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Analysis
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Physics
PAPER 1 CHAPTER
Introduction Of Physics

2008
3 7 8 5 5 6 4 5 4 3

2009
3 8 7 5 5 6 4 5 4 3

2010
2 9 8 4 4 8 5 6 1 3

2011
3 9 5 4 5 7 5 3 6 3

2012
4 8 7 5 5 6 4 4 3 4

FORM 4

Forces And Motion Forces And Pressure Heat Light Waves

FORM 4

FORM 5

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FORM 5

Electricity Electromagnetism Electronics Radioactivity

PAPER 2 CHAPTER
Introduction Of Physics

08
1 1 1 1 1 1 2/3 1 -

SECTION A 09 10 11 12
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1

SECTION B 08 09 10 11 12
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -

08
1 1 -

SECTION C 09 10 11 12
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -

FORM 4

Forces And Motion Forces And Pressure Heat Light Waves

FORM 5

Electricity Electromagnetism Electronics Radioactivity

PAPER 3 CHAPTER
Introduction Of Physics Forces And Motion Forces And Pressure Heat Light Waves Electricity Electromagnetism Electronics Radioactivity

SECTION A 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2008


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -

SECTION B 2009 2010 2011


1 1 1 1 1 1 -

2012
1 1 -

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Physics

Paper 1

[4531/1]

Each question is followed by either three, four or five options. Choose the best option for each question and then blacken the correct space on the answer sheet.
1. Which of the following physical quantity is a derived quantity? A Mass C Length B Temperature D Area 2. Sensitivity of a measuring instrument is the ability of the instrument. A to avoid zero error. B to produce an accurate reading. C to detect a small change in the quantity to be measured. D to avoid parallex error. 3. Diagram 1 shows part of a micrometer screw gauge. The momentum of the object is zero from A 0 s to 2 s C 2 s to 6 s B 2 s to 4 s D 6 s to 8 s

7. Diagram 5 shows a horizontal force of 100 N being exerted on a box of mass 20 kg.

Diagram 5

Diagram 1 What is the reading of the micrometer? A 4.28 mm C 4.78 mm B 4.32 mm D 4.82 mm Which of the following displacements is the same as 234.6 Gm ? C 2.346 x 109 m A 2.346 x 1011 m B 2.346 x 1010 m D 2.346 x 108 m Diagram 2 shows trolley A and B of same masses.

4. 5.

Pail Diagram 4 Which of the following represents the forces in equilibrium acting on the pail? A
W F1

F2 W

Diagram 2 Which comparisons are true for the momentum of trolleys A and B after collision? Trolley A Trolley B A Increase Increase B Increase Decrease C Decrease Increase D Unchanged Unchanged 6. Diagram 3 shows a displacement-time graph for the motion of an object. B
W

F2

F1 F2 W

F1

F2

F1

9. A coconut falling freely from a tree takes 1.2 s to reach the ground. What is the distance between the initial position of the coconut and the ground? (Acceleration due to gravity = 10 ms-2) A 1.44 m C 10.0 m B 7.2 m D 12.0 m

Diagram 3

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The box moves with an acceleration of 4.0 ms-2. Calculate the frictional force between the box and the floor. A 20 N C 80 N B 40 N D 400 N 8. Diagram 4 shows two men are lifting a full of water pail with forces F1 and F2 respectively. F1 F2

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10. Diagram 6 shows a 150 g ball is moving at a speed of 45 m s -1 when it is hit by a baseball bat. The ball rebounds at a speed of 55 m s -1 and its time of contact with the bat is 0.04 s. 15. Diagram 9 contains incompressible liquid. A downward force of 12 N is exerted on piston K. What will be the magnitude of the upward force experienced by piston L?

