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TASCIHEN

'r~ a ~iiml'cg (I fi {1iI'hl1(JI"'lllill(;.II'lp~CIoIil ria .... :. C'C'DICP9IC11



. c.r,.an,g~~nd KOri o'nii'c' ,i'LJ<5U!!rii,)l'" .:l rChitOCiUrCl! fIMB: :i!ICl'i~'Olfui,~I,I.lli\" (onf~'Qfl'iI",d by new chtllilen9~:;_

tb '9 ro:win~ I n~""taC'ljQ'n OIlIlI'! .... 1Q-1'I n :In rind 1I,cl!.[ntc:nuEl.i~, iIIho IN .... 1n9 :il.~ Ii'Uu'lt.ll1U~, 'roy 'f,1I:JtI1jJI'C·. !ht; wQr!\l:~:l(i.r mallVjl ;}·I"[fhht!cts. =~Irom Flilf!liljll!'°l DDmlnlquliI PIl!HilU I t .. -

LO Jl1poIm'iTiildiiO Aiul'o -lIlh..id~ to Mlnimal~,'l1lmd LAI.r"cI Art,

tA fire Ihllli'l 2SQ (Cllor' III LI~trn tl ens, dC{::'I11t.'d pi:lll"!!-:F, numl.'lfOlJ.n tlllc-gnp'hi,n, o~ .. uc:hlllX'u. IInld a '~f.h!l:lhlr~Y 'l't't hl~'lily i ("lUll .. i:IIlii! U~:t:~ prO;;ide;" "oml)~I!!i'1-g iMillr:JJrllt .. !tiilll! QI j;~rnll:mpOnu'l!' IIr.:hLlQ·c:~urv> ~Om.pJt:Ii;l with;;ln IlIodk"'tiQIl 'l)ffu:tUfi! tl"t'ot2l;.

~~.bDut I'I'I.~ :1U~"ar Dna 'I'd itor:

Philip JQdidio ~~;.~ bgin ill ,r..tIQ\'oO ICj<;.1i.t1 if I ;1~j,~olH'li:

"LJldilDd ;an I'IIUOI"I/ IIfld IKOI"IOmlCl il~ 11!1f!t{,lIl1d, ilnd I'i~$ b~'C'fi "l'dl~(if'oln·t/'IIQr OftM F;'Cfl(t,"Ji n'i~9~tln. Eonllolliuj)naH~~IAlI'u In Pllri~ ,In.fo HlMI. H~ kil~ fl~lbll'hlltd 11t1m.r1J'CII..J'I. '1hJIlI'~o~ (ClI~1~rnpor.j~'V

II rd,..t 0 II: ,t Urlt °

f.'11IIi'1'~;

r~ o. W!onr: ""r'~I' .!J'I_~~I 'I.ImnlMl1 ~IRIU~~ f"1IC Illr-, .0..1 '"'~"""'" W.i."" ~n. ~~'t, 1~-IrJl

ill iPNlJl! 1M li.i;dtil\lblill

o,(~ ~"

~ .. 1I~J04_0I'\, Wl'II ~Ioow',,\,, I'1'""C'""""W>. ~llcl<'l, ,.., l'~I"'IUi1n~l

o Pl\llrO lr!rI",WIII

Clontents:

7' IltII'MOD'UCTlONI

Nlew (j'eom etries

151']1 URIAN 'Si'iUllElG I IE'S,

li'a ns;port COmmtlfil if!artiol'i s;~,

T alllE!llJwlldi ng'!; an d : Ii e Urban N,oMad

e'l SPAJfiE' IFOI! ART

A new Gene,rratiCl>I11 ,of Museums

1 log IPi.A,CE5 OF 'GAnI:ER~IN,C

C(m9re~S'i' Worsh'ip; Sport and StLUJ¥

1,43 ,ART AJNIC! ARCH me'aURE' 9rn~lkh19 d'Q'\iW'I he Sa rriers

'179 OlllLOOl1iC

Sill1a~ 1e5. for the FlJI ure

2,"27 B'IO CRAPH les.

