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TRANSACTIONS
of the

QUATUOR

CORONATI

LODGE
"

NO. 2076, LONDON.


A
A
d

r"OM

THE

I8ABELLA

MI9SAL.

" RITI8H

MUSEUM, CIROA.

ADD. 1000

M88.
A.D.

18.801

'^i"T^^^^TT^^TTTTyr^""^^3

EBITEB

FOB

THE

OOMMITTEE
and W, J.

BY

W,

H,

BYLAND8,
P.A.G.D.a

F.8.A., P.A.Q.D.O,,

SONGHUBST,

VOLUME XXI.

H.

Kkble, Pbiktkr,
1908.

Margatk

\1077

TABLE

OF

CONTENTS.

LODGE

PROCEEDINGS.
PAGE

Friday, lOth January 1908


,

Friday, 6th

Maroh,

1908

83 73 89 204

Friday, Ut May, 1908 Wednesday, 24th June, 1908, St. John's Day in Harvest Taesday, 14th July, 1908 Thuraday, 16th July to Sanday, 19th July, 1903 (Summer Friday, 2nd October, 1908 Monday, 9th November, 1908,Festival of the Four
Crowned

Outing" Durham) Martyrs

218
...

227 254

NOTES
The

AND
A.rmorial

QUERIES.
Bearings of the Grand
to Edward

Masters

of the

Order

of Malta, from

1113 to 1536

Henry Yeuele, freemason


St. John the F.R.S. and F.L.8.

Richard III., Saint of

and Henry IV. II.,


in Scotland

65 66 66

Apostle" The Patron


Scottish Rite

Freemasonry

of Chronology

Masonry

67 68 69

Naymus
The

Grecus, a curious Mason


of the Scott

Astley's
Connection
on

Family with Freemasonry

69
...

Notes

the

Heraldry of the Gastle of Bndrum

86 179 179

Masonic

Gravestone Yeuele Great


...

Henry
Sharri

Swaffham

Lodge Popular Belief Temple

180 180
"

Tephlia
and Freemasons Irish

Cromwell

181 182

Major-General Joseph Warren


The

Origin of the Pillars

to

King Solomon's

270 270 271

Early Philadelphianvisits to Lodge St. David, Ediubnrgh Gregorian Galendar

OBITUAHY.
Achard, Dr. A. L.
184 71 Harris Leeoh Tatham 71
183

Allen,William Armitage,

John

Dr. Samuel

Atherton, Jeremiah

Baker, George Comstock Barchus, T. J. Beak, Henry Beu, John


...

72 72 272

...

Charles

Frederick

272
...

John Boswell,If a/or-Genera{

James

272 71

Braine, Woodhonse

Bramble,

GoL

James

Roger

71 272 272
184

Hooper Brough, Burdon, Jfo/or Augnstus E.


Burkitt, Hon. S"r William Chard, Ernest
James
...

Bennett

Robert

71 183 71 184

Cook, Thomas Daley, G. J.

Crabtree, Charles

Table

of

Contents.

OBllV kRY."Contlnued.
Dalrjmple, Jamea Dewell,James
Dowsc, Francis D. D. 6.

PAGE.

71 72 272 272
1^3

Rev. Robert Charles Filliugham,

Flather, W. T.

Gilks,William J.
Hovenden,
Robert John Bernhard

71 272 72 72 72 Robert 272 72

Jacoletto,Martin Eemmie,
Edward

Eing, George William Leighton,Alexander


Bruce Lightfooty

Lombard, Major Graves McGutcheoni


Dr. Charles M.

Chamney Swan

72 272 71 272 272

Main, Alexander
Matveieff, Basil Micholls,
E.

B. Maxwell
...

Moutray, Rev.J"mea
Newton,
James

272 71

Falmer, Rev. James


Sansom, Dr. Arthur Schoder, Anthony

Nelson

184

Dr. John N. Patterson, Ernest

72 72
183 183

Sinclair, Hagh William Smith, John Southam, John Thomas, John


Downes

72 72 272 72
184

Douglas

Thorley,James
Trevor-Smith, James

Watson, Daniel Ernest


"Webber, Frederick
Rev. Edward Weigall, Robert Williams, Jamea Mitford
...

272 72 71
1H4

Col. George Woodford Willock,

71

PAPERS
New

AND

ESSAYS.
on

Light
Porch

the

Oid

Piilars

which

stood
J. W.

in front

of the

of Solomon's

Temple.

By Canon

Horsloy

Descriptionof the Tabernacle,6


7 proportions,
;

Piilars dt
as

design and Temple built to same ; The Tyre, Bethel, Goza, Larnaka, Wiirzburg; Mr.
for c"r"monial piilars Their purposes, 8;
9. capitals,

Caldecott's views Their


names

to

use

of Solomon's upou them


; ;

inscribed

height ; Their
B.

Comments

by W. J. Songhnrst,11
Book of

W.

Wonnacott, 12; W. Perfect

Hextall,16.
now

An

Old

Minute

Lodge

Unanimity,

No.
19

150, Madras.
taken 22; for each Wardens
in

By H.-rbert Bradley
Buok, 10; Fines
;

D"BCovery of Minute

for
not

non-attendance,
a necessarily

20;
Past

ballot

degrce, 21
1791, 24;

Master

Warden,

conferred

degrees in the absence


Amicable relations
to

of the Master; Deacono with French

mentionod 25;

Financial

of the Lodge; Votes position

Provincial Grand

Lodges, Lodge and

Charity, 27;
30 degrees,
;

Quaint

terms

of

29; Certificates granted for expresaion,

31. Oratious,

^ahle of Cimients. PAPERS


Some
The

V.

AND
Old

ESSAYS."Gontinued,
Suburban Taverns and

PAGE.

Masonry.
London,
in the

By

J. P.

Simpson.
afc the

38

rise and

devolopment
The Blue
;

of Suburban

38; The

Lodge

Swan,

Greenwicb;

lis members

engaged

buildingof Ship,The
aod

Greenwich Crown and

40. Hospital,

Royal Anohor,

Magazine, The
41
;

Mitre,The
Crown

Sceptre,The
Potters, The
The

Woolwich, The
The Griffin, The

Anchor, Royal
The

Tavern Artillery

Deptford, The
Swan, The Head, The

Oxford

Arms,
;

JoUy

White

Swan,

Jamaica

HoQse, 42
and

Southwark, Cade,
43 ;

George, The
The

Buirs

Three The Old

Tuns, Marshalsea
White Crown Hart and

Tap-honse, The
Jack

KiDg's Arms",
Lambeth,

The

Queen's Head, Marinera,The

Three

Cushion,The Crown,
The
45 ;

Cuper'sGardons
Turk's Head

and The

Featheis, The

Wheatsheaf, 44; Wandsworth, King'sArms,


;

and the Garratt "lection,The

The

Red

House,
The

Putney, The
The

Bowling Green,

Summer

Meetings,46
The

Richmond,

Red

The Lion, Origin of the sign, The Crioketerjj,

Dog,

Talbot, The

The Feathers, Castle,

Greyhound,
The Star The

The and

Toy Tavern, Harapton Court, 47;


Garter, 48
;

Brentford, The
Windsor
stone

Lion,

Hammersmith,
;

The

Castle,The

Angel,

King's
laid

CofiFee-Honse Duke

The

fonndation Bell and

of Hammersmith
;

Bridge

by
Old

the

of Sussez, The The

Anchor, 49
The Rose

Kensington,The
Crown;
Saltero's Duke
of

Red

Lion, The King'sArms, Swan, 50;


Old Cheshire The

Greyhound,
BunCremorne Old Black

and

Chelsea,The
York, The

Old Chelsea

House,

Don The

The CofiFee-Honse, Old

Eing's Arms, Cheese,


The The

Gardons,
The

Horse, The

Magpie

and

Stump,
Gun and Sun

The

Duke's

Head,

Cadogan Arms, Mooster, 51


The Red
;

Mulberry Gardons, The


Park and Horce Manor

Tavern, The

Flask, The

Uyde
Lion
^

Corner, The
Richard and Hoise

Falcon,The
Red

Running Horse, Rion,


The Star and

Steele;Paddingtoo, The
Sacks, The
Tavern
;

Wheatsheaf, Garter,
The

The The Duel Half

Pontefraot

Castle, The
Lord and

Marylebone, The
and Adam

Gardons, The Mohun,


The

Rose, and

between Moon
;

the Duke Totteuham

of Hamilton

Cannon, The
Red

Court, The

Ere, 52;
The 53
;

The
;

Lion, The

Talbot, The Coachmakers'

Arms,

The

Arms Carpenters' G"teThree

Clerkenwell,The
Tavern,
Old

Priory of
The Red

St. John

of J"rusalem, The Red

House, Cups,

J"rusalem

Lion, The
The

Bull, The

The Islington, The Bull, The

Queen's Head, TheKingof Swearing


Wells and

King's Head, Horns, The


Golden

The

Crown,

The

Pied

Ship,
The

Prussia,Canonbury Tavern, 54; Highgate,


the Castle and

Gate-House,

upon

Lodge

No.

79; Hampstead, Bush, Jack

Tavern, The

Spikes,The
J.

Flask,The
The and

Upper Bowling Songhnrst,67.

Green

the Kit-Cat Comments

Club, The King's Head, by


W.

Bull and W. J.

Straw's

Castle.

Hughan, 56;

Notes

on

Freemasonry
the
to Dr. Thomas

in Cork
Mr.

City. By

T. J. 58

Westropp
;

...

59

Papers in

possessionof
addressed

Dudley Westropp,
Th""tre

Letter

from

Lord

Donoughmore
Poem benetit,

Westropp, 59;

tickets for Lee

Sugg's

to Dr. Thomas

Westropp, 61.

Two

Editors
John

of the
Editor

Booi"
of the

of Constitutions.
1756 and with

By

". L. Hawkins... His


;

76

Entick,
on

Edition, His cons"quent


law Sun

Life,76;
suit, 77
at

writings,
Masonio 01iver*s

attacks
career,

the
;

Government

His

79

His connection
to

the

Lodge

Shadwell,Dr. membership

r"f"rences

him, 8"; John


His writings,

Noorthouok, Editor
Masonio
career,

of the 1784

His Edition, of the W.

Life, 81; His

82; His
J. Chetwode

Lodge

of

88. Antiqnity,

Comments

by

W.

Crawley and

B. Hextall, 84.

VI.

table AND
on

ofContents.
paob.

PAPERS
Notes

ESSAYS."Gontinued.
the

Society of Gregorians.
d'

"The Originof the word Oregoriaii, the

Bj w. H. Rylands Merry Grcgs" compared with "Roger


...

91

Grigg " in Tom

Urfey's Wit and


"n 1730, A

Mirth,

91 ; The

Gregoriansproat St. Alban's

bably exiated in London 1730,92; R"f"rences


stitated in

Chapter constitnted
The Queries^

in

in Notes, and

Cheap Side Chapter cun-

1736,The Constitutional Songin Bickham's Pope's


Head An

1742,

The

Musical EntertaincTy in London, 1742, R"f"rences in the Chapter,

Bunciad, 1742, 93;

preached by Farmerie
95 The

engrared list of Chapters circa 1750, Sermon Maltus, 1752, 94; R"f"rences in Smollet's TraveU Bermondsey, 96
Prince
a

and Crabbe's The BoroughyDinner- ticket of 1787, throughFrance and Italy,


;

Gregor"an Arms,
of Sir Edward

The

Chapter
;

at

Norwich,
in

Portrait Norwich

Astley, Grand
;

of the

Order, 97
of

R"f"rences

New"papers, 1761-1805, 98 Chapter,100


;

William

Grand Gloacester, Wakefield

of the Norwich

Lord

Nelson and

Member,

101 ; The

Chapter Constitnted

1796, Raies

R"gulations,102; Bye-laws, 104;


Comments

108; List of Members, 124. Medals,107; Engraved sammons, 130; E. H. Dring, 132 ; S. T. Klein,136. by W. B. Hextall,

Masonic
Hextall The
"
...

Pantomime
...

and

eome
...

other

Plays.
...

By

W.

B.
138
...

Harleqnin Freemason Song, said


Freemason
"

''

at Covent

Gardon Words introduced

Th""tre, December, 1780,


of the

Descriptionof the Pantomime, 138;


Coachman's
to

Songs, 139;
; The

The cession Pro-

hav^e been

in 1781, 152 Probable

of the
"

PrincipalGrand
at

Masters, 153;

Cast, 154; The dedication.


Rufns

G"nerons

the

Performance

at Bartholemew

Haymarket, Fair, 1730, 155; William

1731, Masonic

156; Masonic

"The prologuesand "pilogues,

Chetwood, Freemason," by John Lane,

157;
The

"

The

Freemason," by J. P. Hart, 158.

IVIS.,1675. Henery Heade By E. L. Hawkins... Descriptionof book containing the MS., in Inner Temple Library,161; of the Henery Comparison with the William Watson MS., 162 ; Transcript
...

161

Heade

MS., 163; Notes, 169.


and

Freeman
of

Lodge
...

Cowan, with sp"cial r"f"rence Canongate Kilwinning. By


... ...

to Alfred
...

the
A.

Records
Arbuthnot
...

Murray Canongate

185

L"gal Statas and Constitution


a

of Craft

of Scotland, 185; incorporations of


to trade non-operatives
;

Burgh like Edinburgh, Admission


not

did incorporations

make
a

the latter

186 societies, sp"culative


or

mason Free-

by The Records incorporations,


arose

Lodges
of

process of of the which

bndding

s"gr"gation from the trade

of Wrights,Coop"ra and Incorporation

Masons 187
;

sprang Lodge Canongate Kilwinning, 188 ; The Freeraan's Oath, 189 ; Meeting placesof the Incorporation, with illustrative Craft,
extracts

Canongate from

Acts of

from

Minutes,190; Classifications
d"rivation of

of workmen, the word

195; Status

of the Cowan,

196; Meaning and

Cowan, 202.

The

Taylor

IVIS.

Pr"face, By William Watson Commentary, By W. J. Hugban scroll, Its former

...

...

211
212

...

...

Description of the
Provincial Grand MS. with Alnw"ck 214. and

ownership, 211

Presentod

to

Lodge of West
Gateshead

Yorkshire, 212; Taylor MS.

compared

MS., 213

of the TaylorMS., Transcript

Table

of

Contents.

'

vii.
page.

PAPERS
Summer

AND

ESSAYS."Coritinued. Outing, July, 1908.


Phoenix
;

By S. Walehe

Owen

...

...

218

Masonic

r"ception at Snnderland, 219;


The Bede M"morial

6t. Peter's

Church, MonlcwearHall, The Cathedra!,


;

moath, The
'

Lodge, 220; Dnrharo,The Masonic


;

The 223.

Castle, 221

Barnard

222 Castle,

Baby Castle,

Early Masons'
Gontract 225
;

Contracts

at

Durham.

By E. H. Dring
and John and

...

225

between

the Prior of Darham

Bell, Mason, dated 1488,

Other

indentures

preserved in the Registry of the Dean

Chapter,

Darham, 226.
The Man
The Earl

of Taste

; a

Satire

of 1733.

By W.
the Duke

B. Hextall of Chandos and

...

230

Building of Canons, Bivalry between


of Burlington,
"

the

Pope's Epistle,Hogarth's Caricatures,230; James


231 Taste," Dr. Desagniiers, Figg,prize-fighter, ; James 233 ; James Miller's Freemasonry and Royal Society, the Th""tre

Bramston's

Man

of
;

Colley Cibber, 232


"

Man

of Taste"

at

Royal, Drury Lane; Pope's r"f"rence


the

to

Freemasonry in oonjunctionwith
J. P.

Royal Sooiety,235

Comments

by

Simpson, 236; Canon

J. W.

Horsley, 237; W. J. Hughan and W.

Wonnacott, 238.

Henry

Yveie,
in

The

King's Master
...

Mason,
...

1320-1400.
...

By
at work

W.
...

Wonnacott R"f"rences St.


"

244

Constitutions

"

of 1723 The

and

1738, 244

Tvele

on

Stephen'sChapel, Westminster;
William
a

of 1356| His connection Jury-list


at Westminster

with

of

Wykeham,
at

245; His work

Abbey; OwnerII.,Work
;

ship of
in the The

quarry

Purbeck, 216; Patents from Street, and


;

Richard

at St.

Dunstan*s

Church, Thames

247 Cowling Castle, Porch of Westminster

His property
;
a

City of London, 248


tomb of Anne
at

The

West

of

Bohemia,

250;

Westminster

Abbey, 249 Hall, Yvele as

designer ; His work


His

251 King'sHall,Cambridge, and Queenboro'Castle,

Will,252.

Installation AddreSS.

By John T. Thorp.

...

...

257

The

Toast

of "The

WorshipfuI

Master."

By F. H. Goldney
First

...

261

Two
"

Anclent Soiomon'S

Legends concerning Temple." By John


the Arabs and

the
Yarker.

Temple,
...

termed
264 to

Legends among
the Insect

the Accadians

of

Babylon, R"f"rences

Shermah, 261
;

Talmud, 265

Fratres Lmcxs, Legends in the Babylonian ; The Legends from the Book Yalkut, 268.

REVIEW.
Transactions of the Lodge of Research for the year 1907-8 Leioester, No. 2429,
...

W. J.

Hughan

...

177

INDEX.

PAOB.

PAOIC.

Adoption, Gertificate of Lodge of


Ancients, Banner with Lodge of Astley'sTh""tre A thol Warrant of 176 1
...

Exhibits
220 69 74
2

:-

arma

of Grand

Audit

Beport

Bail,R"signationof Rev. G. J. Ballot, separate for each Degree Bartholomew Fair, Masouic Play at Bishops,Meeting of Mason Burlington,the "arl of, as an Archi... ...

255 21 155 205 241

teet

...

Ganonbury
Ganons Fark

Tavernand

Gountry

FeastR

54 230

Chapters

(R.A.)

referred

to:" 72 37 229 177


34

Kiog Solomon. Louisville


Kingston, Jamaica
...

Eilwinuing in the Sast No. 9, Bristol Ph"nix, Paris Ramsey, Lacknow Sandeman, "llahabad Shakespeare,Dublin Bradford Sincerity, Gonstitutions of 1756 1784
...

184
184

...

...

74 184 79
83 58

"

Gork, Freemasonry

in

Gountry Feasts Meetings of Lodges "


Stewards Gowan and Freeman MeaniDg of the Word ,, Status of, in Scotland " Gowling Gastle, Building of of Scotland Graft Incorporations
,,
...

54, 55
46 56 185 202 196 248 185 181
13

Gromwell Gub

and

Freemasons
...

...

t, Length of
or

Deacon

Eirkmaster

185
24

Degrees conferred Durham,


"

by Wardens

Rectorof Desaj^uliers,

Early
Summer

Parva Stanmore Goutracts at Masons'

237
225

Oating
Officers

...

218
24

Election

of Lodge

...

Engraved List of Lodges


Exhlbits:-

...

5,263

Apron, Gombination
Red
" " "

of R.A. and

Gross of

Babylon

229 256 255

Engraved
Engraved
...

DarmGrand stadt No. 244 " of Prince Mur"t Banner Bye-'aws, Mercian Lodge Gertificate, Lodge of Adoption Hyman Gohen " Isaac Venu " R.A. at Paris " Gharts, Order of Misraim Engraved List of Lodges, Facsimil" of 1735 Edition Freemason's Accusation and
...

French Lodge of

256
5

74
4

36 37
5 34 36

P"f ence

Index.
PAGE.

IX.

Exhibits;-

Warrant,

"

Ano"ents,"

Lodge
74 90 34
20

No. 87 Warrant, for St. John's Lodge, Gonnecticut Warrant, Order of Misraim Fines for non-attendance at Lodge Foundation Stone of Hammersmith Bridge laid hj Duke of Suasex and Cowan Freeman Freeman's Oath Freemasonrj and the Royal Society... to the King Freemasou Freemasons and Jaoobites F.B.S. and F.L.S.
... ... ...
...

!
'

49 185 189 233


65

I '
'

...

237 66 164 179


40

j
I
I

G"nerons Freemaaon, The Grave Stone, Masonic Greenwich Freemasons oonHospital, nected with Buildingof Gregor"an Calendar Gregorians, Chapters of the Society
...

i
,

271
94
, ,

" "

Societyof
Sir Edward Astley, Grand of the Society William of Prince Grand of the Glouoester,
...

''
100
I

"

Society
Medals of the Gregories, Societyof the Gregs, The Merry
"
...

102

Society

107
...

131,133
93

Hammersmith Bridge, Foundation Stone laid by Duke of Snssex Harlequin Freemason Harodim Henery Heade MS.
...

49
138
I

84, 221
161

I
I

Heraidry at Budi-um
John T. Thorp.. Installation A^ddress, Imm"diate Past Master, Position of
...

63,86
257 22 237
...

Jaoobites and

Freemasons

Eing's Master

Mason, The

...

244 264 263


43

I
.

Legends conoerniogSolomon's Temple List of Lodges, "ncients Lodge at the Marshalsea Lodges in Scotland, Origin of Lodges, List of Ancients
** "
...

I I I

^*

"

187 263

Lodges

referred to

:"

Amity, London Anchor and Hope, Bolton London Antiqnity, Louisvillo Antiquity,
...

44,90
178

82, 237
72 227 59
59

Ardente Bandou

Amiti", Kouen

Bantry Harrow, Temple Bar Garden Bedfqrd Head, Govent


Bear and

240
239 180

Britannia, Sheffield

...

Britannio, London Bull and Bntcher. Rag Fair Oaledonian, London Canongate and Leitb
... ...

...

46 263 37 74

Oanongate Kilw"Dning Castle,of Harmony, London Oaveac, liOndon


Charle ville
...

70, 185
37
...

48

Clonakilty London Gonstitntional,


...

69 59

Cork

44,50 59, 221

Index,
PAGE. PA6R.

Lodges
St. St. St. St.

referred James's

to:

"

Persons
... ...

referred
...

to

"

Union, London
...

John'B, Connecticut John's, London Lake'a, London Scientific, Binpley


... ...

52 90

...

43, 56
^^ 183

'

...

...

Sooon Scots Arms,

and

Perth

...

Hay Market
...

...

Shakespeare, Dublin... Silurean, Ludlow


Skibbereen... Star of the East, Capetown Sun, Upper Shadwell Swan, Greenwich
...

...

60, 2L3 263 74


4

Baird, John Baker, G. Corastock Bail, Ber. C. J Barchus, T. J. Barker, John Barnard, Lord Bartone, Symon B"tes, Col.
...

...

...

...

...

...

..

...

...

...

...

199 72 255 72 127 223 245


100

...

...

...

...

...

59 37
80 40 55

|
.

Bauchop, John
Baudwen, William Beak, Henry

...

...

199
125

...

...

...

..

272
251

...

...

...

Swan, Hampatead Swan, Lonp: Acre Temp"rance, London

...

...

|
i

Beanchamp. Sir John Begemann, Dr. W.


Bell,Capt. Bell,John Bell,Seymour Bennett, William
... ...

...

...

...

66,244
28

...

...

...

...

233
42 263 54

...

...

225

...

...

...

227,255
226
25 46

Thirteen Cantons London Grand Principles, Three Three Sugar Loaves, Smitht"eld
...
...

...

...

263
59
i

Tralee

...

...

...

TripleHope, Isle of France Brewers, Holborn Two Unanimity, Wakefield Union, Jamaica Union Waterloo, Woolwich United Marinera, London London United Traders',
...

...

...

...

...

24 263 211 37
41
!

Bern"s,Bro. Berry,Ifr. Best, Godfrey


...

...

...

...

...

...

...

Best, William Beu, J. C. F.

...

...

...

...

Biggs,A. E.... Bingley,Robert


Blake, Peter Bland, Joseph Bohemia, Anne of Bol ton, Duifce0/ Bolton, Edmnnd Bornwlaski, Count

...

..

250 37 272 9 127


252 240

...

...

43
...

...

...

...

...

40
...

250
... ...

Valentia Vedra, Sunderland


...

59
... ...

44
... ...

222
... ...

252
... ...

Vernon,

BishopsgateStreet

263
...

221
... ... ...

"Westbourne, London...
...

51
...

and Westminster Keystone, London White Hart, Shug Lane Wiltshire, Devizes
...

Bosanqoet.i"ev. R. A.
Boswell. Gen. J. J. Boutflower, Rev. D. S.
...

53

I '

...

75 272
220

...

...

...

...

Youghal

...

...

...

263 229 59 62
230 225 244
I

Bradley,Herbert
Braine, Woodhouse

...

...

...

...

Mal ta. Armoriai ManofTaste Masons' Contracts at Durham Master Mason, The King's Medals of the Gregorians Medal presentedto Dr. W. J. Chetwocjle
... ... ... ...
.. ... ...

Bearings of Order

of

Bramble, Coi. J. R. Bramston, James Brandon, Gregory


Bredone, Thomas Broker, Nicholas Brooke, Edward

...

...

19 71 71

...

...

233.236
94 245

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

107
254

.."

...

Crawley
M"morial

Brookhouse,J. C. Brough, B. H.
Bronn, John

...

...

...

...

...

..

...

...

to General

Meyerbeer,Member
Misraim,
Order MS. Constitutions Nomination Warrants of
...
..

of

Joseph Warren... a Frenoh Lodge


isaued
...

182

...

37
34

under
...

Brown, Harry Brown, William

...

...

...

250 126 66 272 197 271 126


230

Brydges,James
Bullen, William Bullmer, William Burdon, Major A. E. Burlington, J"or" of Barkitt, Sir W. R. Burne, James
...

...

...

...

161,211
30

...

...

...

...

127 75 272

of Warden

...

...

...

...

...

230,241
184 190

Oath, The Freeman's OflScera of Lodges elected Old Charges


...

...

...

189
24

...

...

...

..

...

...

...

...

161,211
138

Byrom, John
Cade, Jack Calcott,Wellins
Caldecott, Rev.

...

233, 236, 242


43
...

...

4
...

...

Pantomime, Persons

Masonic referred
to:"

...

...

Achard, A. L. Addey, George


Aitkine, James

184
... ... ...
.

...

127
192

...

...

Allen, W.J. Anderson, Thomas


Arbuthnot.
Dr.

...

...

...

71 199
239

John...
...

...

W. S. Campbell, Dr. A. E. Campkin, H. H. Carnarvon, Marquis of of the Carnatio, Nawah Chadwiok, Rev. Charles Charnier, Bro. Chamberlin, J. W. Chambers, W.
... ... ...

...

6, 178
210 2

...

...

230
... ...

...

27 180
22 2

...

...

74
... ...

...

Armitage, F. Arraitage,Joseph Armitage, S. H. T.


Ashmole, Elias

...

...

...

...

...

270 127 71
46

...

...

Astley,Sir Edward Astley,Phillip Atherton,J. L.


Ayttonne,
Hector

...

...

97,108
69
183 200

...

...

Chandos, Dwfce of Chard.E.J. Charlesworth, John Charnock, Thomas Chaucer, Geoffrey Cherche, Richard
...

...

230,240
71
211

...

125
...
...

249
... ...

249
.. ...

...

...

Cherry,T.

2
...
...

...

...

...

Chetwood, W. B.

...

...

Pain, G.

W....

...

...

178

Child,Stephen

...

...

154 37

"nde
PAGE.

Porsons

referred

to

:-

PersonS

referred

to:"

Jnd( ejr.
PAG".

Perdons

referred

to:

"

Persons

referred to:-

"n"eJt

X111.

PAGE.

PerSOnS

referred

to:-

Persons

referred

to

:"

Indi nder,.
Persons
referred to:"
PAGE. PAGfi

Whitoej, Thomas Whytehead, T. B.


Wickham, William Williams, R. J. Willock, Coi. G. W Wilson, George Wilson,George
of

81,85
2 245

184 71 127 189


191 5

R"signationof Rev. C. J. Bail in Paris nnder Royal Arch worked Grand from Lodge of powers PennsylTania
... ... ... ...

255

36 66 70 67
1 80

Wilson,Matthew
William Wilson, William Withey, T. A.

WiUon,

193 75
...

St. John the Apostle Scott Family and Freemasonry Scott ish Rite Masonry, Chronology of Sharri Tephlia, The G rand Solomon's Temple, Pillars in front of Masonry in the Masons' Sp"culative
... ...
... . .

...

6,270
238

Wonnacott.W. Wren, Sir G. Wrewk, Thomas Wright, W. H. S. Wylot, John


Yarker, John Yeaele, Henry

12, 239, 244


40

Summer
"

247
2 245 264

Company Meetings of Lodges Outing,Dnrham


... ...
...

...

...

46 218

65, 179
241 244

Yvele,flenry Zeveley, Henry


Pillars in architecture Fillars of Solomon's Temple
"

formed designof Solomon's Temple TaylorMS. Temple, Bnilt to Design of Tabernacle Legendsconcerning Solomon's " Tabernacle
... ... ...

...

...

211 6
264

"

Pillars in front of Solomon's

6, 270
74
220

6,270

}i

Origin of
J. Ghetwode

Plays,Masonic
Pr"sentation
to

270 138
254

Tracing-Boardsby John Harris Ph"nix Tracing Boards, Lodge,


...

Dr. W. F. H.

Orawley
Pr"sentation
to

Sunderland Trade Incorporations of Scotland


...

...

185
...

Goldney
...

254 22 251
...

for Master^s Chair Qualifications Queenborough Castle,Building of

Wardens nominated by Master Westminster of Hall, Building Will of Henry Yvele


...

...

30
251

...

...

252

ILLUSTRATIONS.
PAGE. PAGK.
,

Ancients " Lodges,Engravod List of 263 255 Apron, French "ngraved Grand 256 Lodge of Darmstadt " with designin Indian ink 256 " Portrait of 8ir Edward 97 Astley, I I 222 Barnard Castle 64 Dr. Dodd Book-Plate, : Peter Gilkes 176 " 230 BurlingtonG"te j 236 Byrom, Portrait of Dr. John 4 Bye-Law8, Morcian Lodge Chandos 241 Tomb R.A. Paris Certificates, 34, 36 64 Dodd, Book-Plate of Dr. I Durham Castle 220 Cathedral 218 " "ngraved List of Lodges 263 76 Eutick,Portrait of John I Silurean 4 Goblet, Lodge of Portrait F. H. Goldney, Frontifipiece 93 GregorianConstitntional Song 95 "ngraved List of Chapters Gregorians, Henery Heade M S. 161,168 271 Jewel, Oddfellow's...
... ...

"

Portrait of Str Edward Astley Dr. John Byrom " " John Entick " " F. H. Goldney " " " Print of a Free Mason Procession of St. James's Tarbolton Baby Castle Richmond in 1720 St. Paneras in 1750 Seal of Budrum Seal,unidentified in 1542, Map of Southwark
... ...

...

...

...

97 236 76

Frontispiece
...

"

...

4 158 222 46 52 88 228 42 256 105 48

Lodge,
... ...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

..

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

Summons, Sommons,
ians
...

"ngraved
Wakefield
...

...

...

Chapter,Gregor..
... "

'

...

Taverns, London and Subnrbs : Bell and Anchor, Hammersmith... Gun, Pimlico Jamaica House, Rotherhithe Eing's Arms, Southwark
... ...

...

50
42 44 54 54 44 46 48 42 44

...

...

Jewels,"ngraved

...

5,74,75 229,256
4 263 230
...

Jewels,Mercian Lodge Lodges, "ngraved List of


Man
of Taste

King's Head, Islington Queon's Head, Islington Queen's Head, Southwark Red House, Battersea Swan, Cheleca Swan, Deptford White Hart, Southwark Windsor Castle, Hammersmith
...
... ...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

48

in 1542 Marshalsea Prison Mary lebone in 1750 Masonic Token, Wm. Busher, Banbnry Medal, Amiti" Bienfaisence Dr. W. J. ChetwodeCrawley " Seb. Cramoisy " Entrepreneurs de Ma"onnerie " Count Goblet d'Alviella " St. John's Lodge, ConMeeting.Place, necticut at Column Persepolis, Pillar at J"rusalem,Capitalof
... ... ... ...

Map of Southwark

42 44 52 228 228 255 228 228


,

TaylorMS. Temple, Caldecott's re-construction


...

...

212
8

of
...

'

Solomon's

...

...

Temple, Pillars

at Solomon's
... ...

...

8, 11
4 4 256 256

Tobacco Box Trade Card, John

...

34
'

Hutcheson, London Mathews, Oxford " ,, Procter, London " " Warrant, ** Ancients," Lodge No. 87 St. John's Lodge, Connecticat "
Westminster
to
... ...

...

...

...

74
90 251

90
8

Abbey, Porch Transept I Whitchurch,St. Lawrence


I
...

N.
...

...

241

2
The Minutes.

Transactions of Hio Quatuor Coronati Lodgo.

Reportof

fche Audit

Gommittee,

ae

was followe,

approred and ordered to be entered iipon the

PERMANENT
The Committee ."Bros.
met at

AND
the Holborn

AUDIT
on

COMMITTEE.

Restaurant,

Mondaj, the 6th day of January, 1908.


J. W.

J. P.

Sir A. H. Markhani, Canon Simpson, E. L. Hawkins, W. J. Sooghurst,Secretary; and A. S. Gedge, Auditor. The

PrMcnf

G.

Greiner,in the Chair; Admirai

Horsley,
had been

exarained The

Secretary produced his books and tlie Treasnrer's and certified as being correct. by the Auditor,
Committee

acconnts

and

vouchers,which

agreed upon the following


REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1907.

Bbethrkk,
In the
our presenting

Annual

Report, we

must

again conprratulate yuu upon

the work

done

during

past year.
We h"ve had
to

d"plore the loss by death


name

of

Bro.

Thomas with

Bowman the

Master

of the

Lodge.

His

will be

oonnccted indissolubly

Whytehead, a Past History of Freemasonry in

York,

to wh"ch he was for long an accepted authority. On the other hand Bro. Henry Fitzpatrick as Berry,Litt. Doc, bas been admitted,leavingthe total number at 35.

In the among New whom whom Zealand h"ve We

death bas also removed Correspondence Circle, may


;

number
;

of valued

members,

prom"nent

be roentioned H. S.

Bros. John

Pyrah, of Hnddersfield
in the"r

K. A.

of Invercarg^ll, Gerstenkorn,

W.

Wright, of St. Paul, Minnesota; and C. Trevor


as

Mold, of Buenos

Aires; ail of

done h"ve

excellent work also to

Local Secretaries

districts. respective

Parker, of Nikosia, Cyprus


bave been

of Elizabeth, New Jersey; F. H. report with regret that Bros. R. A. Shirreffs, of and B. W. J. N.B. ; of Mackay, Ha%vick, Cowan, Eindness, Queensland ; ;

to th"se brethren
new

and we take this opportunityof expressing to resign their Local Secretaryships, labour expended on behalf of the Lodge. The following ul thanks for much gratef appointments h"ve been made during the year : Bro. Seth L. Pope, of Portiand, Oregon ;

compelled
our

Bro. H. H.

H.

E. Deats, of Fleroington,New Jersey; Bro. T. Cherry, of Mackay, Queensland; Bro. Campkin, of Indian Head, Assiniboia; Bro. Royal A. Gove, of Tacoma, Washington; Bro. James Zealand
;

New Maogregor, of Inverc"rgill, Four other hand hundred 286


net
names

and

Bro. J. W. h"ve

Chamberlin, of St. Paul,Minnesota.


to the

and seventy-seven bave been removed h"ve

names

been added

Correspondence Circle.
is the

On

the

in cons"quence
now
a

of death, r"signation, or the list of

non-payment of dues, largestthat bas

making
ever

increaae of 192.

We

total

on

3308, which

been

reached.
to our

Notwithstanding this largeaccession


so
as satisfactory

numbera, the acconnts


brethren the
a

herewith
were

submitted
arrears

are

not

they should
the books

be, owing to the fact that 673


were

in

with
on

their the

when snbscriptions

closed

on

30th

1907

acoount

alone.

Althoagh it is expected that

November last,"335 large part of this amount

being due
will

eventuallybe

it is "vident that many will bave to be removed, but it is hoped that the wastage will names collected, work. be made up by the introduction of brethren who will take a real interest in our It is wh"ch
were

to satisfactory

note that nearly 200 brethren h"ve made of the Banker's Order Forme use and it is hoped that others who bave Banking accounts in the United recentlydistribnted,

Kingdom will take advantage of this method


The
new

of

making their annual payments.


into

fee of twenty-oneshillings came joining (which includes the firstyear's subscription) Ist December,

on op"ration our

1907,but it is too earlyyet to form

any

opinionas

to its probable effect upon

accounts.

The

assets

comprised in the

accounts

for last year,

as

in former

years, do

not include

the stock

of Tranaactiona^ of the

Antiquarian Reprints,of Facsimiles

of varions

copiesof the Old Constitutions,nor

Library and Mus"um, upon which alone nearly one


We d"sire again to call the full
a

thoueand

pounds h"ve already been expended.


to the

attention of members sp"cial

of largestock of the publications TranaacHons, its The sale of th"se

the

Lodge, of which
would

are particulars

given

on

the

covers

of the
to extend

books

establish

fund

which

would For the

enable the

Lodge

op"rations greatly. GREINER,


in the Chair.

Committee,

GOTTHELF

Audit
BALANCE
Li"bUities, J" To Life Members
"

and "eport

"a"ance Shee". November,


1907.
Asseta,

SHEET.^SOth

s.

d.

" 967 168

8.

d.

Jt

8.

d.

"

s.

d.

(148 Members) Payments received in advance


Balance in hand

...

16

By Cash

at Loudon

and

ing County Bank72 16


...

...

17

7
,,

Co., Oxford "1,300 Consols

Street
at 89 per cent.

1
0

"

Correspondence

Circle, 1907.
306 12 2

1157

,f

Sundry Debtors for Subscriptions


in 1907
arreurs
"

"

as Subscriptions Outstandiog

per

contra
,1

Correspondence
335 127 48
32 1 3 1 3 0 0

Summer

f,

Oating Balance Sundry Greditors... Sundry Publications Lodge Account Beceipts Payments
"

Circle 1906 ditto 1905 ditto 1904 ditto 1903 ditto 1902 ditto 1901 ditto

ft

7
15 8 4

19
3

6 0

110 566 19 10 8 10
5 1 0

Add

Cr"dit Balance,1906

Sundry Debtors for Publications Sundry Publications


Profit and Loss

45 141

Deficiency

123

"2106

11

BROFIT

AND

LOSS.-For

the

year

ending

30th

November,

1907.

This Balance

Shect

does not is

and Office Furniture, and Sheet and Profit and

include tbe value of tbe Library and Muscum, Stock of Transactions the above Balance subjectto the realization of Asseis. I h"ve examined witli the Books and Vouchers of the the Lodge, and certify
same to

Loss Account

be correct, and in accordance

therewith. Alf"ed s.

Gedge,
Accountantf 3} Great James

Chartered

Street)
Bedford

8Uth

1907. Deceniber,

Row, W.C

4 Bro. Canon

Trannactiousof the Quatuor Cnrouuti


Hobslby inform"e!
at

Lo""je.
of tho

the

Brethren

that the date

Moson-Bishops as moy Tuesday, 14th Jnly.

be in London

the time

of the

siich Meeting to welcome had been fixed for Pan-Anglican Conf"rence

The

Secrctarycalled attention to the following

EXIIIBITS.

By

Bro. John Glass

Palmer, Ludlow.
Gohlkt, raade for thoSilarean
Bro. Lane, in his ''Masonic

Lodge Ko. 576,which Records," says


The This
*'

was

constituted at 1801 the

Kington,Hereford1804

in 1791. shire, "divided


"

About
was

Lodge separated,and by the goblet


of tlie of the

the fnnds
to
a

amongst

its members. for "22

Lodge furniture
accounts in

sold in the year

Treasnrer Ludlow.

person
was

in Ludlow

lOs. 6d."
of

for the appearance 18S7. The

at

It

presented to the Lodge

tBe Marches

warrant original

Silurean

the cr"ation of the 2l8t

of the Lodge of the Marches, and appears to h"ve been used for Lodge is also in ihe possession a ncw Lodge at Ludlow in 1805, which was called the "Mercian," and was diseolved on

October,1828. Lodge No. 485.


The box bears the date 1815, when the

ToBACco-Box, presentedto the Mercian


number had been

changed
in tho

to 528.

jKWEr^s, now

of the Lodge of the Marches. possession the


ones original

Thosc

of the W.M., The

8.W., J.W.,

Treasnrer, and Secretaryare


silver and paste
was

of the Silurean of the Mercian

Lodge of Kington. Lodge


to Bro. J. B.

P.M.

jewel

in

presentedby

the Brethren

Morris,W.M.

for the

firstfourteen years

of its existence.

MS. 1864.

Bye-Laws

of the Mercian

Lodge, dated 1805, and presentedto the Lodge of the Marches

in

By Bro. Sampson
"

Foqo, Manchester.
Accusation
a

The

Free-Masons

and

Defrnce. in the

In Six Genuine

Lettkrs. The
are

Between

Gkktlkis

"

MAX

in the

Country, and his Son


London Printed

Student

Temple. Wiikrkin

whole

AfFair of Masonry

"

debated, and ail the Arguments for and againstthat Fhaternity fairly
handled. the
:

cnrioualyand impartially
at
rare

"

for J. Peele, at LocfeeVHead

in Pa^er-no""cr- Rom;; and N. Blandfohd


a

"

London-Oazettey Charing-Cross. 1726.

This is (PriceSix-pence.)"

perfect copy of this

pamphlet.
Tradk Bill of John

Hutchison,inserted in Calcott's

**

Candid

of 1769. Disqnisition,"

r/^/^^

,sr. tipiier,
"
'

"B.

L^braries put

in Oi"lcrflOn

reafonable Terms

Sfc^

Ars

Quatuor Coronatorim.

0) o

ce

Ar8

Quatdor Coronatorom.

T H K

GIF

"

MERCIAX

BROTH,i.K

5 " y

KBWARD KBWAl

WELLIMGS.

l"I.-._-..:-.
i""A.
Byk-Laws of tlie extinct Mercian

Lodge

of Ludiow.

Jewels

in the

of pf)8^e88ion

the

Lodge

of tUt*

Ludiow. \" h tri tes,

Kxhihitfi. CoLOURED
Peint of
"

Free

Mason

"; publishedby S. and F. Fuller, London, 1823.

Exgrave

Jewbl, inscribed

on

the r"m

"

William

Wilson, Past Master."

By

Bro. Harry Leather

Guy, London. "pron, edged with


the red

ribbon, square

and

compass"s

in red

silk in the centre, and

"

No. 244

"

on

flap.

By

Bro. E. Lionkl

Reynolds,

Slough.
Lodge
of

Certificate, United
member Paul's" of

Grand

England, issued

to

Isaac

Venn is

on one

3rd

April,1815, as
'*

Lodge

No.

875, at the Cock


It
*'

and

Bell,Bomford, Essex.
5827 A.L."

This

of the E0-cal1ed

St.

certificates.

was

not

and signed by the r"cipient, Obit 1827 A.D.

in the space

provided for that purpose

there bas been written

Deceased.

By Bro. E. L. Hawkixs,
Facsimile This is the

St. Leonard's-on-Sea. List


of

of Pink's Engraved

Lodoes, from

the

in the Bodleian original

Library,Oxford.

only copy known

of the 1735

"dition.

Presented

to the

Lodge.

By Bro. John

Church,

London.

Old Eilver

Collar.Jlwkls, of W.M., P.M., S.W., and J.W.

A who

vote

of

thanks

was

passed to

those

brethren

who

had lent

and objectafor exhibition,

to those

had made

to the pr"sentations

Lodge

Library and

Maseum.

Bro. Canox

J. W.

Horsley

read the

followingpaper

i"

Transactions

of the Quatuor

Coronati

Lo"ge.

NEW

LIGHT FRONT
BY

ON OF THE
CANON

THE

OLD PORCH

PILLARS OF
HORSLEY,

WHICH

STOOD TEMPLE.
P. M.

IN

SOLOMON'S
F.G,Ch.,

/.

W.

seems

to

me

tliat the

prominence from
the stood

structural pointof view,and

tlie

importance from
h"ve
*

ethical,
in
or

which great pillars

of the two religions standpoint, before the porchof King Solomon's


or

Temple

not

been

fully recognized.
* " " "

Haviog
intention in faulty in thit account
; the way

now

given a
two to
an

traditional

account

of the appearance what


were

and
seems

of the

pillars ; liavingnext
examination h"re let
me some

pointed ont they


your
a

is open in
are nse.

of what draw in

actually
book
on

structure,in appearance
liave had

and

And

attention to the

drawings I
made

raade, which
me

enlargementsfrom
review, some
is pages

remarkable

Solomon's Temple, lately sent


this possible, paper.

for book

of which

and indeed suggested,

The

learned the

lias a Wesleyanminister, Tract Society.He Religions

Caldecott,M.R.A.S., a by the Rev. W. Shaw by laudatorypr"face by Prof. Sayce,and is published is not of the Craft, but I h"ve had some interesting
allowed kindly
must
me

with correspondeuce In discover order the


to

him, and
borne

he bas very tlie


we pillars

to

nse

his

designs.
and

understand
to

first go back also

to the Tabernacle

relation

it

by

the

Temple, and

must

avail

ourselves of

discoveries as to the originand value of the Systems of measurer"cent comparatively Not from the Volume Law alone can Solomon. of the Sacred we ment adoptedby th"se our as our predecessors thought, d"rive, knowledge of pillars. The Tabernacle, however of the wandering, holy and awef ni,was, by the necessity in size,a gloritied B"douin tent rather than a temple,only 40 cubits in insignificant

length (or
Chambers

48

feet), including its porch, which


of it. With While square, this the
a

was

an

addition
as

to

the

two

Holy
of the

westwards

porch of the tirst Temple. dark chamber, only 12 feet


of ail the inner

porch we are Holy of Holies


of th"se

concerned

the precursor
was an

in the Tabernacle

cube

dimensions

being the

most

entirely perfect

of magnitude, and the Holy placeeastwards of it was but two cubes of figures five chamber, the porch or portico was ampler,supportedby pillars.Into the Sanctum Sanctorum only the High Priest could enter, into the Holy Place only the

his punitfhment. and when the threshold leprosy was King Uzziah trangressed priests, the ordinaryplaceof worship for the the porch, covered by its teut-curtains, was Judges or the earlier Kings before the buildingof the Temple. Into it David, as But

anointed, passed beyond the Soreg, or


and the

court

of the

and laity,

stood between and

the altar
"

Holy
area

Chambers
"

when went

he

"

came

into the House the Lord


"

of the Lord

worshipped
There in The in
an

Sam., xii., 20),or (il.


unenclosed while the

and in,

sat before

(n.Sam., vii., 18).


make
or

of 12 feet square, the


to minister

King

or

Judge Holy
no

would Place

his d"votions the altar.

public,

passedby priests
15 any unusual the

in the

at

poi*ch

were pillars

cubits,or 18 feet,in height,but

was sp"cial significance

attached to

them,

nor

When
Tabernacle

beauty of art or material lavished npon thcm. felt that the proportions of contemplated it was Temple was
a

the

but (exteriorly

squat

black

tent)

must

be increased

to

and givedignity,

Xe^c

on LtgJit

tlie Pi"lars

of Sohmons

Temple.
while

the increase took the form of


remained oedar nnaltered.

of ail measurements, duplication in the simplicity and


was new

the essential

design
Even

Severe

two

Holy Chambers
take the that the small

rcmained,although place of
brass.

is to

replaceacacia wood, Holy


But of Holies still the

to gold everywl"ere

the floor of the oasket of

to be of

gold,

so

High

Priest stood
with

witliiii a

gold.

buildingwould
around

seem

compared
was

palaceand
to

fortifications that
the and

would

arise of it
a

it,and, therefore,it
which

determined

magnify
to

porch,and

to make

magnificentfa"ade,on quarter or a third porch, however, is


tent-like and feet the

splendour of architecture
The the the the word hou
se

d"tail should

in impress the worshippers


an

tlie courts

below.

porch
or

us

suggests rather
before which
which

"rection This
to

height of
above
was

building
behind

it stands.

to tower

Temple

it,

still conformed flowed

that

construction, which
Maccaba^an

dominatingidea
days. And
was

which whereas

from

Mosaic,through Davidic porch


was

to Herodian of the

so,

the Tabernacle

only36

high, that
This

Temple
at

144 feet

or (120 cubits), or

not far short

of half the

height of Temple.

the Victoria

Tower

Westminster, approached
and
was

thrioe the heightof the again, exactly

was porch,or fa"ade,

by stepsleadingfrom
made
no

the level of the altar floor to that of the of ail the

Holy Chambers,
tradition
one or

the chief architectural feature

Temples,
But

since

mie.

allowed

alt"ration in the size of the inner chambers.


a

prominent as

looked up to this
the

on fa"ade,

broad

landingon the

tenth

of the twelve rather

actual

Temple
from

stood two

or great pillars,

steps leading to with shafts obelisks,


5 cubits

floor of the

of 18 cubits
to

(or

bsLses of 3 cubits 21f feet),

to feet) (or3-Jtrue

to helpproportion,

the shaft

with passers-by,

of capitals total

of 4 cubits

(or 4"- feet). This gives a


the
rule

heightof
in

guard (or 6 feet)and supra-capital s 30 cubits, 36 feet, which is or


lead
noted
us

and give stability,

exactly (as
the

followed

throughout

the

Temple building would


It may h"re be

to

expect)double

that of the

of porch pillars for the

the Tabernacle.

that

of proportions
seems

3 cubits

and base, 4 for the supra-capital, 5 which


w^as

5 for the

capital

proper

to

follow the

3, 4, and

the

foundation
its

of the

Babylonian
Rule of
now

sexag"simal System
H"re

of ar"thmetic with

its unit of that


a

and sixty

fractions. legitimate
is called the

also it will be well to remember


a

comparing
found in

what

Gudea
in the W. K.

from

table of with

lengthsinscribed
a

on

slab

Babylonia in 1881, and


at Larsa

Louvre,

the Senkereh

mathematical

tablet found of 3.6

in 1850

by Mr.
are

Loftus,we
the three for

obtain

fundamental of

palm-breadth
10.8,14.4 and
and building shows and the

from inches,

which

derived

being used
spaces. book while the
on

cubits Babylonian the gold-work, middle of the

18 inches

the smallest respectively, the of plotting land

for

for largest

The the

structure

Tabernacle Moses

(asMr.

Caldecott

proved in

his earlier

Tabernacle)that
the Tabernacle

adopted

perpetuated the Babylonian System,


the outline and

from

of Moses, Solomon
to rule the

reverentially adopted both


there
as

measnres

which

were

Temple plan.
Porch
stood three wood
a en

In the outer

line of the Tabernacle that

pillars simply
now

for

utility necessity.Those
or

succeed

them

supportersof
came was a

roof

become
free

with in comparison insignificant before the Porch of

the two

great and

ornamental

obelisks this
new

that stand

King Solomon's
Solomon's of

Temple.

Whence

idea?

It has

longbeen
Now
stood there
two
were

out that pointed every

artist for metal-work

Ph"nician
of other says

by training. gods also,


at

before

Temple

Melkarth, the Tyrian Herakles, and


or

columns, monoliths,
two the pillars,
one

of m"tal. of refined

Herodotus

44, 1) (ii.,
other of latter

gold, the
that

Tyre smaragdus (perhapsa


lit from within
at

that

of highly-polished green marble, perhaps

emerald

the glass), the

night.

Josephus {Goubr.Ap. 1, 17, 18) says


the
in golden pillar

King

Hirom

of Solomon's

day

dedicated

the

Temple

of the

Tyrian Zeus.

Such

sacred

Transactions ail the

of the Quatuor Coronati Lodge.


and sanctaaries,
were no m"re

pillarsmarked
roof
at
or

old
was

Canaanite
the

supports for
Jacob the two
set

architrave. then

Sach

stone it
as

or pillar, ma"""b"h, which an

up

Bethel, and

poured
on

oil upon the

Such offerinc^.
the

were

pillars
also
was

on figured

the coins of

Paplioswith

of repr"sentation
our

Temple
v.

of tho

Ph(i"nician

Astarte dcrived the

(seethe illustration
the
name

p. 139 of

vol. Transaiions,

pt.2). Hence

of the Pillars of Herakles, given to the


the
so

rockyheightsbetwoen
on

which

mariners eroerged from early Ph"nician to Mr. I am Caldecott, whom explorations.

Mediterranean

their westward

much

indebtcd, says in his Solomon's


stood
were on

Temple
Hercules when

that

the
on

phrase connoted
a

'*The Rock The

two

which pillars

before

Temple

to

built
a

of the sky-line
at
a

of Gibraltar, which sumniit of the


nor size,

visible to mariners which I h"ve been

still

would
many

long distance hardly accommodate

sea."

Rock
two

temple of any
It is and
more

would believe

be visible from pillars

pointsof view as thus named the feeling


One column
ones

two. African

natural

to

that

poeticand religions

which Spanish heights Ph"nician


in of

form

the Straits of Gibraltar.

still stands stand at

in the
near common

old

huge
David
names

Tekkah,
a

Larnaka,
custom

therefore

adopted
were
"

Two sanctuaryat Goza, near Malta. having survived their temple. Cypras, the land, whilc takingcare that their

shonld

d"note
names

their

monotheistic

as symbole teaching

of Jahoah, the God

of

Isra"l. Their
we

read in Bro. Gould's

probablyengraved on the eastward Concise Historyof Freemasonry :


"
"

faces of the pillars.So


"

The

two

famous

pillars

in the

Cathedral

of Wiirzburg,formerly the capital of Franconia,were

on originally

either side of the


are

has

were

stand in the body of the Cathedral. though they now porcb, Tbey and Boaz the Jachin but in them on Jachin abacus, respectively moving been pat on the left and Boaz on the right.*' But theywere not merelysymbolsand proclamationsof the Almighty. They associated probably (I speak with diflBdence as this will be a new pointto most)

inscribed

c"r"monies with two religions


or

of

great import to the nation.


"

Jachin,on
the
name

the
or

righthand phrase
*

south,

"

was
'

the

royal pillar
on

says

Mr.

Caldecott,

**

and

He

shall establish for its

gi-aven

it

was

continuons

proclamationthat
In six passages
*'

the

throne

depended

stability upon

the favour of Jehovah." that God


or

repeatedpromise to David
Whenever

would

''establish

his

find the we Scriptnre throne for or ever. kingdom

of

then Solomon
the
were priests

his

successor-s

passed by and
constant

between

th"se pillars, as

none

else save

entitled to pass, they would


of their There

be remindedof
on

their indebtedness But

to their God be noted


as

and

of the neod

reliance
that

Him. before
to
or

there is more

to

to this

Royal
when

Pillar. and read

is "vidence

beside it stood each

for sovereign high office.

his cons"cration Thus


we

adh"sion to vow coronation, that the boy-king Joash xiii. 13


as

the

of obligations
"

his
"

stood

by

the

pillar
"

(il. Kings, ii.14), defined also in ii. Chronicles while they crowned and annointed him, we must had that it and an which can only mean especial

''hispillar at the entrauce


his connection
**

especially lay emphasis on


well-known with

pillar, Kings and

must note the expression stood by the pillar, we the as King-making. Still more coronation as ? T"ianner i.e., pr"c"dentrequired what else could the phrase mean was,'' the in for A pr"c"dent when before some David's antedating Temple by-the-bye ways,
"

Solomon as re-anointing King and Zadok as High the pretenders Priest against Adonijah and Abiathar, this second and double ceremony This double for as yet there was door. dual took placeat the Tabernacle ceremony, and the administered throngh King High Priest, powers of authority, being theocracy both Chnrch and State being recognisedas derived from on high. Therefore, though

death the

was pr"caution

taken

of

we

may

find no

textual

thOftBo"^z was proof

the

Pillar by Priestly

which

the

High

Ars

Quatuor Coronatorum.

El"vation

of

Chapiter. the Kev. W. Shaw

(Enlarged from

"

Solomon's

Temple," by

Caldecott.)

Or
,

Ars

Quatlor

Coronatorum.

m'^i
LL^i^^^Z"

^cjtLE

or

rscr

^*

COLUilN

AT

PkESEPOL"S.

Ars

Qcatuor Coronatorum.

Thiftf

Chtnnbe./

'

A
Th"^

-j

3
MfckJfe

Of"iifftf

Chutnt^^f^

J" i

EEH.-":

X
\/\/\/\/]
r ^^i"icsc"ioi":"

'

[^^
K
"

-L
-, .

"r

L:^..f:.
^T

Front

ELcvATion

or

Tsm/^le

..//."

..

/;/".///-.// /.

"//," #"

.V"-.//'

frotn (Bnlarged

"

Soloraon's Temple,"by the Rev.

W.

Shaw

Caldecott.)

0."

New

Light on

the Pillars

of Solomon^s Temple..
multitudes
with

Priest stood for hia cons"cration in the sightof the


would probability and suggestit, Realni the in it that at the two
were

each pillars,

and below,yet analogy the highest anointing, and


as

and taries in Church digni people. Thenceforward ascended the

set apart for publicly

the service of God the

His he his

inscribed

word

would

remind
or
**

steps that
Brother

(i.e., keepingthe
wrote

Law)
in the

in

Him

High (Jehovah)

Priest
was
"

strength. Our
can

Woodford
a

long ago

Masonic

There Cyclop"dia," alike to the

be

no

don ht that the


a

they had
use,

meaning^ and probablyreferred symbolical


than to any

and Priestly To be

Kingly power."
sacred may
more

such

symbolicalmeaning, which
their abundant

might easily
and

we forgqtten,

omament,

which The

Temple.
26

exquisite ordinarybeholders the chief artistic gloryof the first glittering loftyshafts, risingto a height abore the ground level of
made them
to

well ascribe

their

prominence and

cubits,were puUed
down

surmounted

with

square

capitalsfive

cubits

high.

It is from the

the

of description
were

Jeremiah,
with

an

of the eye-witness and

bum"ng of the
or

Temple when
we are

pillars

ropes

that broken up by the soldiers, 24 bosses rosettes of

able to repre-

sent their

design. Square, they bore


so a

and (five-petalled,

fonned huudred

on

the basis of the


one

Pentagram)
or

being

made

up

to

by

at

each

corner.

pomegranate blossoms each side, the number The ground pattern upon the
on

castingof the
was Caldecott,

or was capitals chapiters

of basket
I sent

network, and my
It is of ancient

leamed

Mr. friend, to be court

much

interested when

him

latelya photograph
an

I cansed the

taken before

on

my

visit to J"rusalem of the

last November.

in pillar

the

Church

tradition

that has not died the

and as yon will see reproduces, Holy Sepulchre, by a local basket-work in this stone as a perforated capital. Less ont,
same

examples of striking
blossoms
or

kind

of work
were

I noticed

elsewhere. the
were common

The

pomegranate
of the

rosettes tive-petalled the

probablyplacedat
and capitals
as
were

intersection

diagonallines of of chain-work, or
Greek
omament. But above

pattern.

With

the

upon

them

aiso cast wreaths in

festoons

of flowers

such

afterwards

the noblest

the

there capitals form of


a

was

the
or

strikingaddition

of

supra-capital,
of it and vessel,

cast separately
I.

in the

liliaceons
name

the "lily work" six-petalled flower,

19. Kings, vii.,


*'

Their

Hebrew
'*

would
**

hegtillah, meaning
bowls
"

hoUow

is translated been

pommels

in the

A.V., and

in the R.V.

The origin may

h"ve

familiar to Egypt, which providedarchitectural designs The in the EgyptianCourt at the British Mus"um. us cavitywas probablyused at into which some of the sacred oil was and coronations as a r"ceptacle cons"crations the sacred
lotus flower of

accordingto poured,
sacred
or a ravens use

well-known

Hebrew

symbolicalaction.
d"filement of
a

In

cons"quence

of this

the

by

there

were supra-capitals being placedbefore

from preserved each

by

the

nestingof

pigeons

network

brass,which

and, to protected
this latter I for the

certain

extent,concealed the two sacred bowls,which, after the example of the famons
column at surmounted Persepolis, of Bro. A. E. the

Persian exhibit

capitals.A drawing of
whom also I
am

by

the

kindness

Biggs, to

indebted

from Mr. James Fergusson, enlargement to scale of the pillars, who wrote the article on the M.R.A.S., Fellow of the R. Inst. of Brit. Architects, P.R.S., that " the columns remarks of Persepolis of the Bible, Temple in Dr. Sraith's Dictionary other than and w hich h"ve like Boaz reached us Jachin pillars are probably more any than we obtain from any and give a better idea of the immense capitals antiquity, other examples ; but, being in stone,they are far more simple and less ornamental than their m"tal prototypes." and less than infini been in would h"ve If so tely wood, they th"se and shall find that to free refer removable networks 13, we we n. "bron.,iv., from

Caldecott's book.

Mr.

10
were

Transactions

of fhe Quatuor Goronati Lodge,

adorned
Thus

with from

the

saine

below.

below

nnity of design between


bore fonr hundred

pomegranate blossora designas tliere were on the capitals be a continuity and a and afc their great heightthere would Th"se covering networks the capitals and the supra-capitals. raakingthe total six hnndred. rosettes,
the the capitals, As Jereraiah been

of th"se
on

speaks
by
later many

only of the two hundred


some

supra-capitals may

bave

removed

previousdespoiler. Such floral rosettes by-the-byeare fonnd in many their descendants, to speak, and I saw so on temples in Assyria or Persepolis, in the Holy Land. buildings
Solomon's
use,

in the fa"adeof the prominence and importanceof th"se two pillars Considering of from c"r"monial or their significance religious question Temple,apart any^ for them substitutes that it seems to me successors or no appeared strangeindeed, of the
were

in any

subs"quentTemples, after their


but accidentai,
we

d"molition

before the eyes of Jeremiah.

They
as

not

essential

to the

such

would,
their

should

bave anticipate,

been

and Temple scheme of architecture, reproduced in some form, albeit

without

original gloryof design.


not
more a

ments th"se much

and misleading are attemptedto show how faulty the I h"ve make to endeavoured concerning pillars. obelisks striking

I h"ve

few of the stateclear to you


what

in appearance. I h"ve suggested too were that, perhaps, really regarded as merely architectural ornaments, whereas there is of that which prevents some indication of such religious use as our suggestive speaking the stone in Westminster Abbey, or St. Aagustine'sChair, in Canterbury Cathedral, as merely stones of a certain shape,apartfrom their connection with the coronation of I bave also indicated their connection our of our Primates. Kings or the enthronement

they h"ve

been

in

in form,in position,

omament

and ail my h"ve

in use, with allied

lands and everyone

other faiths. With will agr"e ; but be of


to

conclusions
fresh

or

in the Templesof other objects I cannot expect that suggestions


to
so objects

drawn

attention

familiar to the

Craft may

advantage throughthe
own

corrections criticisms, prove


to h"ve

and

additions of other

even brethren,

if my

contribution may

been insignificant.

TABLE

OF

MEASUREMENTS

OF

THE

TWO

PILLARS.

Thickness Bases of

castings pillars

of

Diameter

Sapra capital Square capital


Circumference
Shafts of

pillar

Height,excluding stops bases Height,includingsteps, of Height porch

and

capitals..

l"
to the of the

frarisactions of the Quatuor Coronati Lo"ge.


of cloud and of fire, to the lightand the air. The Authors as pillar that one Universal History observe by way of conjecture, might there that such in was au as some sens" above,given inscription suppose the one beginningwith the ; that on upon the basis of each of the pillars Word Jachin, and that on the other with the word Boaz, from whence the pillars might h"ve their d"nomination ; as we see the books of Moses

called vol.

by

the first words

which

they beginwith.

See Universal

History,

iv., p. 206.
of the

The

Models

Temple by
W.

Councillor Schott

and

the Rabbi
Bro. W. H.

Jacob

Juda

Lyon
were

were

dealt with

by Bro.

J. Chetwode
to

Crawley and
as

Rylands in
pillars
across

vol. xii., -4.Q.C, pp.

150-163.

Schott appears
of the

h"ve considered

that the two

necessary in the construction


in the

Porch,

he refers to beams

being laid
are

them, and
the and

drawing
in such
a

published wifch the


"

inside the Porch Priests. the context

The
seems

Rabbi

they that theywould not h"ve been visible to any except position erected at the front of the Temple/' were says that they
that in his model ail the he

of his model description

shewn

to shew
seen

put

them
two
men

outside
were

the Porch

where

theycould h"ve
ment
"

been

bj
the
a

congr"gation. The
the cubit. The

in agreefairly
"

in their ideas about

must

be measured

"

cubit is six
foUows
:
"

as
"

Temple (Rule,Measure, Reed), that contains six cubits,a L"on of four Inches FalmoSjor Hand-breadth,the Palni, puts it ; while '* The Cubit was 6 Fists long, and every Fist 4 Thumbs in breadth, which lengthof
former has it that The

by

Calamus

*'

is about 2 Feet and

quartereach Cubit."

Bro. Wm.

Wonnacott which

said he did
certain

not

propose

to deal with with

that such

of Bro. portion

Horsley's paper
Scriptures
of the paper to touch upon
as

compare4

esoteric dealt
a

traditions with this

referred which
some

to the varions

matters

had

there been printed,

raised of those points well


as

evening. deal to discuss, and he proposed gi-eat by Bro. Horsley in his review of the work by
was some

In

parts of the the portion

Rev. W.
'

Shaw

as Caldecott,

upon

others

lie had
an

not

mentioned. the extracts the

The

careful

study of the

and scriptural history, under

of analysis

to the referring passages


nor

partsof the

Temple

consid"ration, pointed to the

fact that

transmitted to us were written by scribes who were in no sens" as arch"ologists, for they h"ve left us in the dark as to the nor were architects, theymathematicians, and their mensuration unit of measurement, exact lengthof the cubit, their ordinary
" "

was

queer,

as

expressedin the traditional dimensions


translated the texts for
us

handed

down

to

us.

Nor

were

the divines who

with acquainted

the technical terms

used

in

to describe building Modem

the varions

parts.
how the the records exile ; and
a were

scholars h"ve

ont pointed

re-written
course

from

time

to

time, and

edited again and


was

again during

in the

of the varions

r"dactions there

tendency to exaggerate. As an which take the pricepaid by David for the threshing floor of Araunah instance of this, in II. Sam. xxiv., while tho i. Chron. xxi., shekels of silver," 26, 24, is given as fifty
in conspicuous

the narrative

'*

states it at

"

six hundred

shekels of gold by weight." Dr. W.


in his
own

Robertson

Smith
to grow

has in

pointedont in several passages


"

works,

"

the

tendency of numbers

that criticism must always keep in view, and which, is one transcriptions This at work before as well as after the time of the Chronicler." was doubtless, which to do with the heightof the porch given in Chronicles, tendency has something successive
"

ifew "Aght on
bas not been
bimself
"

ihe Pillar"of Solomofis


with

temple.

\o

dealt aatisfactorily
on

remarks,

p. 8 of bis

work,

"

**

"

of of bistory, streams one parallel late and comparativelj date," again on p. 10, Tbe MSS. over again,and rewrifcten from a fresb pointof view,wbicb
"
"

Tbe former bj Mr. Caldecott or bis reviewer. two We bave thus (in Kings and Chronicles) whicb is of middle "ge origin, tbe otber being of
were was

worked accordingly tbat of tbe

political

'"

situation

of tbe day. Tbe

reanlt

we

bave

before

us

in tbe Books

of tbe Cbronicles.

"

in Tbese bear traces of tbeir Babylonianorigin


"

"

1, a peeuliar vocabulary, unusual an 2, syntax,


of pbraseology." 3, notewortby idiosyncracies tbe account of tbe of altered temple,tbe possibility for editorial cb anges,
as

"

and

Hence

in

witb dealing in

texta bas to
we

be borne and

mind^ and allowances bave


tbe varions
now

to be made

consider

compare To

passages tbe

on

tbe subject. tbat a wbole evening an importantsubject, metrologyof tbe ancients. But for tbe purpose
tbat tbe dimensions proportional tbe cubit

deal

witb

cnbit,it is sucb
of tbe

could be of tbe

spent in tbe examination


would

it would pr"sent discussion,

be well to bear in mind


not

referred to in tbe paper


used. Wben it is laid down

be affected autbor
same so

by

tbe

pr"ciselengtb of
tbere must In bis examine

by
use

tbe

tbat empbatically

were

tbree

standards

of measurements of bis

in

at tbe

time,

one

grounds
says
"
"

statement, and
*

tbey are
of Gudea
'

difficult to find.

review,

Bro.

tbe closely Horsley tablet of


a

in

comparing tbe palm

Rule

(an

inscribed

tbe sitting in tbe Louvre) witb figure


breadtb from
we

tbe Senkereb is derived to

parts on tbe matbematical we tablet," Babylonian cubits


a

scale of

obtain
:

fundamental does not


on

wbicb
are

tbe tbree

but

bo

wbat n expiai just


Gudea

ail eager

bow siscertaiu, and

scale inscribed grapbic


rows

tbe

plan of tbe
"

can tablet, measures

be

or

is
on

compared
or

related to

of cuneiform tbe sions dimen-

cbaracters

tables of

or figures on

"

tbe Senkereb

example, unless

of tbe Tbe process of ties.

buildingsbown
autbor

plan

are

known,

tbe scale set fortb.


us

and leaves too, sbirks description


a

witbout any

any

of explanation

tbe

witbout comparison,

footnote,and witbout

r"f"rence to otber autboriin tbe stone

" tbe fractions fomied On p. 216 be writes,

by

tbe cuts

[oftbe

Gudea

"tablet]are
"

tablet

by reprcsrnfcd P Are and [from Senkereb]." tbey


are

those which

tbe

and biei'Oglypbics of tbe clay figures " ? wbat does be dcduce By tbeir proof
were

**

collation it bas

been

tbat in Babylonia tbere establisbed,neviine contradicente^ 5

"

of 3, 4, and tbree ells, respectively d"corative

palms' lengtb;

"

(1)

tbe

10*8" cubit

for gold-

sraitbs' and

used for building, and work, (2) tbe 14'4'' cubit,

(3) tbe 18" cubit,

employed in land
A

surveying.
245
set
"

is fonnd on p. discrepancy employed for tbe pillars ; tbey are


"

for tbe 10*8"


out

is not cubit,or goldsmitbs' cubit, 14'4"


or

witb

tbe

buildingcubit. by
tbe

**

Tbeir
of

construction

was

not

by

tbe

arfcisticcubit

but 10'8 incbes,

buildingcubit

"Ij-feet," Le.,tbe 144"


Doubtless tbe

cubit. breadtb may bave been but tbe


root

palm

of tbe
not

measures

in

use

among

S"mite

nations,wbicb

is not

admitted,

it must

be

tbat in forgotten

ail tbe ordinarymeasurements derived from some were antiquity part or otber of tbe buman frame, sucb as tbe foot,band, digit, palm, nail, pace and ell (orulna) tbe digit of 0'729" being possibly tbe root d"riv"t ive. But in Egypt tbe building cubit was 20*6 and tbe is tbe mean cubit or of ail 20'60It"", incbes, tbereabouts, tbe Pyramidal mean
"

ancient

cubits is 20*6109".

14
Canina Jews
five

fransacHoTis Lodge. of fhe Quatuor "oro7iati


makes
the
was

sacred cubit 21*81""


much used. The

the 21 "6" cubit

palme, or

18", (2)

of six
a

palms, or greatamount

nearly 1' 10" English. Araong the three Jewish names (1) of cubits, and of and seven or 21*6", (3) palms, 25*2",
or

Gemara

Oppertsays
been 20-63".
The

of th"se there is

of data
one

been famil"ar to the Jews.

Lepsins supposes
the
= = =

of the two

showing this 21 6" cubit cubits primitive


:

to h"ve
to

bave

Senkereh

table t h as Susi Sakhum and cubit

foUowingtable
U
= = =

o"

measare

10 80"

(orhalf

cubit).

^U
2U
:

5-40". 21*60"

(Oppert).

The

Qudea

scale bas plotting

Aspan
divided

^of 20-89"
of digits also in

1044".

into 16

a fraction of 0*653",

the cubit found In Asia Minor


we

Egypt.
20*55" 20*62" 20*90"
*

tind the

cubits employed at

the

Temples

of

Ephesus

= = =

of Samos of Priene the

stadia of

Aphrodisias =
and of Laodicea
an zz

20*67" 20*94"
of 20*63" for
use

Ten
Thus 20*6 it will be the
"

buildingsgive
there cubit" is

average

seen

ample "vidence
of 18"
were

supposing that
among the
" :

the

cubit

of

and inches,
on
"

sboH

in

Jews. Let
me

Fergnsson,
say
a

in bis work
"

the

Temple
to

of J"rusalem,1865,"says
cubit in th"se

(p.79)

few

**

"

'^

admeasurements. The Jews, employed regard and applied it principally to accordingto the Rabbis, first used a sraall cubit of 15", used one of 18","the firstthe vessels and furniture of the Temples. They next after the Babylonishcaptivity, it is named with a hand breadth added ; and, laatly, words
with said cubit of 21" they employedthe Babylonian
....

the

"

For

'^

it is suff"cient to know

that for ail their

Temple measurements

our pr"sent purposes they used tho cubit of

"

18",and
Let

that
us

oiilyV
now

turn

our

attention

to the

pr"c"dentsin architecture. Among


which wereeither temples,

the

Jews, priorto Solomon's time, we


like that of Micah
"

"

(1)private of his sons to be one 5),who set upan image andmade (Judgesxvii., did that which was his priest. In those days there was no king in Isra"l, every man eyes." (2) Public sanctuaries,like that of Shiloh,where, in its right in his own of the testimony rested in the temple (i.Sam. iii., the **ark 3 and 15). migrations, the of the Judges,such as the one of days (3) The Canaanites had largetemples in of sufl5cient capacity to contain El Berith, at Shechem, where the hold (orvault)was
"

learn of several

46),and a vast temple of Dagou at Gaza (Judges xvi., (Judges ix., 1,000people 27), with the Philistines were with making sport 3,000 persons upon the Samson, Ashdod and of and the Sam.v., 5 roof, (i. 6). temple Dagon at at a low ebb among the Jews themselves, But the art of building and they was cHd not know how to hew timber properly(i.King v., 6),Solomon claimingHiram's
where

help," for thou


"

knowest

that there This

is not shows

among

us

any

that

can

skill to hew
we

timber know

like unto

the Zidonians."

their lack

of skill in

and woodcraft,

they were

also far behind their Semitic neighboursin the constructive and d"corative

New and had arts,


the
not

L"ghton

the Pillars

rf Solmnons
ifc must be

Temple.
admitted of that

15

to call in their

Tjrian allies ;
the the
mast

so

tbe design of
But
we

temple was

iufluenced by strongly

school

of craftsmen

Tyre.
also.

must their the

exclude frora consid"ration

of Egyptian influence possibility bave been well and acquainted

From

longsojonrnin
art and The

Egypt the Jews


or

impressedwith

architecture of that

country.
"

plan of the bouse

palace (bckal)of Jehovah,


:

"

was

an

extremelysimple

one, and consisted of four essential features

1. 2. 3. and and the 4.

The The The The faced


:

Sanctnm or Oracle,
outer

Sanctorum

oracle). (debir,
naos.

chamber, or floly Place, being the porch,or portico;the pronoas.


altar before the the
so

door, a

common

feature in ail

countries,

whole

East. also
was

The the

described by Lucian Bnt


we

and is was Temple of Hierapolis very similiar, other at and shrines. Ph"nician Byblus Temple Dea

know

also from

Lucian*s

(De description
"

Syria) that

the

front

of the

adorned built by Stratonice, was by two tall and slender pillars, temple at Hierapolis, Th"se with the on emblems, phalli, I,Bacchus,dedioated to phallic inscription them, with other shrines such were similarlyadorned stepmother,Juno.** So many my

emblems, and
valence of

we

bave

abundant Henee

testimony in class"c writingsof


"t is easy to trace from

the

far-spread preuse

rites. phallic

sach

source

the

of the two

before the pillars

porch.
criticism

Architectural written

demands

another

in addition to the class of "vidence,

remaining to us, and descriptions


vote
as

the local

indications, meagre
commonsense.
"

as

they

are, that

the consid"ration of architectural is,


we

proprietyand
that
men

a critic Fergusson,

may

comp"tent,pointsout extremely
the most
leamed
to

the at

alone is not litera scripta'

"sufficient to enable
"

arrive

correct

conclusions and

on

the

subject ; while
to

the local knowledge (asrevealed by the surveyors


diff"rences to betwecn the order
restorers. to

rather explorers)

"tends
"

aggravate the do th"se seem together,


omitted from ail
m"re

Neither

alone, nor

even

and, in sufiice,

obtain any
to

"seems
'^

that indispensable

the

architect should
and descriptions,

intervene

it results, satisfactory is what supply inevit'ably

verbal

to utilise those local

wh"ch, indications,

"in the

scant and not always easilyrecognisable.*' pr"sentinstance,are unfortunat"ly He q notes instances from Ezekiel, the Talmud, and other sources, which must Josephus,

be rejected as
"

whoUy improbable.
broken

"

Where, it appears
is becaase th"se

to me,

most

of the restorations not been

hitherto proposed bave


in steadily

down,
of the

bave principles

kept

"

view."

("Temples

Jews.")
of the data
a

We

for require

the best consid"ration

happy combination
the technical

and terms the

care-

ful coUoboration

of Hebrew
"

examine (to critically scholarship

and local

descriptions)a building
"and "vidence)
not
an a

skilled explorer (with


wide
own.

pr"ciseknowledge of

architectural critic with


idea preconceived of bis

who exp"rience, archae^ological

would

th"orise upon

With
own

ail th"se difficulties facingus,

the author has not feared to step in and


oar

produce bis
sens". we

which reconciliation,
weak

strains
are

too

and severely tests our common patience to mention,but among them numerous The

The

pointsof
upon
one

his scheme
or

touch may briefly


on

two. h"ve

tower, 120 cubits

as high,

shown could

the
not be 80

would drawingsexhibited, termed


a

been would

only a monstrosityin design,and


h"ve
no

porch,or portico. It
on

in ex"cution, stability being only


on openings

by

15 cubits

but plan,

120 in

and height,

its immense

tbe

East

and

West

would bave as indicated, sides,

of supportej^tr"mely rendered its points weak.

16 The bave been

Transactions

of the Quatuor Coronatt Lodge,


in bc
one corner

windingstaircase sbown for ifcwould a spiral stair,


carried

of the

conld portico certainly this in

never

impossibleto
its central

construct

unMasonry,

supportedby any wa"ls and and (4^feet says Caldecott),


final marvel
X.,

only on

its diameter newel,

being 4

cnbits

its rise over

100 feet.
he went

On p. 269 the author

describes it as the

of **the ascent

by

which the

up into the house


"

5),that left no more which burnt offerings


in this situation
as
**

in spirit

Qaeen

of Sheba
"

he ofFered in his

ascent,"etc.
miraculous/'
narrow

of the Lord" (i. Kings although the margin reads, bis and points to this winding staircase
**

partakingof the

We

think

so

too.

It is

extremely
the

used this improbablethat the priests tells us) the where (Caldecott storey, of

and
was

stair perilous

for

access

to

top

wine

stored

for ritnai purposes; would in the bave


to pass

the labour

carryingit up

and

down the

would beat of

be enormous,

they

King's

and Oratory,

of the

Store Chamber
wine.

roof would

be

throughthe extremely

unsuitable

for the purpose

the storing been either

must The pillars

bave

or merelyornamental. structural,

If the former

they should
latt"r

be

so

shown

in the

they probablystood

free and placedin an archway : if the not standing design, before the porch,in which case they would retain tbeir phallic

symbolism.

They are suggestedas standingon bases,and


3 cubits is
"

the the

heights of
text.
"

th"se

are

given as

eacb, for which


almost and cubits, On
*

there

is

no

in authorifcy

weak,
was

pu"rile. We
a

read first (ir. Kings xxv.,


was
"

18

chapiter of hrass
our
*

upon The

it ; and
*

argument for this 17) height oi one pillar the heightof the chapiterwas
The cubits
'

The

"

3 cubits."

p. 245,

author either at

says

three

can or as

only referto takingthe


"

such

"

the word bases,


of
a

"

word

now

lost."

chapiter And,
a m"re

being understood
the foot of the

in this sens",
same

place
upon

page,

he to

adds,

simpler
was we are

"

is explanation
a

that of

of words allowing it transposition of


as

read, it
one

"

chapiter of hrass,instead
to

above."

"

most

convenient

but gloss,

unable

accept.

The

rhythm
a

of

3, 4

and

5 sounds
we

pretty,and

if in related

partsof
:
"

structure

would

form

harmonie

proportion. But

fail to grasp
...

it in this form

Supra capital Capital


...

4 5 nil 3

...

Shaft Base Neither for required


"

...

...

...

...

can

we

the perceive

reason
"

for the statement association of the

that the

three

cubits

are

of the

of th"se

figures 3,4, " 5,the o f There is no [ofarithmetic] earlyBabylon"a." sexag"simal System with the the in nor structure, metrology; but if Babylonian parts
the

base, to make

up the

foundation connection the

figures

3, 4 and 5 must

be worked

in,there

is

no

in working difficulty

them

in

"

somehow.

Bro.

W. Tn

B. Hextall
**

ivrites:
"

The

Flower

Shushan,

or

the Pillars of Solomon's

Temple," from

the German

of Dr.

Knechenmeister, London, 1861,


or

merely caps,
and that the The

to conceal coverings,

"lily-work"of

the

it is contended that the pomegranates were which united the diff"rent parts ; or nails, pins, of white roses. was a pattern supra-capital really the the
two

resemblance

between

of pillars

the

Temple
"

and

the

columns

of

was Persepolis

also remarked by Mr. George Godwin, who, in History in Ruins," (1851), writes of the latter, In th"se there is to be seen a coincidence both with
"

New

on Liijht

the Pil"ars

nf Solumnns

Temple.

17

E^jpiianarchitecture
described resemble in the very Bible

as

we

know

it, and
The

the

two

Temple of Solomon, at J"rusalem, as brazen niade by Hiram of Tjre, pillars


colamns. The

and Egyptian both Persepolitan closely has led


to

of the description
was

of th"se columns position


that of obelisks
one

much

discussion.

Perhaps it
The fact that

analogousto
married and

before Egyptian buildings

Solomon with

of Pharaoh's
us

daughters,about
a

1013

b.c., shows

his connexion

Egypt,

pr"pares the

to find at ail events whom

coincidence in their

buildings
some

Moreover,
writers than to h"ve

to Tyrians,

Solomon

sent for architects

Hiram,

are

sapposed by

been extensively employedas

by the Egyptians." Earlier


novelist,in **Abel
says effect. He

Fergusson or (1837),

Godwin, James
introdaced
conclusion
a

Morier,the

Eastern
same

traveller and

Allnutt"

serions
come

essay to the
to is that

" the (writingfrom Persepolis),

I h"ve

th"se and

rains, in architectural and


character g"nerai

g"nerai character,
to illustrate the

afFord sp"cimens of ihe architectural


and very
are

of the Temple of Solomon,"


very much

that the biblical descriptions of the two and singular,


seen me

pillars appear

"

I believe I may

say, the

of the only pillars

sort in the The

world,which
now pillars ever

h"re erect in the


to

buildingwhich
an

I call the

porch
no

before

my

mind

afford

which explanation columns


....

that I h"ve other capitals may be said fairly

seen can give me in the originated

Th"se
same

to h"ve

school

as

those described

in the Bible.*'
or
"

The
are

whether question Dr. John for

divided.

free were pillars in his book on Lightfoote, the two

engagedis one on which opinions The Temple," 1650, enumerated

four

separate reasons

Biblical
the other

the porch ; and a r"cent within were supposing the pillars in one two detached, and in them, plansshowing gives Dictionary impartially
as

part of
I hazai^

the

building.
no successors so seems

May
be he
. .

the followingsuggestionswhy
the later

to the tw^o brazen

pillars appeared in
may
**

Temples ? porch of
the the

That

this

was

accepted, though

it

noticed

that

the

prophetEzekiel,in his vision


house and
one

of the Temple restored, says, each post of the porch and another on that side,

And
.

broughtme
aud there

to the
were

measnred
on

to pillars

posts,

this

side." (Ezek. xL, 48, 49).

(1)
the

Dr.
was

Oliver (Historical Landmarks,


abandoned

" 1846,1. 73^) writes,

At

the

time

when

Temple

by Jehovah,

he is

as standing represented, magnificently,

and commanding the angel of destruction tostrike the heads or chapiters upon the altar, of th"se two pillars to produce the total ruin of the Jewish State. (Amos, ix., 1). As their destruction of the
"

was

thus

so was comprehensiveand significant,

their "rection

symbolical
at page

magnitude
were

and

splendeurof the Jewish


of such

nation

under

Solomon.*'
for the
verse

And

447, They

considered
was

importance as
the
are

to be

put
the

Temple itself when


in Amos

its destruction

threatened
which

by

Almighty.*'If
not at

bears this of the


two

interpr"tation (upon
as

commentators may

one), the

s"lection

pillars types of divine vengeance


for the restored

h"ve preventedtheir being included in schemes

Temple.

(2) If there be foundation for the theory(put forward by writers of very diverse had a phallic the knowledge of this at the beginning, types)that the two pillars origin would be likely bar to effectually them from restoration or replacement.

cordial vote

of thanks

was

unanimouslypassedtp Canon

Horslfy

for his

paper.

