"which has driven it to this expedient to raise a prelf sent supply ; the consequences of it however, eannot
"be anticipated.
"The Royal Order under which the Sequestrations
"in Cuba have been levied, directed that all property
"belonging to religious establishments, eonsisting of
"Houses and lands, Sugar and Coffee plantations &

le

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

811

f 'negros, also all Mortgages, debts, &cdue to him,


"should be sold, an that the Monjes arising from such
"sales should be paid into the Treasury of the King,
fwho will make provision by daily allowance otherwise
"for the persons so dispossessedThe Bishop of Haffvanna is one of the Commissioners for executing this
"Orderthe others are the Governor, the Intendent
"General, the Collector of the Customs, and J. B.
"Muoz."
These an other Concordant circunstances must
greatly tend to facilitate the Grand enterprize and
I look with full faith and Confidence on its speedy
accomplishment under the protecting influences of its
Judicious Conductor.
You will have learnt in America that another unsuccessful attack has been made on CurazaoIf on my
arrival at St Thomas,I find any obstacle to my going
to the formerI shall proceed to Oruba& wait there
or at St Thomas; for your instructionAny Letters
you may direct to me at Barbados please to put them
under Cover to Thomas Williams Esq r Merchant. Barbadosand on my arrival at Barbados I will inform
you the name of a Merchant at St Thomas : to whom
letters for me may be addressed.
I remain with great Respect
Your devoted Servt
G. ED FITZWILLIAM.

P. S.The Leeward Island Fleet is not yet arrived


I hope however they will arrive before I gothat
I may have the pleasure of seeing Colonel Rutherford,
and communicating to you the news he brings from
Trinidad,
MT. MARTIN
eare of MEss D' LUDLOW C

Merehat
Via Liverpool
New York
N.: T. VI, f. 155.

312

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Liverpool Nov. 11th 1805.

Dear General
It is a matter of much mortification to me that I
should have been so long detained in England.I engaged my passage shortly after your departure in the
Ship Wanstead bound for Madeira 84 Barbados which
was to saul with the African Convoy as far as Madeira,
this Vessel was the only opportunity that presented
from London, week after week passed in delay, before she got round to Portsmouth the African Ship
liad sailedez she is obliged to remain for the next
ConvoyI therefore left London the latter end of
last Month for this Place & have taken my Passage on
board tue Ship Jane of 20 Gunsfor B/dos She waits
(inly for a few Men to complete his compliment 84 I
bope to saul in a day or two Sincerily trustI shall
arrive in full time to attend to your Comnands.As I
have been detained in England so much longer that I
expected/ shall not go to Trinidad, but on my arrival at Barbadosproceed immediatePy to St Thomas,
(c unless any orders 1 may meet from you may direct
otherways.
You will have seen by the Public paper of the Glorious Victory obtained over the Combined Fleets on the
21 t" Obtr Twenty One saul of the Line taken distroyed!!!& four more sail of the line since taken by Sir
R StrachanThe Death of the ever to be lamented
Nelson however throws a general damp over these
Glorious Archievements.
I had the pleasure to see Col Rutherford the day
before I left London he had a very long PassageI
informed him I was on the point of leaving England
to join you and inquired if he had any Commandshe
replied that that he had nothing new or of consequence
to relate respecting affairs in Trinidadthat many
there appeared eager to join you,but he doubted if
they would embark unless you had a sufficent force to
inspire them with Confidence ;I mention these circunstances for your Government-

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

313

Mr Glaston the Ate Gen' of Trinidad arrived in


the Packet a few days agoa letter from London by
this day Post. informs me the object of his visit is to
obtain a constitution for the Island.1 sincerily hope you have met vvith aid in .America
equal to your most sanguin wishesand I pant for the
pleasure of meeting you at the Rendezvous1 have the Honour to be with great respect
Dr General Your most obd svt.
G ED FITZWILLIAM
GEN'. MIRANDA
&e &e &e

N.: T. VI, f. 162.

EXTRACT OF LETTER FROM MR G. FITZWILLIAM


TO MR ALEXR MACOMB OF NEW YORK

Liverpool Novr. 11th 1805.

Deal' Sir
A Ship being on the point of sailing from hence
for New YorkI avail myself of the opportunity to
send you two NewspapersOne containing an account
of the Glorious Victory obtained over the combined
Fleetsby the ever to be lamented Lord Nelson & the
other an acct of the capture of four Ships of the Line
by Sir R Strachnevents which no doubt will be inte resting to you to learn.
I have been detained in England some weeks longer
than I wished and was at last obliged to come to this
Port to procure a Passage& am going out in the
Ship Jane of 20 Gunsshe has been waiting some days
to complete her complement of menbut I expect to
saul to morrow or next day& I trust I shall arrive
at my rendezvous in full time to meet any orders Gen'
M may have sent meI most sincerily trustthat

314

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Gen'. may have found in America every ail & assistance


equal to his most sanguine wishesif so, I entertain
no doubt of the ultimate success to his grand enterprize--It is however a source of great consolation to
me& I am sure your good Heart will receive pleasure to know, that in case the Gen' business is not
carried into effector fails in the attempta friend
in London has offered me a participation in a Mercantile Concern which will at any rate enable me to
support my dear Wife & familyIn grateful rememberance of the innumerable obligations my wife and seif are under to you we have
named our dear little boy after youmy worthy Friend
John Turnbull Esqr stood prox for you as God Father, Mr Camm the other God Father & M" Turnbull
God Motherthe child is remarkably stout & strong
& tho ' only six week old stood a Journey of 200 Miles
without the least inconvenienceNelly enjoys perfect
health, is more pleased with Liverpool than any to-vvn
she has visited in Englandit is, she says more like
home& she has been in a round of company ever since she has been here.
N.: T. VI,

f. 164.

London Sepr 29 1805.

My ever dear General


I hope you have had a good voyage an in good
Health an Spiritsevery thing favouring your noble
and Glorious projects, may all your wishes be crownd
with success in the ardent prays of your sincere friend
your views are good an God will bless them.
I hope you found all your friends in good Health
an happy to see you my dear leander is every thing
that a fond Mother can wishs he his every day more
Beautiful. Healthful an Engaging his little actions are
every moment more endearinghe his my hope an confort in the absence of my ever dearist friendGod send
that we may soon be again under the Protection of

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

315

the wiscest an and Best friendmy dear Sir I find


the los of you more than everI rember with Pain my
ingratitude on everal occationsan your goodness to
forgive me1 will reward you with my Fidelity an conform in
every thing as I have promisedThe Baptism of my
dear child has not taken place in consequence of not
nowing the name you have exprest in your Paper 's
an it must be the same Mr Turnbull has no relection
of any thingthe christen an famley name of the child
must be expresst in the Baptisam, otherwise it is of
no yuse MD Turnbull advises me not to baptise him untill you have the goodness to transmit to me, what
shall be done. Mr Barry was much disapointed as he
ment Dr Thayer to have Baptise himbefore he returned to AmericaMr B Best wishes attend you-Mr Turnbull is a little official in his advisethat I
daunt much like--it shall give me no Painfor all men
have thare waysthay want the catalogueto see if
all the Books is in the library that is in the catalogues
I told him that I was intrusted with all paper's and
Books an if aney was missing I would stand to the
changeas no Person should be in the Room without
my presentsbut I did not wish that aney Body should
go up staysPeter asked me to day for the catalogue
to take home with him I Refused himan sed, that
would not suffer paper on Book to go out of the
House untill I heard from you to that ententthay
will send you to news papers 3 ambgue 'severything
is only for amoment leander like his Mother not much
thought of, now you are not hearthay take no notice
of himan never enquires after himI new very well
she only noticed him to flatter youI will as longe as
I live Encourage him to think of all them as I do thay
are snake 's in the grass to boath of ourI see trow
there deseat more since I have been aloneFhe told
Ann to day she was wrighting a longe letter to her
Master, of leandermy dear child daunt want compliments he wants truthSir Home P.has sold his
House in york Place she an Children are in the CountryMT Brown Palmal call'd did not want any thing

316

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

M' Orme has taken back every thing Except the rasorsthem he made on Purpose for you he would not
take backI gave him 40.0 for themall the Sissors
was rusty. I was oblige to Promis to Pay for Cleaning
of them otherwise he would have made me taken them
allthe Abbe beleves will not go to france for some

time1 have sent you a letter that some woman had wrote
teil you of the abbord of Mr Paviaan one from that
MT Barrethat is the only thing an every thing that
has occord since your departure.
I am very Pleasd with the society of Mr Molini's
Trust I shall soon hear of Great news from my dear
Genlone Month has all ready Past away since our
departurI find Great Conciliation in my lovey ehild
Col Williamson call'd one eving in a Post Chase my
Leander so an thought it was youhe was over joy'dthe Col appeard affected with my Childs attencion to
himhe told him he would rember an till the General
of his attencionmy dear General forgive my longe letter for while
writing it seems as if I were conversing with youwhich Pray to God I wasAddieu my dear leander
his writing all so
a thousand Blessings attend youwright me off-.
ten as you can it will console me Adieu
N.: T. VI, f. 165.

S. MARTIN.

My dear General you will no daught be sorpresed


that my dislike to Mt T should encrease, that day afortnight after your departur W an Mr Turnbull call'd,
and Mr T sed give me the Key'sshe being with him
confused me, an in the moment I gave it uphe than
began his serch loow'd over the paper's as if you never
was to have there again, an asked me why the Key's was
seald, I told him it was decause that no one should disturb them, untill your orders to that Intent an then the

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

317

seal should be brokeMr Tses what would the General say if he new how we was deranging his paper'sbut it is very nesery it should be done as Mr Turnbul
should now if every thing the Gen left be thare and then
she spoke at some lenth hoping that I was circunspect
that I did not permit yo-ung men to bisit me under pertences of relationship an such likeI hope M r Tthe
General Is convinst to the contrary or otherwise he
would not have left me in proiesion of all his Books an
Papersmy dear Gen', ought to juge of herI spoke
of this affare to Mr Fitzwilliam he desired me not on
aney account to aquant you with itas it would make
you very unhappyI wish you not to be deserved you
in aney of your frienan it is a duty I how to youin
aquanting you with every thing good or badI told
you my dear Gen. that thay would troble me with thare
nonsenceM r Fitzwillian ses it was done with a good
Intentan thay wish me well.
God Bless you again an againAdieu.
(Sin firma)
Mr MARTIN.

N.: T. VI, f. 167.


London 30 Septem. 1805.

My D r Sir.
Undestanding, that the Letters for a Vessel bound
to New York, will only be in Time this Evening, I write
you a very few lines, merely to assure you of the invariable Regard, and the constant & kind Remembrance
of myself, and all around me Master Leander, & Mr
Martin are very wellMr Barry says that you wished
he should be christend by a Priest of the Roman Catholic Persuasion ; your directions in this respect shall be
with readiness complied with when you are pleased to
communicate them to meM r Fitzwilliam will leave
this in a few days& has appeard for the 50 that you
desired to be paid him. I have formed a Plan for a
general Entrepot. of British Manufactures at Trinidad

818

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

from whence another one at Curacao is to be supplied& shall endeavor to have M Fitzwilliam, on a
Substitute to be named by him, appointed at CuracaoWe are extremely anxious to hear from you & entreat
you to write frequently & fullyThe Continental Alliance against Bonaparte is become already very formidable & if the King of Prussia should join it, as is
expected, it is hardly possible that Bonaparte can escape from being accable--& either loss his Life or be
obliged to depart from those ambitious Projects, which
he has so long cherished. Portugal remains at Peacebut Spain is in a miserable Situationreduced to the
utmost Distresswith internal Discord& neither money nor the means of SubsistenceBesides, it is understood, that Spain, & .America, are in very bad Terms
together& it is confidently reputed, that orders
have been sent to seize, se il & deposit, in the Public
Treasury all the Property of the Church, in Spanish
America With united cordial good wishes, & kind
Comps to Mr & Mss King, believe me my DT Gen.
Very faithfully & Sincerely Yours
JOHN TIJRNBULL

P. T. O.
Gi-EOROES MARTIN ESQ.

I saw MB Martin & Leander yesterdayThey are


both wellMrs M has great merits in taking the utmost
possible care, of the BooksI was wishing to have
taken one the other day which she was kind enough to
consent to my doingI did not however take it, fearing
that Mrs M. may doubt whether it would be agreable
to you, that I should do so, untill you have writen to
herI wantning much to examine the large French
Work you were reading some time since respecting
ancient & modern Legislation; but I cannot at all recollect the name of the AuthorYou have herewith the
three last numbers of the Ambigu, & the Newspapers
which have been published since your DepartureWill
you have the goodness to present my best respect to M'

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

319

& M" King, & say I some time hear of their sons at
Paris, whom I do not fail to keep up a correspondence,
altho not so regularly as I could wishYours very sincerely
J.

TURNBURLL

GEORGE MARTIN ESQ.

New York
N.: T. VI, f.

168.

TBIPLICATE

London 30th Sept. 1805.

My Dear Sir
Understanding that the letters for a Vessel bound
to New York, will only be in time this Evening, I write
you a very few Lines, merely to assure you, of the
invariable Regard, & constant & kind Remembrance of
myself & all around meLeander & Mrs Martin are
very wellM' Barry says that you wished he should be
christened by a Priest of the Roman Catholic PersuasionYour Directions in this respect shall be with
readiness complied with, when you are pleased to communicate them to meM r Fitzwilliam will leave this
in a few day, & was applied for the & 50 that you desired to be paid himI have formed a plan for a general Entrepot of Brithis Manufactures at Trinidad,
from whence another at Curacao is to be supplied, &
shall endeavor to have Mr Fitzwilliam, or a Substitute
to be named by him, appointed at CuracaoWe are
extremely anxious to hear from you & entreat you to
Tvrite frequently er fullyThe Continental Alliance
against Bonaparte is become already very formidable; & if the King of Prussia should join it as is
expected, it is hardly possible that Bonaparte can
escape being accabl either lose his Life, or be
obliged to depart from those ambitious Projets, which
he has so long cherishedPortugal remains al Peace, but Spain is in a miserable Situation, reduced
to the utmost Distress, with internal Discord, &

320

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

neither money, nor the means of subsistence-- Besides, it is understood, that Spain & America are on
very bad Terms together, & it is confidently reported,
that Orders have been sent to seize, seil & deposit in
the public Treasury, all the property of the Church, in
Spanish America. With united cordial good wishes,
& kind Compliments to Mr & M" King, believe me most
sincerely.Yours TURNBULL.
20 Oct. 1805-1 send this, My D Sr by MT Fitzwilliam, who I hope will soon join you & be of service in
forwarding or ajusting in your operations lt is very
distressing to me to perceive from circunstances, & to
learn from Mr Williams, that serious differences are
likely to take place between America & this CountryThe principie, in which Sir Win Scott founds his decisions I do not feel myself competent to give an opinion on; but from what Mr Williams says, the British
Government certainly appears to have burst blames in
not giving timely intimation, before they departed,
from the allowance of an established & important
Practice-The King of Prussia has at last consented to the
Russian Troops passing thro'his Frontiers, probably
in consequence of the French having done so, without
his permission, thro' the Marquisate of AmpachThe
French at present appear to have the Start & the advantage of the Austrians, which will continue until a
Junction is effected with the Russians--Mrs. Turnbull
is just come from Grafton Street where she left Mm
Martin very well & Master Leander in remarkable
health & SpiritsShe says, she never knew so fair
a Boy.
AdieuBelieve at all & alwaysYours-JOHN TURNBULL
GEO MARTIN Esq.
Care at RUFUS KINO

Esq.

As it is possible that Mt Fitzwilliam may not be


able to join you as soon as he at present expects, & may
meet with unforeseen delays of different kinds, 1 pre-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

321

fer continuing to send the papers Ambigs thro'


Williams to Mr King, who will have of e,ourse, the
means of communicating with you, & of forwarding
them to you where ever you you may be
GEORGE MARTIN ESQ.
N.:

T. VI,

4. 189.

London 14th Novr 1805.

My Dear Sir
I had the pleasure to write you by the last Packet
& have now that of inclosing you some Letters, which
I have received under cover Mr. Barrishe has drawn
upon me 30which accepted, & paid Mrs. Martin
the 1" of this month 50& 10for your OrderYour little Boy called upon us yerterday, & is very
well, & growing fat. Public Affairs sinee my last have
taken a very favorable Turnour Naval Vietories, &
the Aceession of the King of Prussia to the General
Cause must produce a very good Effeet. & in its conseeuences, I trust, operate favorably for yonMr. Fitzwilliam is gone to the West Indies& you will probably
soon hear from him ; I paid him 50on your aceount
A Gentleman, of your acquaintanee, Mr. Pavia, has
been with Mrs Martin, & menot knowing that you
liad left England, he expressed a great desire to see
you & that he thought it was not a good Time for the
Speculation that you had proposed, that he was extre:mely disposed, & desirous, to cooperate with you in
any manner, in which he could be usefulWe all of us long to hear from your & I am sure
that it is needless for me to assure you of the sincerety
of t,he Friendship & Regard, with which I always am
My Dr Sr
JOHN TURNBULL
GEO. MARTIN EN.

New York

322

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Our best Respects always attent M & M88 King1 have opened Barrios Letterlost there should
be any thing, that he wished yours most ob.
Barrios having put a wrong adress in your letter
(4c it being of no consequences I think it better to
send it to you(Rbrica)

GEO. MARTIN ESQ.


Care Of RUFUS KING ESQ.

New York
N.: T. VI, f. 171.

London 6th Nov. 1805.


16 Leicester place Leicester Square.

Dear General
I have just arrived from Trinidad and was sorry
to find you gone. I however always hope that your
movement will accelerate the object which we both so
anxiously wish for.
The almost certainty we now have of clearing ourselves from all fears of invasion will give us a disposal
force for this great object--which I most sincerely
hope we will employ in that way.
I have the good news to announce to you that admiral Nelson has completely beaten the Spanish & French
Squadrons of Cadiz and had on the 21. octbr taken sunk
or distroyed 19 saul of the line--But a heavy gale of
wind coming on afterwards and it blowing directly on
shore it was feared they would be obliged to distroy
great part of the Enemy 's handsNow if the English
ships were lost in the actionWe have to lament the
loss of admiral Nelson and Captains Duff & Cooke who
were KilledMy Brother was in the action in the
Swiftsure 74 j.
The French & Spanish had 33

Emil of

the Une The

Englieh

27.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

323

Bonaparte has turned & beaten the Austrian. Army


under Mach in the manner most disgracefulMach
and the greatest part of his army have been taken Prisioners & a great number killed in Ulm or in its vicinityTo counter balance this check we understand the
Arch Duke Charles is successful Italy :That the Russian & Austrian troops are in great force on the Jun
River ready to move forward : that the Russian &
Swedish forces have arrived at Hanover with the Sing
of Sweden at their head and the now certainty of the
Cooperation of PrussiaWe are sending 15000 men
to join the army in Hanover and it is supposed it will
be encreased to 50.000 and the command given to
H.R.H. the Duke of York1 saw M Fitzwilliam who told me of your movements and promised to see me againI understand he
called at my lodgings but I was not at home.
With best and sincerest wishes for your health
success I remain most sincerely Yours

Mr

Jil RUTHERFURD
GEORGE MARTIN

care of RUFUS
New York
North America
Post paid.

KING ESQ.

N.: T. VI, f. 172.

Trieidad

18th

May 1805.

Dear General
This will be handed you by Col. Rutherfurd who
takes his passage by this Conveyance for London. As
he will be able to satisfy you on any point respecting
the situation of things here, 1 only write you this to

324

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

remember myself to you & offer you my best respects


& compliments. with these sentiments believe me
Dear General
Your most ob t & most Devoted

J. L.
GENERAL MIRANDA

Graft,on Street

London.
Honored by the Honorable
Col. RUTHERFURD.

My dear General I opend your letter not suspecting


it was from Trinidad trust I have not commited a
very great crime.
N.: T. VI, fs. 174 y 184 v.

Dear Sir
Enclosed I send you some letters just rec d by the
Packet. inadvertently in opening my own letters,
opened one of yours. excuse the mistake.
Faithfully yr's
RUFUS KINO

Jan. 4th 1805.

To
GENERAL MIRANDA

at

les AVERYS
St,ate Street.

N.: T. VI, f. 175.

Doctor Fillary presents respectful compliments to


General Mirandaliad the honor of inquiring after
the health of the General on Saturday, but was not

PRQLEG6?dENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

326

so lucky as find him at home. D F. begs permission to


say that he has no materials on which to form a bifi
as he had nothing to do professionally but to look
If however Gen' Miranda cannot view his Visits in
this way D' F. will be fully remunerated by 5 or 10
dollars.
Deer 30 1805.
GENERAL MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 178.

M` Daniel Ludlow requests the honour of General


Miranda's company to dinner on Tuesday 21" in t at 4
Oclock.
Jany. 13th 1806.
GENERAL MIRANDA.
N.:

T. VI, f. no numerado entre 178 y 177.

Dr Bruce requests the Honor of General Miranda's


company at Dinner on Saturday next. 4 Oclock.

Greenwich St.
14 Jany.
GENERAL

MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, t. 177.

Dear General
Two or three Gentlemen have sent me a message
proposing to meet me, this Evening on affairs relating
to the Hamiltons Estate; 1 maust therefore difer seeing

326

ARCHIVO

DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

you till tomorrow morning, if it will be convenient for


you to call on me abt 10 Ock
Yrs always
R King
Wednesday Jan'. 15.
GEN' MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f.

178.

Mr J. N. Livingston requests the favor of Gen' de


Miranda's company at Dinner on monday next 13 January. 4. 0 Clock.
Sunday 5.
GEN'. DE MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f.

179.

Dr Romayne has been informed with much pica sure that Gen' Miranda has arrived at New Yorkhe
hopes to be able in a few days to pay bis respects to
the General, and to congratulate bim on his return to
America.
Corliers Hook
Novr. 12. 1805.
N.: T. VI, f.

186.

Dr Romayne regrets that a severe indisposition by


which he is confined to his Bed will prevent his waiting on General Miranda tomorrowMr Pintart will
be at the Inspector's Office in the City Hall between
10 and 11 tomorrow and will attend the General to view
the public BuildingThursday Night
N.: T. VI,

f. 187.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

327

(El folio 188 es una pequea libreta con las siguientes anotaciones)

Colonel FullartonWorton House near Isleworth


MiddlesexElzeworthVery Str. 54Genish Str.
Stephen Sayre--Esqr PhiladelphiaToxalDirect of
the foundY

New York, En' 16 1806

Visit en este dia en Compa de Mr. PintardInspector de la ciudad estalas tres principales Instituciones a savr19 El Grande-hospital del Estado de N-York. Contiene 260 enfermos la mr parte marineros de la marina
nacional, buen hospital a la Verdadmas bien inferior
al de philada en limpieza, arreglo, y elegancia29 la Prisiondel Estado (State Prison) ExcelenteInstitucion y la mejor en este Continenteinferior
solamente en mi juicio a las de Holanda.habia en ella
como unos quinientosy entre ellos unas 50mugeres
que daban mas que hacer que el restoaqui se ven
personas de todas naciones casiy todos ocupados utilmente, y al abrigo de toda necesidad. . . muy util y
necesaria institucion p r cierto.
39 Alms-house, u hospital de Pobres, contiene en
todo entre mugeres, hom" y nios 832mui bien alojados, y nutridos, las Salas y Camas bastante limpios y el
todo un mui buen establecimiento en su especie. Observe que los nios anunciaban mui buena salud, y que
les daban con abundancia Pan y melado que se considera como uno de los mas saludables articulos de dieta,
conservando el cuerpo corriente en sus funciones corporales &cy que ellos gustan con predileccionN.: T. VI, f. 188.

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

328

Mond)' Horn'.

My dear General,
I am still so much indispossed as to be confind to
my roomI hoje Mr. Pintard has attended you to the
Hospital 84 PrisonI shall be able this afternoon to
get one of Callender's Books for youIf you have no
further use for Malthus on Population I will thank
you for itI trust you will remain with us some time
Yours recpectfully
NICH8 . ROMAYNE.
GEN' MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 189.

Jen. 2. 1806.

My dear General,
I waited upon you yesterday to pay my respects to
you, and to whish you many happy retwns of the year,
but I was not so fortunate as to find you at homeGovernour Crawfurd has engaged to dine with me
on Saturday to have the honour of dining with you,
I shall send my Carriage for you between 23 o 'clock
on that daybut I hope for an opportunity of seeing
you before.
I am with great respect
Your most obligd
NICH8. ROMAYNIC.
GEN' MARENDA

N.: T. VI, f. 190.

My dear General,
As soon as the weather permits we will make arrangements to show you the publie building in the City-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

329

it is too stormy today, and I think you said you have


otherwise engagement.
Yours respectfully

Niere. ROMAYNE.
Ruhmind

Jan. 13 1806.
GEN' MIRANDA.
N.: T. VI, f. 101.

PRIVATE)

a Londres a 30 Aout 1805.

Mon Cher et brave Lambot


Celle-ci vous ser remise par votre digne Associ
Mr Fitzwilliam, qui s'embarquer incessammentet
vous expliquer les causes pour quoi je ne suis pas ali
vous joindre comme cela devoit etre, depuis long tems,
mais cel ne doit point mettre le moindre relantissement dans nos profits, bien au Contraire, est un nouveau motif pour gagner par la celerite, et l'audace de
notre part, ce precieux tems perdu. Les Arangemens
que nous avons pris avec ce gouvernement ici, nous
assurent un grand support maritime, et les E. U. d'
Arne rique Je crois, nous foirnira les moyens terrestres
qui manquent ce pour cet objet que Je m'embarquerai demain vers New York, rien ne doit plus vous
Arreter, Je vous nomme et vous considere de ce moment comme notre agent principal it la Trinidadet
J'espere que votre prudence et votre bravoure Justifieront plainement mon chois.
gardez tout ce-ci avec reserve dans vous mme, et
ne manifestez pas aux intereses que ce qui ser indispensable pour qu 'ils vous suivent avec confience en
venant me joindre au point de reunionMr Fitz
vous indiquer ce point ; et Je crois qu'il faudra en tout
cas se reserver de Hiset tous ceux qui n'ont pas un
interet personel dans l'affaireque les Compatriotes

330

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

soyent traites avec menagement et delicatesse, l'intrigant Varpeut les avoir gat
Audentis fortuna Juvat
Ever Yours

JOSRPH LAMBOT ESQr

M-

N.: T. VI, f. 192.

