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Technical Guide MiCOM P125/P126/P127

P12y/EN T04/A11

CHAPTER 4 Technical Data and Characteristic Curves

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 1/40

CONTENTS
1.
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6

RATINGS
Power supply Frequency Current Inputs Voltage Inputs Logic inputs Output relay contacts

3
3 3 3 4 4 4

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
8.1 8.1.1 8.1.2 8.2 8.2.1 8.3 8.3.1 8.4 8.5 8.5.1 8.6 8.6.1 8.7 8.7.1 8.8 8.8.1

HIGH VOLTAGE WITHSTAND ELECTRICAL ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION ACCURACY AUTOMATION FUNCTIONS ACCURACY TIMERS MEASUREMENT ACCURACY PROTECTION SETTING RANGES
[67/50/51] Directional/non directional phase Overcurrent (P127 only) Synchronous polarisation Protection setting ranges (Only P127) [50/51] Phase Overcurrent Protection (P126 Only) Protection setting ranges (Only P126) [67N/50N/51N] Neutral/Ground/Earth Directional/non Directional Earth Overcurrent Protection (P125, P126 & P127) Protection setting ranges Earth Wattmetric Protection (P125, P126 & P127) Functionality mode Protection setting ranges Undercurrent protection (P126 & P127 only) Protection setting ranges Negative sequence overcurrent protection (P126 & P127 only) Protection Setting Ranges Thermal overload protection (P126 & P127 only) Protection setting ranges

5 5 5 6 8 8 9
9 9 9 10 10 10 11 13 13 13 15 15 15 15 15 15

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 2/40 8.9 8.9.1 8.10 8.11 8.12 Under Voltage protection (P127 only) Protection setting ranges (only P127) Over Voltage protection (P127 only)

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127 16 16 17 17 18 18 18 19

8.10.1 Protection setting ranges (only P127) Residual Over Voltage protection (P125, P126 & P127) Multishot Autorecloser function (P126 & P127) 8.11.1 Protection setting ranges 8.12.1 Multishot Autorecloser settings

9.
9.1 9.2 9.3 9.3.1 9.4 9.4.1 9.5 9.5.1 9.6 9.6.1 9.7 9.7.1

AUTOMATION CONTROL FUNCTIONS


Cold load pickup (P126 & P127) Auxiliary timers (P126 & P127) Broken conductor detection (P126 & P127) Broken conductor detection setting ranges Circuit breaker failure (P126 & P127) CB Fail setting ranges Trip circuit supervision (P126 & P127) Trip circuit supervision setting ranges Circuit breaker control and monitoring (P126 & P127) Setting ranges AND logic equation (P126 & P127) Timer setting ranges

20
20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 21 21 21 21

10.
10.1 10.2 10.3

RECORDING FUNCTIONS (P126 & P127)


Event recorder Fault recorder Disturbance recorder

22
22 22 22 22

10.3.1 Triggers; Data; Setting Ranges

11. 12.
12.1

COMMUNICATION (P125, P126, P127) CURVES


General

23 24
24 24 25 26 26 32 33 39

12.1.1 Inverse Time Curves : 12.1.2 Reset timer 12.2 IDMT Curves 12.2.1 IEC Curves 12.2.2 RI Curves 12.2.3 IEEE/ANSI CURVES 12.3 Thermal overload curves

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 3/40

1.
1.1

RATINGS
Power supply Power Supply range 24-60Vdc 48-150Vdc 130-250Vdc / 100-250Vac 50/60Hz D.C. 20 % A.C. 20%, +10% 12% 50 ms Stand by: Max: Stand by: Max: Stand by: Max: <3W dc or <8VA ac <5W dc or <12VA ac <3W dc or <8VA ac <6W dc or <14VA ac <3W dc or <8VA ac <6W dc or <14VA ac

Power supply variations Ripple Power off withstand Burden P125 Burden P126 Burden P127 1.2 Frequency Functionality frequency range Rated Frequency 1.3 Current Inputs Phase current inputs Earth current inputs Operating range Burden Phase Current Burden Earth Current Thermal withstand

From 45 to 65Hz 50/60Hz

1 and 5 Amps by connection 1 and 5 Amps by connection By ordering code (Cortec) < 0.025 VA < 0.3 VA < 0.008 VA < 0.010 VA (1A) (5A) (1A) (5A)

1s @ 100 x rated current 2s @ 40 x rated current continuous @ 4 x rated current

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 4/40 1.4 Voltage Inputs Voltage input range Operating range Burden 57 to 130V