18
I
am

Transactions
not

of the Quatuor Goronati Lodge,

he bringsforward
"

Bro. Wonnacott iuto the teclinicald"tails whicb w comp"tent to folio but the Rev. W. S. Caldecott writes that " at the base as an arcbitect,
that fallacj the

of tbem
as

ail lies the the

Egyptian cubit
was

was

that of Palestine. not

Tbis is not
The

"so,
" "

civilization of the

Hebrews
more

Babylonian, and
bave

Egyptian.

of Egypt bave been antiquities

far

stadied exbaustively

than those of Mesopoiamia. been several

Among
or

the

discovered antiques Th"se

in the land of the Pharaohs that the

yard-sticks,
three

"

cubit

measures.

shew

Egyptians,like the
was a

Babylonians,bad
The

*^

cubit
was

and lengths,

that their

fundamental

palm of 3*6 incbes.


were a

distinction
were

"

that, wbile
The

the

of Babylonian multiples

tbis is the

3, 4 and 5, the Egyptian


or

"

5, 6 and 7.

commonest

Egyptian
the

measure

cubit of 21*6"

3'6"

6.

It is

"

owing

to the commensuration

between possible

Egyptian and

Babylonian
it

measures

"

that Mr.

Wonnacott

doubles

and shows lengthof Gudea*8 rule,

instead of 21*6",

"

10-8", by making
is donc
a

"

to

"shew
"

Tbis the actual length visible on the slab a half instead of a whole. which bring it into harmony with the aforementioned Egyptian yard-sticks, the true For tbis duplication there is no cubit of 21*6 incbes. authority, from

measure exegesis being that the larger

Egypt g"vesus length.

the double

of the

Gudea

"

rule,and
"

so

removes

any

as nncertainty

to its exact

Beginning with
the to be

the Geneva
as

Bible of 1560,Mr. Wonnacott


to the scale

collects "vidence

ail

"

down He

centuries intervening
unaware

by
new

which
or

Solomon's

pillars

were

built. of Old

"

seems

that with in the

last 20

30 years the whole

process

"

Testament
sprung into

bas changed. interpr"tation

The

science of Biblical Archa"ologybas of tbingsrecorded, givingus


their value
*

"

being,and

bas

altered nien's views


our

juster

"

view

of tbem, and adding immensely to

knowledge and
to be

for

example,

"

th" late James


a

Fergusson is thougbt by

Mr. Wonnacott

extremelycomp"tent as

but while bis bistory of Architecture is a valuable work, bis th"ories as to cr"tic,' vaine." a nd bave no are pu"rile, and of Solomon than that in the miud to me more Nothing seems improbable bis advisers anytbing sbould bave been tolerated,which worsbip, suggested pballic
"

"

Bible facts

of although,

course,

had singlepillar

been

thus

used

elsewbere and of old.


the
name use

Solomon
any the

would
more

not bave been than

deterred by this consid"ration


were

from

of any of

obelisk from

the

earlyChristian s
Dies Sol".

from

adopting the

Sunday
J. W.

Boman pr"-Christian

Hors

LE Y.

20
**

Transactions bas for time


was

of the Quatuor Coronati

"jo"ge.
and to the
a

Bro.
of the

some

"

Society." It
the

past shown to the dat"es of Masonry resolved nnanimously to accordingly


brother be bad

by-laws

infiict

fine of two

pagodas apon him,


At

meeting another follow"ng


bis servant

managed
sent
a

to

get bis fineremitted

on

the

gronnd

that

throagb

wbom

letter of

had fa"led.to apology

deliver it.
On the

I7th December,
was

1789, what

"s described who


was

as

an

exemplary

fine of five

pagodas ("2)

infl"ctedon

the Junior
was

Warden,

then

Senior Warden

elect.

On the 15th November, 1790, it brother for non-attendance done. This matter
to pay the refusing drafted sayingthat

resolved that the fine inflicted npon a certain sbould be expungedirom the minutes, which was not in fact

became
fines bis

in April,1791, wben burning question upon

Bro.
a

Symes

wrote be

imposed

him, and it was


from

ordered

that

letter shonld unless be


case was

name

wonld

be erased

the list of members


was

paid.
not

Owing

to

"

thin

"

considered undertook

until the 2nd


to

Lodges (the attendance about this time June, wben a prominent member
Bro.

bad),the

admonish
the

"and

in indulged

Miaule, Symes, and the brethren suspended their former resolution be able to entirely do away with it. hope that they may shortly

of the

Lodge,Bro.

On the 16th June,Bro. Symes attended


'*

and
was

explained

*'

to the
on

satisfactionof the
bis
was

Lodge
were

that any

fines
'"

might and remitted, accordingly

offence be

bave the

given

unintentional of the 20th

part."
"

The

r"solution

April

also doue

away."
On August Ist, 1793,it was
resolved to call upon

Bro. Dunbar
i"

to attend

the next He

meeting
In

in

order

to

explainbis
Smith the

neglectof bis
called

duty
to

attending the

Lodge. Lodge

by letter. resigned
October, 1793,Bro.
was

upon

appear

before the
for
some was

for

fui behaviour disrespect

towards

Lodge in not

having attended
as explained,

time.

Bro.

Smith

attended probably and

at the

next

meeting and

he

pr"sent in
in October

Lodge on the 7th are missing.


On
non-

21st November.

The minutes of the second

meeting

the 3rd April, 1794,the

Lodge resolved
noted that

that

in future verbal

for apologies

attendance would On the 18th

not be received. Bro.

for apology

four

it was September, and it was meetings,


was

Kerr him

had
to

been absent without

decided to call upon

explain.
bis

it On the 2nd October,


case was

observed that Bro. Kerr

t the station, and had lef

postponed.
himself absenting
was

On the 16th October, Bro. Kerr's apology for the Presidencywithout taking leave of the brethren
"

and

received.

"

The

for leaving Lodge taking

the

matter

into

long

and

serions consid"ration, and

**

circumstances

of bis situation

during the latter


excused
an

part of bis r"sidence


omission
so

adverting to the peculiar hei^,and -v^hich reprehensible, accept of


member

"

tliey
are

of

opinionwould

alone bave

"

the

apology."
a

was

The practice of addressing lettersof farewell to the Lodge wbenever leavingMadras for a lengthy periodof absence, may be inferred from

Bro.

Kerr's

case, and many

auch letters and the replies made


any

to them the

are

mentioned

in the

minutes.

Wbenever

degreewas

worked,

it

was

to practice

call the

Lodge from

labour to refreshment at once, and driuk the health of the brother concerned.

An The

Old Minute

No. l"" Cadras. Book ofLodge Perfect now JJnanimity^ the be A

"l

opening
An be E.A.

and

practice. Lodge
there would
was

closingof Lodge would


closed.

openedand

diff"rent to the pr"sent Lodge was altogether and then a F.C. or a M.M. opened and closed, F.C. Lodge would not be opened at ail unless

degree,but a M.M. Lodge could be opened after the closing of an E.A. Lodge, or the Lodge could be opened originally immediately of the E.A. Lodge, a Lodge in that degree in the third degree. The final closing was the end the day's of taking at for the purpose of work afresh opened being generally
work to be transacted in that the Treasurer*s which it had
or

accounts

after the

Lodge

had

been

closed in the superiordegrees in


to h"ve been closed in the

been

second

third

working. Occasion ailj the Lodge appears degree without beingreopenedin the tirst.
is seldom considered necessary

An

arrangement which
the second
or

at the brother

for each degree. A of taking the ballot separately practice be

the time was pr"sent would accordingly


at the

proposedfor

third
case

degree at

one

meeting,and balloted for


a ru

next,

done in as was precisely folio wing the ballot that second


or

the he

of initi"tes.

As

le it
some

was cases

not
a an

until the

meeting
on

received

the degree

In

candidate for the


the

third

degree
was

was

found not qualified, he or


there
was no

for applied
case

adjoumment
a

ground

that he

not

but prepared,

in which

ballot for th"se

proved unfavonrable. degrees


A work typical day's
names

(Nov. 3rd, 1790) may pr"sentare


Minutes

be abstracted from
:
"

the minutes.

The

of the brethren

entered

Lodge opened and Apologiesreceived.


The
on

E.A.

of last meeting read and ap

proved.
Madras

W.M.

bas informs the Lodge that the Secretary

had

to leave

and the public service, that not the

bas requested him


urgency

to inform

the brethren,
as a

the hope expressing sufficient

of the
a

case

will be admitted

apology for

having taken
Bro.

formai

leave.

Resolved
until next

that unanimously

to oflSciateasSecretary be requested

St. John's Day. F.C. opened.


found is ballotted for and unanimously duly qualified

and E.A. Lodge closed,

Bro.

having been

approved.
F.C.

Lodge closed
proposes

and

M.M.

opened.
be admitted the next to the S.D. Agreed regularLodge night. that

The W.M.
it be taken The W.M.

that Bro.

into consid"ration proposes that

Bro. of this

Calcutta

become

membcr

to one belonging Agreed Lodge.

of the

Lodges

in

that it be taken into

consid"ration M.M.

the next closed and


now

regularnight.
E.A.

Lodge
is

opened.
informed
that he will be

Bro.
second Bro.

called in and
next

passed

to the

degreethe
proposes

regularLodge night.
Mr. it will be be

that that

initiated into
taken into

the

first

degree

of

Masonry.

Agreed

consid"ration

the next

regularLodge night.
The state of the finances of the Lodge is laid before it The

by the

Treasurer.

Lodge is closed.

2"
There
but believed, times
a

transMitons ofthe Qua"uorCoronatiLodg".


Avas

want the greatest

of

iu practice if tlie minutes aniform"ty


are

are

to be
sorae-

the

minutes
was a

themselves candidate
a

not

recorded. alwayscarefully

Thus
an

brother who
and sometimes

for the second and

degreewas
the

balloted for in
for the third
was

E. A.

Lodge,

in
were

M.M.,

with similarlj when

candidates

Sometimes

the minutes in the

read and confirmed

Lodge
On
one

degree. working in tho

sometimes first,

second, and sometimes


the M.M. would

in the third.

in 1789, occasion,

the

Lodge was
AU

only opened iu

degree.
an

sorts of business

be transacted at

and "mergent "mergent meeting,

meetings were
On
one

notice held with practically no occasion


a

given.

on daty. At the next regalar ballotted for at once, and and, contraryto the usaal practice, meeting he was proposed, is given for the emergency three days later he received the second degree. No reason was

certain brother

called away

in the minutes. altered the day and placeof meetingat his own for instance, discr"tion, meeting in April ib was decided to hold the meetingsof the Lodge on Wednesdays instead of Thursdays for the convenience of Bro. Chamier, and the change made at the next meeting without the resolution even was having been confirmed. The W.M.

at the second

Any
for him

Mas ter Mason held any

could become

Mas ter of the Thus

Lodge. There

was a

no

necessity
at
an

to h"ve

office. particalar

Bro. Linleywas

made

M.M.

His speech on this occasion is given in fall the 14th Jaly,17^1. on "mergent meeting in minutes. took his leave of the Lodge at once, and was He the as not below, reported when he until made in of mentioned again was December, 1792, Secretary anticipation In June,1793,he was made Master. his return to Madras. in the Lodge. This appeai^s fiH)m the The I.P.M. had no recognized position

fact that the W.M.


to the suggested

on

one

occasion

had

to leave Madras

and during his periodof office,


The

Lodge that the S.W.


he and

should
tho I.P.M.

replacehim.

S.W.

stated

that he

to withdraw. On their were requested the I.P.M. to accept the office, and he consented to do so, Lodge requested for his readiness in complying and he received the thanks of the Lodge with their ** how much his w hen time is consider of in they especially reqnest, employed attending

could not spare the time,and


the

return

"

**

to the daties of the Stewards' It appears to h"ve

Lodge."
sometimes

been customary to read the warrant donc in


an

but this was of the Installation,


a

E.A's.

of the Lodge on the day in Lodge,and sometimes


members honorary

M.M*8. Elsewhere in this paper


cases
are

mentioned of the

in which
a

were

made
more was

without

any

notice to the members


was

Lodge, but
on one

similar

of a in-egularity,
a

serions nature,
as proposed a

committed
of the

member

by the W.M. Lodge and electcd

occasion when
notice

brother

without

of any

kind

being

given. explainedthat the last regularmeeting had been of of the QuarterlyCommunication (itwas reallyomitted) in cons"quence postponed the day of meeting was the local Grand Lodge, and, to avoid clashing, again altered to Again Thursday, instead of Wednesday. By this time Bro. Chamier had left Madras. in the the minutes before into confirmed. the change was effect were Again, brought from business arising ".A's. Lodge, the W.M. annoanced that owing to indispensable
In

March, 1791, the

W.M.

"

"

the he

"

preventedthe despatchof aship to Europe having proposedto postponea raising." About the same
very bad, often
as

attendance time

of most of the M.M's.

the attendance of

meetings
as

became

small

as

only

six members.
"

The

Secretaryoften acted

Junior Wai-den.

One meeting in April,1792,was

not attended."

An On the minutes

Old Minute Book

mm oj Lodge PerfectJJnanimity^

No. 150 Madras.

23

the 2nd
were

Febraary,1792, the Lodge was read and approved. The Lodge


it
was

first opened in the second


was an

and degree, M.M's.

closed and
E.A's.

opened
was

in the

after which degree,


The minutes

closed in that last


were

degree and

Lodge

opened.
confirmed at the

of the

meeting were regnlar


an

always read
and
an

and

ensuing meeting, even


membei's transacted in open and proposed, at

if it other

"mergent
or

one,

were r"signations

accepted,
be examined two

business,not in the least of


been

"mergent nature, would


a

"mergent meetings. Once


the

twice candidates for


that

degree were
on one

Lodge after
were

Lodge had
the

opened in

and degree,

occasion

brethren On
a

so

examined.

one

occasion had been

Lodge

was

originally opened in
closed and

the F.C's.

candidate

passed,it
been read.

was

opened in

the E.A's. that

degree, and, after and it was degree,


minutes of the

not

until after it had

called ofF and

called back

to labour

the

previousmeeting were
At
at the pr"sent,

the Installation Meeting, in


next

no* was designate June, 1793, the Senior Warden Master's for the Lodge was opened followingmeeting a express
The
one

purpose

of

him. installing

Provincial
was

Grand addressed

Master

used him
as

to take about

bis Grand

Orator with

him, and
"

on

occasion

by

follow^s:

"

Right Worshipfni,and
I h"ve

Most

Provincial Respectable

Grand

"

received with

satisfaction to myself ,

onlyto
in his

be surpassed by the
of the
as

"

"

with which they are dictated sincerity ul Master in the chair, to assure Worshipf that of the and officers, pr"sence Members
us

the you

commands
name

Right
as

well

in

"

of this is as

Lodge, that the


it is

we happiness

"

feel at your followed


that

amongst

greatas

unfeigned."
one

This
inclined powers

was

by a long speech full


Orator Master

of such

fulsome
must

adulation that

is

to think

the Grand

of those who

days

h"ve been selected for his


to
as

in this direction.
was

The

W.

is referred

the

ul Right Worshipf

Master

Bro. James
he
was so

Araos, at that time Past Provincial Senior Grand


addressed
correct.
on.

Warden,
shows in the

and

the fact that


was practice

in the A

pr"sence form

of the

Prov.G.M.
was

that this
case

considered later

similar

of address under

nsed

of

W.
to

Bro. Harailton
some one

Observe

aiso the custom Prov.G.M.


was

which

the W.M.

delegated
of the say

else the

duty

of

the addressing

after this meeting the Prov.G.M. Shortly and this was done in a Master's Lodge, so Lodge,
the matter.

made

an

honorary member
E.A's. had
no

that F.C*s. and

in

When the S.W.


was

the W.M. absent


or

was

absent

from the

Lodge

the

S.W. acted

took
as

in the

W.M.

's chair, the

J.W.

his place, and when S.W., the chair of the gave

former being occupiedby another brother. When brother This


was
was

the S.W. Occasionally called away from the

degrees.
term
case

any

officerof the

Lodge
was

was

another Presidency, of the

proposed and
even

elected in his stead the W.M. ordered

for the remainder


away, but

of office.
in which

done

when
was

in the

only

this occured

the I.P.M.
a

elected.
of the

In 1789
was

meeting

Lodge

should

h"ve the

been

held

on

the 7th
this had

May, but
been

it

called

on

the

14th, and
be
**

the W.M. able

"nformed
a

brethren

that

done
a

in order

that

theymight
on

to attend

dramatic

performance " exhibited for


St. John's days,and The

charitable purpose

the 7th.

Provincial Grand

Lodge
and

met

on quarterley

the two

on

the

first Weduesdaysin March

Septemb"r. (Malden*sHistory, p. 35.)

meetings

24 of the

Transactions of the Quatuor Coronati Lodge.


t,

Lodge
The

must

h"ve

with clashed prettjfrequently

those of Prov.G.L.

duringthe

tinie whea

they took placeon Wednesdays.


in practice the matter of the "lection the of officera
was

very

Lodge up its "Athol" Warrant and accepted Grand Lodge in 1771,although it had surrendered The W.M. Modems." issued by the another proposed the S.W. as his invariably another brother. A ballot was and the Lodge proposed taken,and the resuit successor,
shews
that the
was
"

still workiug under

bye-laws drawn

and interesting, the Athol by


"

*'

declared. The

The

W.M.

elect took the chair and


name,

put

forward
was

name

for the S.W. 's chair.


so on.

another Lodge proposed

and
as

the ballot

again taken,and
he
was

On

one

occasion the Lodge

the proposed

J.W.
The

Master,and

elected, although he had


were

only held
in this

office for two and the

months. W.M.

way,

and Treasurer Wardens, Secretary the Senior Steward, and the S.W. appointed vacated in the

elected Junior

the

Steward.

The

W.M.
are

elect then

chair,and the Master again took it.


when the
were

Deacons

first mentioned the Junior.

1791,

W.M.

appointed the Senior by


the

Deacon,
1803 the
and

and

the S.W.

In 1795 the Deacons

elected

Lodge.
occasion

In

bye-lawswere

and during the ballot for the chair the W.M. reviaed,
were

's nominee
of

the nominee

of the Lodge
the
new

to required the

retire.

on Accordiugly

the

the first ballot under the


met

as bye-laws,

Lodge proposed the W.M.,


the J.W.
took when the

and

the W.M. The


were

S.W., both those


once
more

officershad

to

and retire, the

chair.

Lodge
con-

after the "lection under

and firmed,

the installation took


or

at place
to

W.M., retiring the foUowing meeting, which


far the
as

the minutes
was on

St. John's

Day,
were

day more

less

givenup

so Fi'eemasonry

the members
was

of this

Lodge
labour

concerned.

At

when the installation meetings, the health

Lodge
the

called from

to

refreshment, it was
was

of the

outgoing,and
a

not

newly-installed Master,
from pagodas quarterly

which

honoured.
was

It

announced
to

in the

Lodge that
This

payment
would
to

of five

Lodge
was

funds

Prov.G.L.

had been agreed to at the

put to
consent
or

the

Lodge

for confirmation. that


more

Communication, and thia Quarterly that it was to imply seem only with
were

the Two

of the

Lodges
sometimea

contributions

Prov.G.L.

coHected

from

them.

three,and

articles of the of them


were

every

meeting,so The W.M.,


of period

that the whole


on

bye-laws used to be read at nearly graduallyread through in Lodge.


own

did his installation, when done the

not

invest hia and

but thia officers,


were

waa

done
a

by

the

and officer, installing this office,


was

W.M.
another

his officers

reinvested for
the vacating

second
in his

by

brother,the W.M.

chair

faveur, and he reinvested


The

ail the officers. the

relations between

Lodge Perfect Unanimity and

French
came

Lodges
of of

were

The foUowing are the more important matters very amicable. addresa from 2nd the an On 1789, interesting April, Lodge.

which the R.

before the

Hope

Triple and it bore the date,February in an open Lodge of the High degrees," Hope Assembled 16th,5788, but it was received in Lodge Perfect Unanimity,in the Entered Apprentices*
in the Isle of France
was was
"

read.

This

address

preparedin the

Lodge Lodge

Triple

Lodge.
The
term

R.

Lodge
are

Unanimity
to the

and

to the
"

applied in TripleHope Lodge.


was

the The the

both correspondence French

to

Lodge

Perfect list

Lodge

sent

to the

a English

of its brethren

who

advanced

with

High degrees'*and

commended

them

English Lodge.
Prov.G.L. appears
to h"ve

been

consulted,and the W.M.

announced

that the proposed


a

between correspondence
was

the two

Lodges had

its approval, upon which

Committee

to appointed

address the

Hope. Lodge of Triple

An

Old Minute
4th
was

Book

of Lodge Perfed Unammity,now


same

No. IdO Madras. the

25

On

the

Jane

in the

ycar, after the purpose


of and re-opened,

closingof
that

E.A.'s
The

Lodge, a
Masters'

Masfcers' Lodge

opened
and

for the the


"

Bro. rece"ving

Dagott.

Lodge
from

was

then

closed of

E. A.'s

Brother

presenteda packet
"

the

Lodge
him.

TripleHope

of a containing registry

their members

and

recom-

mending
then the

repljprepared to the address and the Committee which approved,


The

rece"ved from
had drawn

the Lodge of
was

it up

reconstitnted

TripleHope was fcoreply to


letter

pr"sentcommunication.
On the to Ist
tan October, 1789, the Cosmopoli

Lodge
nnder

of

Pondicherry by
constitutions from

annonnced

Lodge

Perfect

Unanimity
the

its cons"cration

the

Grand

Orient of France.
On the 5th Noveraber

Lodge

recorded
been that

the cordial and and from


on

friendly way

in which

he had

the 17th December his

the

Secretaryof
de

Bro. Robson reporting by the Cosmopolitan Lodge a Lodge personally presented packet
a

letter from

received

Lodge.
the

On member
third
nor

17th January, 1790, Bro.


was

Laurens, who
of the He does

is described

as

visiting
his

and

who

apparently
for him. A

member

Pondicherry Lodge, received


not
was seem

degree in
a

Lodge Perfect

Unanimity.

to h"ve

been

proposed,

was

ballot taken

letter to that

Lodge

entrusted

to him.

from On the 4th March the Cosmopolitan received letter was a Lodge at of the zeal theyh"ve demonstrated for the Royal Art by us Pondicherry " acqnainting " Promoting Bros. Robson and Griffiths [members of Lodge Perfect Unanimity] to a " high degree,"and the Lodge order"d that a letter be written to the Cosmopolitan

Lodge
"

"

of expressive

our

attention for the regard


as a

they h"ve
our

demonstrated
we

to Bros.

GriflBths and

that Robson, and further,

mark
"

of

attention

bave
seems

referred that the

"

their letter to the

Lodge
worked

of the the

Lodge Cosmopolitan
On the
addressed
to

Royal Arch." Royal Arch Degree.


was

From

which

it

18th
the

March Grand

letter

received from

the
a

Grand

Lodge

at

Calcutta

Lodge

at

Pondicherrywith
attributed to this draf t the

reqnest that it might be


upon many
were

forwarded.
occasions
sent

So much

importancewas
were

that correspondence communications

committees sp"cial

appointed to

which

to the

Lodges
the 24th

in

and Pondicherry it
was

the Isle of France.


in the minutes

On
a

June

recorded

letter from

Bro. Mehiel

of

the Pondicherry reporting but that

of the letter from

Lodge Perfect Unanimity


Dub"e

presented receipt by Lodge Triple Hope the Lodge had been unable toshow stay in Madras.

that Bro. Dub"e

had

any attention On the

to Bro. 7th

owing

to the shortness of his

July the W.M.


at
was

reported how
a

kindly he had been received by the

Lodge Cosmopolitan
written. and A letter

Pondicherry,and
aleo received from

letter

that

thanking them was ordered to be a list of their members Lodge enclosing


of the

recommending
On
the 5th

Bro. Bern"s

to the attention
a

Lodge.
from

January, 1791,
"

letter

was

received
that

"Ye

Cosmopolitan

Pratemity," with
"

Lodge of that the latter may be forwarded h"ve after we Bengal requesting perused it." It sent through the Grand Lodge of Coromandel, with the request that " the wishes was " of our French Brethren may be carried into ex"cution as earlyas possible."
an

accompanyingletter

from

Lodge

to the Grand

On
"

the

same

date

letter

was

received from

the

Lod^e of

Les Am"

R"unis^

constituted lately

by

the

Cosmopolitan Fraternity."

26
On the

Transactions

oftJieQuatuor

Coronat" Lodge^

the Isle of and


a

5th January,1792,a letter was receivcd fiom the Lodge Triple Hope,in of the corrospondence between the Lodges a continnance France,requesting committee was appointedto veplythroughthe Cosmopolitan Lodge, Pondicherry.

On
"

the

21st the

February,1793,

"

Bro. Hamilton

in cons"quence

of the earnest

zeal

with

which

Cosmopolitan Lodge at Pondicherrybas

oultivated the

and friendship

"

"

of the Lodge of Perfect Unanimity and in cons"quence of many wishes correspondence for amicable and continuation Brother that an expressed Secretary Brotherly proposes do

"

draw up
the draft On

letter of thanks

addressed

to the

Cosmopolitan Lodge,and
was

that it be

"

laid before the


Tvas

Lodge May
wish

the

next

and

approved at
Bro.

regnlarmeeting." This the next meeting.

agreed to unaniraously
the

the 2nd

Danzas

a letter from presented

"

their expressing
between the two

that the

which friendlycorrespondence
Danzas
was

"

member honorary

of

Lodges may be kept up." Bro. witbout Lodge Perfect Unanimity,

Cosmopolitan Lodge bas long subsisted promptlymade an


kind.

notice of any

"mergent meeting took place.It is clear that it was Master of the Cosmopolitan Tang, late Worshipfal who made of Perfect member was an Lodge, honorary Unanimity at this meeting. In the Bro. for honour done le thanks de to him, returning Tang beggedleave to express terms) the thanks of the CosmopolitanLodge for the very g"nerons (inthe warmest in which the unfortunate monarch, Louis the I6th, on manner they remembered

On

the 30th

Aug^st an

called

in order to receive Bro. de le

**

"

"

"

last St. John's

"

imposed
The

on

him

Day, and assured the Lodge that words are inad"quateto by bis Brethren,of declaringtheir gratitudefor such a
of Bro. of

the task mark of

"

humanity
ail the

and

benevolence." de le Tang and


"

health

the

Lodge Cosmopolitan
was

was

drunk
it
was

"

with

"

bonours

Masonry
to

when
a

the Lodge
letter to the

and called off,

resolved

in Lodge subsequently
**

m"dium

of Bro. de the

"

exp"rienceat

Cosmopolitan Lodge," through the fraternal regard,and the happinesswe of our le Tang, expressive to take place between the correspondencelikely uninterrupted
address

"

Lodges

as

heretofore."
a

It will be observed that Bro. de le Tang made


that

speech,and distinctly political Day meeting,


The had

Lodge Perfect
and

Unanimity,
was

at

the

last

St.

John's

showu
unfor-

"humanity do not tunately

benevolence"
disclose what

towards done

the
on

ex-King of France.

minutes

that occasion.
was

On the 3rd

1794,the April,

Lodge

first opened in the third received and

degree,and Bro.
an

Cimfurgineof
member.

the

The Fellow

Fraternity was Cosmopolitan of Crafts and Entered Apprentices

made
were

honorary
allowed
no

the Lodge

say in the matter.

On the 7th August, in the B.A's. Lodge, Bro. Bro Visiting


"

Lucas
attained

informed
a

Vernicour

"who

is in

waiting
therefore

bas

very

the Lodge that high degree in


the

opened for the purpose of admitting Fellow Bro. Masters' Crafts* was Vernicour." The a Lodge being closed, Visiting " Bro. Dring,who was introduced as having three times filled the opened,and Visiting
due
" " "

that be should Masonry," and proposed to bis rank. A Masters' Lodge was

be received

by

the brethren with

bonours

chair in the Lodge at Calcutta," was


brothers is very marked.

admitted.

The

diff"rence made

between

the

two

and
on

in the third degree, the Lodge was opened originally October, again admitted. One of them named were was VisitingMasters Dufourg, and read of the letter from the Lodge of the 6th November, a " translation was

On the 2nd

"

the

"

2"
The minutes whether

Tfansactions
thernselves read
are

ofthe Quabior
very

Coronati

Lodg".
it would
seem

and recorded, carelessly confirmed. Thus

doubfcful
was

they were
on

through before being


was

Capt.Bell, who
admitted Bro.

proposed
in the
was

the Ist

1790, April, Lodge


was

initiated that

on

the 15th, bat the fact is not


onr

recorded

minutes when

though
the

it is stated

the health of

newly
no

Bell

drnnk

called off.
year
were

Again, there
The

is

record of the meeting of of the meetings abstract of the

the 15th December


of the Ist and minutes

in the

same

though it is clear
mixed
up.

that the minutes is following


an

15th December

of the Ist. An E.A.

Lodge

was

opened Lodge
was

and Then

the

minutes
was an

read

and

approved, apologies
was

reneived,and certain brethren fined.


called to refreshment.
was

there

and the Lodge initiation,


a a

The The
was

and recalled to labour,

candidate for initiation


ballot for the

balloted for.

W.M.

proposed the postponement of


closed,and
a

second

degree. The Lodge


The "hA. the

againcalled to refreshment, and


was

recalled to labour.
was .business

Lodge
was

F.G. opened. No

done in this

degreebut
The

Lodge

reopened in the first degree.


officers for the
were

"lection of the Mas ter and two candidates

ensuingyear

was

held.

Then

for initiation

balloted

for, and the Lodge


ballot had been
the first

opened passed
brethren

in the F.C. after who

after which degree,

the brother

whose

again was postponed


was

ballot.
were

The Lodge was again opened in only proposed at this very meeting were

degree, and meeting,and


been
as

three

initiated at not

etc. etc., separately,

It is obvious that ail this work that three candidates for


to two

could not h"ve


one

been done

one

also

and initiation, which

for passing could


names were

h"ve

admitted to the

degreesat

the

meeting at
on

their

proposed. Mistakes
are

date and On

day
one

of the week

which

meetings were
when

held

veiy

common.

occasion the speechesmade

the

Lodge was

ment called ofE for refresh-

were reportedprettyf ullyin the minutes, and on one there is no record of the of its whatever Lodge having been opened in any degree except the third,and noue

havingbeen
to

closed.
that recognized initiation
was

In 1789 it was

the

which practico
and the

had

been followed with decided


that in

regard
future be is

for applications

wrong,

Lodge

candidates

d"sirons of being initiated should

and p"tition,

their

should p"titions
been

by the brother who presented


not clear. quite

proposed

them.

What

had the pr"viens practice

On
the W.M. of the 24th

one

occasion in 1790 the installation was and he Pondicherry,


was

postponed owing

to the

absence

of

in designate

not installed until the 7th

July instead
member of

June.
same

In the

year

certain visitor stated considered


a

to bave

been formerly 1

Lodge
"

No.

152
a

"wishes

to be

member of the of any No.

of No. two

(PerfectUnanimity)
name was

to agreeable

resolution passed at the union


"

His Societys."
was

ordered

to be "incerted

in the list. No the

notice

kind

given.

The

facts

as

to the union
are

referred to, and

of Lodge position

152,formerly an
was

Athol

Lodge,
the

giyen in W.
On the
Hall

Bro. Malden's

history.
of

20th
to the

November, 1794, the place


Panth"on.
The

meeting
to h"ve

changed from

Masonic

former appears

fallen into

disrepair.No
Anno

notice of the The until Mardi the


true

changeseems
1793.
But

to h"ve been

given. given
Anno

dates

of meetings are

at first

Mundi,
the been

and

then

Domini

in that month The


next

the date

givenis

2 Ist March

in the year of

light1794.

meeting is said to h"ve

held in the

year of ti*ue

5794,and the next in 1793. light

An
At

"ld Minute "ook of Lodge iHo.150 Madras, now Perfect tJnaniviity,


of

""
of each The

the end

1794 tlie Secretary was


the minute minutes
to
an

instructed to became
more

keep the
confnsed after

minutes

aud separately, clegree book contains only the Th"se The Jones

book at

once

than

ever.

of the third degree from


been held
on

and

January 15th,1795. proposedthat


was

meetings appear
last is described
as

h"ve

the

6th, 12th, 21st,and 24th February.


the 12th it
was

Emergent meeting. On
for at the next

Bro.
an

should

be balloted

meeting, and
If

re"oive

the third

degree at
taken
on

Emergent meeting 21st,and


he
was

to be held
on

by

the ballot dispensatiou.Accordingly


was a.dispensation

the

admitted

the 24!th.

obtained th" fact is not

recoi-ded.

Quaint terms
The
**

of

and quaintpractices abound. expression


a

W.M.

read

paper which

on

Masonry,
"

and

was

tlianked by the Lodge

*'

for the

very excellent discouree A

he had afforded.*'
"

passedround by the W.M. and On the 17th September,1789, Bro. Gahagan, at that time Dep.Prov.G.M., visitor from the Carnatic afterwards Prov.G.M. of Madras, was received as a Militaiy Lodge
that round
" "

lecture in the first degree was

with

the

honours

of

degree and by
It Bro.

opened

in the

Masonry," in the M.M. Lodge. The Lodge was closed in after which a lecture in that degree was F.C's., passed
Masters' Lodge having been reopened ^*
with any
a a

sublime

Gahagan. The passed round degree


was

lecture in the

most

instructive

discourse

by

Bro.

Gahagan."
a
"

resolved that when

brother r"sident in England applied for of


a

certifito be at

cate
"

one

should be granted in payment the Secretary."

pagoda, and

an

additional

rupee

the

of disposai

Again
'*

'*

an

to our "l"gantdiscourse applicable

Society

"

was

and

at another

meeting
W.M.

"

discourse

on

and

illustration of the

by the W.M., first plate of Masonry


read

"

was

givenby the
A
to

certain brother

was

married, and the W.M.


the

cansed

address congratulatory

to

be delivered bave been

him, and

laid it before

Lodge

for

that approval, explaining

it would

too late if lie had waited


to

to consult
an

the Lodge at the rogularmeeting, and


The

he

it unnecessary thought and On thanked the


us

call

"mergent meeting.
W.M.

Lodge approvedof
"

the

address

the W.M.

for his action.

18th with

Febriiary, 1790,the
their company
to
was

that proposed
at the

the sisters be when the

requested
sup

"

to honour

supper

Lodge

members

"

which together,"
To be
"

agreed to
"

unauimously.
list and

incerted

in the

"agreed

unauimous"

occur actually

in the

minutes.

On
and Grand The A
"

more

than
were once

one

occasion informed

the
on one

Tyler was
occasion. certain

dismissed

for misconduct.

His

Lodge

Lodge
W.M.

proposedthat

brethren

be

**

"

rose

to

the

third degree.
as a

that he might be the Lodge requested brother resigning thereof." The attjnded Dep.Prov.G.M. that
**

"

discontinued
the third

member the
our

the

Lodge,and
of

gave

and degree, health of At

minutes

gravely record
brother
was

at

the

of the proposai the honours

Dep.Prov.G.M.,the Masonry
as

newly raised
"lection in

drank

with elect

in
:

fuU Lodge^
the

the

June, 1792,the W.M.


resuit is recorded This

Bro. proposed
"

C.

S.W.

Lodge proposed
At the
same

Bro. B.

The
"

thus

negativedin

favour

of Bro.
our

B."

meeting,
" "

being the first meeting since the


to drink
a

marriage of
our

W.M.

the Worshipfnl
our can was

Elect proposes fair sister

Bumper
health of

to

the health of
every

wishing them

and

Right W.M., and his Lady happinesswhich the Marriage State


was,

"

afford with ail the honours

Masonry."

This

of course, when

the Lodge

at

refreshment.

"O
If the minutes W.M. to do
more

transactions of the Quatuor Ooronati "jo"ge.


ai"e an

recorded, it correctiy
"lection than
that
on one

was

not

considered

necessary

for the

at

propose

that the Senior Warden the

should succeed elected nnanihad voted


^'

him, for
his and
own

it woald

appear Senior

occasion This

Lodge
stated

candidate the W.M.

was

the mously against candidate. been


"

Warden.

would
are

imply that
of
as

Candidates

for initiation become 5


were

to h"ve

attended

against by order,"

to h"ve The

proposedto Lodge
in No.

members

Masonry."
visitors on
one

officers of

admitted

by vote,on occasion,
next, indulged the
that
"

the

of proposai

the W.M.

By rcquestmade Lodge with a lecture.


*'

Lodge
as

at

one

meeting,the W.M.,
was

at the

On the 16th May, 1793,it


ornaments

out pointed
are

the canopy

"

curtains which
was

are

intended

of the Lodge

and in a state of greatdecay,''

it

them. proposed to replace

On

the

20th

June

the

ballot for

candidate being favourable

the Next

Secretarywas

his attendance next instructed to request

Monday moming
that

at 9.30.

Monday
that

was

the day
brethren
to
recover

of the would

installation and

the meeting of Provincial


on

Grand
the

bave plentyof Masonry


sums

for the S.W. the

due

to him when

day. When by the Nawab

the Lodge, so Lodge was endeavouring

of the

Carnatic,the S.W. and

visitors were

to withdraw requested used

the subject came

before the

Lodge. Brethren
Provincial Gi'and

going

to

"ngland

to apply to their

Lodge

for certificatesfrom

Lodge
In It would

1794 there appear that

was

very

serions

dispute between
out to

the

W.M.

and

Bro. Smith.

the W.M.

had turned Bro. Smith


a

of the office of the W.M.


was so

Steward,and
was

Bro. Smith

by
The

letter demanded

Gommittee
as

whether enquire

in riglit Two

doing

so.

questionwas

deferred

the attendance

of M.Ms.

small.

meetings later the questionwas


The Lodge then requestedBro.

considered in open
Smith
to

the Lodge, his letter

W.M.
on or

withdraw

vacatingthe chair. before the ensuing

meeting

"

until when

the minutes

minutes of the former


The

of the former Lodge are not been approved. had already meeting

to be

decyphered."The
meeting, but
the W.M. Bro.
was

W.M.

and apologized

absented

himself

from

the

next

Smith
absent.

declined to withdraw

his letter and the question was

postponed as

meeting Bro. Smith's complaint was submitted to a Committee following of the Lodge. At the next meeting nothing done. At the was thanks were voted to the W.M. for his services meeting (the installation) following filled the chair" but no further business during the time "he bas so respectably to Bro. Smith transacted. At the next following was relating however, the meeting,
of the M.Ms. consisting

At the

Lodge unanimously resolved that the


mod"ration
and
a

conduct

of

the

late

W.M.

was

marked

by

steadfast
it
was

to conformity

established usage.

In this year their rank


"

resolved that certificatesmight be granted to the brethren of


masonry
"

and

degree in

and

that 2,3, and

pagodas be the value of given to Brother


a was

the

certificates." respective
"

It

was

"

the able

and

that proposed manner obliging be

the thanks of this


in which kuow

Lodge
this
a

be

Creuse for
Master

he bas executed what

a platefor Raising

*'

Mason."

It would

to interesting

plate

like and what

it meant.

In conclusion

it may tirst
was

be of interest to made

the

minutes.

The the 19th

by

Bro.

recorded in as quote couple of speeches l^th He 1791. the on was Linley July
to be called in

initiated on

order to put him

Januaryin that year, and an "mergent meetinghad Madras. as he was throughthe third degree leaving

An The

Old Minute Book


runs

Unanimify,now ofLodgeTei-fect
"

No. 150 Madras.

31

record
"

thns

Lodge called
regret at
Sacred

to labour.

"liis
"

Linley addrcsses tlie Lodge, and which whilst beiogobligedto leave a Society,
Bro. haa
ever

expresses from

its

institution he
the

with "frequented
"

warmth

of

with r"v"rence, he had contemplated a Brother,purified by the exemplary had


of That the spectator the fraternity had conferred upon with it a double impression his on been
a
.

conduct,and
him that

f"rm

attachraent honor

he which carry

"great and
" *'

undeserved

night would
Mason he

always
on

breast,as when
Master

he reflected

his situation
but remember

as

exalted that he

to the

of dignity it to the

"a
"

could not

owed

of his Brethren, and consequently joinin every opportunity If persevering in his gratef ail sens" of so highan obligation. testifying "thedutiesof Philanthropy If making the charitable hand the responser "to the supplicating If temperingmercy with justice, Forgiveness Tongue,
condescention of
"
"

"with
"

P"nitence,or,
the

in the

our

more

social

moments,
a

Temp"rance with
altho should in person

were Conviviality,

Characteristics of

Mason,

"

seperatedfrom
with

enviable assembly,yet his heart


the

always be
those
the

"

and whilst it followed it, exult Master in the

Example before
when

itmust

emulate

"Virtues, and
"

pract"ceof them.
believe him
a

He

hoped that
never

ail Worshipf the

would

he aflBrmed

that to foliow think

"

doctrine he

in displayed

late

which lecture,
be

he should

"

of but with

deserved

should admiration,

his firmest

and resolution,

"

"

"

"

"

"

only to regret his s"parationfrom such a Mon"tor. He leave, sincerely hoping that the Brethren should stand the which [unadorned] with any same bas"s, by pillars, supported upon that would the incitement as an to superficial ignorant grandeur, appear stood solelydecorated with the dignified to partakeof our Mysteries, of real virtue." simplicity
then took his
was as

that he had

The

second is
"

delivered
:
"

by

the

W.M.,

on

the 6th

1793. September,

The

entry

in the minutes

folio ws

The
on

Worshipful Master addressed


in his Public

the

his regret Lodge, and expressed


announce
"

"

"

being called upon worthy and valuable


in Pondicherry the up he to
sum

to capacity

the death
who had

of

brother
of

"

Lient.

Col. Maule his

fallen at

"

cause

and liberty,
of those

"

were
"

the

whole

endearingly distinguishedhis
in private feelings upon the

country. He observed that that so qualifications character,and calls forth his own
excellent

"

"

them,
unwelcome
some

he

"

an

though painful task of dwelling pleasing exhaust his own and throw might possibly spirits, and an damp on those of his Brethren : unnecessary
was a

"

that
as

tribute however

his due and that whilst he

him represented

"

lost to this Society, a warm,

zealous and

an

affection ate promoter of it,

*'

he

"

break

"

"

"

"

"

own private feelings public Panegyrick.As a Mason he observed that the Lodge had only to refer to those "l"gant which Colonel Maule had occasionally favored the Fraternity productions and which breathed of the Institution in every line. the spirit with, That his respectand v"n"ration for moral truths were thus forcibly in ail the purity of diction and strength of reasoning did expressed ; nor

hopedto

be excused should the sentiments of his


the

through

formai

c"r"monials

of

32
"

Transactions of flieQuatuor Coronatt


he rest this assertion upon his
own

Lodge.
it to those As had of
a

but referred opinion, been

of

"

his Brethren, wlio witli him


and
a

had

the admiringHearers.
of

Man been that the

"

Oentlevian Mason
to

in the

cheerful

Orders

Societythat
of the

he

"

still the saered

uniting the
the sweet and

and Philanthropy, social


converse

Benevolence

"

name,

and friend,

"

"

"

without of rational conviviality, companion,and proraoting every charm That his genius, ever having lost himself in Its abuse. originally pure, forth from shone had an enlightenedand cultivated raind, with an and free frora the ostentation of snperior "l"gancepeculiarto itself had both in public and privatelife, leaming,and, that his Urbanity,

"

"

"

given an exemplary gr"ce equally to


As

his

and actions, had in the

his conversation.

"

such

Man,

the there

WorshipfulMaster
was

admired

him,
"

and

he

"

hoped sincerely

not

Brother

Society
when

however
"

little would

"

acquaintedhe may
offer up

h"ve been

with Colonel Manie

alive due

but
to

"

that tributary regret to his memory,


breast
a

always
then that the

intrinsic that the


on

"

worth, in whatsoever

it r"sides.

He

moved

**

Secretarydo
the Records black for the

draw of the space

ont

suitable

M"morial, and
that
as an

it be entered

"

moreover Proceedings,

Hall

be clothed in

"

of

two

months,

additional

proof of

the

"

Brethren's
The

regret.*'

"

"

of what the Worshipful has said, Master Lodge, in cons"quence in him and with his unanimously confirming Eulogy, joining acquiesce in every h"ve
sorrow,
sens"

**

sentiment

therein contained
are

theyfeel
in

with

him

the loss

they

"

sustained, and
and

thus

happy

demonstratingtheir
memory with
a

sinc"re

**

treasuring up Colonel Maule's

"

of his
secure

perfections, theyleavo him


which tranquillity
the Pr"sence proposes he
now

to those

gratefnl and blessings, heavenly


which
can

"

that

"

in experienced Brother
to

of the Most that for the

enjoys,and High."
of the

alone be

"

Hamilton

thanks

"

the the

Master Worshipful

the

very

and "l"gant,

Lodge be presented address explicit

"

to

"

detailed the many virtues once Society which so pathetically Lieutto be regrettedBrother exercised by our departed,and ever

"

Colonel Manie."
did not to be live made

Th"se
a

hundred

ourselves that we samples will make many of us congratulate fair If the of are they sp"cimens speechesthat used years ago.

that members submitted to fines rather than attend Lodge, Lodge,it is not surprising decidedlygood. I though it must be admitted that on the whole the attendance was of would from but to h"ve bored me a of course view, p oint they personal am writing, in

death.
upon

The

little touch The do

which
custom not

refers to Col. Maule's under which


to

temp"rance is a speakipgcomment

the times.

the

Lodge room
any very

while the brethren

appear

h"ve

made

noteworthy. example

The

of Bro. floridoratory

of the

of the style pedantic

Linley,a period.

mourning, is change in their clothing, Mason, is an excellent young


was

put

into

FRIDAY,

6th

MARCH,

1908.

Lodge 1^^^^^2^J^1 .^^^"^^^Hl Goldney,


HB

met

at

Preemaaons* Hamon B.

Hall, London,

afc 5

p.m.

Pr"sent

"

Bros.
;

F.

H.

P.G.D., W.M.;
as

le Stranj"e, Pr.G.M." J.Stew


,

Norfolk,

I.P.M.

H.

Sadler, Horaley,

G.Ty.. S.D.,

S.W. W.John

L. Hawkins,

as

J.W.;

Canon
W.

J. W.

P.G.Ch., Chap.;

Sonj"hurst,A.G.D.C., Wjnn
;

Secretaryj

Wataon, J.D.; J. P.
Sir A. H.
;

Simpson

I.G.; Dr. W.

Westcott. E. J.

P.G.D., P.M.; Admirai

Markham, Greiner,

P.Dis.G.M., Malta, P.M.


P.A.G.D.C.,
P.M. the

Castle, P.D.G.Reg., P.M.

and

G.

Also Beetham R.

following members
Tho3.

of
;

the

Oorrespondence

C"rcle

"

Bros.

J.

W"lson, Arthur

W.

Chapman,
John

Oohu,

P.G.St.B.

E.

George Harvey, Horace


H. G. de

Nelson, Wm.
R. E.

Thompson,

G. B. Bolton, A. M.

Church, G. Vogeler, W.
Chas. H.

B. Hextall, Rev.

Lafontaine,

Landesmann,

Sutherland,
W.
E.

Watson,
H.

Alfred Richards.

Davis, T. J. E. 7aiighan, Maurice


T. F.

Victor, W.

Metcalfe, P.G.St.B.; Rev.

S.

Hildesley, W.

Isherwood,

G. C.

Williams, Oollingham
Aubert,
"

Brunell, A. G. Forrester, A.
James J. Nolan, Thos.

Carlyle,J. C. Lyell, C. Isler, B. Pflug, C. H.


W.

Baskerville, Chas.

Isra"l Solomons, Sponflr,

C. P.

Tapper.

P. D.

W.

Potter, If. Hyde, W.

Wonnacott,
H. U. L. H.

Dr. A. E.

Wyntor, Ludwig
Owen,
C. J.
J. W. H.

Simons,

Chas.

J. R. B.

Tijou, P.G.St.B.;

Bock, Hy. Eaborn, Arthur


Rev. H. G. RosedaTe,

Hooper, Hooke, Laird^

Dr. S. Walshe J. A. Sweatman, W.

Eisenman, K.
A. T.

Rowell, J. Ingram

Moar,

Denny,

Mayell, E. Giaeser, L. H. Dear, L. Danieisson, Arthur


;

C. Barnes, W. H.

Spratling, P.G.St.B.

J. K. Wiberg,

W.

R.

A.

Smith,

A.

Marchand,
J. Horne,

J. T.

Phillips,

Chas.

Bestow, T. H. Dey, W.

Basbridge, Pred

Hall,

A.

Cadbury
Smith and
;

Jones, W.

Harry Pucket",

Regd. C. Watson, W. H. S. Humphries, H. H. Montague


Also
the

Percy Still.
H. E.

foUowing
E. Stearns,

visitors P.G.D. No.

"

Bros.
;

Henry

Garrod,

P.G.P.

Norton.. Lodge
1693;
;

St. Chad A.

No.

3115;

Arthur

Arthur
;

Pemmar,

Kingsland
Rahere

Lodge
No.

No. 2546

R.

B.

Hildesley,

Henry
Maria

Muggeridge
Lodge
E. T. No.

Lodge

1679

J. J. Macan, Panmure

Lodge
No.

Edmund

Barrett, Sancta

2682;

C. W.

Wilkinson,

Lodge

720;

R. T. S.

Hughes, Wolsey Lodge No. Lodge No. 2395.

1656;

Creasy, Wood

Green

Lodge No. 2426; and

Edwin

Howard,

Avondale

Letters

of
;

apology for non-attendance


E.
; W.

were

received
;

from J. W.

Bros.

Dr.

W.

J. Chetwode J.W.
;

Crawiey, Thorp,

G.Tr., Ireland

Macbean,
J.

'p.M. ;

J.
;

P. E.

Rylands

P.

Crowe,
;

P.G.O.,
H.

J. T.

P.A.G.D.C, S.W.
and

Hughan,

P.G.D.

Armitage, P.D.O.D.C.

W.

Rylands, P.A.G.D.C, P.M.;

L. A. de Malczovich.

One admitted

Lodge,
to the

one

Masonic
of

Library, one
the

Masonic

Literary Society and

twenty-three brethren

were

membership

Correspondence Circle.

The

Secretary called attention

to the

follow"ng :
EXHIBITS.

"

By the Supr"me
Bbonzr the General Charles

Council, Medal,

33", Belgium.

strack
of the of

by

the

Supr"me
held at

Couocil, A. " A.S.R., for Belgium, in comm"moration


10-15

of of Bro. of the
"

Conf"rence
one

Rite

Brussels

June, 1907.

The the

medal

is the work is the bust

Samuel,

the

foremost

of the

Belgian sculptors. On

obversQ

34

Transactions

ofthe Quatiwr

Coronati

Lodge.

Soyere"gnGrand
on

Commander

for

the

reverse

the doable-headed

who presidedat the Conf"rence Belgiam, Gount Goblet d'AIviella, ; of ail the eagle of the Rite, with an escutcheon bearing the names Presented
to the

Sapreme Coanc"ls who took part in the Conf"rence.'

Lodge.

By

Bro. W.

John

Sonorurst. of
a

Warrant, dated 1816, for the establishment


Misraim in Seine-et-Marne.

Sovereign Council of the 70" of the Order

of

Warrant, dated 12th October,1816,for the Oairis Lodge nnder the Order of Misraim. Warrant, dated 1816, for the Lodge of the Trinosophesunder the
Enoravrd
as same

Bodj.
The certificate reads

Crrtificatr, of the Ph"nix

Royal Arch

Chapter, Paris.

follows

"

t;^ "

CHAPITRE

de

ROYAL-ARCH de

du

PH"NIX,

RIT

d'YORK, ORIENT

es
u

PARIS.

*^

(Seal)
PROM

HOLINESS

TO

THE

LORD.

fSeal)
.'.

"3

AN

ENLIGHTENED and Peace Latit

SPOT

Wbere

Silence,Union

(at 48* 50' 14" north


To ail

Reign .-.)
and

Entered, Passed, Raiaed Enlightened,


.*.

Exalted
of

Sap

.*.

Excel

Royal-Aroh Mas

.*. under

the canopy
.*.

heaven

GREETING

WE,

the

high Priest and Off

Lodge, held at the Bast of


United Pennsylvania, DO

.*. of the Royal-Arch Chapter, York W"thin Rite, Charted the Ph"nix in the year 5,799 from the Great Lodge of in T"rtue of powers issued, Paris,

States of America.
.-. .',

hereby Certifythat the Bearer hereof Uagon Jean Baptiste Marie, Founder Maater of the R^f [^ of TrinoaopheiEast of Paris,High Athersata of his SovereignChapter and high Mast*; of the Supr
1 Brothren

who

d"sire to hare

copiet of this medal

for their collections should

communicate

witU

M,

Celp"s,

Rue

des

Ursulines

15, Brussela,

OF

"xhibiti.
Oounsel of the Knights K
/.
a

35

.'.

30th and

/. dcg".estahf} a

near
our

Made, Passed

and

Raiaed

Mason

Member
us

of

Brother, has been daly [U our of the aforesaid ofthe last month and Gliapter ; ths seventh year
him
to ail faithful Brethren.

that his zeal for the We h"ve caused


our

"nduces Boyal-Craft said Brother


to write
was

to recommend
name

his

herein,to the eud that "t may

be Known

that he is

the person

to whom
our

Ihis Gertificate

granted.
our

Given under
of the

hand, Seal, and


moon

Stamp of

the "ight "Ay Chapter; East of Paris, year of the first and

"ve thousand

Eight hundred

eighteen

High Priest

Right Worshipfnl Master

Worshipful Senior Warden

Worsbipful Junior Warden By Power


Sealed Master and and of the

Chapter

Stamped by

me

Keeper of the Rolls TR"S

Secretary,

D'UN

LIEU

"CLAIR",

Ou

R"gnent le Silence, l'Union," la Paix,


par les 48" 50' 1-i" Latit
.'. /.

Nord."*
*

A Tous du

les F

.'.

.'.

Eclai

.*.

Reconnus, Elev

" Inst

.'.

Sup

.*. Excel

.^

Royal-Arch

sous

la Vo"te C"l .'.

Z"nith,
S
/.

.-.

S .-.

Les

Gr

.*.

Pr

/. et

Off

/.

du Ch des

.'.

de

Royal-Aroh
en

Rit

d'York, "tabli pr"s la R


.'.

/.

/.

du Ph"nix

s"ant Unis

" l'Or de

en Paris,
:

vertu

pouvoirs "man"s porteur du


.'.de

6,799 de la Gr
F
/.

.*. de

Pensylvanie,Etats
.*. Maitre

d'Am"rique de la R^e [^
Conseildes
a

Certifions que le des Trinoeophea 0


,\

pr"sent Notre
;

Ragon

Jean

BaptisteMarie, V^^ Fondateur


et G^

Paria

0"fAthereata
de N
a

de

son

Souvn

Chap"

du

Supr"me
z"le

Chev

/.

.*. 30

"tabli pr"s de la dite \Zj degr", Membre


.'.

"t" Fait, Pass",et Elev" Mac


engage

.'. et

Chap
nos

.*. le

et que
/.

son

pour l'Art" Royal, nous Nous


avons en

h le recommander
.'.

tous

F /. F

cons"quence invit" N
Certificat " Timbre de
a

susd

.'. F

.*.

"

signer avec quoi


Nous

nous avons

afin

qu'ilsoit

reconnu

pour
avons

la fait

personne

"

qui ce

"t" accord".
.'.

Eu
.'.

foi de

sign" le pr"sentet y

apposer D"livr"

les Sceau " l'Or


.'.

de N

Chap

Paris, le premier Jour

du

huiti"me

Mois

dis Bul

Cinq mil huit cent dix'huit

"re

vulg /. Premier

Octobre mit huit cent dix-huit.

Grand

Pr"tre

101* /. Gr

/.

" /.

Gr

.-.

3e.-.Gr ,-. M Par Mandement du "h


,\

sous timbr","Sb Bcell", enregistr"

le No. 37
-^

par Noos

Garde

des

sceaux

" Archives.

Secr"taire.

8"
Getificatk
: transcript
"

Transactions ofthe Quatuor CoronatiLodg".


(MS.) uf the
same

Chapter, to Bro. J. M. Bagon, dated

1818.

The

foUowing is

"

(Seal)
HOLINESS THE WHERE REIGNED MOST TO THE LORD. EA8T UNION AND

(Seal)

ENLIGTENED SILENCE

PEAGE

To ail

Passed, Raised and Exaltod EnlightenedEnfcered, Canopy of heaven.


We the

Supr

/. Excel

/.

Royal Arche

mag

/.

under

the

high Pri

.'. and

.'. Off .'. of

Banction of the

Lodge named
CERTIFY

Ph"nix

the Chapter Royal Arche Supr .'.^Excel .*. mac Royal Hegisb .*. at East of Paris.

.*.

held,nnder

DO beloved Great 30th Subi

HEREBY

DBOL"RB

AND

ATTEST
.'. of

that the

Bearer

our

faithfnl and

well

brother

Ragon (Jean BaptisteMarie) Venb

the

R Trinosophes's of the
our

.*. Scotch

[ZI Vally of Paria of C


.*. K .'. sh .'.

Athersata of hia Sonv .'. Chapter and great Commander of degree stablish'd in tho said Lodge, is a Member
.*.

Supr
as

/.

Council

Chapter

having been

raised to the

degree.
RECOMMANDED
.*. and

WE

HIM
.*.

to

our

true

and

Faithful Brothers

of

our

ordor, recommaudable

by

h"8 Civil Given The

Mao
our

qualities.
.'. of our

under

Sign Seal and Timb


named

Chapter

at the East

of Paris.

firstday of the month

Bul 5818.

D'UN O" A Toas


/.

LIEU

TR"S

ECLAIB"
et

R"gnent le Silence l'Union


"lev
.'. et

la Paix
.*.

les F

.*. F

.*.

"clair.*. Reconnus

Init

.'.

Sup

.*. Excel

Royal Arche

sous

la Vo"te

C"l

du Zenith Les

G^
a

.*.

Pr

/.

et

O"f

.*. du

Chap

.".

Royal Arche

"tabli par

les Consitons

.".

de la R.*. L

.'.

du

Ph"nix

s"ant

l'Or de Paris.

CERTIFIONS F
.',

ET

ATTESTONS

que
la R

le Porteur
.'. [H

Ragon (Jean BaptisteMarie) V'"1" .". de


de
son

Fid"le du et bien-aim" pr"sent notre G^ .*. "coss .'. des Trinosophes, Vall"e de Paris,
.*.
ce

Athersata

D"g*

.*. "tabli

Souvn .". Chape .-. et G^l .". Commandiiur du Supr .". Conseil de C de notre Chap .*. comme pr"s la dite "Z"est Membre ayant "t" "lev" a
tous cons"quence
mac

.*. .'.

sh Subi

30"
.".

.'.

Q^^

PRIONS

en

les vrais et F"dcles F


.*.

.*. de notre

Ordre

Subi

.'.

de le Reconna"tre par celles

pour tel et l'accueillir comme

aussi recommandable

par

ses

qualit"sCiviles que

Ma"onniques.
Donn" Bal 6818. It will be noticed that th"se certiticates show stated to be the existence of
a

sous

nos

seings,sceaux

et

Timbre, Or

.*. de

Paris

le

premier Jour

du

Mois

appelle

Royal Arch
the
'*

Chapter in Paris
far

working

under

powers

received

from

the Grand

Lodge
from

of

Penusylvania. So
matter of

nothing
it ia
"

has been found in the records considered


"

of that

Grand
may in

Lodge throwing any light upon


omanated
the

and Trath and

probable that the degree


"

h"ve

Rite

of

Elect

or

Parfaite Union

which

was

introduced

Philadelphia by French
in
common

omigrants

from

France

San
wm

Domingo.
it

This Rite had nothing whatever

with the Grand

Lodge of Penusylvania nor

hy the Masonic recognised

authorities there. Katalie Am"lie Louise

Certificatb, "ssuod in 1818

to

Ragon, wifc of J. M. Ragon, by the

Lodge of Adoption V Amiti", of Valenciennes.


Two connected engraved Charts, hand-coloured, formerlybelongingto J. M. Ragon, and probably

with the Order of Misraim.

Ars

Quatuor Cobon"torum.

00
i-H

oo

03

03

I
et

8
fil

C4

"xhihits,
LtsT
of
op

8"
incladoB the
Dame

Mbmbers,

o" the

Lodge Sept Ecossais R"unis,23rd April,1846,which


as
"

Meyerbeer, who

is described

33c, Directeur

g"nl

de

la

musique

du

Roi

de

Prusse, Membre

de

l'Institut de France, Officier del" AU


to

L"gion d'honn^. rue

111.'* Richelieu,
of Bro. J. M.

th"se

documents Bro. W. J.

were

formerly the propertj

Ragon,

and

are

now

presented

the

Lodge by

Songharst.

By

Bro. Hamon Stone

le

Strange, Norfolk,
amoog the tombs
to the

Gavel, found

of B"ni

Hassan, Upper

Egypt, and dating from

the

period

of the Twelfth

Dynasty.

Presented

Lodge.

By

the

Lodge. P.M. CoLLAR

Jewkl, presented 9th Deoember,

1839, by
* "

the

Domatic

Lodge

No.

206

to

Bro.

Stephen Child,P.M.
CoLLAR

Jkwel,

dated

1816,of

Provincial

Grand

Sword-Bearer

of SufiEolk.

CoLLAR

Jewel, Provincial

Grand

Organist of

Suffolk.

Silver Apron

Badge, Irish.
and

Jbwel, of tVie 150, Ancient

Accepted

Rite.

Jbwkl, presented to William

Best, P.M. of the'Lodge ,Star in the


This
waa

East

No.
a

8^8, Queenstown,

Cape
"

of Good

Hope,

16th

June, 1864.

bought by

trooper from

Boer

prisoner. (See

Masonio

lUustrated," Vol. III, p. 33).

Grand Certificatie, member of the Caledonian

Lodge Lodge

of

"ngland, dated

30th

August, 1788,and

issued

to

Hyman

Cohen,

then No. 211.

Certificats, of Caledoiiian

Lodge

No.

211, to

same

Brother, signed by A. L. de Hayes, Master,


tem.

Clementson, S.W., Jo^^Schbracq, J.W., and A. Ten


Cbrtificatk, issued
to

Brocke, Secretary pro


18th member

same

Brother
as

on a

April, 1796,by
of the Union

the

Royal
No.

Arch

Chapter,

at
as

Kingston,Jamaica.
Grand Junior Warden

Bro. Cohen

is described Grand

Lodge

257,Jamaica, and

of the Provincial

Lodge.
same

Apron, and green

silk 8A8H, with

formerlybelonging to dagger attached,

Brother.

By

Bro.

H. C. Nelthorpe,

London. and
one

Two

glass GoBLETS,
upon

Rdmmer,

or

Sugar-basin;
therefore
at

the appear
met

largostglass has
that
at

initiais "J.M.''
owner

engraved
member Gommons.

it, and
Castle

"No.

18, 1812." of

It would which

the the

former Horn

was

of the

Lodge

Harmony,

that

date

Tavern,

Doctors'

Presented

to the

Lodge,

hearty tote
or

of thanks made

was

unanimously passed
the

to

those

Brethren Mus"um.

who

had

lent

objects for

exhibition

who

had

to pr"sentations

Lodge Library and

Bro" J..P. Simpson

read the

foUowing paper

:"

""

Transactions

of tlie Quatuor "oronatiLo"ge.

SOME

OLD
BY

SUBURBAN
BRO.

TAVERNS
PERCY

AND
P.M.

MASONRY.
176.

J.

SIMPSON,

in my
'*

two

precedingpapers,
Taverns Masonic and homes

"

Old

City Taverns
I h"ve be

and

Masonry
some

"

and of I

Old

London

Masonry,"
in what may

given
some

account proper,
to

the ancient

styled London
be of facts with

thought it might compl"te our


in Brethren,if I collected, the Masonic I h"ve the title of ttis paper,
"

and subject, paper,

interest

the
to

another

some

regard
I

Taverns used

in the

outlyingdistricts
*

adjacentto London.
*

the words

outlyingdistricts
and

because in
now

am

afraid

Some
the and

OUI Saburban
subarbs other of the

Taverns

Masonry," is
taken their

some

respects
become
an

misleading. Of int"gral part of


Before
our

course,

eighteenth century h"ve


it would rise and

London,

h"ve country villages

places.
add interest
to

in visiting h"re

d"tail the varions


a

I think localities, of the very

travels if I gave

very

brief g"nerai sketch


be necessary
were

development
any
rate

of
to

Suburban

London.

It will not

to go back
no l'eally

far,for
at

at

up

the time of the London


and

Tudor

period,there

suburbs
we

ail,and

the
at

Cities Van

of de

Westminster stood in solitary grandeur. If {clrca1543) from


of us,
we

look, however,

Wyngrerde*s map
which in

the Sunderland shall


see some

Collection

in the Bodleian
on

Library,
River,
St.

is familiar to most

scattered houses
of

the

Fleet

Moorfields, and

Finsbury Fields.
were

The

houses religions

Clerkenwell, and
and

Martin's

Church,

however, still,
were

surrounded

by

pasture land
the

gardons, and
to

and Paddington Islington there Still, of the spaces We


see, at
are

far

removed, quietvillages.
about this

indications slight
between the
common

periodof
and be
to

in, so filling
with

speak,
Cities. and the

of any

ground

to villages

the north

west, and
enclosed

the two

rate, that the

fields

began
"

hedges
how

and ditches,

Kdward

Hall, writing in the sixth year


sallied forth with the cry of which
"

of

Henry VIII., relates


and

citizens of London dit^"hes and broke their r"cr"ation but


now we are see

Shovels

Spades,"and
what

filled in the

down

the inclosures

had been

placedaround
time
means

they considered neverhedged gardens


much

grounds ; but, he adds,


the

after which than


;

th"se fields were

thing in
fair

worse sammer

case

ever,

by

of inclosures for

wherein of them for


use

bu"lt many

houses

and, as in other placesof the suburbs, some


so

like Midsummer and the


as profit

and chimney tops, not pageants, with towers, turrets, " the of pleasure, betraying the vanity ancient citizens who men's

for show

minds, much

unlike

of disposition Almshouses in

and Hospitals
their wealth above Edward remarks VIL

for the poor, the


common

prefermentof
of
our

delightedin the building of and therein both employed their wits and spent commodity of this our City." Some of the
well h ave been

friend Hall

might

written in the

seventh

year

of

Under

the reignof Elizabeth,the houses in the fields outside


caused Her

the

g"tesgi'adually
the

and multiplied, numbers

Majesty much
make in

alarm, as by

it

was

feared

that

increased

of inhabitants

would

scarce provisions

and another

spreadthe

plague.
was

By

dated at Nonsuch proclamation

1580, confirmed

in 1602,it

forbidden

to build houses within three miles of the

CityGates.

It does not appear,

however,that

42

Transactions of the Quatuor Coronati The other Lodge


was

Lodge.

Tavern, in 1761.
had its home the two

founded

in

Gibraltar,in 1785,and subsequentlj

at the Royal Artillerj Tavorn, Woolwicli Comnion, in 1794. The union of Lodges took placein 1826. to Defiford (Deepford in the older maps), we arrive at a Passing westwards VIII. down of to 1769, was the birthplace of nearly from the tirae which, Henry localitjr This town," wri tes Lam barde,in 1570, "being a frontier ail the English Navies.
**

between

Kent

and

Surrey
office rs

was

of

none

estimation

at

ail,until that King Henrie


to erect Fleete)
a

the and

Royal of M ai s ter aud incorporated by the name of the Navie Wardeins of the Holie Trinitie for the building keeping " constructing of the Trinitj' Royall." Lambarde is probablywronghere, however, as the Corporation had no connection with the Royal Navy and the charter does not mention any duties in eightadvised
to

(forthe better

of the pr"servation
:

Storehouse

create

certain

there

th"se

he

connection powers

probably the successor Corporation was of Seamen. of a more ancient Guild or Fraternity oldest Lodges had It is interesting of oar to note that two
with it.

The

with

augraented
at birthplace

their

namely,the Deptford,
Back Church

Neptune Lodge
the

No. 22 which of

met

for the firsttime at "The 206 at


"

Griffin,"

Lane,

in

1750, and

Lodge
"

FriendshipNo.
of both
"

The

Oxford
were

Arms,"
workmen

in 1784. Street,

The

founders oinginal wooden walls

th"se Lodges

the engaged in constructing that

there

are

also two

Justice No.

147, which
had
"

Temp"rance, which
"

in the ne"ghbouringDockyard. I see DeptfordLodges that still flourish,namely, the Lodge of at The in 1806, and met the Lodge of JoUy Potters The White at its home i n Swan," High Street, 1867. Another old other
** " "

Swan

Tavern

{PlateI.) in

this

neighbourhood

is to

be
a

noticed. wooden

It stood

in
was

the River,and was situation near picturesque and in the situated practically on an island,

approachedby stream near by indulgedin.


later but A

Bridge.
cruel h"re
as

It

the

rather
met

sport of

ducks by dogs seems chasing

to

bave been
Others
came

Lodge
a

1742, but
brief.

was

erased

in 1748.

onlyfor

short time. Masonic

earlyas Indeed,I
was

find that in Taverns

of,so

to

speak,"holiday resort,"the stay of


must not

Lodges

Before finally we leavingthis locality house of entertainment, the "Jamaica


This
was a

pass
at

by

very

famous

old time

House for

Tavern"

Rotherhithe. House time


to

(PlatoIL) containing
h"ve
a

very

favourite place of resort


and and

good accommodation
tenanted

nearly a century,the pleasantgarden. It is supposed at one


Larwood that
on

been

by Cromwell,
in bis
"

says that after the Restoration the 14th

it became

Tavern.

Pepya notes
for the
an

Diary
on

1667,he April,
House

took his wife and T


ne ver was

her maids before and

outingh"re.
run

Over the water


the

to Jamaica

where

pleasure spent but wagers little and so home." of the which h"re met one Lodges survive, namely, the Only No. 174,which met h"re in 1790. The Lodge of Sincerity engraving shows the street and this old Tavern at that period. This House was puUed down in 1854. And be now passingon to Bermondsey and Southwark, which can conveniently taken together. And h"re I must ask for some the this f or old Taverns of indulgence, and they call up so many anecdotal and are so locality memories, historical, numerous, Bowling
Masonic, that
in itself. Mr. "The We
to
can

did girls

Green

and thus with

much

do

to anything like justice

the

would subject

a lengthy paper require

therefore

only s"lect
more

few

with of

Masonic sp"cial

association.

Corner, the historian of "The


of Southwark inhabitants the

Tnns

Southwark," writingin 1858, says:

Borough

Borough by
London

and from Kent, Surrey,

the High S^ emphaticallycalled the especially into having for so many "ges being the only outrance the chief road from France, and from the Shrine Sussex,

Ars

Qoatoor Coronatorum.

I.
"

The

Svvan Tavekn,
From
a

near

the

Mill

Pond, Seven
Collection.

Islands,DEPifORD.

Drawing

in the

GardDer

II.

"

The
From

Jamaica
a

House

Tavern, Rotuerhithe.
Collection.

Drawing in the Gardner

Ars

Quatuor

Coroxatokum.

1:1

V'\,;

if

-"^

I "It
\
4.

CM

\"

'X
5%
it^
^.

H O

O
-"

$1^

1"

".:"
yi'

%'

II-

Some Old Suhurhan


of St. Thomas
year, it is not tributed

favernsand Ma^onry.

43
resorted every
con-

" Beckefc at

to Cauterbury the

wliich in olden times thousands


became

that surprisiug

borough

celebrated for its Inns which

to its miglitily

prosperity."
:

Stovv towards

in liis "

Survey of London'* (1598) says

'*From

thence (the Marshalsea)

of travellers fair Inns for the receipt side be many Bridgeon the same Bull, Queens Head, Tabard, George,Hart, by th"se signs the Spurre, Christopher, Kings Head, "c.*' The carions n\ap shown in Plate III. is taken from the Duchy of London

Lancaster Records c"rca 154"2, and


and many others. above

shows

the

of position

the

Inns

mentioned

by Stow
Tabard

Of the Inns
or

recorded,
"

"

The

Spur,"
Hart
" "

"

The

Qaeen's Head,"
in much

"

The

Talbot," The
"

George

and

"

White

remained

of their ancient

state pictur"sque

tilllate in the last

century,
**

The

however,is now George,"

perhaps

the sole survivor. Let map, down


us
"

then The

commence

with

close to
in the

Tabard," and
Fire

had

great Southwark Ward, publisheda few years


Southwark and had "1000

George." It stood, as you will see by the In 1676 it was burnt courtyardand galleries. which is referred to in the diary of the Rev. John
The
a
"

af ter this event.

Go

ver

and

his Irish ruffians burnt Giffard


a

for their

painssaid
26th of
an

the narrative

of Bedloe. the dismal

Jesuit

had the management


The the noted
'

of the fire.

The

May, 1676,was
oilman
near

wark. tire of South-

fire
*

beginning at
*

Mr. Inns

Welsh's
as

S'. Margarets Hill relates."


to

betwixt

George

and

Talbot

'

Bedloe

in his narrative

It is to be

that ail fires at this


the R"v"rend
"

were period

attributed conveniently
was

the

and that Jesuits,

Bedloe whom
"

The

plan.
Gihon

When

veracity. quotes and old site rebuilt the on accordingto the old George was, however, the landlord of Weyland, Mrs. Scholefield, at the time of the a descendant
not
an

diarist

historian of strict

died in 1859,it was great fire,

parchasedby

the Governors
"

of

Guy*sHospital.H"re
BulFs Head"
Inn

the close

Lodge No.
"

49 had

its first meeting placein 1810.

The

by

appears

in the List of 1723. Taveru


"

The Three Tuns

in

Street was the.High


;

the home No.

of three well-known

Lodges :" St John's Lodge No. 90,in 1820 United Mariners* Lodge, in 1858.
If Southwark with sapplied with
same

the Kent

Lodge

15, in 1852; and

the

and

Bermondsey
Masonic
at the

were

noted
seem

for their for


some

Taverns,they were
years
to h"ve

also well associated

and prisons, them, for one was held year


one

Lodges

been

King's Bench Tap House.


h"re

and in the Prison, Southwark,in 1752, Both


an

met

at

the Marshalsea
I h"ve
a

th"se Lodges
of the

were

under

the

Antient Grand

Lodge.
below

introduced useful

old view

Marshalsea the

Prison situation

(PlateIV.),as
of
some
"

it has about Arms


"

and littleplan of the High-street,

of the Taverns The

1750.

King
old in

(Plate7.),which
met

afforded

home

to

Masonic of

Lodges,
with

namely,an
Attachment waggons
"

Lodge 1778,was

which
a

there

in

1732,

and

tbe

Lodge
did
a

Constitutional

well-known

coaching inn,and
Stow

great business

and The

caiTiers* carts.

Queen*8 Head yard


and

having an
second Masonic Hart

inner

(PlateVI.) mentioned by side only, on one one galleries approached by


last but Pickwick
a

"

was

another quaint Inn


to the H"re
*'

to the

and "nother first, from the street. the famous It had

floor.

The

yard

was

high gateway
no means

Lodge met in 1759. And Inn (PlateVII.)where Mr.


" "

by

least comes
Sam and

White

first met Jack

Weller.
some

the largest

signexcept
at this Inn

The

Castle

"

in Fleet

Street.

Cade

of his foUowers The

put up
was

duringtheir

of London brief possession

in 1450.

Inn original

44
burnt down

Ttansactions ofthe Quatuor CoronatiLodge. in 1676 but


was

only finally pulled down about 1890. It consisted of several open courts the inuer one liaving three sides. H"re fine gallerics on several Masonic Lodges met but the onlj one now survivingis the Lodge of Amity
rebuilt and
was

No.

171 which

met

h"re

as

late

as

1830.
eau

The

Royal Manor
them many

of Lambeth ancient

boast

of

many

historical

and buildings, As late


as

clustered round

though perhaps not


was

very noted

Taverns.

1560,bowever,Pennant
Palace and Charles II.
and house h"ve
so over

tells us Indeed

there the

not

house standingbetween single open Weut

Lanibeth

Sonthwark.

writ"ngin his Pepys,


of the

place was ail July 1663, Diary,

country even
across

in the
to

reignof
Larabeth

"

the water

the fields to Southwark."

Ralph Aggas'map

of London

shows

only one

besides the Palace


been
at

least one
"

little private at parties

Still there must Church. Archbishop and Lambeth Tavern in the days of Charles II. as he used to give existing The Three Mariners the water the Church, coming over uear
"

from

Whitehall.

The

chair
was

in which

he

is said

to

h"ve

sat

on

th"se occasions

was

in preserved In the

the lun

tillit

pulleddown.
"

gardons,and
Old
an

the

and in pleasuregi'ounds eighteenthcentury Lambeth mursh abounded Taverns The did Chief trade. th"se near was a by good araongst
Cushion
'*

Crown

and

Lambeth
as
"

marsh. Duke of

This

Inn

was

sometimes

the r"sidence Governor

of

eccentric adventurer marsh." He

known had
at

Bolton, King of Vine


and settled down

Street and
Hawke's and

of Lambeth

served

in America He

also in Admirai h"re

fleet at his

the defeat of the French

Brest.

afterwards

devoted

incomo to

the poor in the ueighbourhood. At ** The Crown and Cushion " the relieving Constitutional Lodge No. 55 met in 1790,moving to "The Lane, in Crown," Narrow 1800.
At this latter house the Vitruvian

Lodge No. 87,met


Hc
was an

in 1831.

At

"

The

Crown

"

in 1735 Dr. Martin Van


with practised his feet and

Butshell

was

born.

eccentric quack who

afterwards
down
to

great success
a

in Mount he

Street.

He

allowed black

his beard to grow

rode

pony

which
our

paiutedwhitc
"

with
"

spots. He
in the

died in 1810.

Close by also resided his r"miniscences, says


**

Masonic
to
see

Brother

the Chevalier D'Eon.

he from

used

the

Chevalier He

walking

Angelo,in neighbourhood.
silk and

He

lived

a a

few
w^oman

doors
worn

Th""tre. Astley's with "ge and

always dressed

in black

looked like

out

care."

occupied the site of Cuper'sGardons, vulgarly called Cupid's Garden, once Waterloo Road. laid out by one It was a gardener at Arundcl House, Boyder Cuper,
Strand, in 1682,and the
succeeded
and
on were

amusements

were

dancing,music
a

and

fireworks. somewhat
"

Cuper

was

by

Mr.

and

Mrs. Mrs.

Evans, but the Gardens Evans, theu


"

became

disreputable,
"

closed in 1752.
same

widow, then opened


Tavern," stands

The
a

Feathers Tavern
little further h"re.
can a

the

site.

The

pr"sent
Marsh

Feathers

back No.

fi-om

the river than Another that it


was

the old Inn. Lambeth

In 1822 Inn

the Constitutional
was

Lodge

55 met

known

as

**

The

Wheatsheaf," and

boast

the

of birthplace

the oldest of ail the Lambeth

Lodges,as
a

it had

Lodge
the old

meeting there
local Taverns be remembered shire and "We Fore took

in 1754.
more

Lambeth,
in

fortunate

than

other

has localities,
were

manuscriptl"st of

1810, and

several of th"se

well-known

coachingInns, for it must

that when

only one
and

Dorsetshire
water
"

started from Lambeth

Lambeth. then

Bridge existed the coaches to Portsmouth,HampSo Pepys, in his Diary under date 1660,
coach for Portsmouth."
alike
"

to

The

White

Hart,"

Street,and

The

Lion and

were Lamb," Prince^s Street,

coaching Inns and

Masonic

places. meeting

/T^^'^
or

Ars

Quatuor Coronatorum.

V.

"

The

King*s
From

Arms
a

Tavern,

Blackfriars

Street, Southwark.
Collection.

Drawiog in the Gardner

"""

z^l

Ars

Quatuor Coronatorum.

ArS

QtJATCORCORONATORCM.

QO 00
-^

o o

?
o

as

as

'2

:"

03

H ^

4"
is
to interesting

Transactions of the Quatuor Coronati


the

Lo"ge.
placein
who the first

Craft

as

it appears wbat

to
are

h"ve been
now

very favourite
as
"
"

half of the read in the to wait


on

centurj for eighteenth

known

"

summer

meetings."We
Brethren of the intend and Antient

1739,an advertisement : Baily PostyMay 18th, Lord tbe Right Honourable Raymond Grand
of Fraternity tbe 19th "nst
:

Those Master
at

Honourable
to-morrow niake

Free
are

"

Accepted Masons

to

dino

Patney Bowling Green


that Bi-otber

to requested

take Tickets in time

Parry may
the Prince

suitable Tickets

arrangementsfor them.
to be had
at Mr.

Moody's Sword Berry's at


at 2 o*clock

Cutlor to His Th""tre

Majestyand
in

of Wales

near

Temple
Dinner

Bar

Mr.

tbe

Coffee House

Bridges S'. required Country

Covent

Garden
N.B.

" Forrests
on

Coffee House.
Table and precisely ail Brethren
are

to

come

clothed."
The above
"

is the 'tirstnotice

that

can

find of
across a

th"se

"

Summer in

or

Meetings Tbey
Master the

in tlie may

it Islington, would

suburbs,and, as we come to glance for be interesting


to bave been informai

them

again
at

moment

their

Hampstcad and originand bistory.

appear

for the time of Grand


"

Minutes 1749.

being,and Bro. Lodge, found tbree r"f"rences


D.G.M.
informed
at

meetings orgauizedby the Deputy Grand time ago, lookingthrough Henry Sadler,some
to them

tberein under and tbe several 17th is


a

date 26th Brethren


next
an

May,

The

the

Lodge

that

himself

intended

to dine at Bro:

Viponts
as

Hampstead

on

Saturday
hin." the

June

desired tbe Company of such

it suited to dine with dine The


at Bro. at Perry's,

There

similar

notice

given on
on

25th

July, 1750, to
June, 1752.

Bowling Green, Putney,and


is in

again Canonbury House, Islington.Doubtless it was always mentioned in Grand Lodge, and the notice
sent out
to

the 18th

last notice in the minutes


a

1798, fora dinner at


not

but it was yearly occurrence, made by advertisement, or was

cards

those eutitled to attend.


bave decliued
as a

graduallyto Bowling Green House seems r"sidence aboutl760. became a private ment,
and fot several years tbe home and died in

place of

entertainPitt lived also

H"re, afterwards,William
"

1806,

The

old

''

Castle

Inn," in the High Street, was


White Lion
"

of the Britannic in 1765.

Lodge

No.

33, in 1758,and the

had

Lodge
and about Battle

meeting there
included

RiCHMOND

is not mentioned

in

Domesday,it was
was

probably then

but

waste

in tbe Manor it
was

of Kingston. It

known of

1500, when
of Manor

called Earl

Richmond, by
of

command

of Sheen until by the name Henry VIL, who, before tbe It


seems

Bosworth, was
from
"

Richmond,
who I., of Sheen

in Yorksbire.

to

h"ve

been the

Royal
Scotch

the time of Edward at bis Manor

and in 1300 received resided there,


on

Commissioners

the Thames."

The

Manor
as

long continued
"

to be the r"sidence

of

but Strype, in 1720, speaksof royalty, tenements." the 4th of Richmond

the Palace

now

decayed,
become
a

and

parcelled
as

out

into
on

However, June,
Green I

about

this period it had

fasliionableresort, and
"

1749, Horace
saw

Walpole writes Bath, Lord

to Sir H.

Mann,

To-day
dozen
come

passedover
of White's

Lord

Lonsdale, and half

more

and

to every

they

cannot

Club sauntering at the door of a house they bave taken there, Saturday and Sunday to play whist. You will naturallyask why play at whist in London on those days as well as on the other tive ; indeed

I cannot

tell you that Bath

exceptthat
do people there sitting

it is

so

established

fashioH

to go ont of town tow^n.

at the
me

end

of the week
to
see

go

though it be only into


like
a

another

It made

smile

Lord Tbe

citizen that bas left off trade." very


rare

Plate IX. is from

an was

old and

engravingnow

in the Public
or

Library,
other

Richmond.

This engraving

discovered

in

Germany, and onlyone

two

Ars

Quatuor Coronatorum.

as

af
O

P^

-s

I
^

Ans

Qdatl'ok Coronatorum.

(^
."'.

Some

01 d Snhurhnn

Tavernff and

Masonrtj.

47
tlie Committee, shows

sp"cimens are
I
was

known.
to take
a

By

the

of the Librarian, Mr. Barkas, and courtesy date is


to below.

allowed

Tts Photograpli.

probably about
the old
**

1720, and

tbe

situation

of the varions

Taverns

referred

With

the advent
Masonie of

of the fashionable folk

Inns The

of the Red

Town

and

Green

improved
had
name

and

theni. Lodges bep^an to fr"quent

Lion," at Richmond,
This

the

distinction

appearing in
in Lodge,

the Lists of 1725 and

and

1726. the

Lodge

took

the

of the Richmond The of the

1734,
The

at lapsedfinally

Freemasons'

Hall, in
the

1797. of John
at fare,

originof
of
some

the

s"gn of
of

"

Red

Lion the Hill

"

is

derived,no

doubt, from

Badge
moved Inn

Gaunt, Duke
corner

Lanoaster, and
and

Tnn original Rise. The

stood in the main site of the Inn this

thoroughwas

George Street
distance
some

back, however,
was

up

Red ago.

Lion

Street about

1755, and
'*

latter

only pulleddown
in

weeks

Chancellor, in his

states that of Arms

h"re, in 1638, one, William

Crowne,
the

Ordinary, and
He of the 28th

Mr.

