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Tang Dynasty (618-907), Early Sung (960-1126), Late Sung (1127-1279), Yuan (1280-1368), Ming Dynasty (1369-1640).

The Arrival of Islam


The coming of the Islam to the Philippines was a function of Philippine participation in the international trade which, during the ninth century, extended from Morocco to China a trade practically controlled y Muslim merchants of diverse nationalities but principally Arabs (Majul, 1974) 876 A.D. anti-foreign policy in China and a rebellion in the Celestial Empire

The Arrival of Islam


10th Century China allowed the Muslims once again to China. Traffic of new products primarily began in 9th century - Malay peoples benefited from this Borneo and its close distance to the Philippines

The Arrival of Islam


A reliable tarsila (genealogical accounts) of Sulu narrates how certain Tuan Mashaika arrived at Jolo island in the area of Maimbung and married a daughter of the ruling family Shaikh descendants of saintly people. Sharifs or sayids Existence of Muslims in Sulu because of marriage to local population

The Arrival of Islam


Makhdum Karim Tuan Sharif Awliya Tubig-Indangan, Simunul Sufis (with certain mystical inclinations and belonging to brotherhoods) Baguinda Sibutu Island Contributed to the increasing conciusness of Islam among the people of Jolo, especially those in the area around Buansa

The Arrival of Islam


Sharif-ul-Hashim - Buansa He arrived at the time when the Muslims were ready to accept political institutions required by orthodoxy Maulana guide and teacher The Sultans of Sulu have all claimed descent from this shariff, called as the first Sultan.

The Arrival of Islam


Muhammad Kabungsuwan (1475) With his lieutenants, they develop a system of multiple marriage alliances with various ruling families which served as a means of extending both political control and Islamization Islamic dynasties: Maguindanao, Buayan and Butig

Unhistorical Data

Unhistorical Data

Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Ibn Batuta (1304 - 1378) -Arab traveller from Morocco - Rihlah (book) includes descriptions of Byzantine of Constatinople and the Black Death of Baghdad (1348) - Twalisi (somewhere in Southeast Asian waters) - The Princess Urduja Story illusory creation of Ibn Batuta

Unhistorical Data

The story of ten Malay Datu of Borneo led by Datu Puti Datu Sumakwel formed a political confederation of barangays (Madya-as) for protection and close family relations Maragtas Code the legal code written by Datu Sumakwel known as the oldest written body of laws in the Philippines

Unhistorical Data
known as the second oldest legal code in the Philippines believed that it was promulgated by Datu Bandara Kalantiaw of Aklan (third Muslim ruler of Panay) in 1433. discovered in one of the chapters of the Las antiguas leyendas de la isla de Negros. (Ancient Legends of Negros Island) written by Fr. Jose Pavon, parish priest of Mimamaylan in 1838 1839. Jose E. Marco discovered the Pavon manuscripts and forwarded it to Dr. Robertson, Director of the Philippine Library and Museum in 1914. according to Marcos confession, he obtained the two manuscript volume from someone who had stolen them from Himamaylan convento during the Revolution The manuscript recovered by Marco was translated into English language in 1917 and it was reprinted by the Philippine Studies Program of University of Chicago in 1957.

But according to William Henry Scott......

Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History (1968)

Maragtas Story/Code was a myth!


Maragtas is not a prehispanic document but a book written by Pedro Monteclaro, local historian of Panay The publisher (1907) noted that this Maragtas should not be considered as facts, all of which are accurate and true. The publisher pointed out that many of the authors data do not tally with what we hear from the old men.

Code of Kalantiaw was a Hoax!


1. There is no evidence that Fr. Pavon, the alleged author of the manuscript, was ever in the Philippines in 1838, or parish priest of the town in 1839, the dates of the manuscript. The discoverer of the alleged manuscript, Jose E. Marco, was involved in the sale of other fake historical documents. There is no historical evidence for the existence of Datu Kalantiaw, or a code of his name other than the documents presented by Jose Marco. 2. The contents of the manuscript are of dubious value. For example, the author prays for the preservation of the King of Spain in 1838 and dedicates a book to him in 1839, but Spain had no king between 1833 and 1874.

Code of Kalantiaw was a Hoax!


3. The author also states that the month of November was called a bad month for it brought bad air laden with purified microbes of evil fervers. It was only in the 1850s that Louis Pasteur discovered the theory of infections of germs. The word microbe itself was invented by Dr. Charles Emmanuel Sedillot. He proposed the term for the first time in a lecture before the academy of Sciences in 1878 4. The Kalantiaw Code contains many strange edicts that contradict the character of the Filipino. For example, the code prescribed death penalty for the crime of tresspassing on the datus house, but imposed only a years slavery for stealing his wife.