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

0 to 260V (measuring range) Resistive 44 kohm: 0.074W/57Veff 0.38W/130Veff 1.54W/260Veff 260Vph - ph eff 300Vph - ph eff 220 to 480V 0 to 960V (measuring range) 438 kohm: 0.1102W/220Veff 0.525W/480Veff 2.1W/960Veff

Thermal Withstand Continuous 10 seconds Voltage input range Operating range Burden

Thermal Withstand Continuous 10 seconds 1.5 Logic inputs Logic input type Logic input burden Logic input recognition time Voltage input 24-60 Vdc supply range relay 48-150 Vdc supply range relay 130-250 Vdc supply range relay 1.6 Output relay contacts Logic output type Logic output rating Make & carry Carry Break 30A for 3 s 5A continuos 135 Vdc, 0.3 Amps (L/R = 30 ms) 250 Vdc, 50 W resistive or 25W inductive (L/R=40ms) 220 Vac, 5 Amps (cos = 0.6) 5A and 300V 10000 operation minimum 100000 operation minimum <7ms Dry contact Ag Cdo from 19.2 Vdc to 72 Vdc from 38.4 Vdc to 180 Vdc from 130 Vdc to 300 Vdc Independent optically insulated 10 mA per input <5ms 960V ph-ph eff 1300V ph-ph eff

Maximum Loaded contact Unloaded contact Operation time

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 5/40

2.

HIGH VOLTAGE WITHSTAND


Dielectric withstand Impulse voltage Insulation resistance IEC 60-255-5 IEC 60-255-5 IEC 60-255-5 2 kV common mode 1 kV differential mode 5 kV common mode 1 kV differential mode > 1000 M

3.

ELECTRICAL ENVIRONMENT
High frequency disturbance Fast transient Electrostatic discharge Radio frequency impulse IEC 1000-4-1 IEC 1000-4-4 4 ANSI C37.90.1 IEC 1000-4-2 ANSI C37.90.2 IEC 1000-4-3 2.5 kV common mode, class 3 1 kV differential mode, class 3 4 kV auxiliary voltage, class 4 2 kV others, class4 8 kV, class 4 35 V/m 10 V/m

4.

ENVIRONMENT
Temperature Humidity Enclosure protection Vibrations Shocks and bumps Seismic IEC 60-255-6 IEC 600-68-2-3 IEC 60-529 IEC 60-255-21-1 Storage -25C to +70C Operation -25C to + 55 C 56 days at 93% RH and 40C IP 52, IK 07 Response and endurance, class 2

IEC 60-255-21-11 Response and withstand, class 1 IEC 60-255-21-3 Class 1

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 6/40

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

5.

PROTECTION ACCURACY
Glossary I Is I2s Ies : : : : Phase current I>, I>> & I>>> I2>, I2>> & I2>>> Ie>, Ie>> & Ie>>> Iecos> & Iecos>> Earth fault Power Pe> & Pe>> U>, U>>, U<, U<< Ue>, Ue>>, Ue>>>, Ue>>>> Definite time Inverse time
Range 0.1 to 40 In Accuracy 2% Trigger DT: Is 2% IDMT: 1.1Is 2% Reset 0.95 Is 2% 1.05 Is 2% Time accuracy 2% +3050ms 5% +3050ms

Iescos : Pe Pes Us Urs DT : : : : :

IDMT :
Element Phase Overcurrent elements I> & I>> & I>>> Relay Characteristic Angle (Torque angle) Trip zone

0 to 359 10 to 170

2 2 2% DT: Ies 2% IDMT: 1.1Ies 2% DT: Pes accuracy IDMT: 1.1Pes accuracy DT: Pes accuracy IDMT: 1.1Pes accuracy DT: Iescos accuracy IDMT: 1.1 Iescos accuracy DT: I2s 2% IDMT: 1.1I2s 2% 0.95 Ies 2% 1.05 Ies 2% 0.95 Pes accuracy 1.05 Pes accuracy 0.95 Pes accuracy 1.05 Pes accuracy 0.95 Iescos accuracy 1.05 Iescos accuracy 0.95 Is 2% 1.05 Is 2% 2% +3050ms 5% +3050ms 2% +3050ms 5% +3050ms 2% +3050ms 5% +3050ms 2% +3050ms 5% +3050ms 2% +3050ms 5% +3050ms

