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Giới thiệu về thị trường Xuất Nhập khẩu Việt Nam

Giới thiệu về thị trường Xuất Nhập khẩu Việt Nam

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KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS.

Võ Thanh Thu
MỤC LỤC
GIỚI THIỆU CHUNG VỀ THỊ TRƯỜNG XUẤT KHẨU, NHẬP KHẨU CỦA VIỆT NAM .... 1
I.1. TÌNH HÌNH XUẤT KHẨU CỦA VIỆT NAM .................................................................... 1
I.2. TÌNH HÌNH NHẬP KHẨU CỦA VIỆT NAM ................................................................... 4
I.. THỊ TRƯỜNG XUẤT NHẬP KHẨU CỦA VIỆT NAM .................................................... !
II. GIỚI THIỆU THỊ TRƯỜNG XUẤT KHẨU CHỦ "#C CỦA VIỆT NAM ......................... 1
II.1.THỊ TRƯỜNG H$A K% &M'( .......................................................................................... 1
II.1.1. T)NG *UAN VỀ THỊ TRƯỜNG H$A K% ............................................................. 1
II.1.2. TÌNH HÌNH XUẤT NHẬP KHẨU CỦA VIỆT NAM +ANG H$A K% .................. 14
II.1.. TH,NH C-NG THUẬN ".I, KH/ KH0N H1N CH2 KHI VIỆT NAM XUẤT
KHẨU +ANG H$A K%. ....................................................................................................... 13
II.1.4. NH4NG GI5I PH6P 7Ẩ8 M1NH XUẤT KHẨU CỦA VIỆT NAM +ANG THỊ
TRƯỜNG H$A K%. ............................................................................................................. 29
II.2. THỊ TRƯỜNG :U; ............................................................................................................... 22
II.2.1. T)NG *UAN VỀ THỊ TRƯỜNG :U ; ......................................................................... 22
II.2.2. TÌNH HÌNH XUẤT NHẬP KHẨU CỦA VIỆT NAM V,$ :U .................................. 24
II.2.. TH,NH C-NG, THUẬN ".I V, KH/ KH0N, H1N CH2 CỦA VIỆT NAM XUẤT
KHẨU +ANG THỊ TRƯỜNG :U ............................................................................................ 2<
II.2.4. GI5I PH6P 7Ẩ8 M1NH XUẤT KHẨU H,NG H/A CỦA VIỆT NAM V,$ :U .. 9
II.. THỊ TRƯỜNG A+:AN ......................................................................................................... 1
II..1 T)NG *UAN VỀ THỊ TRƯỜNG A+:AN .................................................................... 1
II..2. TÌNH HÌNH XUẤT NHẬP KHẨU CỦA VIỆT NAM V,$ A+:AN .........................
II... NH4NG TH,NH C-NG, THUẬN ".I V, KH/ KH0N, H1N CH2 CỦA VIỆT
NAM KHI XUẤT KHẨU V,$ A+:AN ................................................................................. =
II..4. GI5I PH6P 7Ẩ8 M1NH XUẤT KHẨU CỦA VIỆT NAM +ANG THỊ TRƯỜNG
A+:AN ...................................................................................................................................... <
II.4. THỊ TRƯỜNG XUẤT KHẨU TRUNG *U>C ................................................................... !
II.4.1. T)NG *UAN VỀ THỊ TRƯỜNG TRUNG *U>C. ..................................................... !
II.4.2. TÌNH HÌNH XUẤT NHẬP KHẨU CỦA VIỆT NAM V,$ THỊ TRƯỜNG TRUNG
*U>C. ....................................................................................................................................... !
II.4.. NH4NG TH,NH C-NG, THUẬN ".I V, KH/ KH0N, H1N CH2, TH6CH
TH?C CỦA VIỆT NAM XUẤT KHẨU V,$ THỊ TRƯỜNG TRUNG *U>C. ................... 4
II.4.4 GI5I PH6P 7Ẩ8 M1NH XUẤT KHẨU CỦA VIỆT NAM V,$ THỊ TRƯỜNG
TRUNG *U>C. ........................................................................................................................ 44
K2T "UẬN ................................................................................................................................... 4=
T,I "IỆU THAM KH5$ ............................................................................................................. 4!
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L@TGBU MIABU MZPI, UEIP H^EG MIABU MZPI, NTPE XED BUIGOM BM\GW XM\RQ JIGH !,1 H`R U+b&299!( H`R HCBU
LFB !4,! H`R U+b &BCD 2919(. TQ` BMEFB, BCD 299! _2993 LIA UEIE JZIGB OQRI OQSG O XMQRBU
MZIRBU XEBM HFP HZIAB O\AQ, XED BUIGOM BM\GW XM\RQ VEFGH NID IRBM M@TRBU UEIRD 19,2H`R U+b
&2993 aZ NTPE 299!
− +y LEwQ HMyBU XF O‰I T•BU OŽO HeE YQIB OMZ HMi` M…H BCD 2919, H•BU XED BUgOM
[QiH BMŠW XMsQ MdBU MZk O‰I VEwH NID JgH UlB 1c< H‡ U+b, HCBU 2,=ƒ aZ N•E BCD
2993. T^ZBU Ju, H^„ UEk [QiH XMsQ JgH <2,13 H‡ U+b, HCBU 2=,4ƒ Nd BMŠW XMsQ Ld !4,! H‡
U+b, HCBU 21,2ƒ. NMŠW aEFQ Ld 12,=1 H‡ U+b, ]—BU 1<,cƒ XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ O‰I Oe
B@•O.
− NMEAB OMQBU, [Q\PH XM\RQ VEFGH NID OZP [Q M@TPBU HCBU BM@KBU DCGH MIABU OSBU BUMFG
DIP` HEPBM, MZP I OM\PH, S HS BUQ`FB OMEFPO, N.N..HQ` BMEFB, (, BMIA B@TPO UEIRD DIGBM HEABM H^IGBU
BM\GW aEFQ, NTPE BU@TAE VEFGH NID qQABU MIABU VEFGH NID, HEPBM OIG BM H^IBM qZIBM BUMEFGW H^ZBU
B@TPO BUIA` OIABU JI qIGBU HMQ MQPH HMEG H^@TABU BSGE JEG I. VEA N\G`, DSGH aSP DCGH MIABU HCBU BM@
XMSBU JIPBU XFR MZCG O HCBU OM\GD BM@ q\AQ DTR, WM\B ]ZPB, N.N..
=
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
M]2 CD 012 h/n) nh^L 5h6u Vh_nh Vu(a V,<X2 Na0 h,<Xn naN 2,Ynh 2h`Z, R,<(0 2*Kn)
2haYn) Ea89%% nh@ Cau:
\ M-N 0bV! 2h,c2 d+! Sen) Ve! Lhe 2fn): H^ZBU HMkBU, H^„ UEk BMŠW XMsQ BMuD
MdBU Bd` Ld 1,! H‡ U+b, HCBU 1c,<ƒ aZ N•E HMkBU H^@•O, B\BU H•BU XED BUgOM BMŠW XMsQ
BCD 2919 LFB 1,=3 H‡ U+b, HCBU !ƒ aZ N•E BCD 2993.
CkO HM„ H^@‹BU OMnBM OQBU OiW BMuD MdBU Bd` OMZ VEwH NID Ld; T^QBU *QyO; 4,4!
H‡ U+b, HCBU <,!ƒ aZ N•E BCD 2993Œ NMŠH •eB; 2,c H‡ U+b, HCBU 11,4ƒŒ HdB *QyO; 1,1
H‡ U+b, HCBU <,<ƒŒ 7zO; 39= H^EwQ U+b, HCBU 11ƒŒ HZI Kˆ; !1c H^EwQ U+b,
HCBU1,!ƒŒ 7dE "ZIB; !11H^EwQ U+b, HCBU 2cƒ,....
\ Nhb0 h/n) n)uN<n W,Tu! Lhe W,Tu n)/nh ST2 0aN! Sa! ),/N; H^ZBU HMkBU, BMŠW
XMsQ BMuD MdBU Bd` Ld MTB 1 H‡ U+b, HCBU c,!ƒ aZ N•E HMkBU 11€2919. H…H BCD 2919,
BMŠW XMsQ BMuD MdBU Bd` JgH 3,! H‡ U+b, HCBU ,=ƒ aZ N•E BCD 2993. T^ZBU Ju, H^„ UEk
NeE BMŠW XMsQ Ld; c,= H‡ U+b, BUQ`FB WMŽ LEwQ; 2,=2 H‡ U+b, [T a†E qwH; 1,1! H‡ U+b Nd
]SBU Ld =<4 H^EwQ U+b.
H…H BCD 2919, VEwH NID BMŠW XMsQ BMuD D•H MdBU Bd` OM‰ `…Q H’ HM„ H^@‹BU;
T^QBU *QyO q•B JlQ N•E ,1 H‡ U+b, HCBU c9ƒŒ HdB *QyO; 1,< H‡ U+b, HCBU 29,ƒŒ
7dE "ZIB; 1,< H‡ U+b, HCBU 1<,ƒŒ H˜BU KSBU; c3 H^EwQ U+b, HCBU 9ƒŒ NMŠH •eB;
c14 H^EwQ U+b, HCBU 19,2ƒ} T•BU H^„ UEk BMŠW XMsQ H’ c HM„ H^@‹BU Bd` Ld <,= H‡ U+b,
OME…D <!ƒ H•BU XED BUgOM BMŠW XMsQ BMuD MdBU Bd` O‰I Oe B@•O.
\ M-N ., 2_nh! COn Lh60 R,Tn 2g ./ W,nh 5,Tn: BMŠW XMsQ H^ZBU HMkBU Ld c4c H^EwQ
U+b, UEeD 9,!ƒ aZ N•E HMkBU H^@•O, B\BU H•BU H^„ UEk BMŠW XMsQ H^ZBU BCD 2919 Ld c,21
H‡ U+b, HCBU 1,<ƒ aZ N•E BCD 2993.
VEwH NID BMŠW XMsQ D•H MdBU Bd` OM‰ `…Q H’; T^QBU *QyO N•E 1,=! H‡ U+b, HCBU
1cƒŒ NMŠH •eB; MTB 1 H‡ U+b, HCBU 22ƒŒ HdB *QyO; 32< H^EwQ U+b, HCBU UiW LlBŒ
MILI`aEI; 9= H^EwQ U+b, HCBU 1ƒŒ}aZ N•E BCD 2993.
_ Sh2 2hUL V-V WKJ,: L@†BU BMŠW XMsQ a–H HMxW H^ZBU HMkBU Ld 3c BUM‚B HiB N•E H^„
UEk UlB c1< H^EwQ U+b, HCBU 1c,=ƒ Nh L@†BU Nd UEeD 1,3ƒ Nh H^„ UEk. H…H BCD 2919,
H•BU L@†BU BMŠW XMsQ a–H HMxW O‰I Oe B@•O Ld MTB 3 H^EFGQ H\PB, H^„ UEk Ld =,1c H‡ U+b, UEeD
=,!ƒ Nh L@†BU Nd HCBU 14,!ƒ Nh H^„ UEk aZ NTPE BCD 2993.
NMŠW XMsQ a–H HMxW H’ D~H ay HM„ H^@‹BU OMnBM HCBU DgBM BM@ T^QBU *QyO HCBU =<ƒ, HdB
*QyO HCBU c4ƒ, TMkE "IB HCBU =4ƒŒ H^ZBU XME D~H ay HM„ H^@‹BU XMkO LgE UEeD DgBM BM@ HM„
H^@‹BU NUI UEeD c1ƒŒ 7dE "ZIB UEeD 2ƒ,}
\ X7n) SPu V-V WKJ,: L@†BU BMŠW XMsQ [CBU qlQ OkO LZgE H^ZBU HMkBU Ld !24 BUM‚B
HiB, H^„ UEk Ld =19 H^EwQ U+b, HCBU <1,3ƒ Nh L@†BU Nd HCBU !=,2ƒ Nh H^„ UEk aZ N•E HMkBU
11€2919. H…H BCD 2919, H•BU L@†BU BMŠW XMsQ [CBU qlQ O‰I Oe B@•O Ld 3,c H^EwQ HiB N•E
XED BUgOM =,1 H‡ U+b, UEeD 2cƒ Nh L@†BU Nd UEeD 2,!ƒ Nh H^„ UEk.
XCBU qlQ BMŠW NdZ VEwH NID H^ZBU BCD 2919 OM‰ `…Q H’; +EBUIWZ^t N•E ,4< H^EwQ
HiB, UEeD 9ƒ, T^QBU *QyO; 1,c H^EwQ HiB, UEeD <,4ƒŒ HdB *QyO; 1,1 H^EwQ HiB, UEeD
1cƒŒ 7dE "ZIB; MTB 1 H^EwQ HiB, UEeD 4!ƒ ,}
<
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
\ Ch42 SiK n)uN<n W,Tu: H^ZBU HMkBU BMŠW XMsQ 2< BUM‚B HiB, HCBU 3,cƒ aZ N•E
HMkBU H^@•O Nd JgH H^„ UEk Ld <3 H^EwQ U+b, HCBU =,=ƒ. H…H BCD 2919, H•BU L@†BU OMiH
q•Z BUQ`FB LEwQ BMŠW XMsQ O‰I Oe B@•O Ld 2,41 H^EwQ HiB N•E H^„ UEk ,<! H^EwQ U+b, HCBU
3,!ƒ Nh L@†BU Nd HCBU 4,2ƒ Nh H^„ UEk aZ N•E BCD 2993.
CkO HM„ H^@‹BU OMnBM OQBU OiW OMiH q•Z BUQ`FB LEwQ OMZ VEwH NID H^ZBU BCD YQI
Ld; HdB YQyO; 4< BUM‚B HiB, HCBU !,2ƒŒ 5^ŠW XFQH; UlB 4< BUM‚B HiB, HCBU <cƒŒ 7dE
"ZIB; =! BUM‚B HiB, HCBU 12ƒŒ TMkE "IB; 2c= BUM‚B HiB, UEeD 3,4ƒ,}
\ ThjV 7n ),a CkV ./ n)uN<n W,Tu: XED BUgOM BMŠW XMsQ HMzO CB UEI amO Nd
BUQ`FB LEwQ H^ZBU HMkBU Ld 1!9 H^EwQ U+b, HCBU 19ƒ aZ N•E HMkBU 11, B\BU H•BU XED
BUgOM BMŠW XMsQ J…B M…H BCD 2919 Ld 2,1< H‡ U+b, HCBU 2,1ƒ aZ N•E BCD 2993.
VEwH NID BMŠW XMsQ HMzO CB UEI amO Nd BUQ`FB LEwQ OM‰ `…Q Ou [QiH [z H’;
AOMtBHEBI N•E c11 H^EwQ U+b, HCBU 1,2ƒŒ ẤB 7~; 412 H^EwQ U+b, UEeD 12,ƒŒ HZI Kˆ;
c< H^EwQ U+b, HCBU 19ƒŒ •^I[EL; 1=4 H^EwQ U+b, HCBU DgBM !1ƒŒ}aZ N•E BCD 2993.