Diagram 6 What is the impulsive force on the ball? A 37.5 N C 375.0 N B 60.0 N D 540.0 N A B Lift pump Hydrometer

Diagram 9 C D Bunsen burner Hydraulic Jack

11. Diagram 7 shows two identical springs.

16. Diagram 10 shows the pressure-temperature graph for a fixed mass of gas at constant volume.

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Diagram 7 Calculate the value of x. A 3 cm C 5 cm B 4 cm D 6 cm 12. Which of the instruments applies the Pascals principle? A Lift pump C Bunsen burner B Hydrometer D Hydraulic Jack 13. Gas in an enclosed container exerts a pressure inside the container. This is because the gas molecules A are spherical in shape. B attract each other. C collide with each other. D collide with the walls of the container. 14. Diagram 8 shows a manometer is used to measure the pressure of the gas in the container.

Diagram 10 Which statement is correct about the gas? A The gas pressure is zero at 0C. B The gas molekul are stationary at 0K. C The kinetic energy of the molecules is maximum at 0K. D The gas pressure is inversely proportional to the temperature. 17. Table 1 shows three solids and their respective specific heat capacity.

Table 1 By assuming all three solids have high melting points, which is suitable for making the base of a frying pan and which is suitable for making the handle of the frying pan? A B C D Base of frying pan Handle of frying pan R T T R S T T S

Diagram 8 Which of the statements is true about the pressure of the gas in the container if the atmospheric pressure is 76.0 cm Hg? A The gas pressure is zero B The gas pressure is equal to the atmospheric pressure C The gas pressure is 24.0 cm Hg less than atmospheric pressure D The gas pressure is 24.0 cm Hg more than atmospheric pressure

18. What is the process that causes the smell of durians in the market to be detected from a faraway place? A Vaporisation C Diffusion B Convection D Expansion

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19. Diagram 11 shows a cuboids immersed in water. Which face of the cuboids is acted upon by the largest pressure? 24. A student stands at a distance of 4 cm in front of a vertical plane mirror. How far is his image from him? A 2 m C 8 m B 4 m D 12 m 25. A student draws ray diagram for light directed towards mirrors M, N, O and P as shown in the diagrams below. F is the focal point of mirrors M, N, O and P.

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Diagram 11 A PQRS B TUVW C RSWV D QRVU

Diagram 12 Thermal equilibrium is achieved when A temperature of P = temperature of Q B mass of liquid Q displaced = mass of P C volume of liquid Q displaced = volume of P D specific heat capacity of P = specific heat capacity of Q 21. Which of the following graphs correctly represents Pressure Law? A C

Which ray diagram is correct? A I only B I and II only

C D

I, II, and IV only I, II, III and IV

Side mirror of car Blind corner mirror

26. What is the similar nature of the mirror used in the two applications above? A It produces multiple reflections. B It provides a wide field of vision. C Its image is enlarged. D It concentrates light at the principal focus. 27. The critical angle of light passing from rock salt into air is 40.5. What is the refractive index of the rock salt? A 1.54 C 0.025 B 0.65 D 1.32 28. Diagram 13 shows plane waves moving towards a slit.

22. What is the physical quantity that is kept constant in Boyles Law, Charles Law and Pressure Law? A Volume C Absolute temperature B Mass D Pressure 23. A piece of metal with specific heat capacity 200 J kg-1 C-1 dropped from an aeroplane flying at an altitude of 800 m above the ground. Assuming that all the gravitational potential energy of the metal is converted to heat when the piece of metal hits the ground, what is rise in temperature? A 35C B 40C C 45C D 50C

Diagram 13 The motion of the waves through the slit will cause a change in the A amplitude C wave speed B wavelength D frequency

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20. A metallic sphere P, which has been heated to 70C is submerged into a cooler liquid Q as shown in Diagram 12.

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29. Diagram 14 shows sound waves from a piano.

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33. If the electrical energy consumption tariff is 22 cents per unit,what is the cost of using an 800 W air conditioner for 8 hours a day within 30 days ? A RM 20.13 C RM 35.21 B RM 26.08 D RM 42.24 34. Diagram 17 shows a graph which shows how the potential difference, V, across the terminals of a cell changes with the current, I, through the cell.

