§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ - Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh

Chuyªn ®Ò: Gi¶i ph¬ng tr×nh
I) C¸c kiÕn thøc cÇn nhí
1) C«ng thøc nghiÖm cña ph¬ng tr×nh bËc hai: ax2 + bx + c = 0 (1)
NÕu ph¬ng tr×nh (1) coù: b=2b’
Ñaët ∆’=b’2-ac
+) Neáu ∆’ > 0 thì phöông trình
(1) coù hai nghieäm phaân bieät:

§Æt ∆=b2-4ac.
+) Neáu ∆>0 thì phöông trình
(1) coù 2 nghieäm phaân bieät:

- b- D
- b+ D
; x2 =
2a
2a
+) Neáu ∆=0 phöông trình (1)
coù nghieäm keùp:
-b
x1 = x2 =
2a
+) Neáu ∆<0 thì phöông trình
(1) voâ nghieäm.
x1 =

x1 =

- b'+ D '
- b'+ D '
; x =
1
a
a

+) Neáu ∆’ = 0 thì phöông trình
(1) coù nghieäm keùp:
- b'
x1 = x2 =
a
+) Neáu ∆’<0 thì phöông trình (1)
voâ nghieäm.

2) Ph¬ng tr×nh quy vÒ ph¬ng tr×nh bËc hai
a) Ph¬ng tr×nh trïng ph¬ng
- Lµ ph¬ng tr×nh cã d¹ng ax4

+ bx2 + c = 0 (a≠0)

- C¸ch gi¶i: §Æt x2 = t (t≥0) råi ®a vÒ gi¶i ph¬ng tr×nh bËc hai Èn t.
Sau ®ã ®èi chiÕu ®iÒu kiÖn ®Ó lÊy t vµ tõ ®ã thay trë l¹i ®Ó t×m x.
b) Ph¬ng tr×nh chøa Èn ë mÉu
C¸ch gi¶i:
Bíc 1: T×m ®iÒu kiÖn x¸c ®Þnh cña ph¬ng tr×nh.
Bíc 2: Quy ®ång mÉu thøc hai vÕ rråi khö mÉu
Bíc 3: Gi¶i ph¬ng tr×nh võa nhËn ®îc
Bíc 4: Trong c¸c gi¶ trÞ t×m ®îc cña Èn, lo¹i c¸c gi¸ trÞ kh«ng tho¶ m·n
®iÒu kiÖn x¸c ®Þnh, c¸c gi¸ trÞ tho¶ m·n ®iÒu kiÖn x¸c ®Þnh lµ
nghiÖm cña ph¬ng tr×nh ®· cho.
c) Ph¬ng tr×nh tÝch
- Lµ ph¬ng tr×nh cã d¹ng:

A(x).B(x).C(x)… = 0

trong ®ã A(x); B(x); C(x); … lµ c¸c ®a thøc Èn x.
- C¸ch gi¶i:

1

9 = 0 f) 9x4 + 8x2 .7x + 3 = 0 f) 3x2 + 5x + 2 = 0 h) 16z2 + 24z + 9 = 0 j) 9x2 .5x + 1 = 0 s) 16x2 + 10x + 1 = 0 x4 .12x + 4 = 0 l) 3x2 .8x + 16 = 0 i) x2 ..8x + 1 = 0 p) x2 .3600 = 0 o) .1.120 = 0 q) z4 .32 = 0 j) 2x4 + 5x2 + 2 = 0 l) a4 .2 = 0 b) 3x2 + 5x .5x2 .7x + 4 = 0 28x + 52 = 0 c) 7x2 .§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ .27 = 0 m) t 4 + 3t 2 + 10 = 0 o) x4 .2x + 3 = 0 e) 6x2 + x .6 = 0 p) 36x4 . = 0 Û êB (x) = 0 ê ê C (x) = 0 ê ë II) C¸c d¹ng bµi tËp Lo¹i 1: Ph¬ng tr×nh bËc hai Bµi 1: a) x2 - b) Bµi 2: a) Lo¹i 2: Ph¬ng tr×nh trïng ph¬ng a) 2x4 .B(x).12x .39x2 + 360 = 0 .(2 3)x2 .2x2 .5 = 0 g) x2 .1 = 0 d) 2x2 .8 = 0 d) 4x4 ..13x + 36 = 0 m) x2 .2x + 5 = 0 n) 12x2 .1 = 0 h) 9a4 + 2a2 .7z2 .25 = 0 g) 3x4 + 10x2 + 3 = 0 i) u4 + 3u2 + 9 = 0 k) x4 .C (x).3x2 + 2x + 8 = 0 t) 2x2 .10 = 0 2 x4 .3x2 .288 = 0 k) x2 .12a2 + 27 = 0 n) x4 + x2 .Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh éA(x) = 0 ê ê A(x).2 = 0 1 4 3 2 11 v) x .(5 - 2)x2 .2x2 .3x + 7 = 0 r) .6x2 .144 = 0 4 2 s) 5x + (2 5 + 3)x + 5 + 3 = 0 1 4 1 2 1 u) x .x =0 3 2 6 y) x4 .13x2 + 36 = 0 e) t 4 + 24t 2 .64x .x + =0 3 2 6 c) 4 x) (5 + 2)x .2x2 + 7x + 39 = 0 q) 2x2 .13x2 + 1 = 0 r) x4 .16 = 0 4 t) 3x .16x2 + 0.

x + 1 = 15x2 .x2 + 6x .5x + 6 x2 .8 1 x2 .4 x .x2 2 e) (x .12 Lo¹i 3: Ph¬ng tr×nh chøa Èn ë mÉu Bài 1 a) Bài 2 Bài 3 3x .3x + 5 c) d) = 2 x.16 = 10 .10) = 72 f) (x .1 2 + = x .16x2) 1 3 1 + 2 = 2(x .2)(x .9)(x .1 x .4)(x .2 .3 d) 5x4 + 2x2 .5x + 6 x .1) x .3 x .Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh Bài 2: a) x4 + 2x2 .1) = 33 2 2 i) (x + 2)(x .1 x+3 3 Bài 5 a) b) c) d) e) 1 1 1 + = x2 + 4x + 3 x2 + 8x + 15 6 1 2 3 6 + + = x2 .1 x + x +1 a) b) 1+ 8x 4x 32x2 + =0 4 + 8x 12x .§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ .3)(x + 3)(x + 4) = 44 h) (x .30 x2 .x + 16 e) = 2 f) x3 .x .2)(x + 2)(x .5) = .13x + 40 5 1 1 1 1 + + = x2 + 9x + 20 x2 + 11x + 30 x2 + 13x + 42 18 2 æ ö 1 1 2 x ÷ ç + 2 + 2 ÷ ç 2 ÷=4 ç èx + 5x + 6 x + 3x + 2 x + 4x + 3ø 1 1 1 1 1 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 2 x .1 4 15 3x .1)(x + 1)(x + 2) = 10 2 2 g) (x .2 = 3x4 .x.6 x3 + 7x2 + 6x .6 3(4 .8x + 15 x2 .7x + 12 x .35 b) 2x4 + x2 .1 x + 3 x + 2x .3 x+3 x.3 = x4 + 6x2 + 3 c) 5x4 .9x + 20 x .1 x + x +1 1 2x2 .1 2x + 5 4 + 2 =2 x.3 x .2 2x + 3 1 = x2 + 2x .10x2 .7x2 .5 4 g) + 3 = 2 h) x.11x + 30 3 3 .