\ l 2Q n)uN<n Vh,cV: H^ZBU HMkBU, L@TGBU SHS BUQ`FB OMEFPO BMŠW XMsQ UlB =,=
BUMEAB OMEFPO, N•E H^„ UEk 11c H^EwQ U+b, HCBU 13,3ƒ Nh L@†BU Nd HCBU 24,1ƒ Nh H^„ UEk aZ
N•E HMkBU H^@•O. H…H BCD 2919 H•BU L@†BU BMŠW XMsQ S HS O‰I Oe B@•O Ld c,! BUM‚B
OME…O N•E H^„ UEk Ld 3<3 H^EwQ U+b.
Xt SHS BUQ`FB OME…O BMŠW XMsQ NdZ VEwH NID H^ZBU BCD 2919 OM‰ `…Q Ou [QiH [z
H’ HIAB *QSPO NTPE 2!,1 BUMEAB OMEFPO, UEeD 49ƒ aZ N•E BCD 2993. TE…W HMtZ Ld BMŠW XMsQ H’
NMŠH •eB; c,3 BUM‚B OME…O, UEeD 2cƒŒ H’ 7dE "ZIB; c,1 BUM‚B OME…O, HCBU 1=ƒŒ H’ T^QBU
*QyO; 4,2 BUM‚B OME…O, UEeD 4ƒŒ} aZ N•E BCD 2993.
(Nguồn # $i%u &h#ng kê '(i )uan Vi%t Nam)
I.G. THỊ TRƯỜNG XUẤT NH"P KHU C#$ VIỆT N$M
NCD 2919 JIPBM q\PQ BMEFAQ a@G XEFGB YQIB H^ZGBU; VEFGH NID LIA OMQR HEGOM LQ\B WMEFB
A+:ANa, LIA BCD DIA BMIA B@TPO OZP BMEFAQ OMQR H^@TBU LTPB BMCAD J@I J\PH B@TPO ^I XMZRE IABM
M@TRBU OQR I OQSG O XMQRBU MZIRBU XEBM HFP HZIAB O\AQ BCD 299! _2993, NTPE OMEPBM aIPOM OMQR
H^@TBU MZIGH JSGBU BUZIGE HM@TBU BUIA` OIABU HCBU H^@TRBU DIGBM
Biểu đồ 3: kim ngạch xuất nhậ kh!u" c#n c$n th%&ng mại c'( )i*t N(m
gi(i đ+ạn 200, - 2010
!
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
TMEG H^@TABU BM\GW XM\RQ LTPB BM\PH OQRI VEFGH NID LIA T^QBU *QSPO, OIPO B@TPO A+:ANa,
NUI, :U, NM\GH •IRB, HIAB *QSP O.. HEFGB BI` VEFGH NID JIBU BM\GW aEFQ ^\PH LTPB & OIZ BM\PH aZ
NTPE OIPO B@TPO A+:ANa(, J@TGO HMFR MEFGB YQI ]IRBU aIQ;
'a(n) G: T,Znh h,Znh nh[XL C,<u Vu(a V,<X2 Na0 8999 \89%9
NCD XK NK Nhậ p siêu
2999 144!2,< 15.636,50 -1.154
2991 1c.92< 16.162 -1.135
2992 1=.c9 19.300 -2.7700
299 29.299 25.200 -5.000
2994 2=.4!c 31.969 -5.484
299c 2.413,39 36.978 -4.558
299= 3.=9c 44.410 -4.805
299< 4!.c=9 60.680 -12.120
299! =2.=!c 80.656 -17.971
2993 c=.=99 68.800 -12.200
2919 <2131,3 84.801 -12.609
( Nguồn: &ính t*án t+̀ ,ố $iệu cu-a .ộ công th+/ng)
3
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
',mu Rn I: K,0 n)JVh 3u42 5h6u! nh^L 5h6u ./ V-n V[n 2h@`n) 0J, VMa V,T2 Na0 E
2h-n) RPu n70 ),a, RKJn 899F\89%%
T^ZBU = HMkBU YQI, Ou c HM„ H^@‹BU VEwH NID BMŠW aEFQ H^FB 1 H‡ U+b Ld T^QBU
*QyO, HdB *QyO, 7dE "ZIB, TMkE "IB Nd +EBUIWZ^t. VEwH NID HE…W HŽO BMŠW aEFQ BMEhQ
BMiH H’ T^QBU *QyO N•E =,c2 H‡ U+b BM@BU OM™ HCBU 2< H^EwQ U+b aZ N•E OrBU Xˆ BCD
2911. T^ZBU XME Ju, BMŠW aEFQ LgE HCBU DgBM H’ MIE HM„ H^@‹BU Ld +EBUIWZ^t N•E 2,1 H‡
U+b, HCBU 1,2c H‡ U+b Nd 7dE "ZIB Ld ,= H‡ U+b, HCBU 3=< H^EwQ U+b.
Biểu đồ .: M/t 01 th2 t3%4ng nhậ 0i5u
ch6nh c'( )i*t N(m ,th#ng72011
Biểu đồ ,: M/t 01 th2 t3%4ng xuất 0i5u
ch6nh c'( )i*t N(m , th#ng72011
19
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
š OMEhQ BU@†O LgE, VEwH NID HE…W HŽO [QiH aEFQ DgBM aIBU HM„ H^@‹BU HZI Kˆ N•E
c,cc H‡ U+b, H@TBU zBU HCBU 3<= H^EwQ U+b. TE…W HMtZ Ld HM„ H^@‹BU CIDWQOMEI Nd ABM
N•E !c< H^EwQ U+b Nd !2c H^EwQ U+b. TM„ H^@‹BU NID PME H^ZBU = HMkBU OoBU J› JgH J@†O
DzO HM•BU q@ LFB H•E <c4 H^EwQ U+b, HCBU =9< H^EwQ U+b qZ [QiH XMsQ BMuD MdBU Jk
YQ{, XED LZgE YQ{ Nd aeB WMsD HCBU DgBM J› J@I HM„ H^@‹BU Bd` LFB N„ H^n HMz 4 H^ZBU OkO
HM„ H^@‹BU [QiH aEFQ O‰I VEwH NID &= HMkBU 2919 JzBU œ N„ H^n HMz 1c(.
REFBU JyE N•E HM„ H^@‹BU OM\Q PME = HMkBU JlQ BCD 2911 UME BMŠB a‘ HCBU DgBM
Nh XED BUgOM H^ZBU ]QSB ]kB N•E VEwH NID. CŽ HM• XED BUgOM [QiH BMŠW XMsQ JgH 2,2 H‡
U+b, HCBU UiW MTB 2 LlB aZ N•E OrBU Xˆ 2919.
'On) I: K,0 n)JVh 3u42 5h6u! nh^L 5h6u 2hoK Vh[u WeV 2*Kn) E 2h-n)a89%%

8h2 t3%4ng 9uất kh!u Nhậ kh!u
11
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
:im ngạch
;t3i*u <=>?
8@ t3Ang
;B?
=+ CDi cEng
kF 2010 ;B?
:im ngạch
;t3i*u <=>?
8@ t3Ang
;B?
=+ CDi cEng
kF 2010 ;B?
Ch$u G 21H9II .1 I0"I 39H82J 80". 29"I
- ASEAN 6.553 15,2 21,9 10.385 21,0 34,1
- Trung Quốc 4.588 10,7 59,8 11.111 22,4 21,3
Ch$u Ku 8H9,3 20"8 2,"8 IHI8. 9"1 8"I
- EU(27) 7.415 17,2 49,4 3.498 7,1 16,5
Ch$u Lại
>%&ng 1H18I 2"8 M23"0 1H2I, 2". .J"J
Ch$u MN 9H281 21", 2I"I 3H39J ,"9 1,"1
- Ho !" 7.685 17,8 21,8 2.140 4,3 23,0
Ch$u Ohi 1H,90 3"9 11."1 .I. 1"1 J.".
8Png I3H0,1 100"0 32", I9H.00 100"0 2J"1
#$% c$&' T( )r*ng +, )- +. /%0 ng1c$ 2u3) /$4u5n$67 /$4u 89% c$:u +;c, n<9c5/$ố% n<9c => ?o 89% )@ng /%0
ng1c$ 2u3) /$4u5n$67 /$4u cA B%.) N0.
HKa Kp: D•O qr HE…W HŽO Ld HM„ H^@‹BU q•B JlQ Nh BMŠW XMsQ MdBU MZk O‰I B@•O HI
BM@BU HCBU H^@œBU MdBU MZk [QiH XMsQ aIBU HZI Kˆ O‰I VEwH NID H^ZBU = HMkBU JlQ
BCD BI` OM™ JgH 21,!ƒ, HMiW MTB BMEhQ aZ N•E DzO HCBU [QiH XMsQ aIBU HM„ H^@‹BU L•B HMz
2 Ld :U. CkO D•H MdBU [QiH XMsQ OMnBM O‰I VEwH NID aIBU HZI Kˆ H^ZBU 2 YQ{ JlQ BCD
2911 Ld; +eB WMsD qwH DI`; ,1! H‡ U+b, OME…D 41,4ƒ H•BU H^„ UEk MdBU MZk VEwH NID
[QiH XMsQ aIBU HZI Kˆ Nd HCBU 1<,ƒ aZ N•E OrBU Xˆ BCD H^@•OŒ UEd` qxW; !!1 H^EwQ
U+b, HCBU 42,ƒŒ aeB WMsD Uv; =13 H^EwQ U+bŒ MdBU HMQ‡ aeB; 4!1 H^EwQ U+b,}
T*un) quDV : 7\` Ld JyE HkO HM@TBU DgE L•B BMiH O‰I VEwH NID N•E H•BU XED
BUgOM [QiH BMŠW XMsQ LFB H•E 1c,< H‡ U+b, HCBU 9,cƒ H^ZBU = HMkBU JlQ BCD BI`. XQiH
XMsQ MdBU MZk VEwH NID aIBU T^QBU *QyO HCBU H^@œBU DgBM &HCBU UlB =9ƒ(, JgH H^„ UEk
Ld 4,= H‡ U+b, OME…D 19,<ƒ H^„ UEk [QiH XMsQ O‰I Oe B@•O. NMŠW XMsQ MdBU MZk H’ HM„
H^@‹BU Bd` OoBU HE…W HŽO q•B JlQ N•E XED BUgOM JgH 11,1 H‡ U+b, HCBU 22,4ƒ Nd OME…D
H•E 21,ƒ H•BU H^„ UEk BMŠW XMsQ O‰I Oe B@•O.
12
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
rU: J\` J@†O [tD Ld HM„ H^@‹BU [QiH XMsQ HMdBM OSBU BMiH O‰I VEwH NID H^ZBU =
HMkBU JlQ BCD N•E N•E HyO J~ HCBU Ld 43,4ƒ Nd XED BUgOM LFB H•E <,41 H‡ U+b, OM™ HMiW
MTB HZI Kˆ 2<9 H^EwQ U+b.
XQiH XMsQ aIBU XMyE :U HCBU H^@œBU OIZ J•O ]EwH œ D~H ay BMuD MdBU aIQ; qwH DI`
HCBU c1ƒ, Od WMF HCBU 119ƒ, HMQ‡ aeB HCBU 2,!ƒ,}
$Sr$N; H^„ UEk [QiH XMsQ MdBU MZk VEwH NID aIBU XMQ N‘O HM„ H^@‹BU Bd` H^ZBU =
HMkBU€2911 JgH =,cc H‡ U+b, HCBU 21,3ƒ aZ N•E = HMkBU€2919 Nd OME…D 9ƒ H^„ UEk MdBU
MZk VEwH NID [QiH XMsQ aIBU CM\Q 6. GgZ Nd qlQ HMS Ld 2 D•H MdBU OMnBM [QiH XMsQ
aIBU A+:AN BM@BU LgE UEeD DgBM LlB L@†H Ld 11,4ƒ Nd 14,<ƒ H^ZBU 2 YQ{ JlQ 2911.
NMŠW XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID H’ OkO B@•O A+:AN H^ZBU MIE YQ{ JlQ BCD BI` Ld <,3 H‡
U+b, HCBU 4,1ƒ aZ N•E OrBU Xˆ BCD 2919.
II. GIỚI THIỆU THỊ TRƯỜNG XUẤT KHU CH# ?sC C#$
VIỆT N$M
II.%.THỊ TRƯỜNG Ht$ Ku vMwx
II.%.%. TyNG qU$N VỀ THỊ TRƯỜNG Ht$ Ku
K• H’ aIQ XME X{ X…H HEwW J„BM HM@TBU
DgE H‘ qZ &•TA( BCD 2991, HZI Kˆ J› H^œ
HMdBM HM„ H^@‹BU JtD LgE BMEhQ OT M~E [QiH
XMsQ MdBU MuI BMiH OMZ VEwH NID. 7\` Ld HM„
H^@‹BU Ou BMQ OlQ BMŠW XMsQ ^iH L•B Nd JI
qgBU, BMiH Ld JyE N•E BM“BU D•H MdBU Dd
VEwH NID JIBU Ou HEhD BCBU Nd HM… DgBM
[QiH XMsQ L•B, HQ` BMEFB J\` OoBU Ld HM„
H^@‹BU Ou BMEhQ HMkOM HMzO JyE N•E qZIBM
BUMEwW VEwH NID.
HZI Kˆ Ld HM„ H^@‹BU XM•BU L˜, JI qgBU Nd Ou BMQ OlQ L•B JyE N•E BMEhQ LZgE MdBU
MuI N‚ Ld YQyO UEI JI OM‰BU H~O, GbP H^FB JlQ BU@‹E OIZ, […W HMz 19 H^FB HM… UE•E, XED
BUgOM BMŠW XMsQ MdBU BCD LFB H•E 1!c9 H‡ U+b OME…D MTB 22.cƒ H•BU XED BUgOM BMŠW
XMsQ HZdB HM… UE•E. NU@‹E q\B HZI Kˆ Ou HMuE YQtB DQI a–D Nd q„OM NŽ HdE OMnBM WMkH
1
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
H^E•B. NUZdE ^I, MdBU MuI VEwH NID Ou BMEhQ OT M~E [QiH XMsQ NdZ HM„ H^@‹BU HZI Kˆ MTB
OkO HM„ H^@‹BU NMŠH •eB Nd T\` žQ qZ BU@‹E HEFQ qrBU B@•O Bd` XMSBU YQk XMu HnBM BM@
BMEhQ YQyO UEI XMkO. NM‹ NŠ`, ay L@†BU DvE JTB MdBU HM@‹BU L•B MTB.
TQ` BMEFB, H^œ LgE L•B BMiH O‰I OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID XME [QiH XMsQ aIBU HM„
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II.%.8. T&NH H&NH XUẤT NH"P KHU C#$ VIỆT N$M S$NG Ht$ Ku
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(Nguồn: Niên giám thống kê 2010 và tổng cục Thống kê
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v=VT: 2*,Tu USDx
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U+b, HCBU 2c,ƒ aZ N•E H•BU XED BUgOM O‰I BCD 2993. 7\` Ld DzO H^IZ J•E HM@TBU DgE
MIE OMEhQ OIZ X‡ LŽO X• H’ XME MIE B@•O HME…H LŠW YQIB Mw BUZgE UEIZ BCD 133c, HM‹E JE•D
H•BU XED BUgOM JzBU œ DzO 99 H^EwQ U+b.
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U+b, HCBU 2c.ƒ aZ N•E BCD H^@•O Ju, XED BUgOM BMŠW XMsQ JgH ,<==3 H‡ U+b.
