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Determining Spline Misalignment Capabilities

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e e

Intred uct ion

Introducing been common component backlash practice into. pline couplings in order to provide has for

eccentric with

and angular

misalignment,

for splines

approximate

even

numbers of teeth

and

of teeth.

of the max-

essary

Fig . -

clearance.

Other

methods.

as tooth

crowning.

to Misalignment

apabm&y

what feature of

II.i

lmportant

to understand

Tbe approach direction

presented

of misalignment.

As

shown

in

etry that controls the mi alignment. F:ig. I shows the inner and outer tooth profiles of

Fig. 2 - Tooth profiles where effective tooth thickness measured bas been reduced bJ .o.ms" at Ute pilCh diameter

30

pressure

spline at maximum

material

Direction of Misalignment

for misatignment

manu-

In Fig. 2. the e lema! spline has been reduced. In shaping or hobbing, this is accomplished by

increasing

Tooth Contact Point

culler.

In this

illustration. the effective tooth taickness mellftrecl has been reduced by .015". 111e resulting clearance allow the pline centerlines to be offset to provide for component mi alignment 111i appears in Fig. 3. where an enlarged. section has been howa for clarity, ote jhar the

at the pitch diameter amount the spline center moved is .(1065" [(Tooth Thickness Rcc.iuclionl2) '. cos30ol. Whell the spline loath ill Fig. 3 is rotated 30 about. the shaft centerline, tile normal 10 the involute profile at the pitch diameter is ill the misalignment direction. AI Ihat point, the profile of the internal and external splines are colineaz This is the limiting geometry, and it is cornpen ated for by the above trigonometric relationship

10

1.0

Fig. " -

To

calculate

it is necess ary

consider

,36

(lEAR

TECHNOLOGY

ll=----------------~--~--~--~--~~~------------------- ts + 2 cos/3' GZ 'lartA + 2' cosf3. GH + 2 cos/3 /iK si1l8- 2 cos/3' -in" '. L~ - 2 cos/3' tanA 11K c058+ 2 cos/3 1.rUlAcesa- L\J

cosp

GHJ

Fig. S -

one 'tooth on the external width on the internal ularto the direction cro s section of (hi

pline as well as at

the borders of the internal spline space width. The values for the space width and tooth thickness the pitch diameter In the example sider the external shaft and theiruernal are used in the calculations.

Coupling

shown in Fig. 6, we shall conspline on the end of a pump spline on the end of a molar

shaft. Tile pump piVOLSarnund polru H. while 'the motor pivots around point Z. Point Z i off et vertically by distance #G and horizontally describes by disFig. 6,Diagram for

II

HK

The. e equations loath thickness teria. The smaller By making following thickness a

can be rearranged

beyond pivot point H. and Ls is the The length of the motor's ficient spline. to ensure Tile pump angular angular engagement

required bythe

spline teeth must be sufwith the pump's is angle is angle misalignment misalignment

the appropriate

expressions

(3. The

intercepts bl , b2 and b3 for contact at Tip but di lances bl-b2 not equal 10 one another.

The formulas using t 1 the required tooth thiclmess to meet the geometric constraints that evolve [mill

'lip I

contact

with

space width

are as follows:

in8

r'"

180 -

P

2

f=

tl

2 co. fJ in8 Ls

g ; 2. cosfJ -

lanA cose' Ls

c -

= = -

(s -

b+

d - 01

IY - tanA . tip IX

r2

(5

+ d + a + h - (- c + g)

= tip

The 'required additional formulas using

t2 as the

tooth thickne

e 'TIle fixed angular displacement of the geometry force con ideration of both t 1 and 12 as independent elutions. The spline toorh thicknesi thai will fit within space width s i the smaller of these

two values. A second set of equations of must be derived in the arne manner for contact at rip 3 and lip 4. All permutations

construirus thai evolve from lip 2 contact wiLh a . pace width s are

Y= 180 -,B lip

fJ and

8 must be tried

2X

= (HK = (HK

- L:I)

cos 9

+!1.

2

sine cos6

10 evaluate

by the

lip 2Y

- Ls) . in8 -

t2.

2

Richard T. fri,edman

IS a

0

Je'll Us Wha1. VOII Think ...If vou found this article of interest and/or useful, please circle R'e'aderService Num'ber A-11M.

NOV E "'8E

RIDE CE M 8 E'R 1995

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