1 2 2 Bài 8 a) x(3 .ç 44 + 12 =0 ÷ ÷ ç ç ç èx . =0 ÷ ç ç ÷ ÷ ç èx .2ø 9 2 2 2 æ ö x 2 æ x + 2 ö x .1÷ ø èx + 1ø x2 .1 e) 2 2 æ ö x 2 æ x + 2 ö x .1ö 40 ÷ ÷ ç ç + = ÷ ÷ ç ÷ ç ÷ è x ø èx .4 ÷ ÷ ç 5.ç x + ÷ ç ÷= 6 ç x +1 è x + 1ø .1÷ ø èx + 1ø x .§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ .1 2 x . =0 ÷ ÷ ç 2 ÷ ç ÷ ç è ø èx + 1ø x.4 ÷ ÷ ç 20.ç x + ÷ ç ÷= 2 ç x +1 è x + 1ø b) 4 x(5 .4 ÷ ÷ ç ç + .4 ÷ ÷ ç ç 5 + 48 =4 ÷ ç ç 2 ÷ ÷ ç èx .1 d) 2 2 æ ö x 2 æ x + 2 ö x .x ö ÷ .x) æ 5.x ö ÷ .1ø 2 2 æ1 ö æ1ö ÷ ÷ c) ç +ç ÷ ÷ ç ç ÷ ÷ = 15 ç èx ø èx + 1ø 1 1 5 = e) 2 + x (x + 2)2 16 g) 2 b) 81x2 x + = 40 (x + 9)2 2 f) 4x2 x + = 12 2 (x + 2) h) x2 x + = 15 (x + 1)2 2 2 Bài 7 2 a) b) 2 æ x .1 2 c) 2 2 æ ö x + 2 æ x 2 ö 5 x .1ö æx .x) æ 3.Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh 1 1 1 1 1 5 + + + + = a2 + a a2 + 3a + 2 a2 + 5a + 6 a2 + 7a + 12 a2 + 9a + 20 14 1 1 1 1 9 + 2 + 2 + 2 =g) 2 a + 3a a + 8a + 15 a + 12a + 35 a + 16a + 63 20 f) Bài 6 2 æx ö 5 ÷ x +ç = ÷ ç ÷ 4 ç èx + 1ø 25x2 2 = 11 d) x + (x + 5)2 2 æx ö ÷=8 a) x2 + ç ç ÷ èx .1÷ ø èx + 1÷ ø x2 .ç 5 + 48.

2 x +2 3 x +1 x .4 d) 2 x .1)(x + 2x .Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh c) ö x(8 .1 x +2 x +3 x .5) = (x .4) .8x + 7 4x .1) 2 2 3 h) (2x + 3) .5x + 5 1 a) 2 = 2 b) 2 .6x + 15 x .15x = 0 5 .2 =x .(2x .8 8 + = + x .10x + 7 3x 7x + 2 =.3 x + 4 + + + =4 b) x .x) æ 8.5x + 3 2 4x 5x + =g) 4x2 .x + 5) 2 2 2 g) (x + 3x + 2) = 6(x + 3x + 2) 2 2 2 f) (x + x + 1) = (4x .14x + 15 x .10x .3x + 1 x + x + 1 4x 5x + 2 =1 f) 2 4x .4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 + + + = + + + c) x x +2 x + 5 x + 7 x +1 x + 3 x + 4 x + 6 a) x2 + 2x + 2 x2 + 8x + 20 x2 + 4x + 6 x2 + 6x + 12 d) + = + x +1 x+4 x +2 x+3 Lo¹i 4: Ph¬ng tr×nh tÝch Bài 1: 2 a) (x .3) = 0 2 2 c) (3x .8x + 7 4x2 .§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ .6x + 5 4 x2 .x÷ .1) = 0 2 2 2 2 e) (x + 2x .2 =x .10x + 7 a) 4x 3x + =1 4x2 .13x + 15 x2 .10x + 7 b) 1 Bài 10 x2 .5x + 1)(x .4 x +8 x.2 x .4x + 5 x .1 x +1 x .5x + 3 2x2 + x + 3 4x 5x 3 + 2 =e) 2 x + x + 3 x .4) = 0 b) x3 + 3x2 + 2x = 0 2 2 2 d) (2x + x .ç x + = 15 ÷ ç è ø x +1 ç x + 1÷ Bài 9 2x 7x =1 2 2 3x .8x + 7 4x2 .16x + 15 12 Bµi 11: x+4 x.15x + 15 1 c) 2 .3x + 5 x2 .10x + 15 4x x2 .12x + 15 x .x + 2 3x + 5x + 2 2x 13x + =6 c) 2x2 .

