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Indian Engineering Services 2012 Mechanical Engg paper

In highly rarefied gases, the concept of this loses validity Thermodynamic equilibrium Continuum Stability Macroscopic viewpoint Answer -- Continuum The constant volume gas thermometer works on the principle that at low pressure,the temperature of the gas is independent of its pressure at constant volume at high pressure,the temperature of the gas is independent of its pressure at constant volume at low pressure,the temperature of the gas is proportional to its pressure at constant volume at high pressure, the temperature of the gas is proportional to its pressure at constant volume Answer -- at low pressure,the temperature of the gas is proportional to its pressure at constant volume There is no work transfer involved in this process Adiabatic expansion isothermal expansion Polytropic expansion Free expansion Answer --Free expansion This process is one in which there is only work interaction between the system and the surroundings Diabatic process Adiabatic process Isothermal process Quasi-static process Answer --Adiabatic process In which of the following processes,the heat is fully converted into work? Reversible adiabatic process Reversible isobaric process Reversible isometric process Reversible isothermal process Answer --Reversible isothermal process An inventor states that his new conceptual engine, while operating between temperature limits of 377 C and 27 C, will reject 50% of heat absorbed from the source. What type of cycle will this engine have?

Carnot cycle Stirling cycle Impossible cycle Possible cycle

Answer --Possible cycle The continual motion of a movable device in absence of friction violates the first law of thermodynamics violates the second law of thermodynamics is the perpetual motion of the second kind is the perpetual motion of the third kind Answer --is the perpetual motion of the third kind For a given temperature T1 as the difference between T1 and T2 increases, the COP of a Carnot heat pump increases decreases does not change first decreases, then increases Answer --decreases A heat engine is supplied with 2512 kJ/min of heat at 650 C.Heat rejection with 900 kJ/min takes place at 100 C. This type of heat engine is ideal irreversible impossible practical Answer -- impossible Consider the following statements for a throttling process : 1.It is an adiabatic process. 2.There is no work transfer in the process. 3.Entropy increases in throttling process. Which of these statements are correct? 1,2 and 3 1 and 2 only 2 and 3 only 1 and 3 only Answer --1,2 and 3 If the work done on a closed system is 20 kJ/kg, and 40 kJ/kg heat is rejected from the system, its internal energy is decreased by 20 kJ/kg 60 kJ/kg -20 kJ/kg -60 kJ/kg

Answer -- 20 kJ/kg A carnot heat pump is used to heat a house. The outside temperature is -3 C and the indoor temperature is 27 C.If the heat Loss from the house is 40 kW, the power required to operate the heat pump is 1 kW 2 kW 3 kW 4 kW Answer -- 4 kW The enthalpy drop for flow through convergent horizontal nozzles is 100 kJ/kg. If the velocity of approach at inlet to the nozzle is negligible, the exit velocity of the fluid is 20 m/s 400 m/s 447.2m/s 520.8 m/s Answer --447.2m/s By integrating Euler equation between two sections 1 and 2 for flow of an incompressible invisid fluid through a pipe, we get Steady flow energy equation Bernoulli equation continuity equation variable flow equation Answer --Bernoulli equation For steady flow through an insulated horizontal constant diameter pipe,this property remains constant Enthalpy Internal energy Entropy Volume Answer --Enthalpy 100 kJ of energy is transferred from a heat reservoir at 1000 K to a heat reservoir at 500 K. The ambient temperature is 300 K. The loss of available energy due to heat transfer process is 20 kj 30 kJ 40 kJ 50 kJ Answer --30 kJ When a system reaches the state of equilibrium, the following property assumes its maximum value Availability Entropy

Gibbs function Helmholtz function Answer --Entropy The difference between constant pressure specific heat Cp, and constant volume specific heat Cv, for pure substance approaches zero at triple point approaches zero as the absolute temperature approaches zero is always equal to the gas constant R approaches zero at critical point Answer --approaches zero as the absolute temperature approaches zero Joule-Thomson coefficient is the slope of constant enthalpy lines on T-s diagram constant enthalpy lines on T-p diagram inversion curve on T-s diagram inversion curve on T-p diagram Answer --constant enthalpy lines on T-p diagram Which gas shows a heating effect in the Joule-Thomson experiment,while undergoing throttling process through a porous plug of cotton wool? Carbon dioxide Hydrogen Oxygen Nitrogen Answer --Hydrogen The following remarks pertain to the properties of gases and vapors : 1.The equation of state is not by itself sufficient for the calculation of properties such as u, h and s. 2.Throttling process is an adiabatic steady flow process. 3.Increase in entropy in wet region is directly proportional to the increase in enthalpy. Which of these remarks are correct? 1,2 and 3 1 and 2 only 1 and 3 only 2 and 3 only Answer -- 1,2 and 3 An ideal gas at 27 C is heated at constant pressure till the volume becomes three times.The temperature of the gas will then be 81 C 900 C 627 C 927 C Answer --627 C

A gas turbine operating on Brayton cycle has the maximum temperature of 1200 K and the minimum temperature of 300 K. The cycle efficiency for the maximum work capacity will be 75% 60% 50% 25% Answer --50% No substance can exist in the liquid phase in stable equilibrium at temperature below the triple point temperature at pressure below the triple point pressure at pressure above the triple point pressure at temperature above the triple point temperature Answer --at pressure below the triple point pressure The COP of a refrigerator working on a reversed Carnot cycle is S.The ratio of the highest absolute temperature to the lowest absolute temperature would be 1.25 1.3 1.4 1.2 Answer --1.2 This reversible cycle consists of constant volume heat addition,reversible adiabatic expansion and constant pressure heat rejection Otto cycle Lenoir cycle Atkinson cycle Brayton cycle Answer --Lenoir cycle An ideal vapour compression refrigerator operates between a condenser pressure pl and an evaporator pressure P2. Which of the following changes would increase its COP? Increasing pl by Ap and keeping P2 constant Decreasing P2 by Ap and keeping pl constant Adopting wet compression Subcooling the refrigerant Answer --Subcooling the refrigerant An IC engine has a bore and stroke each equal to 2 units. The total area to calculate heat loss from the engine can be taken as 4*pie 5*pie 6*pie 8*pie

