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Wireless Internet Dictionary

Document number: Document issue: Document status: Date: UMT/MKT/INF/000001 01.07 / EN Standard 08/APR/2003

Copyright 2003 Nortel Networks, All Rights Reserved Printed in France NORTEL NETWORKS CONFIDENTIAL: The information contained in this document is the property of Nortel Networks. Except as specifically authorized in writing by Nortel Networks, the holder of this document shall keep the information contained herein confidential and shall protect same in whole or in part from disclosure and dissemination to third parties and use same for evaluation, operation and maintenance purposes only. The content of this document is provided for information purposes only and is subject to modification. It does not constitute any representation or warranty from Nortel Networks as to the content or accuracy of the information contained herein, including but not limited to the suitability and performances of the product or its intended application. The following are trademarks of Nortel Networks: *NORTEL NETWORKS, the NORTEL NETWORKS corporate logo, the NORTEL Globemark, UNIFIED NETWORKS. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Nortel Networks assumes no responsibility for errors that might appear in this document. All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.

Wireless Internet Dictionary

PUBLICATION HISTORY
02/MAY/2001
Issue 01.01 / EN, Approved

13/AUG/2001
Issue 01.02 / EN, Approved

02/OCT/2001
Issue 01.03 / EN, Standard

08/NOV/2001
Issue 01.04 / EN, Standard

29/MAR /2002
Issue 01.05 / EN, Standard

19/NOV/2002
Issue 01.06 / EN, Standard

08/APR/2003
Issue 01.07 / EN, Standard

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Wireless Internet Dictionary

Introduction
New technologies develop fast and so does their vocabulary. The Wireless Internet Dictionary will help you in your daily work to understand the abbreviations used in the wireless world. Additionally the Wireless Internet Dictionary provides many definitions and explanations for terms that are used to describe the new wireless technologies. This document provides a tool for further work on technical documentation and facilitates their understanding. The terms, definitions and abbreviations as given in this document are either imported from existing documentation (3GPP, ETSI, ITU or other) or newly created by Nortel Networks experts whenever the need for precise vocabulary was identified.

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Top of list

0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

0-9
1G

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1st Generation Mobile Telecommunications Systems These systems are analogue and were designed for voice transfer only. AMPS, NMT, TACS, etc. are included among first generation systems. With the development of PDC/PHS in Japan, post-analogue technology has advanced rapidly so that only few analogue systems remain in existence. A spectrum migration technology for existing IS95 bands and systems 2.5nd Generation Mobile Telecommunications Systems General term for 2.5nd cellular networks generation that are based on 2G system cellular networks using digital technology. 2nd Generation Mobile Telecommunications These digital systems are capable of providing voice/data/fax transfer as well as a range of other value-added services. At present, second generation systems are still evolving with increasing data rates via new technologies such as HSCSD and GPRS. Second generation systems include GSM, US-TDMA (IS-136), cdmaOne (IS-95) and PDC. Third Generation Mobile Telecommunications Third generations systems are designed for multimedia applications and are currently in the process of being standardized under 3GPP. Among the three types of system to be standardized (i.e. WCDMA-DS, MC-CDMA, UTRA TDD), Japan and Europe will adopt WCDMA-DS in a strategy to take the lead through superior service. 3G systems are scheduled for operational start-up in Japan and Europe in 2002-2003. A forum of operators and vendors who share a common third generation network architecture strategy: the definition of a third generation network architecture based on packet technologies and IP telephony for simultaneous real and non-real time services. 3rd Generation Partnership Project (in charge of UMTS) 3GPP is an association of manufacturing companies, organizations and interested observers, who play a leading role in the development of technical specifications and organizational realization of future UMTS mobile phone networks. Nortel networks is an active member of the standardization 3GPP provides information on its work at http://www.3gpp.org./ 3rd Generation Partnership Project 2 3GPP organization that is in charge of CDMA2000. A spectrum migration technology for existing IS95 bands and systems.

1XRTT 2.5G 2G

3G

3G.IP

3GPP

3GPP2 3XRTT

A
AAL AAL2 AAL5 AAL-PCI ABR AC AC Acceptable Cell Access conditions Access delay
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ATM Adaptation Layer ATM Adaptation Layer type 2 ATM Adaptation Layer type 5 AAL-Protocol Control Information Consists of SAR-PDU header, CS-PDU header, CS-PDU trailer, SAR-PDU trailer Available Bit Rate Access Condition Application Context A cell that the UE may camp on to make emergency calls. It must satisfy certain conditions. A set of security attributes associated with a file. The value of elapsed time between an access request and a successful
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access Access Stratum SDU Service Data Unit Unit of data transferred over the access stratum SAP (Service Access Point) in the Core Network or in the User Equipment Associated Control Channel The process of apportioning charges between the Home Environment, Serving Network and User. Adjacent Channel Interference Ratio Acknowledgement Adjacent Channel Leakage Power Ratio Address Complete Message Access Concentration Point Average Cost Per User Adjacent Channel Selectivity Set of radio links simultaneously involved in a specific communication service between an UE and a UTRAN access point. Advanced Communication Technologies Service EU program for the development of UMTS, which was set up between 1995 and 1999. Administration Center American Digital Cellular System Digital cellular communications system developed and used in the US. The introduction of the ADC allowed higher capacities and the introduction of new services. The ADC allows the use of analogue and digital handsets. Application Dedicated File Abbreviated Dialing Numbers Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line Allows the transmission of data at high speed over conventional telephone lines (copper wire) using an asymmetric transmission method. Therefore, ADSL is particularly well suited to Internet access where the subscriber retrieves high volumes of data from the net, but sends comparatively little data back. The provisions for private customers currently range from between 1.5 megabit/second downstream and 256-kilobit/second upstream. For a higher fee, business customers can use up to 6 megabit/second downlink and 768-kilobit/second uplink. Nevertheless, ADSL is only suitable for supplying urban areas, because the exchange and subscriber should be within 2 miles of each other. The maximum achievable speed decreases with increasing line length. ATM End System Address Assisted GPS Authentication Header Acquisition Indicator Acquisition Indication Channel Application Identifier In mobile phones, the 'air interface' denotes the specification of the radio transmission between base station and mobile phone. It defines the frequency use, the bandwidth of the individual radio channels, the encoding methods used (W-CDMA, TD-CDMA, cdma2000) and other quantities used by the radio technology. Air Interface User Rate Anonymity key Access Link Control Application Protocol Generic name for transport signaling protocols used to set-up and tear-down transport bearers A PLMN which is not in the list of forbidden PLMN in the UE ALWays

Access Stratum SDU ACCH Accounting ACIR ACK ACLR ACM ACP ACPU ACS Active Set ACTS AdC ADC

ADF ADN ADPCM ADSL

AESA A-GPS AH AI AICH AID Air Interface

AIUR AK ALCAP Allowable PLMN ALW

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AM AMC AMF AMPS Acknowledged Mode Adaptive Modulation and Coding Authentication Management Field Advanced Mobile Phone Service Analogue cellular communications system derived from ADC and used in the US many regions of South America and the Pacific Region, and which operates in the 800Mz band, but is not compatible with European mobile phone standards. AMPS covers the entire country, and is utilized by 80% of US mobile phone subscribers. It has been introduced into the UK and Japan in slightly modified form as the TACS system. Adaptative Multi Rate codec During 1999, ETSI standardized this speech codec for GSM. The codec adapts its bit-rate allocation between speech and channel coding to optimise the speech quality in various radio channel conditions. The AMR codec was selected by 3GPP as an essential speech codec for the next generation system. (Compatible with GSM EFR, IS-136 EFR, DPC EFR) Access Network Advanced Network ANswer Message Access Network Domain The AND consits of RNC and Node B and enables the access to the UMTS network. The AND is realized with UTRAN or GSM-BSS. Answer Message American National Standards Institute A non-profit organization in the US, which pursues standardization within the industrial sector. It is also a member of ISO. ANSI does not establish standards but it assists in reviewing proposals put forth by various standardizing bodies in the US and accordingly assigns a category code and number after approval. ANSI-136 Standard defined by the American National Standards Institute' for mobile phone transmission, also known as IS-136 (Interim Standard 136'). ANSI136 is a component of the technical specifications for the American DAMPS system. Advice of Charge Access Preamble Access Protocol A defined set of procedures that is adopted at an interface at a specified reference point between a user and a network to enable the user to employ the services and/or facilities of that network Application Protocol Data (Unit) Application Protocol Data Unit Application Program Interface An API is the specific method prescribed by a computer operating system or by another application program by which a programmer writing an application program can make requests of the operating system or another application. Access Point Name A small program that is intended not to be run on its own, but rather to be embedded inside another application An application consists of a set of security mechanisms, files, data and protocols (excluding transmission protocols). Standardized Interface used by application/clients to access service capability features The set of procedures required by the application Association of Radio Industries and Businesses An incorporated body designated by the Ministry of Posts and
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AMR

AN AN AN AND ANM ANSI

ANSI-136

AOC AP AP

APD APDU API

APN Applet Application Application Interface Application protocol ARIB

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Communication of the Japanese government. ARIB is engaged in standardizing procedures for IMT-2000 and digital TV broadcasting. Address Resolution Protocol Average Rate Per User Average revenue per subscriber in a given time period. Automatic Repeat Request The ARQ describes a procedure to guarantee the failure free data transmission between transmitter and receiver. If the receiver does not recognise the received date he requests the re-sending of the data from the transmitter. Access Slot Access Stratum Access Service Class Application Service Element Access Signalling Gateway Application Specific Integrated Circuit Access Stack Node Abstract Syntax Notation One Application Service Provider Common abbreviation in the industry for a company that provides its customers with Internet applications.. Automatic Schedule Testing A data transmission is described as asymmetric if the data from the network (provider, exchange) is transported at a higher speed to the subscriber than in the opposite direction. Asymmetric transmission methods are more efficient for retrieving data from the Internet or for applications such as streaming video (streaming media), because, in these cases, considerably more data flows from the network than in the opposite direction. ATtention Command Asynchronous Transfer Mode Packet-oriented transmission and switching technology for high-speed transport (up to 6.22 megabytes per second) and switching of various types of data, voice and signals. In ATM, data is broken down into packets with a length of 48 bytes, and sent with a 5-byte address space (so the size of an ATM cell is 53 bytes). Every data packet is independent and can be transported to the receiver on a different route. This is why the method is called 'asynchronous'. The receiver reassembles the received data into the correct order. ATM transfers this cell to the network only when data to be transmitted actually exists. Provides a SONET OC-3 interface to allow direct connection on to the Control Node; those modules are provisioned in pair to provide redundancy and connection protection ATM Virtual Circuit ATM Switching Module Answer To Reset Administrative Unit Authentication Center A property by which the correct identity of an entity or party is established with a required assurance. The party being authenticated could be a user, subscriber, home environment or serving network Authentication Token Authentication Vector A PLMN where the UE has found a cell that satisfies certain conditions The average transmitter output power obtained over any specified time interval, including periods with no transmission. Additive White Gaussian Noise

ARP ARPU ARQ

AS AS ASC ASE A-SGW ASIC ASN ASN.1 ASP AST Asymmetric Transmission

AT command ATM

ATM RM ATM VC ATM SW ATR AU AuC Authentication AUTN AV Available PLMN Average transmit power AWGN

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B
B2B B8ZS Bandwidth

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Business-to-business Bipolar 8 Zero Substitution Coding Technical term for the capacity of a transmission channel. Because capacity, or even maximum speed, is generally dependent on the frequency range available, the 'bandwidth' (i.e., the width of a frequency band) usually has the same meaning as the maximum transmission speed available to a subscriber. Capabilities required for a service-less UE to operate within a network (capabilities to search for, synchronize with and register with authentication to a network, negotiation of the UE and the network capabilities, maintenance and termination of the registration) Set of Implementation capabilities required to enable a UE to support the required Baseline capabilities Common reference to both, bearer services and teleservices Base-Band Unit Broadcast Control Channel The BCCH is used to send system information on the downlink channel. Broadcast Control Functional Entity Broadcast Channel Barred Dialing Numbers The name of the virtual bit pipe carrying a particular end user service A transmission function which the UE requests to the network A type of telecommunication service that provides the capability of transmission of signals between access points BELL COmmunication REsearch Bit Error Rate The lowest of all QoS traffic classes. If the guaranteed QoS cannot be delivered, the bearer network delivers the QoS which can also be called best effort QoS A service model, which provides minimal performance guarantees, allowing an unspecified variance in the measured performance criteria. Border Gateway Border Gateway Protocol Block Guard Time Baseline Implementation Capabilities Bearer Independent Call Control Binding Identity A function whereby CDRs generated by the charging function are transformed into bills requiring payment Broadband ISDN Broadband ISUP Block Error Rate Short range radio technology that permits voice and data (including image) transfer between Bluetooth enabled devices such as mobile phones, organizers, computers, printers or digital cameras. Bluetooth transmits in the frequency range from 2.4 to 2.4835 gigahertz and achieves data transfer rates of up to 721 kilobits per second. Broadcast/Multicast Control Billing and Management System Bell Operating Company Beginning of Message
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Baseline capabilities Baseline Implementation Capabilities Basic telecommunication service BBU BCCH BCFE BCH BDN Bearer Bearer capability Bearer service BELLCORE BER Best effort QoS Best effort service BG BGP BGT BIC BICC BID Billing B-ISDN B-ISUP BLER Bluetooth