Diagram 14 Which of the following statements is true? A P has a higher pitch than Q B Q has a higher pitch than R C R has the highest pitch D P, Q and R have the same pitch

30. Which of the following have the longest wavelength? A Ultraviolet light C X-rays B Visible light D Radio waves 31. Diagram 15 shows an electric circuit

Diagram 17 What is the internal resistance of the cell? A 0.80 C 1.25 B 1.16 D 1.43 35. In the domestic electrical circuit, which of the following is correct? Devices are connected in Fuses place in A Series Live wire B Series Neutral wire C Parallel Earth wire D Parallel Live wire 36. Diagram 18 shows a bar magnet moving towards a solenoid.

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Diagram 15 Which of the following graph V against I is correct? B

Diagram 18 32. Diagram 16 shows the electric circuit. A voltmeter reading is 1.5V when the switch is opened. The voltmeter reading drops to 1.35V when a bulb is connected to the battery and the ammeter reading is 0.3 A. Which of these actions will not increase the deflection of the galvanometer pointer? A Reversing the polarity of the magnet B Increasing the number of coils in the solenoid C Increasing the speed of the bar magnet D Increasing the number of magnets used

Diagram 16

What is the internal resistance of the battery? A 0.5 C 4.5 B 1.0 D 5.0

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37. Diagram 19 shows the polarities of the parts labeled X and Y of the horseshoe electromagnet. 41. Which of the following statements is correct? A In a step down transformer, the output voltage is higher than the input voltage. B The output power of a transformer can be greater than the input power. C A transformer uses electromagnetic induction to produce e.m.f. in its secondary coil. D Energy loss in a transformer due to eddy currents can be reduced by using a soft iron core. 42. Diagram 21 shows a waveform on cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO) screen.

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X A North B North C South D South

Diagram 19 Y North South North South

38. Which of the following statements is not true regarding the ways to increase the strength of the magnetic field produced by a solenoid? A Increase the number of turns per unit length of the solenoid. B Replace the direct current flowing in the solenoid with alternating current. C Insert a piece of soft iron into the solenoid. D Increase the magnitude of the current flowing in the solenoid. 39. Diagram 20 shows a copper wire PQ in a magnetic field.

Diagram 21 If the Y-input of CRO is set at 5.0 V cm-1, what is the peak voltage? A 20.0 Volt C 5.0 Volt B 10.0 Volt D 2.0 Volt 43. Diagram 22 below contains

Magnet Bare copper wire

Diagram 20 The direction of motion of PQ can be determined by A Lenzs law C Flemings left hand rule B Faradays law D Flemings right hand rule A B C D

Diagram 22 two NOT gates and one AND gate. two NOR gates and one NAND gate. two OR gates and one AND gate. two OR gates and one NAND gate.

40. The core of a transformer is normally made of soft iron. The reason for this choice is because soft iron A is a good conductor of electricity. B rust easily. C can be easily magnetized and demagnetized. D is a good conductor of heat.

44. The input signal 1101101 is applied to a NOT gate. The output is A 1100010 C 0010010 B 1011001 D 0011100

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45. If c, b and e have the usual meanings for a transistor, which one of the transistors above is correctly labelled? A C 48. The equation above represents a nuclear fusion. What conditions must exist before the reaction above can take place? A Very high temperature and pressure is required. B A catalyst must be added. C Neutrons must be bombarded to the reacting materials. D Oxygen must be present 49. Two types of emission from a radioactive source are separated by passing them through a magnetic field. The deflections are shown in diagram 24.

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46. Diagram 23 shows a radioactive source emits radiation that can pass through a sheet of paper but not through thick aluminium. A B C D Emission P Alpha particles Beta particles Gamma rays Gamma rays

Diagram 24 Emission Q Gamma rays Gamma rays Alpha particles Beta particles

Diagram 23 What type of radiation is emitted? A -particles C -particles B -particles D X-rays 47. Which of the following is a neutral atom? Proton number A 12 B 8 C 16 D 14 Neutron number Electron number 12 5 14 14 7 16 15 16

50. The table below shows several safety measures that should be taken when dealing with radioactive substances except A Avoid direct contact with the radioactive substances. B Always keep the radioactive substances in a lead container. C Wash your hand with soap and water when contaminated with radioactive substances. D Do not drink or eat when handling radioactive substances.