Answer --4*pie In a petrol engine, the tendency for detonation increases with retarded spark timing running the engine at high speed supercharging increasing the cooling rate Answer --supercharging Consider the following statements 1.Diesel fuels are compared using an ignition delay criterion. 2.Cetane number is equal to the percentage of cetane plus 15% of the percentage of heptamethyl nonane in the fuel. 3.Cetane number of alpha-methyl naphthalene is assigned the value of 15. Which of these statements are correct? 1,2 and 3 I and 2 only 2 and 3 I and 3 only Answer -- I and 2 only A satellite floats in deep space with very high velocity.It will continuously lose heat by convection conduction and convection radiation radiation and convection Answer -- radiation A furnace has a 20cm thick wall with thermal conductivity 0.8 W/m-K. For the same heat loss from the furnace, what will be the thickness of the wall if the thermal conductivity of the material is 0.16 W/m-K? 4 cm 6.3 cm 10 cm 40 cm Answer --4 cm A furnace wall is 10 cm thick and has a thermal conductivity of 0.1kW / m-K. Inner temperature is maintained at 525 C, while the surrounding temperature outside the furnace is 25 C. If the surface area of the furnace is 20 m 2 , the heat flux through the wall is 50 kW/m2 500 kW/M2 1000 kW/m2 10000 kW/m2 Answer --500 kW/M2 In unsteady state heat conduction for bodies with negligible temperature gradients, the time temperature variation curve is

linear parabolic sinusoidal exponential

Answer --exponential For quick response of a thermocouple to observe varying temperature of fluids wire diameter must be large wire material density must be large wire material specific heat must be large wire surface heat transfer coefficients must be large Answer --wire surface heat transfer coefficients must be large A fin will be necessary and effective only when where k = thermal conductivity of fin material, h = convective heat transfer coefficient between the fin surface and environment temperature. k is small and h is large k is large and h is also large k is small and h is also small k is large and h is small Answer -- k is large and h is small Which one of the following statements is correct? Fins should be attached on the side where heat transfer coefficients are high Effectiveness of fins depends on thermal conductivity only fins must have small thickness for better heat dissipation In boiling heat transfer appliances, fins will be very effective Answer --fins must have small thickness for better heat dissipation In a heat exchanger, the hot gases enter with a temperature of 150 C and leave at 75 C. The cold fluid enters at 25 C and leaves at 125 C. The capacity ratio of the exchanger is 0.65 0.75 0.85 0.95 Answer --0.75 What does NTU indicate? Effectiveness of heat exchanger Efficiency of heat exchanger size of heat exchanger Temperature drop in heat exchanger Answer --size of heat exchanger When is a transient heat transfer problem considered as a lump capacity problem? The internal resistance of the object is negative The internal resistance of the object is zero The internal resistance of the object is infinite

The internal resistance of the object is negligible Answer --The internal resistance of the object is negligible The correct sequence for different types of heat exchangers in the decreasing order of effectiveness is parallel-flow, counterfiow, shell & tube and cross-flow cross-flow, counterflow, shell & tube and parallel-flow counterflow, shell & tube, cross-flow and parallel-flow counterflow, cross-flow, shell & tube and parallel-flow Answer -- counterflow, shell & tube, cross-flow and parallel-flow In a double-pipe counterflow heat exchanger, 1000 kg/h of oil having a specific heat 20 J/kg-K is cooled from 150 C to 125 C by 1250 kg/h of fluid of specific heat 16 J/kg-K. The fluid leaves the heat exchanger at 75 C. In such case, the temperature at which the cooling fluid is entering the heat exchanger and LMTD will be 25C and 50C 50 C and 50 C 50 C and 75 C 75 C and 50 C Answer --50 C and 75 C Which of the following properties of air Increase with rise in temperature? 1.Specific gravity 2.Specific heat 3.Thermal conductivity 4.Kinematic viscosity 1, 2, 3 and 4 1,2 and 3 only 2,3 and 4 only 1 and 4 only Answer -- 2,3 and 4 only The laminar boundary layer occurs when a cold fluid flows over a hot plate.In which of the following positions, the temperature gradient assumes zero value? At bottom of boundary layer In mid free stream of fluid At top of boundary layer At the junction of laminar and turbulent boundary layer Answer --At top of boundary layer The Reynolds-Colburn analogy,which is used to determine heat transfer coefficient from the measurement of frictional drag, is applicable to circumferential fins plates rectangular fins triangular fins Answer --plates