Earth Fault Overcurrent 0.002 to 1Ien elements 0.01 to 8 Ien Ie> & Ie>> & Ie>>> 0.1 to 40 Ien Wattmetric Earth Fault 57 to 130V elements 0.2 to 20W 1 to 160W 10 to 800W Wattmetric Earth Fault 220 to 480V elements 1 to 80W Pe> & Pe>> 4 to 640W 40 to 3200W Active Earth fault overcurrent elements. Iecos> & Iecos>> Negative Sequence Phase Overcurrent elements I2>, I2>> & I2>>> Phase Undercurrent element I< Broken conductor [I2/I1]. Thermal Overload I>, Alarm, Trip 0.002 to 1Ien 0.01 to 8 Ien 0.1 to 40 Ien 0.1 to 40 In

4% error on cos

4% error on cos

2% error on cos

2%

0.1 to 1 In 20 to 100% 0.10 to 3.2 In

2% 3% 3%

DT: I< 2% DT: I2/I1 3% DT: I> 3%

0.95 Is 2%

2% +3050ms

0.95 I2/I1 3% 2% +3050ms 0.97 I>3% 2% +3050ms

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127


Element Over voltage U> & U>> Over voltage U> & U>> Under voltage U< & U<< Under voltage U< & U<< Residual Over voltage (Direct Input) Ue>, Ue>>, Ue>>>, Ue>>>> Residual Over voltage (Direct Input) Ue>, Ue>>, Ue>>>, Ue>>>> Derived Residual Over voltage Ue>, Ue>>, Ue>>>, Ue>>>> Derived Residual Over voltage Ue>, Ue>>, Ue>>>, Ue>>>> Range 57 to 130V 2 to 260V 220 to 480V 10 to 960V 57 to 130V 2 to 130V 220 to 480V 10 to 480V 57 to 130V 1 to 260V 1 to 260V 220 to 480V 4 to 960V 5 to 960V 57 to 130V 1 to 260V 1 to 260V 220 to 480V 4 to 960V 5 to 960V greater of 2% or 0.2V greater of 2% or 1V DT: Urs 2% 2% DT: Urs 2% Accuracy 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% Trigger DT: Us 2% DT: Us 2% DT: Us 2% DT: Us 2% DT: Urs 2% Reset

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 7/40


Time accuracy 2% +2040ms 2% +2040ms 2% +2040ms 2% +2040ms 2% +2040ms

0.95 Is 2% 0.95 Is 2% 0.95 Us 2% 0.95 Us 2% 0.95 Urs 2%

0.95 Urs 2%

2% +2040ms

0.95 Urs 2%

2% +2040ms

DT: Urs 2%

0.95 Urs 2%

2% +2040ms

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 8/40

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

6.

AUTOMATION FUNCTIONS ACCURACY TIMERS


Recloser timers tDs, tR, tI CB fail & CB monitoring timers Auxiliary timers t_AUX1 & t_AUX2 Cold load Pick Up Programmable AND logic
2% +1030ms 2% +1030ms 2% +1030ms 2% +2040ms 2% +1030ms

7.

MEASUREMENT ACCURACY
Measurement Phase Current Earth current Range 0.1 to 40 In 0.002 to 11Ien 0.01 to 8 Ien 0.1 to 40 Ien Voltage 57 to 260V 220 to 960V Accuracy Typical 0.5% at In Typical 0.5% at Ien Typical 0.5% at Ien Typical 0.5% at Ien Typical 0.5% at Un Typical 0.5% at Un

Active Power and Active Energy Cos 0.866 0.5 Accuracy < 1.5% < 3%

Reactive Power and Reactive Energy Sin 0.866 0.5 Accuracy < 3% < 1.5%

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 9/40

8.
8.1

PROTECTION SETTING RANGES


[67/50/51] Directional/non directional phase Overcurrent (P127 only) Phase current Phase or phase to phase voltage Minimum voltage operating Fundamental only Fundamental only 0.6V

8.1.1

Synchronous polarisation Minimum phase voltage fixed threshold enabling synchronous polarising: 0.6V Synchronous polarising permanence time phase voltage thresholds: 5s

8.1.2

Protection setting ranges (Only P127)


[67] Phase OC I> I> Current set Delay type Setting Range No or DIR non DIR 0.1 In 25 In 0.01 In

DT or IDMT (IEC_STI, IEC_SI, IEC_VI, IEC_EI, IEC_LTI, C02, C08, IEEE_MI, IIEEE_VI, IEEE_EI, RI curve) 0s 0.025 DT or IDMT 0.025 0.00 s No or Yes 0 10 0.5 In 0s 0 10 0.5 In 0s 0 10 359 170 40 In 150s 359 170 40 In 150s 359 170 1 1 1.5 100 s 0.025 0.01 s 150s 1.5 0.01s 0.025