234 IB,IElUOC UI'MIY'

236, IINDD

237 Clt::DI1'5

fbI ~~ Smrclil

ILl' B;tro;n VlInll!..G IEt~ .. "'n, A~~~ ~,ji,~~. '~"-QI

Ol'lill oJ IS, ~l!rJlI!l"crl' un'_luall!t dl~ btJlL 11'lg:~ IC - ,!ld 11)",i 'liItlJ f,r!l'ili;lj ~g-m:r kIr Jlilpilr'i.t thi!' 811:W1 '{tlln: M!l.1 ~:OO1 or manu. m:l!fU n "0 g~ I, ~I thkq,vli tV 11M t RlIllH i;e 11M I ~:tp I 'P.dItrj

hil IaG]K\ 'dtil~$. Auahow9h l1i!!'t~11I!!im!l~U - - iI!i1Ilm, -[c!c:,K mlJdldU , __ Iigfii;ir" SI!iiK"'Ji~ i.'HI di:l'/il;,,'ty t'JJIiI~!U~t~ built 1P1I;;1j!Ktil ~r\ F.riIIlc)I.

Setti 1'19 tho' Sc'me~, Fro m P:ost,·,M,ode.rnlT'lliism to fl(t.oo n"istrurti!JhHim,

iFor oooi\lom[c, 'tedll'i,Q~Gg !!Ceill and ,ifli!'tlQ--J'KaI re.a.-son'5: til!! pe!:riocil II!lo1.'WOOn 1 ~®5 and 1.99§will beremem!b~r,;€:dars.oniQ!o.ntlnd~u1l'tet!'l-ldl.8n9 ina" ndlard1i'~ecwiie.lh~ 1981ls wellie c~ ~IJ rBijjj! III lime of ,em"omi~ le)t()[~~~ .. , 'WhOin '"G'lEIilde I'll BO)f$"' n.d!ild th 'rinaoci(ll m~rlket~. ;andl reocrd' prices we;~ [pBid 'l!Vii!1i! "or 1'll'\sk]n.~fiC(lrn: wom'S of art .. ""E;a~y MQIlIW"' ,i3!ld uli10ritiiGal de-ffilj)l1!d '!.I'\fQnt: ha !:II in, hand 10 bC05l ClOOi!ilf,lI'Urth:lJiIl'1Indl te 'I!!mOO'Ufii!l~ iii! ,c~C5ef link b~!I;-weqn~, ~rt:a!n WFl5dQIlI~n~ of r1JiSlJ1~OI'1l", iiiIIlul a!lrdstflc ,E\,ji'ld !i!f'(:hiu:aY:r.QIl Qlllcatllliity. ThJrSi'WilS all 'to end frorlr1&akltii~,liiilk~d tl)slJch I!i!"'enl'ij; ~~, 'the Oao'~r 19.9' 'cDllal»~ of 'tihe' New Yorik: '5j~oc:k nlIln:et:., ordit fall of ~'ne: B-l\Iinl W:ijlil in ~9S~" IIIi! iii Iilew dim.alllili!i' ,of ,douln, and !e«lnc:um;ie nlt~triet'~ClMI. Iint:l'1il~a.urewell ~d1 D;;!! Q'bI~'!iI~1 to 'It~ke filli'IW '~ml!fll'!. 'line' 'fact 'mart 'this; shift ,oo:u!l'MCiI"u s,t 'wh~i'i the mmplnerbegan itolo1ff'lllt iilt!W d~$ig~ [PQssibilitiill'.i! fns d!2'mQIiiI$l[lrabIV 3CCef!t!l.!3 ,ed 'the emer'9cn~ grf' ,ai W:hClhli ,~'am!.!'U 'af ~ril:fliooCJtl!lrai !l!l)IIIJ~~on!!l ,!1lnrdlsl'1",p S l'UU iW'!JJ'd oM havc'iiulllelll, Imagined eaJ~lier.