END OF QUESTIONS PAPER

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Physics

Paper 2
Section A [60 marks] Answer all questions in this section.

[4531/2]

1. Diagram 1 shows a man as he jogs from P to R and back to Q.

Diagram 1 (a) Name one physical quantity relating to the boys position as he jogs? __________________________________________________________________________ (b) What is the type of the physical quantity that you state in (a)? Tick ( ) the correct answer in the box provided. Scalar quantity [1 mark]

Vector quantity [1 mark] (c) If he took 30 s to complete the motion, calculate his average velocity? [2 marks] 2. Diagram 2.1 shows an observer near a pool. Water wave is a transverse wave and from his observations, the pattern of the water wave is as shown as the diagram below.

Observer

Concrete wall of the pool

Diagram 2.1

(a) What is meant by transverse wave? __________________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

(b) (i) Name one type of transverse wave besides water wave? _______________________________________________________________________ (ii) What is the wave phenomenon that was observed by the observer above? _______________________________________________________________________

[1 mark] [1 mark]

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(c) Complete the water wave pattern that propagates from the shallow region to the deep region in a ripple tank as shown in the Diagram 2.2 below.

[2 marks] Diagram 2.2 3. Diagram 3 shows a boy extending the elastic rubber of a catapult.

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Diagram 3 (a) State the change of energy when the stone is released from the catapult. __________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) What happens to the distance of movement of the stone when a bigger mass of stone is used? __________________________________________________________________________ (c) The mass of the stone used is 0.02 kg. When the elastic rubber is extended 0.2 m by a force of 10 N, (i) Calculate the stored potential energy in the elastic rubber? [1 mark]

[2 marks] (ii) What is the velocity of the stone? [2 mark]

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4. Diagram 4 shows an arrangement of apparatus used to determine the atmospheric pressure in a laboratory. The length of the glass tube is 100 cm and the atmospheric pressure is 75 cm Hg.

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Diagram 4 (a) Name the apparatus shown in the diagram. __________________________________________________________________________ (b) What is the space P? __________________________________________________________________________ (c) What is the value of h? [1 mark] (d) Determine the pressure in unit cm Hg at points J and K [2 marks] (e) Given that the density of water and mercury is 1000 kg m-3 and 13 600 kg m-3 respectively. If the mercury in the apparatus is replaced by water, determine the height of water column in the glass tube. [1 mark] [1 mark]

[2 marks] 5. Diagram 5.1 shows an airplane maintaining a steady and level flight under the influence of four forces. Diagram 5.2 shows an load hanging from the middle of the string. T1 and T2 are tensions of the string and W is the weight of the load. The dotted line shows the resolved component of the tensions T1 and T2.

Diagram 5.1

Diagram 5.2

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(a) What is meant by weight? __________________________________________________________________________ (b) Based on Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2, (i) compare the forces acting on the airplane vertically : ____________________________________________________________ horizontally : ____________________________________________________________ (ii) compare the forces acting on the load. vertically : ______________________________________________________ horizontally : ______________________________________________________ (c) Compare the type of motion of the airplane and the object __________________________________________________________________________ (d) (e) Based on your answer in 5(b) and 5(c), relate the type of motion with the resultant forces acting on the aeroplane or on the load. __________________________________________________________________________ Name the phenomenon shown in Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2. __________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

[2 marks]

[2 marks]

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[1 mark]

[1 mark] [1 mark ]

6. Diagram 6 (a) shows three resistors P, Q and S, each having resistance of 20 , connecting to 6 V d.c power supply.

Diagram 6 (a) (a) What is the meaning of resistance? __________________________________________________________________________ (b) Calculate the effective resistance of (i) the combination of Q and S, and [1 mark]

[1 mark] (ii) the whole circuit.

[1 mark] (c) Calculate the current flowing through resistor S

[2 marks] (d) Calculate the energy released by S in 1 minute. [2 marks]

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(e) Diagram 6 (b) shows an electric kettle connected to a 240V power supply by a flexible cable.

