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# University of the Philippines College of Science

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## 1st Semester, AY 2012-2013

Instructions: Choose the letter of the best answer. Ignore air resistance unless stated otherwise. Use g = 9.81
m s2

## as the acceleration due to gravity constant.

1. Elevator. An elevator is moving upward with a speed of 11 m s . After three seconds, the elevator is still moving upward, but with a reduced speed of 5.0 m s . What is the average acceleration of the elevator during the 3.0 [s] interval? (a) 5.3 (b) 2.7 (c) 2.0
m s2 m s2 m s2

## (d) 2.0 (e) 5.3

m s2 m s2

, upward , upward

m 2. Pana. An arrow accelerates from 60. m s to 140 s in 4.0 [s]. What is the magnitude of its average accelaration? m m m m m (b)35 s (c) 20. s (d)15 s (e) 10. s (a) 40. s 2 2 2 2 2

3. Displacement. A particle travels along a curved path between two points P and Q as shown. Which of the following quantities does not affect the particles displacement? (a) location of P (b) location of Q (c) direction from P to Q (d) distance traveled from P to Q (e) shortest distance between P and Q 4. S, V, and A. Which of the following statements is FALSE? (a) The average speed is equal to the instantaneous speed if a = 0. (b) The average velocity is equal to the instantaneous velocity if a = 0. (c) The magnitude of the average velocity is equal to the average speed if a = 0. (d) Average speed can be used to locate the position of an object at a given time. (e) Average velocity can be used to calculate the displacement of an object for a given time interval.

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## 1st Semester, AY 2012-2013

5. Motion of a Particle. The velocity versus time plot of a particle moving along the x-axis is shown below. At the point indicated by the dot, labelled as O, what can you say about the particles velocity, vx, and acceleration, ax?

## (d) vx = 0, ax > 0 (e) vx = 0, ax < 0

6. Acceleration. An object is moving along the +x-axis, slowing down as it goes along. Which of the following pairs corresponds to the correct direction of the objects velocity, v , and acceleration, a? (a) v : +x; a: +x (b) v : x; a: x (c) v : +x; a: x (d) v : x; a: +x (e) v : +x; a: zero

7. Bilis na! As an object moves along a line, its velocity, v , is plotted as a function of time, t, as shown below. At which time interval does the object have the smallest magnitude of average acceleration? (a) t = 0 [s] to t = 1 [s] (b) t = 1 [s] to t = 2 [s] (c) t = 2 [s] to t = 3 [s] (d) t = 3 [s] to t = 4 [s] (e) t = 4 [s] to t = 5 [s]

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## 1st Semester, AY 2012-2013

8. Speed Racer. A car is moving with an initial velocity of 30.0 m s j and m constant acceleration of 6.00 s 2 j . What is its velocity after 15.0 [s]? (b)120. m j (c) 115 m j (d)110. m j (e) 100. m j (a) 125 m j
s s s s s

9. Instantaneous V. Consider an object moving at a constant speed in a straight line. Which of the following statements best describes the magnitude of the instantaneous velocity halfway through any time interval? (a) It is less than the average velocity. (b) It is greater than the average velocity. (c) It is the same as the average velocity. (d) It is half of the magnitude of the average velocity. (e) It is twice the magnitude of the average velocity. 10. Find him. Nemo can cover a distance of 100. [m] in 15.0 [s] while swimming with constant acceleration. If Nemo is initially at rest at the starting point, what is his speed at the nish line? m m m m (a) 200. m (b) 100 . (c) 13 . 3 (d) 6 . 67 (e) 5 . 16 s s s s s 11. Drop. Which of the following statements is ALWAYS TRUE about an object thrown straight up? (a) It is only in free fall on its way down. (b) It is only in free fall on its way up. (c) Its velocity is directed downward. (d) Its velocity is directed upward. (e) It is in free fall starting from the moment you let it go. 12. Empire State Building. The Empire State Building is 373 [m] tall. Ted is at the top of the building when he accidentally drops his phone. How long will it take for his phone to reach the ground? (a) 4.36 [s] (b)6.17 [s] (c) 8.72 [s] (d)19.0 [s] (e) 38.0 [s]

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## 1st Semester, AY 2012-2013

13. John Carter. John Carter dropped a stone 1.00 [m] above Marss surface. It hit the ground after 0.732 [s]. What is the acceleration due to gravity near the surface of Mars? m m m m m (b)3.73 s (c) 2.73 s (d)1.87 s (e) 0.683 s (a) 4.91 s 2 2 2 2 2 14. Around the World. Jackie Chan left London westward to travel around the world. He covered a total distance of 6.38 103 [km] in 80.0 days. What was his average velocity after returning to London? (a) 7.98 104 (b) 4.43 103 (c) 3.32 103
m s m s m s