14
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
CkO D•H MdBU [QiH XMsQ BMEhQ O‰I VEwH NID aIBU HM„ H^@‹BU HZI Xˆ Ld; qwH DI`,
J˜ Uv, UEd` qxW, HME…H ]„ JEwB, aeB WMsD \D HMIBM, HM‰` MeE aeB}
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B@•O Nd NrBU L›BM HM• [QiH XMsQ MdBU MuI aIBU M. bwH DI` Ld D•H MdBU [QiH XMsQ Ou
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HMkBU =€2919.
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'On) : Nh•n) 012 h/n) 3u42 5h6u VMa V,T2 Na0 Can) 2h+ 2*@‚n) HKa Kp 2*Kn)
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SOn Lh60 2{ Ch2
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KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
HJ2 2,<u 22.<!!.9=< =!.244.9= .999.1!= 2=1,c4 19=,!9
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2hu„ 2,nh
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2.c=9.=< 14.!21.4!! 1c<.c.41c _32,9 _39,c!
H/n) *au †uO 2.=1=.939 1.<!c.4<4 11.<<.4=! 2,1 1<,4c
'-nh 5ˆK ./ V-V
COn Lh60 2{
n)… VDV
2.2=2.94 1.=3.c=1 11.112.1= 11,c< 29,1
SOn Lh60 hK- 1.22.!22 !=9!1< c.1c.1c2 19,39 =1,3=
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KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
Vh42
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[QiH XMsQ aIBU HZI Kˆ Nd HCBU 1c,=ƒ aZ N•E OrBU Xˆ BCD H^@•OŒ UEd` qxW; !!1 H^EwQ
U+b, HCBU 42,ƒŒ aeB WMsD Uv; =13 H^EwQ U+bŒ MdBU HMQ‡ aeB; 4!1 H^EwQ U+b,}
T^ZBU B|I JlQ BCD 2911, [QiH XMsQ aIBU HM„ H^@‹BU HZI Kˆ Ou HMFD D•H MdBU
D•E UuW WMlB LdD HCBU XED BUgOM Ju Ld; [T, a†E qwH OkO LZgE N•E 13,< H^EwQ U+b Nd XED
LZgE HM@‹BU XMkO Nd aeB WMsD N•E 4=,4 H^EwQ U+b.
NM‚B OMQBU, B|I JlQ BCD BI` OkO D•H MdBU [QiH XMsQ aIBU HZI Kˆ JhQ HCBU
H^@œBU Nh XED BUgOM. 7kBU OMm {, D•H MdBU HmE [kOM, Nn, NILE, Do Nd S qr, HQ` BMEFB XED
BUgOM OM™ JgH 22,3 H^EwQ U+b, BM@BU LgE Ou a‘ HCBU H^@œBU OIZ BMiH H^ZBU BMuD MdBU
[QiH aIBU HZI Kˆ &HCBU 1.42,cƒ( aZ N•E B|I JlQ BCD H^@•O.
NU@†O LgE, VEwH NID OoBU BMŠW XMsQ ^iH L•B H’ HZI Kˆ, H^ZBU YQ{ I BCD 2911 D•H
MdBU JgH UEk H^„ OIZ BMiH H^ZBU ay OkO D•H MdBU BMŠW XMsQ OM‰ `…Q Ld ]SBU ]IZ U˜D NeE
qwH Nd a†E &JgH 1c9,! H^EwQ U+b(, J˜BU HM‹E JgH H‡ Lw HCBU H^@œBU OIZ BMiH aZ N•E OrBU Xˆ
BCD 2919&2!=ƒ(. 7zBU HMz MIE Nh UEk H^„ BMŠW XMsQ H’ HZI Kˆ Ld Dk` DuO, HME…H ]„ OT
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UEIZ HMSBU N•E UEk H^„ JgH !9,! H^EwQ U+b, HCBU 49,cƒ. NMŠW XMsQ HME…H ]„ JEwB Nd WMŽ
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BMŠW XMsQ a–H HMxW Nd MdBU BM‘I O‰I M JhQ JgH UEk H^„ H^FB c4 H^EwQ U+b, HCBU XMZeBU
!9ƒ aZ N•E OrBU Xˆ BCD 2919.
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KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
II.%.G. THŠNH ClNG THU"N ?‹I! KHŒ KH•N HŽN CH• KHI VIỆT N$M
XUẤT KHU S$NG Ht$ Ku.
a) &h3nh công 43 thu5n $6i
− NM‚B OMQBU, OkO BCD UlB J\` Nd B|I JlQ BCD 2911 OkO D•H MdBU [QiH XMsQ aIBU
HZI Kˆ JhQ HCBU H^@œBU Nh XED BUgOM. TMtZ ay LEwQ HMyBU XF, HM‚ B|I JlQ BCD 2911, HZI
Kˆ HE…W HŽO Ld HM„ H^@‹BU q•B JlQ Nh BMŠW XMsQ MdBU MuI O‰I VEwH NID. 7\` Ld HMdBM
OSBU L•B UuW WMlB NdZ a‘ WMkH H^E•B XEBM H… B@•O BMd J˜BU HM‹E HCBU DyE YQIB Mw M“Q
BUM„ UE“I 2 B@•O HZI Kˆ Nd VEwH NID.
− HZI Kˆ LQSB Ld HM„ H^@‹BU [QiH XMsQ ay 1 O‰I VEwH NID. NCD 2919, [QiH XMsQ O‰I
VEwH NID NdZ HM„ H^@‹BU HZI Kˆ OME…D XMeZ 24ƒ H•BU XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ BM@BU OM™
OME…D 2,4ƒ H•BU XED BUgOM BMŠW XMsQ O‰I B@•O Bd`. V•E D~H HM„ H^@‹BU ^~BU L•B BM@
M, qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID O¡B ^iH BMEhQ HEhD BCBU J• XMIE HMkO [QiH XMsQ
− HZI Kˆ OlB BMŠW XMsQ ^iH BMEhQ MdBU MuI Dd VEwH NID Ou HM• aeB [QiH BM@; DI`
D•O, UEd` qxW, aeB WMsD Uv, OkO LZgE BSBU aeB BMEwH J•E...
− HEwW J„BM HM@TBU DgE VEwH ¢ M B…Q HM‘O HME HyH a£ HgZ ^I DSE H^@‹BU XEBM qZIBM
HMQŠB L†E OMZ OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID Js` DgBM [QiH XMsQ aIBU HM„ H^@‹BU HZI Kˆ
BuE ^EFBU Nd ^I HM„ H^@‹BU HM… UE•E BuE OMQBU.
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H^‚BM WM• ]E…B HMSBU HEB Nh HM„ H^@‹BU M OMZ OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID, YQI Ju OkO
qZIBM BUMEwW B–D BM“BU HMQŠB L†E Nd XMu XMCB XME HM\D BMŠW HM„ H^@‹BU Bd` H’ Ju Jh
[QiH BM“BU UEeE WMkW Js` DgBM [QiH XMsQ.
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− VEwH NID Ou XMe BCBU OgBM H^IBM HyH œ BM“BU L¤BM N‘O aeB [QiH OlB BMEhQ LIZ
J~BU XMxZ HI` Nd œ WM\B XMmO HM„ H^@‹BU OlB OMiH L@†BU Nd DzO J~ WMzO HgW O‰I aeB
13
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
WMsD œ DzO H@TBU JyE OIZ. TCBU H^@œBU [QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID aIBU HZI Kˆ OM‰ `…Q
WMŽ HMQ~O NdZ XMe BCBU OgBM H^IBM H^ZBU aeB [QiH O‰I OkO qZIBM BUMEwW. TQ` BMEFB, MEwB
BI`, YQ` DS aeB [QiH BM¥ Nd q‘I NdZ UEI OSBU HMQlB Hm` Ld BM“BU H^œ BUgE L•B BMiH O‰I
OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID H^ZBU YQIB Mw N•E OkO JyE HkO B@•O BUZdE BuE OMQBU Nd HZI
Kˆ BuE ^EFBU.
− N@•O M Ou Mw HMyBU WMkW LQŠH Nd OT OM… YQeB L{ MdBU BMŠW XMsQ ^iH WMzO HgW,
J•O ]EwH OT OM… YQeB L{ OkO D•H MdBU qwH DI`, MdBU BSBU aeB HM‘O WMsD.
− TnBM OgBM H^IBM O‰I HM„ H^@‹BU M ^iH OIZ, MdBU VEwH NID J@I NdZ HM„ H^@‹BU M
a£ WMeE OgBM H^IBM N•E MdBU T^QBU *QyO, MdBU MuI O‰I OkO B@•O A+IAN, O‰I OkO B@•O
NID M OrBU OM‰BU LZgE. M•O qr H’ BCD 299=, HZI Kˆ H^œ HMdBM HM„ H^@‹BU [QiH XMsQ
ay D~H O‰I VEwH NID, BM@BU aZ N•E OkO B@•O XMkO H^ZBU XMQ N‘O, XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ
O‰I VEwH NID H^FB HM„ H^@‹BU Bd` O¡B œ DzO XMEFD HyB.
− HdBU ^dZ ]eZ M~ HM„ H^@‹BU B~E J„I O‰I M M…H azO HEBM NE; M qrBU LQŠH OMyBU
]kB WMk UEk, OkO ^dZ OeB X HMQŠH; HEFQ OMQsB Nw aEBM IB HZdB HM‘O WMsD, BUQ`FB NŠH LEwQ
J@†O WMxW a| qŽBU J• aeB [QiH MdBU, BUQ˜B UyO [QiH [z MdBU} T^ZBU XME Ju OkO qZIBM
BUMEwW VEwH NID ME•Q ]E…H Nh HM„ H^@‹BU M O¡B MgB OM…, OMZ BFB Js` DgBM [QiH XMsQ
U•W XMu XMCB.
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HM„ H^@‹BU M; BM@ YQ` J„BM UEkD akH BMŠW XMsQ JyE N•E D•H MdBU qwH DI`, kW qŽBU LQŠH
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XMSBU a| qŽBU OSBU BUMw ]eZ YQeB HyH a£ LdD UEeD XMe BCBU OgBM H^IBM O‰I MdBU MuI.
II.%.I. NH•NG GI‘I PH’P =“ MŽNH XUẤT KHU C#$ VIỆT N$M S$NG
THỊ TRƯỜNG Ht$ Ku.
− NM—D HMkZ U” XMu XMCB OoBU BM@ J@I MZgH J~BU [QiH XMsQ NdZ YQ JgZ XE•D
aZkH, qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID OlB HM‘O MEwB D~H ay ]EwB WMkW HMI` N‚ aeB [QiH OkO D•H
MdBU UEk HMdBM OIZ, HŠW H^QBU NdZ BM“BU JyE H@†BU XMkOM MdBU Ou BMQ OlQ N•E BM“BU aeB
WMsD OMiH L@†BU H^QBU ]‚BM H^œ LFB, UEeD a‘ OgBM H^IBM N•E BM“BU D•H MdBU HMiW UEk ^•
29
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
O‰I T^QBU *QyO. VEwO HMID q‘ OkO M~E OM† H^E•B L›D a£ UEmW qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID Ou
OT M~E YQeBU ]k aeB WMsD O‰I D‚BM D~H OkOM HyH BMiH.
− 7• Js` DgBM [QiH XMsQ MdBU MuI aIBU M, OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID OlB B–D
BM“BU MdBU ^dZ ]eZ M~ DŠQ q„OM O‰I M.
− 7yE N•E BM“BU D•H MdBU XMu OgBM H^IBM ]—BU UEk Nd ay L@†BU HM‚ OgBM H^IBM ]—BU
HnBM J~O JkZ Nd XMkO ]EwH O‰I aeB WMsD J• HM\D BMŠW NdZ OkO HM„ H^@‹BU BUkOM &BEOMt
DI^XtH( Ou HM• Ld OME…B L@†O Dd OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID WMeE L‘I OMŸB. CkO qZIBM
BUMEwW OlB WMeE HŠW H^QBU JlQ H@ J• XMIE HMkO HyH L†E HM… OgBM H^IBM B•E ]ŠH O‰I VEwH NID
MEwB BI` Ld LIZ J~BU ^•, XMxZ HI` Nd q¦ JdZ HgZ, BM—D HgZ ^I BM“BU D•H MdBU J~O JkZ
XMkO N•E BM“BU aeB WMsD JIBU HEFQ HMŽ H^FB HM„ H^@‹BU, BMiH Ld BM“BU D•H MdBU J¡E M¥E
HI` BUMh OIZ Nd Ou UEk H^„ UEI HCBU H@TBU JyE OIZ J• OgBM H^IBM [QiH XMsQ BuE OMQBU Nd HgE
HZI Kˆ BuE ^EFBU.
− M MEwB JIBU Ld JiH B@•O zBU qŽBU TM@TBU DgE JEwB H| L•B BMiH HM… UE•E, aZBU
VEwH NID OM@I qrBU BMEhQ OSBU OŽ Bd` J• HE…W OŠB HM„ H^@‹BU, WMŽO NŽ [QiH XMsQ. bZ Ju,
J• HMmO Js` [QiH XMsQ NdZ HM„ H^@‹BU Bd` BCD 2911 OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID OlB Js`
DgBM zBU qŽBU OSBU BUMw HMSBU HEB BuE OMQBU Nd Js` DgBM zBU qŽBU TM@TBU DgE JEwB
H| BuE ^EFBU J• Ou HM• H‚D J@†O BMEhQ OT M~E M†W HkO D•E.
− ClB [\` q‘BU HM@TBU MEwQ MdBU [QiH XMsQ J• N@TB H•E DgBU L@•E ]kB ]QSB Nd ]kB
L• HZI Kˆ. •EwB WMkW Bd` Ou HM• N•B J@†O kW qŽBU nH BMiH HgE HM„ H^@‹BU HZI Kˆ Nd T\`
žQ H^ZBU N¡BU nH BMiH c ¢ 19 BCD H•E.
− T^ZBU N¡BU c BCD H•E J• HCBU XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ BuE OMQBU Nd aIBU HZI Kˆ BuE
^EFBU JyE N•E OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID Ld H• OMzO LgE aeB [QiH J• Ou HM• OgBM H^IBM H^œ
HMdBM OkO BMd aeB [QiH HMtZ M†W J˜BU OMZ OkO OSBU H` B@•O BUZdE, H^ZBU Ju Ou OkO OSBU
H` HZI Kˆ. HlQ M…H OkO qZIBM BUMEwW T^QBU *QyO MEwB JIBU WMkH H^E•B HMtZ M@•BU Bd`.