9 = 0 d) x3 .10x3 + 16 = 0 .12) + (y + 5y .Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh i) x3 .§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ .6 = 0 l) x3 + 6x2 + 3x .21x .2x3 + 6x2 .1998)(x .950) 2 2 2 2 r) (x .8x2 + 8x .4x = 0 m) x3 .3 = 0 a) b) Lo¹i 6: Ph¬ng tr×nh ®èi xøng Bài 1: a) 2x3 + 7x2 + 7x + 2 = 0 c) 4x3 + 5x2 + 5x + 4 = 0 e) .27x .9 = 0 e) x4 .2x2 .3x3 .2 = 0 h) .21x3 + 74x2 .3x .120 = 0 g) x4 + 3x3 .1998) + 4(x .x6 + 9x3 .12 = 0 d) x4 .17x4 + 16 = 0 e) x12 .3x2 + x + 1 = 0 b) x3 + 2x2 + 3x + 2 = 0 d) x3 .7x + 12 = 0 i) x3 + 6x2 + 11x + 6 = 0 k) x3 + 2x2 + 7x + 14 = 0 j) x3 .16x2 .7) + 2(3y + 10y .7x + 20)2 = (x2 + 5x .7x2 + 14x .12x2 + 5x + 1 = 0 6 .3x + 4) = .x3 + 4x2 + 4x .2x .2x3 + 3x2 + 3x .2 = 0 Bài 2: a) 2x4 .7)2 2 2 2 2 2 2 q) (2x + x .x6 .10x + 5 = 0 f) 2x4 .2x + 1 = 0 f) 2x3 .8 = 0 d) x8 + x4 .105x + 50 = 0 h) x4 .3x .6x + 4 = 0 b) x4 + 11x3 .6x2 + 3x + 1 = 0 Lo¹i 5: Ph¬ng tr×nh tam thøc x6 .1 = 0 g) x6 .14x2 .16 = 0 c) 2x4 + 3x3 .(x2 .5x2 + 8x .10x3 + 15x2 + 10x .3x + 2 = 0 b) x4 + 5x3 .29x + 24 = 0 h) 2x3 .7x + 9)2 = 0 o) (2x2 + 10x + 5)2 = (2x2 .2x2 .2) .4 = 0 l) x3 + x2 + 4 = 0 Bài 3: a) x4 .2x6 + 5x3 .5x .29x + 30 = 0 f) x3 + 4x2 .3x + 4) 2 2 2 2 2 2 s) (3y + 10y .10 = 0 n) (5x2 + 4x + 10)2 .(x .950) = 4(2x + x .2 = 0 f) x10 + x5 .1 = 0 g) 8x3 + 5x2 + 5x + 8 = 0 b) .4x2 .9x3 + 7x2 + 7x .10 = 0 c) x3 .7x2 .7x3 + 6 = 0 c) x8 .12) = 0 Bài 2: a) x3 + 6x2 + 3x .19x2 + 106x .5x2 .x + 4 = 0 j) x3 + 3x2 .8 = 0 e) x3 .4x3 .7)(y + 5y .5x2 + x + 7 = 0 g) x3 .x + 5 = 0 k) 3x3 + 6x2 .3x3 .2)(x .6 = 0 h) .5x2 .17x2 .8)2 p) (2x2 .2(x .

