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How to prepare for Pte-Academic ?

First of all, know your requirement for what you are applying.

As per my knowledge, First go through the Content it include in the Pte book. I mean
the over view of all the Sections (Types of item sets in all the sections).

Then first prepare the Mc Millan Book and complete the four tests included in the book.

After completing doing that book refer all the four sections once again. (Why because if
your are going through second time it means, you are able to know your mistakes very
Clearly)
Then open the .zip file (Pte_Academic.zip) and extract it. And do the 3 Tests available in

it. If you are doing these means almost you can do the same thing in the original exam
also. Almost the same procedure is applying in the exam as the software in the .zip file.
(Note: Once we are forward to the next section we cannot come back)

Listening
The listening section held for 45 to 57 minutes depends on the given questions in the exam. The
item types it include in this section are,
1.

Summarize Spoken Text

2.

Multiple-choice, choose multiple answers

3.

Fill in the blanks

4.

Highlight correct summary

5.

Multiple-choice, choose single answer

6.

Select Missing word

7.

Highlight incorrect words

8.

Write from Dictation

Tips for Summarize Spoken Text:

Make a note while listening the text, vomit the vowels and practice you can save a lot of
time.

Use the words, "The speaker says...."

Concentrate on topic sentences and most repeated words.

Time manage- 3min plan, 5min write, 2min check (Spellings, Grammar).

Tips for Multiple & Single answer choices:

Multiple answers types have the Negative marking.

Most of the time answers rates of speech are fast so be careful and listen.

Answers are mostly paraphrased.

Most of the answers you can find at ending of listening so listen until it finish.

Most of the time, Pay close attention to the frequency words (always, often , sometimes,
never many, all, never, only.. etc) eliminate those options and find the correct answer.

Effectively heard word may not be correct word because it may be frequency word as
above point.

Tips for Fill in the Blanks:

Note the answers in erasable notepad given by them and later fill the answers.

Check the spellings, Plurals.

Answers may be high rate of speech and sometimes.

Tips for Highlight Correct Summary:

Note keywords in question.

Skim the options with in given time.

Answers are paraphrased.

Catch the end of words and listen the ending of topic, you can catch the correct answer.

Concentrate on repeated words.

Tips for Missing words (Beep sound):

Understand the context of the listening so you can answer the correct option.

Tips for Write from Dictation:

Close your eyes and hear the text, so you can concentrate and remember it.

Proof read for Spellings and Grammar mistakes.

READING
To start with PTE-Academic Reading, time it contains for this section is 32-41min (depends on
questions in the exam) and the item types it include are,
1.

Multiple-choice, choose single answer

2.

Multiple-choice, choose multiple answers

3.

Re-order paragraphs

4.

Reading: Fill in the blanks

5.

Reading & Writing: Fill in the blanks

Tips for Multiple-choice, single and multiple answers:

Focus on keywords in question and search in the text and then look in options.

Most of the time, Pay close attention to the frequency words (always, often , sometimes,
never many, all, never, only.. etc) eliminate those options and find the correct answer.

ex: According to the text, which of the following are true of English attitudes towards
intellectuals?
1 They never join forces with those in authority.
2 Most people would not be able to name an intellectual.
3 In general, the English do not admire respect intellectuals.
4 Even some English intellectuals do not like to be called intellectuals.
5 They are not clear about what an intellectual is or does.
Answer: 3,4
Note: It is not applicable always, Use this trick only when the time is not sufficient to answer.

Look for main reason/text and concentrate on repeated words to find the correct answer.

Negative marking is applicable for multiple answers.

Time manage: max 90sec each question in single answer type and max 2min for each
question in multiple answers.

Tips for Re-order Paragraphs:

Look at Proper Nouns-Common nouns-Pronoun-Articles Usage-Time Phrases(depends)


order to form the sentences.

Consider the clue words

ex: a) The king.......


b) ........... King Rama.........

The order here it comes is, b-a. Because in the sentence 'a' it says kings follows.... but in sentence
'b' it introduces about the king name.

Frame the order of sentences using the Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, Repeated words,
Time phrases, etc...

Concentrate on pronouns he,she,him,her,they,them,these, those, etc.. these sentences will


never come in first.

Repeated words - the hint here is, most of the time word one sentences if the same word
in other sentences come in an order.

Adjectives - the hint here is, ex: better comes after good. so first is good-better.