PRIVATE.

a New York, ce 1 Janv r . 1806.

Amigo Lambot
Espero que haia Vms. recivido por medio de Mr
Fitzwilliam, mi Carta de 30de Agosto ultimoy por
si no se huviesse V. aun embarcado, le dirixo esta a
Trinidad afin de que lo haga immediatamente, pues me
embarco sin falta en este Puerto del 10-al 12 del Corriente para St Domingue, y Cu... Vamos en Embarcaciones mui seguras y bien Armadas, con quanto es
necesario para el Negocio-Comercial que tenemos premeditado.
No falte V. en venir como tenemos convenido, y
traigase consigo a Sanchez, Caero, De-Sources, Gardie, Rico, y Espaa por lo menos. .. en todo caso obre
V. con su acostumbrada prudencia y discrecion.
suio siempre
(Borrador de Miranda, sin firma)
Sr. D.

JOSEPH LAMBOT.

N.: T. VI, f. 192 vto.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

331

TRIPLICATE
PRIVATE.)

a New York ce 4 Janvr. 1806.

My most dear Friend


Apres avoir trouv a mon arrives dans ce Pays,
que les Federalistes et le Gouvernement etoient en
guerre ouverteje me suis decid d 'aller a la Capitale
pour sonder les dispositions de ce dernier a mon Egard,
et sur le Projet que vous connaissez. Je l'ai trouv
fort bien dispos et on m'accord un parfait Assantiment tacite laissant aux Negocians la facult de faire
le reste. Mr k et Mr Gqui m'avoient tant promis n'ont
rien fait, sur le pretexte qu 'on ne s'etoit pas confi a
eux. D'autres Negocians ont entrepris l'affaire, et
m'ont habilit completement pour partir sans faute le
10 de ce mois. Je vous assure que les Arrangemens
sont plus etendus et plus solides que ceux que nous
avions form avec Davison. Je suis persuad que nous
reussirons selon l'ordre ordinaire des Choses, et qu'
avant 3 Mois vous serez en possession du resultat.
Accordez-moi votre support pour ce terme, et nos voeux
seront accomplis a la fin
Mr Kenvoya votre lettre a la Capitale et voila
toutde maniere qu'ayant promis un petit support aux
Personnes respectables qui me suivent en nombre assez
considerable, je me suis vu forc de lever 2,000 : en
tirant sur vous, et Mr Turnbull pour une pareille somme, plutot que de partir sans ce qui m'est absolutement
indispensable, ou de repandre mon secret entre des
Negocians qui n'etant pas personnellement interesss
dans l'affaire, eussent t cause peut etre de sa
ruine . Je vous prie donc de parler a Davison, ou
toute autre Personne que vous jugiez a propos, pour
qu'il avance cet argent avec une prime quelconqueou
en leur accordant des grands bnfices sur l'enterprise
meme. . . et puisque les Negocians Americains fournissent 45,000 pour cet objet ; que ceux de Londres avancent 2,000 D": pour une choe que leur promet un
bnfiee pour le moins egal, enfin faites comme vous

332

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

pourriez dans cette partie de l'affaire, pour que je


puisse terminer l'essentielle avec succs.
Je laisse votre discretion de communiquer une
partie de cette Lettre a notre Ami Sir EvanJe lui
ecrirai sans faute apres le resultat.
Je n'ai pas besoin de vous recommander encore ce
qui m'interesse dans Grafton Str: votre sincere amiti
m'en est garant
Ever yours.

M.

P. S. I saw MT Kthis momenthe teils me that


will
write to you this day by the Packethe approuhe
ves very much of the definitif arrangement, and is
very sanguine in the favorable result. Jannr 22 6
n : IION e. NICHOLAS VANSITTART.
N.:

PRIVATE.)

T. VI, f. 193.

a New York ce 4 Janvr. 1806.

My dear Friend
J'ai fait reponse votre apreciable Lettre du 30
Sepr" dernier par un Vaisseau qui est parti hierJe
vous en remercie de toutes vos bonts, n'ayant pas
besoin de repeter ma recommendation sur ce qui m'
interesse a Grafton Str:, et je me suis persuad que
rien ne manquera sur cet objet, vous etant a Londres.
J 'ai dit effectivement que je voulois faire baptiser
Leandre par un Pretre de l'Eglise Romaine ; ms il
faudroit que cela soit fait sans bruit, et avec l'assantiment de sa mere.
Nous sommes parvenus ici faire que le Gouvernment nous accord son assantiment tacite, aprs une
reception gracieuse et distingue ; que l'armement fusse prepar en fort peu de tems, d'une maniere bien plus
etendue et plus solide, que ce qu'on avoit prepar a
Londres par Davison &c; et que les Arrangemens ulterieurs qui doivent suivre incessanment, soyent confis

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

333

a des Personnes capables et de mes Amis. Ayez done


un peu de patience, bien de la discretion, et du zle
pour ce qui nous regarde dans ce Pays-la ; et dans 3
mois d 'ici vous en aurez si je ne me trompe, un resultat
satisfaisant !
J'ai tir sur Mr Vansittart, et vous, une Lettre de C.
de 2,090 : les motives de cette demarche, et les moyens
que je propose pour y satisf aire vous les trouverez dans
ma Lettre a Mr V. tachez donc de le voir et de cooprer sa decharge, selon que celui-ci en jugera convenable.
Le 10 de ce mois etant le Jour fix pour notre depart
definitif, Je n'ai pas peu faireAinsi je vous prie
de presenter mes respects a Made Turnbull et mon souvenir au reste de la Familie. Peter peu prendre
Histe de la Jurisprudeneeje crois que ce livre est
dans le petit Apartement du 3ele
Your 's most sincerely
(Borrador sin firma)

P. S. Pray have the goodness to present my resCooke of the War Dep t. I shall have the
pects to
honor to write him soon Mr" and Mr King me chargent
de vous transmettre ses tendres souvenirs.

lt

JOHN TURNBULL

N.:

T.

ESe.

VI, f.

194.

New York 4th Jan' 1806.

I long to reeeive your Letters my good Sallyit is


from M Turnbull only that I have heard since I quitted
England.
I have writen to you 3times since my arrival here;
I hope all goes well at home, and that your prudence
and zeal will be a remedy for the small neglect of others.
Take a particular care with the Health and Education of Leandertreat him -with mildness and gravity,
as to bring his temper to submission without breaking
his Spirit and liveliness. Let your Health be attended

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

334

to for the sake of us all 1 want you as much as any


body else to carry in execution, and terminate with suc-

cess my schemes. take advise from Mr Barry if you


want it ; don't let your brother come near the house.
I have succeeded pretty well hereand shall saul in
the course of a few days for the place of my wishes...
have patience only for 3 Months longer when you will
have probably a satisfactory result : keep this for you.
Molini is well, and will probably see you soonkeep
an intercourse with his relations, and avoid yours, but
your sister.
Farewell my dear Sally and compliments to
Hindle, Mr Barry, the Abb &c.
Yours
(Borrador de Miranda)
MR8. MARTIN.
N.:

T. VI, f. 194 vto.


New York 4 Jan" 1806.

Sirs
I have to announce you, that I have this day drawn
ing Drafts to the Order of 1W Sam' G. Ogden
dated 2 JanY 1806 at 60 Days sight
500
D9
D9
400

D9
D9

800
D9
D9
300

2.000

Sterling

which you will please honor, and pass according to my


Private advice by this same Conveyance ; writing you
fully on the subject.
To the R. Hon: NICHOLAS VANSITTART
and JOHN TURNBULL Ese. London.
N.: T. VI, f. 195.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

335

Bridgetown, Barbados.
20th June 1806.

Sir,
I have to announce you, that I have this day drawn
on you the sum of 688" 2. . sgt to the order of 32

James Maxwell : which you will please honor, and pass


according to my private advice, vvriting you fully on the
subject.
(Borrador de Miranda)

The R. 11011 : NICHOLAS VANSITTART.


N.: T. VI, 5. 195.

Sir

New York 7th 1805

The situation of our family, particularly of my sisters must be my apology for addressing a letter to you
on the present subject. Among the Papers of my Father
Col. Wm Duer there is an Account of various Sums
(advanced to you during the year 1784, amounting to
1330, Di1r8 67 CtsMy Father was some years ago informed by Col Smith that Mr Stephen Sayre had obtained from you one hundred Guineas of this Money,
on the pretext his having advanced so much on your
acct to my Father. Mr Sayre never made an advance of
this nature, yet if the Money has actually been paid we
are willing to admit the reduction, and to this we have
not objection to add another of one half the InterestBelieve me Sir were the situation of the family such as
you once knew it, you would never have been reminded
of the existence of this claim. we are sensible that it
cannot be enforced by law, as it is long since barred by
the Statute of limitationsbut even were this not the
case we certainly should never have recourse to legal
measures, against a gentleman, for whom our Father
entertained so high an steem and so warm an affection,

836

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

it is in your gratitude and your honor that the family


rely, and to these I now eonfidently appealI remain with the highest respect and consideration
Yours &c
JOHN DUER

GEN FRANCISCO DE MIRANDA

MRS AVERY

State Street
N.: T. VI, f. 196.

PaivA'rE.

Dear Sir.
Your Father, & my most esteemed friend Col: 'VV
Duer conjointly with W Sayre of this City promissed
in the year 1784 to advance me the sum of about 200
:s.in payement of this money I gave to Col: Duer a
draft of about 100- on Dir J. Seagrove then at the
Havana, & depositary of larger sums of mine -with an
Order also for Mt Seagrove to make me somme remitances throuaut the chanel of Col: Duerat Boston 1
meet with some diffieulty in obtainin the payement of
my Friend's eredit by W Sollerstrom who wrote to this
City upon the subjet, and after being guaranteed by
W Sayre (as I understood) he payed that smal sum.
W Sayre applied to me two or three year afterwards
while he was in England, and myself traveling in the
Lowcountrysfor the payement of about 130-: as the
part of the money he had advanced with Col: D on
my aceount; and I remited him this sum to England,
apprising my friend D of the payement to S, and
beging of him to draw upon 31` J. Pemman of London
for the remaining of the money due to himself if
Se,agrove had not payed my draft or made any remittaflees. I never obtained any answer upon the subject
tho' he wrotte me on other topies & in answer to that
letter afterwards--from whieh circunstance I concluded that the thing was settied.

PROLEGMENOS

337

DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

You will perceive by this statement, that yours was


incorrect :but I request of you, and particularly of
your Sisters to believe that if I do not now send the
friendly assistance mentioned in your Letter of the 7"
instant it is because a circunstance in my private affairs renders it impracticable at this momenta short
time however may inable me to shew the family how
much I respect and chairish the memory of their unfortunate Father.
your most obdt servt
New York Jan'

uth ___

1806
FR

DE MIRANDA.

JOLIN Duza Ese.

N.: T. VI,

f. 197.

GENERAL FRANCISCO

DE MIRANDA

To the Estate of 1Vm Duer Esqr Dr E.


Dllrs Cts.
. 466 66
To Cash for receipt of May 26t" 1784
July 26" 1784 . . . .
86 .. . .
To do for Do . . . .
To Cash paid your draft in favor of Ri375 .. . .
chard SollerstromOctober 15" 1786
To do assumed to pay James Seagrove on
409 . 1

the 8" October 1784

Dll" 1336. 67
Dll Cts.
Interest on 466.66 to the 18th Sept 1795 . . . 694 .14
On 86 do do . . . 114 . 48
turn-z:z e

338

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

on 375 do dp . . . 576
do . . . 598
do
on 409 1

Ud
Total Amt

.22
..96

1985 ..80
1336 ..67

3316 .

.47

N.: T. VI, f. 198.

PROCLAMACION

D. Fr: de Miranda, Comandte Gen' del Exercito


Colombiano los Pueblos habitantes del Continente
Americo-t olombiano.
Valerosos Compatriotas, y amigos.
Obedeciendo a vuestro llamamiento, y a las repetidas
instancias y clamores de la Patria, en cuio servicio
hemos gustosamte consagrado la mejor parte de la vida;
somos desembarcado en esta Provincia de Caracasla
coyuntura y el tiempo nos parecen sumamente favorables para la consecusion de vuestros designios; y quantas personas componen este Exercito son Paisanos o
compatriotas vuestros; todos americanos y todos resueltos a dar la vida si fuese necesario por vuestra libertad
e Independencia.
Con estos Auxilios podemos seguramente decir, que
lleg el da por fin en que recobrando nuestra America
su SoberanaIndependencia, podran sus hijos libremente manifestar al Universo sus animos generosos. El
opresivo insensato Govierno, que obscurecia estas bellas
qualidades, denigrando con calumnias nuestra modestia
y caracter, consiguio tambien mantener su abominable
Sistema de administracion por tres Siglos consecutivos;
mas nunca pudo desarraigar de nuestros Corazones
aquellas Virtudes morales, y Civiles que una religion
Santa, y im Codigo-regular inculc en nuestras Costumbres formando un honesto indole nacional.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

339

Valgamonos pues de estas mismas estimables prendas, para que expelidos los pocos odiados agentes del
govierno de Madrid, podamos tranquilamente establecer el Orden Civil necesario a la consecucin de tan
honrosa EmpresaLa recuperacion de nuestros derechos como ciudadanos, y de nuestra gloria nacional
como Americanos-Colombianos seran acaso los menores
beneficios que recojamos de esta tan justa como necesaria Determinacion.
A. Que los buenos e Inocentes Indios, asi como los
bizarros Pardos, y Morenos libres crean firmemente,
que somos todos conciudadanos, y que los premios pertenecen exclusivamente al merito, y la Virtuden
cuia suposicion obtendran en adelante infaliblemente
las recompensas militares y civiles por su merito simplemente, sin distincion de castas ni colores.
B. I si los Pueblos Holandeses, y Portugueses pudieron en otro tiempo sacudir el yugo de la Opresora
Espaasi los Suizos, y Americanos nuestros vecinos
igualmente consiguieron establecer su Libertad e independencia con aplauso general del mundo, y en beneficio de sus habitantes, guando cada uno de estos pueblos
separadamte contaba de dos a 3-millones de habitantes
porqu pues nosotros que por lo menos somos 15no lo
executariamos facilmente ? poseyendo ademas de ello el
Continente mas fertil, mas inexpugnable, y mas rico de
la Tierra ? El hecho es que todo pende de nuestra voluntad solamentey a,si como el querer constituyra indubitablemente nuestra independencia, la Vnion nos
asegurara permanencia y felicidad perpetua. Quieralo
asi la Divina Providencia para alivio de nuestros infelices compatriotas, para amparo y beneficio del gnero
humano
C. Las personas timoratas, o menos instruidas que
quieran imponerse a fondo de las razones de justicia, y
de equidad que necesitan estos Procedimientosjunto
con los hechos historicos que comprueban la inconcevible ingratitud, inauditas crueldades, y persecuciones
atroses del govierno Espaol acia los inocentes e infelices habitantes del Nuevo Mundo desde el momento,

340

ARCEUVO DEL OENERAL MIRANDA

casi de su descubrimientolean la Epistola adiunta de


D. J. Viscardo de la Compa de Jesus, dirigida a sus
compatriotas; y hallaran en ella irrefragables pruebas,
y solidos argumentos en favr de nuestra causa, dictados por un varan Santo, y a tiempo de dexar el mundo,
para paree& ante el Criador del Universo!
D. Para llevar este Plan a su debido efecto con
seguridad y eficacia, seran obligados los ciudadanos sin
distincion de clases, estado, ni color (los Eclesiasticos
solamente exceptos, en la parte que no sean designados)
de conformarse estrictam te a los articulos siguientes.
19Toda Persona Militar, Judicial, Civil u Eclesiastica que exerza autoridad comunicada pr la Corte de
Madrid, suspender ipso facto sus funcionesy el que
las continuare despues de la presente publicacion, asi
como el que las obedeciese sern seberamente castigados.
29Los Cabildos y Ayuntamientos en todas las Ciudades, Villas y lugares exerceran en el interin todas las
funciones de govierno civiles, administrativas y judiciales con responsabildad y arreglo a las Leyes del
Pays : y los Curas Parrocos, y de Misiones permaneceran en sus respectivas Iglesias y Parroquias sin alterar
el exercicio de sus Sagradas funciones.
39Todos los Cabildos y Ayuntamientos enbiaran
uno, o dos Diputados al quartel general del Exercito,
afin de reunirse en Asamblea general a nuestro arrivo
a la Capitaly formar alli un govierno Provisorio que
conduzca en tiempo oportuno a otro general y Permanente; con acuerdo de toda la Nacion.
4 Todo Ciudadano desde la edad de 16hasta la
de 45aos se reunira sin dilacion a este Exercito, teniendo consigo las armas que pueda procurarsey si
no las tuviere se le daran en los depositos militares del
Exercito, con el grado que combenga a su zelo, talentos,
edad y educacion.
59E1 Ciudadano que tenga la baxeza de hacer causa
comun con los agentes del goviernoEspaol, o que se
hallase con armas en Campamento, ciudadela, o fuerte
poseido pr dho govierno sera tratado y castigado como
un traidor a su Patria.Si por el empleo que actual-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

341

mente pueda poseer alguno de ellos en servicio de la


Espaa, creiese en su pusiminalidad que el honor le
compele a servir contra la independencia de su Patria;
seran estos desterrados a perpetuidad del Pays69---Los depositarios del Tesoro publico lo pondran
immediatamente a la disposicion de los Cavildos y
Ayuntamientosquienes nombraran sugetos aptos para
el manejo, y para suplir al Exercito Colombiano quanto
sea necesario a su manutencion y operaciones ; no solamente en dinero, sino tambien en Provisiones, Vestuarios, frutos, utensilios 84c79Para precaver toda especie de insulto u agresion
de parte de la gente de guerra, y puestos avanzados del
Exercitolos Magistrados, y curas Parrocos de las
Ciudades, Villas y Poblados (baxo su personal responsabilidad) baran fixar la Bandera o Insignia de la Independo Nacional en la parte superior mas conspicua
de las Iglesiasy los Ciudadanos llevaran tambn en el
Sombrero la Escarapela que denote ser tales, pues sin
ella no serian respetados y protegidos como hermanos.
89Esta Proclamacion sera fixada por los CurasParrocos, y por los Magistrados en las Puertas de las
Iglesias-Parroquiales, y de las Casas de Ayuntamiento
para que llegue con brevedad a noticia de todos los habitantes: y asi mismo haran leer en las Parroquias y
Casas de Ayuntamiento respectivas dos veces al dia por
lo menos, la Carta anteriormente mencionada del C.
Viscardo, que acompaa este edicto.
99Qualesquiera impedimento, retardo, u negligencia que se oponga al cumplimiento de estos ocho
precedentes Articulos sera considerada como un grave
perjuicio nacional; castigada immediatamente con severidadla Salud publica es la ley Suprema!
Fecha en el quartel general
de
de 1806
New York Enero 10 de 1806
N. del E.I3orrador de la proclama, de letra de Miranda, que luego se
imprimi en la imprenta del "Lee.ndro".
N.: T. VI, f. 199.

342

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

D. Tomas Stoughton, ha recivido, debuelta, la Guia,


emprestada, al SO r D. Fran : de Miranda a quien hubiera
tenido el honor de Saludar Personalmente, a no ser por
un ataque ligero de la Gota.
New York 16 de Enero de 1806.
GENERAL MIRANDA.

De l'Almanach de Madrid de l'anne 1805.


PROVINCIA DE VENEZUELA

Capitan General &ca Don Manuel de Guevara Vasconcelos.


Secretario Suca Don Pedro Gl-onzalez Ortega.
Tropas Veteranas.

Batallon de Infanteria de Caracas. (diez Compailias)


Comandante, el Coronel Don Juan de Casas.
Sargento Mayor, el Ten : Cor : Don Matias de Le-

tamendi.

Cuerpo de Infanteria de Cumana. (tres Compailias)


Comandante, el Cor: Don Antonio Montaa.
Infanteria de Guayana.. (tres Compailias)
Comand :, el Cor: Don Francisco Orozco.
Infanteria de la Isla de Margarita.
Capitan y Comand : de ella, Don Cristbal Aries.
Real Cuerpo de Ingenieros.
Comand : el Cor: Don Manuel Llovet, con cinco
Oficiales.
Milicias Disciplinadas.
Batallon de Blancos de Caracas. (nueve Compailias)
Coronel, el Conde de San Xavier.
Sargento Mayor Veterano, D. Nicolas de Castro.
Batallon de Blancos de Valencia.
Coronel, Don Francisco Paez.
Sargento Mayor Veterano, Don Benito Sanchez
Salvador.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

343

Batallon de Blancos de Aragua


Coronel Marques del Toro.
Sarg. M. Veter :, el Cor: Don Francisco de Abuquerque.
Milicias de Blancos de Caballeria de Caracas.
Un Esquadron : Comand : Don Antonio Xavier Mixares.
Milicias Disciplinadas de Cuna/na.
Once Compailias de Infanteria de Blancos, y dos de
Caballeria, trece de Infanteria de Pardos y una y
media de Caballeria, tres de Infanteria de Morenos.
Comand : el de la Tropa Veterana.
Sargento Mayor. Don Miguel Correa.
Milicias Disciplinadas de Maracaybo.
Cinco Compaias de Infanteria de Blancos, y quatro
de Pardos.
Comand: el del Cuerpo Veterano.
Milicias Disciplinadas de Guayana.
Una Compariias de Blancos de Caballera, dos de
Pardos, y una de Morenos.
Milicias Disciplinadas de la isla Margarita.
Quatro Compariias de Infanteria, y otra de Caballeria de Blancos: quatro de Infanteria de Pardos.
Comand : el Gobernador de la Isla.
Batallon de Pardos de Caracas.
Comand: el Ten: Cor: Don Lorenzo Ros.
Batallon de Pardos de Valencia.
Comand : Don Francisco de la Pea.
Batallon de Pardos de Aragua.
Comand : el Ten: Cor: Don Antonio Moreno.
ESTADOS MAYORES DE PLAZAS
Caracas.
Gobernador, el Mariscal de Campo Don Manuel de
Guevara.
Teniente de Rey, el Cor: Don Juan de Casas.
Margarita.
Gobernador, el Cor: Don Miguel de Herrera.

344

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Cumana.

Gobernador, el Brig : Don Juan Manuel de Cagigal.


or, el Ten: Cor: Don Lorenzo FerSargento May
nandez de la Hoz.
Guayana.

Gobernador, el Cor: D. Joseph Felipe de Inciarte.


Maracaybo.

Gobernador, el Cor: D. Fernando Miyares Gonzalez.


Barinas.

Comand: el Ten: Cor: D. Miguel FIungaro.


Gua yra.

Comand : el Cor: D. Joseph Vazquez.


Puerto Cabello.

Comand : el Cor: D. Pedro Suarez de Urbina.


Coro.

Comand :
Virey de Neuva Espaa. Don Joseph de Iturrigaray.
Don Joseph Ximenez.
Secretario &ca
Virey del Rio de la Plata. El Brig : Marques de Sobremente.
Secretario &ca. Don Manuel Gallego.
Virey del Peru. Don Joseph Fernando Abuscal.
Secretario &ea. Don Simon Diaz de Rabago.
Virey de Granada. Don Antonio Amar.
Don Joseph Ramon de Leyba.
Secretario &ca.
N.: T. VI, f. 204.

TARJETAS E INVITACIONES

Mr T. MORRIS
The Mayor request the favor of General Miranda's
Company, at Dinner, on Thursday the 5'12 of December
at 5 o'clock.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

345

ME DE WITT CLINTON
MR TEMPLE BOWDOIN

Greenwich St.
162.
TRUMBULL

Broadwriy
108
MR Craufted
Mr Trumbull request the Honor of General Miranda 's company at Tea on Tuesday the 21" January.
159
BLAS DE LA VEGA

Santander
At MES
PAXTON

Front St
N.: T. VI,

f. 207.

These were issued from the Alms House--during


the Winter of 1805
Coats & Jackets-- 589
625
Pantaloons
814
Stockings-Shoes
1286
Shirts & Shifts-- 1139
Rations--were issued
to-5987 Rations
to 1507Families
Such to as many.
Total Expences extra of Alms House $ 25.000

346

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

The malignant Fever of 1805 occasioned an expenditure of $ 25.000


P1NTARD -

N York Jan Y 17. 1806

City Inspee.

GEN'. MIRANDA

1805

Jan Y 17

Alms House establishment, interior196


Men
d of color 14
175
Boys

Women . . . . 317
d of color .. 22
108
Girls

385
447

447

total

932

43. Orphan Children Bastards are boarded out at


house-Out door pensioners during severe weather in winter
suppd by week13,7 rationsamount to 150 families.
Enero 17 1806
N.:

T. VI, 4. 212.

a New York ce 22 Janvr. 1806.

Monsieur le President.
J'ai 1 'honneur de vous envoyer ci jointe la Storia
Naturale e Civile del Chile dont nous avons parl
Washingtonvous y trouverez peut etre plus des faits
interessants, et plus de Science dans ce petit volume,
que dans tous ceux qui ont et ecrits auparavant sur la
propre matiere, concernant ce beau pays.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

347

Si jamais l'horoseope heureux que vous avez prononc sur le sort futur de notre ehere Colombia, doit
s'accomplir de nos joursveuille la Provinee que cela
soit sous vos auspiees, et par les efforts genereux de ses
propres Enfans ! on verra renaitre allors en quelque
sort le Siecle ce Romain celebre invoquoit le retour en
faveur du genre humain.
Ultima eumai venit jam carrainis aetas ;
Magnus ab integro Seeulorum Naseitur Ordo.
Jam redit et Virgo, rendeunt Saturnia regna;
Vir. Esto. IV.
Avee la plus haute consideration et un profond respectJe suis Monsieur le President.
votre tres hum e et tres obeisant servr
FRAN : DE M-.
THOMAS JEEPPERSON ESQr .

