You are on page 1of 9

Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-00823-6 - Architecture of the Sacred: Space, Ritual, and Experience from Classical Greece to Byzantium

Edited by Bonna D. Wescoat and Robert G. Ousterhout Index More information

Index

Aaron, the Levite, 215, 220, 224, 237, 307 Abraham, Old Testament patriarch, 215 Abram the Treasurer, 240 Ab Mn, Egypt, St. Menas, pilgrimage shrine, 2534 Acts of Paul and Thecla, 255 aemulatio, 1946 akanthos, 989 Akragas, Ekklesiasterion, 90 Alexander III (the Great), 73, 120, 155 Alkibiades, 116, 123 Amazonomachy, 155 Ambrose, Bishop of Milan, 2489, 250, 268 Andrew, St., relics of, 268, 284 Andronikos II Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor, 349 Anicia Juliana, 2901 Anna, Byzantine empress (wife of John VIII Palaiologos), 349 Anthemius of Tralles, 288 Antigonos I, 160 Antiochos IV, 179 Apostolic Constitutions, 213 Argos Agora, 813

Sanctuary of Apollo Pythios, 46, 4850 Ark of the Covenant, 206, 237 arrhephoroi, 1602, 370 Arta H. Vasileios, church of, 3245 Panagia tou Vrioni, church of, 3267 Asinou, Cyprus, Panagia, church of the, 3267 Athens Bronze Age walls of the Acropolis, 162 Church of the Panagia Gorgoepikoos (Little Metropolitan), 1323 City Eleusinion, 11415, 121, 12943; propylon, 12940, 370 Erechtheion, 90, 127, 128 Olympieion, 128, 1789, 1812 Panathenaic Way, 115, 121, 129 Parthenon, 120, 127, 160, 163 Pompeion, 119 Propylaia, 389, 128, 140, 162, 370 Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, bronze horse, 163 Attic white-ground lekythoi, 99 Attis, 165 Attridge, Harold, 209

377

in this web service Cambridge University Press

www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-00823-6 - Architecture of the Sacred: Space, Ritual, and Experience from Classical Greece to Byzantium Edited by Bonna D. Wescoat and Robert G. Ousterhout Index More information

378

cdf

Index

Augustus, 164, 165, 175 Aulus Gellius, 182 Ayioi Theodoroi, Greece, 91 Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, Gospel Book, 31819 Bardill, Jonathan, 291 Bassett, Sarah, 284 Beall, Christopher, 234 Bell, Catherine, 3, 224 Beth Shearim (Galilee), cemetery, 235 Bilbau, Guggenheim Museum, 296 Bivongi (near Stilo) Calabria, S Giovanni Vecchio, church of, 333 boukranion (ia), 125, 136, 371 Branham, Joan R., 367, 371, 372 Burkert, Walter, 69, 374 Byzantine Institute of America, 340 Cassius Dio, 123 Catulus, Q. Lutatius, 177, 180, 1823, 184, 189, 193, 195 Cefal, Sicily, cathedral, 313 Centauromachy, 155 Ceremony Book, 285, 289 Chalcedon, Turkey Council of, 259 St. Euphemia, church of, 24950, 25960, 2845 Chalcidius, 1923 Christ Pantokrator, image of, 313 Chronicles, book of, 86, 205, 240 church types, Byzantine ambulatory, 345, 34854 basilica, 24870, 284, 288, 292, 295 cross-in-square, 344, 3467, 348 domed basilica, 288 tetraconch, 2534 Cicero, Marcus Tullius, 123, 127, 1823, 193 Cimitile. SeeNola Clinton, Kevin, 69, 117, 124 Cohen, Shaye, 224