Dugdale,

Historyof Richmond," Rouge Dragon Pnrsuivant Blanck made was Logon Antiquarian,
was

created

Pursuivant. the

qnotes also
Old

the

quaintceremony
at

of Investiture,
runs as

There

is

notice

in

Evening Post
the

February, 1736, which


Inn,
now

follows :""

Notice

is hereby

given that
Pemke

Red

Lion

Richmond,

in

kept by Henry Fudger, Snrrey,


others will

Maker

of that

place,is
"

opened where

Gentlemen, Ladies, and


littlelater A

be entertained
"

in the best manner."

The

Red
known

Lion
"

had, however, a Masonie


The

rival of the

date," The
first

Dog,"

afterwards Clare Mark


"The

as

Talbot," further up

hill.

Lodge,
Tavem
was

meeting in
in
now

et, migrated there in 1739.

Dog"

is not

an

sign,and unfrequent
The of

/we

find

of that
an

name

Westminster,where
almost obselete, ter m
The
as

Pepys
for
"

often resorted.

word

"Talbot"

old, and Lodge


**

largekind
in

hunting dog.
aJiome h"re for till
a

well-known

Castle Inn," Hill Street, afforded

known
a

the

Lodge Pythagorean
corner
**

1788, and

it continued Water that

to meet

1794, and

little Red in

further down, at the

of

King
H"re The

Street and
a

Lane, nearlyopposite The


removed from and

Lion,"stood 1770,and
the
was

The

Feathers." in 1794.

Lodge
the

had

Isleworth met

erased

Assembly Room

other apartments,including
the
rear

stillform original staircase,

part of

premises in
doubt other

of Nos.

1 and

2,King
the game and I

Street.
"

The

Cricketers"

on

Richmond I know

Green of

no

derived old Inn

its

name

from

played
this
was

on

the space situated what


*'

in front.

only one
had
a

bearingthat name,
Morland. The valuable.

at

Chelsea Bridge,and
of this

beautiful
now

by sign,painted
very

wonder
"

became
was a

Sign ;
in

it would

be

Chelsea
House 1824. A

Cricketers
I
see

pulled down
newspaper

1824, and, ouriously enough, the Richmond


down
on

was,

from

burnt cutting,
was

the

22nd

of

August,

Lodge met
"

h"re in

1784, but

erased

in 1828. varied of the

The and

Greyhound," still one


at
one

career,

time No.

it held

Inns in Richmond, bas had a principal in Masonry, being the home prominent position of the

Lodge
founded

of

flarmony by
Thomas

suburban 255, a distinguished


was,

Lodge.
the

This

was

the last

Lodge
at

and Dunckerley, the Somerset first saw

Hampton
and

Court Palace, as

first possibly, House Lodge (now

held

in his

apartments

Royal

Somerset

House

Inverness it met

Lodge No. 4)
at
"

the

lightin
letters

his

Rooms,
In

at Somerset

wards House, after-

The

Toy Tavern," Hampton


to

Court.
are

Bro.

Sadler's History of

Thomas the Grand


wish to

Dunckerley (pp. 126


Bro. Secretary,
a

129),five

set ont written


to

by Dunckerley
Bretbren

to

White,

r"f"rences containing

this

Lodge.

who thia

get

clear insightinto Masonry

in the

eighteenth century

should read

48

TransdcMons of the Quatuor Coronati


the

Lodge.
"

History. H"re, gatheredround


will be found of
our

of personality
much of trne

this

great and
in the

serions "

MasoB,

much

tbat is carions

and

romance

early vicissitudes

Lodges.
Richmond Crossing

Bndge,
as

we

now

continue in any
case

our one

travels

eastwards,and must
Inn.

not

omit

short visit to

BREXTFORn,

it had

fancious Masonic

In Sir

Harris that Red


"

Nicholas's Historyof the British Orders

Henry VI. hekl

Chapter of the Order


Sir Alvaro

of the Garter at the Lion

when Lion Inn) at Brentford,

Knighthood (Garter), p. 79, we find Inn (aft"rwards Vasquez d'Almada, a PortugueseKnight


of

(whom for his great zeal and good love fhe King created him Earl of Avranches in Lord and Sir Thomas, afterwards made Norraandy with a pensionof 100 marks a year), John Sir well and h"ve been and to as Hoo e"ected, they as Hastings, appears installed on the 16th August foUowing." This Inn at any rate, as Beanchamp were
far last
as

its interior

was

concemed, retained many


the distinction with first recorded other
"

of its histori" features Red


our

until late in the of


a

century.
The

It had

The of

Lion

'*

of Richmond

in place

the List of 1725,the two


town

Lodges
famous and

suburbs. pr"sent

possessedtwo
were
"

Inns, "The
the

Castle"

and

"The

Three

but Pigeons,"
"

they

not

Masonic,

only

Tavern

of interest

remaining is
are,

The

Star and

Garter

at the foot of Kew


a

Bridge.

Parts

of the

pr"sentHouse
older house date London 20th
"

think, fairly ancient,and afforded


stood

domicile for Lodges at the beginning of the last


Inn is the
successor

century. No doubt, however, this


on

of

much

which

the

sarae

site.

I think

it is referred

to

by

Pepys, under Plague of


to the

August
And
so

(Lord'sDay), 1665, and


away
to

during the periodof


there
at
so a

the Great goes my and down

"

Brainford

and

the Inn

that

and waterside I alight


me

paid off my post horses, and and to church where serving,


my Inn and
eat

off slipped duU


so

shoes many

and

laid

bv, the tide not


After church
9 to
to

sermon,

Londoners.

and

drank And

about
not

7 o'c

by

water

"

got

betwcen

"

10

the

Queenhive very plague."


On h"ve the

dark.

I could

get my
he

waterman

to go

elaewhere for fear of

16th

of

1665, September,

further
sorae

records

that this waterman

must

caught the plague at Brainford, for


much The alarmed ancient the Diarist.
name

he died

an eightdays afterwards,

event

'

which

of Hammersmith

in the

and

it

was

originally part of the


"

parish of

Doomsday Fulham, but the


"

Book

is

Hermoderwode,
were

Parishes

divided
as a

in

1834.
situated

Bowack, in his
on

of Antiquities

Middlesex
as

(1705),describes
as

it

village
of

the

Thames, and

extending north
in and about
a

far

the

Great

Western

Road, and
persons

having many and quality,


London.

good
in the
town

bouses
summer was

inhabited by the gentry,and ifc,


for the and nobility

forming
not eut

retreat

wealthy citizens of
as

The
met

off from

the outer

world, however,
and

two

important
waggons

highways
"

h"re,and the arrivai and

departureof coaches

passenger

Environs of London kept its many old inns gay and busy. In Murray's (p.80) we find, In the early part of the 19th century there was The a pleasantcottagecalled the Dover of of the and a n the favourite Seasons,' appendage Tavern, smoking resort Duke of Sussex (G. who is said to h"ve kept htre a choice assortment of M,, 1813-1843), meerschaums." Sussex latter known as was According to Lyson, The Seasons
' " " "

House."
old city in 1768, when an Apparently Masonry first appeared in Hammersmith known The left Threadits home Caveac Lodge," as at the Caveac Lodge, Tavern, and started afresh at The Windsor Castle Inn," Hammersmith peedle Street, X.). (Flate
" "

'V-

ArS

Ql'ATUOR CORONATORTM.

"

Some A

Old Suhurhan

Tavems

and

Masonry,

49 its in antiquity
seen

good

old

coacbinginn this,still standing with


stables.
on

many

signaof

its

interior and and

The

Lodges

nsed

to meet

in

long room

wHich is

to the

west,

abutted
"

the road.
close to the Windsor in King-street, was Castle,

The

Angel," which stands


home

later

the Masonic
*'The

of two

Lodge.
"

King's Coffee Honse


"

has

gatheringtook place. In
is

Fanlkner's

bnt h"re in 1825 a notable Masonic disappeared, the following account of this event /)o) History (p. Stone of the north

given :

"

On
laid

the

7th
His

May, 1825,the fonndation Royal Highness


np
as an

Tower

(of the

bridge)
The At

was

by

the

Dnke

of Sussex which

with

Masonic
was

ceremony.

cofFer-dam

being fitted
School

in amphith""tre,

the stone

snspended.
assembled and

four o'clock the

Royal Dnke
Room,
292.

arrived,and the officers of the Grand


and the

Lodge

at the Latimer of the Caveac the

Lodge

was

opened by
walked On

the from

Master

Wardens Room
to the

Lodge, No.
down

The

processionthen
order.

the School tho

Broadway,

Angel Lane,

in Masonic

arrivingat

entrance

and the Duke divided and took their station right and left, passed to the procession of laying the stone commenced after three cheers had been platform. The ceremony given for His Royal Highness. The Grand Treasurer delivered to him a bottle conthe cavity. to be placedover tainingcoins of the reigningsovereign ; also a brass plate

On

the stone wine

being lowered,the

Duke

scattered

the

corn

and

said, As I h"ve poured


"

the corn,

commnnicate
the

of wealth,plentyand comfort, the bridge emblems and oil, tend to so may end of the island to the other. God bless and wealth from one prosperity The then procession company
"

King."
with

retnrned at the

in the

same

order, and
And
were

His

dined

the

nnmerous

King*s Coffee Honse.


the meerschanms

so,

Pepys wonld
smoke. The
"

say, to

The

Seasons,"where

Royal Highness Mr. as perhaps, kept for a quiet


the North

Bell and

Anchor

"

(PlateXI.) was
this inn is thus
"

also

famous

coachinginn
it

on

Road.

Masonic
*

as History described, 1839,when meeting there, Adoining the Tnmpike, on the west is situate the Tavern. The honse has long been nsed by the magistrates Bell and Anchor for holding of Ossubston,for the Petty Sessions of the Kensington Division of the Hundred

In Faulkner's

appeared in

Lodges

were
'

which

purpose it is

the

of parishes h"ve Magistrates

well adapted,being centrally particularly as regardsthe situated, Acton, Brentford,Fulham, Chelsea and Kensington, and their Worships
even

fonnd

it convenient The varions


rooms

for

the business, in the honse

room are

being approomamented with in

filled up priately

and

arrauged.

Chinese

and

other oriental

drawings,collected

by

the

proprietor during his voyages

the Bast Indies. During the earlypart of the reign of GeorgeIII. this honse was much and gentry, and several humorous caricatures respecting this by the nobility frequented its and PauFs and visitors Bowler Saint were Carver, publishedby Churchyard." place

The

Court suburb
"

of Kensington
"

next
name

merits is

our

attention. derived

It is wr"tten from

in the

Domeaday Book
Chenesi
who

Chenesiton
some

and

owned

manors

Kensington as Swift calls it,was,

of family in the reign of Edward the Confesser. Kingly of the to Bowack, writingin the beginning according

the

probably

the

"

"

the Earls of Warwick especially century,the resort of persons of quality, eighteenth and Nottingham. It seems street of quaint houses to h"ve been then a long straggling extending from KensingtonGardens to the Earl's Court Road and Holland House, down in 1869) to the north and Kensington Squareto the with the old Church (pulled
south. As this
was

the

main
are

road

to the

west

of

England

s"ries of famous

old

Tavems

and

Posting Houses

to be found

alongthe route from

Hyde

Park

Corner to

50 Hammersmitb.
Lion
"

Transactions ofthe Quatuor Coronati The chief


Tnn coaching in

Lodge,
Street
was

KensingtonHigh

"The

Red

opposite the
"

"Esraond and place,


seems

the the

just in front of the Tnn we rcad in Thackeray's of George I., as King, on the death of Qiieen Anne, took proclamation
the
a

Palace, and

hopes of
had

not to h"ve

shattcred party were a highway. as good r"putation Stuart


to

for

ever.

The

road,however,
there
**

In the 27th
so a

Hervey Memoirs

is

letter frora Lord between this

Hervey
solitude

his mother

dated

the

November, 1736.
middle

The
we

road

place(Kensington)and
as we us

London

is grown
on

bad, that infamously


and
us a

live h"re in the


oc"an,

same

should

do if cast

rock in the

of the

and

ail the The

Londoners worst

tell

there is between

them
"

greatimpassable
Inn
"

gulf of
G"te.

mnd." This

part was

near probably

the old

Half

Way

now on

Princes the south

Inn

was

down pulled

in 1846.

"The

King's Arms

Tavem"

side of the of the last


seems

High
been

Street

centuryan
in the

to h"ve

several times
"

was was a good H"re the Royal Alpha Lodge met assembly room. favonrite place for balls and other gatherings and a of eighteenth writings century.
"

old House

to which

attached

at the

beginning
It

in 1824. is mentioned

The

Greyhonnd
break
an

in and

Kensington Square was by frequented


many of

at

one

t"me wits

most

aristocratie There
some

house

of entertainment would
his in

the

of the

town.

Sheridan
time

in 1735 in

Inn

House. journey to and from HoUand this one. Kensington Square,probably

Pope stayedfor
There the

tion Constitu-

Lodge No.
I last
see

55 met

in 1787.
met at

several

Lodges

Anderson's
this H"tel

in the H"tel,Kensington,
was

middle

of the

but I cannot century,

find where

situated.
corner

Further
"

close to the westwards, in Knightsbridge,


"

of Sloane

the Street,

Rose

and

Crown

ofFered

entertainment

to travellers westwards. in and

Oliver Cromwell

seems

to h"ve had
was one

of greatvariety At any

r"sidences

about London, and tradition says


a

this

of them.
some

rate it does

appear that

party of
in 1849

his

bodyguard
in the

were

for quartered
"

time of

h"re.

Corbould

paintedthe Inn Lodges, now

under the title of the


h"re latter

Old Hostelries
the

Two Knightsbridge."

met erased,

part of

eighteenth century.
towards the river

Going southwards
the Domesday Book
the Word
"

Chelched.

The

name

seems

again we pass throughChelsea, called in probably to h"ve been derived from


cast up the few
more same on

chesel," meaning pebblesor stones,which were The name the tide. of SelseyBill, has near Chichester, dated 1664,in Paulker's History of Chelsea, shows very
Inn at ail. Still I think there must havo been
one or

the shore h"re

by

etymology. A

map,

houses,and apparentlyno there, particularly by the


9th

waterside.
"

Indeed h"ve
water

Pepy's in
made side merry
a

his diary, under


at

date

the

April, 1666, writes,


corne

Thinkingto
near

Chelsey,but being almost


the
"

to the

house by

coach

the
us

house

alone I think because

Swan

"

called ont to

the house

was

shut up

of the

sickness

gentleman passingby (Plague)." In 1759 a

Lodge which

had been meeting there for many this old Inn years lapsed. Later (Plate XII.) was noted as the winning post of the contest for the Doggett Coat and The Old Swan was Badge, and became a well-known sportinghouse. In 1780 pulled
" "

down
nearer

and

the Swan Walk.

Brewery

built upon

the

a site,

new

"

Swan

"

being

erected

little

Cheyne
"

J. T. Smith, in his "Book waterman,


into
a

for

Well

there That

was was

the

Old

rainyday,"p. 280, relates a conversation Swan at Chelsea, but that has long been
our

with turned

Brewhouse. in

where

people (the Watermen)


to the

rowed Swan

formerly,as

mentioned

Doggetts Will,now

they row

Sign of

the

New

beyondthe

PhysickGarden."

Ans

Quatuor Cokonatouim.

n'
i

ci

ii'N
\
"-"/

"

r:.

"S

y^
O

I
O

"

S:^^
\
as 'aJ 3 O

IL

'

o^"o
25
^

f^
et. 'V. \
V.
.

I
.

o Cl)

-^

:!

.
"."

("-

^-';U

1 -r

52
meet
were

TransacHons of the Quatuor Coronati


in the

Lodge.

seighbourhood.

Th"se

at the beginning of the eightcenth centuiy, villages, streets. Bond

aboiita mile from the nearest London


be fonnd

Street

was

then in the

conrse

of

and this, I think, would building, 1761,bas nothingfurther to say

in to be the nearest point. Dodsley, writing of Middlesex, Paddingtonthan that it was "a village situated on the north side of Hyde Park." George Barrett, R.A., about 1780, resided Morland laid and it attracted artists its rural sc"nes. to h"ve seems h"re, by pleasant the sc"ne of bis popular of The Wearied picture Sportsman in an Inn at Paddington. of
" "

We
some

are

told that there


were,
no

were

several

of which

doubt,of

ancient of
a

Inns,however,in the middle of the 18th centnry, Red Lion" of Paddington for "The origin,
Tab." This
some

is mentioned tradition

by

Swift in the "Taie

old Inn of bis

dates

from

1620, and
this honse. Wheat-

asserts that

Shakespearehimself acted in
rests upon
some

plays at
and
"

Tradition in this instance


sheaf and
"

solid

as basis,

this Inn

The

close

by
The

were

in frequented old

actors.

last of th"se

1876 to make
I
can

way

for the Harrow


"

Paddington is at The Star Prudence met in 1776,and soon after the Vacation Lodge moved h"re from and Garter known The Manor House as by Edgware Road. A Tavern of later date, Manor House, and the Westbourne Tavern,"stands on the grounds of the Paddington
" " "

find in

bis time by Ben Jonson and other dramatic authors in Inns, The Horse and Sacks,"only disappeared Road improvements. The first trace of Masonry that The Pontefract Castle," where the United Lodge of
"

Lodge

was

constituted

h"re in 1858. known formerly


we

(St.Mary-on-tho-Brook) was Marylebone


retaiued much Journal of 1728 of its rural character in the that
was
"

as

as cighfceeth century,

Tyburn, and still read in the JDatly


35

many

persons

had

arrived in London in 1739

from
were

bouses in their country

Marlebone,"but
"

graduai ly growing, as
But it is
a

there

677 bouses, and

peoplewho
London

keptcoaches."
to and

curions illustration of the condition of the roads

round to

that in 1746 the

the proprietorof

Gardens engaged "aguard of soldiers"


late
as
"

visitors protect
a

from

London, and
a

as

1764 Mr. Low, the then


any

lessee,

offered

reward

of 10 guineasfor the appr"hension of The gardenswere

greatfeatui-e of middle of the seventeenth aud read in Pepys' we Diary,May 7th,1668, When century, abroad and there walked the in to Marrowbone, we Garden,the firsttime I ever was there, to and a pretty Rose Tavern,"supposed placeit is." By the Gardens was the famous bave been the oldest house in Marylebone, datingfrom about 1600. In the map of the In the dated 1700, it is shown with the bowling Portland Estate, green at the back.
" "

road to the Gardens."

highwayman found on the as earlyas the Marylebone,

London half
a

Gazette for 1691 mile distant from

appears London."

the

annoancement, "Long'sBowling Green


Prize and fights duels
were common

at the

Rose,

in the

neighRose," Lodge

bourhood

of

"

The Rose." Lord Mohun

H"re, on
was

November

I4th,1712,the
"

duel between
not

the Duke

of Hamilton

and

by arranged
At

their seconds,and
The

at

"

The

Covent

Garden, as
in 1728.
at
one was

Cunningham states.
This
a was

Rose

"

the Old
"

Arms King's

No. 28 met

their second

meeting place.
"

The

Cannon,"

Portland
a

Road,
in

time

and there the Jubilee Lodge found fashionable resort, Half

home

St. Andrew's

1781,and St. James' Union Lodge No. 180. At the Lodge No. 231 held their meetingsin 1777. Passing to
the East
our

Moon," Cheptone Street,

1768 transferred by the Ci-own


Manor to be
a

to Charles

House

stood at the north-

in Manor which was journeybringsus into Tottenham The small Lord f irst Southampton. Fitzroy, road. This house ceased west extremity of the pr"sent the

r"sidence earlyin private


known
as
"

seventeenth centuryand

was

transformed

into

house public

The Adam

H"re and Eve,"with tea gardensadjoining.

in the

front of the Tea Gardens

Hogarthbas

laid his

sc"ne

of the

"

March

to

The Finchley."

Ars

Quatuor Coronatorum.

ad

"

o
H

"-

I"

Some Old Suhurhan Tavems and


site of those

Masonry.
The

Sa
first for

Gardens

is

now

occupiedby Bden
and
two

Street,Hampstead Road.

notice of this old Inn and 1643


on
"

Gardens

is in the Parish Books

of St. Giles in the Fields

Mrs.

maid Stacye's

others fined 1/5 for drinking at Tottenham

Court

the Sabbath
Af ter
"

daie.'*
The Red The

Adam

and

Eve

"

the two
as

most
a

v"n"rable

Inns in Tottenham

Court

Boad of

are

"

The
"

Lion,"whieh

appears

Masonic

meeting place in the


Arms"
and

first List in 1767.

1723, and
Two

where the Westminster Talbot,"


of less

and Keystone Lodge met "The

Inns

repute,"The

Coachmakers'

Carpenters'
St. John
of

Arms," accommodated
The

Masons

at the latter end of the Clerkenwell is


now

eighteenth century.
the and Priory
a

of original village
site of which

grew

up around St. John says, and

J"rusalem,the
remains
united
was

in the old G"te

exertions, in

by House,which, as Timbs 1845, of "the Freemasons

marked

and Street,

still portion

exists still, through the happily


the

Church."

The

G"te

House

and Editor of the Oentleman^s occupied as a r"sidence by Cave, the Founder from time to bave been entertained, Magazine until his death,in 1753. In its rooms and of that It Dr. most literati afterwards eminent Johnson of the was time, p"riod. converted and into
a

Tavern,and
was on

appears

to bave been The

known

both

as

the J"rusalem
was

Tavern

the St. John*s G"te Coffee House.


There

J"rusalem another

Lodge

No. 197

founded

h"re the

in 1771.

Clerkenwell
a

Green

"J"rusalem

Tavern," where
was

Lodge
the Tavern

of

No. 3 rested for Fidelity


was Britton,

time.

In the latter his

partof the
who uncle,

eighteenth century
landlord

John antiquarian, and

to apprenticed

of this

also carried on the business of a wine merchant. That learned writer speaks " Sadlers Wells, the Islington vol. L, p. 62 : earlydays in his Autobiography, of resort Spa,Merlins Cave, BagniggeWells Tea Gardens and Ballroom were ail places in my apprentice On I Clerkenwell Green witnessed a man days (drca1785). pilloried and whipped, and in Red Lion Street another flogged at the cartes tail." The Red Lion Red Lion Inn,"which had at one d"rives its name Street h"re mentioned from the old time extensive gai*dens and where a Lodge was and stables, held as early as 1739. H"re, of th"se
"

"

too,was
there

the

"

Red

Bull Th""tre

century. Davenant,
are no

writingin
in it
or near

Tenants

Tavern,famous about themiddle of the seventeenth The Red Bull stands empty for fencers, 1663, says, but old spiders." Masonry flourished at diff"rent times
" "

and

in other old in Defoe's


"

Inns, in
Moll

for instance the" Three St. Johu's Street, I

Flanders,"
There
were

placedmyself at the door


stood
to

of the

Three

mentioned Cups," Cups in St.

John*s Street.

several carriers used the Inn " the stagecoaches for Bamet
that way
nearer

and and Totteridge

other towns

always in

the Street in the h"ve the

evening."

Somewhat
In the

to the

and south,

London, we

of Islington. village

Domesday Book it is written signifying the hill of iron,"doubtless


"

impregnated with
into pleasant,

that minerai. of the the

Isendone,a compound of Saxon and British, of water rising from the springs in the vicinity in 1190, as a Fitzstephen speaksof this ncighourhood,
"

north small village

City,
his
"

with

fields for do

pasture and
mills
are

open turned

meadows,
about

very
a

which

river

waters

flow,and

with
:
"

noise." Cowley, in delightful


"

to monster Solitude," referring


men

London, says

Let but the wicked And Even

from

out thee go,

ail the fools that crowd thou

thee so,

who

dost

less than A village A

thy million boast, will grow Islington


cheerf al of mankind.

solitude almost."
not
one

But

Cowleywas

of the most

54

fransactions Coronati Lo"ge. of the Quatiuyr


as Mosson, writingabont 1697,describes Islington
'*

half largevillage
nor

leagne

from

Londoa

wliere

you

drink

waters No

that do you
same

neither good

harm

provided yoa

do not take too much

of them."
numerous

doubt the
aud

mightstillbe

said of the refreshment

afforded to visitorsto the


was Islington was

Taverns interosting

in the

neighbonrhood.
as

in th"se old

days as famous

for its cheese-cakes and milk

Chelsea

for its

buns, and had, in its northern

some district,

Inns,mostlysupported by eight

summer

visitors. First and foreraost

amongst the old Taverns we h"ve to glance at is the ** Old Street {PlateX7.),a fine sp"cimen of architecture of the time in Lower Qneen'sHcad,*' haunt this quaintremnant of antiquity. One is that Traditions of Henry VII. fairly
it
was

licensed to Sir Walter


that it
was

Raleigh,and
of the the

that Queen Elizabeth visited

him

h"re.
jecture con-

Another

the

r"sidence

Lord

Treasurer, Burleigh.This latter


found

as were a on to be the more seems likely, The Lodge of Concord met h"re in 1830. taken from the house. Nelson,in panelling his fuUy describes the old Inn as it stood then, and the History of Islington (1823), both of the exterior and interior. An engraving of the Inn is elaborate oak carving,
" "

Cecil Arms

pi"ce of oak

also

givenin
"

his

Book, p. 349.
Tavern
'' "

The
'*

King's Head
the

XVL), (Plate
This last century,
on

in

was Upper Street, some no

of almost

equal

reputewith standing at
James
as

The Queen*s Head


of beginning of Charles

Tavern, and
were

houses doubt

the

the Church, opposite old as the reignof as the Tavern window knowu
as

I.

The

head

the

sign of the Honse.


to

There

I., painted was formerlya King


**

m"tal,was
used

placedin
to pass

street in front of this

Inn,

King Street,and
his way for refreshment.

the tradition is that

James

this street, on through


some

then called by Theobald's,and stopat this Inn (probably


At
"

other
as

The

King*sHead

there

was

Masonic Lodge beld

narae) as eai-ly

in 1793,the Lodge of the Three Grand Pr"nciples met h"re. 1766,and, later, H ostelries flourished in merry in the Several other most interesting Islington, The Crown," in Lower and "The Pied Bull," near Street, century,such as eighteenth find also the Kent We the Green. Lodge No. 15, meeting at " The Ship," Camden The King of Prussia,'* in 1793. in 1838,aud the Lodge of Libertyat Street,
" "

Just north
appear
a

of

stood Islington the

"The the

to date from

of beginning
Its

Canonbury Tavern and eighteenth century,


on new rooms

or

House."

It would
was

the first landlord

one privatesoldier,

Lowe.

palmy days,however,were
She built

from 1785 to 1808,when


to the old

it had fare walls far


as

for hostess to bave

widow
been

Sutton.

house, and

the

seems

substantial and good. It stood at this time within the old park
"

of the
we can

earlyin
in 1856.

the

H"re Lodges met from time to time,and, as Priory of St. Bartholomew. ** held h"re in 1798. It was was rebuilt trace,the last Country Feast last century, and I see that the Canonbury Lodge had its first meeting h"re

to our now Travelling The etymology of the the results sometimes the matter
seems

furthest limit
names

we north,

come

of
are

some

of London's

old

Highgate and Hampstead. suburbs is often difficult, and


to

arrived

at

more name was

than doubtful,but,with

regard to Highgate,
on on

simple. fairly
time This

The

taken from the High G"te is,doubtless,

the hill, which, from


the summit

imm"morial,

the Toll G"te of the Bishops of London,


was

of the hill.

High
it

G"te

arched

over

by buildings extending from


of

the

"

G"te House
and

Tavern,"which
Tavern,
of
a.s

stood ncxt

to the old

An engraving burying gp^ound.

of this G"te

"History interesting down about 1769, and the Tavern polled

12 on stood, is shewn originally page and The arch buildings Highgate." appear rebuilt. entirely The

Prickett*8 been

to h"ve

pr"sent"Gatehouse

Ars

Qcatcor Coron

atorum.

'V*^ |lii^V^"4"U;.

XV.

"

The

Qukkn's
From
a

Head

Tavekn,
R.

Lovver

IsuNviivx, Street, (Essex Roai",)


in the Gardner Collection.

Drawing by

Shepherd,

'

^Kif^y^^T^^^
'
-

'^
T

__

-r-r

'

""Hlr~t"!

11

"P
Li.-..'Ji::-r:i,iin!i
XVI.
"

The

Kixg's
From

Head
a

Tavern, Upper
in the

Street, Tslington, ix
Collection.

1828.

Drawing

Gardner

56

Transactions The of popularity


was
"

Goronati Lodge. ofthe Quatitor


Tavern
"

The Wells
into
a

seems

to bave

and' diminished, gradually


in
a

the
"

long

room

converted

chapel. Its placewas


sometimes
the known of the
as on

taken
**

greatmeasnre
Inn became

by
the in the for

The

Flask

Tavern,"and
on

its long room,

The Upper Bowling Green


This of the

House."
snmmer

It stood

liigber gronnd

edge

heath. in many

resort of the Kit Kat

Club, and

is mentioned

plays and
Flask

for instance, literature of that period. Richardson, makes


a

Clarissa Harlowe
"

escape

tinie from

attentions of Lovelace the too pressing It was, in

at
a

Hampstead.

by 1771,pnrchasedby Steevens,the
165
at
"

to retiring

The of

Tavern," King's
Masonic

Editer

Shakespeare,as
at
"

privater"sidence. St. John's Lodge No. Head," Hampstead, and afterwards met botb
"

was

first constituted

The

The and

Wells Tavern
the

"

and

"

The Flask."
a

The

Bull

and

Bush," between
In 1797 to the

the

Higb Street
retreat. the St. John's h"re

heath, was
a

also
next

meeting place. only lived two years


"

painter, George Romney,

built

house

door, but he

Jack

Straw*s
beloved

enjoy bis rural where Castle,"

Lodge
he would

met

in

1826, stillflourishes.
his friends. In

It

was
"

much

by Charles Dickens,and

entertain
:
"

the

Cabinet of

Curiosities," Limbird,1822,we
"

find this r"f"rence

With H"re

best of food may you

"

of b"er and
a

wines, day
his
;

pass

merry Ph"bus

So shall my
Instead

Host, while
of straw
our

sh"nes

make
on

good

hay."

And

now

we

must

rest from

travels

of Hampstead, and the breezyheights the Highgate, could


even see

as contemplate,

tradition says
us.

did Whittington

from
we

wonderful the route

prospect
we

that taken

stretches beneath
in
our

On

fair

moming
the and since
our

h"ve banks

three successive distance bas

journeys;
the
sc"ne

the West City, its wooded ancient

End,
hill.

and

the

river

fading

in the

towards

Richmond

Truly a

marvellous

transformation
to the Inns

passed over

brethren
seek

journeyed merrily
can diligently,

of the old suburban mementoes pleasant

for those who villages.Still,


of the

be

found

many I

past.
for my researches into the encourage of the old history brethren provincial their towns.
me

be amply rewarded should,indeed,

if it should Masonic homes, in and around the Metropolis, to We

gathertogetheralso
should
was

some

memories

of the Inns

and

meeting placesin

then

bave

most

s"ries. Our interesting

late Bro.

Whytehead informed
to

that he

carrying out this idea with regard to York. Brother will the trust some accomplish task. I sincerely
he
so

But, alas ! he did not live to


be found

compl"tethe

work

which

desired to accomplish. earnestly

Bro. W.

J. HuGHAN

tontes

Bro.

Simpson,in
Lodge," which

his admirable
was an

Stewards'
24th

outcome
"

to h"ve overlooked seems Paper, of the traced CountryFeast


"
"

the
as

**

Country
as

far back

June, 1732, then

held

at the

Spikes,"Hampstead,
custom
to
was

Lord

Viscount

Montagae,
the
to

M.W.G.M., being the Country,appears th"se Countrystewards


masons' Tavern, Great numbered
A
a

Pr"sident.

The

of thus

assembling annually in
a

to bave

been observed down


a

1798, and
so

wairant

was

granted
at

to hold

Lodge, which

named, and to assemble

Free-

the Queen Street,

document

being dated 25th July,1789,and

540

on

the

R"gis ter.
was worn

Jewel sp"cial

by
in my

th"se

of which reproduction

occurs

article

pendant to a green collar, Countrystewards, Freemason Christmas on the Lodge in the


"

8ome
Number"
m was

Old Suhurhan
a

Taverns and
copy
was

Masonry.
Charter. The
Grand of p"tition

57 the

for D"cember
weir

18fch, 1886,with
oa

of

the

"inbera to
a 8ore

greea ribbon

theii* apraas

refased and

by

the

Lodge, which
been allowed.

as espec"allj d"sappo"atmeat,

the Jewel

the grreen oollar had

The and

handsome

badge

was

exhibited been
one

at Shanhlin

Masonic

Exhibition,

September, 1886,
Masonic

has for many

jears

of the treasnres

of the Worcestershire Prov. G.

tion, CollecProvince.
was

originaUy made
Merzdorf
able abont
to

by
as

Bro.

George Taylor, when


the BoHock
on

Sec. of that
on,

mentions

one

being in
German
of the of
"

and Marvin,later Collection, Medals. the number The and

only
were

qaote
ten

from

the

work

Masonic but

Lodge
the

fell

through

years to

after the

issue

Warrant and

Warrant

transferred Bro.

Lodge
wrote M.
some

Faith

Friendship,"Berkeley, Gloucestershire.
articles
on

Henry
it in

Sadler

most

brief interesting
*'

the

and subject, Crowe

so

did also

Bro. E. L. Hawkins,
noted
our
"

A.,in the "Freemason


5.

for

1886, and

Bro. F. J. W.

Ars," vol. xvii., p.

Bro. SoNGHCTRST Tcfcrrod to several of the old Taverns


of which Bro.

in the

North

of

London,
about within Road.

Simpson had
or

made

mention. stood

In

he asked particnlar the

for information and what

Canonbury House
his recollection
was

Tavern still known remain

which
as

between

Upper
Prior is
a

Street
name

the Lower

Road, its pr"sent

being "-ssex

Some
mews,

fragments yet

of the

erected buildings

by

Bolton, of

St. Batholoto

and Clerkenwell,

in the The

h"ve been
is

plantedby

him.
to

garden of Canonbary Tower Tower was probably built


in
was some

Mulberry Tree, said


as a

in the sixteenth

stated traditionally

h"ve been

occupied by Queen Elizabeth adjoininghouses by, and


.situated close

centnryand hnnting box,her


are as

Ladies-in-Waiting being accommodated


her monogram. bearing The Tavern

in which is described

ceilings
a

small

attractions being its fine gardens and bowling green. But its principal the ale-honse, ** h"ve which our ancient Brethren enjoyed must Venison Feasts required a larger
"

room some

than could
of the A
rooms

h"ve been

in provided
were

the

Tavern

and itself,

it

seems

that possible

in the Tower

used the
"

for the purpose.


"

house

bearingthe signof

the Parish immediately opposite houses Some old immediately building.

still stands King's Head but Church of St. Mary, Islington,


to

in the it is

Upper Street,
modem
wero

quitea

the Post

North

of

the Tavern

recently

demoHshed
are

for the purpose in the

of

a erecting

new

Office.
for the

still to be found

though neighbourhood, shop fronts.

Many earlyGeorgian houses most part they h"ve been

masked successfully

by

modem

Comments
the

on

the paper

were

W.M.,

hearty vote of thanks

by Bros. Sadler,Horsley,Hawkins, and being unanimously passed to Bro. Simpson. The


to Bro. to Mr.

also made

thanks of the
and

Lodge were the Lantern exhibiting


h"ve
access

also tendered

G.

for his Vogeler,

kindness

in

preparing
Bro.

slides, apd

J.

Gardner, who

had

again

allowed

Simpson to

to his valuable

collection of

drawings and engravings.

58

Transactions

of the Quatuor Coronat" Lodge,

NOTES
^V

ON

FREEMASONRY
JOHNSON

IN
WESTROPP,

CORK
RM.

CITY.
143, Dublin,

BRO.

THOMAS

jN

the

otherwise

dayflwhen Ancient Craft Masonry had spread opposed sections of the Ir"sh nation, the
of Cork able to boast

amoDg Masons

ail the of the

citj and
and

brotherhood were a nu m"rous county ail the more Lodges of consid"rable antiquity. Cork itself, for the stress of the with wars flourishing (and, France, was less under its in still, c ircurastances, even favouring %s) strong support
In

of Freemasonry.
of possession
a

examining
Mus"um interested of
to

collection works
are

of
on

family
the known

papers

in
art

Mr. relative, Science

Dudley Westropp (whose


and

plate and
to

collections in the visitors to that

Art
was

Dublin notice

well

ail
once

I institution),

several I

relies
venture

of

prominent Freemason. copies (but little


their
more

By
than

kind

permission of
th"se
over

Mr.

Westropp

to

givo
to

of copies)

documents, hoping
a

that

(owing
when

sidelights
on

Provincial
circle of

Masonry
Brethren

century ago) they raay


fiU in
to
some

afFord the

interest

to

a our

wider

the

and
comes

small

gap

of history

Provincial
Doctor

Grand

Lodges

be

written. and

Brother

Thomas
Dunscombe

Westropp
and

was

the

third

Ralph at Cornborough, Brompton


Ireland
in

Westropp,of
the the

Marsh, Cork,
of Richard and

the

scion of

youngest son of Doctor a family (long settled


which brief had settled in

in Yorkshire) Stainsby,

last few

months

Cromwell's
Cork.

nile, and
was

spread April degree


varions among
as

widely in
as

counties of Clare, Limerick


studied in in

Thomas
He

born his

18th, 1759, and


Doctor of

the Universityof Edinburgh.

obtained

Medicine

July, 1779
during 1776
He
seems

the and h"ve

quaint
Mr.

tickets

for lectures

the

diploma (Sept. 13th), with three following years are


lived
a so life, leisurely

Westropp*spapers. concerned. was profession


given below
married, and
brother
As
: "
"

to

far

his

This from

tradition the

is borne

ont

by

the

complimentary poera
free."
under He the and
never

Though
on

died

October

keeps you 31st,1808, being probably buried


where the
names

toil kind

fortune

shadow eldest

of St. Finbarr's
can

Cathedral, in the torab read, though with


career,

of his father

still be for his The

difficulty.
not had time
or

Masonic

h"ve

opportunityto
to

master leaves 1

the material. the most

loss of the archives


an

Grand

Lodge Records
blank. of
use.

down
the It
more were

about
on

1812

accessible

absolute be

Ail

that for and

account
our

hope
Grand

the

fragmentsh"re copied may


to

well

Cork

brethren

try

and
to

compile
ascertain

history of
the date and

their

ancient

lodges

Provincial books

Lodge, and

existence

of the

oldest

minute

thereto

belonging.
of
a

Copy
of the

letter from of

Richard, second
to

Baron
:"

Donoughmore, Grand
Pal
m ers

Master

Freemasons

Ireland,1789

1813

ton

Hou

se,

18th

April, 1808.
of the

Dear

Sir,
Your

Provincial

letter and the obliging Grand Lodge of Munster

very

acceptableresolutions
the

I had

satisfaction of receiving

Notes and
and
to

on

in Cork City. Freeviasonry

5"

communicating to the meeting of the Grand Lodge on the 7th inst., and I anticipate the pleasnrewhicb will be derived to yonrself ail our in from enabled to Brethren South the wortlij being my
that

state could

the

resnlt

of

that
that and

meeting bas
there is every

been

that everything

bave of
in

wisbed,
that

and

lisbment

peace

Masonry
You
of that

Ireland,whicb
receive I

barmony oitght never


52

prospectof the re-estabof throogbont the Order


bave been

to

interrapted. proceedings
distribnted
"

will

herewith

of printed copies
yon to
canse co.

the be

day, whicb
the several

reqnest of
in

to of

amongst
No.
1 Cork 3 Do.

lodges

the

city and
No.

Cork,^ viz.
No.
383

No. 31 Kinsale
41 49 67

No.

84 Bandon
95

221 Cork
259 267 277 325

Cork

Cork

Cork

Kanturk Cork
Ditto

385 Ditto
413 514 Bandon

19 Yougbal
27 Cork

Charleville 130 Ditto Cork


156 Kinsale

Skibbereen

28 Ditto

71 Ditto

167 Cork

Mallow Cork

520 Cork 742 Doneraile


1 wisb side, lodge,No. 99, in Mallow, and 3

347

that

[page2] and in addition to the lodgesmention ed the proceedings sbould also be sent to a
1

at the other revived beld

whicb

sanctioned
Dr.

and

signed that day,


You

to be

of whicb
among in

Tnckey

is Master.

will

perceiveNo.

mentioned

the Cork Lodges at the other sidc,as 1 had much satisfaction of Capt. John reviving the number, in the respectablename with the wisbes so strongly Travers as Master, and complying thereby

expressed by
Tbis bands
of

our

worthy brother,Sir
and that

Richard

Kellett.

warrant John

before mentioned

(99)

1 bave

left in the

Catbbert, Esq., Surveyor,General


act
as

Custom

Honse,
late any bave to
a

I appointed to Dublin, whom [p. 3] meeting of the Grand


act

Tempore at the Secretary ^o Lodge, and to avoid the doing of


any of the persons to

which

coald

affect the rightsof

who
resort

been

coutestingfor that office and who bave but whicb Court of Justice, be contest must
to come^

chosen
at
an

end for

the time sball

when

the

annaal

"lection
at

of the New
I bave in

Gi*and

Officers

iu May next, and place, as Deputy to pr"side,as my Parliamentary duty. Mr.

take

whicb

sball be

appointed my brother London attendiug my

Cutbbert
to

will

deliver
on

th"se warrants
the proper
over

to the

persons

properly
Treasurer;

autborised
if any I
mean are

call for them


he

f"es being
to the to

paid to bim,
at

payable,whicb parts
the of them

will band which

Grand

the

belong
the

the Order

retainingthose
for Secretary, And my
now

whicb
person

belongto
who
to of
me

office of

large and Deputy [p. 4] Grand


to receive them. will

sball appear

entitled you

permit
brethren

request that
Provincial

communicate

to best

worthy

the

Grand

Lodge

my

acknowledgments for

the

fresh

proofwhicb
"

their late r"solutions bave


j

'Those Babsisling in the provincein 1908 are as foIIowb : 1" 3, 8, 71, 96, Cork ; 16,Skibbereen 49, Charleville ; 62, Tralee; 67, Bantrj; 68,Toughalj 84,Bandon; 180, Yalentia ; 190,Queenstown 234,Kinsale; 386,OlonakiUy;666, Fermoy.

""

^transactions of the Quatuor OoronatiLo"ge.


and of their unabated confidence and kindness, accept my given me had the for the kind part which h"ve goodness thanks, yourself, yoa
to take

npon

the occasion. which I had not expected to delay interposed of the Grand Lodge, which were proceedings

Some
the
not

circumstances
the

of publication
at
me an

end

till Satardaylast ; yoa

should

otherwise

h"ve

heard

from

before.
Believe
me,

dear

sir,with
sinc"re

truth

and

regard,

Your
Dr.

Brother,
G.M.

Westropp,
P.G. Master of

[Signed]Donoughmore,
Munster,
Cork.

The

next

document

is

one

of

group

of four
are

tickets

those to the
save

boxes

are

prinledin red, those to the pit in blue. "Pit" and words "Boxes," and certain Westropp
the has
two

Both

identical
nnmbers

for the and shown

respective
Mr. the in
me

manoscript
the

initiais.

of

each, and
and
a

one

of

box

tickets
an

was

by

late Colonel

William

KeilyWestropp,of
"member
in and

Folkestone,

enthusiastic Freemason

English constitution

of the

Circle of the Correspondence

Quatuor

Coronati

Lodge

till his death

1906.
under the

By
The

d"sire

patronage WESTBOP, (sic),

of

THOMAS Right Worshipful P.G.M.


OF

Esg.,

Ibeland

The P.G.S.W.,the P.G.J.W.,and


and

the

Worshipful Masters,the S.
of the
of

and

J.W.'s

Brothers

of the For

Lodges

City of

Cork.

THE

Benefit

One

of

the
on

pit

tickets
none

has

the

number

146
or

and

the

initiais the

"

CL.

S."

(Sugg)

written

it, bat
next is

h"ve

the date
and

snbject of
"

entertainment. curions punctuation,


afPection
was

The

feeble dismally
the the
'*

rugged poem," of
local newspaper. the Provincial not

probablyreprintedat
and the

oflBce of

some

Its fraternal

"vidence

of

repute

"

io

which in

Grand
the

Master

apparently held may justifyour the pages of ".Q.G.


HOMBLY
ADDRESSED

labour

copying it, if

in publication

TO

ThOMAS

WeSTROP, EsQ., M.D., of


Munster.

Provincial
"

Grand esteem

Master who
muses

Westrop,
To From And you the

high
whose
fair

in

honor'd
voice your

stands,
demands
narae

worth, the

repute

that

adorns

from

your

pr"sent just established fam".

Kotes on
Honor*d
An That
as

in Cork Glty. freemasonry

6l

yon bard

pr"side on
wonld
make

tbe

masonic himself
as now

tlirone kuown
;

humble with yon

lustre distingnisbed

yon n"ne
ever

shine,
:

Invokes On

h"re

to

patronise the

those like you

the

poet
mer"t

must

wait, great.

loy*d,whom Respected,
When To
In

bas

made

borne those
like

down you

his

whose

genins sinks depressed goodness is confessed


known acted his to dwell well

whom

is philanthropy

In
To In

life whose

part

is he

nobly
must soft

those like you whose


the tender

ills disclose flows !

breast

compassion
revered d"clare

While Your
To

grand

station

which

you

bear

must high qualifications greatly good like you must The Muse give every tribnte due to rise, By knowledge worth, well dignified

characters

Profound

the

art

that

in

your and

bosom

lies

By mystic
Sure Then
I h"ve

ties cemented must


ever a

by

love. prove.

sucL
while
no

kind

patron
to
a

talents the

feeblystrive for worthy such


m"re

commend friend your claim to find


;
name

Impelled by
To Than From your what the I

goodness
boast
no

of

kindness

other
sure

always may
heart

be and

g"nerons in

mind. feeling

Well
As

skilled

ail the with


our

art honor

of

soothing pain
you
sustain

brightrepute
amongst
tbe from

Esteem'd Tho'

first rate fortune


as

toil ; kind

faculty keeps you


strike

free ;

Rudely wild, quite artless


While For
nature

lends

one

spark
you

of

lyre gratefulfire ;
bestow

the

that

kind

friendlyaid
never

may

My

gratitudeshall
is
a

dormant

grow."
square the intentions he very
rose

this Certainly
of the h"ve

very
"

roughly dressed block, however


Borne down the his
cause

poet may truthfuUy remarks, let us hope that of the Irish rapidlyto those heights
ballad writer,
and pride," removed
**

been.

genius sinks
was

as depressed,"

removed

and

the

genius

Castalia

where, in the words


strames
"

of another their

Irish

the the

Nine

"

sit
the

"

drinkin*
"

Parnicious

in

Castalian
was

that

poet,by

trulyMasonic
and

virtues

of the

Cork for

Masons,
the
rest

from

the

ranks

of "our

poor

n"cessitons

brethren"

of

his

days.
Master of
as

Having shown a Provincial Grand and adrainistrator, pacificator, patron


notes unpretending to the
"

supporter of central government,


and the

poetry
"

drama,

leave

th"se

charitable coDstinction

and amendment

of my

brethren.

62

Transactions ofthe QtMtuor Goronati Lodge.

THE OF

ARMORI"L THE ORDER

BE"RIN6S OF MALTA

OF

THE FROM

GRAND 1113 TO

MASTERS 1536.

BY

BRO.

ANDREW

OLIVER.

A.Q"G.^ vol.
L. Shackles

XV on

, *'

p.

70, there will be found


Coins the of the armoriai of the

paper

bj
but

Bro.

George
of tions, excep-

The

Grand

Masters

of the

Order

Malta," and
of the year 1795. The

it contains

with bcarings, Order

few

Grand

Masters

from

the year

1530 to the

notes following

deal with

the

armoriais

from

the

date

of

the Founder Grand Mas ter


was

and
to

first

given

Master-Ruler, 1 113 (as it appears that the titleof Raymond du Puy, 1118-1158, who succeeded G"rard
commences
:
"

Tune), up
1113-1121. 1118-1158. 1158-1161.

to the date when

the list of Bro. Shackles lion or,

G"rard
Raymond Ogier
de

Tunc, Azur", a
du

Puy, First Grand


1.

Master. three

langued within a bordure gules. Or, a lion gules.


bars wavj

Balben, Sable, on Comps, Gules,an

argent,as

many

martlets

of

2 and the first,

1161-1167. 1167-1169.

Arnold Gilbert

de

and checkyargent displayed eagle of "toiles

sable.
lion of the

d*Assalit,Azun, sem"e

argent,

ovcr

ail

second.

1169-1173. 1173-1179. 1179-1187.

Gastus, Gules,a JouBERT, Or, a


Roger
shell
de
or.

cross

cross

sable and argent. sable, charged with five cockles argent.


cross

Moulins, Argent,a
DE

ancr"e

sable,charged with

cockle

1187. 1187-1192. 1192-1201. 1201-1204.

Garnier
Ermengard

Syrie, Sable, a a d*Aps,Argent,


de de

cross

argent.
azur".

tower

Godefroy
Alphonse

Duisson, Azur", a bend

argent.

1204-1207. 1207-1230. 1230-1231.


1231-1236.

over an Portugal,Gules, escutcheon, eighttowers argent, ail, sem"e of five hearts azur". bearingArgent, Geoffrey le Rath, Or, a stag azur", a unicorn argent.

Guerin
Bertrand

de

Montagu, Gules,a
de

tower

or.

Texi, Or, a fess gules,


and

1236-1241. 1241-1244. 1244-1259.

headed eaglesable. a two Guerin, Argent, Bertrand de an Comps, Gules, eaglechecky sable Pierre
de

argent.
2.

Guillaume
towers

Ville, Bride checky,argentand gules, de Chateaunecf, 1. Gules,three chevrons


or, 2 and

or;

three Gules,

1. Or
a

1259-1278. 1278-1289. 1289-1297. 1297-1300.

Hugues Nicolas

de

Revel,

demi

wing
bars

azur".

Lorgues, Argenttwo

gxdes.
azur".

Jean Odon

de

three chevrons Villiers, Or (orargent) three pineapples or. Pins,Gules,

de

64

Transactions

of the Quatuor Goronati Lodge.

1517.

Corn"lius
2nd and

db

Hambkouck. Ist,three lozengeseach bearing a fleur de lys. 3rd, "parti coup""


masc"es
"

(3) Three partsof


Emericus 1522. Bernardb Varions A A lion fess
de

for

**

(1) A lion rampant. Bergs de Walaim." 4th, On


"

(2)
a

Three

pales.
Ermine

Canton

four for

Hambrouck."

Manselle.

o'Ariasha.

coats unidentified.

rampant, in chief two paly of four,in chief


indented, between
bend. bottonn"e void"e and within
a a

fleur de the
cross

within lys,

bordure engrailed.

of the order.
cross

A chevron

three roses, in chief the

of the

order, checky

A A

cross cross

bordure

engrailed.
chief the
cross

pommett"e, in

of the order.

C7H^^0at/J^^M^^Bock Plate
of

Dr.

Dodd.

Transactions

ofthe Quatuor Coronati Lodge, AND

NOTES

QUERIES.

ENRY

to Edward IIL, Richard IL, and YEUELE, freemason Honry IV. In writinga book for Gerraan Masons on earljEnglish Freemasonry I felt indaced to look at the passage in Stow's Surv"yof
"

London, where
head appear
to think

he

refers to As

Henry
who the

Yeuele h"ve
name

as

I h"ve
on

given
this
"

it at the

of this note.

ail those took

written
"

d"signation
own

that Stow

freemason

from his

fancy,I beg to propose another


obtain
a

of explanation

his words.

In order to

it is in Sfcow's "ditions of 1598 and 1603 as I give the passage basis, is as to Henry Morley'sand William T. Thoms' Reprints. The fall reading according firm

foliows

"

"

On the east side of this St.

BridgeWard
chnrch
are now

h"ve h"ve

ye

the fair

parishchnrch
men

of

"

Magnus

which ; in the monnments mayor

been

baried many
most

of

good

"

worship,whose
I find John

for the

defaced. part ntterly

"

BInnd,
William

**

and Richard II., III., remaineth


;

1307 ; Henry Yenele, freemason to Edward Henry IV.,who deceased 1400 his monument yet
"

"

Brampton
of
;

Johnilbithell,mayor
to

1436 ; John

"

French, baker, yeoman Clarke,fishmonger,1521 alderman William Steede,


common

the

crown

Henry
one

VIT., 1510; Robert


of the 1549 sheriffs,
;

"

Richard

Tnrke,

"

; Richard

chief justice of the Morgan, Knight,

"

"

Robert
Brame
;

1556 ; Mauritius pleas, 1567 Blanth, girdler, John

Griffeth, Bishop of Rochester,1659


;

Robert

Belgrave,girdler ; William
his turn

"

**

alderman,who was put by Couper,fishmonger, Garrard,haberdasher, 1584 ; Sir William of raayoralty mayor
grave,
noue

1555,a

"

wise,and
our

discreet citizen, equal with 1571


in the

the

best

and

inferior to

"

of

time,deceased
in this

^*

was

buried
"

but parish of St. Christopher, in the where he was chnrch of St. Magnus as parish is there raised
;
on

**

born
one

fair monument 1568 sherifFs,

him

"

of the

Simon

Low, merchant
the words

It is clear from

this

with quotation, beginning

Robert Harding, salter, "c," tailor, esquire, "Ifind,"that Stow had

this s"ries of been in the chnrch himself and had gathered in the '\\Qfound

church.

cases, he does not

give the year


a

defaced monnments.

the most 'part They were/o?* of death,because he could not make it out from the points out that his monument yet Only in two cases ne expressly

from the monuments particulars in some therefore, defaced, utterly

remaineth,and that

The first of th"se is that of is there raised on him, fairmonument be any there cannot doubt, that Stow found on his Henry Yeuele,and, in my opinion, about this mason, sculpter and what he inserted in his s"ries of inscriptions monument most at it I least, think improbable, quite impossibleor, leading master mason. that He Stow says
:

could I and find, adds

h"ve then

added
names

the in

fancy. d"signationof freemason from his own etc. ; the second place Henry Yeuele, freemason,
read it in full.
we Therefore,

besides he the monument


may

his monument
was

on yet remaineth,in order to indicate that the inscription

and that he could stilldecipherable


H"re IV. lieth the He
or

was: conclude the inscription

freemasonto body of Henry Yeuele,


1 do not

Edward whether

Richard III.,

II,, and

Henry

A.D,, 1400, deceased,


was

know

the church of St. Magnus still stands

burnt

down

in the

greatfireof

are 1666,or if, by chance,the parishregisters

stillin existence.

If 30^

w"

might be

66
able to verifj the

Transactions of the Quaiuor Coronati

Lo"ge.

that at so early which is of great importanceas shewinp^ inscription, was half of the fourteenth centurj the term freemason employed to a date as tbe second tombstone bis be if Yeuele could for so on ter mas styled a Henry mason, signify leading he must in 1400,certainly bave been styleda freemasonduring bis lifetime.

Cbarlottenburg,
7tb Marcb, 1908.

Dr.

W.

Bkgemann.

St. John
like bis brotber vocation

the Apostle."The Patron


James the (called he less),

Saint of Freemasonry in Scotland."


He
was

little is known Surprisingly

of the -lifeof St. John.


was a

tbe

son

of

Zebedee,and,
bis tme

fisherman.
J"sus.
to

When
was

he found

he

immediately
in the
name

left ail and

followed

He

called the
The

beloved

and Apostle, connected material

faithfully servingbis
of St. John

Master many, is

he grew but

be like Him.
not

traditions tbe

with

are

tbey are
be bas of

reliable.

Altboogh
bis Writ.
wrote

for tbe

of St. John life-bistory

scanty, it is fortunate
made
to

that

lovincr
The tbe

character is amply portrayed in the contributions

Holy

Apostle waa,
Book
which

in bis old "ge, banisbed is called


"

to

the He

lonelyIsle
was

Patmos, where
re-called to "ge.

he

The

R"v"lation."

afterwards
an

Ephesus,then
tbe Craft

where tbe great centre of Cbristianity, St. John is tbe chosen Patron of

be died at

advanced

in Freemasonry,and especially tbe


"

Scotland

bas been designated it from (todistinguish

highergrades")
a

"

St. Jobn's

Masonry."

Nearly

ail the

old

Lodges
Dnnblane

of Scotland

took

for

distinctive old records

name

that of St. John. called tbe frequently

Tbe Lodge of Scoon and


of St. John.

Pertb

(before1658)

in the

is

St. John, as are tbe Lodges at Lodge (before1695) is named and tbe dormant Co. Angus, Blairgowrie, Dunkeld, Auchterarder, Muthill,Thornbill, Lodge of Dunning. Tbis is a fair record for Pertb sbire. Scoon and Pertb bas a beauti-

ful mural
sented from

of painting
tbe is

St. John

on

tbe east wall of tbe Lodge.

The

Saint is always repre-

by

old Masters
seen

which

and in the other a cbalice, as holdingin one band a scroll, is shown a dragon or issuing serpent, wbile bis symbol, an eagle,

standingat
been made In the Scoon Medallion old

bis feet. to drink and

Tbe cap in bis left band


of
a

comm"mor"tes

tbe tradition. of his

having

poisonedCup, which,bowever, in bis case,


wall picturethe
to

Pertb

datingfrom

1807,attacbed

proved eagle is not shown, but it is depictedon a the Jewel worn by tbe Master, and also on the

innocuous.

in the diplomas wbicb used to be issued by tbe Lodge. A curions diff"rence occurs in as much as three serpentsinstead of one are seen Scoon and Pertb repr"sentations from the Cup. Wo left to guess tbe meaning of tbe Pertb Artist in tbis are issuing

departure. Freemasonry
tbe burden of

could

not
was

bave love.

more

appropriatepatron
be the

than

St. John,

wbose
a

message

"harity sbould

distinguishing
"

characteristic of

Freemason's

not heart,
one

in tbe modem

meaning of

the word

the

m"re

givingof alms"

but in tbe old

of love.

D.C.S.
of

F.R.S and
seems

F.L.S." On

page

370
words

A.Q.G., vol.

xx.,
are

Brotber

Brookbouse into the


sure

to be at

loss

concerningtbe
F.L.S.
for
" "

which
sure
"

in his article about tbe Left the the


" **

abbreviated
am

lettei-s" F.R.S. and other letters stand


"

am

not

so

F," but
"

very

tbe
"

Right Supporter
no

and

**

Supporter," and
Bucks title
"

the

"

for probably from bow

First."

It is of
or

account

whether both used


"

ture took tbeir nomencla-

tbe Oddfellows

vice versa^ but

Noble
"

Grand," or
;

eke

tbe title given by Bro. Brookbouse explain


that and also bave title,

Past Left

Noble

Grand

the Oddfellows tbeir officiai

use certainly family.

Right and

Supportersamong
T.

Duluth, Minnesota,

W.

Hcgo.

"fotes and Qu"ries.

"7
some

has beeu wont, in the


relative of
to

ChronoIOgfy Of ScOttish Rite Masonry." of desultory to course r"adiugs,


Scottish Rite Masonry.
When th"se notes into
use

For make
were

years of

notes taken

past the writer data chronological


was no

there

but they were publication,

recentlycalled Lyceum,

by, and coUected


I may of h"ve
a as

and

thought arranged
in
a

for,our

local Scottish Rite of the

of whose

work
the

word
an

to say

future number

Transactions.

Knowing

value

A,Q.G"

international

of Masonic to submit to tlie scrutinyof its readers the lore,I venture clearinghouse table thus prepared. The writer would be glad to receive additional chronological correction of the data or other suggestions or looking tov/ard the amplification following ;

1686-1743.

Life of Andrew

Michael Ramsay, "one


.

of the great scholars of his

day,"i

loadingfounder of Scottish Masonry. Early traces


of the Kadosh Rite of Strict Observance

1737. 1743. 1754. 1758.


Perfection

degree.at Paris.
at Paris

Chapterof Clermont
Council of
"

established

by Chevalier

de

Bonneville.^
of

Emperors of East and


with 25 degrees.
from

West*' at Paris in control of Rite

(or Heredom)
Commission New
to the

1761.

said Council

to

Stephen Morin, who


"

carried

Scottish

Masonry

World.
"

1762.

1767.

Adoption by said Council of the Constitution in 35 articles. Francken, Lodge of Perfection organizedat Albany,N.Y., by Andrew
Grand

deputyof

Morin.

1782. 1783. 1786.

ChapterGeneral, successor
of Perfection Orient
"

of Council of

formed. Emperors,

Lodge
Grand

at organised

S.C. Charleston,

of France constituted.

Adoptionof
of r"cognition the
"

Grand
Ancient

Constitutions
and

"

attributed

to

Frederick

the Great* ; earliest

Accepted Scottish

Rite."

1797. the United

Council of Princes of the

Royal Secret

instituted

at

Charleston

j first in

States.

1801. 1804. 1805. 1806.


1807.

May 31. Southern (Mother)Supr"me Council founded Supr"me Council of France established. established. Supr"me Council of Milan (Italy) in Consistory organized New York City by Bideand. Arrivai of JosephCerneau at New York.
Life of Albert of Pike.

at Charleston.

1809-1891. 1811. 1813. 1817. 1822. 1824. 1828.

Supr"me Council
Northern

Spainorganized. Supr"me Council of United States org^nized.^


of Brazil established. Ireland

Supr"me Council of Belgium established.

Supr"me Council
Division
of

Supr"me Council of

established. Northern
and

American

territory between
established. Granada established.

Southern

jurisdictions. 1830. Supr"me Council 1833. Supr"me Council


.

of Peru of New

* ' ' *

II. New

367. Age 68 ; c/.30 Encyc.Brit. XVIII. Ara Quatuor Coronatorum 49.

II. New Age 69. Transactions Southern Supr"me Council ' For list and dates of Constitution of Allocution (1905) pp. 41 et eeq.

(1884), Age, Nos. 1,3. p. 38; vi. New Supr"me Councils see Graud Commander

Hichardson's

""
1845.
1846. 1855. 1856.

Transaciions ofthe QuatuorOoronatiLodg^.

Supr"me Council

of

England

and

Wales

established.

Supr"me Council

of Scotland established.

Revision of rituals undertaken

by

Albert

Pike.^

Supr"me Coancil of
Supr"me Council
of

Uruguay constituted.

1857. 1858.
1859.

1859. 1859.
1865.

Argentina constituted. constituted. Supr"me Council of Turin,Italy, Supr"me Council of Santo Domingo constituted. Supr"me Council of Colon (Cuba) constituted.
Albert Pike

elected Grand
of Grand

Commander,

Southern

Establishment

Orient

of Venezuela from

Supr"me Council. which pr"sent Supr"me

Council of that countrywas 1868.


1869.

formed.^

1870. 1871. 1871. 1871. 1872.


1873.

Supr"me Coancil of Mexico established. Supr"me Cpuncil of Portugulestablished. Supr"me Council of Chili established. Supr"me Council of Central America established. Supr"me Council of Hungary established.
Pike's
"

Morals

and

Dogma

"

published.
established.

Supr"me Coancil of Greece established.


Council Suprenie
of Switzerland

1874. 1875. Switzerland.* 1878. 1880. 1881. 1885. 1886.

Supr"me Council of Canada


International

established.
or

Congressof Supr"me Councils (7


of

more)

at

Lausanne,

Supr"me Council
Supr"me
Council

Egypt

constituted.

of Tunis constituted. of Roumania constituted.*

Supr"me Council

Supr"me Council at
since been formed.^

Institution of lodgesin

constituted.^ Constantinople which a Supr"me Council from Paraguay

for that

countrybas
1907.

International Conf"rence

of

at Supr"me Councils (20)

Brussels.
S. Lobingiek.

Manila P.I.

Charles

8th,1908. April

Naymas
elaborate Exodus
in
a

properly, "wrought with


xxxY..,

meana to things, as applied GreCUS" a CurioUS MaSOn."" Curions," of and art" (Latin, hence applied to objects care cunosus), in Exodus of the ephod, curions girdle" as 8, the xxv"ii., workmanship,
'*

curions bed"

5, 53, His body couched Henry VI. ii., " In curions most mantle." a Cymbeline," v., 5, 361, ; In classicalLatin it seems to But this is later Latin. almost exclusively applied

22, "curions
"

works."

So

"

" " " So ul,painstaking, (from cura), thoughtf diligent." persons in the sens" of careful Fam. in omni h"toria curiosus (Cicero, curiosor (Cicero, Tusc. 1,45) ; ad "nvestigandum

4, 13). So curiosus inedidiUB (Pliny 25, 2, 2)


fin.; curiosissimus

; curiosus memori"

fam"

su"

Anton. (Capitol,

Philos. 20) ; and

(Aur. Vict. C"s, 20 sed non quidem doctusy


J. W. HOKSLBY.

curiosus (Petr. 46,6),

' ' s ^ *

Southern Sapreme Coancil (1878 Transaot"ons, p. 30). See 0hr"i6 Masonicas Oficiales (Madrid 1006),vol. ii"., p. 211. Id. p. 173 ; Transactions 1878 pp. 22 et seq^ 1880 p. 9. Ohras Mtuonicas Oficiales p. 180. Id. p. 217. Id. p. 205.

"

Notes and
"

Queries.
from disappeared

69 the Westminster

Astley'S." It
"

is not

so

longago

that this

at Astley f"rst exhibited equestrian performances In stands. Waterloo where St. John's Hatch, now Church, Road, Rejected Halfpenny

Bridge Road.
Addresses
"

It existed

in 1880.

"

we
"

find Base

"

fiUed Buonaparte,

with

deadlyire,
ses on

"

one Sets,

by

one,

our

pi ay hou
barnt
a

fire.

"

Some The

years ago

he

ponncedwith deadlyglee on
down

"

Op"raHouse, then
!
at

the Panth"on.

*'

Nay
Next

Still unsated Millbank

in

coat of fi"mes,

"

he crossed the river Thames.


a

"

Thy Hatch, 0
Boiled
some

! Halfpenny, in pass'd and pitch, burnt

trice,
twice.*' Astley's
set
on an

"

black

down

The fii-st a m"re Amphith""tre,


of

by Philip a open pi"ce Astley, the hatch led. to which a halfpenny Astley himself, ground in St. George's Fields, the chief performer, handsomest man in England, was assisted by a dram, two f"fes, lighthorseman
and
a a

temporary "rection of deal boards, was in the 15th R"giment. It stood

up

in 1774

clown

named

Porter.

At

f"rst

an

open

area,

in and

1780

it

was

converted
In

into
was or

covered

and amphith""tre
"

divided into pit,boxes

gallery.
"

1786

it

and called The Royal Grove," and Amphith""tre." Johnson, in the Life," Astley's says

newly fitted up
**

in 1792
**
"

The

Royal Saloon
drew
as

"

Whitfield

never

much

attention as a mountebank does ; he did not draw attention by doing better than Were but by doing what was standing others, Astley to preacha sermon strange. head would coUect hear multitude to a on a horse's back, he him, but no '*uponhis
" "

wise

man

would

say he had

made

better

sermon

for that."
"

Horace
"

Walpolewrote
as

to Lord
nauseous

this time of the year is


find at nothing ail to

"

do,so
not

I went

12th September, 1783 : " London at Strafford, in an a drug a's any shop. I could apothecary*s much to Astley's, was which, indeed, beyond my chosen

'*

I do expecfcation.

wonder

**

instructions he
make

gave minuets of

to his and

'*

his dance

longer that Darius was horse ; nor that Caligulamade hornpipes. But I shall not h"ve
any

King by

the

his consul.
even

Astleycan
; Her

Astleynow

'*

Majesty the Queen

France,who

has

as

much

taste

as

has sent for the Caligula,

"

whole of the dramatis personas to Paris."


In

1794, August 17th,


In

the

Amphith""trewas

2nd, it September
the fi"mes.

was again burnt down, the 1841,June 8th,it was a third

In 1803, destroyed by fire in mother of Mrs. Astley, jun., perishing time burnt down, the manager (Ducrow)
was

dyinginsane

from

his losses.

Old

who Astley, He

born

at

Newcastle-under-Lymein
J. B.

October 20th, 1814. 1742,died in Paris,

is said to h"ve

built 19 diff"rent th""tres. leFeuvre.

M"morandum WALTER
SCOTT

as

to connection

of SCOTT

family with Freemasonry,

(Beardie)-Nota
He had
"

Mason.
"

three
a

sons

1. 2. 3.

Walter

not

Mason.
a

Robert of
William
"

Sandyknowe" not
not
a

Mason.

Mason.

70
ROBERT had four 1.

Transactions ofthe Quatuor CoronatiLodge.


sons.

Walter,who afterwards
He
was

became

W.S.

initiated iu

affiliated in 2. A
son,
name

1754,and Lodge St. Davids oa 4th Janaarj, 4th February,1767. on Lodge Canongate Kilwinuing,

nnknown.

3.

4.

Capt. Robert Scott, initiated in Lodge Canongate Kilwinningon 2nd Maich, 1786. Thomas, who died in 1823 at the "ge of 90 ; not a Mason.

WALTER

SCOTT,
others
are:
"

W.S., had

familjof 12, of
iu

whom

six died in

infancy. The

1.
2. 3. 4.

initiated Robert,a sailor, John, not a Masuu. Anne.

Lodge

St. Davids

on

7th

December, 1785.

5.

Walter, afterwards Sir Walter Scott ; initiated in Lodge St. Davids 2nd March, 1801. on Thomas, afterwai*ds W.S., initiated in Lodge CanongateKilwinning,
on

18th November, 1807.


a mason.

6.

Daniel,not

THOMAS

had only one

son.
a

Walter,

Captain in

the

Engineers,H.E.I.C.S., Bombay.
6th

He

was

initiated in Lodge

Kilwinning on Canongate

1836. April,

SIR

WALTER

SCOTT

had

one

son.

Walter,2nd Baronet,who
on

was

initiated in Lodge

CanongateKilwinning
J. Gibson

30th

November, 1826. Scott,Ist Baronet,was


ou

The son-in-law of Sir Walter initiated in

Lockhart,

Lodge Canongate Kilwinning

26th

1826. Jannaty,

J. GIBSON

LOCKHART
Walter
was

had

one

son.

Scott Lockhart

Scott, who, as

Lieutenant
on

in the 9th A.

16th Lancers,

initiated in Lodge

Canongate Kilwinning

1848. February, A. MURKAY.

A.

72

Transactions of the Quatuor Goronatt

Lodge.
the 26th

T. J. Barchus, of 72, Exchange,Memphis, Tennessee,U.S.A., ou


1907. September,
He

joinedthe Correspondence Circle

in

May, 1895.
South

Martin John
S.W.
He

of 40, Harrington Jacolette, Road, in

London, Kensington,

joinedthe CorrespondenceCircle
Bernhard

October,1907.
He

KemmiS, of The Rectory, Conington, Cambridge. the Correspondence Circle in June, 1905. joined
Bruce
the

Edward

of Shoreham, Kent, on Lightfoot,


in

the 28th

1907. September,

He

joined

Circle Correspondence

March, 1889.
the 24th

He

George William Kingr,of Linacre,Worcester,on the Correspondence Circle in October,1907. joined


Dr. Arthur

December, 1907.

Ernest Sansom, of 84,HarleyStreet, London, W., in March, 1907.


in

He

the joined

CorrespondenceCircle

June, 1902.

Major Graves Chamney Swan Lombard, of Homewood, Worcester Park, the 3rd January. He joinedthe Correspondence on Circle in October, 1905. Surrey,
James
He

the joined

Dewell,of New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.A.,on Circle in January,1888. Correspondence


Downes

D.

the 19th

1906. April,

John
the joined

Southam,

of

on Linslade, Shrcwsbury,

the 14th

May.

He

Circle in March, 1906. Correspondence Ist

George ComstOCk Baker, of 444, Broadway,Albany,N.Y., U.S. A., on He the Circle in June, 1887. joined Febmary. Correspondence Thorley,of Lichfield Road, Southtown, Great Circle in March, 1907. Correspondence
James
Dr. John Yarmouth. He

joined

the

N. PatterSOn" of Lismore House, Earlestown, on Lancashire,

the 2nd

April. He

joinedthe CorrespondenceCircle in March, 1901.


He

Ireland. John Smith, B.E., M.I.C.E., County Surveyorof Ballinasloe, Circle in March, 1892. the Correspondence joined

Frederick
Our
brother
was

Webber,
born in the

of

Washington, D.C
of

City

U.S.A., on 4th November, 1907. in 1827, and went to Lonisville, Cork, Ireland,
,

he served under G"nerais Andersen, During the Civil War and close held after'its in the Baell, appointmentssuccessively Sherman, Rosecrans He initiated on his twenty-first and TreasuryDepartments at Washington. War was

Kentucky,in

1843.

and

and subseciuently became member of a birthdayin the AntiquityLodge at Lonisville, the King Solomon Royal Arch Chapter, and of many other bodies connected with Masonry. His greatwork was with the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite,which he of the 33^ seven in 1852, becoming an active member years later. For fourteen joined

years
to hold

he

held

the
was

office of

Treasurer

General

of

the

Supr"me
This

Court

(Southern
continued work of

and Jurisdiction)
to the

General Secretary appointed


of his death. Our brother

in 1886.
a

he position

time
was

took

great

interest

in the

this

Lodge

and

always ready

to fnrther

its

not onlyby interests,

but advice,

by

and active help, cheerfully

rendered. willingly

FRIDAY

Ist

MAY,

1908.

HE

Lodge P.G.D,
Canon H.

met

at

FreemaBons'

Hall

at

p.m.

Pr"sent:
;

"

Bros.

F.

H.

Goldney,
;

W.M.;
J.W.

J. T.

Thorp, P.A.G.D.C.,
;

S.W. John
;

F.

J.

W.

Crowe,

P.G.O., J.W.

Horsley, P.G.C., Chap.


;

W.

Sopghursfc, P.A.G.D.O., Secretary; Dring, S.Sfcew.


;

Sadler, G.Ty., S.D.


E. J. Castle, Also ihe

J. P.

Simpson, T.G.
;

B. H.

E. L. Hawkins,

J.Stew.;

P.D.G.R., P.M.
memberd

and

G. Greiner,

P.A.G.D.C, P.M.
Cirole
;

foUowiog

of the

Correspondenoe
H.

Bros. H.

William

Chambers, Smith, Jas. Johnstone,


Bev. M. W.

John

N. Blood, Thos. W. G.

Cohn,

P.G.St.B., W.
Th"o.

Harris, H.
B.

Montagne
R.

Bosenbaam,
B.

Howard-Flanders,
W.

Michell, W.

Heztall, W.
J.

Thompson,

W.

A. G.

Tharp,

Phelps,

LawD,
H.

Charles Bernard

E7es, 0.

Isler, Horaoe
Chas. H.

Bogers, L.
Geo. Y.

Danielsson, W.

Aspland, A. Simner,

P.A.G.D.C,

Watson,
Anbert,
G.

Bestow,

Montagne, J. Ingram
F. W.

Moar, B. G. Harrison, Maurice


S. Walshe

Victor, Chas.
B. E.

A. V. Davis, W.

B. A.

Smith,

Levander,
W.

Dr.

Owen,

D. Wm.

Bock,

Landesmann,
Col. B. S. Edward T.

Yogeler, Sydney Palmer, W.

Meymott, Busbridge,
E.

William Bev. H.

Mangles, Frank
Lafontaine,

E. Lemon,

Hammond,

Ellis,John

C. de

P.G.D., Beginald C. Watson,


Rose
:

Dearing, L. N. Stean, Sir John

Biagham,

D. Ganton, Also the

Major John

and

John

Chnrch.

foUomng Lodge

Visi tors No.

"Brothers E.

Prebendary
Dorio

Arthur

J. No.

Ingram,
933;
John A.

P.G.O. M.

Chas.

W.

Adams,
Eastern No.

Isaac Star

Newton

859;

J. Norman,

Lodge

Knight, P.M., Lodge

Lodge No. 95; A. J. Abrahams,

P.M., Jordan

Lodge No. 901; and

Brooks, Horos

3155.

Letters W. J. Ohetwode le

of

apology for non-attendance


J. P.

were

received E.

from

Bros. P.M.

E.
;

Conder,
Col. S.

Jnn., P.M.
C.

Dr.
;

Crawley, G. Tr., Ireland;

Bylands;
;

Macbean,

Pratt,
;

P.M. L. A. H.

Hamon de

Strange, Prov.
;

G.M., Norfolk, P.M., Treas.


;

E.

Armitage, P.D.G.D.C., W. Watson, J.D.


;

Malczovich

S. T.

Klein, P.M.

W.

J. and

Hughan,
R. F.

P.G.D.

G.

L.

ShaokleSi

P.M.

Admirai

Sir

A.

Markham,

PJ)is.G.M.,

Malta, P.M.;

Gould, P.G.D., P.M.

The

Secretary annonnced
Klein had been

that chosen

at

Meeting

of

Past
to

Masters H.R.H. of

held the

earlier

in the

day, Bro.

Sydney Tamer
had for been

for certain

recommendation nnmber of Past


as
"

M.W.

Grand

Master, who

empowered

to confer

npon

Masters

London

Lodges^a distinction

long and

meritorious

service, whioh

will be known

London

Bank."

One Cirole.

Lodge and

brethren thirty-five

were

admitted

to

the

membership

of

the

Correspondence

A deacon G.

vote

of

Congratulation

was

passed to Bros. Lord

Ampthill, Bight Bigg, B. Newton


J. T. H.

Hon.

T.

F.

Halsey, ArchP.

Hodges, Dr. W.

Briggs, E. H. Cartwright, Bichard


C. W.

Cr"ne, W.

Eversley,
H. C. de

Dr. C. Wells, A. Bnrnett Lt.'CoI. G. T.

Brown,

Cole, F. W.

Hancock,

Spalding, Lt.-Col. Astley H. Terry, Salder, Imre


on

Carpenter, J. B. Wilson, Wm.


F. the

Lake, J. M. Hamm,
and the C. J. B.

Kiralfy, Bev.

Lafontaine, Alfred L"dge


hoDoqrs
at

Bobbins, B.
Grand

P. Sumner, held
on

Tijou,

their having received

Grand

Festival

29th

April.

74
The

Transactions ofthe Quatuor Goronati Lodge, Secretarycalled attention


to the

following
EXHIBITS.

By Bpo. W. CHAMBICE8,London.
of the Old Concord Tracinq.board,deaignedby John Harris about 1840,in possession No. 172.

Lodge

By Bro. T. J. Wkstropp, Dublin.


Wax impressions Seals. of seals nsed by the Shakespeare Lodge No. 143, the Shakespeare Chapter No. 143, and the Prince Masons' Chapter IL, Dublin. Pr"sent ed to the Lodge,

By Bro. A. Davis,Croydon.
Ooloured Peint

showingthe arrangement of

Chapter rooni

of the

Royal Arch in Mexico.

By

Bro. W.

H.

Geayson, London.
a

Jewbl, engraved in Hobart, Tasmania, by

convict

nndergoing a life sentence

for

forgery.

By The

Lodgr. Banner of Prince L.

Mur"t, Grand

Master

of the Grand

Orient of

France, 1861.

Collar-Jrwel Bseast-Jewbl

of Provincial Grand of

Standard

Bearer,Sussex.

Lodge Canongate and Leith.

By Bro. H. Sadler, London.


Patent Master of

appointment by the Lodges


in 1799.

at

Gibraltar

of John

Sweetland

as

Provincial

Grand

of Andalusia

By Bro. W. R. Thompson, London.


Masonic London. discovered behind Sword, reoently
some

wainscottingat the Angel Inn, Highgate,

By Bro. Percival
Leicester Militia. appears
wax
a

P. Gbary, Westcliff-on-Sea.

Warrant, issued by the Grand


The warrant
was

Lodge of the Ancients

in

1761,for
Intent

Lodge attached
at

to

the

transferred in 1803

to the Good
was
''

Lodgo
A

Stamford

which

to h"ve

ceased

seal stilladh"res The seal


on

to the

and workiog a few years later, parchment under the o in ribbon


was

erased in 1827. No. 87."


one

fragment of the original


a hand graeping Lodge by Kirk, and

It

probablyshowed

trowel.

the blue and orange when the warrant

is the

engraved for Grand

raay h"ve been attached


was

transferred in 1803
:

although at that period a later die

nsed. generally

The

is a transcript of the Warrant following

kelly Grand
Wm.

AUster;
D
:

Diokey S

W.

Wm.

Osborn

M.

Wm.

Dickey J

W.

in the abstance TO No. 87. We the GRAND

of David ALL LODGE

Fisher. WHOM
of Free

IT and

MAY

CONCERN.

(Seal)

to the old ConstituAccepted Masons (according the Right EDWIN of York) in Ample form assembled tions Granted by PRINCE (viz. Thomas Erskine Earl of Kelly, Viscount Fenton, Worshipful and Right Hononrable Osborn Lord Pitten Weem, "c., Grand Master ! of Masons ! Mr. Wm. Deputy Grand Master,Mr. David Fisher Senr Grand Warden and Mr. Wm. DickeyJunr Grand Wardn

/"^
OF

Ars

Quatuor Coronatorum.

13

0)

'5

:\
5
"

Tsj**?

0)

ce

OS

"

"xh"hits.

^6

by and with the approbationand Consent 61 the Regular Lodges held within the Citties " Subarbs of London and Westminster) Do herebj Nominate, Constitute, Appoint, and Master Impower our Trasty and wellbeloved Brethren Mr. William Garratt
....

Mason

Mr. John

Nicbolls

Senr. and hold

Warden,
a

and

Mr.

Mark

Beid

Junr.

Warden In

To form (with proper Assistants)

Lodge of Free and

Accepted Masons

[eraaure}
and in sucb
to the most

daly congregated To admit, enter, and make Masons according Custom of the Royal Craft in ail Ages and Nations And We do hereby further Impower our said Trusty and throughout the known World. welibeloved Brethren Mess. William Garratt John Nicbolls and Mark Reid (with proper whom Assistants)To nominate Chnse and Install their SuccessorSi tbey are to inrest with their power and Dignity, ""c.and such Successors shall in like manner Nominate Cbuse and Install their Snccessors "c "c "c such Installations to be npon (ornear) every St. John's day during the Continuance of this Lodge for ever. Providingthattheabove named Brethren and their snccessors always pay due Respect to this Right Worshipfnl to be of no force nor Grand Lodge : otherwise this Warrant Given Virtue. under our hands and the Seal of the Grand Lodge London this 29th day of May In the year of our Lord One thousand Se7en hundred sixtyand One. and in the year of Masoniy 5761. Lodge when
ancient and honourable
. .

Lau This Warrant transferred


to

Dermott
at

G.

Secretary
Whereof Bro. William Junior Warden

certain

Brothers

Stamford Pearson

Jackson
to

Hugh Fox Senior Warden and undec the Rognlationsas aforesaid.


is Master,

" James

According

Robt

Leslie G. S.

Thos.

Harper D G M

By Bro. Rev. Reoinald


Seal. Wax

A. Bosanquet, St. Martin,Scilly. warranted St. Mary's, Scilly, impressionof seal used by the Lodge Godolphiu, Preaented
to the

in

1768, and erased in 1851.

Lodge.

By Bro T. A. Withey, Leeds.


P.M.

Jbwel,

set in

paste.
William

"ngraved Jew"l, attached to original silver chain, presented January, 1799, to Bullmer,Secretaryof Fidelity Lodge No. 512 (now No. 289),Leeds.

By

Bro. Harry Masonic

Gur, Yarmoath, I.W. Muo, Leeds ware.


who had lent for objects

exhibition

hearty vote of thanks was unanimously passed to those Brethren to the Lodge Library and Mus"um who had made pr"sentations or
read the

Bro. E" L. Hawsxns

following paper

:-^

/"

tr"nsacHons oftkeQuaiuor "orohatiLodge.

TWO

EDITORS
BV

OF
BRO.

THE
E. L.

BOOK

OF

CONSTITUTIONS.
M.A,

HAWKINS,

I." JOHN HE
name

ENTICK.

of the
as

Rev.

John

Entick, M. A., is famil"ar


Editor
on

to

ail Ma^onic

students for the

that

of the second

of the Book the

of Constitutions,
"

issue

of 1756 and

is described

Continued Revised,

Enlarged,with ENTICK, By JOHN


who and

as title-page Carefullj Additions, raany

m.a."

Doubtless
who John Entick

manj
was,

h"ve read
what
was

this

h"ve title-page

wondered

h"ve been at
and

some

ail the painsto bringtogether

in the world, so I position I conld gather about him, information his it was known to the outer world.

I will first describe his life apart from A account of


our

Masonry as

fnll fairly of which Biography,


as

of National Brother*s lifeis given in the Dictionary

I will give the chief d"tails, supplemented with such other


sources.

particulars
the date

I h"ve obtained He is

from

supposed to h"ve
are

been

born

about

1703,but

neither

the placenor

known, and no records are to be found of his parentageor certainly earlyyears beyond his own statement that he was for t"n years at Coll"ge. Apparently in the world,for he seems he had to make his own statement) (alsofrom his own way
to

of his birth

h"ve

when begun teaching

about

seventeen

years

old.

In his later years he lived in


was

where Stepney,

he died

on

May 22nd,1773,beingabout
for his death tobe recorded

70 years old ; he
in
**

then

person
"

of sufficientnote in the world

June, 1773.
brief account

He

was

buried in his
"

of him

Lady'sMagazine for at Stepney on 28th May accordingto Lysons,who givesa Environs of London 3, p. 457),calling him, however, (vol.
The
*'

Entiwck.