N.:

President of the U. S. of America -

T. VI, f. 214.

PRIVATE.

a New York ce 22. Janv. 1805.

Monsieur.
Permettez que sur le point de quitter les E. V. je
vous adresse deux mots pour vous remercier des attentions que vous avez bien voulu me temoigner pendant
mon sejour a Washington.Les ehoses importantes que
j'ai eu l'honneur de vous communiquer alors, resteront
je ne doute pas, dans le plus profond secret, jusques au
resultat final de cette delicate affaire. J'ai agi ici dans
cette supposition, en me conformant en tout aux intentions du gouvernement, que j 'espere avoir saisit, et
observ avec exaetitude et discretion.
La lettre ei jointe contient un livre que j 'ai promis
a W le President des E. V. et que je vous prie de lui
transmettre-

348

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Ayez la bont de presenter mes complimens respeetueux a Made Madison et de me croire avee estime, et
une haute consideration.
Monsieur Votre tres hum8 et tres obt serv.
Fa: DE

M.

l'he llon e . JAMES MAD1SON Esgr. &e. &c. &e.


N.: T. VI, f. 214 vt0.

New York 27th Jan7.


Dear Sir
Presuming on long acquaintance and those assurances of your esteem and regard which ever have been
highly valued permit me to recomend to your Protection and kind offices a Beloved Husband and the Father of my Children who (I have every reason to beHeye) acompany's your on your present Voyage
strongly impress 'd with high sentiments of esteem and
respect for your virtues. It is unnecessary to say to
you that it is a painfull separation but I must acknowledge that the Idea of his being kith you, alleveates my
Distress That success Health and happiness may
attend you and the Companions of you Voyage will
be the unceasing and fervant prayerof your very sincere friend
N.: T. VI, f. 215.

Jany. 1" 1806.

Dragons.
Lieutenant Col. William Steuben Smith,
Aid De Camp.
1 Cap` Gustavus Adolphus Buryord.
2 Capt Daniel R. Duvriens.
1 Lieut. Paulo Theodoro Jorge.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA LNDEPENDENCIA

349

Artt7lery.
Cap' Samuel C. London.
18' Lieut. William 1:Tosack.
18' Lieut. John Osfud.
2. Lieut. Franeis Farquharson.
2. Lieut. William London.
Rifle Corps.
Capt. Barant Norrbach.
18' Lieut. Charles Johnson.
2 .Lieut. Henry Newton.
2. Lieut. John More.
Batalion Infantry.
Col. Thomas Lewis.
Major Henry Lands.
Cap` James Gardner.
18 . Lieut. Daniel Semper.
11' 2 Lieut. Thomas Speakman.
2 2 Lieut,. David Burnet.
Captain have list of the earjeents &.
Artificers
Cap` David Huker
Hospital.
Samuel Seofield
Surgeons'.
Benjamin R. Robsen
Samuel Spesty Surgeons mate
Printing Estableshment
Miles L. Hale. 2 Lieut.
John H. Sherman
John M. Elliot.
# 12. pr. Week
Robert Saunders
Henry Injersoll
John Elliott
The same unless otherways
John Schenk
j employed.
Allen
N.: T. VI, f.

216 y vio.

W. 5. Saunt
(rbrica)

350

ARCHIV DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

By Virtue of Authority vested in me I do appoint,


James Gardner Esquire Cap' 11' Regt of Infantry in
the Army of Colombia, under my immediate Command,
and require all officers non Commissioned officers and
Soldiers to respect and obey him as BuchGiven wider my Hand and Seal
This ist Day of January 1806
Conurtander in Chief
Seeretary
N.: T. VI, f.

217.

General Mirandas Draft on Joseph Lambot of Trinidad dated 25 January 1806. at 30 Days Sight inf :
1000
Sam' G Ogden for
1500
Dato on W m Brown . Ditto . 1200
1300.
29 "

77

Sterling

2500 Stlg
2500 Stlg
5000.

Sir
I have the honor to inform you that I have drawn
the following drafts
1000 sgt
1500

1200 sgt
1300

which you please honor, and pass according to my


private advice.
JOSEPH LAMBOT EN.
Wm. BROWN ESQr.

N.: T. VI, f. 218.

Trinidad
D

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA
.27 Joint,

351
1806

My dear Sir.
Being on the point of embarking for the purposs
of caring into execution the undertaking I communicate
to you some time ago, & with every probability of success considering at the same time how much you had
at hart the same interprise, for the vast commertial advantages it promissed to you, and the extensive Of fers
you tendered to me particularly in your Letters of
JanY the 4' and Oct. the 10' 1804 for carring it in
execusion.I have thaugt proper to give you a proportionable share in this af faire, by drowing upon you
2500 5: which sum I request of you to pay to the
Order of Mr S. G. Ogden ; and to consider it as advanced for the mentioned undertaking ; on which profits and advantages will of course be due to you
case of success, besaids the full payement and interest
of the moneys advanced for the purposs &c.
I embark tomorrow and you will soon hear from
me near you.
Nota:Borrador de Miranda.

Wm.

BROWN ESQr.

Trinidad.
JOSEPH LAMBOT ESQr.
N.: T. VI, f. 219.

Sir
in the conversation that passed on Saturday upon
the subject of my sons going with you, it was not mentioned, what station he was designed to fill in your
family, it would sattisfactory to me to have it defined
by you Sir
and he is solicitous to know what services may be
required of him, as well as to be informed whether
(Short as the time is) there is any preparation upon

352

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

his part, that he can make to render himself usefull


and acceptable to his General
A.

SMITH

New York yany 13th 1806.


GENERAL MIRANDA

States Street
New York
N.: T. VI, f.

220.

We are about to commit to your charge a Son the


natural object of a Parents affection it is impossible,
and would be improper to divest ones seif of the feelings fears and anxious solicitude that exist upon this
ocassion, he is young and inexperienced and will require advice and coution his disposition is amiable and
mild, and I hope he will be found worthy the station in
which he is placed, and that his conduct may be such
as to merit your approbation, and regard.
I hope he will endeavour imitate the exaniple he
has bef ore him, and that under your guidance and protection he may cultivate a taste for Study, and application to such objects of knowledge as it is necessary
for him to acquire
from the long friendship that has existed between
both Smith and yourself, ami from my own observations, I can say that I do not know any person to whom
I could with so much confidence entrust himpermit
me to wish you a pleasant passage, and success in the
object of the enterprise
and to subscribe myself with great
respect your humble servt
A
New York yany 29th 1806.
GENERAL MIRANDA.
N.:

T. VI, f.

221.

SILITE1

353

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

My Dear Sir
So many objections have been made to our pro-

ceeding that with the approbation of Cap t Lewis I


have thought it proper to mention your being on Board
& in post explaind the object of our mission to form
a junction with our friends at TrinidadIn order to
be satisfied Cap t Wight wishes you woud come on
Board the Cleopatra when I hope every thing will be
arranged.It will be necessary that you shoud bring
with you some of your Confidential Letters or Communications.
Yr Most truly
W A.

Wednesday Evng
N.: T. VI, f. 222.

COPIE
au Bord de la Fre gafe Cleopatre ce 13 Fevr. 1806
Late. 24 50' Longe. 65 30'

Monsieur l'Amiral
Un accident nous ayant fait rencontrer la Fregate
la Cleopatre dans notre route de New York, aux Cotes
de l'Amerique meridionale, Je me suis trouv dans la
necessit de lui communiquer des affairs secretes, et
de la plus haute importance que nous sommes sur le
point de mettre a execution, avec la connoissance et
assentiment tacite du Gouvernement de la Grande Bretagne. Et c 'est par la manifestation des documents que
j'ai avec moi, que le Cap" Wight a bien voulu consentir a nous laisser poursuivre cet important Objet. J'
espere que cette communication indispensable restera
entre lui et Vous dans un secret inviolable pour le present, et que s'il est compatible avec vos instructions de
laisser venir le Cap" Wight avec sa fregate pour cooVIADRIO

3.1141. /r9%

354

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

perer par la suite, cela seroit aussi important pour


votre Pays qu'agreatble et satisfaisant au mien.
Je suis avec grande consideration
(Borrador de

Miranda)

Sm A. MITCHEL K. B. &e. &e. &e. Bermuda.


N.:

T. VI, f. 223.

MEMO. FOB GENERAL MIRANDA

The Ship called the Leander has been spoken with


my the Cleopatra on the 13th of fevy 1806. It appears
from the Confidential Communications made me By
the General, that his mission is such as is advantageous
to the British Government, and a service of such a
secret nature as require the greatest delicacy in the
investigation to his ship.
Cleopatra 13 ui fevy 1806 at sea.
N.: T. VI, f.

J. WIGHT

224.

COPIE.
Jaquemel ce 18 Fevr. 1806 au bord
du Leandre

My dear Captn J. Lewis


Nous voila iei avee tout l'armement, et tout le monde, qu'un Batiment de ce Port peut emporterLe Cap.
Lvotre digne frere vous en donnera les details.
Le Gouvernement Americain s'est comport envers
nous, avec toute la bonne foi et toute Phonnetet desirable ; on pourroit meme croire d'apres ce qui est arriv depuis votre depart et la position critique ou

se trouve aujourdhui relativement a l'Espagne, que

pour obtenir du succes dans l'execution de ce dessein,


dispensable, et je seais que votre zele por la cause m'
avons fait une conquete en faveur de ntre entreprise,

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

355

donc le succes doit avoir une si grande influence sur le


sort futur des E. II., ainsi que de l'Europe &c.la
promptitude etant la chose principale dans ce moment,
pour obtenir du succes dans l'execution de ce dessein,
je n'ai pas besoin de vous reccommander la celerit indispensable, et je sais que votre zele por la cause m'
est le garant le plus sur
Mr Smith, et notre Capne vous diront comme nous
avons fait une conquete en faveur de ntitre entreprise,
pendant le Voyage, dans la personne du Cap" Wight,
Commandant la Fregate Angloise la Cleopatra; il nous
a mme donn une recommandation pour les Batimens
qui pourroit nous arreter;enfin il nous promet de
se trouver avec nous au rendezvous general, si l'Amiral Mitcheli, pour que je lui ai donn une lettre a cet
effet, le lui permet.
Je ne doute pas que vous aurez parl a votre Ami
sur l'affaire que nous discutions a New York. tout ce
qui est survenu depuis votre depart, me confirme de
plus en plus dans la meme ide ainsi que sur les avantages qu'il peut en tirer dans le moment actuel.P0ecasion ne pourroit jamais se presenter plus favorable;
et il peut compter avec certitude sur l'accomplisse
ment des stipulations que je vous ai mentionn.
Je vous envoye Copie de quelques Papiers qui pourront vous etre necessaires pour ces aprets, et que vous
m'en retournerez apres.
Je reste avec impatience attendant votre reponse
OU pour mieux dire votre reunion.
Ever yours.

JACOB LEWIS, ESQr.

N.: T. VI, f. 225.

(Borrador de Miranda)

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

356

M. Shaw's respects to General Miranda and begs


to know whether His Excelling would wish to correct
the Proof sheet of the Spanish Proclamation which
will be ready at half past four this Evening.
His Excelleney
GENERAL MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 226.

Dear Gen'
I recd your favor with rapture since the arrival of
my brother S. Smith. I have been strugling to afford
you aid such as geting a Schooner or two, but find is
impossible. I have lost mine, its now my determination
to join you in person, am therefore making all the efforts that a sanguine mortal can do, I believe that in
ten days after you receive this you will see your
hum'e Serv.
J. L.

P. S. I refer you to Mr Smith for particulars


S. Marc. febr. 25th

1806.

N.: T. VI, f. 227.

COPIE
PRIVAT&

a Jacmel ce 4 Mars 1806.

Dear Sir
J'ai reell hier votre lettre du 25 Fevr que votre
cher pere m'a remis iciJ'en suis charm d'apprendre votre resolution de venir nous joindre, qui certainement nous garantira le succs ; mais je crains ce delay de 10 jours sur 13 qu'il y a deja que nous sommes
ici a attendre, et 12 de plus qu'il faudra peut tre, pour

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

857

nous rendre a notre destinationJe vous en prie done


de ne pas exceder d'un instant ce nombre de jours,
puisque notre plus grand danger est ce retard mme
tachez de nous emmener autant de monde qu'il soit
possible, et pas moins que 200 soldats, ou matelots
intrepides; cela sera suffisant pour le moment, laissant a votre discretion la facult d'en augmenter le
nombre autant que possible, et d'en stipuler les conditions. J'attends avec impatience le moment de vous
voir et de vous embrasser tendrementEver Your's
(Borrador de Miranda)
Cap". J.

LEWIS.

N.: T. VI, f.

228.

Port au Prince Sund. 10th March 1806.

M.
Your favor came duly to hand, in hurry & Confusion, I have not had time to reply to it I had despatched Orders previous to my leaving et. Marc to
have my ballast ready In the outer roads that I may
not be detained 24 hours at Port au Prince.
but such is the state of things here that no reliance can be placed in a person in the Administration,
every obstacle is thrown in my way contrary to fore
promise, & I am detained for want of bEdlist only, a
courier has been despatched to the Emperor in order
to remove the difficulties, but I can not promise myself success, such is the perfidy of men in Office in
the Country & credulity of him who Commands, that
nothing is certain for a moment, not even lit e, I shou'd
certainly have left this to night if I had not been hinder'd by the Villany of the Administrationyou shall
be informed of the results,
patience health & respt
CL

LEWIS

N.: T. VI, f. 229.

358

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Dear General
I'ts with infinite pain I take my pen to inform you
that I am compel'd to abandon the Idea of accompafing you to the field of Glory, for reasons and causes
I refer you to my letter in the hands of my Brother;
by the politeness of Mr Baker, believe me Sir, this mortification which I feel almost drives me to desperation, yesterday I was employ 'd agreable to my Brothers suggestions in endeavoring to purchase a small
Schooner, but without success, the two purses in
question are sent for at Jeroemer, and hourly expected,
the holsters are procured, but how to get them to you,
it is the difficulty ; the pack saddles I have on board;
I am again sorry to say that one of the Gentlemen who
I had long since enlisted under your business is prevented from joining. this will be peculiarly unpleasant
to my Brother (it is Mr Windsors), the other Gentleman remain Extreemly sanguine.
I think under existing circunstances, you liad better proceed, withour further delay, leave me your instructions 84 power to act fully, that I may satisfy those
with whom I have occasion to communicate with, as
to future operations, you are sensible that my nm*
authority will naturally be call'd in question,

as soon as you arive, I think it wou'd be advisable to


dispatch a boat here immediately, the most expedient
way to communicate with America & Jamaica,
by which time my difficulties will be through with
these people, in one way or ano ther (therefore) I shall
be in a situation to act, as circunstances may require.
I will make the necessary communication, & & &and
join you if necessary, if it shou'd be important for me
to proceed to Jamaica in person, I will do it, at the
same time send a dispatch boat to America, such artides as you may want from Jamaica I cou 'd procure,
& either bring or send to you as circunstances may
direct for this purpose let your instruction be explicit and my power to act General it may be in
my power to make immediate communications to
Jamaica, to the Admiral there if you think proper,

359

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

in all these subjects you will instruct me, I am Ignorant of your point of desent St Marths is a Port
more easily defended than any other particularly
on accot of the ease of water communication & defence, a fort on the Mountain commanding the Town
when once in your possesion never can be retaken,
it commands everything, however of this, you are the
best Judge, Inform me where I am to find you, because if things shou'd so alter as to permit me to
follow, I must know where to join, to add to my miseries I am this moment informed that the Emperor has
gone to the Cape, to see General Christopher who is
very illConsequently, M r Dawson will be detain'd
a long time at Camp Merchand, every moment of time
bring forth new difficulties to distroy glimmering
hope which remained, that I may inspite of every thing
be able to ge away Alas Adieu esperance, remember
my General that you have behind you one who enter 'd
into your Views with ardour & promptitude, who with
his soul & heart joined you in this magnanimous undertaking, & who with you brought the thing to the
shape I's now in,
permit me to assure you General, that altho imperious necessity severes my person from you, my Soul
my heart my benediction accompany you always, and
as s000n as the caroded shacktes of mis fortune and
dispointments are broken, I will fly again to your
standard, go on General leant your little band of Colombian Heroes and plant the Standard of incasJustice & liberty your Motto
Adieu; receive the assurances of unalterable
respect & steem from your Obt Serv.
J.

Ship Emperor Grand Rhoad Port au Prince


March 12th 1806
Mit. GEORGE MARTIN

on board the Slip Leander Jaequemel.


N.: T. VI, f. 230.

LEWIS.

360

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

General
Allow me to introduce to you my friend Colon'
Kirkland who comes to join in your little Columbian
band this Gentleman Millitary Tallents and rank in
society, will intitle him to your very great consideration & confidence, the arrangements which I have
made with this Colo' he will explain to you which no
doubt will be confirmed by you,
health & success
J. Lewis
Emperor Mami). 21 1806
MR. GEORGE MARTIN

on board the Ship


Leander Jaequemel
N.: T. VI, f. 239.

General
The bearer Mr. Powell is my particuly friend, receive him as one who's merits and talents renders him
inestiemable to his friends, place in him the utmost
confidence, & be assured he will always acquit himsef with honest
Red muy cordial salutations
J. LEWIS
Emperor March 21 1806
N.: T. VI, f. 240.

General
The bearer
Brown a Gentleman of family & for-.
tune, has Voluntared In the Expedition under your
Command, I have to request your particular Consideration for this Gentleman and that he may be ranked,
according to the arrangements made on board my ship,

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

361

which will be explained to you by himself & the Gentleman who accompany him.
receive the Assuranees of muy resp & Esteem
J. LEWIS
Emperor
March 21 1806.
MR.

GEORGE

MARTIN

on board the Ship


Leander Jaequemel
N.: T. VI, f. 241.

General
Witn much Chagreen & not a little Mortification,
I hear the report of my friend Mr. Powell, who Informs me that you deny having given any Authority
to Either my Brother or me to make any arrangements, with persons at Port au Prince, we both having
done so, have Consequently Commited ourselves both
as men of honor, & responsibility, with the several
Gentlemen in question.
for myself I thought from the Nature of things,
I was Authorised, (however) added to which I have
your Authority by letter, also through my Brother,
who writes me as he says by your Authority, you therefore see General, that by your denial we are disgraced & dishonor'd in the eyes of those Gentlemen,
too grave a Consequence to exist under, I therefore
pray General, that some eclaircissement shoul'd be
given on this unpleasant occurrance,
I am very respectfully
Yr Ob t Svt.

Jaequemel
2'7th Mami:1
N. T. VI, f.

J. LEWIS.

242.

362

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Mit. GEORGES MARTIN

Dear Sir
Not being able to procure Horses last night we
could not proceed we shall however leave this in about
one hour, Cap Jacob Lewis we are informed is at
present at St. Marck about 27 Leagues from Port au
Prince, You may however be assured that no time
shall be lost on the road, Cape J. Lewis has written to
Mr. Blakely the arrangements made on those for the
supply of the ship during his absence which we hope
will be satisfactory.
Very respectfully Sir
Your obt Serv.
JONAS S. SMITH

Wednesday 9 o Cloek
Jaequemel.
MR. GEORGES MARTIN

on Board the Ship


Leander

Mr. Georges Martin


N.: T. VI, f. 243.

Port au Prince Priday Morning 10 o Clock

Mr. Georges Martin


Dear Sir,
We are sorry to inform you that we did not find
Mr. Jacob Lewis at this place as we Expected, we shall
sett out for St. Marck in a few hours and hope to
arrive there in the Morning We have as yet no particular information to give you nevertheless We judged it
proper Agreable to your particular request to advise
you of our movements immediately on our arrival here

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

363

and beg leave again to repeat to you that no unnecessary delay shall arise on our parts. We shall communieate to you the result of our interview with Mr. Jacob
Lewis as soon as possible, be pleased to aecept our
best wishes, with mueh respect we remain
Sir
Your Obt Serv'
JONAS S. SMITH
MR. GEORGES MARTIN

on board the Ship


Leander Jaequemel
N.: T. VI, f. 244.

Port au Prince Mch 1806.


MR. GEOGES MARTIN.

Dear Sir,
Cap' Thomas Lewis wrote you yesterday sinee
which nothing material has oceured except an arrival
at Jeromer from philada which bring papers to the
6th of Feb7 by whieh it appears that the President of
the IT States has absolutely refused to give audiene.e
to the Spanish Minister and further that the Sec Y of
State Mr. Madison has ordered him to leave the City
of Washington entre nous this look well, We also learn
by the same papers that it was corrently reported and
generally believed in New York that the destination
of the Leander was New Orleans and the Bay of Mexico, We endea-vored to procure some of those papers
for your perusal but could not as they were to be sent
to the Cape, for particulars, we beg leave to refer to
Mr. Armstrong Letter herewith by which you see we
are doing all in our power for the general welfare of
the concern, we shall sett of tomorrow to join youno
pilot Boats or Sehooners to be had here--We have re-

364

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

cruited three very brave Of ficers, one is particularly

recommanded by your friend Col. SmithVery respectfully


Sir
Your obt Serv.

JONAS 5.

SMI.

MR. GEORGES MARTIN

on board the Ship

Leander Jacquemel
N.: T. VI, f. 245.

Port au Prince Feb" 28th. 1806

Dear Sir
We arrived here the day before yesterday at 9 in
the Evg. from 5. Mark, every thing is as you eould
wish it, my Brother with his Ship will be at Jacquemel as soon as possible and froceed with ushave
get every thing wanting for the Colorsalso ninty
Sadles & Bridles, 25. packs Sadles--SpadesBlue Silk.
1 piece yelow Cassemere 1 pe fine Blue Cloth. 30 p
Epolets 200 feathers 500 Caps for Soldiers Leather to
make Beltsand am now wainting for Gen' Petions
aid to go with me into the public Stores to see if can
find any thing that we wantShall be with you in 2
or 3 daysExcuse haste and Believe me to be with
Respect
Your Obt Servt
GEORGE MARTIN

Ese.

on Board Ship Leander


Jaequemele,
N.: T. VI, f. 246.

JHOs LEWIS

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

365

9 ock Evening-

Your letter has this moment arrivedI attend to


it Gen' with all my heart & am really alive to all Consequences. I shall leave this in the morning if alive,
the Emperor can not go, reasons to be given but not
Easily understood by those who feel Extreemly sanguine
God bless you
J. LEWIS
Port au Prince
8 ock P. M.
Smiday 23 d Malen 1806.
N.: T. VI, f.

247.

Gen'
I left Jacquemel as soon as horses & gides could
be got & arrived here in-11 hours all but Dead fromthe Extreem heat.
You see what my Brother says, I have given him
your Letter, I loss no time What man can do shall
be done, I shall be with you immediatly set some of
the Gentlemen quit. W. Blackely will be Ready with
the Slip. with note Respect
Your Ob. Serv. & &
JON SMITH

JHOR

Ese.

Leander
Jacquemel
N.: T. VI, f.

247.

LEWIS.

366

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Jaemel Bay on board the Leander


23 March 1806 at 11. A. M.

Dear Sir
Having learnt this Morning that you only quitted
Jacmel this Morning at 2 O'clock A.M. and having
reflected since your departure from this Vessel yesterday at 2 Oclock P.M. the fatal consequences that may
result from any further delay at Jacmel with the Slip
Leander I beg of you that as soon as you shall receive
the present letter to takeHorse and without hesitating a moment to return here for the purpose of putting
immediately to sea in pursuit of our Expedition. In
case that your Brother should have consented to the
request of letting you have the Ship Emperor to come
and join us you may leave her under the care of a
proper Person giving him the Point of rendezpous
which you are acquainted with ce where we shall wait
for him if circunstances will permit this further delay.
Your personal assitance is necessary at sea as on
Land and in this supposition you will perceive how
indispensable it is that you should not lose a moments
time in returning here every body is anxious to quit
this Place in pursuit of our principal object. I hope
to see you here to morrow before the land Breeze
prevails.
Captn.

THOMAS LEWIS. Port

au Prince.

N.: T. VI, f. 248.

Gen'
Mr. Powell has informed me that you have told
him, that I had no Right or Authority from you to
make any promisses or arrangements with any Gentleman who wished to join your ExpeditionYou'll please Recolect Gen' than when I left the
Leander for St. Mark, you Requested of me to get as
many men as possible, I told you that I should be able
to get some Officers (your answer was Engage them

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

367

& bring them -vvith you) Certainly Gen' I should not


have taken on myself to have made anypromisses,
liad not you have given me permission.
me was
The only promisses which were made by me,
Major
ce
Coll'
Windsor
Lt.
Con'
Kerkland,
to
and this I made you acquainted with, and you Requested me to write them that the same meet with
your approbation, I did so,and now you say, if I
did, that I did wrong, and without Authority, I confess Gen' to feel mortified and injured, but will Decline making any Remarks further, then to inform
you, that I consider myself out of all Millity Command, and that you will act accordinglyI will Obey
your Orders Gen' and conduct the Ship to any port
or place, and will pledge my life to you, to make every
Exertion in my power.
And further Gen' whenever you shall think fitt to
Request it, and Mr. OgdenArrangements fullfild,
will Deliver up the Command of the Slip to any person that you may Appoint to take Charge of herBelleve me Gen' to be with the greates Respect,
Your Ob. "Serv. & &
J110. LEWIS -

the Ship Sails this Evg.


MR. GEORGES

on Board the Ship


Leander.
N.: T. VI, f. 249.

(El folio 250 es un recorte de peridico en que aparecen comentadas tres notas cruzadas entre el Secretario de Estado de los
E.U.A. y el Marqus de Casa Irujo, Ministro Plenipotenciario de
Espafa en aquel pas 1American and Comercial Daily Advertiser

Tuesday, February 18 1806.)