I> Trip delay time I> TMS I> Reset char I> RTMS I> tReset Interlock I> by I>>I>>> I> Torque angle I> Trip zone I>> I>> Current set I>> Trip delay time I>> Torque angle I>> Trip zone I>>> I>>> Current set I>>>Trip delay time I>>> Torque angle I>>> Trip zone

No or Yes or DIR 0.01 In 0.01s 1 1

No or Yes or DIR 0.01 In 0.01s 1 1

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 10/40 8.2 [50/51] Phase Overcurrent Protection (P126 Only) 8.2.1 Phase current

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

Fundamental only

Protection setting ranges (Only P126)


[51] Phase OC I> I> Current set Delay type Setting Range No or Yes 0.1 In 25 In 0.01 In

DT or IDMT (IEC_STI, IEC_SI, IEC_VI, IEC_EI, IEC_LTI, C02, C08, IEEE_MI, IIEEE_VI, IEEE_EI, RI curve) 0s 0.025 DT or IDMT 0.025 0.00 s No or Yes No or Yes or DIR 0.5 In 0s No or Yes 0.5 In 0s 40 In 150s 0.01 In 0.01 s 40 In 150s 0.01 In 0.01s 1.5 100 s 0.025 0.01 s 150s 1.5 0.01s 0.025

I> Trip delay time I> TMS I> Reset char I> RTMS I> tReset Interlock I> by I>>I>>> I>> I>> Current set I>> Trip delay time I>>> I>>> Current set I>>>Trip delay time

8.3

[67N/50N/51N] Neutral/Ground/Earth Directional/non Overcurrent Protection (P125, P126 & P127) Earth Current Earth current ranges Residual voltage Residual voltage range Minimum Residual voltage operation Minimum Residual voltage operation Fundamental only

Directional

Earth

See following table Fundamental only See following table 1V (Uen: 57 to 130V) 3V (Uen: 220 to 480V)

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127 8.3.1 Protection setting ranges
[67N] Earth OC High sensitivity current set Ie> Ie>> Ie>>> Med. sensitivity current set Ie> Ie>> Ie>>> Low sensitivity current set Ie> Ie>> Ie>>> Ie> Delay type Setting Range Cortec code P12-C-X---X 0.002 Ien 0.002 Ien 0.002 Ien 1 Ien 1 Ien 1 Ien 0.001 Ien 0.001 Ien 0.001 Ien

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 11/40

Cortec code P12-B-X---X 0.01 Ien 0.01 Ien 0.01 Ien 1 Ien 8 Ien 8 Ien 0.005 Ien 0.005 Ien 0.005 Ien

Cortec code P12-A-X---X 0.1 Ien 0.5 Ien 0.5 Ien 25 Ien 40 Ien 40 Ien 0.1 Ien 0.1 Ien 0.1 Ien

No or Yes or DIR DT or IDMT (IEC_STI, IEC_SI, IEC_VI, IEC_EI, IEC_LTI, C02, C08, IEEE_MI, IIEEE_VI, IEEE_EI, RI curve) 0s 0.025 DT or IDMT 0.025 0.00 s No or Yes 0 10 1V 359 170 260 V 1 1 1.5 100 s 0.025 0.01 s 150s 1.5 0.01s 0.025

Ie> Trip delay time Ie> TMS Ie> Reset char Ie> RTMS Ie> tReset Interlock Ie> by Ie>>Ie>>> Ie> Torque angle Ie> Trip zone

Input residual voltage with range from 57 to 130V Ue> 0.1 V

Input residual voltage with range from 220 to 480V Ue> Ie>> Ie>> Trip delay time Ie>> Torque angle Ie>> Trip zone Ie>> tReset 4V 960 V 0.5 V

No or Yes or DIR 0s 0 10 0.00 s 150s 359 170 100 s 0.01s 1 1 0.01 s

Input residual voltage with range from 57 to 130V

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 12/40


[67N] Earth OC Ue>> Setting Range 1V 260 V 0.1 V

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

Input residual voltage with range from 220 to 480V Ue>> Ie>>> 4V 960 V 0.5 V

No or Yes or DIR 150s 359 170 100 s 0.01s 1 1 0.01 s

Ie>>>Trip delay time 0 s Ie>>> Torque angle Ie>>> Trip zone Ie>>> tReset Input residual voltage Ue>>> Input residual voltage Ue>>> 0 10 0.00 s

