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Nghien cuu thiet ke che tao thiet bi san xuat sua chua

Nghien cuu thiet ke che tao thiet bi san xuat sua chua

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Published by: julyrains on Feb 13, 2011
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BO GIAO Due v A DAo TAO

. . .

Bio cio TON81ET

~ A ..'

BE , .1 NSHIEN C.IHOA H(lC

A'" K A"' ;.t'

NGHIEN cuu, THIET KE CUE T ~o

~ ? ~-

THIET BI SAN XUAT SUA CHUA 6000 LIB

• .J I

MA SO: fJlOOL-.tg-l0

CHU NHleM DE TAl: IS. DINH VAN IHU~N - Trung tam Nghien ctru ling dung

- Vien KH&CN Nhiet - L';U1h

NHUNG NGUOT THAM GIA: 1. GS. TSKH. DANG Quae PHU - Trung tam Nghien cuu ang dung - Vien KH&CN Nhiet - Lanh 2. PGS. IS. DINH V AN NHA - Trung tam NCKT Tt! dong hoa, Dai h9C Bach khoa Ha noi

3. ThS. LAI NGQC ANH - Trung lam Nghien cuu aug dung - Vien KH&CN Nhiet - L~

HA NQT, 2()()3

1. TONG QUAN VE TINH HINH SAN XUAT vA TIEU THl), su CAN THIET PHAI NGHIEN cOU CHE TAO DA. Y CHUYEN CRE BIEN SUA

Sua, la loai thuc an bb dirong cao, ngay nay da tro' thanh mot chat dinh dirong khong the thieu diroc trong moi gia dinh. Mire d¢ tieu thu sua khong khong ngirng gia tang, nhat 1.1 nhu cau sir dung trong gia dinh, tnrong hoc va benh vien, ... Phuc VI,! cho nhu diu cua moi hra tuoi.

Cung voi sir phat trien kinh teo Ngirci Viet Nam quan tam nhieu den sire khoe thong qua viec sir dung nhieu chi phi han cho khau phan dinh dtrong " hang ngay. V ai nhip d¢ hoat dong nhanh cua cuoc song cong nghiep, moi nguoi din duoc bo xung nguon dinh duong cao d~ thich ling nhtrng bien dbi cua cong viec. Sira va cac san pharn tfr sua dem lai cho nguoi tieu dung sir sang khoai, ngon mieng va dac biet gup cho co the phat trien chien cao, tang ctrong sue khoe. Voi tre em, sua 1.1 mot thanh phan quan trong tao sir virng chac cho giai doan phat trien the luc va tri tue. Chinh vi vay, sir dung san pham sua 1.1 viec rat can thiet cho cuoc song hang ngay.

Canxi trong sua 1.1 nguon Canxi de hap thu va thuong chiern khoang 60% luong Canxi co the hap thu duoc, Neu bi thieu Canxi se c6 nhieu nguy co bi giam khoi loang xirong (giam muoi khoang trong xuong) va tham chi la bi loang xuong.

Do sua 1.1 nguon thuc pham nit c6 loi cho sue khoe nen nhu cau tieu thu san ph am nay cang tang. Nam 1990 hrong sira tieu thu binh quan/ngiroi/nam chi moi a rmrc rat thap la 0,47 kg thi den Dam 1995 can so nay da. tang len 3,7 kg va nam 2000 HI 6,5 kg. Sau 10 nam, sire tieu thu sua a Viet Nam da tang gap 12 Ian voi tong san luong quy ra slra long khoang 460.000 tan. Mtrc tieu thu sira tang nhieu nhat 1.1 o· cac do thi, cac khu cong nghiep thea xu huang tieu duns cac san pham duoc che bien tir sua nroi nhir: sua nroi thanh truns

...... b'

sua tiet trung, sua chua, sua nroi pha trai cay, ...

1

Han che ttl xua den nay mot phan do tap quan, nhtrng phan IOn la do thu nhap boi gan mra the ky chien tranh, nhu cau sua bi lang xuong Uti tien cac nhu cau birc thiet cua cuoc song. Bay gio dau hieu cua cuoc song van minh, hien dai da chuyen dong ngay cang r6 net theo da phat trien cua dat mroc. Sua da di vao nhu cau dinh dirong hang ngay cua nhan dan, dac biet la dan thanh thi va cac khu c6ng nghiep. San hrong sua tuoi san xuat trong mroc cling tang' kh6ng ngirng, ttl 21.000 tan nam 1995 len 33.000 tan nam 1998,45.000 tan narn 1999, nam 2000 da dat 54.000 tin. Du co toe d¢ tang nhanh nhir vay nhung thirc te san xuat trong mroc chi moi dap ling 10% nhu cau noi dia. Vi the hrong nhap van 121. chinh. Bam thea nhu cau san pham tang, so hrong nhap cling tang manh. Tinh ra hrong nhap hien nay quy ra sua bot khoang 50.000 tan/nam, gap 20 Ian nam 1996.

Truce thuc te nay, lieu chung ta co nen tiep tuc nhap khau sua d~ dap ling nhu cau tieu thu trong ruroc kh6ng? Hay la nhap thiet bi ve de san xuat, che bien sua dap ling nhu cau tieu thu trong nuoc va tharn chi la dung d~ xuat khau, Day la mot bai toan kinh te-xa hoi can diroc giai quyet,

Neu dau nr xay dung cac nha may che bien sua d~ dap irng nhu cau thi tnrong thi se tang diroc nguon thu cho nha mroc, Day la mot nguon thu rat lrrn, thuc te cho thay C6ng ty SUa Viet nam moi chi cung cap diroc cho thi tnrong khoang 10% con lai 13. nhap cua mroc ngoai nhung da dong gop vao ngan sach nha mroc moi nam hang ngan ti dong. Ben canh do, n6 con tao cho nhieu lao dong nhan roi viec lam 6n dinh nhu: chan nuoi gia sue, cung cap san pham (dich vu), lam viec tai cac nha may che bien.

Nganh sira Viet nam con non tre va dang tren da phat trien. Do vay kha nang phat tricn nganh cong nghiep sua a Viet nam con rat Ion & se phat trien manh trong nhtrng thap ky tci.

Nganh co khi ella nuoc ta trong nhtrng narn gan day phat trien kha nhanh.

Mot sc Iinh vue da bat kip voi trinh dQ cac mroc khac. Dieu nay da duoc th~

2

hien qua cac cong trinh Ion diroc thiet ke', che tao, lap dat trong mroc. Cac thiet bi che tao trong mroc khong nhirng dap ling duoc yeu cau ky thuat, thirc hien t6t chirc nang nhiem V1,l do cong nghe d~t ra rna con c6 tinh tham my cong nghiep cao.

Hien nay, cong ty sua Viet nam da c6 cong nghe che bien sua hien dai dang ap dung tai cac nha may sua nhir: Vinamilk Ha noi, Vinarnilk Sai gon, ... ' cho nhieu loai san pham khac nhau. Vi vay, viec nhap cac day chuyen thiet bi san xuat sua cua nuoc ngoai la khong can thiet vi gia thanh dau nr rat cao, dong thai khong khuyen khich duoc nen cong nghiep 'san xuat thiet bi thuc pharn trong mroc phat trien khi cac thiet bi nay e6 the che tao trong mroc.

Trong cac 10~i san pham sua, sua len men da duoc ira chuong til lau, dac

biet doi voi dan vung Trung Dong. 6 cac ruroc Tay Au, san pham sua len men diroc tieu thu kha pho bien, tir dau the ky xx, la thai ky e6 cac cong trinh nghien cuu cua Metehnikoff ve nguyen nhan gay ra sir gia nua 6 con nguoi. Theo tac gia, sir lao h6a sam la do cac san pham thai rtra ton tai Iau trong

dirong ruot. Hien nay, 6 Viet nam, sua chua cling rat diroc ira chuong va nhu cau san pham nay ngay cang tang, dieu nay duoc th~ hien rat ro qua rmrc san luong san xuat hang nam. Hinh 1 diroi day trinh bay mot vi du ve san hrong sua cua nha may sua Vinarnilk Ha noi:

HINH 1: SAN LUONG SAN XUAT SUA CHUA NHA l\lAY SUA HA NOI (NAM 1999,2000,2001,2002)

600, .

:: SOD ~

'-' I

g 400 ~

~JOO I

~. 200 i - i ::: 100 _J

rA 0 -,-I -c--------,--,------,..-~-,------,-_...,----___,_____

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Thang

3

Viec sir dung cac san pham sua len men Him thay d6i pH cua moi tnrong ben trong dirong ruot, co tac dung can tro hoat dong cua cac vi khuan gay thai nra. Ly thuyet nay diroc minh chirng co sire thuyet phuc cao nho van viec sir dung cac san pham sua len men dircc ban tren thi tnrong.

C6ng nghe san xuat cac san ph am sua len men ngay mot them da dang phong phu duoi nhieu ten gioi va each trang tri bao bi khac nhau co tac dung . quyet dinh den viec Iva chon loai san pham 6 nguoi tieu dung. Tuy nhien trong cac san pham len men, sua chua van chiern vi the hang dau boi chat hrong va sa thich cling voi tinh giai khat cua san pham .'

Vi nhirng ly do tren, chung toi tien hanh nghien ciru thiet ke, che tao thiet bi san xuat sua chua. Trong khuon khri de tai nay se trinh bay chi tiet v~ cac thiet bi cua day chuyen san xuat sua chua co cong suat 6000 lit/h.

2. NGHIEN cDU CONG NGH~ sAN XUAT SUA CHUA vA xxv Dl)NG QUY TRINH CONG NGH~

2.1. CONG NGH-e SAN XUAT SUA CHUA

Sua len men la ket qua cua qua trinh hoat dong cua vi sinh vat lam thay d6i cac thanh phan binh thirong co trong sua rna dac tnrng la qua trinh sinh thanh ax it lactic tir duong lactoza va trong mot s6 san pham dac bier chang han nhu S1;1' t(;10 thanh etanol. Thanh phan protit co trong sua bi pepton hoa nen lam tang kha nang tieu hoa. D6i khi hrong CO2 gitr lai trong khoi sua cao tao nen bot cho khoi sua.

Trong qua trinh san xuat SUa chua phai sir dung vi sinh vat va hoa sinh:

Vi sinh vat sir dung trong san xuat sua chua la vi khuan lactic voi hai loai dac tnrng: Lactobacillus bulgancus (L. bulgancus) Hi vi khuan len men dien hinh phat trien tot 6 nhiet dQ 45-50oC trong moi tnrong co d¢ axit cao. Loai nay c6 the t40 ra trong khoi sua den 2,7% axit lactic tir dirong lactoza; Streptoccccus thermophilus (S. thermophilus) phat trien t6t 6 nhiet d¢ 50°C va

sinh san t6t a nhiet dQ 37+40°c_ Day cling la vi khuan lactic chiu nhiet len·

4

men dien hinh, c6 th~ chiu duoc nhiet d¢ dun n6ng den 6SoC trong 30 phut nhirng chi phat trien duoc trong moi twang c6 d¢ axit thap han L. bulgaricus.

Hai loai vi khuan neu tren thuoc loai vi khuan hieu khi va chill duoc moi tnrong c6 d¢ axit thap (pH tir 4-4,5). Trong san xuat sua chua, viec cay han hop hai Ioai vi khuan nay cho ket qua sinh fa axit lactic t6t han la chi sir dung rieng tirng loai L: bulgaricus lam d~ dang cho sir phat trien cua ' Sthemophilus. Lactobacillus c6 chua enzym phan giai protein nen c6 kha nang phan tach diroc mot 56 axit amin tir cazein, Cac axit amin nay c6 vai tro nhu la cac chat kich thich hoar dong cho loai Strepocccus. Trong s6 cac axit amin valin dong vai tro quan trong nhat.

Trong san xuat sua chua bang nuoi cay han hop hai 10M tren cho thay:

d giai doan dau ella qua trinh san xuat, pH ella sua thich hop cho loai Streptoccus hoar dong chiern uu the va dam bao cho qua trinh len men lactic diroc bat dau. Hoat do cua cac enzym phan huy cazein cua Lactobacillus kfch thfch 51;1" ph at trien ella Streptococcus va doi khi cling lam cho do axit tang len. Yeu t6 pH cua sUa thay d6i lam cho Streptococcus kh6 phat trien, Lactobacillus thay the cho. Mat khac, sir v6n cue sua cling xay ra khi dQ axit dat den 70 - 80 °D.

Sir hlnh thanh chat thorn trang san pharn sua chua tnroc day ngiroi ta cho rang chi co vai tro ella Streptococcus. Nhung cac tac gia Petter va Lolkerna rnoi day ciing da nhan manh den vai tro cua Lactobacillus trong viec tao nen huong thorn cho san pham trong d6 thanh phan axetaldehyt diroc coi la thanh phan quan trong g6p phan tao nen huang thorn dac tnrng cua sua chua.

