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Overview of Eclipse Lectures

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Overview Installing and Running Building and Running Java Classes Refactoring Lecture 2 Debugging Testing with JUnit Version Control with CVS

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Module Road Map


1. 2. 3. Overview Installing and Running

Building and Running Java Classes Developing Java applications Projects, packages, classes Browsing Java code Searching Java code Organizing Java code Using Code Assist Running Java applications Scrapbook
Refactoring Debugging Testing with JUnit Version Control with CVS
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4. 5. 6. 7.

Building and Running Java Classes

Using Code Assist

When activated, code assist opens a list of available code completions Code Assist activates by Crtl+Space
Activates automatically when a message needs to be sent to an object (after the dot is typed)

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Building and Running Java Classes

Using Quick Fix

Useful if Java compiler shows errors


Gives options for fixing the errors Activated through Edit Quick Fix menu option
Error indication

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Building and Running Java Classes

Searching for Java Classes When developing Java application a good search mechanism is very important
You often search for class, method declarations, and references It is important to be able to find things quickly

Eclipse Java Search mechanism is very extensive It allows you to search for:
Types, methods, constructors, packages, and fields Declarations, Implementers, References In the scope of Workspace, Working Set, or Selected Resources
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Building and Running Java Classes

Running Java Classes

To Run Java application


Choose Run Run from the menu Standard Java output is displayed in the console window

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Building and Running Java Classes

Console View

Represents standard Java console Opens by default when standard Java output is used
Can also be open from Window Show View menu System.out.println("Hello World");

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Building and Running Java Classes

Scrapbook

Allows for writing and executing of Java code


Very useful for quick test of Java code that you write

The Java code in the Scrapbook can be:


Displayed as a string when evaluated Inspected when evaluated
Opens an Inspector view where you can see returning object from evaluation and all containing fields

Executed

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Building and Running Java Classes


It is created by selecting a project and choosing New Otherfrom the Package Explorers context menu This opens up the New dialog box Expand Java Expand Java Run/Debug under Java Select Scrapbook page and click Next. This will open New Scrapbook page Enter the name of the page Your scrapbook page will become a resource in your project

Scrapbook

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Building and Running Java Classes

Scrapbook

To open the scrapbook page just click on the resource It opens up like a Java source file editor Type Java code and select the context menu to Display or Inspect

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Building and Running Java Classes Class names must be fully qualified in what you type Set imports to make life easier Think of your scrapbook as a page that Eclipse will take the source you type, wrap it in a class with your source in the main menu, then compile and execute

Scrapbook

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Building and Running Java Classes

Summary

You have learned:


How to create projects, packages and classes How to browse Java code and search for Java code How to use coding assistance How to run Java code How to use the Scrapbook

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Exercise 2
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Add a private integer field (member variable) to the class . .

What do you see in the Console window?

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1. 2. 3.

Overview Installing and Running Building and Running Java Classes

4. Refactoring Why Refactoring? Examples Common Refactorings


5. 6. 7. Debugging Testing with JUnit Version Control with CVS

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ppAgE

Run the project

Module Road Map

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dleiFtnirp

Call the

routine of the

object.

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ssalCniaM

)(niam

ssalCweN

Instantiate an object of type

in the

routine of the

raVm

dleiFtnirp

Add code to the standard output.

dleiFtnirp

Add a public method

that takes no parameters and returns void. to the

method to print the value of the private variable

raVm

Add a constructor method to accept an integer to initialize the private integer field

ppAgE

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Create a new class titled you have created in Exercise 1.

and add it to the package

in the project

Refactoring

Organizing Java Code

Eclipse comes with extensive support for organizing and refactoring Java code It is possible to:
Generate getters and setters for the fields Organize missing import statements Move fields, methods, classes Rename methods, classes, packages

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Refactoring

What is Refactoring?

Refactoring is the process of changing a software system so that


the external behavior is not altered, but the internal structure is improved.