Time manage - try to answer the question with in 4min.

Tips for Fill in the Blanks:

Concentrate on parts of speech before and after the blank, it helps in finding the missing
word.

Select the word, which is mostly collocates with words beside it.

Skim for the main idea of the text.

Most of the time, missing word synonym will be in the text, it helps in finding answer.

Time manage - 2min for each question approx.

WRITING
WritingsectionconsistsofTwoitemtypes,firstisSummarizewrittentextandsecondisWrite
anEssay.

SummarizeWrittenText:
Inthisitemtypeyoumayget23questionsonsummarizingtext.Totalkaboutthisitisnot
muchdifficulttosayjustweneedsomeamountpracticeonit.Beforeattemptingthetryatleast
10summarizequestions.SoyoucangiveyourbestinthePTEAExam.
Tosummarizethetextyourarehaving10minforeachquestion,sotimeisenoughforit.

Tips:

Summarizethetextabout30wordsonly,don'texceedmorethan50words.

Useonlyonefullstopattheendofsentence.

Capitalizethestartingwordsandnouns(Names)inthesentence.

Nomorethan30wordsforbestanswer.(Min5words,Max70words)

BeawareofSpellings,Plurals,Pronunciations.

ConcentrateonTopicSentences,Repeatedwords.

Noexamples,ReasonsandIllustrations.

Summarymustwritteninthirdpersonform.Don'tuseI,We...etc.

MostoftheSummarizetheanswerfromthelastparasoconcentrateonit.

Trytosummarizeeachparafirstlaterconcentrateonitandmakeitsinglesentence.

Timemanage3minPlanning,5minwriting,2mincheckingformistakes(spelling,
grammar).

WriteAnEssay:
Inexamyoumaygetoneortwoquestions,itcannotbeexact.Towriteanessayyouarehaving
20minforeach(if2questions).

Tips:

PlanyouressayinanorderbycheckingitwhetheritisaOpinionessay,advantages&
disadvantages,orProblem&Solution.

BeawareofSpellings,Grammar,Plurals.

UsegoodVocabularytoscoregoodmarks.

EssaystructureIntro,Body,Conclusion.

Trytowriteatleast35paragraphs.Intro1para,Body23paras,Conclusion1para.

Nousebulletpoints.

Inthebodysectiongiveexamples,reasons,statisticstodescribe.

TimeManage3minPlan,14minwriting,3minchecking(spellings,grammar).

LatestEssayTopicsforPTE:
1.

Doyouthinkconsumershouldavoidoverpackedproductsoritisresponsibilityof
producertoavoidextrapackagingofproducts?"Giveyourviewsoranyrelevantexample
withyourownexperience.

2.

Manypeoplethinkregionsaffectsuccessfulpersons.Whatisyouropinionaboutnative
regionsandaccomplishedpersoninfluenceontheregionstheybelongto?

3.

Theenvironmentwearelivinginisindangerduetovariousproblems...sowhodou
thinkshouldberesponsibletosolveit?Isitthegovernments,organizationoreach
individual?

4.

NowadaysTVhasbecomeanessentialpartoflife.Mediumtospreadnews&awareness
andforsomeitactslikeacompanion.Whatisyouropinionaboutthis?

5.

CompanyToplevelAuthoritiesshouldorshouldnottakeemployeessuggestionsorideas
totakeanydecisions.Discuss

6.

Successfulsportsstarsandglamorousfilmstarsarearolemodelforyoungsters.Dou
supportitornot?(Agree/Disagree)

7.

CompanyToplevelAuthoritiesshouldorshouldnottakeemployeessuggestionsorideas
totakeanydecisions.Discuss

8.

Ineducationsystem,assessmentthroughwrittenformalexaminationsisvalidornot.

9.

Largeshoppingmallsarereplacingsmallshops.Whatisyouropinionaboutthis?Discuss
withappropriateexamples.

10.

Talkaboutthepros/consofthiseraasisfullofdailyinventions

11.

Anynewtechnologicaldevelopmentintherecentyearsisaboonorcurseforthesociety
ingeneral

12.

Itisarguethatgettingmarriedbeforefinishingschoolorgettingajobisnotagood
choice.Towhatextentdoyouagreeordisagree?

13.

Parentsshouldbeheldlegallyresponsiblefortheirchildrensacts.Whatisyouropinion?
Supportitwithpersonalexamples....