Sua chua co the duoc san xuat til cac ngu6n sua khac nhau sua nroi W nhien, sua tach rna (mot phan hay hoan toan), sua bot d~ hoa tan voi sua nroi. Trong tnrong hop san xuat tir sua c6 ham lirong chat beo cao can chii trong den qua trinh dong hoa df ngan can qua trinh chat beo n6i len tren be mat khi

5

sir dung vi sinh vat thich h9'P d~ thirc hien qua trinh len men. D6i voi ngu6n sua giau chat kho, tien hanh thanh trung a nhiet dq 84+8Soc trong vai giay hoac c6 th~ tiet triing. Sau d6, sfra diroc lam lanh den 4SoC va cay hai loai vi khuan neu tren vao khoi sua can len. men nho qua trlnh nuoi thuan chung tnroc tren cac moi tnrong phu h9'P. Lieu hrong vi khuan sir dung til 2-3%. Sau khi khuay tron tien hanh phan phoi nhanh VaG dung C1;1, day nap va tien hanh len men a nhiet do sooe trong thiet bi u voi thai gian tir 2-3h. Liic nay, d(l ax it khong thuan loi cho ca hai loai vikhuan phat trien, Sau cong doan II am, sua chua can diroc tien hanh lam lanh nhanh den duoi lOoe va dirng ngay qua trinh hinh thanh axit lactic (neu khong se xay ra qua trinh co rut cua thanh phan bi dong 11:1 va sir phan chia huyet thanh). Qua trinh len men cling c6 the tien hanh trong cac noi each thu y nho sir tuan hoan cua dong niroc n6ng va lanh c6 tac dung trao d6i nhiet nhanh han trong thiet bi u am nhung thao tac nang nhoc va nrom ra han. Qua trinh len men diroc thirc hien u am hoac ndi each thuy) khi tang hay giam nhiet dq deu khong anh hirong den Streptococcus, chung van phat trien tot va san sinh ra chat thorn cho san pham. Con doi voi Lactobacillus lai c6 tac dung giam dq axit nhanh.

D~ san pham sira chua c6 do chua nhe va thorn, c6 th~ sir dung te baa ella vi khudn Streptococcus a giai dean tre va khi moi tnrong len men e6 dq axit thap. Nguoc Iai, muon c6 sua ehua c6 dq axit cao thl din sir dung te bao ella Streptococcus gia han hoac sir dung Lactobacillus, von Ia loai phat trien tot a moi tnrong c6 d(l axit thap.

D~ sua chua c6 huang thorn khac nhau ngiroi ta sir dung nho tinh dau cua cac loai qua: chuoi, chanh, dau, rna v.v .. Cac 100-i huang thorn t6ng hop, Cac chat thorn nr nhien thu duoc la san pharn cua qua trinh chung cat nen se mat mall tu nhien, D~ khac phuc ngiroi ta b6 sung cac chat mau e6 nguon goc W nhien nrong ling voi mau cua qua cho huang va duoc b6 sung vao cling thai diem cay vi khuan.

rvif#l k/tfUl htJe o.it efi#uj- Iuj.hi nh.iil-ILl.llh

. ..

6

Trong san xuat sua chua con khau ky nghe rat quan trong, do hi sir dung phu gia va chat 6n dinh nham WO trang thai ben vtrng cho sua chua khi hru hanh tren thi tnrong cling nhu tao dang gel ben virng cho san pham (khong tach pha).

Chat 6n dinh (palsgaard) la mot nh6m chat phu gia dua vao thirc pham

phai dat cac yeu cau sau:

- Kh6ng mang tinh chat dinh duong.

- Kh6ng doc hai doi voi sire khoe con ngiroi.

- Diroc lam til' nguyen lieu dll dircc 11!a chon cftn than. Che pham nay

hoan toan twin theo nhung qui dinh ve tinh dong nhat va d¢ tinh khiet thea tieu chuan cua HQi dong chung chau Au, My, Coug hoa Lien bang Diic, T6 chtrc Luang thuc The gioi (FAO) v.v

Thanh ph an chinh cua chat 6n dinh gom:

- Polysacarit (CMC-Na, carlagenan, ... alginat, v.v.) Hi nhtrng chat c6 vai tro lam dac (tao gel) lam cho san pham a dang ran nhung van mern, phu hop voi sa thfch nguoi tieu dung.

- Monodiglyxerit E471 c6 tac dung lam ben he nhii tuong la chat hoar dong be mat c6 vai tro ngan can s11 tap hop cua cac cau nr cling pha nen c6 kha nang dong nhat san pham.

d Viet Nam, trong cong nghe san xuat sua chua dac sir dung chat 6n dinh co rna hieu 5846 c6 thanh phan chu yeu HI. pectin, gelatin, tinh bot bien tinh ... nham tao C[lU true (~n dinh cho sua chua nho kha nang cat va oxy h6a mach polysacarit thanh nhtrng mach ngan nen lam tang kha nang keo hoa gop phan lam ben trang thai gel cua san pham.

2.2. QUY TRINH CONG NGHE

Tren co so nghien ciru Uti lieu va cac c6ng nghe san xuat sua chua, cluing toi dua ra q uy trinh san xuat (Hinh 2) d~ lam co sa cho cac tinh toan thiet ke' se duoc trlnh bay trong chuang tiep theo.

rvih, IdUi-a hot, oit ejj~11J "ghi "hii!-Illnh

. ~ '. ~

7

2.2.1. Chudn bi men gi(Yng

Tron nguyen lieu bot sua g~y sau d6 dong h6a, thanh trung va gifr (; nhiet do 42- 45°C

Cay men kho vao dich sua d~ tao dich men gi6ng

Tr¢n Dong hoa tan 1 Thanh trung Lam lanh
Sua turri f----t- r--.. ~
~ nguyen lieu (lSO-170Bar) Ian 1 (70-7S()C) (2-8uC)
.~
Lam nguoi r--- Thanh trimg 1-4- Dong hoalan 2 l+- II bao quan
(42-4SIlC) hin 2 (90-9S()C) (180-200Bar) (2-8°C)
~
Len men ~ Lam lanh nhanh ~ Rot san pharn ~ Dong thung
(42-45"C) (2o'-25°C) vao hii
t +
Lam men Bao quan kho
gi6ng (2-S°C) Hinh 2. Quy trinh cong nghe san xuat sua chua

2.2.2, Chudn hi dich sua

1. Tr¢n nguyen lieu

Sua nroi (nuoc) duoc nang.nhiet den 55 - 60°C bam vong qua bon va bo tron.

Tron bot sua gay, dirong bo qua he thong tron voi sua nroi a tren

Dich sira sau khi tron duoc dira ve chua trong bon tron

2. Thanh trung dong hoa 1, u baa quan

Dich sua sau tron duoc bam den may dong hoa, tai day sua diroc dong hoa 0' ap suat 150 - 170 bar, sau d6 diroc thanh trung a nhiet dQ 70 - 75°C

8

Sau thanh trung dich sua diroc lam lanh xu6ng 2-SoC va dira vao bon il, giG' a nhiet dQ d6 trong thai gian 4 -6 gio

3. Thanh trung, dong h6a 2, len men

Dich sua sau u duoc dua qua dong h6a a ap suat ISO - 200 bar va thanh trung a nhiet do 90 - 9Soc, sau d6 lam nguoi xu6ng 42 - 4SoC , rdi dira van bon len men.

Dich men giong diroc cap van bon len men d~ len men sua chua, thai gian len men 4 - 6 gio.

4. R6t san pharn

Sua sau len men duoc lam lanh nhanh xuong 20 - 2SoC dua vao bon thanh pham,

Sua chua diroc rot vao hii qua may r6t.

HG sua chua duoc d6ng thung va chuyen van kho mat nhiet d¢ 2 -SoC d~ baa quan,

3. THIET ICE, CHE TAO vA TicH HOP cAe THIET B~ TRONG DAY CHUYEN CHE BIEN SUA

Cac thiet bi va may cung cap cho cong trmh phai thoa man cac yeu cau co ban sau day:

• H¢ thong phai dam baa day du cac yeu cau cua cong nghe san xuat stra thea tieu chuan quoc te'.

• Eo trf lap dat hop IS thea cong nghe san xuat sua: Cac thiet bi duoc lap dat thea day chuyen lien tuc, dam baa my quan, cac cong dean dam baa khong cat nhau, chiem khong gian it.

• Bao ve moi tnrong t6t, khong gay doc hai d6i voi sire khoe can

nguoi.

9

• H~ thong dam bao dung ky thuat, dung quy pham v~ an toan lao dong,

• Mot so may va thiet bi diroc nhap tir cac mroc ED va Nhat.

• Cac thiet bi trong day chuyen che bien hoat dong 6n dinh, d¢ tin cay cao.

• H~ thong diroc thiet ke' va Hlp d~t sao cho chi phi van hanh thap nhat, nhung hieu qua cao nhat.

• Qua trinh dau hoa khong gay anh hirong den san xuat.

• Toan bo cac phan inox tiep xuc v6'i sira deu diroc che tao bang vat lieu inox AISI 316. Cac rnoi han ben trong cac thung deu diroc han bang may han argon, mai phang va danh bong dam bao d¢ bong 2B.

3.1. THIET KE TONG THE DA Y CHUYEN CHE BIEN SUA

Dua VaG quy trinh cong nghe nhir da trinh bay tren hinh 1 va c6ng suat thiet ke, chung toi da tien hanh tinh toan can bang nhiet va can bang chat d~ xac dinh cac thiet bi cua day chuyen, sir lien ket gitra cluing va dac tinh ky thuat cua rnoi thiet bi, Hinh 3 duoi day trinh bay SCi do nguyen 19 va dac tinh chung cua mot s6 thiet bi di~n hinh. Cac thong so ky thuat va dac tinh cua chung se duoc trinh bay trong cac muc 3.2 va 3.3.

rvi~_,t khtJa hfJf.~ LUi eiU'fj, n~ ,du,f1-ILf.l,J., 10

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Htnh 3. Sa do nguyen Iy day chuyen che bien sua chua

3,2. TfNH ToAN THIET KE cAc THIET B~ cRE TAO TRONG Nudc

3.2.1. Bon tron 6 m3/cai

1. Dac tinh kv thuat:

Bon dang 2 vo, duoc ch€ tao bang inox. Rieng vo trong cua bon bang thep khong ri AISI 316, con lai cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AISI 304. Bao on bang Polyurethane foam day 50 mm.

Bon c6 01 motor va canh khuay dar tren dinh bon 2 toc do 0.450/720 vong/phtit), 01 cira ngiroi chui dang tron ~450 mm, 01 qua cau phun va 01 kim phun ve sinh dat tai canh khuay, 02 cong tac baa rmrc cao thap cua san pham trong bon, 01 10 cam dong ho do

nhiet thang do 0 -c -;- 150 DC va 01 6ng lay san pham ra til' day va 2 6ng nap san ph Am tit nap bon.

Bon lam viec a ch€ d¢ khong co ap suat,

S6 hrong bon:

Dung tich den nap bon:

02 cai

6,92 m3/cai.

rvi~_ khnu h!,-e tJij_ eMUI- n{}-hf n.hif.J-uPlh 11

Dung tich den nap bon:

Dung tich hiru ich:

Chieu cao tong cua tank:

2. Ket cau:

B6n dang 2 vo, diroc che tao bang inox. Rieng vo trong cua bon bang thep khong ri AISI 316, con lai cac phan khac bang thep khong ri

6,92 m3/cai. 6 m3/cai. 2.767 mm

AISI 304. Than dang hinh tru, day duoi va tren dang hinh chop non. Ket cau bon dam bao ky thuat, sue ben, cac moi han ben trong (han argon) duoc rnai phang va danh bong dam bao ky thuat va ih~m my, d¢ bong dat 2B. Toan bo phan than va day dUQ'C boc baa on each nhiet bang polyurethane foam day 50 rnm, phia ngoai lap each nhiet boc ton inox bong day 2 mm.

Cac thong s()' Icv thudt: - Than tru:

• Duong kinh:
• Chieu cao:
• Chien day than:
• Vat li~u: ~::::: 2.350 mm. H::::: 1.500 mm.

S::::: 3mm.

AISI316

- Day duoi bon:

• Dang hinh non, d¢ con a dinh day la 150°.

• Duong kinh day non:

• Chieu day:

• Vat lieu: - Day tren bon (nap bon):

• Dang hlnh non, d¢ con a dinh day la 150°.

~ = 2.350 mm. S= 3 mm.

AISI316

• Duong kfnh:

• Chieu day:

~::::: 2.450 mm.

s= 3 mm.

rvifJ( Idwa "l!e 08 eonq nqhf nhi-fl-If,I.llh 12

• Vat lieu:

AISI316

- Bao on:

• Bao on toan bo ph an than va day bon.

• Vat lieu bao on:

Polyurethane foam. 50mm.

• Chieu day each nhiet:

• Phia ngoai lap each nhiet boc ton inox 2B day 2 mm. - H~ thong khuay:

• Motor khuay: 3 kW.

• H¢ thong true khuay va canh khuay 02 toe d¢ ( 1.450/720 vong/phut).

- B¢ phan ga dO' bon:

• 04 chan tank bang inox.

• Xem chi tiet ban ve.

- Cac bo phan khac:

• 6 phan phia dum than bon c6 cho Hlp cac dau do nhiet d¢ Pt 1 00, cira tank ~450 mm, qua diu ve sinh, ...

3.2.2. Bon ageing 12 m3/cai

1. Dac tfnh ky thuat:

Bon 2 vo co bao on va ao mroc lanh (nhiet d¢ mroc lanh vao IDe 7 3°C), duoc ch€ tao bang inox. Rieng vo trong cua bon bang thep khong ri AISI 316, con lai cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AISI 304. Baa on bang Polyurethane foam day 70 mm.