I h"ve he

not been

able to ascertain

whether

he

was

native

of

Stepney,or,

if

of the tomb Lysons (on page 437) mentions of the Rev. John in the of wife Elizabeth, Entinck, 1760,as being churchyard Stepney he was he undoubtedlywas in 1762. there at that tirae, so as Chuix"h, presumably living In the registers of Stepney is responsible Church the name so Lysons appears as Entick,

not, when

weut

to live

there, but

for the

error

in
seems

spelling.
to bave lived
a

He
or teaching

most

laborious
a

writingfor the press,


in the Bodleian

for chiefly

employed life, incessantly named Dilly. publisher


I

in

either

In

of which 1728 his first publication appeared,

taken append the title-page

from

copy

Library at

Oxford

"

Sp"culumLatinum:
OR

LATIN
Made easy to

SCHOLARS,
BY AN

English

Grammar
Neither

only; composed
on

Tedious,nor
Natural

obscure

and instructing Principles,

"'wo "ditorsofthe "ootcofConstitutions.

7?

Beginner in Latin,by young English Raies, adapted to the meanest for the Use and Benelit Capacities,
the of Bchools and Families. John Entick,
:

By
Printed

LONDON

in St. Christo'per' near s Churchyard, by R. Tookey, for the Author ; and Sold by George the Royal Exchange, Strahan, in at the Dove the Royal Exchauge in Goruhill ;. /. Batley, near in Holhourn ; Pater -noster-row ; R. Williamson, near Grays-Inn-Qate End and J. Pote, at Sir Isaa^ Newtons Head, at Sicffolk-street near ChearingCross. 1728. (Pri"eSix Pence)

There is

addressed pr"face
"

To ail

"fec." Gentlemen, Masters, Ushers,Tutors, in which the aatlior saya, "It


was

my

lot to be

that he compiled"this natural order of explains the Yoath in three Months instracting space, with ail necessary raies of Agreement, and to the Government, so that he coald write trae" Concord withoat Difficalty,

with a very du 11 Boy,"and perplexed Grammar, and it had its desired effect,

Admiration
The

of his work

Friends,and my
consists of

own

Commendation." and
;

fortypages,

is

sort of

Englishand
the book

Latin

Grammar

eombined

in the form

did not feel At

and answer of question tempted to adopt his system with end is the announcement
"

I examined my
own

with

bat interest,

pupils.
Author of this Grammar has

the

"

N.B.

The

ready for the Press,and


abstracted aathor from the Great

designsto

if publish,

The "vidence encoaraged, in 1729 this book

of Christianity,
the appeared,

Huetias, Easebias
" "

"c." and of
"

himself on its title-page Stadent styling fell through,to print Ghaacer which proposai,

in two

In 1736 he issued a Divinifcy." vols, folio, with explanatory

notes; and
"vidence with

there

and

thenceforth he put M. A. after his name,


his In 1755

though there
and Jonathan

is

no

where

he obtained and
notes.

accents

degree. he agreed
"

In

1754

he

publishedhis "Ph"dri
Shebbeare
or

Fabul""

with

Scott to

Write for their anti-ministerial every


at 2d.), (pri"e Saturday

paper,
a

The

Monitor
a

British Freeholder," appearing


;

of salary

"200

year

and

his attacks

on

the Government
to

in the year be entered and

1762, in Nos. 357, 358, 3"0, 373, 376, 378 and 380,caused his house
his papers seized

He claimed damages for g"neraiwarrant. and full of his T. B. is HowelFs State Trials (vol. account suit in a xix., this, given very from which I h"ve extracted the foUowing : pp. 1030-1074), The Case of Seizare of Papers,being an action of Trespassby John Entick, and three other Messengersin ordinary Nathan Carrington to the King, Clerk, against a.d. 1765." Court of Common-Pleas, Mich : Term : 6 George l"l., declared that on November with force The plaintifE llth,1762, the d"fendants, his house in the of and entered and arms, broke dwelling parish St. Dunstan, Stepney,
a
"

und"r

**

and

continued there four hours without


ail his

his

consent, broke
away 100

pried into
The the

privatepapers,
he claimed

and

carried

open his doors, boxes,etc., printedcharts, 100 printed

and etc., etc., pamphlets,

d"fendants pleadedthat
State.
was a

damages. in their action by a were they justified


before the Lord

"2000

warrant

from

of Secretary The
cause

tried at

Westminster-Hall

Chief Justice, when Conrt should

the

juryfound

"300 damages, ifthe the plaintifE Verdict, Sp"cial giving

?8

Transactions of the Quatuor Coronati

Lodge.

hold that the d"fendants were twice guilty of trespass. This Sp"cial Verdict was Lord Camdeu, Lord Chief Justice, delivered the solemnljargned at the bar, and finally the gronnd that a warrant on to seize and judgment of the Court for the plaintifE,
*'

carry

away And

the thus

party's papers
Entick
was

in the

case

of

successf al in bis

and ill"gal though he only got a suit,

seditious libel is

void." small

part of

the

damages which
a

he claimed. while

to this occurrence, Previously

engaged on
with 6

"

The Monitor,"he published, in


"

1757,
Naval and with

handsome
:

folio volume
or

of

887 pages

Illustrations, entitled, A
In which the

new

History
the Lives

CompleatView
Service
are

of the British

Marine.

Royal Navy
:

the Merchant's

traced and their Naval

of the

Admirais

through ailtheir Periods and who bave honour Nav"gators,

Diff"rent Branches d this and

Nation, and
Discoveries.

Distinguish'dThemselves
the most Includiug Dominion for the of the

by

consid"rable

Conduct, Courage, Victories and Sea-Fights : Exp"ditions,


His and

Sea, and the Dignityof the British


and

Government

Management of the several


added Our
of the Laws

Oeconomy of Royal Y'ards

our Higlitto the Flag : the Laws and R"gulations Majesty\sNavy : and^the Business and Docks in this Kingdom. To which are

Right and
now

Title to the British Colonies for

in North- America:

and

an

Abstract
with

in Force

Copper

Plates.

By

John

Trade and Commerce. our regulating Entick,M. A. London 1757." married


a

lUustrated

On

January 7th, 1760, he


Elizabeth
as

widow

nanied

Eliza in

not register,
same

given by Lysons) buried at Stepney;in 1763 he published stated,was and, as previously "General a History of the Late War" (with a second "dition eorrected in 1765), which reached third "dition in 1775, two affcer the death of its author; a years
died of the year,

Fisher,who

(as given September

in

the

In

1764,he

issued his in 1766

""

each SpellingDictionary,"
"

"dition Accurate

of which

copies ; and London,"


the became him
"

he brought out
his

New
on

and the

20,000 comprised Historyand Survey of


he is described how and when
as

which

contains

and portrait, I h"ve

of title-page

which

**Rev. John

Entick,M. A." R"v"rend,"or whether


seems

been

unable to ascertain
as

he to

he held any

but b"n"fice,

the and

sermons

attributed bear dates

der Friemaurerei,Nos. 815, 816 by Kloss {Bibliographie

820)

fi-om

1750 to 1762,it
years between
"

probablethat
and

the cl"rical
are

part of his
J.

career

the eighteeu occupied for.


"

1736

1754, which
the date

otherwise
to which

unaccounted

In

1771

he

a published

as Dictionary," Latin-English

in his Nichols,
a

of Illustrations

the

Literary History of
the

18th
March

Century," quotes from


9th, 1771,
new
"

letter

written

by Mr.

nnder Joseph Cockfield,

Mr.

Entick

is another

enterprising

geniusin
words of Mr.

employ of Mess" Dilly; his classic authors necessary for reading


Cockfield's
sneer,
our

Latin

is said Dictionary

to contain ail the

Gredat Jud"us

Apella.** However, in spite


in

Brothers persons

dictionaries down of to 1836.

continued The

r"put", and
"

were

re-edited by frequently contains and


"

varions to the

An
"

Address

Teachers

dated

Dec. Stepney,

1. 1770."

From

Dictionary Latin-English the Latin Tongue,"signed John Entick," it I extract the following: "In a course of
"

iifty years, Gentlemen


as a

! the

of this work compiler


a

has been

private tutor,a schoolmaster,or

th"se

he Coll"ge,

and preparedby a employments, has had great opportunities to reason the means,
or

for,and a regularAcademical
writer

corrector

constantly employed either In of,the press.


Education the
manner

for ten of It
seems a

years

at

both

upon

Education,
odd that

and upon

books used in the Schools


no
"

of this of any

Kingdom."
Editor

in this summary he is described


on

of his lifehe makes the


as title-page

mention

employment as
Author

clergyman :

John

Entick,M.A.,

of Schrevelius's Greek

LexicoU) Littleton

and

Cole's Latin

and Dictionaries,

of the New

Spelling

Two

Editors book

nf the
is
an

Book

of Cotistitufions.
of the New

79

etc."; in Dictionary,

the John

same

ad verti s"ment Also


a
"

Dictionary Spelling
"

by

the

"R"v"rend
and
"

Entick, M. A.*'
credited
"

in

1771, appeared bis


with
a

English
share in

Grammar/*
both the
in
new

be is likewise

with

Ready Reckoner/* and


"

Week*s
a

Pr"paration
in

and tlie new

Whole
"

Duty of Man."
Pr"sent State other
"

On bis death
of the

1773, be left

large work
1774; and
From
a

four be
a

vol"mes,
bad
new

The

British

in nearlycompleted, Empire,'*
was

which
in the

been

belpedby
of bis

bronght ont
"

in

1776

"dition

banda, and wbich Snrvey and History of


it will be
seen

London that
our

was

issued.
was

foregoingenumeration compilerof books


John

of bis works

Brother

most

assidaous

during
as a

the

last

twenty

years

of bis life.
We may
career now

turn little
or

to
can

the
now

Rev. be

Entick,M.A.,
;
was

Freemason.

Of

bis

Maaonic

very when

ascertained he

there is

notbing in Grand 27tb,1754,when


the

Lodge by
at
a

records to show
name

in what

Lodge

and initiated,

be is first mentioned

in the

account

of the

of Grand proceedings
:
"

Lodge

on

June

meeting beld
**A

at the Devil

Tavern

m"morial

presentedby
to this of

Brother

Jonathan

Scott to

last Gommittee the of necessity

of
a

Gharityy being referred


new

QuarterlyCommunication^showing
be benceforward

Edition

of the BooK

Constitutions,with necessary

and Corrections and Additions,

proposingthat the same Lodges as it suited,and


and

that

Committee

of such printed by the Suhscriptions tbereof appliedto the use of the General Profits Charity; might be appointed to rev"ew the said Book of Constitutions, the

might

for formerlyprepared Alt"rations and

the Press

by

the Rev.

Brother

Anderson,and
made

to make

the necessary

it was Additions,

Resolved, That

the said Book

of Constitutionssbould be with

and the necessary revised, Rnles of Masonry, And That the

Alt"rations and

Additions

consistent

the Laws

and

George

Payne, Esq.; the Earl


Grand Masters
; Thomas

Right WorsbipfulGrand Master, the other pr"sentGrand Officers; of Loudoun, Duke of Chandos, Lord Ward and Lord
;

Cakysfort,late Deputy Grand


the Rev. John

Sir Robert

Lawley, Bart.,Edward
Grand
Warden and Edward

Hody, M.D.,
;

late

Masters

Smith,

Esq.,late Junior

with together

Entick,M. A., Arthur


that the Grand power

Beardmore

be the said Bowm/in, Gent., any three others of


to their Assistance

Gommittee.
the said any

And

Monter
to

Gommittee,bave

with or Deputy Grand Monter, and to call in proceedto Business, time


to

other

Brethren,tbey might from


Members private

time

think

Ed. proper." (Constitutions

17"6, p. 262.)
Of the three of this Committee and Feast
on

Arthur

Beardmore be
was

bad

been

Steward Grand
so

at the

pr"viens Assembly
on

Marcb

25th,and
there is

Junior appointed

Warden
was a

November of
some

and subsequently became 29th,1754, note at that time and Bowman


on

Senior Grand
account
we

Warden,
for the find the be
was

be

Brother

but the

notbing to

inclusion Rev.

of Brothers Entick

Entick
the

Committee.
on

However,
the
room

John

among Grand

Stewards
on

for the Feast

AprillOtb, 1755,and
of

Junior appointed

Warden

February 14th, 1758, in


1756

Brother

Vandevelde,deceased.
the Obviously lion*s share in alone appears

preparingthe
on

Constitutions

was

performed by
Sanction
of the Records

Entick, for bis


that
"

name

the

title page, and and

it is stated in the from Fidelity

this

new our

book

bas been

with great Care publiahed John

Masonry, by
After

Brother

the Rev

Entick,M.

A."

bis

of Grand

appointmentas Junior Grand Warden, Bro. Entick Lodge on May 24th, 1759,January 24th, May 24tb
as
on pr"sent May 3rd,1762.

attended
and

the meetings

June

5tb, 17G0,

and is last mentioned

80
The
next

Transactions issue of the Book

of the Quatuor Coronati Lodge.


of Coustitutions

(1767)also
to

has his

name

on

thetitle-

page
New

as

successor

to Di*. Anderson, and and he

is often attributed
a

Edition,with Alt"rations
not
seem

Additions, by
had any hand
as pr"paration,

him, but as it is called ** A Comnjittee appointedby the Gi^and


and, indeed, his compilation, renders it extremely describe,
the Edition not recorded of

it would Lodge,** Masonic

that

in its I shall

at the time position

of its

that improbable, the


names

he

was

one

of the Committe Brother

appointedto bring ont


Sadler informs
me are

1767,

of which of Grand

Committee

in the

minutes

Lodge.
as

For indebted
ex

information

to the

concluding"pisodeof Lodge,
at

Entick's

Masonic

career

am

to Bro.

has suppliedme to assist, Sadler,who, with his nsual willingness the records of Grand from

with at
one

tracts

from
was

which

it

appears

that

time

Entick

Treasurer

of the

Lodge

the

Sun, Upper Shadwell


on

stituted 3lst the Members


"

October,1757,and
of the

erased April lOth,1782), and to Grand Lodge presented Lodge a m"morial and

(No. 227, conOctober 29th, 1765,


Treasurer it

their against of the

for not

his Account settling that the

paying the Balance


to the next

to the

Fund

Lodge,"and
a

w^as

ordered that time

be parties

summoned the

Charity Committee,
"

body which

at
on

correspondedto
was

pr"sent Board
of

of General

January 22nd, 1766, at


Entick
. . .

the Committee

Charity, The
a

Purposes. Accordingly preferr*d against complaint


Bro' Entick in Justification

Bro. John

heard,and candidly
the

lett"r from

of himself

read, and

that Resolv'd,unanimously,

inform him, that he


a

from fortnight

the

into due consid"ration ; (and it was) to Bro' Entick to by the Grand Secretary Time within is directed therebyto require him to appoint a Day and date of the said Letter,to meet the Committee by the appointed
a

afFair taken

Letterbe wrote

Sun and

Lodge

to settle and
same

and adjustthe Treasurer's (accounts), infailure


ever

then
name

and

there to settle

adjustthe
other
name

or accordingly,

That thereof,

his

will be eras'd from


enter

among
or

the Grand

and he will Officers, He


as

after be deemed
seem

unworthyto
complied 1757, in
held with the

the Grand

any

regularLodge."
does not appear the 1784

does not
a

to h"ve

this

resolution,
from

and

his

Grand

Warden

for

Table of Grand

Officers among Warden I my

given in
the for
can

Constitutions, though whether


to

this is due

to its eras^re
as

Grand

or Officers, a

the
me

fact that
a

he

part of
discover of him

year,
no

seems

to

doubtful

only point.

office

Junior

Grand

other d"tails of
a

our

Brother's Dr.

Masonic
"

career,

so

I will conclude
of
a

account

with

quotationfrom
Entick been

Oliver's

R"v"lations

Square."

(p.98) :"

At this

actingthe
Master habits of
were

Rev. Bro. our per"od attemptsthat had repeated

engaged in
made

the laudable

to throw

Masonry
He

into

designof counterand confusion,


in his turn, the years. His

contributed several valuable additions


our

to Masonic

literature.

was,

and Lodge^, grave

on glittered was a

his breast

for three cons"cutive

and sober ; but he

an amongst the Craft,

and a fair disciplinarian, popular good Master, the and at of in same m any printodworks^, expositor Masonry
to

the

* This is the imaginary Lodge eighteenthcentury belonged. ' The Square is speaking. '

which,according to Oliver's

romance,

ail the noted

Masons

of

Dr. Oliver mentions

" in The Free and Acoepted Aiason described, four,viz.,

Sermon

preached

A Caution to by J. Entick, A. M." by J. Entick, Ponltry, Cet. 26, 17.52,


"

the Constitutions, attributed to The third of them from Kloss. advertisem"nt of the second, ^n

preached at St. Mildred, in the Accepted Masons, a Sermon M," London, Scott, 1752. I find th"se foor works only, besides Entick by Kloss, so it seems probable that Dr. Oliver copied the titles is printedat lengthin Cole's Constitutions of 1751,which also contains
Frfte and A.

Ttoo Editors of the Book


time

of Constitutions.
is
more

81
than

preservedhia status and some Preston^, Whitney',


he
a

in the other

Grand

Lodge,whicb
were

popular Brethren, published two*


sermons on

fortunate
"ditions

Capt.Spiith^, enoaghto accomof the

plish at

subs"quent period.He
honour both He

several

Book

of

and preached many Constitutions,


as preserved, they did

Freemasonry,which
and bis heart.
man

ought

to h"ve been

to

his head
an

I must dear

confess T had

for agr""t respect and I


was

Bro. Entick. when

was

active

and
a

lover of

Masonry,
me

exceedingsorry
hands."

in fate,

the

shape

of

vote

of the

Lodge,threw

into other In ail feel a whole

I think that,like the Square of Dr. Oliver's imagination, we must conclusion, for Bro. John Entick of letters throughout his as a hardworking man respect
we

and life,

must

ail be sorry that

he tarnished

his otherwise

honourable

career

by

his m"sconduct

(whateverit
IL"

was)
JOHN

as

Treasurer

of the Sun

Lodge.

NOORTHOUCK.
name

The next
is John the

Editor

of the Book

of Constitutions, whose

has been handed the respects

down,
best of

Noorthouck, who

which edited the 1784 "dition,

is in many

century "ditions. eighteenth


is described the
"

Entick's New

name

is omitted

from

the

of this title-page

issue,which
year

as

Edition

down to the revised,enlargedand brought

1784, under
a

direction J.

contains
h"ve

signed " pr"face,


introduced.

of the Hall Committee, by John N.," explainingthe improvements

Noorthouck,'*and
and

alt"rations that

been As

with Entick, I will first give some


my

account

of the from

non-Masonic the

career

of the

of subject

which sketch,

account

is

drawn raainly

of Dictionary

National

Biography.
John Noorthouck
some
was

born in London

about

the year had


seems
a

1746, being the given


was a

son

of

bookseller of

note,Herman

Noorthouck,who
his

shop named
to h"ve

the Cicero's up
some

Head,
years

Great Piazza, Covent


before his son's birth. William

Garden, which, however, he During early years,

John

Noorthouck

patronizedby poetical sketch, Brother,like

of whose Strahan, the printer, has been

character he afterwards

wrote

which
his

preservedby
index

Nichols

iii. 395). (Literary Anecdotes,


as a

Onr

Entick, may predecessor


as an

be described

livelihood

maker, and corrector

of the

his hack, gaining hard-working literary he was a liverymanof the press ;

* " for Kent, pnblished" The Use and Abase of Freemasonry in Capt. J. G. Smith, Prov.G.Master 1783, and 1785 he was expelledfrom the Societyfor having forged a certificate of Grand Lodge, recomgot into troable for holding a Lodge in the King^s mending two d"stressed Brethren ; he had previonslj Bench Prison. (Gould ii.479, 480.) ' embroiled in a disputew"th William Preston, author of the ** Illnstrat"ons of Masonry," became and was of the Lodge of Antiquity, Grand Lodge as to the rights expelledfrom the Societyin 1779,bat in 1789. (Gould ii.424-428.) restored to its privil"ges

of Grand able to qnote from Lodge, I am By the kindness of Bro. Sadier, Sub-Librarian Whitney. He was a P.M. of the Boyal York Lodge Lodge Beports the story of Thomas of internai discord, erased by order of the Grand at Bath, which was Lodge, in cons"quence on and breaches of the g"nerai laws accused of *^ various irregularities Becember Ist, 1824 ; he was into Masonry in the said Lodge two for illegally indiT"duals initiating of the Craf t, and particularly and on the regulated consid"ration," December without dispensation and withont 22nd, 1824, he functions and' privil"ges for twelve months; other charges were was Buspended from ail Masonic not resolved prooeeded with, and on Jane Ist 1825, it was brought against him. but they were censured by this Grand Lodge for a breach of Masonic Whitney was unanimously " That Bro. Thomas his r"f"rence to his interf"rence conduct in and that there is no imputationwhatsoever npon discipline, of the late Boyal York in the fijiancial concerns Lodge." Subsequently on September 5th, 1827, " Whitney attended Grand Lodge for the purpose of being reinsiated ; be was introduced by the Deacons, and the M.W. Grand Master addressed him at consid"rable length, remarking upon the serions and evil consent and for the g"nerai tendency of a violation of those laws which had been made by the common Masons without pr"viensnotice." the Master of a Lodge initiating as His good of the Craft, especially '* now then restored to Bro. Whitney, who was his seat in Masonic clothing was permitted to r"sume the Grand Lodge as a Past Master." ^ had noth"ng to do with the 1767 "dition. l h"ve shown above that he probably
'

Grand

82

Transactions of

ofthe Quatuor Goronati Lodge.

and in spenfcnearly ail his life in London,i with rooms Stationers, from 1773 to 1784 (as sbewn by tbe pr"facesto Bernard*s Inn, Holborn,"certainly for much bis books), and probably longer,since it is not until 1814 that be is fonnd wbere be died in July, in Northamptonsbire, at Oundle 1816,aged about seventy. living

Company
"

An

notice obituary
a

of him

appeared in
of bim

tbe Gentleman'
"

tbere is

similar account wbicb


are

in Nicbols's

Magazine for Angust,1816; and lUastrations of LiteraryHistory (vol.


s
"

8, p. 488) ;
"

onr only sources pi*actically

of information abont bim

apart from
is entitled To

bis connection A New

witb

History of

Freemasonry. London, includingWestminster


of the wbole witb
;

His

work principal

appeared in
and

and 1773,

Soutbwark.

wbicb

is

added, A g"neraisnrvey ments, ""c. lUustrated


Tbe book is
a

By Copper-Plates.
"

the Public Buildings, Late Improvedescribing John Noorthouck, London, 1773."


to

tbick

Commons
and
a

of tbe

quarto,witb a dedicat"on City of London, signed John


"Bernard's
no

tbe

Lord

Mayor, Aldermen
Its

and

Noortbouck, Citizen and


Marcb

Stationer,"

Pr"face I

dated
can

Inn, Holbom,
r"f"rence after and be

"1

Ils. 6d.
are

find in it

to Entick's

writers

mentioned.

Soon Lives

price was London, thougb several previous Historical and Classical published "An
of the Most Eminent and

28tb, 1773."

DiCTiONART:

containingthe Age By John


and

Charactera
the

Learned
Time. In T.
a

Persons, In every
Two Volumes.

Nation,From
Noorthouck.

Earliest

Period

to the for W. octavo Price

Pr"sent

London. This work June

Printed is in 23d.
two

Straban ; and

Cadell in tbe dated pr"face


and

Strand. "Bernard's

mdcclxxvi.*"

volumes, with
128. In "Notes

Inn, Holbom.

1776."

of an Autogi'apb xii. 204),tbere is mention MS. life of John (Ist S"ries, which MS. was heart,'^ Noorthouck, author of the Historyof the man afterGod's own ofFered for sale, in 1852, in a bookseller's catalogueissued by John Russell Smith in

Queries

"

"

London,
curions
more

and

was

tberein described
of tbe
to

as

ah

unprinted autobiography containing many


But Peter A Annet is (1693-1769) the Man after author
to bim

anecdotes literary

eigbteenthcentury.
been the is attributed tbe

Grod's own
and

generallyconsidered Heart,"and the


been
now

bave

of

"

History of

work

in the British Mus"um the MS. earliest fact about in Antiquity Brotber's December walked their

Catalogue ;
it that

I bave

unable
to

to trace

fate of subs"quent Masonic


career,

Turning
bave been
Sadler
was

Noortbouck's
is that bas

tbe of

able to discover
me

the hejoined unable

Lodge

1771, but Bro. Lodge : be tb, 1777, after


back from

informs

that be

been

to trace

our

former
27

Treasurer^ of tbe Lodge wben


sermon

some

of its

members, on
Rector
of

bearing a
Dunstan's Noorthouck
tbe

from

their

tbe Chaplain,

Churcb,

in Fleet their and

Street,to the Mitre baving done


was

Bow, Tavern, in
Preston
of

St.

Masonic
the

clothing.

to objected warm,

so, wbile
"

defended

disputegrew
view

referred to the

Committee

proceeding ; which upheld Cbarity,"


Preston to

Noortbouck's
withdraw
own

of the

of the irregularity

performance,and

called upon

his contention that the

Lodge

of its of Antiquity sp"cial possessed privil"ges

the

him from his refusai to do so, expelled on (January30th, 1778). However, on February4th, Preston presenteda Society to Grand m"morial Communication, ezpressing Lodge at its Quarterly regret and to for claim never Lodge No. }, and so bis privil"ge again promising any sp"cial

in virtue of its original constitution, and,

expulsionwas

rescinded.

Then and

tbe
two

majority of
otbers from

the tbe
an

Noorthouck Preston, expelled and intervened, Cbarity


on

headed Lodge of Antiquity, Lodge : again tbe Committee


order for the restoration

by
of

October 30tb, 1778,made

of the

** * the writer was born a citizen of London, He aays in the Pr"face to his History of London and has spent the greateat part of his life in the metropolis.'' ' Preston, in his " State of Facts," a pamphlet issqed in 1778, describes Noorthouck a" " Pr"sent " Treasurer of the Lodge of Antiquity.

84
The June

Transactions ofthe Quatuor Coronati second

Lodge.
at

(p.90)

was

sung

in the

Provincial Grand

Lodge
it :

Margate,in Kent, on
of Kent,

12th, 1786, and is in honour


; the last two
"

of Colonel Jacob
as a

Prov.G.Master Sawbridge,
"

1785-94

Unes

may

serve

sp"cimen of
let

fillyonr Fill,

glasses ;
his

be Sawbridge

the toast,

Long
The third

may

we
"

boast ! " protection every in

137) (p.

is

an

ode

performed at by
an

Meeting
; so

of the Grand

of Chapter

Harodim," an
of Instruction
made ode is

order started in London


as masquerading

Preston

1787, apparently a glorified Lodge


the two brethren
new seem

old Order

revived
had

to h"ve

and up their dispute,

probablyNoorthouck

Preston's joined

Order.

This

given in Pr"ston's
Snch
are

and need Illustrations,

not be

quoted,
Editors of the

the Ars

Book

of

I h"ve been particulars but I hope they may Constitutions,

ail the

able to collect of th"se two

be deemed

worthy

of

placein

QicatuorCoronatorum.

Bro, W.

J. Chetwode

Crawley

writes:

"

Bro. Hawkins's
Bro. Sadler
are

article is an

and excellent contribution,

the

d"tails suppliedby

valuable. really Entick's first school Latin DictionaryI ever used was I found ludicrously good working it,though vocabulary very standard of philology. Still, I h"ve ever since had a sneakingregard
a

enough Curiously
and Th"saurus, Tyronis

the

behind the modem for the author,who


use

of

knew of what the schoolboy certainly his Dictionarysurvived in Irish Classical Schools been

h"s
a

day
full

wanted.

fancy the
a

quarter of

century

after it had

supersededin his

own

country.

Bro. W.

B.

Hextall

said

"

Bro.
warm

Hawkins'

interesting paper
notorious John
London

of the partizan the

capableof Wilkes, and

is

but small addition. gave


an

Entick

was

account

of the

latter's
was an

with proceedings

Cityof

in his

and SurveyofLondon,which Hisiori)


'*

Allusion is made to the r"v"rend Brother enlargementof an earlier work by Maitland. Paucis for Lovers of Secrets at page 14 of The Compl"teFreemason, or Multa Entick," (1763). A notice of the death of "Rev; Mr. John Entick,aged 60, at Stepney," for 1774, page 229, in in the Qentleinans Magazine for 1773,aud the volume appeared
"

Catalogue of By
. . .

New the

the spelling
Entick
or

snrname.

Publications," gives The Pr"sent State of the Pritish Empire late Rev : John Entinck,M. A.,"so that Lysons was not alone in so A\\\honQ'" Dictionary 560, I., ofEnglish Literature, says "John
"

Entinck."

I believe

like latitude

to formerly applied

the

of spelling
common

the

better known

"Bentinck," which is so similar as to suggest a family name origio. The Freemason^s Magazine,1859 (page 1026) erroneously givesthe
Entick's death
Bro. W.
as

year

of

1780.
J.

Hughan has pointed out that although the Sanction to Entick*s 1756, contains a warning *'to ail Brethren againstbeing employed or Constitutions, and publishing, in writingand spreading, concemed printing any other books relating Book in and other to Masons or Masonry, againstusing any any Lodge as a LodgeBook, as they shall
J. be answerable
"

Scott,also printedand sold Contaiuing their Origin, Progress,and

and publisher, Bro. Lodge,"yet the printer The Pocket Companion, and Historyof Free Masons :
to

Grand

Pr"sent

State ;

an

Abstract

of their Laws, Instruction and

Customs, Charges, Orders Constitutions,

and

for the R"gulations,

Two

Editors

nfthe

Book

of Constitutions.
of the down Society
to this

85

Condacfc of the Brethren

....

for the at back of

use

Time," and

boldlj advertised

the

same

pao^e 339

of Entick's volume.

(Whymper's
;

1889). Both Mackenzie's (1877)and Woodford's Reprintof Articles on the Constitutions^ Constitutions to Entick, attribute 1767 the xiii., 181 as does A,Q,C.y (1878)Cyclop"dias
but Bro.

Hughan

agr"es

with

Bro.

Hawkins

that Entick does not appear

to h"ve had

aught
he
was

to do with The for


seems

that revision

notice of obituary

John
a

(ihid.) Noorthouck,in
of the liveryman him in that

the Gentleman's of

Magazine,1816,says
such

nearly fifty years


to

Company

and Stationers,

long

service

justify inqniryabout
a

In

the Freemason^s
**

Noorthouck
of

was

native of

Magazine^ 1859 Oundie,"and


was

quarter. (page 116), a correspondentstated that of the Lodge suggestedinqu"ryby members


at Stamford held at Oundle Baron in 1840, Lane*s Masonic Records

Merit,then

No.

687, which
then

warranted back
to

from

1856 to 1865, and

moved

Stamford

Baron. further
was

gives no

other Masonic history to Oundle, and no appeared in the Magazine, though the letter mcntioned for 1861.

r"f"rence to

Noorthouck
the volume

againprintedin

Woodford's

Cyclop"dia, page
same as

517, mentions
that

an

of unpublished autobiography John Russell

the Noorthouck, probably

cataloguedby

Smith,

in 1852.

None

such

is in the British Mus"um.

Noorthouck's
"

Constitutions, 1784,contained
was

In

which Italy,")

cancelled in most
;

of the
new

leaf, paged 67,68 (page67 headed and for it were substituted copies,
a

pages

67,68, [67][68]usuallyfonnd
The

the

page

67 headed

"

Gothic Architecture."

The cancelled leaf is consequently rare.

to the

proceedings againstThomas Whitney, which Royal York Lodge,Bath, in 1824,are recorded


No. 53.

occasioned at in length

loss of its warrant the Minute M. Book

of

the

Royal Sussex Lodge,now 1894)


Commenta

(Craft Masonry in Bath,hj Bro. R. E.

Peach,

were

also offered of thanks

by
was

Bros. T.
to passed

Conu, Canon
Bro. Hawkins

J. W.

Horslet

and

the

W.M.

and

vote hearty

for his paper.

86

Transactions ofthe Quatuor CoronatiLo"ge,

NOTES

ON

THE

HER"LDRY BUDRUH.

AT

THE

CASTLE

OF

BY

BRO.

ANDREW

OLIVER.

is
arms

that possible at the

reason

for tlie appearance

of the

various shields of W.Bro.


at

Castle

of

Badrom,

described in

by
a

our

Markham the Britisb

in

A.Q.C.y vol. xvii., p. 74, maj


kuown
a as

be found
iv.

document

Maseum,

Cottonian Charter

31.

This is

letter

granted to

to the wife,for contributing

Fitzhughand Margery his of the Castle of Budrum, re-building


given
in towards to member

William

dated U14. There


can

be

no

doubt but

that this document

was

of the

the document whose name Fitzhugh Family, appears upon that they contributed that of his wife, for the reason the

with question, together

the

of re-building

Castle.
It
was a common

custom

to

place upon

the walls and

other partsof

buildings,

their "rection or rebuilding, of persons who contributed towards the armoriai bearings and from this we infer that the Kiug of England and many of the nobles gave may assistance in this mauner and for this reason their arms the Castle are on displayed walla.

The letter granted to William


seal of the

Fitz

Hngh is in

Latin

and

bas attached

to it the

Hospitalof St. John, Clerkenwell.


as

It is

folio ws

"

ffratres Johannes bas inspectis Universis psentes

" Willius Hullis Seyvill

ordinis sancti Johannis


in d"o

Jerlimitan procuratores salutem hujus indulgencie


via

Nouit
nr

universuas dominus

Dominus
sua

Alezander pro "

ineffabile clemencia

sanctissimus in xpo qd cum pater " dei digna provindencia papa quintusex patemo affectu compaciendo considerius
quas

" espensas sumptuB importabilis fratres firi conuentus Rodi circa

dominus

noster

magister nosqc
" custodiam
licet

capcionem edificatoem
inimicos crucis xpr
armore
cum

Castri sancti P"tri nup modica


is sanguin " ad

de manibs vi modica

effnsione
non

snstininmus

indies

absque non graciose capti " conquesti penuria sustinemus Omnibs "
custodiam

qui singulis pda


ac

defensionem

fidei fortif"cacionem "

Castri

paupum

" fratrum magistri

ac subuencionem hospitalis hospitalitatis

confusionem
illi seu

hostinm

huiusmodi

eisdem

magro

fratribs "

hospitali
"

pdcisvel
fratres facultates

illisqui ad

p'cipiendsubuencionem

ipam

pmagros

manus pdcos fuerint deputatis a

deo

eis collatas

" suor eligend, peccaminu vel de quibs confitri vellent


om"

porrexeruntadinterces secundum ut confesser duxerit quilt eorum quem de quibs corde contriti " ore conf essi fuerint
et
eorum

occurrerent

memorie

plenam
fidei "
suaA

remissionem

semel

tantum

in mortis

articnlo eis in sinceritate valeat

unitate sancte

Bomane

ecclie

concedere psistentibs

phas

Notes

on

the

Heraldryat

the Gastle of Budrum,

87

apl"cas misericordiier dignatus


confessor de suis de

est indnlgere qnidem ; Proviso tamen illisp quibs fuer"t alteri satisfaccioimpendenda ; eam aut ezecutores ut absit si forte tune sine obierient executores

vel p heredes ipossi Bupciexerint faciend iniungatquam ipi vel eorum

psertur heredes ppter

face

teneantur.

Et

si

quis qd

conf"denciam

remissionis
ad illa

huinsmodi

aliqua forte imposterum committeret


illivel illisea committentibs " strenui dominus

illicita; quo

remissio huiusmodi
Et

missatenus

sufPragetur.
fidei

quianobiles

Wills Fitzhugh miles "


nid bospitali in

margeriauzor
huiusmodi

ejus quedam

caritatis
ac

eidem suffragra

predci ceterosqe pros usus ad hoc ut preberturnominatos caritature donarnnt, cuicumque cappellano ut ipiusconfession em audrendi ac semel penitns prefertur eligendo peum is absolvendi auctoritate aplica supradicta licencia conceditur sp"cial testimonium ommu presentium ptenorem. In quorum sigullnm quo
utimur in well Anno In

catholice defensionem

Castri fortificacionem

Dat in domo de Clerkenparte presentibusest appensum domini mill"sime Quadringentisimo Quartodecimo.


hac of
arms a

the other shields

family connection

may

be traced amongst the


were

members.

is this to be found in the Especially

who of Neville, family

connected witb connection with

and Holland,Percy, Grrey,

while the RoyalFamily,

the HoUands

had

and Montacute. Beaufort, Courtenay Stafford, Fitzalan, In vol.

xiv., Trafisact"ons of the Socipfy (N.S.),a paper of Antiquaries

on

the

of Heraldry

the

Knights English

of
:
"

will be Budrum, by Sir Cl"ments Markham, F.S.A.,

found with

the folio wing blazons

BoRLEY, Oty three bars in chief two palettes over sahle,


of six, and gules
^

ail an

escutcbeon

barry

or,

( Ist and BKiUCHAMP, ^


C 2nd
^ ,

a 4th, Qules,
, " , , ,

fesa or, between


n ,

six

cross
.

or, crosslets,

and

3rd, checky or and


a

azur",

chevron

ermiTie

(Newburgn).

^T

Holland, England
C Ist and
'

within
a

bordure

of France.

4th,or,

lion

rahipantazur".

l 2nd

and

three luces hau rient, 3rd, guleft, argent (Lucy). saltire

a Nevillr,Qules,

argent.
three
faces l"opards'
or.

r
'

Ist and 4th,Azur", a fess between


and

'

(.2nd

8rd, Argenton

three pairsof wings argent bend gules,

(Wingfield).
twelve bezants ZouCHE, Gules, and Gray, Barry of six,argent
or,
azur", a

canton

ermine.

Strange,
FiTZ

op

Knockix, Two
lion

lions

passantguardant.
or,

Alan, Azur", a

rampant

within

bordure.

Stafforp, Or, a chevron gules.


(
'

three fusils Ist and 4th,Argent,

"n conjoined

fess

gules.

C 2nd and

3rd, An

eagledisplayed* (Monthermer).
argent.
with

and Vere, Quarterlygules

or, in the first a muUet


a label azur" gules,

Courtenay, Or,three roundels


each of the three points.

three annnlets argent on

88

Transactions and FiTZHUGH, "zure, fretty Halestowe Under

of the Quatuor Coronati Lodge.


a

chief

or,

(?), Paly

of

six,over

ail

chevron.

the central

which shield,

bears

the

Royal Arms,
a

are

three lions Three

other shields.

The John
on a

one

on

the left side bas the

Kendal
canton

Two

wolves

On arms : followiug That on 1477-1500. (?),Turcopolier, for 5 billets, English of SufFolk (?); for Wolfe {?).
"
"

bend, three

rampant, for
bars

the

rightbas
one

gemelle,
bears
:

while the

in the middle

"Indulgence"

Seal

op

Bddrum.

^t"

^o\^n*6
WEDNESDAY,

^at)
24th

in

gurttest*
1908.

JUNE,

HE

Lodge

met

at

Freemasons'

Hall

at

6 S.W.

p.m.
;

Pr"sent:

"

Bros.

F.

H.
as

Qoldney,
J.W.;
W.

P.G.D., W.M.;
John E.

J. T.

Thorp, P.A.G.D.C,

H. Sadler,

G.Tj., S.D.,
;

Songharst, P.A.G.D.O.,
L.

Secrefcary; J. P. Simpson, l.G.


W. M.

B. H.
;

Dring, S.Stew.;
W. H. P.M.

Hawkins,
P.M.
:

J.Stew.;

Bywater,
P.M.
;

P,G.S.B.,
B. J.

P.M.

Rylands,

P.A.G.D.C,
Also

Sydney

T.

Klein,

and

Castle, P.D.G.B.,
Circle J.

the

following members
H.

of the

Correspondence
John

"

Bros.

Thos. W.

Oohn,
Howard-Flanders,
P. H. J. Procter

P.G.St.B., H.
Watson,
Chas.

Montagae
W.

Smith,

Ohiirch,
J. J.

Ingram
W.

Moar,

H. Bestow, F. E.

Fisher, P.A.G.P.,

Nolan,

B. Hextall, P. Wriede, W. F. G.

Armitage, F. W.
G. Warren, B. J. H. J.

Levander,

Archdeaoon Vincent F.

Clarke, Pr.G.M., North

Connaught,

D. Bock,

Dalgleish, T.
Re7. H.

Smith, L. Danielsson, John


D. S. Moiison, G. Isler, A. W. P.

Weir, R. E. Landesmann,
D. Mackintosh, Albert

Keddell,
J.

Hennings,

Gillespie,D.D.,

Henning,
Chas.

Cresswell, W. Howard
H.

Webb,

Rev^. Morris

Rosenbaum,

Simner,

P.A.G.D.C,
Alfred H.

Aubert,
Col.

Walter R. S.

Brown,

P.G.S'tew., Harry Tipper, P.A.G.P., C


John

HoUingbery,
L.

A. Milliard, C. de

Ellis, Major
W. E.

Ros-,

G. G.

Lean, Dr. S. Walshe

Qjven,
and

Wild,

Rev.

Lafontaine,

P.G.D., Re7.
Also C J. Thomson,

Scott-Hall, R. C
visitors

Watson, Herbert
Bros. No. Howard

Burrows

Sir John

E.

Bingham,

Bart.

the

foUowing

:"

R.

Justice,P.M., Philo
H.

Lodge No. 444, Philadelphia Evening


Star No

P.M.,

Lombardian

Lodge

2348;
;

Chas.

Nicholson, P.M.,

Lodge No.
1672;
Alkmaar of Bnrma R.

1719;
C

E. A. Wheeler,

S.W., Brent
Pioneer

Lodge No. 3292


No.

A. C. Palmer,
;

J.W., Mornington
Klootsema
;

Lodge

Yoang,

J.W.,
;

Celtio

Lodge

40, W.

Australia

J.

and J.

E. C

Brnens,
Star

Lodge

HoUand No. 614.

Henry

Harrison, Thomas

Ralling Lodge No. 2508

and

Grange

Rud,

Lodge

Thirty-eight brethren

wore

admitted

to

the

memberahip

of the

Correspondence

Circle.

Apologies for non-attendance


Macbean, Markham.
P.M.
;

were

received

from

Bros.
;

G. J. P. W.

Greiner,

P.A.G.D.C,
Admirai

P.M. Sir

B. H. E.

Dr.

W.

J. Chetwode

Crawley,
B.

G.Tr., Ireland

Rylands,

A.

P.Dis.G.M.

Malta,

P.M.;

Conder.

junr., P.M.
W. J.

Dr.

Wynn

Westcott,
W.

P.G.D.,

P.M.;

Armitage, P.D.G.D.C; Malczovich, and

F. J. W.

Crowe, P.G.O., J.W.;

Hughan,

P.G.D.,

Watson, J.D.;

L. A. de

R. F. Gonld.

P.G.D., P.M.

The held
on

Secretary reminded Jaly.


to

the

Brethren woald

of

the be
a

Sp"cial Meeting
good attendance
to

of

the

Lodge which
that
a

was

to

be

14ih

It the

was

hoped that there Bishops who

in order

hearty welcome

might be given

Mason

were

expected

be

pr"sent.

90
The Province aUo Secretary
on

Transactions
announced

of the QuatuorGoronati Lodge.


that ail the arrangements
oames were compleied for the visit to the wishing to take part in the Outing must

of Durham

16tb

July,and that the

of thosc

be in his banda

before the end of June.

The

oalled attention to the following Secretary

BXHIBITS.

By Bro. Ebknrzbr
Photooraph Master of New

S.

Bridgeport, Conn.,U.S. A. Phillips,


of Warrant, issued 12th for the St. John's

York

Pebruary, 1762,by George Harrison, Provincial Grand and in the Collenyof Coneticut." Lodge, " Oountry of Fairfeald,

Photooraph fifteen years ago.

of St. John's of first Meeting-place

Lodge. The

hoase

was

palled down

about

Preaented to the

Lodge.

By Bro. W. L"onard
Masonic
"

Smith, London.
toad" Muo.

By Bro. F. Overtox, Beckenham.


Photooraph the of

Tracing-Boardsbelonging to the Addiscombe

Lodge No. 1556.

PreRtnted

to

Lodge,

By The Lodge.
Jrwbl, attachod Silver-gilt
members of the
to original silver chain, presentedin 1811 to William Riglerby the the Lodge of Felicity No. 58. In the earlypart of 1810 this now Lodge of True Felicity, Daniel and other members resaaoitated by Francis Columbine of the Royal Naval Lodge,and from

Lodge
was

was

removed
a

the Bail and G"te Tavern, Kentish

and at
to him
same

meeting on 6th Febrnury,Bro. Riglerwas

in the

form

as

following year in cons"quence the one presentedin 1806 by the Royal Naval

Town, to the Salutation Tavern, Newgate Street, The jewelwas appointedJunior Deacon. presented of his '* animated zeal to Masonry.*' It is of precisely the

Lodge

to

Bro. T. I. Tobias.

(See il.Q.O ,

vol.

xviii., p. 66.)

MerabershipJewbl

of the Southern

Cross

Capetown. Lodge No. 398 (S.C),

A hearty vote of thanks was unanimonsly passed to those brethren to the Lodge Mus"um. or who had made pr"sentations exhibition,

who

had

lent

for objects

Bro, W. H, Bylands

yead the following paper

"

Ars

Quatdor Coronatorum.

H
o

as o

O
(4
O a. "

m
o

1-9
H

a
H

Transdction"of the Quatuor Ooronati Lodge.

"l

NOTES
BY

ON
BRO,

THE
W.

SOCIETY
H,

OF

GREGORIANS.
P,A,G.D,C.

RYLANDS,

HE

above
more

title fuUy expresses


a

the contents from ojathered

of tbis paper. varions whom and


sources,

It is

nothing
mention

than

s"ries of notes of several

largelyby
H.

the

assistance le

friends, among
William

I Bro.

must W.

Bro. Hamon
of Norw"ch.

Bro. Strange,

Watson

Jones,

My
will add any n"tes

hope, in bringingthis
to the possess,

paper

before the

Lodge,is that

others

information, by
or

sendingto the
thus coUect

they may

now

obtain

and

publication, togetherail that is kuown

for Secretary,

about the

Gregorians.
are

There and Quertesy

several

r"f"rences taken

to

the

in Society

the

old

volumes

of

'Notes and

of th"se I h"ve

fuU

advantage. carly historyof


tbeir the

Notiiing appears
called the

to be known

of the the

Society.They
Song,
were

P" were
*'

Merry Gregs, according to


Record Historians, merry
as a

heading of
the

Constitution al
If it

Let

Poets and
as saying,

the

brave its

etc. Gregorians,**

certain that the


that Trimmer the

Grigg, took
of

from origin
Wit mid

or Gregorians, or

Farmer

referred

to in Tom
a

D*Urfey's
the

Mirth very
are

Pills

to purge

melancholy

(1719,p. 9), was


claimed for them.
Word

member

a Society,

Unfortunately, however, there


may

might be antiqnity respectable of the several other explanations

which Grigg, The

be

more

readily accepted.

foUowingis the

text of this Thk

semi-political song
e

"

Mod"r"t

M AN.

To

tune. pretty

Gorelli. By thefanwus Signior


and
a

Tory, a Whig,
O'er
Met
a

Moderato

Man,

Tub

in there

stroug Aie, Vale, A"leshury


liv'd
a

of

Wh^re

plump
a

lass

they call'd buxom


and

Nan,

The
The The

Tory a
Whig
And

Londoner
was a

proud

high,
and

Tradesman, plaguy Sly ;


merry

Trimmer
thus weVe

Farmer, but
their suit
to

dry,

they
come

began.

PrettyNancy
Resolv'd upon

Wedlock's

put in our claim, pleasingGame ;

Here's Jacoh the


And And

Big,

William

the

Whig,
in Girdle fast ;

Roger the Grigg, e'er were buckled as lads, Jolly Say which
To you
a

will
noose,

chuse,
what

tye with
we

For

Wife

must

carry

e*er cornes

on*t,

Then

think

upon*t,

"2
Youll Nor

Transactions ofthe Quattwr G"ronati Lodge.


ne ver as

be sorry when the


worse

y 'h ave
oar

don't,
bo

like

for

Wooing

blunt,

Then
The Lass The

tell us

best. wlio pleases not of the motion of her life


^

who

was

shy,

ripeyears
of her

Being Twenty and


To the words I find you And And I know

Five

wooer me

believe

made reply, straight a Girl worth Gold, like my favours to


; coppy-hold

too you

since Fortune

the biisk and

the

bold,

One of ye I But I
Nor
am

mean

try.
*8 Cause,

not

for you, your the H

nor

you No

with

y'sHums

and Hawes

Ja"b

Bigg,
the

Nor
But

William

Whigg,
rigg,
me happily please can.

Roger the G
and will I

Wifclihis mirth 'Tis him For th*


So that you And

mildness

choose,
;
rave

noose Conjugal

the Church

Bully may

and

rant,

you raay cant,


are

Till both

Impeachtin

Parliament

'Tis Union

and

Peace

that the Nation does Man.

want,

So l'm for the Moderate

It bas 1730

been

stated

it might be : aud Freeniasonry. It will In


was

in the year of Gregorians existed in London Society of the imitators of added that they survived longer than most order. be well to arrange a few of the notes in chronological that the the

the

Daily Journal, May 8th, 1736, occurs


at the order FJower de of
at Gregorians,

foUowing:
"

**

On Monday

last

constitutod

Luce, in St. Alban's, a


which
a were

new

chapterof the ancient


Bi'ethren. At their

and with

honourable

pr"sentthe Grand, Vice-Grands,


of the the

their proper into the

Officers, togetherwith
town

large number
with bells

entrance

could

be

received they were expressedby the populac". The

acclamations of joy that greatest continued and ringingtill the rang,

Grand

left the town."


The

icontributorof this to Notes and Queries 1862,p. 447) asks (3rd s"ries, ii.,
this "Order"? occasion of and how
was

"

What
upon
as

was
an

it, that the solemnitydescribed


the

was

looked

public by rejoicing

peopleof

St. Alban's

Another attention to
"

bearing the beginning,


"

to the same 1859, p. 157) ealls journal (2nd s"ries vii., GregorianConstitution Song," in a collection of single-sheet Music, erased name with the date 1745,quotes the first verse of a former owner,

contributor

The

Let

Poets

and

Historians,"and

states

that it is set to

two

voices,and
:

for the fiate at the foot. there is a transposition


'*

The

note Kditor adds the following


a

The

sheet single
"

referred to The Musical

by

our

is correspondent

copy

of

song

contained

in one litmdred EnglishBallads, the Words Ccntury, and Mtisic of the whole by Henry Carey, 2 vols. fol. Lond. 1737-40; 2nd edit. 1740; 3rd edit. 1743. collection of The work itselfis not a uniformly a printed book, but mei^ely

in the

work: following

Ars

Qdatdob Coronatorum.

^v.J|"rrr f|^^

J f

"|rfrJ"r|"s";te"i

Titotrrd Arti^^ Jn "fS^ljtrtzm^ Uet^iHU^ t^ryort^aTza "m^ ""U""^J^, y

w^^

.9^/71/"" /oice" jm^/nt^

trt^lcuiaoTT"e^ Jcrn^ otmt^rvpn^ Ji^


(/^rtuJ"i^

s^

l/ir4/rct6^UAltJSf (/^TtSL"^ .k/i "/u^r d /irriA "/u2^r uUA"i c"/U/iMj P^T^I/l .Jln^ uz^/tl^ (/'^Tti^

^
ArriA tAe^^

4-1

"A^i/r Jlha ^ar^i cU"t"Al^ "^^tu^

duL"/U^"^^i^c
.

rorthcriutc

The

Merry

Gregs. "Musical

From

George Bickham's

Entertainer."

"4

Transactions Lodge. of tke QiiatuorCorcMati

Some, deep Freemasons,jointhe silent race,


to Wortliy

fillPjthagoras's place; Florists at the of


an

Some
Or Nor

or Botanists,

least,

issue Meiubers

annual

feast,

pass*dthe
a

xneanest
a

nnregarded,one

Rose
The

one Gregorian,

Gormogon.
or

Dot I"ast, in hononr last,

applause,

Isis and A
note

Cam

made
ex

Doctors

of her Laws.

in

some

"ditions

and plainsGregorian Masons.

Gormogon

as

sort

of

lay

from brothers, slips Another note

the root of the Free

(verse676),may be quoted, if only for the purpose of stating that it is entirely misleading. Throughout the eighteenth century there was a mania both in England and on the Continent for joining secret of which formed some were societies, merely for
**

by

the Editer

of

Works, Pope's

1882

but others for political convivial, purposes.

The

Gregorians formed

which Society

at Norwich. to h"ve had its headqnarters seems They appear to h"ve taken part in politics, proceedingto the hustingsin regularorder,and full costume. Tbey were also for their deep potations of port.. (See Notes and Queries,2nd s"ries, distinguished

vol. vi., p. 273).


the

It is not

improbablethat they may


that

h"ve had

voted
a

on

the

Whig side,as
for his
**

RoyalFamily were
I think is the cant that
name

Masons, so
there may
a

Pope
a

may

h"ve

motive political the from word

satire.

be

also

second

which whom
and

for

Grose
who
was

of the (Dictionary

hangman, the term Vulgar Tongue)


of
arms

meaniug for being derived


calls
'*

Gregorian,''

noted

finisher of the

Gregory Brandon, law,"

throngh a mistake of Sir William Seagar, a former Garter King-at-Arms. In this case Pope would h"ve intended to ridicule the which ezisted another secret society, Heralds' Coll"ge. The Gormogons were in in the dissolved that the from 1725 f"rst to Bail same 1738,being England Papal year granted
a

ooat

from China. the Freemasons. There They derived their mysteries against The called of of to Hogarth's Mystery Freemasonry, print bixjught very ridiculous in the initiation the of novice a light a Gormogons," lightby representing verses into the rites of the order. Henry Carey also ridiculed them in some called,A and the Gomorgons.' Moderator between the Freemasons
was

isBued

is

"

rare

'

"

In

the engraved List of Chapters acting under


and brought to light by Bro. Collection, Head and Globe Chapters are 19),Pope*s

the J.

in the Gardner

Grand Chapterin London, vol. Percy Simpson (Traus.^


I think it must

1906,p. xix.,
at at

both ^ntered.

be dated before the year

1750,and
one

it

worth is, perhaps, above


;
one

the St. Alban's,probably

mentioned

notingthat it contains a Chapter at Peckham, Surrey, and another


the
was Gregorians,

Crewkerne, in Somersetshire.
A
sermon

by

Farmerie

Maltus^, preached before

published

quartoin London in 1752. of Freemasonry,givesthe following : Mackey, in his Encyclopaedia An association established early in the 18th century in ridicule Gregorians" There was feud between the two Orders, to the Freemasons. some of and in opposition and long ago became extinct. but the Gregorians at last succumbed They lasted,
in
"

"

however,
before

at

least until the end in 1797.

of the

for century,

there h"ve

is extant

sermon

preached

them

They

must, too, by that time

changed

their

for character,

^ of Lincoln Maltus, son of William Maltas, of ScottoD,co. Lincoln, was The Rev. Former Was Ist Februarj, 1723-24, aged 18. lectnrer of fiermondsey, He matriculated Coll"ge,Oxford. Sarrey,and died the 26th March, 1782.

Ars

Quatdor Coronatorum.

^'^kJ/^^^^ "Mn\^yai'r/7i,f
/^f/ Zm
,

"km'^

rrA frr/f/i/r ///


"
,

^a/r/nm A^/'n/,

f/

List
From

of
an

Chapters

of

the

"

Gregorians."
ColIeotioQ.

Eograving in the Gardner

OF

Notes Prince William Frederick

on

the

Society of Qregorians.
was was

96
and Dr.

of Gloucester

tlien their
a

presidingofficer ;
its

Mankhouse,
terms and

the aathor
as an

of that sermon,

wlio

very

ardent

Mason, speaks in bigh

of the Order

for of Freemasonry and distinguished ally

benign tendency

effects ! " salutary

next

Italy, printedin 1766, furnisbes tbe dated frora INice, r"f"rence. Vol. ii., January 28th,1765 : pp. 53-4,Letter xxvii., " Amidst ail tbe scenery of tbe Roman I bave never Catbolic religion, yet seen
France SmoUet, in bis Travels throiigh and
"

any very

of tbe spectators affected at beart, or wbo disciplinants, partiesbired


to sconrge for tbe

discover in Those

tbe leaat sign of fanaticism. tbe


of

Tbe

tbemselves purpose.
on

Holy Week,
tbe
care

are

generally
bave
an

peasants or
ambition from Tbe

wbo confrairies,
to
secure or

tbemselves distingaisb

sacb

occasions,take
eitber women's

tbeir backs

tbe smart confrairies

by
are

means

of secret

armonr,

boddice

jackets. quilted
tb" banners
as

fraternities of On

wbo devotees,

inlist tbemselves appear in


a

under

of

saints. particalar and

days

of

procession tbey

body dressed

p"nitents

is scarce tbeir habits. Tbere an on distingaisbed by crosses wbetber wbo does not belong to ono of th"se associations, noble or plebeian, individaal, wbicb may be compared to tbe Free-Masons, Gregorians, and Antigallicans of England." Mr. William late Tbe Pinkerton,writing to Note^ and Quer"es (4tb s"ries, v., 1870,p. 127), quotesa dinner invitation card tben in bis possession. Tbe Committee of appointedby a cbapterof tbe ancient and bonourable society to celebrate the festival of the Glorious Gregoriansrequesttbe bonour of yoar company

masked,

and

"

R"volution in 1688, at tbe Swan


Dinner
at three

Inn,

on

Wednesday
and

tbe

5tb day of November, 1787.


Wine

o'clock. Tickets

sevexi

Tbis in tbe

may

explaintbe possibly
suggest
that

sixpenceeacb. festivities at peculiar


tbe

included."
above

St. Alban's mentioned


a

year 1736, and

Gregorians
in
.

were

Protestant semi-political

Society.
Another

r"f"rence to the

is fonnd Society
.

"

Tbe

Borougb :
:
.

A
.

Poem
.

in

Twenty-

four Letters, by tbe Rev. G. Crabbe, LL.B.


Letter Cluhs Masons To tbeir
are own

London

1810."

X.
,

and

Social
"

Meetin(}s.

ours,

Free-Masons

but, alas !

Bards

I leave tbe
not
a

mystic class

In vain sball one, and


to singof Atterapt

giftedMan,

tbia

Clan. enlighten*d
no

I know And
not

no one

word, boast
Token witb

directing sign.
is mine
; son,

of tbe Race

Wbetber

Hiram, that wise Widow's

Tbey
Two
Boaz

came

Pillars and

royalSolomon, by tbeir skill profound, raising Jach"n tbrougb tbe East renown'd :
from

Tyre to

Wbetber Or Books

the sacred

Books

tbeir Rise
me

express.
;

'tisvain for profane, in Date remote


own

to guess

It may

be,lost
not

and

high,
so

Tbey know
It may

wbat tbeir

antiquity ;
cause

be, too,derived from


bave
no

low,
:

Tbey
as If,

wisb tbeir

or

" gin to show


to wrest

Crnsaders

tbey combine

From

beatben Lords tbe land

long possess'dj tbey

96 Or

Transactions of the Quatuor Ooronati


were

Lodge,
made

at first sonie

harmless Club

who
;

Tlieir idle Is but

meetingssolemn conjecture for the


"

by
task

Parade

unfit,
I

Awe-struck

and

mute, the

th"me puzzling their Order

qu"t;
;

Yet, if 8uch
We should Trowels And But

Blessin^ from
be

flow,

glad their
are

moral

code to know

of Silver

but
as

simple things,
their

Aprons

worthless

apron-strings ;
reach
;

if, indeed,you h"ve the skill to teach


now spirit, warm

A social If Man*s And

beyond our
you
can

Passions Virtues

guide and bind.


mind
"

plantthe
can

in the way ward

If you

wake

to Christian your

love the Heart Powers

In mercy, But it

something of
seems we

impart.

as

Masons

mnst must

become
;

To know And
as we

the

Secret,and
Profit is not

then be dumb

venture

for uncertain worth

Gains,
the Pains.

Perhaps the
When On And The That But So To

Bruce, that dauntless


drank

traveller, thought lie stood


of the

Ni"e's firstRise ! the Fountain in the sacred exulting it


was no

Flood,

Critics told him

spring, such thing;


the

springsunnumber'd
none

round when
we our

country

ran.

could
we

show

him

the first began.

might

feel should
secrets

time bestow

gain th"se

and

th"se

signsto
we

know

stillif ail the Might question And We And

Truth

found,
;

stood firmly

upon

the certain Ground

might
fear

our

Title to the drank


not

mystery dread.

we

at the River-head.

h"re Qriggsand Oregorians

their

Meetingshold.
bold ;

Convivial Sects,and
A kind of

Bucks

alert and

Masons, but without


of Union
"

The

bonds

their sign; Pleasure, Song, and Wine.

Man,
Where

he the
one

gregarious cr"ature,loves to fly Trackingsof the Herd can


with many he

spy ;

Still to be

desires,
Thorns and Briers.

Although
A few

it leads him

through the

! but few

there are, who of consolation


to the world to be found

in the mind find ; will come. from home. "fec. Public Basil

Perp"tuaisource
The For In Notes and House in James has weaker comforts many

seldom

vi., 206),1858, it is pointedout that Qneries (2nd s"ries,


"

Street, Bermondsey, is called the

GregorianArms,"
corqer

and

Bro.

Matveieff

kindly inforraed

me

that

it still exists at the

of Jamaica

and

St, James* Roads.

^
.

Ars

Quatuor Coronatorum.

[ ^fr"r(wU"

bonorable ^flflni^^mot^ ancient .^'

(Prom

tbe

engraving

in the

British

Musenro.)

98 health
of the and
was

Transactions of the Quatuor Ooronati Lodge,

drank,accompanicd with
whole with
was

of discharge conducted

cannon,

as

were

those

the

Royal Family. The evening concladed

with

deceucj and order,

greatharmony."*

Norw"ch

Gazette, January 16th,1762.


"

By By
At

the Norwich D"sire

Company

of

Comedians,
and
"

of the Most

Antient

Honorable

Order of

Gregorians
on

the Th""tre

in Yarmouth be

Monday January 18*^ will


Performed Measnre
written
a

Play called

for Measure

"fec.] by Shakespear." [(fec,


Norwich, January 18th,1762. of GREGORIANS, Order
on

Norwich
"

Gazette^ January 23rd,1762.


"

The
are

Brethren desired

of the Antient to meet


one

and

Honourable

at

the

ChapterRoom,

Wednesday

the 3"* Day

of

Febrnary next, at

o'clock in the

afternoon, for the

Choice

of officers

for the ensuingyear, and upon

affairs. other sp"cial

By
N.B. Dinner

Order of the Grand,


Andrew to be
on

Vipond, Sec.
at precisely

the Table

Two."

Norwich
"

Gazette, February13th, 17G2.


the poor confined

We,

Prisoners in the

Honourable

for Societyof Gregorians,

City Gaol, return eightStone five

thanks

to

the

Pound

of Boef,
of

and sixpenceworth Groat Loaves, sixteen shillings twenty-four in Money ; which distributed and Twelve was Shillings carefully 24 to our in Number. Governor being great relief, N.B. Norwich
"

B"er,
the

by

We

had

both

Roast, Boiled and Baked."

At

February 27th,1762. Gazette, the Assembly House. the Concert Hall near ["c] a Concert of Music Order of Gregorians) ["c] (By D"sire of the Antient and Honourable
The Brethren desired
to meet at

\
^

"c.] ["fec.,
N.B.
are

the

at Chapter-room,

four

in order to go in o'clock,

to the procession

Concert-hall."

Norwich

1762. Gazette, July Slst, Annual


**

The

Venison At

feast

of

Gregorians
the

was

held the

Thursday.
White

nightthe
where

brethren

proceededto

pr"viens Chapter room, at the


on

the

Swan,

they

concluded

evening

with

the

greatest

harmony."
Norwich
"

Gazette, July 28th,1764.

On

Thursdaylast
was

the

antient
at

and

honourable Hills.
was

Order
"

of

held Gregorians
on

their annual
water

venison-feast

Bramerton

Tho
a

appearance

the

highly

agreeable,the
that

to unanimitypeculiar

day .society ; and


and loyal

spent in

chearfulness and
concluded
were

the

evening was

at

the with

where Chapter-room, many and d"corum." greatjoy

national healths

drank

Ifotes on
Norwich
**

the

Society ofGregorians,

9"

On

Gazette^ August 4th,1764, a late advertisement. Thursday last the Cliapterof the Antient
a

and

Honourable boats

Order made
Postwick dinner

of
a

attended by Gregorians,

band

of

music went

in

barges and
in

joyous appearance Grove, where they


heaith Majesty's
were was

on

the

water, and
annaal

processionto
feast.
a

held

their

venison

After

his
as

drank, aocompaniedwith
The whole
was

of cannon, discharge
condacted

those of the

Royal Family.
is
error, the

with

decency
Hills ;

and

conc"nded with greatharmony." order,and the evening


an

Grove [Postwick
see
"

meetingwas

ai arranged

Bramerton

the You Ye

previousadvertisement.] gentlemen Gregs, unmannerJy prigs,


for years

Who Your
In my

past h"ve taken cabbage and bacon Grove, withont leave :


no

YouVe Nor
At

I conceive, right,
corne

shall you

there,

least for this year, full satisfaction ;

Without

Or l'il bring my For yonr


And
nonsense

action,
and

fun,

damage you'vedone, By tumbling your lasses


In my corn-fields " grasses
:

the

Therefore take this for


^

warning ;
" swigging, swilling
a

'Gainst next
At Postwick

Thursday morning ;
1*11h"ve
once no more

Or the law shall at

put

stop to

your

grcgging.

Postwick,July 18,1764."
In at Norwich the in

General

History of
is the the banks

the

County
^^
"

of Norfolk
"

published by miles,Ail
a

John

Stacy

1829,
ou

following:
of the the

Posimick

Four is

Saints, p. 254.

This town where


dinner

is situate

Yare. the

H"re

pleasantand
down

shady grove,
venison
in

in the month
;

of

July

societyof

held Gregorians
went

their aunual
the river till

and they usuallyassembled at Sandlin's ferry, with music, and colours flying. This was and wherries, of the farmers at Postwick,thinking himself his or end to the White In p.
I ^

cont"nued lands
was

barges 1764,when oue

custom

after which
St.

time

the venison

feast

injured, wantonly put an held at the Chapter-room


in 1806."

at the

Swan,

but the Society was Peter's,

dissolved finally
at published

the

Norfolk and

Norwich

Bemembrancer,

Norwich

in

1822, Grove,

: 19,is the following 1764, The annual

venison

dinner of the

at GregorianSociety,

Postwick

discontinued.

NorfolkChron"cle, May 6th, 1797.


"

Visit of H.R.H.

Prince William

of Gloucester.
and at the other

initiated into the ancient Tuesday the Prince was Order of Gregorians, in this city at their Chapter-room ; his two Aide-de-Camps and BrigadeMajor, with seven On
were

honourable
same

time

admitted

into the

same

society. After

most

gentlemen, excellent dinner, the

lO"

fransadwns ofthe Quatuor "oronaiiLodge,


healths of his Majestj,the Dake
and the of York his and the

Army,
were

Lord

Bridport

Navy,
The
most

and

that

of

enthnsiasm.
which it
"

Prince not onlyentered

with Royal Hi^huess into the spirit of the Chapter, drunk contributed He

was

numerously attended, but


reason

greatlyto

render

the feast of in

woald

80

faction expressedgreat satisthat his ezceedingly becominga brother,regretted engagements soon obligehini to leave a city he should ever r"v"re, for its and
to

the ilow of so"l."

its King, its attachment distinguished hospitality ; the marked

loyalty to
this

the

and Constitution, he h ad

its

attentions could
ever

experiencedin
He

neither city,

time

or

circumstance

efface.

then gave

the Archduke he

Charles

of

spoke in terms of let foreignG"nerais, gallantAdmirais.*


inform

the
us

He
was

Austria,of whom, from personal acquaintance, highestpraise. But while we are thus toasting said the Prince, 'of our not be nnmindful,' own he then gave Sir John Jervis, was who, happy to
*

his brethren,

at

that

time

blocking np
with

the

Spanishfleet in
every much to

Cadiz ; this toast,the health


several
toast
was

of Admirai drunk
an

Nelson,the Norfolk hero,and


infinit" glee. Almost
added

other local ones,

were

with accompanied the

appropriate song, which

the

of conviviality

day."

NorfolkChron"cle, August 12th,1797.


"

Return

Visit of the Prince."


local

Aug. 8th. [Arrived


r"f"rence to the

Reviewed

troopson

the

lOth.

parade, this
attended
a

account

is given of

ToUcwing the the Gregorian


and

meeting.]
**

On

his return

his R.H.

chapter of
sumptuous

the ancient

honourable

order of the

After Gregorians.

most

the Prince honoured dinner,

the office of Grand, and took the chair amidst by accepting Society the reiterated applauses brethren. The Prince appointed of the numerous his deputy,and the other officers were elected Capt.Smith, of Topcroft, for

ensning year. Lord Charles Spencer, Colonel of the Oxford Colonel B"tes, of the Inniskillings, Militia, Capt. Gardner, son of the brave admitted into the Admirai, and several other gentlemen were
both Society, increasing the in its numbers and its The respectability. with the its

the

day,
and who
once

proudest in the annals

of the

features, sentiment,and loyalty, of their illustrions Grand vivacity


were

marked was Society, which conviviality, carried


to
an

leading

pr"sence those

acm", which
R.H. the had
more

pr"sent will

never

cease

to remember. for the

His

than

repeated his sinc"re wishes

of prosperity of which he
"

Order, and
received

of the

from the inhabitants cityat large, that were engraved on indelibly yesterday."

attentions

his heart.

The

Prince

left Norwich

December Chronicle, Norfolk 9th,1797. The meeting of the Gregorians on Monday


"

last

was

his Royal Highness Prince William After dinner, the


to

of

numerously attended. Grand of Gloucester,


mai^ks flattering which mnch he had of the

Order,expressedhis
re-visit
a

satisfaction that his he had received the


so

military duty permittedhim


many

city where

and attention,

from particularly

Society over
the

honour to pr"side. The

of conviviality

day

was

heightenedby

the Society Ifotes qfGregorians. on


tlie manj

lOl

and amongst several loyalsentiments delivered from tbe chair, the officers of the of was the one given following by appropriatesongs

Norwich

Association. Military
"The
*'

Invasion, or
Wh"lst
me

the

British

War

Song."

Happy
that

in

onr

Native Land," etc. Frederick

Bro.

le

Strangetells

Prince

a existingin Norfolk writing a book on the portraits of Duke Gloucester of second William (by Frederick, Mary, Lady portrait Waldegrave) born in 1776, in which he is represented wearing somo regaliavery like those in

Duleep Singh, who is now Country Houses, has found

Sir Edward
years, and

The picturerepresentshim portrait. Astley*s elected after he was doubt painted soon was no

at about the "ge of


"

twenty

Grand

"

of the

Norwich

Chapter.
lOth January, 1801. NorfolkChron"cle,
**

The

Brethren
to

of the most the White


on

Ancient and Swan

Honourable

Order
are

of

Gregorians,

belonging
at their

Chapter in Norwich
15th

desired to meet

Chapter Room

Thni-sdaythe By
order

daj of January1801.

of the Grand.

Tarner,Secretary.
Dinner
on

the table at 4 o'clock."

25th Julj,1801. Ghronicle, Norfolk


"

The Brethren
to belonging their

of the Most the White


on

Ancient Swan

and

Honourable

Order
are

of

Gregorians,
at

Chapter in Norwich
the

desired to meet

Chapter

room

monday

27^**day of July, 1801, being the

Venison Anniversary year.

feast, and the Choice of OflBcers for the ensuing

By
Dinner No
on

Order

of the Grand.

at four o'clook." the table precisely in

further notices appear

1801, but the advertisement

is repeatedon

the 2nd

of

1802,"by January,
In

Order of J. Fr"re
appears

July,1802,there

to h"ve

Esq'.Grand.'* been no meeting, probably on

account

of the

General Election.
In

1803,there seems 21st July, 1804, a

to be

no

advertisement.
and

similar

to the Venison Feast referring advertisement,

the

Choice of Officers.
20th

July,1805,a The Society ended


In Palmer's

similar

M.P., in the Chair. advertisement, J. Patteson, Esq.,


**

in 1806.

Perlustrat"on

vol. iij., 1872-1875, of Yarmouth, etc., p. 138,note, is the


:
"

statement interesting following


"

Nelson

also addressed

letter from

Tarmouth

Roads

to Mr.

Pillans, Grand-

master

of the Ancient

Order

at Norwich, with of Gregorians,*

thanks for his "lection

into that
So usages

Society."
far
as

I h"ve

there is been able to discover,

no

record known

of the

early

of the In the

Society. Lodge Library is a MS., presentedby


it it is into passed the the late Bro. Woodford the
to Bro. R. F.

Gould, from
paper
on

whom

of possession

Lodge. The watermark handwritingof

in the

which
D.D.

is 1798,and written,

it is in the the

the Rev. Richard

Munkhouse,

The

lines describe opening

reason

" of its production : We, the

102
Grand

Transactions ofthe Quatuor CoronatiLodge.


Commititee
the Laws and of the express
most

Ancient
of

and

Honoarable

Order

of

being Gregorians,

appointed for
Constitutional Fundamental
can

purpose

of Gregorism, do
Laws

and revising, re-eoactingthe re-modelliDg, and d"clare the followingto be the enacn
our

Constitutional find in it
more

of
a
:
"

Order."

Under

th"se circumstances

we

hardlj expect to
I h"ve The

tlian

bare

oatline of the

original usages.

From

this MS.

taken the

notes following
was

title at this date


was

The

Most

Ancient

and Honorable

Order of Gregorians ;

and

the System
The

called

Gregorism.
Constitutional Laws
continuauce
man

Fandamental and

and

of the Order
of

express

the

establishment

permanent
be
a

Unitj

in

to be the objects Society,and Christian

and.a Gregrorianmust Charity,


The Officers and
were

of

The

Grand
but

of the

honoar,sound Order, who

morals
was

and

trne

loyalty.
of the oldest
own

the Grand

Chapter
than

known

: existing

that of other The The The Prelate

Grands

in their
was

he had no greaterauthorityin his respective Chapters. the next in rank to the Grand

Chapter,

of the Order

of the Order.

Grand Oi'der

of the Order took Secretary


was

the next

place.
cousisted
were

ruled by
was

Grand

Committee

which

of not

less than

fifteen

members,

and

composed
Grand
Prelate

of the

who following,

the

Constitutional

Oflicers.
The The of the Order

for the time beiug.

of the Order. of Secretary

The Grand

the Order.

The several Grands


The The The The

several Frelates
several Grand

for the time

being

Secretaries
,

of in

each
the

Chapter
Kingdom.

several Pro
several

Grands

Deputy Grands

The several Secretaries


It will be noticed that there of the
were no

Grand

Wardens

of the

Order, but

that two

the Prelate other Officers,

Order,

and

the Grand

of the Secretary

Order,occupied

the Gi'and of the Order the offices immediatelyfollowing

of Meetings the Grand


The

the Grand

Committee

were

held at

the time

and

place ordered by
to

of tho Order at the instance

of any

particular Chapter.
was

exclusive duty of this Committee


interests of the

to make

Laws, and

superintend
requii^ed.

the conduct and The Grand

at large. Society
was

of the Order

empowered

to

give a castingvote

when

CHAPTERS. AU Charters
the Grand and

Deputations for
with

the

establishment

of

New

Chapterswere
the

grantedby
which The Committee
or

of the Order

the consent

of the Grand

Chapter of

Order,
and
:

consisted of ail the Officers and Brethren.

Chapter

was

to

appoint on

each

Anniversary

the

Grand, Wardens
in the nominations

Men, by confirmingthose who passed a and who on such eligible, by nominating such Brethren as were passed a favourable ballot in the Committee, to "111those offices. the Bye-Laws proposed and the Orders To confirm or reject
had ballot made

Committee
had

and

R"solutions

by
To

the

Chapter

Committee. d"cide about

consider and

of charity. objects

Xotes The

nn

the
to

So"iefy of Gregonans.
consist of not less than five officers and

103
was

Chapter Committee
the the Prelate, officers of each

was

composed of
the other

Grand

the Secretary, the time

Pro

Grands, Deputy Grands, and


The

Chapterfor

being.

senior Pro- Grand

alwajs

presided.
to daty of the Committee was for and initiating new Members, ballotting to the

The

form the

Bye-Laws
rules of the

with

regard
the

to

proposing,
to be
was

ballot,the

snm

paid
to

ChapterFond
of

on

the "proportions in which each Initiation, Fines of Initiation, other matters and
"

Fund

be

of for the purposes disposed for the hours


most

Pass Acconnts,arrange Penalties, local benefit


"

meeting,and
to the ends of the

for the

of the

and Chapter,

condncive

of the Institution.

On the moming
for

Anniversary the Committee


Committee

was

to nominate
to
serve

and the

ballot

(but

not

appoint)The

Grand, Wardens, and

Men,

Chapter

for the

ensuing year.

OFFICERS.
The Grand
was

to

at pr"side

ail

Chapters:

he

was

the

Treasnrer

of the

Chapter,and
Xo

acconntable
was

for the Fands. to eligible be

Brother

appointed Grand

who

had

not served

the office of

Committee
The the

Man, and the offices of Senior and Junior


Grand
was

Warden.

ballotted

for and

elected in the Committee

and
of the

if

approved by
the

Chapter was

installed

into his office

(afterthe
with

business

Chapteron

Anniversary)by
to him.

his Predecessor

him investing

the Medal

and

the Chair resigning

He The

appointedhis Deputy

own

Deputy Grand
assisted
was

"nd

Secretary.
and

Grand

the

Grand,

his place in supplied


both

his absence. and

The Post of the Deputy Grand

at the lower

end of the Table

in Committee

Chapters.
The the Prelate
was

nominated he

and

ballotted for in

Committee

and
was

appointedby
to

but Chapterfor life,


on

might res"gnat pleasure. His duty


contributions Chair both the Left Hand of the

exhort the
of the and

Brethren

every His

anniversaryto voluntary lib"ral


was on

to the

Fund

Chapter.
The

Post

in Committees

Chapters.
Grand the

Secretary was

nominated hcld

and

ballotted

for in the power

Committee,
of of his

and

appointed by pleasure.
to assist and

Chapter
was

he

office for

life,with

resigningat
and office, of the

His

duty

to

the superintend

in the ex"cution Secretary


was on

advise

the Grand and

and his officers. His Post


and Chapters,
or

the

RightHand

chair in ail Committees


of the Grand The in

at the

lower end of the Table

in the absence

Committees,
and

his

Deputy

in

Chapters.
entered the Resolutions chapter, list of a succeedingchapter: kept* and the

Secretary kept
sent ont
on

ail the accounts read them

of the

Orders of the Committee

to the

members,
His Post The absence

the notices of ail

meetings:

and had

custodyof

the

and books. regalia

was

the

Right Hand
The his and

of the Grand

Secretary.
in chapters in pr"sent presided the

Pro

Grands.

Senior Pro

Grand

of the Grand The Senior been and their

Deputy.
Wardens.

and

Junior
seven

None
Men.

were

to the eligible

office of Warden
was

who the

had

not

of the

Committee
Rooms

Their

exclusive

duty

to

secure

Committee
was

Chapter
Medals

for which againstintrusion, the

purposes

the

Sergeant

of Arms

Deputy. They invested


on

Wardens Secretary,

and

Committee

Men with their proper

the

Anniversary.

104
The the table. The Post Post

Transactions of the Senior

ofthe QuatuorGoronati Lodge


was on

Wardeu

the

of the ^^^^^

chair at the centre of

of the Junior

Warden Men.

was

opposite.
were

The Seven Oommittee Men.

There

two

Senior

and

five Junior

Committee

the duty falling the juniors the ballot, on They superintended pr"sent. The initiated without the payment of f"es. His duty Sergeant-at-Armswas to guard the passes of the Chapter was Room that no strangers such as s ave approached candidates for to be were otherwise prepared formally enter as Gregorism, and to the convenience of Committees as or aasisting Chaptersmight require.

THE

FUNDS.
There
were

f"es
was

for to

Initiation. At
**

the

Anniversary on

which

the

Grand

passed ont

of office he

collect from

the Bretbren Fund."

their individually

voluntary

towards the supportand increase of the g^fts Every Brother on his marriagepaid one There
The
were

guinea.
be to appropriated other

also fines and of

Fund

penalties. the Chapter could not


for

such

as use

were

charitable;save

the purchase of medals, books

and

purposes than necessaries

for the

of the Fund

Chapter.
was

The the

not

to

be

reduced

below

the

sum

of

Twenty Ponnds,
Members,
could be and

without
a

order of the Committee sp"cial

at consisting

least of nine Fund

also of

Chapterof at least fifteen Members.


without the consent There
were

No

part of the

disposed of
uses.

of

Committee

and

Chapter.
to

strict r"gulations about the grants of money


as are theyare called,

charitable MS.
.

Th"se Constitutional Laws,


"

followed in the

by

the and

Bye-Laws calculated for


From

the

R"gulationof the
on

Wakef"eld

Chapter of
of the

Ancient

Honourable

Gregorians."
th"se
that
more

is thrown light of the

the usual customs

order,if it may

be

concluded

the

actions

Wakef"eld

Chapter
at
one

were

in accordance with fairly

those of other
A the

Chapters.
was

candidate

nominated

and

seconded in
case

Chapterand

ballotted
was

for at

and following, Chapter immediately


as soon as

of

favourable ballot he

bronght

forward for initiation

in the town, convenient,but any candidate not residing

mightbe
It scale
was

nominated,
was

seconded, ballotted for and


that ten Members

initiated at the
a

necessary
"

shoald be pr"sent at

same Chapter. and the following ballot,

Two

arranged: when n"gatives


" "

the

Chapter consisted
" "

of ten

Members,
ten and less than

Three Four and


so
"

morethan

twenty,

"

"

"

twenty

and

less than thirty,

upwardsin
Each

the

same

excluded proportion,
to pay

the candidate.

Brother

was

to the

Fund

one

guinea
forward

at

his

and Initiation,

two

to and sixpence shillings

If
was

Sergeant-at-Arms. to come successful candidate neglected


the

for Initiation

his proposer

fined ten

and sixpence. This shillings

was

returned

if the candidate

offered himself

for Initiation at the next Part of the Funds

subs"quentChapter. might
the be in purchasing Medals expended of the

for such Brethren


in which the

as

passed the

chair

with
was

thanks

Anniversary Chapter
than
one

office

expired.Each

Medal

not to be of

coat greater

guinea.

Ars

Quatuor Coronatorum.

j^^J^^"
"',-^-^ s
"

^'^^".^

V^A"T^^

SBCRETARY

A.G.J^

AD.

Engravkd

Summons
the

of

THE

Wakefield

Chapter

of

Gregorians.

(From

in the collection of Bro. William original

Watson.)

Xntes A.lso in bestow in

on

the

Society of Greqorians.
as

105
think proper
to

parnhas"ug such
two

othcr Medals
for

the

Chapter might

gratefulacknowledgement guineas.

so services, extraordinary

that

the

expense

did not exceed

The Sergeanl-at-Arms for his attendance was paidf"ve shillings and sixpence at Qaarterly Meeting,two shillings Meetings, and one pence at the "veningMeetings. The withont from officers, the in

at the

Anniversary and sixshilling

Grand

downwarda,
if

were

to

be

fined for non-attendance of the

excases satisfactory was over

or writing,

they withdrew
of

before the business

Committee
The

without leave of absence.


the introduction
a new

form of Initiation on

Member

was

to

be

repeated
which I

by

rote

by
The

the officers officiating. In default each

officer was in their Master.

fined 28. 6d.


own

Pro-Grands
in
a

had

Medals their particnlar that of Past


wear

from keeping,

suppose

they were
Officers were

position equal to they did


made
not

fined if

their proper

Medals

in

Committees

and

Chapters.
Stringentlaws
Ail fines were the Grand.
were

about

the attendance

of Members. the cr"dit of the Fund

collected

by the Secretaryand placedto

by

MEETINGS. The Anniversarywas

always to

be held

on

the fell

Tharsday
on

next

foUowing St. John


which
case

Jane), unless that Festival Baptists' Day (24^** be to held on that day. w as Anniversary
Notice of the Anniversary was
to

Thursday,in

the

be thrice inserted in the Leeds IntelU"^encer

pr"viensto the day.


Other Committee
on

Chapters were
the

to

be

held

as

appointedby

the

Committee.
and

"The
open the

day

of

Anniversary shall assemble


to
commence

at ten in the

Divine Chapter,
at 7 p. m., when

Service

before twelve o*clock. the Brethren when

The

morning Chapter

shall close

the Bill shall be called and


to be four
**

shall withdraw."
the Brethren
were

There
in the

were

meetings in the year

to assemble

shall assemble at one o'clock On qaarterly morning. meetings the Committee earlier attendance). The business demand (unlessparticnlar an Chaptershall open to withdraw." as soon as convenient,be closed at geven, and the Brethren (be)requested
In addition to the

Meetings there Quarterly


Ten

were

tobe

as

many

Evening Chapters

as

thought necessary. Meetings,and seven Qaarterly


were

"On when

the Evening Meetitigs

of the days notice to be g"ven by the Secretary Committees. the of and Sp"cial days Evening Meetings and be closed at eleven, Chapter shall assemble at seven AH formai business
was

the Brethren

shall

w"thdraw."

to be transacted supper
at

before

dinner at the Anniversary and

Meetings,and Quarterly
in the

before

the Evening

Meetings.
The Rum and allowed only liquors

ChapterRoom
a more

were

Red

Port,Sherry, Brandy,
was

Geneva
to his

; if any

Member

called for

he liqaor expensive

to pay

for it

in addition The
account

quota of

the bill.

