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# EXELTECH, INC. 615 2nd Ave. Suite 660 Seattle, WA 98024 tel.

(206)623-9646

Project: Subject:

YP 10-Nov

Project # Page:

## ECCENTRIC SHEAR CONNECTION ANALYSIS OF BOLT GROUP

The following calculations comply with LRFD Steel Design Manual 2nd Edition

## Last updated: 25-Apr-02 Theory Details

Units:

SI

Problem Description:

OUTPUT

## INPUT Vertical Force Horizontal Force Py, kN -2 Px, kN 10 ex, mm -5 ey, mm 0

Ultimate Shear =
Angle to horizon, b = True eccentricity, e = Solved !

85.57 kN
-11.31 deg 5.527 mm

Yakov Polyakov, PE

yakov@yakpol.net
http://yakpol.net

Bolt description: A325 SH, 3/4" Dia. Single bolt shear capacity fRn = 15.9 kN Bolt Location X Y mm mm 1 0 2 0 3 0 4 0 5 3 6 3 7 3 8 3 9 6 10 6 11 6

174.9 Y

Bolt ##

12

0 3 6 9 0 3 6 9 0 3 6

10

IC

Px e b

CG

Py P
5 10

ey

Px
0 -10 -5

Py
-2

ex

X
Bolts Instantenious Center of rotation Group Center Applied Force diagonal scale

## Testing Spreadsheet vs LRFD tables

fP = 85.57 kN FALSE ex = ey = -5.00 mm 0.00 mm Goto: Input

Connection is concentrically loaded Vertical Force Py = Horizontal Force Px = Bolt Parmeters fRn = 15.90 kN Rmax= 15.61 kN dmax = 7.83 mm -2.00 kN 10.00 kN

Theory

Angle b = Eccen. e = Adjusted b = Adjusted e = Instant. Center (IC) Bolt Group Center (CG) Xo Yo Xc Yc 3.153 7.169 2.727 4.091

S(Rsinq) S(Rcosq) S(R*d) Bolt Location Bolt ## 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 X mm 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 3 6 6 6 Y mm 0 3 6 9 0 3 6 9 0 3 6 Bolt force angle to horizon q rad -3.56 -3.79 -4.36 1.04 -3.16 -3.18 -3.27 0.08 -2.76 -2.54 -1.96 Bolt to IC Distance d mm 7.83 5.23 3.36 3.65 7.17 4.17 1.18 1.84 7.71 5.05 3.08 Bolt Shear Force R kN 15.61 14.97 13.75 14.01 15.51 14.41 9.61 11.44 15.59 14.90 13.44 Bolt Displ. D, in mm 0.34 0.23 0.15 0.16 0.31 0.18 0.05 0.08 0.33 0.22 0.13 16.78 Rsinq kN 6.28 9.03 12.89 12.12 0.33 0.53 1.25 0.95 -5.75 -8.40 -12.44 -83.91 738.32

Rcosq R*d kN kN-mm -14.29 122.22 -11.94 78.26 -4.78 46.23 7.04 51.08 -15.50 111.19 -14.40 60.13 -9.53 11.33 11.40 21.02 -14.49 120.26 -12.30 75.21 -5.11 41.38

Solver
SRsin( q)/sin(d)
-5.382

SRcos(q)/cos(d)

-5.382 SR*d/(e+lo)

5.382

## Psin(b ) SRsin(q) Difference

-1.055 1.06

Pcos(b ) SRcos(q)

5.28 -5.28

P*lo SR*d

## 46.44 46.44 Must be Zelo 0.0003 0.0000 BestGuess 5.382 3.102

0.0000 Difference Po lo mo

## 0.0000 Difference 5.382 3.10 mm 0.186 mm

Single bolt capacity multiplier Dist. From 0,0 to Inst. Center Sideways dist. to Inst. Center

For calculation purposes external force (Po) is always positive and rotates boltgroup contrclockwise about it's center (Xc,Yc). Eccentricity (e) is always positive as well. The distance (lo) from boltgroup center to instantenious center (Xo,Yo) can be negative but not less than -e.

Definition of Ranges
BestGuess_lo =Details!\$R\$8 BestGuess_po =Details!\$R\$7 betta =Details!\$I\$8 BigX =Details!\$B\$19:\$B\$68 ConcentricConnection =Details!\$E\$4 d =SQRT((X-Xo)^2+(Y-Yo)^2) dmax =Details!\$B\$12 e =Details!\$I\$9 ex =Details!\$F\$6 ey =Details!\$F\$7 lo =Details!\$P\$8 mo =Details!\$P\$9 Mustbe0 =Details!\$R\$5 Po =Details!\$P\$7 Print_Area =Details!\$A\$1:\$R\$46 Px =Details!\$C\$7 Py =Details!\$C\$6 Rn =(1-EXP(-10*d/dmax*0.34))^0.55 Rult =Details!\$B\$10 SumRcos =Details!\$O\$4 SumRd =Details!\$Q\$4 SumRsin =Details!\$M\$4 theta =IF(Y-Yo=0,0,ATAN2(X-Xo,Y-Yo))-PI()/2 UnitForce =IF(Units="US","kip","kN") UnitLength =IF(Units="US","in","mm") Units =Input!\$B\$8 X =OFFSET(BigX,0,0,COUNT(BigX),1) Xc =Details!\$F\$12 Xo =Details!\$D\$12

ECCENTRICALLY LOADED BOLT GROUP ULTIMATE STRENGTH METHOD This spreadsheet is using the Instantenious Center of Rotation Method to determine shear capacity of bolt group. This method is described in LRFD Code (2nd Edition, Volume II, p. 8-28). In theory, the bolt group rotates around IC, and the displacements of each bolt is proportional to the distance to IC. The load deformation relationship of the bolt: R=Rult(1-exp(-10D)0.55), where Rult = fRn bolt ultimate shear strength. D = total deformation of the bolt (inches), experementally determined Dmax = 0.34 inches. Solving the system of three equilibrium equations we can find location of IC and ultimate shear force of bolt group. Please, be aware of possibly wrong solution when instantenious center is too far from bolt group center.

Pu

Py Input Details b

## (Xi,Yi) CG (Xc,Yc) e Px lo mo IC (Xo,Yo) di ex qi ey Ri

Input Data: Shear force application: Px Py ex ey Bolt locations: Xi Yi Single bolt shear capacity: fRn Equlibrium equations: (1) (2) (3) SRisin(qi) + Pusin(b) = 0 SRicos(qi) + Pucos(b) = 0 SRidi + Pu(e+lo) = 0

Spreadsheet Formulas: Xc = AVERAGE(Xi) Yc = AVERAGE(Yi) Xo = -losin(b) - mocos(b) + Xc Yo = locos(b) - mosin(b) + Yc e = - (ey-Yc)cos(b) + (ex-Xc)sin(b) qi = atan((Yi-Yo)/(Xi-Xo)) - p/2 di = sqrt((Yi-Yo)^2+(Xi-Xo)2) dmax = max(di) Dmax = 0.34 inches Di = Dmax(di/dmax) Ri = fRn(1-exp(-10Di))0.55