Bon co 01 motor va canh khuay dat tren dinh bon 1 toe d¢ ( 48 vong/phut), 01 cira nguiri ehui dang tron ~450 mm, 01 qua cau phun va 01 kim phun ve sinh dar tai canh khuay, 02 cong tac baa mile cao thap cua san pham trong bon, 01 16 earn dong ho do nhiet thang do oOe 7 150°C va 01 ong lay san pharn ra til va nap san pham tIT day.

13

Bon lam viec ache do khong c6 ap suat.

S6 luong bon:

Dung tich den nap bon:

Dung tich hiru Ich:

Chieu cao tong cua tank:

2. Ket cau:

Toan bo bon diroc che tao bang inox. Rieng VQ trong cua bon bang thep khong ri AI S1 316, con lai cac phan khac bang thep khong ri 'AIS1

02 cal

4.285 mm

304. Than dang hinh tru, day duoi va tren dang hinh chop n6n. Ket cau bon dam baa ky thuat, sire ben, cac m6i han ben trong (han argon) diroc mai phang va danh b6ng dam baa ky thuat va tham my, d¢ bong dat 2B. Toan be) phan than va day dUQ'C boc bao on each nhiet bang polyurethane foam day 70 mm, phia ngoai lap each nhiet boc ton inox b6ng day 2 mm.

Cae thong so' kv thudt: - Than tru:

• Duong kinh:
• Chieu cao:
• Chieu day than:
• Vat lieu: $ = 2.400 mm. H= 3.000 mm. S= 3 mm.

AISI316

- Day diroi bon:

• Dang hmh n6n, d¢ con a dinh day la 150°.

• Duo-ng kinh day n6n:

• Chieu day:

• V~H lieu: - Day tren bon ( nap bon):

• Dang hinh non, de) con a dinh day la 150°.

$ = 2.400 mm. S::::: 3 mm.

AISI316

• Duo-ng kinh:

$ = 2.540 mm.

rvif_n klwn h!Je o.ii l!.MU,JIUJitf nhif_J-hp,h 14

• Chieu day:

S= 3 mm.

• Vat lieu:

- Vo ao lanh:

• Chieu day:

• Tong dien tfch trao d6i nhiet:

• Vat lieu:

AISI316

S= 2 mm. F=17,5m2. AISI304.

- Bao on:

• Rio on toan bo phan than va day bon ..

• Chieu day each nhiet:

Polyurethane foam. 70mm.

• Vat lieu bao on:

• Phia ngoai lap each nhiet boc ton inox 2B day 2 mm. - H~ thong khuay:

• Motor khuay:

0,75 kW.

• H¢ thong hop giam toe, true khuay va canh khuay 01 toe de) ( 48 vong/phut),

- B¢ phan ga dO- bon:

• 04 chan tank bang inox ~89x5 mrn.

• Xem chi tiet ban ve. - Cac be) phan khac:

• a phan phia diroi than bon co cho Hip cac dau do nhiet d¢ PtIOO, cira tank ~450 mm, qua diu ve sinh, ....

3.2.3. Bon u len men 6 m3/cai

1. Dac tinh ky thwit:

Bon 2 vo eo bao on va ao mroc lanh ( nhiet d¢ mroc lanh vao lOC-:- 3°e), duoc che tao bang inox. Rieng vo trong cua bon bang thep khong d AISI 316, can lai cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AISI 304. Bao on bang Polyurethane foam day 70 rnrn.

15

Bon c6 01 motor va canh khuay d~t tren dinh bon 02 tee dQ ( 42/21 vong/phut), 01 cira ngiroi ehui dang tron ~450 mm, 02 qua cau phun va 01 kim phun ve sinh dat tai canh khuay, 02 cong tac bao mire cao thap ella san pham trong bon, 01 16 cam dong ho do nhiet thang do OOC -T 150°C va 01 eng lay san pham ra til va nap san pharn tir day. Bon lam viec 6 che do khong c6 ap suat,

So hrong bon:

03 cai

Dung tfch den nap bon:

Dung tich hiru ich:

Chieu cao tong cua tank: 2. Ket cau:

Toan bo bon diroc che tao bang inox. Rieng vo trong cua bon bang thep khong ri AISI 316, can lai cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AISI

6,83 m3/eai. 6 m3/eai. 3.075 mm

304. Than dang hinh tru, day duoi va tren dang hinh ch6p n6n. Ket cau bon dam baa ky thuat, sire ben, cac moi han ben trong ( han argon) diroc rnai phang va danh b6ng dam bao ky thuat va tharn my, dQ bong dat 2B. Toan bo phan than va day diroc boc bao on each nhiet bang polyurethane foam ~ay 70 mm, phia ngoai lap each nhiet boc ton inox b6ng day 2 mm.

Cae thong sfy' kY thudt: ~ Than tru:

• Duong kinh:
• Chieu eao:
• Chieu day than:
• Vat lieu: ~ = 2.250 mm. H = 1.500 mm. S= 3 mm.

AISI316

- Day duoi bon:

• Dang hinh non, dQ con 6 dinh day la 130°.

• Duong kinh day n6n:

~ = 2.250 mm.

rvifn kht!ll tUje oil n)II(/ ttt,Jhf IIhifJ·/~mh 16

• Chieu day:

• Vat lieu: - Day tren bon (nap bon):

• Dang hmh non, d¢ con (j dinh day la 150°.

S= 3 mm.

AISI316

• Duong kinh:

• Chieu day:

• Vat lieu: - Vo ao lanh:

• Chieu day: S = 2 mm.

~ = 2.390 mm.

S= 3 mm.

AISI316

• T6ng dien tich trao d6i nhiet: F = 7,1 rrr'.

• Vat lieu: AISI304.

- Bao on:

• Baa on toan bo phan than va day bon.

• Vat lieu bao on:

• Chien day each nhiet:

Polyurethane foam. 70mm.

• Phia ngoai lap each nhiet boc ton inox 2B day 2 mm. - H~ thong khuay:

• Motor khuay:

0,75 kW.

• H~ thong hop giam toe, true khuay va canh khuay 02 toe do ( 42/21 vong/phut).

~ B¢ phan ga dO' bon:

• 04 chan tank bang inox ~89x5 mm.

• Xem chi tiet ban ve.

- Cac bo phan khac:

• 0' phan phfa diroi than bon co cho Hlp cac dau do nhiet do Pt 100, cira tank ~450 mm, qua cau ve sinh, '" .

rvif.lt kJ'ltW h.~ o.it dUffJ IUJhf I1lti#-IL}JIh. 17

3.2.4. Bon u men cai 1 m3/cai

1. Dac tfnh ky thu~H:

Bon 2 vo co bao on va ao mroc lanh (nhiet d¢ mroc lanh van I°C-;- 3°C), duoc che tao bang inox. Rieng vo trong cua bon bang thep khong ri AISI 316, can lai cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AISI 304. Bao on bang Polyurethane foam day 50 mm.

Bon co 01 motor va canh khuay dat tren dinh bon 02 toe d¢ 0.450/150 vong/pluit), 01 cira ngiroi chui dang tron ~450 mm, 01 qua cau phun va 01 kim phun ve sinh dat tai canh khuay, 02 cong tac bao rmrc cao thap cua san pham trong bon, 01 16 cam dong ho do nhiet thang do OOC -;- 150°C va 01 ong lay san pham ra tir va nap san pham ttl' day.

Bon lam viec ache dQ khong co ap suat.

So luong bon:

Dung tich den nap bon:

Dung tfch hiru ich:

02 cal

1,27 m3/cai.

Chien cao tong cua tank:

2. Ket cau:

Toan be? bon diroc ch€ tao bang inox. Rieng vo trong cua bon bang thep khong ri AISI 316, can lai cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AISI

1 m3/cai. 2.162 mm

304. Than dang hinh tru, day duoi va tren dang hinh ch6p n6n. Ket Call bon dam bao ky thuat, sire ben, cac rnoi han ben trong ( han argon) diroc mai phang va danh b6ng dam bao ky thuat va tham my, d¢ bong dat 2B. Toan be? phan than va day diroc b9C bao on each nhiet bang polyurethane foam day 50 rnm, phia ngoai lap each nhiet b9C ton in ox b6ng day 2 mrn.

Cae thong s(/ kv thuat:

- Than tru:

• Duong kinh:

~ = 1.200 mm.

r{}if.ll kJuu.l h~e 00. eij#l.~lll.gl"-f nl';fl~lq.lth 18

• Chieu cao:

H = 1.000 mm.

• Chi~u day than:

• Vat lieu:

- Day duoi bon:

• Dang hmh non, de) con a dinh day Ia 130°.

• Duong kinh day non: ~ = 1.200 mm.

• Chieu day: S = 3 mm.

S= 3 mm.

AISI316

• Vat lieu: - Day tren bon (nap bon):

• Dang hinh non, do con a dinh day la 150°.

• Duong kinh: ~ = 1.300 mm.

AISI316

• Chieu day:

• Vat lieu: - Vo ao lanh:

S= 3 mm.

AISI316

• Chieu day: S = 2 mm.

• Tong dien tich trao d6i nhiet: F = 2,3 rrr'.

• Vat lieu: AISI 304.

- Bao on:

• Bao on toan bo phan than va day bon.

• V at lieu bao on: Polyurethane foam.

• Chieu day each nhiet: 50 mm.

• Phia ngoai lop each nhiet boc ton inox 2B day 2 mm. - H~ thong khuay:

• Motor khuay:

1,5 kW.

• H~ thong h9P giam toe, true khuay va canh khuay 02 toe de) ( 1.450/150 vong/phut),

- B9 phan ga dO' bon:

19

• 04 chan tank bang inox $76x3 mm.

• Xem chi tiet ban ve.

- Cac be) phan khac:

• 6 phan phia dltoi than bon co chb IJp cac dau do nhiet dQ PtIOO, cira tank ~450 mm, qua cau ve sinh, ....

3.2.5. Bon trtr cho rot sua chua 6 m3/eai

1. Dac tinh kg thuat:

Bon 2 vo c6 bao on, diroc che tao bang inox. Rieng vo trong cua bon bang thep khong ri AISI 316, con lai cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AISI 304. Bao on bang Polyurethane foam day 70 mm.

Bon co 01 motor va canh khuay dat tren dinh bon 01 toe do ( 46 vong/phiit), 01 cira ngiroi chui dang tron $450 mm, 02 qua cau phun va 01 kim phun ve sinh dat tai canh khuay, 02 cong rae baa mire cao thap cua san pharn trong bon, 01 16 cam dong ho do nhiet thang do OOC -7 150°C va 01 eng lay san pham ra tit va nap san pham tit day. Bon lam viec 6 che dQ khong co ap suat,

So luong bon:

02 cai

Dung tich den nap bon:

Dung tich hiru ich:

Chieu cao tong cua tank: 2. Ket cau:

Toan bo bon ducc ch€ tao bang inox. Rieng vo trong cua bon bang thep khong ri AISI 316, con lai cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AISI

3.075 mrn

304. Than dang hinh tru, day diroi va tren dang hinh ch6p n6n. Ket cau bon dam baa ky thuat, strc ben, cac mci han ben trong ( han argon) diroc mai phang va danh b6ng dam baa ky thuat va tham my, do bong dat 2B. Toan bo phan than va day duoc b9C bao on each

rvi~n klula h.f}e oil eimq nq.hf l1..hi-fl-ILflth 20

nhiet bang polyurethane foam day 70 mm, phia ngoai lap each nhiet boc ton inox bong day 2 mm.

Cae thong so' kY thuat: - Than tru:

• Duong kinh:
• Chieu cao:
• Chien day than:
• Vat lieu: ¢ = 2.250 mm. H = 1.500 mrn,

s= 3 mm.

AISI316

- Day duoi bon:

• Dang hinh non, do con a dinh day la 130°.

• Duong kinh day n6n:

• Chieu day:

• Vat lieu: - Day tren bon ( nap bon):

• Dang hinh n6n, d¢ con 6 dinh day 13. 150°.

¢ = 2.250 mm. S= 3 mm.

AISI316

• Duong kinh:

• Chieu day:

• Vat lieu: - Rio on:

¢ = 2.390 mm. S= 3 mm.

AISI316

• Bao on toan bo phan than va day bon.

• V at lieu bao on:

• Chieu day each nhiet:

Polyurethane foam. 70mm.

• Phia ngoai lap each nhiet boc ton inox 2B day 2 mm. - H¢ thong khuay:

• Motor khuay:

1,5 kW.

• H¢ thong hop giam toe, true khuay va canh khuay 01 toe do ( 46 vong/phut).

r{}if-It ldto.a hot, on MUlj. "giIi nhiil-lllUh

~ .. .

21

- B¢ phan ga dO' bon:

• 04 chan tank bang inox $89x5 mm.

• Xem chi tict ban ve.

- Cac bo phan khac:

• 6 phan phia diroi than bon c6 cho Hlp cac dau do nhiet d¢ Pt100, cira tank $450 mm, qua cau ve sinh, ....

3.2.6. Bon tron sua chua u6ng 12 m3/cai

1. Dac tinh ky thuat:

Bon dang 2 vo, diroc che tao bang inox. Rieng vo trong cua bon bang thep khong ri AISI 316, con lai cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AISI 304. Bao on bang Polyurethane foam day 50 mm.

Bon c6 01 motor va canh khuay dat tren dinh bon 1 tee d¢ ( 450 vong/phut), 01 cira nguoi chui dang tron ~450 mrn, 01 qua can phun va 01 kim phun ve sinh dat tai canh khuay, 02 cong tac bao mire cao thap cua san pham trong bon, 01 10 cam dong ho do nhiet thang do OoC -=-- IS00C va 01 ong lay san pham ra tir day va 2 ong nap san pham tir nap bon.

