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Designation: A 240/A 240M 05a

Standard Specification for

Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate,


Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General
Applications1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation A 240/A 240M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year
of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval.
A superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

2.2 SAE Standard:4


J 1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS)

1. Scope*
1.1 This specification2 covers chromium, chromium-nickel,
and chromium-manganese-nickel stainless steel plate, sheet,
and strip for pressure vessels and for general applications.
1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units
are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in
each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system
must be used independently of the other. Combining values
from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the
specification.
1.3 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound and
SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable
M specification designation (SI units), the material shall be
furnished in inch-pound units.

3. General Requirements
3.1 The following requirements for orders for material
furnished under this specification shall conform to the applicable requirements of the current edition of Specification
A 480/A 480M.
3.1.1 Definitions;
3.1.2 General requirements for delivery;
3.1.3 Ordering information;
3.1.4 Process;
3.1.5 Special tests;
3.1.6 Heat treatment;
3.1.7 Dimensions and permissible variations;
3.1.8 Workmanship, finish and appearance;
3.1.9 Number of tests/test methods;
3.1.10 Specimen preparation;
3.1.11 Retreatment;
3.1.12 Inspection;
3.1.13 Rejection and rehearing;
3.1.14 Material test report;
3.1.15 Certification; and
3.1.16 Packaging, marking, and loading.

2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards: 3
A 370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing
of Steel Products
A 480/A 480M Specification for General Requirements for
Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate,
Sheet, and Strip
A 923 Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic
Phase in Wrought Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless
Steels
E 112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E 527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS)

4. Chemical Composition
4.1 The steel shall conform to the requirements as to
chemical composition specified in Table 1 and shall conform to
applicable requirements specified in Specification A 480/
A 480M.

1
This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,
Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee
A01.17 on Flat-Rolled and Wrought Stainless Steel.
Current edition approved Sept. 1, 2005. Published September 2005. Originally
approved in 1940. Last previous edition approved in 2005 as A 240/A 240M 05.
2
For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specification SA-240 in Section II of that Code.
3
For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or
contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org. For Annual Book of ASTM
Standards volume information, refer to the standards Document Summary page on
the ASTM website.

5. Mechanical Properties
5.1 The material shall conform to the mechanical properties
specified in Table 2.

4
Available from Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), 400 Commonwealth
Dr., Warrendale, PA 15096-0001.

*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard.


Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

A 240/A 240M 05a


6.3 Grade S31060, unless otherwise specified in the purchase order, shall conform to an average grain size of ASTM
No. 7 or coarser, as measured by Test Methods E 112.

5.2 When specified by the purchaser, Charpy impact tests


shall be performed in accordance with Supplementary Requirement S1.
6. Materials for High-Temperature Service
6.1 The austenitic H Types shall conform to an average
grain size of ASTM No. 7 or coarser as measured by Test
Methods E 112.
6.2 Supplementary Requirement S2 shall be invoked when
non-H grade austenitic stainless steels are ordered for ASME
Code applications for service above 1000F [540C].

7. Keywords
7.1 chromium; chromium-nickel stainless steel; chromiummanganese-nickel stainless steel; pressure vessels

TABLE 1 Chemical Composition Requirements, %A


UNS
DesignationB

TypeC

CarbonD

Manganese

Phosphorus

N08020

...

0.07

2.00

0.045

0.035

1.00

19.021.0

N08367
N08700

...
...

0.030
0.04

2.00
2.00

0.040
0.040

0.030
0.030

1.00
1.00

N08800

800G

0.10

1.50

0.045

0.015

N08810

800HG

0.050.10

1.50

0.045

N08811

...

0.060.10

1.50

N08904
N08926
S20100
S20103
S20153
S20161
S20200
S20400
S20910

904LG
...
201
...
...
...
202
...
XM-19J

0.020
0.020
0.15
0.03
0.03
0.15
0.15
0.030
0.06

S21400
S21600
S21603
S21800
S24000
S30100
S30103
S30153
S30200
S30400
S30403
S30409
S30415
S30451
S30452
S30453
S30500
S30600
S30601
S30615
S30815
S30908
S30909
S30940

XM-31J
XM-17J
XM-18J
...
XM-29J
301
301LG
301LNG
302
304
304L
304H
...
304N
XM-21J
304LN
305
...
...
...
...
309S
309HG
309CbG

S30941
S31008
S31009

Sulfur

Silicon

Chromium

Nickel

Molybdenum

Nitrogen

Copper

Other
ElementsE,F

32.038.0

2.003.00

...