Junior

Committee

Man,

or

in

his absence

the

junior officer pr"sent took

of the liquors brought into the Chapter Room.


It
was

the ordinary on Anniversaryand QuarterlyMeetingss h ould suggestedtbat Also

not

e^ce"d 2s. 6d.

that

as

many

bottl"s of wine

as

ther"

were

members

pr"sent

106 should the be

Coronati Lodge. Transactions of the Qtiatuor


and that tliis qaantityshould be iutroduced, expeuse of beverage might otherwise be incroased by diminislied in

the int-roductiou of

proportiouas or spirits
no more

other

liquora.
At the

Evening Meetings the ordinarywas


of qaantity
was

not

to exceed

Is. 6d.,and

than

liquor (asabove) the table hammer on (or his representative's) at ail tiraes to h"ve the authority of calling to attention and order. was No Political question whatever dnring agitated might be debated,nor any subject be Committee to and Chapter hours, which unseemly thought produce might likely
The third stroke of the Grand's of

half the

allowed.

warmth

argument,

or

occasion

disseutions

amongst the Brethren.

It was the old constitutional also suggested that (" Let Poets and song be called for by the Grand (or his Deputy in his Historians, Ac") should regularly absence)on each Anniversaryand QuarterlyMeetingimmediatelyafter hononring the the aeventh " last Constitutional Toast The (t.e. Prosperityof Gregorism ail over World.) but The remainingsongs might foliow at the discr"tion of the Chair,and none

Gregorian songs
The
were

were

to be sung

in

Chapter.
their Wine

sixth and seventh first, to be

at ail times

and 1, The King^ 6. Gregorians (i.e. the honoured. In ail instances superlatively
was

bamSy ^c.)

risingto
the

the

centre

of the

Initiais W.C.

deemed

high honour.

It is

that probable

letters W.C. The

(WakefieldChapter) were engraved on the glasses. and Bye Laws were at to be read in full chapter Constitutional, the his the Grand or Grand, Anniversary, Secretary. Deputy, by
The suggestions are
marked

loast on

every

R.M.

(Richard Munkhouse)

the writer of the book.

INITIA.TION So far
of
as

OF
can

CANDIDATES.
be
to be Initiated into
was

consisted the
now

or judged,to become a Gregorian, and of that it as degreeonly: ceremony year 1798, by the Rev. Richard Munkhouse, D.D.,some in the Lodge Library. one

Gregorism,
in
or

written

down

about

idea is presented in the MS.

Every person desirous of becoming a Gregorianmust at least be g"nerai ly esteemed of honour, sound and tme He to morals had be elected Loyal ty. by a fair of each the both time of discr"tion the to to as ballot, according Chapter, proposingthe to elect or new Brother,the time of his being ballotted for, the nuniber requisite
a man

and the exclude, The

time of his Initiation.


on having been accepted

candidate

the

at-Arms, whose fore, outside


for

duty

it

was

to

guard
"

the passes to the


as are

the Serjeantand beingpr"sent, ballot, and thereRoom, Chapter was,


enter
as

the door,allowed

such

preparedformallyto

Candidates

Gregorism."
"

The

Candidate the Brother the sword shall

shall at the time

for his Initiation, be introduced appointed

"

by

the Office of Junior officiatingin of his " being office,


to
come

Warden, who
the door the

shall attend

"

with

to

of the

Chapter

"

Room,

announce

the

Officers and

Brethren

d"sire of the
at the door.

"

to Stranger

enter

the

Order, by three loud "" d"lib"ra


in the

te raps

**

"

"

Room shall Upon the Grand shall the of the consent et rise, instantly Societyto express admit the Strangerof the Order by three loud " to the privil"ges this the "feBrethren Grand, Officers,

Chapter

"

deliberate raps

on

the

Table.

The

door

then sh[a]ll

be

" opened,

the

Notes
*'

on

ihe

Society ofOregorians.
Brother the
as officiating

107
Jnn^

admitfced, StraDger foUowing the


who

Warden,

"

sliallattend
shall stand

on

the
on

"

Warden of such

the

whilst left, Right Hand;


it be of his

brother

Sen' as officiating
shall demand

when

the Grand

**

Stranger
"

whether
a

own

free will "


This

accord that

he

"

pr"sents himself
answered Hand in the

Candidate

for

Gregorism.
Warden
to

question being

"

the Jan^ affirmative,

shall put into the Right

'*

"

words

of the Strangerthe Sword, " requesthim after the Sen'. Warden.


"

repeatthe following

I. A. B. "c.

[I may
Hummons

mention

that

of the Wakefield
the closed Bible.]
*'

the engraved to find on perhapsit is a littlesuggestive sjmbolrestChapterthe sword only there a repr"sentative

ing on

Then
a

the Brother

""lect

[itmust

be noticed

that after the ob. he became of the Order of the

*'

Brother],in
the Grand,

token who

of snbmission shall direct him


to

shall deliver the sword


to attend

*"

to

to the admonition

"

"

Grand if pr"sent, or Secretary, who shall address him Secretary,


"

the

Brother

as Deputy officiating
"

in the

followingterms

Sir

You

h"ve

"c. shall requirehim Prelate ;


or

"

After
to the

this,the Grand
Instruction

to be

attentive particularly
the

'*

of the

in his

absence,of

Brother

"

as officiating Deputy Grand, who


"
.

shall say ;

Sir ; To distinguish "c.

'*

The

Sigu Manual

beinggiven by
"

the

Grand, he shall give in charge to


of he sh^. chuse discoverj) Grand Then

"

the New

that Brother, than

in ail

cases

(forfear Sign.

"

rather to receive
accost him
"

"

in th"se

give Words,
In ail

the

the

shall

finally

Brother "c.

cases

"c."

MEDALS. One of the duties of the Grand


own on

his "lection was

to invest

the two

Officers (hia
Me dais. and

Deputy Grand, and Grand


To
see

chosen Secretary)
wear

by him, with their proper

that

ail the

Officers

Medals their respective

in Committees

dnring Chapterhonrs.
As stated

their proper
The

Medals

Wardens above,the Secretary, the Anniversary on by the the Order of


a

and

Committee

Men

were

invested

with

Wardens. in the rule about and

Regalia of
on

is mentioned

funerals, where
of particular and

it is the

directed that

the death he

Brother, the Brethren


were

officers in

belonged proceedto attend the Corpseto the Grave the deceased) in the Regalia of the Order.
to

Chapter

to

which

assemble

in the be

Chapter Room,
to agreeable

thence

(providedit

the

friends of

It is fact
we

perhaps strangethat
what exactly

few

of th"se Medals

appear

to h"ve

but survived,

as

do not know

form

theytook.
Sword, was
the

In the ceremony, who bas


"

it is clear that the

badge

of the Junior

Warden,

to

attend

with

the Sword

of his office." Some

at least of the

a representing sword, now

attributed to Free

Masonry,

may

simplejewels just as well bave been

Medals

of

Gregoi"au Chapters.

l08

transactions oftkeQuatuor Coronati


alars Sorae very interesting partie
are

Lo"g",
the late Mr.

found in

letter from

Edward

at the British Mus"um, printedin Notes and Hawkins, then keeperof the Antiquities

1858, p. 273). He Quer"es (2nd S"ries,vj.,


"

writes of the

Gregorians,
dove his volant ; in

Their

arms

are

azur",

fess wavy,

between

in

a chief,

base,

two

snakes

entwined

fashion). Crest, Time, (caduceus


a

with

and hour-gla^s

a wivern, and Scythe. Supporters, characters, Shalom," i.e. Peace.


"

dove, with the olive branch.


I h"ve

Motto, in Hebrew

three diff"rent

medals

probablybelongingto Society,
arms,

diff"rent
not

chapters. One,
the
crest.

diameter

two

third not the serpent. The On the broad rim is PONTE crest, and motto. FRAOT, supporters, where the chapter existed, and on a band bas been somebelow probably the place the of the member whom to the badge name obliterated, now probably thing, purposely is a philosopher seated, pointingwith one hand to the sun, belonged. On the reverse and with the other to a scroll lying on the whole and which field, a occupies globe, Behind him is a pyramid. something to three youths who stand before him. ex'plaining bas

and motto, but supporters, border. Another,about the same

The

Serpentof

badges of the bas the inches, Eternityforms "


or

bas the crest, but size,

the arms,

On

the

rim

of the I bave

mcdal also
a

above

are

some

signs of
; the boss

the

zodiac,and
handle

below bas
on

the each

word side

FUIMUS.
the is

largestate

sword

of the

of Time like the crest. The guard Serpentof Eternity. On the handle, two figures composed of two serpents or winglessdragons. The sheath is of velvet, richly decorated with embossed giltbands, whereon appears the hour-glass. On one side is the other the foliowing inscription of the society, William the arms on : Smith, Firsfc Side of Vice-Grand Chapter, 1736.'" Cheap ttjUs me that on the original Brother le Sfcrange painting by Sir Benjamin West,
*

of Sir Edward red


as
:

the colour of Bart., Astley,

the ribbon

to which

his

jewelis suspended is
a

it will be noticed also that it bears,indistinctly, of the sitting figure


a woman.

philosopher, Engraved
the Medals.

of described above, or

the engraved summons XJpon list of The

in Brother
are collection, on

Watson's
the
same

and collection, found

the
on

Chaptersin
crest

the G ardner
motto

symbols as

arms,

and

appear

the
are

where latter, in the

at the feet of the dove

supporter
on

is the

the globe,

entwined

serpents
summons,

top

corners.

On the Wakefield
leaves of the olive branch

the

word

Sh"l"m

in Hebrew

letters is found

the

carried in the beak

of the dove ; Father The


sun

to the Time, pointing

by the pyramid on the other side. rising sun, is balanced five signs of the Zodiac ; the sword and an arc containing
below is the

is overshadowed
are

by
words

Bible scroll

and represented, the

Terrestiial globe CHARTER.

over

which

is thrown

bearing
was

GREGORIAN
This

symbol may
I
am

simply
inclined

indicate
to to

that from

the the

Wakefield fact that

Chapter
the
same

regularly arrangement

constituted,but
is found bave upon the

think
a

of which record seems to no legendaryhistory, of forms of the the date. two survived. seems use supportedby of the sun I must leave the explanation risingbeneath the five signs of the Zodiac to our astronomical Brethren. or astrological in two to the somewhat The date is expressed absurd fancy of forms,according is made of the time, a.d. 18 to correspondwith A. g., or the year of the Society This idea
to be
. .

Medal, it refers

(not the Gregorian year) 52 Gregorians


the a.d. from deducting and it is onlyby is compl"te, the

...

If the

usual

system

is

adopted, of
of the dates the other

the A.G., the diff"rence is 3400. of discovery


a

Of course, neither of the Summons


can Gregoriam

copy

with

filled in,that the figures

date of the supposed

of beginning

be recovered,

the Society "fotes on ofOregorians, TO"STS.


The honoured The table in ail
at

l0"

Grand

annouuced

the

Constitutional Toasts,which

he desired

should

be

each

Chapter.
the

tollowing are

Constitutional

Toasts

which
:
"

were

to

be

honoured

at

Chapters
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

at the

discr"tion of the Chairman


Friends.

Familj, and The'King,


The The The

Grand
Grand Prelate

of the Order. of Secretary the Order.

" Pro- Grands.

Absent

Brethren.
that " those that wou'd do.

" their barns, Those Gregorians, lie in

Gregorian's arms,

7.

ail over to Gregorism Prosperity Bro. Gledhill suggestions,

the world. Jonathan Gledhill

In
an

one

of the

is mentioned.

was

Inn

Keeper.
When
many years ago I first began to collect notes
me

for this paper,

Bro. William

Watson,
of

of

Leeds,very kindlylent

the book

of Members

of the Wakef"eld

Chapter

Gregorians.
It is much
to

be

regrettedthat
Had
now

the

custom

was

to

separate from the List of Memberd.


been found
an

it been

otherwise Bro.

keep the Book of Minutes they would probably h"ve


MS.
volume

in

one

of the two

MS.

exhibited.

Watson*s

supplies

list of iuteresting

the Members

belongingto
the of four mother

the Wakef"eld

Chapter.
Wakef"eld

From
held
at

it

we

also learn that

Chapter
The

of tho

Chapterwas
n

the

Town neighbouring

Pont^fract. Members

prime

movers

in the fou
two Chapter,

dation

of the Wakef"eld

Chapter were
Richard

of the Pontefract Richard

of them

being the
Freemasons.

Rev.

Munkhoase,

D.D., and

Linnecar, both

well-known

Six other Wakef"eld

men

were

initiated at

Pontefract

on

the 8th of

June,1796,
the 24rth

to the institution preparatory

of the Wakef"eld

Chapter,which

took placeou

of

June, 1796.
The last date of initiation,given in the
list is
as was

18Q5,with

some

others without
the year

date
so

and

the death may

of

one

member that this

is entered

having taken placein


in existence of

1811,

perhaps we

suppose

Chapter

after that date.


an

In Bro. William

Watson's

collection

is also the copy

engraved

summons

the alreadyreferred to, calling for the


at qaarterlymeetings,

members the

of the ancien t and

honourable

society together
It will be noticed

Strafford's Ai'ms

in Wakef"eld.

that the word

is used Society

instead of Order.

110

CoronatiLodge. Transactions of the Quatuor


The foUowin^ is the fuU texfc of the MS.
in the of possession the

Lodge

"

(pi) We,
The

Grand

Committee

of the most

Ancient

" Honourable of

Order

of

being appoiutedfor Gregoriaus,

the express

purpose

" re-enacting, the Constitutional Laws revising, remodelling, the foUowing of Gregorism,do enact," d"clare, to be the f undamental

" constitutional

Laws

of

our

Order. Order
the and establishment,

First

That the Objectsof

oar

are

permanent continnance Charity:


For the attainment " wisdom prudence

of

" Unity in Society,

Christian

of which

oar

Predecessors

in their

(p.2)

judged the exclusion of improper persons " absolu telynecessary : And from a persuasion that primarily
a

to

make

solemn

on impression an

the minds

of persons

to disposed

those

ends by praise-worthy their memory

" c"r"monies
did

appealto their honour as men, " to wou'd in the establishment of forms as brethren, further the purposes of the Institution, greatly they
with due
r"v"rence

enact," We

do confirm

" d"clare

"

that

Second

Every person
at least be

d"sirons of

becominga Gregoriansliall
of

" true

esteemed a man generally That he be shall : Loyalty the discr"tion of each

honour, sound

morals,

elected

by

fair
as

ballot,
to the time

accordingto
of

both Chapter,

a new proposing

for,the number

Brother,the time of his being ballotted to elect " exclnde,and the time requisite

of his Initiation. That

(p.3) Fann of Initiation

Any

person,

at having been duly elected shall,

the time

be introduced for his Initiation, appointed in the Office of Junior of his


announce

by

the Brother with

officiating
shall

Warden,

who

shall attend of the

the Sword

" being come Office,


to the

to the door

Chapter Room,

Officers and Brethren

the d"sire of the

Stranger

to enter the

Order by three loud " deliberate raps at the door.


the

" Brethren in Grand, Officers, Upon " the Grand shall express the shall instantly rise, of Societyto admit the Strangerto the privil"ges Three then loud " deliberate raps
on

this the

ChapterRoom
of the

cousent

the Order

by

the Table.

The

door sh^^

the Brother l^eopened," the Strangeradmitted, following


;

Jun"^ Warden as officiating whilst


on

who

shall attend Warden

on

the

Left,
of
that

the Brother

Sen^ as officiating
; when

shall stand

the

Right Hand
"

the Grand it be of his for

shall demand
own

(p.4)

such Stranger Whether himself he pr"sents


a

free will " accord

Candidate

Gregorism. This

question

the Jun' Warden shall being answered in the affirmative, put into the Right Hand of the Strangerthe Sword, " request him
to

words repeatthe following

after the Sen^ Warden.

112
2d The oldest sole

Transactions Grand

ofthe QuatuorCoronati Lodge.


;

of the Order

Who

is the Grand
"

of the

and who Chapter known " existing, with the consent of the Grand privil"ge, Order,to grant Charters " Deputationsfor

as

such

"

has the the

of Chapter the Estabiish-

8) (p.

in ail Grand Committees Chapters. He pr"sides and is attend, empowered to give a castiiig each side of a question are on vote, where the numbers equal. But his Anthoritjin his own Chapter is not than that of other Grands in their respective Chapters. greater
ment

of New

w'^^ he may

3d

The

Prelate

of the Order:

"

He

takes

precedence

after the Grand

of the Order.

"th

The the next

Grand

of Secretary

the Order:

"

He

takes

placein precedence.

5th

of each

shall consist of the Grand ChapterCommittee, w"^** for the time being ; The Prelate ; The Grand Chapter ; The Pro-Grands Secretary ; Deputy Grand, " the other
The

(p.9)

OflScersof each Chapter for the time being. In this Comittee,


the Sen' Pro-Grand

always pr"sides ; and


are

the business Laws

"

dutyof this

Body

the Government

of the

promote the good ends


are

for Bye shall best judgeraent Chapteras of the Institution, providedthe same
"

First

To form

such

in their

not

r"pugnant to
Laws

the Constitntional Laws

of

Gregorism
:

The of such

principal pointsfor their attention


are
"

in the formation

The

time of
:
"

for, proposing, ballotting


number
sum

"

New initi"ting
a

Members
:
"

The The
:
"

necessary

to the

ex-

clude

proposedMember
on

to be

paid to

ter Chap:

Fund Fund

each

Initiation

The

in proportion

w*^^' the
"

of for the purposes is to be disposed The

of the Institution

for breach, or neglect, or penalties imposing of fines,


or

of any

Law,

Resolution

"

The

hours
"

of

meeting and

(p.10)

in Committees Books of the Laws, dissolving Chapters: " Accounts of the Chapter ; The mode of keeping Proceedings, for auditing them ; The periods Accounts, if to be balanced The mode of honouring at the oftener than once a year: The
"
" "

"

Table

the Constitntional Toasts

of

Gregorism ;
conducive The

and

gene-

to form such Bye Laws as are rally to be most of the Chapter," likely And" the Institution. Secondly
"

for the local benefit to the ends of

Committee
to nominate

are,

on

the

" ballot for

morning of the Grand, (but not to appoint)


to
serve

Chapter every Anniversary,

Wardens, " Committee

Men

the

Chapterfor

the

ensuingyear
up any
or

"

To

nominate

" ballot for Officers to fill of

vacant

Offices in cons"quence

Death, r"signation,
" Grandof the

d"gradation ;

(exceptthe Offices of Prelate


a vote

w*^^can onlybe supplied by Secretary,

Notes

on

the

of Oregor"ans. Society

113

(p.11)

Chapter:) To suspendOflScers for sufficient cause till the To audit the accounts of the Chaptercan be taken judofement
:
"

of the Grand

"

To receive

p"titions ;
"

to

hear,d"termine,
Sd make
answer

" to form such resolutions " redress grievauces, such Orders, as shall be
the " local exigences,

thoughtby
tan
ces

them
of the

"te to requis

cire ums

Chapter, pro-

vided

always the
The mode of

same

be not r"pugnant,or injurions to " interests o" Gregor"sm.


in the other
or

the Constitution al Laws

as proceedingin this,

Coramittee,
for

is for the Chairman

to propose

the person

matter

consid"ration
d"cision

:-"

To take

(if

ballot be called for) the himself The

bj

the

He majority,

vote,where
Committee

the ballot is

equal.

having a casting Chapter Room


"ve

shall not consist of less than

Off"cers.

(p.12)
6th The

Chapter
the

"

This

consists of ail the Officers "

Brethren
versary

; the business

of vr^^ is to

appoint on

each

annicon-

Grand, Wardens, " Committee


who bave

Men, by

firmingthose
or

passed a
Brethren pass
a
"

ballot in the
as are

by nominating such
such nomination

Committee, aud who eligible, reject

shall on

favorable ballot in the To confirm,or

Committee, to
the

fillthose offices :

Bye
the

Laws

the Orders " Resolutions made "fc proposed,

(p.13)

In the Chapterthe Candidates ChapterCommittee. to be proposed, for Gregorism " ballotted for, are h"re to be proposed, initiated are Objectsof Charity The proceedingof the Chap" allowed or ref nsed Relief. ter is by the Grand proposing the matter for judgement, 'w*''^ is supported by a shew of hands. Any Brother may amendment move an to be orderly debated,or may require

by

"

ballot
The

^^the
Grand

w"^ shall in question,


" Officera h"ve if there be not
a no

no

wise be refused. votes single in the

'

niore than

Chapter ; and
it is of
course

for the majority

question

negatived,
of the Chapter. No
that bas
to Brother is eligible

7th
be

The

Grand

appointedGrand Man,

not served

the Office of Committee Warden. The


; and

" the Offices of Sen' " Jun'

Grand

is ballotted for " elected in the Committee the

if

approved by
the business

Chapter is
with

installe the

into bis Office (after

of the

Chapteron
the

by Anniversary)

his Prede-

him cossor's investing


to him.

the chair Medal, " resigning

Of the Power

of the Grand.

"

He

appoints
"

(p.14)

his

He pr"sides in ail Deputy Grand and Secretary. with absolute to Authority pr"serve Order, Sobriety, Chapters and d"corum. He is Treasurer of the Chapter, " accounown

table for the Fund.

Of the

Duty

of the Grand.

He

is to

inveat the two

Officers cbogen

by him

with their proper

114

Transactions

ofthe Quatuor Coronati Lodge


the"r

Medals,"
Medals to
announce

to

see

that ail the Officers wear

respective
He is

in

Chapter hours. Committees, " diiring

w*'^ he chuses to he the Constitutional Toasts,


at

honoured
heen made

each Chapter. After the state of the Fund the Brethren


to reqnested

has

hntions,He

known, " and at the Anniversaryon


the

ma^ke contri-

which

his Office expires

shall himself coUect

f" the Brethren

their individually of the Fund


;

towards voluntarygifts And his Accounts


a

support" increase

shall be made

and signed, out, balanced,

(p.16)

at least once

year. His To Power

The Deputy Grand. of the Grand, are


his

assist the Grand The


Post both of

" Duty, in sence pr"; " to supply

placein his

absence.

Deputy Grand
"

is

at the low"r end

of the Table The

in Committees

Chapters.

8th.

The for in
a

Prelate.

Prelafceis nominated

""ballotted

Committee, " appointed by the Chapter. His Office


His Duty resignat pleasure,
on

but he may is for Life, To

is

exhort the Brethren

every

Anniversaryto voluntary
Fund
to effect the

lib"ral Contributions for


purposes

the replenishing

of the Institution ; "

to interest himself generally

in the Establishment

" Extension Post "

of benevolence
is
on

"

good Morals

throughoutthe Chapter. His


of the Chair both in Committees

the Left Hand

Chapters.
is also Secretary
He is

(p.16)
9th The Grand nominated The Secretary.
a

Grand

" ballotted for in

Committee.

appointed

by the
of

"fe with the power holds his Office for Life, Chapter,
is to

at pleasure. His Duty resigning in Secretary the ex"cution

superintend
to assist relative to

the
,

of his Office. And

in ail matters " ad vise the Grand, " his Officers, the welfare in

" of his Gregorism in g"nerai, particular.His Post is on the Right Hand


of " " Chapters,

own

Chapter
end
or

of the

Chair in ail Committees

at the lower

of the Table in the absence


his

of the Grand

in Committees

Deputy in
The

Chapters.
"

account

is to keep an Secretary. The Office of Secretary of the receipts " disbursements of the Chapter :

To enter ail resolutions

" orders of Committees

"

To

(p.17)

communicate

them

to

" succeeding Chapters, thereto


"

sent to enter their dis-

f"* them, or

assent

;
"

To keep

correct list of the

Members
of the

Chapter; to h"ve the custody " safe keeping ail ComBooks of the Chapter; to summon mittees Begalia'" " Chapters to " cord to Orders, generally reagreeable
of " correspondence proceedings
on

ef the

the His

the

Chapter.
"

Post is The

the

Right

Hand

of the Grand

Seci*etary.

Pro- Grands.

The

Sen'

Progrand pr"sent
4; his

in pr"sides

in the absence of the Grand Chapters

Deputy.

Notes lOth.

on

the Society ofQregorians, None


h"ve
are

115

The two Wardens. Office of Wardens, who


mittee

to the eligible of the


secure seven

not been

Comthe

(p.18)

Committee
the

Dutj Booms ^^^^ intrusion ; for w^^ Chapter at Arms is their Deputy " To receive, Serjeant
is to "
:
"

Men.

Their exclusive

purposes

acquaintthe Committee
To take
are
care

" grievances with complaints :"

that the d"cisions of Committees


"

" Chapters

duly carried into effect:


" Committee
"

To with

invest the Secretary, their proper


Medals
on

Wardens,
the
is
on

Men

Anniversary,The
the of the ^?^^^

Post of the Senior Warden Chair at the Centre of the Table


is
:"

The

Post of Junior Warden The Committee Men

opposite.
The
a

llth.

seven

Men.

exclusive Duty

of Committee
to pr"viens

is to deliver
;

Bail to each Brother


assist the Grand There
are

the Ballot

"

to generally

A Sen' Officersin the ex"cution of their Duty.


two
sen'

" five jun'Committee the

Men.

The

duty

19) (p.
12.

falls upon
The

juniors pr"sent.
Arms.
the The at Serjeamb Arms is

at Serjeant

initiated without

guard the proach save


as

passes to

payment of F"es. His Duty is To the Chapter Boom, that no Strangersapare

such

as

to preparedformally

enter

as

Candidates for

Gregorism ; And

to be otherwise

assisting

the convenience of Committees,or


In

Chapters may

require.

Fourthly
are

case

any of the above


to
a

Officers die, or specified

shall be that their attendance as so distance, thus Offices their altogether virtually inconv"nient, respective removed

becomingvacant, shall

be f"lled up New

as

soon

as

convenient,pro-"
Laws. [Constitutional

ceedingto the "lection of Or, in 20) (p.


induce
removed
a case

Officers in their stead, accordingto


in the
as

any

one

is careless " remiss shall


so

of discharge

his

Duty, or

coqdact himself
to propose his

to

Member

of the Committee

being
"

this shall be the from his Office,


a

proceeding.

Af ter

motion

to this

fourteen

daysnotice in
He may

the party accused shall h"ve effect, of the writingfrom the Secretary
be

accusation. but question,

shall then

of the

deprivedof his Vote on the vestigation attend the Committee during the inof the Charge brought against particulars
Provided the not

him, "

any

cons"quent debate there upon.

facts contained in'the all"gation are accused shall be


the accusation may

the substantiated, " the Member bringing honourably acquitted, mittee the Comsuch censure, as subject^dto frivolous case ooght tbeyperceive
of the
or charge, manner

shall be in fit,

think

(p.21)

or

vexations

in the nature shou*d the

of pro*
the

ceeding.

But

chargebe

made

good to
may

satisfactionof the majority, the Committee

then

M6

fransactions ofthe QuatuorCoronatiLodge.

(if pr"sent) after If, witb^ urging anj tbe accused absent bimself, due notice, for such tbis of absence, sat"sfactorj apology appearance be sball considered of misconas an aggravation contempt
the accQsed shall be heard in bis defence. dnct. The accusation shall
now

sng^esttheir ind"vidaaily

sentiments

; and

be laid before the shall

Chapter

22) (p.

d"cide whether finally the Party accused be eligible, or or not,to romain in Office, If in"ligible f"tto continue on the RoU of the Society. in the "lection of a Member he sball be superseded proceeding If he inhisstead Constitutional Laws. to [the] according the Delinquent be permitted to remain in the Society, may

by

the

" the Secretary,

Members

"

nevertheless

be

if the Brethren f"ned,

shall deem

it

exp"dient

at the discr"tion of the

Chapter.
is formed "

Fifthly.

ed"first support By Secondly ;" By Voluntary Contribations : Thirdly; By Donation of one guineafrom a Brother on his marriage: Fourfchly ; " penalties. The fund of the Chapter By fines, The Fund F"es of Initiation
:

; which

can are

not

be

to other appropri"tes
save

purposes

th"n

such

as

charitable ;

for the purchaseof Medals,


the

Books," Necessaries for the use of The ^und shall not be reduced

Chapter.
the
sum

below

of

23) (p.

Order of a Committee Twenty Ponnds, without the sp"cial cousistingof at least Nine Members ; " also of a of least fifteenMembers. No Chapter, consistingat of witboat the consent partof the Fund can be disposed
of
a

Committee
In

and

Chapter.
Fund, the Grand
the
use

the applying

shall state what

necessaries are
of the

for wanting

of the

Chapter,"
of the

the vote

number greater

shall be pr"sent,

bis. authority for the

order "

payment.

The

Grand

shall demand

Brethren assembled in
any to objects
more

Chapter(oneby one) if they bave


for relief. No
Brother

propose
one

shall propose
same

than that

of Charity at one object

" the

ter; Chap-

and

with the

Objectshall be mentioned by name together " accompanyusual placeof abode," the peculiar
of distress ; whetherof Provided
no

ing circumstances 24) (p.


be to
as a

dent, accisickness,

or objection such object so proposedshall be relieved subject alleged, A Gregorian the following r"gulation. proposed shall be considered as having to be relieved, a proper object
"

misfortune.

reasonable

claim to one not a Brother, " prior in its discr"tion, shall think Chapter,

to any fit :

amount

the

is admissible into any other of one Chapter A Gregorian from the Grand of his Secretary producinga Certificate Initiation

on

" Chapter,

upon

ail due signs " answering

tokens.

"fotes the on

Society ofGregorians,

Il7

S"xtbly.

"s obligedto call a Gommittee " Chapter Secretarj of the Grand, the Deputj Grand, any of reqaesfc In his absence, the Pro Grands, or any two Brethren. The at the
or

if the

or neglect Secretarj

ref ase

to issue notices
or Officers, or

accor-

dingly, any 25) (p.

of the above mentioned

any

two

sach Gommittee Brethren may summon of the due notice same. giving

first Ghapter,

Seventhly.

Of the Demeanor
of this ancient

of Brethren.

The
are

Brethren to
as

" honorable

Order

bound

promote each
in them be

welfare " others interest,


and to communicate in

as happiness

mnch
may

lies;

Ghapter,whatever

thonght
Brother disany
to be

for the "dification of the in

in g"nerai, " Society

of every

They particalar.
any
or a

shal) not discover, nor

cause

covered

of the secrets belongingto this Order,nor


of proceedings the

conversation of pr"judice the honour

w^^ Ghapter,
on

may

be to the

26) (p.

promote Sd the interests of their Gregorism in g"nerai, Initiation Ghapters in particular. respective On the death of a Brother, the Brethren, "fc Officers in particular of the Ghapter to which he belonged shall assemble
of in the

Brother; but shall

ail occasions

GhapterRoom,

"

thence proceed to attend

the

Gorpse

to the Grave

it be agreeable to (provided

the friends of the

deceased) in the Regaliaof the Order.

This is only obliis \tLthe Town


cause

gatory in instances where


where the

the Fanerai
; "

Ghaper is held

of this the Prelate shall

notice to be given.

Eighthly.
Laws the

Gauses of Exclusion

of Brethren. of

Any contempt
of the

of the Gonstitutional Laws

Gregorism,or
Lawful

Bye
f"

of the

of Ghapter Disrespect
:

commands

Grand,
the

or

Ghairman

for the time

refusai to submit

to the fines "

being ; Or, a penalties imposed legally


causes

by 27) (p. Ninthly.

Grand, " Gommittee, " Ghapter,are

of

exclusion.
A

Gommittee

Ghapter cannot be dissolved but by the Grand of the Order,or by uatural death.
"

Tenthly.

The honoured

following
at Table

are

the Gonstitutional Toasts to be

in ail

Ghapters at

the discr"tion of

the Ghairman.

1. The
2. The

King, Family, and Friends.


Grand
of the Order.

3. Grand 4. Prelate 5. Absent

of the Order. Secretary " Pro Grands. Brethren.


Those

6.

their bams. "fc " Gregorians, " lie in Gregorians arms, " v^do.

that

those that wou'd

Ils
(

Transactions ofthe Quatuor OoronatiLodge.


ail over to Gregorism Prosperitv the

C World,

(p.28) The foregoing the Constitutional Laws of are Eleventlily. but by to any alt"ration, Gregorism not subject
the Grand Oommittee
of the Order.

several unpaged blank [After

leaves the

pagination beginsagain.]

(p.1)

Bye Laws
of the Wakefield calculated for the R"gulation of Ancient " Honourable

Ghapter

Gregorians.
INITIATION OF BRETHREN.

1.

OF

THE

BALLOTTING

FOR
to

"

It shall not be lawful

proceedto

ballot for any him proposing

Candidate for
be seconded The

unless the Brother Gregorism,

at the time of Nomination

of such Candidate

ballot shall take

placeat

the

Chapterimmediately
is

on thatj succeeding case

w^^ the Candidate

" nominated,

in

of

he shall be favorable ballot,


soon as

forward for brought


ballot shall immediately at the instance of the

initiationas

convenient.

The

succeed

to the nomination

2) (p.

any

Candidate for

in not residing Gregorism


:

Town,
to may

or

neighborhoodof Wakefield

And

it shall be lawful

in the same as as expeditiously Chapter, proceed the ail forms. through 2.

be,

Two

in N"gatives
; Three

where the Chapter consists of ballot,


the
sists conChapter

ten Members

where n"gatives,

twenty ; Four n"gatives, consists of twenty," less than where the Chapter shall exclude proportion, thirty ; " so upwards in the same No ballot to take place, when the the Candidate.
more

of

than

ten, " less than

number
3.

of Brethren

pr"sentdoes
on

not amount

to ten.
one

Each
as

Brother

Initiation shall pay

to the Fund

to the

guinea at Serjeant

his InitiationFee," two Arms.

" shillings

sixpence

(p.3)
4.

been dnlyelectAny successful Candidate (after'having for forward initiation to come at the time, ed) neglecting shall subject the Brother at the Cbapter next ensuing^ or "" sixpence, who proposedhim to a fine of ten shillings to be paid into the Fund, as part of the Initiation Fee. the Brother elect offering himto be returned, The sum on initiation the for next at self subs"quentChapter.
Where
a

6.

Candidate bas been


for

" does not pr"sent himself space of


one

year after such

duly proposed" elected, within the Initiation, "lection, having due notice
a

he shall not thereof,

be admitted
a

member

ture at any fu-

without period

fresh ballot.

120 11.

Transactions of the Quatuor Goronatt The above forfe"ts sball


who bein^ pr"sentat tbose, shall " prematnrely, withdraw before

Lodge.
on

be levied " respectively eqnally

the

open"ng of

the

Committee,

the business

of the Committee

is over,

without

leave of absence. the introduction of rote


"

12.

The forme Member

of initiation

on

New

shall be

repeatedby
each

by

the Officers officim

atin^: (See Constitutional Laws


case

For

of Initiation p. 4

"c)

In

of default

herein

Officer shall forfeit two

shillings

" sixpence.
13.

Any
Medal

Officer or Pro-grand neglecting to

wear

the "

of bis Office during bis pr"sence

in Committees
one

shall forfeit for each Chapters, any Member


own

neglect

: And shilling

(p.8)

is in bis

Medal whose particular (nota Pro-grand, keeping)takinga Medal from the Ghapter " sixpence. shillings last sentence records

Boom

shall forfeit two


note
on

[apenc"l
"Jany
14.

the

margin of the

Ist.

T.B."]
Officiating neglectto give Secretary
as, in cons"quence

If the

due

notice of Meetings,he shall be answerable


of such of the Committee do not attend.

for the forfeits


of bis

neglect

15.

If the

Grand or Grand, Prelate,

do Secretary

absent

himself from
a

duringone whole year, without Chapters apology to the first succeeding satisfactory Anniversary that shall take ho cognizance thereof, Chapter properly
of bis Office.

shall be divested

16.

Any

Brother

r"sident in the Town


notices shall

of

Wakefield,who
attend at the

after receiving proper


" two Anniversary
more

to neglect

in the year, such Chapters mission ad-

(p.9)

shall thenceforth be denied Brother for such neglect into the Chapter Boom, unless he Brethren
can

the satisfy

by

sufficientapology.
who

17.

Every Brother
of the shall

shall be in the
attend

Bidingon

the

dey

" shall not Anniversary, forfeit one for such neglect

divine service

shilling. paid to Secretary,

18.

Ail forfeitsshall be collected by the

the Grand, "

to the Cr"dit of the Fund. placed

OF
19. The

CHAPTEBS.

day

next

Anniversary shall always be held on the ThursSt. John Baptist's Day, unless that following
on

Festival shall fall

Anniversaryshall Chapters shall (p.10)


may

be

Thursday ; in w^^^ case, held on that Day. Other


the

the

be held at such

periodsas the Committee

with due appoint,

to the g"neraiconvenience regard

Notes of the Brethren.

on

the

Society of Qregorians,

121

There shall be four meetings in the


shall assemble to th"se at
a

year ; when
in the

the Brethren

fixed hour

Morning.

In addition
as

Meetings qaarterly

there shall be held

many to the

be thought necessary

as Evening Chapters, maj due discharge of Gregorian

business,or to the advancement


of the Order. perity NOTICE 20.
The versary 21. "

of the interest " pros-

OF

MEETINGS. Anni-

Secretaryshall give ten days Notice of meetings. qnarterly

Notice of the Anniversary shall be thrice "nsorted


in the Leed's

Intelligencer previousto

the

day.

(p.11)

Seven days notice shall be given of Evening Meetings " Committees Sp"cial

22. at to at

The

Committee

on

the

*?^

in the

morning, " open


before

commence

^^g

shall assemble Anniversary service Divine Chapter The Chaptershall close oClock.

day

of

the

P.M. when ^^"ij^"^

the Bill shall be

" the called,

Brethren

shall

with-draw.
23.

On

Meetings the Committee qnarterly


The

shall assemble
an

at "?" o'Clock

business deman^ (unless particular

earlier

attendance.)

Chapter shall open

as

soon

a"

conve-

and the Brethren nient,be closed at ^^^J'^^ draw. 24. and

requestedto with-

On

Evening Meetings the Chaptershall assemble


"

at

^"^"",

bo closed at

j^"**,
when

the Brethren

shall withdraw.

(p.12)
26. The

CHAPTER Books

BOOKS.
Book of

of the Chapter shall be (1"*) The


the Constitutional Laws

of Laws

in w^i" shall be entered " the

Gorgorism,
; their

existing Bye Laws. (2) The Chapter List of Brethren of the Members a correct ^"J?^^*^ ; containing
Christian their

"

surnames

; Of what

profession,trade ;
or

of places when

abode ; by whora

proposed;

when

pro-

posed ;
of the

initiated ; their removal

f" the

neighborhood

ChapterBoom to such a distance as to make their with their convenience, " the incompatible of their death. Book period (3) The Cash ; containing " Disbursements account of ail Beceipts, a transcribed ;
attendance the objects the specifying relieved, time when

rolieved,
; "

the

names

of the objects, their placeof r"sidence, by


what
sums

(p.13)

whom

proposed; in also the containing


the
same

relieved respectively

balance from

of the Grand's each


successor.

Acconnts,"" a (4)
The

for Beceipt Book

Minute

the Besolutions " containing

Orders of Committee^

"

Chapters,

122 GENERAL
26.

Transactions of the Quatuor Goronatt Lodge. REGULATIONS


on

"

INSTRUCTIONS.
reprove the

It is incumbent

the Grand

in Chapter to openly

Brethren

whenever neglecting duly to attend Chapters, for his so doing. Committee shall see good cause The

27.

attend at mast punctually at Arma Serjeant his of the from placein supplying difficulty Chapters
case

ail

of absence.
The Jnn'

28.

Committee

Man,

or

in his absence acconnt of

the

(p.14)

jun'Officer pr"sentshall take an brought into the Chapter Room.


AU

Liqnors

29.

business,such Chapter

as

for propos"ng, ballotting

"

New " initiating Members, Charity, ing New Officers shall be transacted before dinner appoint and before supper at " quarterly at Anniversary Meetiugs, of proposingobjects

Evening Meetings.
30. whatever relative to any alt"ration of the question after supper ; And no after dinner, or shall be debated, ever whatPolit"calquestion nor any subject No shall be moved Laws

shall be

agitated during Committee " Chapter hours, w*=^ of to produceunseemly warmth likely thought
Brethren.

argument, or occasion dissentions amongst the (p.15)


31. The Grand
shall not insist
on

any

toasts

beingdrank

in

burapers, except ail others) each Member as in what liquor he chuses.


32.
No shall liquors Red

the Constitutional Toasts ; " th"se

(as well

shall be at liber ty to drink

be called for in the

ChapterRoom
" sive expenmore

more

than expensive Geneva, nnless

Port, Sherry, Brandy, Rum


for calling such for it himself in addition

the Member

shall pay liquor

to his

quota of the

Bill.

(p.16)
FOR
1. THE

HINTS

AT

ADDITIONAL OF
"

REGULATIONS
THE BRETHREN. B.M.

CONSIDERATION

In the Nomination shall be h ad not


so

appointmentof Officersregard
to the of Brethren, as seniority to

much

the

with frequency

w"^^they attend Chapters; their

orderly

active endeavors thereiu," generally deportment the salutary ends (inChapter" ont of Chapter)

to further of the meant Law. in any

Institution.

(N.B.

"

This

R"gulation is

not

degree to
"fc";.

jmilitate against Constitutional


2.
The

7. P. 13. L.6
versary, Anni-

Members
"

are

earlyon to to signify quarterly meetings, (p,17)


intention of
with dining

the

three days pr"viens to the requested of the day appointedfor morning Brother
on

Gledhill

their

the Brethren

such

daysrespectively.

Notes In of

on

the

Society of Oregorians,
so

123

case

each Brother herein, neglect


one

shall ofPending
of absence

forfe"tto the Fnnd

And Shilling.

in

case

after notice given of such intention, sach absent


pay his

Brother shall of the


in

portionof the Bill for the

day

to the amount

Ordinary. (N.B.
not exceed
two

will be admitted apologies Satisfactory

excuse.)

The Ordinary on

" quarterly Meetings shall Anniversary

" sixpence. shillings Bottles of Wine


as

3. above And

So many

shall be introdaced

on

the days
no more
:

mentioned
this

there

are

Members

and pr"sent,

as quantityshall be diminished in proportion beveragemay otherwise be encreased by the other Liquors. introdaction of Spirits or

the

expense

in

(p.18)
4.

On Evening Meetings shall not exceed the Ordinary " sixpence half of " the qaantity than no more shilling ;

one

liqnor(asabove) shall be allowed.


5. is enjoined f arther notices to cease Secretary issning to any Brother who shall withhold Ghapters his attendance from the ChapterBoom three succeeding Ghapters. The hammer of

The

of intended

6.

third stroke of the Grandes


on

the Table shall at ail times

(or his representative's) bave the aathority

attention " order. Any Brother ofEendingagainstthis Rule shall be opeoly reprimanded by the Ghair, " shall forfeitto the Fund f or one shilling every such to calling

offence.

19) (p.
7. The

Old Gonstitutional

Song (" Let

Poets

" Historians "c.")

be called for by the Grand shall regalarly his

(orbis Deputy

in

" QuarterlyMeeting,imabsence)on each Anniversary mediatelyafter honourinerthe seventh " last Gonstitutional Toast. (See Gons^ : Law, P. 27) The remaining songs shall follow the but Gregoriansongs discr"tion of the Ghair," none at
shall be sung 8. The in

Ghapter.
seventh

" sixth, first, be

Gonstitutional Toasts
In ail other

shall

at ail times the Wine

honoured. superlatively

instances,

to rising

the Gentre of the InitiaisW.G.

shall be

deemed
9. In

high honour.
relative to agitating any subject
shall be heard in Order the

" forms, r"gulations,


or

whether interest" of the Society,

in Gommittee
as are

Ghapter,the

Brethren

(p.20)

at placed they Table after the Progrands," Officers of theyear bave delivered their sentiments to their degrees. The Brother d"sirons to be according heard his wisb by a stroke npon signify the beinggrantedby Ghairman, be shall rise shall the Table ; "fc on f" his " seat, leave

address himself

to respectfuUy

the Chair.

He

shall not be liable

124
io

TranscLctions of tke QuatuorOoronatiLodge. whilst interruptioii,


he is complimented by the attention of

the Chairman.

10.

speak more unless to explain or h"mself, ject, Chairman to speak.


In
case

No Brother

sball

than when

once

on

the

same

snb-

called upon

by the

11.

" contempt of th"se r"guladisobedience, tions, the Chairman in peremptorily s hall be snpported comBrother to quitthe Chapter Room manding the refractory ; " not to be re-admitted bat npon making due submission " paying to the Brethren, to the Chairman, apologies
a

of obstinate

fine of five

to be shillings

carried to the Fund.

(p.21)
12. It is
necessary
a

to be R"gulation strongly

insisted npon,

" greatly
our

in the observation of it to the

Honourable

Order " the increase of

of prosperity that no Members,

Candidate for Gregorism shall be

from merelyprirejected

indirect consid"rations. Ail that is or vate,Personal, Brother in the constitutionally bindingon the proposing nomination
own

of

Candidate is
"

that he be satisfied in his

mind

of the morals

If th"se

of the Candidate. loyalty the ballot ought to be unanimousbe undisputed "

ly favorable.
13. fuU The Constitutional " Bye Law
at Chapter

shall [sic]

be road in
the

hast

on

every

Anniversaryby

Grand,

his Deputy, or the Grand

Secretary.

The

list of following

members

of the Wakefield

from the MS. Chapter is copied

of Bro. William in the possession

Watson.

List of the Members

of y" Wakef^

of Chapter 24*""
"

ancient " honorable

Gregorians.

Institnted June Munkhouse

1796. " Prelate

Grand

Rogers
Lee Linnecar Brown Peterson
"

Depy Grand
Grand-Secy Sen^ Warden Jun' Warden
Committee

Watson

Dawson

Secretary

"fotes the Society on of "regoriaru.

12"

Ci

I
^1 Pi o

I M

-S -s
P

.S
fO

S
CO

S
OQ

Cl

p p

a a, d
o

(M
O

P P

i
s
o .fi

P
p

(S

1^
n

a
03
QQ

eu
d

g
p

s
p P p p

p
03

"S "S

002

s
cp

sasssassasa
"3Q QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ

2
03

1
P S
08

n3

s
^^

eu

o 08

S
a
r^ p
o

Eh

Notes

on

the

Society ofOregorians.

129

O CO

CM

O oo

d
J3

0)

2
o

s
o

S
n

s.

2
2 e

"

eu

130
Bro, W.

Transactions B. Hextall
"

of the QtuUuor Goronatx Lodge.


"

lorites:
a

Under
97 xxiii.,
" :

as Gi'egory,"

surname,

I find in the

Divine Gregory, Francis, D.D., 1625(?)-1707.

of National Biograpby, Dictionary and schoolmaster, ardent an

for the Restoration, at St. he was chosen to preach the thanksgivingsermon Royalist, Chaplainto Mary's,Oxford, 27th May, 1660. Pablished several works, appointed of Hambleton, Bucks., which he kept the King, and in 1671 presentedto the living several sermons, inclnding and printed till his death in 1707. He published The Qregorian Account, or SpiritualWatch, 1673, preachedat St. Michaers,
. . .

"

Cornhill."
A

copy of the

sermon
"

is in

the

libraryof the British Mnseum, whence the Watch. Spiritual


the of city A

I take

the folio wing particnlars.:

The
Church

Account Gregorian
June Michael,Cornhill,

or

"

sermon

preached
in the Rector

to the Society of the Gregories dwellingin abont of St.

London, and assembled Gregory, D.D.,

19th,1673.
of

By
his

Francis Sacred

of Hambleton, in

the Coanty of Backs., one


:

Majesty'sChaplains in
to his most

Ordinary.London
The

for Richard Printed by E. Flesher,

Bookseller Royston,

Sacred Majesty,1673."
sermon
"

is

by prefaced

an

Epistle Dedicatory
"

to my

esteemed

of London, and

Capt. Jeremie Gregory, Citizen and Goldsmith friends, of the Mr. PhilipGregory, Citizen and Mercer, Stewards
19th of June, 1673, and
to the rest of

Feast, the Gregories Society.


"

that Loving

am

one

of your
name,

number, and
for the

h"ve

the

hononr

to

wear

your
. . .

Arms,

and

bear

your

Hearers

there being a young Gi'egoryto be other should wash the Infant's face
its forehead too.
"
. . . . . .

and being Gregories, some or Gregory Baptized, and (though nor no Pope sign Papist)
. . .

That it may

produce this
prayer
"

blessed

effect upon

you

and

every

Gregoryshall be the constant

of
Your friend and

Servant,
Gregory."
the Name and

"Francis Then

foUow

Meetingat St.

To the Society of the Gregories, some verses upon the 19th of June, 1673." Michael's, Cornhill,

"

"
. .

complexion
name

Of

men

whose

Humour

with

their

is

one.

Th'

Saints' influence and


made

this good Companies'


a

H"ve

St. Michael^s
Aut

St. Gregories.
nullus. Jer.

aut QregoriuSj

Gregory."
I say unto you, I say unto

The text of the


ail: Watch."

sermon

was

Mark

87, xiii.,

"

And

what

Page 23. There myself and you who are Page


25.

is my

one

argument
Namesakes

that I

must

press

apon

Namcsakes
several of
ours

I could

mention

that

were

no

sleepers.

Ifotes on hh^Society of Gregorians"

13l
a

Page 26.
. . .

Let

us

remember

that

thei-eis in this Lion

our

Coat of Arms

Lion, who

is

the

most

watcbfall cr"ature,and
his

not

but Dormant, not Coacliant,

Passant, and upon


Let
us so

Legs too
. . .

order and

tbat

we

may

one

daj

meet

again

bis faitbfnll

for Gregories,

ever

ever.

[End.]

H"re
to bonour

we

bave

at tbe

occasion sp"cial witb epistle to tbe ** Stewards of the Qregories Feast dedicatory that tbat tbis G -ranted in 1673 confined was of LovingSociety.'* Society
. . .

and promoted a cleric, to Cbarles II., distinguisbed by bis loyalty in 1673 preacbing and publisbinga sp"cial a on sermon Restoration, to ^^the Society of the Qregories dwe"Ungin ahout the Cityof Lo^idon"
and to the rest to members

of

a or

family, or,
"volution

at most, to persons from this to tbe

bearingtbe name of larger Society


name
"

attribution unsatisfying to 1730 is

of tbe latter's years.


were

to

is not tbe development Gregory, more likelytban tbe Gregorians," 1673 Pope Gregory tbe First ? From of
" "

60 practicaily tbat tbere

Tbe

Epistle refers
to carry

to
on

"

young
"

Baptized,"so
tbere and
*^

young

members

tbe

Gregory to bo Gregories Society,


"

's deatb in 1707. probably for long after Francis Gregory being a Gregories Societyactuallyin existence would
" "

Tbe make but

m"re

fact

of

its extension from sligbt,


time
"

enlarged scope, as well as tbe change to *^ Gregorians*')^ 60 Gregories'* easy, and


tbe

of

name

(wbicb is
would
afEord

years

ample

for tbe

transition from existed up


we

family to
a

to

(orto

time

bave I

coincidence indebted

more Gregories" g"neraiinstitution. Assuming tbe long before)tbe firstmention we find of " Gregorians," significant enougb to dcserve attention.

the

not

am

to

Bro.

Songburst for reminding

me

tbat tbe

Gregorian

Constitutional Soug says,


**

and Affiuity Friendsbip Surpasses consanguinity

Our

As gold surpasses

ore."

Sometbing may "consanguinity" may


existed

be

due

to

the

also be

inferred

exigenciesof rbyme, but from tbe word sucb as r"f"rence to family relationship a
far, I know
is of

amongst tbe Gregories.


As
to

Pope Gregory tbe First


bim

so

no

sbould be derived from


St.

except tbat
"

be

credited witb traditionally

wby tbe name suggestion baving sent

bod y ; and, if not a religions were Augustine to England. But the Gregorians" taken from Gregory tbeir name from it was a more reallycame Pope Gregory, likely wbo and in 1582 introduced tbe tbe Tbirteentb, new reigned 1572-1585, style of
" "

from reckon"ng tbe caleudar, to supersede tbe Julian calendar wbicb bad prevailed in known This well 46. in in was B.c. Gregorian Calendar," 1700, adopted Germany and before its diff"rence formai adoption h"re,after many years of discussion "ngland long mentioned by in 1751, and (amongstotber appellations of opinion, given to it) was in bis the Gregorian Thomas Account," as Fuller, Holy and Profane State (1642),
" " " "
"

that

being tbe identical phrase witb


of 1678.
"

wbicb

Dr. Francis

Sermon
of the
"

Tbere

was
**

great excitement in
Give
us our

Gregory beaded bis Cornbill England over tbe compulsoryadoption

new

and style,"
" "

Election Prints

as

one

of tbe

days " figurein tbe first of Hogartb's wbicb givesus no very bigb "lectioncries of that time,
eleven tbe cr"ature tbat calls itself tbe

conceptionof (Hogarth
a

tbe his

of intelligence

Britisb
Dr.

public."
Francis

and
a

P"ctures, by
a

the

Rev.

Hagb

Stowell Brown,

1860).
"Tbe

Gregory was
and quip,

and contemporary of Fuller,

appears

to bave sbared tbe latter'slove for

even

for

pun,

wben

we

read tbe title of bis sermon,

Gregorian

132

fr"ngactions ofthe Quatuor Coronati


or
"

Lo"g",

Acconnt,
"

the is

Gregory
It

seems

between
*'

the

Watch," remember"Dg that, amongst proper names, to Spiritual given the meaning, watchman." to me kind of succession, or probablethat some connexion,did ezist the of 1673 and of and that of the later Society Gregories earlier,
" " '*

of the day, new as a prominenttopic style," the latter name r"f"rence involved in the : any snggesting personal and notto the first, Word being to the thirteenth, Pope Gregoryof Rome. is a pamphlet of 32 pages, entitled ''The Hint,or A Free In the British Mus"um [etc., long title]. etc., By a Gregorian.It bears no date, Thought or Two but the British Mus"um Catalogue suggests1750. There is nothing distinctive in it,

Gregorians
au

**

; and

also

that possible

the

"

had

influence in

"

and

it consists of

diatribe against the

habit
"

conversation ; the
The
to preached
sermon

onlynoticeable feature is the


mentioned in the Farmerie
"

nsing oaths and Gregorian as author.


"

of

curses

in

Freemason's Magazine for 1858 Maltus


in 1762 is not in the

as

having

been

the

by Gregorians
the

British

Mus"um,
'

foUowing : "A Sermon preached at Sfc. PauFs, Deptford, before select of June a Gentlemen who stile number 24th,1752, themselves, The on Kent, Lecturer of St. By Farmeiy Maltus,LL.B., Order of Ubiquarians.' Mary Magdalen,
but I h"ve
seen

Bermondsey. London

J.

Kippax, 1752."

The

only distinctivefeature

iu it is the title.

Bro, E. H. Dring Bro.

wriUs

"

Rylands is
a

to be

"which not only has

great Masonic

on congratnlated having drawn but interest, one that for

attention
more

to
a

snbject
reviewer

than

century has

students. baffled literary

In the British Critic of 1805 in volume

(vol. 26,pp. 649-651)a


77 of the Gentleman
s

begs for
I

more

of Gregorismand knowledge
is referred

Magazine

(pp.231-2)he
am

to Francis Gregory. authoritatively


was a

sorry

it that, although

known record be

to

him,

Bro. the

Rylandsdid
reasons

not refer to

Frarxis
as

sermon Gregory's

of 1673,for
the

of it and ul helpf

for

it repudiating

being connected with


The Title is
as

Gregorians, may
:"

to later students.

follows

WATCU. / A / ACCOUNT, / OR TUE / SPIRITUAL the / about in and of the GREGORIES dwelliug Society / 19. 1673. Church June in the assembled of St Michael and Comhill, / City of London, THE

GBEGORIAN

SERMON

Preached

to the

Rector of Hambleton in Ordinary.

in the

By Francis Gregory D.D. County of Bucks, one pf his

Sacred

Chaplains Majestie*s

1673
It is dedicated *'To my and
:
"

esteemed Mr.

Friends, Capt.Jeremie
and

Gregory, Citizen
Mercer, Stewards

and

Gold-Sraith

of London
Feast and from

the Nineteenth

of June

PhilipGregoiy,Citizen 1673,and to the


poem,

of the Gregories

rest of that

Loving Society."
text is taken

it is

by a prefaced
37, xiii.,
"

"To

the

Society of the Gregories."The

Mark

Watch."
after not

At the end of the discourse type of Restoration sermons. named is led to infor that the Societywas one the four greatGregorys, mentioning It is of the usual

"fotes ihe Society on of Qregoriani.


after any
"

l3"
in G-reok

sp"cialone
q1."

of th"se

bat Gregorys;

becaase

the

name

signifies

watchf

arms.

He, bowever, mentions that a lion is one of the charges in inclin"e! to think that Qregorism was Althoagh I was at firsfc
this Gregories,
note

the
a

coat society*8

of

direct descendant

of the Societyof
from Mr.

Hawk"ns'
any

the

arms

there been

direct connection been

such a poss"bility. know We finally precludes of the later society and had in ^?hich there is no lion, betvsreen the two soc"etiesit is not possible for such an

fact

importantcharge to h"ve
The The next item A Free

dropped.
able to uneartli is : Offered to the HAVE
" "

I bave

been

flint OR,

MAGNANIMOUS Ooercome The


FEARof

British
an

Tivo or Thoujht, HKROES,

CONSIDERA.TION

Of AH

those

WSO
OURSE

Boldly
a new

AUack'd

Routed, and

Oath,or
WITH

More
at

Coach-men,Car-men, Particalarly,
method of g"nerai Beform ;

VVater-men Porteps,

Etc.

short H [NT of the

hambly proposedto No,


not
an

the Consid"ration
. . .

L"gislature,
as

Oath Julius

Snch
a

Cr"atures QBEOORIAN.

Men

Doubt

"

(Bratas
Printed

in SHAKE-

SPEAR\S the Globe

Caesar). By

in Paternoster-Row.

LONDON, (PriceFonr Pence)


to date it between

for T.

Cooper at

It is undated,bat I bave It is
a remous

good reason
by

1740-42. nsed in the

trance

of

tone, againstprofane langnageas religions


a

London
page

Streets, apparently written


writes:
. . "

person

ivho

was

not the

born

Londoner.

On

2 be
.

"I

h"ve

for many

Years

liv'd within "vident

Confines of this Great

City,

And

there is not any

Thing more

than

that the Vice

oiprophane

Cursingand Swearingis hecome Although the


that
a

habituai and
no

cmtomary among

you,*^
as shewing interesting

tract

givesus
what

historical information it is

Gregorianexerted
The next item
"

infinence he possessed in advancing Christian morality.


with
as

I bave Daties

met

is
a

sermon

by

the

Rev.

John

Lowe,
sermon

M.

A.,Vicar

of Botherton

"

The

of Man

member

of Civil

Society.A

preached

before the Ancient


at Pontefract
on

of Gregorians at their Anniversary Society Meeting 11. 1792" (printedat Haddersfield).This again Wednesday July and Honourable

givesno
I

historical data.
now was come a

to

the

Rev.

Richard

Munkhouse
In

who

Gregorian
1805,^are
a

well-known

Freemason.

bis Occasional

in addition to being a 3 vols., 8vo., Discourses,

preached before a Masonic Lodge and two sermons preachedbefore of Gregorians. He was a the Society prominent Mason, and, as will be seen from the for he doubted much of the two before his time, or extracts below, lie lived a g"n"ration
sermon

He history.*' 'Megendary of history

appears

to h"ve

made

some

attempt

to ascertain

the

early

Gregorism. pr"faceto
been less vol. 1 the

In the and

"loquenth"ve
no

foUowing passage : Of Gregorism,not : panegyrists


oocars
"

the

"
"

Of few.

Freemasonry many
Th"se
are

Sister their Laws

Societies

upright and
certain

amiable

in

than their principles

v"n"rable

for

antiquity.With
and such
as

characteristic

in their Constitutions and peculiarities other

them distinguish readily of their

from

Societies they are


and well

admirablyadapted

to the
1

purposes

Institutions respective
appear
:

calculated to promote the

In the li"tof Babscr"bers

Norwioh Gregorians,
" ,,

Ghapter of , 2 copies
2
" " " "

Pontefract Wakefield

l34
comfort and

"'ransactions of tke Quaiuor Oor"natiLodge,

supply
The

the

wants

of

men

in the

of spirit

disinterested

and

diffasive

benevolence. admission
a require

satisfaction and
into this

of

Gregorism
or

laboured

towards the

forming and

h"ve followed the r"cent advantages which felt to place are too well nnderstood, too sensibly made been h"ve which and for arfcificial exerfcions eulogism any of observation will it th"se be an by fully recompensed supporting formation of
new

happen) by the gooi ej"ects and (ifit shoald forfcanately

Chapters

in the

places.'* neighbouring
The first sermon is
as

foUows
in the

"

"

Discoarse

delivered

/ Church

of St. John

1797 / Before the Officers and Brethren


commemo

of the Wake-

Wakefield, / Jane 26. Baptist, on / field Chapter of Gregorians,

their / rating
:
"

First

anniversary."
excellent

It is dedicated
"

To the illastrious and of the Ancient in the

very Hon

personage

William

Frederick

Prince

of

Gloster Grand

and

curable order of

Gregoriansthis Discourse
. . . .

is with

permissionand

spiritof Gregorism humbly dedicated by


the Aathor

G.W.C.i
*

On the Daty and Pleasnre

of relieving

our

brethren

in

Penary and

Affliction.

Heb.

1-3.' xiii.,
"
. . . .

From

th"se

tiens I pass reflec


we

honoarable How

the society
we

of which anniversary for the shall


we

shall
or

accoant

darkness
attribute

that the
"

subjectof the ancient and this dayassembled to commemorate. are is spread over the earlier periods of its
to the influence of its charms among
a

? history

to what

slender prone

people

so

extolled for their


an

philanthropy
Institution
wants

so

to acts of kindness

and beneficence.

that Is it not surprising

to supply the brotherlyaffection, be so little known, its blessings so


"

very

of to strengthenthe bonds professes and make should lightthe burden of adversity distributed partially which
....

(inits operative qaality of cr"ation to period records Its interwoven with the hour. of the pr"sent are Annals closely holy writ ; be allowed to assume If air of soberness and authenticity. and its traditions must an the subjectof Gregorism, we h"ve to regret the on amid the silence that prevails of its history is absolutely in which much darkness we involved, securely may however
seen a

We

h"ve

indeed

sister society traced industrionsly climate

at

in every from "ge to "ge and existing least)

from

the

felicitateourselves laboured
of vague fabulons d"tails of and

on an

this, that
intricate

it is not

rendered

ludicrous by the
the

minute

and

nor narrative,
"

fondlyperplexed by
instance
as

busy meddlings
accompany
we are

fanciful conjectures such

for

commonly

the

histori"s of the

establishments primeval

of the Earth.

Ail that

enabled

to collect at this

for in its mystic symbols ; in that curions the r"volutions of time and the wreck

the probable of our v"n"rable order, is to be sought era day concerning of display hieroglyphic leaming, which amid of "ges has descended to
us.

Th"se

emblems,
not it is whilst

indeed,it
I obvions

is to be

h"ve undergone material apprehended, the very

modifications.

They may

grant h"ve been faithf ullyderived from


to remark that
some

periodof

the Institution

of them

are

coeval with

and ail may time itself,

boast of

antediluvian antiquity
^

....

Grand, Wakefield
we

os date of the sermon, of Grand of the Order

know, from the Norfolk until August, 1797.

Chapter. This dedicatiou was doubtless composed Prince William did Chronicle,

some

time

after

the

not

accept the office

136
force of the nation
was

Transactions ofthe Quatuor Goronati


in Catholic hands." And it is not

Lodge.
that nnlikely

a Societywas safegnard Protestantism, and the most appropriatetext for a* sermon in such troubloas times would be "Watch.'* This Sociefy addressed to such a Society dissolved with the advent of William of Gregoriesmight well h"ve become and Mary, anti-Jacobite Society and when formed in the early years of George II., a Church was

formed

to

having somewhat

from the same it is quitelikely religions objects, they selected, the name of him who, rightlyor wrongly, has for motives the carlier Society, as centaries been looked npon as the fonnder of the English Church, viz : Pope Gregory.

similar

Bro. S. T. Klein

writes done

"

Bro. connected

Rylandshas
with the
were

good

service

in

before bringing the

ns

ail the

known

facts

Society of
many ail

In Gregorians.

eighteenthand

early nineteenth

centnries there

Freemasonry
stndents

or, at

which to existing apparently claimed affinity similar lines, and many on events, pretended to be worked h"ve
as

Societies

of

our

Graft must Societies

felt the want

of

some

such tabulated
ns

information
with tho

concerning th"se Gregorians.


The

Bro.

Rylands

has

given

in

connection

Astronomical

of five signsof the Zodiac


nnder may each h"ve

of th"se
owed

by the introduction aspectgiven to the Wakefield Sommons and the figure of Father Time pointing to the Sun it risea as that the of the signsis,I think, suggestive Gregorians Society very
initiation to that which sharp controversy raged throngh and culminated in the Julian eighteenthcentnry

its very the

the Gregorian in a.d. 1762,an Act of Parliament being and also one in this countryin that year to drop 13 days from the Calendar, day passed Ali European nations adopted the change of each centuryin future. at the beginning

Europe during Calendar beingsupplantedby

first half of the

except Russia,where the Julian Calendar


diff"rent from
The
ours.

and where is stillused,

the date is conseqnently

five

signsof

meetings, though they


from and
on are

the left is

the Shmmons on depicted may refer to the dates of hardly represent the quarterlymeetings. The first sign Cancer (The Crab),which is entered by the Sun on about June 21st,
can

the Zodiac

it appears that the June


as

24th

if that
"

held about that time, namely, anniversary meeting was actually day was a Thursday,otherwise a week later. The other four signs

foUows:

Libra,which L"o, "


Taurus,
"

is entered
"

by

the Sun
"

about
"

"

"

"

Virgo,

"

"

"

"

September 22nd. July 23rd. April 20th. August24th.

whether Apart from the question is the curions fact that they are
whole five

signs are
a

placed at
uncommon

star is foliowed, and

not

the dates of the other four meetings signsregulated if tho not placed in their proper order, bnt become so the points of a 5-pointed star and the line forming that in the Middle Ages the Alchemists proceedureamong

th"se

Hermetics

of

to-day.

Notes Remarks

on

the

of Qregorians. Society
Bros. E. L.

137

followed
E.

from
Dr.

the

W.M.,

Hawkins, G. J. Crkswell, Binoham, Rev.


W. E. to unanimously passed

Archdeacon Scott-Hall

F. and

Clarke,

S. Walshb
a

Onven,

Sir John
was

the Seceetary

; and

vote of thanks hearty

Bro. Rylands.

am

very

obligedto greatly
of my
:

Bros. Hextall my paper. the

and

Dring
up

for

with

80

much it
was

research, supplemented
ont power

I gave

and having so kindly, the Society of Gregories of Gregorians Society the Gregories, np but at the identical, that At the the

becanse

to make
was

later Order

or

descend from
to the time

them

and

no

proof
that

forthcoming which
may
was

continned
or

of tke

Gregorians. They
think it
name

h"ve
so.

been Nor

more

less

pr"senttime
Calendar
was

I cannot

do

I suppose

Gregorian
same

conneoted with the

of the
our

Societyof Gregorians.
and researohes, that

time

I trust that this is

only the
future I would

beginning of
offer my

will be other points

broaght to lightin
To

pages

of the Transactions, thanks One for

Bro. Klein

having devoted

tion time to the consid"ra-

of the Zodiacal signson

the Arch.

would

think that the arrangement of the

signshad
I Summons about whom
am

some

like Bro. Klein,I qui te failed to find it. meaning, though, sp"cial bas tackled the GregorianChronology, the A.G. of or sorry no one

the

; I may
a

repeatmy

suggestionthat
with two

it may

h"ve found

been in The

connected
Book

with

Enoch,

connected legend

is pillars

of Constitutions H. Rylands.

issued in 1738. W.

138

Transactions ofthe QuatuorCoronati Lodge.

MASONIC

PANTOMIME
BY

AND
W. B.

SOME

OTHER
F.M.

PLAYS.

BRO.

HEXTALL,

and The Moming Ghronicle^ The Morning Herald^ The Gazetteer, of Deceraber Friday, 29th, probably in otber London newspaper" advertisement At the Th""tre appeared as follows: 1780, an This will The Suspicions Covent be pr"sente^ Garden, Day Boyal in will be added (first To which Husband time) a new To conclnde* with caird Pantomime a Harleqnin Free-Mason. of the Principal Procession Grand Masters, from the Cr"ation to the dressed in the Habits of tbeir respective Ages and Countries. With pr"sentCentury, D"corations. Books of the Songs,with an and new Mnsic, Sc"nes, Dresses, Pageants, N
"
"

of the Pageant,to explanation The next

be had

at the Th""tre."

day,December 30th,the newspapers named gave, in commendatory and notices of the Pantomime, from which we gather identical terms, ealogistic practically that the words written and composed by Charles Dibdin, the song and mnsic were and Mr. Wewitzer,ail well-known and that the vocalists included Mr. Reinhold writer, abbreof the time.^ The following is the acconnt of the plotor story,somewhat names
but otherwise given Verbatim viated,
**

from

th"se
to

: contemporaryjournals
"

The
*

opening sc"ne
whereunto

is conformable

an

Opinion held by
from that
on a

ail

Freemasons,

namely,
a
"

that the

of Architecture Original three Masons


are

is taken

MAN.' great Building,

Conformable
man,

discovered at work

Figure,representing
"

composed of the diff"rent Ordera of


"

Architecture, as, The Head, of the Composite


"

and of the Doric Body, of the lonic The Thighs, Work when the shade On the signal for leaving they d"part, of Hiram Abbiff (Grand Warden to King Solomou, and his Assistant in buildingthe Temple)rises. From the aforesaid Stone Figurehe producesan Harlequin; giveshim Tr"wel with Magic Mason*s Apron, instructs him in the use of Tools,and endows a a The The

The Arms, of the Corinthian

Legs,of the Tuscan.

Power

which

is to assist him

in ail his difficulties; then is the

he

leaves

him.

Harlequin*s
while he is

first sightof Columbine

(who

Daughter

of

a
:

Jew)
and

is with

her Father

surveyinga
The second

hoase

which

he is about

to h"ve built

the first proofHarlequin gives


....

is by shewing the Building compleatedat a touch Trowel is among of Peasants at the Alps, a group Harlequin's of the and of the Wooden a Bacchus next a by Repr"sentation by raising Temple ; in the Covenfc shown. Garden where Adventures Aloe was are Building Many more and Changes of Scenery; partie introduced, ularlya Frost Sc"ne in HoUand, with to a tumultuous Sea, a Court of Justice to the Market at Billingsgate Skaiters, ; and the whole with occasional Airs, Catches, and Chorusses, till Hiram Abbiff interspersed Exerfcion of

of the virtue of the Trowel

again appears, and obtains the old Jew*s assent to the Marriage of Harlequin and his he signifies the necessity of his Attendance at a Grand Daughter. This Point setfcled, Grand Master of the Autient Lodge ; it beingthe AnniversaryFeast to install a new This naturally and Noble Order of Free and AcceptedMasons. introduces
* The song, " Hail Masonry, thou craffcdivine," is,however, much older than Dibdin's time, and is attribnted in the Constitutions of 1723 to Bro. Charles Delafaye," To be Sung and Play'd at the

Grand-Feast/*

Uasonic Pantomime and


a

some

other

Ptays.

13"

Procession, wherein,bv
to the
a

Enoch

from Grand Masters, regularSuccession of ail the principal the pr"sent time, Advancement, and Dignity of Masonrj are Antiquity,
and pleasing

illustrated in
A

instructive Manner."
struck

rather

discordant note,however, was


some

by

The

Moming
a

Post

of the
on

same

day, which, after


"

remarks

to derogatory

pantomimes
our

went generally,

to say,

we

shall content
sc"nes

ourselves with

before laying

readers

faithf ul narrative

of the

incidents and
censure
on a

to pass any new pantomime, without pretending in his sens"s of which no ever one performance the absurdity " A one minor incidents in the pi"ce, disputed ; and gave an account of some being, Dutch Gentleman, whom the Jew him sends a has designed for his Son-in-law, pig which makes him flyinto a violent passion.'* a key to the disapprobation Possibly expressedby The Moming Post may be found in the circumstance that the Stage kind of
"

exhibited in the

Manager

at Covent
"

Garden
accused

Th""tre"
of

from

1774

to his death

in 1820"

was

Thomas
"^

Harris,who,

was

the best interests of the drama to spectacle sacrificing

it may notices in ail the other newspapers though of the laudatory of sentiment their unanimity of the language was only equalledby the identity gave to it. expression We
are

be trulysaid that

which

indebted
a

to Bro. Edward

following copy of be called perhaps

in pamphlet'

the

who has unearthed Armitage, Libraryof the Supr"me Council


two

and 33".
are

sent

us

the may to

This known

the

Third

as Edition,

diff"rent printsdated

1780

in the collection of Bro. J. T. Thorp, one and the other in that of Bro. of Leicester, exist, T. Francis, of Alresford. is foUowed by In Bro. Thorp's copy the Order of Procession the songs, etc., as manner while that of Bro. Francis is arranged in precisely the same the Supr"me Council Copy of 1781,which is now in full. given

SONQS, DCETTOS, GlEES, "C.


IN

THE.

PANTOMIME
OF

HARLEQUIN
PRICE

FREE-MASON.
SIX-PENCE.

SONGS,

DUETTOS,

GLEES,
"c.

CATCHES,
WITH
AN

EXPLANATION

OF IN

THE THE

PROCESSION

PANTOMIME
OF

Harlequin Free-Mafon,
As performed at the THEATRE
"

ROYAL,
GARDEN.

IN

COVENT
A
NEW

"

EDITION.

"

of National Biography," xxv., Dictionary

24#

14"

Transactions ofthe Quatuor OoronatiLo"ge.


LONDON

PrintedforG.

Kearsly,Fleet-Street.
MDCCLXXXI

(5) SONGS,
Air I.

"c.

Mafon^sGlee
of
onr

Behold
Work

the model
on

art,

whatever borrow

plan,
still some

Masons
From

must that

part

greatstructure Man. the sight, H"re, 'well to capt"vate


The orders ail agr"e ; unit"

Proportion, strengthand force


With But
ease

and
sun our

symmetry.
rides down

see, the

the West, work


to rest.

And

hark

signfrom

Eecit.

H"ram

Abiff,

Lo, from am"dst those sacred glades Where rest grand heroes, statesmen, kings,
And othcr antient Masons* Abif"

shades, springs.
Chief

The ghost of Hiram

(6)
Chief of the Mason's noble art, While
of
a

Master
an

they make
active

choice,

Shall I not take And

part,

loudlyjoinmy
"

brethren's voice !
oar

FalL mysticfigure to Pr"sent Whose


And
a

eyes
;

motley child of mirth


vacant

pranks shall ail surprize featly laughterbirth.


is done.

give to
me,

Move, kneel, dance,leap, stand, spring, ran, stoop,


Now mark for the charm
Air.

In ail y our

take good dealings

care,

Instructed by the friendly square,


To be And

justand fair, true,upright,


thon
so a

fellow-craft shall be ;

The level

must

thy mind, poise


shalt find
s

That satisfactionthou When And

to another Fortune'

kind

that*s the drift of

Masonry.

Masonic Pantomime

and

some

other

Flays.

l41

II. Tlie compasB


And

t*otlier two

componnds,

on jastgrounds, says, thoagh anger^d ail within boands, Keep jour passions

And

thon

fellow-craft shall be.


Thns

(7) Tbas, symbols of


Tbe Whicb And compass,
onr

order, are

and tbe square, level,


us

teacb

to be

justand

fair,

that's tbe drift of Masonry.


R"cit.

and Use this, And tbou

in evil bour, tbis,


at tbeir power
"

sbalt wonder

Tbou'lt

me see yet,"re it bo nigbt, Begone, and revel in deligbt.

.Aie III. Thb Sun's


a

Maater

Mason,

Free-mason, be works ail tbe day,


town to

Village, cityand
Tben
At

adorn,

from labour at rest,

bis

lodgein
good

tbe West,
Brotber

Takes

witb

Neptune

on glass

bis way.

Tbence He
To

ripefor tbe

fair

Aies from Dame

ail care,

Tbetis's cbarms,
ber
arms

Till rous'd from

By

tbe

morn.

Chorus.

(8)
CHORUS.

So do we,

our

labour

done,

First tbe And And

glass,
lass,

tben tbe tben slumbers


our

Sweet
To
run

give fresb force

course,
sun. rising

Tbus

witb

tbe

II. Tbe
course

of tbe

sun rose

ail

our

First Tben

Masonry
to
no

in tbe

defines ; mysteries East,

pointconfin'd,
tbat be well knows

His rays cbeer mankind, wbo'U deny Besides, tbe signs?

142

Transactions of the Quatuor Coronati Lodge,


The Then Nor Grand Master

he

of Masons shall

shall

be,

aught the Craft harm,


to
warm

Till to ahine and

He has ceas^d.
cnoRDS.

Then

like

him, our

labor done,"c.
Air.

(9)
Air At Ere
a

IV.

In

the

Templeof Bacchus.
once on

jovial meeting of Gods


Bacchus
one was

high, thigh, Jupiter's


h"s song,
seem

hatch'd from
and story,

old

This
And

told his

that sung

did what

he could lest the time shonld

long.

ApoUo
The

read verses, the Gr"ces wreath'd

flowers,
his

Mases

of

Bully Mars
Yet

for the powers, and slj Momus cracked his joke,

harmony sung
wanted

jest ;

their mirth

something to give it a
II.

zest.

Says Jove,
Yet We Btit h"ve
Bome

our

assembly to-day's prettyfull,


how
'tisweVe dull horribly mirth
our

I don't know ail the

that ingr"dients clay-born alloy damps in this l'U


a

inspire, fire. heav'nly

should

I bave

it
"

mixture

inclose

Of ail the
And

flows whence goodfellowship delights

we*ll taste of its

for produce,

mirth's bad
a

at best

When

there's anything wanting to give it


B.

zest. III.

(10)
III.

he buried the shrine, So saying, so doing, Which

quickly sprung
and
a

up in the form

of

vine, youth might


swarms renew.

The leaves broad Whence

verdant, the fruit deepestblue,


or

flow*d that health, love juico

Its influence to Mars Momus took

feel, theycame

round and

it in

of courage, draughts

Venus
"

drank
so

charms

swallow'd bon mots, Jove

While

Cupidlove, spurningNectar,cry'd,This
"

the rest,

is the zest.

DuETTO.

Skaiters.

This bleak and frostymorning^


Ail

thought of danger scorning,

144

Transactions

of the Quatuor Coronatt Lodge.


a

Who
Who Who Who

was

it took

double fee ?

rapp'd?
should should be be

put in a sham plea? ? Who*B a thief ? pillor'd Y Cheat,Lawyer Brief hang'd


Who make

be friends, nor Corne, Brothers


as we are

this roui,
; ;

to fall out
not
cr

thief should Besides, Tou


understaud me,

y out thief Brief.

Lawyer

R"cit.
are Thy p"rils

Hiram

Ahiff,

ail

thy toils are o'er, past,


vex

Nor

ever me

shall hard fortune

thee

more

Leave
And The

foes to reconcile, thy jarring where


noble in wonder lost the shall

foUow Mason^s

while,
see

science

now

In ail the pomp

and

prideof pageantry, "


a

Where

"ry, J brothers,gracingHiram's memory the ancient


a

Upon

stock

scion

graft,
Air.

Cbusing

master

to the

royalcraft.

(13)
AlB. Hail masonry, thou from

Glory of earth
Which
From As ail but
men

does with
masons

divine, reveal'd, shine, jewelsprecious


craft

heaven

eyes conceard

from

brutes
men

distinguish'd are,
:

mason

other
what's

excels

For But His

in

knowledgechoice

or

rare.

in his breast

dwells P securely

silent breast and faithful heart


secrets

Pr"serve the

of II.

our

art.

From

heat and pieroing cold, scorching the forest beasts whose roar rends, From
the assault of warriors mason's art mankind
our

From The

bold d"fends.
''

Ensigns of By
masons

state that feed

pride. vain,

Distinctions troublesome
true
are

and

laid aside, such toys disdain.

Art's frec-born

sons name

Ennobled

by

the

theybear,
III.

by the badge they wear. Distinguish'd

Masonic Pantomime

and

some

other

Plays.

145

(14)
III. Sweet from fellowship, of envy

free,

Priendlyconverse
Whicb
Be

brotherhood,
be,

c"ment Tbo lodge's lasting bas for "ges

firmlystood. lay, day,


a

donc justice To tbose wbo

in every bave

enricb'd tbe art ;


of tbis

Down And

to tbe master let each


masons

brotber bear
bealtbs go

part.

Let noble Tbeir

round,

lodge resound. praisein lofty

Chorus.
Your

In the

procession,
voices

cymbals tune, yonr

raise,

Sing tbe name,


And

migbty
in
ever

fam"

Of Solomon
He
our

Grand

living lays. sball remain, Master

and bolyfane, lofty pile of taste, monument or Vestige, Wbile

Or glorious masonry

sball last. R"cit.

(15)
R"cit.
I A
am come

Hiram.

to

crave a

admittance

for

brotber and
from bis

visiter :
never

One
Wbo

duty

swerving, deserving;

will prove wbo would

faitbful and

And
Be

fain tbe bretbren

greeting,

pr"sentat tbe

g"neraimeeting.

Chorus.
Pill
a

The

Last.

bowl, capacious
we

Wbile
Tbe Wbicb From In

proclaim,
fam".

mason's
ever

sball extend
to

East

West, from

P"le to

P"le,

of Envy's poison'd sbaft, spite Let Cowan's wbat tbey will pr"tend,

Let tbree times


The of signal
our

tbree,

plauditbe, King
and

Wbile

we

to"st to tbe

Craft. ORDER.

146

Transactions of the Quatuor OoronaU

Lodge.

(16)
ORDER
AND OP

EXPLANATION
THE

PROCESSION

of the

GRAND principal
FKOM THE

MASTERS

CREATION

to

the

PRESENT

CENTURY.

Ist. BANNER.

Enoch The first mason


two
one pillars,

"

Two

Men

P"llars, heartng
son

Enoch,
of

of

Jared,erected
;

stone,the other of brick

he carved Anno

also the arts of 987. in

geometry and

masonry

Mandi

afBrms Josephns

the stone

remained pillar

Syriat"U his time.


Ild BANNER. Hunters Tower

Nimrod^Four
Two

Men

the heartng
son

of Bahel.

Grand
the

Master Nimrod,

of Cash, built

and its tower Babel, stately cityof Babylon, work the world ever saw largest ; he built also Nineveh where he long reigned ; and ander him floarished many learned mathematicians, the

whose

whose
and

successors

Magi. The

(17) longafter called Chaldees and confusion of dispersion


were

facultongnesat Babel gave rise to the masons of knowing each other ty and universal practice and tokens, which became the source by signs of symbolical the East. ieamingthroaghont Illd BANNER. Mitzraim
Two
"

Two

Attendants

the Pyramid. cairy"ng

Mitzraim, the second


many
mous

art

of Ham, bailt son magni"cent edi"ces in Egypt. The fawonders of pyramid,the firstof the seven were 360,000masons employed on it
:

twenty years
Thebes, which
the colossal

he also assisted at the

of building
formed

had

hundred

aud g"tes,
was

whose sphinx, Mundi

head

120 feet

r"und,Anno

1816.

Mdsonic Pantomime

and

soms

other Plays,

147

rVfcli BANNER.

8"X Soldiers"Four Six Bitto Singera,


;

Trumpets
Friest,
eue

4
on

Boys"High

vnth Solomon Thro7ie, the

side Hiram

Abiff,

other, Hiram, King of Tyre,


Mastor
of masonry,

Solomon, Great Grand


foanded

bis temple,tbe second

wonder

of the
De-

world,Anno pntj Grand Tyre.

Mnndi, 2993, assisted by bis Master,and


most sent AbifP,

Hiram designer,

accomplisbed by Hiram King of


Vtb

(18)
Vtb BANNER.

