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Pathi * 31-08-06

Sri Chaitanya IIT- JEE Academy


RAMAN BHAVAN - VIJAYAWADA CHEMISTRY - ASSIGNMENT [Stoichiometry] SVS Jr.IIT ****************************************************************************************** 1. 0.7 gm of a sample Na2CO3. XH2O were dissolved in water and the volume was made to 100ml. In this 20 ml of this solution requires 19.8 ml of N/10 HCl for neutralization. The value of X is 1)7 2) 3 3) 2 4) 5 2. 20 ml of X M HCl neutralises completely 10 ml of 0.1 M NaHCO3 solution and a further 5 ml of 0.2 M Na2CO3 solution to methyl orange end point. The value of X is 1) 0.167 M 2) 0.133 M 3) 0.15 M 4) 0.2 M 3.
+ RH2 can replace Ca+2 in hard water RH2+Ca+2 RCa+2H 1 lit of hard water after passing through RH2 has H+=0.01 M. Hence hardness of water in ppm of Ca+2 is 1) 100 2) 200 3) 50 4) 125

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N2+3H2 2NH3 molecular weight of NH3 and N2 are x1 , x2 their equivalent weights are y1 and y2. Then y1 - y2 is 1)
2 x1 - x2 6

2)

2 x2 - x1 6

3) 3x1 - x2

4) 3x2 - x1

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One gram of a mixture Na2CO3, NaHCO3 in 2 : 1 molar ratio requires x equivalents HCl for neutralisation. The mixture is strongly heated and react with HCl. Howmany equivalents of HCl is required? 1) 2x 2) x 3) 3x / 4 4) 3x/2 6. A solution contains Na2CO3 and NaHCO3. 10 ml of the solution required 2.5 ml of 0.1 M H2SO4 for neutralisation using phenolphthalein as indicator. Then methyl orange is added 2.5 ml of 0.2 M H2SO4 is required. The amounts of Na2CO3, NaHCO3 in 1 lit solution is 1) 5.3 gm, 4.2 gm 2) 5.3 gm, 6.2 gm 3) 4.22 gm, 5.3 gm 4) 6.3 gm, 5.3 gm 7. The weight of magnesium which has same number of atoms are present in 8 gm of methane is 1) 48 gm 2) 120 gm 3) 60 gm 4) 56 gm 8. What is the volume (in lit) of oxygen at STP required for complete combustion of 32 gm of CH4 1) 44.8 2) 89.6 3) 22.4 4) 179.2 9. What are the oxidation numbers of nitrogen in NH4NO3 1) +3, -5 2) -3, +5 3) +3, -6 4) +2, +2 10. Which one of the following elements show different oxidation state 1) sodium 2) fluorine 3) chlorine 4) potassium 11. 50 gm of calcium carbonate was completely combusted in air. What weight of the residue (in grams) is 1) 2.8 2) 28 3) 44 4) 4.4 12. Howmany moles of acidified FeSO4 can be completely oxidised by one mole of KMnO4 1) 10 2) 5 3) 6 4) 2 13. MnO2+4HCl MnCl2+H2O+Cl2. The equivalent weight of HCl is 1) 73 2) 36.5 3) 18.25 4) none

2 14. How many moles of electrons weight one kilogram 1) 6.023 x 1023 2)
1 1031 9.108 6.023 10 -4 9.108

Pathi * 31-08-06
4)
1 108 9.108 6.023

3)

15. In a reaction 4 mole of electrons are transferred to one mole of HNO3. The possible product obtained due to reaction 1) 20.5 mole of N2 2) 1 mole of NO2 3) 0.5 mole of N2O 4) 1 mole of NH3 16. 100 ml of 1M KMnO4 oxidised 100 ml H2O2 in acidic medium. Volume of same KMnO4 required

( MnO

MnO2 ) in alkaline medium to oxidise 100 ml of H2O2 will be

1)

100 ml 3

2)

500 ml 3

3)