Constantine I, 284, 290, 292 coinage of, minted in Siscia, 310 refoundation of Constantinople, 283 relocation of the bodies of apostles Andrew and Timothy to Constantinople, 268 Constantine IX Monomachos, Byzantine emperor, 351 Constantine Palaiologos (brother of Andronikos II Palaiologos), 349 Constantinople, 2689, 281301, 369 Anastasis, church of, 286 Antiochos, palace of, 285 Blachernai, church, 285 Chora (Kariye Mzesi), church and monastery of, 320, 353 Dynamis, church of, 286 George ton Maganon, church and monastery of, 351 Great Palace, 2856, 298, 369 H. Polyeuktos, church of, 291 Hagia Sophia, church of, 28692, 300, 368 HH. Sergios and Bakchos, church of, 291 Hippodrome, 285 Holy Apostles, church of, 284 Homonia, church of, 286 Monastery tou Libos, burials in, 347, 3489, 3534, 355; St. John the Baptist, church of, 342, 345, 3489, 373; Theotokos Panachrantos, church of, 344, 346, 347; typikon of, 3489 Mother of God Kecharitomene, convent of, typikon, 354 St. Eirene, church of, 286 St. Euphemia, church of, 2845 St. Mamas, monastery of, typikon, 355 Theotokos Pammakaristos, church and monastery of, 327, 3512 Theotokos Peribleptos, church and monastery of, 34951

in this web service Cambridge University Press

www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-00823-6 - Architecture of the Sacred: Space, Ritual, and Experience from Classical Greece to Byzantium Edited by Bonna D. Wescoat and Robert G. Ousterhout Index More information

Index

cef

379

Virgin of the Pharos, church of, relic collection, 298 Corbo, Virgilio, 292 Corinth, Sanctuary of Demeter and Kore, 323, 46, 48, 52 Corinthian order, 93, 959, 1245, 138, 179, 185, 368, 371 Cossutius, 179 Cross, relics of, 267, 268, 269, 298 Crucifixion, 283, 292, 295, 297, 298, 369 uri, Slobodan, 368, 372, 373 Cybele, cult of, 1658 Dagron, Gilbert, 28990 Daphni (Attica), church and monastery, 313 David, Old Testament king, 86, 209, 23740 DeCerteau, Michel, 31 DeGrassi, A., 188 Deir Seman (ancient Telanissos), 253 Delphi, Sanctuary of Apollo Halos, 846 oracle, 123 Sacred Way, 78 Stepterion, 856 tholos, 98 Demetrios, St., relics of, 266 Demus, Otto, 299 Diaspora, 221, 231, 232 Didascalia Apostolorum, 213 Didyma archaic shrine on the Sacred Way from Miletos, 78 Sanctuary of Apollo, circular altar precinct, 89 Diegesis, semi-legendary Byzantine text, 289 Diodorus, 99 Dionysios of Halikarnassos, 176, 177, 179, 182, 187 Divine Light, concept of, 30712

Domitian, 184, 185, 195 Dorset, England, Hinton St. Mary, Roman villa, 309 Doukaina, Anna (Byzantine princess), 351 Doukaina, Eirene, 354 Dumbarton Oaks, 340 Dura Europos, Syria, 9 Christian house, baptistery, 9, 236 synagogue, 9, 17, 23141, 369 Durkheim, Emile, 369 Eastmond, Antony, 318 Egeria, 255 Eirene, Byzantine empress (wife of Andronikos III Palaiologos), 349 Eleusis Sacred Way, 11721; Rheitoi saltsprings, 120; Sanctuary of Apollo, 120; Sanctuary of Demeter, Kore, Athena, and Poseidon, 120; Tomb of Akestion, 120; Tomb of Eumolpos, 120; Tomb of Mnesitheos, 120; Tomb of Pythionike, 120; Tomb of Skiros, 120 Eleusis, Sanctuary of Demeter and Kore Fifth-century propylon, 1223 Greater Propylaia, 128, 370 Propylon of Appius Claudius Pulcher, 1238, 370 Eliade, Mircea, 369 Ellis, Richard, 235 Elsner, Jas , 366, 372, 373 Entombment of Christ, 283, 292, 295 Epidauros, Sanctuary of Asklepios propylon, 125 Temple of Asklepios, 44 theater, 80 tholos, 98 Eumenes I, 51 Eumenes II, 44

in this web service Cambridge University Press

www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-00823-6 - Architecture of the Sacred: Space, Ritual, and Experience from Classical Greece to Byzantium Edited by Bonna D. Wescoat and Robert G. Ousterhout Index More information