## (d) 9.23 101 (e) zero

m s

, 15. At the top. An object is thrown with an initial velocity v0 = v0x i + v0y j where v0x and v0y are both nonzero and positive. At the top of its ight, what are the directions of its velocity, v , and acceleration, a? (a) v : zero; a : j (b) v : zero; a : +j ; a: zero (c) v : j (d) v : + i; a : j (e) v : + i; a : +j

16. Not curved. A ball is thrown vertically upward. The graph shows the balls position as a function of time. Which one of the following statements best describes the motion of the ball? (a) The velocity of the ball is the same at points A, B, C, D, and E. (b) The ball is at the same distance above the ground at points B and D. (c) The velocity of the ball changes continuously during its ight. m (d) The acceleration of the ball is 9.81 s 2 j at points A, B, D, and E, and zero at point C. m (e) The acceleration of the ball is 9.81 s 2 j at points A, B, D and E, and zero at point C.

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## 1st Semester, AY 2012-2013

17. Projectile. A projectile is launched horizontally from the top of a hill. Which of the following graphs best represents the horizontal displacement, x, of the projectile as a function of time, t?

18. Gun and Balls. A spring-loaded gun is aimed horizontally and used to launch identical balls one at a time. The gun is held at a xed height. Let R1 and R2 be the range of ball 1 and ball 2, respectively. If the second ball is red at twice the speed of the rst ball, how are R1 and R2 related? (a) R1 = R2 1 (b) R1 = R2 2 (c) 2R1 = R2 (d) 2R1 = R2 (e) R1 = 2R2

19. Shot into the air. A ball is shot from the ground into the air. Two seconds after being projected from the ground, it is displaced 40. [m] horizontally and 53 [m] vertically from its initial position. What is the initial velocity of the ball? (a) v0 = 20. (b) v0 = 20. (c) v0 = 20.
m s m s m s

i 36 i + 17 i + 22

m s m s m s

j j j

## (d) v0 = 20. (e) v0 = 20.

m s m s

i + 31 i + 36

m s m s

j j

20. Good dog. Coming home from school, you walk at 0.5 m s . Your pet dog runs along the same line toward you at 1.5 m s . According to your pet, at what speed are you moving toward him? (a) 0.5 m (b)1.0 m (c) 1.5 m (d)2.0 m (e) 2.5 m s s s s s

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## 1st Semester, AY 2012-2013

21. Relatives. According to a cruise ships captain, your boat is moving at m v = 3.0 m s i + 4.0 s j , while according to a stationary observer on the shore, your boat is at rest. Assume that the seawater is still. What is the cruise ships velocity relative to the Earth?
m (a) v = 3.0 m s i + 4 .0 s j m (b) v = 3.0 m s i 4.0 s j m (c) v = 3.0 m s i 4.0 s j

## (d) v = 3.0 (e) zero

m s

i + 4 .0

m s

22. Inert. Which of the following is an inertial frame of reference? (a) A box in free fall (b) A moving car on a ferris wheel (c) A shipwreck lying at the bottom of the ocean (d) A car driving at a constant speed around the acad oval (e) A hawk accelerating toward earth in the act of catching a prey acts on an object 23. Acceleration vector. A net force F = 8 [N] i 6 [N] j of mass 2 [kg]. What is the magnitude of its acceleration? m m m m m (b)4 s (c) 5 s (d)7 s (e) 30 s (a) 3 s 2 2 2 2 2 24. First law. According to Newtons First law of motion, which of the following statements is/are TRUE? I. An object is at rest because no force is acting on it. II. An object stays in a state of rest or in a state of uniform linear motion unless acted on by a non-zero net external force. III. An object moving with a constant velocity relative to a non-accelerating frame of reference is in equilibrium. (a) I only (b) II only (c) III only (d) I and III only (e) II and III only

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## 1st Semester, AY 2012-2013

25. Two Block System. Block 1 (5.0 [kg]) rests on top of Block 2 (10. [kg]). This two-block system rests on a horizontal frictionless surface as shown. If there is no slipping between the two blocks and a 30. [N] force is applied to the bottom block, what is the magnitude of the acceleration of the two-block system? (a) 1.0 (b) 2.0 (c) 3.0
m s2 m s2 m s2

## (d) 6.0 (e) 15

m s2 m s2

26. Hangman. A box is on a board that is hanging at rest while connected to the ceiling, as shown on the right. Which of the following best illustrates the free body diagram of the box?

27. Untitled. Which of the following statements is TRUE? (a) The action and reaction forces will cancel at all times. (b) The action and reaction forces act on the same body. (c) The action and reaction forces act on different bodies. (d) The action force is greater in magnitude than the reaction force. (e) The action force is perpendicular to the reaction force.

