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1107

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Cisco 7100, Cisco 7200


and Cisco 7500
Product Update
Session 1107

1107
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Copyright © 1998, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in USA.
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Agenda

• System Developments
Cisco 7500
Cisco 7200
• Virtual Private Networking
Cisco 7100
• Voice on High End Routers
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“Swiss Army Knife” Router

Legacy Campus
XGS
“Swiss Army Knife”
7500
4xxx

FE/FDDI
Multiple
Uplinks
Leased Lines 2500
DS0-DS1

• Medium to high-performance router for:


WAN needs
Core campus requirements
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Router Evolution
3. High-Performance 4. Service-Enabled
Campus 2. Distribution Backbone WAN International Offices
Layer
IGX 8400
8510, 8540 7500/
CSR 7200 7500

Suppliers, Buyers
5300
8510,
8540 MSR
(Extranet)
1. Access/
Gateway
Layer 7202 2600, Internet
3600

770
Regional Offices Branch Offices
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Enterprise Virtual Private Networks—the


Integrated VPN Gateway Router
Business
Partners
Mobile Workers
Telecommuters

Very E-VPN
Remote Gateway
Main
Office Office
Internet/IP

Private Line Network

Remote
Office Regional
Office

Home Mobile
Office Workers

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The Router’s Multiservice Role

High WAN
Compression
Cisco IGX 8400
Cisco AS5300
Cisco 2600
Voice Cisco MC3810
Processing Cisco 3600 Cisco BPX 8600
Cisco 12000 MAN
Cisco
Cisco 7500 7200
Cisco 7xx Selsius Network
Cisco 800
Phones Cisco LS1010
Low Cisco Catalyst 5500
Circuit Campus
Emulation Cisco Catalyst 8500
Low Data/Voice/Video Capacity High

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Collapsed Router
Backbone Migration
1995–97 1998–99
Catalyst Catalyst Catalyst Catalyst
• Improve 7XXX 5xxx 5xxx 5xxx 5xxx
performance
Catalyst
with ARS 85xx
Cisco
7xxx

• Integrate 85XX Cisco Cisco GE or


FDDI ATM
for IP/IPX 7xxx 7xxx

performance
• Add Gigabit
Ethernet or
ATM switching
in the core Server Farm Server Farm
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Cisco 7500 Series

1107
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The Cisco 7500 Advanced


Router System
Cisco 7500
Advanced Router System
Advanced Router Technologies
High-Performance VIP2-40 and VIP2-50
Distributed Distributed Switching
Architecture Distributed Services

Scalable RSP Family


Policy and Cisco Express
Forwarding Forwarding

Acceleration Encryption
of Services Compression
Hardware Based

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Cisco 7500 Series

Cisco 7505 Cisco 7507 Cisco 7513 Cisco 7576

Capabilities
Routers/Chassis 1 1 1 2
Chassis/Rack 3 2 2 2
Bandwidth 1.0 GB/s 2.1 GB/s 2.1 GB/s 4.0 GB/s
Chassis Slots 5 7 13 13
Interface Slots 4 5 11 11
Max. Processors* 1 2 2 2
Max. Power Supplies 1 2 2 2

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7500 Extensions
1999

• Significant increase
in throughput
• Protects customer
investments
• New RSP8
processor Field
Upgrade
• New VIP4

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RSP8
Q3 CY 1999

50
• Performance acceleration RSP8
for xIP (non-VIP)
40
Cisco 7500s
• Increased packet memory 30

(8MB)
20

• Increased Flash RSP4

(40–110 MB/slot) 10
Proc.
• Increased Boot Flash Switch. RSP2
0
Kpps
(16MB) and NVRAM (2MB) 0 150 300 450 600 750

CEF and Optimal


• Field upgrade Switching (Kpps)
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VIP Family
Today

