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Bengali phrasebook

From Wikitravel
Contents
1 Grammar
1.1 Pronunciation guide
1.2 Vowels
1.3 Consonants
1.4 Aspirated consonants
1.5 Retroflex consonants
1.6 Aspirated retroflex consonants
2 Phrase list
2.1 Basics
2.2 Greeting
2.3 Meeting
2.4 Problems
2.5 Numbers
2.6 Time
2.7 Clock time
2.8 Duration
2.9 Week
2.10 Months
2.10.1 Bengali calendar
2.10.2 Gregorian calendar
2.11 Writing time and date
2.12 Colors
2.13 Transportation
2.13.1 Bus and train
2.14 Directions
2.15 Taxi
2.16 Lodging
2.17 Money
2.18 Eating and drinking
2.18.1 Eating:
2.18.2 Drinking/Bars:
2.19 Shopping
2.20 Clothes
2.21 Driving
2.22 Authority
2.23 Learning more
Grammar
The following is a sample text in Bengali of the Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (by the United Nations):
: v v ( a + ; a - + ( 1
Bengali in Bengali script
Dhara k: Shmosto manush shadhinbhabe shman mrjada ebong odhikar nie jnmogrohon kre. Tder bibek ebong buddhi achhe; shutorang
shkoleri ke porer proti bhrattrittoshulbh mnobhab nie achorn kra uchit.
Bengali in Transcription, faithful to pronunciation.
Clause 1: All human free-manner-in equal dignity and right taken birth-take do. Their reason and intelligence is; therefore everyone-indeed one another's
towards brotherhood-ly attitude taken conduct do should.
Word to word gloss.
Article 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience. Therefore, they should act
towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Translation.
Pronunciation guide
The phoneme inventory of Bengali consists of 29 consonants and 14 vowels, including the seven nasalized vowels. Vowel sounds can either be
independent or hooked on to the consonant in the form of diacritics.
Vowels
The independent vowel is on the left, the diacritic (which is hooked on to the consonant) is on the right.

Like "a" in "cat" (a).
.
Like "e" in "bed" (e).

Like "a" in "rather" ().
:
Like "i" in "nile" ().

Like "ay" in "may" (ay).
.
Like "e" in "red" (e).

Like "ee" in "reed" ().

Like "i" in "rid" (i).
.
Like "o" in "hot" (o).
.
Like "oa" in "boat" ().
(
Like "oy" in "boy" (oy).

Like "u" in "put" (u).

Like "ui" in "quick" (wi).
Consonants

Like "b" in "boy" (b).

Like "ch" in "cheat" ().

Like "d" in "doubt" (d).

Like "f" in "frog" (f).

Like "g" in "go" (g).

Like "h" in "hit" (h).

Like "j" in "juggle" (j).

Like "k" in "skin" (k).

Like "l" in "loud" (l).

Like "m" in "man" (m).

Like "n" in "no" (n).

Like "ng" in "king" (ng).

Like "p" in "spit" (p).

Like "r" in "run", but slightly trilled (r).

Like "s" in "so" (s).

Like "t" in "talk" (t).

Like "y" in "yes" (y).
Aspirated consonants
Aspirated consonants are pronounced with a puff of air.

Like "b" in "blight" (b').

Like "ch" in "cheese" (').

Like "d" in "din" (d').

Like "g" in "language" (g').

Like "j" in "jam" (j').

Like "k" in "kick" (k').

Like "p" in "pit" (p').

Like "t" in "tin" (t').
Retroflex consonants
Retroflex consonants are pronounced with the tip of the tongue flapping against the roof of the mouth.

Like "d" in "doubt" but retroflex ().
,
Like "r" in "run" but slightly trilled retroflex ().

Like "t" in "talk" but retroflex ().
Aspirated retroflex consonants
Aspirated retroflex consonants are pronounced with the tip of the tongue flapping against the roof of the mouth and a puff of air.
Common signs
OPEN
. (khola)
CLOSED
+ (bndho)
ENTRANCE
(drja)
EXIT
(bahir)
PUSH
. (thela)
PULL
(tana)
TOILET
( (toilet), ( (paykhana)
MEN
(purush)
WOMEN
(mohila)

Like "d" in "din" but retroflex (').

