39 views

Uploaded by Caroline Hon

Guide for BF

- Chapter Motion
- 3.5 Archimedes
- BRYAR KALARY 3.docx
- Hydrotherapy[1][1]
- Bouyancy and Float at Ion
- jeonghyeon ki1
- Ytp Physics f4
- Kaplan MCAT Physics - Discretes Test
- rv046736_an2_402
- Group Report (S-F-U)
- Matter - Lesson
- EBMF4103 (Chapter 2) Fluid Mechanics for Mechanical Engineering
- Ch15 testing
- fm unit 1
- Scheme Chapter 5
- Diagrama_Moody.SI_TomDavis (1).pdf
- OPTIMISATON OF STATIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A LAZY WAVE RIZER.doc
- G1.1
- physical science portfolio q2 part2
- Marine Outfall Construction

You are on page 1of 3

By Steven Holzner from Physics I For Dummies, 2nd Edition In physics, Archimedess principle says that any fluid exerts a buoyant force on an object wholly or partially submerged in it, and the magnitude of the buoyant force equals the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. An object thats less dense than water floats because the water it displaces weighs more than the object does. If youve ever tried to push a beach ball underwater, youve felt this principle in action. As you push the ball down, it pushes back up. In fact, a big beach ball can be tough to hold underwater. As a physicist in a bathing suit, you may wonder, Whats happening here? What is the buoyant force, Fb , the water exerts on the beach ball? To make this problem easier, you decide to consider the beach ball as a cube of height h and horizontal face with area A. So the buoyant force on the cubic beach ball is equal to the force at the bottom of the beach ball minus the force at the top: Fbuoyancy = Fbottom Ftop And because F = PA, you can work pressure into the equation with a simple substitution: Fbuoyancy = (Pbottom Ptop)A You can also write the change in pressure, Pbottom Ptop, as delta P:

Note that hA is the volume of the cube. Multiplying volume, V, by density, gives you the mass of the water displaced by the cube, m, so you can replace with m: Fbuoyancy = mg You should recognize mg (mass times acceleration due to gravity) as the expression for weight, so the force of buoyancy is equal to the weight of the water displaced by the

http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/understanding-buoyancy-using-archimedess-principle.navId-407029.html?print=true 1/3

2/19/2014

object youre submerging: Fbuoyancy = Wwater displaced That equation turns out to be Archimedess principle. Heres an example of how to use Archimedess principle. Suppose the designers at Acme Raft Company have hired you to tell them how much of their new raft will be underwater when its launched. You can see the new Acme raft in the figure.

A raft in water. The density of the wood used in their rafts is 550 kilograms/meter3, and the raft is 20 centimeters high. You get out your clipboard and reason that to make the raft float, the weight of the raft must equal the buoyant force the water exerts on the raft. Say the raft is of height h and horizontal surface area A; that would make its weight equal to the following:

Now whats the buoyant force that the water exerts on the raft? The buoyant force is equal to the weight of the water that the submerged part of the raft displaces. Say that when the raft floats, the bottom of the raft is a distance y underwater. Then the submerged volume of the raft is Ay. That makes the mass of the water displaced by the raft equal to the following:

The weight of the displaced water is just its mass multiplied by g, the acceleration due to gravity, so multiplying both sides of the equation by g gives you the weight, Wwater

displaced, on the

left side of the equation. The displaced weight of water equals the

following:

For the raft to float, the weight of the displaced water must equal the weight of the raft, so set the values for raft weight and water weight equal to each other:

A and g appear on both sides of the equation, so they cancel out. The equation simplifies to

http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/understanding-buoyancy-using-archimedess-principle.navId-407029.html?print=true

2/3

2/19/2014

Solving for y gives you the equation for how much of the rafts height is underwater:

Plugging in the densities tells you how far the raft is submerged in terms of the rafts height:

That means that 55 percent of the raft will be underwater. So if the raft is 20 centimeters (or 0.20 meters) high, how much is underwater when its floating? You can plug in the value for the rafts height to find the answer: y = 0.550(0.20 m) = 0.11 m So 11 centimeters of the rafts height will be underwater.