Qusen of Sheha
Four
Four

EgyptianVirginshearingVases, Men hearing the Temple,


master

Solomon

divided the fellow-crafts into certain


a

witb lodges,

and

wardens

in

eacb,that

in a regnlarmantbey might re"oive commands tools and jewels, take of tbeir care might ner, be migbt regnlarly paid every week, and be and the fellow-crafts "fcc., dnlyfed and clotbed, took
care

of tbeir succession
a

by edacating enter*
was

ed apprentices. Thus

solid fonndation

laid of perfect barmony among the brotberbood ; the lodge witb was stronglycemented
was dnly taughtsecrecy and prudence,moralityand good and bis pecaliar fellowship business, ; eacb knew the grand design was pursued. vigorously

love and

friendsbip ; every

brother

Vltb
Darius

BANNER.
"

Hystaspes Zoroaster, the Temple of the Sun, TwOj hearing


Darius of the daugbter wbo married Hystaspes, confirmed bis decree of rebuilding Gyrus,
:

the temple of J"rusalem


of bis

and

in the 6tb year

reignbis

grand

warden

Zerubbabel,

finisbed it.

In bis

tbe reign Zoroaster flourisbed,

Grand Master of tbe Magi, or Arcbimagus, wbi)se disciples were great improvers of geome-

try

(19)
try and
famous
tbe lib"ral arts ; and

wbo

erected many

dedicated temples

to tbe Sun.

148

Transactions ofthe Quaiuor Ooronati


Vllth

Lodge.

BANNER
"

AugustusGassar
Grand

Agrippa
"

Two

So Id"ers

the Panth"on. Two^ hearing

Master

with Angustus Csesar,

bis

deputy,Agrippa,built the
the Panth"on the at

grand porticoof

Rome, the Temple of Mars


"

Avenger, the Temple of ApoUo, and manj other "difices. Augnstus dying,said, I foand bat I bave left it built Rome bnilt of brick,
** '^

of marble."

Hence

the

the Angustan stile,

union of wisdom, strengthand


VlIIth Titus A

beautj.

BANNER.

Vespasian

Soldier bound, whofiredthe Temple


"

Ttvo Ouards

the Temple Two, hearing onfire

Grand

Master

Titus Vespasian built the raised bis famous

Temple of Peace, and


where used. the

th""tre, Amphiwas

rich composite order

first

IXtb Constantine
Four
y
"

BANNER
Tioo Bo7nan

Senators

carryingthe Trinmphal Arch.


erected at Rome
the last triumphal
me-

Constantine

and at liis new arch in the Augustan stile,

tropolis

(20) (which he called ConstantiByzantium, tropolis with bis the amazing serpentine pillar, nople)
own

statue. eqnestrian

Xth William
the

BANNER
"

Gonqueror
De

Britannia

"

Gundolph

Monigomery of London.

the Tower Two, hearing William

the Gonqueror appointedGundulph and Roger de MontgoBishop of Rochester, mery, Earl of Shrewsbury, to be at the head the fellow-crafts, for the King the building Tower
of London and

of

tbe castle of Dover, ""c. BANNER.


III
"

XIth
Edward

Black

Prince

King John ofFrance


Lord

and

his Son

Philipin Ghaina
Gastle.

Audley
"

Windsor Two, hearing

Edward sciences.

the llld became He


set up
a

patron of arts and


600

table at Windsor

A Masonic Pantomime feet in

and

s"yine

other

Plays.

14"

the gallant circQmference,for feasting


ail and rebnilt tbe nations, castle and

knightsof

palaceof Windsor : lie was bimself a Royal Grand and Master,meliorated ihe constitation, died after building the "difices, stately many
2l8t o" Jane, 1377.
Xlltb

(21)
Xlltb
Elizaheth
"

BANNER.
"

Essex

Sir Waltcr
with

Rale"gh Aagnstan

Four Mas ter Masons

Aprons.

in wbose reign tbe "lizabeth, stile revived bad


to

trae

in

England, bearingtbe free-masons


could not be revealed
assem-

certain secrets wbicb

of ail secret ber, and being jealous


an

sent blies, annual but

armed

force to break

np tbeir
;

lodgeat York, on

St. Jobn's day 1561

Sir Tbomas

witb otber free-masons, Sackville,

making an bonourable to tbe Queen, sbe after


set peculiar

reportof
esteemed

tbe Society
as a

tbem

of men, and

wbo

cultiyated peace and

arts friendsbip,

witbout sciences,
or

meddling
built tbe

in affairs of cburcb

state.

In ber reign

Grand

Master Sir Tbomas

Gresbam

first Royal

Excbange, 1570.
XlIItb

BANNER.

Pope Julitis II

"

Michael
"

Afigelo P
" "

ramante

Rapha"l
Pope Julius,Second
rctained Bramante
as

Jocunde

San Oallo

St. Peter' s Two, bearing

Grand
bis

Master

of

Rome,

and Grand arcbitect,


tbe

Warden, in 1503, wbo


led solemn

of St. Peter's in Rome.


a

grand design mante, Pope witb Braassembly of Cardinals,


drew The

clergyman

(22)
clergymen,and
of tbat

craftsmen, to level tbe foot-stone

great Catbedral in due form, A.D. 1507. Rapha"lof Urbino, Jocunde of Verona, Michael Angelo, th"se four Anthony San G all",
was

succeeded each otber till tbat lofty temple

at

by Michael Angelo. Julius died Rome, aged 90 years, on Pebruary17,


finisbed

1564.

150

Transactions

Ooronat"Lcdge. ofthe Quatuor


BANNER.
"

XlVth James I
"

InigoJones
"

Wh"tehall Two, heartng


Pervit
"

Quy Vaux
James

Sir Thomas

Nohleman.

I,a Royal Brother Mason, Grand Master,establ"shed tbe Aagnstan stilein England ; he appointedInigo Jones his Grand

his

and Grand Master of ail the lodgesin Surveyor kingdom ; he ordered him to draw the plan of a new The King, with at Whitehall. palace

his Grand

Master,Jones,and his Grand Wardens,William Herbert,Earl of Pembroke, and Nicholas Stone, the scnlptor, attended by
many
brothers walked in due

form, and

other eminent

persons,

to Whitehall
new

g"te,and levelled
lond hnzzas,soand of pi"ces
to drink

the foot-stone of the

Banquetting-Hoose,
of broad

with three great knocks,and


and of trnmpets,
a

parse

gold laid apon


"

the stone for the

masons

To the

King

and

the Craft." XVth

(23)
XVth Charles II
"

BANNER.
Davenant

Sir William Monk


"

G"n"ral Four

Dutch
"

Killegrew Oaptain
"

Dutch Sailors L'trd Mayor the Monument. Two, hearing

Charles the Ild in his travels h ad been made


a

free-mason ; he encouragedthe Aagnstan


mas Tho-

stile. In the year 1666, the King, with


Earl of Savage,

and his Depnty, Rivers, levelled Sir Christopher the foot-stone of Wren, the
new

RoyalExchange, October 23,1667,


Mayor
and

the Lord
The

Aldermen, ""c., attending.


Master his Rivers,

King,with Grand

and gentry. architects and craftsmen, nobility

Lord

clergy, Mayor and Aldermen, bishops, in due form, bevelled the foot-stone of the (fec,
new

St. Paul's, designedby Deputy Grand

Master

Wren,

a.d.

1673.

In this

reignwas

erected the Monument, Ghelsea wich ""c. Hospital, XVIth William


Two

Green^ Hospital,

BANNER.

II".
"

Queen Mary,

to carry the Oh"lish,


was

William the Illd Free-Mason


j

made privately

his Grand

Master Wren

built the

152 celebrated Sorc"rer.

Transactiong of the Quatuor Coronati


The

Lodge,
in which
a sun setfcing moving in a

beauty of the
winter

first sc"ne,

is the
at

admirably
the oommand which

the contrived, and attitudes, of

Datch above

with pi"ce,

nnmberless

skaters

niost natural

finished in ail, theimperfect building,

moment

can Harlequin,

be excecded

only by the

pomp

of the histori" procession


ever

closes the
on an

whole, and offers the richest and most

that intelligent spectacle

yet appeared skating sc"ne skating"l"ment

Itwillbeseen
with

English stage.*' that the setting sun


the
**

accords with
Book the
so

"Airs

I. and

and III.,"

the

Duetto," in the
to

of

Songs. The
Garden
down

introduction

of the of that

inclines one

suspectthat

Covent

Management
by
Mr.

day in a measure Crummles, in


"
"

"

Nicholas

the Unes on proceeded and Nickleby,"^

laid candidly their

Vincent

as properties ; especially

in notices otherwise

of the scenery used in the portions The pantomime, however, seems production.

that

existing it is incidentally mentioned eulogietic had appeared in some skatingsc"ne previous


to

adapted

productions to

h"ve
an

been

and successful, fairly


"

The

Moming

Chronicle of January 20th, 1781, had


for

advertisement
the
new

On account
Pantomime

of the

great demand

places at

each

night'sperformance of

call'd

Harlequin Freemason, ladies and gentlemen may d"pend on its being represented every night till further notice." This continued to be the case until February 6th,1781, after intervais until December which date it wasplayedat irregular lOth, 1781,when it made
its last appearance,
an as was throughoutplayed after-piece. " Number advertised as in a few days to be published, In March, 1781,there was 2 of the Monthly Lyrist,Containing favourite Songs, includingthose of Harlequin of but As a fact, in the the Book of the Songs," not Freemason." ail, some, songs, etc., additional is added, as being sung by Mr. Doyle. In A one were included, whilst an vol. iii., is described Collection of EnglishBallads," The as 1790, the same song
" " "

for the sixty-third time. being played

It

Coachman's Dibdin."

Song,in Harlequin Freemason, Sung by


The words
H"re I
was

Mr.

Doyle ; Composed by Mr.

of it are.
my
are

good Masters, my
sound and
to White

name's
an

Teddy Clinch,
the

My Cattle
From And

I drive to

Inch,
well know
sot down.
-

Hyd"
many's

Park

ChappelI
took np and

Town,

the time

Fve

In short in the Bills^ l'ilbe bound A young

for'tthere's not

youthwho

like

Teddy
see

can

tipthe long trot.


my
me

Oh

that I the notions of life fares of ail kinds


come

from

box
in flocks;

While
The

about
to
a

Sot,who
one

I drive home who for plies

sleepout the day ;


fare at the

The kind Or your

Play;
a

gents of the law,there,who, four in Hall I oft tipthe longtrot. To Westminster My Coach
The
men

lot,

receives ail like the Gallows

and

Sea,
to me,

So I touch but my
of the
or a

Fare,yoa know Gown, and the men


a

all's one of the


or a

Sword,

A Ma'am
To And
*

Gambler,

Rogue

Lord,

wherever
do you

your'egoing I well know the spot, l'il tip the long trot. tipa tizzy,
^

Knd of Chap. XXII,

Bills of

London. Mortality ; prac^ically,

Masonic Pantomime
new rnn

and

some

other

Plays.
to

153

This song was, no donbt,a in tlie pi"ce, whicb, after it liad

featare
some

introduced
seems

"nterest kcep alive pnbl"c to bave


a

f"ve weeks

declined in little
at

tbougb it popalarity,

was

playedat

intervais

nearly throu^^b 1781,and acbieved

least a respectable success.

Bevertingto tbe
a

"

Procession of the
tbe spectacle,

prominent part of eitber taken bodily, or


current
"

tbe
were was

Masters,"wbicb was sncb sbow tbat tbese were descriptions mainly from tbe Book of Constitutions, of wbicb tbe parapbrased,
tbat

Grand principal

tben

"dition

of 1767, tbougb

some

portions of
for Lovers "ge and

tbem

seem

to

to point
as

Tbe

tbeir source.

Compl"teFreemason, or Multa under In tbe description XIII^ Banner," tbe


Paucis
"

of Secrets," (1763)
date of deatb

of

are Eapbaelof Urbino, tbe Artist,

Borne.
or

Witb of tbe

tbis

erroneously given as tbose of Pope Julius II. of tbe a re taken from one descriptions exception pretty correctly

borne witb tbe varions omaments quoted. Tbe symbolioal of Enocb, tbe Pyramid,and Solomon's pillars tbe pillars comprise pillars ; wbilst tbe otber
sources

XVP^
was

Banner

was
"

attended by tbe Obelisk


one
**

intended by

two to carry tbe Obelisk." Wbat is not easy to surmise. Tbere were

"

r"f"rence especial tben in London


at

ment"oned in contemporary advertisements in Street, " of Fleet Street, tbe Moming Chronicle^ relating to, No. 1, at tbe corner oppositetbe and " tbe Warebouse, No. 98, Fleet Street, six doors from tbe Obelisk Obelisk," ;
least tbree obelisks ; in Fleet
"

second

in Red

Lion

Square, witb
; and
a

tradition

tbat attacbing

it marked

tbe

burial
in

placeof Oliver Cromwell


1771 in bonour
of Lord

ibird in St.

George'sCirons,Soutbwark, erected

for baving, witb bis coUeagae, Jobn Alderman Mayor Crosby, wbo tbe was imprisoned for publisbing Wilkes, obtained tbe release of a printer debates. Wbefcber Parliamentary pantomime must be regardedas association eifcber of

tbese suggested tbe


was

obelisk

in

tbe

doubtful ; if tbere be
witb

any

local

would

ratber

seem

to

KensingfeonPalace, Cbelsea
are

meaning, tbe Hospital,

HampfconCourt Palace^or
Banners under to tbe at tbe

Greenwicb

wbicb Hospital,

ail named Witb

witb tbe particnlar tbe X LX'^ Banner, Tbe advertisement

wbicb tbe obelisk was


"

in tbe Pantomime. ranged


"

devoted

Royal Arcb," are


by
*'an

two

bearing tbe Pageant."


names
*^

quoted

commeucement

of tbis paper

Sc"nes,Dresses,Pageants, and

foUowed D"corations,"
tbe elaborate signify

of explanation bave become

tbe Pageant," tbe last

beingused

to
an

wbicb displays wbicb


"

in tbe last few years, and fr"quent

imposing examp^e
tbe meaning of
and
" '*

of

pageant

in 1907 at Bury St. Edmunds. of us saw For many '* in its lesser seuse, tbe following from Literary passage
"

and tbe Britisb Drama," 1831,may assist : of Sbakspeare QrapbicalIllu*:)fcrations of tbe ancient called Pageantreligions mysteries and miracle plays, stages mounted on bouses,'consisted of large and bigb frame*carriages, wbeels,and formed A d"coration, like dwellings two stories. or conta"ning Pageant, representing

Tbe

'

...

tbe

g"nerai
from

sc"ne
one

of tbe pi"ce, was


street to anotber

erected
in

on

tbe stage.
as

Tbe

Tbeatres
.

were
. .

drawn and

order appointed
one

eaob

pi"ceconcluded,
^'

nine separate Pageants were


a

exb"bited in

bere used,was
a

of some painted repr"sentation

day." Probablytbe pageant," as in fact, itself kind, borne aloft ; being,


tbe X[X^^ Banner
to wbicb it
was

banner, but,of course, mucb


No cast,or

smaller in size tban

incidental. of tbe performera is given, eitber in tbe advertisements, list, playtbat period of Covent Garden at tbe Britisb
but notices; at Covent
a

bills (wbicb

are

virtually compl"te for

Mus"um),
of

or

newspaper

of play-bill
on

"A

New

Pantomime:

Tbe
a

Cboice MS.
cast

produced Harlequins,"

Garden

December

26tb, 1781, bas


ne^r

writton in tbe margin \ and tbe date and class of tbe

is so pi"ce

to our

pantomime

154
as

Transactions of the Quatuor GoronaM


the jastify Their

Lodge.

to

inference that at least


names are:
"

named. and
"

Mr.

performerstook part "n the lastB"tes, Bdwin, Darley,Doyle,Stevens,Mrs. Martyn


sorae or

of the

Mrs.

Morton, and this is sapported by the nearly identical cast given in Genest's
"

English Stage,"1832, for The Mirror know, Grarden, 1779-80. Doyle, we Song;"
and

Harleqain, played at Covent Every-where," of the the "The rnn daring pi"ce,sang
tell us that Reinhold
sang,

Coachman*s Wewitzer

the newspaper

notices farther

and

pi"ce. The pantomime having been playedfor the last time anct"on with the Covent Garden playbills show that, in conj described as it sapplied matcrial for Harleqain's Chaplet,"
"

in the played,

on

December

lOth, 1781, pantomimes,


between

several other
"

collection of favourite
times

sc"nes

from

the foUowing celebrated

which pantomimes,"
;

was

played 34
Linton between in

December,
bleak and

1789, and
Mother

Febraary, 1790
sung

and Mr.

the

"

Skaiter*s Doet," beginning ** This


and Mr.

was frostymorning," or

by

Gray

"Harlequin's

Mus"um,
and

ShiptonTriumphant," played46

times

December, 1792,

April,1793. No masonic characterg appear to be introduced in either of th"se pi"ces. well received and thought of appears That " Harlequin Free-Mason from was " of London," 1796,vol. i., The History of the Th""tres to 100,which, after referring This being the best and grandestpantoit as " contrived by Mr. Missink,"says : mime
" "
"

exhibited

for

many

years,

brought cro.wded
is made

honses of it
as

;" whilst
" "

the

BiograpMca
very

Dramatica, 1812 (editedby


successful

StephenJones),speaks
mention

this splendidand

pantomime." No
**

of it either "n Q-enest's

1832, or

in

The

Annals

of Covent

Garden

Th""tre,from

1732

English Stage," to 1897," by H.


"

Saxe-Windham,

1906. noticed
as

Ail the songs

sung
"

Charles Dibdin,"1842 ; but the


"The

pantomimeare contained in Coachman*s Song appears there under


in the
"

The
the

Songs
name

of of

part of the collection. This work states that 1 therefore," Dibdin received only "70 for his work in " HarlequinFree-Mason,"and in h"ve who determined to a concern never pantomime." Missink, again any says he, Long Trot," and
"

in

diff"rent

**

superintendedthe production,is described


factotum." pantomimical

as

having formerly been

"

Garrick's

in a double sens", to go back r"trograde step, perhaps, when tbere from 1780 to the year 1731, on was January Ist, presented at the for the third time, The G"nerons Freemason," of which Geoest's Haymarket Th""tre, " An Op"ra in three acts, written : description English Stage gives the following It may be considered
a
" "

"

"

"

by Chetwood.
voyage to

S"bastian,

Freemason, Maria,and
to
are

and

Maria

run

away

together
"

on

their

Spainthey are
of British himself of the marry with
"

taken

of that placefalls in love with


to be born

prisoners by Mirza, and the Qaeen with S"bastian


be
a

carried

into Tunis
"

"

the tums

King
ont

Mirza

and parents,
sc"nes

Freemason
and

"

he

eflfectsthe
verse

escape of the
or

levers and

th"se

serions
"

written in blank

rhyme

"

the

other part

C"lia,shall plays tricks


conclusion

Op"ra Noodle Squire


is married

is

quite comic
"

Old

Moody
with

is resolved

that his

his

danghter,

she

is in love of

Claremont"

servant, Davy,
"

Noodle, under
to

colour

Claremont

C"lia,and
we

h"ve
was

consid"rable

notodin

degreeof low humour." 87 and 190,and A.Q.G.y vii.,


the
or are one

in Freemasonry at the him initiating Noodle to a kept mistress th"se sc"nes thus described The text of the production shall h"ve no difficulty in agreeing with
"

the

opinion expressedby
But there

late Bro. G. W. two

Speth

that

"

the

play

itself is of

no

value."

of interest arising points upon it.

The

fnll title of

Ji Masonic Pantomime an"


the

some

otherPlay s.
the

155
is "The and

published play (of wbich


Freemason, or
Doodle"
a man

there

are

two

copiesat
With

British Mus"um) of

G"nerons
bis

the Constant

Lady.
.

the Humours

Noodle Squire
,

ballad tragi-csomi-farcical

Op"ra.
and

In three acts

Bj

the

author

o" the
and sold

Lover's

Op"ra.
same

London, printed for who, in 1722,had


the Ancient

J. Roberts

in

Warwick

Lane,

hj
was

the

Booksellers of London
J. Roberts

Westminster.

1731.

Price
the

one

This Shilling."

the

from published
and

same

address, The
"

Old

Constitutions

Belong"ngto
To
"The

Honourable
a

of Society
was

Free

Accepted Masons." appendedas follows :


"

and

G"nerons

Freemason"

dedication

"

To the

ul the BightWorshipf

Grand

Master, Deputy Grand Master,


of the

Grand

Wardens, and
most

the rest of the Brethen and

Ancient and

able Honour-

of Free Society

AcceptedMasons, This
and

Op"rais Hnmbly
A

Inscrib'd

by

your

Obedient

Devoted

Servant,The Author,
Freemason." of the well-

The noticeablo resemblance


known

of this dedication to the


. . . .

openingwords

dedication of

"

Long
"

Livers

1722, will By Eugenius Philalethes,"


"

be remarked.
It would if not
more seem

that

The G"nerons
at Bartholomew

Freemason

had been

to presented

larger,

Fair,before being playedat a permanent but short,for B"ographtca Th""tre,and probablyits stay at the Haymarket was " Bramatica (1812) quotes, the complierof Whincop'scataloguesays it was only performed at Bartholomew
Fair."

audience critical,

The foUowing is extracted from

"

Meraoirs

of Bartholomew

Fair,"by Henry Morley, London, 1880."" In the Baily Post for August 21,1730,and that and at Oates following days, it is announced Fielding'sgreat Theatrical Inn at the Fair, Booth, Yard, Smithfield, George during the time of Bartholomew
will

be

presented

an

entire

new

Constant
persous

Lady,with
from
both

the comic

Humours The

Op"ra, caird the G"nerons of SquireNoodle and

Freemason bis
man

or

the

Doodle, by

the

Th""tres.

Mirza, Mr.
Mrs.
several

Paget

Mr. ; S"bastian,

Kilby; Maria,
enter tain ments A
no

Miss
of

Oates

....

parts of the Ktng of Tunis by Mr. Barcock ; Mr. Oates ; Clerimont, Queen^ Fielding ; Ail the Characters newly dress'd with
. . .

Dancing
indiff"rent

Beginning
of them

every

day
was

at

two it

o'clock." contained

feature of this somewhat


less than 25 songs, the

sp"cimenof the drama

that

only

one

having r"f"rence to the Craft

beingthe concluding one, commencing


"

with the lines,


Art D"me th' aspiring

By

Masons

In varions

Columns
is not

shall arise :"


easy to

and

being

sung,

with

fitness which
be
a

by Neptune, and appreciatc,


the air
was
"

chorus.

Perhaps it may

redeeming
the songs
volume

feature

that
a

set

by

Mr.

Hen. Bro.

Carey." Most, if not ail,of


Alfred F. Robbins
The
seems

appeared in
for

communication

signedby

in The Freemason

1906.

author

of

to that

bave he
say

been
appears

say

Rufus Chetwood, Freemason," William to uncharitable is it hardly fairly well-known; indeed, Works of than been better known to bave respected. the "G"nerons
to the
"

r"f"rence is made
"

that,in addition
or

Lover's

Op"ra,"of 1729, allusion


" "

to

which
"

on

the title-page, he publishedtwo


the in Biter

South-Sea

Bit," in
there
was

quoted, says
"

that

1731

Stock-jobbers and Bartholomew Fair," already 1720. Morley's Dramatic Op"ra, called the presented a new plays called the
"Love
in

Bmperor

of China,Grand

Vulgi,"or

and Distress,"

"

Virtue

Rewarded

"

156
written by the anthor Shallow Squ"re

Transactions of the Quatuor Goronati


of the
"

Lodge.
the

Generoas

Freemason

"

with

comical

hamonrs

of

in his Treatise of

of songs, Old Ballads and varietj of China, Grand a Yulgi was


"

Robin Booby,intermixt with Marriage,and his man The Emperor It may well be that Country Dances."
"

productionsimilar
not been

in its
see

leadingfeatares
any copy of of comic

to

*^

The
was

G"nerons

Freemason," but
fashion
"

I h"ve

able to

it.^ It

a apparently

in

playsof

the class to introdace

by
a

way

reliefa master

and

his servant.
as

Social Life in the Re"gn of Qneen Anne,"

by

John Ashton, 1897,

mentions Barcelona Hero


a

at Bartholomew beingpresented
....

Fair,
and
"

'*

new

droll called the

Si"ge of
been

the Pleasant containing and his


man

Comical

of Exploits
may

that Benowned well h"ve

CaptainBlnnderbnss
or

Sqnib;
as

and

this featare

snrvival

imitation

of snch

prototypes

Don Qaixote and

Sancho

Panza

; Hndibras

and of
"

his The

man

and Mr. Geoffry Wildgoose Ralpho; or, at a later period, Qnixote." Spiritual at first combined it is snrmised sncceeded the him
....

Jeremiah

Tngwell
writing
GeY)erous
is W.
"

Ghetwood for the

the that in

occupationsof Roberts, who


the former

bookseller

with
"

stage; and
had

publishedthe
business.^
and

Freemason,"
General

There

coUected digested by Stage at tbe Prompter to his Majesty's Company of Comedians Th""tre Royalin Drury Lane, London," 1749. Why, we do not know, but Ghetwood the Shakespearian Gomto h"ve been distrusted and disliked. GeorgeSteevens, seems

History of

R.

Ghetwood, Twenty

years

mentator, called him


r"cent quite writer
....

"

blockhead

and

measureless

and

guards a

certain statement

with the remark

whilst a bnnglingliar,"' that it is to according


"

Ghetwood,

but it requires more

than Chetwood's

to authority uusupported to

render it probable," and again '* this addition is therefore to be acceptedwith Whilst
in
a

due apparently

Ghetwood, and
"

is

caution."^
the of calling
a

Ghetwood

foUowed

bookseller he issued

play, Love

Forest,a Comedy. As it is Acted .at the Th""tre Royalin Drury Lane, By His Printed for W. Ghetwood London. Servants. at Cato's By Mr. Johnson. Majestys' Head in Russel-street, Tho : Edlin, Govent-Garden at the Prince's Arms, over; and againstExeter-Exchange in the
a

Strand.

dedication

"

To the

ul Worshipf

of Society

1723,"which is only noticeable as containing for flattery more Free-Masons," conspicuous

" With the greatest and subscribed, and Duty, of the Order than for grammar, Respect and Johnson."^ I Charles Servant, regretto your most Obedient and devoted Brother

h"ve to say that the play thus heralded is, an throughout,

indeed, unblushing plagiarism"


like
"

substantially
a

m"re

transcript of
"

Asyou Shakespeare's
Dream Night*s to

"

with it,"

Thisbe made

interlude from
to

his

"

Midsummer

thrown

in ;

and the address of Adam the fraud, disguise of the melancholy Jaques, beingcopied in soliloquy

and Orlando, the

Pyramus and effort being no the Seven Ages


*^ "

the

without

alt"ration

of

single
the

Word.

The
or

ostensible author
the

seems

to

h"ve
:

had

confidence implicit

in either

forbearance
with this of him
was

of his brethren ignorance to show

whilst the direct connexion


that

of Ghetwood

tends impadent publication not far wide of the mark.


a

GeorgeSteevens' outspokencriticism
in the days when fr"quent but additional attraction Craft,
were

Prologuesand Epiloguesof
a

Masonic

character
the

particular play was

by bespoken and patronised


Dublin Th""tre
on

was

providedat

the

the

occasion

of the benefit of Bro.

Thomas

* See, as to ** the ^cumenioal Volgee in Ohina," in connection with the Gormogone, Bro. R. F. 114. Goald'a paper on ** The Duke of Wharton," etc.,A,Q.C,t viii., ' D.N.B. " X. 211. Allibone, Dict. Bng. Lit. I. 377. * Pastoral W. Greg. 1906. Poetry and Pastoral Drama ; by Walter * 57. This dedication is printedin"M uU, with a note by the late Bro. G. W. Speth,at A.Q.C* vli.,
*

A
a Griffifch, comedian, and

MasonicPantomime ah"

some

other P"ays,

15/

Past Secretary to tlieGrand


*'

in November, Lodge of Ireland,

1733, when Act, and


A Freemason
a

the

play was

The

Twin

with Rivais,

Free

Mason's

Song between

erery

Prologueand
a

Epilogueproper
of time in
one

for tho Occasion."^

consid"rable interval
;

Dramatic
in
some
"

sketch

the pantomime of 1780 from "The s"par"tes Imitated from the German," which act,in verse. 299
are

will be found
and consists of

The

Freemason's

700 lines in

Review," for 1836,pages Quarterly rhyming couplets. The dramatts person"

and

432,

but four;

lady sought in marriageby the Baron, who is a Freemason ; her Uncle ; who the Count about Masonic secrets bas, by a stroke of genius being inquisitive which compels admiration, boaght the lease of a house in which a Lodge meets, in order
a young Caroline,
"

to become

of them, possessed
**

He

says,

pack the pond"ronsparchment


secret

"

the Mason's Thinking


arcana
are

chest, ;" possessed


in my

and

on

the finding
"

desired

not included in the

purchas" uses pair


"

somewhat

lurid

language;
succession

and to

Hans,
a

servant and

of the his
man

Count;

the

latter

being in

legitimate

Noodle Squire

Doodle,of Chetwood's
Sc"ne II.

G"nerons

Freemason."

Some

are portions

little for instance, prosaic,


"

Enter

the Count.

Count,

Good

Caroline.

Caroline ! morning, 1 hope you'rewell.


so

wherefore Count.

sad ? not tell." and induces his curiosity, satisfy

I may Oh ! griefs

The Count is disgustedat that he cannot finding


his ni"ce to the The

attempt to obtain conspiracyand gains the productionis signed at


that in his dramatic

the hand the

information
of end

from

the Baron, who, however, defeats

"

the baffledCount being left lamenting. Caroline, Latomus," the pen-name of Bro. John Lane, died in
are

P.Prov.J.G.D. Oxfordshire, who D.C.L.,


to say sketch

1850^. October,
some

It is due passages

to his memory

there

to be found

quiteworthy of

quotation.
Entreated

by
"

Caroline

to reveal to her

the secrets

of the

Craft, the Baron

replies,
So dearest Caroline, not reject The
For
man now a

who I

dares not break

solemn

vow

could
man

The
And

disdain yield, you would yourself who baselysought your heart to gain ;
bas to

he who

Masonry

been

true

Will also be most And

to you." faithful, love,

almost the
''

lines of closing Mason


is
a man

the play are,


whose and sole

delight

Is to be honourable To Ue be
sees a

honest really but

upright; man's his aim,


name

To ail who He is
a

are

vanityin rank or in distress, in


sacred

every

land,
hand ;
he

and givesa friend,


a

brother's

His word's

Ne'er utters, e*en in


"

of truth,and pledge a jest, falsity."

Bro. Dr. Chotwode

Crawley

147-8. A.Q.C. xiii.,

'F.Q.Review,1850,49, 507.

158
The latest

Transactions of the Quatuor Goronati

ijo"ge.

play with which I attempt to deal in any d"tail is " The Freemason, The Secret of the Lodge Koom! domestic drama, in two Acts; by J. P. Hart, or a aathor of *Mary le More,'*The Bell-Ringer of St. Paiirs/"c., Ac, "c. ; as performed London : J. Pattie, at the Queen's Th""tre. Covent Gardon.** No date BrydgesStreet,
is

takingplacein
inclades

g"ven,bat the pi"ceis stated in the a village

to h"ve West of

been

first performed" Jane 3rd,1839 ; the action England, and the costumes being those of the is "vident
as

reignof George II. Some anachronism an H"tel,** The Masons* Arms,"

in the
"

well

as

The

which for Sc"ne I., setting and Cook Temp"rance Coffee

It is Saint John*s at any rate,being bat an intelligent anticipation. Shop "; the latter, in Summer, as there is dancing on the green),and the landlords of Day (presamably the rival bouses of entertainment

follow np

which

arrives

"

The Procession of the Two

Lodge,in the
drawn

wordy war with a bout order. following swords,


are

at

after fisticuffs,

with Tylers, Band

of Martial Masic, which


two

Two

Brethren

on flags, bearing

emblems, painted Rods,

The Brethren
The

and two, White

Stewards Grand

with

Masters in Dress,

Pr"sent Grand

do do. with Badges,"c., Officers, with his Bag, Secretary

Past Grand

The

Squareand Compass,
Book
The
on

Cash ion,

Level borne,

The Plumb

White

Banner

on

Raie, Flag" TAe Eye, Wardens, Two which on P"les,


Know

is

inscribed,

Thyselft
is the Grand

Canopy,under
Mr,

which

Master,

Thomgrove ;
closed

The whole
A

by
Figuresof

TriumphalArch, with
Hope, and Faithy

the

Gharityy

It may,
"

in

be passing,
"

worth to the
"

attention calling

to the marked

of this similarity

shown

as Lodge, Tarbolton," Land of Bums, a engravingafter D. 0. Hill,R.S.A., contained in "The s"ries of Landscapesand Portraits," incident contemporaneous an 1840; but representing with the poet.

Procession
in
an

of the Lodge

Procession of St. James'

The
in

80-called " Grand

Master

**

(Mr. Thomgrove) delivers

an

al

address fresco

of the which, speaking


"

of Freemasonry,he says, origin the foundation


;

Wisdom
;

and

Truth sank

hew'd Friendship to mix it with the

the quarry
;

Unity
her

broughtcernent
white apron

Charityand Pity shed holy tears


as a on Angel of Peace,standing

Virtue,with

of purity,toiVd

laborer ; Justice held

whilst the Guardian

Love, the rule ; the Scaffold of Gr"ce,dropp*d in the


level ;

and of Religion, to compl"te key-stone

bless The Masonic

Arch.'*

The

Grand

Master's

A Masonic Paniomtme
son,

and

some

other Plays,

159

is in, love Frederick,

with

she is told the secrets of the whicb


occar

a simplevillage maiden,who will never rest till Ellen, and who sings a song, The Ladies' Lodge," in Craft,
"

the

lines, startiing
*'

Then To

women's

and talk loud, riot,


reason

shall be ail the night, delight be boozing." that is

The Grand
some

Master,for no
under

tirae

and before,

circumstances

Lodge room, with the "absorbed in melancholy," in the followingsc"ne Masonic Bail a as represented bis long-lost rushes in,denounces him as is not alleviated wben whicb brother, George, discloses a female corpse, thus a mnrderer, and on tearingdown a panelof the wall, bnrst of borror, whicb a tableau of the stage direction,"A on occasioning g"nerai
wife in the
" "

confides to bis son that be bad apparent, murdered bis provocation, that is ifc not so to find him s word, surprising Tyler's of the extremest

and curiosity

terror is

In the second and orchard," family blackmail and bints bis eldcr at the
some

formed,and the Act quickljdrops." Act, the broth"r,who alludes to bimself


appears to bave Grand lived up to the

tree of a bligbted description, bopefully proposes to


as

"

the

the brother,
r"v"lation

Master,to the
more

tune secret

of

one

balf of bis with

propertj,

of ''a

yet

awful
beard
on

connected

the

Lodge

room." the

After

of the tallest talk

ever

tbis side of the

between Atlantic,

tree and bis nephew,the landlord of the Temp"rance establishment sings bligbted and cheerful ditty The Mistletoe Bougb," with a refrain to the tune of an appropriate oh !" and the villain brother, of to each verse now Oh, the Lodge-murder, describing in addition to committing confesses to bis nephew that, bimself as " a black monster," and money, be bad robbed the Lodge of jewels, a murder and as yet undiscovered, plate
" *'

pr"sentsa

written

confession for the


room, and the

purpose

of

nephew

leaves the wben


the the

villain is in the
out

the Grand Master. clearing act of taking back the old

The
fession, con-

maiden village murderer and

darts

from

an

clock case,
a

seizes
"

pair of
but the

whicb pistols,

thief bad

placedupon convenlently
attitude between

table,

situation must

speak for [Mus"c.

itself : stands in
an

Ellen

the table and

George.

He

recoils to the
"

corner.]

Ellen

I bave you ! Stir not, or with th"se : Now, you (ezclaims) villain, weapons of death, the dust I trample on. l'illevel you humble as
:

and by George Foil'd, Ellen:


a

woman

! feeble
woman:.

Yes, by giant !
mine!

woman!

in virtue's
nerves

cause

a
"

cbild

can

beat

The

strengtbof heaven
"

my

arm

the

is copfession

now
"

but is intercepted but George attempts to fly, by the united force of the rival, of knocks fires wbom Ellen both down he landlords, at,wounds him, and friendly, ; seizes him by the throat with one leveled at bis head with the hand, the loaded pistol backs final him
sc"ne

and other, The

off H."^
is the
"

the

of insignia bis

the
son
"

on leaning

with spectators, Masons with ail Lodge Room soldiers, Mr. in Craft etc. Judge, Jury, paleand resigned, Thorngrove black, The Judge in centre,Clerk, music."^ Plaintive etc.
"
" " " "

wby, as
30

Grand Master act of pleadingguilty (it is not clear to what, or and provides the only business of the sc"ne, speechis wholly spontaneous, still to bis head far) wben Ellen leads George in with the pistols (presumably
The is in the
"

bis

"

"

"

Stage directionin the te?(t,

'

Ihid,

160 she had re-loaded the


as

Transacttfms of the Qtuituor Coronati


one

Lodge,
hand, and dcDonnces
no

slie had

the confession f"red), the

in her

h"m

the real mnrderer.


had

that George objects


a

yfho

incidentally appeared as
wife

hawker

supposed mmrdered
line,
"

of the Grand

proof,when Margaret, d"clares he]*se]fthe pi"ce, Master, Mr. Thorngrove,and with her closing writingis
earlier in the and robber of the

There stands^ the only mnrderer

Lodge!"

we

corne
"

to the final A

stagedirection.

hands and

burst of delight fillsthe room" George is secured" Mr. Thorngrove lifts his his wife prostrat^s herself at his feet Frederick thanksgivingto heaven with their Ellen kneel at each side of him, with hands nplifted the landlords, in
" " "

wives, jamp for joy hand


behind and
on
"

in hand

in each

corner"

ail the Masonic

emblems

are

arranged

of picture

in ail but the pleasnre The

guilty George.

cnrtain Falls." too long with lingered this

I ask to be diadem

forgivenif I

h"ve

glittering gem

in the

of On

drama. English 12th

September, 1901, there


"

was

prodnced
?."
I
am

at

the

Shaftesbury Th""tre,
some

London,
it
was

entitled farce,
the

Arc

you

Mason

told
amuse

by

who

saw

it that

adaptedfrom
I
can

German,

and

that it sufficed to anthors


or

the audience.

say

but

littleas

to other

actors

of th"se
as we

plays having
h"ve
"

been

to Chetwood, Masonic and in Jones* so Stephen ; 1797, the song, '* By Masons' art the aspiringd"me," appears as Miscellanies," Snng by Brother Oates in The G"nerons Freemason, 1731." From Bro. Henry Sadler,who bas with accustomed Lists at Grand Lodge, I leam that in kindness referred tothe and be in the dedications of their works respective
*'

members

of the Craft.

Both Charles Johnson

seen, claim

1730

James

Oates
ns.

was

member

of London

Lodges 21

and

39 ; bnt

beyondthis the

Lists fail to assist Of persons

in actnal
name

or

association conjectural
household word

with

"

Harlequin Freemason,"
and

Charles Dibdin's John


Edwin

was

longa

for his naval

patriotic songs

playedat

Covent

Garden

from 1779 tillhis death in 1790, one


be read in had The
a
"

of the old

whose adventures may bibulons school,

The Eccentricities of John

Edwin,
"

Comedian," 1791 ; and


and old
men

Ralph
He

Wewitzer

for his r"putation

of Jews performance The

in character.

compiled"

Theatrical
"

and Pocket Book," 1814, 1

School for Wits," 1815,and it is sad to find that

on

January 1825

the

old actor,

Ralph Wewitzer,died
An

in

greatdestitution. "^
to Bro. Thomas To Bro. W.

acknowledgment is due
Johnson
me

Francis for his kind loan of the plays John

by Charles

and

J. P. Hart.

Songhurst I

am

indebted for

suggestingto preparingit.

the subject of this paper,

and

for his valuable collaboration in

Notes aruL

9. S,xi., 247,1903. Queries,

^^'

ARS

QUATUOR

CORONATORUM.

Vol. XXI.

Jiy^^iC

//'

au

f^i^r

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"*

///| iiUcr^?iiri f^
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v^ ^e:"t4^

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Mu^u"i^ .^Aa^^icV

i\ \'

FACSJMILE
FROM THE

OF

PART

OF
IN

THE
THE

HENERY
LiBRARY
OF

HEADE
THE "NNER

MS,
TEMPLE,

(FULL

SIZE.)

ORIGINAL

LONDON.

Transactions ofthe Quatuor Ooronati

Lodge.

161

THE

HENERY
BY

HEADE
E. L.

MS.,
HAWKINS.

1675.

BRO.

HIS
on

MS.

is contained in

collection of miscellaneons papers

and notes

curions and be which maj subjects, scientific, among "Notes on nientioned, Gunnery," Djalling,'* Of Organs,'* some varions recipes, mathematical puzzles, bnilding formnl",and specially
" "

varions

at the end

d"tails and to be

sketches

the construction illustrating


not

of roofs.

They
which will

appear is very
are

mostly,if
with

in entirely,

the

same

handwriting,

neat and drawn

legible (as i\\Gfac-simil" pages given herewith greataccuracy


is
a

show),and
I

the sketches of this to

and

Sandwiched pr"cision. Masonic


document

into the middle which


am

heterogeneonscollection

copy

of the

of

to the readers of A.Q.G. ; it commences pr"sent a transcript its nature without indication of or folio 136,and is continued on abruptly any heading folio down side of the paper to on one only 156, where it ends with the signature,

going

"

Henery Heade,
I
can

1675."
indicate

find and

to nothing

who

and

what
or

Henery Heade
not, or with what
is

was,

whether

he

was

the

owner

writer

of the collectionof papers


I

he object

transcribed the

this Old
was

Charge, but

imagine the
antient

date

given (1675)to
a

be the actual date at which

copy Roofe (ofIrish


the writer made first page, eut ont.

written, because

at the end

of the volume Coker

sketch described

as

"

framed

oake) very
his notes may,
are seems

at East

1677-8
book

Januaryy" 23,"so presumably


name,

on straight throughhis

of their subjects.The irrespective


s

which
There

h"ve psrhaps, several to be


a a

borne

the

writer
on

bas

been unfortunat"ly
of which Une

diff"rent

watermarks

the

paper,
a

the most
an

is what fr"quent with who

bugleor horn,surrounded
it to the
use

by

curved

like

um,

QA
told

below.
me

I sent
was

of tracing

keeper of

the MSS.
was

at the British

Mus"um,

that it

in certainly

in

1675,though he

unable to fis its date

precisely.
The

papers

are

contained

in

one

folio

volume, handsomelybound
Inner
sale of MSS.
,

in calf with

is now which in the Library of the leaves, gilt-edged been bought by that Society, in 1859,at M. Libri's

Temple in London, having


; it had

previously
;

belonged to the late Mr.


it
was

J. 0.

F.R.S Halliwell-Phillips,

whose

mentioned

in Cochrane's

Catalogueof
an

1826,and

hae in it the

librarystamp it bears bookplatewith arms


was

and and has

crest of Pennell became

Hawkins,
re-bound

ancestor II. and

who of the pr"sentwriter,

born

in

1716,

to body-surgeon

George

apparentlybeen
cover.

to GeorgeIII. The book serjeant-surgeon for its it bas their device impressedon by pr"sentowners,

the

The

MS.

has

never

been

so printed,

far

as

is the

known, and

I consider

myselfvery
of the Inner which

fortunate to bave

been able to obtain


at

leave from to

Masters of the Bench


two Old

Temple
accompany

to

print it

length,and
at that time

give

the

of fac-simil"s
in his
"

of its pages

this article. because

It is classifiedby Bro. its

Hughan

Charges
unknown
on

"

(2nd Ed., him, but


copy

1895) as XIO,
on

and locality

contents

were

to

the

that discovery for Grand

the MS.

was

in the Inner

and Temple Library,

a perusing

of it made

of the Inner Temple, Lodge Library by Mr. Rogers,Sub-Librarian and is it 04, though it is reall^ the oldest of th" C class or Plot Family, he designated

162
a probably

Transactions ofthe Quatuor Goronati Lodge. copy of tho "parchmenfcvolnm"


the "William Watson"

referred to
MS
,

by

Dr. Plot.

It is identical in first 600

arrangement with
lines of "Matthew
So far
are as

and

botli foUow

the closely

the

only ones

Cooke," but divergeat that point. is known as Henery Heade yet,the that Henry that contain the statement
** "

and VI.

"

William

Watson

"

MSS

Charges,and
for the it

neither of them
far
as

contains

any

mention

perused and approved the of the mysterious " Naymus


alone allnde to
a

Gr"cus," and, eo going ont


"

can

th"se two ascertain,


a

MSS.

punishment
attached to

at

night unaccompanied by
"

witness.

Great

was importance

William to
me

Watson

MS.
"

seems

that the

by both Bros. Hughan and Begemann, but discovery MS. is even more since it is the important, Henery Heade
on

its

"

earlier of the two Bro.

by

twelve

years.

Hughan, who
with in common,

has made

opinion carries
h"ve much
"William

it the and
was

Old Charges," and whose study of th"se sp"cial weight, writes : Although the MSS. greatestpossible Family of MSS., I feel assured that the representthe same
"

"

"

Watson

"

not

copiedfrom
the
same

the

**

Henery

Heade

MS.,"

and

that

probably

theywere
of

not transcribed from to


me

after allowing for the vagaries original ; for,

it appears scribes,

that

the

variations in the two

documents

are

referable to

both of which diff"rent prototypes,


"

h"ve

long been

missing.
the

The older ScroU lacks the Coat of Arms


are are

and

motto,
and
as

"

In the Lord

is al

our

Trust,"which
"

features sp"cial

of the Roll of 1687. of diff"rences omissions,

There

quite a
are

number
"

additions which
the
"

prove
"

that the

"Henery Heade
There
"

MS.

is an

so far version, independent

"

William
are

Watson not

is concerned. found in the

several blanks

in the

"

Henery Heade
is left
so

which

to bc

William

Watson," the
"

latter

compl"te as being usually

to ail
so

points, e.g.^
as

the minimum
"

theif "
as

or

"

attendance mileage for obligatory in the of theives one Charges,and


in St. Alban's

unwritten,and

to

the

of less cons"quence, other portions last word and

such

the After

King
a

day being a Bagan, the


as

being omitted."
Watson
were

careful comparison of the Henery Heade


at

William

MSS., I

h"ve arrived
transcribed descended

the

same same

from the
from
a

common

Hughan, they directly though I think there can be no doubt that they are original, intermediate but through how many ancestor, stepsit is now
not

conclusion

Bro.

that viz.,

to impossible I
a am

say.
;
an

word

is

of the Henery Heade puzzledby the inconsistent spelling h"ve thought that would sometimes it is not, and one modernized, rather the writer of the
errors

sometimes
educated

as architect, some

scrapbook would
he been and

seem

to bave

been, could bave avoided


to copy his objectwas foUowing transcript,

of the

into which has

but has fallen, my

perhaps by

his

exactly,which original made by Mr. Rogers or"ginally


1 h"ve marked

object in

presentingthe
me

carefuUycorrected
:"

fiom

the

MS. original the lines of

where

each

page

begins in the MS., and

I h"ve numbered

each page for convenience


A

of r"f"rence

of the Transcr"pt
be to
our

*^

Henery Heade

M S.'* in Inner

Temple L"hrary.
and

(p.136) Thankes
ail make
so

Gracions God, fatlier and

former of Heaven

Earth,"

of

thingsthat in them
many be Obedient nature will and

that he would is, divers vertues

vouchsafe of his of his Glorious Godhead


for

for to

things of
and

Mankinde, for he made


and ail

ail the

Worldly
" of

things to
6

subjectto
for
mans

man,

things y* be Commendable
Craffts by the
w^hich

wholsome
to may
man

he Ordainned

food

and

sustenaacc,and allso he hath given


wee

Understanding

of divers

scinciices and
:

travell in

world to cetour tl^is

with liuin"

to niake

diuers

thingsto

Gods

Glory,

l64
thafc is
13

Transactions of the Quatuor Coronaii


to

Lodge,
"

say

ye the

father

of

men

came

tlie raaster maison


that
was

Governour

of this world
was

when

he made

Citty of Ezenoch
Son and gaue
and Son

the
owne

firsfcCittythat Ever

made the

"

that made

Gaine Adams of his


owne

it to his

Son
and

Zenoch
now

and

gave

Citty
and

y" name
for A

called it the

Cittyof Zenoch
and
wee

it is called Esram

there (p.139) was Science and


of and

the Science of G"om"trie

masonrie say

and first Occupied this


was

Contrived
"

for A

Craft and

so

may

y*
man

the
was

first Cause

foandation Pastororu
6

ail Sciences and


as

Craffts and

allso this "

Jabell
de

called Pastor

the
more

master

of y" storyssaith

Bede

de

imagine

mundi

and other plenonicon


everj
man

saith
his
owne man

y* he

was

the " know

first laboar

j^ ever

made

mighfcknow

Ground

thereapon as
was

of Land that p"tition he parted his owne


wee

flocks of he
as was

Sheepeso

that euery

might
and And

his Owne Jabell


same

and sheepe the

may

say that

the founder of

y*science
was

his Brother the

first founder of musick

Pitagoressaith
book and and he he

in Pollicroniton.

in ye Isadore in his Ethiraologus in

10

sixth

saith that founded


was

the first foand'


Science of Smiths

of mnsick

Songs " of Organs


Bible

" of

Trump
hamers

ye

Crafft "
as

of his Brothers pond"ration


the

that

Tuball-Cain

saith in the
a

same son name

Chapter of Genesis that Lamech and names a Danghter whose


15

begatt on
were

his

other

wife. y* height Zillah


and
men

called that be

Tnball

Cain Snme
wee

his

danghters
did say that but it not other

Mahemah
was

and

as mans

PolUtronicon wife the wheither

saith it

(p. 140)
so or no

she this of

another

aflBrme

Tnbal

Cain

was

first founders of Iron and sister Mahemah


was no

of Smiths
of Gold

Craft
and

and of

of the Silver
of did
as

CrafFts

Metall that
do
6

is to say
and his

Brass
was woven

forreignDoctors
Crafft for
and Knitt

Intreat

y* first founder
but then

Weauers

before that time and


found made

there

Cloath
as

they
but
womans

spinn yarn
woman

tliem such

cloathing

they could
would

gett:

as

that

Mahemah

that Crafft of weauing and


had

therefore it is called

Crafft and

th"se his

Brethren
or

Knowledge

before that God how

take Vengeance for Sin Either by fire,


to
save

water, and they had


two

great Care

10

had there found and to take their


that there is named
were maner

they might do Councill togetherand


of such vertue not would to

the Sciences that

they

by
one

ail other Witts would

theysaid
and y*
is had the

of Stones

y^ tke
Sinke ail take the

not burne and

mai*ble and another stone that


laterus

in waters Sciences

that stone

named found
16

and
two

so

they
so

Uivised

write should

that fire

they

in th"se stone the

stones not

y'

if God and

vengeance

by

y* then
that

marble

should
other

Burne not

if God and
so

send

vengeance

by Water
their Elder

then

(p.141)
Laterus

should
make

Drown*d
Pillars in the did

they Provided
two

Brother
and

Jubell that he would and that he


there

the two write


so

of the

stones that is to say Marbel and that

would and

two

Pillars ail the Sciences may


wee

Craffts that he
was

they
6

had

found

he first

and

therefore and God

say

the

Cuninest

in Sciences

for he

began
that

performed
would of send

the last and whether

before
be

knowing
or

of that

vengeance it not

it should wisht

by

fire

water

the Brethren

knew

by

manner

they Prophesie
Sciences
come so was

y*God

would

therefore they writt Sume


10
men

their

Sciences in the two

Pillars of Stone and


as

do affirme that in their minde

they had
water

that

they writt ail the seaven Vengeance would


a

in the said Stones and


was

it

that

God
ail and

sent
men

it

by

for

y*there
save

came

such

flood that ail the world


Persons

Drowned and the and his

and wife
came

were

dead Sons
names

therein
and
were

onely Eight
wives

y*
three

waa sons

Noah
ail
:

his three and their

there in

of

the

which

world This

this

manner

Shem, Ham,
and

and

Japhet
and

flood
were

was

(p.142)
saved

Called

Noah's

Flood

for he

his wife

there

Ohildren

and

T'he Henery Eeade


no
more

MS., 1675,
two

l65
Pillars
were

and

many

yeares
a

after

as

Cronicles telleth th"se


that and
men

foand
one

Pollicroniron saith that


Hormes
5

great Clerk
the other

call

found Pythagoras

y"

and

the

found Philosopher
euery

they taught forth the


Babilon and and

Sciences

y* they

had

their

found

Cronicle and of the how


was

do Principally Bible
man

Wittness

Story and many makeingof y" Tower of


that Gain
a

other Charges and

the Bible

it is written in the he and

Genesis the Eleventh


upon the Earth the and

Noahs
man

son

Nimrod
a was

waxed
he
was

mighty
a

he

Strong
and

like unto

Gyant
the Brethren

King,In
10

Beginningof
the Land he

his Reign and


of Shinar

Kingdome he
th"se and
same mens

true

great king of Babilon


the

Built

Tower

of Babilon had them


more 15

and him and


a

taught to his Brethren


more

Workmen "
mas

the he

GrafPt of
loved

Masoneryeand
" Gherished S tories
in other

with well and saith

many
as

Masons

y" fortythousand
and in the in Kinn

thera

it is written of this
was

Pol"con

storysand
in the tenth

part

wittnesseth
nere

y^ Bible and
to Nimrods of Nineveh egresus

Ghapter where
out of the
more

he Land and niu magn

that

Ashur and
ve

of the

seed
in est

(p. 148) placesand


Ashur et

of Shinar this
set in
reason

he

Built itu

Citty
mse mare

other

he

sa"th

terra

eddifficauit

placesammatates
wonid

et caleth et resy que


wee

ij Nineveh
and first to it ye in

et caleth h'est diuitas in


name

that

should d"clare

openliehow
gaue

what

raanner

the and

Ghargesof Maisons

y*first was

found,and
is that
was

who

of Masonrie

well that it yo^'shall know Episcopnset manter that Ashur send him

plainlyOpened
a

Policonicron sent

and

in

Methodus

worthie Lord

to Nimrod to make

the King to
his

Maisons and
was

workmen to make

of Graffc that and and finish, send to

him might helpe Nimrod

Gittythe
of

which
10

he

purposed
when Ashur
a

sent him

Thirtyhundred
look for for

maisons

and

he should
to

go and

them
Build

he

called them him


a

forth and said yo^ mush

go Governed
and

to my

Gozin

help him
that your

w'** such
your

Charge
labour and
deserve

it may

be and

Citty but both profitable


take reasonable

yo^ be yo** and


your
were

well
me,

truely do
and
or

Craft

paines (jp. 144)


it to

according as
Brethren his Brother

yo**may
hold fellow

and

I would

that he

yo* loue togetheras


hath most well selves towards

y"

together truelyand
and look

that

Gunning
your

tcach Lord

yo" govern
tbe

your

and

amongst yo' selves so the Craft they Received


5

y*I may
their

h"ve

worshipp and King

thanks for sendingyo^ and touching


that
was

Charges of

their Lord

and master; and


and and for
a

went

forth to Ashur
more

and

Built the

Citty
manner

that

men

call Resin
was

of Nineveh in the County of Places Citty that is a great Gittybetween " Nineveh

another in this

Craft of Masonerie
a

preferred
wee

and

charged
manner

Science

and

Craft Reason

would

that

should shew yo^ how and in what


in Latin I said he
as

the Elders
how that

y* were
10

before that time had


came

there charges written


wee

and

in french and in

Euclidus other the unto tooke the


a

to G"om"trie dcc"mo and

shall tell

yo"

as

it is noted

y" Bible and


came

Stories in Did
Land thee

Genesis carpitillo

telleth how and said

y* Abraham
I will and

into Land

of Canan
and to his

the Lord
but

appeared
fell went
a

to him

giue this

thy
wife

seed

there "

great hunger in the Land

Abraham

Sarah

w*^ him
he would

into there

Egypt
and

in

while Pilgrimage
as

{p. 145)
saith
was

hunger
man

Endured and
a

abide

Abraham

the

Story
his but
was

wise

great Clerk and


and he

he called ail

y^ Seaven
Euclidus

Sciences and
was

taught y"
and

y" Egjptians
learn'd of him
6

science of Gramer, this


Masonrie gaue

worthy Clerk
it first the
name

SchoUer

of G"om"trie Euclidus

it is said in
one was a

Isodus

Ethimollogusin
of

the book

Ethemoligocarpitullo p' saith


flowed in
so

of the water

founders of G"om"trie

and he gaue it name

of Masonrie for in this time there

in the Land

Egypt

that is oalled Nilo aad

farr in that Land

y^ men

l66 migbt
10

transcictions OoronatiLodge. ofthe Quatuor


not dwell therein and and he every Euclidus taught them by G"om"trie measured
man a

to make ont

great Walls
Land "

and

Ditches to

hold ont the water

the

it into deplanted

diners partsand made Ditches and


then

to know

his

owne

parteand
of ail mncb

to close it with

Walls and
young

it became and
women

Conntrie plentifnll
tbat there
was so

manner

of fruit" and yonng fruit"

people botb men Countrymigbt


a

people of

y*

tbe

not well line and

the Lords

Councell how

tbey migbt belpetbeir


able to finde
a

" made Countrydrewtbera togetber Cbildren tbat bad not livelybood (p. 14.6)
of tbat for

Comp"tent and
tbem
when to
6 me

tbem

and and

tbeir Cbildren there


was

" he

tbey beld saw tbey were

Councill
nofc able to and

tbis

tbey baue wortby Clerk


a

many

amongst
and

Euclidus will

luatter bring about y*^ tbem

he said to tbem Science

yo^ gine

yo^ sons

in Governance

I shall teach
a

in such

tbat

tbey shall

liue

thereby Gentlemen
shall set best to tbemselves be

like under

Condition yo" will be Swometome


would tbeir

y^ I governm^
are

yo"
and

so

reason

y* euery
sons

man

should

grant to

toperformetbe the tbingstbat


owne

tbey put

to Euclidus it tbe
name

to govern

at bis

will of

and

taught them

the Craft of Masonrie tbat he bad and

" gaue

of G"om"trie tbeir Walls

because and

tbe Ground parfcing


10

taught tbe

peoplein

makeing

Ditches

before to hold ont the water Craft G"om"trie Land


and tbis

tbat onlie caleth tbe Isodus saith in bis Ethinnoliges

y*be

bad

in bis

and taught the Lords Sons of tbe wortby Clerk gaue it name and he gaue them Chargesy' tbey should call each other teaching

fellow and

not otherwise because

tbey were
allso he and

ail of

one

Craft and

of Gentile Birtb borne


be Governor
over

147) (p.
tbe work the booke

and and

of Lords

sons

and

y^ was

should be called Master

Cuning should tbat other Charges more


of most with tbe Lords

be not written Land and

in

of

Charges

and

so

tbey wrougt

of that
and

made

and

townes, and Templesand Lords Castles, Citties, when said Craft, tbe Cbildren of the by truely
and afterward
now

did liue

honestly

Isra"l dwelled in

Egypt tbeylearned

ye Craft of Masonrie

tbeywere

driven ont of
and there

Land

of bebeast

wbich and David

is called J"rusalem and at the

Charges holden
began
10

Kept

making of Solomons
and be gaue tbem

and

be

now

King " tbe making of Solomons


and

loved well Maisons

into tbe Egypt tbey came was Occupiedand tbe Temple that King David nere as Charges right tbey
it

tbird

Book

Maisons

Temple as it is said in tbe Bible as it is said in ye Regu in tertio Regu Capituloquinto tbat Solomon bad four tbousand bis master maison and in other Cronicles as it tbe Kings son of Tyre was
Bookes of Mwonrie and tbat Solomon

is said in Old David


little bad

Confirmed

y" Charges y^ bis father


tbeir
manners

maisons

Solomon
manners

(jp. 148) bimselfe taught them


that "
are now

very

from difEering
was

the

used

and

from

thence tbis

Wortby

Science

bronght
tbe

into France
was a

R"gions and
is to say
6

in ffrance there

other Wortby by the gr"ce of God into many named Carolus Secundus tbat Wortby King y* was
tbis Charles
sume was

Charles and

Second

and

Elected King of France


say

by

the

Gr"ce
fortune

of God

" yet by lineage untrue


same as

will needs

y^ be

was

Elected he
was was

only by
of the and

w*^^ is false and

appeares

by

ye Cronicles
was a

for plainly before be

Kings blood Royall and tbis


af terwards when

King Charles
loved

Maison

King
gaue

he

was

King

be

well Maisons

" Cherisbed
used pay
now

tbem

and

tbem

Charges
10

and

maner

of bis devise wbereof

unie

be

in France at tbis pr"sent allso tbat


as were

and

Ordained
once

tbat

tbey should
and

bave

Reasonable

and

tbey
maison how ye

should tbe any

Assemble
same

in ye yeare

Comune

togetberof such

tbings

amiss

and
or

other of

to be Received by Masters and euery honest and would know Wortby workman y* bat h any loue to the Craft, into England and by wbome it was Masonrie first came Grounded
as

and

Craft

" Confirmed time

(p.149)

it is noted

in S tories of

England and

in Old

Chargesof St Al bans

Diaitized bv

GooqIc

The

Henery Heade

S.,1675.
oufc of France him
a

167
into

"

King Afchelstone declared


Alban

that

Amphabell came
and he made

St brouglit

into Christendome
as

Christian
in other there at
as

England and he " be brought man


and at is

w*''him
6

y* Charges of Maisons

they were
on

in France

and

Lands
St

that
now
was

time and the and

the

King

of the Land
Maisons

y* was
working
the towne and Governour them of the

dwelled walles and

Al bans St

he had

manj

y* time
and loved tooke

Alban

King's Steward,pay
Cherished
moat and them drink. and
none

M'

Kings
for

work
a

well Masons
bat
a

well and

made

good
ye

pay

Mason
mason

penny xxxt

a a

day
10

St Alban

got of

King y'

euery

shonld

bave

weeke " had

for their iiijt and

and got them findeing bnt


a

taught him
so

theydo

little d"fer
were

St Amphabell as Charges and manners frora ye Charges that be used now at th"s yeares

time and hand

th"se Charges and

manners

used many

afterwards, they were


loved well G"om"trie

nere

lost nntill the time of

King

Althelstone

and ye said Edwin

and

applyed (p.150) himselfe


bave y" Practise
Realm and
5

busillie in the

of learning

that Science and the best Masons

allso he desired to

thereof wherefore
well

he called unto

him

that

were

in the

he knew learned ye

y^they had the Practise


Masonrie
and

of G"om"trie tham and


was

best of any Craf t in the Realm

he

of them

Cherished

" loued them

well and

he

tooke
nnto

upon

h"m

the Craft and father that that

Charges and learned the manners for y** good Groanding that it
saoh
a

afterwards
in the

for the loue he had

found

pnrchased of things as
of the

the

King bis
amiss

they should haue


haue and
was

freedome

to haae

Correction within
sach

themselves and
were

they might
where

Communication

to Correct together

within
10

themselves
he

they made
himselfe

of Masons great Congr"gation

to Assemble Realm

together
to that of

at Yorke

and them

called ail the


to

Old

Masons

and Congr"gation the Craft wisest

commanded

bring to

him

ail the

Writings of the Old Books chargesby

y'they had
that

out of which there


were

Books

they contriued
be called

the

ye Divise of the

Masons, that

; and

commanded

that th"se

he Ordained
15

such

might Congr"gations

Chargesshould be Kept ; "fc Assembly and he Ordained for

good pay that they might liue by honestlie the w^^ Charges I will hereafter and thns the Craft (p. 151)of Masonrie and their Grounds Confirmed in England. RightWorshipwith the Consent and fellows that be at divers Assemblys " Congr"gations full Masters
them
of the Lords
manner

of this Realm

hath

Ordained
and

and

made
masons

Charges in
must

the best wise


sworne

that ail
a

of

men

that shall be made

Allowed

be

upon

Booke
and

to to allso

keepe

keepe y" same


that Read late

in ail that when unto any them

they may
fellow and

to the uttermost shall be

of their Power and

they bave Ordained th"se Charges should be


seen

Receiued

Allowed

that

he to take bis

chargeand
the said

th"se haue been


the

and

by perused
and

our

Lord Sovereigne

King Henery
therein th"se and

Sixth and

Lords

of his Honorable
10

Councell and reasonable


Books

they haue
holden of

allowed
and law

and

good

to be

and y' they were Charges haue been drawne


new

right
out made of "

Divers

Antient in

both the

y^ Old
and

law

and

they
and
at

were

Confirmed
of

King Egypt by Temple by King Solomon King of France and in England by St.
Solomons
was

by the great Eclidus


Davids Alban
son
:

the

makeing King,
was

and the

in

France
to

by Charles
the

y* was

Steward

15

that

at

that

time
and

and

afterwards

King

of

England
in

it is Rehearsed

by his Son divers Storys and


and

by King Athelstone Edwin that was King

(p. 152)
after the
men owne

that Father

his

as

Charges
nor

as

Ensueth be

as

charge foUowing
to

Particularly y*' first

Principallthat
shall neith' Error

yo^ shall
Herisie

true

God

and

the

Holy Church
5 or

and wise
or

that
mens

yo^

by

y our

Understanding
to

discreet

or

teachingand allso that yo"


and if

shall be trne
or

meu leidge

y" King
yea

w%ut amend

Treason it if

falshood
or

yo" Know

Either Treason
or

yo" can

else

warne

the King Privilly

bis Ruler

Treacherylooke his Deputy or or

his

168

Transactions

of the Quatuor Coronati Ijodge,


one

Officersand allso y*yo^ shall be true fellow of y" Science and


10 as

to another that is to say

to euery

Master

and

Craft of maaonrie
do anto

that be allowed
mason

maisons

and to do unto them


true

of

they would tbeysbould lodgeand Chamber and


allso that and to
no

yo" and that euery

Keepe

Councell both of Masonr"e


as

ail otber Councells that

oughtto be
or

kept by

way

and

Mason

shall be

for as farforth
and

he knowes

allso that he shall be true to his Lord his Masters


no

Master
masons

that he doth yonr

serve or

and your

truely look
16

Profitt
name

and

yo^ shall call


nor or

fellows
wife in

Brethren

and
nor

by
and

other foule
d"sire

shall take Servant

yo'
and

fellows allso

(p.153)
may pay

Villany
for

further

his daughter
you

y*

you
no

yo' m"at

drink

wheresoeuer be

go to Board

shall do allso yo**

Villanyin
and

the house whereby the Craf fcmay


that euery
a mason

slanderred and

th"se be y"
:

Charges in
him any

Generall

should hold

by
no

Masters

fellows

now

other

singularChargesfor
Lords
so

Masters and other


mans

that fellows firsfc

Master,or

fellow take
of

upon

worke

or

but he knowefch himselfe


nor

able and

Cunning to performe that


may be well and

the Craft
and

be not slandered allso may


10 as

disworshippedso y* the Lord


take
no more

truelyserved

y*no

Master

worke his and

but that he take it


owne

be well and the


manner

truelyserved with
of

good
no

and

pay his fellows


or

that the Lord so reasonably their pay truely

Craft
that

useth

allso hauo

master

fellow
or

shall

supplant
of
a

others

of their work
work the
or same

is to say

i6 he

taken

worke he
no

stand unable

master of to be and made


a man

Lords
to end

other he
and

shall not

put
master and

him
or

ont, Unless
fellow take

be

Cunning
allowed

allso

y* no
yeares

Prentice

his Prentise but for Seaven

that Prentice to be allso that


noe

able of Birth
to be to be and
no

(p.loi)
Mason
on

of

as Liueings y or

he

ought
that

to

be,

and

allowance
mason

w^^out

yi of his fellowes at least " he that is to be made


he
as a

ail that

aides that is to say


he haue
6 no

be
man

f ree

borne

and

of

good Kindred

Bondman
or

his

Limbs right

oughtto

haue ; and allso


to be he may

y^ no

master

fellow

put
the
or

Lords
one

work
that

to taske that hath

been accustomed
as

Journey work
deserve
; And
so

and that

allso that

every Lord

shall giue pay


be not

to his fellow but thro his


no

nor yo**

of the work

deceiued behinde

fooles workmen
make him
or

allso

no

workman
name or

fellow do Slander
worldlie
10

other

back, to

loose his good without do

his

goods

and

allso that

fellow w*^in

Lodge

minister

Eveil

Answre
r"v"rence

to other

with Ungocily and


or

unreasonable

Cause, allso that

euery

Mason
shall

shall do

to his Betters
or

shall

put

at

Worshipp,
be

And

Hazard

at

the

Dice allso

any
no

other

Unlawfull
any

Games

y* no mason whereby the


in the he hath

play
may w%ut

at be

Craft

Slandered.
Craft
15 a

And
:

y'

Mason
no

should

Ribauld

in Letcherie to make

the

Slandered
to

And him
so

that

fellow go
and A

into the towne that

night
beene
him

time in

fellow

beare

Company
do there euery

wittnesse

honest

Company
that it be

for if ho
And

Lodge
" haue

of fellows to
come

punish
to

Crime. within

allso

Mason if he

fellow shall

the

for (p. lo") Assembly and


there at

and

to stand

y"

Beward

of Masters

"

fellows

And

allso that every of Masters and

Master
fellows

and

fellow if
them And

they haue
there
no

to stand tresspassed
6

at the

Reward
them then
ne

to make Law. And

accord

and if they may


Master make

not accord any mould


a

they
square
or

go
ne

to the

Comon

allso that
no

to leier

ralle to leier.
to shew
mason

allso

Masterany

workman
mould

shall set
of his
owne

lier within

Lodge
And out

without every

any

Mould

it stone with and

makeing. they
come

allso of the worke

shall

Receive

Cherish
as

strange Masons
10
manner

when

Country and
in Stones in if he

sett them

to worke

the
a

is ; that is to say if they haue him giue his

place; yo^
iiq

shall set them

at the least and forfcnight

pay,

and

haue

stones for

him to worke

ARS
"
i
-

QUATUOR
_^,

CORONATORUM.

Vol. XXI.
^

"v

"

.....

\^lTUjUr and kicci ilk- J'/uuo-7u,jk: auc

(une.

.'/*

^'(i.rtx'

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/^ //j"^//,

^".."Jr^ \ ,,tci"^

il-

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t-t,

JUte^^ /ii"t^

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iL^trrjCc' OC fltC.\^^^

"liv" *^"^

MPftv

'fP^

lut} y/"f7tC" /o jy^^ift^. ilru^' i/cytt^^f^


"ti
t

cU"i^ C^ti^^tClc

\ "i^^//I Y yc^y^'^^v/tluL faillie

Uictf%^cc Cj^^'^^cj ^^^^i^z/c*

i^^^^JL^

jU^ltfxux^ rczcjfi^.""c/i^^ fl^

tncrif^"iaiLic
FACSIMILE
From
THE

/r

OF

PART

OF
in

THE
the

HENERY
library
of

HEADE
The inner

MS. Temple,

^FULL

SIZE,

Original

London,

foy

170 P. 137
"

Transactions line 1.
"

ofthe Quatuor

Coronati Lodge. W.W. "mette."

**meet" W.W. W.W. W.W.


"

mete

= measure). {Obs.

3. 7. 8.

yc craf fcof songs of boyes " organs


seaven."

trump

"

harpe."

"

"

therebeen **y*

"

"

sciences lean ail by one." M.C. bas "the "y" w"*^ seaven whiche vii lyven (live) onle by Gemetry." Probablyboth the Henery Heade " William Watson appears
are readings

variants for "A

of Matthew

Gooke.

"

9.

"

G"om"trie"

to be to

an me

error

Geometria"
of the

(= derived

from
h"re
"

Geometria).It
as

seems

that the writer


"

explainingthe d"rivation
to say the
"

of the word of the


as

was original for he adds G"om"trie,"

that is much

measure

and then gives the earth," the Greek.

source

of the word

Geometria,"

coming from
bas
"

M.C.

bas "And Geometry." W.W. Hughan explainsas standing for that my

"A

Geomitro,"which
makes

Bro.
ail

Ad

hoc Geomitro,"but, with

I snbmit respect,

ation above explan

the whole passage

-which quiteintelligible,
"

I do not consider bis does.

et

sa

"fcc." A
Watson the

collation of the Matthew MSS.


the suggests

William

Cooke, Henery Heade and followingrestoration of the Latin


which

qnotationin
dicitur
a

text from original

each is derived.
Latine et metron

"

Et sic

geo
mensura.

[ycw (y?)]quod
Unde

est terra est

[/ut"rpoi/]

quod
"

est
"

Geometria

mensura

terr" vel terrarum."

,.

12. 20.

W.W.
"

and

thus is this name."

"

"

Wherefore
men

"c."

that ail

passage should for ail live by G"om"trie


This

run men

"

wherefore

I may

in the world

say live by the

labour of their hands."


" "

22.

"

Probations

"

proofs.
"
"

P. 138

line 1.

"Praise."
is the

M.C. bas

presse

W. W.

"

pfesse."Obviously "press"
of manuell
mannes

word. original

"

"

3.

W.W. M.C.
"

"amongst
amonge
"

ail

y" coasts in y" World


of

Crafts."

ail

worlde of y'' craftys y''

crafte.*'

"

"

4. 5.

W.W.
"

this science of

Geometry."
"

"

"

M.C. mass-Storys."

in the

master
"

of stories."

It is
"

by no
of

means

clear who

it is that is meant Herodotus bo the

by

the master

of stories

h"re and

also

in P. 139 line 4. but

is well-known

the Father as/*


Dr.

History,"
bas

he

cannot

historian "master

referred to.

Begemann
Petrus

identified the unhesitatingly author of "Historia who


died

of stories" with

Scholastica" (A.Q.C.xix. 67),a French


Bro.

Comcstor, theologian
time to meant

in 1183 ; but up the

Dring, who
of

bas devoted

some

trying to clear (ib"d, p, 61),


The W.W. General

point,is
and in

opinion that Josephusis


**

missing
The

words

"

Policronion
a

may
**

be

supplied from
"

r"f"rence is to
the

work

named the

Polychronicon or
down
to the year
a

Historyfrom
was

of beginning in
;

world

1342, which
who Chester,

written

Latin
was

by Rannlf
in

Higden,
1482. It

monk

of

died in 1364

it

translated into English by John of had

Trevisa

in

1387,

and

printed by Caxton
and
a

great
and in

popularityin England print.


"}

largecirculation both
for

in MS.

6.

"provided."
W,W,

No

doubt

an

error

in as "proved" (".e., irustwortht/)

The
""allso
.

Seade MS., 1673, tienery


.

l7l
be thns

manton."

This

extraordinary jumblemaj
" W.W.
be
"

reconstracted by the aid o" M.C.

and

also in the doctors


Beda De

loarned aufchors) of stories that (l'.e., Mundi


and

named

Imagine

Isidore

andMethodiuB Etymologiarum

Of the writers h"re referred to the V"n"rable Isidore


was

et martyr." episcopus is well-known; Bede

called of Seville in 600, and wrote a book "rchbishop Methodius whole circle and of the of the sciences; treating Etymologies of was Bishopof Olympns and afterwards of Patara at the beginning the 4th century. He is described by several writers as bishop and
"

martyr," as h"re, but the "vidence of his martyrdom


wrote
a

is weak.

He

greatmany
to work

works, of
written

most
a

of whicb

only fragments remain.


on

He

is said

h"ve

commentary
to.

Genesis

which

is

the probably proves

h"re referred
of the and

The

r"f"rence to such

persons

that the author

original historyof which


Watson MSS.
are

the Matthew

Cooke,Henery Heade
no mean
"

William

was transcripts

scholar.
is
an obviously error

P. 138
"

line 8.
"

'*

way

for

"

may," which

W.W.

bas. also aile

9.

M.C. continues h"re,"in the iiij "G"nisses," chapter.And the docteurs

hit of hem s"me acordeth therto And seythe aforsayde Genesis." more openly and playnlyrightas hit seithe in the bybulle the copyist of Henery Heade lost his placeand resumed at the Clearly wrong
"

Genesis."
. . .

"

"

9.

"Adam
both
soon
sone

downe."
in W.W.

in H.H. ast

and

y"

son

descended

This passage appears hopelessly corrupt, " maili this reads the Adam latter linely ; is line lynyalle downe." M.C. has "Adam
a Probably new

downe." descendynge Seventh


"ge of Adam."
son
.
. .

sentence

commences

with

"the
" "

12.

passage is very both h"re and in W.W. imperfect ; accordingto M.C. it shonld rnn thus : " the elder son Jabell was the first that ever found G"om"trie father of men." This
"

"

the Elder

in the Bible Pater masonry, and he made houses and is named habitantium in tentoriis atque pastorum that is to say y^ father of men and

dwellingin
has

tents

"GennitqueAda atque pastorum.''


"

The Vulgate (Gen. iv. 20) houses." y* is dwelliog in tentoriis Jabel,qui fuit pater habitantium

13.
14.

"

Juball
came

"

should be
. . .

"

Jabell."
We
runs

"

"

"

Ezenoch."

may
"

correct He
was

of Matthew

Cooke ; it then when

this passage by the aid "" Cain's mas ter mason

Govemor
"

of his works W.W,

he made

the cityof Enoch." doubt"Esram"

17.

"Esram."

"Ephrarae." M.C. "Effraym." No


the long s and/.
"
"

is due to confusion between P. 139


"

line 3.
4.
",

For

"

Pastor
on

Pastororu
P. 138
"

should be read

Pater

Pastorum"

as

in M.C.
"

See note
"

line 5,

^v-

5.
" "

Plenonicon
=

Polychronicon.
"

p'tition partition.
" "

8.
9.

"

Jabell

"

should be

Juball."

"

"

= (?)Pythagoras. Pitagores

W.W.
,, "

"

" the

same

saith Isidore."

10.

W.W.

"

that he was."

l72
P. 139
"

transactions Ooronatitodge, ofthe Quatuor


line 11.
"

W.W.

"

he found

sonnd y" science of smitlis Craftby y*^ be

"

12.

The word
as

h"re omitted may

from M.C. supplied

"

W.W.,

pond"ration." Soothly
"

the Bible "c."

"

"

16.

"

Mahemah."
**

The

name

in the Anthorised

and Revised Versions of the

Bible is P.

Naamah."
mans

140

line 1.

"

Another

wife."

M.C. bas "Noe's


name

wife."

This idea

may

bave

beeu
"

sug^esledby ber forrcign


. .

in the

being Noema. Vulgate


"

3.
"

"

as

Intreat." M.C.

as

some

doctars

seyn."
it is
use

W.W.

"as forreine doctordoe

entreat."
some

for Perhaps the long s is responsible


hard to acconnt in the

but becoming foreign^ it may be


an

for the word


sens"

intreat^ thongb

obsol"te

of entreat W.W. W.W.


"

of discourse.

"th"se

her brethren."

"by
"

ail their witts." is


an probably error

Provided"

for "prayed
Noahs

"

which

M.C. bas.

W.W.
M.C.

performed the last end before


W.W. bave
"

flood."
Howard

"kindly knowing,"which Bro. C. C. "naturally or "instinctively snggests knowing." " W.W. wist y* God would doe one thereof " therefore." they
means

and

W.W. Witb Instead


" "

"

the sciences every of


"

y* theyfound
'*

therein sentence

written."
sbould

"

Cronicle
*'

new

begin as
Clerks."

in

M.C.

Charges
Nimrod
a

both

M.C. " W.W.


more

bave

"

7.

Both M.C. and W.W.


"

refer
"

Cain

to Genesis Chapter10. corectly " sbould read Cham Noahs son begat Nimrod." This
seems a

"

"

8.

"like uuto which


Nimrod

Gyant."

to bave
"

come

from

the LXX., in

is said to bave been


and

gianton

the eartb."

"

"

10.

Witb
blank

the aid of W.W.


"

the Bible and

x. 10.)we (Oenesis

may

fillinthis

and

Erech
"

and
"

Accad

Calneb

in the land of Sbinar."

Instead
" "
"

of
"

Built

both

M.C. and W.W.

h"ve

"

began."
of stories."

"

13.

M.C.

bas

is written in P. 138 line

and policronicon

in the master

(See note
,,
"

on

".)
the H. H. scribe has to omit
wc
"

14.

W.W. ihe

"

in

said tenth Chapter." But y''


as
"

havingquoted
went

before Chapter
"

tbe eleventh
of Shin"r
"

"

said."
"

P. 143

line 1.

Before
as
"

out of the Land


x.

may

insert

and

fortb

"

in Genesis in

11.
"

places."W.W.
"

in

But placeas."
means
"

M.C.
and

appears its

to h"ve

the

text original

and
a
"

which plateas,"

Lat. platea =
X.

wide

street). Thus
and the

the
*'

(from tbe streets," A.V. the of (Gen. margin


"

11.)Buggests the streets of the city instead of


the aid of M.C.
"

the

Robobotb." city
be et

"

"

2.

With

Vulgate

the Latin

quotationmay
est Assliur quoque

thus restored

de

illa

terra,i.e. de

Sennare, egressns
et Resen In the

edificavit Nineveh

civitatiset Calah et plateas

inter
"

'\''
:

Nineveh
1=

et Calah ; h"c est civitas

magna."
was

Vulgate "Sennaar

the land of Shinar Masons has W.W.


"

"

5.
"

6.
" "

"y" chargesof For "opened*' M.C.


W.W.

Craft told
are

first found." This

"
not

written." of copies
"

variation would

suggestthat
" "

H. H. and
was

M.C.

9.

M.C.

"

that he

in

wylleto make

instead of

"purposedto

make

and finish."

The Heriery Iteade M S.,1675.


"

173

mnsh
"

"

is an obvious

error

for

"

must."
mede

M.C. For
"

and

takjt resonabulle
Places
on
"

your
"

therfor

as

ye may and

deseme." W.W.
*'

shoald touohing"

be read
seems

as teaching"

in M.C.

^'inthe civitatis

Coonty of
"

to be II.1

mistranslation of
W.W.

plateas

(Seenoies
M.C.
"

Page

143

Sf2).

bas "in y"

Conntry

of Placeas."

in tbe

conntry of plateas."
Calah "fc Nineveb."

Tbe text shoald W.W.


**

be "between

The text shoald be

first " charged." preferred in duodeoimo capitnlo."


"

Both M.C. and W.W.


"

refer to the

5th Book

of Isidore's

Etymologies
not mention

Cap"tulo primo." Bro. Dring says that Isidore does in bis Etymologiarum. (/l.Q.O. Eaclid once 60.) xix.^
Neither M.C.
nor

6.
" " "

W.W.
to
corne

bas "of Masonr"e."


f rom
a

7.
9.

"

Nilo

"

appears
"

the Greek NetXo". for


"

"

"

"

deplanted
in M.C.
"

is W.W.

as

error probably copyist's bas parted."


"

(i.e. divided) departed,"


"

"

U. 13.

For

"

"

M.C.
error.

"

W.W. plentifall that theycoathe

"

bas
not

"

plentiousand M.C. plentnos." to be welle lyae.'* "Conntry" seems


themselves sapport)
true text
"
"

"

an

P.

146
"

line 1.
C.
"

We
"

should read "to find (i.e. to

as

M.C.

y*I shall you


''

so." M.C.
"

gives the
botbe and

that I shall set you and ail the

to

and

adds
one
"

and

them

the

kynge

of the londe

lordysby
W.W.
"

assent

graanted therto."
to.

bas
"

yt I
best
Dut

will tell yee."

grant

==
"

consent
*'

"

7.

Instead of

both M.C. and W.W.

bave

"

proOtable."
"

"

"

tnolc
"

"

"

"

10.

W.W.
owt

"

beforesaid to close oat y" water."

M.C.

afor seyd to clawse

the

watyr."
"

"

"

"

Instead of M.C.
For
"
" "

onlie caletb

"

we

may

read with M.C.

"

Eaclid calleth."

"

12.
13.

charge."
"

"

"

Gentile

we

may
"

read

"

Gentil," a

Chaucerian

word

for

Wellborn.''
"

M.C. bas
read
"

gentylle." (= are)with M.C.


in M.C. This and

P. 147
"

line 2. 4.
"

For

be not

"

ben
"

"

W.W. W.W.

"

been."

The Word
"

omitted
. .

is

as places,"

and

did liue land


was

Craft."

is not in M.C. of

"

"

7.

"the
"

of baheast

"

the land z: {behest)


it

promise.
as a

it

occupied
use

"

(Masonry)
M.C.
The

was

followed

business.

Chaucerian
" "

of the word.

10. 11.

read For
I.

"

" at the making" with


"

"

"

Rega Kings V.
"

"

read

"Regum."
Masons

r"f"rence

appears

to

be

to

14.
" "

read W.W. W.W.

David
"

had

giventhe

"

with W.W.

P. 148

line 3. 9.
"

worthy Knight."
corne

"

manners."
and

"

"

11. 12.

M.C. "and
The

speke to gedyr."
is "fellows." M.C.
"and

"

"

missingword

for to be reuled

by

masters

" felows of aile thyngysamysse."

174
"

Transactions And

of the Quatuor Goronati Lodge,


At this point we
William take

euerj

"c."

leave of the Matthew for

Cooke

MS., and
P. 149
"

h"ve

onlj the

Watson

comparison.
"

line 1.
"

W.W.

"notcd

" written."
h"re omitted
" "

5.

In W.W. in the

the words

are

Panem

the probably

word

was original

Painim

**

(= pagan),
m"at
"

"

9.
"

With No

W.W.
we

we

shoald read "and


**

and

drink.*' W.W.

doabt

should read
"

xxx^ "

with iiij*^

,,

"

10.

**

none

findeing
"

dinner provision. "None"

(the ninth hour) is

Chaucerian
"
"

word for the dinner hour.


"

13.