− HEwB BI`, H^FB HM… UE•E Nd HZI Kˆ, Ou ^iH BMEhQ OSBU H` ]kB ]QSB, ]kB L•, WM\B
WMyE, MZ•O XEBM qZIBM HM@TBU DgE OMQ`FB ]kB OkO aeB WMsD qZ OkO OSBU H` XMkO aeB [QiH
&$^EUEBIL :YQEWDtBH MIBQ§IOHQ^^t^ $:M(. TQ` J@†O UŸE Ld $^EUEBIL :YQEWDtBH
MIBQ§IOHQ^^t^, aZBU OkO OSBU H` Bd` HM‘O H… XMSBU aeB [QiH Dd OM™ ]kB MdBU J…B BU@‹E
21
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
HEFQ qrBU. NM“BU MdBU MuI MŸ HEFQ HMŽ Ou HM• qZ OMnBM MŸ HME…H X… aIQ Ju J•H aeB [QiH
MZ•O qZ OMnBM OkO BMd aeB [QiH HME…H X…. 7yE N•E OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID, H^ZBU XME
OM@I H‘ BUMEFB OzQ Nd WMkH H^E•B J@†O aeB WMsD Nd OM@I Ou J‰ BCBU L‘O HdE OMnBM J• [\`
q‘BU HM@TBU MEwQ aeB WMsD ^EFBU, HM‚ OkOM JE WMr M†W BMiH MEwB BI` Ld HŠB qŽBU LIZ J~BU
^• Nd XMxZ HI` H^ZBU B@•O, H• OMzO LgE aeB [QiH M†W L{ Nd MEwQ YQe J• H^œ HMdBM BMd aeB
[QiH OME…B L@†O HMtZ M†W J˜BU OMZ OkO $:M Nd OkO OSBU H` Ou BMQ OlQ ZQH aZQ^OEBU HMtZ
Jh HdE Nd D•Q€DyH MZ•O HM@TBU MEwQ O‰I MŸ. •@•O HE…W HMtZ Ld H‘ HME…H X… Nd aeB [QiH aeB
WMsD OMdZ ]kB OMZ OkO $:M N•E HM@TBU MEwQ O‰I MŸ. KME aeB [QiH J› •B J„BM N•E YQE DS
J‰ L•B Nd Ou HnOM Lo` HdE OMnBM, LmO Ju Ou HM• HnBM J…B NEwO [\` q‘BU HM@TBU MEwQ aeB
WMsD ^EFBU O‰I D‚BM. T^@•O D–H, HMI` N‚ OMZ [\` q‘BU HM@TBU MEwQ aeB WMsD BM–D J…B
BU@‹E HEFQ qrBU, OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID BFB HŠW H^QBU [\` q‘BU HM@TBU MEwQ qZIBM
BUMEwW &YQeBU ]k XMe BCBU aeB [QiH L•B, •B J„BM Nh ay L@†BU Nd OMiH L@†BU, UEk Oe OgBM
H^IBM, JeD ]eZ HM‹E UEIB UEIZ MdBU( J• HMQ MmH a‘ M†W HkO O‰I OkO $:M.
II.8. THỊ TRƯỜNG rU:
II.2.1. T)NG *UAN VỀ THỊ TRƯỜNG :U ;
@iAi thi%u thB tC+Dng EU
− ?,<n 0,nh Vh[u ”u MI` ?,<n h,TL Vh[u ”u &HE…BU ABM; )u*+,-.n
/ni+n(, NE…H H–H Ld rU, Ld D~H LEFB DEBM XEBM H… OMnBM H^„ ]IZ U˜D 2< YQyO UEI HMdBM NEFB
HMQ~O CM\Q žQ. •IZ U˜D; •™, 7zO, ¨, "Q[tD]ZQ^U, PMkW, Hd "IB , 7IB MgOM, I^tLIBq,
ABM , H` "gW, T\` •IB NMI, •˜ 7dZ NMI , 6Z, PMlB "IB, TMŽ` 7E•B ,+xO, HQBUI^`, •I
"IB, +LZNIXEI, +LZNtBEI, "EHNI, "IHNEI, :aHZBEI, MILHI, C~BU M¡I +nW, RZDIBEI, •QBUI^`.
− M12 h/n) 3u42 5h6u: Mk` DuO, DS HS, MdBU XMSBU, BM‘I, q@†O WMsD,
MuI OMiH, BMEFB LEwQ, a–H Nd HMxW, XED LZgE XMSBU OMzI HMxW, UEi` Nd OkO aeB WMsD H’ ]~H
UEi`, qwH XED, HM„H, MdBU HEFQ qrBU MdBU BUd`, Ok, J˜ QyBU Ou OMzI O˜B
− M12 h/n) nh^L 5h6u ; Mk` DuO, WM@TBU HEwB NŠB HeE, MdBU XMSBU, BM‘I,
qlQ HMS, MuI OMiH, MdBU qwH DI`, XED LZgE, HM‘O WMsD
22
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
F;c GiHm thB tC+Dng EU:
− :U Ld BhB XEBM H… L•B BMiH HM… UE•E, H•BU XED BUgOM HM@TBU DgE MIE OMEhQ
BCD 2993 JgH UlB 1c.999 H‡ U+b, OME…D XMZeBU 21ƒ GbP HZdB OlQ HnBM HMtZ BUIBU UEk
azO DQI. T•BU XED BUgOM BUZgE HM@TBU JgH H^FB .=99 H‡ U+b, OME…D UlB 1cƒ HM@TBU
DgE HZdB OlQ. N…Q HnBM Oe DŠQ q„OM B~E XMyE HM‚ H•BU XED BUgOM BUZgE HM@TBU LFB H•E
c.=99 H‡ U+b, OME…D 2ƒ HM@TBU DgE HM… UE•E. :U O¡B JzBU JlQ HM… UE•E Nh [QiH XMsQ
q„OM NŽ, OME…D UlB 41ƒ HM„ WMlB HM… UE•E, UiW 2 LlB M. 7lQ H@ ^I B@•O BUZdE OME…D
<ƒ ©bI HZdB OlQ Nd BMŠB XMZeBU 29ƒ JlQ H@ H’ ]FB BUZdE. :U OoBU Ld BMd HdE H^† WMkH
H^E•B L•B BMiH HM… UE•E, OME…D =9ƒ H•BU NEwB H^† O‰I HM… UE•E. Ce XMyE J› OQBU OiW 43 H‡
:Q^Z NEwB H^† H^ZBU BCD 2993 OMZ OkO B@•O JIBU WMkH H^E•B. NCD 2919, :U Ou 1=1 H^ZBU
ay c99 OSBU H` L•B BMiH HM… UE•E. 7˜BU HEhB OMQBU :Q^Z HQ` D•E ^I J‹E, BM@BU J› BMIBM
OMuBU H^œ HMdBM J˜BU HEhB OM‰ OMyH HZdB OlQ. V•E @Q HM… O‰I D~H HM„ H^@‹BU HMyBU BMiH,
HM‘O HME OMnBM akOM XEBM H… HM@TBU DgE OMQBU D~H J˜BU HEhB OMQBU. V•E azO DgBM XEBM
H…, OMnBM H^„, XMZI MŸO OSBU BUMw, :U H^œ HMdBM DŽO HEFQ JyE BUZgE O‰I BMEhQ B@•O.
− :U Ld D~H HM„ H^@‹BU Ou BMEhQ YQ` J„BM X HMQŠH XM–H XMt, OM‰ `…Q BM—D ]eZ
Nw azO XM¥t OZB BU@‹E, DSE H^@‹BU Nd WMkH H^E•B ]hB N“BU. HTB HM… :U Ld D~H HM„ H^@‹BU
ªaIBU H^ŸBU« Nd ^iH ªXMu HnBM«. TM„ ME…Q O‰I BU@‹E HEFQ qrBU :U M@•BU BMEhQ Nh OkO `…Q
Hy azO XM¥t Nd HM• OMiH. NU@‹E q\B OM\Q žQ J•O ]EwH YQIB H\D J…B BM“BU aeB WMsD Ou
HnBM BCBU ]eZ Nw azO XM¥t, OMiH LEwQ H’ HMEFB BMEFB, MgB OM… MuI OMiH. NU@‹E HEFQ qrBU
XMQ N‘O Bd` BUd` OdBU Ou [Q HM… CB QyBU LdBM DgBM, HCBU OkO MZgH J~BU BUZdE H^‹E Ou L†E
OMZ azO XM¥t. NUZdE ^I NEwO HMQ BMŠW HCBU Nd q\B H^n OIZ XME…B BU@‹E q\B œ J\` YQIB H\D
MTB J…B BM“BU D•H MdBU OMiH L@†BU OIZ, J•O ]EwH HM• MEwB J@†O HnBM Ok HM•, BU@‹E HEFQ
qrBU DQyB MŸ Ld H^QBU H\D, aeB WMsD WMeE WMŽO NŽ BMQ OlQ Nd Jh OIZ HnBM Ok BM\B O‰I
MŸ.
&ăng tC+Ing kinh t: cJa EU giai G*9n 2000 - 2010
GbP O‰I XMQ N‘O :U H^ZBU UEIE JZgB 2999 _ 2919 HM• MEwB OŽ HM• BM@ œ ]eBU
q@•E.
2
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
K(ng: ThDn) 5< GDP VMa rU ),a, RKJn 8999 \ 89%9
7TB N„ HnBM ; T^EwQ U+b Nguồn: 012
K(ng: TDV R] 27n) 2*@•n) GDP VMa rU ),a, RKJn 8999 \ 89%9
8999 899% 8998 899G 899I 899F 899
E
899H 899
:
899>
––
89%9
––
:U_2< ,3 2,9 1,2 1, 2,c 2,9 ,2 2,3 9,< _4,1 1,<
Ngu0n: )u*+,-.n 3+mmi44i+n: 5t.ti4tic.6 7nn-8 +9 )u*+,-.n )c+n+m:" 5,*ing 2010;
TCBU H^@œBU XEBM H… O‰I :U H^ZBU 19 BCD JlQ HM… X‡ XXI Ou qE¦B ]E…B JI
OMEhQ, H^ZBU Ju Ou XMZeBU 4 BCD &2994 _ 299<( XEBM H… :U J@†O JkBM UEk Ld WMkH
H^E•B •B J„BM Nd Ou XMZeBU 2 BCD &299! _ 2993( XEBM H… :U L\D NdZ aQ` HMZkE qZ eBM
M@œBU HEFQ O‘O O‰I OQ~O XM‰BU MZeBU HdE OMnBM HZdB OlQ.
II.8.8. TÌNH HÌNH XUẤT NHẬP KHẨU CỦA VIỆT NAM V,$ :U
TMtZ CT YQIB HMyBU XF OM\Q žQ &:Q^ZaHIH(, J…B UE“I BCD 2919, :U N•B N@†H M,
HE…W HŽO UE“ N“BU N„ H^n q•B JlQ OkO HM„ H^@‹BU NMŠW XMsQ MdBU MuI H’ VEwH NID. NCD
2993, :U BMŠW XMsQ H’ VEwH NID 3,! H‡ U+b H^ZBU H•BU XED BUgOM XNK 1c.2 H‡ U+b.
HdBU MuI :U NK H’ VEwH NID OM‰ `…Q HŠW H^QBU NdZ BM“BU OM‰BU LZgE aeB WMsD a|
qŽBU BMEhQ LIZ J~BU BM@ UEd` qxW, HM‰` ¢ MeE aeB, BSBU aeB, J˜ Uv} OME…D H•E !9ƒ H•BU
XED BUgOM XK MdBU MuI O‰I VEwH NID aIBU :U. 7…B BI`, :U Ld BMd JlQ H@ L•B HMz 2 NdZ
VEwH NID &aIQ NMŠH •eB( [xH H^FB W@TBU qEwB H•BU NyB JlQ H@ J@†O UEeE BU\B. TM‹E JE•D
BCD 1339, :U OM™ Ou NdE q‘ kB ©bI HgE VEwH NID, HM‚ J…B UE“I BCD 2919 J› Ou MTB !99
q‘ kB O‰I 29 &H^ZBU H•BU ay 2< B@•O HMdBM NEFB :U( HgE VEwH NID N•E H•BU NyB JCBU X{
MTB 12 H‡ U+b. :U Ld BMd JlQ H@ Ou H‡ Lw NyB HM‘O MEwB H^FB H•BU NyB JCBU X{ OIZ BMiH,
Năm 200. 200, 200J 2008 2009 2010
Q>O 1.c<<.31 14.374.629 16.574.443 17.607.657 17.465.138 17.175.742
24
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
OME…D XMZeBU MTB =9ƒ &JgH H^FB < H‡ U+b(. CkO q‘ kB ©bI O‰I :U JIBU M@•BU NdZ
BM“BU L¤BM N‘O Dd VEwH BID JIBU Ou BMQ OlQ L•B BM@ qlQ XMn, [\` q‘BU Mg HlBU OT aœ,
OM… ]E…B BSBU aeB, HM‰` aeB.
b@•E J\` Ld ]eBU ay LEwQ Nh XED BUgOM [QiH BMŠW XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID aIBU :U HMtZ
BUQ˜B O‰I :Q^ZaHIH.
'On): ThDn) 5< 5,0 n)JVh 3u42 nh^L 5h6u VMa V,T2 Na0 ./K rU
F/n 4B tLnh: tCi%u EuC*
TBn) KN
XNK
VN\ rU
TBn) KN
XNK
n70 899H
TBn) KN
XNK
n70 899:
TBn) KN
XNK
n70 899>
TBn) KN
XNK
n70 89%9
qkN I n70
89%%
VN [QiH
XMsQ
<.!==, !.cc9,!=3 <.<<,1!! !.c<1,423 .9c1,24
VN BMŠW
XMsQ
.c31,233 .c1,939 .<4<,33= .3c9,999 3==,41<
CkB O\B ¬4.2<c,94 ¬c.133,<<3 ¬4.92c,132 ¬.341,42! ¬2.9!4,39<
T•BU XED
BUgOM
XNK
11.4c<,=2 11.391,3c3 11.c21,1!4 12.c21,423 4.91<,<42
Ngu0n cJa EuC*,tatM
*QI ]eBU ay LEwQ HI HMi` ^—BU OMZ H•E OQyE BCD 2919 VEwH NID Ld B@•O [QiH aEFQ NdZ HM„
H^@‹BU :U.
2c
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
'On): K,0 n)JVh 3u42 5h6u V-V 012 h/n) VhM W•V VMa V,T2 Na0 Can) rU
7TB N„ HnBM; T^EwQ :Q^Z
Ngu0n cJa EuC*,tatM
'On): SD W,Tu nh^L 5h6u 0]2 CD 012 h/n) VhM Ncu VMa V,T2 Na0 2{ rU
7TB N„ HnBM; T^EwQ :Q^Z
STT % CD 012 h/n) XK
VhM W•V VMa VN
vM— CDx
TBn) KN
XK n70
899:
TBn) KN
XK n70
899>
TBn) KN
XK n70
89%9
TBn) KN XK G
2h-n) RPu n70 89%%
1 GEd` qxW
&=4911919 ¢
=4+++333(
2.2!<,94< 1.!<,3c! 1.3=3,==3
c42, c34
2 bwH DI`
&=1911919 ¢
=2+++333(
1.24!,!cc 1.13<,!1 1.43,!9
49=, !13
Cd WMF OkO LZgE
&93911199 ¢
9391+9<1(
<==,<2 =,2!! ==c,2=1
22c, !14
4 Gv _ B~E HMiH H’ Uv
&M› 44 Nd D› 34(
!24,<2! =34,9!2 <!2,4!1
2!1, 2!!
c TMQ‡ MeE aeB
&9911919 ¢
9+++333(
=!4,442 =!2,c=4 <42,41
1!4, <9
=
VIL`, HmE akOM
& M› 42 (
2c!,49 242,1=c 232,1=< cc, 1!<
<
HdBU CN BM-, J˜ UEI
qŽBU Nd TCMN
& M› 4c_=9 Nd =c _<9(
41<,9= c!,c2! 44,<91 !4, !1
STT % CD 0ah VN NK 2{
rUvM— CDx
T•BU KN
XNK BCD
299!
