161 views

Uploaded by Roshan Akaravita

observations and graphs

- Corona Characteristics
- Chopper Control Dc Drive_090075m
- Breakdown Cha of Air Gaps Complete
- Speed Control of DC Machine
- ADJUSTABLE SPEED INDUCTION MOTOR DRIVE
- Synchronous Generator Transient Analysis
- electrical engineering
- SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR TRANSIENT ANALYSIS
- Speed Control of DC Machines
- 080544R_Temperature Rise of an Electrical Machine
- Speed Control of Dc Machines
- Stepper P Dasanayake
- Temperature Rise of Electrical machines
- Synchronous Generator Transient Analysis
- Stability of a Differential Relay
- Peterson Coil
- Adjustable Speed Induction Motor Drive
- samTL2
- synchronous generator
- Adjustable Speed Induction Mortor Drives

You are on page 1of 15

OBSERVATION SHEET

a) Obtaining of short circuit armature current oscillogram Pre short circuit line voltage = 104.3 V Steady short circuit current = 5.77 A Generator speed = 1500 rpm Number of generator pole pairs = 2

Oscillogram 1 b) Obtaining of field current oscillogram Steady state field current = 0.3 A

Oscillogram 2

c) Obtaining of open circuit armature voltage waveform. Minimum phase current Maximum phase current Minimum line voltage Maximum line voltage Generator speed = = = = = 4.8 A 5.4 A 47.5 V 48.3 V 1475 rpm

Oscillogram 3

Calculations

1.

STEP 1 From short circuit armature current wave form using oscillogram 1, computation for X d & Xd Time(ms) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 Half of peak to peak value. Ia (A) 27 20.5 18 15 14 13.5 12.5 11.5 11 10 9.5 9.5 9 9 9 Log (Ia) 1.431363764 1.311753861 1.255272505 1.176091259 1.146128036 1.130333768 1.096910013 1.06069784 1.041392685 1 0.977723605 0.977723605 0.954242509 0.954242509 0.954242509

Using the graph the calculated values of A & B in the ampere units A = antilog (1.431363764) =27 B = antilog (0.954242509) = 9 According to the theory

STEP 2 From short circuit armature current wave form using oscillogram 1, computation for X d & Td Time(ms) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140

x (A) 17.838 11.778 8.318 6.278 5.078 4.168 3.348 2.498 1.728 1.048 0.539 0.172 0 0 0

log x

1.25134616 1.07107155 0.920018916 0.797821311 0.705692697 0.61992771 0.524785449 0.397592434 0.237543738 0.020361283 -0.268411235 -0.764471553

Using the graph the calculated values of C & D in the ampere and ms units. C = antilog (1.30044) =19.97 So C/e = 7.3469 so the log value of this is 0.866 hence correscopnding value obtained for D using the figure is 25 ms

Time(ms) vs log x

STEP 3 From short circuit armature current wave form using oscillogram 1, computation for Td & Tdo Time(ms) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80

y (A)

14.24005858 7.209749896 3.704663695 1.879807084 0.910019998 0.398075891 0.140719611 0.028503233 0

Log y

1.153511776 0.857920199 0.568748789 0.274113282 -0.040949064 -0.400034124 -0.851645374 -1.545105882

Using the graph the calculated values of E & F in the ampere and ms units. E = antilog (1.27955) =19.0348 So E/e = 7.0025 so the log value of this is 0.845 hence corresponding value obtained for F using the figure is 12 ms.

Time(ms) vs log y

STEP 4 Graph between time vs Ia,(+ve peak + -ve peak) Time(ms) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 Ia,(+ve peak + -ve peak) 54 41 36 30 28 27 25 23 22 20 19 19 18 18 18

Using the graph the calculated values of G & H in the ampere and ms units. G = 40.73 A from the graph H = 130.1 ms from the graph So

Time(ms) vs Ia,(+ve peak + -ve peak)

[

(1

Ifo is the field current before the short circuit which observed as 0.3 A

Tkd is the direct axis damper time constant and assuming no damper s Field current variation

[ [ [ ]

e t / T ''d ]

]

]

]

[

[

]

]

4) Value of Xd and XQ from the slip test, From the graphs of armature current and armature voltage of the slip test,

Discussion

Compare the parameter values computed using Short circuit current oscillogram, open circuit voltage oscillogram and slip test Since the two methods to find the parameter values of the generator use graphical decomposition methods, and each method having certain assumptions, which introduces to neglect some transient components like double frequency component and displaced angle, there should be some deviation between the parameter values obtained by the two methods. And the graphical approach having more than one step leads to some inherent error in interpolating and curve fitting. Compare the agreement of theoretical and observed oscillogram, of short circuit field current and open circuit line voltage When we compare the theoretical and practical graph of the variation of field current at short circuit test, it seems both are having same shape. But the practical curve takes more time to acquire the steady state, compare with theoretical curve. This may occur due to the effect of damping effect in real situation.

In short circuit oscillogram we can identify 4 components in the transient behaviour. (1) Transient component (2) Sub transient component (3) DC offset component (4) Steady state component

Transient and sub transient components occure for very short period of time and transient component takes much time to decay than sub transient component

When we observe the short circuit oscillogram , four components in field current can be noticed. They are sub transient , transient , DC offset and steady state componenets. Generally sub transient period lasts for 3-4 cycles of current. However transient period is long and lasts for some hundreds of cycles. DC offset current is caused due to the armature reaction. Before the short circuit, armature flux is zero. With the short circuit, armature reaction flux ?a is forced to be established. i.e. sudden armature current tends to be established. Depending on the field flux, the phase 'a' winding is receiving at the instant of the short circuit, phase 'a' coil establishes a DC current to maintain the same flux following the short circuit causing the DC offset term.