After

that ware,"bat it would seem bargarie of the Henery Heade M was not in the original mysterious phrase said Edwin." Edwin words Th"se to as point an omission, ye lost

W.W.

has

"

this

S.
has

"

not P. 150 line 5.


"

yet been
"

mentioned.
"

W.W. with

**

ye

same
"

Edwine." he

For W.W.
"

the
*"

purchased
"

read

W.W.

purchased.'*
word
"

10. 12.

" let call y" old Masons."


is
an probably error

Divise

"

"

for the

Chaucerian

Devise

**

(z=direction),
15.
"

W.W. with

"

"

y*they might
read
"

Hue

honestly."
"thus
was

W.W.

I will d"clare hereaf ter.'* be in the


so

16.
" "

Probably this
grounded and
has
"

should
confirmed

Craft
Dr.

of Plot

Masonrie

there

and England,"
"

has it. W.W.


In considered,

this was

y" craft of Masonry there groundedand


but the

seems

P. 151

line 2.

"c. ; England rightworshipful pr"f"rable. fellowes y^been of divers W.W.


"

Henery Heade

punctuation

Semblies." has
**

Inst"ad of W.W. The


known
"

"

in the best wise

*'

W.W.

by their best
MSS.
are

advise."

and th"se chargeshaue been "o." Henery Heade and William Watson

the only ones the

now

which

contain

this statement

about

Henry

Sixth, thus

with agreeing For W.W. W.W. W.W.


"

Dr. Plot's version of 1686.


"

allowed therein
'*

W.W.

has

"

allowed them

well."

haue been
as

drawne

"

gathered."
and

"

they were

con"rmed

made

in

Egypt."
"

"

by y" greatClarke Euclidus."

W.W.
Heade P.

"

by King David
many and

"

by

Salom

his

sonn

the Henery obviously

text is h"re correct. "in

152

line 2.

W.W.
as

divers histori"s " stories and

y"

and charges following perticularly Then the

charge is."
W.W. W.W.
W.W.
"

folio w charges
man or

in

" ensueth Chapters and severallyy^first principall numbered paragraphs.

That

ye shall be true

true men."

"

ye shall use

neither erreur."

"or

else privately warne


"

y*'King
for
or
"

or

his Rulars

or

his deputies

" officers."
"

as

they would
has the
"

is

manifest
"

error

as

ye

would,"as W.W.

has it.

W.W. W.W.

words missing

Theif

Theives."

and advantage." profitt pay

W.W. With W.W.

"

truely."
read
"

W.W.
**

both Masters and fellows."


nor

noe

Lords worke

other mans."

The Henery Eeide W.W.


slaunder
'*

MS., 167".

175

of cunning enough to
nor

performeit,soe
worke

y* y"

Craft hane

noe

disworshipp.'*
noe

W.W.
After pay

"

That

master

take bas

noe

but he take it reasonable." may live and honestly

**good" W.W.
"c." useth
"
"

"and

y*^ Master

For read
W.W. W.W.

"

W.W.

bas

"

asketb."

out." ye shall not put bim ** y* end y*worke." Here H.H.

seems

more

correct.

"ofliveing."
**

W.W.
Mason
" "

Tbat

noe

Mason

nor

fFellow take
v or

noe

allowance

to be made

without y" consent


"

of

vi "fec."

2.

W.W.
was an

to be
error

anena

witbin
a man

ail sides." is tbus

Bro.

for

proved correct by

Rylands* guess that anena tbe Henery Heade

text.
"

"

6.

read
W.W.

"

every
"

soe

shall giue." one work y*y" worthy Lord of y''

may

not be deceived

tbrougb

false workmen."
"
"

7. 10. 11. 15.


16.

W.W. W.W. W.W. W.W. W.W.

"

That

noe

ffellow doe

slander."

"

"

"ungodlywithout
"shall put bim
"

reasonable cause."

"

"

"

"

to bear him for if be


soe

worsbipp." witnes omitting company


at
"

"

and."

"

"

"

doe tbere

Lodge of ffellows to punisb y*sinne."


with
as

Thore
and two
am
"

is

obviously sometbingwrong
but
as no

tbis sentence I
can

in botb H.H.

W.W.,
bas unable

othor

MS.

(so far

but th"se ascertain)

about punishing one anytbing

tbere

is

snggest an Lodge, "c."


W.W.
"

to

amended

wbo goes out alone at night, I reading.Bro. Hugban suggests

P.

155

Iine 2.

supply from
any

and
"

it be witbin

five miles of bim

and

if be baue

warning to stand "c


"

{And
error

if),
**

Probably
After
"

reward

"

is
"

an

for
"

award."

"

accord
"

tbere
make
noe

W.W.

bas

if

tbey may."
nor are

accord
"

to agr"e Master
"

(a rare
noe
"

use).
mould lier " sware,
nor

W.W.

Tbat
"

make

rnle to lare."
*"

Apparently
(=
From W.W. W.W. W.W. W.W.
a course

leier," lare,"and masonry).


may Master correct
"

ail variants for

layer

"

of
we

W.W.
**

Mould

it stone

"

into

"

moulded

stones."

every if

shall receiue "c."


moulded stones in

**

tbeybaue
y^

place."

"

Tbat

shall

serue truely

y" Lord."

**

W.W.
"

bas
"

y*ye and every Mason receiue Ac." paymaster"iostead of "Master."


"

travell
"

=
"

labour,as in p. 136 1.7.


W.W. is

W.W.
seems

"

travaile."
more

For
"

wages
"

bas

"

worke," which
error

correct.

decension
"

an clearly

for

"

dissension."

W.W. W.W.
"

under

tbe Master
seems

where
more

ye serue." correct than


"

"

needs,"which
time"
in bis

meeds." W.W.

and

at what
"

seems

to be

repeatedin

error.

omits "and,"

W.W.

" or worke," omitting your,"

W.W.

"

wants

councell"

176 P. 156 line 14.


"

Transactions W.W. W.W. W.W.


"

of the Quatuor Coronati Lodge:


instead o(
"

record ed

"

reccomended."

15.

"

keep to yo^ power."


"Holidome."
an

Both

this and word

"hollj

Dame"

are

variants

of
on

Halidom,
which hence
"

Anglo-Saxon
were

denotinganything spec"ally boly,


taken, as
a common a

oaths

wont
"

to be became

the gospels etc. holy relie,

by

my

halidom

forra of adjuration.

J-^tm""m*

Vf

J^i

Book-Plate

of

Petek

Gilkes.

178

Transactions

Coronati Lodge, ofthe Qtiattior

At the 79th meeting Dr. James Lecture


on
"

Johnstone, P.M. (of Richmond, Snrrey), gave


illustrated

The

History

of

Freemasonry,"
covered

by

nnmerons

slides.

The and

synopsis proves
uncommon name

that the

lecturer

consid"rable ground, "the

prominent

feature of the address is noted


as

being
raembers

s"ries of slides." Dr. Johnstone's aplendid


elected to the The

the firstof

seven

Circle Correspondence
in the

of No.

2429 at the 80th


of Bro. John T.

Assemblyof the Lodge.


"

meeting was

capablemanagement
Masonic interesting

whose Paper concerned some Thorp, the secretary, Relies ; the first being an electro of an Antique Jewel,"in the Lodge of New York, and explainedby Dr. Julius F. Sachse,the

mus"um

of the Grand
librarian of from
sun

courteous it
was wom

the

Grand

Lodge of

Penna.,who

states

that,

"

so

far

as

known,

1650 in full

to 1577."

an Fortunately enclosed by compass"s splendeur,

illustration is appended of the d"coration

"

the

scutum,
"

The Deus and segment, etc. legend is, used in Scotland as by long been familiar with this design, in the A and Shanklin set was Worcestershire, MnsselburghLodge." nnmbered and sent by the late Bro. T. Lamb Masonic Exhibitions, 1884-6-7, I h"ve

nohis sol et the extinct

Plynionth Smith, of
is

Birmingham.
of the with
our

As

Bro.

Thorp

most

observes, discreetly
"

If the

Jewel original
a

really
link

which antiquity

is claimed

it will certainly for it, prove

very

valuable

brethren of the sixteenth century." operative curious item exhibited

of

of the Grand Lodge was a "report of a meeting in possession John Pine, now of the by the well known (etched " and in facsimile.The original Anchor and Hope Lodge" No. 37,Bolton), is unique, whose notes add greatlyto the value of the bas been ably described by the Secretary, Another

England, 1732"

exhibit.
used

There

were

also t

an

Irish Dimit

of 1796

and (reproduced) other curios.

very old Apron,

by the Ancien
read

besides Stirling Lodge, Scotland,

Bro. Alfonzo
was

Gardiner's

Paper
Bro.

"

on

Symbols and
gave
an

Words

of the Fii'stDegree"
vote hearty
on
*'

by

the zealous author at the 81st members.

meeting,who
the work

well

deserved the

of thanks

passedby the
W.

Thorp also
upon

importantaddress
on

The

Two

Pillars of Solomon*s

based Temple,"

issued recently the W.

the

Temple

by the Rev.
are

Caidecott, M.R.A.S.
of

most

and helpful,

and (R.T. Society), the concluding Paper by Bro. G.

illustrations inserted

Bain, of Sunderland,
at the

on

"The

Early Literature
most A

addressed Freemasonry,"
and

to the Brethren
so

82nd

meeting,was

curious valuable,

accurate,

so

much

tliat I much

regret not

digest, however, being pr"sent. capital who subscribers by the Secretary, is always on
Research."
a croum

of its chief
the alert
can

points is
on

presented to the
of the

behalf had

"Lodge

of

This wonderful
"

volume

of Transactions h"ve

be

by only subscribing

to the
more

Circle.^^ I Correspondence

left other

features unnoticed, fearing

to occupy

space. W.

J. HUGHAN.

Transactions ofthe Quatuor CoroHatt Lodge.

179

NOTES

AND

QUERIES.

ASONIC

Grave

Stone." In the old Militarj Cemeteryat Morne

Bruce,

Dominica, Leeward
erected to mark From fratemity.

Islands,is
of
some

tombstone

which
members it
seems

was

evidenily
as

the grave

member
of the

or

of the Masonic if
a

the appearance

stone

brass
the

but plateh ad been affized originally, stone itselfbas been wrecked the
are en

this bas in the

and disappeared,

broken, no

doubt

great hurricane
At

which

the stone Arms below


and
are

on

and right

left

cemetery many years ago. of two goblets, one repr"sentations


compass"s, with

tire

the upper

part of
Masons'

the bearing

the other the square and the lines : following


"

other Masonic

emblems, while

Long Long this Stone


Oh ! vales ; and wild In jonder Graves
some

Shall melt the mnsing Briton's

Clay; pointed Eyes. woods,shall theysay.


and Masons Good
and

Ues.
trne
:

May
And

each Freemason

In Britain's Isles be found in Eemotest

R"gions too.

May
And

love and

Harmony
Masons

abonnd.
Power.
no more.

ail confess true Wisdom's

Till Time The

and

are

of

we of the plateis a matter for regret, as disappearance the deceased brother. concerning ascertaining any particulars

bave

now

no

means

Roseau,Dominica.

F. H. Pabker.

the lecture I is an extract I bave taken from Henry Yeuele." The following visitthis Church the thingsof interest to parties who periodically give when explaining invitation by my
:
"

"

In the

Chapelof
described
ii.

the

Holy Virginin
Stow
"

the Old

Church, was
Free-mason
to

buricd
Edward

Henry
m.

**

Yevele,
Richard
Tomb

by
iv.
ii.

in

1663, as

**

"

Henry
of

This Yevele

(or Zeneley) assisted to erect the

"

"

"

"

Abbey and constructed the monuBohemia, the Queen, 1395 to 1397,and abont the same the walls of Westminster time was employedto pr"pare plansfor raising Hall. He founded a Ghauntry in the Chapelof St. Mary in this Church
of Richard in Westminster ment to Anne and died in 1400 a.d." I bave discovered
so nothing

"

Beyond this account


Should

far. to inscription this Yevele it would


no

there bave

been any

tomb

with

in the Great Fire of doubt h"ve perished

1666,with the old St.


a.d.

Magnus*Church.
Peek,

Our registers do not go back to 1400

RiCH"BD

Hector of St. Magnus-the-Martyr^


London

Bridge.

l80
Swaflbam
of
a

Transactions of the Quatuor OoronatiLodge.

Great
as

Lodg^e.
"

So fall and interesting an

account le
names

of tlieConstitution of very

Lodge
to

that

communicated
in

by

R.W.

Bro.

Hamon the

Strange, is
of the
name

great valae
pr"sent
on

and students,

througb going carefnlly


I may this identify of the

Brethren of Charles

I find (il.Q.C,xx., 233) the the daj of Constitution, A.M. I tbink that Brother
as

Chadwick,

the

Rev.

Charles

Chadwick, B.A., wbo


is stated that he and
was

became
born

Master
in the in

SheflBeld Grammar

Isle of
his oflBce

Ely, and
as a

after his

School, 1776-7. It arrivai in SheflBeld,

1797, he, only to the Modems, to which it would Lodge, No. 72, as from the Records of
Chadwick Church."
be asked He does
to

until certainiy

appear this

he

clergyman, acted as belonged,bat also


it is stated to walk
or
"

Chaplainnot
to the

Ancient

Lodge
either

On
in
a

June lOth,Bro.
to the procession visiter to Lodge

preach a
appear

sermon, to h"ve

and

the Brethren
a

not to

been

meraber

No. 72 Ancients, or ceremony.


He
was

Britannia, which

Lodge

also invited him

to

performthe

same

publiclyconnected with Freemasonry at the functions connected with the foundation stone laying of the SheflBeld General Infirmary, when the three of and Britannia 72, Lodges Freemasons, Lodge Ancients, Royal Brnnswick, Modems,
"

formed

and greatly assisted in the ceremony, importantpart of a grand procession, the Rev. Mr. Chadwick act"ng as their Chaplain. In Jaly,1794,Bro. Chadwick also tion preached to the Brethren of the Britannia and Royal Brunswick Lodges at the constituan
"

of the latter.

He

was

also

pr"sent and

acted
He

as

Chaplain at
also Vicar He

the of

opening of the
sraall a Tinsley, to h"ve who had preyears

SheflBeld General Infirmary, October 4th, 1797.


about village
one

was

four miles from acted


as

and there he is buried. SheflBeld, master


at

appears

son, who

second

the
are

Sheffield Grammar still extant. He

School,and
was

deceased

him.

Many

stories about

him

for many

Pr"sident of the SheflBeld Library, and at his death


over

of his comparativelylarge library,


a

1,000volumes,was
was guineas,

of. disposed him

He

was

and esteemed, highly

silver cup, valued of this town.

at 100 He

presentedto
there is
no

by

his old

scholars and

inhabitants with

died in

1809,but

r"f"rence

to his connection

Freemasonry in the
Walkkr,
Scribe E. 1239.

notices in the papers obituary SheflBeld.

of that time. William J.W.

1239.

Sharri
London

whose Tephlia."An organization, Grand


Inner chief Te
in

fuU oflBcial title was


to h"ve
"

'*

The

Grand
in

Sharri Tephlia of the


in the year he

pie/'appears
was

been

in

existence

1900.

Its

oflBcer
a

styled
Council.

Right Worshipful Grand


A
"

and Chaplain,"

ruled

by the

aid of

Grand
"

ritual

was a

General and Provincial R"gulations, and in


course

the
we

OfficiaiOrgan
a

refers to

with printed, new Temple

of "rection.
was

From

this paper

also learn that

Provincial Grand

Temple (quoted

of the Order
was

in

at Birmingham, contemplation

but in ail probability nothingdefinite

done the

by

in this direction. According to an article in the Croydon Guardian the Temple, which was to be erectcd as Freemason, July llth,1903),

the head-

It was built in Beulah Road to in London, was East,Thornton Heath. partly quarters and the plansincluded a hall capable of seatingabout 250 people. The cost "10,000, work of funds, and the unfinished building to h"ve been stopped for want was seems "of sold mock-Masonic auction. described is The a as by organization eventually

kind,"and semi-religious yet elapsedto


brother may
in
olir

was

stated to be of American

warrant

the

be

able to f urnish additional

of of the names publication which particulars

origin. SuflBcient time bas not the membcrs but perhaps some
it would be well to record

pages.

W.J.S.

Notes and Quertes*

181

Cromwell

and

Freemasons"

Irish Popular Belief."


first

coUected of Ireland,"

bj

Thomas

Croffcon Croker,was the


"dition in

give

the

foUowing quotationsfrom

PopuiarSongs in 1839, but 1 published Universal Library "Morley's


"

The

"

1886. (Rontledge), 0 ! Blarney

Castlb, My

Darlinq.

Verse 2,
Bad

cess^ to that robber, Old Cromwell, and to ail his long battering

train,
Who roUed
over

h"re like

in two porpoise,

or

three

from hookers,^

Spain !
And And

becanse that he he loaded


cram.

was

Freemason,he mouuted

battering-ram,
he did

it up

of dumb-powder, which in at its month

Verse 6.
it trembled ail over, The old Castle,
as

yon'dsee

horse do in

July,

the tail in his crapper, he's teased by a pestering near fly. jusfc for in the black art he was Black Cromwell, he made a dark signal, When

deep; So,thongh the eyes in the peoplestood ail fast asleep.


Crofton Croker remarks
that the

open,

they found themselves

song

appearedin originally
title.

the South Cork

Reporter newspaper,
and

about
"

he givesthis explanation : sixth


verses,

1827,nnder another April, Upon the allusion made


"

Among

other observations
in the second

to Oliver Cromwell

it is necessary
was

to remark with

belief of the that, accordiogto the popular

Irish peasant, Cromwell


of

endowed said to be

Freemasons,which

was

and that the fratemity supernatural powers; from the secrecy founded by him, were supposed,

and c"r"monies
of

observ"e! by them, to be dabblers in the black art.


Cromwell is asserted to h"ve
was acquired,

magicalskill that

the

Among the pi"ces knowledge of a

and hence termed withoat maki"g any report, powder for throwingballs from cannon asserted that a dumb-powder,* in distinction to gun-powder. It is also tradifcionally
*

of which spell,

Cromwell

was

master, could make

his opponents become

as powerless

statues.*' Croker*s final comment


*

is

as

follows

"
"

In

curions French
in

work, entitled Willingto


true

L'Ordre Cromwell

des
was

at Amsterdam Trahi,'printed Francs-Ma"ons the first who and gave the


name

1754,it is stated that


his

of the

Order

of Freemasons.

reform
re-

mankind,

exterminate

princesand

kings, he proposed to
this account
be

establishment

of the Temple of Solomon.'

Whether

party the or false,

the coincidence between

it and the tradition current

in Ireland is remarkable." Harrt

Sirr.

^ '

A A

oommon

mal"diction

in

" itnporting Ireland, originally heavy taxation."

to of fishing boat pecaliar or pilot description

the sonth-west

coast of Ireland.

1"2

Transactions of the Quatuor CoronatiLodge.

the ''ProHajor-General Joseph Warren." A rare pamphlet recording of the Town of Charlestown, "n the Conntyof Middlesez and Commonwealth ceed"ngs "n respectfal of Massachusetts, of the distingaished talents and pre-eminent testimony in virtues of the late George the foUowing 1800,gives Washington," puhlished January, of fche c"r"monies in connection with a monument of erected to the memorj description General Joseph Warren. Major-

King

Solomon's

Lodge of

Free

Mafous,in Ample Form.

AfTeffors.
Paril'h

and Clerk. Treafurer,

Truflees of the Free Schools. Minifier and Deacons. Town Treafurer and Clerk.

Magiftrates.
Selectmen.

Beprefentative.
Band

of Mufic.

Marfhall.
of ArtiUcry, A DETACHMENT pofled by the MONUMENT,*fired minute guns nntil the proceffion entered the meetinghonfe,where the propofed

folemnities were of
a

to the entire approbaperformed, tion

crouded

audience.

* A Tufcan pillar, Eighteen feet high,placedon a briok founten feet from the ground, eightfeet fquare;inclofed by datioD,

fonr
"

is a gilt poftB. On the top of the pillar nrn, with the letters

J. W.

aged 36." entwined

in mafonic

embl"me.

On

the fonth

nde of the

is the following : infcription pedeftal

Bt

Eino

"Erected, A- D. m,dcc,xciv, Solomon's Lodge of Fbee Misons,


in

Conftitated

Charlestown, 1783,
of JOSEPH

In memory Major General and his who


were

WABREN, fpot,

Associ"tes,
this m"morable

flain June

on

17th,1775

**

None
are

bat

they who fet


to

KRTT

wortby

value apon the bleffingsof Lisa juft in vain we enjoy her. In vain we toiled; want Offspring, valor to

fought; we bled in vain; if yoa, oar repelthe affaults of her invaders." "Charlestown,
**The enclofed fettled land 1628.

"Burnt

1775," rebnilt 1776.


James

given by the Hon.

Efq." Raffell,

W.B.H.

Transoettons

ofthe Quatuor OoronaJti Lodge,

183

OBITUARY.

T is with

regretthat

we

h"ve to

announce

the deaths of Brothers

Hugrh William
on

14th

May.

He He
was

was

of 443, ChanceryLane, Melbourne, Sinclair, and highly a well-known Freemason respected


a

in Victoria. and research,

devoted for had


some

consid"rable
years

amount

of time to Masonic of the


"

the Ediior

Australasian
and

Keystone."
Grand
was

He

held

the oflSces of Grand

Treasurer

Senior
He took
was

Warden

nnder

and the Victorian Constitution,

Grand

J. in the

Royal Arch.

also

of Secretary

the Freemasons*
He

Chaintable

Victoria,in which he Institution,


in

very

great interest.
onr

joined our

Coirespondence Circle

October,1895,and

for several years

Local

for Victoria. Secretary

W.
the

T. Flather" of The

the 30th May. on Elms, Ranmoor, Sheffield,

He

joined

Circle in Correspondence

March,

1905.

Anthony Schoder,
U.S.

Past

Grand

A.,on the 12th

June.

He

the joined

H"gh Pr"est,of Woodbridge, New Jersey, Circle in June, 1897. Correspondence

Thomas

Cook, of Durban, Natal, on March, 1889, and


No.
was on

22nd Local

June, aged 76.


for Secretary

He

joinedour
He
was

Circle in Correspondence initiated in the


office of W.M. in Port

Natal.

Natal

Lodge
to

738

the 9th

Augnst, 1860, and


Natal Principal,
was

served

the

1883,was
f rom

P.Dis. G.W.

and P.Dis. 3rd


on

Dis. G. Mark

Mas ter for Natal


in oils ; portrait

1895

1907, and

his retireinent
;

presented with his


Prior of the

General Inspecter
j

A. Rite 33",A. "fc

Provincial

Temple

for South

Africa

District Grand

Supr"me Ruler,Order

of the Secret

Monitor; P.G.S.

held

General,Red Cross of Constantine ; and Wai-den,Royal Order of Scotland ; Intendant of Lodges high offices in the Allied and CrypticDegrees ; being also a member under both the Irish and Scottish Constitutions. in South He was a prominentlight
African of
one

Masonry and

endeared
a

himself

to ail.

largecircle of friends
was

mourn

the loss

who

entertained

id"al of lofty

Masonry

and

ever

readyto render

helpto

others.

Jeremiah
on suddenly

Leech

Atherton,
The

of
son

Beech

Grove

the 14th
was

August, 1908.

of the Rev. Wm.

Bingley,West Yorkshire, Atherton,Congregational


at He had
a

he Minister,

born at Hurst School and

October 14th,1838,and edncated Brook, Lancashire, Silcoates


and
was

BingleyGrammar

School,Wakefield.
held justly in the in

long exp"rience
an

of the worsted trade in Bradford

high repute as

efficientand

of business. He was man npright and installedMaster 13th,1873, February

initiated

Lod^e Scientific
offices. Exalted

No.

439, Bingley,

20th

and again28th December, December, 1874,

1881, also rendered


of

valuable service in other

Lodge

in the

Chapter
was

600,May ing Z. 23rd December, 1891,of No. 387, which S"ncentyNo.


and P.Prov.G.H. P.Prov.G.p.C. (Craft)

7th,1874,and installedZ.

becomIst, 1879,sabsequently April

chapterhe

had

joined.He
A

(R.A.)of West

Torks.

figur" prominent

184 and active

Transactions ofthe Quatuor Ooronati


in the meetings of participator for
even
a

Lodge. County

nnmber

of Degrees and Orders in the


a

(toomanj
of deliverj and

mention He
was

in the brief space

h"re available), he had


on

fine and

"loquent

ritual.

also

one

of great attainments

the subjects of symbolism

occnltism. the Correspondence Circle December, 1887,and joined first Local Secretary for West Yorkshire,doing good work
He
soon

afterwards
many in

became
His

the

for

years.

retil'ement in cons"quence

of ill health

in 1903

was

rauch from

and regretted the

appr"ciation presented to

of his valued services


him in the A

an

illuminated vote of thanks

Lodge

was

following year.
largegathering of brethren
assembled at in token of their

very

deep affection
close of the

BingleyCemetery. At the address was delivered by Bro. Thos. Norfolk onbehalf service an impressive of Light,of which the deceased was a distingaished member.

to take part in the interment and respect,

of theOrder

6. J. Daley, of Mossel
1902. Circle in October,

Bay, Cape Colony. He

the Correspondence joined

the

TreVOP-Smith, of North Parade, Parsonage, Manchester. Circle in October, 1905. Correspondence


James

He

joined

The Eev. JameS Nelson Palmer, Past Grand Sojonrner,England, of Bera bridge,Isle of Wight. He

and Past Grand Chaplain, the Correspondence joined

Circle in November, 1888.

Portman A. L. Achard, M.D., of 34" Gloucester Place,


the 4th the Correspondence Circle September. He joined in

London, W., Square, May, 1899.

on

Robert

James

Williams"

the CorrespondenceCircle in

29, EastgateRow October,1904.


of

North, Chester.

He

joined

The

Hon.

Sir William the 16th

Robert
June. been He

Burkitt, I.C.S.,Judge, High


was

Court
one

of

Judicature,N.W.P., on
oldest Masons Calcutta. W.M.
in in In 1888 he 1891. In

at the in 1862

time in

of his death

of the

India,having

initiated

Lodge
of

St. John

No. 486, became


its

the Lodge N"pal joined

and No. 2018, Gorrackpore, chair

Lodge Morning Star, with Philanthropy, Allahabad,in 1894 and Lucknow, and that of Lodge Independence District Junior Grand Deacon in 1891,Senior Grand Warden 1900. He was appointed 1893,Deputy District Grand
the he filled Mas ter in

the followingyear

he filled the

in

1898, and

on

the retirement
of

of In

Thoby Prinsep was


Masonry
and In the Sandeman

appointedDistrict Grand

Master

Bengal.

Henry Royal Arch

Sir

Chairs in the Ramsey Chapter No. 552, Lucknow, and principal Chapter No. 391,Allahabad,was appointedDistrict Grand H. in 1894

tendent; in 1904. Grand as 1898,and succeeded Sir Henry Thoby Prinsep Superin he also held rank. He and and was degrees high g"nial sympathetic, and his Masonic rnle in Bengal was markcd deservedly popular among ail classes, by other

steadyprogress.

He

was

lifemember

of

our

to Circle, Correspondence

which he

wag

1898. electedin October,

1 86 that the

Transactions

of the Quatuor Coronati Lodge.

Master King*s
any work

of Work

charge of
General

for his had

Majesty ; and
at in

for Scotland with of

Barghs, or
were were

the trades

whatever over th"se Crafts beyond jurisdiction that it is exceedingly doubtfal if the Warden with the in Royal time concern Incorporations any any There which in Scotland were Barghs g"nerai. many had any
which any

Burghs
in
a sens" waa

Regality or Barghs of Barony, and of independentof the King, and from which
remote.

corporateprivil"ges of the Warden jurisdiction Bnrgh


of

the

General

still more

It may the

be recalled that up till about 50 years ago

the

Canongateand

Each community had and distinct towns. separate and administration and officiais, separate jastas Edinburgh and Leith are still separate Crafts of each, plyingtheir distinct though topographically united. The Incorporated trades within of their each Bnrgh, were, up till modem times, exceedingly jealous

Bnrgh

of

Edinburghwere

two

and privil"ges

prone

to resent The

any

invasion of

of

workmen qualified

from

one

adjacent
its

Burgh
"

into the other.


or

Bnrgh

Canongate was

by

far the

in extent,and larger
new

liberty,"
most

embraced territory, is
now

consid"rable section of the

town

of

Edinburgh

and

of what

Leith. to enable
one

So much
which in

is necessary explanation the raembers

to understand

some

of the motives

actaated evidently

of the Craft

themselves in direct relation putting to proceedwith and develop sp"culative work, and to admit nontheyso chosen, tradesmen of their Craft with snch c"r"monial, to the privil"ges secrets and moral lectures illustratedby the tools of the Craft as were usual. in that case, the Graduai ly, in of would h"ve course commerce Lodge as a sp"culative as time, body grown, while, broke down trade privil"ges Craft h"ve shrunk would the and monopolies, Incorporation
had into
a m"re

in Canongate in 1677, Incorporation with MotherKilwinning. It was in their option,

benefit society. This


a

is

what

actuallyhappened

with

the

Lodge

of

of the trade Lodge, apart from and independent purelysp"culative from the stillexists or which as working Craft (i.e., Mary*sChapel Incorporation, apart Benefit Society), well a Trade that Lodge did not exist tillthe eighteenth century was begun. But long before tbat the Craft in Edinburgh admitted non-tradesmen as members. So also in the Canongate, Minute of which the following is "vidence
:
"

Edinburgh. As

Twentie The

ane

September 1649.
wrichtis of the "
brethrene

quhilk day

In

pus

of

Georg

Freir

deacone and

of the

Cannogait"
convenit baiLlie

Robert

Grahame

boxmr.

haill maisters of the

compeiritJohne
use

Patersone
wes

burges
and everie

Cannogaitand put
of the "fe libertie priveledg haill frieman with of Regalitie within

yrofQuha being sworne


"
exerce

adraittit and

receivit freeman

said trad to

the samyn

poynt

to belonging Brochtoun samyne In

the

said trad

within the Cannogait and


as respectis

als frielie in ail


swa

anie uther
can

the hand

far

as

the sd. Jon Paterson

Patersone

work

his owin

Whairupon

the said Jon

askit instruments.

George Freir,
Andr"as

Cowye

N.P.

et

clericus dict vocationis.

It cannot

be too clearly kept in view


trade

that the

earlyScottish Lodges
or

were

not

Lodges but sp"culative members, such as John and settlement business,


there viviality,
was

to which, for societies,

feudal

personal reasons, honorary

Paterson of trade

above,

were

questionsor

admitted. Apart from trade frequently with a large amount of coudisputes,

transa"ted, nothing

tTr"eman and Coxoan.


The
its
career

l87

of Canongate, however, tiodge


as a

had

and entered npon diff"rent exp"rience, d"cades earlier than its sister in

purely sp"culative Lodge,


so

several

Edinbnrgh.
Canongate

It

happenedtbat
country men.
Craft.

nnmber

of tbe members

of tbe Graft in

were

west

from separately

tbe Trade

Had

Tbey held separate elected oflBce-bearers, theysiraply


Tbeir tbese existence
as

desired to engage

in organization Masonry sp"culative

meetings and kept distinct minutes, no questionwould bave arisen. a sp"culative Lodge would bave de factobeen recognized. But in
notions still influeuced

proc"dure.
thom into
a

document

of some

sort from

days feudal was tbougbt somebody

essential to constitute

just in
cbarter

tbe from

same some

body. Tbey must bave a. warrant or cbarter till be got a of a pi"ceof land did not feel secure way tbat tbe owner superior. To wbom sbould tbeyapply ? Not to Edinburgb, for tbe
definite

tbeir keen there was of tbe Wrigbts and Masons Mary*8 Cbapel Craft Incorporation rival in trade and on a level witb tbem, not baving any bigberautbority or jurisdiction, besides tbere was not tbere, as Lodge in existence ; not to sp"culative yet,any separate Aberdeen or Stirling, Glasgow, but to tbe traditional bome of Masonry, at Kilwinning,
witb wbich district bad personal connection. already from to tion applied Canongate Kilwinning in 1677 for r"cogniand identified back been traced bave recently rigbt to admit Freemasons of tbe Incorporation of Wrigbts, Coopers and Masons, "c., of tbe Burgb of
some

of tbem

Several of tbose wbo


of tbeir in tbe books

Canongate.
Tbe contain mucb The tbree
**

books

tbemselves, moreover,

on are

furtbtr

examination,bave
tbree iron

been

found

to

material. interesting stout tbe

Tbey

tbree in number.
with

first is a

leather-bound

volume

and clasps

bands

and

locks.

Craft and
of tbe

" Tbis Buik is ordinit for tbe Weill of tbe inside, inscription evil willaers tbeir successoris 1629,"and a further inscription, wisbingtbe

Tt bears

"

**

Craft

or

wrongeris of

tbis buik

in ony

poynte

any

evill success

in ail tbeir

"

bussines."
It

contains, in order, tbe


of tbe opening of and admissions, tbe
names

prayer at tbe
tbe minutes and and

meeting,tbe Freeman*s
of tbe Deacons and

tbe or a exhortation, "lection, pr"face of of tbe table acts a Craft, oath, 1630-1638 "lectionsof office bearers, ; tbe Solemn League
"

Ri tuai

"

of

Covenant, 1638;
tbe Tbe second seoured

tbe

admissions

from

1585

to

1638,

g"neraiminutes
volume

of

proceedings. minutes,16tb February,1630,to


is a
an

of

bound

by

by amember pbilosophical

and

leatber thong. Inside thecover


in idle
"

May, 1690,is leatber sentence,written evidently


2nd
men

moment,

"

Money

maks

gUad
John

and

William

John AUan," and again be writes, A god h and of vrit is verey

comendabl Allan."
wrichteis from

The

title page

states tbat

"Tbis
book

Minute

Buik tbe
names names

to tbe perteins of tbe Freemen

and

of tbe couperis witb


"

Cannogaite." Tbe

contains

1585,
prayer,

tbe

Deacons, wbom

they entered

under,tbe

of tbe

"

freemen

of tbe nortb

"

and tbe pr"face tbe acts of Craft, syde of tbe brig of Leith wtin tbe liberty," The Aythe of ane and 1690. to 1630 Frieman," minutes, Tbe

thir" volume
tbe

is similar
names,

to tbe

and second, acts.

contains minutes

from

1670 to

1750,witb
**

Deacons*
initium in tbe

entries

and Mucb

It bears

Timor

domini

est." sapientiae

of ail tbe

tbe text, at tbe beginning in tbe earlier books, especially


to
an

years times

is written

antiquerunning caligrapby wbich, even

is someexpert,

by

no

means

easy to

decipher.
tbat tbe

From
were

tbese books it appears

Craft met Tolbooth

in divers

placer(among wbich

in tbe HolyroodAbbey),but principally

of tbe Canongate,tbe Parisb

l83
and Chnrcli, the
room

fransactions of the Quatuor OoronatiLodge,


near

Sb. John's Cpojs, in 1735, is still tbe which, enlarged th"se places are
within
a

Cbapel
other

ol Lodge Canongate Kilwinning. AU


in the

few

yardsof each
lias it. The

High
of the

Street of the old

bnrgh, and
pattern of
date and
a

the site of the Gross, which circle with


a cross

disappeared,
conventng

is marked home

in the

paving by

within

is mentioned Incorporation

heading of the minute of that the above minutes illnstrating

expressly on llth November, 1670, at the apparentlyfor the first time. We quote some of the
some

other incidental
"

: points
"

At ye kirk of

the Halyruidhons

"sevent
"

day of October 1630. being convenit consentit as they were

The qlk day the deacone

mrs.

"

haill brethrine

*'to ye
*'

payt.of XIV granting


of befoir. "J.

capoun

grantitto bis ma.tie

accastomat

Hamiltoun "*Scr."
"

At ye

**

in McNeilIis Cannogaite the saxt day of Maij Craigis

"

1637.

(Members
the

were

Keyisof
alro

ye

elected to certain offices and, among other dnties,to keep Kist, Keyisof ye box, Keyisof ye buik," Keyis of ye litill

box.)
"

and

theyelectit Alexr.
Robert

hude

to be

**

and In lyke maner

Grahame

of ye north syde of fuUer oflBcer for ye said yeirto


overseer

leyth
come

" obligit him "promittit "and


"

be his aith to performe ail

dewty
ye

in his office ye
sex

to

be

reddy

ilk

Sunday

befoir and

efter

noone

attending at
of penalty

Craftis seate in ye Kirke

at ye first bell

under ringing

"

ancht pennies.'* shillingis


in in the Chnrch, bat they had sittings jurisd"ction. Thus, on 20th December, 1C42, Stent and ability of the brethren in North Leith for defi^aying the bigging and repairing of a seat within ye kirk of northe meet o^casionally their .'"

Not only did the trade


the Parish
was

Chnrches
on
'*

within
means

assessed

the

the
"

charges

deburset in
*

leithe " for

the

thereof perfecting

The

total cost appears

to h"ve

been

about

20 merks.

As the
we interest,

taken obligation
:
"

from the intrant is almost

the

first

of inquiryand point
ane

quote it in full

The

aythe of
of him and yonr

frieman

to be
n.

taken

at his admission his maisteris

1.

and Ye sali protest

swear

befoir god your


That ye

deacone

of the

craft convenit mantaine


and

for the pnt


d"fend the trew
as

sali withe

lyflandis and

gndis

establishit and Relagiounpntlieprofessit


Ye Infallibill and
us

allowit wtin npon

Yis Kengdom
word

indoubtit and

trewth Groundit
new

gods

reveillit nnto and

In

the

olld

Testamentis

authorized be the Lawis which


ye and
we

actis of parliamentof Yis solemnlie


sworne

h"ve

and publiclie
co

Kingdome and to befo"r god " his

and peopill

subscryvitin
And that

venant, and
renunce

dois be

thir

pntisswear
of religioun
erroneous

and
our

subscryve Yairto
and and

ye sali

the contrarie h"r"sies


men as

adversaries the papistis, wt

ail schismes and

stitions super-

idollatrous being Ye traditionis of

inventit by the Brains

of ma Imaginatiouns

having

no

solid

nor

sound

ground or

warrand

frome gods word.

Preeman imd Cowau,


2.

1"9
Counsall of Yis burghe,
and
same.

Ye will be obedient to my
Deacone and
mrs

Lord

bailliesand superior
to
come

of jour

Craft pnt and


and

be

to Yair Ijabill

lawis actis and 8. Ye will be


ane

statutes " observe brother


same

obej

Ye

faithfuU

to jour your

craft conceill the affairesYairoff and

nawayis reveill Ye
4. Ye

by

craft.

will not difforce the craftisofficiar nor and

theis quha sali be comandit

to goe

assist bim

in

poinding of Yew
with

for onie act

disorder or transgressing
obstin"t persons

comittingand
of Ye Ye 5. Ye craft in

concurr

tbame

rebellions and against


at Ye deacone

poindingof Yame

and maisteris

demand

for

lykecauses.
serve

will and

his

accordingto maj li"ges


or

yoar

skill and abilitie" faith fullie

trewlie bnt frand


will

falsett.
swear

6.

And

finallie ye

promis and

to fnllfiU and

obey god
my

ail Ye

Statutes
to be sett

and injunctiones donne Y

actis of craft contained in the craft books and and sali tyme coming, to
anser

intill in ail

to

and

be

god bim

selff Swa

helpe me

gud lord

obey

and

performe Yis

othe.

tabulated and nnmbered, that is to say, the Acts The Acts of the Craft were the Acts of Admission distinct from of Friemen. There are as making r"gulations, which the several of th"se Acts very interesting, are : following among
"

4. 6.

That That

na

servand

fecht wtin

his

mrs

hous

or

workhons ye

under
on

pane

of XL

shs.

" servandis ail prenteisses


ane

waite d
mrs

upoun

mais ter

ye sabbothe

day

under 7. That
na

unlaw

of VI

shs VIII

servand be fund out of his


of XX

hous under

clude of nicht under

ye

pane 20. That That

shs.
serve as

ye last f rieman
na

officer.
over

38.

brother

tak

his brotheris hous

his Ifead under ye pane

of Ten

merks

and

confineing.
Edr. bear officeof craft. wtin and ye libertie tak
nor

40.
52.

That That To
nor

na

burges of

no

meassonis friemen
with

upoun

hand and

in

tym cuming
nor can

Sparge glew

lyme

sand

whyt

with

lyme

watter
as

chalk
and

bot onlie to tak up

the wark

in als

good fashioun

thei

that under

ye payne

of ten merks
n

Scottis money. that in tyme theis

57.

Ye

Craft taking to conside ration


the trad gave friemen which
ane

quha cam
and

in friemen of

donner
wes

to the trad at their admissioun

bookingas

denner
was

the craftis box statuts and frieman


a

great expcnse to the incumming frieman and for remeid nothing profittit thairby yrof The craft
everie
ane

ordaines that in tyme cumming


a sowrae

that

shall

cam

in

shall pey
as

of money maisters

for their denner modifi and

to ye said craft such

sowne

ye deacone and boxmr

think fit.

58.

That

George Wilson and his successors boxmaisters of this in sit in shall craft kirk seat nixt to ye deacone Incoi-poration ye yr ye be old deacone said there of trad in ane except ye ye seat and ordains that
the

pnt

na

frieman

of ye
nor

said trad
successors

pr"sume

nor

tak

upon

them

to sit abone old

ye

said boxmr

his

except ye pnt deacon and

deacones

wha

shall of 40

happin for ye tyme in ye kirk at anie tyme heirefter under Scottis money swaoft as theyfailzie. shilling

ye pane

1^0

"'ramcLCtions 0/the Quatuor Coronati Lo"ge.


Illnstrative of the

workingof

the raies and

laid r"gulations

down

by th"se Acts quote a


few

of Craf t,the conditions of admission and the penalties of contravention, we


of the minutes
:
"

XIIII The
mrs

1630. Julij
and haill

Deacone qlk day Henry Levingtoan


and

Wm.

Kichie boxmr.

beingconvenit anent Ye wrongis committit be James Potter In sufFering in Ye liberty he not being mr to work unfrieman ane of ye worke in and him selff nor abuseingYe Deacone for working yrwt reproveinghim yrof The Craft unlawis him in Thrie punds for permittin^
brethrine
ye unfrieman And to work unto Ye wtin Ye and liberty to in XL
na

shs

for
nor

abuseing ye
haif voice of

Deacone craft.

payt yrof

injoy

liberty

J. Hamiltoun Se
At

ye

Cannigait ye XXVI 1630 of Sepr.


Wm.

day
Richie boxmr

The

qlk day
Burne

In

pns

of

Henry Lovingtoundeacone
com

James
James

"fc certaine of ye brethrine

p"ritJohne
and

Darward

sone

to to

Durward

wright burges of
to
serve

ye

Oannogate
dewtif

is fiet servand

Archibald
ane thretty

Gourlaywright burges yr
and yeiris

fra this day to Michaelmes

Jajvic except penalty

his

mr.

ullywtout
to aucht

absence of dayes

and

at fyve hrs. and to enter daylie

continew

hors, at evin

thrie half hors, in ye of craft for the oulklie of wages

day

and

incaise of absence

(o incur ye hichest

qlk ye

said Archibald

him for furnishing to geve


cum

sali pay to him Twenty shillings selffin m"at drink and uyr necessaries stane of grey said

exceptbedding and
efter Martinves any him nixt
serve

him

ane

claithes Twenty dayes libertie


to geve

and twa

gif ye

Jon. sal be absent wtout


mr.

day
ane

he sali
new

bonnet and

dayes for ilk Dayes absence and his sark and pairof new schoone. new
Johne Archebald J. Durwrd

Gourlay
etc

Hamiltoun,NOrias
ac

scriba

vocatione. the said last day of Marche James 1635 yeiris comperit
of ye maisson craft

Crystiemaissoun
his aith for

and

is admittit

frieman

within the burgh of ye Cannogaite and


gave

of Brochtoun haill regality

wha

professing ye

trow

"within this profest religioun pntlie "


mrs.

Kingdom

for ob"dience of ye

to his matie

deacone the civillmagistratis and

for mantenance

brughslibertie
ane

yt he

sali do

nathingto
and geve
or

ye craftis

and

of thair fPor fulfiUing pr"judice ail doing dewty as becometh and


exerce

actis and

ordinances

maid

to be maid

frie brother and frie brother does

werke

to do

ail utheris frie


or permittit exerce

as

ony to ye

uther

sali do

Lykeas
he askit

ye craft

said James

whereupon Crystie
J. Hamiltoun Scr.

Instrumentis.

Freeman

and

Gowan,

191

4tb December, 1647.


The

qlk day

In pns of

George Preir Dacone James


Andro compeirit

Scott boxmasters Leishman


son

and

maisters James

eonvenit for tbe tyme


in the

lawll to

Leishman for

George Freir
indentores Leishman

to the sd. parosh of Stirlin and is bookit prenteis and ane yeirfor m"at and fie conforme to the yeiris ffyve

of the dait the twentie

day

of Novr. last

Lykeas the
Freir.

sd. James

hes maid

payment

to the sd. James

Scott conforme

to the order.

George
Andro

Cowye

N.P. and

Clark.

20 Junii 1648.
The

craft nnlawis

Archibald for

Logane Cowpar
Scott

for any unlaw

of ffonrtie

shillingis money
and speitches the sd. Ard.

abuse"DgJames
him to

desicone with

nnreverend

ordaines

geive the
and

sd. deacone

satisfaction Lykeas
be the boxmr.

hes comed
him

in the crafts will and tane the sd. deacone

hand and craved

pardonn

prmttit to

pay

Rd.

Grahame

the sd. 40 shs of unlaw.

Archibald
At

Logane.

the Kirk thrid

of Halyrudhons the

day of Maij jajViO ffonrtie nyne yeiris.


Ten merkis for bis
ane

Samuel

Geddes

hes payit Robert The officership.

Qraham
samyue

boxmr.

exon"ration of the
Toite Statuts "nd

day

The

haill craft ail in


cum

ordains that everie wright wha


the

shall

in frieman
ane ane

in

tyme cuming severall peicesof


ane

within wark

Cannogait
a

or

shall Regalitie
a

mak bed

of the

folio wing for bis essay viz


dressr nixt and the first at
swome new

dois

almrie
to

draw at

beord the

press bed

incuming frieman
almrie and the and
so

begin

dois

the

frieman
be
same

the

fnrth

successivelie And

thet the esay maisteris


a

maker pairtie

of the essay to be lookit in

chop

qllthe

be finishit.

Andro

Cowye

N.P. and Clerk

of Craft. Tent The haill

day of May 1649


boxmr.
and voice

qlk day
mrs.

In

pns

of George Freir
eonvenit

deacone ail in

Rot. Graha"'
ane

" brethrene
to be

They
ane

electit " chois"t

James

Dick

offr. of craft for ye

dischargingof
money and
ane

bis office and

craft

pairof shoone

of fee.

to corne quha maid faith for yeir to promittit pay him Ten merks George Freir.

28 Jarii 1650. Oliver

Edgar

hes payit 30 sh for bis hallowmes


Rot. Graham boxmr. boxmr 24

qrtercomptis and
name

ten

of shillingis Item

unlawto

Jo*^ Jo'^stoun hes

payit the

shs. to put bis

in the

lockit book. In 1656

Matthew

Wilson

was

admitted

Mason
**

freeman,bis

essay

was a

board the

house

of three bouse

height being square,

having a jamb with

pastetumpike in
a

angle."

192 On 9th tbere


for
an was
"

Transactions af the Quatuor Goronaii Lodge.

May, 1657,James
y ou."
as

Tarbet

was

uniawed

becanse at the "lection be said

falsebood among

unsnccessfal candidate
censured him

to vote Some, among wbom Tarbet was, bad promised while accepting boxmaster, bat the officers elect-ed, in the for

bis excuse,

for bis behavionr minuted

meeting.
deacon
; the

In 1658 bave been

fines fr"quent

are

the abusing

offences

seem

to

verbal abuse.

On 20th Pebruary,1668,John essay


was
.

McKenzie, bowar, was


McCullo Arrow."
bowar
ane

admitted

freeman.

His

as

"

to umqle Wm. leat prenteis


.

barges"

frieman of the sd.

burgh

any

gowf club

and

Cannongate
The wbich

1698. Jally Gisant wrigbt


for the

day

James

Mcfarling wright Deacon, David


of trade mett
and convened

Boxmaster

masters

" brethren

tynie

takingto ther consideratione that John Robertsone off"cer to tbe trade is officer so to discharge his dewty as altogetheranfitt " incapacitat is reqnisit " of sickness and "ge, weakness as by reason suff"ciently trade is at ane ther infirmities "fc thereby the by disadvantadge
and meetings " otherwayes inchapterlie

therefor hes deposed and


officer in ail IW mark Hu

heirby

d"posesye

sd John

Robertsone

of his oflSce as

tyme coming.

Tbe Deacone

his ordinar

Maifson Clerk.

(This deacon usually signed by mark.)


Att

Canongatethe tenth day of Apr"le Jaj vii c atd Thertyfour years.


and
r"manent

The

wbich

day the

Deacon
the

boxmaster

masters

and

members

of the and

of Incorporation

wrights Coapers"c.
Nisbet, Masson

of

being meett Canongate


in

COMPEARED
a

Cloud

resedenttr

Canongate Who
to
ane

baveing Given in
and

bill to the Trade

to be admitted Craveing him


a

essey tbe

to receave being found qualiUed thereof Canongate and priveleges tbe trade shall to
ane

free Brother

masson

witbin

dews

pleasename
essey VIZ To foot and

upsettand qch being Considered by the Trade


upon make
a

his paying what

otber

They
with
a

remitted him

the modle bredith

of

foot bouse Thei-ty

long
the done

and

Twenty
within

four

balf

within the walls


to draw
a

skeall stear and doors and Windows


samen

Conforme
he

and

draught
botb

of

the

conveeningbefore conveeningbouse

begin to

his essey

to be

within

the said the

before the nixt

quarter day wbich

P"tition with essey masters

of the Draught and essey " the reportof the suffitiancey being Considered by the Trade They admitt and receave Nisbet to be
a

the said Cloud

free Brother Masson

wtin

thereof who priviledges

being pr"sentmade

faith for

Canongaleand the true professing


ye

obediance to the majestrats reformed religion of the Canongate protestant and to corne and Masters of Trade pr"sent made Deacon and to be made and shall doe nothingto ye Contrair therof directly in tyme nor Indirectly

comeing qre upon the said Cload haveing payedhis upsett" dew to

Nisbet the

asked

and

took

Instruments

He

Trade.

JAMES

AITKINE

HAMILTOI^

"lk.

194.

Transactions of ihe Quatuor Goronatt Coalhill " Pleasants for the


Freemens

Lcdge,
at tbe and
same

Unless Tlieybe likewise admitted AND


FURTHER

time

Canongate

They

Enact
and

Ordain

That

Sons " Sons in law

Shall be admitted

received for payment

of the Antient

upsettmoney
merks and

of Fourtyponnds and Apprentices for payment


tbe usnall

of

one

hundred

dues

as

aforesaid AND

this Act observed

They Will,appointand

ordain

to be faifcbf " nlly

kept and strictly


AITKINE. WILSON

in ail time comeing from and after this date. JAMES Wm.

Clk.

Canongatethe Seventeenfcb day of Febraary JajVII and Fourty one years


Whicb
Members

Att

Day

In

pr"sence

of the

Deacon

Boxmr

and

r"manent

Masters

"

of the

of Corporation

Wnghts

Coupers "c. of Canongate Com-

peared John Gray,Jonrneyman Couperin Canongate " Son in Law to the deceased John Muir wright and late Deacon of this CorporationWHO Freeman and a haveing given in a P"tition craveing to be admitted
made haveing of New the and bis Scows

Essay accordingto
which

order viz Two

Nine Gallon Trees


the

out

Oak

by Essaybeing Inspected
Therefore
to be H"ve
a

TradeTheyfonnd
hereby
Admitt the
as

samein

Sufficient And

admitted Brother

and

re"oive the Said John of

Burgh
usnall money

Canongate"

Gray thereof privil"ges


Instruments other Dues.
and

Free who and

Couper within

being pr"sentmade

faith

whereopun be
of upsettmoney

took

payed fourty pounds


JAMES
Wm. AITKINE

Scots

WILSON

Clk.

Canongate the sixth day two. July JajVII and fourty


Which "

Att

of

Day
mett

In pr"sence of the Deacon


of the

Boxmaster

and

r"manent

Masters

Members

of Canongate Corporationof Wrights Coupers"fec. Andrew

being

Compeared

Syme

masson

in Edinbr.

"

Son

of ye

deceased received
a

Jas.

Syme,

Sclater " freeman

of this Corporation cravingto be Whicb priviledges


P"tition

free Brother with them The Trade


an one

in ail their

beingconsidered
in

uuanimouslyfound
to Them and and

and the petitioner qualified Edr.

respectbe had made pensed with bis makeing


And

of Essayin Marys Chappell for which

he said

pound Scots
a

They herebyadmitt
in bis art of Mason

receive the

They dispayed Twelve Andrew Syme


bounds and

free Brother

Craft within
faith for

their whole

who priviledges

being pr"sent made


to his

Religion ob"dience
Deacon Superiors

Majesty, the
of Trade

the true protest. professing of Magistratea Canongateour " to be made

" Masters

Acts made

shall do nothing contrair hereunto and or directly comeing whereupon the said Andrew Syme asked and took Insts. and he paid Fourty pounds Scois money of upsettmoney and his whole other dues

by ye Trade in time indirectly

in

common

form. JAMES
AITKINE

Wm.

WILSON

Clk,

^reevian and Gotoan.


The ofiScers of the
were Corporation

l95
but ail
were Corporations

nnmerons,

nofc

had more, some some fewer. We h"ve not been able to find anything alike, to justify Bro. Haghan's suggestion that the ** eldest entered had the duty of apprentice of at the He this custom presiding meetings states that Apprentices. althongh
" "

obsol"te is nevertheless, I fancy, r"cent, as


dates from

the

first mention

of it hitherto

discovered

of apprentices practice haviogseparatemeetings may be true but seems as At Haughfoof, he a s regardsLodges, apocryphal regards Incorporations. " find entered we a called "youngest apprentice.** He is occasionally Officer,' says,
*

1721."

The

"

whence

we

may

conclude

that

his

duty was
such

to
a

tyle the Lodge,


way
as

the

Officer ' being

**

often mentioned
was

"he

elsewhere and always in to onrTyler." "quivalent


was no

to lead to the

conclusion that

There Officer was

in tyler who

the masonic went

sens"

in the for the

old

Trade

The Incorporations.

the factotum

messages A

Deacon,

called

justlike the Beadle of the Kirk


if the Craft chose

Session.

sp"cial appointment was


to act
or an

meetings and so usuallymade,


for
a a

on, but

they could compel the


divided The

latest intrant

to pay

substitute.

There

h"ve been The


craft

instances of sp"culative Lodgeshavingboth


was

Officer and
There

Tyler.
several been
us

into several

ranks

or

divisions.
hitherto

were

classes of members.

distinctions thus made

appear

to h"ve

only

understood, and the lightthrown upon them by the partialLy and interesting impartant. The building trade permits

Minutes of

before

is both

indeed, specialization"
a

good workmanship almost largeextent


In

demands

in olden times is stillto it," and the classification the division of labour
were

the classification

adoptedby
itself there

of the

pr"sentday.
or one

of the work respect

the hewer, and the builder, and any th"se


h"ve
as a

workman

the waller quarrier, might d"vote himself to in stone.

the

rough
or

mason,

other

of

divisions of the trade of construction


or guild as as

it was Theoretically

to possible
mason

f raternity for of the the

and the quarrier each, but practically the


more

rough

were
were

looked upon looked upon

while labouringclass,
and skilled artisans, in

builder and

the especially

hewer

intimate relation to the designer or


upon par and

whose architect, The hewer the

trenched sph"rethey frequently and

occupied.
was
"

builder
"

were

both

masons

excellence^ though the hewer


in contrast
"

vocatos to maceons sp"cial ly vocatos ligiers (1396 vide Bro. Rylands in Masonic Magazine,1882). The English waller or builder statute of 1459,ii. Henry viii.,G. xxii., shews that the rough mason or
"

freemason

lathomos

ffre

lathomos

with
man

unhewn

stone and

without wages

the Scottish cowan, lime,i.e., then


fixed.
vi.

was

lower

class trades-

according to the
C.v.

This 1548.

is borne

ont

by

the English statutes

Henry viii.
hewing
For

1515,and

2 and

3 Ed. notes

See also the Westmorland


the
mason

of Bro.

Conder, A.Q,G.,x.,

32.

To

this

day

and

the

buildingmason

get diff"rent wages.


we

further

illustrations of the diff"rent classes of workmen


of Documents to relating

may

refer to

(1)

the

EnglishCalendar

A.Q Scotland,

C. vu., p. and
on

137,which
for the

quotes a record in 1508 in regard to 5 freemasons, 20 rough masons Oaptainof the Town of Berwick employed by Sir William Conyers, of and the Town and Castle. bailding repair (2) Rule
13 of the Alnwick
"

25 labourers

Tweed,

Lodge, A.Q.G.

xiv.

8.

:"

Thatt
or

noe

Rough Layers or
admitted
masons

any

other thatt within

has not served the"r time the Lodge any work of

"

been

shall work
a

"

mason

ry whatsoever

under (except

Mastr).''

196

Transactions Bro.

ofthe Quatuor Goronati Lodge,


Conder,A.Q.G. xiy., 129 work"ng
or
:
"

(3) Leicestershire Masonry by


" "

Besides th"se Masons


others when
were

ai the

Bridges and Gild


builders. behind

Hall

there

were

known

as

Marators

wall wall

They

are

accounted

for

"

"

work"Dg on the garden SJd per day."


on

the Gild Hall, their wages

(4)
the

Mr.

notes Tingey's
"

the

craft Gailds of

Norwicb, A.Q.G, rongh

xv.,

199,and

specially

foUowing :
"
"

In

the

autamn

of 1512
7 years

the

masons

complained of persons
bonds at 4 years and
even
was as

for apprenticed

redeemingtheir
ail.

**

less,and
no one

others not
as

apprenticedat
a

It

therefore had and to do

decreed

that

"

should work

rough
shonld
as were

mason

but such

served his fnlly


warden any

"

or apprenticeship

else be approved by the


one

mayor him

of the

*'

craft ; also that

no

take
sworn

it upon

task work

*'

within the citybut such

citizens."
was

The
members 1.
as

skilled and foUows


:
"

craft privileged

as

body

divided conrentionally

into

Honorary,

or

non

afterwards trading,

the dominating feature leading to

freemasonry. sp"culative
2. Freemen
and of the craft in full

membership

and

with

full

of trading privil"ges

employment.
or

3.

Servants

and operative
as

skilled

permanently retained by certain employ"es,


skilled and
mas

freemen
4.

employ"es.
of the

Journeymen, free

craft, duly operatives


one

open

for

ment employ-

from day by day, but travelling business for themselves. ".


6"

ter to

another and not in

Apprentices.
Cowans
work.
or

cowaners,

z.e.,

freemen

or

journeymenrestricted to
appears
the

one

class of

It must
statu tes of full and

be kept clearly in view that in England, as alreadyreferred to,the freeman of Henry and Edward
or so as a or

from

the in

whether craft,
was
:

only potentially joumeyman or higherclass than even a master rough mason for that class of work as well to a cowan apprenticed
standing
had
a

apprentice,
master
cowan a

of

diff"rent

lad

might

be

as

to

mason.

craft guild or
the carter
noue

The incorporation.
or

former

being

nearer

the

Only the latter sph"re of unskilled

like labour,

scavenger,

did not

he as requirea guildto protectprivil"ges,

had few

or

to

protect.
of
our

The almost
erroneous

remainder

notes to in

will

deal with
is almost bas

the

of position
now

the

cowan,

an

purely Scottish term meaning.


It is The word the

which

ordinaryusage
Statutes Ordinances
:
"

given an entirely invariably ail its lost original signification.

providedby
"

Shaw

The

Statutes and

to be observed

be ail the maister the

ma"ssonis

"

within

this reaime of date zeirs."


na

xxviir.

day

December

zeir of God

ImVo

"

four seoir auchtene 15. wirk with Item. That

"

maister cnmpanye pane

or

fallow of craft
nor

ressave

ony

cowains to
to wirk

"

in his soc"etieor

send

nane

of his servands

**

cowanis under

the

of twentic

poundssae

oft

as

ony

person

"

offendis heirintill."

Freeman

on" Cowan.

197
of cowans,
*'
"

"n 1707

in

lis ordinance
a cowan as a

against tbe
Mason
*'

employment
the word
cowans

the

Lodge

of

described Kilwinning

without of

member

of the craft

But withoat full privil"ges. of the

tbe

employment

by Master
fifteen

work,

when of
was

no

regnlarcraftsmen could be foand

within

Masons,for any kind allowed by was miles,

Lodge

"Kowans" minate and


"

of the

in the early part of last centnry. The employment of of Masons, but a probibitedin 1600 by tbe Glasgow Incorporation same Court,in February, 1623, contains the record of a person booked

Kilwinning

received

as

cowan

being autborised
above sand
an

to work

stone without

and

and morfcar,
to work
or

to

"

build

mortar

but walls,
nor

not

ell in

beight and
The
to

power

lay hewn
with
mason

"

work,

to build with that

and

lime."

records
were

of the
taken

Lodge
"

of

Haddington

(1697) shew
"

indentured apprentices
nor

Lodges

bound of

not to work

nor

in company

of fellowship

any

Cown

at any

manner

buildingnor

"

work."

Cowans

were

against their
and

admission idea
as a

regularrecognizedmembers for as being qualified


use

of craft. their

There

was

no

prohibition
was a

work. particular

It

late

mistaken
up,

to

the

word

in the

ritual of

Sp"culative freemasonry,when
with
or eavesdroppers,

it sprang

term
as

of

and opprobrium,

to class

cowans

to

them particularize

uninitiated persons
to the

who

might abtempt to
was

obtain

admission
a

to the

Lodge itself in
listener.
What

contradistinction

who eavesdropper,

merely
is

clandestine

in the first

place was
The is

the

Cowan

or

Cowaner
in

This

abundantly plain
Lodge
a

from the records

available.

earliest minute well

of the possession
its deliverance
on

of Edinof the

as so burgh (Mary's Ohapel), statu te against the employment

known,
:
"

records

breach

of Cowans

"

Ultimo

Julij1599
to wirk at

The

qlk day George Patoun


the dekin "
mrs

maissoun for

" grenttit
any

*'

confessit that he had


cowane ane

offendit agane

of placeing
ane

"

chymnay
to bis

heid for tua dayisand


in the dekin

half day for

'*

the wlk unlaw said said

offenss he submittit to lay thay pleass

"

*'

Georges humill
the

mrs guds willis qt and thay having respect to the charge, submissioun " of bis estait, thay remittit him the

himself

"

**

offenss, Providingalwayisthat gifather lyke offenss heireftr that


Thoas said Weir the law wtout dekin the norius

he

(or) ony
done

other

brother thame
of Paull

"

committ

sali

strykevpoun
in pns Broun Johne

**

Indiscreta Maissoun Tailzefeir Gibsone

exceptiounof psonis this George Payoun " Adame


Maissoun dekin
"

was

**

warden, Thoas Watt

""enrie

"

Walkar

ITa est Adamus


mark is also

'*

Paull

(the Wardens

appended). Though
craftsmen ont points
occurs
"

Bro.

Murray Lyon
bave years had records.

states

seems

to occasionally
a

that

hundred

offence of employing uninitiated subjectof complaint to the Lodge, he " Cowan elapsed before the epithet nearly again
formed the
"

that

the

in the

Edinburgh

Under

date

December

27th, 1693,he
or

finds :

"
"

It is

also condesended

that if aney

Master

imploya
our

Couan

Couans
:

he shall pay
use

tuelue

"

pound
pen

scotts for each appears, Bro.

breach of this

actt to the warden correction

for the been

of the

poor."
been

The
the

Murray Lyon adds, in


minute,
as

to h"ve

drawn

through

last clause That

of this the
"

if the to which

ultimate

destination in bis Statutes

of such directs than

fioes had

changed.
be

pioususes"

Shaw

referred less to acts of piety in the strictest sens" applied from minutes,where consid"ration for its own subs"quent appears

Lodge fines to to almsgiving,


in the

poor is shown

198 of devoting

transactions of the Quatuor Goronat" Lo"ge.


a

portionof

its funds

to the"r relief
"

virtue

which

stillmore

or

less

characterizes the Lodges of the pr"sent day.


In the StatisticalAccount of of Scotland John

Halkirk, Caithness,by the Rev.

Part XIX. ; Parish bj Sir John Sinclair, in 1797, in Cameron, Minister, pnblished
*'

there are of 3180 in the Parish,he says, Of this number speakingof the population 380 bachelors, maideus 400,widowers 40, widows 308, womenservants 89,menservants shoe 321,tradesmen such as tailors, or wrights, makers, sraiths, brogue coop"ra, weavers,
cowans

73,"and
"

the note
masons

is added who build

dry stone dikes or walls." of Mull, of the Parish of Morven, published in 1794; Presbytery *' by the Rev. Norman McLeod, we find a day labourer earns 1/-per Connty of Argyle, are day,taylors paidby the job from which they earn from 1/6 to 2/-per day exclusive of maintenance, boat carpenter, a cowan joiner, (orbuilder of stone without mortar) Co"cans,
In the account at the minimum get 1/annum, to and

besides maintenance

and

has from good maintenance,a shepherd weavers are shoes, paid by the measure
was

"7 to "10
and

per

according

of stuff." Cowanor quality

the term

used in the

same

sens"

in the Lothians.

At the

the Cannogaite

XXVII

of

May qlk day Henry Levington deacone and is Johne McCoull cowane compeirit
worke wtin
as ane cowane

1636.

The

and

haill

admittit

being convenit during his lyftyme To


mrs.

any

work

wtout with stane and clayallenarly brochtoun for the

lyme
soume

ye haill

and barony of regality,


or

qlk he faithfuUy
The

to promittit of ffoure

pay to ye said craft

ye boxmr.

in their names,

ponnds money
severall

yeirly duringye said space of his


To tymes yeirly witt "ambes

quarterly lyftyme
candlemes

viz. at foure and ony

hallowmes

beltane And terme that

at eny geve he failzeis he sali pay ye

tyme

at ye leist twenty dayisefter

doubill at ilk

tymes failzieas

said is viz.

for ilk shillings forty

twenty

but ony shillings

objectionn.
J. Hamilton,Scr.

At of

Canuogait the penult day Maij jajYiO fourtie ni ne


the boxmr.
cowaner

The
haill

quhilk day
mrs.

yeirs. George Freir deacone Rt Grahame Reull Williame " brethrene convenit compeirit
In pns of

and and

with anie wark dnreinghis lyftyme To work as ane cowane stane and clay allenarlie without lyme except onlie to cast with lyme and claychimney heidis without timber doir cheeks and timber windowis wtin " the haill of Brochtonn and that for the qlk he Cannogait Regalitie is admittit

faithfullieto promittit
soume

pey to the sd. Craft

or

yr boxmr.

in yr

name

The

of sic

pound

Scottis moY

dureingthe yeirlie
hallowmes nixt In candlemes

space of his " beltane

four severall

tymes viz Lambes

lyftymeat beginand
has

the first termes

pay t. at hallowmes

the sd. Wm. respect

pntlie
at

payit30 shs doe his "ambes


least wtin ilk

qrtercompts
thrie

and That

gif he

failzie anie

tyme

twentie dayisefter enie terme

he shall pey the double at 30 shs But anie objectioun. George Freir.

tyme failzieas sd. is viz

pound for ilk

Andro

Cowye

P.

Freeman

and

Gowan,
on

199 the
same

Oliver conditions.
From

Edgar

was

admitted

cowaner

day, and

on

tlie

same

tbe

Canongate records
1650
1653
"

we

again find

"

3 March

John Sime admitted


John John

as

cowaner.

18 11
He not

June

"

Baird,cowaner, Banchop, cowaner,


with his mark.

admitted. admitted. In other


cases

July

1655

"

signsthe
In this 6

act of admission the

those admitted

do

sign.

case

deacon, John Hendrie," the clerk Andrew


"

Cowye
place

both sign.

Jnly
case

1658

Robert

Heart,admitted

cowaner.

In

this

Andrew

Cowye
"

adhibits his notarial mark

in

of

Heart's
in of

signature.
25

May 1659 James Marray, yoonger son of James Mnrray, wright Scott burgess " freeman to James Muthell, entered prentice Canongate.

19

Sept. 1660

"

James

Cleghorne cowaner,
Dowie
cowaner
,,

indweller

in

Canongate,

Admitted. William
13 Nov. 20 Dec. 1660 1G60 the
" "

indweller in Leith,Admitted.
at

William Francis

Wallwood,
cowaner Clift,

Admitted. Inverleith, Clift signs

in

Admitted. Cannogait,

minute,
"

but not the others.

11 April 1661
cowaner

John

Halliwell,Burgess of the Cannogait admitted


form.
He

as

in usual

signsthe minute
Haliwel
as

"

John His
his

Robert father-in-law,
:
"

Gray, is

in the minute
OC

and cautioner,

he

by signs
1662.

thus initiais,

Q
was

He
The minute

seems

to h"ve
a

left the town.


:
"

His first paymeDt

due

on

Ist

May,

has
"

marginal note

Margaret Gray, Spons to Jon.


in fuU
now

Halliwell

hes ail

payitPatrick
anie moir

moyse

boxmr.
is

"

payment of
and
never

bygone qrter comptis and


barronie."

"

deleit ont of this book

to pay in

qrtercomptis

"

heirefter

excepthe
"

be found

working

or Cannogait

18 June
7

1661
1664

Robert
Andrew

Cowpar, cowaner,
Sime, cowaner,
Greenleis.

admitted. admitted.
He

May

"

signsthe

minute

with his cautioner John 27


1664" Sept.

Gilbert

Hamiltoun,

cowaner,

admitted.

He

has

cautioner and
3 Feb.

signs notarially.
Andersen, Cowaner.
conform lie,
admitted
*'

1608

"

Thomas

He

was

recommended

by
Bailie

George

Heriot, Bai

to

letter subscribed

by

the

of the above

date,and

Mason, is designated Meason


5 March
**

His cautioner, a cowaner. William burges " fricman of C."


cowaner.

1669

"

John

Sim, admitted

The

minute
and work

states:
cowaner

"

John Syme ane honest old man personally comperit and is admittit " receaved dareing his lyftyme to
Sim.

"c

"

Notary signsfor
10 March 1669
"

Wm.

McKean

admitted

as

cowaner.

He

signsth"

minute

with his cautioner.

200
Ifcis worib

Transactions of the Quatuor OoronaH

Lodge,
"

notingthat

there

are

entries of separate
:
"

servants

"

to the freemen

for

the

of period

this minute
17

book, at the end of it. Thus


"

Sept. 1669
William hes

And Mason

Mason sicklyk John Cowan Meson barges " frieman Mo"r

is

bookit

servand and

to

of

Cannogait
order. to John

he

satisfiet and
"

boxmr.

conforme
is booked

to the servant

May 1677
"

Thomas
his James to

Gib

maisson money. booked

Hamilton

payed
"

booking
McLean

26

April1677
as

servant

to Andrew

Syme.

One other minute

case

a cowan against

deserves quotation.
3

the Cannogait The mett

day

of

July 1691

years.

qlk day
"

the said deacon for the

boxmr.

maisters

" haill r"manent

brethren

be John

the greatencroachment done tyme considering of the of said the Monro, Cowen, wrights incorporatione of burgh by working of severall pi"ces worke not concerned nor contained in his act of admissione wherfore they h"ve amercat " fynedhim in Ten convened to the merks

Scots for bygones and


" doe the

farder

inacts

"
he

d"clares shaU this

that

in caise he the

committ

lyke
be

in

benefeitt of his freedom he hes bein

for the

tyme comeing and lykeactings


" servants
on

forfeitt " omitt

Becaose particularlie

working

himselfe

seuerall sleat slabes " other

farniture
cowens as

to the

forces pr"sent

lie belongingto the wrights " not to the

is cleir by his act of admissione. Thomas

This

was

under work

Kinloch,Deacon, and

Hector

Ayttonne, Bozmaster, and


of
was Saughton,

refers to
executed.

some

which

James Watson, the evidently

Laird

having

James Bitchie Gould, in dealingwith the Cowan, gives as an instance : is stated his it in that he was faveur of cowan accused was feeinga ^ " of Master in This took place entered loith a Lodge,and had a discharge a Paisley.' He : in Glasgow, 1")22. Kilwinning, 20th December, 1725. Two of its proceeds
Bro.
"
"

**

"

"

**

"

"

with the *dischargedfrom enteringthe societie of honest men {cf. of and also the frieman to give to E. A.Ob.)belonging discharge Kilwinning, Lodge every of Scots until be the penaltie "20 under convinces of their they strocke of worke no brethren
were

"

cryme.'
This above

called If nofc actually in 1705 defined at


a

cowans as

they were
a
*

at least in without the

exactlythe

same

position.
occurrence

"

Lodge
noted

cowan

mason

word,'but the

"

"

"

"

Glasgow shows that a non-affiliated mason, havingthe word, was also served their apprenticeship At Edinburgh, fchose who had lawfully called a cowan. other apprentices from from or or servants work, employing obtaiuing were prohibited of the Lodge and that of the burgh, which until they had taken up both the freedom
latter
was

"

by granted
treated
as

the

Whether Incorporation.

called

cowan

or

not, it is "vident

"

they were
It is

such."
th"se extracts that this word
cowan,
or

abundantly"vident from
terms operative

cowaner,

likemost
a

of the

in raasonry, is of Scottish

origin.Scotland

is naturally

that the employment of and it need not be a matter of surprise building, than the of in the Burgh Burgh of Edinburgh. Canongate was more fr"quent cowans suburban was a walled city. The former communifcy. The latter The latter was a The former was and houses tenements. a wide huddled in together closely delighted land of stone
area

of houses

with

and gardens
"

cultivated

groundattached.
i., 428,

It

was

in evidently

the

Gould,Eistoryof Freemasonry

414, 40?.

202
1. As
the The

Transactions ofthe Quatuor Goronatt


fi rst of th"se

Lodge.
verb
oicovo), I

d"rivations spurious
does not and
never a

is from did

the Greek

list"n.
was

ordinary Scotsman
an

speak Greek, and

the need

cowan

neither
about

eavesdropper,

nor

but listener,

simpletradesman,we

say

no

more

this fanciful suggestion.


2. The second

d"rivation, quoted with


a

some

approval bj
a

Bro.

Murray Lyon,is
that
eu
*

from
in
"

the

Greek
way
a

again,kvo"/,
the

dog.

Evidentlywith
"

notion lingering of notice that

cowan

bas

some

Gaelic connection,he says,


as epithet, one

It is

worthy

is the Gaelic without


so

Word Word

for
'

dog. May

"

not h"ve

been derived

from

the

oontempt towards Celtic word, eu Y


of And may

Craftsmen
A

the

Grael would
sens"

express
we

"

* himself by the term, a choin, You

dog.*
of

it not be in this

that

ftnd

"

it

"

and

employed in Rob Roy by Major Galbraith in the


had in
a

the

between who, in the dispute great novelist,

the Eaillie

claohan

"

sword het and

"

pr"viensbrawl the same of the culter,' speak thus superciliously


fear

whose makes the Highlander, broadAberfoyle, Nicol been Jarvie's redopposed by night
'

Duke

of

Argyle :
as a

She*ll

speak her
and ye may

mind tell
"

"

naebody
"

she

doesna

value

Cawmil

mair Rob

cowan,

**

MacCallum
Walter

More
was

that Allan made

Iverach

said sae.' St.

"

Scott

in the

Lodge

written in 1817, Roy was David, Edinburgh, March 2, 1801,and to


use

Sir his

"

acquaintancewith
may be ascribed."

Masonic

technicalities his this

of Cowan till a at

as

an

of epithet

contempt
date in

"

for Unfortunately
not
a

theory, up

late comparatively

was sp"culative Masonry cowan term applicable to an excluded

term The

class.
was

contempt phrase used in

of

but merely an ail, Rob Roy has been for the


cowan

operative
misunderfor

stood.

The

martial

Highlander
to
use was

tradesmen,and
poor

he is made

the

his disdain expressing English word appropriate

and Campbells

(meaningjusta
and

dyker),which

archaic enough for the novelist's purpose

had

Gaelic

to stand ancestry, 3.
source

for trade.
is suggestion Cowan is
"

third
"

that the

"

chouans

"

of the French

R"volution
the
"

were

the

whence

is derived.

The

epithetwas

applied to
of their
w^as

Insurgent being owl, the

as Bretons,"chiefly,

supposed,from
of

the circumstances

movements screech

generallymade,
nickname
of Jean

like those

owls, in the night. Chouan

the

Brittanyand

the original leader of the party of insurgent Cottereau, Royalistsof of France, consisting almost of entirely peasantry who rose in 1792 against the French Republic, and carried on a gu"rilla warfare of great bittemess. till 1800,and even after that occasional insurrections occurred They were not repressed the West to the first years word of the The

down

reign of

Louis

use chough. the cou R"volution, pied with the fact that formerly demolishes that theory. daylight,

daw, our

of the word

Old French 1830-48. choue,a Philippe, before the French long by Incorporations craft held their

meetings in

broad

4.

Still

fourth may in

d"rivation

has

been

that Cowan viz.,


one

be derived from
some

Comh

by Bro. C. N. McTntyre North, proposed hliann (pronounced Kovhann) implying


But
ever

who

is bonded

way

or

another.
was

there such
or a

was

no

binding sp"cial
of the classas to

in

regard to cowans,
a can narae

and

nothingof this sort


no

feature

give

to it.

The

has suggestion

apparent ground

reason

and

nothing whatever

be adduced For

in its

support.
we

similar

reasons

dismiss the idea of any connection,as has been suggested,

with

"

5.
tuto

Suedo

Gothic Kujon, a silly fellow.

Homtnem

"mhellem et cujuscapitt omnes

illudunt Kujonappe"are moris est.

Freem"n

and

Oowan.

2"3

6.

French

coyon,

Henry
7.
The

v., m.,

a coward, our base fellow, peare, a scoundrel or as in Shakescullion, ii., 22," Up to the breach you dogs ! avaunt'yoacallions."

Italian Coglione^ a or fool, truth is that the


word is
an

person
an

the deserving

utmost

personal contempt.
an

is

meaning
makes
a

to

"square." Square

in use parallel verb and Doun, adjective, exact squarer.


as a

and and round

antithesis in
person hollow hollow
as

the
or

who
an

thing square can be called a a hollow adjective, or something hollow


or

Cowan
and
a

raeans cowaner

noun,

is the

builder

the

man

who

uses

round

unsquared stones
the word bas

buts.
in
"

In the west

of Scotland

buildingparposes, whether walls or received a collat"ral meaning coUoquially


for
"
"

**

boats. Thus : When the Earl (Argyll) came beingappliedto largehollow fishing in this critical juncture to Allangreg he resolved to man he had got to ont four prizes and thirty fisher boats sea "fcc. (Woodrow's Hist. ii.535.) cowans or
"

I bave Prof essor


"

Mackinnon's

for sayingthat authority in

**

The word

caban, later

cabhan, is a "c. "crevice,


In
cowaner

well Tn

established word
dialect the sound

"short.
*'

like the Gaelic *air,'


a

with the meaning hollow, cobhan, co*an,the first a being indicates a personalagent, so that English er,* becomes easily
*

Gaelic literature

is thus

very

natoral

phrase for
a

hollow
or

builder

or

drystonediker."
are

In

Welsh

the word

takes and The

the form

of cwm,

combe

dingle.
and

There

several Ireland

in places there is

Dumfriesshire

Galloway called

cowan,

caven

cavens.

In

the Latin cavea, come stem is Ku^ to contain, whence original Greek kvuv, to s well,and the English cave, Oam referring a to a curved wheel,Camher curved whole host of words curvature and to or a relating surface, cameo, cam"ra,

Connty Cavan.

hollowness.
In connection with this
as a

it might enquiry
surname,

to trace be interesting

the

and origin

locus of the word

Cowan

but this bas not been taken up.

TUESDAY,

14th

JULY,

1908.

SPECIAL
to the

Meeting

was

held

ia order

to to

o"Fer the

fraternal

weloome

from

the

Lodge
was

Mason-Bishops and

Delegates

Pan-Anglican Conf"rence,

which

then

tak"Dg place in London.


The

Lodge
BroB.

met

in the

Grand

Lodge Boom
W.M.
;

at

Freemasons'

Hall, at
as

5 p.m.

Pr"sent" F. J. W.

F. H.

Goldney,P.G.D.,
;

K.

F.

P.M., Gould, ^.G.D.,


;

S.W. John J.D.

Crowe,

P.G.O., J.W.

Canon

J. W.

Horsley, P.G.C., Chap.

W.

Songhurst, P.A.G.D.C, Secretary; Henry


W. M.

Sadler, G. Ty., S.D.; W. Watson,


E. H.

Brwater,

P.G.S.B.,D.C.

J. P.

Simpson, I.G.j

Drin",

S. Stew.j

B. L.

Hawkins, J. Stew.

Sir A. H. Markham, Wynn Westcott, P.G.D., P.M. ; Admirai ; Dr. W. Malta, P.M.; Sidney T.Klein, L.B., P.M.; W. H. Eylands, P.A.G.D.C, P.M.; Dr. W.

P.Dis.G.M.,
J. Chetwode

Crawley, G.Tr., Ireland


There H.B.H.
were

Geo.

L.
"

Shackles, P.M.

; and

Edward

Armitage, P.D.G.D.C.

also Duke

pr"sent :
of

The

Connanght and Stratheam, K.G., "c., M.W.

Grand

Master.

The

Eight Hon.

Lord

M.W. Ampthill, G.C.I.E.,

Pro

Grand

Master.

The

Eight Hon.

T. F.

Halsey, B.W.

Deputy Grand

Master.

The The The The The The The The The The The

Bight Bev. C. 0. L. Biley,D.D., Lord Bight Bey. W. P. Swaby, Lord Bight Bev. W. W. Perrin, Lord Bight Bev. J. B. Crozier, Lord Bight
Bev T.

Australiai of Western Bishop of Perth, M.W.G.M. Islands. Bishop of Barbados and the Windward

Bishop of Colambia. Bishop of Down,


of

G.C., Ireland.
P.G.C.

Stevens, Lord
W.

Bishop

Barking,

Bight Bev. Fr"d"ric

Keator, Bishop of Olympia, Washington. Bishop of Bunbary, P.G.C. Bishop of Maaritias. Bishop of Glasgow and Galloway. Bishop of North Queensland.

Eight Bev. F. Goldsmith, Lord Bight Bev. F. A. Gregory, Lord

Bight Bev. A. E. Campbell, Lord Bight Bev. G. H. Frodsham, Bight Bev. James
Lord

Henry Darlington, Bishop of Harrisburg, PenDsylvania.

The The The The The The The The The The The The

Bight Hon.
Ven. Bev. Bev. Bev. Bev. Bev. Bev. Bev. Bev. Bev. Bev.

Lord

Addington, Prov.G.M., Bucks.


G.

Archdeacon

Hodges, G.C.
J.

Prebendary Arthur
Bichard J. Nelson Vitruv"us H. G. Canon F. M. Canon H. B.

Ingram, P.G.C.

Peek,

P.G.C.

Palmer, P.G.C

P. Wyatt, P.G.C. Morse, P.G.C. C. V. Childe, P.G.C.

Burton, D.D., P.G.C.


F. J. Foakes-

Jackson, D.D., P.G.C.


P.G.C.

Cooper Smith, DD., Sanders,


P.G.C.

S. J. W.

Sir Edward Arthur Bev. Bev.

Letchworth, F.S.A.,G. Secretary.

E. Stearns, P.G.D.

C. E. L. H. C. de A. E.

Wright, P.G.D. Lafontaine, P.G.D.

Pecival

Nairre, P.G.D. Aasten, P.G.D.

Arthur

transactions oftke Quatuor OoronatiLo"ge.


Wm. The

205

Dawes, P.G.D.
Rev. 0. M.

Holden, P.Asst.G.O.

Frank R.

Bichardson,G.D.G. Peroy F. W. Simpson, P.Dep.G.D.C. Bimner, P.A.G.D.C.


P.A.G.D.C. Ralling,

Chas. W. Cole, A.G.D.G. A.

Thos. J. W. F. R.

P.Dep.G.M.,Victoria. Lamonby, P.A.G.D.C.,


Dawson, P.A.G.D.C.

Clay Sadlow, P.A.G.D.C.


P.A.G.D.C. Prichard,

W. Alfred J. M.

Col. F. J. Stohwasser, Col. G. T. Thos. John F. A.

P.Dep.G. Sword Bearer. Carpenter,Asst.G. Sword Bearer.


Bearer. Bearer.

Cohu, P.G. Standard Powell,P.G. Standard

F. Roberts, P.G. Standard

Bearer. Bearer.

J. Leach Wm.

Barrett,P.G. Standard

Lake, Asst.G. Secretary.


Pursuivant.

Harry Tipper, P.A.G.


W. W.

Kipps, P.A.G. Pursuivant.