BMC BMS BOC BoM


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bps Bits per Second The usual unit for data speed in telecommunications. A bit is the smallest unit in information technology (a 0 or 1, yes/no, current flows or current does not flow, etc.). Binary Phase Shift Keying Broadband Radio Access Network Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless Basic Rate Interface 144 kbps (2x64 kbps for data, 16 kbps for signaling) This term has a number of meanings. It was used originally to describe a channel with more bandwidth than a standard voice grade channel that is usually a 48KHz link. A value of the service attribute "communication configuration", which denotes unidirectional distribution to all users Base Station Radio station in a mobile telephone system Base Station Controller The BSC is responsible for channel reservation and release of radio channels and for the handover management. Additional functions are paging and signal transmission from/to MSC. In general a BSC manages several BTS. The BSC is connected via the MSC with the NSS. Base Station Identity Code Base Station Subsystem The BSS consists of BTS and BSC and covers all radio related functions of the GSM network. BSS Application Part Protocol used on A interface; it is split in 2 parts: DTAP and BSSMAP BSS Management Application Part Messages interpreted by the BSS (radio resource management); part of BSSAP Base Transceiver Station. Although specifications differ for each system, the BTS effects radio communication with MSC via its respective radio access system and transmits/receives signals to/from connected BSC (in 2G systems) or located along transmission routes. Broadband Wireless Access Block Waiting Time

BPSK BRAN BREW BRI Broadband Broadcast BS BSC

BSIC BSS BSSAP BSSMAP BTS

BWA BWT

C
CCA CA CAA CAC

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ControlCapacity Allocation Certification Authority Capacity Allocation Acknowledgement Connection (or Call or Congestion) Admission Control In CDMA networks the soft capacity concept applies: each new call increases the interference level of all other ongoing calls, affecting their quality; therefore it is very important to control the access to the network in a suitable way. The CAC describes a set of measures taken by the network to balance between the QoS requirements of new connections request and the current network utilization without affecting the grade of service of existing/already established connections. Compound Annual Growth Rate A logical association between several users (this could be connection oriented or connection less). Call Processing All the work related to the management of the GSM communications Customized Application for Mobile network Enhanced Logic
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CAGR Call CallP CAMEL


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Method to speed up the introduction of new network functions (for, 'call back when engaged') into future mobile phone. One of the main drivers for CAMEL Phase 3 has been the desire for a roaming pre-paid service for GPRS and SMS The UE is in idle mode and has completed the cell selection/reselection process and has chosen a cell. The UE monitors system information and (in most cases) paging information. Note that the services may be limited, and that the PLMN may not be aware of the existence of the UE within the chosen cell CAMEL Application Part Command APDU A link between the card and the external world starting with the ATR and ending with a subsequent reset or a deactivation of the card Capital Expenditures Channel Associated Signaling Call Barring Cell Broadcast Cell Broadcast Center Constant Bit Rate Cell Broadcast Service Call Control Country Code Composite Capability/Preference Profiles Cam Controller 1 module Completion of Calls to Busy Subscriber Customer Care Billing System Common Control Channel Control information channel between UE and UTRAN. Call Control Function Channelization Code Distinguishes one communication channel direction; there are OVSF Control Channel Consultative Committee for International Radiocommunication Comite Consultatif International de Tlgraphique et Tlphonique Corporate Control Key Certificate Configuration Message Common Configuration Manager Core Controller Module Common Control Physical Channel Call Control Server Common Channel Signaling number 7 Coded Composite Transport CHannel Channel Codec Unit Capacity De-allocation Collision Detection Capacity De-allocation Acknowledgement CDMA Development Group Code Division Multiplex The CDM procedure will transmit a narrow-band radio signal into a wideband frequency spectrum. The narrow-band signal is illustrated by a suitable coding regulation. Each user of the radio system is assigned to his proper coding regulation. Code Division Multiple Access CDMA takes the entire allocated frequency range for a given service and multiplexes information for all users across the spectrum range at the same time. In CDMA systems such as IS95 and UMTS, the user is allocated a carrier frequency and a code known as a pseudo random noise code. After
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Camped on a cell

CAP C-APDU Card session CAPEX CAS CB CB CBC CBR CBS CC CC CC/PP CC1 CCBS CCBS CCCH CCF Cch CCH CCIR CCITT CCK CCM CCM CCM CCPCH CCS CCS7 CCTrCH CCU CD CD CDA CDG CDM

CDMA

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digitizing data, CDMA spreads it out over the entire bandwidth it has available. Multiple calls are overlaid over each other on the channel, with each assigned a unique sequence code. The narrowband voice signal is spread over the wideband carrier using the pseudo noise code, which spreads the energy of the transmitted signal over the carrier spectrum. The receiver then uses the same code to decode the transmitted wideband signal and recover the narrowband signal. Code Division Multiple Access 2000 CDMA2000 is the upgraded CDMAone standard and therefore an IS-95 evolution. Upgrading to CDMA2000 can be done in two stages: CDMA2000 MC1X packet-switched data signals with a bandwidth of 1.25MHz. the second set-up stage, CDMA2000 MC3X, three 1.25MHz carriers combined, thus achieving full UMTS data rates. CDMA2000 transmission is downwards compatible with cdmaOne. Code Division Multiple Access one CDMAone (also known as IS-95) is a digital mobile phone standard based on the CDMA, which is used in North America, Korea and Japan. CDMAone uses frequency ranges around 800MHz and 1900MHz. For to third generation mobile telephony, CDMAone networks be upgraded to the CDMA2000 broadband standard. CDMA Wideband See W-CDMA Cellular Digital Packet Data 2G wireless data standard that allows speeds up to speeds up to 19.2 kbps. Call Detail Record A formatted collection of information about a chargeable event (e.g. time of call set-up, duration of the call, amount of data transferred, etc) for use in billing and accounting. For each party to be charged for parts of or all charges of a chargeable event a separate CDR shall be generated, i.e more than one CDR may be generated for a single chargeable event, e.g. because of its long duration, or because more than one charged party is to be charged. Customer Data Record Connection Endpoint Mobile phone networks are made up of a cellular structure - hence the expression 'cellular phone'. In the middle of each cell there is a radio tower or a radio aerial, which is controlled by a BTS in 2G systems or Node B in 3G systems. The advantage of the cellular construction is geographically separated frequencies may be reused many, and thus more effectively. UMTS networks will be constructed in a cellular fashion, in the planning of the radio network, the effect of cellular for UMTS should be observed. Channel Element Module Common Equipment Module The active CEM controls the sub-rack and controls traffic switching functions; the inactive CEM is in stand-by mode providing redundancy for the shelf; those modules are provisioned in pair to provide redundancy Common Equipment Module The active CEM controls TCU resource modules, provides system maintenance, clock synchronization and traffic switching; the switching fabric in the CEM allows 64 kbit/s channels coming from interface resource modules to be routed to either a vocoder resource for speech compression or directly to another interface port for channels that do not require any processing (e.g., channels carrying SS7 to the MSC) Common Electronic Purse Confrence Europenne des Administrations des Postes et des Tlcommunications Cell Error Ratio Circuit Emulation Service Contivity Extranet Switch
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CDMA2000

CDMAone

CDMA-W CDPD CDR

CDR CE Cell

CEM CEM

CEM

CEPS CEPT CER CES CES


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CFN CGF CGI CGI CHAP cHTML CI CI CID CIF CIM CIR CK CLA CLK CLNP CLNS CLP CM CM CM CMC CMC CMIP CMIS CMISE CN CN Connection Frame Number Charging Gateway Function Cell Global Identity CGI = LAI + CI Common Gateway Interface Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol Compact HTML HTML version used for I-mode applications Cell Identity Identifies one cell Customer Interface Channel Identifier Common Intermediate Format A video image format using 352 horizontal pixels and 288 vertical lines. The format is adopted in multimedia communication standards. Common Information Model Committed Information Rate Ciphering Key CLAss Clock Connectionless network protocol Connectionless network service Cell Loss Priority Configuration Management Control Module (Univity iBTS) Core Module (MSC) Call Monitoring Center Control and Management Card Common Management Information Protocol Common Management Information Service Common Management Information Service Control Node Core Network At the operator's end, a UMTS network must accommodate connections to many different networks. Gateways must be provided into the conventional telephone network (ISDN, PSTN), into the existing mobile radio networks (for example GSM), into any migration networks (EDGE, GPRS), and into the Internet. The actual UMTS technology with elements such as HLR and MSC and the gateways into the various connected networks is referred to as the 'core network'. The actual UMTS radio network (UTRAN) is not included in the CN. Calling Name Presentation Core Network Circuit Switching domain Core Network Domain The CND represents an integral platform within the UMTS which consists of different transport networks which are connected via IWU. Co-operative Network List Control Node Core Network Packet Switching domain An amalgam of the terms Coder and Decoder. It generally signifies the encoding device/module, which carries out highly efficient conversion processing from the basic digital signal to a compressed signal during digitalization of voice and picture signals. Continuation Of Message Connection-oriented network service The provision of information in an attractive form. Plans for content range from Internet-supported information services and
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CNAP CN-CS CND CNL C-Node CN-PS CODEC

COM CONS Content

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video information systems to cinema programs or holiday offers with moving images and sound (Streaming Media). Common Open Policy Service Common Object Request Broker Architecture Standard used to define a general opened architecture Configuration Resource module (Univity iBTS) European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research Commercial Off the Shelf Connection Point Control Processor Control Processor level 3 Certificate Present (in the MExE SIM)-Administrator Common Packet Channel carried by the PCPCH; it is an uplink transport channel; it is a contention based random access channel used for transmission of bursty data traffic; it is associated with a dedicated channel on the downlink which provides power control for the uplink CPCH Common Part Convergence Sublayer Part of CS Common Part Convergence Sublayer-Service Data Unit Common Pilot Channel it is a fixed rate (30 kbps, 15 ksps, SF = 256) downlink physical channel that carries a pre-defined bit/symbol sequence; it consists of 20 bits = 10 symbols Control Plane Carrier Packet Solutions Common Part Sublayer Certificate Present (in the MExE SIM)-Third Party Central Processing Unit Cyclic Redundant Check Possibility to have 0, 8, 12, 16 or 24 bits of CRC Controlling Radio Network Controller Cell Radio Network Temporary Identity Call Server Circuit Switched Coding Scheme Convergence Sublayer (ATM) Split in 2 parts: CPCS, SSCS Control Service Access Point Call Server Control Function Scrambling Code Distinguishes cells and mobile users Circuit Switched Data Circuit Switched Domain CAMEL Service Environment A CSE is a logical entity which processes activities related to Operator Specific Services (OSS); name of SCP for CAMEL Circuit Switched Gateway CAMEL Subscription Information The CSI identifies that CAMEL support is required for the subscriber and the identities of the CSEs to be used for that support. The CSI also contains information related to the OSS of the subscriber, e.g. Service Key. Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection Ciphering Sequence Number Common Traffic Channel Code Time Division Multiple Access Cellular Telephone Industry Association
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COPS CORBA CORE COST COTS CP CP CP3 CP-Admin CPCH