Bon Him viec 6 che dQ khong co ap suat.

S61uQ'ng bon:

Dung tich den nap bon:

Dung tich hiru ich:

Chieu cao tong cua tank:

2. Ket cau:

B6n dang 2 vo, duoc che tao bang inox. Rieng vo trong cua bon bang thep khorig ri AISI 316, con lai cac phan khac bang thep khong ri

02 cai

3.660 mm

Al Sl 304. Than dang hmh tru, day diroi va tren dang hinh chop non. Ket cau bon dam bao ky thuat, strc ben, cac moi han ben trong ( han argon) diroc mai phang V3 danh bong dam bao ky thuat va tham my, d¢ bong dat

22

2B. Toan be? phan than va day diroc boc bao on each nhiet bang polyurethane foam day 50 mm, phia ngoai lap each nhiet boc ton inox b6ng day 2 mm.

Cdc thong so' k\i tlzudt: - Than tru:

• Duong kinh:
• Chieu cao:
• Chieu day than:
• V~t lieu: ~ = 2.750 mm. H = 2.250 mm. S= 3 mm.

AISI316

- Day diroi bon:

• Dang hmh n6n, dQ con a dinh day la 150°.

• Duong kinh day n6n:

• Chieu day:

• Vat lieu: - Day tren bon ( nap bon):

• Dang hlnh non, dQ con a dinh day la 150°.

~ = 2.750 mm. S= 3 mm.

AISI316

• Duo-ng kinh:

• Chieu day:

• Vat lieu: - Baa on:

~ = 2.850 mm.

S= 3 mm.

AISI316

• Bao on roan be phan than va day bon.

• V ~t lieu baa on:

• Chieu day each nhiet:

Polyurethane foam. 50mm.

• Phfa ngoai lap each nhiet boc ton inox 2B day 2 mm. - H¢ thong khuay:

• Motor khuay:

1,5 kW.

rvi?JI kJwa h{Je oit eiil'l{lllqhf tthifi-IL!.I·,lt 23

• H~ thong true khuay va canh khuay 01 toe do ( 450 vong/phut).

- B¢ phan ga dO' bon:

• 06 chan tank bang in ox ~89x5 mm.

• Xem chi tiet ban ve. - Cac bo phan khac:

• 6 phan phia dtroi than bon co cho lap cac dau do nhiet dQ Ptl00, cira tank ~450 mm, qua cau v~ sinh, ....

3.2.7. Bon CIP 1 m3/cai

1. Dftc tinh ky thuat:

Bon diroc che tao bang inox co cira ngtroi chui dang tron ~450 mm, 01 ong thuy bao mire cua dich trong bon, 01 10 cam dong ho do nhiet thang do OoC -7- 150°C va 01 ong lay san pham ra tit va nap san pham t11 day.

Bon lam viec 6 che do khong co ap suat.

S6 Iuong bon:

Dung tich den nap bon:

Dung tich hiru ich:

Chieu cao tong cua tank: 2. Ket diu:

Toan bo bon duoc che 19.0 bang inox. Than dang hinh tru, day duoi

03 cai

2.162 mm

va tren dang hinh chop non. Ket cau bon dam bao ky thuat, sue ben, cac m6i han ben trong (han argon) duoc mai phang va danh bong dam bao ky thuat va tham my, do bong dat 2B. Toan bo phan than va day diroc boc bao on each nhiet bang polyurethane foam day 50 mm, phia ngoai lap each nhiet b9C ton inox bong day 2 mm.

Cae th6ng sl;' kv thudt: - Than tru:

((}ifu k/W£I hty-e 1Jit. eiJllij IUJlt.f nltif_I-I.ll'dr

24

• Duong kmh: 4> = 1.200 mm.
• Chieu cao: H= 1.000mm.
• Chien day than: S= 3mm.
• Vat lieu: AISI316 - Day diroi bon:

• Dang hmh non, dQ con (; dinh day la 130°.

• Duong kinh day n6n:

• Chieu day:

4> = 1.200 mm. S= 3 mm.

• Vat lieu:

AISI316

- Day tren bon ( nap bon):

• Dang hinh non, dQ con (; dinh day la 150°.

• Duong kfnh:

4> = 1.300 mm.

S= 3 mm.

• Chieu day:

• Vat lieu: - BQ phan ga do bon:

• 04 chan tank bang inox 4>76x3 mm.

AISI316

• Xem chi tiet ban ve.

- Cac bo phan khac:

• 6 phan phia duoi than bon co cho Hlp cac dau do nhiet do Ptl 00, cira tank 4>450 mm, qua cau ve sinh, ....

-"..... of,," _.... ..... A~ ~ ;:I "" ...

3,3, THIET KE TlCH HOP CAC THIET BJ DIEU KHIEN VAN HANH

3.3.1 H~ thong mroc nong

J, LUll luang k/ dien tlf'

S6luQ'ng: 1

Kie:u Endress & Hauser Promag

Ap dung: Phan thanh tung me luong mrcc nang can thiet cho cac bon tron Thiel ke:

25

Luu hrong ke dung de do d¢ dan dien cua chat long. DUQc kiern scat thong qua bo vi xir Iy; tv thea d6i kiem soat khi lam viec, lam viec trong tnrong xung dien mot chieu, Khoang do lien tuc tir 0 den 10 mls .

H~ thong do bao gam bo cam bien va bo truyen tin hieu.

Dac tinh ky thuat:

Vo : Thep

Vat lieu : Thep khong ri 316LI Dem cao su Viton

Bao ve Phien ban cua b¢ dem chat IP67

Dinh co 3 - diem

Man htnh : Dieu khien bang touch control

Nguon dien Dien xoay chien 220V, 50 Hz

N go ra Hi~n thi lien tuc dong ra tren man hinh

Ngoai ra con c6:

- BQ dern dinh san co man hinh 6 chi so

- Van kich hoat

2. Be} trao do'i nhiet dang tam-thief bi gia nhiet So luong: 1

Loai : Tetra Plex C6 - SR

Ung dung : Dun nong mroc dung che bien va sua nroi Nang suat : 12.0001/gia

Nhiem vu: Dun mroc nong tir 4°C den 55°C

Dun nunc nong tir 30°C - 55°C.

Tac nhan gia nhiet : Hoi mroc n6ng tuan hoan

Nang suat trong suot qua trinh san xuat : 1 5000 kg/gi« Thiet ke:

B¢ trao deli nhiet duoc thiet ke voi :

- Vong dem kin chung quanh tam trao d6i nhiet bang cao su thirc pham Nitril, loai gai len tam kh6ng sir dung keo dan.

q);~n IdWtJ h(Je on enn.lJ nqi'li nhiil-Iauh

. ..

26

- Tam lam bang Thep kh6ng ri 316

Ngoai ra con co :

3 nhiet ke' (nhiet ke c6 vach do) BQ truyen tin hieu nhiet dQ

BQ dieu khien nhiet do

3. B(J trao ddt' nhiet dang tdm-Bo cung cap nuac nang S6 luong: 1

Loai : Tetra Plex MS-SBL

Ullg dung : Dun nang mrcc twin hoan

Nang sua'! : 15.000 l/gi«

Nhiern vu: Dun mroc n6ng tir 58°C. Tac nhan gia nhiet : Hoi mroc

Nang suat trong su6t qua trmh san xuat : 1100 kg/gi« a ap suat 300kPa Thiet ke :

BQ trao dbi nhiet diroc thiet ke voi :

- V ong dem kin chung quanh Him trao d6i nhiet bang cao su thuc pharn EPDM, loai gai len tam khong sir dung keo dan.

- Tam lam bang Thep khong ri 316 .

Ngoai ra con co:

- 1 nhiet ke (nhiet ke co vach do)

- V an chan hoi.

- LQc hoi

- Van hoi dieu khien W dong

- Bav hoi.

~ c

- BO'm nuoc nang hoi luu

- Bon dan no dong bo voi van

3.3.2. Roan nguyen

Una duns

c . c

: hoan nguyen SUa

rvif11 k/'li'Ja h~c oil eim{J IIghf I'lhif_/-If!I'd1 27

Thanh pham : 12.000 l/gi« 6 13% chat ran

6.800 lIgib b 27 % chat ran

Tat ca cac ph an tiep xuc voi san pham lam bang thep khong ri AISI 316 Cac phan khac lam bang thep khong ri AISI 304.

Be mat danh bong bang hat 180.

Thier ke:

Tetra Almix la mot cum thiet bi lAp san tren khung, thir tnroc khi giao hang va san sang hoat dong khi n6i dien trong nha may sua. Bao gam mot bon tron, mot bo tron truyen dong dai dat duoi bon tron va bang dieu khien. B¢ phan chinh cua he thong la bo tron. Bao gom mot khoi quay va mot khoi dung yen co cac 16 xuyen qua. Dieu nay thuc hien t6i Uti hoa 3 clnrc nang: tron, born va phan tan. N guyen lieu duoc hut van trong born bang kh6i quay (ro to) va duoc d~y ra qua cac 10 tren khoi dang yen stator. Trong qua trinh thong qua cac 10 nay, san phdm diroc xen nat ra b6i canh khuay (j day cua ro to. Dau ra cua bon tron diroc d~t 6 bo tron, san pham bat buoc di qua bo tron it nhat mot Ian.

Tetra Almix cho su phan tan va huyen phil rat 6n dinh, S,! phan tan 6n dinh cua san pham giup tranh kh6ng bi von cue va lang can hinh thanh trong bon, rna hau qua la dan den mot thiet bi I9C von cue. Viec tron khong von cue dam bao xu ly nhiet hieu qua va chat hrong san pharn tot hem, rna d6i voi san pham thanh trung thi dieu nay co nghia la tuoi tho san pham lau hon.

D6i voi sir huyen phil, hieu qua la san pham bao quan duoc lau hem rna kh6ng bi tach beo. Cac thi nghiem tren thiet bi Tetra Almix tai trung tam phat trien san pham tai Lund da chung to rang dirong kmh th~ tich be mat cua qua Call chat ben trong sua hoan nguyen nrong duong nhu trong sua nroi.

Tetra Alrnix co th~ van hanh thea hai each: hoac la hru hanh ben ngoai qua bon trung gian hoac la luu hanh ben trong qua bon tron, D~ dat cong suat t6i da, luu hanh tir ben ngoai duoc de nghi ap dung. Day cling la phuong phap

{{}if·n k.Iuu.t htJe tJ.iI eimLI n~ nhifl-~h 28

van hanh ph6 bien. Trong tnrong hop hru hanh ben ngoai, mot hrong chat long duoc dinh tnroc diroc bam VaG trong bon trung gian va luu chuyen qua bon tron, BQt va cac chat long khac nhu la dau bo diroc them VaG va cac nguyen lieu duoc tron voi chat long tao thanh mot san pham dong nnat trong bo tron.

Trong tnrong hop luu hanh ben trong, mot hrong chat long duoc dinh truce duoc bam VaG trong bon tron. Chat long diroc hru chuyen qua. B¢ tron va qua h~ thong ong ben ngoai tnrc tiep tro ve bon tron. Sua bot va cac chat long, khac duoc them vao, Nguyen lieu duoc tron v6t chat long tao thanh san pham dong nhat thea tirng me trong bon tron,

Sua bot c6 th~ them mot each thu cong hay tu dong vao trong bon tron bang phuong phap chan khong, va chat long c6 the dinh hrong tnrc tiep VaG bon tron trong qua trinh tron.

- Bon tron dung tich 200 I, co luoi loc, cong tac an toan, co tam chan va nap day (nap che),

- Be? tron c6 dern kin true dong co 18.5 kW

- Bang dieu khien lam bang thep khong ri c6 cong Hk chinh

- Cac mit khoi dong va ngirng lai cho bo tron va bam nhap lieu

- Ngat dien khan cap, mit tiep xuc, nut khci dong YjtJ. va h~ thong day dien

ben trong.

- Van san pharn

1. Bam ly tam, loai LKH

S61uQ'ng: 1

Ki~u : LKH-l 0

(rng dung: chuyen sua da tron den he thong tiet trung Thier ke :

Bam c6 mot bo canh bam cling voi bo thanh hinh xoan oc se bam Chell long em va hieu qua.

Dong b¢ voi cac dau n6i lam bang thep khong ri

29

Vat lieu:

Tat ca cac phan tiep xuc voi chat long nhu vo bam, canh quat, dai DC

va tam chan sau lam bang thep khong ri AISI 316L.

Cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AISI 304.

Cac vong bit dau duoc lam bang cao su chiu nhiet loai EPDM.

Ngoai ra con co

- Nap va chan dong co

- V ong dern true kep

- Thiet bi xii mroc

Thong s6 ky tnuat :

Di¢n the: 3-pha/380V /50 Hz 2. H ¢ thong l(JC kep

So Luong: 1 bo

Orig dung :

Loai bo cac hat nho co th~ gay nghen trong qua trtnh che bien.

Thiet ke:

BQ loc gam vo 6ng co dau vao, ra. Ben trong bo eng, phan eng loc duoc eo dinh sao eho dong chay bi cuong birc di qua. Pnan nay gom 1 eng diroc due 10, eo tay dim han va 1 go (Go vira khop voi 1 vong sat dem). Go nay kh6'p vira van vci va ong boi 1 vong sat dem va duoc kep kin.