T•BU KN
XNK BCD
2993
T•BU KN
XNK BCD
2919
T•BU
HMkBU JlQ
BCD 2911
1 +P JEwB H|, LEBM XEwB
&!c911919 ¢
!c+++333(
41=,1 41c,<=9 31,=4 <=,=!9
2 Mk` DuO, HME…H ]„ CN
&!4911999 ¢ !4+++333
(
!<9,413 !=,!12 3!,=39 22,42c
b@†O WMsD,HME…H ]„ ` H…
&9911919 _
9+++333(
21c,34c 2cc,=! 19,2! !2,49c
4 M WMsD _ MZk OMiH
&911999 ¢
!+++333(
12!,3= 14c,291 29!,39< c,<!1
c +–H HMxW pK€LZgE XMkO
&<2911911 ¢
!9+++333(
1!,<13 c9,c1 =,492 =c2,=21
2=
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
Ngu0n cJa EuC*,tatM

Nh^n 3U2: *QI ]eBU ay LEwQ HMyBU XF H^FB HI Ou HM• HMi` ^—BU ;
˜ Xu42 5h6u:
− NCD 299! H‚BM M‚BM [QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID J› U•H MkE J@†O BMEhQ HMdBM
OSBU ^‘O ^”; OkO D•H MdBU [QiH XMsQ OM‰ L‘O HMQ Nh 1 XMZeBU BUZgE Hw L•B OMZ JiH B@•O.
− NCD 2993 XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ OkO D•H MdBU OM‰ L‘O O‰I VEwH NID UEeD
DgBM Nd ]–H JlQ HE…W HŽO HCBU H^œ LgE NdZ BCD 2919 Nd H^E•B NŸBU BCD 2911 a£ HE…W HŽO
HCBU.
− VEwH NID [QiH XMsQ aIBU :U OM‰ `…Q œ OkO D•H MdBU `FQ OlQ OlB BMEhQ LIZ
J~BU BM@ MdBU UEd` qxW, qwH DI` Ld 2 BUdBM OME…D UEk H^„ XED BUgOM L•B BMiH.
˜ Nh^L 5h6u:
− VEwH NID OM‰ `…Q BMŠW OkO D•H MdBU Ou HnBM kW qŽBU XMZI MŸO X HMQŠH
BM@ LEBM XEwB JEwB H|, Dk` DuO HME…H ]„ OSBU BUMEwW.
− M•H MdBU q@†O WMsD, D WMsD MuI OMiH OoBU OME…D UEk H^„ XED BUgOM
BMŠW XMsQ L•B.
II.8.G. THŠNH ClNG! THU"N ?‹I VŠ KHŒ KH•N! HŽN CH• C#$
VIỆT N$M XUẤT KHU S$NG THỊ TRƯỜNG rU
aM &h3nh công 43 thu5n $6i
T^eE YQI 29 BCD HME…H LŠW YQIB Mw BUZgE UEIZ VEwH NID ¢ :Q, VEwH NID J› U•H MkE J@†O
BMEhQ HMdBM H‘Q HZ L•B;
− T^ZBU HM‹E UEIB YQI :U J› H^œ HMdBM JyE HkO HM@TBU DgE YQIB H^ŸBU N•E VEwH NID.
*QIB Mw XEBM H… _ HM@TBU DgE UE“I VEwH NID N•E BMEhQ B@•O :U JIBU Dœ ^~BU Nd BUd`
OdBU JE NdZ OMEhQ a\Q.
− Mœ ^~BU YQIB Mw ]gB MdBU N•E OkO HŠW JZdB L•B O‰I CM\Q žQ.
− bQ` H^‚ Nd WMkH MQ` L†E HM… O‰I VEwH NID OkO D•H MdBU [QiH XMsQ OM‰ L‘O
− CkO aeB WMsD [QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID qlB qlB DIBU HnBM OMiH OSBU BUMw OIZ MTB.
2<
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
− GEI HCBU [QiH XMsQ OkO aeB WMsD Ou HnBM OMiH OM… ]E…B, HnBM HEBM [eZ OIZ &BSBU
aeB, HM‰` aeB, UEd` qI, J˜ Uv...(
− CkO D•H MdBU O‰I VEwH NID [QiH XMsQ akBU :Q UEI HCBU Nh OM‰BU LZgE MdBU MuI
OoBU BM@ XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ
− TM@TBU DgE MIE OMEhQ UE“I :U Nd VEwH NID J› JgH UlB 1 H‡ U+b NdZ BCD 2993,
aZ N•E 1,c H‡ U+b H^ZBU BCD 133c.
.M 7h8 khăn 43 h9n ch::
− KMe BCBU YQeB L{ Nd HlD BM‚B OME…B L@†O O‰I OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID O¡B MgB
OM….
− *Q` DS OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID O¡B H˜B HgE œ YQ` DS N’I Nd BM¥ H@TBU JyE
BMEhQ.
− +‘ HME…Q NyB JlQ H@ OT aœ NŠH OMiH, NyB aeB [QiH XEBM qZIBM U\` OMZ OkO qZIBM
BUMEwW VEwH NID XMSBU nH XMu XMCB.
− T^‚BM J~ XMZI MŸO X HMQŠH O‰I OkO bZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID OM@I ]–H X„W a‘ HE…B
]~ XMZI MŸO X HMQŠH O‰I HM… UE•.
− M~H ay D•H MdBU O‰I VEwH NID OM@I JkW zBU J@†O `FQ OlQ X HMQŠH O‰I :Q.
− M~H ay qZIBM BUMEwW LdD CB ªUEIB LŠB« LdD eBM M@œBU H•E M‚BM eBM MdBU VEwH
NID H^FB HM„ H^@‹BU.
− KMe BCBU Nh BUSB BU“ YQyO H… O¡B MgB OM….
cM N/ hOi 43 thPch thQc ch* R*anh nghi%< Vi%t Nam khi xu=t kh>u 43* thB tC+Dng EU:
T^FB WM@TBU qEwB H•BU HM•, YQIB Mw HM@TBU DgE VEwH NID ¢ OM\Q žQ Ou Oe OT M~E
Nd HMkOM HMzO;
 C` h],:
− *QIB Mw OMnBM H^„ _ BUZgE UEIZ aZBU WM@TBU OT ]eB HyH. CMnBM WM‰ VEwH
NID O‰BU Oy Nd WMkH H^E•B YQIB Mw JyE HkO OM•H OM£ BMEhQ D•H N•E OkO B@•O OM\Q žQ.
− TM„ H^@‹BU OM\Q žQ ^~BU L•B, JI qgBU Ou BMQ OlQ BMŠW XMsQ BMEhQ LZgE
MdBU MZk qZ VEwH NID aeB [QiH, H^ZBU Ju Ou BM“BU aeB WMsD BM@ qwH DI`, UEd` qxW, OMj,
2!
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
Od WMF, MgH HEFQ, HM‰` aeB Nd OIZ aQ H‘ BMEFB J› OME…D UE“ J@†O HM„ WMlB JkBU X• HgE BMEhQ
B@•O OM\Q žQ.
− +zO DQI O‰I BU@‹E HEFQ qrBU OM\Q žQ L•B Nd H@TBU JyE ]hB N“BU, J•O ]EwH
Ld BU@‹E HEFQ qrBU HgE OkO B@•O 7zO, PMkW, ABM, Hd "IB, IHIL`, TMŽ` 7E•B, NUI, UO^IEBI
Nd •I "IB.
− VEwH NID Nd :Q Ou BFB XEBM H… H@TBU Mv L•B BMIQ; VEwH NID BMŠW XMsQ OkO
aeB WMsD Dd :U Ou HM… DgBM Nd Ou HnBM OgBM H^IBM OIZ BM@ OSBU BUMEwW OT XMn, OM… HgZ,
MZk OMiH, UEIZ HMSBU NŠB HeE, MdBU XMSBU, q@†O WMsD, D WMsD OIZ OiW, HM‘O WMsD, J˜
QyBU Nd q„OM NŽ Ou MdD L@†BU OMiH [kD Nd UEk H^„ UEI HCBU L•B} NU@†O LgE :Q BMŠW XMsQ
OkO D•H MdBU Ld HM… DgBM O‰I VEwH NID BM@ MdBU HM‰ OSBU D BUMw, UEd` qxW, DI` D•O,
HMQ‡ aeB, Od WMF, OMj, MgH HEFQ,}
− C~BU J˜BU BU@‹E VEwH NID HgE OM\Q žQ H@TBU JyE JSBU Ou BMQ OlQ HEFQ
qrBU Nd WM\B WMyE MdBU MuI aeB [QiH HgE VEwH NID XMk L•B.
− T‚BM M‚BM IB BEBM, OMnBM H^„ HgE MlQ M…H OkO B@•O OM\Q žQ JhQ OT ]eB •B
J„BM. 7\` Ld BM\B Hy YQIB H^ŸBU HgZ H\D L{ IB H\D OMZ OkO qZIBM BM\B Nd UuW WMlB UEeD
HME•Q OkO OME WMn WM¡BU BU’I ^‰E ^Z.
 Th-Vh 2hjV:
− HdBU ^dZ HMQ… YQIB; D~H ay aeB WMsD O‰I VEwH NID BM@ UEd` Do qI, [t
JgW, OMyH OdE EBZ[ N•B HMQ… OIZ H^FB HM„ H^@‹BU OM\Q žQ.
− HdBU ^dZ X HMQŠH J@†O U‡ ]IB OM\Q žQ kW qŽBU JyE N•E HM‰` aeB &HEFQ
OMQsB Nw aEBM, IB HZdB HM‘O WMsD(, MdBU qwH DI` &HMI` J•E OkOM WM\B LZgE(, MuI OMiH Nd
OkO aeB WMsD qrBU MuI OMiH &YQE J„BM Nh JCBU X{ Nd OiW WMxW(, N.N....
− •FB OgBM Ju, OkO MdBU ^dZ HM@TBU DgE WME HMQ… YQIB XMkO N•B O¡B J@†O a|
qŽBU.
− M~H ay D•H MdBU [QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID aIBU :U BM@ HM‰` aeB, J˜ Uv,
^IQ YQe, HM‘O WMsD Ou HM• a£ U•W XMu XMCB XME :C ]IB MdBM OkO ]EwB WMkW ]eZ Nw BU@‹E
HEFQ qrBU Nd ]eZ Nw DSE H^@‹BU.
23
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
− V•E YQE DS :U BUd` OdBU Dœ ^~BU, NEwO HME…H X… Nd YQ`…H J„BM OMnBM akOM
HM@TBU DgE OMQBU OMZ Oe XMyE a£ H^œ BFB BUd` OdBU XMu XMCB Nd OMŠD OMgW. VEwO NŠB
J~BU MdBM LIBU JyE N•E OkO OMnBM akOM Bd` OoBU H^œ BFB NS OrBU BIB UEeE Nd HyB XxD,
BMiH Ld JyE N•E OkO B@•O JIBU WMkH H^E•B BM@ VEwH NID.
− +Q` HMZkE XEBM H… HgE OM\Q žQ LdD UEeD BMQ OlQ BMŠW XMsQ Nd Ou HM• L•W LgE
HMtZ OMQ Xˆ.
− TgE D~H ay B@•O MZ•O XMQ N‘O N•B HEhD sB BM“BU BM\B Hy U\` DiH •B J„BM
Nh IB BEBM B~E ]~ Nd H^ZBU YQIB Mw N•E OkO B@•O LkBU UEhBU.
− KMkO ]EwH Nh HŠW YQkB XEBM qZIBM ; T^ZBU XME OM\Q žQ Ou NCB MZk XEBM
qZIBM WM@TBU T\` &q‘I NdZ LQŠH WMkW Nd Q` HnB HM@TBU MEwQ( HM‚ VEwH NID N•B DIBU
JŠD J•O H^@BU NCB MZk WM@TBU 7SBU &OM„Q eBM M@œBU L•B O‰I YQIB Mw Nd Q` HnB Ok
BM\B(.
− T^œ BUgE BUSB BU“.
II.8.I. GI‘I PH’P =“ MŽNH XUẤT KHU HŠNG HŒ$ C#$ VIỆT
N$M VŠt rU
− 7lQ H@ J•E D•E HME…H ]„ MEwB JgE, kW qŽBU X HMQŠH OSBU BUMw HEFB HE…B NdZ
aeB [QiH
− CMm H^ŸBU B\BU OIZ BCBU L‘O HME…H X… D•Q D›, XE•Q qkBU OkO D•H MdBU
DIBU HnBM HM‹E H^IBU BM@ UEl`, qxW, qwH_DI` J• JkW zBU [Q M@•BU ]E…B J•E BMIBM Nh HM„
ME…Q O‰I BU@‹E HEFQ qrBU :U
− CMQ`•B UEIZ OSBU BUMw H’ OkO B@•O WMkH H^E•B J• aeB [QiH OkO aeB WMsD Ou
MdD L@†BU OM… ]E…B OIZ, UEk H^„ L•B BM@ HM‰` aeB, BSBU aeB...
− 7s` DgBM NEwO HE…W OŠB Mw HMyBU WM\B WMyE HgE HM„ H^@‹BU :U Nd MgB OM…
HMSBU YQI OkO BMd ]kB ]QSB.
9
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
II.G. THỊ TRƯỜNG $Sr$N
II.G.% TyNG qU$N VỀ THỊ TRƯỜNG $Sr$N
A+:AN Ou HEhB HM\B Ld D~H H• OMzO J@†O UŸE Ld
H,TL h], =Qn) Na0 ’ J@†O HMdBM LŠW BCD 13=<, HnBM
J…B BCD 1333 A+:AN J› Ou 19 B@•O HMdBM NEFB. CkO
B@•O Bd` Ou BMEhQ L†E HM… H@TBU J˜BU, HMuE YQtB DQI a–D,
HEFQ qrBU Nd aeB WMsD UlB UEyBU BMIQ BFB N’I Ld HMQŠB
L†E N’I Ld HMkOM HMzO OMZ OkO qZIBM BUMEwW H^ZBU OrBU XMQ
N‘O. A+:AN MEwB BI` J@†O JkBM UEk Ld HM„ H^@‹BU BCBU
J~BU BMiH HM… UE•E N•E HyO J~ HCBU H^@œBU XEBM H… XMZeBU c,! ¢ =,cƒ€€BCD Nd Ou H•BU XED
BUgOM [QiH BMŠW XMsQ XMk OIZ. 7EhQ Bd` J@†O HM• MEwB œ OkO ]E•Q J˜ aIQ;

1
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
*QI OkO ]E•Q J˜ H^FB HI HMi` HyO J~ HCBU H^@œBU [QiH BMŠW XMsQ Nd XED BUgOM [QiH BMŠW
XMsQ UE“I OkO B@•O Ld XMSBU J˜BU JhQ. CŽ HM• Ld +EBUIWZ^t Ou XED BUgOM [QiH BMŠW XMsQ Ld L•B
BMiH &== H‡ U+b(, HMiW BMiH Ld "dZ & H‡ U+b(. IBqZBt[EI Ou HyO J~ HCBU H^@œBU L•B BMiH !ƒ,
HMiW BMiH Ld M`IBDI 29ƒ.