To apply necessary protection schemes in synchronous generators, generator parameters such as synchronous reactance, transient reactance , sub transient reactance and etc. should be known. By performing sudden open short circuit test only, these parameters can be determine. Therefore it is important to do short circuit test.

- Corona CharacteristicsUploaded byRas Pqr
- Chopper Control Dc Drive_090075mUploaded byIsuru Pasan Dasanayake
- Breakdown Cha of Air Gaps CompleteUploaded byNilush Jayawardana
- Speed Control of DC MachineUploaded byRidmaya Thiyaganna
- ADJUSTABLE SPEED INDUCTION MOTOR DRIVEUploaded byudnuwan
- Synchronous Generator Transient AnalysisUploaded byRiyah_Rae
- electrical engineeringUploaded byAjendra Singh
- SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR TRANSIENT ANALYSISUploaded byosdds
- Speed Control of DC MachinesUploaded byMightySamB
- 080544R_Temperature Rise of an Electrical MachineUploaded byAnuruddha Wijerathne
- Speed Control of Dc MachinesUploaded byKeerthi Dayarathna
- Stepper P DasanayakeUploaded byIsuru Pasan Dasanayake
- Temperature Rise of Electrical machinesUploaded bySBNSSenanayake
- Synchronous Generator Transient AnalysisUploaded byChamika Mihiran
- Stability of a Differential RelayUploaded bySafnas Kariapper
- Peterson CoilUploaded byNalin T Bandara
- Adjustable Speed Induction Motor DriveUploaded byNuwan Bandara
- samTL2Uploaded byneo
- synchronous generatorUploaded byAnonymous 9kzuGaY
- Adjustable Speed Induction Mortor DrivesUploaded byMilinda Prabhath
- ADUJUSTABLE SPEED INDUCTION MOTOR DRIVEUploaded bymnsatyani
- Synchronous GeneratorUploaded byPathum Sudasinghe
- Synchronous generatorUploaded byChamara Sandun
- Adjustable speed induction motor drive.docxUploaded byViraj Viduranga Muthugala
- Measurement of Earth Resistence and ResistivityUploaded byThilina Jayaweera
- Oil Breakdown TestingUploaded byAshiq Nafas
- 080544R_Stepper Motor and DriversUploaded byAnuruddha Wijerathne
- Thyristor Voltage ControllerUploaded byThilina Jayaweera
- Thyristor Voltage Controller_100494PUploaded byNishanga Sandamal
- Observation Sheet - Thyristor Voltage ControllerUploaded byThilina Jayaweera

- Impulse GeneratorUploaded byRoshan Akaravita
- Synchronous Generator Transient AnalysisUploaded byRoshan Akaravita
- Impulse Generator Course WorkUploaded byRoshan Akaravita
- Induction MotorUploaded byRoshan Akaravita
- Synchronous Generator Transient AnalysisUploaded byRoshan Akaravita
- Study on Current TranformersUploaded byRoshan Akaravita
- motor selectionUploaded byRoshan Akaravita

- Pressure Transient Analysis - Houston UniversityUploaded byPuji Lestari
- EL-4651Uploaded bygrossman1030
- NO 2.docxUploaded byRickLee
- Text.pdf.1178257807.Titlepage.pdfUploaded byAdeniran Joshua
- Washout FilterUploaded byHung Nguyen Huy
- SPE-180149-MS-Asymptotic Solutions of the Diffusivity Equation and Their ApplicationsUploaded byWinner
- Lecture Outline PPTs Macro Ch 7 (1)Uploaded byZi Jin Cheng
- POWER SYSTEM DYNAMICSUploaded byanon_687906
- BS ISO 10816-1-1995+A1-2009 Mechanical vibration - Evaluation of machine vibration by measuremenUploaded bygreelmind7584
- Flow Regimes- InflowUploaded byAli
- 08EPRI ReportUploaded byDISCOVERY
- reaksi kinetikUploaded byMark Denzel Lopez
- A Study on Transient Stability Improvement of 5-Machine 14-Bus System Using SVCUploaded byEditor IJRITCC
- Solow ExcelUploaded byMiguel Ma
- CSTR Aspen DynamicUploaded byDoctorOberman
- Effect of Thrust on Bending-Torsion Flutter of WingsUploaded bymegustalazorra
- m3wp1ad3Uploaded byLeonardo Pereira
- FmbUploaded byRahul Saraf
- Fluent Tutorials - Cornell UniversityUploaded bynpkkumar
- A Quadruple Tank Process Control ExperimentUploaded bycamilo
- Generator Test C175-16 SN (WYB01557)Uploaded byDwi Mulyanti Dwimulyantishop
- Power System StabilityUploaded byJasmeet Dua
- Transient Stability Improvement in Multi Machine System Using Power System Stabilizer PSS and Static Var Compensator SVCUploaded byHamed Farzin
- PSEA-2 Individual AssignmentUploaded byPrem Pandey
- Konduksi Tak TunakUploaded byDemetrius Christian Israelli Kia
- Chapter 10 Relative PermeabilityUploaded byAndrew Guo
- Ews2014 2015 Sl02 Im Output AnalysisUploaded byShailendra B
- 1964 AFM Relationship Between Substrate Concentration, Growth Rate and Respiration Rate of E. Coli in Continuous CultureUploaded byvewm
- Discussion CstrUploaded byillyzl
- SPE-4072-PA Single Well Performance Predictions for Gas CondUploaded byMiguel Angel Gonzales