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The Institution of Structural Engineers The Institution of Civil Engineers October 1985 Manual for the design of reinforced concrete building structures Published by the Institution of Structural Engineers The Institution of Structural Engineers The Institution of Civil Engineers October 1985 Manual for the design of reinforced concrete building structures Published by the Institution of Structural Engineers Constitution D. J. Lee, BScTech, DIC, FEng, FiStructE, FICE, FIHT, Chairman S. J. Alexander, MA, CEng, MIStructE, MICE P. Beckmann, MSc(Eng), CEng, FiStructE, MICE, HonRIBA, MIngF . G. Cobb, CEng, MICE . H. Fisher, BSc, CEng, -FiStructE, FICE . Narayanan, BE, MSc, DIC, CEng, FiStructE . D. Povey, CEng, FiStructE C. Symonds, MA, CEng, FiStructE, MICE wre OmMmmD .S F. Walley, CB, MSc, PhD, FEng, FiStructE, FICE . J. Wilson, BSe(Eng), CEng, MIStructE, R. Wilson, MA, CEng, MICE F. Winfield, CEng, FiStructE J. W. Milne, BSc, Secretary to the ad hoc Committee POR © 1985: The Institution of Structural Engineers This publication is copyright under the Berne Convention and the International Copyright Convention. ‘lll rights reserved. Apart from any copying under the UK Copyright Act 1956, part 1, section 7, whereby a single copy of an article may be supplied, under certain conditions, for the purposes of research or private study, by a library of a class prescribed by the UK Board of Trade Regulations (Statutory Instruments, 1957 no. 868), no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored ina retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means without Prior permission of the Institution of Structural Engineers. Permission is not, however, required to copy extracts on condition that a full reference to the source is shown. Multiple copying of the contents of the publication without permission contravenes the aforementioned Act. 2 IStructE/ICE reinforced concrete building structures