Chat lieu:

Tat ca phan u61 : Lam bang thep khong ri chiu axft AISI 316 .

Cac phan khac : Thep knong ri AISI 304

BQ phan lam kin: Cao su EPDM (dem kin)

Hahn tat

: Bong mo

1 dong ho do ap luc .

4 van buom loai LKBM

(iji{11 khi'lu h.f_Jc oii eluu,J If.ij.hf "tl1i;1-I.t!-l,t11 30

3. Bam khi nen SO Luong : 1

Ki6u : Bam thirc pham M2 cai tien .

Dng dung : Dinh hrong sua ben trong dirong ong theo tuyen tu cac thung chua Thiet ke:

Bam mang doi dieu khien khi. C6 th6 tu kich Ci dieu kien kh6 len den 15 feet, Toe d¢ thay deli diroc nho su thay d6i hru hrong thong qua thiet bi khi dieu khien bam.

Bam nay dong bo voi bo phu tung bam thiet ke de mang thich hop voi bam mang gan tren dinh thung d~ born san pham di.

Chat lieu :

Cac phan tiep xiic voi san ph~m lam bang thep khong ri 316. Yo che chong irot 0 trung tam bam lam bang Polypropylen. 4. Luu lU:971g kt Turrbin ( dong bo voi bo khuech dai dau ra)

So Luong: 1

Dng dung : Theo doi lUQ11g chat ben cua sira chay trong ong Chat lieu : Thep khong ri 316

Ngoai ra con co:

B¢ dieu khien 2 cap

4. Bang dieu khien PLC (Baa gi6m khoa lien dong khi thuc hien v¢ sinh cip)

SO LUQ'ng: 1

Oilg dung :

Bang dieu khien la mot bang chinh co bang dieu khien til xa.

Bang dieu khien crura cac nut k:hoi dong dong Co', cac tin hieu VaO/Ia cua cum thiet bi va cac phu kien khac cho cac tin hieu d€ dieu khien he thong cay men, U men, chuan bi sua chua uong, bon tru sua chua.