An oxygen and nitrogen mixture has transmissivity for heat radiations that is practically equal to 1 .5 2 Answer -- .5 Consider the following statements : 1.An ammonia absorption refrigerator has a COP more than 3 and is superior to vapour compression system. 2.Ammonia absorption machines are preferable where waste heat is available from an existing source. 3.Absorption refrigerator has no moving part and hence needs little maintenance. 4.The partial pressure of ammonia vapour varies, being high in the condenser and low in the evaporator. Which of these statements are correct? 1,2, 3 and 4 1,2 and 3 only 2,3 and 4 only 1 and 4 only Answer -- 2,3 and 4 only A vapour compression refrigerator has a COP of 4, and extracts 10 kJ of heat from the cold reservoir. If this machine is worked as a heat pump, how much heat will it deliver to the environment? 2 kJ 2.5 kJ 12.5 kJ 25 kJ Answer --12.5 kJ A refrigerator based on reversed Carnot cycle works between refrigeration and condenser temperatures of -23 C and 27 C.If a cooling rate of 5 kW is desired,what will be the required power in kW? 1 2.5 5 25 Answer --1 Ammonia used as refrigerant is non-corrosive to iron and steel copper and copper alloys Both (a) and (b) Neither (a) nor (b) Answer --iron and steel In a VCR plant, the refrigerant leaves the compressor and evaporator with enthalpy of 205kJ/kg

and 177 kJ/kg respectively. Enthalpy of the refrigerant leaving the condenser is 105kJ/kg. If the mass flow rate of the refrigerant is 0.2 kg/s, the refrigeration effect will be 12.2kW 14.4kW 16.4kW 20.2kW Answer -- 14.4kW When unsaturated air undergoes adiabatic saturation, which of the following properties decreases? 1.Relative humidity 2.Specific humidity 3.Dry-bulb temperature 4.Wet-bulb temperature 1,2, 3 and 4 2 only 3 only 4 only Answer -- 3 only When only sensible heat is added to a sample of air, the process is represented on the psychrometric chart as a horizontal line moving towards left direction vertical line moving towards upward direction horizontal line moving towards right direction vertical line moving towards downward direction Answer --horizontal line moving towards right direction During the sensible cooling process,specific humidity remains constant increases decreases Unpredictable Answer --remains constant The comfort conditions in air conditioning system are defined by 22 C dbt and 60% RH 25 C dbt and 100% RH 20 C dbt and 75% RH 27 C dbt and 75% RH Answer --22 C dbt and 60% RH The most suitable pair of refrigerant and absorbent combination for solar refrigeration is ammonia and water ammonia and sodium thiocyanide water and lithium bromide R22 and dimethylformamide

Answer --ammonia and water At what depth below the free surface of oil having a density of 784 kg/m3 will the pressure be very nearly equal to 1 bar? 10 metres 14 metres 13 metres 7.84metres Answer --13 metres The vapour pressure is the characteristic fluid property involved in the phenomenon of water hammer in a pipe flow cavitation rise of sap in a tree spherical shape of rainwater drop Answer --cavitation For stability of a floating body (M = metacentre, G = centre of gravity and B = centre of buoyancy) M should coincide with, B and G M should lie below B and G M should lie above B and G M should He between B and G Answer --M should He between B and G The resultant of all normal pressures on a body immersed in liquid acts through the centre of gravity of the body through the centre of pressure vertically upwards at metacentre Answer --vertically upwards A bucket of water is hanging from a spring balance. An iron piece is suspended into water without touching any of the sides of bucket from another support. The spring balance reading will increase decrease remain the same depend on the depth of immersion Answer -- increase The depth of centre of pressure of a rectangular lamina immersed vertically in water up to a height h is given by h/3 h/4 h/2 2h/3

Answer -- 2h/3 A piece of wood of volume V and specific gravity. 0.87 floats on the surface of a liquid of specific gravity 1.31. The portion of the body which is submerged in the liquid will be 0.335V 0-.65V 0.87V 0.13V Answer --0-.65V During floods,water entered an office having wooden tables. The position of tables, if floating, will be legs downwards legs on sides legs upwards Any position Answer --legs upwards The Lagrangian description of fluid motion is analogous to control volume analysis transient analysis system analysis None of the above Answer --None of the above The flow in a pipe whose valve is being opened or closed gradually is an example of steady flow non-steady flow steady uniform flow steady nonuniform flow Answer --non-steady flow A velocity potential function exists on y for steady flow uniform flow irrotational flow compressible flow Answer --irrotational flow Flow commences between two parallel plates with the upper plate moving in the direction of flow, while the other plate is stationary.The resulting flow between the plates is called creep flow Couette flow plug flow Stokes flow Answer --Couette flow

A steady irrotational flow of an incompressible fluid is called streamline flow creeping flow shear flow potential flow Answer --streamline flow The piezometric head is the summation of velocity head and pressure head pressure head and elevation head elevation head and velocity head velocity head, pressure head and elevation head Answer --pressure head and elevation head A venturi meter is a device based on the Bernoulli principle and is used for measuring velocity pressure drop total head flow rate Answer -- flow rate The Reynolds number of a fluid flowing over a flat plate at a distance of 16 cm from the leading edge is 25600. The thickness of the boundary layer at this point will be 5 mm 7.5 mm 10 mm 10.5mm Answer -- 5 mm Boundary layer separation is caused due to laminar flow changing to turbulent flow velocity gradient being zero at the wall reduction in pressure to vapour pressure decrease in boundary layer thickness to a negligible value Answer -- velocity gradient being zero at the wall A flat plate of 4m length is kept parallel to air flowing at5 m/s at 15 C. Assuming the density of air to be 1.2 kg/m3 and dynamic viscosity to be 1.76 x 10-5 kg/m-s,and knowing that the flow becomes turbulent when Reynolds number exceeds 5x105, the flow will become turbulent at 1.25 m 1.47m 1.52 m 1.74 m Answer --1.47m Principles of similitude form the basis of performing acceptance tests

comparing two identical equipments comparing similarity between design and actual equipment design and testing models of prototype based on results of models Answer --design and testing models of prototype based on results of models Normal shock wave occurs in a one dimensional steady converging flow diverging flow subsonic flow supersonic flow Answer --supersonic flow The Mach number of an aircraft when the dynamic (velocity) temperature of air at entry to the engine equals the static temperature is 1.236 1.736 2.236 2.736 Answer --2.236 Across the normal shock in a flow both p and T decrease p increases and T decreases p decreases and T increases both p and T increase Answer --both p and T increase When the fluid at sonic velocity enters a convergent divergent passage, the velocity of the fluid increases continuously decreases continuously increases and then decreases decreases and then increases Answer --decreases and then increases In supersonic flow, if cross-section is increasing in the direction of flow both p and V increase p decreases and V increases both p and V decrease p increases and V decreases Answer --p decreases and V increases The preferred type of pump for small discharge and high heads is centrifugal type reciprocating type axial-flow type radial-flow type