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Diagram 6 (a) (i) (ii) State one precautionary measure that should be taken to ensure safe usage of the kettle. ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] Mention one fault that might happen in the cable that will cause the fuse in the plug to melt. ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

7. Diagram 7 (a) shows a smoke detector contains a radioactive source which is a -particles emitter.

Diagram 7 (b) (a) The ammeter shows bigger reading when there is no smoke in between the electrodes compared to when there is smoke. State the nature of -particles. ___________________________________________________________________ Explain the presence of electric current flowing in the circuit. ___________________________________________________________________ Explain why -particles emitters are not used in this detector. ___________________________________________________________________ Americium-241 is an -particle emitter and is represented by the symbol [1 mark]

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

[1 mark]

[1 mark]

It decays into Neptunium 237. The symbol for neptunium is Np. Write down the equation that represents the decay of Americium-241.

[2 marks]

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(b) Diagram 7 (b) shows the penetrating powers of three radioactive radiations X, Y and Z.

Diagram 7 (b) (i) Arrange, in increasing order, the penetrating powers of these radiations. ___________________________________________________________________ In diagram (b) i. below, draw the path taken by these radiations when they travel into an area where the direction of the magnetic field is directed into the paper. [1 mark]

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(ii)

Diagram (b) i [2 marks] (iii) (iv) What happen to the proton number and the nucleon number if a radioactive nuclide were to emit radiation X? ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] Among the three radiations, state two properties of radiation Z. ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

8. Diagram 8 shows object O with 1 cm height placed on the left side of convex lens P. The focal length of the convex lens is 5 cm.

Diagram 8 (a) In Diagram 8, draw the ray path from the object to form an image. [2 marks]

(b) State the characteristics of the image formed. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________

[2 marks]

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(c) If the object is placed at a distance of 10 cm from the lens, calculate (i) the image distance

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[2 marks] (ii) the linear magnification

[1 mark] (d) You are given convex lens Q with +10 D power. You are required to create a simple astronomical telescope using the convex lenses P and Q. State what lens is suitable to be the objective lens and eyepiece. Objective lens Eyepiece : _________________________________________________ : _________________________________________________ [1 mark] [1 mark]

(e) Draw the arrangement of the lenses and sketch the ray path from a distance object using convex lens P and Q to form a simple astronomical telescope.

[2 marks]

Section B [20 marks] Answer any one question from this section.
9. A slide projector is used to view an image from a slide. The power of the lens used by the projector slide is + 5D. (a) What is meant by power of lens? [1 mark] (b) A student used a slide projector to view the image from the slide. When the slide is place nearer to the lens the sharp image form on the screen as shown in Diagram 9.1. When the slide is place further from the lens the sharp image form on the screen as shown in Diagram 9.2.

Lens Image Screen


Lens Slide Image Screen Slide

Diagram 9.1 Diagram 9.2

Based on Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2, compare the object distance, the image distance and size of image that formed on the screen. Relate the object distance to the image distance and the object distance to the size of image that formed on the screen. [5 marks]

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Diagram 9.4 (c) While driving a car on a hot day, you may see a mirage on the road. Explain how mirage occurred.

[4 marks]

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(d) Diagram 9.5 shows a simple astronomical telescope.

Diagram 9.5 By using two prisms and a telescope in Diagram 9.5, suggest modification that can be done to make a binocular. In your explanation, (i) draw the arrangement of the prisms and lenses (ii) draw ray diagram to explain how the image form (iii) state two advantages using binocular compared to telescope when observing far object on the ground. [10 marks]

10. (a) Diagram 10.1 shows water waves moving towards the shore.

Diagram 10.1 i. Name the wave phenomena in Diagram 10.1. ii. What happens to the waves as it approaches the headland? Give reasons. [1 mark] [3 marks]

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(b) Situation 1

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Diagram 10.2 Situation 2

Diagram 10.3 Situation 1 A student can hear the sound from the stopwatch at its loudest when cardboard tube B is at the position shown in Diagram 10.2. Situation 2 Diagram 10.3 shows a man fishing. Eye A can see the mans image on the waters surface. i. Name the types of waves in Situation 1 and Situation 2. [2 marks] [1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark]

ii. Based on Diagrams 10.2 and 10.3, compare the directions of wave propagation. iii. Based on Diagrams 10.2 and 10.3, compare the angles of wave propagation and the normal. iv. Based on Diagrams 10.2 and 10.3, relate the angles before and after the wave phenomena. v. State the wave phenomena for Situation 1 and Situation 2.