'S'e.t, IQQ!l1il! f'romltlhe ngoJIQ1J:» ~QlIls~ra!Jl1ts olf li'ectilinealf MQd mn~1: 9.eorn~ll:ry as Cli~rlly :aiil9G6.~~hedatl!E!' O'f' Rgt~tt Vem!.! Ifi'::ij, 'iie.min~1 !i;!fm,~' ''"Comple)l'Ity. Ind Coiititi';\l'd1i~it;;\1i'I in An;; h hI:! du ~>!! ... ma!!\y ardhiitllias; ihag '5eanft~d ~i1!'Qui~d,ogt ttU!i 191;5 for a v:ilid "qli1ait~gn :~lWe4"the demilll1~' of mt!Q~Win 'S,ociell:;y' Bnd 'Ellie' ,ir"l'1il~tal ~ Q'f h~W~!TlI'.ThIf.!' !"e$.ut~l ngl PcJSt:~Modcf,l'Ii:!im\. thou.gh largelV' '~upe;fi~i~i in it.~ ii\n-F~Ii\~nIUl:5 ro 'tIl@ ~a:ilit, did sa,u(a~ Din 1b;rQ;J!!king d~ 'tl:\;e Ifiiltelleaual b~ rrier th,OIt ~i~l:i!!d be .. tween tihe'lcnft1t~mpornry ::u'ili1 the p~e-mode,rlfl. [~5&~nti~Ity':a ,q;!J~stilOI11 ot'ffl,cl3:dts:in ~u h,!!!iyd~flY, PoS;t:·MM"I!l~llIi'! m led c:lleil~IY 'm, a morn' profound 2:1t9 mirniaticifl elf ~he ~rl1li::" 't~fi ~Q~ld be ,~~t~lbll:\ihi'.!d w,~lh hilitory. When Rimalldl Meier.;a, leadingl ~\igliJrn JQf 1(: IJI'I 'm; ~ti8fJ Mwemln de".i1i91li. '~;h~!ii(lrib~:ii 'llhe (ie'u,y Ctl'li'It: r. hl''S' mBl!l!ivl!! ~omple:t now under o:tn:;l'i"'IJCliioii1l ilil, Loi!l Angte1111i!!!!i, he ~;jl!y5! "In my mlllfld l'kl~lilIp MUrf111WJ W Ehe IR'Omiln~ - 'ito H!!!drillln':; VI, I 'a'J 10 GalPrarola 'for thiB'ir' ISl81CJlII . nee (I'" 5fP.~5! dUllr dnde. 'W.:1l10i':!! P,ifiiililiIlliM 'I t l!ie',ilf '5erl~ ,~f ~rd~r. 't~ '~' in which ibui 1:011'\;, Ii'iid ~an:dsf1llp!!' bf~ h:mg 'to ",am otliler. "' In ih~ [P;i'Cij~! iIIll!, arci1li~!H!t'illh3i d~!lIt: ta,;lU I'd' n~t b~ d!)~i ed iiliS PO!'lt.,I\.ih::!ldl!!!fl!'l. 'd!ilSpit - t'n, !'u'Se of' .a !"IlIJllIuSil!.lal delft: 'tria/!iiillf~irrt'i.1J e1,addingl for the lewer facades, '5: II~ld ,Q.UI[ in ill f:ompl@'X p3ittG(l~ tl\!llI't ~ - ,""jll'!!~ r'eca'II's: I=la d'r ,'an 's Vii 113.

AJdtClIllgl1l1 m;Qij1: crit:ioiS<n!I o,~ arclni1ieau r(e docs, nOli: I nk ~1 ~,~t'!(ifiC;11"1 '~o ftirE'l1.d, i~ ,the ill'1'~ ,DIUI to Ilarger 'fac:ro.ri of ,the &CO'Jmmy Qr Ie-ven trflis'tory; ~ seems oi!)vI:.f!I!.!I!i 'that. ,llil'it.nil3l Vi r'i/ ie1.l~, ,iJiillli~guin9 ooinddenc'CS, 0'01 OCCl:.lr", liIi: ii lllilmost :always diffiQJi'tto ~mblish ,I llFIe,·'t;o·Ofii:li rcil'.a,tij)'fi'u:hi,p ~lwee!l1 a Ijive-lil h 1.'501orkal or' emlilQiiI'Iic IIl~lnt and iilltJLe:v.e:lao,pment illl thc' ;a'it'S~ "'f onJy beC,iIIllISe 'me "rn'atw.~ p"o.ot!'$$ is Irl!;it Q:l'iil!!ftrt,oo to. 'such s:p.ocif1i:c:: m~pn~t;Cf11. ,RiI!UtUi!'l'~ iii mQQd Of ~I dirna'UeI' is. 'iKtiiibl'ilShed" ,Elfid ilt !II'iAuQnQJ!!I' may b~ 50 petvasivEl' ~il; 1[0 '91iw ri'!:lO 1m; an enhet~,'I;, Wti!i,p-OIll5le' th'llit: h;: a~mO$t ill1\r-cluliI!U!li')' ,0:11 tille' [part !l)f th~ cre;lJlt,il)~'. fbls: IS liiiO'th rngl othW" thanl 'the s:piriit of ,the 'itimes:.