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## 1st Semester, AY 2012-2013

28. Baseball. A player hits a baseball with a bat. If the force with which the bat hits the ball is considered the action force, what is the reaction force? (a) Force on the ball exerted by the hand of the person who catches it (b) Force the pitcher exerts on the ball in throwing it (c) Force the bat exerts on the players hand (d) Friction as the ball rolls to a stop (e) Force the ball exerts on the bat 29. Lampara. Two identical light xtures, each with mass M , are suspended from the ceiling by three cords, as shown in the gure on the right. What is the magnitude of the tension T1? (c) 1 (a) 2M g 2M g 1 (d) M g (b) Mg 2 (e) 2M g 30. Gagalaw ba? Box A (mass = 5.0 [kg]) is attached to a massless rope that passes over a frictionless pulley. The other end of the rope is attached to box B (mass = 3.0 [kg]) that rests on a frictionless surface, as shown in the gure. The system is initially held at rest. What will be the acceleration of box B when the system is released from rest?

m s2 m s2 m s2

i i j

m s2 m s2

i j

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## 1st Semester, AY 2012-2013

31. The Block Acceleration. A 10. [kg] (left) block is connected to a 40. [kg] (right) block with an inextensible rope, as shown in the gure. A force of 50. [N] pulls the blocks to the right on a very smooth surface. What is the magnitude of the acceleration of the 40. [kg] block? (a) 1.0 (b) 2.0 (c) 3.0
m s2 m s2 m s2

## (d) 0.50 (e) 1.3

m s2 m s2

32. Off the wall. A student pins a box in place against a frictionless wall with his bare hand. What are the forces acting on the box? I. Gravitational force II. Friction (a) I only (b) II only (c) III only III. Normal force (d) I and III only (e) I, II, and III

33. Inclined. A box accelerates down a ramp that is inclined at an angle of 27.5 above the horizontal. If the boxs acceleration along the ramp m is 3.65 s 2 , what is the coefcient of kinetic friction between the ramp and the object? (a)0.101 (b)0.202 (c)0.419 (d)0.521 (e)0.940 34. Astroboy. Astroboy pushes a box with mass 15.0 [kg] across a level oor. In order for the box to start moving, he needs to push it horizontally with a 100. [N] force. What is the coefcient of static friction between the boxs surface and the oor? (a) 0.944 (b)0.680 (c) 0.472 (d)0.340 (e) 0.150 35. Ipit. A 2.0 [kg] box slides down at constant velocity, v , between two identical walls as shown. What is the frictional force exerted on the box by one of the walls? (a) 20. [N] upward (b) 9.8 [N] upward (c) zero (d) 9.8 [N] downward (e) 20. [N] downward

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## 1st Semester, AY 2012-2013

36. David. Two identical stones are separately attached to two different slings. The length of Sling 1 is twice the length of Sling 2. If the slings are to revolve uniformly in a horizontal circle on top of a smooth table with the same period, how should their accelerations be related? (a) a1 = a2 (b)a1 = 2a2 (c) 2a1 = a2 (d)a1 = a2 (e) a2 2 1 = a2 37. You raise me up. An object undergoes uniform circular motion (speed = 2 .0 m s ) around a smooth banked curve (radius = 2.0 [m]). What is the angle of inclination of the curve when measured from the horizontal? (a) 78 (b)39 (c) 22 (d)12 (e) 5.8 38. Sprint! A sprinter runs around a horizontal circular track at a constant m speed with a centripetal acceleration of magnitude 3.80 s 2 . The radius of the track is 22.0 [m]. What is the period of the sprinters motion? (a) 8.72 [s] (b)15.1 [s] (c) 74.1 [s] (d)76.1 [s] (e) 239 [s]

39. Hangbox. A box moves along the loop as shown in the gure on the right. Which of the following best describes the free body diagram of the box at the instant shown?

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## 1st Semester, AY 2012-2013

40. Sliding Box. A 25 [kg] box is sliding down an ice-covered hill. When it reaches point A, the box is moving at 11 m s . Point A is at the bottom of a circular arc that has a radius R = 7.5 [m]. What is the magnitude of the normal force on the box at point A? (a) 250 [N] (b) 280 [N] (c) 450 [N] (d) 650 [N] (e) 950 [N]

41. Rough ramp. Consider the system shown in the gure below. The pulley and the string are massless. The mass of box A is twice the mass of box B. The surface of the ramp is rough, and is inclined at an angle from the horizontal. If box B is moving at a constant velocity, what is the coefcient of kinetic friction between box A and the ramp? 1 2 sin 2 cos 1 2 sin (b) 2 sin 1 + 2 sin (c) 2 cos (a) (d) 2 sin cos 2 + sin (e) cos

42. The Bullet. A bullet is aimed at a target on the wall a distance L away from the ring position. The bullet strikes the wall a distance y below the mark as shown in the gure. If the distance L was half as large and the bullet had the same initial velocity, how would y be affected ? (a) y will be doubled. (b) y will be halved. (c) y wil be four times larger. (d) y will be one fourth as large. (e) y will not be affected. -END OF EXAMINATION-