368

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Monsiuer le Commissaire Van de Brook, est requis


par eet ordre, de tenir main forte l'execution de
l'agrement fait en sa presence par les Capitaines des
Batiments ei dessous mentionns, de ne pas quitter ce
Port que dans huit jours depuis la datte de eet ordre,
except la Goelette Neutralit, qui pourra le faire dans
les 24 Heures aprs. Le tout sous sa responsabilit, et
sous celles des Capitaines, qui ont donn leurs Promesses de tenir cette restrietion.
Un Batiment arm sera envoy iei dans l'espaee
de huit jours, qui examinera la ponetualit avee laquelle les Capitaines auront remplis eette stipulation.
Faite a Aruba ce 15 Avril 1806.
N. B. Tous les Canots appartenants eette Ile
sont sujets a la propre restrietion de ne pas sortir
d'.Aruba dans 8 jours sous les mmes peines et responsabilit.
Jaeobus A. Arendez
2 Batiments
Alexander Schreuder
Henriquez
Johs Ricardo
Galab er
Philip Cuba
Puget
Juan Suares
Pieter Vrolyk
Juan Passe
Ballena
N.: T. VI, f. 251.

(El folio 252 es el diseo de unas costas. Dice: Ocumare.

Oeumare-7 Leagues E of port Cabello & about South


of the Islands of las Aveswe shall pass between
Bonair and las AvesWe are bound for port Oeumare, about seven Leagues East of port Cabello, and about South from Islands of las Aveswe shall pass Between Bonair and
las Avesin case that you should lose me you will pro-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

369

eeed for the place abo ye mentioned (Oeumare) if


on your arrival near the place, you should not find
me there you will not leave the Coast, but wait for
my arrival. will be there as soon as possible.
April 16th 1806 at Noon.

Capt
Sir
Inclosed you have the place of Destination which
you are not to open but in case of Losing me; and
in case that you should find yourselves in Danger you
will open them and then Burn them, and proceed accordingly to this you must be very particular on your
geting near the coast you must endeavor to take all
the small craft possible, and conduct them to me you
will keep as near the Leander as possible and pay
particular attention to the Signals both by day &
night
(Secret instructions to be opened in case of separation only, otherwise to be returned.)
Capto. Huddle of the Schooner Bee
Captn. Sullivan of the Schooner Bacchus
M. Philips of the Schooner Echo.
N.: T. VI, f. 253 y vto.

370

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

PAPERS TO THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF

Minutes of Proceedings in a Council of War convened on board the Ship Leander at sea the 21" April
1806. by the Commander in Chief.

Members of the Couneil.


Commr in Chef Gent Miranda.
Col. Armstrong.
Lt. Col. Kirkland
Maj r Roreback
Majr Sands
Maj r Donohue.
Majr Powell
Capte Lowdens
Capte Gardiner
Capte Ledley
Question. Is it the opinion of the Council that all
fit & possible care and attention have been paid to
the Navigation of the Slip since her Departure
from Aruba :particularly whether every advantage was taken of our situation last night, as repected our position from Curacoa & the Winds that
prevailed. ?
Maj r Donohue.Is is my opinion that more attention
ought to have been paid to the steerage of the Ship
since our Departure from Aruba.That last night
the N.W. Point of Curacoa at Sun set bore South:
that at about 8 or 9 o 'Glock in the Evening the Ship
headed N. by W. therefore on the other tack we
should have laid up S.E. by E. and more nearly
approached the Easternmost Point of Curacoa, during the time we were stretching to the Northward
That the Ship drifted very much to leeward in
consequence of not carrying as much sail as was
adviseable in the intervals between the squalls.
Wel Poria, the PilotThe loss of ground in the course
of the Night was in consequence of not carrying

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

371

sufficient saul in the Night between the squalls


and, seeing that no saul was made, and that regular steerage was not attended to, considered his
presence unnecessary, and staid below, till the Captain called him in the Morning.
Majr Powel. That more attention ought uniformly to
be paid to the steerage of the ShipThat last night
at 1/2 past Eight the Slip headed N. by W.that
during the night the courses were from N. to N.
N. W. till 3 o'Clocktherefore, if from 1/2 past 8
to 3 o 'Clock we were not able to look higher than N.
to N. W. we should on the other tack, during the
same space of time, 61/2 hours, have headed S. E. to
E. S. E. which he thinks from recollection of the
bearings of Curacoa in the Evening, would have
carried us to windward of the Eastern Point of
the Island.
For these reasons, the Council is unanimously of opi111011,

That sufficient attention has not been paid to


the steerage of the Ship since she left Aruba :and
particularly, that the loss of ground last night is
owing to that, and her not having been kept on the
opposite tack to that which was heldAnd, to a
deficiency in making sail in the Intervals between
the squallsThat this loss of ground has affected
the interests of the expedition ; ingsmuch as it has
placed the Ship to leeward of Curacoa, under circumstances which, with proper management would
have put us to Windward of it.
The Council has further resolved that this its opinion
be imparted to Captn Lewis by Col. Kirkland
Maj r Powell who are to invite him to communicate
with the Council on the matter producing the aforesaid opinion: or if not to the Council, that he should
reply to Col. Kirkland and Major Powell on the
opinion with respect to the arrangements necessary
to remove the apprehension of the Council that the
same Inconveniences may be repeated that have
existed since our Departure from Aruba.

372

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Captain Lewis refusing to notice any other than a


writen Invitation the following letter was transmitted to him by Lt. Col. Kirkland & Major Powell.
(Copy ) "At a Council of war held by the General
"in Chief on board the Ship Leander the 21" of
"April 1806.
"Captain Lewis as Commander of the Ship
"Leander is invited to come before the Council for
"the purpose of explaining the causes of the apparent mismanagement of the Ship that seems to the
"Council to have existed since her Departure from
"Aruba & particularly last night to the Detriment
"and ruin of the present Expedition

"By the Council

(signed,) "Miranda"

(signed) "J. Powell. See"


Upon the appearance of Capto Lewis he delivered to
the Commander in Chief his commission as Colonel
of the First Regiment of North American Infantry,
& the Minutes of Proceeding as far as the words,
"Departure from Aruba" in page 4. being delivered to him said that Curacoa bore, at five o 'Clock
P. M. South, South West Distance Three leaguesThat, he carried a press of sau l on the Ship 'till ten
o 'Clock steering North at the rate of three knotsThat, a squall struck the Ship at ten o'Clock, when
by the fault of his officer, whom he reprimanded,
sail was not taken in in time ;he was not called, &
on comnig upon deck, obliged to keep the Ship away
by which he imagines six Miles were lost
He further says that it would have been unsafe to
keep the Ship's head South East, which could have
been done, as she would not have made better than
a South course in consequence of the Current of
the squalls to be expected from the appearance of
the weather.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

373

The Council takes hito consideration that, at the time


the Ship put about last Evening the current had
been continued to be esteemed weatherly and there
was then no reason to think differently, nor at ten
o 'Clock when by Capto Lewis explanation Curacoa
bore South South West Distance twenty four
miles.
It is therefore unanimously the opinion of the council
that the Eplanation of Capt Lewis is insufficient
unsatisfactory and that want of care and mismanagement have existed in the navigation of the Ship
Leander since she left Aruba : Wherefore, Major
Donohue, Major Powell, Capt Gardiner 8u Cape
Ledly are appointed to divide among themselves the
charge of attending to all circunstances that may
hereafter affect the Direction 84 Progress of the
Ship ; and report to the commander in chief the moment that they shall discover any Deficiency or
inattention in the economy of the Vessel tending to
affect the succes of the expedition.
The Commander in chief desires it to be inserted in
the minutes of the Council that the Ships Log book
was offered for examination by Captain Lewis; but
it being demanded by him from the First Officer
was not produced.
By the Council

J: POWELL : See7
Minutes of Prdgs.
at a Couneil of War
Leander 22 April 1806.
N.: T. VI, 4. 255.

374

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Minutes of Proceedings in a Council of War convened by the Commander in chief on board the Ship
Leander at sea the 22 d April 1806.
Members of the Couneil

Commr in Chief Gen' Miranda


Col' Armstrong
Lt. Co' Kirkland
Maj r Rorebach
Majr Sands
Majr Donohue
Majr Powell
Captn Lowden
Captn Gardiner
Captn Ledly.
It is the opinion of the Council unanimously that
the best mode of forwarding the interests of the Expedition is to carry into effect with precision & perseverance the opinion of a Council of War held on the
21st inst.
It is the opinion of the Council that endeavors ought
to be made thro 'one of the Pilot boats in company for
the procuring from Bonaire in passing information
of the state of the force on the coast of the Gulf of
Triste; & to furnish the Pilot Boats with Pilots in case
the Leander should not meet the English schooner Echo
at Bonaire.
Upon communications made by the Commander
Chef, as to his private instructions to the schoo r Echo;
and of his information as to the relative strength of
the different Posts on the Coast of Terra Ferma, it
is the unanimous opinion of the Council that the most
eligible point for Debarkation & attack is the Harbor
of Ocumar.
For the better establishing the Confidence of the
Council Mr. Jon. Smith supercargo of the Slip was
called upon for a state of Provisions remaining on
board & informed the Council that according to Cp

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

375

Lewis'report there remains a supply of Provisions for


forty Days ; produced the following schedule approved by the Captain
35 Bbls. Beef Pork of which the consumption is
in the proportion of 2 Bars. for 3 Days.
11 Bars Flour
66 Bar' Bread, of which the consumptioli is 1 Bbl a
Day.
5 Casks of Wine
6 Casks ale.
2 Kegs Rum.
4 Cases Gin
2 Boxes Candles.
And some other smaller quantities of Provisions
not enumerated.
The Council is adjourned untill to morrow at Eleven o'Clock the forenoon.
By the Council
J. POWELL : See.
Minutes of Prdgs.
at a Couneil of War
Leander 22 April 1806.
N.: T. VI, f.

265.

Capto. O 'SunaVAN
Sehooner Bacchus,

Sir,
You will proceed with the schooner Bacchus und er
your command with all possible Dispatch, to wards the
Island of Bonaire for the purpose of discovering if
the British schooner Echo be in that neigbourhood : in
which case you will join her and endeavor to procure
all possible information in that Island of the state of

376

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

things on the main as Major Donohue who goes with


you has been more partieularly informed of in person
You will at the same time endeavor to procure two
or three Pilots who are well acquainted with the coast
between Porto Cabello cE La Guyria : and if you find
yourself able to take possession of any Spanish Craft
you will do it. You will there wait for the appearance
of the Leander & join as soon as you may perceive her
Bringing with you such Craft as you may have taken
In all cases you will consult with Major Donohue
who has full information from the General on this
subject.
. P. S. The General desires all the Officers on board
the Baechus to give you every assistance & prove their
zeal for the succes of this Commission.
N.: T. VI, f. 267.

Minutes At a Council of War held on board the


Leander at sea 25 april
Pres. Commander in Chief
Armstrong
Coll Kirkland.
Maj r Rorebach
Majr Donohue
Majr Powell
Bacchus 30 or 35 men. Rifle & Artillery under Rorebach
Bee Twenty five Cavalry & Volunteers
under Powell
Volunters
from the Bacchus 20 Volunteers of 1' Regt unShip.
der Sullivan
Shaco 2nd Lt & Quarter Master with
lat Lt. after
Bullock 2nd. Lieutt
Ingersoll 2nd. Lieutt
Iudah 2nd. Lieutt
N.: T. VI, f. 268.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

377

General Return of Arms, Accoutrements, Ammunition,


Cloathing, Intrenehing Tools &e, on Board the

Ship Leander, April 14th 1806.

Total
CAreroN
9 Pounders wth Carriages
6 Pound ers
Brass 2 Pounders
9 Pound Carrge
Petards

19
8
2
1
2

AMMUNITION POR CANNON

14 Csk's of Gunpowder
Cartridges filled
D unfilled
9 Pound Shot
6 Pound Shot
lbs of Grape & Canester Shot
Double Headed Shot
MIISKETS 8re 8re
Musquets
Blunderbusses
p8 of Pistols

Carbines

Bayonets
Rifles wth Bayonets
Ship Swords
Hangers & Sabres
Cartridges
lbs of Ball
Tons of Lead
Musquet Flints
Rifle & Pistol D9
PlicEs &e.
Infantry
Cavalry
Heads of Pikes
Shafts

100
150
400
1,740
1,791
10,000
50
582
16
156
15
283
10
440
297
6,500
1,586
5
10,000
4,000
459
122
3,820
1,000

InoN

Bars of Iron
Bundles of Steel
Casks of Nails
Davids
Drums
Fifes

583
7
6
12
12

378

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Total
SETTS OF ACCOUTREMENTS

Infantry (Setts)
Riflemen (D)
Tin Powder Flasks
Dragoon Saddles & Bridles
Pack Saddles
CLOATHING

250
250
500
22
49

&e &e.

Dragoon Jackets with Pantaloons


Infantry Jackets

Rifle D
Pantaloons
Pieees of Green Serge
Pieees of Blue D
Hats
Shoes

26
1,038
119
994

30
30

973
1,000

SETTS OF TOOLS

Carpenters
Blaeksmiths
Armourers

6
6
6

1NTRENCHING TOOLS

Telling Axes
Pick Axes
Hatchets
Spades or Shovels

42
26
48

50

N. B. In the aboye Return is ineluded some few Articles of


Cloathing which have been delivered sinee the Leander sailed from
New York.

N.: T. VI, f. 269.

Wm. ARMSTRONGG
Q. M Gen'.

General Return of ()Meers Non Commd Off r Rank


& File &e Capturd by the Spaniards on B d the
Sehr' Bacchus

Majors
Captains
ist Lieutts
2d Lieutts
Sergts
Rank & File
Pointers

Bee 27th Ap l 1806.

2
5
5
6
3
16
2

379

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

10
9

Crew of the Baechus


Crew of the Bee

58

Total
NAMES
Majr.

Donohue
Jer. Powell
Captn.
Jolms Bellop
Dd. Heekle
Jer, B: Gardiner
Don'. R: Durning
Gust. A. Burgeidd
18" Leut
Chas. Johnson
Dan'. Kemper
Paul J. Jorge
M. L. Hall
Ger. J. O'Sullivan
2d Leut.
Fras. Farqukerson
Thos Gill
Ferris
Inn Moore
IC R. Sheerman
HenY Ingersoll

Je

6
18

Offs
Pointers
Robt Saunders
Is. Elliott.

Names of the Crew of the


Echr. Bacchus
F. Long
E. King
Sam. Priee
Wn' Bermudes
T. Reggers
Jos". Heckle son to Capt. Heekle
Hugh Smith a Boy
Pompey a Negro Man
d.
Pride
Boy
Robert a
N.: T. VI, f.

270.

DRAGO ONS
Sergt
Dan' Maekay
2
John Hayes
Corp.
1

Heia?' Sperry
Privates
Stephen Burlis
Alex. Buchanan
Me W. Buchanan
David Wenton
Moris Smith
F. W. Raymond
G. Burtingham
Jos" Burnet
je Seott
Jne Edsall
Benj Davis
IC Burke
13
Je Parsells
Rifleman
1
Sergt John Grant
Privates
Peter Naulty
2
lobt Stephenson
ist Reg. of Infantry
1
Corp. Benj. Nicholson
Names of the Crew of the
Sehr. Bee.
Robert Heiddell, Master
Bastrel Negers Mate
W'n Lippncontt Super Cargo
4 whitemen }
Names unknown

2 Negroes


380

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Return of Arms, Accoutrements, .Ammunition,


Cloathing &e, Deliverd for the Use of the Troops
on Board the Sehr Bacchus & Bee, Previous
to the 27 th April 1805.

General

Sehr.

Sehr.

Bee Baeehua Total

Rifles & Bayonets


Musquets & Bayonets
Pairs of Pistols
Sabers
Cuttlasses
Cartridge Boxes

25

10
25

10
50

24

14

38

40
iji

6
25
16

46
25
61

AMMUNITION

1
1
1616
300
46,5
700
500500
10
24
34
1616
30
i
45

6
6

6
6
12
12

of Gunpowder
Cannon Cartridges
Musquet Cartridges
Flints
Pikes
Saddles & Bridles
Canteens
Pikes Axes
Wood Axes
Spades

Kegs

CLOATHING

Jaekets
Pantaloons
Hats
Shoes
Feathers
Dragoon Jaekets
Dragoon Pantaloons
Gen'. Return of

4
4
40

..

5
26
26

7
12
..
2

11
16
40

2
5
26
26

Prisoners Captured by the


Spaniards 27th Api 1806
& also
of Arms, &e, & Cloathing
deliverd to them previous to
that Date.
5th May 1806.
WI ARMSTRONG
L. M. G.
N.: T. VI, f. 271.

May 5th 1806

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

381

At a Council convened on board the Ship Leander


this 3 day of May 1806 by order of the Commander
in Chief
Members


General Miranda

Col. Armstrong
Lt. Coll Smith
Lt. Coll Kirkland

Major Sands

Major Smith
Capto Roobach
Capt London
Capte Ledlie
Lieutt Hovack

Capto Lewis as Commander of the Ship.


General Miranda having proposed two Plans, the
first of going to Trinidad for the purpose of procuring
succours both Naval and Military, and further information: The second for going immediately and attempting a landing at Coro.
The first was unanimously adopted, as most likely
to ensure ultimately the success of the Expedition, and
tend more effectually to the relief of our Brother Of ficers from their Captivity.
The aboye have been communicated to the undermentioned Officers, the foregoing resolution of proceeding to Trinidad, met their unanimous approbation
Lieutt Orford
Yates
Rivington
Stedman
London
Burnet
Newton
e
99
99

99
99
99
f

Lieutt Biggs
Judah
Morrison
Shaw
Balloch
Clarek

Dr Scofield
99

97

f9

99

B Roorbach B. M.
Minutes of a Couneil War Leander 3 of May 1806.
N.: T. VI, f. 272.

382

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Leander 13th Afin11806.

Sir

8r that
my
own
intentions,
of
the
integrity
of
Conscious
from real attachment I have paid you every Respect &
attention in my power, I really feel at a loss for language capable of describing the form of mind your
conduct of yesterday towards me has given. Tho on
former occasions I have been treated in a most Indecorous manner, yet I have bore with it from the Desire
I had to promote the General Welfare & to avoid those
Bickerings & Disputes, which particularly amongst
Off in the highest Ranks must effectually defeat the
present Enterprize.But as it appears to me that my
forbearance has been construed into a supposition. that
I will tamely bear with any cb every insult, I now take
the liberty to say that Born & Bred a Gentleman, I must
on all and every occasion be treated as such, otherways.
all tyes bonding me toward you in any maner whatever
are dissolved.If therefore you expect that I should
accompany you on the present Expedition, the unfavorable Ideas, suggested only by yourself, must be done
away in such manner as your own good sense can easily
point out, and must also be assured that no repitition
shall again take place.1 trust that Intentionally I am incapable of doing
wrongshoud I err, or differ in Opinion, I have no
objection, to be Censurd or reasond with as a Gentleman, but no Person on Earth shall make me submitt
to be lecturd like a School Boy in presence of Subalterns & Servants.
In order to avoid even the appearance of alteration,
too much of which has taken place on Board this Ship,
I take this method of conveying my sentiments on a
subject very high my Heart,Trusting that you will
give them that consideration they are entitled to, I am
with due Respect
Sir Your most obedt Humb. Servant
GEN'. MIRANDA.
N.:

T. VI, f. 273.

Wm. ARMSTRONG.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

383

Leander 14th May 1806.

Sir

A sense of duty, and not any personal considerations


whatsoever prompted me to speak to you on a delicate
subject concerning the success of the present Expedition.
Several Officers that were present at the conversation you allude to were the every persons who represented to me the dangerous reports which it became my
Duty to check, and show that they were unfounded.
If your actions have always proceeded from the best
Intentions as you express in your letters of this Day,
I request that you will put the same construction upon
mine which were dictated by the purest Motives, and
without intention of offending you.
In regard to the other points you suggested in your
letter I think they ought to be left to your sense of Duty
and Obligation and not to be discust by me.
I am Sir with due Respect
your most Obedient servt
I

COLL . ARMSTRONG

(Borrador sin firma)


N.: T. VI, f. 274.

Leander 14th May 1806.

Sir
I was about an hour ago favord with yours of this
day, which I must acknowledge is far from being so
satisfactory as I had a right to expect. I however wawe
any further Comment on it, excepting that sentence in
which you say.
" Several of the Officers present at the Conversa"tion you allude to were the every Persons who repre"sented to me the Dangerous reports which it became
"my Duty to check 85 show they were unfounded".

384

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

-When I told you at the time that excepting with


yourself I never liad liad any Conversation on the subject with any person whatever, it ought to have seemd
sufficient to Exculpate me from any Censure, particularly as all the party you now allud to were then
present who coud easily have Confuted me liad I been
incorrect. Since I received yours I have put the following Question to each of the Gentlemen then present.
" Had I any Conversation with you relative to going to
"Jamaica or did you ever hear me say it woud be ad"visable to do it. To this Question they one & all
replied, they never had heard me say any thing on the
subject, or had told you that I had said so.Cap t London has had the candor to add, that the Blame if any
ought to be attachd to him, as he liad some Conversation
on the same subject with Mr. Blakely which he informed you originated from himself, & that I was not on
any way Connected with it.
After this declaration I must say it woud not have
been derogatory to your Character to have said you was
mistaken.

It woud have prevented this unpleasant discussion,


which I only enterd into from the Desire I ever shall
have of exculpating myself from unjust charges, & of
Affixing the Blame where it ought to lay.Hoping that
this will be the last unpleasant discussion that ever may
take place between us, I beg you will believe me to be
with perfect Esteem & respect
Sir Your most obedt Humb. Servt
ARMSTRONG.

GEN'. MIRANDA.
N.:

T. VI,

f. 275.

Captain Campbell presents his Compliments to General Miranda. requests the honor of his company with
one of his Officers to Dinner to day If convenient to

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

385

the Gen' to do me that favor Capa C. recommends taking


advantage of the present Light wind to get on board
the Lilly
Lilly at aea
Friday mors
GENERAL MIRANDA

&&&

N.: T. VI,

f. 277.

PRIVATE.

Granada ce 28mai 1806

le Gouverneur
Permetez moi en me rappelant votre souvenir, de
m'adresser a V. E. sur un objet aussi important pour
1 'independance de mon Pays natal, qu 'essentiel au soutient de la Grand Bretaigne dans ce momentici. Vous
connoissez d'avance les dispositions favorables de votre
gouvernement en faveur de l'independance de l'Amerique Meridionalle et ce sont ces memes Plans que nous
allons executer dans le moment actuel ; ayant Preconcert avant de quitter 1 'Angleterre, au mois de Sept
dernier nos operations tant civilles que Militaires avec
les Ministres de S.M.B.Depuis ce temsla jen'ai pas
manque de leur transmettre un compte exacte et regulier de mes demarches aupres du Gouvernement des
E. U. sur cet important objet : et malgr que le resultat
n'aye pas ete aussi satisfaisant que nous le desirions
tous-deux pour le bien du Monde en general, on a obtenu
la promesse possitive du gouvernement actual des EIL,
de cooperer a notre emancipation, unne fois que je eusse
donn l'impulsion par un mouvement populair et sagement dirige dans un point quelconque du continent
colombien. Dans cette suposition j 'ai fait volle de New
York au mois de Fev. dernier, me dirigeant sur St Domingue afin d'augmenter nos forces Navales et terrestres, par la reunion d'un Vaisseau Arm de 30pieces
d'artillerie, et 150 soldats Americains (et non pas des
Negres de St Dominguecomme nos opresseurs se sont

386

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

avis de le persuader au monde americain par une


conduite perfide et analogue a leur faiblesse). Mais
cette mesure ayant echue par la defection du Capitain
qui comande ce Vaisseau a S t Domingue, nous avons
et obligs de partir sans son support; ce qui nous a
empech de faire le debarquement, et perdre en outre
deux Pilot-bots avec quelques soldats et Oficiers, par
la mauvaise conduite des Officiers de Mer qui etoyent
chargs de les conduire.
Dans cette alternative je me suis dirig envers Trinidad pour recruter mes forces, et rendre practicable
cette importante operationle hazard nous ayant emmen dans cette isle, et ayant communique confidentiellement mes vues a S. E. Gov. Maitland, nous sommes
convenus pour le bien de la chose, de suivre a la Barbade en compagnie de la Corvette Lily, afin d'obtenir
les renforts necessairs de P.Amiral Cochiraine, aussi
bien que du Comm. in Cheaf Gen' Bowyer. Aprs cette
demarche nous nous renderons a la Trinidad pour rerevoir vos ordres, vos sages conseilles, vos informations,
et vos supports essentiells, dans unne entreprise aussi
importante au bien de l'humanit, qu'essentielle pour
les interets de la Grande Brete dans la crise actualle.
Je n'ai pas besoin de vous recomender la reserve et
le secret indispensable dans un cas pareille ; mais je n'
ecris pas un mot a personne dans la Trinidad dans ce
moment a fin que vous puissez dire aux intereses autant
qu'il soit necessaire et pas davantage, jusqu'a mon
arriv que je crois n'excedera pas 15jours. Vous etez
Mr. le Gouvr l'ami de notre cause, et l'amant de votre
Pays, ainsi touttes mes imprecations a ce sujet serait
superflues et monotones aupres de vous.
Ayez la bont de me croire toujo-urs avec estime, et
unne sincer amitie
De V. E. Le tres hue. et tres obt. servr.
FR: DE M-

His Excelleney Bri. GEN'. HISLOP

Gay.

IIISLOPE

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

387

P. S.Colonel Armstrong porteur de eette depeehe


et un des Officers de l'Expedition vous donnera confidentiellement tous les renseignements que vous pouviez souhaiter sur notre Voyage cc, Je le recommand
a Votre proteetion etnat persuad qu'il se rendra digne
de votre estime.
N.: T. VI, f. 278.

Barbadoes & Trinidad


June July 1806.
N.: T. VI, f.

283.

Leander une 4th 1806.