300 ml 3

4) none

17. Atomic weight of Barium is 137.34. The equivalent weight of Barium in BaCrO4 used as oxidising agent in acidic solution is 1) 137.34 2) 45.78 3) 114.45 4) 68.67 18. X litres of carbon monoxide is present at STP. It is completely oxidised to CO2. The volume of CO2 formed is 11.207 litres at STP. What is value of X is in litres 1) 22.4 lit 2) 11.207 3) 5.6 4) 44.828 19. 4 gm of hydrocarbon on complete combustion gave 12.571 gm of CO2 and 5.143 grams of H2O. What is the emperical formula of hydrocarbon 1) CH 2) CH2 3) CH3 4) C2H3 20. A mixture of carbonates of two bivalent metals contains 13.6% of one metal. If 2.5 gm of the mixture liberates 1.33 gm of CO2. The % by weight of the other metal is 1) 13.6 2) 12.6 3) 13.84 4) 12.84 21. 1 gm of mixture of CaCO3 and NaCl reacts completely with 120ml of N/10 HCl. The percentage of NaCl in the mixture is 1) 40% 2) 50% 3) 60% 4) 66% 22. The sodium salt of an acid dye contains 7% of sodium. What is the minimum molar mass of the dye 1) 336.5 2) 286.5 3) 300.6 4) 306.5 23. One gram of Na3AsO4 is boiled with excess of solid KI in presence of strong HCl. The iodine evolved is absorbed in kI solution and titrated against 0.2 N hypo solution.
-3 AsO4-3+2H++2 I - AsO3 +H2O+I2 Calculate the volume of thiosulphate consumed Aw of As = 75 1) 48.1 ml 2) 38.4 ml 3) 24.7 ml 4) 30.3 ml 24. Mixture X=0.02 mol of [CO(NH3)5SO4]Br and 0.02 mol [CO(NH3)5Br]SO4 was prepared in 2 lit of solution 1 lit of mixture X + excess AgNO3 = y 1 lit of mixture X + excess BaCl2 = z No. of moles y and z are 1) 0.01, 0.01 2) 0.02, 0.01 3) 0.01, 0.02 4) 0.02, 0.02 25. Assertion (A) : Oxidation number of carbon in CH2O is zero Reason (R) : CH2O is formaldehyde. It is a covalent compound 1) Both A and R are correct and R is correct explanation of A 2) Both A and R are correct and R is not correct explanation of A 3) A is true but R is false 4) A is false but R is true

3 Pathi * 31-08-06 26. Assertion (A) : White P reacts with NaOH, the products are PH3. NaH2PO2. The reaction is an example of disproportionation reaction Reason (R) : In disproportionation reaction one substance acts as oxidising and reducing agent 1) Both A and R are correct and R is correct explanation of A 2) Both A and R are correct and R is not correct explanation of A 3) A is true but R is false 4) A is false but R is true 27. Assertion (A) : HNO2 acts as an oxidising as well as reducing agent. Reason (R) : The oxidation number of nitrogen remains same 1) Both A and R are correct and R is correct explanation of A 2) Both A and R are correct and R is not correct explanation of A 3) A is true but R is false 4) A is false but R is true 29. For the reaction H3PO4 + Ca(OH) 2 CaHPO4+2H2O 1 mole 1 mole The statements are I) equivalent weight of H3PO4 is 49 II) the resulting mixture neutralizes by1 mole KOH III) CaHPO4 is acidic salt Correct set is 1) I, II 2) II, III 3) I, III 4) I, II, III 30. Study the following table Compound Weights compound taken I) CO2 (44) 4.4 gm II) NO2 (46) 2.3 gm III) H2O2 (34) 6.8 gm IV) SO2 (64) 1.6 gm Which two compounds have least weight of oxygen 1) II, IV 2) I & III 3) I & II 4) III & IV 31. When ammonium nitrate is gently heated, an oxide of nitrogen is formed. What is the oxidation state of nitrogen in this oxide 1) +4 2) +5 3) +2 4) +1 32. Two grams of sulphur is completely burnt in oxygen to form SO2. In this reaction what is the volume (in litres) of oxygen consumed at STP 1)
16 2 2 .4

2)

2 2 .4 16

3)

2 2 .4 32

4)

