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Eric Moncada

Specific Purpose: Thesis:

To persuade the audience to not text and drive. I'm going to talk about the dangers of texting while driving, legal actions to reduce it and also some preventative measures. Let me ask you guys a series of questions. By a raise of hands how many of you text? How many of you text and drive? How many of you drive after having a couple of beers? Not that you guys should be drinking but the point is most of you wouldnt yet you continue to text and drive. According to Nationwide.com, your reaction time is equivalent, if not worse than, if you were driving with a blood alcohol concentration at the legal limit of .08. Texting has become a large part of our daily lives and for this reason we feel the necessity to text at all times, even while we are driving. People have become such texting enthusiasts that they can maintain a conversation with one person and have another conversation through texting simultaneously. According to Usatoday.com, an 18 year old girl from Montana was an avid "texter". At the dinner table she would talk to her parents but would also be texting her friends with her phone under the table. Her obsession with texting worried her classmates when they continually saw her swerving into the oncoming lane and they automatically knew that she was texting. On the day before graduation she was on her way to a minor league baseball game when she got lost. She was texting a player on the team, who invited her, trying to get directions to the game. Before she knew it, she had clipped the side of a bridge which flipped her car into the opposing lane and the last message she got was "Where U At". Texting while driving is a growing problem in today's society and effecting everyone nationwide but mostly those who are in the age range of 18-24. For this reason I'm going to talk to you more about the dangers of texting while driving, the legal actions to reduce it and also preventative measures you can take to reduce it.

Introduction:

Transition: Texting while driving is a major problem in today's society and people need to be aware of the danger it brings. Here are some statistics to put things into perspective. Body: I. Although texting may seem important at the time in the long run it is not worth the risks and dangers that are associated with texting and driving. Texting is a distraction and causes the driver to take his eyes off the road. Each second that the driver does not have his/her full attention on the road increases the chances of an accident to occur significantly. A. According to Nationwide.com The number one source of driver inattention is use of a wireless device. 1. Did you know that drivers are four times as likely to get into a wreck serious enough to injure themselves and/or others while using a cell phone. 2. Using a cell phone while driving decreases the dedicated brain activity associated with driving by about 40%. B. About 10 % of drivers aged 16-24 are on their cell phone at any given time. C. A recent study, conducted by a prestigious automobile magazine called Car and Driver, showed the effects of using a cell phone while driving. This study was conducted in an abandoned airstrip and the car that was used was a Honda Pilot SUV. The car was specially
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Eric Moncada

rigged with a red light that was mounted on the drivers windshield to simulate the breaking lights of another car. 1. While the driver was unimpaired it took .5 seconds to break. 2. While the driver was driving legally drunk it took an extra 4 feet. 3. While reading an e-mail while driving it took an extra 30 feet. 4. While sending a text message it took an astonishing 60 extra feet.

Transition: To reduce texting while driving some legal actions have been taken. Here are some of those laws. II. In the recent years there has been legal action taken to try to minimize the use of cell phones while driving due to its negative effect on drivers. A. 35 states, D.C. and Guam have all banned texting and driving and it is a primary law. This means that you can get pulled over and given a ticket for breaking this law. B. 9 states, D.C. and the Virgin Islands have all banned the use of cell phones completely and it is also a primary law. C. Although Pennsylvania does not currently have any laws prohibiting the use of cell phones, texting while driving will be banned and be effective as of March 2nd,2012. D. Neighboring states have already implemented laws regulating the use of cell phones while driving. 1. New York has banned the use of handheld devices and banned texting and driving for all drivers. 2. Maryland has banned texting for all drivers and is a primary law. The use of handheld devices is a secondary law for all drivers and also the use of a cell phone(handheld and hands-free) by a novice drivers(21 and under) is a secondary law.

Transition: The urge to text may be irresistible at times because naturally we are all curious creatures. When we feel that vibration in our pocket, the notification sound or we see the screen light up, we automatically look for our phone and try to see what caused this. I'm going to give you some preventative measures you should take to prevent yourself from looking at your phone while driving. III. Some of these actions may seem a bit tedious at first but in the long run it can help save your life and someone else's life as well. Keep in mind that walking up these infamous Shippensburg stairs in crutches is indeed quite tedious. A. The easiest thing to do is put your phone on silent or turn it off and then place it in a place that is inaccessible while driving. 1. The glove box of a car is a perfect place to put your phone to help resist the temptations 2. This is a more aggressive approach but it still works nonetheless. Put your phone in your trunk in a secure place where it won't move around.
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Eric Moncada

B. If you have a passenger in the car, you can ask him/her to send a message to the desired person, if it is really that important. C. If you are alone and you are in desperate need to send someone a message you can always pull over. Conclusion: Texting while driving is on the rise and the only way to prevent the spread of this is to be aware of the dangers and risks of texting while driving, knowing the legal laws that prohibit the use of cell phones and also some actions you can take to prevent yourself from texting and driving. The use of a cell phone while driving reduces the ability to focus on driving by about 40%. Pennsylvania currently does not have any laws prohibiting the use of cell phones right but in a few months texting while driving will be banned. Also please remember to keep your cell phone out of arms reach if the urge to text while driving is irresistible. Everyone please pull out their cell phones and check the last message that was sent to you before entering class today. Ask yourselves if that message was worth dying for.

Eric Moncada

Works Cited 2009, June. "Texting While Driving: How Dangerous Is It? - The Results - Car and Driver." Car Reviews - 2011 Car Reviews and 2012 New Cars at Car and Driver. June-July 2009. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <http://www.caranddriver.com>. "State Laws." Distracted Driving | National Highway Traffic Safety Administration | Texting and Driving. Department of Transportation. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <http://www.distraction.gov>. "Word to Youth: Texting, Driving Don't Mix - USATODAY.com." News, Travel, Weather, Entertainment, Sports, Technology, U.S. & World - USATODAY.com. July-Aug. 2010. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. <http://www.usatoday.com/tech/wireless/2010-03-07-teendriving_N.htm>.

Eric Moncada