General,
As the period is approaching, when definitivo arrangements will be made in the organization of the troops
destined for the expedition under your eommand ; as
well for those on board this Ship, as the Auxiliaries
which you may receive from Barbadoes and Trinidad,
I beg leave to submit a few remarks to your consideration. From a short conversation I had the honor to hold
-vvith you on Sunday last, I fear that the American
character is sinking in your estimation, and by loosing
your attachment we shall be compelled to suffer in the
course of events which are to happen, the mortification
and reproach, which many British subjects feel, and
often express towards the American governement and
sincerely regret, that the Executive Department in the United States, does not speak the language,
nor act up to the spirit of the Nation. But because they
are unfortunately saddled with a weak and pusillanimous Administration, thro' faction and popular phrenzy, the Nation deserves no to be degraded, I have no
doubt Sir, and I hope you are willing to believe, that
a respectable portion of Citizens in the Ifnited States,
would have eooperated in your design of emancipating
your Countemen of South America, liad the Administration aeted in an open manly and independent man-

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ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

ner. And that disposition to aid your views, will encrease, from the change of popular opinion, which is
about to take place. I hope therefore, for the honor of
my Country, that time and change of political sentiment, will produce those efficient and active measures,
which an Administration, presiding over a people,
boasting of their liberty and independence, should have
been the first to exhibit. And Sir, I indulge the expectation, that I shall hereafter be permitted to make every
proper and becoming exertion, which may tend to promote this desirable purpose.Be pleased Sir, to understand, that I am not prejudiced against the British
Government, or his Majesty's subjects. I rejoice that
their interest and national pride induces them to advance your objectand I shall use every mean in my
power to conciliate and preserve their good wishes, and
to promote a reciprocal attachment and good understanding between thein and the American Officers who
now are, or may hereafter be attached to your Army.
But upon the introduction of British Officers and
Troops, into your service, I will presume General, that
those Americans who are zealously devoted to you, and
the cause in which you have embarked, are not to lose
the place they now hold in your consideration. My
anxiety to preserve a respect and regard for the North
American character, arises from a sincere desire that
the People of the United States should be interested in
this revolution. Fron local situation, from what has
happened i nthe North in atcheiving their independence, from what is probably soon to happen in the South
for the attainment of the same blessing, propensities
will be excited, the tendency of which will produce a
Union of sentiment both in politics and commerce.
That Nations are governed by their interest cannot be
deniedGreat Britain by rendering services in your revolution strikes a deadly blow at her most powerful enemythe question then arises, whether she would engage
in this warfare, merely to serve the cause of freedom
and independence, aside from National benefit 9 She is
glad to unite her naval power in these seas with your
personal influence and resources, (without which she

PROLLIAKENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

389

knows nothing can be done), against her common


enemy.That the Government and people of the United
States will, also, be governed by their interes, there can
be no doubtbut these motives of interest may exist
with the latter, when they shall have ceased with the
former. And, it has appearead to my mind, so far as I
have been able to investigate the subject ; that the means
of useful cooperation, will remain in the power of the
United States, when they shall have eluded the grasp
of the British Government. These Sir, are thoughts, and
suggestions arising from my observations on the genius,
habits and manners of my Countrymen, from the commercial resources of the nation, and the policy of their
Government. I should ref er with deference, however
Sir, to your better discernment and experience, for a
correction of any erroneous opinion which I may ha ve
formed.
No onc. i, nore sincerely lamented the loss of our
companions by the capture of the Bacchus Bee, on
the 28" ultimo, than myself. I look with fond expectation to the time when we shall deliver them from bondage. Yet, Sir, it fills me with concern, when you
appear to have lost your confidence in the remnant of
your little Army.Allow me to say Gen' that the honorable sensibilities of my heart were wounded, when
you expressed, (in the conversation on sunday last), in
faint and doubtful terms that "I was left behind",
"and that you hoped I should
' do wen". I have cherished the idea; indeed belief, that I held a considerable
share in your conf idence and esteem ; not to realize
those predictions, would mortify the dignified pride od
a soldier, and the nobler feelings of the man. True it
is, Sir, that you have as yet, had little reason to form
great expectations. It will however, be recollected, that
there has been no opportunity for a display of talents,
wherever they may have existed. The flint emits fire
upon the application of the steel: opportunity and great
occasions naturally produce great and noble exertions ;
and few men, espeeially in youth, preserve the energies
of the mind in full vigour, under circunstances of dis-

390

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

couragement and depression. For myself, I may with


justice say, that in executing the trifling duties which
have already fallen under my command, I have been
impeded by the passion, intrigue and envious designs of
others. I wish to believe, that all the Gentlemen on
board the Ship will under a change of circumstances,
be awakened to active industry.
Suffer me General, to recur once more to myself. In
conformity with your declarations at Jacquemel, on the
27'h of March last; I was to be promoted to the command
of the 18' Reg' of Infantry, upon the removal, promotion or resignation of Capa Lewis.It would gratify
me Sir, to receive the Colonel's Commission, to which
I am entitled by this promotion whenever your convenience and feelings will permit.There are in my mind
impol.firnt reasons for making this request ; not those
which may relate to my perbo.cd q dvancement only, but
which regard the influence I may thereaftow aermire,
and the consequent ability to render you effectual Service. To close this communication General; already too
long; I will refer to the Inspectorship of the Army.
This department of the Etat Major, I believe is not
filled. I have had the honor to act in this capacity, (and
with approbation), in the Staff of the late Gen' Hamilton. In soliciting or accepting an appointment of
this nature, I am more influenced by a regard for the
good discipline and correct organization of the Army,
than any personal motive. This Office involves laborious and important duties, which must be executed
with vigilence and care ; and to which your time, from
other important avocations, cannot be devoted.I have
not the arrogance General to promise that I should do
rightlike other men I am Hable to errbut I can
promise you my most faithful endeavours, and my best
exertions.I hope soon to have an opportunity to prove
my zeal and sincerity, at least: and should it be thought
necessary, or important to learn more of me from
others, I could refer you General to characters, the
testimony of whom wonhi be satisfactory. I could ref er
to the War Office of the ITnited States, in which are

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

391

documents from General Hamilton, Col. Smith and


others, which speak in more than complimentary terms
of my military taste and adquirements. I do not Sir,
mention these circumstances from motives of vanity ;
they are facts which actually exist, and I have not only
a right to guard my reputation but am bound to teil
you the truth. Under the unfavorable auspices in which
I find I was introduced to you, I have thought it a duty
to say something in my own favor especially, when I
know, there are those, who will think me of consequence
enough, to be the subject of slander.I have engaged
in this enterprize General, from principies of moral
rectitude. I have not enterd this servIce for two campaigns onlynot from mercenary viewsor military
fame the soldiers boonbut to continue in service till
the liberties of the people in South America, are firmly
established on the rock of Independence. I am bound to
you, and this glorious cause, not only by the sanctity of
an oath, but by those undeviating principies of fidelity
and honor, which form the rule of action for the soldier ;
principies General, from which, (I believe those who
know me best will say), I have never departed.By
accepting the Commission I now hold, I have in any
and every event, pledged my eternal truth, fidelity and
honor. Can I say more 1
I have the honor to be General,
Your obedt Servt
N.: T. VI, f.


284.

GEO. W KIRSLAND

Captain Campbell presents his compliments and


begs to inform Gen' Miranda he wrote the Admiral respecting the Leander by the small Schooner the Lilly
boarded on Wednesday last.
As the regulation of the Port at Barbados are stricte enforced I have sent her one of the Lilly boats with
an Officer who will do away any difficulty in the part
of the Leander, but would recommend the Leander 's

392

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

boats not being sent on shore till she has been boarded
by the harbour master.
Immidiately on anchoring will do myself the
pleasure of waiting on her for your commands for the

Admiral

Lilly Friday morng.


GEN1. MIRANDA

&&&
Leander.
N.: T. VI, f. 289.

D17PLICATE

Northumberland
Carlisle Bay Barbadoes
9th Julie 1806.

Sir,

Whereas you have represented to me, that in carrying into effect the Expedition under your Command,
you have met with some difficulty from the defection
of the Force you expected to join at StDomingo; and
conceiving it may be mutually advantageous to great
Britain and the Provinces of South America, which you
are about to attempt to liberate from the dominion of
Spain, and having received your statement of the various plans that from time to time have been in agitation, between you and the British Ministry, in all of
which the same object has been kept in view, but from
particular circumstances incident to the moment they
have not yet been carried into effect.
In consideration thereof and judging that may
thereby promote what seems to have commanded the
attention of the British Government, I agree to support
your Landing in any part of America between Trinidad
and the Coast opposite to the Island of Aruba, with
such a Naval Force as can afford which will be at
least a Sloop of War, ami two Brigs ; and probably a

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

393

Frigate, if one can be spared from the attention I must


neeessarily give to the Convoys and protection of the
Colonies within the district of my command :I do
moreover assure you of such farther support as it may
be in my power occasionally to give ; and should a
Spanish naval Force arrive in those seas, I will use my
best endeavours to prevent them doing any injury.
At the same time I am free to eonfess, that while I
grant you such essential support, and the permission
you have reeeived to recruit your Force here, as well
as at Trinidad, I do expect that in the event of your
being successful, and any of the Provinces on the main,
become independant of Spain, that you engage in their
name, to graut to Great Britain, positively, and to no
other Power (the United States of America exeepted
if you shall so incline) the same privileges of Trade as
the inhabitants of the said Provinees. That is to say,
that the vessels belonging, or subjeet to any other
Power or State, who are not now giving aid to this
Expedition, shall not enjoy the same immunities with
Great Britain ; and that they shall be subjeet to an
additional Duty of ten per Cent on all Goods they either
Import or Export, over and aboye that to be paid by
Great Britain; and that none of the coalesced Powers
aeting against Great Britain or that may thereafter be
come so, during the present War, shall be permitted
to enter or Trade with any of the Ports of the said
Provinees.
That this Agreement shall subsist and be in force
until a Treaty of Commerce shall be concluded between
Great Britain and the Provinces so liberated from the
Spanish Government : for which purpose Commissioners shall be nominated by each Party, within twelve
months after the definitive Treaty of Peace between
Great Britain and the Powers now at war with her,
shall be signed.
It is farther agreed, that British Subjects shall in
every instance be assisted by the Government of the said
Provinces, in the recovery of their legal and just Debts ;
and that in seeurity thereof, they may hold lands,

394

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Houses or Estates under the same privileges with the


natives of the said Provinces ; and that they shall be
suffered to seil and dispose of the said Property, both
real and personal in like manner with them ; and that in
so doing they shall not be subject to any Tax, Duty
or Imposition whatever.
It is also to be understood that Consuls, or Vice
Consuls may be appointed to such Provinces, Cities,
Towns &c a as the British Government may think proper
enjoying every privilege or immunity now granted to
Consuls beloging to Great Britain, by the most favored
Nations of Europe
I have the honor to be Sir,
Your most obedient humble servant
ALEX COCHRANE.

To GENERAL MIRANDA
& & &.

N.: T. VI, f.

290.

Barbackes 9th June 1806.

Sir,

Having deliberately perused the foregoing Proposals, I hereby bind and oblige myself as far as my authority can extend to see the same carried into execution ; and that to all intents and purposes, the same shall
be ratified and made binding on those Provinces that
may become independant of Spain
I have the honor to be Sir
Your most obedient humble servant
To

FRAN: DE MIRANDA.

Real Admiral
The lionma Ame. COCHRANE
Commander in Cief
&e. &e. &c.

Barbadoes.
N.: 'I'. VI, f. 298.

PROLEG6MENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

395

GENERAL BOWYER request the Honor of General Miranda 's Company at Dinner Thursday the 12a
Inst. at Four o 'Clock.
The Favor of an .Answer is requested, direeted to
N.:

CAPTAIN BARKELEY

A: D: C.

T. VI, f. 295.

Bridgetown 10 June 1806

After the Confidential Statement I had the honor


to submit to you on Sunday last relative to the object
of the present expedition under my command, and the
views of the British government in case of its success ;
whieh plan was previously eoncerted with his B. M.
Ministers before I left England in Sepr last. Considering also the unfore seen eircumstances that have compeled me to cali at this Island, and the critical situation
in whieh great B. has been placed at this present moment, on account of the most extraordinary events that
have taken place lately on the continent of Europe,
whose results may bring the greatest calamity both to
G. B. and to the inhabitants of S. Ama who at this moment look for their Emancipation under the auspices
and Protection of G. B., whieh possitive promisses have
been given and transmitted throu' me to those colonies
I earnestly request you to give us the assistanee that
may lay in your Power, for the purpos of carrying into
immediate execution the aboye preconeerted Plan of
independency for the Spanish Colonis of S. A.
I know that you have received no Orders yet from
G. B. to cooperate in this important enterprise, because
the place of our operations was to be in a distant quarter, and that the late Ministry was to reeeive news of
our landing on the continent of S. A. before they could
send this ultimate Orders for the purposse--but the
unforeseen circunstances that have retarded my operations, have prevented my writing to them, bef ore I
could execute the plan in contemplation. 1 think it my

396

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

duty to make this application to you. And I have no


doubt that the assistance which you may be able to
afford us, with the essential support which I have already received from the British Admiral on this station, also from the Governor of this Island and that
of Grenada, will enable us to accomplish this important enterprise, in which the commercial political
interests of G. B. are so deeply involved.
I have the honor to transmit you the enclosed Me-morandum of the supplies, and forces, some of which
are essentially necessary, and all may be tendered
useful, in our operation.
I have the honor to be with esteem and high consideration.
Sir Your most obedient
and most humble servant
(Borrador sin firma)
GEN'. BOWYER COMMEMder of the

Forces &e &e &e.

N.: T. VI, f. 296.

Yagers
MemorandumTroops

Men
200 Regular Infantry.
500 Blaks & people of color.
50 Artillery25 Yagers
Arms & Military Stores.

1,500 Muskets (with Bayonets) of any Caliber or size


4 Field Peices
with Carriges, ammunition &c.
2 Howitzers 1

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

397

Yagers
Provisions.
Men
For 200 for 3 months.
Barbados 10th Juno 1806.
N.: T. VI, f. 297.

Hing's House,
Barbados, June 11th 1806.

Sir
I have been honor 'd with your letter of yesterday 's
date, accompanied with a demand for Troops, ordnanee,
Provision &e) on the subject of an Expedition under
your command 85 the views of the British G-overnment
in case of its success, also requesting such assistance as
may lay in my power for the purpose of carrying into
immediate execution the preconcerted Plan of Independency of the Spanish Colonies in South America, 85 in
reply there to, I beg to acquaint you, that I am highly
sensible of the advantages that might arise to Great
Britain in consequence of the success of your important
Entreprise, c am theref ore the more mortified that
upon the most mature consideration, I must decline cooperating with you upon the occasion giving the
assistance you require, not having liad the least communication or orders concerning the Expedition in
question either from His Royal Highness the Commander in Chief or from his Majesty 's Secretary of
State, & tho 'it might have been aprov 'd of by the last
Administration, it is probable it may not be so by the
present one.
Your application, Sir, is a matter of Buch magnitude
as to its object as well as personally to me, involving
in it probable consequences of serious moment, that I
should hold myself very culpable in complying with

398

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

your request without authority from home or your produeing such documents to me as would in some degree
sanction my interferenee, I therefore presume to recommend your remaining in this Island or resorting to
some station nearer the scene of your intended Operations, until we can hear from his Majesty's Ministers,
to whom I shall submit a Copy of your letter, with one
of my answer, which may produce Instructions, to me
to furnish you with such assistance in Troops &e &c
as you may think necessary & the Force under my
command can afford.
I have the honor to be Sir, with the greatest Respect
& consideration,
Your most obedient humble servant,
REN: BOWYER.
GEN'. MIRANDA
&C &C &e.

N.:

T. VI, f. 298.

PRIVATE.

General Miranda presents his compliments to Capte


Campbell, begs him to read the inclosed letters, to arrest
Capt n Lewis and keep him on board his Vessel until he
sees him : he does not want to mention to him, that
mesures ought to be immediately taken also, to secure
the Leander taking as many Men out of her as may be
necessary ; and replacing them by confidential Men of
his own Ship.
Thursday 12th June 1806. 1/2 past 2. P.M.
N.: T. VI,

f. 300.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

399

General,
Reports which come to me thro' several Officers
who have come on shore this morningit appears to
me that such proceeding are going on, in the Leander,
as require immediate remedyboth as it respects the
detention of the Menthe safety of your property,
and the lives of your Officers.I have just this by
Mr Burnett who has just arrived, and can relate the
facts.Beside this Sir, I learn with regret that one or
two Officers, have taken the part of Blakely, and advocate his coilduct in every thing. This I am willing to
believe arises from their misconception of truth, rather
than intention to do injury.
I am Sir
yours with respect
GEO. W. KIRRLAND

June 13th 1806.


GEN'. MIRANDA.
N.: T. VI,

f.

301.

Bridgetown 14th June 1806.

Sir,
I beg you would put an Officer on board the Leander for the purpose of preventing desertion in the crew
of the ship, as well as to keep order and regularity on
board; giving to the Of ficers and Men under my Command the protection and security they ought to have
in my absence and to remove any Person that may disturb the order, discipline and Peace of the Vessel.
The Master of the ship may be left in the full exereise of his duty to navigate the same, and the supercargo Mr. Jona : S. Smith to take care of the property
of every kind that is on board the Leander, without
whose interference or my orders, nothing ought to be
permitted to be taken out of the ship during my ab-

400

ARCHIVO DEL C}ENERAL MIRANDA

sence at the same time no innovations shall be permitted in the arrangement of the Officers and Men
that are on board, contrary to those already established
previous to our arrival here.
I am with friendship and esteem
Your most obedient servant
(Borrador de Miranda, sin firma)
CAPTn. CAMPBELL

of H.M.S. Lily.

N.: T. VI, f. 302.

159
Bridgetown 13th une 1806.

Sir
I beg you to take charge of the ship Leander, and
all the Property that is on board; and to put an Officer
in charge of her, having removed her late Master for
his higly improper conduct tending to subvert the
arder and discipline of the Ship which ultimately
would frustrate the intended Expedition
I have the honor to be
(Borrador de Miranda, sin firma)
D. CAMPBELL Ese. Com". of H. M. S. Lily.
N.: T. VI, f. 302 vto.
(Nota: El folio 303 es una copia en limpio del Borrador que contiene
el folio 302.)

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

401

COPY
His Majesty's 8loop Lily
Barbadoes 14 (Tune 1806

Sir,
I have to inforra you that in consequence of the
highly improper and unjustifiable treatment the Officers serving under General Miranda has met with from
you, and the Mate of the Leander having been represented to Lord Seaforth, His Excellency conceiving
under such circumstances the Leander must be detained
here 'till the Admirals further wishes are known, and
that the Leander sails are to be unbent and every means
taken to prevent her falling hito the hands of the Enemy 's Squadron in those seas.And I must add while
under my present Orders, it being my indispensible
duty and inclination to afford to General Miranda and
his Officers every support in my power I will not
hesitate one moment in removing from the Leander
any Mate or Seamen who perseveres in the aboye unjustifiable conduct and have now taken on board the Lily
all the British Seamen belonging to the Leander 'till
she is ready to proceed on her intended expedition.
I am Sir
Your most obt servt

(signed) D.

CAMPBELL

CAPTAIN LEWIS

American Ship
Leander
N.: T. VI, 5. 304.

Gent
My Officers and Seamen belonging to the Ship
Leander are in want of money I have none nither have
I the means of geting itas Mr. Sam' G. Ogden Owner
of said Ship has stoped payment, which renders it

402

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

impossible for me to negociate bills Otherways should


do ityou know when I had the means, I used themat present I am under the Disagreeable necessity of
calling on you, in whose service the Ship has been
Employed for these last four months and upwardsif
it were possible for you to give an advance of five
Dollars to each Sailorten to the petty Officers such
as the Boastswain Carpenter Gunner and Steward,
and twenty to Mr. Blackely Mr. Smith ec Mr. Davison
it would satisfy themfor the presentYour ob. serv.
Jffoa. Lzwis

June 14th 1806.


GEN'. MIRANDA

Present.
N.: T. VI, f. 305.

Dear General
The card you now see will explain when you are to
Dinner with the Comm" of the Bacu I shall therefore expect you to morrow at 1/2 past threeI will call
on you in an hour
Yours
N.: T. VI, f. 306.

G. W. KIRSLAND, AL

Mr. Clement Miller, will he happy to be Honored


with General Miranda 's Company to dinner to morrow,
at half past three o 'clock in Bridge Town, as he expects
that Coll Kirkland will do him the similar favor.
Sunday June
N.:

T. VI, f.

307 Tto.

15: 1806

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

403

Brigadier General & M Maclean request the honor of


General Mirandas accompany at Dinner on Thursday
next at 4 o'clock
St. Annes
An answer is requested.
N.: T. VI, f. 308.

The presents is to inform you that the Command


of the Slip Leander having been arrested from me by
your orders and through your means, and that I consider myself no longer Master, you have taken on
yourself to find on board the Leander an Officer not
belonging to the said Slip and in the absence of the officer in whose charge I left said Slip, and took fourteen men belonging to the Leander, and carried them
on board the Lilly, amongst which is all the Seamen
that ware on board the Leander, this Transaction has
given a Gen' Alarm on board that all hands were to
be taken on board the Lilly, and while Mr. Blackely
was on board the Lilly where he had been sent for, the
Carpenter Gunner & Mr. Morrison, called about alongside the Ship and have left her I now Demand that
the Men belonging to the Leander which have been
taken on board the Lilly, and that you write an Order
and Request of Cap t Campbell that they be put on
board the Leander immediately, without which peace
&Order can not be Established, and I must take passage for America, and acquaint Mr. Sam G. Ogden
with the Transaction.
Your Obe. servt.
JH011. LEWIS

Barbadoes
June 17th 1806.
GEN. MIRANDA.
N.:

T. VI, f. 809.

404

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Bridgetown, Barbados,
/8t Junis 1806.

Sir,
I have received General Miranda's order to inform
you, that any communication you may have to make
relative to the service; may be transmitted through
the Supercargo Mr. Smith or myself, the General being
otherwise engaged at this present moment.
am
THOMAS MOLINI

See'
CAPT E . LEWIS.

N.: T. VI, f. 310.

Sir,

I consider myself as no longer Master of the Slip


Leander, and being about to Depart for New York,
I have to Request that you will be pleased to give me
Security for the Charterparty of the schooners Bee
and Bachus which ware made Expressly for yo-ur use
and by your particular DirectionsYour Ob. servt., & &
Jno. LEWIS
June 18th 1806.
Barbadoes.
His Excelleney
GEN'. MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 311.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

405

Bridgetown, Barbadoes
18th June 1806.

Sir,
Your situation of supercargo of the Ship Leander
is at this present moment tke same, as it was when
the ship quitted New York; and the property under
your particular care.
Mr

JONA : S.

Surrn.

(Borrador sin firma)

N.: P. VI, f. 812.

Parvrn.

Bridgetown, Barbadoes
17th June 1806.

My dear Sir,
The inclosed Papers that I wish you would read
with attention, will shew you where I have been compelled to direct my steps since I quitted N-Y- by the
defection and dishonesty of two American Masters of
the name of Lewis, which men were recommended to
me, not only by the Merchants interested in the Expedition, but by our friend Mr King also, that knew as
little of their character it appears, as you do, that
never saw either of them.
I mean to saul from here to Morrow under the Protection of three Vessels of the Navy that the Admiral
on this Station has given to me for the purpose of cooperating with me in the Expedition, we shall find
three others at Trinidad, and many recruits that are
waiting my arrival to join in the Exped". The Governor of Grenada, and of this Island, have given me
every tacit assistance for the success of this enterprise, and the Admiral every thing openly for the purpose, the Comander in Chief is the only person that
has refused assistance, as you will see by his letter.
Do every thing in your power, my dear friend, with
the present Ministry to obtain their support in our
favor, it is their interest as well as that of my Country,
as you know &c.

406

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

I shall write to them soon from Trinidad, from


where you will hear more of me.
(Borrador sin firme)
To the R. H. NICHOLAS VANSITTART.
N.: T. VI, f. 313.

PRmerz.

Bridgetown Barbados
17th June 1806.

Dear Sir,
You will see by the inclosed Papers that I wrote
to the Commander in Chief in the Terms that you
desired me to do, and that his answer shew that your
conjecture was rather sanguine; however Private Merchants have furnished no Arms and Ammunition to a
greater extent than I expected. And some Volunteers
and Recruits from the Country have in a small degree
supplied the deficiency of Troops; I hope that Trinidad will in some measure complete the rest: Lord
Seaforth the govr of this Place spoke to me in friendly
warm and amicable Terms about the Exped n the same
day that you quitted the Harbour, authorising me to
raise recruits in a Private manner, as many as I could
find in this Island; but I must say also that I have
learnt to day that he held a Council Yesterday for the
purpose of arresting the ship Leander, which Council
gave its opinion against the measure. I learnt it from
a Member who confidentially informed me of it this
Morning. Every thing however appears quiet at this
moment and we are in hopes of sailing to Morrow
night if the weather will permit: in fact we should
have sailed yesterday if we had been able to sec Captain Campbell these two days past. To day we have
agreed with him, MT Maxwell t% myself, that the Provisions and Arms shall be embarked in the course of
the day and that to morrow night we shall leave this
Harbour for Trinidad.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

407

He has agreed also to put an scort of 12 sailors with


a Midshipman, on board the Leander for Protection.
I wish you could write him in terms that may enable
his natural indecision to act -with more vigour on other
occasions.
I have transmitted to some of the present Ministers
of his Mayesty copies of your stipulation with me;
and of my letter to General Bowyer with his answer ;
my letter to Gen' Hislop &ca. &ca. I meist very much
upon the necessity of sending orders to you and the
Commanders in these Island to cooperate with us, I
hope they will arrive here sooner than my letter requires time to go to England.
(Borrador sin firma)
REAR ADMIRAL COCHRANE

&e 8re &c.

COPY
Pilgrim 17th June 1806.

Sir,
I have recd your letter of this date requiring my
permission for Gen' Miranda to take on board provisions for 120 Men for three months and between 4 &
500 Stands of Arms and ten six pounders to be purchased here, in the American ship Leander.
Whatever may be my high personal respect for
Gen' Miranda, as I have received no orders whatever
from His Majesty Secretary of State relative to the
expedition fitted out by MT Ogden of New York, I am
really averse to take any active share in the business
least by involving the British Government in disagreeable discussions with other Governments I get myseif into a scrape--for the General have shewn me no
document whatever by which I cou 'd infer that he
or his expedition are recognized by the British Government and the American Ship Leander has violated

408

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

every article of the Navigation Act. for which I shall


protest to Government that the proper Officers be
answerable & not me.
But you state the General to be one of an expedition under the sanction of the Admiral & under the
Command of Captain Campbellif a requisition is
made to me on this ground by Captain Campbell I
shall with great pleasure grant the request, but without such a writen voucher to produce to Ministry 1 will
not act, as I will take no responsability on myself in
a matter of such infinite delicacy as the present.
I have the honor to be
Sir
Your Obedt Humble Servt
H.