Copyright 2014 & Trademark by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.

http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/understanding-buoyancy-using-archimedess-principle.navId-407029.html?print=true

3/3

- Chapter MotionUploaded bydebbycley
- 3.5 ArchimedesUploaded bysheyzulkifli
- BRYAR KALARY 3.docxUploaded byMUHAMMAD AKRAM
- Hydrotherapy[1][1]Uploaded by7e9oo9
- Bouyancy and Float at IonUploaded byJoseph Berlin Juanzon
- jeonghyeon ki1Uploaded byapi-275242936
- Ytp Physics f4Uploaded byhawanis123
- Kaplan MCAT Physics - Discretes TestUploaded bysamivan27
- rv046736_an2_402Uploaded byKhalid Saddique Akbar
- Group Report (S-F-U)Uploaded byJake Polo Santiago
- Matter - LessonUploaded bycpquintiliano
- EBMF4103 (Chapter 2) Fluid Mechanics for Mechanical EngineeringUploaded byMat Jack
- Ch15 testingUploaded byKamlesh Kumar
- fm unit 1Uploaded byswathi_ravi_5
- Scheme Chapter 5Uploaded bySiti Arbaiyah Ahmad
- Diagrama_Moody.SI_TomDavis (1).pdfUploaded byMaycol Carrion Challco
- OPTIMISATON OF STATIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A LAZY WAVE RIZER.docUploaded byAbiodunAremuOliyide
- G1.1Uploaded bySanjeev Bansal
- physical science portfolio q2 part2Uploaded byapi-211146161
- Marine Outfall ConstructionUploaded byClaudinei José Rodrigues
- RPP_04_Fluid Mechanics S2 2011-2012Uploaded byAbdulmalek Sharif Alansi
- Venturimeter Experiment(1)Uploaded byOmar Oubaha
- structureUploaded byafiq ruzaini
- 130101.pdfUploaded bydharmesh
- FI 0 Brochure 12 07ENUploaded byAviram Dhyan
- FM QuestionsUploaded byshailkhan
- Chapter 4Uploaded byEmre Öztürk
- Pier_Well_3Uploaded byANKUR GHOSH
- NACA TM 1254 Systematic Model Researches on the Stability Limits of the DVL Series of Float DesignsUploaded byMark Evan Salutin
- HarvardUploaded byFajar Satrio W

- 2-8Uploaded byCaroline Hon
- MRI PlanesUploaded byCaroline Hon
- 2123.fullUploaded byCaroline Hon
- nrendo.2009.174Uploaded byCaroline Hon
- Session9_andipakofootcareonashoestringUploaded byCaroline Hon
- Electron Delocalization and ResonanceUploaded byMariana Lizeth
- Sample Quotes SIIUploaded byCaroline Hon
- Molecular SpectroscopyUploaded byCaroline Hon

- sol10Uploaded bycarl domingo
- 052 Khan NilufarUploaded byarch_tzh
- CV - English_Juris BaldunciksUploaded byHeather Lawson
- UG Seat Matrix DASA-2015Uploaded byjainrakeshj4987
- EndressHauserUltrasonic_Flowmeter_DMU93.pdfUploaded byJcamposmontes
- betterbricks-case-study-banner-bank.pdfUploaded byHô Kã
- Day1 Tcs Complete QuestionsUploaded bytharunkumar
- spss mpasiUploaded byrizqi dwi a
- W.P. de Voogt Eds. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 237Uploaded byGabrielle Abreu Nunes
- Fire-fighting-BOQ.pdfUploaded byabdul aziz
- Carlile 1990 Geological Setting Characteristics and rUploaded bytita
- Insulation of Piping and EquipmentUploaded byarjmandquest
- Noise Figure Measurement AN2875Uploaded byNguyễn Tuấn Ngọc
- Nadi Amsa - KalakutaUploaded bySunilkumar Dubey
- John Stuart MillUploaded byapi-19773289
- cross bondingUploaded byRamazan Paltun
- channel elementsUploaded byVikas Dwivedi
- 214131135 AMC EtherCATCommunicationManualUploaded byJaziel Cabral
- New Microsoft Word Document.docxUploaded byAekansh
- Bandwidth Sharing of Multimode Base Station Co-Transmission(SRAN9.0_02).pdfUploaded bysamuraial
- C1EC01-C1405_-_ELECTRONIC_CIRCUIT_ANALYSIS_&_DESIGN_mergedUploaded bychini_nani
- VINYASH FINAL Report_project - Copy - CopyUploaded bysaikripa121
- doppler sonar - model DS30Uploaded byIsrael Moises Pareja Carriòn
- SAS Research Note 48Uploaded byHenrique Vieira
- [Jack W. Plunkett] Plunkett's Nanotechnology & Mem(Z-lib.org)Uploaded byjaime
- Job Posting: Program Financial Manager at CAABUploaded byOffice on Latino Affairs (OLA)
- 06061969Uploaded byVishnu Prakash
- ian essling spotlight pieceUploaded byapi-356356986
- 01_Computer Abstractions and TechUploaded byAbd Arrahman Mesk
- Cse v Operating Systems [10cs53] Notes (1)Uploaded byAnonymous AqTcdkFODj