CPCS CPCS-SDU CPICH

C-Plane CPS CPS CP-TP CPU CRC CRNC C-RNTI CS CS CS CS C-SAP CSCF Cscramb CSD CSD CSE CS-GW CSI

CSMA-CD CSN CTCH CTDMA CTIA


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CTMx Cable Transition Module x The CTMx is available in 3 styles: - CTMC (PCM30 coax) which provides 3 PCM30 spans - CTMP (PCM30 twisted pair) which provides 3 PCM30 spans - CTMD (DS-1 twisted pair) which provides four DS-1 spans Command TPDU Cable Transition Unit module it provides the physical interface between the LSA RC and the customers spans; it is a set of resource modules that include: - a CTB (Cable Transition Board): is equipped to mate the backplane with seven CMTs and a CTMH - a single CTMH (Cable Transition Module High density); ensures connectivity between CTU and LSA RC - 7 CTMx (Cable Transition Module); is either the CTMP for PCM-30 120 W interface, the CTMC for PCM-30 75 W interface, or CTMD for the DS1 100 W interface it provides the following functions: - Terminates the cables that connect to the TIM via the CTMH - Provides connectors for terminating customer A and Ater spans - Contains CTMs which provide secondary surge protection, manual loopback, switches, and passive electronics for impedance matching for PCM-30 coax connections Reference point between USIM and ME Closed User Group Continuous Wave (unmodulated signal) Character Waiting Integer Character Waiting Time Commercial XML

C-TPDU CTU

Cu CUG CW CWI CWT CXML

D
DACS DACCS DAB DAD DAM DAMPS

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Direct Ambient Cooling System Digital Access Cross ConnectS Digital Audio Broadcasting Destination ADress DECT Authentication Module Digital Advanced Mobile Phone System D-AMPS uses the TDMA transmission standard in the frequency range around 1900MHz. To allow the migration of TDMA networks into the third mobile phone generation, an upgrade to EDGE is provided. Alternative term for transmission speed, or the number of bits per second transferred. The useful data rate for the user is usually less than the actual data rate transported on the network. One reason for this is that additional test signals for error correction are transmitted, to compensate for possible transmission errors. Dedicated Control Dynamic Channel Allocation Dedicated Control CHannel Dedicated Control Functional Entity Dedicated CHannel Characterized by the possibility of fast rate change (every 10 ms), fast power control and inherent addressing of UEs; it is a downlink or uplink transport channel GSM implementation in US and Europe on the 1800Mhz band Direct Dial In Dual Duplexer Module Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications

Data Rate

DC DCA DCCH DCFE DCH

DCS1800 DDI DDM DECT

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DECT DES DF DHCP DHO diff-serv Digital Signature Digital European Cordless Telephone Data Encryption Security Dedicated File Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Diversity Handover Differentiated services Also called 'electronic signature'. To create a digital signature, a digital code is used to encode a piece of information. As only the holder of the digital signature can generate or decode the corresponding code string, he can prove his identity with the digital signature or authenticate messages, payment processes, orders, etc. DownLink (forward link) Technical term for data transmission in the direction from the network, the provider or the Internet provider to the subscriber. Data Link Connection Identifier Digital Multiplex System Direct Message Transfer Application Part Distributed Management Task Force Destination Network Directory Name Service Domain Name Server Data Object Everywhere in Japanese language Detection Point The points in processing at which notifications (to the service logic) can occur and transfer of control (to the gsmSCF) is possible; they are activated in SSP Dynamic Profile Dedicated Physical Control CHannel I/Q code multiplexed within each radio frame, uplink channel Dedicated Physical Channel Dedicated Physical Data CHannel I/Q code multiplexed within each radio frame; it is used to carry dedicated data generated at Layer 2 and above, i.e. the dedicated transport channel (DCH), uplink channel Dynamic Resource Allocation Control Drift Radio Network Controller Drift Radio Network Subsystem Discontinuous Reception Direct Sequencing Digital Signal level 0 DSCH Control Channel Direct Sequence CDMA Access scheme of WCDMA Downlink Shared Channel DSCH Control Channel Diffserv Code Point Digital Subscriber Line Digital Signal Processor Digital Subscriber Signaling System number 2 Data Service Unit Digital Cross-Connect Direct Transfer Application Protocol Transparent MS/MSC chain messages (mobility management and call control); part of BSSAP Digital Trunk Controller Dedicated Traffic Channel
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DL DLCI DMS DMTAP DMTF DN DNS DNS DO DoCoMo DP

DP DPCCH DPCH DPDCH

DRAC DRNC DRNS DRX DS DS0 DSCCH DS-CDMA DSCH DSCH CCH DSCP DSL DSP DSS2 DSU DSX DTAP DTC DTCH
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DTE DTMF DTX Dual Band Dual Mode DUP Duplex Separation Data Terminal Equipment Dual Tone Multiple Frequency Discontinuous Transmission Dual band mobiles can transmit and receive on two different frequency ranges (e.g. GSM at 900 MHz and GSM at 1800 MHz). Dual mode mobiles work according to two different radio standards (e.g. GSM and UMTS). Dial-Up Networking Separation of Uplink and Downlink channel For a communication link, mobiles occupy two frequencies: a transmit channel from the network to the terminal, and a back channel in the opposite direction. For data transmissions, the terms downlink and uplink are used. The terminal occupies two radio channels, one for each transmission direction. Digital Video Broadcasting Terrestrial Dense Wave Division Multiplexing

DVB-T DWDM

E
E1

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E-carrier system 1 E1 is a European digital transmission format devised by the ITU-TS. It is the equivalent of the North American T-carrier system format. E2 through E5 are carriers in increasing multiples of the E1 format. The E1 signal format carries data at a rate of 2.048 million bits per second and can carry 32 channels of 64 Kbps each. E1 carries a higher data rate than T-1 (which carries 1.544 million bits per second). E1 and T-1 can be interconnected for international use. E2 is a line that carries four multiplexed E1 signals with a data rate of 8.448 million bits per second. E3 carries 16 E1 signals with a data rate of 34.368 million bits per second. E4 carries four E3 channels with a data rate of 139.264 million bits per second. E5 carries four E4 channels with a data rate of 565.148 million bits per second. PPP Extensible Authentication Protocol e-business XML Average energy per PN chip European Community Electronic Commerce Embedded configurable operating system European Committee of Telecommunications Regulatory Affairs Error Concealment Unit Error Detection Code byte Enhanced Data Rates for GMS Evolution EDGE is an evolution of GSM and US-TDMA systems. This system is often seen as an interim step technology towards UMTS. EDGE uses the modern transmission technology of the UMTS standard, but works in the frequency range of today's GSM network. Therefore the EDGE standard could provide an alternative solution for mobile phone providers who lost out with the auctioning of licenses to use UMTS frequencies. EDGE will increase network capacity and data rates up to 473 kbit/s, enabling value-added Mobile Multimedia services. Event Detection Point Elementary File Explicit Forward Congestion Indication Enhanced Full Rate EFR provides improved voice quality on cellular system.
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E2 E3 E4 E5 EAP ebXML Ec EC e-Commerce eCos ECTRA ECU EDC EDGE

EDP EF EFCI EFR

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Wireless Internet Dictionary


EFS E-GGSN E-GPRS E-HLR EIR EIRP EIU EM EMC EMF Error free seconds Enhanced GGSN Enhanced GPRS Enhanced HLR Equipment Identity Register Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power Ethernet Interface Unit Element Manager Electromagnetic Compatibility Electromagnetic Field In science, the term electromagnetic field (EMF is used to describe the wave characteristics of energy. The electromagnetic spectrum encompasses natural and human-made sources of EMF. Human-made sources of EMF (electricity, microwaves and radio frequency (RF) fields) are found at the relatively long wavelength and low frequency end of the electromagnetic spectrum and their quanta are unable to break chemical bonds. Sunlight itself is part of the electromagnetic spectrum and acts as the divide between non-ionizing energy and ionizing energy. Electromagnetic Interferences Enhanced Multi-Level Precedence and Pre-emption Electromagnetic Radiation EMR is a form of energy between 10 KHz-300 GHz in the electromagnetic spectrum. It can be illustrated as a stream of mass-less particles, each traveling in a wave-like pattern at the speed of light. These waves can be described with their frequency and their wavelength: the frequency simply expresses the number of oscillations or cycles per second, while wavelength describes the distance between one wave and the next. Hence wavelength and frequency are inseparably intertwined - the higher the frequency, the shorter the wavelength.Wavelength and frequency determine another important characteristic of EMR: electromagnetic waves are carried by particles called quanta. Quanta of higher frequency and shorter wavelength carry more energy than lower frequency and longer wavelength fields. Sometimes EMR carries so much energy per quantum that it can cause molecular change. Encrypted IMSI Enhanced NETwork Europay MasterCard Visa Enhanced Non Transparent Mode End Of Message Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory Electrostatic Discharge Extended Super Frame Encapsulating Security Payload An analogue cellular communications system developed in the UK. ETACS derived from TACS and operates in the 900 MHz band. Equivalent Telephony Erlang European Telecommunications Numbering Space European Telecommunications Standards Institute European body that develops and administers standards in telecommunications. ETSI is responsible for, among other things, protocols and transmission methods in GSM and UMTS networks. Over 770 manufacturing companies, network operators, universities and other organizations from 52 countries inside and outside Europe belong to ETSI. ETSI provides information on its work at http://www.etsi.org/ ETSI ISDN Telephony User Part Elementary time unit

EMI EMLPP EMR

EMSI ENET EMV E-NT mode EOM EPROM ESD ESF ESP ETACS ETE ETNS ETSI

ETSI ISUP Etu

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F
FA FACCH FACH FAUSCH Fast Packet Switching FAX FBI FC FCC FCCH FCI FCS FCS FD-CDMA FDD FDDI FDM FDMA

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Foreign Agent Fast Associated Control Channel Forward Access CHannel FAst Uplink Signaling CHannel An emerging, packet-orientated, digital technology that differs from traditional packet switching in a number of ways. The most obvious is that it transmits all data in a single packet format whether the information is video, voice or data. Facsimile Feedback Information Flow Control Federal Communications Commission Frequency Correction Channel File Control Information Fiber Channel Standard Frame Check Sequence Frequency Division Code Division Multiple Access Frequency Division Duplex Radio technology that is used in cellular communication systems such as GSM. FDD uses a W-CDMA paired spectrum. Fiber Distributed Data Interface Frequency Division Multiplexing Frequency Division Multiple Access Together with CDMA and TDMA, this is a technique whereby the available frequency range is divided up into several sub-ranges (partial bands), which are then assigned to different subscribers. Fixed Dialling Numbers Forward Error Correction Frame Error Counter Frame Erasure Rate Frame Error Rate Fast Frequency Hopping CDMA For Further Study Frequency Hopping Fault Management Follow Me Service Frame Manager Frame Number Fixed Network User Rate Freedom of Multimedia Access BS to Mobile link Frame Protocol Function Processor Future Public Land Mobile Telecommunication System Frame Relay Full Rate RF Module (BTS) Field Replaceable Unit Frame Supervisory Panel File Transfer Access and Management Forwarded-To-Number

FDN FEC FEC FER FER FFH-CDMA FFS FH FM FM FM FN FNUR FOMA Forward Link FP FP FPLMTS FR FR FRM FRU FSP FTAM FtN

UMT/MKT/INF/000001

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G
GW GAN Gb GC GFC GGSN GHz Gi GID1 GID2 GIF GIWF GLR GMM GMM GMSC GMSK Gn Gp GP GPRS

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Gateway Technical term for the transition between communication networks. Global Area Network WAN that spans the globe, using both terrestrial and wireless telecommunications Interface between BTS and BSC General Control SAP; message of the cell = BCCH Generic Flow Control Gateway GPRS Support Node A gateway from a cellular network to an IP network. Gigaherz A frequency measurement, which equals one million hertz. One hertz equals one cycle per second. Interface between GGSN and Internet/Intranet Group Identifier (level 1) Group Identifier (level 2) Graphics Interchange Format Inter Working Function Cabinet Gateway Location Register Global Multimedia Mobility GPRS Mobility Management Gateway Mobile Switching Center Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying Interface between GGSN and SGSN Interface between a GGSN in the home network and a GGSN in the visitor network. Guard Period General Packet Radio Service GPRS will provide packet switched data primarily 2G networks (GSM). GPRS can also combine with TDMA networks. The first phase of GPRS allows a data rate of 57 kbits/s. Later phases allow the speed to be increased to 115 and finally to 170 kbits/s. GPRS terminals are permanently online (always-on); so do not have to dial onto the Internet each time. To do this, all subscribers within a GPRS cell sector have the existing bandwidth divided between them. Global Positioning System A worldwide radio-navigation system that was developed by the US. Department of Defense. It is also widely used in marine and terrestrial navigation (e.g. car navigation systems). Future terminals plan to use the GPS system for planned navigation services or for the preparation of location-dependent information. Global Positioning System and Alarm Module Interface between SGSN and HLR Generic Routing Encapsulation Global Mobile Suppliers Association Groupe Special Mobile / Global System for Mobile Communication The abbreviation GSM originally derived from Groupe Spciale Mobile' - the name of the sub-organisation of ETSI responsible for the original GSM development. With the international acceptance of this European mobile phone technology, the abbreviation was later reinterpreted as Global System for Mobile Communications'. The GSM digital mobile phone standard counts as the second generation in mobile phones. GSM uses the frequency ranges around 900MHz and
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GPS