(signecl) SEAFORTH.

DALRYMPLE Ese.

Collr. H. M. Customs
&e &e &e.

N.: T. VI, f. 315.

COPY
Pilgrim 17 June 1806.

Gentleman,
It being represented to me that General Miranda
now on board the American Ship the Leander is at present engaged in an expedition under the sanction of
the Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Ship &
Vessels. on this station and Captain Campbell of His
Majesty's Ship Lilly the Commanding Officer of the
expedition having requested me authorize you to allow
the General to ship rovisions for 120 Men for Pthree
Months, between 4 & 500 stand of Arms and ten 6
ounders, to be purchased here, on board the Leander-

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

409

I have to teil you Gentlemen that I have no objection


to the aboye Article being shipped on board the Leander if you see none.
I am,
Gentlemen,
Your most obt hum St
(signed) SEAFORTH.
The Colleetor & Comptroller
of His Majestys Customs
Bridgetown
N.: T. VI, f. 316.

Bridgetown Barbados
18th June 1806.

Sir,
Give me leave to acquaint your Excellency of our
arrival here on the 7' Instant; wo met in he Admiral
a warm friend to this enterprise as you predicted ; he
has given us every assistance that lay in his power,
for to carry the same project into execution; no less
than six armed Vessels have been immediately appointed to cooperate with us, and a Frigate as soon as
she arrives; which force as you may conceive is sufficient for the purpose of handing and covering our
operations on shore.The Governor of this Island
also, has given us every facility to recruit Men for the
Expedition. The Commander in Chief pleads want of
orders for giving the assistance that the Admiral and
myself have requested of him. I hope however that
Trinidad will supply in some measure this deficiency.
We expect to sail for this latter place to Morrow,
and I have no doubt that every assistance that may
lay in your Power tending to promote the success of
this Expedition, will be sent to us from Grenada to
Trinidad, or elsewhere. 1 shall not be wanting in trans-

410

ARCHIV DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

mitting to you every information relative to the progress of our Enterprise ; always considering Governor
Maitland as one of our warm friends and well wishers.
I beg you will present my respect to Mrs Maitland,
and believe me with the highest consideration and
esteem
Your Excellency's most obedient and most
humble servant.
(Borrador sin firma)

His Excellency Governor

MAITLAND

&e. &c. &c.

Island of Grenada.
N.: T. VI, f.

322.

Mr. Collman has the honor of enclosing General


Miranda a letter which he has just med. The Bearer of
this is Mr. Carrington. Mr. C. will consider himself
obliged for any service shewn to Bearer. Mr. Collman
begs the General accept his best respecta.
Thursday Evg.
His Exeellency
GENERAL MIRANDA

J. C. COLLMAN.

N.: T. VI, f. 323.

Broad Street uns 18. 1806.

Dear Sir
The Bearer of this Mr. Carrington is the person in
whose behalf I spoke to you two days pastIf you
could prevail on Gen. Miranda to give him the Commission, he would then have an Authority to shew the Men

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

411

that wishes to inlist with himhe has got four Men


which he has already presented to the Majorif he
does not succed in making up his number of Menhe
will return the Commission& volunteer himselfyou
will pleace pardon this libertybut knowing your influenceI am persuaded a thing of this kind could not
be effected sooner by any Gentl. in TownBelieve me
D. Sir Yours truly
GEO LAW.

J.

C. COLLMAN ESQ.

Broad Street
MR. CARRINGTON.

N.: T.

VI,

f. 324.

Sir
In making up the Statements of the amount of the
articles that are wanted provissions &c. I find that
it will very far exceed the sum I at first sight expected, or what I should like to adventure on the expeditionit will not come under 2,000-1 beg leave to
say that it will be more agreable to me if you could
make it convenient to pay here for the articles, which
shall be laid in at the cheapest rate, free of all eharges
commissions &as I assure you my principal view is
to be of service to youI am further induced to make
this proposition from many unforeseen disappointments, which I have lately experienced and which require all the funds I can coramand. With great respect
I have the honor to be
Sir Yr. obt. svt.
JAMES MAXWELL

N.: T. VI, f. 325.

412

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Sir
I beg your acceptanee of my resignation as Lieutenant of Infantry, in the Columbian Army under your
supreme command.
I have the honor to be with great respeet
Sir
Your most ob t humb Ser"
Bridge Town
Barbados 18th June 1806.

CHAS. RIVINGTON

GENERAL MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 326.

Mr. Bush begs have to state to General Miranda


that he regrets exceedingly the impossibility of getting thro. the tedious formalities of the Custom House
this day, he can solemnly assure the General, that
the fault originates not with him, the Custom Hs.
opens daily at 9 oclok in the morrow. Mr. B. will attend
at the moment of its opening 86 I can assure the General, no exertion shall be wanting to Expedite the
business, so that the Vessel be under weight as soon
as his Lordship the Gen. shall give his signature say
11 oclock, if possible it shall be done sooner.
His Exeelleney
GENERAL MIRANDA.

N.: T. VI, f. 327.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

413

19th June 1806.

By unforeseen circumstances we have been detained


here until this day, when we intend to embark our
Volunteers Provisions &ca. for the purpose of sailing
to morrow at 4 Oclock. The news we received yesterday via Trinidad and those we received two days before from Cumana, are flattering and very satisfactory to our present Expedition. They imply that a
considerable body of Colombians have taken Arms
for their independence and declared themselves the
friends and associates of our enterprise : that they
are waiting with impatience our arrival, the Arms,
Ammunitions, &ca.Unfortunately that the letters
directed from Trinidad to me at this place, have been
carried as they inform me, to St Lucia.
I shall no omit any opportunity of transmitting you
every information that may be important in the progress of our Expee, and I beg you not to delay sending the Jason Frigate as soon as possible to join us,
for more reasons than one.
The adjoining Papers are for your Perusal, and
the two letters N 3 and 4 to Jefferson the President
of the U. S., and Madison his Secretary of State, are
to be seen only by yourself, & are to convince you of
the good faith, that Government professes &c.
The late news from England promise it appears to
me a continuation of the war for a length of time and
a vigour in the present administration much superior
to the last. I hope that our designs will give them the
means of extricating the Country from every difficulty with Honour and Glory..
I hope 4o GI od that your success in the present
undertaking, may be glorious and satisfactory to you.
I am with perfeet esteem and high consideration
Monsieur L'Amiral.
To Rear Admiral
The HOIlble ALENr. COCHRANE
Commander in Chief
&c. &e. &c.
Ste

N.: T. VI,

Lucia.

f. 328.

(Borrador sin firma)

414

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

General Miranda presents his compliments to W


Maxwell, and hopes he will have the goodness of settling his account with Major Roorback, as he promised
yesterday. The sailing our Expedition is stopped by
this circumstance only, and Captain Campbell is pressing him every moment for the departure. If the thing
was not so interesting to the service of both Countries,
as Mr. Maxwell knows, by the stipulations Admiral
Cochrane shewed to him, General Miranda would not
have troubled and pressed him so much as he has done
lately.
He promised last night to Captain Campbell that
he would be embarked this morning by 10 Oclock, in
the supposition that M r Maxwell would do him the
favor of concluding this small transaction before that
time.
Friday 20th June 1806.
6 Oclock A. M.
N.: T. VI, f. 329.

Captain Campbell compliments to Gen' Miranda


request the favor of the Gen' to inform him by letter
if his intention is to delay the service. Captain C, has
the honor to be employed on later that day light & to
morrow morning, if so that Gen' Miranda will be good
enough to grant captn C. a Document that he may
send the Admiral by an opportunity that now offersCaptain C. has sent a Boat that will have every attention to the General wishes.
Lilly
past 6 oclock
Thursday Evening.
On Service
GEN MIRANDA

& & &.


N.:

T. VI, f. 330.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

415

Thursday 19th June 1806


9 Oclock P. M.

General Miranda has the honor to inform Cape


Campbell, in answer to his Note of this Evening, that
he does not intend to delay the Service in which Captain
Campbell is employed, one single moment; but circunstances in the embarkation of the Troops, Arms &
Provisions have retarded it until this day ; when he
intended to embark, with the view of sailing to morrow
at day light as was agreed with Capt n Campbell this
morning. Mr Maxwell having failed in his promise of
settling his accounts this Evening by 6 Oclock and
Mrs Sandorf & Bush having informed him that the
Custom House cannot clear the Vessel that carnes
the Arms and Ammunition, until to morrow morning
at 10 Oclock; G. M. is forced to delay for a few Hours
his embarkation on board the Leander; in hopes that
Mr Mawwell wil have his account settled by to morrow
Morning at 10 Oclock, and the aforementioned Vessel
will be ready to sail by Eleven A. M. G1 Mir` thanks
Captn Campbell fon the attention in sending the Boat,
and requests the same favor for to morrow morning
at 11 Oclock, if the indulgence does not interfere with
the service of the Lilly.
N.: T. VI, f. 331.

LiUJ Carlisle Bay 20 une 1806.

My Dear Gen'
There is now on board the Lilly a French Gentleman of information and family who left Trinidad fourteen days ago His description of sentiments of the people there towards you and your wishes more than
equals your most sanguine hopes I should wish you to
meet him on board the Lilly as frequently as convenient to yourself Your Pamphlet has its full weight
with the Spaniards on board this shipI am convinced your presence among them is all that is now necessary to induce them all join you. If you could send

416

ARCHIV DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

another Pamphlet on board the Express it would perhaps have the same good effect with the Spaniards
there. Por God sake get away from here Lord Seaforth
again interrogated the Officers of the Customs respecting the Leander You have a sincere friend in the
Collector of the Customs I will send a boat for you
at 11 Oclock Will be glad of the honor of your company
on board the Lilly, you can remain on board at nights
or go on board the Leander when you please.
I am not sorry Blakely has left the Leander We
will do very well without him.
I am My Dear Sir
Your most obd. humb. serv.
N.: T. VI, f.

D.

332.

CAMPBELL

On Board Leander 20th Akne 1806.

His Excelleney GENERAL MIRANDA,

Agreeable to the duty incumbent on me, I have the


honor to inform your Excellency of the situation of
the Leander. Capt. Blakely carne on Board last evening, and declined going Master of the Shipthe people soon gained information of this & between the
hours of 3 & 4 in the morning a number of them secretly took the Boat & went off; there is no naval commander on Board.
This I communicated to Capt. Campbell, early this
morning;in his answer he recommends me to communicate this to your Excellency, as he "can give not
orders on the subject."
I am your Excellencies Most Obt. Servat.
SAM1 LOUDON.

His Exeelleney GENERAL MIRANDA


Bridgetown
Barbados.
N.: T. VI, f.

388.

PROLEGMENOS DE LA INDEPENDENCIA

417'

His Excelleney GENERAL MIRANDA

Sir
Permit me Sir to apply to you for assistance in my
necessitous situation.
As a Gentleman I cannot leave Barbadoes without
paying my bill and without your aid I have not the
means of doing it.
I assure you upon my honor I have not spent one
shelling but for neeessaries and what I rec d from you
through Major Roorbach has already been paid on that
accountthere remains a ballanee against me of fifty
five dollars which I hope you will have the goodness
to send me and thereby much oblige your Excellency's
very faithful and obedient servant
Wm HOSACH

ist Lt Art. Col. ARMSTRONG


Barbadoes June 20 th 1806.

His Excellecy GEN'. MIRANDA.


N.: T. VI, f. 335.

Nota:

Con este documento termina el Tomo VI.

INDICE GENERAL

INDICE GENERAL
DE LAS MATERIAS QUE CONTIENE ESTE TOMO
Pg.
Prlogo

Prolegmenos de la Independencia : Documentos y correspondencia


Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda

Carta del General Miranda a Mr. Nicholas Vansittart
Pf

PP

f3

PP

Pf

Pf

Pf

Pf

f,

PI

99

Pf

Pf

Pf

ff

>1

5
5
5
6
7
8


ff

27

Pf

ff

9
Borrador de una carta del General Miranda a Alex Davison
Lista de los efectos comerciables de mayor consumo en la
10
costa firme Espaola de Caracas y Cartagena
11
Carta de Ales Davison al General Miranda
Pf

Pf

Pf

Pf

PP

PP

12

JP

Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda


Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
ff

Pf

ff

1,

PP

ff

15

Pf

Carta de .Alex Davison al General Miranda


Carta de J. Melville al General Miranda
Carta de Jhos. J. Peiree al General Miranda
Carta del General Miranda al Sr. Nicholas Vansittart
Pf
PI

Pf
Pf

t P
ll

Pf
PP

14
14

PP

f,

Pf

PP

f P

Pf

fl

Pf


Carta de John Turnbull al General Miranda
Carta del General Miranda al Hon. William Pitt
Carta de Jos. Lambot al General Miranda
Carta de Jos. Lambot al General Miranda
Carta del Sr. J. M. Rico a Don Francisco de Miranda . ..

15
16
17
18
19
20

21
21
22
26

26

422

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Pg.
Extracto de una carta del Sr. J. M. Rico al General Miranda 32
Carta del Sr. Carlos Callen al Sr. Bargas
35
Carta de Don Francisco de Miranda al Hon. Lord Melville 38
Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda

40
Carta de Domingo Snchez al General Miranda
41
Carta de M. Rutherfurd a Mr. Martin (General Miranda) . 45
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
46
Carta de Jhos. J. Peirce al General Miranda

46
Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda
47
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda

48
Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda

48
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
49
Carta sin firma al General Miranda
50
Carta de Evan Nepean al General Miranda
51
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
51
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
51
52
Carta de Evan Nepean al General Miranda
52
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
53
Carta de Evan Nepean al General Miranda
53
Carta del General Miranda a Sir. Evan Nepean
54
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
54
Carta de Mr. Melville presentando cumplimientos al General Miranda
55
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
55
Memorandum del General Miranda sobre el estado de las Colonias Hispano-Americanas
56
Carta sin direccin escrita por el General Miranda
59
Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda
60
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
61
Carta de Evan Nepean al General Miranda
62
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
62
Carta de presentacin de saludos del General Miranda al
Hon. William Pitt
62
Carta de Evan Nepean al General Miranda
63
Carta del General Miranda a Sir. Evan Nepean
63
Tarjetas enviadas al General Miranda
64
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
65
ff

Pf

9)

1,

423

fNDICE GENERAL

Pg.
Extracto de una carta para Wm. Brown Esq. de Trinidad 65
Carta de J. Peirce a Don Francisco de Miranda

66

66
Extracto de una carta para Mr. Brown
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
67
68
68
Carta del General Miranda a Mess. Ws. Brown & Co.
Borrador de una carta del General Miranda
69

70
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
Carta de W. Rutherfurd al General Miranda (Mr. Martin) 71
Carta de Jos. Lambot al General Miranda
72
Carta de J. Montes Rico al General Miranda
74

79
Carta de H. P. al General Miranda
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
79
Carta de George Fitwilliam al General Miranda
81
Carta de Don. Francisco de Miranda a Lord Melville
82
Carta de presentacin de cumplimientos del General Miranda a Lord Melville
83
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
84
Carta de W. S. Smith a D. Francisco de Miranda
85
Memorandum de D. Francisco de Miranda despus de la
Conferencia de Wimbledon
85
Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda
97
Carta de D. Francisco de Miranda al Hon. William Pitt 98
ff

ff

ff

77

))

ff

f f

If

11

fl

ff

2/

fI

99

Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda


99
Junta General de 25 de Agosto de 1804.Trata de una Real
Orden del Excmo. Sr. Prncipe de la Paz, Generalsimo
de Mar y Tierra
100
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
102
Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda
104
Carta de M. Fullarton al General Miranda

105
Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda
106
Carta de W. Robertson al General Miranda
107
Carta con una firma en griego al General Miranda
107
Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda
108
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
109
Carta de E. W. Popham al General Miranda
109
Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda
110
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda

110

424

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Pg.

111
111

Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda


Carta de E. W. Popham al General Miranda
Carta de John Turnbull al General Miranda
ff

112
113

Pf

Pf

ff

113
114
114
116

Carta de Lord Melville al General Miranda


Carta de John Turnbull al General Miranda
Carta de D. Francisco de Miranda al Hon. William Pitt
Carta de D. Francisco de Miranda a Lord Melville
fI
ff

Pf
Pf

PP

PP
Pf

ft

Pf

ft

11

f f

fP

Pf

Pf

ft

119

Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda


Carta del General Miranda a Mr. Rutherfurd
ff

PI

PP

ft

t>

121

Pf

Pf

Means for carrying it into Execution


Carta de J. Peirce al General Miranda
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
IP

PP

143

ff

144
144
146

Carta de Nieholas Vansittart al General Miranda


Carta de D. Francisco de Miranda a Sir Evan Nepean
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
ff

f f

PP

ft

11

ff

Pf

Pf

f f

f f

PI

Carta de presentacin de cumplimientos del General Miranda a Mr. Cooke


Carta de William Whitenal al General Miranda
Tarjetas de Visita
Carta de Evan Nepean al General Miranda
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
Pf

ff

tt

I f

f,

Pf

t)

122

123
125
125
125
128
129
130
132
132
135
141
142

Carta de Jos. Lambot al General Miranda


Carta de P. E. Turnbull al General Miranda
Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda
Carta de Jos. Lambot al General Miranda
Carta de Lt al General Miranda
Carta de Geo. Fitzwilliam al General Miranda
Observaciones
Carta de Jos. Lambot al General Miranda
Carta de Home Popham al General Miranda

ff

117
118

Pf

>9

147
148

148
152
158
159
159
160

425

fNmcE GENERAL

Pg.
Carta de Nicholas Vansittat al General Miranda
fe

fe

fe

Pf

ef

161

fe

Carta de John Turnbull a Sir Robt. Preston


Carta de W. Rutherfurd al General Miranda
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda

fe

fe

Pf

162

ff

Carta de Geo. Fitzwilliam al General Miranda


Carta de D. Francisco de Miranda a Lord Melville
Carta de D. Francisco de Miranda a Sir Evan Nepean
Tarjetas de visita
Carta de W. Fullarton al General Miranda

162
164
164

165

166
167

. 168
169
169

171

Apuntes personales
172
Ejecucin en Caracas el dio de 1798
172
Reflexiones de un sugeto amante a la Livertad 6 Independencia de las Amricas Espailolas
174
Noticia del estado de Fuerzas en que se halla la Plaza de
Campeche; situacin del Puerto con las demas anexas
que se me piden
181
Notas sobre la ciudad de Caracas
185
Noticias particulares dedicadas al Sr. General D. Francisco
de Miranda por lo que pueda interesar, relativas a las
Provincias de Venezuela: Reyno de Santa F de Mxico 187
Apstrofe de Milton a Cronwell sacada de su defensin segunda por el Doctor Birch en la vida de aquel
204
Carta de W. Columbine al General Miranda
205
Carta del General Miranda a Sir Evan Nepean
205
Carta de Y. Debof fe al General Miranda
206
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda

207
Carta de Nieholas Vansittart al General Miranda
207
Carta de Evan Nepean al General Miranda
207
Carta del General Miranda a Mr. Nicholas Vansittart
210
Carta de C. Williarnson al General Miranda
211
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
212
Carta del General Miranda a Nicholas Vansittart
213
Carta de .Alex Davison al General Miranda
213
Carta de C. Williamson al General Miranda
214
Carta del General Miranda a Mr. William Pitt
215

426

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Pg.
Carta de presentacin de cumplimientos del General Miranda a Mr. William Pitt
218
Disposicin testamentaria de D. Francisco de Miranda
219
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
222
Carta del General Miranda a Nicholas Vansittart
223
Carta de W. Fullarton al General Miranda
223
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
224
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda

224
225
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
225
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
226
Carta de E van Nepean al General Miranda
227
Carta del General Miranda a Nieholas Vansittart
228
Carta del General Miranda a Sir Evan Nepean
228
Carta de Geo Fizwilliams al General Miranda
228
Carta de John Turnbull a E. Cooke
229
Carta del General Miranda a los seores Chauveau la Garde, Clerisseau y Le Grand

231
Carta del General Miranda a John Turnbull
232
Carta de John Turnbull al General Miranda
233
Carta de presentacin de cumplimientos de Mr. Cooke al

General Miranda

233
Carta del General Miranda a Mr. Rufus King

234
Carta del General Miranda a Mr. Christopher Gore
235
235
Carta del General Miranda a Mr. William S. Smith
Carta de E. H. Columbine al General Miranda
236
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda

237
Comunicacin de C. Williamson al General Miranda
237
Carta de John Turnbull al General Miranda
239
Carta del General Miranda a Sir Evan Nepean
240
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
241
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
241

J)

If

7>

If

9)

!Y

))

Carta de D. Francisco de Miranda a Sir Evan Nepean .


Carta de Presentacin de cumplimientos del General Miranda a Mr. William Pitt
Carta de Nicholas Vansittart al General Miranda
Carta de P. Williamson al General Miranda

242

243
245
249
250

427

INDICE GENERAL

Pg.
Carta de Ches. Williamson al General Miranda
251
Noticias interesantes extractadas de la Gua de Forasteros
de Madrid del afo 1802

254
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
255
f7

19

ft

256

tt

Carta de E. M. Popham al General Miranda


Carta de C. Williamson al General Miranda
Carta de Alex Davison al General Miranda
Carta de C. Williamson al General Miranda
9

PP

ff

9/

ff

ff

>2

ff

Pf

ft

ff

256
257
257
258

259
260
262

Carta de presentacin de cumplimientos del General Miranda a Mr. Williamson


263
Carta de J. Pavf a al General Miranda
264
29

f f

P7

29

/9

99

Pf

99

265

Pf

266

99

tf

9,

99

99

Pf

9,

99

99

99

tt

f9

f f

Pf

f9

97

ff

1,

ft

ff

Pf

267
270
272

ff

Carta de William Armstrong al General Miranda


Carta del General Miranda al General Knox
Carta de presentacin de cumplimientos del General Miranda a Mr. Ellicott's
Diario de Miranda en New York y Washington
Carta del General Miranda a Mr. Laws
Carta del General Miranda a Mr. Molini
79

Pf

Pf

Pf

Pf

Pf

277
277
279
279
293
295

296

Pf

Carta de William Stephens Smith al General Miranda


ff

273
274

7,

298
300

Carta de D. Francisco de Miranda a Mr. William S. Smith 300


Carta de J. L. al General Miranda
301
Carta de J. Lewis al General Miranda
302
Carta de Knox al General Miranda
303
Carta del General Miranda a Mr. Rufus King

306
Carta de Sam G. Ogden a los sefiores Campbell & O 'Hara . 306

428

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Pg.
307

Carta de William Armstrong al General Miranda


Carta de G. Ed. Fitzwilliam al General Miranda (Mr
Martin)
Carta de G. Ed. Fitzwilliam al General Miranda
Extracto de una carta a Mr. G. Fitzwilliam y Mr. Alexr
Macomb de New York
Carta a Mr. Martin sin firma
Carta de John Turnbull a Georges Martin
Carta de J. Turnbull a George Martin
Carta de John Turnbull a Geo. Martin
f)

),

Y)

12

310
312

313
316
317
318
320
321
323
324
324

Carta de John Rutherfurd a Mr. George Martin


Carta de J. L. al General Miranda
Carta de Ruf us King al General Miranda
Carta de presentacin de cumplimientos del Doctor Fillary
al General Miranda
Invitacin a un almuerzo al General Miranda por Mr. Davison Ludlow
Invitacin a un almuerzo al General Miranda por el Dr.
Bruce

Carta de Rufus King al General Miranda
Invitacin a un almuerzo al General Miranda por Mr. J. N.
Livingston
Carta de saludo del Dr. Romayne al General Miranda
Carta de Nicholas Romayne al General Miranda

Carta del General Miranda a Joseph Lambot
f)

>7

ff

3)

>Y

324
325
325
325

326
326
328
329
330

Carta del General Miranda al Hon. Nicholas Vansittart 331


332
Carta sin firma a John Turnbull

333
Carta del General Miranda a Mrs Martin .
Carta del General Miranda al Hon. Nicholas Vansittart 335
335
Carta de John Duer al General Miranda
336
Carta del General Miranda a John Duer
Proclama del General D. Francisco de Miranda a los Pue338
blos habitantes del Continente Americo-Colombiano
Relacin de fuerzas militares en la Provincia de Venezuela 342

344
Tarjetas de invitaciones
Carta de Don Francisco de Miranda al Presidente de los
346
Estados Unidos de Amrica Mr. Thomas Jefferson

429

frnmcx Aurestnco

Pg.