2
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
REFBU VEwH NID Ou H•BU XED BUgOM [QiH BMŠW XMsQ Nd HyO J~ HCBU H^@œBU […W MgBU H^QBU ]‚BM
H^ZBU XMQ N‘O. 7EhQ Ju OMZ HI HMi` VEwH NID OoBU Ou N„ H^n XMk HyH H^ZBU A+:AN Nd OlB Ou
BMEhQ UEeE WMkW MTB B“I J• Js` DgBM XED BUgOM Nd HyO J~ HCBU H^@œBU [QiH XMsQ H^ZBU HM‹E UEIB
H•E.
II.G.8. T&NH H&NH XUẤT NH"P KHU C#$ VIỆT N$M VŠt $Sr$N
T’ 133c, VEwH NID J› X{ X…H Nd H^œ HMdBM HMdBM NEFB O‰I A+:AN Nd H’ Ju J…B
BI` A+:AN Ld HM„ H^@‹BU OM‰ L‘O O‰I VEwH NID. M•H qr VEwH NID Nd OkO B@•O A+:AN
Ou BMEhQ L†E HM… H@TBU J˜BU Nd aeB WMsD UlB UEyBU BMIQ BM@BU BM‹ OkO OM@TBU H^‚BM
M†W HkO XEBM H… Dd MZgH J~BU [QiH BMŠW XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID NdZ A+:AN YQI OkO BCD Ou
[Q M@•BU HCBU. +IQ J\` Ld ]eBU H•BU M†W H‚BM M‚BM [QiH BMŠW XMsQ UE“I VEwH NID NdZ
A+:AN H^ZBU OkO BCD UlB J\`.
'On) : T~nh h~nh 3u42 nh^L 5h6u ),•a V,T2 Na0 ./K $Sr$N 2*Kn) nh•n) n70
)Pn R[N
N70 V,T2 na0 XK
Can)
$Sr$Nv2*,Tu
USDx
V,T2 na0 NK
Can)
$Sr$Nv2*,Tu
USDx
C-n V[n TM
˜ Xu42 C,<u
\ Nh^L C,<u
899: %9%>F %>FH% \>GHE
899> :F>8 %G:%G \F88%
89%9 %9GF% %EI9: \E9FH
, th#ng 2011
F8I8 HF:G \8GI%
Ngu0n: &1ng c2c th#ng kê
*QI ]eBU ay LEwQ HI HMi` VEwH BID Ld B@•O BMŠW aEFQ, HQ` BMEFB YQI OkO BCD HM‚
H‚BM H^gBU BMŠW aEFQ Ou [Q M@•BU UEeD. CŽ HM• Ld BCD 299! OkB O\B HM@TBU DgE Ld &_
3<=( BM@BU J…B BCD 2919 Ld &_=9c<(. 7EhQ Bd` OMZ HMi` MdBU MuI O‰I VEwH NID J› H’
H’ OME…D L¤BM HM„ H^@‹BU A+:AN, Ou XMe BCBU OgBM H^IBM N•E MdBU MuI O‰I OkO B@•O ]gB.
C-V 012 h/n) nh^L 5h6u ./ 3u42 5h6u VMa V,T2 na0 ./K 2h+ 2*@‚n) $Sr$N
\ Nh^L 5h6u:

KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
BRng: :im ngạch nhậ kh!u m/t 01 mSt hTng ch6nh c'( )i*t n(m tU
V=WVN , th#ng đXu năm
ĐVT: triệu USD

MSt hTng
, th#ng
72009
, th#ng
72010
B tăng" giRm
,872010 0+
CDi ,872009
B t32 gi# N:
c'( )N tU
V=WVN 0+ CDi
:NN: tU c#c
th2 t3%4ng
Xăng dầu 1.362 1.536 12,8 46,9
M! "#$ %hi&% '( ph)
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372 462 24,3 7,4
+h,% d-. ngu!ên /i0u 335 419 25,0 24,2
M! 1i %2nh, s3n
ph4" 5i0n %6, /inh
7i0n
329 409 24,1 18,9
8ầu "9 5:ng %h;$
1<%
202 224 11,0 80,9
=>, s3n ph4" g> 165 221 34,1 43,8
?inh 7i0n @A "! 134 221 65,0 60,2
=B,! 197 218 10,4 53,3
C. $h,% 155 203 31,2 21,4
?inh 7i0n D %D 9 $h>
ngEi %FG @uHng
122 194 59,2 48,3
CIng h. 7h$ 2.538 3.478 37,0 15,5
8Png c/ng .H910 JH.83 28"3 19",
Ngu0n:&1ng c2c th#ng kê
_ *QI ]eBU HMyBU XF HI HMi` ^—BU OkO BMuD MdBU BMŠW XMsQ OM‰ `…Q O‰I
VEwH NID H’ HM„ H^@‹BU A+:AN OM‰ `…Q Ld BM“BU D•H MdBU HME…H `…Q, BUQ`FB WMŽ LEwQ
JlQ NdZ WMŽO NŽ aeB [QiH H^ZBU B@•O BM@; [CBU qlQ OkO LZgEŒ Dk` DuO, HME…H ]„, qŽBU OŽ
Nd WMŽ HrBU, Dk` NE HnBM, aeB WMsD JEwB H| Nd LEBM XEwBŒ OMiH q•Z BUQ`FB LEwQ, UEi`, qlQ
4
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
D” J~BU NŠH} T^ZBU Ju LEBM XEwB [t Dk`, LEBM XEwB S HS H^ZBU BCD 2919 aZ N•E BCD
2993 Ou XED BUgOM BMŠW XMsQ HCBU OIZ BMiH aZ N•E OkO D•H MdBU XMkO.
_ Xu42 5h6u:
Bảng: Kim ngạch xuất khẩu một số mặt hàng chnh c!" Việt n"m s"ng
#S$#% & th'ng ()u n*m
ĐVT: triệu USD

MSt hTng
, th#ng
72009
, th#ng
72010
B tăng"
giRm
,872010 0+
CDi ,872009
B t32 gi# 9: c'( )N
0(ng V=WVN 0+
CDi :N9: 0(ng c#c
th2 t3%4ng
=J. 1.082 1.054 -2,6 60,9
8ầu %hD 1.293 872 -32,6 32,5
Xăng dầu 253 387 53,3 64,8
M! "#$ %hi&% '( ph) %*ng 151 303 101,4 22,0
KL% %hMp 116 278 140,2 54,2
M! 1i %2nh, s3n ph4"
5i0n %6, /inh 7i0n
272 273 0,2 17,8
80% "N! 89 114 27,5 2,4
OhuP s3n 90 96 7,2 4,8
K3n ph4" %Q $h,% d-. 52 94 80,7 20,1
K3n ph4" %Q sL% %hMp 61 76 25,9 21,2
CIng h. 7h$ 986 1695 72,0 10,4
8Png c/ng IHII3 .H2I2 18"0 1,"1
− *QI ]eBU HMyBU XF HI HMi` BM“BU BMuD MdBU [QiH XMsQ aIBU HM„ H^@‹BU Bd`
OM‰ `…Q Ld UgZ, qlQ HMS, a–H HMxW. •FB OgBM Ju, H^ZBU 19 BMuD MdBU OM‰ L‘O [QiH XMsQ
aIBU HM„ H^@‹BU A+:AN HM‚ OM™ Ou UgZ Nd qlQ HMS JgH HyO J~ HCBU H^@œBU \D, OkO BMuD
MdBU O¡B LgE JhQ JgH HyO J~ HCBU H^@œBU q@TBU, HMŠD OMn HCBU DgBM BM@ Dk` DuO, HME…H
]„, qŽBU OŽ p WMŽ HrBU HCBU UiW MTB 2 LlB, a–H HMxW HCBU 2,4 LlBŒ [CBU qlQ OkO LZgE HCBU
c,ƒ aZ N•E OrBU Xˆ BCD H^@•O.
− NM@ NŠ` Ou HM• HMi` ^—BU [QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID aIBU A+:AN OM‰ `…Q
Ld BSBU aeB Nd XMZkBU aeB HMS, aT OM… Ou UEk H^„ HMiW, MdD L@†BU UEk H^„ UEI HCBU XMSBU
c
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
OIZ. NM“BU D•H MdBU Bd` HQ` MlQ M…H JhQ J@†O M@œBU HMQ… NK @Q J›E C:PT HgE OkO B@•O
BMŠW XMsQ BM@BU qZ Ou UEk H^„ HMiW, UEk Oe WMŽ HMQ~O NdZ ]E…B J~BU H^FB HM… UE•E, BFB XED
BUgOM [QiH XMsQ XMSBU •B J„BM.
− HdBU OSBU BUMEwW HEFQ qrBU Ou MdD L@†BU OM… ]E…B Nd UEk H^„ UEI HCBU BM@
DI` D•O, UEd` qxW} OM™ OME…D H‡ H^ŸBU H@TBU JyE BM¥ H^ZBU H•BU XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ
aIBU A+:AN. GlB J\` VEwH NID ]–H JlQ [QiH XMsQ J@†O D~H ay D•H MdBU OM… HgZ D•E
aIBU A+:AN BM@ q\` JEwB Nd q\` OkW JEwB, J˜ OMTE H^• tD, [t JgW Nd WMŽ HrBU [t
JgW}.BM“BU D•H MdBU Bd` HQ` Ou BMEhQ H^E•B NŸBU BM@BU XED BUgOM N•B O¡B XMk XMEFD
HyB.
II.G.G. NH•NG THŠNH ClNG! THU"N ?‹I VŠ KHŒ KH•N! HŽN CH•
C#$ VIỆT N$M KHI XUẤT KHU VŠt $Sr$N
a) &h3nh công 43 thu5n $6i
− HEwB BI` VEwH NID Ou XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ JzBU HMz c H^ZBU XMQ N‘O JEhQ
Ju J› XM®BU J„BM MdBU MuI VEwH NID OoBU Ou N„ H^n JzBU H^FB HM„ H^@‹BU Nd JIBU H’BU
]@•O HM\D BMŠW NdZ HM„ H^@‹BU.
− KED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ YQI OkO BCD JhQ HCBU Nd BMŠW aEFQ UEeD.
− HdBU [QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH BID J@I NdZ OkO B@•O A+:AN HMQ… a£ HMiW, XMe
BCBU OgBM H^IBM Nh UEk a£ HCBU HMFD, MdBU MuI BUQ`FB NŠH LEwQ DQI O‰I OkO B@•O A+:AN
J@†O UEeD HMQ… BMŠW XMsQ , JEhQ Bd` a£ LdD UEeD OME WMn aeB [QiH, BM‹ Ju MdBU aeB [QiH
H’ BUQ`FB LEwQ A+:AN a£ ^• MTB.
− 7…B BCD 291c A+:AN a£ H^œ HMdBM HM„ H^@‹BU OMQBU HMyBU BMiH , OkO ^dZ
OeB HMQ… YQIB Nd WME HMQ… YQIB J@†O ]›E ]¥, OT M~E HM@TBU DgE N•E OkO B@•O A+:AN a£
UEI HCBU.
− NMEhQ OM@TBU H^‚BM M†W HkO HM@TBU DgE O‰I A+:AN J@†O Dœ ^~BU N•E OkO
XMQ N‘O XMkO, N‚ HM… a£ Dœ ^~BU HM„ H^@‹BU HM@TBU DgE OMZ VEwH NID.
− VEwH NID Ou HM• M†W HkO XEBM qZIBM, MŸO M¥E XEBM BUMEwD aeB [QiH Nd XEBM
qZIBM [QiH XMsQ N•E OkO B@•O H^ZBU XMQ N‘O.
=
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
.) NhSng h9n ch: 43 kh8 khănT thPch thQc
 HJn Vhc:
− CMiH L@†BU MdBU MuI OM@I Ou XMe BCBU OgBM H^IBM H^IBM DgBM
aZ N•E OkO B@•O H^ZBU XMQ N‘O
− GnI XMk OIZ.
− TM‰ HŽO MeE YQIB O¡B ^@‹D ^d, WMzO HgW LdD MgB OM… HM@TBU
DgE N•E OkO B@•O H^ZBU XMQ N‘O.
− KMe BCBU WM\B HnOM a‘ ]E…B J~BU HM„ H^@‹BU Nd OŠW BMŠH HM„
ME…Q BU@‹E HEFQ qrBU O‰I OkO qZIBM BUMEwW VEwH NID OM@I OIZ.
 Khb 5h7n ./ 2h-Vh 2hjV:
− KME Ou OM@TBU H^‚BM O–H UEeD HMQ… YQIB HM‚ B…Q XMSBU HCBU BMIBM XMe BCBU
OgBM H^IBM N•E OkO qZIBM BUMEwW H^ZBU A+:AN HM‚ MdBU MuI VN OM®BU BM“BU XMu [QiH
XMsQ Dd O¡B XMu HEFQ HMŽ HgE HM„ H^@‹BU B~E J„I.
− +eB WMsD [QiH XMsQ Ou OT OiQ [QiH XMsQ UEyBU BMIQ BFB B…Q aeB WMsD VN
XMSBU HyH MTB, UEk Oe XMSBU ^• MTB HM‚ a£ XMu HM\D BMŠW NdZ HM„ H^@‹BU A+:AN Nd XMu
qQ` H^‚ HM„ WMlB HM@TBU DgE H^FB HM„ WMlB B~E J„I.
II.G.I. GI‘I PH’P =“ MŽNH XUẤT KHU C#$ VIỆT N$M S$NG THỊ
TRƯỜNG $Sr$N
− N–D HMSBU HEB Nh HM„ H^@‹BU ]—BU OkOM JE XMeZ akH, BUMEFB OzQ OŽ HM• H’BU D•H
MdBU J• ]E…H BMQ OlQ aeB WMsD O‰I OkO B@•O A+:AN H’ Ju Jh ^I ]EwB WMkW HM\D BMŠW
HM„ H^@‹BU.
− N–D L~ H^‚BM O–H UEeD HMQ… YQIB Ou MEwQ L‘O OMQBU Nd OkO OT OM… J• VN J@†O
M@œBU L†E HMQ… BMŠW XMsQ HMiW.
− N\BU OIZ XMe BCBU OgBM H^IBM OMZ aeB WMsD ]—BU OkOM DgBM qgB JlQ H@ NdZ X
HMQŠH HEFB HE…B, JlQ H@ OMZ XM\Q BUMEFB OzQ aeB WMsD, XM\Q BUMEFB OzQ HM„ H^@‹BU.
− TM\D BMŠW HM„ H^@‹BU A+:AN HMSBU YQI OkO q‘ kB JlQ H@
<
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
II.I. THỊ TRƯỜNG XUẤT KHU TRUNG qU™C
BB.4.1. ORN= STUN VW OCX OYZ[N= OYTN= ST\+.