6x2 + x + 2 = 0 l) 2x4 + x3 .4x + 4)2 + x2 .2x)2 + 3(x2 .1) ( x .7) ( x .4x .5x) + 24 = 0 f) (x2 + 5x)2 .1) ( x + 2) ( x + 3) ( x + 6) = 108 i) ( x + 1) ( x + 3) ( x + 5) ( x + 7) = 9 h) j) ( x + 1) ( x + 2) ( x + 4) ( x + 5) = 40 7 .24 = 0 2 2 2 g) (x2 + x + 2)2 .1 = 0 b) (x + x) + 4(x + x) = 12 c) 2(x2 .12 = 0 ç ç ÷ ÷ è ø è x xø æ2 1ö æ 1ö x + 2÷ + 3ç x+ ÷ q) 2ç ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷.8) = 144 7 =7 x + x +1 2 d) ( x + 5) ( x + 6) ( x + 8) ( x + 9) = 40 e) ( x .3x + 1 = 0 k) x4 .36x2 + 7x + 6 = 0 f) x4 + x3 .2ç x + 2÷ r) 7ç ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷= 9 ç ç è xø è x ø 2x2 5x +3= 0 u) (x + 1)2 (x + 1) x2 48 æ x 4ö + 2 = 10ç .1)2 + 2(x2 + x .3x3 + 4x2 .7x3 + 14x2 .5x)2 + 10(x2 .10 = 0 ç çx + ø ÷ è è xø x÷ æ2 1ö æ 1÷ ö x + 2÷ + 12ç x+ ÷ .3x + 2) = 3 k) (x2 .10x3 + 26x2 .77x + 10 = 0 j) 2x4 + x3 .§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ .2(x2 + 5x) .77x3 + 150x2 .7x + 1 = 0 g) 4x4 + 12x3 .2 = 0 æ 1÷ ö æ 1ö çx + ÷ l) ç x + 4 +3= 0 ÷ ÷ ç ç è ø è ø x÷ x÷ 2 2 2 æ 1ö æ 1ö çx + ÷ m) ç x+ ÷ + ÷ ÷ ç ÷ ç ÷.4) ( x .10x2 + x + 1 = 0 h) 10x4 .8 = 0 2 2 i) (x2 + 3x + 2)(x2 + 3x + 1) = 20 j) (x .1) ( x .12(x2 + x + 2) + 35 = 0 h) (x2 + 3x .Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh c) 6x4 + 5x3 .8) = .47x2 + 12x + 4 = 0 i) x4 .÷ v) ÷ ÷ ç è 3 x 3 xø Bài 2: a) x ( x + 1) ( x + 2) ( x + 3) = 8 b) ( x .5) ( x .1) .2(x + x) .3x + 4)(x .11x2 + x + 2 = 0 Lo¹i 7: Ph¬ng tr×nh §Æt Èn phô Bài 1: 2 2 2 a) 3(x + x) .10x + 1 = 0 d) 6x4 + 7x3 .2 = 0 è è xø xø æ2 1ö æ 1ö x + 2÷ + 5ç x+ ÷ o) ç ÷ ÷.2x) + 1 = 0 4 2 d) (2x + 3) + 5(2x + 3) = 6 e) (x2 .47 = 0 p) 4ç ÷ ÷ ç ç ÷ è è x ø xø æ 1ö æ2 1ö x+ ÷ .3) ( x + 5) ( x + 7) = 297 f) ( x + 1) ( x + 2) ( x + 4) ( x + 5) = 10 g) ( x + 1) ( x + 2) ( x + 3) ( x + 4) + 1 = 0 ( x .38x2 + 5x + 6 = 0 e) x4 .16 = 0 ç ç è ø è x xø æ ö æ 1ö 1÷ ÷ ç x + 4 x + +6= 0 s) ç ÷ ÷ ç ç ÷ ç è è ø xø x÷ æ 1ö æ 1ö ÷ ç n) ç x+ ÷ + 3 ÷ ÷.31 2 t) x + x + c) ( x + 2) ( x + 3) ( x .