380

cdf

Index

Euphemia, St., relics of, 267, 285 Eusebius of Cesarea, 292, 300 Evagrius Scholasticus, Ecclesiastical History, 259 Exodus, book of, 205, 237, 307, 308 Ezekiel, book of, 205, 290 Ezra, book of, 240 Fasti, 168 Fine, Steven, 217 First Crusade, 293 Flesher, Paul, 220 Flower, Harriet, 190 Flowered Well (near Eleusis), 120 Gabriel, archangel, 323 Galilee, 215, 221, 235 Geary, Frank, 296 Geertz, Clifford, 4 Germanos, Patriarch of Constantinople, 15, 298 Gervasius and Protasius, relics of, 248 Gigantomachy, 155 Giraud, Demetrios, 1223, 128 Gonzlez de Clavijo, Ruy, 349 Greme (Cappadocia, Turkey) Elmal Kilise, 322 Kllar Kilise, 322 Gregory Nazianzos, 310 Gregory Palamas, Hesychast mystic, 311 halos (threshing floor), 67, 83, 86 Harpalos, 120 Harrison, Martin, 290 haruspices, 1834, 195 Heavenly Jerusalem, concept of, 289 Helios, 310 Heraclius, Byzantine emperor, 285 Herodotos, 33, 54, 83, 115 Historia mystagogica, 298 Hollinshead, Mary, 66, 90, 367

Holy Land, 255, 268, 298, 299 Holy Wisdom, concept of, 286 Homer, 81, 901 Homeric traditions, 15269, 374 Iconoclasm, 331, 346 Idrieus, king of Karia, 33 Ilion, 15269 late Bronze Age fortification wall, 154, 160, 168 Temple of Athena, 1556, 160 well and subterranean passage in the precinct of Athena, 1567, 159 Ilioupersis, 155 Irshai, Oded, 236, 240 Isidorus of Miletus, 288 Istanbul. SeeConstantinople Jerome, St., 281, 283 Jerusalem, 1819, 237, 281301, 371 Holy Sepulchre, church of, xxiii, 18, 281, 2926, 3001, 368, 374; Anastasis Rotunda, 292, 293, 295; Calvary (Golgotha), 292, 293, 295; Cloister of the Canons, 295; Tomb of Christ, 18, 292, 295 Temple, 202, 204 Temple of Solomon, 205, 290, 300 Temple, Holy of Holies, 205, 214 Temple, Second Temple, 240 Temple, Temple furnishings, 15, 17, 206 Tyropeon Valley, 300 Jesus Christ, 16, 213, 264, 3078, 309, 310 John VI Kantakouzenos, Byzantine emperor, 312 John, Gospel of, 313 Joseph (son of Jacob), relics of, 287 Joshua ben Jehozadak, 240 Julian the Apostate, 221, 240, 241

in this web service Cambridge University Press

www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-00823-6 - Architecture of the Sacred: Space, Ritual, and Experience from Classical Greece to Byzantium Edited by Bonna D. Wescoat and Robert G. Ousterhout Index More information

Index

cef

381

Justinian I, Byzantine emperor, 284, 286, 2878, 289, 2901, 300, 330 kalathos, 1301 Kessler, Herbert, 238, 240 khoros (dancing floor), 67, 803, 84, 86, 89 kiste (ai), 125, 1301, 140, 371 Knidos, Sanctuary of Apollo Kareios, 46, 525 Koinon of the Troad, 160 Komnenos, John, Byzantine prince, 351 Kortleitner, Francis X., 209 Korzybski, Alfred, 203 Kos, Sanctuary of Asklepios, 32, 416, 374 Kostaniani, Greece, Archestratos, church of, 325 Kraeling, Carl, 234, 235, 237, 240 Kritzas, Charalambos, 81, 86 Kurbinovo, FYROM, St. George, church of, 322, 330 Labraunda, Sanctuary of Zeus, 29, 32, 335, 38, 41, 45 Lagoudera, Cyprus, church, 314 Latin occupation of Constantinople, 342 Leo VI, Byzantine emperor, 340 Levine, Lee, 217 libation, 9, 16, 92, 94, 116, 127, 143, 214 Lindos, Sanctuary of Athena, 29, 32, 3641 Lips, Constantine, 340, 347, 348 liturgy, Byzantine, 13, 15, 250, 253, 254, 265, 269, 346, 347, 348, 353, 355, 365, 367, 368 Livy, 175, 177, 178, 181 Lokrian Maidens, Penance of, 152, 1545, 1589, 160, 370 Lucian, 83