T^QBU *QyO N•B Ld HM„ H^@‹BU Ou HEhD BCBU L•B OMZ [QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID. V•E
YQ` DS q\B ay UlB 1,4 H‡ BU@‹E, XED BUgOM [QiH BMŠW XMsQ HCBU ]‚BM YQ\B 29,!ƒ€BCD Nd
HMQ BMŠW ]‚BM YQ\B JlQ BU@‹E H^FB .999U+b€BCD, Ou HyO J~ HCBU H^@œBU L•B BMiH HM…
UE•E; GbP HCBU 19ƒ€BCD, H•BU XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ JzBU JlQ HM… UE•E Nd H•BU XED
BUgOM BMŠW XMsQ JzBU HMz 2 HM… UE•E NdZ BCD 2993.
+IQ J\` Ld ]eBU ay LEwQ HM• MEwB H‚BM M‚BM [QiH BMŠW XMsQ T^QBU *QyO YQI OkO
BCD 2999 ¢ 299!
'On) :T~nh h~nh 3u42 nh^L 5h6u T*un) quDV †ua V-V n70 8999 \ 899:
Năm 2000 2001 2002 2003 200I 200. 200, 200J 2008
9uất kh!u ;t3i*u
<=>?
24920
3
26610
0
32560
0
43822
8
59332
6
76195
3
96896
9
121778
0
1428546
Nhậ kh!u kh!u
;t3i*u <=>?
22509
4
24355
0
29517
0
41276
0
56122
9
65995
3
79146
1
955950 1133086
C#n c$n th%&ng
mại
24109 22550 30430 25468 32097
10200
1
17750
8
261830 295459
Ngu0n: c2c th#ng k:
*QI ]eBU ay LEwQ Bd` HI HMi` T^QBU *QyO Ld B@•O [QiH aEFQ N•E H‡ H^ŸBU L•B H^FB
HM… UE•E, ]FB OgBM Ju H‚BM M‚BM BMŠW XMsQ T^QBU *QyO YQI OkO BCD OoBU JhQ HCBU. 7EhQ
Bd` OMZ HMi` qQBU L@†BU HM„ H^@‹BU BMŠW XMsQ T^QBU *QyO O¡B ^iH L•B JyE N•E NEwO [QiH
XMsQ MdBU MZk O‰I VEwH NID aIBU HM„ H^@‹BU Bd`.
BB.4.2. O]NC C]NC XT^O NC_` KCaT +bU VBcO NUM Vde OCX OYZ[N=
OYTN= ST\+.
!
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
'On) %: T~nh h~nh 3u42 nh^L 5h6u ),•a V,T2 Na0 ./ T*un) quDV
Năm
9uất kh!u ;t3i*u
<=>?
Nhậ kh!u ;t3i*u
<=>?
C#n c$n th%&ng mại
2008 I.3, 1.,.2 M1111,
2009 I909 1,II1 M11.32
2010 J300 20100 M12800
, th#ng 2011 I.88 11000 M,I12
− *QI ]eBU ay LEwQ H^FB HI HMi` YQI OkO BCD 299! ¢ 2919 Nd = HMkBU JlQ BCD
2911 OkB O\B HM@TBU DgE UE“I VEwH BID Nd T^QBU *QyO LQSB \D, JEhQ Bd` OMZ HMi` VEwH
NID Ld B@•O BMŠW aEFQ L•B H’ T^QBU *QyO. TQ` BMEFB H^ZBU BM“BU BCD UlB J\` DzO
BMŠW aEFQ Ou HyO J~ UEeD qlB Nd XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ HCBU qlB JEhQ Ju OMZ HMi` aeB
WMsD VEwH NID JIBU HCBU qlB XMe BCBU OgBM H^IBM Nd HMI` HM… OkO aeB WMsD H’ T^QBU
*QyO.
− M•O qr HM… BM@BU XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ Ou HyO J~ HCBU OMŠD JEhQ Ju OMZ
HMi` VEwH NID OlB Ou BM“BU UEeE WMkW Js` DgBM [QiH XMsQ MdBU MuI aIBU T^QBU *QyO.
 Nh•n) 012 h/n) 3u42 5h6u ./ nh^L 5h6u VMa V,T2 Na0 ./K
T*un) quDV
˜ C-V 012 h/n) VhM W•V 3u42 5h6u ./K 2h+ 2*@‚n) T*un) quDV 89%9.
ChMn) WKJ, 012 h/n) KNXK n70 89%9 KNXK n70 899> } CK C-nh
CIZ aQ 1.429.<!!.<2= !c=.<12.329 ˜EF!:I
TMIB Jk 3=1.!cc.129 3c.!4.49< ˜8!H:
Mk` NE HnBM, aeB WMsD
JEwB H| Nd LEBM XEwB
=c3.42.c=1 2!<.1!=.=<2 ˜%8>!E8
+–B Nd OkO aeB WMsD
H’ a–B
c1=.23c.!=2 c9=.194.9!c ˜8!9%
Gv Nd aeB WMsD Uv 494.39!.=4c 13<.394.9! ˜%9I!E9
XCBU qlQ OkO LZgE 31.24.c!4 11!.13.9c3 ˜8G%!8I
blQ HMS =<.=1.399 4=2.=2.1 \89!FG
Mk` DuO, HME…H ]„ WMŽ
HrBU XMkO
2c9.!=.92 1.c34.<=2 ˜:H!I8
HgH JEhQ 1!.==.<c4 1<<.4<=. ˜G!G8
3
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
HdBU HM‰` aeB 1=2.cc<.=99 124.!c<.= ˜G9!%>
− T’ ]eBU ay LEwQ H^FB HI HMi` VEwH NID OM‰ `…Q [QiH XMsQ OIZ aQ, [CBU qlQ
OkO LZgE, LEBM XEwB JEwB H|, Dk` DuO, HME…H ]„ WMŽ HrBU, Uv,} aIBU T^QBU *QyO Nd OkO
D•H MdBU Bd` Ou HyO J~ [QiH XMsQ HCBU aZ N•E BCD 2993.
− T^ZBU Ju [CBU qlQ Ou HyO J~ HCBU XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ OIZ BMiH, JEhQ Ju
OMZ HMi` H’ XME BMd Dk` LŸO q\Q bQBU *QyO ^I J‹E J› DIBU LgE OMZ H•BU XED BUgOM [QiH
XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID D~H ay XMk L•B, Bu WMeB eBM L…B OMiH L@†BU aeB WMsD XCBU blQ O‰I
VEwH NID JkW zBU J@†O HEFQ OMn OMiH L@†BU Nd J@†O HM„ H^@‹BU HM… UE•E OoBU BM@ HM„
H^@‹BU T^QBU *QyO OMiW BMŠB, ]FB OgBM Ju HM‚ VEwH NID MgB OM… [QiH XMsQ qlQ HMS N‚ J•
WMŽO NŽ OMZ OSBU BUMEwW OM… ]E…B [CBU qlQ HMdBM WMsD.
− +eB WMsD Ou H•BU XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ L•B Nd HyO J~ HCBU H^@œBU HMz MIE Ld
Dk` HnBM Nd LEBM XEwB JEwB H| Nd aeB WMsD Gv OkO LZgE; OkO OM™ ay Ju WMeB kBM LFB D~H OM™
ay YQIB H^ŸBU Ld BFB OSBU BUMEwW DIBU HnBM X HMQŠH OIZ O‰I VEwH NID Ou N„ HM… Nd Ou J‰
azO OgBM H^IBM H^FB HM„ H^@‹BU T^QBU *QyO, N•E L†E HM… UEk BUQ`FB NŠH LEwQ Nd BM\B OSBU
^• BFB OkO aeB WMsD LEBM XEwB JEwB H| O‰I VEwH NID J› qlB qlB HM\D BMŠW Nd J@†O BU@‹E
HEFQ qQBU OoBU BM@ OkO qZIBM BUMEwW T^QBU *QyO OMiW BMŠB XMk OIZ, OrBU N•E a‘ WMkH
H^E•B O‰I OkO aeB WMsD DIBU B•BU HnBM OSBU BUMw OIZ HM‚ OkO aeB WMsD HMEFB Nh D BUMw
BM@ OkO aeB WMsD Nh Gv OoBU OME…D J@†O HM„ H^@‹BU XMu HnBM Bd`;
− T^QBU *QyO Ld HM„ H^@‹BU L•B Nd UEdQ HEhD BCBU B…Q OkO aeB WMsD VEwH
NID Ou HM• UE“ BUQ`FB HyO J~ WMkH H^E•B HM‚ UEk H^„ [QiH XMsQ NdZ HM„ H^@‹BU T^QBU *QyO
a£ OME…D N„ H^n ay D~H H^ZBU H•BU XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID Nd DIBU Nh B@•O
BMd D~H BUQ˜B L†E L•B.
˜ C-V 012 h/n) VhM W•V 3u42 nh^L 5h6u Can) 2h+ 2*@‚n) 83ung Yu1c , th#ng
2011H
 Xu42 5h6u:
CIng nDng, /â", %hf! s3n 44g
Nhiên /i0u %hD h 7h.ng s3n 19g
49
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
80% "N!, giI! dMp 4g
Xăng dầu 6g
M! 1i %2nh, K`iOh /inh 7i0n 6g
CIng h#N 7h$ 21g
TBn) VeV 2hDn) 5< 89%%
− 7…B BI` VEwH NID N•B Ld B@•O HMQlB BSBU BUMEwW BFB OkO D•H MdBU Nh
BSBU L\D HM‰` aeB OME…D H‡ H^ŸBU [QiH XMsQ OIZ BMiH 44ƒ, XMIE HMkO Nd HŠB qŽBU L†E HM…
OgBM H^IBM OrI VEwH NID Nh JEhQ XEwB HMEFB BMEFB @Q J›E.
− VEwH NID Ou ]‹ ]E•B qdE Nd H^ZBU BM“BU BCD UlB J\` OMnBM WM‰ VEwH NID
J› BMŠB ^I J@†O HM… DgBM Nh ]E•B Nd OkO aeB WMsD BSBU L\D BUMEwW BFB OMnBM WM‰ J›
J@I ^I OkO OMnBM akOM BMlD HMmO Js` BFB XEBM H… NSBU "\D NU@ BUMEwW WMkH H^E•B, OMnBM
N‚ HM… J› LdD OMZ H‡ H^ZBU [QiH XMsQ O‰I OkO aeB WMsD NSBU "\D TM‰` aeB O‰I VEwH
NID H^ZBU BM“BU BCD UlB Jl` LQSB OME…D H‡ H^ŸBU XMk L•B.
 Nh^L Kh6u:
M! "#$. O'i h ph) %*ng 7h$ 22g
Nh#" N?,`? ngI! d0% "N!, dN giI! 18g
KL% %hMp h K` 9g
M! 1i %2nh, K`iO h /inh 7i0n 8g
Xăng dầu 6g
ii0n %h.Ji h/inh 7i0n 5g
C#N $h,% h s3n ph4" 5g
CIng h#N 7h$ 27g
TBn) VeV 2hDn) 5< 89%%
− VEwH NID JIBU H^ZBU HE…B H^‚BM CSBU BUMEwW MuI Nd MEwB JgE MuI JiH B@•O, OMQsB
]„ OT aT NŠH OMiH Nd X HMQŠH OMZ BhB JgE OSBU BUMEwW, BFB HMtZ ]eBU ay LEwQ BuE H^FB HM‚
OkO D•H MdBU MI` DuO, HME…H ]„ Nd WMŽ HrBU OM™D OM™ H^ZBU BMŠB XMsQ OIZ. 7EhQ Bd`
MZdB HZdB JrBU Nd DIBU H‚BM HiH `…Q H^ZBU YQk H^EBM WMkH H^E•B JiH B@•O MEwB BI`.
− •FB OgBM Ju HM‚ VEwH NID N•B O¡B B•BU Nh OkO BUdBM OME…D qŽBU LIZ J~BU OIZ
BM@ qwH DI` Nd qI UEl` BFB H‡ H^ŸBU BMŠW XMsQ BUQ`FB NŠH LEwQ WMŽ H^† OMZ OkO BUdBM
OSBU BUMEwW Bd` OME…D XMk OIZ. CMnBM a‘ BMŠW XMsQ BMEhQ OkO D•H MdBU WMŽ H^† Bu WMeB
41
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
kBM LFB OT OiQ WMkH H^E•B OSBU BUMEwW O‰I VEwH NID HME…Q HEBM ]hB N“BU Nd O¡B WMŽ HMQ~O
BMEhQ NdZ HM„ H^@‹BU HM… UE•E Nh OkO BUdBM aeB [QiH WMŽ H^†.
Biểu đồ 1: C& cấu hTng xuất kh!u 0(ng
83ung Yu1c , th#ng 2011
Biểu đồ 2:C& cấu hTng nhậ kh!u
tU 83ung Yu1c , th#ng 2011
TuD LgE, YQI ay LEwQ Nd ]E•Q J˜ OMZ HMi` aeB WMsD [QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID NdZ HM„
H^@‹BU T^QBU *QyO N•B Ld MdBU BSBU aeB, HM‰` MeE aeB DIBU XMyE L@†BU L•B Nd UEk H^„
HMiW, OME…D 44ƒ H^ZBU H•BU XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID H^ZBU = HMkBU JlQ BCD
2911, X… J…B Ld BUQ`FB LEwQ HMS Nd XMZkBU aeB OME…D 13ƒ. NM‚B OMQBU HM‚ OkO aeB WMsD
[QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID HM\D qŽBU LIZ J~BU OIZ.
− NU@†O LgE, VEwH NID HŠW H^QBU BMŠW XMsQ OkO DI` DuO HME…H ]„ OME…D 22ƒ
Nd WMlB L•B OkO aeB WMsD DIBU HnBM OSBU BUMw OIZ, aeB WMsD EH BM@BU UEk H^„ L•W JEhQ Ju
LdD OMZ OkB O\B HM@TBU DgE O‰I VEwH NID N•B H^ZBU H‚BM H^IBU BMŠW aEFQ.
− HEwB H@†BU BMŠW aEFQ BI` MZdB HZdB WMr M†W N‚ B@•O HI JIBU H^ZBU HM‹E Xˆ
OSBU BUMEwW MuI Nd MEwB JgE MuI BFB NEwO HŠW H^QBU BMŠW XMsQ H^IBU HME…H ]„ J• WMkH H^E•B
XEBM H… B@•O BMd.
42
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
BB.4.3. NCjN= OCdNC +kN=, OCT_N ?lB Vd KCm KCnN, CoN +Cp,
OCq+C OCr+ +bU VBcO NUM XT^O KCaT Vde OCX OYZ[N=
OYTN= ST\+.
a) &h3nh Nông 43 thu5n $6i
− CkO aeB WMsD aeB [QiH H’ VEwH NID J› [\` q‘BU J@†O HM@TBU MEwQ Nd J~
HEB O\` O‰I BU@‹E HEFQ qQBU T*
− T•BU XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ YQI OkO BCD JhQ HCBU.
− VEwH NID Nd T^QBU YQyO Ou BhB NCB MuI H@TBU J˜BU BMIQ, BFB JI ay OkO
aeB WMsD aeB [QiH œ VEwH NID JhQ q¦ OMiW BMŠB Nd HEFQ HMŽ BMIBM œ HM„ H^@‹BU T^QBU
*QyO.
− T^QBU *QyO Ld HM„ H^@‹BU L•B Nd BMEhQ HEhD BCBU.