From 57 to 130V 1V 260 V 0.1 V

From 220 to 480V 4V 960 V 0.5 V

ATTENTION :

THE UE THRESHOLDS SETTING DEPEND ON THE ADOPTED WIRING SCHEME. IN CONFIGURATION/GENERAL OPTION MENU OF THE P127 RELAY YOU CAN SET THE VE INPUT DIRECTLY FROM A VT(I.E. FROM A DELTA VT) OR DERIVED FROM THE MEASUREMENT OF THE THREE PHASE TO NEUTRAL VOLTAGE (3VPN). IN THIS CASE THE UE IS CALCULATED AS:

I I I 1 Ue = xUA + UB + UC 3
THE SETTING OF THE UE THRESHOLDS MUST TAKE IN ACCOUNT THE ABOVE FORMULA.

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127 8.4 Earth Wattmetric Protection (P125, P126 & P127) 8.5 Earth current Residual Voltage Fundamental only Fundamental only

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 13/40

Functionality mode This protection can work in Pe or Iecos mode.

8.5.1

Protection setting ranges


[32N] Earth Wattmetric Setting range Mode High sensitivity: 57130V Input voltage Pe> (*) Pe>> (*) Pe or Iecos Current input from 0.002 to 1 Ien Cortec code: P12-CAX---X 0.2 x k W 0.2 x k W 20 x k W 20 x k W 0.02 x k W 0.02 x k W

220480V Input voltage Cortec code: P12-CBX---X Pe> (*) Pe>> (*) Med. sensitivity 57130V Input voltage Pe> (*) Pe>> (*) 1xkW 1xkW 80 x k W 80 x k W 0.1 x k W 0.1 x k W

Current input from 0.01 to 8 Ien Cortec code: P12-BAX---X 1xkW 1xkW 160 x k W 0.1 x k W 160 x k W 0.1 x k W

220480V Input voltage Cortec code: P12-BBX---X Pe> (*) Pe>> (*) Low sensitivity 57130V Input voltage Pe> (*) Pe>> (*) 4xkW 4xkW 640 x k W 0.5 x k W 640 x k W 0.5 x k W

Current input from 0.1 to 40 Ien Cortec code: P12-AAX---X 10 x k W 10 x k W 800 x k W 800 x k W 1xkW 1xkW

220480V Input voltage Cortec code: P12-ABX---X Pe> (*) Pe>> (*) Pe> Delay type 40 x k W 40 x k W No or Yes DT or IDMT (IEC_STI, IEC_SI, IEC_VI, IEC_EI, IEC_LTI, C02, C08, IEEE_MI, IIEEE_VI, IEEE_EI,RI curve) 0s 0.025 DT or IDMT 0.025 1.5 0.025 150s 1.5 0.01s 0.025 3200 x k W 5 x k W 3200 x k W 5 x k W

tPe> Trip delay time Pe> TMS Pe> Reset char Pe> RTMS

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 14/40


[32N] Earth Wattmetric Pe> tReset Pe>> tPe>> Trip delay time Pe>> tReset High sensitivity Iecos IeCos> IeCos>> Med. sensitivity Iecos IeCos> IeCos>> Low sensitivity Iecos IeCos> IeCos>> IeCos> Delay type 0.00 s No or Yes 0s 0.00 s 150 s 100 s 0.01 s 0.01 s 100 s 0.01 s

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

Cortec code P12-C-X---X 0.002 Ien 0.002 Ien 1 Ien 1 Ien 0.001 Ien 0.001 Ien

Cortec code P12-B-X---X 0.01 Ien 0.01 Ien 8 Ien 8 Ien 0.005 Ien 0.005 Ien

Cortec code P12-A-X---X 0.1 Ien 0.5 Ien Yes or No DT or IDMT (IEC_STI, IEC_SI, IEC_VI, IEC_EI, IEC_LTI, C02, C08, IEEE_MI, IIEEE_VI, IEEE_EI, RI curve) 0s 0.025 DT or IDMT 0.025 0.00 s Yes or No 150s 100s 359 0.01s 0.01s 1 1.5 100 s 0.025 0.01 s 150s 1.5 0.01s 0.025 25 Ien 40 Ien 0.01 Ien 0.01 Ien

IeCos> Trip delay time IeCos> TMS IeCos> Reset type IeCos> RTMS IeCos> tReset IeCos>>

IeCos>>Trip delay time 0 s IeCos> tReset Pe/IeCos Angle 0.00 s 0

(*) ATTENTION : THE PE THRESHOLDS ARE DISPLAYED IN THE FORMAT: ##.## X K W THE THRESHOLD VALUE WILL BE IN WATT SECONDARY. E.G. YOU ARE SETTING PE> THRESHOLD ON THE RELAY DISPLAY; YOU HAVE WRITTEN 20. IF IEN = 1A, THE INTERNAL RELAY SETTING VALUE WILL BE EQUAL TO 20 X 1 = 20W. IF IEN = 5A, THE INTERNAL RELAY SETTING VALUE WILL BE EQUAL TO 20 X 5 = 100W.