GPSAM Gr GRE GSA GSM

UMT/MKT/INF/000001

Wireless Internet Dictionary


1800MHz. A specification was subsequently adopted that allows the operation of GSM networks in the frequency range around 450MHz. Also, in the USA, regional GSM networks operate on the frequency 1900MHz. The American 1900-MHz variety is sometimes also called PCS (Personal Communications System'). Global System for Mobile communication, 1800MHz GSM cellular system operating in the 1800 MHz frequency band (also referred to as PCN or PCN 1800 or DCS 1800). Primarily used in urban areas in Europe. Global System for Mobile communication, 1900MHz GSM-based cellular system operating in the 1900 MHz frequency band (also referred to as PCS 1900 and DCS 1900). GSM1900 is primarily used in urban areas in the US. Global System for Mobile communication, 900MHz GSM-based cellular system operating in the 900 MHz frequency band. This system is the most extensively used worldwide, having been adopted in over 120 countries. Gaussian minimum shift keying GPRS Support Node GPRS Tunneling Protocol GPRS Tunneling Protocol - Control Plane GPRS Tunneling Protocol - User Plane Graphic User Interface.

GSM1800

GSM1900

GSM900

GSMK GSN GTP GTP-C GTP-U GUI

H
H.323

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H.323 recommendation The H.323 recommendation was formulated by ITU in 1996. It defines multimedia communication algorithms and protocols for IP-based LANs. The newest version of the standard will also be used under mobile packet networks. H.324 recommendation The H.324 recommendation was formulated by ITU in 1995. It defines multimedia communication algorithms and protocols for PSTNs. The recommendation has been extended (H.324M) for use in mobile circuitswitched networks as well. HardWare High Availability Home Agent Technical term for the change between two mobile phone cells; the network passes the running connection on to the neighboring cell. Hybrid Automatic Request Hierarchical Cell Structure Home CSCF High Density Bipolar 3 High-level Data Link Control High Data Rate Channel Home Environment Header Error Control Home Environment Value Added Service Provider Human Factors Hyper Frame Number Hard Handover One of the service profiles in the UMTS system. High Interactive Multimedia provides a line-switched connection between subscribers and offers a data rate of 128 kilobits per second. Because of its characteristics, this profile is particularly good for point-to-point connections
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H.324

H/W HA HA Handover HARQ HCS H-CSCF HDB3 HDLC HDRCH HE HEC HE-VASP HF HFN HHO High Interactive Multimedia

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Wireless Internet Dictionary


with multimedia services, e.g. a videophone service on your mobile. One of the service profiles in the UMTS system. The service profile high multimedia offers data rates of 2 megabits per second. It works with packet-switched connections, so is mainly suitable for high data transfers. The data rate of 2 megabits per second is only available at 'hotspots'. The subscriber may only move at a maximum of 4 miles per hour. High Performance Radio Local Area Network HIPERLAN Type 1 is a wireless LAN that is ISO 8802 compatible. It is intended to allow high performance wireless networks to be created. In addition it can be used as an extension for a cable LAN. High Performance Radio Local Area Network Short Range Variant This short range variant is intended as a complementary access mechanism for UMTS systems as well as for private use as a wireless LAN type system. It will offer high-speed access (25 Mbit/s typical data rate) to a variety of networks including the UMTS core network, ATM network and IP base network. Home Location Register A database that manages subscriber data. Every user is allocated exactly one HLR. The HLR provides information on the services subscribed to by the network user. The HLR stores a reference to the customer's location, information that is important for roaming. It enables the processing of ID/charged fee data, etc. during roaming in the case of a variety of differing communication devices and networks. HLR Provisioning Server Human-Machine Interface. High MultiMedia Home Network Home Network Domain Subunit of the CND. The HND takes over all functions of the transport network, which refer to a fix location and are independent from the users actual place of residence. HandOver Technical term for a very narrowly limited area with high data and voice traffic (e.g. airports, shopping malls, business centers) Home PLMN Home Public Land Mobile Network Handover Path Switching Handover Resource Reservation High Speed Circuit Switched Data An upgrade to GSM networks that enables data rates up to 57.6kbps. For HSCSD, several GSM data channels are bundled providing a multiple of their capacity. For example, two GSM channels, each with 14,4 kbits/s, can be bundled so that 28,8 kbits/s can be used for uplink and downlink. In an asymmetric configuration, HSCSD can bundle three GSM channels on the downlink, each with 14,4 kbit/s, providing a total of 43,200 bits per second. In uplink a single channel of 14,4 kbits/s is used. HSCSD requires special terminals - and not all HSCSD capable devices are suitable for all channel configurations. High Speed Downlink Packet Access HSDPA is a packet-based data service in W-CDMA downlink with data transmission up to 8-10 Mbps (and 20 Mbps for MIMO systems) over a 5MHz bandwidth in WCDMA downlink. HSDPA implementations include AMC, MIMO, HARQ, fast cell search, and advanced receiver design. High Speed LAN Home Subscriber Server The HSS is the master database for a given user in a UMTS R5 network. It is the entity containing the subscription related information to support the

High Multimedia

HIPERLAN

HIPERLAN/2

HLR

HLR-PS HMI HMM HN HND

HO Hotspot HPLMN HPLMN HPS HRR HSCSD

HSDPA

HSLAN HSS

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network entities actually handling calls/sessions, similar to the HLR. HSSL HST HTML HTTP HTTPS High Speed Serial communication Link. Home Subscriber Trace Hyper Text Markup Language Hypertest Transfer Protocol Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure (https is http/1.1 over SSL, i.e. port 443)

I
I/F I/O I/P IAM I-Block iBTS

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InterFace Input/Output Intelligent Peripheral Initial Address Message Information Block Internet Base Transceiver Station Nortel Networks Node B brand. Nortel Networks offers a complete portfolio of Univity iBTS for indoor and outdoor applications in urban, suburban and rural areas including: Indoor iBTS, Outdoor iBTS, Compact iBTS, Street iBTS, Mono iBTS and Micro iBTS. Nortel Networks Univity iBTS product family offers maximum output power and optimized coverage: The modular product concept allows easy growth from low to high capacity. Nortel Networks offers superior link budget best uplink/downlink performance which will save equipment and reduces CapEx. Compact physical packaging and integrated product design saves space sites and reduces OpEx. Integrated Circuit Integrated Circuit Card Incoming Call Gateway Internet Control Message Protocol International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection Intelligent Cellular Peripheral The ICP provides control for multiple cell sites from a centralized location, increasing the cell site maintenance and reducing the amount of expensive hardware needed per site. The ICP manages trunks to the cell sites, Integrated Cellular Remote Module The ICRM assigns radio channels and provides voice and messaging capabilities to individual mobile phones. Identifier Infrastructure Domain Interface Definition Language Interface Data Unit Information Element International Electrotechnical Commission Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Interface Electronics Module Interface Electronics Module (BSC) part of the LSA RC Internet Engineering Task Force Infrastructure Information Field Sizes Information Field Size for the UICC Information Field Size for the Terminal Internet Hosted Octet Stream Service Internet Inter-ORB Protocol
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IC ICC ICGW ICMP ICNIRP ICP

ICRM ID ID IDL IDU IE IEC IEEE IEM IEM IETF IF IFS IFSC IFSD IHOSS IIOP
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Wireless Internet Dictionary


IK IKE IMA IMAP IMEI IMGI IM-GSN IMM i-mode IMS IMSI IMT-2000 Integrity Key Internet Key Exchange Inverse Multiplexing on ATM Internet Messaging Access Protocol A remote mailbox access protocol. International Mobile Equipment Identity International mobile group identity Intermediate GPRS Serving Node Interactive MultiMedia A wireless service launched in Japan in 1999 by NTT DoCoMo. The service accessed by a wireless packet network (PDC-P) and the contents are described in a subset of the HTML language. Internet Multimedia Server International Mobile Subscriber Identity it is only stored in the UTRAN for the duration of the RRC connection International Mobile Telecommunications at 2000MHz An initiative of the ITU to provide wireless access to global telecommunication infrastructure through satellite and terrestrial systems, serving fixed and mobile phone users via both public and private telephone networks. IMT-2000 uses various transmission methods for transporting much higher data rates than previous mobile phone networks, which include W-CDMA, TD-CDMA and cdma2000. International Mobile User Identity International Mobile User Number Intelligent Network Technical term for a communication network that determines the place where its subscriber is located, and can react accordingly. Interface Node (BSC) Intelligent Network Application Part Information field Integrated Network Management Interface Node Input Output Controller Input Output Peripheral Internet Open Trading Protocol Interoperability Testing Test between network interfaces of different suppliers Internet Protocol A communication protocol used by communication hardware for internet applications. IP is a packet-oriented data transmission protocol: individual data packets may use different routes on their way through the Internet and are put back into their correct order by the receiver. Each terminal that is logged on to the Internet contains its own IP address. Intelligent Peripheral Control Protocol Ideal Period Downlink Interrogating PLMN This is the PLMN that performs the interrogation of the HPLMN for information on the treatment of a terminating call. IP Multicast Intellectual Property Right Internet Protocol Security Internet Protocol version 4 Currently utilized 32 bits IP addresses (4,2 billion different addresses are almost all IPv4, and with the present rate of Internet growth this type of address will be exhausted by 2010. Internet Protocol version 6 The latest IP version. IP Version 6 has been extended to 128 bits, thereby
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IMUI IMUN IN IN INAP INF INM I-Node IOC IOP IOPT IOT IP

IPCP IPDL IPLMN IP-M IPR IPSec IPv4

IPv6

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Wireless Internet Dictionary


enabling further Internet expansion. Moreover security and mobility are added into the protocol. Infrared Infrared Data Association A private sector body established in 1993 to promote standardization in the field of infrared data communication. IrDA is also the term generally applied to the system itself, which operates in accordance with the standards established by the organization. This system has been incorporated in notebook PCs, PDA and has become a worldwide de facto standard. Infrared Mobile Communication A sub-working group within IrDA, which has defined infrared for mobile terminals (portable phones and portable information terminals). Internet Radio Network Controller Nortel Networks former RNC brand that was replaced by Oct. 3rd 2002 with the new brand name Nortel Networks Univity UMTS RNC. The Univity RNC supports all interfaces defined by the 3GPP for UMTS and will provide operators with industry leading capacity and performance. Nortel Networks Univity RNC delivers investment protection by using Passport 15K, Nortel Networks multi-service data platform. The Passport platform leverages best-in-class industry technology, allowing the Univity RNC easy evolution to support Packet over SONET, Gigabit Ethernet and STM-4 interfaces. Above and beyond taking advantage of over 1000 mature ATM and IP features on Passport, the Univity RNC transparently incorporates leadingedge processor modules to deliver high-speed, high-touch bearer services. Integration Reference Point Infrared Transfer Standard System A standard system for the infrared transfer of digital images between such devices as digital cameras, PDAs, etc. It was standardized by IrDA (Infrared Data Association) and adopts a JPEG file format for exchanged data. Interim Standard-136 describing US-TDMA Interim Standard-54 Interim Standard-95 (also called narrow band CDMA) One type of digital mobile phone system which applies CDMA to realize large volume traffic and enable numerous users to access a limited bandwidth. Also known as cdmaOne, this system is used in Hong Kong, North and South America, Korea and Japan. Internet Security Association & Key Management Protocol (IETF protocol) Interference Signal Code Power Integrated Services Digital Network An integrated digital network able of complete digitalizing and handling of information from different services including voice and data. ISDN can be implemented on the existing copper infrastructure of the analogue telephone network. After equipping an analogue telephone connection with ISDN, the signals between the exchange and the subscriber connection are transmitted purely digitally. Inter System Handover Integrated Services Module Audio server International Standardization Organization Intermediate Service Part Internet Service Provider Common abbreviation in the industry for a company that provides its customers with access to the Internet. Information Society Technology EU program for the development of UMTS, which was set up between 2000 and 2004. Integrated Services User Part