− HIE B@•O akH BMIQ Nh L›BM HM•; Ou HQ`…B J@‹BU a–H Nd J@‹BU ]~ Mv H^† OMZ
UEIZ L@Q HM@TBU DgE.
− CkO BSBU, L\D aeB BMEwH J•E JhQ J@†O @I OMQ~BU Nd HEFQ HMŽ DgBM.
− 7@†O M@œBU OM… J~ M©N H’ T^QBU *QyO BFB MdBU MuI VEwH NID q¦ qdBU
HM\D BMŠW NdZ HM„ H^@‹BU Bd` MTB.
− CMnBM WM‰ Ou BMEhQ OM@TBU H^‚BM Mv H^† [mO HE…B HM@TBU DgE œ HM„ H^@‹BU
T^QBU *QyO BM@ OM@TBU H^‚BM Mv H^† qZIBM BUMEwW HMID UEI M~E OM†,. KMeZ akH HM„ H^@‹BU
HgE T^QBU *QyO,}
− CMnBM WM‰ JIBU HCBU O@‹BU JlQ H@ WMkH H^E•B OT aT Mg HlBU œ akH ]EFB UE•E
T^QBU *QyO BM—D HgZ JEhQ XEwB HMmO Js` WMkH H^E•B MZgH J~BU [QiH BMŠW XMsQ
− T^QBU *QyO Nd OkO B@•O AaEIB JIBU [mO HEFB BMIBM HM‘O MEwB OM@TBU H^‚BM
DŠQ q„OM H‘ qZ T^QBU *QyO_A+IAN, JEhQ BI` LdD OMZ MdBU MuI O‰I VEwH NID q¦ qIBU
HM\D BMŠW Nd Ou L†E HM… H^FB H^FB HM„ H^@‹BU T^QBU *QyO.
.) NhSng h9n ch:T kh8 khăn 43 thPch thQcM
 HJn Chc
4
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
− GEk OkO D•H MdBU O‰I VEwH NID O¡B OIZ Nd OM@I Ou XMe BCBU
OgBM H^IBM OIZ N•E OkO OSBU H` H^FB HM„ H^@‹BU T^QBU *QyO.
− M•Q Dd MdBU MkZ OM@I JI qgBU, HEwB L†E OMZ BU@‹E HEFQ qQBU.
− TM‰ HŽO XQiH XMsQ O¡B BMEhQ XMu XMCB, WMzO HgW Nd DiH
BMEhQ HM‹E UEIB
− KMe BCBU BMŠB ]E…H Nd JkBM UEk HM„ H^@‹BU O‰I OkO qZIBM
BUMEwW VEwH NID OM@I OIZ
 Khb 5h7n ./ 2h-Vh 2hjV:
− KMe BCBU OgBM H^IBM O‰I qZIBM BUMEwW VN œ OkO D•H MdBU OSBU BUMEwW
BM@; qwH DI`, UEd` qxW, HM‰ OSBU D BUMw ,} XxD MTB T^QBU *QyO BFB XMu [\D BMŠW
NdZ HM„ H^@‹BU Bd`.
− T^QBU *QyO BvE HE…BU N•E MdBU BMk`, XxD OMiH L@†BU Nd L@†BU MdBU Bd`
OME…D D~H HM„ WMlB L•B Nd eBM M@œBU J…B HM@TBU MEwQ Nd HM„ WMlB O‰I OkO aeB WMsD aeB
[QiH H’ VEwH NID.
− T^QBU *QyO HCBU O@‹BU XE•D aZkH Nw aEBM IB HZdB HM‘O WMsD JyE N•E MdBU
MuI HM‰` aeB, BSBU aeB, HM‘O WMsD BMŠW XMsQ,}BFB qZIBM BUMEwW VN OlB BUMEFB OzQ X
OkO YQ` J„BM Nh IB HZdB HM‘O WMsD H^@•O XME [QiH XMsQ.
− TMIBM HZkB HM@TBU DgE UE“I 2 B@•O OM@I OeE HMEwB, ^‰E ^Z H^ZBU HMIBM HZkB
OIZ.
− TMSBU HEB Nh HM„ H^@‹BU T^QBU *QyO O¡B nH.
− 7•O ]EwH MEwB BI` UE“I VEwH NID Nd T^QBU *QyO JIBU Ou H^IBM OMiW D\Q
HMQ•B Nh H‚BM M‚BM aœ M“Q ]E•B 7SBU BFB DyE YQIB Mw 2 B@•O JIBU OCBU HM®BU a£ eBM
M@œBU J…B HM@TBU DgE VEwH ¢ T^QBU.
BB.4.4 =BsB `Cq` iat MoNC XT^O KCaT +bU VBcO NUM Vde OCX
OYZ[N= OYTN= ST\+.
ViB Jh B•E O~D H^ZBU YQIB Mw MIE B@•O MEwB BI` Ld DiH O\B ]—BU Nh OkB O\B
HM@TBU DgE ]œE VEwH NID JIBU BMŠW aEFQ L•B H’ B@•O Bd`. M~H H^ZBU BM“BU ]EwB WMkW
44
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
YQIB H^ŸBU UEeD ]•H H‚BM H^gBU BMŠW aEFQ L•B O‰I VEwH NID MEwB BI` Ld Js` DgBM [QiH
XMsQ aIBU T^QBU *QyO. TQ` BMEFB, qZ XEBM H… XMu XMCB, HM„ H^@‹BU MdBU MZk [QiH XMsQ ]„
MgB OM… BFB NEwO XMIE WMk Nd H‚D J@‹BU OMZ MdBU MZk [QiH XMsQ O‰I HI OdBU U•W XMu
XMCB MTB ]œE T^QBU *QyO Nd OkO B@•O XMkO JhQ kW qŽBU ]EwB WMkW Js` DgBM [QiH XMsQ
aIBU OkO B@•O LkBU UEhBU.
DK Rb Rm 2hkV R6N h/n) hba VN 3u42 5h6u Can) 2h+ 2*@‚n) n/N Vb 0]2 ./, ),O, Lh-L
Cau:
− 7s` DgBM JlQ H@ [\` q‘BU OkO ]…B ]›E, XMQ XE•D MZk HgE OkO XMQ N‘O O|I
XMsQ ]EFB UE•E.
− 7s` BMIBM HE…B J~ [\` q‘BU X…H OiQ Mg HlBU HM@TBU DgE HgE OkO XMQ N‘O O|I
XMsQ ]EFB UE•E BM@ XMZ HdBU, OM† ]EFB DŠQ, XMQ UEI OSBU OM… [QiH, WM\B LZgE JuBU
UuE MdBU MZk [QiH XMsQŒ OQBU OiW HMSBU HEB Nh HM„ H^@‹BU, OT OM… , OMnBM akOM O‰I
T^QBU *QyO.
− H@•BU OkO qZIBM BUMEwW [QiH BMŠW XMsQ YQI OkO O|I XMsQ YQyO H…, O|I
XMsQ OMnBM J• JeD ]eZ •B J„BM Nd H^kBM J@†O BM“BU ^‰E ^Z qZ OMnBM akOM ]EFB DŠQ
O‰I T^QBU *QyO HMI` J•E. 7˜BU HM‹E Ou OT M~E Dœ ^~BU HM„ H^@‹BU OMZ MdBU MZk NdZ
a\Q B~E J„I T^QBU *QyO.
− NUMEFB OzQ [\` q‘BU Mw HMyBU q„OM NŽ WM\B WMyE ]EFB DŠQ J• Js` DgBM
[QiH XMsQ MdBU MZk NdZ a\Q H^ZBU B~E J„I O‰I T^QBU *QyO.
− TŠW H^QBU MdBU MkZ OMiH L@†BU OIZ J• OgBM H^IBM N•E OkO MdBU MuI HM„
H^@‹BU T^QBU *QyO
− 7CBU X{ HM@TBU MEwQ Nd Js` DgBM LQŠH OMuBU MdBU BMk` J• HCBU O@TBU L†E
HM… Nd azO OgBM H^IBM H^FB HM„ H^@‹BU T^QBU *QyO.
− T^QBU *QyO Ld HM„ H^@‹BU ^~BU L•B Nd ]E…B J~BU BMIBM, N‚ HM… OkO qZIBM
BUMEwW LQSB XMIZ akH H‚BM M‚BM XEBM H…, OMnBM akOM O‰I OMnBM WM‰ J• J@I ^I OkO OMnBM
akOM YQIB L{, aeB [QiH, OMnBM akOM UEk, YQeB OkZ, Nd WM\B WMyE D~H OkOM MEwQ YQe.
− "QSB HŠB qŽBU HyH OMnBM akOM Nd MEwW @•O HM@TBU DgE O‰I T^QBU *QyO Nd
OkO B@•O A+IAN J• UEeBM @Q HM… H^FB HM„ H^@‹BU T^QBU *QyO.
4c
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
− T^ZBU HM‹E Xˆ aQ` HMyE BhB XEBM H… H^lD H^ŸBU BM@ MEwB BI` HM‚ OkO qZIBM
BUMEwW VEwH NID BFB OM‰ J~BU Nd a| qŽBU BUQ˜B NyB MEwQ YQe, HŠW H^QBU aeB [QiH
Nd JlQ H@ NdZ OkO HM„ H^@‹BU OM‰ L‘O.
K•T ?U"N
NUI` H’ HM‹E JE•D UEdBM J@†O J~O LŠW OM‰ YQ`hB HM‚ B@•O HI OM‰ `…Q OM™ Ou YQIB
Mw BUZgE HM@TBU N•E T^QBU *QyO YQI M‚BM HMzO HE•Q BUgOM HM‚ J…B BCD 2919 VEwH NID J›
HME…H LŠW YQIB Mw HM@TBU DgE N•E 2c B@•O, H^ZBU ay Bd` VEwH NID HM‘O MEwB [QiH aEFQ
N•E H^FB <9 B@•O. NMŠB qEwB ^¯ HM„ H^@‹BU [QiH XMsQ a£ UEmW OMZ BMd XEBM qZIBM Ou HMFD
Jl` J‰ HMSBU HEB J• WM\B HnOM Nd Jh ^I OME…B L@†O WMkH H^E•B œ H’BU HM„ H^@‹BU OŽ HM• OMZ
qZIBM BUMEwW D‚BM.
4=
KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
HEwB HgE Ou XMZeBU 1= HM„ H^@‹BU Dd œ Ju VEwH NID Ou XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ H^FB 1
H‡ U+b, JE•B M‚BM Ld HZI Kˆ, :U, A+IAN, T^QBU *QyO, NMŠH •eB}T•BU XED BUgOM
[QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID JgH MTB <2 H‡ U+b BCD 2919. TMtZ ay LEwQ H’ T•BU OŽO TMyBU
XF, XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ MdBU MuI < HMkBU JlQ BCD 2911 @•O JgH c1,c H‡ U+b, HCBU
,cƒ aZ N•E OrBU Xˆ BCD 2919. REFBU HMkBU < BCD 2911, [QiH XMsQ OkO D•H MdBU ^I OkO
YQyO UEI J› HMQ Nh OMZ VEwH NID !,4 H‡ U+b, HCBU c,!ƒ aZ N•E HMkBU < BCD 2919, aZBU
UEeD BM- 9,<ƒ aZ N•E HMkBU = BCD 2911.
PM\B HnOM H^FB H’BU HM„ H^@‹BU HEFQ ]E•Q œ HM‹E JE•D UlB BMiH Ld = HMkBU JlQ BCD
2911 OMZ HMi` HZI Kˆ D•O qr HE…W HŽO Ld HM„ H^@‹BU q•B JlQ Nh BMŠW XMsQ MdBU MZk O‰I
VEwH NID BM@BU HCBU H^@œBU MdBU MZk [QiH XMsQ VEwH NID_HZI Kˆ H^ZBU UEIE JZgB Bd`
OM™ JgH 21,!ƒ, HMiW MTB BMEhQ aZ N•E DzO HCBU [QiH XMsQ aIBU HM„ H^@‹BU L•B HMz 2 Ld :U.
TM„ H^@‹BU A+IAN OoBU OME…D WMlB JkBU X• N•E DzO HCBU H^@œBU 21,3ƒ OME…D 1c,2ƒ
Nh H‡ H^ŸBU H^ZBU H•BU XED BUgOM [QiH XMsQ O‰I VEwH NID. Vd JkBU YQIB H\D Ld HM„
H^@‹BU T^QBU *QyO, HM„ H^@‹BU Bd` HMQŠB L†E JyE N•E VEwH NID Nh N„ H^n J„I L{, H@TBU
J˜BU NCB MuI Nd Ou eBM M@œBU L•B J…B BhB XEBM H… VEwH NID HI, H^ZBU = HMkBU JlQ BCD
2911 J› q•B JlQ Nh DzO HCBU H^@œBU J…B c3,!ƒ Nd OME…D 19,<ƒ Nh H‡ H^ŸBU XED BUgOM
[QiH XMsQ.
CkO D•H MdBU Dd VEwH NID J› Nd JIBU Ou HM… DgBM [QiH XMsQ aIBU OkO HM„ H^@‹BU
OM‰ `…Q H^FB ]IZ U˜D OkO MdBU MuI Dd VEwH NID Ou HM• aeB [QiH BM@; DI` D•O, UEd`
qxW, aeB WMsD Uv, OkO LZgE BSBU aeB BMEwH J•E, HM‰` MeE aeB, qlQ HMS} HlQ M…H œ OkO D•H
MdBU Bd` HM‚ XED BUgOM JhQ Ou [Q M@•BU HCBU, Nd BUQ`FB BM\B OM‰ `…Q Ld qZ eBM M@œBU
H’ NEwO HCBU UEk OkO D•H MdBU H^FB HM„ H^@‹BU HM… UE•E.
NUMEFB OzQ, WM\B HnOM HM„ H^@‹BU [QiH XMsQ OM‰ L‘O Nd OkO D•H MdBU [QiH XMsQ NdZ
H’BU HM„ H^@‹BU Bd` a£ UEmW OMZ BMd B@•O Ou BM“BU OMnBM akOM JEhQ HE…H M†W L{ BhB XEBM H…
Nd Jh ^I OME…B L@†O WMkH H^E•B œ H’BU HM„ H^@‹BU OŽ HM•, H’BU ]@•O J@I VEwH NID WMkH
H^E•B, OMQ`•B J•E HMdBM 1 YQyO UEI Ou BhB XEBM H… ª[QiH aEFQ«.
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KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
TŠI ?IỆU TH$M KH‘t
_______Z9Z______
š%› S-Vh
%. GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu! ThJV Cœ N)Q Th+ HO, V[n! K,nh 2c & Lh[n 2_Vh hKJ2
R]n) 5,nh SKanh 2h@`n) 0J,! NX' 2Bn) hAL TPHCM
8. GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu! quan hT 5,nh 2c †uDV 2c! NX' ?aK R]n) ; 3— h],
š8› •od
h22L:aa.noVKnK0N..n
h22L:aažžž.)CK.)K...n
h22L:aažžž.daK0K,.VK0
h22L:aaoLL.ou*KC2a2.oV.ou*KLa.ou
h22L:aažžž.VuC2K0C.)K...n
h22L:aažžž.22nn.VK0..n
h22L:aažžž..,o2*aSo.)K...n
h22L:aa.,o2daK..n
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KT&PTHDKDTM GVHD: GS.TS. Võ Thanh Thu
43

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