VIP2-50
400 Mbps
100~135 kpps FDX
VIP2-40
400 Mbps
65~90 kpps FDX

VIP2-15 Distributed Switching


Distributed Services

Increased Port Density


Forwarding Performance
xIP

Single Media Interface


Low to Moderate Density
Forwards All Packets to RSP
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VIP4

• Next generation VIP


• For high bandwidth
interfaces
ATM and POS OC3, OC12
Multichannel products
Gigabit Ethernet

• Increased density
• Distributed Cisco IOS
and L3 services
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VIP Technology

VIP2 VIP4
Cy Bus Cy Bus
1.1 Gbps 1.1 Gbps

Single, Two
135 Bridged 200 Separate
Kpps PCI Bus Kpps PCI Bus

400 Mbps 700+


Mbps

PA PA PA PA

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VIP4 Performance

• New generation VIP 250


VIP4
technology
200
• R7000 processor—based
3x VIP2–40 performance 150

Supports 4x CT3 per slot


100
VIP2–50
• Greater bandwidth
VIP2–40
Dual, independent buses
50
• New memory Perf.
architecture Kpps 0
(x2) 0 200 400 600 800 1000
128 or 256 MB
program, packet Aggregate Bandwidth
Large route tables
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Cisco 7500 Scaling Developments

• WAN
• MAN
• Campus
Enhanced, new platforms
New Cisco IOS scalability
New high-density port adapters
New high-performance uplinks

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Cisco 7200/7500 Interface
Scalability

• Raises interface maximums


768 physical interfaces max. per system AND
1200 FR PVCs max. per system

• Targeted for WAN aggregation


IP only, HDLC/PPP/Frame Relay encaps
BGP, IS-IS, OSPF routing
Q2 CY 1999
Focus on channelized serial I/Fs 12.OS

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2 Port Multichannel T3
Q3 CY 1999
• Full range of connectivity
on one interface Internet
Management Backbone
DS0, NxDS0, FT1, T1, NxT1, Workstation
subrate DS3, full rate DS3
Up to 128 connections per T3 WEB,
FDDI, ATM,
Ethernet
AAA
Servers
• Full interoperability
Cable XDSL Dial and
ISDN
Digital Link, Larscom, Kentrox T3
simultaneous subrate and
scrambling support Access
Network
• Direct termination
Built-in T3/E3 line interface

• Single wide PA NxT1


DS0
• Cisco 7500 and 7200 T1 Nx64K

• Cisco IOS 12.0T, 12.0S


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Price/Density Leadership
$2,600
7507
Key Technology Insertion
Throughout 1999
$2,100 3x DSW Performance
2–3x Bandwidth Increase
List Price per T1 Port

7513 4x CT3 Rack Density


$1,600 7507 Investment Protection
7513
7576
$1,100 7206
7507
7206VXR

$600 7576

1998
$100 1997 PA-MC-T3 Q2 1999
CT3IP PA-MC-2T3+/VIP4

0 500 1000 1500 2000


T1 Ports per 7-Foot Rack
1107
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LAN-MAN Scalability—
OC12c/STM4 Uplink
Q3 CY 1999
Internet
• Dual-wide SONET/SDH
7500 or
OC12c/STM4 interface GSR OC12c
processor
ATM OC48
Switches
• Single-port OC12c SM-IR OC12c
7500
(15km) or Multimode (500m)
• High-performance ATM Intra-POP ATM Network

connectivity (based on 7500 LS 1010 7500


OC12c OC12c
platform)
• Support ATM Forum TM 4.0 OC12c
specification—UBR, nrt-VBR OC12c
and ABR (all three modes)
7500
• Per-VC and Per-VP
Traffic Shaping
1107 Campus/MAN ATM Network
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LAN-MAN Scalability—
POS OC-12 Uplink
Q3 CY 1999
• Dual wide interface processor Internet