Carta de D. Francisco de Miranda al Hon. James Madison 347


Carta del General Miranda a Mr. William Brown y Joseph
351
Lambot
351
Carta de A. Smith al General Miranda
f f

PP

99

91

99

Pf

Carta del General Miranda a Sir A. Mithel


Memorandum al General Miranda de Mr. J. Wight
Carta del General Miranda a Mr. Jacob Lewis
99

ff

99

99

Pf

Pf

Pf

PP

f f

91

PP

Pf

91

f1
99

353

354
354
356

PP

Carta de Lewis al General Miranda


Carta de J. Lewis a Mr. George Martin
99

352

357
358
360

t)

Pf

PP

PP

361

362

Carta de Jonas S. Smith a Mr. George Martin


PP

Pf

PP

Pf

Carta de Jhos. Lewis a Mr. George Martin


ff

Pf

PP

PP

Pf

Pf

Pf

363

Pf

PP

364

365

Carta del General Miranda al Capitn Thomas Lewis. .. 366



366
Carta de Jhos. Lewis a Mr. George Martin
370
Papeles a los Comandantes en Jefe
Minutas de procedimientos convenidos con el Comandante

374
en Jefe
377
Relaciones de armamentos
382
Carta de William Armstrong al General Miranda
383
Carta sin firma a Mr. Armstrong
383
Carta de William Armstrong al General Miranda
Carta de presentacin de cumplimientos del Capitn Camp384
bell al General Miranda
385
Carta de Don Francisco de Miranda al General Hislop
387
Carta de Geo. W. Kibkland al General Miranda
Carta de presentacin de cumplimientos del Capitn Camp391
bell al General Miranda

392
Carta de Alex Cochrane al General Miranda
Carta del General Miranda al Almirante Alex Coehrane 394
Invitacin a un almuerzo del General Bowyer al General

395
Miranda

395
Borrador sin firma al General Bowyer
.
397
Carta del General Bowyer al General Miranda

430

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Pg.
Carta de presentacin de cumplimientos del General Miran398
da al Capitn Campbell
399
Carta de Geo. W. Kirkland al General Miranda
399
Carta de Miranda al Capitn Campbell


400
79
7,
77
72
400
Carta de D. Campbell al Capitn Lewis
401
Carta de Jhos. Lewis al General Miranda
402
Carta de G. W. Kirkland al General Miranda
Invitacin a un almuerzo de Mr. Clement Miller al General
402
Miranda
Invitacin a un almuerzo de Mr. Maclean al General Mi
403
randa
403
Carta de Jhos. Lewis al General Miranda
404
Carta de Thomas Molini al Capitn Lewis
404
Carta de Jhos. Lewis al General Miranda

405
Carta del General Miranda a Mr. Jonas S. Smith
Carta del General Miranda a Mr. Nicholas Vansittart
405
406
Carta del General Miranda al Almirante Cochrane
Carta de Seaforth a H. Dalrymple
407
409
Borrador sin firma al Gobernador Maitland
Carta de Geo Law a J. C. Collman
410
Carta de James Maxwell
411
Carta de Chas. Rivington al General Miranda
411
Borrador sin firma al Almirante Cochrane
413
Carta de cumplimiento del Capitn Campbell al General
Miranda

414
Carta de informe del General Miranda al Capitn Camp- 415
bell
415
Carta de D. Campbell al General Miranda
415
Carta de Sam. Loudon al General Miranda
416
Carta de William Hosach, primer Teniente de Artillera de
la Col. Armstrong al General Miranda
417
>Y

INDICE ALPABETICO

INDICE ALFABETICO
DE LOS NOMBRES QUE FIGURAN EN ESTE TOMO
Alnado, Puerto de, pg. 101.
Abaeeal, Jos Fernando, Virrey del
Per, pg. 344.
Adams, John, pgs. 283, 291, 293,
294.
Addinttong, Mr. pgs. 22, 39, 104.
Africa, pg. 220.
Aidmerich, Estevan, Brigadier, pgina 189.
Alava, Teniente General, pg. 186.
Alburquerque, Francisco, Sargento,
pgs. 194, 343.
Alvarado, pg. 188.
Alexandria, pgs. 284, 288.
Amar, Antonio, Virrey de Granada,
pg. 344.
Amazonas, ro, pg. 132.
Amrica, pgs. 18, 35, 43, 45, 70,
84, 86, 87, 116, 121, 135, 172,
216, 218, 219, 220, 227, 243, 244,
249, 250, 267, 271, 280, 281, 282,
311, 313, 314, 315, 318, 320, 326,
353, 358, 387, 392.
Amrica del Norte, pgs. 34, 174.
Amrica Meridional, pgs. 62, 144,
145, 203, 217, 248, 249, 290, 385.
Amricas Espattolas, pgs. 174, 187.
Ambule, pg. 210.
Andrews, Sara (Ama de llaves de
Miranda), pg. 221.
Anee, Cristobal, Capitn, pg. 342.
Anfitrite, La, Fragata, pg. 185.
Angostura, pgs. 126, 130, 131, 132.
Antioquia, pg. 203.
Apaches, Indios, pg. pg. 290.
Aparicio, Sra. de, pg. 255.

Apure, pg. 57.


Asia, pgs. 88, 90, 220.
Asia, Navo, pg. 185.
Atila, pg. 211.
Atlntico, pg. 263.
Atkins, Abram, pg. 129.
Atkine, John, pg. 129.
Aragua, Valles de..., pgs. 172, 194,
270.
Aragua, Batalln de Blancos de, pgina 343.
Arendez, Jacobus A, pg. 368.
Arvalo, Antonio, Teniente General,
pg. 202.
Aristhizabal, Gabriel, pg. 271.
Armstrong, pgs. 278, 363, 382, 383.
Armstrong, Coronel, pgs. 370, 374,
376, 381, 387, 417.
Armstrong, William, - pgs. 277, 309,
378, 380, 384.
Aruba, pgs. 388, 371, 372, 373, 392.
Avery, Mre., pgs. 295, 300, 303,
324.
Ayala, Antonio, pg. 191.
Ayala, Francisco, Teniente Coronel,
pg. 202.
Ayala, Juan Pablo, pg. 191.
Ayala, Manuel de, pg. 191.
B acalar, Presidio del, pg. 182.
Bahamas, Islas, pg. 173.
Balcer, Mr. pg. 358.
Baltimore, pgs. 282, 283, 288.
Balloch, Teniente, pg. 181.
Ball, pg. 183.

434

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Barant Norrbach, Capitn, pg. 349.


Barbados, pgs. 18, 46, 129, 141,
166, 275, 811, 312, 386, 387, 391,
394, 397, 403, 404, 409, 412, 417.
Barcelona, pgs. 32, 178, 180, 184,
197.
Bargas, pgs. 35, 44.
Barinas, Provincia de, pgs. 131,
178, 195, 270, 344.
Barkeley, Capitn, pg. 395.
Barre, Mr. pg. 316.
Barrios, pg. 322.
Barris, Mr. pg. 321.
Barry, Mr. pgs. 315, 317, 319, 334.
Barton, Mr., pg. 141.
Bayona, pg. 10.
Bedofee Y., pg. 206.
Begora, M4, pg. 36.
Bellop, John, Capitn, pg. 379.
Bent, Robert, pg. 288.
Berde, Caballero, pg. 191.
Berln, pgs. 86, 291.
Bermuda, pg. 354.
Bermudes, Williana, pg. 379.
Bertrand, Mr., pg. 133.
Bertrand de Moleville, Mons., pgs.
138, 140, 141.
Biggs, Teniente, pg. 381.
Bilbao, pgs. 116, 264.
Birch, Dr. pg. 204.
Bobadilla, Remigio M., Capitn, pgina 203.
Boca-chica, Castillo de ..., pg. 202.
Bonaire, Isla de, pg. 375.
Bonaparte, pgs. 37, 89, 93, 133,
134, 220, 286, 291, 318, 319, 323.
Bonaparte, Imperio de, pg. 135.
Boston, pgs. 8, 21, 50, 68, 69, 278,
283, 287, 303, 307, 309, 336.
Bourbon, Prncipe de, pg. 139.
Bourjot, pg. 288.
Boom, Mr. pg. 115.
Bourne, Mr. pgs. 62, 63, 65.
Bowdoin, Mr. pg. 303.
Bowyer, pg. 407.
Bowyer, General, pgs. 386, 395, 396.
Bowyer, Henry, pg. 398.
Black, Mr. pg. 36.

Blakborne, Miss, pg. 285.


Blakely, Capitn, pg. 418.
Blakely, Mr. pgs. 362, 384, 399,
402, 403.
Brasil, pg. 89.
Briarly, pgs. 126, 128, 132.
Brierly, Capitn, pgs. 129, 130.
Bristol, pg. 281.
Brogden, Mr. J., pg. 64.
Bron, Sr. pg. 42.
Broom, pg. 293.
Brown, Mr. pgs. 66, 67, 70, 121,
315, 360.
Brown, William, pgs. 25, 65, 350.
Bruce, pg. 325.
Buadley, Senador, pg. 286.
Buckanan, Alex, pg. 379.
Buchanan, Me. W., pg. 379.
Buenos Aires, pgs. 94, 95, 96, 188.
Buller, James, pg. 24.
Bullock, Teniente, pg. 376.
Burdeos, pg. 255.
Burgos, pg. 264.
Burgeidd, Gust. A., Capitn, pgina
379.
Burke, I., pg. 379.
Burlis, Stephen, pg. 379.
Burnett, Mr. pg. 399.
Burnet, David, pg. 349.
Burnet, Jes., pg. 379.
Burnet, Teniente, pg. 381.
Burtingham, G., pg. 379.
Buryord, Gustavo Adolfo, pg. 343.
Bustamante y Guerra, Gobernador de
Montevideo, pg. 186.
Bush, Mr. pg. 412.
Bute, Marqus de ..., pg. 217.
Bute, Myd., pg. 217.

C adiz, pgs. 112, 173, 196, 270,


271.
Cagigal, pgs. 38, 173, 292.
Gagigal, Gobernador de la Habana,
pg. 217.
Gagigal, Juan Manuel de, Brigadier,
pgs. 191, 344.
Ceder, Sir. P., pg. 239.

brinca ALFABfrrIco
Caldern, Lorenzo, pg. 105.
Callao, Puerto del, pg. 186.
Calvert, Mr. pg. 288.
Calvo, Diego, Ingeniero, pg. 202.
Cmara de los Comunes, pgs. 159,
168.
Camden, Lord, pgs. 105, 128, 208,
209, 226.
Camm, Mr. pg. 314.
Campan, Coronel, pg. 71.
Campbell, pg. 306.
Campbell, D., pgs. 401, 416.
Campbell, Capitn, pgs. 384, 391,
398, 400, 403, 406, 408, 414, 415.
Campeche, pgs. 181, 182, 183, 199.
Canad, pgs. 250, 258, 260.
Calero, Carlos, pgs. 38, 45, 77, 120,
163, 330.
Caracas, pgs. 10, 21, 27, 32, 33,
34, 38, 39, 56, 58, 59, 82,
85, 86, 90, 92, 94, 96, 98,
116, 126, 127, 129, 130, 166, 172,
173, 180, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189,
190, 193, 194, 196, 201, 203, 219,
221, 233, 243, 255, 270, 338, 342,
343.
Carga y Savedra, Lorenzo, Teniente
Coronel, pg. 202.
Carmen, Presidio del ..., pg. 199.
Caro, pg. 87.
Carondelet, 13ar6n de ..., Mariscal,
pg. 202.
Caronie, Ro, pg. 72.
Carranza, Juan, Capitn de Navo,
pg. 186.
Carrington, Mr., pgs. 410, 411.
Cartagena, pgs. 10, 90, 94, 176,
202, 254, 255.
Cartagena, Puerto de, pg. 186.
Casas, Juan de, pgs. 342, 343.
Cassin, John, pg. 283.
Castillo, pg. 254.
Castlereagh, Lord, pg. 239.
Castro, Nicols de, pg. 342.
Cattle, pg. 81.
Cause, General, pg. 321.
Caxigal, pg. 172.

435

Cejudo, Anastasio, Mariscal, pgina


202.
Ceuta, pg. 270.
Clarek, Teniente, pg. 381.
Cleopatra, Fragata inglesa, pginas
353, 354, 355.
Clerieaux, Mr. pg. 220.
Clerisseaux d'Auteville, Mr., pginas
219, 231.
Clery (criado de los XVI), pg. 285.
Clinton, Presidente, pg. 290.
Cochra,ne, Alex, Almirante, pgs.
386, 394, 407, 413, 414.
Coll, pg. 121.
Cellman, Mr. pg. 410.
Collman, J. C., pg. 411.
Colombia, pgs. 347, 350.
Colonias anglo-americanas, pg. 145.
Colonias Hispano-Americanas, pgs.
56, 84, 216, 220, 243.
Coln, pg. 35.
Columbia, Fundicin de Artillera de,
pg. 291.
Columbine, Capitn, pgs. 169,171.
Columbine, E. H., pgs. 236, 237.
Columbine, W. pg. 205.
Concha, Agustn de la, pg. 191.
Continente Americano, pg. 230.
Continente Americo-Colombiano, pgina 338.
Continente Hispano-Ainerigano, pginas 205, 220, 287.
Continente Sur Americano, pg. 167.
Cooke, pgs. 147, 148, 208, 209, 210,
233, 239, 247, 250, 253, 259, 322,
333.
Coro, pgs. 180, 195, 270.
Correa, Miguel, Sargento Mayor, pgina 343.
Correa y Guevara, Ramn, Teniente
Coronel, pg. 201.
Corrientes, pg. 76.
Corte de Madrid, pg. 79.
Corts, pgs. 42, 45, 59.
Cortez, Mr. pgs. 33, 38.
Cortina, M., pg. 116.
Cortinez, Jos Ignacio, pg. 192.

436

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

0orufla, pg. 116.


Costom, pg. 285.
Craufurd, pg. 345.
Crowell, pg. 204.
Cuba, pgs. 75, 310.
Cuba, Philip, pg. 868.
Cucaln, Bartolom, Teniente Coronel, pgs. 202, 255.
Cuenca, pg. 203.
Cuman, pgs. 32, 38, 43, 177, 178,
180, 184, 200, 201, 270, 342, 343,
344, 413.
Curazao, pgs. 175, 197, 203, 229,
230, 245, 253, 270, 311, 318, 319.
Curtis, Roger, pg. 158.
Cusac, Mr., pg. 171.

CH

agra, ro, pg. 94.


Chagre, Castillo de ..., pgs. 202,
254.
Chapman, Mr., pgs. 23, 24, 25, 47.
Charleston, pg. 292.
Chauvaux la Garde, Mr. pgs. 219,
231.
Chile, pgs. 95, 96, 153, 346.
Chirequies, Indios, pg. 290.
Choc, pg. 203.

Dalrymple, H., pg. 408.


D 'Anduaga, Ministro plenipotenciario, pg. 169.
Darien, Istmo de, pg. 89, 139.
Darien del Sur, pg. 202.
Darnley, Lord, pg. 242.
David, pg. 141.
Davis, Benjamn, pg. 379.
Davison, Alex, pgs. 5, 7, 8, 9, 11,
12, 13, 14, 16, 46, 48, 50,
52, 53, 54, 56, 61, 67, 68,
82, 84, 97, 98, 102, 104, 108,
111, 119, 142, 144, 165, 166, 167,
213, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 237,
239, 240, 241, 244, 255, 256, 258,
331, 332, 402.
Davison, Mrs., pg. 224, 225, 228.
Dawson, Mr. pg. 359.

De Gourville, Mlle., pgs. 73, 123,


124.
Delaware, Ro, pgs. 281, 282.
De %unes, pgs. 122, 163, 380.
Devonshire, pg. 310.
De Witt Clinton, Mr. pg. 345.
Diez de Rabago, Simn, pg. 844.
Donohue, Mayor, pgs. 370, 373, 374,
376, 379.
Dorington, Mr. pg. 236.
Duer, John, pgs. 336, 337.
Duer, William, pgs. 335, 336, 337.
Duff, Capitn, 322.
Dulau, Librero, pg. 232.
Dulau, Mr., pg. 16.
Dulcinea del Toboso, pg. 46.
Dultot, General, pg. 75.
Dunlop, Coronel, pg. 169.
Duperon, pg. 210.
Duperou, joven alemn, pg. 216.
Duque de Orleans, pgs. 136, 139,
140.
Duque de York, pgs. 259, 260, 379.
Durning, R. Capitn, pg. 379.
Duvriens, Daniel R., pg. 348.
Dyes Surgeon, Mr. pg. 153.

Eaton, Sr., pg. 286.


Edinbourgh, pg. 106.
Edsall, J., pg. 379.
Ellicott, Mr. pg. 279.
Elliot, John, Mr., pg. 349.
Elliot, Is., pg. 379.
Espafia, pgs. 20, 27, 29, 32, 38, 40,
43, 44, 45, 71, 85, 87, 88,
89, 92, 93, 97, 102, 114, 120,
121, 122, 127, 129, 131, 133, 135,
141, 144, 145, 163, 164, 167, 172,
173, 198, 205, 217, 244, 248, 255,
292, 310, 318, 319, 320, 330, 339,
341, 354, 367, 393, 394.
Espejo, pg. 193.
Espeleta, pg. 217.
Espinola, Manuel, Coronel, pg. 202.
Esquiaqui, Domingo, Brigadier, pgina 202.
Estados Unidos de Amrica, pg..

INDICE AL1111311TICO

57, 58, 59, 70, 89, 220, 282,


283, 299, 303, 355, 363, 367, 387,
388, 389, 390, 393.
Europa, pgs. 44, 86, 88, 90, 93,
94, 134, 135, 166, 174, 220, 227,
229, 244, 248, 284, 355, 395.
Evans, Librero, 232.

Falkam, Coronel, pg. 64.


Farquharson, Francia, pg. 349.
Farqukerson, Fras., Teniente, pg.
379.
Fawkener, Mr., pgs. 124, 125.
Fernndez, Jos Mara, pg. 191.
Fernndez de la Hoz, Lorenzo, Coronel, pg. 344.
Ferris, In., Teniente, 379.
Ferrol, pg. 116.
Filadelfia, pgs. 59, 88, 173, 203,
281, 282, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296,
297.
Filipinas, Islas, pgs. 186, 189.
Fillary, Dr., pg. 324.
Fitzwilliam, George, 25, 72, 81, 82,
83, 91, 98, 115, 126, 130, 166,
229, 239, 311, 313, 317, 318, 319,
320, 321, 323, 329, 330.
Flawkesbury, Lord, pg. 20.
Flanc, Lord, pg. 239.
Florida, pgs. 290, 292.
Foot, Edward, pgs. 129, 130.
Fortich, Gobernador de Portovelo,
pg. 255.
Poster (Secretario de Embajada ingls), pg. 285.
Fowkner, pg. 172.
Francia, pgs. 59, 87, 88, 89, 92,
93, 96, 119, 133, 134, 145, 170,
216, 217, 219, 220, 221, 248, 271,
287, 289, 292.
Frankford, pg. 281.
Franklinville, pg. 293.
Frere, Mr., pgs. 108, 125.
Fulham, pgs. 53, 60, 240, 242.
Fullarton, W., Coronel, pgs. 105,
121, 169, 171, 223, 327.

437

Galaber, pg. 368.


Gallego, Manuel, pg. 344.
Garca, Agustn, Oficial de Artillera, pg. 188.
Gardie, pgs. 122, 330.
Gardiner, Jer B., Capitn, pgs. 370,
373, 374, 379.
Gardner, James, pgs. 349, 350.
Garrisson, pgs. 92, 131, 132, 136,
137, 138.
Georgtown, pg. 292.
Gibraltar, pgs. 123, 136, 270.
Thoe., Teniente, pg. 379.
Glaston, Mr. pg. 313.
Gloria, Fragata, pg. 185.
Gloeter, pg. 105.
Gobierno Britnico, pgs. 87, 91.
Gobierno de Santo Domingo, pg. 73.
Gobierno Espaol, pgs. 42, 43, 56,
59, 92, 267.
Gooke, Mr. pg. 161.
Gonzlez, Manuel, pg. 203.
Gonzlez Ortega, Pedro, pg. 342.
Gore, Christopher, pgs. 17, 158, 235,
295, 307, 308.
Gran Bretaf12, pgs. 39, 50, 56, 87,
92, 93, 118, 133, 135, 140, 168,
353, 385, 386, 388, 393, 394, 397.
Granada, pgs. 175, 385.
Granada, Nuevo Reino de..., pg. 202.
Granger Mr., pg. 302.
Grant, John, Sargento, pg. 379.
Gravena, pg. 226.
Gravesend, pgs. 68, 275.
Grenada, pgs. 18, 396, 405, 409.
Grenada, Isla de, pg. 410.
GITenville, Lord, pgs. 87, 93.
Guadalupe, Isla de, pgs. 33, 42, 45,
46, 59, 75, 128.
Gual, Manuel, pgs. 27, 33, 34, 41,
42, 44, 173, 203, 255.
Guatemala, pgs. 172, 200.
Guayana, pgs. 130, 131, 178, 196,
201, 342, 343, 344.
Guayana Espaola, pgs. 57, 270.
Guayaquil, pgs. 156, 157, 203, 255.
Guayra, La, pgs. 34, 41, 76, 94,
127, 129, 130, 181, 172, 175, 179,

438

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

180, 187, 190, 191, 194, 196, 201,


270, 271, 344, 376.
Guebara, General, pg. 29.

Guerrero, Pedro, Teniente Coronel,


pg. 202.
Guevara, Manuel de, Mariscal de
Campo, pg. 343.
Guevara Vasconcelos, Manuel de, Capitn General, pg. 342.
Gutierrez, Antonio, pg. 192.
Gutierrez, Jos, pg. 19.

Habana, pgs. 33, 34, 50, 89, 137,


174, 176, 179, 184, 185, 217, 267,
270, 271, 292, 310, 336.
Hacha, Rio..., pg. 202.
Hale, Miles L., pg. 349.
Hall, M. L., Teniente, pg. 379.
Hamilton, pgs. 70, 86.
Hamilton, Alejandro, pg. 68.
Hamilton, General, pgs. 390, 391.
Hammond, Mr., pgs. 113, 114.
Hanover, pgs. 323.
Harbor, pgs. 374.
Harroby, Lord, pg. 112.
Harrowbys, Lord, pg. 114.
Hawlesbury, pg. 210.
Hayes, John, Sargento, pg. 379.
Heckle, D., Capitn, pg. 379.
Heekle, Jos., pg. 379.
Heiddel, Robert. pg. 379.
Hellen, Mr. pg. 292.
Herrera, Miguel de, Coronel, pg.
343.
Higham, Mr., pg. 229.
Hindel, pg. 253.
Hislop, General, pgs. 23, 127, 128,
386, 407.
Hislop, Governador, pg. 24.
Hispano-Amrica, pgs. 230, 318,
320.
Hobart, Lord, pgs. 23, 170.
Bogan, Michael, pg. 152.
Holanda, pgs. 211, 253, 292, 327.
Hood, Comandante, pg. 166.
Hope, Coronel, pgs. 125, 127, 128,
132, 238, 258.

Horn, Cabo, pg. 96.


Ho.sack, William, pgs. 349, 417.
Hovack, Teniente, pg. 381.
Huarte, Thomas, Comandante de Marina, pg. 186.
Huddle, Capitn, pg. 369.
Hudson, Ro, pg. 279.
Huker, David, pg. 349.
Humbold, pg. 290.
Hngaro, Miguel, Coronel, pg. 344.
Huskison, M.r., pgs. 52, 53, 65, 120.
Ibarra, Obispo..., pg. 193.
Inciarte, Jos Felipe, Coronel, pg.
344.
Indias, pgs. 16, 23, 71, 95, 137, 139,
280.
India Oriental, pg. 287.
Indias Occidentales, pgs. 95, 98,
136, 166, 233, 236, 321.
Inglaterra, pgs. 6, 17, 20, 24, 39,
43, 50, 51, 57, 59, 66, 72,
86, 88, 90, 96, 98, 99, 116,
122, 123, 128, 130, 133, 134, 136,
137, 140, 145, 174, 205, 207, 215,
217, 218, 220, 243, 244, 248, 275,
287, 312, 313, 314, 321, 333, 336,
385, 395, 407, 413.
Ingersoll, Henry, Teniente, pginas
349, 379.
Irlanda, pgs. 10, 55, 60, 62, 67,
80, 95, 162, 168.
Irujo, Marqus de Casa, pg. 367.
Italia, pg. 211.
Iturrigaray, Jos, Virrey de Nueva
Espaa, pg. 344.
Iudah, Teniente, pg. 376.
amaica, pgs. 94, 137, 175, 180,
203, 264, 269, 306, 358, 384.
Jason, Fragata, pg. 413.
Jef ferson, Thomas, Presidente de los

Estados Unidos de Amrica, pgs.


284, 293, 347, 413.
Jennings, Mr., pg. 64.
Johns, Mr., pg. 292.
Johnson, Dr., pg. 286.

fNDICE ALEABiTICO

Johnson, Charles, Teniente, pginas


349, 379.
Jones, Mr., pg. 291.
Jorge, Paul J., Teniente, pg. 379.
Jorge, Paulo Theodoro, pg. 348.
Joveaux, Mayor, pg. 152.
Judah, Teniente, pg. 381.
Juliana, pg. 17.
Kemper, Daniel, Teniente, pgs.
349, 379.
Kensington, pg. 120.
King, E., pg. 379.
King, Mrs., pgs. 318, 319.
King, Rufus, pgs. 88, 93, 234, 249,
306, 308, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323,
324, 333, 405.
Kingston, pg. 306.
Kirkland, Coronel, pgs. 360, 367,
370, 371, 372, 374, 376, 381.
Kirkland, Geo. W., pg. 391, 399,
402.
Knox, General, pgs. 36, 277, 278,
303.
Kuli, Arthur, pg. 280.
Labarrere, pgs. 71, 163.
Laguna de Termino, Presidio de,
pg. 182.
Lamberton, pg. 281.
Lambot, Joseph, pgs. 25, 26, 46,
47, 67, 73, 91, 121, 122, 124,
129, 132, 275, 329, 330, 350, 351.
Lands, Henry, Mayor, pg. 349.
Law, Geo, pgs. 291, 294, 302, 411.
Leandro (hijo natural de Miranda),
pg. 221.
Leandro, Imprenta de, pg. 341.
Ledley, Capitn, pgs. 370, 373, 374,
381.
Leeward, Isla de, pg. 311.
Le Grand, Mr., pg. 231.
Letamendi, Matas de, Sargento Mayor, pg. 342.
Lewis, pgs. 293, 405.
Lewis, Capitn, pgs. 353, 371, 372,
373, 375, 390, 398, 401, 404.