14.

Marketingstrategyforbigcompaniesshouldbeplacedonofferanddiscounts,andin
whatwaysthiscanimpactontheirreputation.

15.

Whatisthebestinventionoflast100years,computer,antibiotics,airplane,andexplain
why.

16.

Dangerousactivitieslikeextremeskiing,bungeejumpingetc.Andwhetherusupport
themornot

17.

Doyouthinkthatplacewherethepersongrewhasaninfluenceonhisaccomplishments?
Explainwithexample.

18.

ClimatechangeandabouttherolesthatGovernment,CorporateandIndividualscanplay
toimproveit.

19.

NowadaysTVhasbecomeanessentialpartoflife.Mediumtospreadnews&awareness
andforsomeitactslikeacompanion.Whatisyouropinionaboutthis?

20.

CompanyToplevelAuthoritiesshouldorshouldnottakeemployeessuggestionsorideas
totakeanydecisions.Discuss

21.

Somepeoplebelievelawschangehumanbehavior.Doyouagreewithit?

22.

Illiterateofthefuturewouldnotbeonewhodoesnotknowtoread,butpeoplewhodo
notknowhowtolearn

23.

Positiveandnegativeeffectsoftheinformationrevolutionthroughmassmedia.

24.

Prosandconsofadventuressports.

25.

Largeshoppingmallsarereplacingsmallshops.Whatisyouropinionaboutthis?Discuss
withappropriateexamples.

26.

Talkaboutthepros/consofthiseraasisfullofdailyinventions

27.

Dangerousactivitieslikeextremeskiing,bungeejumpingetc.Andweatherusupports
themornot

28.

Itisarguedthatgettingmarriedbeforefinishingschoolorgettingajobisnotagood
choice.Towhatextentdoyouagreeordisagree?

29.

Imitatingcelebritiesinsportsandmoviesisgoodorbad

30.

30.AnyrecentInventionthatyouthinkprovedbeneficialordetrimentaltosociety.

31.

Inthepast100years,therearemanyinventionssuchasantibiotics,airplanesand
computers.Whatdoyouthinkisthemostimportantinventforthepast100years?Why?

32.

Doyouthinkthatformalwrittenexaminationsareagoodwaytoassessknowledgeat
school?

33.

Informationrevolutionhaschangedthewaysofmasscommunicationandhadsome
negativeandpositiveeffectsonindividualslivesaswellasonsociety.Towhatextentyou
areagreedordisagree?

34.

Learninganewlanguageatanearlyageishelpfulforchildren.Isitmorepositivefor
theirfutureaspectorhavesomeadverseeffects.Douagreeordisagree?Giveexamples
fromyourexperience.

35.

Inunderdevelopedcountries,tourismhasdisadvantagesandcanbesaidtheoppositeas
well.

36.

Communicationhaschangedsignificantlyinthelast10years.Discussthepositiveand
negativeimpactsofthischange.

37.

EducationisthebiggestbarrierinmylearningEinstein.Whatdoyoumeanbythis?
AnddoyouthinkEinsteinwascorrectinsayingthat.

38.

PositiveandNegativeeffectsoftoday'scommunication.

39.

DiscussbothsidesofSpacetravelvs.Currentcrucialproblemsfacedbyhuman?

40.

DoyouthinkEnglishwillremaintobeagloballanguagedespiteglobalization?

41.

Somepeoplethinkplacingadvertisementsinschoolsisagreatresourceforpublic
schoolsthatneedadditionalfunding,butothersthinkitexploitschildrenbytreatingthem
asacaptiveaudienceforcorporatesponsors.Choosewhichpositionyoumostagreewith
anddiscusswhyyouchosethatposition.Supportyourpointofviewwithdetailsfromyour
ownexperiences,observationsorreading.

42.

Televisionhasmanyusefulfunctionstoplayineveryone'slife,forsomeitsrelaxation,
forsomeitiscompanion.Discussyourviewpointandsupportyouranswerwithexamples
anddiscussionpoint.

43.

Youaregivenclimateasthefieldofstudy.Whichareawillyouprefer?Explainwhyyou
pickeduptheparticularareaforyourstudy?

44.

Peoplepursuedangerousactivitieslikeskydiving,motorcyclesports,whitewaterriver
raftingetc.Doyousupport?Ifyes,whyandifnot,why?