32 2 2 .4

33. A self contained breathing apparatus uses KO2, to convert the CO2 and H2O in exhailed air into oxygen, as shown by the equation 4KO2 + 2H2O+4CO2 4KHCO3+3O2 How many molecules of oxygen gas will be produced from 0.0468 gm of CO2 that is exhaled in a typical breath 1) 4.8 x 1020 2) 6.4 x 1020 3) 8.5 x 1020 4) 1.9x 1020 34. ClO3- + 6H + + X Cl - + 3H2O The value of X is 1) 4e 2) 5e 3) 6e 4) 7e 35. When thiosulphate ion is oxidised by iodine, which one of the following ion is produced 1) SO3-2 2) SO4 -2 3) S4O6 -2 4) S2O6 -2

4 36. The oxidation number of carbon in CH2O is 1) -2 2) +2 3) 0 37. If three electrons are lost by a ion M+3. Its final oxidation number would be 1) 0 2) +2 3) +5 38. Oxidation number of phosphorous in Mg2P2O7 is 1) +1 2) +3 3) +5 39. Which one shows +6 oxidation state 1) MnO4 2) Cr (CN )6 -2 3) NiF6 -2

Pathi * 31-08-06
4) +4 4) +6 4) +7 4) CrO2Cl2

40. The oxidation number of sulphur in S8, S2F2 and H2S respectively are 1) 0, +1, -2 2) +2, +1, -2 3) 0, +1, +2 4) -2, +1, -2 41. Sulphuryl chloride SO2Cl2 reacts with water to give a mixture of H2SO4 and HCl. No. of moles of Al(OH)3 required to neutralise the solution formed by adding 3 mol of SO2Cl2 to excess water 1) 2 2) 4 3) 6 4) 3 42. 10 ml of H2O2 solution (volume strength = x) required to 10 ml of
N KMnO4 solution in acidic medium. Hence x 0.56

43.

44.

45.

46. 47.

48.

49.

is 1) 0.1 2) 10 3) 100 4) 0.01 Mass of KHC2O4 required to reduces 100 ml of 0.2 N KMnO4 in acidic medium is X gm and to neutralise 50 ml of 0.04 M Ca(OH)2 is Y gm then 1) 5x = 2y 2) 5x = y 3) 2x = 5y 4) 5y = x In the mixture of (NaHCO3+Na2CO3) in 1 : 1 molar ratio vol of HCl required is x ml with methyl orange and y ml with phenolphthalein indicator in same titration. The relation between x and y is 1) x = 3y 2) y = 3x 3) x = 6y 4) y = 6x In the mixture of NaHCO3 and Na2CO3 volume of a given HCl required is x ml with phenolphthalein indicator and further y ml required with methyl orange indicator. Hence volume of HCl for complete reaction of NaHCO3 is 1) y - x 2) x - y 3) 2y - x 4) 2x - y When one gram mol of KMnO4 reacts with HCl, the volume of chlorine liberated at NTP will be 1) 11.2 lit 2) 22.4 lit 3) 44.8 lit 4) 56 lit 3.18 gr. of pure Cu heated in a steam of oxygen for some time gain weight with the formation of CuO. The final weigth is 3.92. What percent of copper remains unoxidised 1) : 6.5 2) : 6.9 3) : 7.6 4) : 7.9 0.5 gr of fuming H2SO4 (oleum) is diluted with water. This solution is completely neutralised by 26.7 ml of 0.4 N NaOH. The percentage of free SO3 in the sample is 1) 30.6% 2) 40.6% 3) 20.6% 4) 10.6% In an experiment 50 ml of 0.1 M solution of a metallic salt reacted exactly with 25 ml of 0.1M solution of Na2SO3. In reaction SO3-2 is oxidisedd to SO4 -2 . The original oxidation number of metal in the salt is +2. What would be thenew oxidation number of the metal 1) 0 2) 2 3) 4 4) 1

50. On heating H2O2 decomposes to give oxygen. Under these conditions 1 mol gas occupies 24 lit. 100 ml of X M H2O2 produces 3 lit of O2. The value of X is 1) 0.125 2) 1.25 3) 2.5 4) 0.25 51. One mole of a mixture of CO and CO2 requires exactly 20 gm NaOH in the solution for complete conversion of all CO2 into Na2CO3. Remaining gas was oxidised into CO2. How many of gram of NaOH required to convert into