Refactoring (http://www.refactoring.com/) is a behavior-preserving transformation.

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Refactoring

Why Refactoring?

Methods might no longer do (only) what their name suggests. Functionality that should be in two different classes might be in the same class. Functionality that should be in one class might be duplicated in two or more classes. Improve the design of existing code. Gain a better understanding of the code.
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Refactoring

Example

Consider a method for computing the room charge for a hotel:


getRoomCharge() public double getRoomCharge() { double roomCharge = 0.0; ... code to compute room charge... roomCharge; return roomCharge; }

What other factors might go into computing the room charge?


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Refactoring

Example

Of course, to print out a bill for a customer, we also need to include incidentals and taxes

Whats inelegant about this method now?


3 sets of calculations in one function. Method does 3 things. The name is not illustrative of what the method does.

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Refactoring

Better: Changing the name of the method (for example, calculateCustomerCharge calculateCustomerCharge). Does this fix the problem?
No, We also need to change the name at all call sites. We need to update the documentation. If this method overrides a method in another class, the other name may need to be changed too. Ditto if this method implements an interface.

This is known as the Rename Method refactoring.

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...egrahc moor etupmoc ot edoc ...

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Example

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Refactoring

Example

Lets refactor our getRoomCharge() method. getRoomCharge()


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What have we done?

We defined additional methods to compute incidentals, tax, etc. In order to do this, we added local variables for the quantities that are being calculated in the new methods. Some pre-existing local variables ended up being parameters to the new method. The returned value is different from what was returned in the preexisting method.
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Refactoring

Common Refactorings

Rename
Methods, Fields, Packages, Projects, Parameters, or Local Variables

Encapsulate Field (generate getter and setter) Pull up a Field or Method (into superclass) Push down a Field or Method (into subclass) Extract Method, Local Variable, or Constant from an Expression Change Method Signature

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Refactoring

Renaming a Method Using Eclipse

In a Java view showing methods (e.g., the Outline view) select the method to be renamed. From the view's pop-up menu, select Refactor Rename, or select Refactor Rename from the global menu bar or In a Java editor, select a reference to or the declaration of the method to be renamed. From the editor's pop-up menu, select Refactor Rename, or select Refactor Rename from the global menu bar. This pops up the Rename Method dialog box. Click Preview to preview the changes, or click OK to perform the refactoring.

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Refactoring

Encapsulating a Field

The Encapsulate Field refactoring can be used to convert a public instance variable into a private instance variable with accessor functions. Example: Inelegant code

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Refactoring

Encapsulating a Field

After refactoring, we have

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Refactoring

Encapsulating a Field Using Eclipse

Select the field in one of the Java views (e.g., Outline, Package Explorer or Members view). From the field's pop-up menu, select Refactor Encapsulate Field , or from the menu bar, select Refactor Encapsulate Field Alternatively, in the Java editor, select the field. From the menu bar, select Refactor Encapsulate Field , or from the editor's pop-up menu, select Refactor Encapsulate Field This pops up the Encapsulate Field dialog. Type the names of the accessor routines in the Getter name and Setter name text fields. Click Preview to preview the changes or Click OK to perform refactoring.

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Refactoring

Pull Up Method

Moves a field or method to a superclass of its declaring class. Suppose you have the same methodor nearly the same methodin two different classes in your system. It may be a good idea to centralize the behavior in a superclass.

Refactoring

} } ... { ) ( e m a Nt e g g ni rt S { n o s r e P s d n et x e e e y o l p m E s s al c ci l b u p } } .. . { ) ( e m a Nt e g g ni rt S { n o s r e P s d n et x e t n e d u t S s s al c ci l b u p
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Pull Up Method

After the Pull up Method refactoring is applied public class Person { String getName() { ... } }

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Refactoring

Pull Up Method Using Eclipse

In a Java view (e.g., Outline, Package Explorer, Members), select the members that you want to pull up. From the menu bar, select Refactor Pull Up or from the pop-up menu, select Refactor Pull Up. This pops up the Pull up dialog. Select the methods to pull up and their new declaring class. Click Next. Select the methods to be removed in the subtypes after pull up and click Next to review the changes.