Ludi Romani (Ludi Magni), 175, 367 Luke, St., relics of, 267, 284 Lupercalia, 152, 168 lusus Troiae, 1648 Lykosoura, Sanctuary of Despoina, 90 Macridy, Theodore, 340, 347 Magness, Jodi, 17, 220, 369, 3712, 373 Magritte, Ren, La Trahison des Images, 203 Maguire, Henry, 297 Mamboury, Ernest, 351 Mango, Cyril, 287, 350 Maria, Byzantine nun, 349 Marinis, Vasileios, 367, 368, 373 Matthew, Gospel of, 3078 Mausolos, king of Karia, 335 McCredie, James R., 69, 89 Melania the Elder, 268 Mellor, R., 188 Meryemlik (Ayatekla), Turkey Cave Church, 2556 St. Thecla, church of, 24950, 2556, 258, 265 Mesarites, Nicholas, Byzantine writer, 298 Metapontion, Ekklesiasterion, 901 Methodius of Olympus, 214 Milan, Italy, Basilica Ambrosiana, 248 Miles, Margaret, 66, 367, 370, 371, 372 Miracles of St. Demetrios, 257 Mishnah, 204, 231, 2345 Mithras, 16 Mommsen, Theodor, 188 Monofatsi, Crete, H. Giorgios in Apno Symi, church of, 333 Mortensen, Beverley, 220 mos maiorum, 195 Moses, 298, 3078, 310 Mt. Athos, Greece, Hilandar Monastery, Katholikon, 327

in this web service Cambridge University Press

www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-00823-6 - Architecture of the Sacred: Space, Ritual, and Experience from Classical Greece to Byzantium Edited by Bonna D. Wescoat and Robert G. Ousterhout Index More information

382

cdf

Index

Mt. Sinai Moses at, 307 St. Catherine, monastery of, 310 Murano, Italy, SS. Maria e Donato, church of, 329, 330 Mussolini, Benito, 152 myrtle, 11617, 125, 136, 140, 143 Mysteries Eleusinian, 52, 115, 118 Samothracian, 66, 67, 70, 93, 96, 99 Nebo, Mt., Jordan, Theotokos, chapel of, 202, 20913, 2223 Nehemiah, book of, 240 Nestorius, 143 Neusner, Jacob, 204 New Testament, 209, 308, 323, 373 Nike Rebellion, 287 Nikephoros III Botaniates, Byzantine emperor, 349, 350 Nikolaidou, Marianna, 7, 8, 10 Ninnion Plaque, 117 Nola (Cimitele), Italy, St. Felix, church of, 24950, 259, 2605, 26670, 369, 373 Old Testament, 86, 290, 308, 373 Olympia, Sanctuary of Zeus Olympian Zeus, statue by Pheidas, 1901, 193, 194, 196 Philippeion, 98 Orlin, Eric M., 1878 Ornan, threshing floor of, 86 Oropos, Sanctuary of Amphiaraos, 46, 87, 90 Otto, Rudolph, 369 Ousterhout, Robert, 18, 348, 368, 371, 372 Ovid, 183 Pachymeres, George, 355 Palaiologina, Anna, Byzantine princess (daughter of Theodora), 349