Answer -- reciprocating type The specific speed of a hydraulic turbine depends upon speed and power developed discharge and power developed speed and head of water speed, power developed and head of water Answer --speed, power developed and head of water When a hydraulic turbine is operated, it is found that it has high design efficiency and this efficiency remains constant over a wide range of regulation from the design condition. The turbine is Francis turbine Propeller turbine Pelton turbine Kaplan turbine Answer --Pelton turbine An adjustable blade propeller turbine is called as banki turbine Pelton turbine Kaplan turbine Francis-Pelton turbine Answer --Kaplan turbine The pump preferred to be used for pumping highly viscous fluids belongs to the category of screw pump turbine pump plunger pump centrifugal pump Answer --plunger pump Supersaturated condition occurs in a steam expanding through a convergent-divergent nozzle because of the delay in change of dryness fraction change of superheat evaporation process condensation process Answer --condensation process In a nozzle designed, to produce a supersonic jet, the flow in the convergent section will always be subsonic sonic supersonic transonic Answer --subsonic

In an impulse steam turbine, the enthalpy drop of steam takes place in nozzles rotor blades stator blades exhaust pipe Answer --nozzles The gas in a cooling chamber of a closed-cycle gas turbine is cooled at constant volume constant temperature constant pressure None of the above Answer --constant pressure The power consumed by a reciprocating air compressor will be minimum, if the compression follows the thermodynamic isentropic process adiabatic process isothermal process polytropic process Answer --isothermal process The preferred type of pump for small discharge and high heads is centrifugal type reciprocating type axial-flow type radial-flow type Answer -- reciprocating type The specific speed of a hydraulic turbine depends upon speed and power developed discharge and power developed speed and head of water speed, power developed and head of water Answer --speed, power developed and head of water When a hydraulic turbine is operated, it is found that it has high design efficiency and this efficiency remains constant over a wide range of regulation from the design condition. The turbine is Francis turbine Propeller turbine Pelton turbine Kaplan turbine Answer --Pelton turbine An adjustable blade propeller turbine is called as banki turbine

Pelton turbine Kaplan turbine Francis-Pelton turbine Answer --Kaplan turbine The pump preferred to be used for pumping highly viscous fluids belongs to the category of screw pump turbine pump plunger pump centrifugal pump Answer --plunger pump Supersaturated condition occurs in a steam expanding through a convergent-divergent nozzle because of the delay in change of dryness fraction change of superheat evaporation process condensation process Answer --condensation process In a nozzle designed, to produce a supersonic jet, the flow in the convergent section will always be subsonic sonic supersonic transonic Answer --subsonic In an impulse steam turbine, the enthalpy drop of steam takes place in nozzles rotor blades stator blades exhaust pipe Answer --nozzles The gas in a cooling chamber of a closed-cycle gas turbine is cooled at constant volume constant temperature constant pressure None of the above Answer --constant pressure The power consumed by a reciprocating air compressor will be minimum, if the compression follows the thermodynamic isentropic process adiabatic process isothermal process

polytropic process Answer --isothermal process Losses in a centrifugal compressor are due to impeller channel losses only inlet losses only Both (a) and (b) Neither (a) nor (b) Answer -- Both (a) and (b) Compressors used in gas, turbines are of reciprocating type centrifugal type axial-flow type All of the above Answer --axial-flow type Stalling of blades in axial-flow compressors is the phenomenon of airstream blocking the passage motion of air at sonic velocity unsteady periodic and reverse flow airstream not able to flow over the blade contour Answer --airstream not able to flow over the blade contour The multistage compression of air as compared to single-stage compression improves volumetric efficiency for the given pressure ratio reduces work done per kg of air gives more uniform torque All of the above Answer --All of the above In a compressible fluid flow field, the Mach number indicates the ratio of viscous force to elastic force inertia force to elastic force inertia force to viscous force viscous force to gravity force Answer --inertia force to elastic force In a gas turbine power plant,reheating of gases between the high pressure and low pressure turbine stages will improve turbine output decrease turbine output increase compressor output decrease compressor work Answer --improve turbine output In a gas turbine plant, regeneration is done to

increase compression work decrease turbine work limit the maximum temperature improve plant efficiency

Answer --improve plant efficiency The primary function of the flywheel is To limit the fluctuations. of speed during each cycle To absorb energy during those periods of crank rotation when turning moment is less than the resisting moment To maintain constant speed of rotation of the crank shaft when the load on the engine increases To maintain constant speed of rotation of the crank shaft when the load on the engine decreases Answer --To limit the fluctuations. of speed during each cycle The function of the governor is To limit the fluctuations of speed during each cycle To, maintain the supply of fuel. to the engine cycle constant when the load on the engine varies To maintain constant speed of rotation of the crank shaft when the load on the engine varies To maintain constant speed of rotation of the crank shaft when the load on the engine is constant Answer --To maintain constant speed of rotation of the crank shaft when the load on the engine varies In order to have complete balance of several revolving masses mounted in different planes and different angular positions over a shaft The resultant force must be zero The resultant couple must be zero The resultant force as well as couple must be zero Either the resultant force or the resultant couple must be zero Answer -- The resultant force as well as couple must be zero Directions : Each of the following ten (10) items consists of two statements, one labelled as Statement (I) and the other as Statement (II). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the answers to these items using the code given below : Code : (a)Both Statement(I) and Statement(II) are individually true and Statement(II) is the correct explanation of Statement (I) (b)Both Statement(I) and Statement (II) are individually true but Statement (II) is not the correct explanation of Statement (I) (c)Statement(I) is true but Statement (11) is false (d)Statement(I) is false but Statement (II) is true