45.

.'Infutureilliteratewillnotbethosewhocannotread,butthosewhodonotlearn'By
somewriter.Discusswhatdoyouunderstandbythisstatementandstateyourreason.

Don'tgetafraidofthesemanyquestionsbecausemanyofthemaresamewithdifferentquestion.
Maybeoverall30differentessaytypes.

EssayTopicswithEasyPointsToremember:
ExtremeSports:
SkydivingBungeeJumpingRiskyPursuitsMultibilliondollarglobalindustryExtremely
PopularExtremeinjuriesB/w2000&20114millioninjuriesItallaboutexcitement&thrill
AllinthenameofpersonalgloryIfthingsgowrongHeavypriceHumansaren'tsupposed
toflyOvercomeitbybetterequipment.

Packaging:
Buy&UsewhentheywantthemGoodconditionLittleWastageManythinktoomuch
packingExamplesnacksEatenwhilemovingonroads,etc.(makeyourownexampleof
overpacking)HighlycompetitiveAllunderpressuretocomeupwithnewideas&solutions
NobusinesswanttospendmoreonpackagingOverboardonpackagingLiketrays,inside
box,includeaplasticcontainerwithcardboardwraparounditEx:McDonald'sEncourageus
toeatwhilewalkingThrowitonthestreets.

HomeTown:

Tofindhappiness&successPayattentionControlovertypeofenvironmentGoalscan't
achieveifinwrongenvironmentInfluenceourselvesBypeoplewesurroundourselvesEx:
Socialnetworkoverownbehavior(elsemakeyourownexample)Hangaroundpeoplewhoare
obeseandunhealthyBecomesameasthemIfhangwithpeoplelazyBecomesameaslike
themPlaceswespendmostoftimeWillmotivatesandinspiresusex:(makeyourown)
Weshouldnotdistractingfromit.

ClimateChange/GlobalWarming:
Carbondioxide(co2)missionBycompaniesandconsumerseffectivelyaddressglobal
warmingReducetheamountofheattrappingemissionsPuttingintoatmosphereTreattoglobal
warmingasindividualDemandtheelectedleaderstosupportonitExpandrenewableenergy
sourcesCleansystemReducedeforestationLesscleansingOxygenWildlifeprotect
GlobalwarmingreducewithgoodmethodsPollutioncontrolLossofBiodiversityAlarming
atanunnecessaryratetrytoreduceit.

Television:

TelevisionplayinganImportantroleinourlivesCheaponeImprovesthescienceand
technologyKnowaboutthepolitics,NewthingstothepeopleGoodforhousewife's,old
people,noworkIsolateeachotherMorelifelikeVivid&realKeep'sfamilytogether
Tellsnews,whetherreport,disasterlikeflood,windsetc..
Disadvantages:
TimewasterNotimeforactivitiesforchildrenNeglectingeverythinglikesleep,meals,work
BecominglazierTvwhileeatinginsteadoftalkingeachotherlossofrelationship.

DecisionMaking(Employee'sOpinion):
EmpowertosuccesstheorganisationSavesmoneyIncreasestheproductivityofOrganisation
ReduceoutsourcingImprovingmorals(Positiveattitude)Longtermreliablewithcompany
Teamwork(helps)RelationshipbecomestrongeringroupenvironmentParticularareaof
employeeatjobknowtheIn'sandOut'softheproblemFreedomtotheemployee'sinnovative
thingscomesoutfromdifferentminds
Negatives:
SuggestionmaybeofhispersonalinterestmayharmthecompanySolutiontothisisfinal
decisionhastotakenbythehigherauthorityonly(weathergoodorbadtocompany).

Environment:

DeforestationLesscleansingofOxygenWildlifeGlobalwarmingPollutionControl
Alarmingatanunnecessaryrate(reduceit)LossofBiodiversity.

WrittenAssessmentorFormalAssessment(Howexamsvalid):
Participatefullyintoday'ssociety&contributetoeconomylearning,thinking,communicating
eachotherCentraltotheprocessofeffectiveteaching&learningofwritingconvey
thoughts,ideasFormativeassessmentsassess&gaugeusStrengthenFurtherdevelopment
FeedbacktoimproveinfutureManageabilitiesSometimeswrittenassessmentscreates
workingunderpressurechildrenbecomeillonthedayofexamunabletowriteexamItcannot
testcompletebookstressfulsometimes.