1 + =2 x 4x .10) = 72x 2 e) ( x + 1) ( x + 3) ( x + 5) ( x + 15) = .1 l) x 2 3x .4) ( x .5 3x x2 .2x + 4) x2 + 2x .2 x x +x .5) ( x .x + 1 x2 .1) x ( x + 1) = 56 r) 2 2 ( 4x + 1) ( 12x .x = x2 + 3 c) 2x2 + 3x + 2 2x2 + 3x + 9 = 33 d) 3x2 + 21x + 16 + 2 x2 + 7x + 7 = 0 e) x + 3 x .5 a) 8 .8 x2 .3x + 1) ( 2x + 5x + 1) = 9x 2 2 2 Bài 4: a) 3x2 + 2x = 2 x2 + x + 1.1) ( 3x + 2) ( x + 1) = 4 2 2 s) ( 6x + 7) ( 3x + 4) ( x + 1) = 6 t) ( 6x + 5) ( 3x + 2) ( x + 1) = 35 2 u) ( 4x + 3) ( x + 1) ( 2x + 1) = 810 Bài 3: 2 a) 4( x + 5) ( x + 6) ( x + 10) ( x + 12) = 3x 2 b) ( x + 1) ( x + 2) ( x + 3) ( x + 6) = 120x 2 c) ( x + 2) ( x + 3) ( x + 8) ( x + 12) = 4x 2 d) ( x .2 + =3 x 3x .16x f) ( 2x .5) ( x .2x + 3 2(x .x b) 3 x2 + x + 1 .Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh k) ( x + 1) ( x + 2) ( x + 3) ( x + 4) = 3 l) ( x .x .§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ .8) ( x .3 x2 + x .2 Bài 5: 1 1 9 24 15 + 2 = = 2 b) 2 2 x .7) ( x .2x + 2 x .x x2 .10 = 0 g) 2x + 5 x + 3 = 0 f) x + 12 x + 35 = 0 h) 2x + 13 x .x + 2 =1 + 2 + 4 = 0 d) 2 c) x .1) ( x + 1) ( x + 3) = 3 n) x ( x + 1) ( x + 2) ( x + 3) = 24 o) 16x ( x + 1) ( x + 2) ( x + 3) = 9 p) ( x + 3x + 2) ( x + 7x + 12) = 24 2 q) ( x + x .2x .45 = 0 i) 2x + 2 x +2 7 + = x +2 2x + 2 12 ị) 2x 1 1 + + =2 x +1 2 2x k) x 4x .4) ( x .2) = 72 m) x ( x .

3x + 5 6 8 7 + = 1 e) x2 + x .3 = 0 d) 2 + x + 3 .2 = x +2 r) ..1)(x + 4) x + x +1 e) Bài 6: Lo¹i 8: Ph¬ng tr×nh bËc chøa dÊu gi¸ trÞ tuyÖt ®èi Bµi 1: a) x + 3 = 5 d) .3 o) .2 x + 1 = .5 p) x + 7 .x + 2x + 1 = .6 p) x .3 = 4 j) 2x .16 = 3x x .2 x .3x = 4x .5 = 4 1 3x + 2 .3x = x ..2x = 0 g) 3x + Bµi 3: a) x + 1 + x .3x = 3x + 2 u) 2 .x .5 = 3x j) .2 = .2 = 0 b) 2 .2x = .2x + 2 = 5 1 3x + 2 = 7 i) 4x + 3 = 3 3 4 1 .2 =5 d) (x + 1)(x + 2) (x .2 9 .5 .3x + 2 .3x = x .3x + 4 x2 .1 .3x b) .1 = k) s) 2 .1 .4x .3x + 2 + x .5 = 0 e) .2x + 1 + 3 = 0 f) x + 1+ x .7 4 9 2 .5 = 0 x) z) x2 + x .4 y) .3 = 3 ac) x2 .3 + 4 2 .3x .x + 2 n) 2x .3 x + 1 = 2x + 6 l) .7 = 4 e) 4x + 5 = 1 g) .x = 1.5x .1 = x + 3 m) 2x + 3 + 2 3 .3x = 2(x .2 ad) (3x .Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh 1 2 6 + = x2 .4 x .5x + 2 = .x + 4 = 2 h) 4 7 m) 3 2x = x .§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ .2x + 1 .3) 2 1 3 4 1 3x + = x .4 = 0 3 i) x + 1 .1 = 0 c) 5x + 2 = 7 f) .2 .x + x + 2 .x .2x h) 3 .x + 2 + 4 .2x .4x = 3 .3x + 3 x2 .2 3 .2x = 4x + 5 7 .3 + 2x .1 + 2 .x .1)2 .8 o) .x .2x .x .4x .x .1 + 5 = 0 Bµi 2: a) x .x +2 = l) 5x .1 = x k) .2x + 3 = 4 b) x ..x = 2x 3 2 2 3 3 2 2 aa) x + x = 0 ab) x .1 n) q) t) v) .1 .2x = 0 c) .