IR IrDA

IrMC iRNC

IRP IrTranP

IS-136 IS-54 IS-95

ISAKMP ISCP ISDN

ISHO ISM ISO ISP ISP IST ISUP

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ISUP ITA ITU ISDN User Part Industry Telecommunications Association International Telecommunications Union A UN affiliated body engaged in standardization relevant to international telecommunications. It includes two standardizing divisions: ITU-T (standardization for modems, ISDN, network interfaces for communication system operators, etc.) and ITU-R (standardization related to radio communication services). Standards established by the organization are referred to as recommendations, and are formally adopted as such only upon the unanimous consent of all member countries. ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector Permanent organ of the ITU; it is responsible for studying technical, operating and tariff questions and issuing recommendations on them with a view to standardizing telecommunications on a worldwide basis; has replaced CCITT since 1st March 1993 CN-UTRAN interface UMTS access to CN; interface between RNC and Core Network; open interface. This interface is mapped on AAL2 towards the Circuit Switched (CS) Domain and on IP/AAL5 towards the Packet Switched (PS) Domain. It will use ATM with BSSMAP-like control protocols Iu User Plane 2 modes of operations: TrM and SMpSDU Interface between RNC and access node; open interface Iu interface - CS domain Interface between RNC and MGW International USIM Identifier Iu interface - PS domain Interface between RNC and SGSN Interface between two RNCs; open interface In Vehicle Information Service Inter-Working Function A system under voice band data communication service MODEM: V.90 max. 56kbps / G3 FAX: max. 14.4kbps that works to convert digital signals, transferred over the air interface to 3.1 KHz band data. Inter Working Unit Used to link an UMTS CN to an IMT-2000 CN Inter Working Unit

ITU-T

Iu

Iu UP Iub Iu-CS IUI Iu-PS Iur IVIS IWF

IWU IWU

J
JAR file Java JD JNDI JP JPEG JTAPI JTC1

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Java Archive File Programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. Programs written in the language do not rely on an operating system. Joint Detection Java Naming Directory Interface Joint Predistortion Joint Photographic Expert Group Compression Standard The JPEG compression standard, developed by ISO and ITU in 1990, is suitable for compressing continuous tone images. Java Telephony Application Programming Interface Joint Technical Committee 1

K
KAC Kb Kbps
UMT/MKT/INF/000001

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Key Administration Center Kilobyte (1024 bytes) Kilo bit(s) per second
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Wireless Internet Dictionary


Kc KHz Ki Ksps KSS KW Transmission key Kilohertz Identification key Kilo symbol(s) per second Key Stream Segment KiloWatt

L
L1 L2 L2F L2TP L3 LA LAC LAC LAC LAI LAN

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Layer 1 (physical layer) Layer 2 (data link layer) Layer 2 Forwarding Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol Protocol used between GGSN and corporate intranet Layer 3 (network layer) Location Area Layer 2 Access Controller Link Access Control Location Area Code Location Area Identity LAI = MCC + MNC + LAC Local Area Network Short-distance data communications networks, intended to connect computers within the same location for the purpose of sharing information and/or peripheral devices such as printers, CD-ROMs, and modems; a typical LAN operates at 4, 10, or 16 Mbps Link Access Protocol family: LAPB, LAPD, LAPDm Link Access Protocol Balanced Link Access Protocol on D channel Large Area Synchronized CDMA Wireless technology that is based on CDMA and TDD Local Access and Transport Area Location Based Services Long Constrained Data Long Constrained Delay Fixed services: LCD64, LCD144, LCD384, LCD2048 exist; circuit connection emulation (for speech service also); code(s) allocated to the unique use of one user communication Link Control Protocol LoCation Services It shall be possible to identify and report in a standard format (e.g. geographical co-ordinates) the current location of the users terminal and to make the information available to the user, ME, network operator, service provider, value added service providers and for PLMN internal operations; the location identification is provided to identify the likely location of specific MEs; this is meant to be used for charging, location-based services, lawful interception, emergency calls, etc., as well as the positioning services; the standard shall support both GSM BSS and UTRAN to facilitate determination of the location of a mobile station Lightweight Directory Access Protocol Light Emitting Diode LENgth Link Interface Unit Link Interface Unit for CCS7 Logical Link Control Location Management Local Maintenance Terminal
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LAP LAPB LAPD LAS CDMA LATA LBS LCD LCD

LCP LCS

LDAP LED LEN LIU LIU7 LLC LM LMT


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Wireless Internet Dictionary


LN LNA LNS LPC LPP LSA LSA RC Logical Name Low Noise Amplifier L2F/L2TP Network Server Linear Predictive Coding Link Peripheral Processor Location Service Area Low Speed Access Resource Complex (bsc IN, tcu) Provides 21 PCM-30 or 28 DS-1 span connections; it is a set of resource modules that include: - a duplicated IEM (Interface Electronics Module): there is one spare for every IEM that is processing calls - a single TIM (Termination Interface Module); as all the functions of the TIM are implemented with passive components, it allows the TIM to be nonredundant without impacting system reliability - a RCM (Resource Complex Mini backplane); is equipped to mate the backplane with two IEMs and a TIM The IEM transmits the PCM-30 or DS-1 line encoded signals to the CEM across the S-link interface, handles various other functions such as clock and frame recovery, alarm detection, line coding, mapping the span information into the S-link format and providing a diagnostic interface Least Significant Bit Label Switch Path Line Trunk Controller Local Time Zone Open RNC-RNC interface.

LSB LSP LTC LTZ Lur

M
MA MAC MAC MAC-A MAC-c MAC-d MAC-I MAC-I Macro Cell MAHO MAN

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Multiple Access Medium Access Control (protocol layering context) Message authentication code (encryption context) MAC used for authentication and key agreement (TSG T WG3 context) Common MAC Dedicated MAC MAC used for data integrity of signaling messages (TSG T WG3 context) Message Authentication Code Identifier In large cities, mobile phone operators are increasingly converting their networks to small cell structures (cells). Larger mobile phone cells with diameters from 10 to 20 miles are macro cells. Mobile Assisted Handover Metropolitan Area Network High-speed intra-city networks, usually constrained to a 50-kilometer radius; MANs enable real-time data, voice, and image transmission, and typically operate at speeds ranging from 1 Mbps to 200 Mbps Mobile Application Part Mobile Application Part C Interface between MSC and HLR Mobile Application Part D Interface between VLR and HLR Mobile Application Part E Interface between MSC and MSC Mobile Application Part G Interface between VLR and VLR Mobile Application Part Gr Interface between SGSN and HLR Media Attachment Unit Megabyte (1024 kb)
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MAP MAP C MAP D MAP E MAP G MAP Gr MAU Mb or Mbyte


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Wireless Internet Dictionary


Mbps MCC MCC MC-CDMA Megabit per second Mobile Call Center RNC simulator Mobile Country Code Multi-Carrier Code Division Multiple Access MC-CDMA - also called cdma2000 - means the combination of three IS-95 carriers to form one wideband carrier to evolve from IS-95 to third generation systems. Matsuhita Communication Industrial Panasonic Multi-Class Multi-Link PPP Mobile Network Code Mobile Commerce Multi-Carrier Power Amplifier Mega chips per second 3.84 Mcps is the fixed spreading factor of UMTS Media Control Unit Magellan Data Provider Multimedia Distribution Service Mobile Equipment Mobile Equipment Domain MEdia GAteway COntrol protocol One of the service profiles on the UMTS system. Medium Multimedia uses packet switching and achieves a data rate of 384 kilobits per second. This profile is most suitable for data direct transfers, streaming media or broadband Internet access. Mobile evaluated handover Message Error Rate Mobile station application eXecution environment Provides a standardized environment for applications and services on the mobile station; it uses both Java and WAP technologies to realize services; MExE provides a standardized execution environment in an MS, and an ability to negotiate its supported capabilities with a MExE service provider, allowing applications to be developed independently of any MS platform; the MS (consisting of the ME and SIM/USIM) can then be targeted at a range of implementations for MExE from small devices with low bandwidth, limited displays, low processor speeds, limited memory, MMI etc., to sophisticated with a complete MExE execution environment Master File Media Gateway Control Function Media Gataway Control Protocol Media Gateway Control Part Mobile Global Title Media GateWay Mast Head Amplifier Multimedia and Hypermedia Information Coding Expert Group Message Handling Service MegaHertz. Management Information Base In large cities, mobile phone operators are increasingly converting their networks to small cell structures (cells). Radio cells in the mid-range (with a diameter of about one mile) are micro cells. The miniaturization of radio cells allows more subscribers to be supplied over a given area. Management Information Model Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Mobile IP Million Instructions Per Second
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MCI MCML MCN m-commerce MCPA Mcps MCU MDP MDS ME MED MEGACO Medium Multimedia

MEHO MER MeXe

MF MGCF MGCP MGCP MGT MGW MHA MHEG MHS MHz MIB Micro Cell

MIM MIMO MIP MIPS


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Wireless Internet Dictionary


MM MM MM MMI MMM MMS Mobility Management Multimedia Multimode A multimode terminal supports various transmission modes, in other words, various radio standards. Man Machine Interface Medium MultiMedia Multimedia Messaging Service MMS is a new standard that is being defined for use in advanced wireless terminals. The service allows for non-real-time transmission of various kinds of multimedia contents like images, audio, video clips, etc.. Memory Mass Storage module it holds all the private data and those that must be secured and still accessible in the event of an OMU failure or disk failure; those modules are provisioned in pair to provide redundancy Message Management Unit Mobile Node Mobile Network Code Mobile Number Portability Mobile Originated Mobile Originated Handover Mean Opinion Score Memorandum of Understanding Minutes of Usage Multi-link PPP Maximum Permissible Exposure Motion Picture Experts Group Moving Picture Experts Group Compression Standard Version 4 MPEG4 is a technology for compressing voice, video and related control data and is one of the MPEG international standards. It enables high speed and stable video transmission even in difficult environments such as mobile communication. Multi Protocol Label Switching Mobile Positioning System Maximum Ratio Combining Media Resource Function Message Switches Mobile Station All kind of equipment using mobile data exchange, i.e. cell phones or laptops. Most Significant Bit Mobile Switching Center Switching function for mobile communication. The MSC provides interfaces to the BTSs connected to it, for location database VLR and to other MSCs. Besides switching mobile phone connections, the MSC administers handovers to neighboring BTSs, carries out call metering, provides comfort functions within the network and other subscriber services. Microsoft Dial-Up Networking MExE Service Environment Mobile Station Identifier Mobile Station Identification Number Mobile Station ISDN Number Mobile Subscriber ISDN Multi Subscriber Profile Mobile Station Roaming Number Mobile Termination Maintenance Trunk Module
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MMS (bsc, CN)

MMU MN MNC MNP MO MOHO MOS MoU MoU MP MPE MPEG MPEG4

MPLS MPS MRC MRF MS MS MSB MSC

MSDUN MSE MSID MSIN MSISDN MSISDN MSP MSRN MT MTM


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Wireless Internet Dictionary


MTP MTP3-B MTU MUD MUI Multimedia MVNO Message Transfer Part Message Transfer Part Level 3 Maximum Transfer Unit Multi User Detection Mobile User Identifier Combination of multiple forms of media in the communication of information; can include text, images, sound, video, animation, and telephony Mutual Virtual Network Operator

N
NAC NACK NAD NAI Narrowband

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Network Access Controller Negative ACKnowledgement Node Address byte Network Access Identifier As a contrast to the term broadband, narrowband means all transmission methods with small bandwidth and rather smaller data rates. As it is understood today, transmission rates up to about 128 kilobits per second are considered as narrowband: higher data rates are considered as broadband. Network Access Server Non-Access Stratum Network Address Translation Node B Application Part Protocol used over Iub Network Control Key Network Control Protocol National Destination Code Nodal Data Manager Network Determined User Busy Network Element The closest BTS signal overlays other BTSs signals Network evaluated handover Set of resources used to provide a set of services NEVer Network File Services Network Gateway Server Network Interface Card Narrowband ISDN Network Identity and Time Zone Network Manager Network Monitoring System National Mobile Station Identifier Nordic Mobile Telephone Analog cellular system originally developed for use in Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Iceland. NMT is operated in 450 MHz and 900 MHz bands. Network Node Interface Network to Network Interface Network Operator National Operation Center Part of the OAM Subsystem In a network, a node is a connection point, either a redistribution point or an end point for data transmissions. In general, a node has programmed or engineered capability to recognize and process or forward transmissions to other nodes.
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NAS NAS NAT NBAP NCK NCP NDC NDM NDUB NE Near-Far-Effect NEHO Network NEV NFS NGS NIC NISDN NITZ NM NMS NMSI NMT