Statement (I): Thermodynamic work is given as the product of an intensive thermodynamic property and the differential of an extensive property. Statement (II): Work is not a thermodynamic property. a b c d

Answer -- b Statement (I) : The view factors from the surface,say A of the enclosure to all surfaces of the enclosure,including to itself, when summed,should be equal to unity by definition of the view factor. Statement (II): This is called the summation relation among the view factors for enclosure. a b c d

Answer -- b Statement (I): In a binary mixture charged refrigeration system,when a leakage occurs, first the high pressure refrigerant leaks and then the low-pressure refrigerant leaks. Statement (II): High-pressure refrigerant has the higher boiling point and low pressure refrigerant has the lower boiling point. a b c d

Answer -- c Statement (1): The pressure drop in circular ducts is lesser when compared to that in equivalent rectangular ducts. Statement (II): The mean velocity in a rectangular duct will be less than that in its circular equivalent. a b c d

Answer -- b Statement (I): The hydraulic power transmitted by a pipe through certain distance by means of water under pressure

will be maximum when the loss of head due to friction over this distance is one-third of total head supplied. Statement (II): The average velocity of flow should be less than the critical velocity which corresponds to the laminar now. a b c d

Answer -- b Statement (I): Hydraulic jump is similar to normal shock in gases where supersonic flow becomes subsonic across the shock plane resulting an increase in pressure. Statement (II): In hydraulic jump, the Froude number is less than one and the sub critical flow changes to super critical across the jump. a b c d

Answer -- c Statement (I): A normal shock wave cannot occur in convergent portion of a convergent divergent nozzle. Statement (II): Shock wave is generated only when the flow is supersonic. a b c d

Answer -- a Statement (I) : To satisfy the momentum equation for flow with heat transfer, it is necessary to use a divergent duct or a duct with large cross-sectional area so that the changes in velocity are negligible. Statement (II): Heat addition to a fluid in a constant area duct cannot be achieved without a drop in pressure. a b c d

Answer -- c Statement (I) : When a convergent-divergent nozzle operates at off design conditions, a shock wave will enter the exit

and move towards the throat and vanish there. Statement (II): The convergent section functioning as nozzle will have only subsonic flow where no shock can exist. a b c d

Answer -- b Statement (I): Radial-flow machines are used mainly for pumps where multi staging will be useful to increase the delivery head. Statement (II) : Axial-flow pumps are useful where the head is low and discharge is large. a b c d

Answer -- b In an- elliptic trammel, the length of the link connecting the two sliders is 100 mm. The tracing pen is placed on 150 mm extension of this link. The major and minor axes of the ellipse traced by the mechanism would be 250 mm and 150 mm 250 mm and 100 mm 500 mm and 300 mm 500 mm and 200 mm Answer -- 500 mm and 300 mm The differential gear is fitted on rear axle of automobiles; its function is To rotate the front wheels at different speeds To rotate the back wheels at the same speed during turning To rotate the back wheels at different speeds during turning To permit the two back wheels to rotate at the different speeds when driving in the straight .path. Answer --To rotate the back wheels at different speeds during turning Consider the following profiles of mating gear teeth 1.Involute profiles 2.Cycloidal profiles 3.Conjugate profiles Which of these satisfy the law of gearing ? 1 and 2 only 1 and 3 only 2 and 3 only 1,2 and 3

Answer -- 1,2 and 3 In the case of involute system of gears, if the center distance is changed The velocity ratio changes The pressure angle changes The pitch circles remain unaffected The law of gearing fails to. get satisfied Answer --The pressure angle changes Consider the following statement : The transmission of motion from a pinion to a meshing gear of involute profile is a case of 1.Pure rolling. 2.Sliding with constant velocity of sliding. 3.Sliding with time varying velocity of sliding. 4.Rolling with some amount of sliding. Which of these statements are correct ? 3 and 4 only 1 and 2 only 2 and 3 only 1,2, 3 and 4 Answer --3 and 4 only Consider the following statements in connection with involute profile characteristics : 1.Tangent to base circle is also tangent to profile. 2.Common tangent to two base circles passes through pitch point. 3.Pressure angle for involute profile is constant. 4.Involute teeth gear correctly even when centre distance is varied slightly. Which of these statements are correct ? 1,2 and 3 only 1,3 and 4 only 2,3 and 4 only 1,2, 3 and 4 Answer -- 2,3 and 4 only In case of free vibrations with viscous damping, the damping force is proportional to the displacement The velocity The acceleration The natural frequency Answer --The velocity The critical speed of shaft depends on Mass only Stiffness only Mass and Stiffness Mass, Stiffness and Eccentricity Answer --Mass and Stiffness