Panathenaia Athens, 118, 128, 155, 1624, 168, 370 Ilion, 152, 160, 370 Panofsky, Erwin, 56, 8 Parenzo (Pore), Croatia, 331 Paris, St.-Denis, church and monastery, 296 Paulinus of Nola, 259, 2605, 26670, 373, 374 Pausanias, 6, 13, 14, 16, 1718, 19, 49, 83, 119, 120, 121, 129, 367 Pe, Serbia, Patriarchate, Mother of God, church of, 328 Perachora, Sanctuary of Hera, 29, 468 Pergamon Sanctuary of Demeter, 29, 46, 502, 54, 90 temple once in the gymnasion, 44 Perry, Ellen, 367, 370, 373 phantasia, 193 phiale (ai), 125, 127, 136, 371 Philagathos, Byzantine writer, 297 Philanthropenos, Athanasios, 355 Philetairos, 51 Philip Julius Caesar, Emperor, 240 Phokis, Greece, Hosios Loukas, monastery of, Panagia, church of, 321 pilgrimage, concept of, 2968, 300 Plemochoai, 116 plemochoe (ai), 11617, 125, 136, 13840, 143, 371, 372 Pliny the Elder, 6, 179, 1801, 183, 190, 191 Plutarch, 116, 142, 184, 185 Polemon of Ilion, 119 pompe (ai), 301, 35, 39, 40, 41, 44, 46, 50, 55 Pompey, 123 poppy, 125, 136 Poseidonia, Ekklesiasterion, 87, 90 Price, Simon, 3

in this web service Cambridge University Press

www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-00823-6 - Architecture of the Sacred: Space, Ritual, and Experience from Classical Greece to Byzantium Edited by Bonna D. Wescoat and Robert G. Ousterhout Index More information

Index

cef

383

procession, 9, 11415. Seealsorelated festivals Eleusinian, 116, 117, 119, 121, 122, 123, 1278, 129 Panathenaic, 30 Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 301 triumphal, 175, 181, 367 Procopius, 2889, 290 Pseudo-Dionysios, 15 Pseudo-Kufic, 321 Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 301, 44 Pulcher, Appius Claudius, 1234, 127 Punic War, Second, 167, 189 Punic War, Third, 177 Pyrgi, Chios, Hagioi Apostoloi, church of, 3278 Pythaistai, Athenian theoria to Delphi, 118 Qalat Seman, Syria, St. Symeon, church of, 24950, 251 quindecemviri, 187 Quintilian, 193 rabbinic law (halakhah), 232 Raftopoulou, Eliana, 129 Ravenna, S. Apollinare in Classe, church of, 255 Rawson, Elizabeth, 126 Renfrew, Colin, 3, 6, 7, 9 Resurrection, 209, 283, 286, 292, 2956, 298, 369 Rhodos, Ibrahim Pasha Cammi, 334 Romanos III Argyros, Byzantine emperor, 349, 350 Rome Area Capitolina, 177, 181, 182, 188, 195 Area Capitolina, statues of Roma and the Genius of the Roman people, 181, 189 Circus Maximus, 165, 175, 286 Forum, 175

Hut of Romulus, 176, 195, 286 Palatine cave, 152, 168 Palatine, Domus Augustana, 286 Pantheon, 176 St. Peters Basilica, necropolis under, 309 Temple of Cybele, 1658 Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, 17596 Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, columns, 177, 17982, 184, 187; cult statue of Jupiter, 187, 1904, 196; gilded bronze rooftiles, 179, 183; representations of on coins, 17980, 191, 1934; representations of in relief, 1857 Romulus, legendary founder of Rome, 152 Rose, C. Brian, 366, 367, 370, 372 Ruskin, John, The Stones of Venice, 330 S. Angelo in Formis, Italy, church, 297 Sacred Objects (ta hiera), 115, 125, 131 sacrifice, 9, 16, 17, 27, 30, 33, 39, 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 50, 54, 55, 69, 86, 87, 92, 114, 116, 143, 175, 185, 20125, 371, 372, 373 Saller, S. J., 209 Samothrace, Sanctuary of the Great Gods, xxiii, 14 conical bowls, 945 Dedication of Philip III and Alexander IV, 736 Fieldstone Building, 723 Hall of Choral Dancers, 86 Monument Platforms, 767 Propylon of Ptolemy II, 778, 959, 125 Rotunda of Arsinoe, 98 Stepped Retaining Wall, 78 Theatral Circle, 6872, 7980, 92, 935, 368, 374 tokens of initiation, 945

in this web service Cambridge University Press

www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-00823-6 - Architecture of the Sacred: Space, Ritual, and Experience from Classical Greece to Byzantium Edited by Bonna D. Wescoat and Robert G. Ousterhout Index More information