439

Lewis, J., pgs. 802, 354, 357, 359,


360, 361, 362, 365.
Lewis, Jacob, pgs. 355, 362, 363.
Lewis, Jhos, pgs. 364, 367, 402,
403, 404.
Lewis, Thomas, pgs. 349, 363, 366.
Leyba, Jos Ramn de, pg. 344.
Lima, pgs. 85, 95, 154, 155, 157,
186.
Ling, R., pgs. 311, 326.
Lily, Corbeta, pg. 386.
Lippneontt, William, pg. 379.
Lisboa, pg. 114.
Liverpool, pgs. 17, 46, 141, 227,
228, 245, 311, 312, 313, 314.
Livington, Representante, pg. 286.
Livinston, J. N., pg. 326.
Llovet, Manuel, Coronel, pg. 342.
Logan, pgs. 286, 291, 292, 293.
Londres, pgs. 16, 18, 25, 26, 36,
50, 60, 63, 67, 68, 69, 72,
79, 80, 85, 87, 98, 100, 105,
109, 110, 111, 112, 124, 127, 128,
129, 148, 187, 203, 205, 216, 219,
220, 221, 223, 229, 231, 2b2, 234,
282, 263, 265, 266, 271, 272, 273,
310, 312, 313, 314, 317, 319, 321,
322, 323, 324, 329, 331, 332, 334,
336.
London, Capitn, pgs. 381, 384.
London, Capitn, C., ps. 349, 416.
London, Teniente, 381.
London, William, pg. 349.
Long, F., pg. 379.
Lowdene, Capitn, pgs. 370, 374.
Loyd, Mr., pg. 308.
Ludlow, Daniel, pgs. 276, 305, 311,
325.
Luisiana, pg. 290.
Luisiana del Oeste, pg. 292.
Lymington, pg. 95.
Lystra, pg. 293.
macomb, Alexander, pg. 313.
Macuto, pg. 187.
Maelean, Mrs. pg. 403.
Maekay, Dan, Sargento, pg. 379.

440

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Madeira, pgs. 310, 812.


Madison, Mr., pgs. 284, 286, 287,
288, 293, 363.
Madison, Made., pg. 348.
Madison, James, pg. 348.
Madison, Secretario de Estado Americano, pg. 413.
Madrid, pgs. 20, 39, 42, 97, 112,
113, 114, 118, 135, 173, 221, 254,
339, 340, 342.
Mahn, pg. 270.
Maiquetia, pg. 188.
Maitland, Mrs. pg. 410.
Maitland, Gobernador, pgs. 386,
410.
Malloney, pg. 121.
Malta, pg. 136.
Mander, pg. 239.
Manzanares, pgs. 42, 203.
Mannery, Mr., pg. 105.
Manrique, Juan, pg. 191.
Maracaibo, pgs. 178, 180, 195, 201,
255, 270, 343, 344.
Marino, pgs. 28, 30, 77.
Mariquita, pgs. 203.
Margarita, Isla de, pgs. 174, 184,
197, 270, 342, 343.
Marmion, Manuel, pg. 255.
Martin, (Pseudnimo del General Miranda), pgs. 48, 72, 311, 316, 317.
Martin, Mrs., pgs. 232, 321, 334.
Martin, Georges, pgs. 275, 318, 319,
320, 321, 322, 323, 359, 361, 362,
383, 364, 367.
Martnez, Felipe de, pg. 156.
Martinica, pg. 75.
Martyn, Pierre, pg. 62.
Maryland, pgs. 282, 285, 291.
Maryin, George, pg. 360.
Masserim, Mr., pg. 84.
Mata, Juan Antonio de la, Coronel,
pg. 202.
Matos, Jos de, Sargento, pg. 202.
Matos, Manuel de, pg. 191.
Matusalen, pg. 43.
Maulcon, pg. 191.
Maxwell, Mr., pgs. 406, 414, 415.
Maxwell, James, pgs. 335, 411.

Maynae, pg. 202.


Mazarredo, pg. 284.
Medina Galindo, Jos, Coronel, pgina 202.
Melville, J., Lord, pgs. 18, 17, 19,
20, 40, 47, 48, 49, 54, 55,

60, 68, 80, 83, 84, 85, 88,


91, 92, 97, 98, 99, 100, 108,
107, 108, 110, 114, 116, 117, 118,
119, 125, 126, 128, 132, 141, 145,
162, 163, 168, 210, 223, 239, 244,
258.
Mendirueta, Pedro, Teniente Coronel, pg. 202.
Mendoza, pg. 227.
Mrida, pgs. 182, 199.
Mrida de Yucatn, Provincia de...,
pgs. 199, 271.
Merlin, pg. 292.
Merry, pg. 172.
Mata, ro, pg. 57.
Mxico, pgs. 89, 135, 136, 138, 139,
140, 186, 187, 193, 198, 199, 200,
229, 271, 287, 393.
Micaeli, Jos, Capitn, pg. 203.
Middleton, pg. 106.
Mierce, Lord, pg. 258.
Mijares Gonzlez, pg. 255.
Mijares, Marqus, pg. 191.
Miller, Clement, pg. 402.
Milton, pg. 204.
Minch, Mr., pg. 112.
Minerva, Fragata, pg. 185.
Minerva, Templo de, pg. 282.
Miranda, General Francisco de, pgs.
6,
7,
8,
9, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 26,
39, 40, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51,
53, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 62,
64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 70, 72,
73, 79, 80, 81, 83, 84, 85,
86, 87, 88, 90, 91, 92, 94,
95, 96, 98, 99, 100, 104, 105,
106, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113,
114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 121,
122, 125, 129, 130, 142, 145, 148,
149, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 166,
167, 168, 169, 171, 174, 175, 187,

&Diez ALFABlITICO
206, 207, 210, 211, 212, 213, 217,
218, 219, 221, 222, 223, 226, 228,
229, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236,
237, 238, 239, 241, 242, 243, 245,
249, 251, 253, 256, 257, 258, 260,
261, 262, 263, 265, 266, 267, 269,
272, 273, 275, 276, 277, 279, 292,
293, 294, 295, 297, 300, 301, 306,
309, 313, 324, 325, 326, 328, 329,
330, 332, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338,
341, 342, 344, 345, 347, 348, 350,
351, 352, 354, 355, 358, 357, 370,
372, 374, 381, 382, 384, 385, 386,
391, 392, 394, 398, 399, 400, 401,
402, 403, 404, 407, 408, 410, 412,
414, 415, 416, 417.
Mitehel, Almirante, pg. 355.
Mitehel, Sir A., pg. 354.
Miyares Gonzlez, Fernando, Coronel, pg. 344.
Mixares, Antonio Xavier, Comandante, pg. 343.
Moleville, pg. 133.
Molini, nomas, pgs. 239, 295, 296,
316, 334, 404.
Monarquia Espafiola, pg. 134.
Montalembert, Barba de, pg. 73.
Montalembert, Lord, pg. 127.
Montafia, Antonio, Coronel, pg. 342.
Montafia, Francisco, Teniente Coronel, pg. 201.
Montes, pg. 44.
Montes, J., pg. 78.
Montesinos, pg. 35.
Montevideo, pg. 186.
Montrose, Duque de..., pg. 230.
Moor, Mr., pgs. 286, 290, 291.
Moore, Dr., pg. 64.
Moore, In., Teniente, pg. 379.
Moras, Hermanos..., pg. 193.
More, John, pg. 349.
Moreno, Antonio, Teniente Coronel,
pgs. 194, 343.
Moreno, Manuel, pg. 192.
Morris, T., pg. 344.
Morrison, Mr., pg. 403.
Morrison, Teniente, pg. 381.
Morton, General, pg. 276.

441

Moun-Vernon, pg. 284.


Movila, pg. 183.
Moyes, Dr., pg. 64.
Mulatos, Punta, pg. 190.
Mulos, J. B., pg. 311.

N arillo, pg. 87.


Narvaez, pg. 172.
Narvaez, Antonio, Brigadier, pg.
202.
Naulty, Peter, pg. 379.
Nautla, Ro de, pg. 271.
Negers, Bastrel, pg. 379.
Negro, Ro, pg. 132.
Nelson, Lord, pgs. 126, 173, 213,
226, 312, 313, 322.
Nepean, Evan, pgs. 48, 49, 51, 52,
53, 54, 55, 58, 60, 61, 62,
63, 64, 70, 79, 82, 83, 97,
98, 99, 114, 115, 120, 142, 143,
144, 145, 146, 159, 161, 164, 167,
168, 169, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210,
215, 218, 222, 223, 227, 228, 237,
239, 240, 241, 244, 245, 246, 247,
248, 249, 250, 253, 257, 258, 332.
Nepean, Lady, pg. 61.
New England, pg. 86.
New Jersey, pgs. 84, 279, 280, 281.
Nueva Orleans, pgs. 180, 261, 289,
363.
Newton, Henry, pg. 349.
Newton, Teniente, pg. 381.
Newark, pgs. 279, 280.
New York, pgs. 8, 21, 39, 50, 57,
59, 68, 69, 70, 84, 149, 173,
235, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 275.
276, 277, 278, 279, 283, 287, 292,
294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 300, 303,
305, 306, 307, 311, 313, 317, 319,
322, 323, 326, 327, 329, 330, 331,
332, 333, 334, 335, 3?7, 341, 342,
346, 347, 348, 352, 353, 355, 363,
378, 385, 404, 405, 407.
Nieholeon, Benjamn, pg. 379.
Nieto, Diego Antonio, Teniente Ceronel, pg. 203.
Nihel, pg. 123.

442

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Norte Amrica, pgs. 261, 323, 388.


Nuebo Orleans, Rio de, pg. 183.
Nueva Andaluca, pg. 270.
Nueva Barcelona, pg. 201.
Nuevo Mundo, pg. 339.
Nuestra Seora de Begoa, Bergantn, pg. 116.
()enmares, Puerto de, pgs. 177,
194, 195, 196, 368, 369, 374.

O 'Hara, pg. 306.


Odgen Hoffman, Mr., pg. 262.
Ogden, Samuel G., pgs. 306, 334,
350, 351, 367, 401, 403, 407.
Orange, pg. 280.
Orea, Gonzalo de, pg. 196.
Orford, Teniente, pg. 381.
Orinoco, Ro, pgs. 31, 36, 37, 38,
39, 57, 90, 91, 96, 126, 128,
130, 132, 140, 197.
Orizbal, pg. 200.
Orme, Mr., pg. 316.
Oropuehe, pg. 72.
Orozco, Francisco, Coronel, pginas
201, 342.
Oruba, pg. 311.
Osfud, John, pg. 349.
O'Sullivan Ger. J., Teniente, pgina
379.
Oxford, pg. 12.

Pacfico, Oceano, pgs. 58, 90, 95,


139.
Paez, Francisco, Coronel, pg.
Paises Americanos, pg. 58.
Panam, pgs. 95, 139, 172, 202,
254.
Pardo Moreno, pg. 192.
Paris, pgs. 216, 219, 220, 222, 252,
319.
Rio, pg. 197.
Parsells, I., pgs. 1, 379.
Partner, pg. 72.
Passe, Juan, pg. 368.
Pastelillo, Fuerte del ..., pg. 202.
Patapseo, Rio, pg. 283.
Patowmac, Rio, pg. 283.

se.

Pavia, Jos, pgs. 265, 266, 267,


269, 272, 273, 275, 321.
Paxton, Mrs., pg. 345.
Payn, William, pg. 308.
Peiree, Jhos. J., pgs. 18, 24, 25,
47, 66, 67, 142, 158.
Pellizer, pg. 266.
Pemman, J., pg. 336.
Pean, William, pg. 281.
Pensylvania, pgs. 281, 282.

Pea, Francisco de la, Comandante,


pg. 343.
Prez de Balencia, Benito, pg. 194.
Perote, Castillo del ..., pg. 200.
Perkins, I, Coronel, pgs. 307, 308,
309.
Perkins, Sern, pg. 308.
Person, pg. 40.
Per, pgs. 131, 152, 186.
Petions, General, pg. 364.
Phillips, pgs. 16, 369.
Pi, Mr., pg. 33.
Picornel, pg. 42.
Pieton, Coronel, pgs. 41, 42, 105,
121, 170, 172, 173, 209.
Pimentel, Matas de..., pg. 196.
Pintard, Mr., pgs. 326, 327, 328,
346.
Pisco, Puerto de, pgs. 155, 157.
Pitt, William, pgs. 22, 60, 62, 63,
65, 86, 98, 99, 106, 113, 115,
120, 128, 139, 145, 168, 207, 208,
209, 218, 224, 238, 245, 246, 247,
248, 249, 257.
Plazas, Faustino, pg. 193.
Popayn, pgs. 203, 254.
Popham, Mayor General, pg. 158.
Popham, Chev., pg. 9.
Popham, E. W., pgs. 110, 112.
Popham, Home, pgs. 12, 14, 15, 40,
47, 48, 49, 52, 54, 58, 60,
61, 79, 80, 83, 97, 99, 100,
102, 104, 105, 106, 108, 109, 110,
111, 112, 119, 120, 125, 133, 144,
162, 163, 165, 167, 238, 244, 255,
256, 257, 315.
Popham, Lady, pg. 110.
Poria, William, pg. 370.

flancz Aziremtrico

Port Dauphin, pg. 271.


Port au Prince, pgs. 357, 861, 862,
363, 364, 365.
Porto-belo, pg. 202.
Portovelo, pg. 255.
Portsmouth, pgs. 68, 310, 312.
Portugal, pgs. 248, 318.
Potomak, Ro, pg. 285.
Pownall, George, pgs. 158, 170, 172,
253.
Powell, I. Mayor, pgs. 360, 361,
366, 367, 370, 371, 372, 373, 374,
375, 376, 379.
Power, pgs. 93, 134, 277, 307, 393,
409.
Preston, Robert, pg. 163.
Priee, Sam, pg. 379.
Prineenton, pgs. 280, 281.
Prncipe de la Paz, pgs. 100, 101.
Puerto Cabello, pgs. 175, 177, 179,
180, 184, 190, 191, 194, 195, 255,
270, 271, 344, 368, 376.
Puerto de Espaa (Isla de Trinidad), pgs. 35, 74, 106.
Puerto Rico, pgs. 75, 176, 186,
197, 270.
Pulteney, Jas., pg. 214.

Quinkston (Jamaica), pe. 180.


Quito, pgs. 90, 202, 243, 264.

Ranas, Mr., pg. 20.


Randolph, Mrs., pg. 290.
Raymond, F. W pg. 379.
Reggers, T., pg. 379.
Repblica Francesa, pg. 36.
Rey, Teniente, pg. 38.
Ricardo, Johs, pg. 368.
Ro de la Plata, pgs. 89, 139, 186.
Rico, J. M., pgs. 31, 32, 83, 34,
71, 120, 127, 164, 330.
Rivington, Chas, pg. 412.
Rivington, Teniente, pg. 381.
Robertson, William, pgs. 105, 107.
Robinson, pg. 129.
Robles, Juana de, pg. 19.

443

Bobeen, Benjamn R., pg. 349.


Romayne, Nieholae, pgs. 326, 828,
329.
Roas, Mr., pg. 21.
Itoreback, Mayor, pgs. 370, 374,
376, 381, 414, 417.
Ros, Lorenzo, Coronel, pg. 343.
Roza, Pedro de la, Sargento Mayor,
pg. 191.
Rueda, Fermn, Comandante de Ingenieros, pg. 189.
Rutherford, G. Ed., pg. 311.
Rutherfurd, pgs. 37, 59, 120, 121,
122, 126, 172, 253, 323.
Rutherfurd, Coronel, pgs. 23, 25,
33, 65, 67, 73, 158, 312, 324.
Rutherfurd, John, pg. 323.
Rutherfurd, M., pg. 46.
Rutherfurd, W., pgs. 72, 164.
Ruther, Mr. pg. 69, 121, 239.
Bush, Dr. 284.
Rush, M. R., pg. 292.
Rusia, pgs. 86, 217, 248.

Sa las, Jos Mara de, pg. 191.


Salas, Juan Manuel, pg. 191.
Salcedo, Vctor, Coronel, pg. 203.
Samper, Antonio, Coronel, pg. 202.
San Bartolom, Isla de, pgs. 77,
194.
San Eugenio, Navo, pg. 185.
San Felipe Neri, pg. 193.
San Francisco, Aguada de..., pg.
197.
San Francisco, Puerta de, pg. 181.
San Ildefonso, pg. 101.
San Jos, pg. 26.
San Juan de Ullea, Isla de, pg. 137.
San Leandro, navo, pg. 185.
San Lorenzo, Navo, pg. 185.
San Mateo, pg. 194.
San Pedro, Altos de..., pg. 194.
San Ramn, Navo, pg. 185.
San Romn, Puerta de, pg. 181.
San Raphael, pg. 130.
San Xavier, Conde de, Coronel, pgina 342.

444

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Snchez, pgs. 120, 122, 163, 330.


Snchez, B., pg. 180.
Snchez, Domingo, pg. 45.
Snchez Salvador, Benito, Sargento
Mayor veterano, pg. 342.
Sandorf, M., pg. 415.
Sands, Mayor, pg. 370, 374, 381.
Santa Isabel, Navo, pg. 185.
Santa Luca, pg. 413.
Santa Maria, Cabo de, pg. 99, 116.
Santa Martha, pgs. 90, 94, 202.
Santa Teresa, Bergantn, pg. 116.
Santaf de Bogot, pgs. 21, 39, 56,
85, 86, 90, 94, 179, 186, 187,
198, 202, 203, 217, 243, 254.
Santander, pg. 345.
Santo Domingo, pgs. 80, 82, 87,
91, 92, 98, 114, 116, 119, 127,
137, 140, 197, 270, 302, 330, 385,
386, 392.
Santo Domingo, Gobierno de, pgina
84.
Santo Toms, Isla de, pgs. 275,
311, 312.
Sanz, pg. 193.
Saravia, pg. 172.
Saunders, Robert, pgs. 349, 379.
Sayre, Stephen, pgs. 292, 335, 336.
Schenk, John, pg. 349.
Schreuder, Alexander, pg. 368.
Seofield, Samuel, pgs. 349, 381.
Scott, J., pg. 379.
Seaforth, Lord, pgs. 401, 408, 409,
416.
Seagrove, James, pgs. 336, 337.
Eiervant, Evam, pg. 237.
Shaw, Teniente, pg. 381.
Sherman, Die. R., Teniente, pg. 379.
Sherman, John H., pg. 349.
Sidmouth, Milord, pg. 160.
Silla de Caracas, pg. 196.
Skinner, Mr., pg. 16.
Smallest, pg. 55.
Smith, pgs. 282, 289, 352, 355, 356,
402, 404.
Smith, A., pg. 352.
Smith, Coronel, pgs. 260, 335, 391.

Smith, Jonfis S., pgs. 362, 863, 864,


365, 374, 399, 405.
Smith, Jonathan S., pg. 806.
Smith, Mayor, pg. 381.
Smith, Ministro de Marina, pg. 29 1
Smith, Mors, pg. 379.
Smith, Teniente Coronel, pg. 381.
Smith, William Stephens, pgs. 85,
235, 300, 349.
Sobremonte, Marquis de, Virrey del
Ro de la Plata, pg. 344.
Sollerstrom, Richard, pgs. 336, 337.
%rondo, pg. 203.
Speakman, Thomas, pg. 349.
Sperry, Henry, Sargento, pg. 379.
Spesty, Samuel, pg. 849.
Spurrier, Mr., pg. 283.
Suares, Juan, pg. 368.
Suarez de Ijrbina, Pedro, Coronel,
pg. 344.
Suecia, pg. 291.
Suiza, 292.
Sullivan, pgs. 14, 24, 164, 376.
Sullivan, Capitn, pg. 369.
Sullivan, G., pg. 375.
Sur Amrica, pgs. 80, 81, 85, 86,
87, 88, 89, 90, 93, 95, 98,
106, 116, 117, 118, 131, 133, 134,
139, 140, 141, 158, 167, 387, 391,
392, 397.
Susquehanna, Rio, pg. 282.
St. Laurance, Isla de, pg. 154.
St. Mary, Isla de, pg. 153.
St. Vineent, Lord, 126, 238.
Stedman, Teniente, pg. 381.
Enea, Mr., pg. 288.
Stephenson, Roberto, pg. 379.
Stoughton, Toms, pg. 342.
Stunben Smith, William, pgs. 299,
301, 348.
Strachan, Sir, R, pgs. 312, 313.

Tabasco, Provincia de..., pgs


199, 271.
Taylor, Charles, pgs. 169.
Thayer, Mr., pg. 315.
Temple Bowdoin, Mr., pg. 345.

NDICE ALPABTICO

Temple, Sir, John, pgs. 289.


Tenerife, 236.
Thompson, Dr. William, 64.
Toro, Marqus del, Coronel, pgs.
172, 194, 343.
Tortuga, Isla de, pg. 184.
Town, Elizabeth, pg. 280.
Trinchera, Puerta de la, pg. 188.
Trine, Mr., pg. 20.
Trinidad, Isla de, pgs. 5, 6, 8, 13,
17, 21, 22, 25, 32, 33, 34,
37, 39, 40, 41, 45, 57, 59,
65, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 79,
81, 82, 83, 88, 90, 91, 92,
94, 95, 97, 98, 107, 110, 115,
117, 118, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124,
125, 126, 128, 129, 130, 132, 140,
141, 149, 163, 166, 173, 175, 184
189, 203, 205, 208, 209, 215, 224,
233, 241, 243, 244, 245, 253, 269,
271, 275, 311, 312, 313, 317, 319,
322, 323, 324, 329, 330, 350, 353,
381, 388, 387, 392, 393, 405, 406,
409, 413.
Triste, Golfo de, pg. 374.
Trumbull, Mr., pg. 345.
Truxillo, Manuel, pg. 203.
Turmero, pg. 194.
Tron, Mr., pgs. 112, 114.
Turnbull, Mrs., pgs. 314, 333.
Turnbull, John, pgs. 21, 112, 113,
114, 123, 124, 125, 149, 163, 170,
220, 221, 222, 230, 231, 232, 233,
239, 253, 314, 315, 316, 317, 313,
319, 320, 321, 331, 333, 334.
Turnbull, P., pg. 222.
Tynda1e, Coronel, pg. 64.
Unween, Mr., pgs. 23, 24, 26, 47.
Universidad de Caracas, pg. 221.
Urbina, Juan de, Coronel, pg. 203.
Ilrquijo, pg. 172.
ITrquieo, Ex-Ministro de Estado, pgina, 264.
Vaisseau, pg. 386.
Valencia, pgs. 194, 842.

445

Vallejo, Jos Antonio, Coronel, pgina 203.


Valparaiso, pgs. 95, 96, 153.
Van de Brook, pg. 368.
Vansittart, Nicholas, pgs. 5, 6, 7,
8,
9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 19,
20, 21, 22, 39, 48, 49, 51,
62, 63, 65, 70, 71, 80, 88,
109, 120, 144, 146, 147, 148, 158,
159, 160, 161, 162, 168, 207, 208,
209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 218, 219,
221, 222, 223, 224, 226, 228, 231,
232, 233, 240, 241, 242, 243, 246,
247, 248, 249, 332, 333, 334, 335,
406.
Vargas, pgs. 5, 46, 79, 120, 239.
Vasall, Coronel, pg. 158.
Vzquez, Joseph, Coronel, pg. 344.
Vega, Blas de la, pg. 345.
Velazquez, Comandante, pg. 254.
Venezuela, pgs. 82, 84, 187, 198,
200, 219, 270.
Veracruz, pgs. 89, 137, 138, 140,
199, 200, 271.
Veragua, pgs. 202.
Vigo, pg. 116.
Vigo, Puerto de, pg. 42.
Villeneuve, pg. 226.
Virginia, pg. 291.
Viscardo, pg. 341.
Viscardo, D. J. (Jesuita), pg. 340.
Vizcaya, Senorio de, pgs. 101, 102.
Vrolyk, Pieter, pg. 368.
Vuman, pg. 174.

Warren, General, pg. 288.


Washington, pgs. 86, 277, 278, 279,
283, 285, 288, 292, 293, 294, 296.
302, 346, 347, 363.
Washington, General, pg. 284.
Washington, Presidente, pg. 292.
Welfare, General, pg. 382.
Wenton, David, pg. 379.
Wheref ore, pg. 373.
White, Librero, pg. 232.
White, William, pgs. 157, 158.

446

ARCHIVO DEL GENERAL MIRANDA

Wight, 1., Capitn, pgs. 353, 854,


855.
Wight, Isla de, pg. 259.
Wiggineon, pgs. 307, 308, 309.
Wigginson, Miss, pg. 308.
Williams, pgs. 16, 17, 820, 321.
Williams, Mons. pg. 68.
Williams, Samuel, pg. 158.
Williams, Thomas, pg. 311.
Williaanson, pgs. 159, 208, 209, 210,
212, 214, 237, 238, 256, 259, 260,
261, 262, 263, 316.
Williamson, Charles, pg. 84.
Williamson, Ches, pg. 251.
Williamson, Coronel, pgs. 165, 167,
253, 257, 258, 310.
Williamson, David, pg. 211.
Williamson, P., pg. 251.
Wilson, Capitn, pg. 310.

Wilwrad, pg. 130.


Wimbledon, pgs. 108, 113, 118, 258.
Windsor, Coronel, pg. 367.
Windsors, Mr., pg. 358.
Woodyear, Mr., pg. 24.

X alapa, pg. 200.

Ximenez, Jos, pg. 344.

Yates, Teniente, pg. 381.


Ylo, Puerto de, pgs. 153, 154.
Yorke, Mr., pgs. 88, 238.
Yucatn, pgs. 199, 290.

Z fina, pg. 203.

Zisar, Punta de, pg. 183.

El presente Volumen XVII del


Archivo del General Don Francisco de Miranda, se termin
de imprimir en los Talleres
Tipogrficos de Editorial
Lea, situados en la calle
de Amargura nos. 259.261,
de la ciudad de La Habana, Repblica de Cuba, el
dia 17 de Marzo de 1950,
mes y aflo que corresponden a la conmemoracin
del Bicentenario del Natalicio del Precursor de la
Independencia de Amrica.
La revisin de este Tomo
f a) efectuada por una Comisin designada por la
Academia Nacional de
la Historia de Venezuela, compuesta por
los Acadmicos Antonio Aluno y Jos
Nucete-Bardi, de la
Academia Nacional de la Histo ri a , y Jacinto
Fombona - Paasno y Eduardo Arroyo Lameda, de la Academia
Venezolana de la Lengua.
Los Indices fueron confeccionados
por el Dr. Mariano Snchez Roca.

r'

MASADE'.
JAEN,38

-41N

25:-

I 14 UNI

'iuIihi l l l f lIf lhIll


856O8 68 O538

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