1iI;Qugih iit might nM be' fruliti'!J1 to ,(;'fiempra: '00 GS!t.31)Ii!!l1il1 ari)i' dl~ ~illlli:. i' ilir'ltlll!l"'" El51i:irnilj ~Q IJFlO'le 'lhn the' Oct.cber 'MIS?' fiBi11 '!:J" tlu:!1 :!.:tr:xk Mefkeu:wai!; 'ro'l ~OWii?i!l in ~ un!!! 190$ lilly 'the, .. Dec:o~5tl1l!ctf'lliS't Anhite.o:u fle,'" exh£witiol1 ,[IIt'1he MllISfltl m of' Modem

,An,[n NawV.ork. Unj'~in.g mij)~lly !IIn~itlt'Wo=l'lii: b'flF'ranlli: O. G'e~iY" IClI~nle111 Ube.lnd. R:>!!m IK.oo1n~~;:ji II!I.!i'!!tm' IEii5cnl'lllan. Z_!,1illtD 1~'I!l~id;; l!a\c<nlulf'd i.'5!~h!Jmi :;InC! Cocpiiimrnel· bHlU, lini!!l: '~hfi'!N w:!:!: ,fiift!EI.OO by 'llionn OUll!f man IPhi~'i,~ jOfllil50lilj OO·;1JU1[j'\;l'l' 'I\'ifJ'[jrJ Henry.lilusrs.el ~ Hh,ch~od;' c, 'tlll!!!, 19:12 daui.;;' ~ InWiila-rkM!1l1 S'fyfe'. Thilii wa~ llllf' courSe' ILlie book Itniu. '," re~.iltiCi n '10 aoo'llllerr MoMiA eool'!l'l!:!ldon. deflnedl the pre,dii.mlll1l!JIiI'Ii: di'5i-~~ ~i:. gf oil reh1t~ rre prait1:i~l ky' !.lip until tliie thne lC!f V~n:~uri, De&.tUTl!1metllvl~t: Dj\chit~wm. elltliCi1iC'J]1ty ililenrlifd'il't:!t by itsi 'f'ra9lme rUMI "armIS" m~y indc'ed Iii!i:i\,l\~ me-Ftc 1:0 dQ vorh:1ii 'rh!!:i Pl1U~;c,Pt\y of' J~~IJIC'~ 1[li!:lI'iJi'id:!l1 'tli'ml1l wiiL'!ilI the ins 'of W.a~ I S't~tll! bi,!it jU$':t; as, '~OIl3P;ii!j"gl ~olflollnirc: ~ iildigtJI!iIJ~ CIII'll:ed ~nlC!l' d'&.J'D'1 di~ mrt::! l'ndrCi: O'f th~ perioo" 'SO ~rmr[ealJ!I\'C' cha~ l\conge<! liltS own IJ!.!li!feri\ring lbellief$. ,As, Mil! ~ 'WiglllY. !!I'I,"ocil,llt Cl.u·"tor' ¢if ih Ivb;..t!A!4!iiheN'll'. w.r(it, "' ,., _ d'li~lJlie~ 'tIH)S.G !:Il!i II'fi I iIi;S, j:irtiflillJEe ll~ Iilfil'm: iliUifOly ~~itCi j:l!1:ili:U: (It: I,~ II'I;M, ,:Ii 1j(JC\I'~n~1 ~e~po:!I.!i~ '~jj!' 'lihe, Y\!'CIirk, nor IP~1i1 ,ill 5iU!~iI! o~ m;~n.d, '~1l"t is Ibeing diRUrl~, i!!iJ ,I 'set gf deliljply enttenmed c~hl.llifiil1' a:irs:!i.lmp:ttiol1:5 whiCi11 underlie al ttl'rf,ajll"! view r/Jif ~rd~r~!l:a!J!!'i~. U"j'illl! mp:~iQrll!i' ;iiw!,ll1; ord~l'. hi:'! rmcPTV~ ~tabilhy and !I.I1f!i~ty.." 11 I!l! le[iiijiJ,!!, (if tine VCilutilDllj, (if ,itrdlii'!iii,i!:tlll r:ti!J'II'thinkilil\g :tlli'lm itmO Itimc O'r- Pest:· MeifltMkSm ~ n tile ~,!"iD\S'1 illlIlIOiLh!i!f it!! rgy mll'1nl pU'l: ' o~rd by MilIrk Wig'h~V d~~~II'V~ to b~ p~1 n~~ ~ut ...... Oewl'Ilr 'Sitli;i!~lhv~~ ,i!lr<tiill:tI!!'CfY,ii1i!!!." h~ 'ioI'W"lt~\Ii il!d(l1M rllilU ~~ltltJitillile a 1111 a'li',aru·9ii11r,~h!i..,i,3JtI!lCf it E'}f:PO;SCI '(he IUrI ':13 milia!' hidden wfrltl ~n 'l:h'Ci 'Eif.a:dT:- iOl"iol.ll: ~'5: 'the' sh-cd:; of'the 'O~dl.-~