7500 or
• Provides a POS OC-12/ GSR OC12c
STM4 interface
Switches OC48
• OC-12 single mode
7500 OC12c
intermediate reach
interface (15km)
Intra-POP ATM Network
• OC-12 multi mode 7500 LS 1010 7500

interface (500m) OC12c OC12c

• Implements RFC-1619 OC12c


(PPP Over SONET)
OC12c

• Performance: 400kpps
7500
aggregate traffic for 64
byte packets on VIP4
1107 Campus/MAN ATM Network
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LAN-MAN Scalability—Dynamic
Packet Transport IP
Q2 CY 1999

• OC12 rates
• Designed for
networks with GSR GSR

• New layer 2 MAC 7XXX

technology 7XXX 7XXX


SRP-Based
• Uses SONET framing LAN/MAN

• Bandwidth efficient
7XXX
• Protection switching GSR

• Multicasting and priority 7XXX

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Cisco 7200 Series

1107
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7200 Multi-Function Flexibility

Token
Ring

WAN
Backbone

High-Density
WAN Access;
Legacy Mixed LAN Media; Integrated Voice and
SNA/Packet Integrated LAN DSU/CSU; Video over Dial
Applications Switching L3-Services IP/FR/ATM Access

Token Ring, Fast Ethernet, Serial, PoT3/E3 Voice and PRI, MBRI
Bisync Ethernet, with DSU, ATM, Video over
FDDI, ATM, HSSI, CT3, ATM-CES
100VG, Compression,
Ethernet Encryption
Switch

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Cisco 7200 Architecture Today

100, 150, 200 kpps


Network Processing
Engines
PCI

PCI PCI
Optional
Inbuilt FE

• High density—2, 4 or 6 slot chassis


• Powerful—600 Mbps bandwidth
• 100–200kpps fast switching scalability
• 7–13kpps process switching scalability
1107
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Cisco 7200 Modularity

Console, Aux, PCMCIA Slots


Two Input/Output Plus 1 FE Port Dual AC or DC
Controllers Power Supply

Software Subsets:
Console, Aux, PCMCIA Slots Enterprise/Enterprise+APPN
Desktop+IBM/Desktop+IBM+APPN
Three NPEs IP Only
200 Kpps 7204, NPE 200 7206, NPE 200 Network/Layer-3 Switching

Feature Licenses:
150 Kpps 7204, NPE 150 7206, NPE 150
WAN Packet Protocols
Inter-Domain Routing
100 Kpps 7204, NPE 100 7206, NPE 100 NetFlow Switching
Network Address Translation
4 Slots 6 Slots
Memory Options:
PCMCIA Flash
Add’l. DRAM
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New Cisco 7200 VXR Systems

4-Slot 7204VXR Up to 6 High-Speed


6-Slot 7206VXR Port Adapters

Integrated Multiservice
Switching for Future
Voice Capabilities

Supports NPE-300 and Twice the I/O Bus Bandwidth


NPE-200, -150, -100 of Non-VXR 7200
1107
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Cisco 7200: NPE-300


New

• 262.5 MHz R7000 processor


• 300 Kpps CEF switching
• 20K Kpps process switching
• 64 MB default memory,
configurable to 256 MB
• 32 MB SDRAM (on-board)
• Supported on VXR systems only
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Multiservice Interchange
(MIX) on VXR

NPE MIX
PCI
8Mbps “Streams”
PCI
PCI

• TDM buses and switching capabilities integrated in the midplane


• Each PA slot has two full-duplex 8.192-Mbps TDM streams, and
each stream has 128 DS0 channels (128 x 64 Kbps = 8.192 Mbps)
• Switching among all 12 streams at DS0 level done by MIX on the
midplane, no NPE processing involved
• TDM capabilities available with all NPE models
1107
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Cisco 7200 VXR TDM Applications

Local
TDM T3 Serial
TDM-Enabled T3 TDM-Enabled T1 Devices
TDM-Enabled T1 TDM-Enabled T1 PBX
TDM T1

