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# 2

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(a)

Figure 1 shows a skydiver of n s m fa1lig under the 1 influenr of avi and a drag force F 1 that is proportional to c by). hre v is the ve1octy of the skydiv er as she faLls, h is a constant and n is ab integer.

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Figure 1
(i) (ii) Next to Figure 1 draw a free body diaam to show the forces acting on the skydiver, [ I mark I

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Table I shows (iatacrded .ft th acceleration and veioctt y of the skydiver as she underwent free faW. TABLE 1 Acceler4tion
I

eIonty
v/ms

ga/1ns

Ig

1 891 824 36 62 S 15

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25 30

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(i) (ii) (iii)

## / Complete Table 1 by tilling in the blank columns. Onpage4,plotaaphoflgga)vslgv.

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f 1

3 marks 3 rnarks}
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Calculate the gradient ot the graph and hence determine value a fbr nearest integer),
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3 niarksj &ulculate the terminal velocity of a skydiver with a .mass of 785 k, given that bO25i kgrn . 1

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Paper 02

## CAPE PHYSICS 2011 UNIT 1 EXEMPI.ARS

-

MODULE 1 Question 1 The candidate demonstrated sound knowledge and understanding of the material presented in this question. In parts (a> and (b), the candidate correctly drew the free body diagram showing the forces acting on the skydiver and was then able to use the information provided to derive the force equation required for the proof. In part (b) (i), the candidate showed a good grasp of the use of significant figures and correctly completed each of the three columns of the table provided. With respect to the graph, the candidate correctly deduced n as the gradient value and displayed the understanding that an integer does not require decimal places. However, it must be pointed out that the broken axis symbol, as used by the candidate in drawing the graph, is inappropriate in Physics. In part (b) (iv), although it was not explicitly stated in the response that a = 0, the candidate used the fact that at terminal velocity the upward forces = downward forces to obtain the correct value.

-7 2. (a) Figure 2 shows a loudspeaker sounding a constant note placed aboxe a long ertical tube containing water which slowly runs out at the lower end.

Figure 2
(i) I)escribe arid explain what is heard at a certain level as the water runs out lower end.
at

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b.

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## .here Tis the tension in the

string, p is the mass per unit length of the string and 1 is the length of the string. While the tension of a vibrating string was kept constant at 100 N, its length was varied in order to tune the string to a series of tuning forks. The results obtained are shou n in Table 2.
TABLE 2 Frequency of Fork,f (Hz) 256 0.781

288

P_0
0.625

384

450

5121
0.391

:
!

Length of String,!
(in)

0.695

0.521

0.444

(i) (ii)
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## On page 9, plot a graph of frequencyfvs 1/1.

( 1

1 mark

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Use the graph to determine the frequency of an unmarked fork which was in tune with 11,7 cm of the sthng. 0. -j . tk .1 \ .--..!.. mL
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## CAPE PHYSICS 2011 Paper 02 UNIT 1 EXEMPLARS

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MODULE 2 Question 2 This script represented an outstanding response to the question. In part (a), the candidate was able to correctly describe and explain the loud sound heard at a certain level in terms of the wavelength of the sound compared to the length of the air column above the water surface in the tube (1 =

In part (b), 1/I was found correctly to three significant figures and the graph off vs 1/1 was accurately plotted. The frequency of the unmarked fork was correctly determined by first finding 1/1 when 4L7 cm and using the value to deduce the corresponding frequency of f = 480 Hz from the best fit line.
In part (b) (iv>, the candidate calculated the gradient by using the large triangle on the graph and dividing the vertical change in frequency by the corresponding horizontal change in 1/1 using the form u I a y x vertical axis scale

## x x horizontal axis scale

in which x and y represented the number of units along the horizontal and vertical lengths respectively of the gradient triangle. Many of the other candidates who correctly calculated the gradient used the more popularm = Y2Y1 formula.
2 x

1 x

Finally, the candidate also correctly determined the value of mass per unit length,

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to solve for

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## CAPE PHYSICS 2011 Paper 02 UNIT 1 EXEMPLARS

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MODULE 3 Question 6 The candidate demonstrated sound understanding of the thermal properties of matter. In part (a), the candidate selected the correct equation, made the correct substitutions and provided the answer correct to three significant figures. In explaining the rise in temperature in part b (i), the candidate first defined the first law of thermodynamics and each of the associated terms. The candidate correctly indicated that work is being done on the gas and that this leads to an increase in the internal energy and an increase in temperature. However the candidate failed to indicate that because the cylinder is thermally insulated Q = 0 and so all the work done goes into increasing the internal energy. In part (b) (ii), the candidate accurately explained that as the piston moves in, it hits the molecules which rebound with greater speed thus increasing their kinetic energy and resulting in the increase in temperature. The candidate correctly used the equation this case, the equation P V
=

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## n R T could also have been used.

In parts (d) and (e), the candidate again used the proper substitutions and correctly manipulated the equations to find the increase in the internal energy of the gas and the molar heat capacity of the gas. It should also be noted that the candidate consistently calculated all answers in parts (a), (c) and (e) to three significant figures.