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(c)

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To attract more tourist to the island in Diagram 10.4 , a contractor wants to build a beach resort .As a consultant you are asked to give suggestions on the proposed project based on the following aspects: i. ii. iii. The location of the resort Features to reduce the erosion of the shore Features to enable children to enjoy swimming in calm water.

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Diagram 10.4

[10 marks]

Section C [20 marks] Answer any one question from this section.
11. (a) Archimedes principle states that: An object that is totally or partially submerged in fluid experiences a buoyant force equal to the weight of fluid displaced (i) What is meant by buoyant force? [1 mark] (ii) Diagram 11.1 shows a block is submerged in a liquid.

liquid surface

P1 A

Keys: h1 : depth of upper surface h2 : depth of bottom surface

Diagram 11.1 Using the idea of difference in pressure P1 and P2 for different depth, h1 and h2 , show that the buoyant force is equal to the weight of liquid displaced. [4 marks]

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(b) Table 11.2 shows four hot air balloons, P, Q, R and S, with different specifications.

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Table 11.2

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You are required to determine the most suitable balloon which can be used for safe recreation. Study the specifications of all the four balloons from the following aspects: the balloon envelope the size of the balloon the number of burner used the type of basket used to carry the passenger.

Explain the suitability of the aspects. Justify your choice. [10 marks]

(c) A hot air balloon is adhered to the ground. The balloon contains 1200 m3 of hot air of density 0.8 kg m-3. The mass of the balloon (not including the hot air) is 400 kg . The density of the surrounding air is 1.3 kg m-3. Calculate

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i. the total weight of the balloon and the hot air. ii. the buoyant force exerted on the balloon. iii. the net force exerted on the balloon when it is released?

[2 marks] [1 mark] [2 marks]

12. Fuses are used to prevent damage of electrical appliances due to current surges. (a) Diagram 12.1 shows a typical circuit on a household electrical appliance that has not been earthed.

Diagram 12.1 i. ii. What are the properties of a fuse wire? How does a fuse wire work to prevent damage to the electrical coil due to overheating? [1 mark] [3 marks] [1 mark] [1 mark]

iii. Why is it unwise to connect the fuse to the neutral wire?

iv. Some electrical appliances have an outer chasis made of metal. What modification has to be done to prevent electric shock when the coil is damaged and the live wire touches the metal chasis? (b) Fuse takes some time to melt or blow. A fast-blowing fuse is required to protect semiconductor equipments which cannot stand high current surge for too long. When a fuse blows, sparking may occur which produces high temperature. The fuse wire is placed in a sheath or catridge as shown in diagram 12.2 to prevent its sparks from causing damage.

Diagram 12.2

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Table 12.1 shows the specifications of five fuses that can be used to protect a semiconductor device.

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TABLE 12.1 Determine the most suitable fuse to protect a 240 V, 2400 W semiconductor device. Study the specifications of all five fuses based on the following aspects. The thickness of wire. The catridge type. The rating of the fuse. The melting point. [10 marks]

Explain the suitability of the aspects and justify your choice. (c) Diagram 12.3 shows two bulbs connected in series. Diagram 12.4 shows the same bulbs connected in parallel. Assuming the battery has no internal resistance, calculate the power output of bulb A and B in both the circuits.


Diagram 12.3

Diagram 12.4

[4 marks]

END OF QUESTIONS PAPER

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Physics

Paper 3
Section A [28 marks] Answer all questions

[4531/3]

1 A student carries out an experiment to investigate how the temperature of water increases with the time of heating. Diagram 1.1 shows the set up of the apparatus for the investigation. Before the heater is switched on, the initial temperature, 0, of the water is measured. Diagram 1.2 shows meniscus of the mercury column in the thermometer.