Like "t" in "tin" but retroflex (').
pagol gujju puro gujrat bhore
Phrase list
Basics
Greeting
Hello. (Muslim)
Assalamualaikum.
Hello. (Hindu)
Nmoshkar
How are you?
(Apni) kmon achhen? (formal)
(Tumi) kmon achho? (informal)
(Tui) kemon acchish? (implying in no respect)
(I'm) fine.
(Ami) bhalo (achhi).
Good morning.
Su probhat. (highly formal)
Shubho Shokal (formal)
FORBIDDEN
+ (nisiddho), (nishedh)
Good evening.
Subho shndha. (highly formal)
Good night.
Subho ratri. (highly formal)
Meeting
What is your name?
Apnar nam ki? (formal)
Tomar nam ki? (informal)
Tor naam ki? (childish phrase)
My name is ______ .
Amar nam ______ .
Nice to meet you.
Apnar shathe poriche hoe amar khub-i bhalo laglo. (formal)
Tomar shathe poriche hoe amar khub-i bhalo laglo. (informal)
Tor shathe poriche hoe amar khub-i bhalo laglo. (phased to a childhood friend/junior family member)
Please.
Deakore. (formal)
Ektu. (lit. a little)
Thank you.
Dhonnobad. (formal)
You're welcome. (lit. please don't mind)
Kichhu mone korben na. (formal)
Kichhu mone koro na. (informal)
Yes.
Ji. (formal)
H. (informal)
No.
Ji na. (formal)
Na. (informal)
Excuse me. (getting attention)
Ei-je! (formal)
Ei! (informal)
Bhai (when addressing a man)
Apa (when addressing a lady)
Excuse me. (to pass by someone)
Dekhi?
I love you
Ami tomake bhalobashi
I like you
Ami tomake pochondo kori
Amar bhal legeche tmake
I'm (very) sorry.
Ami (khub-i) dukkhito.
Forgive me.
Maf korun. (formal)
Maf kro. (informal)
Goodbye
Khoda Hafez / Allah Hafiz (Muslim)
Problems
Problem(s)
shomosha
I can't speak [name of language] (that well).
(Ami) [_____] (eto bhalo) bolte pari na.
Do you speak English?
Apni-ki Ingreji bolte paren? (formal)
Tumi-ki Ingreji bolte paro? (informal)
Is there someone here who speaks English?
Ekhane keu achhe, je Ingreji bolte paren?
Help!
Bachao!
Shahajyo korun!
Can you help me?
Apni ki amake shahajyo korte parben?
Look out!
Shabdhan!
I don't understand.
(Ami) bujhte parchi na.
(Ami) bujhte parlam na.
(Ami) bujhlam na.
(Ami) bujhini.
(Ami) bujhinai.
Where is the toilet?
Telet ta kothae?
bathroom ta kon dike?
Numbers
0 Shunno
1 k
2 Dui
3 Tin
4 Char
5 Pch
6 Chhe
7 Shat
8 At
9 Ne
10 Dsh
11 garo
12 Baro
13 Tro
14 Chouddo
15 Pnero
16 Sholo
17 Shtero
18 Atharo
19 Unnish
20 Bish / Kuri
30 Trish
40 Chollish
50 Pnchash
60 Shat
70 Shottur
80 Ashi
90 Nobboi
100 k sho
1000 k hajar
10,000 Dsh hajar
100,000 k lakh
10,00,000 Dsh lakh
100,00,000 k kuti
Time
Time
Shomoy
Clock time
9:45
Pouune Dosh ta
10:00
Dosh ta
10:15
Show-aa-Dosh ta
10:30
Share Dosh ta
Duration
Week
Monday
Shombar
Tuesday
Monggolbar
Wednesday
Budhbar
Thursday
Brihoshpotibar
Friday
Shukrobar
Saturday
Shonibar
Sunday
Robibar
Months
Bengali calendar
Gregorian calendar
Writing time and date
Colors
black
kalo
white
shada
red
lal
pink
golapi
orange
kmla
yellow
holud
green
shobuj
blue
nil
purple
beguni
Transportation
Bus and train
Directions
here
eikhane
there
oikhane
(on/to the) right
dan (dike)
(on/to the) left
b (dike)
(on/to the) north
uttor (dike)
(on/to the) south
dokkhin (dike)
(on/to the) east
purbo (dike)
(on/to the) west
poshchim (dike)
straight
shoja
in front
shamne
behind
pichhe
pichhon dike
Go (___).
(___) jan. (formal)
(___) jao.
Turn around (___).
(___) Ghurun. (formal)
(___) Ghoro.
Keep going (___).
(___) Jete thakun. (formal)
(___) Jete thako.
Stop (___).
(___) Thamun. (formal)
(___) Thamo.
Taxi
Lodging
Money
Taka : Poysha
Eating and drinking
Eating:
eating
Khabar
rice
bhaat
curry
torkari
egg
deem
meat:
maangsho:
beef: _____
pork: _____
mutton: _____
poultry:
_____:
chicken: murg
duck:hash
goose:_____
quail:_____
fish:
mach:
Hilsha: Ilish
vegetables:
shobji:
carrots: gajor
potatoes: aloo
onions: piyaj
friuts:
fol:
tomatoes: _____
banana: kola
oranges: komla lebu
lemon: lebu
Drinking/Bars:
drinking
pan
tea
cha
coffee
Kofee
water
Jol
alcohol
mod
Shopping
Shopping
Bajar
Clothes
clothe(s)
kapor
Driving
Authority
Learning more
Bengali language page on Wikibooks (http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Bengali)
Sylheti phrasebook
Assamese phrasebook
Oriya phrasebook
Chittagonian phrasebook
This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a
template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and
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Categories: Outline articles | Phrasebooks
This page was last modified on 9 May 2012, at 04:42.
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