NNI NNI NO NOC Node

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Wireless Internet Dictionary


Node B NP NPA NPDU NPI NRM NRT NRZ NSAP NSAPI NSCK NSDU NSS NSS NT Nt NT-mode NTP NTT Name for BTS in UMTS, controls a number of cells and can be ordered to add/remove radio links in those cells (from CRNC) Network Performance Numbering Plan Area Network Protocol Data Unit Numbering Plan Identifier Network Resource Model Non-Real Time Non Return to Zero Network Service Access Point Network Service Access Point Identifier Network Subset Control Key Network service data unit Network Sub System Network Switching Subsystem Non Transparent Notification (SAP) it is a SAP; broadcasted in the cell, but for only one user (e.g. paging) Non Transparent mode Nortel Networks Technical Publication Nippon Telephone & Telegraph Analog mobile telephone system according to Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Corporation's standard in the frequency ranges 800 and 1500Mhz. National User / USIM Identifier Near Video On Demand Network

NUI NVOD NW

O
O&M OA&M OAM OAMSS OC-3 OCCCH OCF OCM OC-n Ocx

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Operations and Maintenance Operation Administration and Maintenance Operation Administration and Maintenance Operation Administration and Maintenance SubSystem Optical Carrier-3 ODMA Common Control CHannel Open Card Framework Optical Conversion Module Optical Carrier level n Optical Carrier levels (OCx) SONET includes a set of signal rate multiples for transmitting digital signals on optical fiber. The base rate (OC-1) is 51.84 Mbps. OC-2 runs at twice the base rate, OC-3 at three times the base rate, and so forth. Planned rates include OC-1, OC-3 (155.52 Mbps), OC-12 (622.08 Mpbs), and OC48 (2.488 Gbps). ATM makes use of some of the Optical Carrier levels. Operator Determined Barring ODMA Dedicated Control CHannel ODMA Dedicated Channel Opportunity Driven Multiple Access Only in TDD Access OA&M Data Server ODMA Dedicated Traffic CHannel ODMA Dedicated CHannel Original Equipment Manufacturer Operators Harmonization Group
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ODB ODCCH ODCH ODMA ODS ODTCH ODTH OEM OHG


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Wireless Internet Dictionary


OHSAS OMC OMF OMU Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series Operation and Maintenance Centre Operation and Maintenance Facility Operation and Maintenance Unit (BSC, CN) It manages all BSC resources, ensures BSC survival, BSS interface with the OMC-R and disk management; those modules are provisioned in pair to providye redundancy Out-of-Band Transcoder Control Uses ISUP+ signaling to negotiate a suitable codec Operational Expenditures ODMA Random Access CHannel Object Request Broker Used within CORBA ODMA Random Access Channel Operations System Open Service Architecture Network interface toolkit being developed which will be part of the VHE concept Open System Interconnection Octet Stream Protocol Octet Stream Protocol for Internet Hosted Octet Stream Service Open Shortest Path First Operation and Support System Operator Specific Services Any service offered on a PLMN that is not standardized by the GSM specifications. Observed Time Difference Observed Time Difference On Arrival Omni Transmit Sectorial Receive Omni-directional TX Sectorized RX. Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor

OoBTC OPEX ORACH ORB ORCH OS OSA OSI OSP OSP:IHOSS OSPF OSS OSS OTD OTDOA OTSR OTSR OVSF

P
Packet switching service

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In contrast to line-switched connections, subscribers connected with packet-switched connections, do not have an exclusive transmission channel available. Data is divided and transmitted independently of each other in packets of set size. Its special feature is that communication between terminals with differing speeds and formats is possible since transmission/reception is performed after data has first been stored at the exchange. Additionally, the available bandwidth (capacity) can be distributed considerably better between several subscribers. Packet Assembler/Disassembler (X.25). Password Authentication Protocol Paging Block Periodicity Private Branch exchange A telephone exchange system, generally for a company or other private body, providing the capability to allow internal and external calls and also operate the internal traffic. Personal Computer Power Control Protocol Control Byte Parallel Concatenated Convolutional Code Paging Control Channel Primary Common Control Physical Channel Used to carry BCH; it is a fixed rate (30 kbps, 15 ksps, SF = 256) Project Co-ordination Group
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PAD PAP PBP PBX

PC PC PCB PCCC PCCH PCCPCH PCG


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Wireless Internet Dictionary


PCH PCK PCM PCMCIA PCMCIA Paging Channel Personalization Control Key Pulse Code Modulation PC Memory Card International Association PC Modular Communication Interface Adapter The Personal Computer Memory Card Interface Association has established formats for memory expansion cards in notebook computers and organizers. These cards are based on the surface area of a credit card and are specified in various thickness (3.3, 5 and 10.5mm).PCMCIA cards have been used for many things besides memory expansion, e.g. communications functions (such as data radio adapter for mobile phones). The standardized formats were maintained, but the layout of the connection plug modernized as required. These memory and adapter cards are commonly referred to as PC cards. Personal Communications Network Designation for mobile telephony in the frequency range around 1800Mhz in Europe. Also called DCS1800 or GSM1800. Protocol Configuration Options Physical Common Packet CHannel Used to carry CPCH Primary Common Pilot Channel Personal Communication Service Digital mobile phone network, which operates at the 1900 MHz frequency band. GSM 1900 is one of the technologies used in building PCS networks (also referred to as PCS 1900 or DCS 1900). Such networks employ a range of technologies including GSM, TDMA and cdmaOne. Personal Communication System Packet Control Unit Packet Control Unit Support Node Propagation Delay In UMTS: it is the round trip propagation delay of the radio signal from the Node B to the UE and back to the BS in one chip resolution Personal Digital Assistant A hand-held computer that allows you to store, access, and organize information. Most PDAs work on either a Windows-based or a Palm operating system. PDAs can be screen-based or keyboard-based, or both. Personal Digital Cellular A digital cellular standard using frequency ranges 800 and 1500Mhz used in Japan. Digital mobile phones have been standardized under PDC. In the case of the PDC standard, primarily six channels TDMA technology is applied. PDC is a standard unique to Japan, which renders such phone units incompatible with devices that adopt the more worldwide prevalent GSM standard. Packet Data Convergence Protocol Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy Packet Data Network Public Data Network Packet Data Protocol Physical Downlink Shared Channel PCM30 Digital Trunk Controller Packet Data Unit Protocol Data Unit Processing Element Processing Gain PSTN GateWay Packet Handler Function Personal Handyphone System A digitalized evolution of the earlier analog cordless phone concept, which
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PCN PCO PCPCH P-CPICH PCS

PCS PCU PCUSN PD PDA

PDC

PDCP PDH PDN PDN PDP PDSCH PDTC PDU PDU PE PG PGW PHF PHS

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Wireless Internet Dictionary


enables outdoor use as well. PHS incorporates a unique Japanese standard, which melds the advantages of the European DECT and CT2. The system operates in the 1900Mhz band. Physical layer Physical Channel Page Indicator Page Indicator Channel In large cities, mobile phone operators are increasingly converting their networks to small cell structures (cells). The smallest cells are pico cells, which often only range a few hundred meters. The miniaturization of radio cells allows more subscribers to be supplied over a given area. Packet Identification Passport Interface Module Personal Identification Number Phase Locked Loop Public Land Mobile Network Performance Management (OMC) Peripheral Module (MSC) Physical Medium PCI Mezzanine Card Physical Medium Dependent Split in 2 parts: TC and PM Packet Mobility Management Private Mobile Radio Pseudo Noise Paging and Notification Functional Entity Private Numbering Plan Personal Number Service Protocol Option Configuration Plan of Intend Point of Interconnect Plan of Record Plain Old Telephony Service Passport Passport 15000 Product Family Passport 7000 Product Family Parts Per Million Point-to-Point Protocol Protocol and Parameter Select (response to the ATR) Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol Physical Random Access Channel Used to carry RACH Primary Rate ISDN 2 Mbit/s for E1; 1,5 Mbit/s for T1 Programmable Read-Only Memory. An agreed upon format used during communication or information exchange between two communication devices. Packet Switched Primary Synchronization Code Physical Shared Channel Packet Switched Domain Personal Service Environment Passport Shelf Interface Phase Shift Keying Packet Switched Public Switched Telephone Network
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PHY PhyCH PI PICH Pico Cell

PID PIM PIN PLL PLMN PM PM PM PMC PMD PMM PMR PN PNFE PNP PNS POC POI POI POR POTS PP PP15K PP7K PPM PPP PPS PPTP PRACH PRI PROM Protocol PS PSC PSCH PSD PSE PSI PSK PSPDN PSTN
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Wireless Internet Dictionary


Switch-connected type telecommunications circuitry provided by communication service operators. In a narrow sense, it implies a subscriber telephone network. In a broader sense, it is a concept, which includes data communication as typified by the packet-switched network (also referred to as PSDN). ISDN is sometimes included within this definition. By connecting a computer or other type of terminal, a user can communicate with multiple parties. PSTN services are broadly categorized into four types, i.e. telephony, telegraphy, packet-switched (data type) and circuit-switched (for data use). Power Supply Unit Payload Type Payload Type Identifier Point-to-MultiPoint PTM Group Call PTM Multicast Point to Point Public Telephony Operator Payload Unit PIN Unblocking Key Physical Uplink Shared Channel Permanent Virtual Circuit Packet Voice Gateway Passport Voice Gate

PSU PT PTI PTM PTM-G PTM-M PTP PTU PU PUK PUSCH PVC PVG PVG

Q
QCIF1/4 QoC QoE QoS

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Quarter CIF (1/4CIF) A video image format that employs 176 horizontal pixels and 144 vertical lines. Quality of Coverage Quality of Experience The rating that user assigns to a particular encounter with a service. Quality of Service QoS carries different connotations for different people. It is the end-user who pays for the service, and whose perspective matters most. From an end-users perspective QoS defines the characteristics of Service delivery that impacts most critically the perception of the service. The three main characteristics are: Availability of Service Quality of information Consistent delivery At a technical level, QoS is characterized by a set of measurable parameters: Service availability Delay Delay variation (jitter) Throughput Packet Loss Rate Quaternary Phase Shift Keying

QPSK

R
R00 R99 RA RA

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Release 2000 Release 1999 Registration Area Routing Area one RA is a subset of one, and only one, LA, meaning that a RA do not
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Wireless Internet Dictionary


span more than one LA; RA and LA is equal Radio Access Bearer Routing Area Code Research and Development in Advanced Communication Technologies in Europe EU program for the development of UMTS, which was set up between 1989 and 1994. Random Access Channel Carried by PRACH RACH Frame Protocol Remote Authentication Dial In User Service Remote Adjustable Electricle Down Tilt Nortel Networks solution for a centralized tilting of the Node Bs antennaes.The name was replaced by RETA Routing Area Identity Radio Access Mode Random Access Memory Radio Access Network Radio Access Network Application Part In general, RANAP signaling is an enhanced BSSMAP Response APDU Radio Access System Remote Access Server Radio Bearer Receive-ready Block Resource Complex Mini back plane (BSC, IN) Part of the LSA RC Resource Description Format Remote Electrical Tilt Automatic Nortel Networks solution for a centralized tilting of the Node Bs antennaes. Mobile to BS Link Radio Frequency RAB subFlow Combination Request For Comments RAB subFlow Combination Indicator Routing Functional Entity Routing Functional Identity Request For Information Reserved for Future Use Routing Information Protocol Reduced Instruction-Set Computer Radio Link Radio Link Control Radio Link Control Protocol Radio Link Protocol Resource Management Resource Manager Radio Network Controller Radio Network Controller under the UMTS system. Radio Network Subsystem Composed of BTSs and one RNC Radio Network Subsystem Application Part Protocol responsible for providing signaling information across the Iur interface Radio Network Temporary Identity Allocated at RRC connection establishment; use as UE identifier within UTRAN and in signaling messages between UE and UTRAN
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RAB RAC RACE