ShoppingMall's:

BigbusinessMultistoresatoneplaceCollectionofretailstores&restaurantsParkingfree
HolidaywithfamilyconvenientplaceAllhousedatoneplaceitincludealltypeofitems
Groceries,Cloths,Shoes,Readingbooks,Foodcourt,Cinemas,Entertainment,Gamesetc..
Chitchatwithfriendsandcanenjoyshopping
Disadvantages:
CrowdinweekendsandofferseasonsParkingalsocreatesproblemTemptingspecialoffers
Makeusunnecessarythingstobuy.

WorkLifeBalance:

Notimetorelax&recharge(energy)PerformancelevelssuffersMaintainhealthy
environmentBalancework&personalresponsibilitiesLiketoday'smostimportanttolook
afterchildren,housework,volunteering,spouse&ElderparentscareDisadvantageslike

StressLongworkhoursHealthyrisksIncreasesmoking,alcoholconsumptionWeightgain
depressionPhysical&MentalissuesSolutiontotheseWellnessprogramsrunningGym's
withbenefitpackagesinthecompaniesFitnesscenterswithtrainersYogaPicnicvisits
SelfManagementControlourselves.

LawChangesHumanBehavior:
Lawcontrolthebehaviorofsocietylawcanonlyprohibitpeople'sevilbehaviorbygovernment
forceEnsurepeace&stabilityofsocietyMoraljudgementbyavoidpunishmentrulesare
necessarylawsaredifferentinsocietiesFormedbyauthoritiesLAWCANCONTROLBUT
CANNOTCHANGEBEHAVIORFearitcreatesifanyillegaldonePunishedlawsshould
changeaccordingtothehumannatureLimitthepeopleactivitiescannotshapeminds&hearts
Andoneshouldthink,whyhighcrimerate?eventheirarelaws.

MarriageBeforeStudies:

NumerousdisadvantagesGreaterproblemwhendependentonparentsTensionPaying
tuitionfeeTimeconstraintonnewlywedsBalancetimeathome,adjustnewlife,academics
OrganizeeverythingOftenleftwithnotimeLesstimeonpersonalgrowthCollegelife
restrictparties,functions,relationshipsDropingrades,goalsCut'sthegrowth&maturation
SoMostneedselfSupportLivingownMakingdecisionsMarriagePreventall.

Pros/ConsofthisEraDailyInventions:

Moreconvenient&accessibleTechnologyadvancementEducationadvancedgreatlyEx:
ComputersGloballearningAgriculturehasequippedmorewithmachinesLesslabor
Medicalachievementspositivelevelineconomy.
Cons:
MorebeingdependoncomputersWHENMACHINEBREAKS/CRASHESALMOST
DISABLEDUNTILITSOLVEDEx:(makeyourown)Put'speopledistinctBecomeless
selfreliantHumanworkershaslessvalueUnemployment(10workers=1Computer)
makesusslaves.

ImitatingCelebritiesinSports&Movies:
NowadaysExtremelyinfluencedtoliveteenagerspositiverolemodelsanddeadlynegative
influencesalsoCelebritiesmostexpensivethingspostoninternetLikecloths,bagsetc..
PublicattentionNegativeeffectsLikedriveafterdrunkDrugabuse/additionalcohol
drinkingeatingdisordersLowselfesteem,confidenceMore&morestoriesandpictureson
internetillicitactivitieslikepartyingdrinkingRiskybehaviordeathalsoTeengirlsflips

throughfavoritefashionmagazineinductedwithpic's&articlesmaydamagetheirbehavior
SomeGuideinPositivealsoEx;(makeyourown)RightdirectionSoprohibitunhealthy
imagesinpublic.

RecentInventionsProvedBeneficial:
FirstitsticksinourmindComputermakeliveseasierTellactivitiesMultitasking
MinimizeworkanddeduceManipulatestoreinformationlikewritingNoneedofpaperto
storeRewriteHelpfulinallfieldslikeEducation,Entertainment,Job,Videogames,Movies,
Songs,ChatwithfriendsoninternetPaperpresentationsetc...

