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uewl AllfaLul Achfa

earnlng ob[ecLlve
W MenLlon Archlmedes's law
W uescrlbe characLerlsLlc buoyancy force ln several
poslLlons (floaLlng submerglng and lmmerslng)
W lormulaLe Lhe formula of Archlmedes's law ln
several poslLlons (floaLlng submerglng and
lmmerslng)
W Analyze several appllcaLlon of Archlmedes' law
ln dally llfe
W uoyancy force ls also called
opwotJ fotce
W tbls fotce ptoJoce by llpolJ
tboo coo llft op tbe looJ wbeo
tbe looJ lmmetseJ lo llpolJ
w
Ia
I
a
w
a|r
w
||qu|d
I
a
uoyancy force (n)
w
a|r
welghL ob[ecL ln alr (n)
w
||qu|d
welghL ob[ecL ln llquld (n)
ample
A load has welghL 30 n ln alr Lhen when Lhe
load lmmersed ln waLer lL has welghL 38 n
deLermlne
a uoyancy force
b 1he welghL lf only of Lhe load ls lmmersed
#ony object who//y or port/y immersed in o
f/uid is buoyed up by o force equo/ to the
weiqht of the f/uid disp/oced by the object"
The man who invented this concept
is Archimcdcs (287-212 BC) and he
says:
@ buoyancy forc
|s qua| w|t t
w|gt of t
f|u|d d|sp|acd by
t ob[ct

,
.g.V

,
Buoyancy foice (N)
density of liquid (kg/m
3
)
g giavitational acceleiation (N/kg)
V volume the load (m
3
)
%
f we puL wooden beam on waLer lL wlll be
move Loward lnLo waLer's surface 1hls
phenomena called floaLlng
la w
Objcct is said to bc
immcvsing, iI :
Oile objeci is fully
immeised in ile liquid,
OTle buoyancy foice is
cqua! ciil ile ceigli
of ile load,
Oensiiy of ile load is
equal ciil densiiy of
liquid.
$&#
f we puL meLal load lnLo waLer lL wlll be move
downward Lo Lhe boLLom of Lhe glass 1hese
phenomena called submerglng
la w
b[ct |s sa|d to b
submrg|ng |f
W whole parL of Lhe ob[ecL
ls fully lmmersed ln Lhe
llquld
W 1he buoyancy force ls
sma||r Lhan welghL of
Lhe load
W uenslLy of Lhe load ls
blgger Lhan denslLy of
llquld
ample
A boaL has volume 100 m
3
salllng ln Lhe sea and
Lhe denslLy Lhe sea waLer ls 1 g/cm
3
Pow
much Lhe buoyancy forces LhaL happen ln Lhe
boaL?
eL's dolng
perlmenL
frlends
oncluslon