A cotter joint is capable of transmitting The twisting moment An axial tensile as well as compressive load The bending moment only axial compressive load Answer --An axial tensile as well as compressive load Consider the following statements associated with variable loading of bolts 1.Smaller the stiffness constant, larger will be the external load carried by the bolts. 2.Greater the pre-tension, lesser will be the value of the alternating load carried by the bolts. 3.In variable loading, variable component is more dangerous than static component. 4.A high value of pre-tension is undesirable against fatigue failure. Which of these statements are correct ? 1,2,3 and 4 2 and 3.only 3 and 4 only 1 and 2 only Answer -- 2 and 3.only A fit on the hole shaft system specified is H7-s6. The type of fit is Clearance fit Running (sliding) fit Transition fit Interference fit Answer -- Interference fit A flat end footstep bearing supports a vertical shaft of 150 mm diameter rotating at 10 rad/s. The shaft carries a vertical load of 20 kN. Assuming uniform pressure distribution and coefficient of fraction equal to 0.05, the power lost in friction is 500 W 750 W 1000 W 1125 W Answer --1125 W The effect of increasing the stiffness of springs of centrifugal clutch is The decrease of engagement speed The increase of engagement speed The increase of frictional fierce at maximum speed None of the above Answer --The increase of engagement speed Creep of belt can be controlled by Decreasing belt length Reducing stress in belt Increasing center distance Reducing belt velocity

Answer --Increasing center distance The differential screw is used in a Turnbuckle Micrometer Vernier caliper Coupler Answer --Micrometer Multistart threads are used to get Smaller linear displacement Larger linear displacement with assured self locking Larger linear displacement with no guarantee of self locking None of the above Answer --Larger linear displacement with no guarantee of self locking Consider the following statements : In an epicyclic gear train with 96 and 36 number of teeth on the annulus and sun respectively, 1.Planet must hove 30 test. 2.There must be 3 or 4 planets around the circumference. 3.Planets can never be input or output links. 4.Module of the sun should. be more then the rest. Which of these statement is are correct ? 1, 2, 3 and 4 1,3 and 4 only 1,2 and 3 only 2, 3 and 4 only Answer -- 1,2 and 3 only Stub tooth is Provided on the rack only a tooth of standard profile Larger than standard tooth smaller than standard tooth Answer --smaller than standard tooth Which of the following screw threads is adopted for power transmission in either direction? Acme threads Square threads buttress threads Multiple threads Answer --Square threads In hydrodynamic bearings The oil film is maintained by supplying oil under pressure The oil film pressure is generated only by the rotation of journal External supply of lubricant is not required

Grease is used for lubrication Answer --The oil film pressure is generated only by the rotation of journal The piston pin bearings in heavy duty diesel engines are Needle roller bearings Tapered roller bearings Spherical roller bearings Cylindrical roller bearings Answer -- Needle roller bearings The magnitude of shear stress induced in a shaft due to applied torque varies From maximum at the centre to zero at the circumference. From zero at the centre to maximum at the circumference. From maximum at the centre to minimum but not zero at the circumference From minimum but not zero at the centre,to maximum at the circumference Answer --From zero at the centre to maximum at the circumference. A piece of material is subjected to two perpendicular tensile stresses of 70MPa and 10MPa. The magnitude of the resultant stress on a plane in which the maximum stress occurs is 70 MPa 60 MPa 60 MPa 10 MPa Answer --70 MPa Which of the following hardness tests uses the principle of measurement of depth of indentation for obtaining the hardness value of the material being tested ? Brinell Rockwell Vickers Barcol Answer --Rockwell A copper rod,400mm long is pulled in tension to a length of 401.2 mm by applying a tensile load of 330 MPa.If the deformation is entirely elastic, the Young's modulus of copper is 110 GPa 110 MPa 11 GPa 11 MPa Answer --110 GPa A bar of copper and steel form a composite system which is heated through a temperature of 40C. The stress induced in the copper bar is Tensile Compressive Both tensile and compressive Shear

Answer --Compressive The buckling load for a column hinged at both ends is 10 kN. If the ends are fixed, the buckling load changes to 40 kN 2.5kN 5 kN 20 kN Answer --40 kN A beam with a rectangular section of 120mm x 60 mm, designed to be placed vertically is placed horizontaly by mistake. If the maximum stress is to be limited, the reduction in load carrying capacity would be 1/4 1/3 1/2 1/6 Answer --1/2 If a solid circular shaft of steel 2 cm in diameter is subjected to a permissible shear stress 10kN/cm2,then the value of the twisting moment (Tr) will be 10 pi KN cm 20 pi KN cm 15 pi KN cm 5 pi KN cm Answer --5 pi KN cm A salt shaft of diameter 100mm, length 1000 mm is subjected to a twisting moment T. The maximum shear stress developed in the shaft is 60 N/mm2. A hole of 50mm diameter is now drilled throughout the length of the shaft. To develop a maximum shear stress of 60N/mm2 in the hollow shaft, the torque T must be reduced by T/4 T/8 T/12 T/16 Answer --T/16 A spring with 25 active coils cannot be accommodated within a given space.Hence 6 coils of the spring are cut. What is the stiffness of the new spring ? Same as the original spring 1.225 times the original spring 0.6 times the original spring 0.5 times the original spring Answer -- 1.225 times the original spring If both the mean coil diameter and wire diameter of a helical compression or tension spring be doubled, then the deflection of the spring close coiled under same applied load will be doubled

be halved increase four times get reduced to one-fourth Answer --be halved If diameter of along column,is reduced by 20%,the, percentage reduction in Euler's buckling load for the same end conditions is 4 36 49 60 Answer --60 Elastic limit of cast iron as compared to its ultimate breaking strength is Half Double approx same None of the above Answer --approx same Consider the following regarding their crystal structure : 1.Alpha iron 2.Aluminium 3.Nickel 4.Zinc Which of these belong to FCC structure ? 1 and 2. only 2 and 3 only 3 and 4 only 1,2, 3 and' 4 Answer -- 2 and 3 only Line imperfection in a crystal is called Miller defect Frenkel defect Schottky, defect Edge dislocation Answer --Edge dislocation In queuing theory, the number of arrivals per unit time is estimated by Binomial distribution Poisson distribution Normal distribution Bath tub analogy Answer --Poisson distribution Addition of which one of the following elements, shifts the lower critical temperature line in