~ifl~' 1RJ~1'EHd,M- I:ji ,r;.,ffij1 C.!'!'lil~

~ Al'lllglj'm;. '~li'f~ln'I~ 1- = ' -:ll li]Xl;l'iIl!di!lil'l il hi[1~lQj;II till a~, mld.w-.y ~~Il'ilg liI;nil'::, lI=!1d '~icwmILo~~,~a.,;:h ~ ~i"i-WJ" ~ !\1I7~jjjOO m'. !II(jlcJ!Ud'~ '!i:'Ji'tl~ti", illi'ltill iXit'lIni'!.g, WlKiJll~lU. ~~ 'ill.:!' l1i1lfl iJj~ ,Jj"-!i I'!ll.r~i!\, M ~IAI!'!91lU ill ow"l'iM~'i ~1i(!itU'l!'ll'l;llt ~<,. Wfi'~ 'lhI.- MlvtII!I 'i:!.V,lUItIJi or'lM ~f9~.IB'IcW.1I! ;qr!~1 '!"'i'i)W ~j(N1, 'C j'j Oi'if12l1i1 ~i:llb"r 1b 1ft fl!/l'llt, 'I~· Itrw," -I' fCu.lifn:rt;!! or I lis ~1:rL

'T1h ,- M liJllIIlifiee'nt '!:h~!!ven

~it s no tide nit dqr tI '5' !1 3!!I'chftll«S c millll, 'reu !he MI.ii5 urn or Modvm rt"'10 "[h:QJIn~ruifd'vt~[ Arthhealol I' , .. e'lCh i biliofl nlJ'li'it! re rna Ili1ed 31r!CngS( 'thil! mM'[ 11'I'!1r(J· -ntBiI'! r1g:1jJ I ilil illrematil)nD~ i:!ndl octIJrt!'. t Q'Ugh illl! -I'i lit in De.con tiroO~Vi51T1 !Wi2IPJled riIi fler~lIIic~IVI thi3i Qrigln:.8 Ilin I(; bc1.wt'en ~ ILm~iC' 'fUIUrE",l1Nii:!S ar ~l t'CIlLl'OILllS. Thil1V Wi! 'lIIi _ ,impty ~m!l! at h'; mOi'l o:rigin I mind .. lit ~11 'tcJd. ;and "heir cont:lillulllrd '5:\liIfeGmi: I'!>, n'Ulfeo ~wlbaJ!!, 1'0 hll!!~r p~r,j(ilnal inlli III" QrliH'S El'tiiin It i.1 1o till rri.on1il'l n c~ of, -g rtl-Up.

80rn jill lotonto i 111 " 9~9. but I~"g iii re .Ide-n 0 ~UEh(lo1'1l C1lt~(\oMr3. Ffi!ll'llt 0

C:ehry, f'Of one'. i~ ::i era. '~mH1n of .. rc:l'ii~u r;jI'I-f:!;llfm'i dlllfitIII'lIJ",i~"e<Ilb~ hi!:: d050 cennecrien fa 'Ih n wm1ld. hi [1'115 199511 COOP~M(!; !:p@f!ch ftlf rh m!o!iil1lMd P'rin!rl(llr Pnlr0. he 5;lld: "'My ri! rlij'S;'! rri end'S, IIkc' j, - ~pc!'r jQIn~!II, IBob R'au ~cl'leJl~~rg. ~ , ,~@l'1hol:!: ilndI aIIO!!t.~Ji'iby r.rg~ w. np, w . rkiJ1l9 wj~ N in(!lJ(penlS i'Yi! mJiUl'llil tlo -luDIc _ n wood ill1dl pap f .. ,l:Iirid itheyw,elilun kin91b~~lJ!tY.lihe$c'we~i;\i! nOt S!!JPClrn!!i!.'!111i:lNi!!il:s. '[hey werre dire«, and l'iIis~ ttl qUCHlon In my millld 10 wilt [bc!iauty Willi, 11'l1;htiW g ure ~III c;r;a'f aNiI~ble~ anl!j[ towOFk. whlli era ·t~:",n:m OIind Imi!:~ 'Ill! vi. 111:- JiJul of lhelr llrru-