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127 8.6 Undercurrent protection (P126 & P127 only) 8.6.1 Undercurrent associated to the breaker failure function Phase current: Fundamental only

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 15/40

Protection setting ranges


[37] Under Current I< I< tI< Setting ranges No or Yes 0.1 In 0s 1 In 150 s 0.01 In 0.01 s

8.7

Negative sequence overcurrent protection (P126 & P127 only) Phase current: Fundamental only

8.7.1

Protection Setting Ranges


[46] Neg.Seq. OC I2> I2> Delay type Setting ranges No or Yes 0.1 In 25 In 0.01 In DT or IDMT (IEC_STI, IEC_SI, IEC_VI, IEC_EI, IEC_LTI, C02, C08, IEEE_MI, IIEEE_VI, IEEE_EI, RI curve) 0s 0.025 DT or IDMT 0.025 0.04 s No or Yes 0.5 In 0s No or Yes 0.5 In 40 In 150s 0.01 In 0.01s 40 In 150s 0.01 In 0.01s 1.5 100 s 0.025 0.01 s 150s 1.5 0.01s 0.025

I2> Trip delay time I2> TMS I2> Reset char I2> RTMS I2> tReset I2>> I2>> Current set I2>> Trip delay time I2>>> I2>>> Current set

I2>>>Trip delay time 0 s

8.8

Thermal overload protection (P126 & P127 only) Phase Current: RMS

8.8.1

Protection setting ranges


[49]Therm. OL Therm. OL I Te k Trip Alarm Alarm Setting ranges No or Yes 0.1 In 1 mn 1 50% No or Yes 50% 200% 1% 3.2 In 200 mn 1,5 200% 0.01 1mn 0.01 1%

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 16/40 8.9 Under Voltage protection (P127 only) 8.9.1 Phase or phase to phase voltage Thresholds selection mode

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

Fundamental only AND or OR (*)

Protection setting ranges (only P127)


[27] Phase Under Voltage Setting ranges 57130V Input voltage. U< U< tU< U<< U<< tU<< 220480V Input voltage. U< U< tU< U<< U<< tU<< Cortec code: P127-AX---X No or AND or OR 2V 0s 130 V 600 s 0.1 V 0.01 s

No or AND or OR 2V 0s 130 V 600 s 0.1 V 0.01 s

Cortec code: P127-BX---X No or AND or OR 10 V 0s 480 V 600 s 0.5 V 0.01 s

No or AND or OR 10 V 0s 480 V 600 s 0.5 V 0.01 s

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127 8.10 Over Voltage protection (P127 only) Phase or phase to phase voltage Thresholds selection mode Fundamental only AND or OR (*)

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 17/40

8.10.1 Protection setting ranges (only P127)


[59] Phase Over Voltage Setting ranges 57130V Input voltage. U> U> tU> U>> U>> tU>> 220480V Input voltage. U> U> tU> U>> U>> tU>> Cortec code: P127-AX---X No or AND or OR 2V 0s 260 V 260 s 0.1 V 0.01 s

No or AND or OR 2V 0s 260 V 600 s 0.1 V 0.01 s

Cortec code: P127-BX---X No or AND or OR 10 V 0s 960 V 600 s 0.5 V 0.01 s

No or AND or OR 10 V 0s 960 V 600 s 0.5 V 0.01 s

(*)

OR = trip caused by one or two or three phase start. AND = trip only caused by three phase start

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 18/40 8.11

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

Residual Over Voltage protection (P125, P126 & P127) Residual voltage: Fundamental only

8.11.1 Protection setting ranges


[59] Residual Over Voltage Setting ranges 57130V Input voltage. Ue>>>> Ue>>>> TUe>>>> 220480V Input voltage. Ue>>>> Ue>>>> tUe>>>> Cortec code: P127-AX---X No or Yes 1V 0s 260 V 600 s 0.1 V 0.01 s

Cortec code: P127-BX---X No or Yes 5V 0s 960 V 600 s 0.5 V 0.01 s

ATTENTION :