iron-iron carbide diagram towards the higher side ? Nickel Molybdenum Aluminum Answer --Molybdenum Spheroidal or nodular graphite iron is designated as SG500/7. Here 500 and W stand for Proof stress in N/mm2 and elongation in 90 Tensile strength in N/mm2 and impact strength in N-m Tensile strength in N/mm2 and elongation in % Tensile strength in kg/mm2 and elongation in %. Answer --Tensile strength in N/mm2 and elongation in % Interstitial Free Steels are used for Forging crank shafts Making of car bodies Making of tall buildings Making of steel rails for high speed traction Answer --Making of car bodies When steel containing less than 0.85% carbon is, tooled slowly below the lower critical point, it contains Ferrite mainly Pearlite mainly Ferrite and pearlite Pearlite and cementite Answer -- Pearlite and cementite During orthogonal cutting, an increase in cutting speed causes An increase in longitudinal cutting force An increase in radial cutting force An increase in tangential cutting force Cutting forces to remain unaffected Answer --Cutting forces to remain unaffected Which of the following processes has very high material removal rate efficiency ? Electron beam machining Electrochemical machining Electro discharge machining Plasma arc machining Answer --Electrochemical machining Clearance in a fit is difference between, Maximum hole size and minimum shaft size Minimum hole size and maximum shaft size Maximum hole size and maximum shaft size

Minimum hole size and minimum shaft size Answer --Minimum hole size and maximum shaft size Rolling horizon in forecast is used for Allowing same length of forecast horizon by easily adding a new period when one period is over Easy updating of changes and maintaining same length of forecast horizon by adding a now period when one period is over Easy updating of changes and there is no addition of a new period Different reasons other than the above Answer --Easy updating of changes and maintaining same length of forecast horizon by adding a now period when one period is over In an exponentially weighted moving average, the weight of the demand of past periods Increases as age of the data increases Increases as age of the data decreases Decreases as age of the data increases Has no relationship with age of the data Answer --Decreases as age of the data increases The shortest processing time prioritization rule is used for Reducing a queue size in front of a single server Reducing work-in-process in a single server system Reducing average flow time of jobs waiting in front of a server All of the above Answer --All of the above Which of the following is true with respect to a PERT network ? Activity duration is beta-distributed and project duration is normally distributed Activity duration is normally distributed and project duration is beta distributed Activity duration is deterministic and hence project duration is also deterministic Four time estimates are used for determining average duration of an activity Answer --Activity duration is beta-distributed and project duration is normally distributed In a quantity discount model of inventory control, the relevant costs are Annual purchase cost Annual order cost and annual carrying cost Annual purchase cost, annual order cost and annual carrying cost Annual order cost Answer --Annual purchase cost, annual order cost and annual carrying cost ABC analysis is useful because it 1.Identifies vital few and trivial many. 2.Classifies items into three classes. Neither 1. nor 2 Both 1 and 2 I only

2 only Answer --2 only The type of schedule inherent in the material requirements planning(MRP) procedure is Forward schedule Backward schedule Both backward and forward schedule Different from backward and forward schedule Answer -- Forward schedule In PERT, the distribution of activities times is assumed to be Normal Gamma Beta Exponential Answer --Beta In simplex method, the variables which have not been assigned the value zero during the iteration, are called Basic variables Actual variables Artificial variables None of the above Answer --Actual variables What will the function rewind( ) do ? Reposition the-file pointer to a character reverse Reposition the file pointer stream to end of file Reposition the file pointer to beginning of line Reposition the file pointer to beginning of file Answer --Reposition the file pointer to beginning of file The time required for the fetching and execution of one simple machine instruction is Delay time CPU cycle Real time Seek time Answer --CPU cycle Which of the following cannot be checked in switch-case statement ? Character Integer Float Enum Answer --Float The keyword, used to transfer control from a function back to the calling function is

switch goto go back return

Answer --return If the two strings are identical then strcmp() function returns -1 1 yes Answer --1 Which bitwise operator is suitable for tuning on a particular bit in a number ? && & || | Answer --&& By default a real number is treated as a float double long double none Answer --float What is purpose of fflush() function? Flushes ,all streams and specified stream Flushes ,only specified stream Flushes input/output buffer Flushes file buffer Answer --Flushes input/output buffer Which of the following are correct for an indirect hot extrusion process ? 1.Bi11et remains stationary. 2.There is no friction force between billet and container walls. 3.The force required on the punch is more in comparison to direct extrusion. 4.Extruded parts have to be provided a support. 1, 2,3 and 4 1,2 and 3 only 1,2 and 4 only 2,3 and 4only Answer -- 1,2 and 4 only Extrusion process can effectively reduce the cost of product through Material saving Process time saving

Saving in tooling cost Saving in administrative frost Answer --Saving in tooling cost Which of the following processes is also known as high energy rate forming ? High velocity forming Explosive fabrication Electro hydraulic forming Magnetic pulse forming Answer --High velocity forming In electrolysis For making copper powder, copper plate is made cathode in electrolyte tank For making aluminum powder,aluminum plate is made anode High amperage produces powdery deposit of.cathode metal on anode Atomization process is more suitable for low melting point metals Answer --For making aluminum powder,aluminum plate is made anode The process of making hollow castings of non circular shape and desired thickness by permanent mould without the use of cores is known as Die casting Slush casting Pressed casting Centrifugal casting Answer --Centrifugal casting The ratio of surface area to volume for a unit volume of riser is minimum in case of Cylindrical riser Spherical riser Hemispherical riser Cuboids riser Answer --Spherical riser Which of the following factors improve weld-ability of steel ? 1.Low carbon content 2.High carbon content 3.Good affinity to oxygen 4.Poor affinity to oxygen 1 and 3 2 and 3 1 and 4 2 and 4 Answer -- 1 and 4 Brittle welds are mainly obtained due to Wrong electrode, silty preheating and,metal hardened by air Faulty welds, faulty sequence and rigid joints

