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Anthro 112: Principles of Archaeology EXAM 1: REVIEW SHEET

The below list of terms will help you study for the first exam, but it is NOT an exhaustive list of all possible material for the exam. Use this guide with notes from lecture, discussion section handouts, and the textbook to identify and review important concepts. PEOPLE James Ussher Charles Lyell Boucher de Perthes Thomas Jefferson Garniss Curtis Pliny the Younger PLACES & CULTURES Abbeville Gravels Effigy Mound Builders Cahokia, Illinois Observatory Hill Body Farm Inka (Andes) Llullaillaco (Andes) CONCEPTS Anthropology Archaeology Subfields Material Culture Epigraphy Ethnocentrism Ethnohistory Ethnoarchaeology Applied Archaeology CRM (Cultural Resource Management) Antiquarianism Mapping Stratigraphy Flintknapping Context Artifacts Organic Preservation Compositional Analysis Site Formation Processes Subsistence Pompeii Premise Problem orientation Purposive Sample Simple Random Sample Stratified Random Sample Site Datum Provenience/provenance Ecofact, coprolite

Howard Carter A.E. Douglass Lewis Binford King Tutankhamen Lord Carnarvon Herotodus & Bob Brier

Polly Wiessner James Sackett Mary Leakey Willard Libby Flinders Petrie James Deetz

Moche & Sipn Teotihuacan Copan region Site 112 Roman Pompeii Laetoli, Tanzania Valley of the Kings Region/Site/Feature Midden & post hole In situ Law of Superposition Scientific Method hypothesis Culture History Processualism Post-Processualism Excavation & Survey Screening & Flotation Remote Sensing Aerial photos Ground Penetrating Radar Materials Analysis Experimental Archaeology Ceramics Sherds & figurines Kill holes Standardized production Ground stone artifact Clovis & Folsom Points Projectile point Chert & Obsidian Core & Flake Debitage Hammerstone Conchoidal fracture Bulla & tokens Clay tablets & stelae

Dier el Medina, Egypt Deir el Bahri, Egypt San hunters Uruk, Mespotamia Jomon, Japan Yuchanyan, Hunan Reese River Valley (text) Bog bodies (e.g., Lindow) Emic and Etic Perspectives Emblemic & Assertive Style Isochrestic variation Utilitarian & Ritual Prestige Goods Pseudoglyphs Mend holes Technological Style Typology Petrography Stylistic Seriation Frequency Seriation Standardizing data BCE/CE & BC/AD Absolute & Relative Dating Dendochronology Old Wood Problem Radiocarbon Dating Obsidian Hydration Dating Potassium-Argon Dating Isotopes (stable/unstable) Phosphate analysis primary/secondary deposition Hard Hammer Percussion Pressure Flaking Indirect Punch Method Coil, Slab, Pinch, & Wheel Dung Kiln & open fire