P.A.G. Pursuivant. Fisher,

AU

theCorrespondence Circle:" Bros. Col. J. H. S. Craigie,P.Q.W., Ellor,H. Bernard Watson, Charles H. Watson, H. H. Montagne Pr.G.Stew., Smith, Albert Henning, P.Pr.D.G.D.C,Surrey ; W. H. Harris, Surrey; D. S. Morison,John
Also Scottish F.M. in

thefollowingmembers

of

India; Andrew

Churcb, Sibert Saunders,Albert Evan


Alezander J. C. C. L. C.

Bernays, Frank W. Ward, Albert C. Grever, Chas. fi. Bestow, Rev. B. T. Gardner,P.Pr.G.C, Bucks ; J. Albert Richards,Henry J. Dalgleish, Forrester,
H. Hyde, Maurice Victor, Merriok,Walter C. Williams,C. J. Wilkinson-Pimbury,

Lyell,R. Warren Morgan, Alfred

Fairley,Horace

Nelson, Fred
Moar, T. Fred

C.

Cooper, Hugh

Legge, C. F. Knyvett, Thos.


Case, Isra"l Solomoos,

John Ingram Burgess,R. J. Harrison, J. F. H. Edward G"lbard,

Isherwood, A.

Havelock

Col. C. H. L. Baskerville, F. Inskipp, J. Procter Phillips,

Dr. S. Walshe

A. V. Davis, J. H. Owen, Henry Northcroft,

Watson, G. Vogeler, Pocklington,Reginald C. Watson, Arthar

J. William Stevens, David Hills,Wm. H. Laird, Chambers, A. Y. Mayell,J. T. Phillips, P.Pr.G.Sup.W., G. Creusemann, Edmund Surrey; W. L. Hotchkin, Herbert Burrows, Col. R. S. EUis, L.B. ; Henry Burgess,

Poole,Alfred A. Milward, Major John Rose, E. Glaeser, Rev. H. G. Rosedale, D.D., Alex. Marchand, W. Rev. H. W. Yorke, Hammond, George Robson, W. Busbridge, P.Pr.G.D.,Kent; G. J. Cresswell, P.Pr.G.C, Jersey; Edward P.Pr.G.Stew., Essex; Shepherd, P.Pr.G.W., Berks.; Jas. J. Nolan, W. Howard Flanders, Wonnacott, A. J. Solomon, F. A. Rhind, J. H. Retallack-Moloney, Essex ; G. H. Luetchford, Chas. Aubert, B. Pflug, A. Cadbury Jones, L. A. Engel, P.Pr.G.Sup.W., Erskine Edmonds, A. J. Thnrston, Cecil J. Geo. C. Williams, C. J. Ashdowu, W. I. Hawkins, J. Everall,
W. L.

Rawlinson, W. A. Tharp, H. N. James, E. A. Mansell, Rev. A. G. Lennox Robertson, P.Dis.G.C, W. J. Newstead, W. R. A. Smith, W. Howard Argentine; W. L"onard Smith, J. A. Tharp, L. Danielsson, Walter L. J. W. G. Powell,C. L. M. Eales,I.C.3., Webb, Hobbs, Stanley Aspland, P.Di8.G.S.W., Bengal;
R. J. Harrison, Walter

Middlesex; James

Hancock, Fred. Armicago, J. C. Brookhouse, F. W. Levander, P.Pr.G.D., H. H. Hann, Walter H. Brown, P.G.Stew., and R. E. Landesmann. Castello, Also the foUowing visitera :" Bros. John H. Hughes, P.M. Halsey Lodge No. 1479 ; William Fox,

Marinera East Surrey Lodge No. 2769; A. B. Wilkins, United Lodge No. 30; Robert Fairclongh, Surrey; Murray Winstanley,Corinthian Lodge No. 1208; PhilipLawford, ProgressLodge P.Pr.G.Tr., No. 1768; H. M. Dove, P.Pr.A.G.Sec, Herts. ; W. L. Allen, P.M. St. George in the East Lodge

Lodge No. 88 ; P. N. Craigie, MorningStar Lodge No. 559; John P.M. Playgoers Lodge No. 2705; J. D. B. Lewis, Albion Lodge No. 9; F. J. Smith, Goldstein, Surrey ; W. A. Stimson,W.M. Eclectic Lodge No. 1201; E. Heisch, P.M. Universal P.Pr.G.Sup.W.,
No. 1526; R. W. K. Godden, Scientific L.

Lodge No. 181

D. Murray, Bard of Avon R. Enever ; Major Malcolm Lodge No. 778 ; F. J. ; Charles King, Pr.G.C, Essex; W. J. Wood, Avon Lodge No. 2627; S. C. Gore, P.M. WellingtonLodge No. 14, W.A.C.j Charles G. Mumby, P.M. Raymond Thrupp Lodge No. 2024; William G. Mille,P.M. Strong

206
Man

transactions of the Quatuor Goronati Lodge.


MoDtefiore Lodge l"o. Lodge No. 45; Albert 0. Palmer, Mornington Lodge No. 1672; M. Steiner,
;

1017

Wallen, St. Martin Lodge No. 2455 ; W. B. Br"acomb, Granit" Lodge No. 132"; Rev. Cooper,United Service Lodge No. 24, British Colambia ; Gordon W. J. Dearmer, Eton Lod|jre No. 2458; George Wickham; Saml. E. Homfray, W.M. Old Cheltonian Lodge No. 3223; Robert Bdkin s,
Charles E. John Carpenter Lodge No. 1997; Rev. W. R. Finlay,P.M. Sternda"e Bennett Lodge No. 2182; Alfred Packer,Purley Lodge No. 3136; W. Wilkinson,Pers"v"rance Lodge'No. 1166,Hong Kong; Rev. Shaw

H. B.

Stewart; E. E. Johnston, Cathedral

Lodge No. 2741; Dr. 8. Jo"l,P.M. Lodge No. 4, W.A.C.


No. 2722; Frank

; H.

B.

Justice, Lodge No. 444, Philadelpbia ; H. J. Barton, Edward


Cathedral

Rogerson, Terry Lodge Lodge No. 2741: W. A. Hazel, St. Botolph Lodge No. 2020; Henry Cattaneo, Piccadilly

Lodge No. 2550; Thos. C. Barralet, W.M. East Surrey Lodge No, 2769; Otto Schlnechter ; Chas. T. Szlamper, W.M. Aberystwith Lodge No. 1072; Chas. Nicole, P.M. K"ngsway Lodge No. 2278; S. Qaincey ; and the Rev. Andrew
Illinois. Gray, of Springfield,

The

W.M.

said

"

M.W.

Grand yoa

Master, with
and to express in

profoundrespectthe Quatuor
to your

Goronati Lodge desires to welcome


sens"

in

high of goodwill to according greetings hearty


came

of

at the obligation

honour

conferred

Royal Highness the deep being pr"sentthis evening to assist


Brethren distinguished from many

those

distant lands who

h"re to take partin the Pan- AnglicanGonference.


and of this

Thememory

of those Brethren of this gracions r"cognition in


oar

and hearts,

will the

forge

an

additional

link in that of

Lodge will be long treasured golden chain which binds Masons


and the I beg Visitors, most

in ail

parts of

world.

On

behalf

the

Lodge

respectf uUy to
The h"ve
corne

express

their welcome." said Master, replying, and h"ve how most much of
"

M.W.

Grand

Worshipfal

Master

and

Brethren, I

h"re this

day

acceptedthe gladly
I

invitation to assist the


on

Lodge
met.
seas
:

and to prove

to the members

the occasion appreciate

which far

we

h"ve

We

are

h"re to give the righthand


united to
us

to Brethren fellowship Ghurch and the

from
As

over

the

Brethren

doubly
"

in the

Graft.

Grand

Master

of

it aft'ords me England,

tho

live in the annals of this lands h"re and


are

to be pr"sent on an occassion which will ever pleasure greatest those who come from distant most f ally Lodge. We appreciate in and longue and in affection, them that
we we

united
us, and

to

us

most
as

warmly
who

welcome maintain look

them the with

amongst

assure

look upon

them

those

which great principles and affection pleasure and in the


constant
name on

govern

the Mother Grand

and we trust they will ever Preemasonry, Lodge in England. As Grand Master I assure Officers,

of

England,

of ail the
we

them

interest

take in those Grand

Lodges
we

in the
are

goodwilland of the farther parts of His Majesty's


of the

dominions
are

and in other parts of the world,and

assured

theywill promote,as

we

of our to promote,the greatprinciples trying At the

Craft."

to him

by
The

Bro. Frank W.

of H.E..H. the Grand then Master, the Bishops were request G.D.C.,and were cordially Richardson, greeted. the Master then, addressing in said Brethren,
: "

presented

After

the very

charming
in

used by H.R.H. expressions


them according the Masons of
a

Brethren the distinguished addressing


on

and pr"sent,

hearty welcome

behalf of the Grand


but very littleIcan

Lodge, the Grand


say to

Officers and

England, there

remains

and

I remarks. gracions welcome to claira peculiar The

wouid call attention to the


those

suppl"ment those kind a Quatuor Goronati Lodge as having


who h"ve
come

Brethren distinguished

from
was

across

the

3,500members, Masonic research to encourage object, quarterof a century ago with a particular in ail parts of the world. Enrolled amongst and archeeology amongst the Fraternity
seas.
some

Quatuor Goronati Lodge, which

numbers

founded

about

Transactions "fcs members


and in ail of
are
men

Goronatt Lodge, ofthe Qiiatuor


and

207
ranks of

of distinction, ability, energy


the

in ail enterprise
are

Societj,
deserve

partsof

world,who
The the

by

their done

uprightconduct
much of
our

the following

best traditions

Freemasonry,and they h"ve


a

for the benefit of the Craf t,and

well of their
and bands
are

contain

conntry. report of

Transactions discussions

Lodge,which
papers

are

illustrated liberally

and

the

of Brethren

working
of Grand

in distant

largebody
nised

partsof the world, and for m a parts and those who are working for Masocry at home. hold allegiance to every Masons, scattered throughout the globe,
in ail united that feel

read,find their way into the happy link between those who
This recogin the
w^e

them as Lodge in the world, and therefore we welcome It is a happy coincidence CorrespondenceCircle Masonry universal. sach a gatheringof the Hierarchy and Church to whom we Dignitaries,
"

h"ve

gratitude

to promote the best interests of Freemasonry. They having done so much those who belong to their openly acknowledge Freemasonry. They also encourage of the Craf t. We h"ve h"re distinguished respective Lodges to act up to the principles is due for from Bishops and Bishops, many ask

partsof
them

the world.
some

I will read remarks with

ont the

names

of the

distinguished
in which

to make

regard

to the countries those

and they r"side, dwell. words remarks As there

the

efEect and

are,

Masonry upon a largenumber, perLaps some happily,


room,

influence

bas

amongst whom
will address
a

they
few

of them

in the then.

Lodge
I

and

those
a

able

to that

stay
when

to

the

banquet will give us their


take back the of

cordially express

hope

they return,they will

and kindly feelings and Provinces, Bro. the

of this

Fremasons pleasantthoughts Lodge in particular/'


Rev.

of the

England, of London,

Right

C. 0. L.

Riley,Lord
:

Bishop
and the

of Western other

M.W, Australia,

Grand

Master

of Western

Australia, said
invitation from

"I

Bishopsare
and when the

only too
yonr and of

to delighted

acceptthe kind
I

to visit this useful and Ausiralia, I

Lodge,
am sure

partake of
I go back

afterwards. hospitality tell my Brethren in

corne

West

there of the to meet

wonderful h"ve
me

given r"ception
come a so

us,

and

condescension

H.R.H.
W.M.

coming
is
no

us, who

far,they will be truly delighted.The


about

hasbeenkind There

enough

to ask

to say
so

word much

Masonry in
as

my

part of
from.

the

world.
are

country where
camps,
over

it does
men

good

where

come

There
and

many

mining
I bave

and and

the
over so

come generally

there
a

without

their wives

and families,
no

again said that I h"ve good


as

deep conviction
This

that there is
men one

part where

Masonry

does

much

in the

districts far-lying

where

from who more,

the old
cornes

10,000 miles
me

a Lodge, feel at home. country meet, and, finding be of some advantage to those may

testimonyfrom
old at the land.

in the

Once

allow

to tell you the

how

they will pleased


of H.R.H. of

be in West the M.W.

Australia Grand

spendidr"ception

and to-daj,

kindly pr"sence
the

Master."
F. W. does

The had heard Australia.


another ancestors

Rt. Rev. that He

Bishop

there
was

was

Washington, Bro. Olympia, probablyno placewhere Masonry


Jewish the former
"

Keator,said they more good than in


with of said that
one

in the in

gentleman signed gentleman,


"

of a position Boston, who gave of

business gentleman,transacting
to

understand is very

bis
the

the

D"claration but
one

Independence.
the
see

That

good,"
One

Jewish

of my
one

ancestors

subscribed

to the

Ten

Commandments."
of the most

He therefore felt he could go

better than
was

Bishop of
they
his

Perth.

splendid thingsabout
attained. and in each If

his

own

country

to

the hold that

Freemasonry bas already


find could
a

they
was

went the

into the

smallest

hamlets in their

would He

Masonic
tell them be
a

body,
that

there

deepestinterest
were

working.

the ancient certainly

landmarks

in preserved

country.

It would

great

208
to pleasnre

Transaetiont ofthe Quatuor OorantM tell them


of tbe at borne of th"s

Lodge.
bononred
be at
was

beinga member
sens"

r"ception. He bad been splcndid and in coming to tbe Lodge Circle, Correspondence
bis
own

by
in
a

coming

borne

amongst

Bretbren.
tbe W.M.

It would for their

please tbem kindly welcome.

borne,and

from

bis heart he thanked Several

H.R.H.

and

otber Bishops and

Churcb
W. P.

amongst
Windward

tbem

being tbe

Rigbt

Rev.

also gave interesting addresses, dignitaries of and tbe Lord Barbados Bisbop Swaby,

Islands ; the

B.

sylvania; tbe Lord Orozier,


Goldsmith,
Lord

Rigbt Rev. J. H. Darlington, Bisbop of Harrisburg,PennRight Rev. T. Stevens, Lord Bisbop of Barking ; the Rigbt Rev. J. Bisbop
of

Down,

Grand

Chaplainof Ireland; the Rigbt


Aostralis ; tbe Rev.
Andrew

Rev.

F.

Bisbop of

Bnnbury, Western

Gray, of

and Illinois, Springfield, Bro. tbe fortune been


came

the Rev. Rev.


one

Charles E. Cooper,of Esquimault.


Lord Crozier,

Right

J. B.

Bisbop of

Down

said that

it

was

bis

to be

to Secretary

of tbe most the

diff"cult to get away

to attend He

Committees, and important Bishops' Lodge. As an Irishman he could say


with and great pleasnre, tbe

it bad that be

before he could get away.

attended

thanked
Ireland.

them

for tbe

of conveying tbe greetings of opportnnity


none

Bretbren

in

They
with

yieldedto
their Order

in their

enthnsiasm

and

to God lojalty

and

King.

In connection

they bad

three
were

the greatobjecfcs, very social in

moral,social

and

of significance religions

Preemasonry. Tbey

Masonry gave tbem in a splendid their social instincts, of displaying tbe where they got to know way an opportnnity In Ireland,Masonry was of one anotber better. a great unifying influence, sympathies said by a little girl and ail Christain folks desired unity. It was a terrible thing once
was

and Ireland,

who

asked

abont wild beasts.


are now

She

said

"

Wild

beasts used to

roam

at will

througb

Engiand,but tbey
gardens."
H.R.H.
He drew the M.W.G.M.

found

in tbe

United

Kingdom only
Schools
in

in tbe

tbeological

attention to tbe
bad reudered

excellent Masonic

Ireland,to whicb

greatservice

by recognising.

received from the Right Bev. Lord Bishops of were Letiers of apology for non-attendance Barrow-in-Farness, Goulbourn,N.S.W., New Goinea,Limerick,and Bath and Wells,and the Ohiohester, Pa.; also from Bros. Bev. H. W. Turner, Bight Bev. Bishopsof Pennsylvan"a,New York, and Pitfcsburg,

P.G.C.; Very Rev. Dean


Bev. H. P.G.C. Kynasfcon, Rev.

W.
j

Bev. Augnstas

Lefroy,P.G.C.; Rev. Darrell H. W. Horlock,P.G.C.; Bev. J. Watson, G.C.; Jackson, P.G.C. ; Bev. S. T. H. Saunders,P.G.C.; Rev. T. C.

R. Parr, P.G.C. ; Ven. Archdeacon W. Sinclair, P.G.C; Rev. H. T. Hayman, P.G.C ; Rev. W. 0. Thompson, P.G.C. j Rev. A. R. Wigram, P.G.C; Rev. 0. J. Gr"ce,P.G.C,; B. B. Currie,P.G.C; Hon. and Bev. the Barl of Bev. A. G. Grisewood, P.G.C; Very Bev. Dean P.G.C ; Bev. F. B. N. Norman Lee, P.G.C; Very Bev. Dean A. P. Purey-Cnst,P.G.C; Ven. Strafford,

Smyth, P.G.C;

Edward

Archdeacon P.G.C C E. J.
;

W.

Canningham, P.G.C;
Bros. E. Macbean, Sir Charles

Bev.

F. D. Macdonald,

P.G.C; and
H. F.

Bev. J. Holme

Pilkington,
;

also from
;

P.M.; G. Greiner,P.A.G.D.C, P.M.; W. J. Hughan, P.G.D.


;

Bev.
"

P.M. Bail,

E. Arch.,P.M. Warren, P.Dis.G.M.,

Berry ; Col. S. C

Pratt, P.M.

Conder, jun.,P.M.; J. T. Thorp, P.A.G.D.C,


;

S.W.; E. J. Castle, P.D.G.B.,P.M.; Hamon

le

P.M. Strange,Pr.G.M.,Norfolk,

and L. A de Malczovich.

The where
**

bretbren

for adjonrned subseqnently

refreshment

tothe Holborn

Restaurant,

in addition Grand

to the usual

Loyal and

Masonic

the W.M. toasts,

Sister

Lodges,but

He not pointed ont that it was Lodgcs.** the less the as visitprs none ipclnded repr"senta" welcome, certainly pr"sent

proposedthat of tbe nsuallygiven in Englisb

210 Bro. the

Transactions of the Qwituor Coronati

Lodge,

Lord Bisbop of Glasgow and Ot^lloway, also Right Rev. A. E. Campbell, in speaking to feel some before a Lodge tr"pidation althongb be professed responded, wbicb bad a membersbip roll of 3,500. On the preyioas Tbnrsday he had taken tbe dinner and one of tbe nndergradnateswbo responded to a toast chair at bis Coll"ge and saw said he had been np to Lord's tbat day, two Bisbopswbo bad broken ont of
Lambetb. He had

broken ont of Lambetb


He had had
some

tbat very

night in

order

to be

pr"sent,and
had
some

was

onlytoo glad to
learns
a

corne.

in Masonry. happy exp"riences

One

good

deal

in Ireland, wbere by going about, especially which he could not


men answer.

behad
also

amnsing
in of

put questions
South
assistance in
no

to him

He

could

speak

of

Masonry

wbere Africa,

ail the whifce

had

to
once

and hang together

them keeping
sooner

together. He
he landed there taken bad

visited
some

small

Masonry was named townsbip


it was other,
men

great
tbat

Butterfonnd

wortb, and
be
was a

had he

than,by

means

or

Mason,
was

and

was

o"E to tbe
seen

Lodge, wbere
could not at

be fonnd than

wbo badridden

in 40 and

50 miles. not

Never
a

be

tbe ritual better done


a

in tbat small townsbip.

There

Brother

pr"sentwbo

moment's

notice take bis

placeand

carry ont ail the c"r"monies.

The
as

will evening of

be remembered value in

by everyone
cementing
the

to prove likely

great

and interest, pr"sentas of singnlar bonds of brotberlylove between

Masons

of ail

coud

tries.

Transadiofis ofthe Quaiuor Goronati Lodge.

211

PREFACE.

HE

discoverj of ^1)9 "aQloir ^$"


accession to the
now

brings anotber
of the documents
the Ancient
now

important
known to
and

consid"rable number

be

extant, v"n"rable

bj

"ge,

bearingon
and

Charges

and Constitutions of the Craft,

the Lodge bas


the

dncingto
onlj
valnable
and
a

the notice of its members and

in intropleasnre not Fraternity generally,

faithfnl

fnll-sized facsimile of

portionof

the

original

aiso a (accompanied bj world-wide thereon the known v"t"ran interesting disquisition by writer and authority Masonic MSS., Bro. William James Hughan. on of the known Bro. Hughan bas edited bj far the greaterproportion MSS., and I esteem it a greatprivil"ge of other instances to be associated with him (as in a number in former years)in the editingand of the Taylor M 8,^ and take the publishing the I of under to Bro. now deep obligations am afPorded, expressing opportunitj, Hughan for bis unwearyingkindness, help,and encouragement during mj fortj jears but of the text), reproduction tjpographical

of Masonic pursuit

knowledge.
the M8. Taylor
Bro.

In bis reporton add barbarous


"

Hughan
on on

refers to the

d"plorableand
"

I maj

mutilation of the Scroll.


text
case

the Fortunatelj often happens to be the


to
us

is inscribed in th"se

both sides of the


one

parchment,and not, as
h"ve thus preserved
his usual

MSS.,

s"de

only.

We

anb (Sixitxe"which Bro. Hughan bas ^tticltSi of Nevertheless the absence the entire masterlj grasp subject. of the Scroll is most regrettable and vexations. of the MS. far of the history so Very littleis known
the
"

noticed with
of
an

importantportion
in formerly West

It

was

the

of possession

the late Thomas the Honor

Taylor,Esq.,sometime
He
was a man

Coroner

of the

Biding of
as

Yorkshire
an

and

of Pontefract. of
came
**

of consid"rable attainment-s

and Antiqnary

the author

The into

Historyof the
the

RectoryManor
John

of Wakefield."

After

his death

the Scroll

of possession

Charles worth, Esq.,of

Horbury,near Wakefield. Mr. Taylor died some years father,Bro. Thomas Taylor,was
No. TJnanimity 154

ago,

and

was

not

known

to be

Mason, but his


old

initiated

into

Freemasonry in
He
does not

the

Lodge

of

Wakefield,June

4th, 1821.

appear

to bave

taken

the being an old Masonic centre, possibly any active part in the Craft. Wakefield MS. may bave been handed back in that city, down for g"n"rations but this is merely at pr"sent. conjectural I may mention, by the way, that the TJnanimity is one of those lodgesof the " the latter of Modems the half which, during eighteenth century, gave the Royal
"

Arch

Degree on

its

own

to authority

brethren who
was

for applied
known

Exaltation.
to
me

The existence of the Taylor MS,

first made

by Bro.

H.

G. E.

Green, Prov. Grand


of Unanimity No. and brethren,

of Secretary

West

and Yorkshire,

Bro. W.

Townend, P.M.,Lodge

154.

On

my

communicating with Mr. Charles worth throughth"se


he very kindly arch"ologically,

commentingon

character its interesting

212
gave

Transactions of the Quatuor Goronati


the of

Lo"ge.
examined.
as Fraternitj, on

and ample opportunityto h"ve me permission is not a member for the Craft, worth, unfortnnately extensive range of

MS.

Mr. he

Charlespossesses

our

an

knowledge on
be held in

the

of subject estimation

old

but manuscripts, the Craft he

hearingthat

this

document

woald

high by

by

it presented

to the in

Provincial Grand
and perpetuity,

Lodge
whom

of West

Yorkshire,in
most

it will remain

it will be

generously possession carefuUy preservedand


most whose

valned. greatly Yorkshire may be congratalated ten of th"se on possessing the Thos, W, Tew 17th Centnry, William Watso9t preciousancient Masonic MSS., viz., Waistell 1(393, 1687,Glapham 1700 (circa), Hughan 17th Centory, 1677,T. TT. Stanley
Emhleton 17th Mac Century, Nah

The Province of West

1722, H.
there
are

F. Beaumont in

1690

(or ante),Taylor 17th

to Century. Century (ProbityLodge

In addition

th"se No.

61, Halifax); the


I7th

privateholding the Probity, early 18th Hope 17th Century (Hope Lodge by
Bro.

No. 302,Bradford); and the Bain

Century,owned
MS.
our

Reginald A. Wilson,
No.

of

Fidelity Lodge
the Third
year Part

No.

289, Leeds, the last-named


Transactions
of

publishedia havingbeen recently Lodge


2076 for the

of the

Quatuor Goronati

1907. William Watson.

COMMENTARY.

"TaylorMS." belongsto the Sloane Family," and so I bave numbered E 19,placing of it with the new Thorp Branch (a) necessitated by the discovery in The latter MS. "John T. Thorp MS. (E 16)*' of a.d. 1629. was reproduced
" "

The

"

it the

the

Transactions of the
vol.

"

and 1898-9, Lodge of Research," it been I h"ve found earlier, group under
no
"

in the doubt

"

Ars

1898. xi.,

Had

but

Quatuor Coronatorum," that Dr. Begemann would


than
the

h"ve
"

placed the
E
"

MSS.

of this the senior

the years,

Thorp Family," rather


and in the

Sloane

being

by

several

evidentlya

prototype of the
fche " Sloane
"

"

Sloane MS. No. 3848 "; two documents

being used

of transcribing

Scroll.i
It is

impossibleto
usual
"

d"cide

how
"

if the preserved, th"se


were

Charges
half is toconsider

or

long this Roll was R"gulationswere


The

but only a originally,

third

is

given on

the

ob verse, but if
a

omitted
was

about

missing.
the

that Scroll leaves oif while reciting

claims of a superabundantpopulation. pressing The Orders Alnwick MS." gives the Charges,g"neraiand sp"cial, though the the it similar likewise is in so are (somewhat quite character) iuserted, probable Taylor MS." also did,and thus is only now represented by about one-third of its former length. " The Alnwick MS., E 10,"was at Nevvcastle-upon-Tyne, by the Province of reproduced
" " *' "

Parliament

convened

Northumberland
After

and

Durham, Societas Rosicruciana


proper, and in the
"

in
"

a.d. Anglia,

1895. the
"

the MS.

Alnwick

Lodge
Free

Records, corne
att
are a

Orders to be
att Alnwick to

observed by the company

Fellowshipof
head In like
manner

Masons

Lodge held
one

Septr29, 1701,being the Geu^^ and signed by the members.


Concluded
"

meetingday." They
the
"

numbered

fourteen,
the
the

Articles and

Orders,Condescended,
"

foliow agreed vpon by ye Company " Fellowship of Freemasons written on regularportionof the Taylor MS., only th"se additional rules are
'

Hughan'fl *' Old

Charges of British Freemasons

1896," and

the

"Suppl"ment

1896-1906"

Jane 16th,1906). {Freemason,

tJie fayhr Ma.


fevefse

2i3
ail other MSS. known.

of the ScroU,which

in fchis differsfrom respect of the

the

maiming regrettable
a

MS., th"se Articles shared the fate of the


"

Owing to RoU, regnlar

the twelfth and In the


"

part of

the thirteenth

Masonic

Magazine
the
"

for

articleby the Editor,on lamented

Minute

beingfortunatelj preserved. 1875,is an interesting August and September, Onr of the Lodge of Industry, Book Gateshead.
"

member,
the

Bro. the Rev. A. F. A.

Woodford, M.A., was


"

the author.

Some

time

since I had with

of pleasare

th"s valnable ezamining


on

Book

of Constitntions, a.d.

1723/'
are

the additional sheets

which

the oldest

written.
more

Thej

well

deserve The the


"

in reproduction

preserved Records of the Lodge that their character maj so facsimile,


which operatives,
foUow

be

widely
one

known.

for ordinaryR"gulations
Old
are Charges," are

the

traditional
from
"

Historyof
"

and mn styled" Orders of Aniiquity,'*


"

to

twenty-one, and
and
"

there

also the

General
"

Orders

P"nal
"

Orders,"the
"

last two

followed by the Orders,*^ Apprentices several in with respects agreeing


those of the
a
"

the

Articles and

Orders

of the

TaylorMS.," and

Alnwick

MS."

In

order to exhibit their substantial

agreement,I

append

table of the articles in the three

MSS.

which

are

mostly alike.

Some

of the
a common

laws

are

to be foand in other

of portions
was

the MSS., but either


or on

theyare
the

ail

of suggestive
St. Michael

origin.The

General Meeting Day

Feast of

the

and ''Alnwick'' MSS.) Archangel (" Taylor"


''

St. John

the

Baptist's

that an apprentice Oatevhead not MS.), the "Taylor" ScroU alone providing Day {'' be his It is ''shall much its Freedome.'* conditions to defratu"ed of observing beregretted and location of the Lodge which used the "Taylor that we know M S.", not the name but
doubtless it
was

of

similar

character

to the

other

two

Lodges, held
Minutes"
was

at Alnwick

and

Gateshead
A W. H.

respectively.
paper

of greatinterest

on

"The

Alnwick

Lodge

read

by

Bfo.

on F.S.A., Rylands,

the 4th

January, 1901
in other

vol. (il.y.C,

in which xiv., pp. 4-26), of the


"

mention
are

is made

that the Rules

which

follow immediately

the copy
some

Old
are

Charges
modelled

difEerent from those the

found usually Bro.

MSS.,

but

of them

upon

in studying th"se Records, discovered that on Rylands, refer the to formation of a *p"ct*Za^it;e December probably Lodge, if from tbe one lamented Brother mainly, not wholly, operative ; which as our separate the transition period on G. W. Spethpointed of the ont, was of importance as beariug

ones." original

27th,1748, the Minutes

"

Craft."
The old

Charter of

"

Scoon

and

Perth

Lodge

"

of

a.d.

1668 should also be

con-

Bulted

as

to th"se additional

or R"gulations By-Laws ;

fnll information

beinggivenin

"l4
the

transactions' ofthe Quatuor "oronati Lcdge,

Smith

the

Historyof that v"n"rable Atelier by the Historian of Perth, Bro. D. Crawford Perfch, 1898),a work of consid"rable vaine and importance. (OowanSfOo,^ the reader is referred to For additional information as to the Tajlor version, Pr"face bj my esteemed Gollaborator, Bro. William Watson, who bas interesting
"
"

secared

the ScroU for the

Librarj of West

Yorkshire

for which

he

bas done W.

so

mnch

time. from its inauguration to the pr"sent

J. HUGHAN.

"

uf Jteatuen ^"*^ m"gljtn tl|e ffat\)ev


sone vs

^^^ wisdom
one

of bis

glorioas
be with

thronghthe goodnefsof the


at
come onr

holyGhoft three

in perfons
onre

Godhead

and beglning to His Blifs

give

vs

Liveingy*wee
^00l^

may

y* never

in gr"ce Soe to goveme fhall bave ending Amen.

10

and fFellowes onr pnrpose is to tell you how and in what ^VieitfVJ^n this Craft of Mafonrywas manner begun " afterwards how it was ffonnded and " " alfoe men by worfchy princes many other worfhipfnll Empereurs will them. h"re d"clare to them y^be wee to every trne Mafon to keep,for in good faitb ^IjaVj^ that doth belong "ljje it is well worthyto be keptfor a worthy Craft " if yon take heed therefco,
a one a man

Gnrions Science for there be Seaven liberallSciences of the which of them


to

it is

they be th"se

firft is followeing

^vatn^v

that teacheth

" to write traely the Second is ^^tljorijcfe that Speaketraely teacheth a man to Speakefair and in Subtil! Termes, the third is SOf^lchthat teacheth to defeme tmth from falfho"d, the fourth is cfe that teacheth to Eeckon " number ail manner of Numbers 3lvitl;matf
the ffif th is Galled and

"e0ntetvy[

aod

it teacheth to Mett " Meafure

j^ Earth
Seaventh

other

of which things

Science is

^uffjcH that teacheth


20

the Graft of

Mafonrythe Sixth is Galled Song Organsand Harpe the

is Galled

glfiron^mu

that teacheth to know

y" Gourfe of the Sun " Moon

" other Omaments

of the heavens
be ail

^\j00

seaven

liberallSciences y" which


thus may
a man

by one

Science

y*is to Say
are

Geometry
fonnd by

prove

y*ail
Mett

y" Sciences in y" World


" Meafure

Geometry for it teacheth


any

weightof ail manner


worketh

of kindes of the earth And

there is Meafure

" ponderacon noe man y^


nor noe man

by

Graft but he worketh

y*buyes" Sells but


And
"

by

Meafure

and

by Some weight"
noe

ail this is

Geometry
Sciences

Craftsmen

and

Merchants

finde

other of the Seavene

80

" Tillers of ail manner of graine Plowmen both Gorne feeds Efpecially ail of other f or Sellers neither Gramer fruit", Vines plants Aftronomy
nor none

of ail thefe Gann

find

man

one

Meafure

or

Mett without worth

Geometry wherefor
ail other

I thinke

that Science is moft

y*findeth

out

Q0W
there

this
was a

worthy Science
man

firft begun I fhall tell you, before


as

Noy"s flood
"fc y* other

Galled Lameck
had two

it is written wifes

in
was

fourth y*'

Ghapter of

Genefis and this Lameck

y" one

Galled Ada

Sella by y* firft wife Ada he begotfc two Sones y* one was " y" other Juball and by y^ other wife he had one Sone "

Galled Jabell
a

" daughter

216

Transactions

ofthe Quatuor Coronatt Lodge.


Condefcended
" of ffellowrh"pp

attb article"
coQcladed "fe agreed upon
ffreemafons

"VheVS

by y" Company

It is agreedamongffc the s** ffellowf hipp y*there S^tnpvixni^ fhall be yearely Chofen upon ye day of the two Wardens feaft of St. John y* 27*'* which two fhall day of December be elected "

appointedby

the moft

Confentof

y* fellowfhip
ail fuch

ffines "

tbat y" fl two iJCijent as penaltyes

Wardens

shall

Leavy " receive amongft

fhall in any

wife be

the faid
at the

ffellowf hip " fhall render


yeare end

" yeilda Jaft Account


as rece"pts

01 fhall Corne unto Mafon

00

00

of ail fuch ffines"


or

their hands

oftner if the Mafber

" y*' Company

Lifb to Call them

$ient
with

that there fhall

noe

Mafon
a

take

Apprentice except
it is

he hath been Seaven the

yeares

fPree Mafon

agreed

03

06

08

Company payingfor
there fhall
more as noe

fuch offenfes

^ietn
Mafon
yeares

That

Mafon

exceptthe
every

Mafter

take any
one

but Apprentices firfthath

Seaven
02
an
:

that

y^

Served Six yeares that


or

00

00

then it fhall be Lawfull

for him

them

to take

other to enter before the former yeare be expired " if any offend to y"
*

to Contrary

pay

y" ffine of
worke

Sietn

that

noe

Mafon

fhall take any

by
but

taf ke he

or

by day other
fhall make

then the Kings Ma*'"


three
or

Worke

at the Leaft

ffour of his fPellowes

03

06

08

therewith for to take his partepayeing Acquainted for every


0

fuch offence y" Sume


Mafon

of

^t0tn

that

noe

fhall take
with

noe

worke

y*any

of 01
:

his ffellowes is in hand fuch offence the Sume


^

ail payeing for every

06

08

of
fhall take any but Apprentice foe

^tetn that

noe

Mafon

he fhall enter him for to pay for his


8

within

fEorty dayes"

00

00

06

entring
his

^tent that

the

fhall h"ve Apprentice

Chargegiven
for

him for which

if the Mafter

doe omitt to pay

00

03

04

the fam" the fume

of

...

^ijentIf he doe
Reoorded of
a

not Shew

his Indenture
one

to be

in the

booke within Regifler


fhall offending

quarter
.

00

06

08

yeare in foe fuch offence


...

pay for every

GooqIc

The
^^

M8. Taylar

217

S^ittn That
Warden
or

other of the

Corne to the h"ve


a

when he is Warned by the Company " fhall not placeaccuflomed " appointed excepthe
every the wardens

Mafon

00:06:08

reafonable Caafe to fhew


if not Contrary

to the

foe

fhall pay doeing his ffellow or

Il

S^t^tn that
h"m the

noe

Mafon

fhall Thou

give
00
:

ivithin the manner Lye in reproachfnll accnfbomed of meeting npon paine to pay place

03

04

for every
1'

fnch offence

...

^tent

that there fhall

noe

after Apprentice

he hath
the

Served yeare be admitted or Accepted bot npon feaft day of St. Michaell the Arch Angell

beingthe
pay

Generall

meetingday "

that he fhall

00

06

08

Six f hillings eight pence to the

Company
and

aitother Dutyes at y" difcretion of y* Mafter


ffellowes

1'

in ^tib the faid Apprentice

not foe

fhall doeing

be

defranded

of his ffreedome

1*

jti^nt That if any Mafon either in

the

of place

meeting

or

at worke

amongft his ffellowes

(The rema"nder ofthe

M 8, has heen eut

off.)

Transcrihed Grand

hy

me

from

the

document original

in the

of the possession
WILLIAM

Provincial

Lodgeof West

Yorkshire.

WAT80N.

218

Transaction" ofthe QuatuorCoronatt

Lodge,

SUHHER
I

OUTING,
M y
BRO,
DR. 5.

JULY,
WALSHE

1908,
OWEN,
PM.,

DURHAM.
"oi.

URHAM
we

met

"While holes
"

Sammer of oar Outing this year, objective 16th of Cross Station. at Kings moming July was oar distribatingbnttonSecrel'"ry "pparently mustering,

being
on

the

the

"

to the

members,
it
was a

but

as

each

brotber in tarn
he
was

came

onder
wear

he foand notice, the throughoat the


otir

badge, which

to expected

whole

dnration

of his visit to the North.

It bore

" initiais, Q.C.,"the l"galmeaning of which,during the reignof

late Qaeen, beingnow

some obsol"te,

at

that Sunderland, suggested

it was,

like the from

brethren, remembering the Labour difiBculty in Paris during the badge worn
the

massacre

of St. Bartholomew,to prote"t us The Brethren who


took

fary of

the

populace.
as

part in

our

Masonic

were pilgrimage

fo"lows Bros. :
"

P. H.

W.

S.W. ; Leicester, P.A.a.D.C., ; J. T. Thorp, London ; G. W. Bain, London, P. A.Q.D.C, Secretary ; F. J. Asbury, Songhurst, Durham "^.Pr.G.R., Sunderland, (our excellent and indefatigable guideduring the whole of our Worcesters. T. A. King's Norton, P.Pr.G.D., visit) Bayliss, ; Col. Sir ; John E. Bingham, Bart.,Sheffield, P.Pr.G.W.,W.Yorks. ; G. E. Bolton,Pegu, Lower

P.G.D., W.M. Camberley, Goldney,

John

Bnrma ; P. E. Briers, Rhodesia ; F. Brown, London ; Walter H. Brown, Salisbury, London, P.G.Stew. ; Herbert Burrows, London; W. Busbridge, Plumstead, P.Pr.G.D., London Kent; G. S. Criswick, P.Pr.G.W.,E.Lancs. ; Col. ; B. W. Donovan, Prestwich, R. S. Ellis, London, L.R. P.A.G.D.O.
;

Gieve, Portsmouth, Hammond, London ; W. B. Hextall, Beckenham London, P.Pr.G.W., Derby; David Hills, ; R. H. Holme, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Birchington P^Pr.G.W., Northumberland; John Holt,Yarm-on-Tees ; Alfred Joyce, ; J. Macdougall, BoumeLondon ; W. Metcalfe, Cheshunt, P.G.St.B. ; Th"o. Michell, Madras; A. Monk, London, P.Pr.A.G.D.C, Middlesex ; J. C. moutb, P.Dis.G.Sap.W., Moor, Sunderland,P.G.St.B., Pr.G.Sec, Durham; D. S. Morison, Madras; Dr. S. Walshe Maldon ; T. Pearson,Belf ord ; W. E. Phelps, Owen, London; R. Orttewell, Sevenoaks ; F. A. Powell, London, P.G.St.B. ; T. J. Ralling, P.A.G.D.C. ; Colchester, J. H. London, P.Pr.G.Sup.W., Essex; H. H. Montagne Smith, Retallack-Moloney, London ; E. J. Steinberg, London London, P.Pr.G.Sup.W., Surrey; R. ; J. W. Stevens, B urma W. H. Oxon. ; Tarrant, Witney, P.Pr.G.O., C.M.Symns, Rangoon, Dis.J.G.W., ; Col. W. P. Thomas, Sheffield, P.Dis.A.G.D.C, Madras ; Harry Tipper, London, P.A.G.P. ; Col. G. Walton Staffs.; J. Walker, West Bromwich, P.G.S.B., Dep.Pr.G.M., Procter Watson, Bombay ; and Rev. C. E. L. Wright, P .G.D. Bexley,
;

W.

B.

Fendick, London, P.G.St.B.


; William

; J. W.

J. P. H.

Gilbard, London

It had the Cathedral

been

found

"

that our so Cityitself, a fter at 11.30 a.m. seven we arrived, the in the largest Coanty Borough Our
us

Wear."
some

welcome

of

during our

for our whole party in Sunderland,and leavingLondon hours* travelling, on cheerless evening, at a rainy, of Durham, situated at the mouth of the River the gloom that had settled on at the Grand H"tel soon dispelled at 8, for we refreshed," started, longjourney ; and, powerfully

to impossible

obtain

accommodation
was

destination

"

Park th" Masoni" Hall,

Terrace.

H"re

an

Meeting of Emergency

the

Sunderland

Ars

Quatuor Coronatorum.

Plate I.

n3

0"

"e
o

iz;

i
Cm

Ars

Quatuor Coronatorum.

Plate II.

Darham

Catbedral.

The

Galil"e

Ghapel.

Darham

Castle.

The

Black

Staircase.

2"0

Transactions of tke Quatuor Coronati

Lo"ge"
the Ghnrcb oi St.

Friday, the
gave it not
ns a

17tb.

After

breakfast

we

visited

Peter,
ns, and
'*

Monkwearmonth, where the Yicar,the Rev.


most

D.

M. A., received S. Boutflower,

address interesting

on

the
"

and historj

vicissitudes of the Church.

Is

ail written in the Guide ont gaidepointed to


us

Onr Rev.

tional dimensions
entrance
"

of Solomon's

not one Brother, No, mj captions Church was plannedon the propororiginal porchway Temple at J"rusalem ; how the Western

Books ?" how


the

half of it.

"

arch under which, twelve centuries ago, the V"n"rable Bede original curions carvings of snakes on worship. Onr attention was drawn to some the arch, the of which were beaks not Ophidian as we know the certaiolj of "lso some with animais carved in low relief; now at the Zoo. one OphidifiB panels, which mtghtbe taken to mean shewn "vidences of the fire a bear were or a hog. We that had destrojed most of the Church in,perhaps, 867 a.d. Snnderland,of course, is of the old work a of how some us town, and a curions illustrationwas given shipping bas been preserved. In days before water ballast was thonght of, the vessels taking
was

the

in to passed

"

*'

**

'*

"

"

coal

South

used

to retum

with

very

earth and mbbish. substantial ballast of stones,


so

This had been shot into, and around, the Church, raised
some

that the surface the


work original
now

of the soil under

was

ten

or

thus twelve feet,


the

This tended of the Utile

to pr"serve

old

buryingmuch of carvings ; the d"bris

d"bria.

bas ail been

removed, but

that remains, there wonld probably be none, had it not been tbns carving ! alas it the Much time might most not valued. was protected during when, periods and were conducted down but we had to burryaway" h"ve been spent h"re, profitably in which we crcssed the river,and then up more winding streets to a steam ferry, erected in 1785, which we windingstreets to an outwardly building, unpretentious fonnd to be the home of the Ph"nix It is the oldest Lodge in Snnderland, Lodge. back to 1755,and had fully its name.for when in 1783 its first Hall was dating justified bumt

down, this pr"sentone


bas

rose

from glorions
were

its ashes.
"

The

inside was,
once

indeed,a

r"v"lation ; the carved oak chairs


or
"

admired greatly

some

vandal had

painted,
in their
-

them "but tbis gilded,


**
"

ot the virgin beauty Black* whilo Orand Lodge of the Modems," from which the Lodge received its first Charter, than balf-way to the Hoor, on a large more banner, banging almost from the ceiling the why and wherefore of which we could not ascertain, the arms were of the Ancients," the T.B.'s of the Lodge ; On the walls also were becanse onr time was so limited. perhaps most deeply Ail were interesting. very diff"rentto those we know in the South,and thongb the diff"rences, in d"tail, it is to be hoped that for obvions reasons, cannot be explained third was The able of them. what might be onr obtain to Q.C. Lodge may photographs be oalled (by a Zoologist) recumbent the most "aberrant" from the normal. A figure and simply altered the but the artist had apparently it from a Crucifix, was copied upon it, Arc with the body. Beneath was and put them to the side, an extended arms parallel wonld Our and 15. brethren w ith the 11 numbers or rule," Sector, 3, 5, 7,9, hospitable make bave some us refreshment before we left and then off again throughmore light station. H"re we took train for Durham windingstreets to the railway ; on the way onr of ns got brother called our attention to the Penshaw monument, and some conducting of of Earl the in of a confused as to whether it was or Durham, Dragon put up memory and Arrived at Durham, we had a fine view of the town called the Worm." locally but the day was Cathedral from the railway so misty, and rainingevery few platform, much. Over the Elvet Bridge not able to secure were minutes, that our photographers
**
"

and theyappear been scraped off, fortunately burcoW"ly." We hocicod on the W.M's ohai**^the Arms
now

"

"

"

"

we

were

taken, what seemed


a

long walk,to the


with

Masonic
names

Hall.

H"re

was good repast over presided

served in

large room,

decorated ail round

of those who

had

AeS

QuATDOB COBONATORnM.

Plate III.

a p

03

s
03

I
Q

S
o

S
o3

-2
Q

Abs

Quatuor Gobonatorum.

Plate

IV.

Dnrham

Castle.

Darham

Gastle.

S"mm"r the
bat

Outing-,
served only Some,we noiiced,
We

2"l
half
were
a

of Qranby Lodge since Marquis


one

1739.

year, par-

brother held the office for nearly twenty years in succession.


in
a

interested ticularly
in

the observing

name

of the Bev. A. F. A.

Woodford, the Master


one

18t"-G, as he

was

founder of the Quatuor Goronati Lodge, and We


were

of the foremost

of the Masonic

students of his day. many


items

taken

to upstairs

the

where place, splendid

of Masonic

interest were

laid out for

Temple,a really our inspection.

r"f"rences to the the Lodge Minute Books, from 1738,containing Amongst th"se were '' in Ph"nix Harodim/' similar to those we had seen earlier the day at the Lodge,and
also the second earliest known Durham record
we

of the Mark shown


the

which degree,

was

worked

in the

Lodge
the

in 1773.

Then

were

of 1775 ; the chair of Bro. S. collar jewels

furniture, datingfrom 1756-60 ; the W.M. in G. Kemble, the actor, who was
man

1818-9,and
of diminutive

clearance

certificate from

stature
was

Kemble, who
feet in
seemed

2in. in height), who died (3ft. his great friend, both inside and

Lodge 28,Cork, of Coant Borawlaski,a in 1837, in his 99th year,


outside

Bro.

the

Lodge,

was

six nearly
Then
"

heightand

weighed 30 stones.
"

Truly

remarkable
"

contrast !

what

Darham and not know our back again but we a steep climb up at the goalof oar exp"dition Darham Gathedral. streets and we were The pr"cipitons and h"ve burst should now we soaked clouds, however, ^ot long-threatening upon us, the outside ; a hasty look at the had we to examine knocker," Sanctuary attempted H"re we taken in hand by The Yerger(those who and we sheltered within. were were and, in the pr"sent will understand why we placethis emphasisupon our guide), gatheringdarkness,jastmade out St. Cuthbert*s Tomb, the Ghapelof Nine Altars and
"

did

"

the Masonic

window.

Then

we

were

taken that

down

the Nave

to the

'*

which Galil"e,"
the

so h"re, unlike Ely, is a closed Ghapel, doors. distinction of having no West unique

Darham

Gathedral
saw,

bas

somewhat of the overlook


over

H"re

we

dimly,the
a

Tomb

Yenerable

Bede,

and

some

of us, from the small

Windows

in the

West, which
us

the steepdescent to the river,had


Wear. So

the

of saperbspectacle

thunder-storm
of

the

that the memory


"

of Darham

to those Gathedral,

who

saw

it

now

for

thofirst time

is that 9f

Norinan the grandestof-^pir Service


was

structures

bnried in
as

gloom and
we

illuminated by
h"ve

fiashes. lightning

at three

o*clock, but,much
Durham

should

had again organ, we H"re there University. fine. Also mach o" greatinterest to see, the Norman was Doorway beingparticularly black oak well staircase, the with Pendentives at the corners number a splendid larger ;
to

liked to hear Heaven's


this time

thunder
"

mingling with
used

that of man's

harryaway,

to the

Gastle,"now

as

of which

h"ve, however, had to be removed, as it was

in order to

support the

structure.

The Norman

found necessary to put in struts above shewed the older style gallery
we was

of architecture to

great advantage,and from its Windows


A

had

fine view

over us

the

beyond. Lecture more Boom, and then once University of the m"dium the Hoar-glass, through speaking Some off back again to the BailwayStation. us
cross

Gourtyardto the Gathedral

welcome

cup

of tea

for provided

in the

the Old Hnstler, with the


our

much-esteemed
us were

Scytheand ordered Secretary,


our

of

able to vary

route, and

the

river by the Prebend*s liridge ; and

the rain

one ceased, havingtemporarily

from the bridge a plate at least, amongst us exposed parapet. photographer, ail in and eighto'clock beingthe time found us The evening again Sunderland, invited us to meet them at the Beception Boom of the the local Brethren kindly that to giveus a smoking concert," ail tumed up Town Hall, where theyhad arranged we than less tired. The Mayor of rather more less punctually und, perhaps, or more
"

*'

Sunderland, Conncillor W.

Walker, was

there to re"oive

us.

He of

made
our

us

speech of

welcome, and

at the firstsound of his

ail traces periods ringing

fatigue vaniahed,

222
and
we

'transactions ofthe Quatuor Coronaii


" literally hung upon

"jo"ge^
He

his words
was

"

with raptattention.
bat with passing,
on us a was

allnded

to the slightlj
was

hard times

which throagh

the town

that manljr hopefulness

to listen to ; and then inv"gorating event

passing
he bade at any

to what
so

he

pleasedto tell us
members

was ns

the of

of the Snmmer"

Our Visit,
"

and a welcome, hearty

assnred

sach

that friendship, gennine how he

one,

of the London rate,

gazed at his Q.C.


in for protection
a

'badge and woadered


Oar W.M. of oar some again he goodexample,

could h"ve

thought it

was

intended

hostile city. possibly excellent an again most appropriately, replied members


refcumed
as

concert

foUowed, and
as were a as

found their way


to
our
*'

to the Clnb.

Our W.M:, however,set


him those of

aroand and, gathering h"tel,

who

there,he addressed

in the

Coffee Room."
of the
we

At least it was

the CofFee-room
oar

jnstthen,
had Vedra

though by

the

sigain the centre


told
as

(to which ceiling


knew it
was

Ancient Brethren home of the

their attention

directed), particularly
W.M. that
a.m. as we

reallythe
oar

Lodge.
he woald

Our

had

departedfrom

programme

to-day
Bede

hope to meet as at 7 M"morial before starting our on

in the

Barnard

moming, when we Castle exp"dition, and

coald
we

the inspect

promised.

-harricane blew the rain

of oar and a Jaly 18th. The morningbroke (likesome Satnrday, promises), the Windows. One poor Q.C. member down the against crept and himself anbolted the h"tel door, and, rnshing deserted stairs at 7 a.m. the across first tram

road,sheltered in the
near

he

saw.

The

condactor

said it went

to

Boker,

and

as

any other tram, but it stoppedhalf-a-mile from the sea, and in that poor Q.C. member of rain, along anfinished roads, tradged. Then the rain d"luges
the

M"morial

as

ceased,and
M"morial
way

largebeautiful Irish cross


but it is r"cent, quite
a

is

back

the along

sea-front he
seen

The Bede before him. Esplanade of Ancient Stone On his an cross. splendid replica belated brethi'en, met some and told them they migbt
was on

the

ail go back for he had weakness ail almost he


us
"

the

cross

and

could

tell them

ail about

it.

And, such
the
some

is the

of h aman
to willing
on

in their faces, nature, that with the rain again beating theywere do
so so.

However

Bro.
was

was Moor, jan.,

in

charge of

and party, dozen of

nrgedthem

; and

the Bede

Cross

by thoroughly inspected

our including

W.M.
a

stated that we should leave Sunderland at 9.13, but there was Oar programme this and a nd it Miners* Conf"rence at Darham our was train, to-day, delayed past11 a.m.

when itselfa
we

we
'^

reached town"
our
"

our

destination

"

Barnard had
so

Castle.

It is

town pleasant shed


a

"

it calls
as

and

the sun, which

us, longneglected

few

gleams

made

way

to the Castle's chief


now a

the yard of the King^sArms entrance,through


most
a

H"tel.

The
on

Castle is

in

but ruins,

The picfcuresque.
sheer descent of the walls.

most

of what

remains

stands below.

the edge of

steep rock, with


remain
"

of 80 feet to the River Tees One of the towers, Baliors


more
"

Two
so

ruined towers

and

some

Tower,

said the

caretaker

(No,

no,

Wardress

sounds

bas appropriate)
"

that gives ascent fco upper to avoid air," (itis impossible winding stair, when the words of Sir Walter in such surroundings) and thoughthe upper-air," we off the the blow into Tees far tower threatened to worth us reached it, below, it was
"half-worn
"
"

riskingfor
The is the

of sight

the

glorious panorama
and

that

extended

as

far

as

eye

could

see.

Yorkshire Moors

to the south

the Darham

Hills to the

for north,

the Tees h"re

with seemed to extend in inimitable expanse, and it was boundary of the Counties, lower would returned in"vitable that and reminder be the to the one a earth, sighone of the rest of us, would explore the late for lancheon. However, our W.M. and some

doorway

in the

which led wall,

out towards the

and which had river,

very old

wrought

^\^*i^

Diaitized bv

GooqIc

Ars

Quatuor Coronatokum.
Plate

VI.

v^'lc^

Diaitized bv

Summer
iron knooker,

Outtng.
to he removed
came

223 if desirojed, ntterly


to tbe
onr

and likely bood daniaged, already and

W.M.'s
door.

be not actcd upon suggestion

the knocker
"

inner side o" the

Going ont, our gaarding a


" "

Wardress soft-spokon

'*

(she
us

from

Southern

England, thongh now


our

Northern

sbewed fortress)

and another iron knocker,

W.M.

advised of the
"

ihat such models the making of little modela of it for sale, remembering, perfaaps,

Sa"ctuaiyknocker, at Durham, can much tbe Church, and were inspected


we
are sure

be

purchasedin
an

London.

After

**

Lunch

we

intercsted in

old

whicb font,

bas upon

it wbat

of the fact that William Hutchinson, the spite Durham bim, claim that it is a symbol of the Trin"tj. following in the Church, but as, unfortunately, the mark The same appears on a tombstone bave whatever t he clae whicb been no can we we bas erased, identify by inscription is
a

Merchanfc's mark, in
others

and historian,

"

Merchant."
And then
"

well then it rained


take
us

again

"

Heaven's
ail been in

bard,"and the

"

"

open of

carnages

that

were

waiting to

to

it is as vaulting,*' well sheltered selfishly, perbaps

(" waggon
*'

Raby had aptly termed


in tbe
see

riggedup
as

with

covers tarpaulin us

and architecture) well

those been
we

wbo,

interior, might

bave

in travelling

After

were passing. and Staindrop, aligbted, tbe keys of tbe Church a time,during whicb we (after got a wetting) we saw getting in a very untidy, the old building. It was over transition, or stage,some repairs in and but tbe whicb alt"rations were some going on; effigies, stone, peculiarly in wood,of bygone Vanes and Dukes of Cleveland, attracted onr well attention," were
a we a

Black

Maria," for
some

ail

could

of the countrythroagb which of the village

drive of

seven

miles
"

we

at stopped

"

"

wortb ail the inconvenienco


A very

we

had

endured.
us on

short drive then took


were

to

Courtyardand
Barnard
into
was

ushered

into the magnificent hall with


us, with

in the where we Raby Castle, aligbted where Lord roof, groined Barnard beside bim.
We
were

waitingto re"oive
with few
a

Lady

formed
bis

each parties,

condactor

to show

and

the marvels of the explain not

place ;

of us a takinga Lordship kitchens and from the spacioas far,


open to
us.

little way, but bis healtb would to the

bis goingvery permit


was

Baron's Hall, ail magnificent

thrown

The in earlier

Castle is very

and large

in

pr"servation splendid ; Sir Henry Yane, itsowner


as a
*'

days,spoke of it modestly to bis King replied,Call


survey
"

m"re

and hillock of stone,"

James
I bave

the First is said to bave

ye that

hillock of stone P

By

my

faith,

not such another hillock of stonos in ail my We returned

dominions."

from
onr

onr

to the Qreat
was

Hall, where

Lord Barnard

had pro-

vided

for sumptaously

entertainment, and
as

there bimself, again with


seyen

Lady

after us, Barnard,graciously looking


"
. . .

if
.

we

were

the

bundred

knightswho

retainers tbeir

ail Master's

Of
Had

Nevill,at
sate

call,

in Raby 's Hall." together

AU

too

soon

it was
or

time to be less

where we, more side, Black Marias,"and


"

very

moving ; a group was formed on the Terrace outfaced tbe cam"ra, and then again to our unflinchingly, left the hillock." we reluctantly magnificent
"

were Indeed, so impressed

we

with it ail, that

we

connt

our

time from that yisit, any two meet, " When :


"

and, of the brethren who

were

fortunate enongh to be of that party, when

theygreet each other as Sir Hngh the H"ron bold addressed Lord Marmion A drive of some last in Raby's towers we met." four miles broughtus and an hour's train joumey brought back to ganderland. us Station,

to Winston

224

Transactions

ofthe Quatuor Coronati Lodge.

at tlie at our invitatioD, Eigbto'clock found the Sanderland brethren gathering, Grand the H"tel, and a rightmerrj evening we had, with songs and taies,and t"ntinnabnlation of Bro. Tipper*s bells. Instead of onljasking ns to corne again, the Sanderland brethren sangit.
"

Will ye Will je

no no

corne
corne

back back

P again P again
na

Better looed ye conld Will ye no corne back

be

"

againP
a

'*

Snnday morning, Jnly19th.


the Wear kind before breakfast

Some

of
to

ns see

had
ns

last harr"ed look at the town where station,


weli. many

and
oar

; but 9.30 had

at the
ns

of

hosts of the past few days had assembled


"

to wish
our

And

let what

will cheer

onward to

way

Farewell is stilla bitter word We


at the
cam"ras

say."
t"me of
"

had

to

change

view magnificent apon


'*
"

Dnrham, and ihe wait there gave ns from the railway platform. Indeed, some
at

for
ns

last look
onr

tnmed
''

and the resnlting from the thongh misty it, picture,

smoke

for

every

Inm

this is written, as now hanging, pa"nted, very like the one, magnificently of Fine Arts in the Franco-British Exhibition. in the British Section reeked
was

It bas been

that when Providence sends said, by the opponentsof Malthusianism,

food to put in them. The Bail way Company acted as our for it sent our mouths by one train and our splendidly appointed dining providence, and we had been so petted and saloon by another. Stillwe managed to get something, of us wonld bave feasted up North,that had this Snnday been a v"ritable fast day, none Ci*obs and we the worse. like bullets from a Shrapnel been much scattered, King*s aU of ns will shell another Summer Outingover, and ne ver, in ail human probability, meet together again.
mouths, it
also

sends

"

"

"

Some
And But

are some never

in

far countree,

ail restlessly at home,


more,

oh never,

we

Shall meet

to revel and to roam.'*

of Dnrham (The photographs of Messrs. permission W.


H.

and

Bamard

Castle

are

by roproduced

the kind

Smith

"

Son.)

Transactions

ofthe Quatuor

Coronatt Lodge,

225

EARLY

MASONS'
BV

CONTRACTS
BRO.
E. H,

AT
DRING.

DURHAM.

connection to
a

with

onr

v"sit to the

Dnrham,
Prior

it may

be well to draw
and John

attention

contract

between

of Dnrham

Bell, Mason,
the Dean and

dated

1488,which

is still preservedin the not the earliest in

of Registry

Chapter. Although
and
more

moreover,

than the interesting written in English.

it is mnch fuller existence, of snch documents, and is, generality It is

ensis

tr"s scriptores

were printedin an Papworth. As th"se works are not always available the docnment in occasion to reprint pr"sent a fitting

from

it

in the Historiae Bunelmprinted and extracts 1839),p, ccclxxiii.^ (SarteesSociety, in article the Trans., BI.B, Architects, 1887, by Wyatt to Masonic
extenso,

I think the studenta,

INDENTURA

JOHANNIS bitwix
the

BELL fadre

LATIMT.
in God John to

Thys
Daresme

indenture

made churche

r"v"rend
of that is
one

John
Bell

the Prior of
maf on

the cathedral

of Duresme

parteand
sworn

of that

othre parte, that the said John witnesseth,


and

and reteynd

serve

the said Prior

wele and trewlyin hys science of masonry, and ther saccessours Chapitre daring fro the fost of Penticost after the date of this indentnre, next commyng in hys lyfe, and forme folowyng that is to say, that the said John shall be speciall maner to mason the said Priore " Chapitre of masonry and ail their works aud thcir saccessours, with
:

and olde,shall be take on hande at their costes and expenses. newe ymagre, and other, And to the goode spede performyngand ending of the said werk shall geve hys dne

labour and

to hys diligens" pertnethto hys craf te ; and

power,

with

aftir the witte and raale

withowte
oft
as

any

fraude be ony

decyte or

far as as help and bodylylabour, hys counsell, of to hym almygtyGod, cunnyng gevyn be and ministred to as ingine, faithfuUy, gevyn the fore he

he

shall
or

therto, be requiryd
in their name,

said Priore
h"ve lawfull

and

C h api tour, or
or

their

successeurs, Also

exceptthat
and catalles, shall

he shall concele and their

the secr"tes and counsell of the said

successours,
nor

goodes
or ne

and

fer
or

as

in

impediment. Prieur and Chapitre and their hym is wele and trewly kepe,
excuse

them

to ony

person

persons knawe

delyver

hurt them

he shall not do

them,

to be done

of ony

withowte their speciall license ; len, he shall bot therof make other,

he shall

in dew tyme lette it to done ; from hys occupacion licence ; and their one man noght d"parte withowte their speciall yong be in the aftir of mason one to for one terme crafte, x apprentice, other, hyrid yeres and power, well and trewlyshall teche," informe, to his cunnyng duryng hys life,

h"ve knawledg " to

hys powes

without

ony

fraude concelement
Priour forsayd
:

malyce

or

collusion. their

Also
successours

he

shall be
in almaner

obedient of

"

buxom

thyng lefuU and honest for the which service, wele and trewly to be done and performyd, in of the foresaid Prior " Chapitour forme afore rehersyd, the said John shall receyve and their successours, yerly, performe during ail the terme of lyve that he may bodely ail th"s pr"misses at viij for gret "ge and sekenes, x marcs tymesoftheyere ; and every for hys marte ; to be payd be yere, at the fest of Saynt Martyn in wynter, xs. in money the hands of the sacristane of Duresme for tyme beyng by even percions ; and yerly one

to the

"

Chapitreand

2*26

Transactions ofthe Quattwr Coronatt


soccessours

Lodge.
comp"tent to hys degr" ;
house
some

" their ^arment of the said Priour and Chapitour and


one

house ferme Thomas


one

inhabit to h"ve aftir

Barton

in the which to inhabyte in duringhys lyfe, free, while he levyd. Also it shall be lefuU mason, his
owne

tyme

to the said John


mason one crafte,

of prentice

for terme
to wirke

of

yeres in the foresaid in the werke

another,daringhys lyve,
and Chapitoar

and labour for the is

of masonry

of the

said

Prior

their saccessours,

which

he prentice

shall recyve

of the

frist yeres of iij and every yere of the iij hys prentecehede iiij marcs, yeres next folowing after that vj " the x " last yere vi]marcs, at viij marcs, percions. And tymez of the yere by equall when it happyn that the said John h"ve continuall infirmit"s or gret "ge, so that he he ehall then be content may not wirke ne labonr,nor exercise hys crafte and cunnyng, with iiij of the be marcs percionsby the payd at viijtymes ; to yere by even yerly for tyme being. In witnesse herof the foresaid handis of the sacristane of Duresme sacristane of
as Duresme, for tyme be"ng,

aforesaid,every yere

of the

to parties

thees indentures the Aprill, volume

hath entrechangeably yere of


our

sett to their seales.

Teven

at

Duresme,

the first day of In this another

Lord

mcccclxxxviii***.

same

of Hist, Dunelm. Peter

on scrtptores, pages

CLXXXVir.-cxc, of Durham
.

there

is

long indenture
has

between

Dring

and

the

Prior

for the

struction recon-

of the walls of the Dormitories to

at Durham

Cathedral,date d 1401
a

It is too and

long
the

reprint,and

little interest
names.

except
"

from

builder's

point of

view,

record

of the Masons* Haec indentura


ex una

It

: begins

facta inter Johannem

Priorem

ecclesiae Dunelmensis
ex

loci Conventum

parte,et Petrum
construendum Danelmi

Dryng
muros

cementariura
se

ejusdem alt"ra, testatur,quod


et

praedictusPetrns promisitet manucepit, ac


edificandum et de
. .

firraiter

obligavit, per praesentes,ad


Mariae
anno

novo

Dormitorii

infra AbbathiamDunelmeiisem

situati
M^'cccc"

Data

in festo

beatae purificacionis

Domini

primo.
Willielmus Lameton
"

Willielmus

Talkar

"

Thomas

Forster

"

Willielmus

Melode

bondsmen). (apparently Petrus Drynge, cementarius" cementarius Robertus Daynivell, ton


"

Dominus
"

Willielmus

Willielmus

Bennett, vicarius de MeiyngLandes, cementarias.


of
a

There

are

also in the volume de Middelton for (p.cciv.)

two

other indentures

similar character the

between Thomas

the Prior and John


and Hyndeley,
as

and (p. clxxx.), varions building

between

Bishop

and

others

parts of the cathedral

and cloisters,
are

well

as

several

the cost of wages accompt rolls detailing


a

paid,etc.

They

hardiy

worthy

of

and reprinting,

record of their existence

is sufficient.

"28
ToKRN, Wm.
and Deus

Transactions ofthe Quatuor Coronati

Lodge.
thesun in

and Stationer,Banbary. Onreyene Rasher, Hat ter,Bookseller,

eplendoor

est nohis sol et scutum.

Medal, R"union
Qrand

des Entrepreneurs de the


reverse

Ma"onnerie de Paris, 1810.


the

On

the obverse

are

the

com-

and mie, while level, pa8f'.e8,

bas

foUowinK

:"8ous inscription

le r"gne de

Napol"on le

Protecteur des Arts.

Medal, Seb. Gramoisj Dir. de Limpr. Royale.Pkr. Eschevin.

On

the

reverse

is a band

proceed-

ing from

starrysky, and holdinga

square

and

is H"c pond"ra iusti,and plamb-Iine. The inscription

date 1643.

with Amiti",Bienfaisance^ MedalLette,

sqaare

and compass"s,

etc.

On

reverse,

Rue

8t,

Georges,

Club de V Asile Lyon Mars

1848,

Seal, m"tal impression. On


star "rradiated five-poioted

shield the

square

and

comparses

a heart. cnclosing

Above,

an

and three

trianglesinterlaced. equilateral

l'ratisactions of the Quatuor Coronati By


Bro. Dr. Royal Souvenir A.

Lodge,

i2d

Qovr, Tftcoma,Washington, U.S.A..


:
"

Badges

Grand Grand Grand Grand

Lodge, Tacoma, Washington, 1908. Chapter,Tacoma, Washington, 1908. Commandery, Tacoma, Washington, 1908. Coancil, Tacoma, Washington, 1908. Chapter,Grand
Presented

Souvenir, Grand
1901.

Lodge, Grand

Commandery, Grand Lodge.

Oouncil, Taooma, Washington,

to the

By Bro. Harry

Guy, Yarmoath, I.W.


in locket form, French Mork. prisoners'

Oval Jewel, moanted

By Bro. W. J. Songhurst. Star, Red Cross of Babylon, Scotch.


K. T. Jewel,

Dunckerley pattern. Engraved Je WEL,formerlybelongingto Thos. Dickenson,M.M. Wiltshire Lodge No. 523, A.M. 5788.
Presented
to the

Lodge,

By Bro. Oapt. P. P. Fellowes, Port Elizabeth. of Gold jewel,Crypticdegrees. Photographs


R.A. P. M.

jewel.Scotch,engraved RM.J,

to H.F,

jewel.Scotch,engraved H. P. from C.L.M. Mark jewel.


the other side Old apron, of R.A. Chapter Kilwinning in the East No. 64. being nsed for the Red Cross of Babylon. Presented to the Th"s is r"versible,

Lodge,

By Bro. T. N. Cranstoun-Day, Port Elizabeth.


Photooraph of Masonic

half-penny token, 1790.


Presented
to the

Lodge,

By Bro. W. C. Eemslby, Port Elizabeth.


Photooraph of M.M.

jewel, pierced.
Presented to the

Lodge,

By Bro. T. G. Griffiths, Port Elizabeth.


Photograph of P.M.

jewel,Scotch.
Presented
to the

Lodge,

for

A hearty vote of thanks was nnanimoasly passed to those Brethren to the Lodge Masenm. who had made pr"sentations or exhibition,

who

had

kindlylent objecta

Bro. W.

B. Hext"ll

read

the

following paper

:"

""O

Transactions

of ihe Quatuor Coronati Lodge.

"THE

MAN
BV

OF
BRO.

TASTE/*
W. B,

SATIRE
P,M.

OF

1733.

HEXTALL,

OON

after th" Masonic the

revival

of 1717 and

the establishment which


over

of Grand bore the

Lodge,

artistic and fashionably


**

world literary exercised

of appellation bj the first Duke

the Town of

"

became

mnch

the

building,
of

but short-lived mansion Chandos, of his stately of Hume's

Canons,

near

Edgware.^ Smollett, in his continuation

Historyof England, relates in a matter-of-fact way that the Duke, heir to his father. Lord Chandos, and when the Hon. James Brydges, PaymasterGeneral to the Forces abroad, accounted tor ail the money that had passed throughhis hands,exceptingthree millions." The Rev. Fr"d"ric Barlow's Compl"te but is silent as to d"falcations, his holdingof theappointment, mentions Peeragfe "(1772),
" "

and

speaks of
a

the Duke's

life as

**

spent in
"

the exercise

of every

virtue

to reqnisite

the

character of

greatand

good man

so

that

also posfcerity

in this instance

finds the

which diflBculty

usuallybesets its judgment. Commenced in 1715, the "rection and


absorbed vast
rooms sums were

of corapletion that
*'

Canons locks

occupied several
and to hinges the

years

and

of money of

it is said

the

doors of the state


It does with not

appear

that

gold or silver."^ this Duke, who died


the second son's The

in

but Freemasonry,

his son, afterwards

1744,had himself aughtto do Duke, was, as Henry Marquisof


ambition and

Carnarvon, Grand

Master, 1738.
and of

boundless in

extravagance
which date to his

broughtabout
eldest
son,

the destruction

sale of Canons
was

to 1747,subs"quent Master from

James

Marquis

Carnarvon,

Grand

1754

1757.

the second Duke fortunes were attended Grand Althoughthe family greatlyimpaired, in the absence of Lord Blayney, Grand Master, and presided, a Past as Lodge frequently then Grand Master,at the Assemblyand Feast held May 21st,1765. He died in 1771. An almost bitter rivalry the first Duke, as owner existed between of Canons, and the Earl of Burlington, of Burlington House the it then stood in as possessor this had rendered their of been less not acute not by Piccadilly competing ; patronage of the and culminated with the architects necessarily alwaysvery comp"tent day, in 1731, An Bpistle of to the Right Honourable Richard, Earl of Burlingpublication, ton. By Mr. Pope,"the re-issue being entitled On Taste,"and later On
" "

**

*'

"

False

Taste,"afterwards
works
as

altered

to

"

The

Use

of

Riches," and

included

in Alexander
at

collected Pope's
once

the fourth

of his "Moral

Essays.'* Pope'sintervention
paper
"

raised

the the

and squabble to fever-heat,

of largequantities
some

and

printwere
"

expendedin

Pope's Epistle supplied years. material for his the with trenchant Hogarth, painter, picture, The Man of Taste, or from had a largesale, and which which,engraved by himself, BurlingtonG"te,"prints
went
on
"

which fray,

for merrily

Hogarth (1879),thus describes, The diminutive and bespatterof Pope on a scafPolding the g"te, is seen vigorously figure whitewashing Duke of while the others the Lord Chandos, Burlingtonbriugs ing passers-by, among
Mr. Austin

Dobson, in his work

"

on

* " Since palleddown,'* Constitutions, 1756,p. 203. "* In 1747 the mansion that had cosfc half-a" 203. million to bnild was material for "11,0CX).'' Walford's ** Greater London,'' sold in lots as baildinpc i., '

Walford,op. ciU

Aks

Quatuor Cokonatorum.

The

Man

ov

Taste.

G"te" (Burlington

No.

2.)

'*

The

Man

a of Taste;'

Satire of 1733.
Lord

231
in whicb, Burlington,
were

the whitewash.
under the
name

This of

is

an

allnsion

to

to Pope'sepistle and

Timon, the Duke


recalled and

of Ohandos

his seat of Canons for attacked,

held

up to

ridicule. The
said to h"ve drawn written
a

pr"ntpave
been

great offence to the


the
"

persons

the

is impression
to h"ve

platedestroyed." Hogarth
Mr. Tas te, the

is also said

satirical

for frontispiece of

Poetical

Fop, a comedy, 1732,"


more

in d"rision

Pope, by
as

one

James
some
"

Miller, of whom
reason

hereafter.

Pope,

of the printwas perhapsthe suppression must h"ve acceptedas sufficient. If Pope had attacked in retum, a very prettyquarrel first-class fighting men," and almost too ready followed,for both he and Hogarth were to meet their enemies in the gate.^ The the work with which I am concerned In 1733 was more directly published of Mr. Pope's that subject. By the author Man of Taste, occasioned by an Epistle on for Lawton at Homer's of the Art of Politicks. London, Printed by J. Wright, Gilliver,
"

pugnacious caricature of BurlingtonG"te Hogarth's waspishand


"

he

-was, for

refrained

from

openlyresenting

"

Head, againstSt. Dunstan's


Mus"um Hall is the
a

Church, in Fleet
the work

1733." Street,
was

On for

copy

in the British

manuscript note that


on publisher

entered the

by

March

5th, 1732.
can

Why
guess ;
no

at Stationers' copyright the actual publication entrypreceded


was a

in

by something like a year we the quarrel between the Duke


for the The

only

possiblythere
doubt the

temporary
some

lull

and

the Earl ;

had publisher

good

reason

delay.
of kind It sets forth in consid"rable d"sirons of being fashion,
so

d"tail the

printedpoem occupiesnineteen folio pages. the foUies,of a man and frequently pursuits,
to create
a

thought a VtrtuosOy eager


attention to

sensation

of any

himself,and caring nothing whether


As
a

he plea"ed or
:

long as it drew public he disgusted provided

astonished.

I sp"cimen,
"

will take th"se lines


or Italian,

Without

without I adh"re
:

an

ear,

To Bononcini's

musick

To boon With

companions I my time would give, and parasites l'd live; players, pimps,
with from jockeys Newmarket

1 would And to

dine,

rough riders give my choicest wine ; My eveningsail I would with sharpers spend,
make the thief -catch
er

And In

my

bosom

friend ;

Figg,2the Prize-fighter, by day delight. And sup with Colley Cibber evVy night."
are

The

allusions contemporary
as

not

diflficult to folio w.

Bononcini is remembered
in the
somelines,

less for musical talent than times

attributed to Dean
"

coupledwith GeorgeFrederick Handel but really written by John Byrom : Swift,


say,

Some That

to Bononcini, compar'd but a ninny; HandeVs Mynheer


aver

Others
Is

that he to Handel
a

fit to hold scarcely

candie. be

ail this Strange 'Twixt

diff"rence should
and

Tweedledum

Tweedledee."

^ Whether and R"v"lations,1898, Bro. Sadler's Masonic Reprints and see Pope was aFreeniason, Bro. B. F. Gould at A.Q.G., xi., 193-4. Hogarthwas Grand Steward in 1735. a Freemason, and

'

Fi^jin the original.

232 James

Transactions

ofthe Quatuor
"n fact

Coronatt

Lodge.

who Figg, prizeBghter, at

staffthan with bis fists, was


second of pictnre who
"

Tbe

Rake's

with sword and quartermore performed that tirae prominentenongh to be introduced into tbe and it is said also into" Soutbwark Pair,"by Progress,"

Hogartb,
"

designed bis

business

card, an

bim impressionof whieb, describing

as

his

Science of Defence," bas been sold for eight and to bave guineas, mezzotinted An in "William illaminative note is contained by Faber. portrait Hogartb," by George Angnstns Sala (1866) respectiog Figg,to whose prowess some
minor

Master

of the Noble

poet of

the

day paid compliment in


"

th"se

words,

be wise, nnthinking men, at lengtb and resign the prize Consult your safety, : Nor tempt snperior but timely force, fly The vigourof his arm, tbe quickness of his eye.*' of

Rash

and

and

John

wrote Byrom, alreadyquoted,


"

h"m,
the

Long

live the

of great Figg,

Sole monarch I bave

swains, prize-fighting of Marybone plains." acknowledged


this bero poem of the
we

referred rather

fullyto

is well to
becaase

Grand
at the

tbe g"nerai nature appr"ci"t^ I am Henry Sadler,to whom informs that to me according Lodge, Bro.
had Gastle Tavern, St. Giles's, addresses
were a

of the

day, not only becanse it are dealing with, but also Lodge meeting
:

tbe rolls at indebted for kindlysearching the list for 1725 the Masonic its members
seeras

James

and descriptions
was

not then
was
"

Figg amongst given,it generally


merci fui in his Grand that

thongb that this probable


his brotherin Desaguliers Doctor

and

the

same

man.

Hogarth^
"

more

presentment of
Master

Figg if the Congr"gation," Sleeping in the pulpit be correct. figures


"

Mason

in the

Progress

than

in that of Past tradition

the

received

the R"v"rend
been
or,

there

had Desaguliers, by-the-way, received the

Ghaplain to the
as

Duke of it,

of

Chandos, and

from

bim

of Edgware, living

Lysons bas

Whitchurch, close by.^

had influence been appointed througb political ColleyCibber,the plavwright, writes of him, somewhat in 1730; a biographer Poet Laur"ate unkindly,that "bis celebrated only for their absnrdity."^ effusions were lyrical The Man of Taste to our ; after a discourse upon, and upon Returning poem, and Music, we the Drama, Architecture, Gardens, Coins,Sculpture foUies concerning,
" "

come

to th"se
as an

lines,supposed to be spoken by the aforesaid

man

of taste and

fashion,

posing

arbiter and
"

exponent of

the

and pursuits and

foUies of the

day :

Wolves, Bears,Lyons,
And

El"phants I breed,

Transactions read. Philosophical l'U be Free-Mason,nothing Next Lodge, less, be I F.R.S." to Unless happen The poem is and franklysatiricalthroughout,
was

it may

at first

seera sight am

that this
no means

allusion to the Craft


sure

meant

to express The

contempt and
" "

but I d"rision,

by

that such is the correct view.


"

letters

F.R.S." can,in the pr"sent connexion,

only indicate
course,

Fellow

and the of the Royal Society,"

Transactions," are, Philosophical


foanded in 1660 and

of

the coUected papers of that


"

which Society,
in

was

in 1662 ; the
* '

Transactions

"

being first issued

and March, 1664-6,


;

incorporated amounting to 496

As to Freeraasonry in Hogarth'eWorks, see 349. Gould*B History of Freemaaonry ii., QortoD'B 490, 1828,i., Biog.Dict.,

A.Q.C.ii., 116, 146,158

39. 138; xv"., viii.,

234
While

Transactions of tke Quatuor Coronatt

Lodge.
o*

yet two

others bear very


"

hardly upon
Wren and with
was

traditioDal

fathers

the Craft

Sure

wretched

tanght by bungling Jones,

To murder

mortar

stones." disfigure tbe strenuous following commination


:

And

"

The Man

of Taste
"

"

termin"tes my

Thus
To

from

birth l'm of Taste

qualified, you find,


to bumane kind.

give tbe laws


are

Mine

tbe and

scbemes gallant

of Politesse,

and dress. buildings, politicks Tbis is True Taste, and wboso likes it not, Ts blockbead, coxcomb, puppy, fool,and sot." Tbe in passage in Bramston's poem

For books

baving r"f"rence
*'

to of

Freemasonry
Taste,
or

was

not

long
a

beingfollowed
As

by

in paraphrase at tbe

prose.

The

Man in

tbe

Guardians,
was

Comedy.
the

it is acted
a

Th""tre

Royal

Drury Lane, London,"


else to
a

first

publishedin 1735, with

third "dition in 1744. its wbo

Possessinglittle

distingnish
two

playfrom

numerous

are lackeys engaged, by individnals and for orders,in personating moving in a higher sph"re, of Lord Apemode and Colonel Cockade. After much assumingthe naraes

tbe characters, Martin

of productions and Reynard,

kind, Act IV. bas

between dialogue their that

of

masters* purpose

their prowess

and

aocomplishments in

war,

music, dancing,gaming and

boasting of they fighting,

proceed:
Martin I resolved Fellow to
"

As

soon

as

I had
a

with finisbed settling

th"se

polite aocomplishments,
for that purpose
am now

crown

of the

of Philosophy Smattering ; and RoyalSociety."


"

ail with

Beynard :
The

And

am

Free-Mason,which
Bramston's
*'

is the

same

thing, you know."

adapterfor the stage of mentioned author of as previously


Alexander
same

Mr.

Miller satire was the James poetical Taste, the Poetical Fop," in d"rision of than

Pope.

He

was

about
was a

fifteen years younger member of Wadham

Bramston, and died in the


after

year, 1744.

Miller

Oxford, and Coll"ge,

holding

cl"rical

ments in and near London, with in a year before bis death received the appoint of Upcerne, It is said that Miller Dorset, which bis father had held before him. living took to dramatic increase bis income wben in but ofPended bis to London, authorship bis in that efforts direction. The of Taste Man was Bishop by producedat Drory Lane Th""tre in Mai'ch 17i^6, and bas been described successful m"lange from a as
**
" "

Moli"re."

Miller appears what


"

to bave

written

eightor

nine

other
an

place
"

on

was

to

bave been bis first benefit

nightof

and bis death took plays, adaptationfrom Yoltaire'a

Mahomet His

at

Drury Lane.^
"

comedy,

Tbe

man w

of

an Taste,"is throughout

imitation

of Bramston's

poem

; for

Bramston instance,
"

rites,

In

the Prize-fighter, Figg, by day delight,"

and

one

of Miller
"

characters I bave

exclaims,

foughtGoodman

Figg

w"th

ail his

weapons."
tbe

Beyond
either author"

the

passages

with relatingto Freemasonryin conjunction


work
"

Royal
of

there is Society,

nothing
way

in either

or,

so

far

as

I bave

found, in the

works

in any
^

to or referring, relating, Nat.

the Craft.

Bict

411, Thespian Diotionary 1805, Biog: xxxyii.,

"*

The Man

a Satire of 1733, of Taste^'

23^

Brotber Bramston
or

Sadler
were

tells

Miller

theywere not ; this may ing dislike or contempt,but, seeiugthat the it appears as though the allusion were or play,

that either he finds nothingin the varions liststo show me for tlie pr"sent purpose, Freemasons, and we must assume, increase the likelihood of their allusions to Freemasonry indicatr"f"rence rather
occurs

onlyonce
than

in either poem

on premeditated the part of Bramston, from whom do I Miller may be regarded not as a copyist. merely of the Royal Society overlook the fact that,at that period, "lection to the Fellowship was

accidentai

not

confiued
a a

to

persons

of at

proved
the

scientific

acquirements ;
well been
so as

and at

the the

passage

may But

possibly be
Bramston
one was

double-thrnst beneficed

as Royal Society

Craft.

Clergymanwho
does

in 1733
not seem,

had like

for ten

years

at residing

of his two

Sussex

He livings.

many

of poetsand poetasters he certainly


was

the "ge, to h"ve

a patron for possessed

whom

to write to order ;
was

not

a ^

needy
and
we

man,

for the chancel


seen

of

Church Lurgashall

rebuilt him

partly at
in his
own

his expense

h"ve
are

the

good r"putationwhich
but three in less

survived it would
own

county.
he wrote

His in
a

Works

at the most of
more or

condition

number, dignified ease, and


to
reasons

and

appear

that

for his

also, gratification ; possibly,

with

no

reluctance particular
Such
a

as might accept such profit

man,

unless for

unknown

to us, would

to the

scientific body of the day ; and his allusions leading h"ve to be judged together. He was Freemasonry apt to and forcible lines, wrote plain h"ve but as we heard, you express and the sentiments of such
a

publication. hostile hardlybepersonally the and to to Royal Society


accrue a

to him

from

call must
"

spade a spade, and


not

he

forgetthat
to

th"se

person
;

as

the

**

Man

of Taste

is intended

pourtray,

not those of Bramston

himself

and

also that the satire is not directed

their exaggerationand misuse pursuitsthemselves,but only against hostile to