3 = 3x .4x + 4 = 49 x.4x + 4 = 3 j) x2 + 2x + 1 + x2 .25 = 6+ x .2 =x.x.x .4x + 3 = x .1.5 = 1.18 = 20 c) 16x + 16 .2 3x + 2 = 4 2x + 5 = 2x .1 b) 4x2 .2x2 = x .4 Lo¹i 9: Ph¬ng tr×nh v« tØ Bµi 1 a) 3 2x .2x + 1 - f) x2 .3 = 2 h) 5x .1 + 5 = 0 3x + 2 = 2 = 3 f) 4x .2x + 1 h) x2 + 5x + 4 = x + 1 i) x2 .3x + 2 .4x + 4 = x2 + 4x + 4 l) x2 .5+7= x l) x .49 = x .1 + 2x + 3 = x + 4 f) x .x + 3 = 1 e) x .x + 3 x + 3 = 7 i) .2x + 1 + x2 .20 x + 5 = 1.4 x .3 5 + x + 3 15 x .1 = 21 r) 1.1 + x + 8 .9 = 8x .8 + 5 x .36x .x o) 2x + 8 2x ..1 .2x + 3x + 3 = 2x .2 x + 1 + 3 x + 2 = 0 g) 3 .2 x .4 = 4 .1 j) .x + x .§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ .1 x.12 4 9x + 45 = 6 f) 4x + 20 .1 + x + 2 + x + 3 = 14 d) x + 1 + 2 .1 g) 25x .1 = 16 q) Bài 3: a) x2 .4x + 1 = 13 d) x2 + 2x + 1 = .Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh c) x .1 2 9 Bài 2: a) x + 1 = x .x + 3 c) x2 .4 e) 5 x .10x + 25 + 9x2 + 6x + 1 = 3x .x m) 3 + 2x .1 b) x +1 = 2 g) x + x + 1 = 13 j) x .x i) x.36 + 9x .1 + .6 x .20 = x .3 = x d) e) h) k) n) p) x .25 .6x + 9 = x + 3 e) x2 .9x .x .5 8x + 7 16x = 28 b) 4x .1 x2 + 4x + 4 = .2x + x .2 g) x2 .9x + 9 + 4x + 4 + x + 1 = 16 d) 25x .1 = 5 10 .4 2 .1= 3 x + 2 2x .2 .7 49x .4x + 4 + x = 8 m) c) x + 3.2x .1 + 4x .