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Refactoring

Push Down Method

Reverse of Pull up Method. Moves a set of methods and fields from a class to its subclasses. Can be used when some of the subclasses do not use a method defined in the superclass.

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Refactoring

Push Down Method Using Eclipse

In a Java view (e.g., Outline, Package Explorer, Members), select the members that you want to push down. From the menu bar, select Refactor Push Down or from the pop-up menu, select Refactor Push Down. The Push Down dialog will open. Click Preview to preview the changes or click OK to perform the refactoring.
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Refactoring

Extracting a Local Variable

An expression that occurs in more than one place is replaced with a local variable, whose value is calculated only once. If a program needs to use the same value in multiple places, it can be calculated only once and then used wherever needed. Advantages
Makes the code more efficient. Makes the code more readable. Creates a single point of maintenance for the logic of computing the expression.
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Refactoring Extracting a Local Variable Using Eclipse


In a Java editor, select the expression that you want to extract to a local variable. From the editor's pop-up menu, select Refactor Extract Local Variable or from the menu bar, select Refactor Extract Local Variable. This will open the Extract Local Variable dialog box. Type the name of the variable in the Variable name text field. Click Preview to preview the changes or click OK to perform the refactoring.

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Refactoring

Extracting a Method

Creates a new method containing the statements or expression currently selected and replaces the selection with a reference to the new method. Advantages
Code readability Minimize code duplication

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Refactoring

Extracting a Method Using Eclipse

In an editor, select a set of statements or an expression from a method body. From the pop-up menu in the editor, select Refactor Extract Method from the menu bar, select Refactor Extract Method. This opens the Extract Method dialog box. Type the method name in the Method name text field. In the Access Modifier list, specify the method's visibility (public, default, protected, or private). Click Preview to preview the changes or click OK to perform the refactoring.
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Refactoring

Change Method Signature

Select the method in a Java view (e.g. Outline, Package Explorer, Members). From the menu bar, select Refactor Change Method Signature or from the method's pop-up menu, select Refactor Change Method Signature. This opens the Change Method Signature dialog box. Use the Access Modifier drop-down to control the method's visibility. Change the method's return type or name by editing the provided text fields. Select one or more parameters and use the Up and Down buttons to reorder the parameters (you can see a signature preview below the parameter list). Use the Add button to add a parameter; you can then edit its type, name and default value in the table.

Switch to the Exceptions tab to add or remove thrown exceptions. Click Preview to preview the changes

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Other Refactorings Supported by Eclipse


Renaming a package a compilation unit a type a local variable method parameters Extracting a constant an interface from a type Inlining a local variable a method a constant static members between types an instance method to a component
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Converting a local variable to a field an anonymous inner class to a nested class a nested type to a top level type Replacing references to a type with references to one of its supertypes a single reference to a type with a reference to one of its supertypes an expression with a method parameter constructor calls with factory method invocations

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Refactorings Supported by NetBeans (v 5.0)


Renaming a package a compilation unit a type a local variable method parameters Extracting a constant an interface from a type Inlining a local variable a method a constant static members between types an instance method to a component
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Converting a local variable to a field an anonymous inner class to a nested class a nested type to a top level type Replacing references to a type with references to one of its supertypes a single reference to a type with a reference to one of its supertypes an expression with a method parameter constructor calls with factory method invocations

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Exercise 3
Change the name of the class NewClass that was created in Exercise 2 in the project EgApp to RefactoredClass. Change the name of the method printField in the class RefactoredClass to refactoredPrintField. Review the changes that will be made by Eclipse using the Preview option. Compile and Run the project EgApp.
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