rvi~1t klroo hrye lUE eO.IUI "~ ,.,.hl-fJ-Il!-nJl 31

~~~----.--

Kct noi voi he thong CIP va cac thanh trung. PLC trong bang dieu khien se dieu khien cac entre nang chinh cua toan bo day chuyen. Bang dieu khien tir xa chua cac mit khoi dong dong co va cac phu kien khac cho cac tin hieu d~ dieu khien he thong hoan nguyen, he th6ng gia nhiet, he thong ull Uti trit,

- Dieu hanh thiet bi chinh qua he thong ngat mach hra chon hoac / va cac mit dong rno va ro le dieu khien,

- Khong co d6i thoai dfr lieu trong bang dieu khien,

Ket n6i giira cac khu vue khac nhau qua he thong day dien. Van dien tir trong bang dieu khien dUQ"C cung cap d~ dan huong va kich hoat cac van trong day chuyen

- Khong co hien thi cac tin hieu phan hoi cua van

Thiet ke:

Bang dieu khien dUQ"C dat trong 1 hop lam bang thep deo. Bao gom cac bo phan nhir:

- Dieu khien hop ly chuang trmh hoa, hieu GEFanuc (My)

- Cung cap dien mot chien cho cac bo dieu khien va dung cu, hieu

Omron (Nh~t Ban)

- B¢ ngat mach dau vao, nhan hieu Moller (Dire).

- Bao ve mach, hieu Merlin Gerlin (Phap)

- Bao ve dong co va mit khoi dong, hieu : Moller (Dire)

- Dieu khien nhiet D¢ co man hinh, hieu : Y okogawa (Nhat)

- B¢ dern thea dQ1 co man hinh : Hengstler (Dire)

- B¢ dieu khien lQC khi, hieu : Festo (Dire)

- Cac van dien tir dieu khien, hieu : Festo (Dire)

- Ro le dieu khien, hieu : Omron (Nhat) .'

- Ngat mach chon lua, hieu Kraus & Nairner (ao) (he thong khoa lien

d¢ng khi chay Clf')

32

- Cac bo ngat mach, hieu : Telemecanique (Phap)

- Chi thi co den dan, hieu : Telemecanique (Phap)

- Bang den canh baa, hieu : Telemecanique (Phap)

- Bang dau day, hieu Weidmuller (Dire)

- Cac phu kien khac dong bo voi bang dieu khien

Thong s6 ky thuat.

Dong 3 pha, 380V, 50Hz.

S. Nhiing diu: dilm van hann chinh

- Den baa sang san sang eho moi ngat mach baa rmrc cho mci bon chua

- Den baa sang san sang cho moi canh khuay /bom khi cac thiet bi nay hoat

dong.

- Mot chi baa khi dong co bi hong

- Cong tac chon (TV d¢ng/tat Thu cong) san sang cho cac bom/canh khuay co

dieu khien khoa lien dong.

- Cac nut d6ng mo' chieu sang duoc cung cap mdi khi dong/mo- dong co dung khi khong can hoat dong tv dong.

- Cong tac chon san sang cho viec lua chon mach CIP. Cac mit dong/rna duoc cung cap d~ dieu khien cac hoat dong khi chay nra ve sinh CIP.

- Cac mit d6ng mo san sang cho viec khoi dong va ngimg cua CIP va chuyen

di.

- Dieu khien da toe do cho 2 cum canh khuay

- Dieu khien da toe do eho 2 bam a khu vue bon tnr truce khi r6t

- Dieu khien nhiet do eho nuoc lanh

- Baa dong ve mire chat long trong bon va 16i

- Chinh lai hoac baa dong cong nhan

6. Cdc chuc nang van hanb chinb

- Canh khuay W dong khoi dong va ngung lai trong khi c6 S\! gioi han ve mire chat long, cung cho phep canh khuay khoi dong va ngirng mot each thu cong

33

- Bao rmrc chat long cho moi bon, rmrc thap va rmrc cao.

- LVa chon bon khi barn van bon va xa bon

- Lira chon Cll', khoa lien dong cho cac rmrc long trong bon, noi cac ong

- Dieu khien nhiet do he thong mroc lanh .

- Dieu khien da toe dQ cho cac dong co (4 cai) .

7. Van v¢ sinh (dong mif bang lay) So Luong: 3

Kieu : SMO - 22

Dng dung : dieu khien dong chay Thiet ke:

Than van, ti va dau chan lam bang thep khong ri chiu axit. Mat trong va ngoai ti van 2 diu chan duoc rna crorn, nham lam tang do cirng. Phan che bao lay than van, cac dern kin ti van va diu chan lam bang cao su chiu nhiet EPDM. Tay van duoc lam bang thep kh6ng ri bee nhira.

8. Van v¢ sinh (dong rna bang lay) So Luong : 4

Ki~u : SMO - 30

Ullg dung : dieu khien dong chay Thiet ke :

Than van, ti va dau chan lam bang thep khong ri chiu axit. Mat trong va ngoai ti van 2 dau chan duoc rna cram, nham lam .tang dQ cling. Phan che bao. lay than van, cac dern kin ti van va dau chan lam bang cao su chiu nhiet EPDM. Tay van ducc lam bang thep khong ri boc nhua.

9. Van buom dong mo· bang lay, Loai LKBM So' Luong: 2

Thiet ke:

34

Than van ducc Him bang 2 ntia va bat vit van nhau. Mot vong dem cao su dac biet nam giira hai than van va mot mat bich ap sat van dem cao su nay.

Tay nam cua van LKBM duoc thiet ke d~c biet, nho mot lo XC, van luon luon diroc khoa 6 vi trf an toan khi rna het co cung nhu d6ng het cO'.

V~t lieu:

Loai thep : tieu chuan AISI 304, thep khong ri. Dern kin: Viton (FPM) .

Cac lap 16t true da : PPO

Tieu chuan hoan tat d6i voi nhtrng be) phan lam bang thep kh6ng ri: Hai nita than van gia cong nhan, Dia danh bong bang dien

3.3.3 Bon u sua Iluu trtr

1. Van v¢' sinh (dong me! bang tay) S6Luqng: 3

Kieu : SMO - 22

ung dung : dieu khien dong chay Thiet ke:

Than van, ti va dau chan Him bang thep khong ri chiu axit. M~t trong va ngoai ti van 2 dau chan diroc rna crom, nham lam tang de) cirng. Phan che bao lay than van, cac dern kin ti van va dau chan lam bang cao su chi u nhiet EPDM. Tay van duoc lam bang thep khong ri boc nhua.

2. Van buom dong mo bang lay, Loai LKBM So Luong: 2

Uiig dung: Dieu khien luu hrong Thiet ke :

rvt"4n kJwu lu)e oiL. l!O~t~ IUJ.hf IJ1jfl-l~utl'l 35

.------.-- •. ~~-

Than van duoc Him bang 2 mra va bat vit vao nhau. Mot vong dern eao su dac biet nam gitra hai than oan Va mot mat bich ap sat vao dern cao su nay.

Tay nam ella van LKBM diroc thiet ke' dac biet, nho mot 10 XO, van luon luon duoc khoa 0 vi tri an toan khi mo het co cling nhu dong het ca.

Vat lieu:

Loai thep : tieu chuan AISI 304, thep khong ri. Dern kin: V it on (FPM)

Cac 16p 16t true dia : PPO

Tieu chuan hoan tat doi v6i nhirng bo phan Him bang thep khong ri: Hai mra than van gia cong nhan, Dia danh b6ng bang dien

~ 3.3.4 Thanh trung

Loai : Tetra Therm Laeta B

H~ thong thanh trung dung de thanh trung sua chua. H¢ thong duoc lap dat tnroc trong phan xirong ella chiing toi do d6 de dang lap dat,

Cong suat : 6,000 l/h sua chua (thanh phan chat ran 25 - 27%)

1. Bon din bang, LOAI BTD 100

So Luong: 1

Dng dung: Dieu khien va can bang hru hrong The tich : 100L:

Thier ke:

Bon can bang g6m c6 mot phao n6i noi voi mot thanh nang e6 tac dung nhu don bay de dieu khien mot van rna I chan dong vao,

Bon trang bi mot dau ra co khop n6i va C6 3 chan dieu chinh bang bi Vat lieu:

Rieng van chan / mo eho dong vao lam bang thep khong ri chiu axit (kh6ng bi an mon boi axit), cac phan con lai lam bang thep kh6ng ri:

rl}if.n /JuJU "''Ie IJ.{I duu.J "'~ nhifj-L~mJr 36

Phu kien kern thea: 1 Nap day

1 Thier bi do rrnrc thap 2. Bam ly tam, Loai LKH

So LUQ'ng: 1

Kieu : LKH-I0

(Jng dung : chuyen sua da tron den he thong tiet trung Thiet ke:

Bam co 111Qt bQ canh bam cling voi bo thanh hmh xoan oc se bam chat long em va hieu qua.

Dong b¢ voi cac dau noi lam bang thep khong ri

Vat lieu:

Tat ca cac phan tiep xuc voi chat long nhu vo bam, canh quat, dai oc va tam chan sau lam bang thep kh6ng ri AISI 316L.

Cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AIS1304.

Cac vong bit dau diroc lam bang cao su chiu nhiet loai EPDM.

Ngoai ra con co:

- Nap va chan dong co

- V ong dem true kep

- Thict bi xu nuoc

Thong s6 ky thuat

Di~n the: 3-pha/380V/SO Hz

3, B(J fran do'i Ilhi¢t dang tdm S6 LU'9'ng: 1

Ung dung : Thanh trung va lam nguoi san pham da tron Cong suat : 6,000 l/gi«

Chuang trinh nhiet do: SOoC-600C-Dong hoa-72°C (15 giay)-4°C (sua trong qua trinh u)

rv;~')~l khMJ h~e tJ.ll e&uJ n{Jh~ n/u".fl-llJltlt 37

---- __ -~-~-

- -_-_---

4°C-70oC- Dong haa-950C (5 phut)-430C (sua trong qua trlnh u len men)

50°C-95°C (15 giay)-4°C (dung dich si ro) So cong doan : 5

Ngoai ra con c6

- Cac nhiet ke'

- BQ chuyen tin hieu cua nhiet d¢

- M¢t van dieu khien, nuoc lanh

- Van dieu ap

4. D6n.g hoa, Ioai Tetra Alex 25 SO Luong: 1

Dng dung: Dang hoa sua

Dong hoa 2 cap, ap suat tong cong 250 Bao Cong suat: 6,000 l/gia

Dong co : 37 kW

ddu uat :

- MQt x y lanh bang thep khong ri

- Van xa va n~p

- V ong dern doi cua pit tong c6 ngan a gitra

- V ong dern cua pit tong cho nhiet do lam viec toi da 85°C

- Dong ho ap suat c6 chi baa 0 bang dieu khien

., Ong giam cham, dau ra va vao c6 khop n6i nhanh chiu lire.

Udu dong hq6 :

- Ap su~t thuy lire tao ra boi mot van khi nen dieu khien tay, bao gam: mot dau thuy luc gan trong khung, thiet bi dong hoa ducc lam bang Stellite cung, mot cap.

ddu truyen dong :

- Toan bo truyen dong true khuyu duoc lap trong hop kin bang gang.

38

- Phan chuyen dong duoc boi tron bang dau

- B¢ lam nguoi dau.

- Nang hrong duoc truyen tir dong co den true khuyu bang dai chir V

va hQP giam toe.

N goai ra con c6 :

- Dau dong hoa dip hai

- Dong co mot van toe

- Nnot boi tron

- 2 dong ho ap suat

- Dieu khien ap suat thuy Ivc tir xa cap 1/2

5. Ong luu nhiet So Luong: 1

Dng dung: LUll gill' san pham trong che dQ thanh trung a thoi gian nhat dinh Thai gian hru : 15 giay, 300 giay

N goai ra con co :

1 Born phu bam dung dich tay nra 6. H¢ thong Wan hoan nude

So Luong: 1

Dng dung: Dieu khien nhiet do va tuan hoan mrcc n6ng Bao gam:

- Trao d6i nhiet dang tam, loai CB.

- Ong tiet hru, 10 thong khi, van an toan, dong ho do ap suat.

- Bam nuoc n6ng.

- Trap hoi (eng g6p hoi)

- Van dieu chinh hoi

- BQc 19C - Y

- Van chan hoi

- BQ chi thi nhiet do

roil/II ki1.oa h~~ oii €iJ·I'lY· I1IJ.hf I1hi~J-llflth

39

- Cam bien nhiet dQ

- B9 chi thi ap suat,

7. Bang dieu khien

Ullg dung : Giam sat qua trlnh thanh trimg Bao gom:

- Tu dieu khien bang thep kh6ng rl,

- Cac nut dong mo

- BQ kiem soat nhiet dQ

- B9 ghi nhiet d(>

- Van dao dong.

- Van dien tit

- Cong tac khoi dong dong co

3.3.5. Cay men

1. Bam dinh. luang, type LKPL S6 hrong: 1

Uiig dung: Bam sua dll cay men den bon u

Kieu : mot toe do

Bam dinh hrong co dong co Trilobe, truyen dong bang banh rang trong hop s6 co b~ dau lam nguoi. V (, bam va hop s6 rieng biet, Bam dircc chay nra v~ sinh bang dung dich tciy nra,

Vat lieu:

Tat ca cac phan tiep xuc voi san pham duoc lam bang thep khong ri chiu acid. HQP s6 Elm bang gang:

2. Be? cung cap khi sach, (kern thea bo 19c)

So luong: 1

Dng dung : Cung cap khi sach cho bon cay men va bon u

Thier k~ : vo lam bang thep rna dien. Quat heat dong bang dong

({)i.fM k.luw htJR. 0.0. eMu). n~ I'thi.f1-/~ 40

C0 dien.

3. Van buom dong rna bang tay, Loai LKBM S6luqng:7

Oitg dung : dieu khien hru hrong Thiet ke:

Than van duoc lam bang 2nfra va bat vit vao nhau. M9t vong dem cao su dac biet nam gitra hai than van la mot mat bich ap sat vao dern cao su nay.

Tay nam cua van LKBM diroc thi€t ke dac biet, nho mot 10 XO, van luon luon diroc khoa a vi tri an toan khi me het eo ding nhu dong het ca.

V~t lieu:

Loai thep : tieu chuan AISI 304, thep khong rio Dem kin: Viton (FPM) .

Cac 16p 16t true da : PPO

Tieu chuan hoan tat doi v6i nlnrng bo phan lam bang thep khong ri: Hai nita than van gia cong nhan. Dia danh bong bang dien

4. Van v¢ sinh (dong mo bang lay)

S6luQ'ng :2

Kieu : SMO = 22

Dng dung : di~u khicn dong chay Thier ke:

Than van, ti va dau chan lam bang. thep khong ri chiu axit. Mat trong va ngoai ti van 2 dau chan diroc rna crom, nham lam tang d(> ctmg. Phan che bao lay than van, cac dem kin ti van va dau chan lam bang cao su chiu nhiet EPDM. Tay van duoc lam bang thep khong ri bQC nhua.

5. Van v¢ sinh (dong mo bang tay)

41

So hrong :2

Kieu : SMO - 30

UDg dung : dieu khien dong chay Thiet ke :

Than van, ti va dau chan lam bang thep khong ri chiu axit. Mat trong va ngoai ti van 2 dau chan diroc rna crorn, nham lam tang d(> cling. Phan chc bao lay than van, cac dem kin ti van va dau chan lam bang cao su chiu nhiet EPDM. Tay van diroc lam bang thep khong ri b9C nhira.

N goai ra con c6

- Van d6ng me hoi

"

3.3.6 U men

1. Born dinh luang, type LKPL So hrong : 1

Ung dung: Bam sua da cay men den bon U

Kieu : mot toe d9

Thiet ke:

Bam dinh luong c6 dong Co' Trilobe, truyen dong bang banh rang trong hop so co b~ dau lam nguoi. V 6 born va hop so rieng biet,

Born dUQ'C chay nra ve sinh bang dung dich t~y nra,

Vat lieu:

Tat ca cac phan tiep xuc voi san pham duoc lam bang thep kh6ng ri chiu acid. HQp so lam bang gang.

2. B(J (rQO defi nhiet-lam nguoi

S6IuQ'ng: 1

Loai

: Tetra Plex CIO-SR

Uno duns

e . e

: Lam nguoi sua chua

Cong suat

: lS,OOOl/h

r{}ifu khtm h~ 00 WUI nq.h-f 1'I.hi.f1-1#nlt 42

Nhiern vu : Lam nguoi tit 43°C den 15°C

Tac nhan lam nguoi : mroc lanh. 70°C

Thiet ke:

B¢ trao doi nhiet duoc thiet ke' bao gam:

- Tam trao d6i nhiet bang thep khong ri 316, day 0,5 mm

- V ong dem kin tam bang cao su Nitril, loai gai tren tam khong dung ,

keo dan

Ngoai ra con co cac phu kien : - 4 ong gan nhiet ke

- 1 bo truyen tin hieu nhiet d¢

- 1 bo dieu khien nhiet dQ

- 1 van dieu chinh mroc lanh vao,

- 1 van chan n ucc lanh

3. Bom ly tam, loai LKH So luong :1

Ki~u : LKH-l 0