x + x + 3 = 5 j) k) x .x = 6 x .1- s) x + 3+ 4 x .x = x2 .3x + 4 = 1 p) x +4+ x +9 = 5 1.x + 3 .x = 2 l) 15 .5 = 2 x + 3 = 5.2 = 1 r) x.12x + 38 b) x .2 f) x + x +1 = 1 g) x +4+ x.2x + 7 + x = 5 b) x + 1 .x = x2 .Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh n) x .1+ 4 x .4 x + 2 + x + 11.x + 4 + x = 3 q) 8 + x + 5- r) 3 .6 x .x + x .x2 + 2x + 1 f) .7 = 12 .5 + x + 2 + 3 2x .6 x .1 = 5 t) x .12x + 40 d) x .6x + 9 + x2 + 10x + 25 = 8 x.2 + 2 x2 .7 + 9.x .16x + 66 5 .x .5 = 7 2 v) x2 .5 = x2 .2 =2 x +3.4 + 6 .2 = 2 4x + 1 .5 = 4 o) x + 4 .4x + 17 = x + 2 e) x =5 B ài 5: a) 2x .2 = 13 .§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ .5 = 4 u) x .x 3x + 15 .1 = 3x .6 x + 2 = 1 q) x + 2+ 4 x .2x Bµi a) c) e) 7: 7 .10x + 27 11 x .2 x.2 + 10 .3 + 12 + x = 5 m) n) o) 6.2 = x + 1 c) e) d) x .4 x + x + 9.1+ 4 x .94 + 96 .2 x + 1 + x + 10 = x + 2 + x + 5 f) x .1 .4 = 1 h) i) 10 .1=1 Bµi 4: a) 2x + 5 - b) c) 3x .2 + 2x .6 x = 1 p) x + 6 .5 + 11+ x + 8 x .x + x .1 + x .1+ x +1 = 2 x .5x .x = x2 .x .x = x2 .2 d) x +3+ x.190x + 9027 x .5 + 9.1 = .1 + x + 8.3 - x = 2x + 1 - 3x + 4 B ài 6: a) x + 1 + x .x .1=2 x + 1 = 3.x + x .2 + x + 7.x .5 + 11+ x + 8 x .

13 x .3 + 5 .89 + + = + + d) 89 88 87 33 12 11 x +1 x + 2 x + 3 x + 4 x + 5 x + 6 e) + + = + + 94 93 92 91 90 89 x .88 x .1 = 1 j) 3 x + 34 .x h) + + =3 105 103 101 12 .x = 4 h) 3 2 .1970 x .6 = 12 Lo¹i 10: Ph¬ng tr×nh c¨n bËc ba x .x + 3 14 + x = 2 e) 3 x + 1 .27 x .x2 i) 2x .3 x .1974 x .1980 = + + + + + 29 27 25 23 21 19 a) g) x + 3 x + 5 x + 7 x + 9 x + 11 x + 13 x + 15 x + 17 + + + = + + + 2001 1999 1997 1995 1993 1991 1989 1987 315 .29 = 0 b) x2 + x2 .9 .2x = 3x2 .1972 x .§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ .Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh g) x .16 = 3 x + 3 f) 3 x + 25 + 3 3 .1978 x .x = 2 1+ 3 x .1 = 5 i) 3 2x + 1 + 3 x = 1 k) 3 13 .1 = 3 5x g) 23 x .x = x2 .12 x .4 = 3 5x b) 12 .21 x .19 + + + + + = f) 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 x .2x .2 + 4 .23 x .53 x .x + 3 x .25 x .1976 x .67 x .11 x .x 311.6x + 11 h) 3x2 + 6x + 7 + 5x2 + 10x + 14 = 4 .29 x .3 = 1 3 Lo¹i 11: Ph¬ng tr×nh kh¸c x +1 x + 3 x + 5 x + 7 + = + 65 63 61 59 x +1 x +2 x + 3 x + 4 + = + b) 58 57 56 55 x +1 x + 2 x + 3 x + 4 x + 5 x + 6 + + = + + c) 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 x .3 x .12x + 4 B ài 7: a) x2 + x2 .x + 3 22 + x = 5 d) a) c) 3 x +1- 3 3 x + 1 + 3 7.x 313 .

273 + + + = 10 j) 15 17 19 21 315 .x 311.x 57 .x 309 .x 55 .300 x .x 53 .323 x .x + + + +4= 0 k) 101 103 105 107 i) Lo¹i 12: Ph¬ng tr×nh kh«ng mÉu mùc 13 .Giao Thuû – Nam §Þnh 59 .x 51.§Æng Ngäc D¬ng – Trêng THCS Giao Hµ .342 x .x + + + + =.5 41 43 45 47 49 x .x 313 .

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