THE UE THRESHOLDS SETTING DEPEND ON THE ADOPTED WIRING SCHEME. IN CONFIGURATION/GENERAL OPTION MENU OF THE P127 RELAY YOU CAN SET THE VE INPUT DIRECTLY FROM A VT(I.E. FROM A DELTA VT) OR DERIVED FROM THE MEASUREMENT OF THE THREE PHASE TO NEUTRAL VOLTAGE (3VPN). IN THIS CASE THE UE IS CALCULATED AS:

I I I 1 Ue = xUA + UB + UC 3
THE SETTING OF THE UE THRESHOLDS MUST TAKE IN ACCOUNT THE ABOVE FORMULA. 8.12 Multishot Autorecloser function (P126 & P127) Main shots 4 independent shots

External logic inputs 6 inputs (CB opened signal, CB closed signal, manual opening command, manual closing command, blocking order, cycle activation) Internal programmable trigger from phase and earth fault on all reclosing cycles External trigger from digital input. Inhibit time on manual closing. Programmable dead and reclaim time setting.

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127 8.12.1 Multishot Autorecloser settings
[79] Autoreclose Autoreclose Ext. CB Fail Ext. CB Fail time Ext. Aux1 ((I>) Ext. Aux2 (Ie>) Ext. Block td1 Dead time 1 td2 Dead time 2 td3 Dead time 3 td4 Dead time 4 tR Reclain time Inhib Time tI Phase Cycle E/Gnd Cycle Setting ranges Yes or No Yes or No 0.01s Yes or No Yes or No Yes or No 0.01 s 0.01 s 0.01 s 0.01 s 0.02 s 0.02 s 0 0 300 s 300 s 600 s 600 s 600 s 600 s 4 4 0.01 s 0.01 s 0.01 s 0.01 s 0.01 s 0.01 s 1 1 600s 0.01 s

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 19/40

P12y/EN T04/A11 CHAPTER 4 Page 20/40

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

9.
9.1

AUTOMATION CONTROL FUNCTIONS


Cold load pickup (P126 & P127) Cold Load Pick Up Setting ranges Level tCL 100% 0.1 s 500% 3600 s 1% 0.1 s

9.2

Auxiliary timers (P126 & P127) Auxiliary timer Auxiliary timers tAux1 tAux2 2 associated to the logic Inputs Aux 1, Aux2 Setting ranges 0 0 200s 200s 0.01s 0.01s

9.3

Broken conductor detection (P126 & P127) Principle used I2/I1

9.3.1

Broken conductor detection setting ranges Broken Conductor Setting ranges Brkn.Cond Brkn.Cond Brkn.Cond Time Yes or No 20% 0s 100% 14400 s 1% 1s

9.4 9.4.1

Circuit breaker failure (P126 & P127) CB Fail setting ranges CB Fail CB Fail CB Fail Time tBF Setting ranges Yes or No 0s 10 s 0.01 s

9.5 9.5.1

Trip circuit supervision (P126 & P127) Trip circuit supervision setting ranges TC Supervision TC Supervision t Trip Circuit Setting ranges Yes or No 0.1 s 10 s 0.1 s

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127 9.6 9.6.1 Circuit breaker control and monitoring (P126 & P127) Setting ranges CB Supervision CB Open Svision CB Open time CB Close Svision CB Close time CB Open Alarm CB Open NB Amps(n) n CB Open pulse tOpen Pulse tClose Pulse 9.7 Setting ranges Yes or No 0.05 s Yes or No 0.05 s Yes or No 0 0 E6 A 1 Yes or No 0.1 s 0.1 s 5s 5s 0.1 s 0.1 s 50000 4000 E6 A 2 1 1E6 A 1 1s 0.01 s 1s 0.01 s

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AND logic equation (P126 & P127) For the AND logic equations a setting value 1 assigns the function to the equation, a setting value 0 does not assign the function to equation.

9.7.1

Timer setting ranges AND LOGIC EQUAT Tdelay EQU. A Toperator EQU. A Treset EQU. B Toperator EQU. B Treset EQU. C Toperator EQU. C Treset EQU. D Toperator EQU. D Treset 0s 0s 0s 0s 0s 0s 0s 0s 3600 s 3600 s 3600 s 3600 s 3600 s 3600 s 3600 s 3600 s 0.1 s 0.1 s 0.1 s 0.1 s 0.1 s 0.1 s 0.1 s 0.1 s

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Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

10.
10.1

RECORDING FUNCTIONS (P126 & P127)


Event recorder Capacity Time-tag Triggers 75 events 1 millisecond Any selected protection alarm and threshold Logic input change of state Setting changes Self test events