'10111'1. Pa1n Ingl h d 3111, !mm dI' e:v th.at I Cti!lI-ed for in aront, ClilJlm I,~tf:pl'orctl Iha pf~'!O;'IIIIi!W~nrua.Qn mneflia!s,' o 1:ryqi\J'in-g fcol'ingl,luull '5ipilil'U:~ farm. In rryll'lg ~ f ndl 'lhe J\1~,I'fI6i!! of Imv OW:n Ji?.:q:lI'Vi:¥lM. II if'lIn "~iI!d 11M I, w,as an ist st lulfi 1119 bm:cm wnll I!' ~I'I\I'M deci,d ng wha . (\tio· fi;i[ mOw should . "11 WlJ l e. !!I'9Uli!id ho~ tha,'1 itrJlle or dta most impc:rtllU'1ii: flllC[ol'!i In reome;rglrtg II'I~W fornu'"'i!: r:l Ir, III ,-. link be n" 3"0 .1rC!I·U'ti~r:U~ l • F!'i IIIk O. G. hry tin bernn an C\I-t randIng! P10llJICCil" or rEll mcV' nil ru 'ttl! illLI!i iii ndc'IJb~edJy' II' m.o:ro p~oklt.l nO than ii!'~l1em~rrllll

most ruuivi'it ihe!i:rIlle5. He h" .. lholped m IUJUI rohiltrfl'C1E.\ul! to 'the Dilae J long[ CC:ClIJpied :5. ClJ\1 of 'Ill m..ajo{ In",

One O'f: Frank' Q', 'Gel1liYl!!!. fii'ilC'i1!! '5l1«iI!.'!!i~f\l1 bui ICljl"'ig~; :LI if,'!is Yitn;a Deslg 11 Museum, ~!1 'W(!i~: ~ml IRtll:~ill1!, Ge Iilm a nfVI' jUil: over' il:he oofder 'from Biat;·",'I. 'Sw1·t.n~ri~nd. Its ~~~'ei'ilDr ht2!t;, 'been. mn'l!tP!"~ '~{I! Kurt S!l:h'\l'\f.i1'i!ii!~·r"'$ M!!'ulbij~ (H~rI!Q'~~I. an'i.'lll GMry ~iml!iDil~ 1!I01~, 1!i~ll'fi ·af' I!!'f'm:llen motion!!!' 1m t\tllfott:~n9 10 'illis Duildifllg. HeRber '~n!!'Se II"I'efe 1"ie1ll~12!!S:;. IA:O;l' 'It:jiu:!' '~st!!d volumes· of 'tine '!!~)C1iriQr' IClIT ·It!irli!, 191~ ~Ndurv. i·,irunedlietl.e1,y ~II ~ iIDll) Irnim:i th'!ilI 'ii.\!!,P4~~d. d'r!i!goJl'i;iils: :s:,aid 'to 100 ItW leal of DI!I Cll BnruaM;'!." :;:ut:hi'meau Ftc!. n~ r(!~mn tor 1:hl~ a:pp.ilUCM' piilf'ildOJll' if'S t!t1Ji~ 5!1T!~le. Gi'!!'~rY'!1!i m:pl!llli$tIWil 'Oif' ilI~ 'fttlillili!5 ~5 35 ImYoi;n ,I prodllld: (!If,'lt:ilIlild.tU~ af,etlnt/aifl porary ilR iiiS iltis !1Chllbe[JI to Ri.!~~' \lli'li CO'!tSt'trutJti¥itm O~ Germa n &~w~b:mi~m, Both t(!lf 'thoo~ iiI'IQ'VeIll!!!!I~H, IQf C01Jnil!l' atl~ '~~pt~ b.;!i intii:.1!iI J1Vtl!' a reh;'tCd'i;i itte !;iil~1 ,I'!:Ii't Ufrl'tQ ,ill iii I'ii 91 iii' er~~cn iIlO CM~,'l:e' i:Jne I'll~.

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