RACH RACHFP RADIUS RAEDT RAI RAM RAM RAN RANAP R-APDU RAS RAS RB R-Block RCM RDF RETA Reverse Link RF RFC RFC RFCI RFE RFE RFI RFU RIP RISC RL RLC RLCP RLP RM R-man RNC RNS RNSAP RNTI

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Wireless Internet Dictionary


Roaming ROC ROI ROM ROSE RPLMN RQMS A service that enables the user to utilize a mobile phone via the network facilities of another provider outside the service area of the communication service operator to which the user actually subscribes. Regional Operation Center Part of the OAM subsystem Return on Investment Read-Only Memory Remote Operations Service Element Registered Public Land Mobile Network Reliability and Quality Measurements for Telecommunications Systems The so-called five-nine corresponds to the RQMS recommendation for a TDM switching equipment of less than 6 minutes of unscheduled supplierattributable total outage downtime per year (5.25min/year = ~99.999% availability). Radio Resource Control Layer 3 Root-Raised Cosine Radio Resource Management One of the RNC functions. Radio Resource Management Reed Solomon Received Signal Code Power Roaming Signaling Gateway Received Signal Strength Indicator Reset Resource ReserVation Protocol Real Time Round Trip Delay Reset Terminal Interface Real Time Protocol Response TPDU Radio Transmission Technology Resource Unit Receive Speech

RRC RRC RRM RRM RS RSCP R-SGW RSSI RST RSVP RT RTD RTIF RTP R-TPDU RTT RU RX S

S
SA SA SA SAAL SACCH SAD SAI SAP SAPI SAR SAR SAT

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Security Association Service Area System Architecture Signaling ATM Adaptation Layer Slow Associated Control Channel Source ADdress Service Area Interface Service Access Point Used to interconnect access stratum and non-access stratum; there are 3: DC, GC, Nt Service Access Point Identifier Segmentation And Reassembly Specific Absorption Rate SIM Application Toolkit SAT provides a standardized execution environment for applications stored on the SIM card and the ability to utilize certain functions of the supporting mobile equipment; SAT provides mechanisms which allow applications, existing in the SIM, to interact and operate with any ME which supports the

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specified mechanism(s) thus ensuring interoperability between a SIM and an ME, independent of the respective manufacturers and operators; a transport mechanism is provided enabling applications to be down-loaded and/or updated; a significant aspect of SAT is the highly secure environment provided by the SIM card. There are various satellite-supported mobile phone networks. The oldest network, 'Inmarsat', requires large terminals. The newer 'Iridium' network came out with much smaller terminals, proved to be an economic failure, and is no longer in operation. In principle the ITU specifications for IMT2000 also provide for optional satellite supply. Service Builder Supervisory Block Service Center Synchronization Control Channel Signal Connecting Control Part Secondary Common Control Physical Channel Service Capability Feature (VHE/OSA context) Service Control Function (Intelligent Network context) Shared Control Functional Entity Synchronization Channel It is a downlink signal used for cell search Subscriber Controlled Input Service Control Point Secondary Common Pilot Channel Service Creation System Serving CSCF Small Computer System Interface S Common Transport Protocol CHECK WITH wg3 Switched Data Stand-Alone Dedicated Control Channel Synchronous Digital Hierarchy SDH is the international standard for synchronous data transmission on optical media. See SONET for further information. Space Division Multiplex Supernode Data Manager Structured Data Transfer Service Data Unit Security Environment Simple and Efficient Adaptation Layer Name for AAL-5 Service Evaluation Center Because various services or types of application need different data rates and connection types in UMTS networks, various service profiles are defined for IMT-2000 (Service Bandwidth / Transmission Mode): High Interactive Multimedia / 128 kilobit/second line-switched High Multimedia / 2 megabits/second, packet-switched Medium Multimedia / 384 kilobits/second, packet-switched Switched Data / 14.4 kilobits/second, line-switched Simple Messaging / 14.4 kilobits/second, packet-switched Voice / 16 kilobits/second, line-switched Spreading Factor SF = Tb/Tc; it is the number of chips per data symbols Super Frame Switch Fabric Card Short EF Identifier System Frame Number Indicates super frame synchronization; broadcasted in BCH
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Satellite Mobile Phone

SB S-Block SC SCCH SCCP SCCPCH SCF SCF SCFE SCH SCI SCP SCPICH SCS S-CSCF SCSI SCTP SD SDCCH SDH SDM SDM SDT SDU SE SEAL SEC Service Profiles

SF SF SFC SFI SFN

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Wireless Internet Dictionary


SGC SGSN SHC SHCCH SHO SI SIC SIG SIGTRAN SIM Succession Gateway Controller Serving GPRS Support Node Gateway between RNC and CN. Softer Handover Controller Shared Channel Control Channel Soft Handover Subscriber Identity Service Implementation Capabilities SS7/IP Gateway Provides inter working between GPRS nodes in an IP network and GSM nodes in an SS7 network Set of protocols developed by the IETF for seamless inter working between IP and SS7 networks Shelf Interface Module (BSC, CN) Provides the power and alarm interfaces for the shelf; it provides shelforiginated signals on their way to the AUI and frame-originated alarm signals on their way to the OMU modules Subscriber Identity Module (GSM) Technical term for a mobile phone authorization card (a chip card, which is inserted into the mobile phone). It contains the telephone number of the subscriber, an encoded algorithm for identification on the network, the PIN and other user data such as the subscriber's mobile telephone book. For UMTS terminals, a special chip card variation, the USIM, will be used. Service profile in the UMTS standard This service profile is comparable with today's SMS. With simple messaging, short messages are transmitted via a packet-switched transmission method at 14,4 kbits/s. Session Initiating Protocol SIP is a protocol that initiates, terminates, and modifies sessions in an IP network. A session can be defined as a communications experience between two or more entities. Some examples of a session are two way voice communication, Instant messaging, multi-media collaboration, etc.. Signal to Interference Ratio. Service Level Agreement Session Management Simple Messaging Switched Multimegabit Digital Service Succession Media Gateway Structure of Management Information (RFC 1155) Service Management Point Support Mode for predefined SDU size Can be used for transfer of AMR speech PDUs because the size of the user data being transferred can vary in a predefined manner; control procedures are defined for this support mode; PDU type 0 is used for the transfer of user data and PDU type 15 is used for all the control procedures except the error event which uses PDU type 14 Short Message Service A text message communication service (max. 160 characters) prescribed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute. Short Message Service Center SMS Cell Broadcast Support Mode for predefined SDU size Adds flexibility but is not included for release 99; it may be included in release 00 Sequence Number Serving Network Serving Network Domain Subunit of the CND.
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SIM

Simple Messaging

SIP

SIR SLA SM SM SMDS SMG SMI SMP SMpSDU

SMS SMSC SMS-CB SMvSDU SN SN SND

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Wireless Internet Dictionary


SNDCP SNMP SNP SNR SOH SoLSA SONET Sub-Network Dependent Convergence Protocol Simple Network Management Protocol Sequence Number Protection To protect the SN field Signal to Noise Ratio Section OverHead Support of Localised Service Area Synchronous Optical Network SONET is the ANSI standard for synchronous data transmission on optical media. The international equivalent of SONET is SDH. Together, they ensure standards so that digital networks can interconnect internationally and that existing conventional transmission systems can take advantage of optical media through tributary attachments. SONET provides standards for a number of line rates up to the maximum line rate of 9.953 gigabits per second (Gbps). Actual line rates approaching 20 gigabits per second are possible. SONET is considered to be the foundation for the physical layer of the broadband ISDN (Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network). SONET defines a base rate of 51.84 Mbps and a set of multiples of the base rate known as OCx. ATM runs as a layer on top of SONET as well as on top of other technologies. Service Order Provisioning Service Provider Switching Point Service Provider Control Key SPectruM telecom platform The first application of this platform is the DSM-100 OC-3 interface; this program is often referred to as the SPM base program Sequence number Satellite Radio Access Network Serving Radio Network Controller Serving RNS SRNC Radio Network Temporary Identity Synchronous Residual Time Stamps Supplementary Services Signaling System 7 On the PSTN SS7 is a system that puts the information required to set up and manage telephone calls in a separate network rather than within the same network that the telephone call is made on. Signaling information is in the form of digital packet. SS7 uses out-of-band signaling: Signaling (control) information travels on a separate 56 or 64 Kbps channel rather than within the same channel as the telephone call. Historically, the signaling for a telephone call has used the same voice circuit that the telephone call traveled on (this is known as in-band signaling). Using SS7, telephone calls can be set up more efficiently and with greater security. Special services such as call forwarding and wireless roaming service are easier to add and manage. SS7 is now an international telecommunications standard. SS7 is used for these and other services: (1) Setting up and managing connections for a call (2) Tearing down connections (3) Billing (4) Intelligent Network Services (Managing call forwarding, calling party name and number display, three-way calling, etc.) (5) Toll-free (800 and 888) and toll (900) calls (6) Wireless and Wireline call service including mobile telephone subscriber authentication, personal communication (7) Service (PCS), and roaming

SOP SP SP SPCK SPM SQN SRAN SRNC SRNS S-RNTI SRTS SS SS7

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SSC SSC SSCF SSCF-NNI SSCH SSCOP SSCS SSDT SSF SSM SSP SSP SSP Secondary Synchronization Code Subscriber Service Card Service Specific Coordination Function Service Specific Coordination Function Network Node Interface Secondary Synchronization Channel Service Specific Connection Oriented Protocol Service Specific Convergence Sub layer Part of CS of ATM Site Selection Diversity Transmission Service Switching Function Single Segment Message Service Switching Point Single Signaling Point Storage Service Provider A SSP is a company that provides computer storage space and related management to other companies on the Internet. In addition to the storage itself, SSPs typically offer periodic backup and archiving and some offer the ability to consolidate data from multiple company locations so that all locations can share the data effectively. Service Specific Segmentation and Re-assembly sub layer Signaling Transport Converter Statistical Time Division Multiplexer Synchronous Transfer Module Synchronous Transport Module Opto-electrical module that transports n x 155Mbps, hierarchy of ITU-T for SDH Signaling Transfer Point Technical term for one-way transmission of video and audio contents over the Internet is called streaming. Synchronous Transport Signal, Level n Sectorized Transmit Sectorized Rx. Space Time Transmit Diversity Switched Virtual Circuit Switched Virtual Channel Connection Status Word Software activate SQWitch of ACTivities Data transmission is symmetric if the data in the downlink and in the uplink are transported at the same data rate. The application areas for symmetric data transmission are in individual communication (voice connections, video telephone transmissions in both directions, and similar.)