DSP
FE Voice over IP/FR PBX

I/O FE

• Some TDM channels can be terminated internally


as data channels
• Some TDM channels can be terminated externally
• Some TDM channels can be TDM-switched
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When to Use VXR Chassis

7204/7206 7204VXR/7206VXR

Pricing $4K/$5K $4K/$5K

Performance 3 High-Speed PAs Up to 6 High-Speed PAs

NPE-300
No Yes
Support
TDM (Future No Yes
Voice PAS)
All Cisco IOS Cisco IOS 12.0T
Software
Software Images Release or Higher
No FDDI
Port Adapters All
Some PAs Need New Revs

1107
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Cisco 7200 VPN Capabilities

• Full-featured, high-end, VPN solution


Tunneling and encryption
Firewall
Advanced bandwidth management/QoS
Service level validation
• Optimized for VPN high-end requirements
Higher density, high performance
Modular LAN/WAN interfaces for VPN connectivity on
edge or behind edge router
VPN-optimized Cisco IOS software
• Flexible solution
Optional IPSec hardware acceleration and firewall support
Full Layer 3 routing, multi-protocol support
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Cisco 7100 Series

1107
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Integrated VPN Routing

Comprehensive, Integrated VPN Solutions

VPN
Router Services LAN/WAN Integration VPN Services
OSPF, EIGRP, RIP, Range of Media Security/Tunneling/Encryption
BGP, Etc. CSU/DSU Firewall
Scalable Performance Extensibility Advanced Bandwidth Mgmt.
Service Level Validation
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Cisco 7100 Series VPN
Application

Remote
Enterprise Office Office
Service
Corporate Cisco Provider A
LAN 7100
Home
10/100
Ethernet IP, FR, ATM Office

10/100
Ethernet Service
Provider A Mobile
DMZ Workers

1107
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Cisco 7100 Series VPN Router


Configuration Options

Cisco 7120 Dual 10/100


FE
One Port Adapter Slot
Processing
Engine

Voice 2 RUs RM5000


Crypto 8E1
Fixed WAN
Single AC
Power Supply
Service Module Slot Fixed WAN Interface
for HW Encryption
Cisco 7120
4-T1/E1
T3 or E3
T3 or E3 ATM
OC3 ATM

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Cisco 7100 Series VPN Router
Configuration Options

Cisco 7140 Dual 10/100


FE
One Port Adapter Slot
Processing
Engine

Voice 2 RUs R7000


Crypto T3/OC3
Fixed WAN
Dual AC
Power Supply
Service Module Slot Fixed WAN Interface
for HW Encryption
Cisco 7120 Cisco 7140
4-T1/E1 Dual T3 or E3
T3 or E3 Dual T3 or E3 ATM
T3 or E3 ATM Dual OC3 ATM
OC3 ATM

• Open PA Slot Uses Most 7200/75000 PAs


• OIR PAs and Service Module
1107
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Cisco 7100 Integrated Security

• Tunneling and encryption Management


Software: 250 simultaneous IPSec/L2TP/GRE
tunnels with 2 E1 DES encryption performance Security
Security
Hardware: 2000 simultaneous IPSec tunnels and
3DES encryption at full duplex DS3 speeds with Scalability
the Integrated Services Module (ISM)
Tunnel Endpoint Discovery: Automates configuration of tunnels
according to security policy (3Q ’99)

• Firewall
Cisco IOS Firewall
CBAC, Java blocking, real time alerts, denial of service protection,
intrusion detection, configurable alerts, authentication proxy
available in 3Q ’99
• User authentication
Supports Cisco IOS AAA features
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Cisco 7100 Integrated QoS

Ingress—FE Port
Packet Classification Ingress—WAN Port
Static—Modular Policing—CAR
Dynamic—NBAR
Policing—CAR

Backbone

Customer
Premise Egress—WAN Port
Congestion Avoidance—WRED
Policing—CAR
Bandwidth Allocation—CAR/WFQ
Traffic Shaping—GTS
Queuing—WFQ