CommunicationPros/ConsImpacts:

MakeworldtogetherShareinformationquickly&efficientlyGlobalvillagetoIndustrial
TechnologyCheaperTextmessages,EmailanywherefreeVideoconferencesBridge
culturalgap(Difficultculturestocommunicate)
Cons:
JobredundanciesDownsizinglower&middleleveljobsPRIVACYTOINFORMATION
LackofjobsecurityAstechnologykeepsonchangingUpdateeverytimeDominateculture
ofEnglish.

LearningaNewLanguageatEarlyAge:
Promotesbetterunderstanding,psychology,diversityBilingualhelpstounderstandthe
structureoflanguageIndepthviewofothercultureSavestimealotNoworryingof
mistakesoflanguageSomethingoutofordinaryMorecreativebetterperformancesolving
skillsCriticalthinkingflexibilityofmindsettingmultitaskingImproveslisteningskills
BrainworksharderThoseenvironmentpeoplehavestrongerworkingmemoriesbetter
reading,calculating&othervitalskillsswitchonetasktoanothereasily.

UnderDevelopedCountriesTourism:

Recently,lowcostfairinternationaltraveldevelopmentintourismaskeytoeconomy
IncreasevarietyofservicesLikehotels,transport,restaurants,EntertainmentNumberofjobs
increasesDevelopmentinfrastructureGreenindustrylowpollutionbeautifulnature
landscapesLocalcuisinebecomepopular&advertises.Disadvantagesharmfultocountry
Likelossofculturechangesinlifestyle,costumes,LanguageCarryexpensiveobjectslike
cameras,bagsetc..Targetforthievescrimerateincreasesincreaseindrugconsumption

ConclusionGreatlybeneficialtoeconomyJobsincreaseswithoutneedofhighereducation
NorisktotheenvironmentPollutioncontrols.

"TheOnlythingthatInterfacewithLearningisMyEducation"
Einstein
or
"MyeducationistheHindranceoftheprocessofmyLearning"
Einstein
FormaleducationtendstolimitthethinkingofsubjectEx:Lawofgravitytaughtinschool
MostengineerstaughtthatsomethingmustbedoneTHISwaySonosimplesolutionto
complexproblemsEinsteinrecognizeeducationalsolimitsResearchhasdoneOnly
interfacewithmylearningiseducationSelfEducateCouldyouimagineifeducationwould
havebeensohighleveltoteachEinsteintothatlevelhewasUrgingfor!Educationdoesnot
guaranteetogivecorrectknowledgeEducationhashighprioritytoday'sworldEducationhas
changedEx:MedicalfieldhasmanychangedelsemanyhavediedEinsteinwouldhavefit
nowadaysbutbackinolddaysSohesaying,hebeingtaught6thgradeeducationinhighest
collegeattimeAndhewastedhighereducation,

Illiterateof21stCentury....Learn,Relearn,Unlearn:
Itwasstatedby"AlvinToffler"World'sbesteducationsystemLearn:Hasnotbeengiven
respectbyallprayersUnlearning&Relearningdonotmeanoneshouldforget,learnitagain
Unlearning:HappenwhenyouopentonewprospectiveofthingsyoualreadyknowRelearning:
HappenwhenyouacceptanewperspectiveandappreciateyourknowledgeOvercome
misunderstanding,misconceptionBritainprimeminister"TonyBlair"statementis'Education
EducationEducation'Educationisaboutmoldingthefutureofournationandofeach
individual.

RecentTechnologyBoonorCurse:
ChangesthewayweliveEx:Mobile'sInformationaccessibletolargenumberofpeople
TravellingEx:cars,trains,plainsTravelfaster(refertoEraDailyInventionTopic).

EnglishwillRemainasDominant:

CountrieslikeEngland,Canada,America,AustraliauseEnglishMostbooks,thesispaper,
internetarticlesWritteninEnglishTranslatetoEnglishmostsoftwareandapplication

writteninEnglishForeignmusic,movies,books&styleasasinglecity(world)
AdvertisementsinEnglishHoardings,Boards,EconomicTransactionsetc...inEnglishFuture
trendmoretrade.

AdvertisementsinSchools:
ChangestakesplaceCommercialismBudgetshortfallsFundscrunchesHugeBudgetscuts
IncomeincreasesBetterfaculty,MotivatedteachersAdvanceviewBetterequipment&
intelligentdecisionmakingImportantinfrastructure&standardNegativeofadvertisementis
Immaturetothinkofchildrenmaymisleadthem.