Wrong speed, current improperly adjusted and faulty preparation Uneven heat, improper sequence and deposited metal shrinks Answer --Wrong electrode, silty preheating and,metal hardened by air The advantage of the welding process is It relieves the joint from residual stresses It helps in checking of distortion of work piece Large number of metals and alloys, both similar and/or dissimilar can be joined Heat produced during the welding does not produce metallurgical changes Answer --Large number of metals and alloys, both similar and/or dissimilar can be joined Lathe machine with turret can turn a work piece of limited length only because, Cross slide motion,is obstructed by turret Turret cannot work on a long job Chuck cannot be replaced by a face plate Turret replaces the loose centre Answer --Turret cannot work on a long job Rank order clustering, as applied to manufacturing automation is. A technique of identifying process sequence in production of a component A just in time ( JIT) method An approach of grouping the machines into calls in an FMS system A tool to generate bill of materials Answer -- An approach of grouping the machines into calls in an FMS system The configuration of a robot using a telescoping arm that can be raised or lowered on a horizontal pivot mounted on a rotating base is called. Polar Cylindrical Cartesian coordinate Jointed arm Answer --Cylindrical Programmable automation is suitable for Low production volume and large varieties of parts Low production volume and small varieties of parts high production volume and small varieties of parts high production volume and large varieties of parts Answer --Low production volume and large varieties of parts The usual method of defining machinability of a material is by an index based on Hardness of work material Production rate of machined parts surfaced finish of machined surface Tool life Answer --Tool life

In Taylor's tool life equation VT (T to the power n)= C, the constants n and C depend upon 1.Work piece material 2.Tool material 3.Coolant 1,2 and 3 1 and 2 only 2 and 3 only 1 and 3 only Answer --1,2 and 3 Tool life increases with increase in Cutting speed Nose radius Feed Depth of cut Answer --Nose radius The most important function of the cutting fluid is to Provide lubrication Cool the tool and work piece Wash away the chips Improve surface finish Answer --Cool the tool and work piece Assumptions adopted in the analysis of open die forging are 1.Forging force attains maximum value at the middle of the operation. 2.Coefficient of friction is constant between work piece and die. 3.Stress in the vertical(Y-direction) is zero. 1 and 2 only 1 and 3 only 2 and 3 only 1,2 and 3 Answer --2 and 3 only Which, of following statements is correct for forging ? Forgeability is property of forging tool,by which forging can be done easily Forgeability decreases with temperature upto lower critical, temperature Certain mechanical properties of the material are influenced by forging Pure metals have good malleability,therefore, poor forging properties Answer --Certain mechanical properties of the material are influenced by forging Which of the following belong to thermoplastics ? 1.Natural resins 2.Phenol formaldehyde 3.Polystyrene 4.Poly vinyl chloride 1,2, 3 and 4

1,2 and 3 only 1,3 and 4 only 2,3 and 4 only Answer --1,3 and 4 only Each of the following ten (10) questions consists of two statements, one labelled as Statement (I) and the other as Statement (II). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the answers to these items using the code given below : Code : (a) Both Statement(I) and Statement(II) are individually true and Statement(II) is the correct explanation of Statement (I) (b) Both Statement(I) and Statement(II) are individually true but Statement(II) is not the correct explanation of Statement(I) (c)Statement(I) is true but Statement(11) is false (d)Statement(I) is false but Statement(II) is true Statement (1) : Mohr's circle of stress can be related to Mohr's circle of strain by some constant of proportionality. Statement (11) : The relationship is a function of yield strength of the material. a b c d

Answer -- c Statement (1) : If the bending moment along the length of a beam is constant, then the beam crosssection will not experience any shear stress. Statement (11) : The shear force acting on the beam will be zero everywhere along its length. a b c d

Answer -- a Statement (1) : It is difficult to maintain close tolerance in normal forging operation. Statement (11): Forging is workable for simple shapes and has limitation for parts having undercuts. a b c d

Answer -- b Statement (1) : Parts made by powder metallurgy do not have as good physical properties as parts tasted. Statement (11) : Particle shape in powder metallurgy influences the flow characteristic of the powder. a

b c d Answer -- b Statement (1): Cupola furnace is not employed for melting steel in foundry. Statement (2): The temperatures generated within a cupola are not adequate for melting steel. a b c d

Answer -- a Statement (1) : Vibrations in milling are induced due to interrupted cutting operation. Statement (Il): Vibrations can be suppressed to a large extent by using equal spacing of teeth along the periphery of the cutters. a b c d

Answer -- b Statement (1) : In Electra Discharge Machining(EDM) process,tool is made cathode and work piece as anode. Statement (II): In this process if both electrodes are made of same material, greatest erosion takes place upon anode. a b c d

Answer -- a Statement (1) : Honing is an abrading process to remove stock from metallic surfaces. Statement (11) : Honing is commonly done oil internal surfaces. a b c d

Answer -- b Statement (I) : DC with reverse polarity is used in MIC welding. Statement (11) : Use of DC with reverse polarity enables deeper penetration and a clean surface. a b c

d Answer -- a Statement (1) : Negative rake angles are preferred on rigid set-ups for interrupted cutting and difficult to machine materials. Statement (Il): Negative rake angle directs the chip on to the machined surface. a b c d

Answer -- b