SSSAR STC STDM STM STM-n STP Streaming STS-n STSR STTD SVC SVCC SW Swact SWACT Symmetric Transmission

T
T T1 TA TA

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Transparent Standards Committee T1 Telecommunications Terminal Adaptation Timing Advance in UMTS: it is the amount of time, expressed in number of chips, by which the transmission of an uplink burst is anticipated by the UE in order to be received by the cell inside the corresponding time slot. Total Access Communications System An analogue cellular communications system derived from AMPS. It has been adopted in the UK (ETACS) and operates in the 900 MHz band. Likewise adopted in Japan first as JTACS, it exists at present as the further evolved NTACS with narrower bandwidth. Terminal Adaptation Function
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TACS

TAF
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Wireless Internet Dictionary


Tb TBS Tc TC TCAP TCH TCP TCP TCP/IP TCS TCTF TCU TD-CDMA Bit duration Transport Block Set Chip duration Transmission Convergence Transaction Capabilities Application Part (CCITT SS7) Traffic Channel Transmission Control Protocol Transport Control Protocol Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol Transmission Convergence Sublayer Target Channel Type Field Transcoder Unit Time Division-Code Division Multiple Access. As well as Wideband-CDMA, IMT-2000 also provides TD-CDMA as an additional transmission method. This TD-CDMA method is also called TDD (Time Division Duplex) and together with W-CDMA is to be used in Europe, especially in unpaired frequency bands of the UMTS spectrum. It is particularly suited to transmitting high data rates with asymmetric applications and low mobility requirements. Time Division Duplex. Radio technology using an unpaired spectrum. UTMS also includes a band for TDD mode traffic. PHS and DECT incorporate TDD. TDD High Chip Rate 3.84 Mcps chip rate at 5 MHz bandwidth TDD Low Chip Rate 1.28 Mcps chip rate at 1.6 MHz bandwidth Time Division Multiplexing Time Division Multiple Access A digital transmission technology that breaks voice signals into sequential pieces of defined length places each piece into an information conduit at specific intervals and then reconstructs the pieces at the end of the conduit. GSM and US-TDMA standards apply this technique. It accommodates a much larger number of users than FDMA by more finely dividing a radio frequency into time slots and allocating slots to multiple calls. Trigger Detection Point Time Division - Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access A special transmission method for UMTS developed between other by the China Academy of Telecommunications Technology (CATT). It combines the SCDMA technique developed by CATT with the TD-CDMA method. The S in 'SCDMA' refers to the special synchronous mode: All radio base stations transmit and receive synchronously. Terminal Terminal Equipment Terminal Equipment 9 (ETSI sub-technical committee) Tunnel End Point Identifier Transport Format Transport Format Combination Transport Format Combination Indicator This field shall uniquely identify the transport format used by each transport channel of the Coded Composite Transport Channel within the current radio frame Transport Format Combination Set Transport Format Identifier Transport Format Indicator Tandem Free Operation The current method used in GSM in order to bypass transcoding is Tandem Free Operation (TFO), which is negotiated in-band; this in-band mechanism will have to be implemented in UMTS for the AMR voice
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TDD TDD-HCR TDD-LCR TDM TDMA

TDP TD-SCDMA

TE TE TE9 TEID TF TFC TFCI

TFCS TFI TFI TFO

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TFS TFT Transport Format Set Traffic Flow Template Information available for the GGSN for multiplexing of downlink data packets onto several secondary PDP contexts, i.e. information used to select the right PDP context for a data packet Transmission Gap Length Telecommunications Industry Association Termination Interface Module (BSC, IN) Part of the LSA RC Temporary Link Level Identity Transport Layer Security Tag Length Value Telecom Management Traffic Management Transfer Mode Entity Telecom Management Forum Traffic Management Telecommunication Management Network It is a telecommunication network which interfaces the Telecommunication Networks to get data and to control the operations Transparent Mode Temporary Mobile Subscriber Identity Traffic Management Unit (BSC, CN) Provides the processing capability required to perform the GSM treatments and protocol termination required for the GSM interfaces; one TMU computes 300 Erl (whatever the subscriber profile); those modules are provisioned in an n+p schemes: n to provide the targeted performance, p to provide the redundancy Traffic Management Unit RNC Termination Node Transit Network Domain Subunit of the CND. Interface between CND and other networks. Transport Network Layer Telecom Operations Map Third Party Transmit Power Control Transport Power Control Transfer Protocol Data Unit Technical Report Transparent Mode Transcoder and Rate Adaptation Unit Transport Channel Transcoder Free Operation in the out-of-band mechanism, when both ends can use the same codec the transcoder can be avoided completely Transmitter/Receiver Module Transparent Mode One of the 2 modes of Iu UP; used for the transfer of GTP-U PDUs (e.g. IP packet), that have a variable length. No format of PDU is defined for this mode. No Iu UP frames are generated. No control procedures are defined for this mode Transcoding Resource Module The TRM is responsible for GSM vocoding of the voice channels; this task is accomplished by an array of general purpose, programmable DSFs; the flexibility and computational power of the TRM allow it to run any of GSM codecs on multiple traffic channels; those modules are provisioned for n+1 redundancy per dual-shelf
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TGL TIA TIM TLLI TLS TLV TM TM TME TMF TMG TMN T-mode TMSI TMU

TMU-R TN TND TNL TO TP TPC TPC TPDU TR Tr TRAU TrCH TrFO TRM TrM

TRM (tcu)

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Wireless Internet Dictionary


TRX TS TS TSC TSG TSG SA T-SGW TSTD TSU TTA TTC TTI TTLNA TU3 TX Transceiver An amalgam of the terms Transmitter and Receiver. Technical Specification Time Slot Transit Switching Centre Technical Specification Group TSG Service and System Aspects Transport Signalling Gateway Time Switched Transmit Diversity Telecom Signaling Unit Telecommunications Technology Association Corean Telecommunications Association Telecommunications Technology Committee A private-sector corporate body established in 1985 to prepare domestic standards for the Japanese telecommunications market. Transmission Time Interval Top Tower LNA Typical Urban 3 km/h Transmitter

U
U/L UARFCN UARFCN UARFN UART UBR UCS2 UDD

Top of list
Update Location UTRA Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number UTRA Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number UTRA Absolute Radio Frequency Number Universal Asynchronous Receiver and Transmitter Unspecified Bit Rate Universal Character Set 2 Unconstrained Delay Data Flexible data services: UDD64, UDD144, UDD384, UDD2048 exist; packet connection (shared codes as GPRS has shared channels); code(s) can be re-allocated to an another user during a communication User Datagram Protocol User Equipment User Equipment Algorithm User Equipment Domain User Equipment with ODMA relay operation enabled User Interface UMTS Integrity Algorithm Universal Integrated Circuit Card User Identity User Identity Decryption Node User Identity Module Uplink (Reverse Link) Technical term for data transmission in the direction from the subscriber to the network, or rather back to the provider or Internet provider. Also called back channel. Un-acknowledged Mode User interface for mobile telephone in GPRS Unified Modeling Language UMTS Mobility Management User Mobility Server UMTS Mobile Switching Center Serving node in charge of both CS and PS domains Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
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UDP UE UEA UED UER UI UIA UICC UID UIDN UIM UL

UM Um UML UMM UMS U-MSC UMTS


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Wireless Internet Dictionary


Collective term for the third generation mobile phone network (3G) that works with the IMT-2000 radio standard. UMTS networks are based on TDCDMA and W-CDMA. They offer mainly new multimedia services through high data transmission rates. User Network Interface Univity is the new brand for Nortel Networks Wireless Data Networks (WDN) products. Univity stands for: Universal Across all access technology / core & Global in scope common solution Union / Unification Solution comes together as one network Connectivity Always On or connected there when you need it! Activity Intelligent Network delivers information when/where you need it! User Plane User Parameter Control User plane Uninterrupted Power Supply Universal Personal Telecommunication User Registration Area UTRAN Registration Area UMTS Radio Access Network: . Uniform Resource Identifier Uniform Resource Locator An addressing method for specifying Internet resources in a uniform manner. A URL is indicated in the format: protocol name://host name/file name. UTRAN Radio Network Transport Identifier Composed of S-RNTI an SRNC identifier USIM Application Toolkit Universal Serial Bus UE Service Capabilities Uplink Shared Channel US Digital Cellular UMTS Serving GPRS Switching Node Universal Subscriber Identity Module (Universal SIM) An upgrade of the SIM card, which allows the use with IMT-2000. Universal Signaling Point Unstructured Supplementary Service Data US Time Division Multiple Access / IS-136 A second-generation system used in the US. US-TDMA/PDC has been structured atop existing first generation analogue technology and are premised on compatibility and parallel operation with analogue networks. Also referred to as D-AMPS (Digital AMPS). First digital system adopted in the US and covers the entire country. Uplink Synchronous Transmission Scheme Universal Time Universal Test and Operations Interface for ATM UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access UMTS radio access between UE and BTS (see WCDMA-DS). Universal Terrestrial Radio Access UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network A conceptual term describing that part of the network which consists of RNCs and Node Bs. UMTS User/Access Network interface User-to-User Information Uu Stratum Universal Wireless Consortium
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UNI Univity

UP UPC U-plane UPS UPT URA URA URAN URI URL

U-RNTI USAT USB USC USCH USDC U-SGSN USIM USP USSD US-TDMA

USTS UT UTOPIA UTRA UTRA UTRAN Uu UUI UUS UWC


UMT/MKT/INF/000001

Wireless Internet Dictionary


Body of vendors and operators promoting and implementing the IS-136 digital standard. Also specifying the future development of the standard and facilitating roaming agreements between IS-136 operators.

V
VA VAD VASP VBR VBR-nrt VBS VC VC VC VCC VCC VCI VCO VGCS VHE

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Voice Activity factor Voice Activity Detection Value Added Service Provider Variable Bit Rate Variable Bit Rate non real time Voice Broadcast Service Virtual Channel Virtual Circuit Virtual Container Virtual Channel Connection Visited Country Code Virtual Channel Identifier Voltage Controlled Oscillator Voice Group Call Service Virtual Home Environment In mobile computing, the VHE is the concept that network supporting mobile users should provide them the same computing environment on the road that they have in their home or corporate computing environment. VHE is part of IMT-2000 and the UMTS. With VHE, a network (referred to as a foreign network) emulates the behavior of the users home network and the user has the same services that they are accustomed to at home. Virtual LAN Visitor Location Register Very Large Scale Integrated Voice Management System Visitor Mobile services Switching Center Visited National Destination Code Voice over ATM Video On Demand Voice over Internet Protocol VoIP allows voice and data to be transported over the same network infrastructure: Based on IP technology, VoIP is able to transfer a wide range of different type traffic, e.g. voice exchange, two-way video conferencing and application sharing. Virtual Path Virtual Path Connection Virtual Path Identifier Visited PLMN of home country Virtual Private Network Virtual Path Terminator Vertical Solutions Provider Virtual Storage Portal VSP is a software application with a Web browser interface that lets a customer see how much storage is being used, predict future needs, grant access to storage administrators, view performance, and otherwise manage the storage that they have rented. Visited Subscriber Number Voltage Standing Wave Ratio

VLAN VLR VLSI VMS VMSC VNDC VoATM VOD VoIP

VP VPC VPI VPLMN VPN VPT VSP VSP

VSR VSWR

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W
W3C WAE Walsh Code WAN

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World Wide Web Consortium A sector-wide body that promotes standardization a range of crucial WWW technologies including HTTP, HTML, XML, etc. Wireless Application Environment Uniquely identifies forward channels within a sector; used for additional error correction on Reverse Link Wide Area Network Connects a LAN to other LANs located in different buildings, or even different cities, using telecommunications; WANs most often operate over leased lines that range from 56 kbps to 1.54 Mbps Wireless Application Protocol The de facto worldwide standard for providing Internet communications and advanced telephony services on digital mobile phones, pagers, digital assistants and other wireless terminals. The WAP Forum current members comprise over 200 leading firms in the wireless communication field. Web Based Enterprise Management Wideband Code Division Multiple Access A radio interface standard, characterized by use of a wider band than CDMA. Have additional advantages of high transfer rate, and increased system capacity and communication quality by statistical multiplexing, etc. W-CDMA efficiently utilizes the radio spectrum to provide a maximum data rate of 2 Mbit/s. The UMTS radio standard IMT-2000 provides the W-CDMA method as one of several radio transmission modes allowed. (Other variations are cdma2000 and TD-CDMA.) Wireless Datagram Protocol Wireless Gateway Working Group Wireless Gateway Controller World Health Organization Wireless Internet Dictionary Wireless Intelligent Network Wireless Internet Service Center Nortel Networks brand for a program that includes service research, developing and market introduction. Wireless Local Area Network This type of network enables wireless access to an Ethernet network between communication devices via an access point. Wireless Markup Language WML is a markup language developed for wireless applications. WML is based on XML. WorkStation Wireless Service Framework Wireless Session Protocol Wireless Telephony Applications Wireless Telephony Applications Interface Wireless Transport Layer Security Wireless Transaction Protocol World Telecommunication Standardization Conference Waiting Time eXtenstion Wireless Wide Area Network Term for mobile networks like GSM, GPRS or UMTS; often used to explain the difference between WLAN and mobile networks. Work Waiting Time World Wide Web
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WAP

WBEM W-CDMA

WDP WG WG WGC WHO WID WIN WISC WLAN WML WS WSF WSP WTA WTAI WTLS WTP WTSC WTX WWAN WWT WWW
UMT/MKT/INF/000001

Wireless Internet Dictionary

X
XA-Core XML

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Advanced eXtended Architecture Core Extensible Mark-up Language XML is a format for structured documents and data. Developed by the WWW Consortium (W3C). In contrast to HTML where tags are pre-defined, the XML user can freely extend a data format applying individual defined tags. Because the tag structure of XML enables the computer to analyse data content automatically, building EC (electronic commerce) and EDI (electronic data interchange) systems is facilitated. EXpected user RESponse

XRES

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