Uno- duns: Twin hoan mroc lanh

C . b .

Thier ke:

Bam co mot bo canh bam cung voi bo thanh hmh xoan ac se bam chat long em va hieu qua.

Dong bo voi cac dau n6i lam bang thep khong ri

Vat lieu:

Tat ca cac phan tiep xuc voi chat long nhir vo bam, canh quat, dai oc va tam chan sau lam bang thep khong ri AISI 316L.

Cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AISI 304.

Cac vong bit dau duoc lam bang cao su chiu nhiet loai EPDM.

N goal ra con co :

- Nap va chan dono- co

. b

43

- V eng dem true kep

- Thiet bi xa mroc

Thong so ky thuat

Dien the: 3-pha/380V /50 Hz 4. BOrn ly tam, Loai LKH S6luQ'ng :1

Ki~u : LKH-l 0

lJng dung : Twin hoan dung dich u\Y rira CIP Thier ke:

Bam c6 mot bo canh bam cung voi bo thanh hmh xoan oc se born chat long em va hieu qua.

Dong bQ voi cac dau noi lam bang thep khong ri

V~t lieu:

Tai ca cac phan tiep xiic voi chat long nhu vo bam, canh quat, dai DC va tam chan sau lam bang thep khong ri AISI 316L.

Cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AlSI 304.

Cac vong bit dau duoc lam bang cao su chiu nhiet loai EPDM.

N goai ra con c6

- Nap va chan dong co Thong s6 ky thuat :

Di~n the: 3-pha/380V /50 Hz

6. Bang die'u khien PLC (Bao gi6m khoti lien dong khi thuc hien v¢ sinh cip)

Ung dung :

Bang dieu khien la mot bang chinh c6 bang dieu khien ta Xa.

RIng dieu khien chua cac mit khbi dong dong co, cac tin hieu vao/ra cua cum thict bi va cac phu kien khac cho cac tin hieu d~ dieu khien he thong cay men, u men, chuan bi SUa chua uong, bon tn1 sua chua.

44

Ket noi voi he thong eIP va cac thanh trung. PLC trong bang dieu khien se dieu khien cac chirc nang chinh cua toan b9 day chuyen, Bang dieu khien tir xa chua cac mit khoi dong dong co va cac phu kien khac cho cac tin hieu d~ dieu khien he thong hoan nguyen, he thong gia nhiet, he thong till uu tnl.

- Dieu hanh thiet bi chinh qua h¢ thong ngat mach Iva chon hoac I va cac nut dong mo va ro le dieu khien,

- Khong co d6i thoai dir lieu trong bang dieu khien.

- Ket noi giira cac khu vue khac nhau qua he thong day dien.

- V an dien til trong bang dieu khien duoc cung dip d~ dan huang va

kfch hoat cac van trong day chuyen

- Khong co hien thi cac tin hieu phan hoi cua van

Thier ke:

Bang dieu khien duoc dat trong 1 hop lam bang thep deo. Bao gam cac bo phan nhir:

Dieu khien hop ly chuang trinh hoa, hieu GEFanuc (My)

- Cung dip dien mot chien cho cac bo di~u khien va dung cu, hieu Ornron (Nh~t Ban)

- B9 ngat mach dau vao, nhan hieu Moller (Due).

- Bao ve mach, hieu Merlin Gerlin (Phap)

- Bao v¢ dong co va nut khoi dong, hieu : Moller (Due)

- Dieu khien nhiet do co man hinh, hieu : Y okogawa (Nhat)

- B~) dem thea dot co man hlnh : Hengstler (DuC)

- B9 dieu khien loc khi, hieu : Festo (Due)

- Cac van dien tir dieu khien, hieu : Festo (Dire)

- Role dieu khien, hieu : Omron (Nhat)

- Ngat mach chon Lira, hieu; Kraus & Naimer (Ao) (h¢ thong khoa

lien dong khi chay CIP)

(j}ifn kJuJa hf}R. vii e/}IU.I IUJhf ",h~t-l.l!llh 45

- Cue bo ngat mach, hieu : Telemecanique (Phap)

- Chi thi c6 den dan, hieu : Telernecanique (Phap)

- Bang den canh, baa, hieu : Telemecanique (Phap)

- Bang dau day, hieu: Weidmuller (Due]

- Cac phu kien khac dong bo voi bang dieu khien

Thong so ky thuat:

Dong 3 pha, 380V, 50Hz.

7. Nhiing ddc diem van hanli chinh

- Den baa sang san sang cho moi ngat mach baa rmrc cho moi bon chua:

- Den baa sang san sang cho moi canh khuay /bom khi cac thiet bi nay heat

dong.

- Mot chi baa khi dong co bi hong

- Cong tic chon (Til d¢ng/tat thu cong) san sang eho cac bom/canh khuay co

dieu khien khoa lien dong.

- Cac mit d6ng rna chieu sang diroc cung cap moi khi dong/me dong co dung khi khong can hoat dong tu dong,

- Cong tac chon san sang eho viec lira chon mach CIP. Cac nut dong/me duoc cung cap d~ dieu khien cac heat dong khi chay nra v¢ sinh CIP.

- Cac nut d6ng rna san sang cho viec khoi dong va ngimg cua Clf' va chuyen di.

- Dieu khien da toe de) cho 2 cum canh khuay

- Dieu khien da toe de? cho 2 bam 6 khu vue bon trfr tnroc khi r6t

- Dieu khien nhiet d¢ eho mroc lanh

- Baa dong ve mire chat long trong bon va loi

- Chinh lai h04C bao dong cong nhan

8. Cac cltuc nang van hanh chinh

([)i-f.n klwa hlje oil eimq nq/lf nhi~/-lf!-lth 46

- Canh khuay nr dong khoi dong va ngirng. lai trong khi co su gioi han ve rmrc chat long, cling cho phep canh khuay khoi dong va ngirng mot each thu

cong

- Bao mire chat long cho moi bon, mac thap va mire cao.

- Lira chon bon khi born VaG bon va xa bon

- Lira chon eIP, khoa lien dong cho cac mire long trong bon, noi cac ong .

- Dieu khien nhiet dQ he thong mroc lanh .

- Dieu khien da toe d¢ cho cac dong co (4 cai)

9. Van buam dong nu) bang fay, Loai LKBM So luong: 10

Ung dung : dieu khien hru hrong Thiet ke:

Than van duoc lam bang. 2 nira va bat vtt vao nhau. Mot vong dem cao su dac biet nam gitra hai than van va mot mat bich ap sat vaodem cao su nay.

Tay nam cua van LKBM diroc thiet k€ dac biet, nhc mot 10 XO, van luon luon diroc khoa b vi tri an toan khi mo het cO' cling nhu d6ng het co

Vat lieu:

Loai thep : tieu chuan AISI 304, thep khong rio D¢m kin: Viton (PPM)

Cac lap 16t true dia : PPO

Tieu chuan hoan tat d6i voi nhtrng bo phan lam bang thep khong ri: Hai rnra than van gia cong nhan. Dia danh b6ng bang dien

J O. Van v¢ sinh thuc phdm

S6Iuqng Loai

:2

: SMO-R

Ung dung : di€u khien luu luong

r{)if.n k11~ ~e tW eiUuJ IUIltf. I'J1ifMI;IItI'l 47

Thier ke:

Than van, ti va dau chan lam bang thep khong rl chiu axit. Mat trong va ngoai ti van 2 dau chan dircc rna crom. nham lam tang dQ cling. Phan che bao lay than van, cac dem kin ti van va dau chan lam bang cao su chiu nhiet EPDM. Tay van duoc. lam bang thep khong ri.

11. Van v¢ sinh (dong rna- bang tay) S6luQ'ng :2

Kieu : SMO - 22

UDg dung : dieu khien dong chay Thier ke:

Than van, ti va dau chan lam bang thep khong ri chiu ax it. Mat trong va ngoai ti van 2 dau chan diroc m~ crorn, nham lam tang dQ cling. Phan che bao lay than van, cac dem kin ti van va dau chan lam bang cao su chiu nhiet EPDM. Tay van duoc lam bang thep khong ri boc nhua,

12. Van v¢ sinh (dong rna- bang tay) So hrong :2

Ki~u : SMO - 30

Dng dung : dieu khien dong chay Thier ke:

Than van, ti va dau chan lam bang thep khong ri chiu axil. Mat trong va ngoai ti van 2 dau chan dtroc rna crom, nham lam tang dQ cling. Phan che bao lay than van, cac dem kin ti van va dau chan lam bang cao su chiu nhiet EPDM. Tay van dircc lam bang thep khong ri boc nhua.

13. Van an toan v¢ sinh MIX-PROOF S6luqng:4

Loai : SMP-TO

rvifn. klro.a hfje oit dmfl ntj-h! nlrif1-ILfltJt 48

Dng dung : van thuoc loai van khi nen, an toan ve sinh. Van diroc thiet ke

de c6 the dieu khien van hanh ache do h6n hop giira san pham va dung dich tay nra trong qua trlnh v~ sinh.

Thier ke:

Than van va nhirng phan tiep xuc voi san phdm lam bang thep khong rio Van duoc xu at xuong voi phan han a hai dau nci ong. Cac vong dem kin la cao su EPDM chiu nhiet. (140oC)

3.3.7 Chuan bi sua chua uong(062)

1. Born ly tam, LOC;li LKH

S6luqng :1

Ki€u : LKH-IO

Dng dung : Bam sua chua den thiet bi tiet trung UHT da c6 san Thiet ke:

Bam c6 mot bo canh bO'TTl cling voi bo thanh hinh xoan DC se bam chat long em va hieu qua.

Dong bo voi cac dau noi lam bang thep khong ri

vat lieu:

Tat ca cac phan tiep xiic voi chat long nhu vo bam, canh quat, dai oc va tam chan sau lam bang thep khong ri AISI 316L.

Cac phan khac bang thep khong ri AlSI 304

Cac vong bit dau dircc lam bang cao su chiu nhiet loai EPDM.

Ngoai ra con co:

- Nap va chan dono co

. b

- V ong dem true kep.

- Thiet bi xi nuoc

Thong so ky thuat:

Dien the: 3-pha/380V/50 Hz

2. Van buom dong rna bang tay, Loai LKBM

49

So lirong :2

Dng dung : dieu khien luu lirong Thiet ke:

Than van diroc lam bang 2 1l11a va bat vit van nhau. Mot vong dem cao su dac biet nam giira hai than van va mot mat bich ap sat van dem cao su nay.

Tay nam cua van LKBM dUQ'C thiet ke dac biet, nho mot 16 xo, van luon luon duoc khoa a vi tri an toan khi rna het co cling nhir d6ng het co

Vat lieu:

LO,:!-i thep : tieu chuan AISI 304, thep kh6ng ri. D~m kin: Viton CFPM)

Cac 16p 16t true dia : PPO

Tieu chuan hoan U(t d6i voi nhtrng bo phan lam bang thep khong ri: Hai nira than van gia c6ng nhan. Dia danh bong bang dien

3. Van v¢ sinh (dong mo bang fay)

S61uQ'ng :4

Kieu : SMO - 22

Dng dung : dieu khien dong chay Thiet ke:

Than van, ti va dau chan lam bang thep khong ri chiu axil. M~t trong va ngoai ti van 2 dau chan diroc rna crom, nham lam tang d¢ cling. Phan che baa lay than van, cac dem kin ti van va dau chan lam bang cao su chiu nhiet EPDM. Tay van duoc lam bang thep khong ri boc nhua.

3.3.8 Bon trir truce khi rot

1. Bom dinh Luong So luong :1

(l}if.l1 klrna 11.f.U'. oiL eiJl1.lJ n.ylt~ n1t1fJ-IL!IJ'l 50

Thg dung : Bam sua chua den may rot vo hu

Kieu : mot toe do

Born dinh lirong c6 dong co Trilobe, truyen dong bang banh rang trong hop s6 co b~ dau lam nguoi. Vo born va hop so rieng biet, Bam diroc chay nra ve sinh bang dung dich t~y nra,

Vat lieu:

Tat ca cac phan tiep xiic voi san phdm diroc lam bang thep khong ri chiu acid. HQP so lam bang gang:

2. Phiu nham lieu.

So luong: 1

Th€ tich : 200 Lit

Ullg dung : chua miit trai cay d€ cho tron

Vat lieu : Thep khong ri AISI 316

3. Bom dinh luang, type LKPL

So lucng : 1

Dng dung : Bam suada cay men den bon il

Ki€u : mot toe do

Thiet kc:

Bam dinh luong c6 dong co' Trilobe, truyen dong bang banh rang trong hop s6 c6 b€ dau lam nguoi, Va born va hop s6 rieng biet,

Bam duoc chay nra ve sinh bang dung dich tfty nra.

Vat lieu:

Tat ca cac phan tiep xuc voi san pham diroc lam bang thep khong ri chiu acid. HC)p so lam bang gang.

4. Thief bi tron noi tuyen

So hrong: 1

Dng dung : Tron mut trai cay van sua chua

([}ifn kJuw hf}-l~ oil efllUJ 11q_/'Lf. nl·u'fl-lt!Jfh 51

Thiet ke

: B¢ tron duoc che tao h03U toan bang thep k.h6ng ri AISI 316.

Thiet k€ de co the chay rira ve sinh. Be mat diroc danh bong de) 3A.

5. Van buom dong mo' bang fay, Loai LKBM

So urong.S

ung dung : dieu khien liru hrong Thiet ke:

Than van diroc lam bang 2 nfra va bfit vit van nhau. Mot vong dern cao su dac biet nam gitra hai than van va mot mat bich ap sat van dem cao su nay.

Tay nam cua van LKBM diroc thiet k€ dac biet, nho mot 16 XO, van luon luon duoc khoa a vi trf an toan khi rna het ea cling nhu dong het ca.

V~t lieu:

L09-i thep : tieu chuan AISI 304, thep khong rio Dem kin : V iton (FPM) .

Cac lop 16t true rna : PPO

Tieu cnuan hoan tat doi voi nhfrng bo phan lam bang thep khong ri:

Hai nira than van gia cong nhan, Dia danh b6ng bang dien 6. Van v¢ sinh (dong ma bang lay)

So hrong : 1

Ki€u : SMO - 22 .

Ung dung : dieu khien dong chay ~

Thiet ke:

Than van, ti va dau chan lam bang thep khong ri chill .axit. Mat trong va ngoai ti van 2 dau chan diroc rna crorn, nham lam tang dQ cimg. Phan che bao lay than van, cac dem kin ti van va dau chan lam bang

rvi~Jt kJuJ-a. hf}p. o.iz eihu.lluJ.h~ "Ju'f1·u"l'lh 52

cao su chiu nhiet EPDM Tay van duoc lam bang thep kh6ng ri boc nht;Ia

7. Van v¢ sinh (dong rna bang tay)

56 h1Q11g : 1

Kieu : SMO - 30

Ullg dung : dieu khien dong chay Thiet ke:

Than van, ti va dau chan lam bang thep khong ri chiu axil. Mat trong va ngoai ti van 2 dau chan duoc rna crom, nham Him tang dC) cling. Phan che baa Hiy than van, cac dem kin ti van va dau chan lam bang cao su chiu nhiet EPDM Tay van duoc lam bang thep khong ri boc nht;Ia

3.3.9 Tram ve sinh tal cho 1. Tram v¢ sinh tai clz6 ..

So hrong :1

Loai : Tetra Alcip 1.0

Dng dung : ve sinh toan bo he thong dirong ong va cac bon bang phuong phap tuan hoan rnroc va dung dich chat tfiy nra,

Cong sua'! : 15,000 l/gia

Pham vi cung cap:

- Bon chua dung dich ve sinh acid va xiit: 2 bon dung tich 1000 lit bon thu hoi nuoc v¢ sinh dung tich3000 lit

- Bon can bang chua mroc tuan hoan c6 cam bien rmrc chat long

- Born dung dich tay nra va mroc

- B¢ trao d6i nhiet khung lam bang thep,

- Nang d¢ ke kiern tra nang dC) darn dac va nang do thu hoi cua chat

tay nra

- Van ve sinh dieu khien tu dong dung cho dung dich t~y nra

(l}if_ll kluw. /t_fe oil eimfJ n{Jit.f nhifl-upllt 53

- Van luu hrong dieu khien tay

- V an dieu khien hoi dong rna tu dong

- Van mroc dong rna bang tay (lam day xa bon)

- Khoi dong dong co

2. Bdng co mJ'i chuyen dong. SoluQ'l1g :3

Thg dung : Phan phoi cac dong chay cua dung dich ve sinh V ~t lieu : Thep khong ri

3. BO'm h6i luu dung djch v¢ sinh, 10':1i LKH S6 lirong :4

Thg dung : Tuan hoan dung dich CIP tir cac bon Thiet ke:

Born co canh born co vo born hinh xoan 6c giup cho qua trinh born san pham duoc em va hieu qua.