1107
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Greater QoS Granularity


2H ’99
• Packet classification
Static—Modular QoS: Separates packet
classification from QoS
Dynamic—Network-Based Application Recognition
(NBAR): Inspects packet contents to enable
application of QoS beyond TCP layer
• Enhances QoS, providing prioritization by:
True application type
URL and sub-URL
Dynamically assigned ports
• Complements other QoS features, like CAR
and WFQ
1107
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Cisco 7100 Series
Scalability for Head-End VPN Applications

• Two models designed for 8 E1 and DS3/OC3 VPN requirements


• 1.6 Gb bandwidth for high-capacity environments
• Extensible I/O via 7XXX series port adapters
Integrate voice or custom LAN/WAN interface requirements
• Scalable security
Tunnels 2000 IPSec; 250 L2TP/GRE
Software perf. 2E1 Full Duplex DES
Hardware perf. DS3 Full Duplex 3DES
Integrated Cisco IOS Firewall
• Suite of VPN services and management
End-to-end QoS scales for mission-critical applications—
packet classification, queuing, traffic shaping, congestion
management, bandwidth allocation, and traffic policing
Tunnel Endpoint Discovery automates tunnel configuration,
enabling scalability to 1000s of users
QoS, ACL, IPM management
1107
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Cisco 7100 Series: The


Integrated VPN Solution
Intranet Firewalls
Low Cost, Tunneled Integrated Cisco IOS
Connections with Rich Firewall Reduces Network Home
VPN Services, Like Complexity and TCO Office
IPSec Encryption,
Encryption,
QoS and RTR to Ensure
Reliable Throughput
POP

Remote Main
Office Office
WAN VPN

POP Remote Access


Secure, Scalable,
Encrypted Tunnels
Extranets across a Public
Extends WANs to Network, Client Software
Business Partners Business
Partner Management
Comprehensive
VPN Management Mobile
Solution Worker
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Enterprise-Wide Voice

• Campus/MAN core
LS1010, 8500, Cat 6000

• WAN edge
Cisco 7200, 7500

• Remote/branch site
3810, 2600, 3600, …

• Wiring closet
Cat 5000, Cat 4000
1107
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EWAN Voice Initiative

Phase I II III IV V

Phase WAN WAN Multiservice Campus/ Policy-Based


•Primary
Leverage
Focus
Phase
enterprise
Backbone I II
Access investment
III
Gateway IVMAN/WAN inV End-End
CiscoCall
Integration Management
Phase WAN WAN Multiservice Campus/ Policy-Based
Primary Backbone Access Gateway MAN/WAN End-End Call
• Scale multiservice for large enterprises
Focus Integration Management

From the From the QoS


• Enable migration
Desktop toDesktop to
CallCall
from Old to NewOpenWorld
QoS
Management
Management
Open
the WAN the WAN Multiservice
Multiservice
Layer 1-31-3Integration
Layer Integration Architecture
Architecture
and WAN and WAN
• Support D/V/V converged applications Networked Availability
Services Networked Availability
Management
Services
Management
• Provide
Taking the
seamless connectivity toIntranet/
service
Toll
provider
Industry networks
from...
Bypass To Internet
Telephony
Taking the Intranet/
Toll
Industry To Internet
Bypass
from… Telephony
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L3/L2 Transport Characteristics

• L3—VoIP • L2—VoFR, VoATM


Flexible—IP is “Hard” QoS
ubiquitous
Infrastructure
“Soft” form of QoS can be rigid
IP/UDP/RTP overhead Standards-based
(RTP compression)
Better suited
Quickly emerging for high-volume
technology bulk voice
Standards-based H.323
1107
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VoIP Transport Across the WAN


Voice Voice Voice Jumbogram Voice

Fragment
Interleave
• Fragmentation
Voice Voice Voice Voice
and interleave
Voice packets arrive
every 10–20ms
Version IHL Type of Service Total Length
Large packets can freeze Identification Flags Fragment Offset
Time to Live Protocol Header Checksum
out voice on slow links Source Address
Destination Address