10.2

Fault recorder Capacity Time-tag Triggers Data 5 faults 1 millisecond Any selected protection alarm and threshold Fault date Protection thresholds Setting Group AC inputs measurements (RMS) Fault measurements

10.3

Disturbance recorder

10.3.1 Triggers; Data; Setting Ranges Disturbance Record Triggers Data P126 P127

Any selected protection alarm and threshold, Logic input Remote command AC input channels Digital input and output states Frequency value Default value Setting ranges 0.1 0.1 3 3 0.1 0.1

Pre-Time Post-Time Disturb rec Trig

2.5 0.5 ON TRIP

2.5 0.5 ON TRIP

ON TRIP or ON INST.

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

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11.
Type Port

COMMUNICATION (P125, P126, P127)


Relay position Physical Link Connectors Data Rate Protocol

RS485 Rear port

Screened twister Screws or pair snap-on

300 to 38400 baud ModBus RTU, (programmable) Courier, IEC60870-5-103, DNP3 300 to 38400 baud ModBus RTU (programmable)

RS232 Front port Screened twister SubD 9 pin pair female connector

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Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

12.
12.1

CURVES
General Although the curves tend towards infinite when the current approaches Is (general threshold), the minimum guaranteed value of the operating current for all the curves with the inverse time characteristic is 1.1Is (with a tolerance of 0,05Is.

12.1.1 Inverse Time Curves : The first phases (earth) overcurrent threshold can be selected with a dependent time characteristic. The time delay is calculated with a mathematical formula. In all, there are eleven inverse time characteristics available. The mathematical formula applicable to the first ten curves is :

K t = T + L (I I S ) 1
Where: t K I Is L T operation time Coefficient (see table) Value of measured current Value of the programmed threshold (Pick-up value) constant ANSI/IEEE constant (zero for IEC curves) Time Multiplier Setting Standard ALSTOM IEC IEC IEC ALSTOM C02 ANSI/IEEE C08 ANSI/IEEE ANSI/IEEE K factor 0.05 0.14 13.5 80 120 0.02394 0.0515 5.95 19.61 28.2 factor 0.04 0.02 1 2 1 0.02 0.02 2 2 2 L factor 0 0 0 0 0 0.00169 0.114 0.18 0.491 0.1215

Type of curve Short Time Inverse Standard inverse Very inverse Extremely inverse Long time inverse Short Time Inverse Moderately Inverse Long Time Inverse Very Inverse Extremely Inverse

The RI curve has the following definition:

t= K

1 0,339 0, 236 I Is

( )

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127 K setting: from 0,10 to 10 in steps of 0,05. The equation is valid for 1.1 I/Is 20. 12.1.2 Reset timer

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The first stage of the phase and earth overcurrent protections, negative sequence overcurrent and wattmetric/IeCos are provided with a timer hold facility "t Reset". It may be set to a definite time value or to an inverse time characteristic (IEEE/ANSI curves only). This may be useful in certain applications, for example when grading with upstream electromechanical overcurrent relays which have inherent reset time delays. The second and third stages for the wattmetric/Iecos protection and earth fault overcurrent protection have a definite time reset. A possible situation where the reset timer may be used is to reduce fault clearance times where intermittent faults occur. An example may occur in a plastic insulated cable. In this application it is possible that the fault energy melts and reseals the cable insulation extinguishing the fault. The permanence of the fault current pulses reduce intervals between the pulses until the fault becomes permanent. When the reset time of the relay is to minimum setting, the relay will be repeatedly reset and not be able to trip until the fault becomes permanent. By using the reset timer hold facility the relay will integrate the fault current pulses, thereby reducing fault clearance time. The mathematical formula applicable to the five curves is:

K t = T 1 (I I S )
Where: t: K: I: Is : : T: Reset time

Coefficient (see table) Value of the measured current Value of the programmed threshold (pick-up value) Coefficient (see table) Reset Time Multiplier (Rtms) between 0.025 and 1.5. Standard C02 ANSI/IEEE C08 ANSI/IEEE ANSI/IEEE K factor 0.02394 0.0515 5.95 19.61 28.2 factor 2 2 2 2 2

Type of curve Short Time Inverse Moderately Inverse Long Time Inverse Very Inverse Extremely Inverse

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Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

12.2.1 IEC Curves

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

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Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

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Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

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Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127 12.2.3 IEEE/ANSI CURVES

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Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

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Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127

Technical Guide Technical Data MiCOM P125/P126/P127 12.3 Thermal overload curves

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