5 Pathi * 31-08-06 Na2CO3 1) 40 2) 20 3) 60 4) 80 52. The no. of moles of KMnO4 that will be needed to react completely with 1 mole ferrous oxalate in acidic solution is 1) 2/5 2) 3/5 3) 4/5 4) 1/5 53. Oxalic acid reacts with concentrated H2SO4 to give a mixture of two gases. When this mixture is passed through caustic potash, one of the gases is absorbed. What is the product formed by the absorbed gas with caustic potash 1) K2SO4 2) K2HCO3 3) K2CO3 4) KOH 54. 0.078 grams of hydrocarbon occupy 22.414 ml volume at STP. The empirical formula is CH. The molecular formula is 1) C2H2 2) C6H6 3) C8H8 4) C4H4

PROBLEMS
PART - A 1. 2. One gram of mixture of Na2CO3 and NaHCO3 was treated with excess of dilute HCl. The volume of CO2 evolved was found to be 240cc at 27C and 778.5mm pressure. Calculate the percentage composition of the mixture. 25 ml of a solution containing 0.2 g of impure sample of H2O2 reacts with 0.316 gm KMnO4 in presence of H2SO4. (i) Find out purity of H2O2 (ii) Calculate the volume of dry oxygen evolved at 27C and 750 mm mercury pressure. [Ans : 124.7 ml] 15 cc of a gaseous sample believed to contain ethylene (C2H4) and acetylene (C2H2) require 45cc of oxygen for complete combustion. Determine the percentage composition of the mixture. [Ans : 0 ml] Find out the volume in ml of 0.1 N HCl required to react completely with 1g mixture of sodium bicarbonate and sodium carbonate containing equimolecular amounts of the two compounds. Two elements P and Q form two compounds P2Q3 and PQ2. If 0.3 moles of P2Q3 weight 31.8 g and as many moles of PQ2 weight 18.6g, what are the atomic weights of P and Q. [Ans : P = 26 and Q = 18] Calculate the equivalent weights of each oxidant and reductant in a) FeSO4 + KClO3 KCl + Fe2(SO4)\3 Ans : Eq. wt. of FeSO4 = 152, Eq. wt. of KClO3 = 20.42. b) Na2SO3 + Na2CrO4 Na2SO4 + Cr(OH)3 Ans : Eq. wt of Na2SO3= 63, Eq. wt. of Na2CrO4 = 54 c) Fe3O4 + KMnO4 Fe2O3 + MnO2 [Ans : Eq.wt of Fe3O4 = 232, Eq. wt of KMnO4 = 52.67] 5.5 g of a mixturee of FeSO4 7H2O and Fe2(SO4)3 9H2O required 5.4 ml of 0.1 N KMnO4 solution for complete oxidation. Calculate moles of hydrted ferric sulphate in mixture. [Ans : 9.5 10-3 moles ] In an ore, the only oxidizable material is Sn +2. This ore is titrated with a dichoromate solution containing 2.5 g of K2Cr2O7 in 0.5 litre. A 0.40 g sample of the ore required 10.0 cm3 of titrant to reach equivalence point. Calculate the percentage of tin in ore. [Ans : 15%]

3.

4. 5.

6.

7.

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An element A in a compound ABD has an oxidation no A - n. It is oxidised by Cr2O7-2 in acid medium. In an experiment 1.68 10-3 mole of K2Cr2O7 was required for 3.36 10-3 mole of the compound ABD. Calculate new oxidation state of A. [Ans : 3 - n] 10. 4.215 gm of a metallic carbonate was heated and then CO2 evolved was found to measure 1336 ml at 27C and 700 9.

6 Pathi * 31-08-06 mm pressure. What is equivalent weight of metal. [Ans : 12, 15] 11. 50 ml of an aqueos solution of H2O2 was treated with an excess of KI solution in dil. H2SO4 the liberated iodine required 20 ml of 0.1 N Na2S2O3 solution for complete reaction. Calculate concentration of H2O2 in g/litre. [Ans : 0.68g lit -1 ] 12. 25 ml of H2O2 solution were added to excess of acidified solution of KI. The iodine so liberated required 20 ml of 0.1 N Na2S2O3 for titration. Calculate the strength of H2O2 in terms of noramlity percentage and volume. [Ans : 0.448 volume] 13. KMnO4 oxidises X +n ion to XO 3- itself changing to Mn+2 in acid solution. 2.68 10-3 moles of X +n requires
1.61 10 -3 moles of MnO 4 . What is the value of n ? Also calculate the atomic mass of X, if the weight of 1g