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Diagram 1.2

Diagram 1.1

A stopwatch and the heater are switched on simultaneously. At time, t = 20 s, the temperature, , of the water is read on the thermometer. Diagram 1.3 shows the meniscus of the mercury column in the thermometer. The procedure is repeated for heating time, t = 40 s, 60 s, 80 s, and 100 s. The positions of the meniscus of the mercury column in the thermometer are shown in Diagrams 1.4, 1.5, 1.6 and 1.7.

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(a) For the experiment described above, identify: (i) the manipulated variable ________________________________________________________________ (ii) the responding variable ________________________________________________________________ (iii) a constant variable ________________________________________________________________

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[1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark]

(b) Based on Diagram 1.2, determine the initial temperature, 0, of the water. Initial temperature, 0 = ______________________ [1 mark] (c) Based on Diagrams 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6 and 1.7, (i) Record the thermometer readings, , in the spaces provided on page 3. [1 mark]

(ii) Calculate the values of for each heating time using the formula = - 0. Tabulate your results for and for all values of t in the space below. (d) On the graph paper on page 94, plot a graph of against t.

[5 marks] [5 marks]

(e) Based on your graph, state the relationship between and t. _______________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

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2 A student carries out an experiment to study the interference of sound waves. He wants to investigate the relationship of the distance between two coherent sources of sound waves, a, and the distance between two consecutives of constructive interference, x. The distance between the location where the sound is detected, D, is 5 m. The results of the experiment is shown in the graph of x against as in Diagram 2.1. (a) Based on the graph in diagram 2.1. (i) (ii) State the relationship between x and a. ________________________________________________________________ Determine the value of x if a = 4 m. Show on the graph, how you determined the value of x. [1 mark]

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[3 marks]

(i)

Calculate the gradient of the graph x against

. Show on the graph how you determine the gradient.

[3 marks] (ii) By using equation = and the value of the gradient obtained in b (i), calculate the wavelength of sound waves, , used in this experiment.

[3 marks] (c) State two precaution steps that should be taken to improve the results of this experiment. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ [ 2 marks]

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(b) The wavelength of sound waves, , is given by the equation

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Diagram 2.1

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Section B [12 marks] Answer any one question from this section
3. Diagram 3(a) shows Bobby riding on his motorcycle with an acceleration. Diagram 4(b) shows Sam riding pillion on Bobbys motor and the acceleration is noticeably reduced.

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Diagram 4(a)

Diagram 4(b)

Based on the information and observations above:

(a) State one suitable inference. [1 mark] (b) State one suitable hypothesis. [1 mark] (c) Using apparatus such as a ticker timer, a.c power supply and other appropriate apparatus, describe an experiment ramework to investigate the hypothesis stated in part (b). In your description, state clearly (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Aim of the experiment. Variables in the experiment. List of apparatus and materials. Arrangement of the apparatus The procedure of the experiment which include the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable. The way you would tabulate the data. [10 marks]

(v) (vi)

(vii) The way you would analyse the data.

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4. Water is dripped at a constant rate into two different containers as shown in Diagram 4. The cross-section of the water waves formed from the droplets in the containers are shown in diagrams below.

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Diagram 4 Based on the information and observation above: (a) State one suitable inference. [1 mark] (b) State one suitable hypothesis. [1 mark] (c) With the use of apparatus such as a ripple tank , a vibrator motor and other apparatus, describe an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4 (b).

In your description, state clearly the following; (i) Aim of the experiment. (ii) (iii) (iv) Variables in the experiment. List of apparatus and materials. Arrangement of the apparatus.

(v) (vi)

The procedures of the experiment include the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable. The way you would tabulate the data. [10 marks]

(vii) The way you would analyse the data.

END OF QUESTIONS PAPER

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Jawapan

Physics
Physics Paper 1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

D C D A C C A B B A A D D C D B C C B A A B B C D

26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

B A A C D B A D C D A A B D C C B A B C B C A D C

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Physics

Paper 2

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END OF MARKING SCHEME

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Paper 3

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