384

cdf

Index

Samuel bar-Sapharah, 240 Samuel son of Yeda`ya, 240 Scipio Africanus, 18990 Second Sophistic, 115, 1403, 370 Seleukia, 255 Selinous, 46 Seneca the Elder, 183 Sepphoris, synagogue, 202, 21524 Shakespeare, William, 66 Shekhinah, 205, 217 Sibylline Books, 176, 1878, 189, 190, 195 Sibylline oracles, 1878, 189 Sikyon, Sanctuary of Herakles, 14 Skleraina, mistress of Constantine IX Monomachos, 351 Skopje, FYROM, Mustafa Pasha Camii, 334 Smith, Jonathan Z., 203, 281, 283, 365, 369 Solomon, 86, 209, 290 Sparta Sanctuary of Artemis Ortheia, 90 Skias, 83 Suger, Abbot of St.-Denis, 296 Sulla, Lucius Cornelius, 164, 17780, 1812, 189 Sulpicius Severus, 263, 267 Swain, Simon, 142 Toros Roslin, 318 Tabernacle, Israelite, 202, 2059, 213, 21415, 21820, 2215, 237, 367, 371 Tabor, Mt., 298, 307, 310 Tacitus, 183, 184, 187 Talmud, Babylonian, 231, 234, 235, 236, 241 Targumim, 221 Tarquinius Priscus, 187 Tarquinius Superbus, 188 Tebessa, Algeria, pilgrimage complex, possibly of St. Crispina, 24950, 251, 265

Thasos Altar of Zeus Agoraios, 879 Sanctuary of Demeter at Arkouda, 87 Thebes, Kaberion, 90 Theodora (consort of Justinian), Byzantine empress, 287 Theodora, Byzantine empress (wife of Michael VIII Palaiologos), 342, 3489, 353, 355 Thessaloniki Rotunda, 313 St. Demetrios, church of, 24950, 2569, 265, 266 Throne of God, concept of, 289 thronosis, 69 Timothy, St., relics of, 268, 284 Tiridates, king of Armenia, 181 Tlle-Kastenbein, Renate, 179 tonsa corona, 165 Torah Shrine, 232, 23640, 372 torque, 165 Tosefta, 235 Trebizond (Trabzon, Turkey), Hagia Sophia, church of, 31518 Trimithis, Dakhleh Oasis of Egypt, 9 Troy. SeeIlion Tumulus of Achilles, 155, 15960, 162 of Ajax, 155 of Patroklos, 155 of Protesilaos, 155 Turner, Victor, 4, 93 Varro, 127, 191 Venerable Bede, 15 Vergil, 1645 Verrius, 191 Virgin Mary, 299, 323 relic of robe (maphorion), 285 Vitruvius, 989, 1278, 182 Volodymir, Russian Prince, 289

in this web service Cambridge University Press

www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-00823-6 - Architecture of the Sacred: Space, Ritual, and Experience from Classical Greece to Byzantium Edited by Bonna D. Wescoat and Robert G. Ousterhout Index More information

Index

cef

385

Volotovo Polye (near Novgorod), Russia, Assumption, church of, 333 Vulca of Veii, statue of Jupiter, 187, 190, 192, 193, 196 Weiss, Zeev, 202, 21517 Weitzmann, Kurt, 238, 240 Wescoat, Bonna, 14, 367, 368, 371, 3723 wheat, sheaf of, 125, 371 William of Tyre, 2935 Wittgenstein, Ludwig, 1112

Xenophon, 116 Xerxes, 115, 155 Yasin, Ann Marie, 367, 373 Yerevan, Armenia, Matendarn Collection, Gospels, 318 Zaccharias (father of John the Baptist), relics of, 287 Zadok and Abiathar, priests of the tribe of Levi, 240 Zeno, Byzantine emperor, 255 Zerubabbel, 240

in this web service Cambridge University Press

www.cambridge.org