• RTP header compression Options

Source Port
Padding

Destination Port
Length Checksum

40Bytes compressed to V=2 P X CC M PT Sequence Number

5–8 bytes much of the time Timestamp


Synchronization Source (SSRC) Identifier

Hop-by-hop on
slow links <512kbps

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IP QoS for VoIP Prioritization
IP Precedence

Classifier Backbone
• Scalable to OC3/STM-1
Committed Access Rate
• Multiple application QoS
• Improved TCP/IP
throughput
• IP/ATM QoS interworking Weighted Fair Queuing
Weighted Random Early Detection
• BGP policy propagation
• Cisco IOS 11.1CC and 12.0

1107
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VoFR Transport Across the WAN

• FRF.12
Voice Voice Voice Jumbogram Voice
Fragmentation Fragment
and voice Interleave
interleave defined Voice Voice Voice Voice
for Frame Relay
Also for VoIP FRF.11 Frame Relay: 32bytes
over Frame Relay Voice/Fax FRF.11 FRF.12 FRF.3.1 FR Hdr
CRC
Payload HDR HDR HDR DLCI
• FRF.11 2B Nominally 20B 4B 2B 2B 2B

Standard for voice


transport across the
Frame Relay link
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VoATM Transport

Fixed Length Fixed Length


Cells ALWAYS Cells ALWAYS

• ATM CES
ATM Forum specification for voice (CBR) traffic
over an ATM network
ATM network emulates a T1/E1 trunk
One backbone for voice, video, and data
Integrates existing PBXs and TDM systems
Cost savings vs. dedicated TDM network
• AAL2
• VoIP over ATM AAL5
Provides prioritized transport for voice
1107
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ATM CES Options

7200 TDM Data


• Combines circuit traffic from the CES ports
and “data” from the 7200 backplane
• One OC3c/STM1 SM-IR port, DS3 or E3 port
• Four T1 CES or 4 E1 (120 ohm) CES ports
• AAL1 CBR transport
• PA-A2-xx
Available
NOW
8500/LS1010 Packet Data
• Four T1 CES ports or
• Four E1 (75 and 120 ohm) CES ports
• Structured and unstructured
• AAL1 CBR transport

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Voice Transport Plans

Cisco 7200 Cisco 7500 Cisco 8500

VoIP
VoFR 12.0(4)T Fall 1999 Radar
VoATM CES — CES
Radar AAL5 Radar AAL5 AAL5
Future AAL2

VoIP: RTP, CRTP, LFI


VoFR: FRF.11, FRF.12
VoATM: AAL1 or AAL5 (No AAL2 Plans)

Not Including Integrated Gateway Capabilities


1107
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Remote Site Voice Aggregation

Campus
Campus PBX
Core
Core Network
Network
• Current solutions require mirrored
routers at each end of link
Core
Core
Links
Links PBX • 7200/7500 Multichannel technology
Eliminates stacked routers
Mirrored 7XXX
7XXX
Routers
Multichannel PSTN
PSTN • 7200/7500 performance and features
WAN Aggregation Scales transport
VoIP
Frame or
Leased Line IP QoS mechanisms
CRTP, LFI
VoFR
FRF.11 and FRF.12
Tandem PBX bypass
Remote
Remote Sites
Sites
Multiple signaling models

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Scaled Voice Transport

• VoIP over leased lines • VoFR


7200 and 7500 FRF.11 and FRF.12
Tandem switching = 7200: IOS 12.0(4)T 3/99
IP routing
7500: Planned
IP QoS mechanisms
Tandeming via FRF.11
scale to 768 links
per router Compatible with
2600/3600/3810
Transport: RTP,
CRTP, LFI 1200 PVCs per router
Fall 1999 Target: Target: 800
500–1000 simultaneous simultaneous call legs
call legs
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