Dong bo co cac khop noi bang thep khong ri, Ngoai fa con co:

- Nap day dong cava chan de

- Dung Cl:l xi khong khi

3.3.10 V at lieu Hlp dat bang thep kh6ng ri

1. Ong va cut nor bang thep khong ri

Sc hrong.I

Mot so luong vat lieu (ong va cut noi) vira du d~ ket noi Hit ca cac cum thiet bi trong day chuyen lai voi nhau, k~ ca ong cua he thong lam sach cling nhu ong san pham then nhu so do bo tri thiet bi di kern. Cac moi han nci se diroc sa dung a nhtrng cho thuc te can thiet.

Tat ca cac bo phan cung cap deu dat tieu chuan SMS d~ han cac ong thep, khop n6i , co giam hru, co noi, chfr Te, mat bich noi, co noi dung cu, bo noi

54

thich hQ'P, khop n6i cac ang mem, van ba nga, van dieu khien tay, van kiem tra, dung cu H1Y mau.

Thiet bi phu:

- Gia gifr eng bang thep khong ri

- Gia do ong bang thep kh6ng ri

Ngoai ra con c6 :

Ong dich lam bang thep khong ri dan hoi, mroc, mroc lanh mroc ngirng tir cac thiet bi den cac san tham hoac di len cac ong chinh b dQ. cao 2m, kern thea cac san bang thep kh6ng ri, cac ong each dien tren san, tuong va cac nap day bang thep khong ri.

1. V (it lieu ldp dgt dien

Cac vat lieu lap dat dien vi du nhu mang day cap dien, V.v ...

Nhirng phan khong baa gem:

Cac day cap dien va phirong tien, nguyen lieu cho viec lap dat thiet bi phu tro

4. HUONG DAN VAN HANH

4. CHUAN Bl DlCH SUA LAM MEN GIONG 4.1.1 Chuan bi dich sua lam men gi6ng:

- Kiem tra v¢ sinh bon tron, may tron, Kiem tra bon men gi6ng da v¢ sinh s~ch

- Dau duong eng cua he thong tron de chuan bi tron va thanh trimg-dong hoa.

- Dat nhiet d¢ ruroc cap 45 DC

- D~t luong nuoc cap VaG bon tron bang lUQ11g men dinh lam tnr di 100 lit.

Cap nuoc vao bon tron

- Chuan bi Iirong bot stra bang 10% luong men dinh lam. Tien hanh tron bon sira.

- Thanh trung - dong h6a dich sua. Dat: + Nhiet d¢ thanh trung 93°C.

(j}i_f.n kh.na hlJ"- O-Ll eiJ-lUJ I1.ql1.~ I'lAi_fl-lf!ld1. 55

+ Nhiet d¢ dong hoa 90°C + Nhiet d¢ dau ra 90°C

+ Apsuat dong hoa 150 bar, tien hanh dau dirong 6ng cua he thong thanh trung van bon men gi6ng .

- Thanh trung - dong h6a dich sfra va dua vao bon men gi6ng, them mroc eho du hrong men dinh lam

- Sau khi thanh trung - dong hoa xong. B~t khuay bon men gi6ng, rno hoi dt nang nhiet dQ sua trong bon len 90°C gifr nhiet d¢ nay trong 30 phut

Mo' mroc thuong lam nguoi dich sfra xu6ng nhiet do 42 - 43°C

4.1.2 Cay men

- Ty l~ men kho: mot tui men kho cho 300 - 700 lit men giong

- Tiet trung dung cu va g6c tui men bang ngon lira den con, hoac co th~ ngam

vao dung dich Proxitane 2%

- Cat g6e tui men, d6 men kho van bon men gi6ng khuay tiep 15 - 20 phut cho tan men

4.1.3 Len men va bao quan men gi6ng:

- Sau khi cay men 4 gio 30 phut, lay mau kiem tra pH

- Dirng len men khi pH : 4,6 : 4,7 bang each bat khuay, me mroc lanh de ha

nhiet d¢ bon men

- Khi nhiet do bon nhen bang 20°C thi tat khuay. Nuoc lanh van gill tuan hoan trong suot qua trmh bao quan, duy tri nhiet do men gi6ng 4 - 10°C Thai han sir dung men gi6ng 48 gia

4.2. TRc)N NGUYEN LIEU

4.2.1 Chuan hi:

- Kiem tra so luong, chat luong nguyen lieu. Chuan bi nguyen lieu thea tung me tron, thea phieu che bien

- Kiem tra may tron, bon tron da v¢ sinh sach. Dau duong eng cua h¢ thong d~ tron va chuan bi dua sang he thong thanh trung - dong hoa.

56

- Chi d6 nguyen lieu khi cong nhan nau bao d6 4.2.2 Tr(m nguyen lieu:

- Dat nhiet do nuoc cap hoac nhiet dQ mroc soi cap vao bon tron = 65 DC

- Dat hrong mrcc hoac sua nroi thea cong thirc cua tirng me tron

- Tien hanh tron:

+ Bat khuay bon tron, rna van den bam cap sua vao may tron, rna van n6e bon

VaG bon dinh tron

+ Bat bam cap sua VaG may tron, bat bam hoi v6 bon tron, bat may tron + Tien hanh tron nguyen lieu thea tlnr W 6n dinh, bot sua, duong

+ Sau khi tron 6n dinh, bot, duong xong tien hanh bam bo dau dirong ang 6 che dQ bam bo, earn-eng mem VaG khuy bo, Dat luong bo can bam, chuyen cong tac bam sang auto, fin mit bo tv dong duoc bam du vao may tron

+ Khi d6 nguyen lieu phai lam sach vo bao, khong duoc dua VaG may tron: giay, day, bot moe

Trang qua trinn t1'911 luu )':

+ Khi tron 6n dinh, dieu chinh van chan sao cho rmrc mroc trong may tron thap, tao dong xoay, deS 6n dinh that cham, tranh v6n cue

+ Khi tron bot sua, duong, bo, dieu chinh rmrc mroc trong may bang khoang 1/2 may d~ tranh tao bot

+ Duong ong bam bo phai diroc thao, Hip truce khi tron tranh roi dung cu VaG gay nguy hiem cho may

+ Ket thuc moi me tron phai uit bam VaG may tron, kh6a ngay van tit day bon

tron den bam vao, Tat bam hoi v6 bon, tat may tron

+ Ket thiic me tron eu6i tnroc khi tat bam hoi ve bon dung voi nuoc nang nra

57

- --- ...• ~~.---- .. --

sach bot stra 6 ben trong may tron dong thai dung nuoc d6 thu hoi het sua a

trong Quang ong tron sau d6 moi tat bam hoi va may tron. 4.3. THANH TRUNG DONG BOA LAN L

4.3. I Chuan bi:

- Kiem tra bon u (B 1- B4) dS: chay nra soda va nuoc n6ng dau dirong 6ng VaG b6n

- Thanh trung toan b¢ he thong len 75°C nhu sau:

- Dat van kiem soat nhiet do V 122 = 1:

+ Van kiern S0£1t day bon VI04 = 0

+ Ki~m tra ap nuoc cua born mroc nong ~ 2 bar neu thieu rna van cap nuoc cho du

+ Dat nhiet do thanh trung, nhiet do dong hoa, nhiet d9 dftu ra = 75 DC - M6 van hoi

- Bat cong tac chung, khoi dong he thong bam sua, born mroc nong, dong hoa

chay den khi nhiet d¢ he thong len 75°C

- Bat van bypass - 0 bat cong tac ap dong h6a, d~t ap dong hoa ;:::: 150 bar sau d6 tat ap dong hoa

4.3.2 Thanh trung - dong hoa lam lanh dich sua:

chi tieu Don vi Thong s6 dat Thong s6 ki~m tra
Nhiet d¢ thanh trung DC 75 74-76
i Nhiet do dong hoa °c 65 60-70
Nhiet do sua lanh °c 4 ~10
I Ap dong hoa I Bar 150 150-155 Thao tac nhu sau:

- Kiem tra lai cac van dan den bon u da chon dun (J vi trf

. . eo.

(j}ifl't k/toa. "'fIe va eimlJ fUJ.hf nl1if.I·/.fJ.nh. 58

-Mo van lanh, mo van xa mroc ra ngoai, chuyen van kiern scat day bon

VI04 = 1

- Mo' van V100 dip mroc vao bon can bang, den khi nhiet dq dau ra < 10°C, rna van ttl' day bon tron den van cap SUa vao thanh trung

- Khoa VlOO lai cho nucc a day bon can bang xa ra ngoai het bat born cap sua vao he thong.

- Bat cong tac ap dong h6a. Kiem tra lai ap dong h6a = 150 - 160 bar

- Khi SUa ra den van xa rnroc, dong van xa cho mroc vao bon

- Khi da thanh trung - dong h6a het me cuoi cling cua bon tron. Dung' voi

nude cap nude van bon tron khoang 30 - 50 lit. Bam het so rnroc nay vao bon can bang de thu hoi so sua tren dirong bam cap. Sau d6 tien hanh du6i mroc nhu sau: cho den khi gan het nuoc tren bon can bang, rna van VlOO cap nu6e vao bon, bam gib' thai gian du6i mroc la 6 phut 40 giay,

- Trong qua trlnh chay kiem tra cac thong so nhu bang tren

- Phai dam bao sau khi tron xong khong qua 2 gia thanh trung xong dich sua

da tron

4.4, CHUAN HOA V A D DICH SUA

4.4.1 Lay mall kiem tra boa If I, chuan hoa:

- Mau duoc lay tai bon u sau khi hoan tat dong hoa - thanh trung 1.

- Bat khuay 20 - 30 phutcho d6u dich sua lay mau

- D9 kho 24.7 - 25%, bee 3 + 0,3% la dat. Neu thap hon bao t6 tnrong.

Tnrong ea xu 1y neu cao han them mrcc thea quyet dinh ella QA nhu sau: + Chay tuan hoan he thong len 75°C

+ M6 mroc lanh khi nhiet do dau fa < 10 °c bat dau them nude van bon moi phut 100 lit, khuay 20 -30 phut cho deu.

(/);~,n kJuJa hL!e va etm.fj "'~ "~l-Upfh 59

4.4.2 U dich SUa:

Tnroc khi dua di thanh trung dong hoa Ian 2 dich sua phai diroc u it nhat 4 gia tai nhiet d¢ lanh. Neu thoi gian bao quan > 24 gio phai xin '1 kien xu 1'1 cua t6 tnrong, tnrong ca.

4.5. CHUAN B1 D1CH suA LEN MEN-CAY MEN

Dich sua sau u duoc bam di dong h6a-thanh trung 2 d~ tao diroc dich sua eho len men:

4.5.1 Chuan bi:

- Ki~m tra bon len men, duong ong s6 12, duong ong s6 4 da: diroc chay nra bang soda + nuoc n6ng

- Dau duong 6ng bon u van bam cap sua cho thanh trung dong h6a

- Dau duong 6ng sau thanh trung van bon dinh len men (MI den M3), dau

duong 6ng bam men giong. Khi dau duong ong bam men giong het sire chu '1 khau ve sinh, dung proxitane ve sinh dau ong, van.

- Chay tuan hoan nuoc n6ng toan bo he thong len> 90°C

- Bat c6ng tac ap dong h6a chuyen van bypass = O. Chinh ap dong h6a :

200bar sau d6 tat cong tac ap dong hoa. 4.5.2 Tien hanh dong hoa-thanh trung 2:

- Kiem tra lai cac van dan den bon len men da dung vi trf, rna van xa gan bon len men.

- Chon tren til dien cong tac, chon che d¢ bam vao bon len men, an nut X3C dinh che de? thay den xanh nhay cham, van day bon mo, rna van xi a gan bon len men

- Chuyen van kiern soat day bon V104 sang 1, xa mroc n6ng fa ngoai

- Khi nuoc gan her rna van VlOO xi mroc vao bon can bang, rna nho van niroc

lanh

CVif.n kJuw ~ tJil Wl{J n~ n.hifl-lcf.nA 60

D~t thong s6 sau:

Chi tieu Don vi Thong s6 d~t Thong s6 ki~m tra
Nhiet d¢ thanh trung DC 93 92-94
Nhiet d¢ dong hoa DC 65 60-70
Nhiet dQ sua ra DC 43 42-44
Ap dong hoa DC 200 195-200
, , , - Cho den khi cac thong s6 nhiet do dat yeu Call me van t11 bon u dem bam cap sira

- Khoa van VIOO lai cho mroc a day bon can bang xi ra ngoai gan het thi bam dip sua van bon can bang

- Khi sua ra den het van xa thi dong van xa lai cho sua len bon. Bat cong tac ap dong h6a. Kiem tra lai ap dong h6a = 195 - 200 bar. Van bypass: 0

- Trang qua trinh van hanh kiem tra cac thong s6 nhir bang tren, ghi vao phieu thea doi len men sua chua

- Sau khi da chay du sua cho mot bon len men, tien hanh du6i mroc:

+ Kh6a van day-bon u lai. Sau khoang 10 - 15 giay tM bam cap sua

+ Cho het sua trong bon din bang, rnb van V100 xi nucc vao bon can bang, thai gian duoi mroc la 6 prnit 45 giay. Kh6a van len bon dong thai rnb van xa sua loang ra ngoai,

Chuyen cong tac chon eh€ d¢ bam vao ve 0

- Sau khi thanh trung-dong hoa xong kiem tra nhiet d¢ bon len men phai dat 41 - 44°C. neu khong dat phai dung nuoc va hoi de: dieu chinh

- Lay mau kiem tra hoa ly 2. Bat khuay nhanh 10 - 15 phut cho deu, Lay mall nhu hoa ly 1 (truce khi bat khuay nhanh phai bat khuay cham)

- Thuc hien bam men gi6ng VaG bon len men nhu sau:

+ Tfnh luong men bang gi6ng bang 1,5 - 3% hrong dich sua

+ T6e do bam men gi6ng 12 lit/phut. Tinh ra thai gian len men + Dat thai gian bam men lai tai bo timer cua bam men gi6ng

rolf~'1 khtuI h~ lJiI_ MnfJ IUJhf. nhifl-u,uth 61

+ Khi qua trtnh thanh trung-dong hoa Ian 2 con khoang 10 - 15 phut mta thi du6i mroc, biit dau bam men bang each rna van day bon men giong, bam nut born men gi6ng, bam se tq chay den het gio dat, Kh6a van day bon men gi6ng lai, sau khi du5i mroc xong khuay them 10- 15 phiit cho len men

+ Sau khi cay men gid 30 phut lay mau ki6m tra pH. pH dung len men Hi 4,6 - 4,7

4.6. BdM LAM LANH SUA CHUA

- Kiern tra dam bao bon chua sua chua da chay rita soda + mroc n6ng dau ngay san xuat

- Dat nhiet dQ lam lanh : 200e

- Sau khi len men dat pH, bat khuay nhanh 5 phut danh tan men

- Chon tren til dien cong tac eh€ d¢ born ra ttrong ung voi bon len men

- M6 van mroc lanh

- Bat cong tac bam lanh, kiem tra dam bao nhiet d¢ lam lanh < 25°e

- Sau khi born het sua born se tv dong tat chuyen cong tac chon ch€ dQ ve 0

- Bat khuay bon rot sau khi bam lam lanh Kong khoang 15 -20 phut

- Tir bon r6t SUa chua sua dtroc born r6t VaG vi nhua thong qua may r6t

rvi.f.n. khtta ~ lUi eif.nq. IU,Jhf. nhi_f.UCf.nh. 62

5.KETLUAN

Day chuyen ch€ bien sua c6 yeu cau v~ sinh va cong nghe cao nen tit tnroc t6i nay mroc ta khong che tao diroc cac thiet bi nay va phai nhap tit mroc ngoai. Viec nhap khau cac thiet bi mroc ngoai tlnrong c6 gia thanh cao han san pham trong niroc cung 10';1i til 2 den 3 IAn.

Nhan thirc diroc yeu cau btrc xiic cua thi tnrong va sir can thiet phai dAu , nr cac day chuyen ch€ bien sua, tong cong ty Sua Viet Narn ket hop voi Vien khoa hoc va cong nghe nhiet-lanh tnrong D';1i hoc Bach khoa Ha noi d~ tien hanh de tai "Nghien cuu, thief ke: chi' tao thief hi sdn xudi siia chua 6000 litlh".

Sau gan mot nam thirc hien, de tai da dUQ'C trng dung van thuc teo Ket qua cho thay, day chuyen san suat sua chua - thanh qua cua de tai- dircc ap dung cho nha may sua Ha noi hoat dong rat t6t va 6n dinh, San pham tao ra diroc kiem tra, kiern dinh va da khang dinh chat hrong san pham khong he thua kern san pham diroc san xuat bang cac day chuyen thiet bi nhap ngoai, Thirc te san pham nay da diroc thi tnrong tiep nhan rat nong nhiet.

Mac du de tai chi nghien CUu thiet k€ che tao mot day chuyen san xuat cu th~ nhung n6 da tao ra mot btroc dot pha moi cho nganh ch€ t«;10 cac thiet bi thuc pham va chac chan se diroc ap dung nhieu trong thirc te, khong chi la cac day chuyen ch€ bien sua chua c6 cac cong suat khac nhau rna co th~ la cac day chuyen che' bien cac loai sua khac,

@ifn· k.hoa hfJe oiL eluf{J nLPtf- nJUfI-ltp-tk 63

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