equivalent of XCln is 56. [Ans : 97] 14. 1g sample of AgNO3 is dissolved in 50 ml of water.It is titrated with 50 ml of KI solution. The AgI precipitated is filtered off. Excess of K I in filtrate is titrated wit M /10 K IO3 in presence of 6M HCl till I - converted to ICl. It required 50 ml of M/10 KIO3 solution. 20 ml of the same stock solution of KI requires 30 ml of M/10 KIO3 under similar conditions. Calculate % of AgNO3 in sample. The reaction is KIO3 + 2KI + 6HCl 3ICl + 3KCl + 3H2O. [Ans : 85%] 15. A sample of MnSO4 4H2O is strongly heated in air. The residue (Mn3O4) left was dissolved in 100 ml of 0.1 N FeSO4 containing dil. H2SO4. This solution was completely reacted with 50 ml of KMnO4 solution. 25 ml of this KMnO4 solution was completely reduced by 30 ml of 0.1 N FesO4 solution. Calculate the amount of MnSO4 4H2O in sample. 16. The gases produced whe 18 gm carbon reacts with 5 litres of oxygen gas at 18C and 5 atm pressure are treated with 0.5 litres of 2M NaOH. Calculate the concentration of Na2CO3, NaHCO3 produced by the reaction of CO2 with NaOH. CO has no reactions under these condition. [Ans : Na2CO3=0.816M, NaHCO3 = 0.36 M] 17. A 20.0 g of mixture Cu2S and CuS was treated with 400 cm3 of 0.75 M KMnO4 solution in acidic medium, producing SO2, Cu2+ and Mn2+.The SO2 was boiled off and the excess MnO 4 - was titrated against 1.0 M Fe2+ solution. The volume consumed of the latter was found to be 350 cm3. Compute the percent of Cu2S in the original mixture. [Ans : 42.1%] 18. 30 ml of a solution containing 9.15 g/litre of an oxalate KxHy (C2O4)z nH2O are required for titrating 27 ml of 0.12N NaOH and 36 ml of 0.12 N KMnO4 separately. Calculate x, y, z and n. Assume all H atoms are replaceable and x, y, z are in the simple ratio of g atoms. [Ans : KH3(C2O4)2. 2H2O] 19. 25 ml of a solution of Ferric alum Fe2(SO4)3. (NH4)2SO4. 24H2O containing 1.25 g of the salt was boiled with iron when the reaction Fe + Fe2(SO4)3 3FeSO4 occured. The unreacted iron was filtered off and solution treated with 0.107 N KMnO4 in acid medium. What is titre value ? If Cu had been used in place of Fe, what would have been titre value. [Ans: 36.36 ml, 24.2 ml] 20. 0.5 g mixture of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4 was treated with excess of KI in acidic medium. Iodine liberated required 100 cm3 of 0.15N sodium thiosulphate solution for titration. Find the percent amout of each in the mixture. [Ans : 14.6%, 85.4%] 21. An aqueous solution containing 0.1 gm KIO3 (M wt = 214) was treated with excess KI solution. The solution was acidfied with HCl. The liberated I2 consumed 45 ml of thiosulphuric solution. Calculate the molarity of thiosulphate solution. [Ans : 0.062 M]

7 Pathi * 31-08-06 22. 25.0 cm3 of a solution containing Na2CO3 and NaOH required 10 cm3 of 1.0 M H2SO4 for neutralization when phenolphthalein was used as the indicator. Whereas when methyl orange was used, it required 15 cm3 of the same acid for neutralization. Calculate the masses of Na2CO3 and NaOH per lit of the solution. [Ans : 42.4g, 16.0 g] 23. A solution contains Na2CO3 and NaHCO3. Twenty cm3 of this solution requires 5.0 cm3 of 0.1 M H2SO4 solution for neutralization using phenolphthalein as the indicator. Methyl orange is then added when a further 5.0 cm3 of 0.2 M H2SO4 was required. Calculate the masses of Na2CO3 and NaHCO3 in one litre of this solution. [Ans : 5.3 g, 4.2 g]