3.04.0

20.022.0
19.023.0

23.525.5
24.026.0

6.07.0
4.35.0

0.180.25
...

0.75
0.50

1.00

19.023.0

30.035.0

...

...

0.75

0.015

1.00

19.023.0

30.035.0

...

...

0.75

0.040

0.015

1.00

19.023.0

30.035.0

...

...

0.75

2.00
2.00
5.57.5
5.57.5
6.47.5
4.06.0
7.510.0
7.09.0
4.06.0

0.045
0.030
0.060
0.045
0.045
0.040
0.060
0.040
0.040

0.035
0.010
0.030
0.030
0.015
0.040
0.030
0.030
0.030

1.00
0.50
1.00
0.75
0.75
3.04.0
1.00
1.00
0.75

19.023.0
19.021.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.017.5
15.018.0
17.019.0
15.017.0
20.523.5

23.028.0
24.026.0
3.55.5
3.55.5
4.05.0
4.06.0
4.06.0
1.503.00
11.513.5

4.05.0
6.07.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.503.00

0.10
0.150.25
0.25
0.25
0.100.25
0.080.20
0.25
0.150.30
0.200.40

1.02.0
0.51.5
...
...
1.00
...
...
...
...

0.12
0.08
0.03
0.10
0.08
0.15
0.03
0.03
0.15
0.08
0.030
0.040.10
0.040.06
0.08
0.08
0.030
0.12
0.018
0.015
0.160.24
0.050.10
0.08
0.040.10
0.08

14.016.0
7.59.0
7.59.0
7.09.0
11.514.5
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
0.80
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
0.500.80
2.00
0.80
2.00
2.00
2.00

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.060
0.060
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.020
0.030
0.030
0.040
0.045
0.045
0.045

0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.020
0.013
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.301.00
0.75
0.75
3.54.5
0.75
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
1.002.00
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
3.74.3
5.05.6
3.24.0
1.402.00
0.75
0.75
0.75

17.018.5
17.522.0
17.522.0
16.018.0
17.019.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
17.019.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
18.019.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
17.019.0
17.018.5
17.018.0
17.019.5
20.022.0
22.024.0
22.024.0
22.024.0

1.00
5.07.0
5.07.0
8.09.0
2.33.7
6.08.0
6.08.0
6.08.0
8.010.0
8.010.5
8.012.0
8.010.5
9.010.0
8.010.5
8.010.5
8.012.0
10.513.0
14.015.5
17.018.0
13.516.0
10.012.0
12.015.0
12.015.0
12.016.0

...
2.003.00
2.003.00
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.20
0.20
...
...
...
...
...

0.35 min
0.250.50
0.250.50
0.080.18
0.200.40
0.10
0.20
0.070.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
...
0.120.18
0.100.16
0.160.30
0.100.16
...
...
0.05
...
0.140.20
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.50
0.35
...
...
...
...
...

309HCbG

0.040.10

2.00

0.045

0.030

0.75

22.024.0

12.016.0

...

...

...

310S
310HG

0.08
0.040.10

2.00
2.00

0.045
0.045

0.030
0.030

1.50
0.75

24.026.0
24.026.0

19.022.0
19.022.0

...
...

...
...

...
...

Cb 83C min,
1.00 max
...
Cb 83C min
0.40 max
FeH 39.5 min
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
FeH 39.5 min
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
FeH 39.5 min
TiI 0.150.60
AlI 0.150.60
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
Cb 0.100.30
V 0.100.30
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
Ce 0.030.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
Al 0.801.50
Ce 0.030.08
...
...
Cb 103C min,
1.10 max
Cb 103C min,
1.10 max
...
...

Austenitic (Chromium-Nickel) (Chromium-Manganese-Nickel)

A 240/A 240M 05a

TABLE 1
UNS
DesignationB

TypeC

S31040

310CbG

S31041

310HCb

Continued

CarbonD

Manganese

Phosphorus

Sulfur

Silicon

Chromium

Nickel

0.08

2.00

0.045

0.030

1.50

24.026.0

19.022.0

0.040.10

2.00

0.045

0.030

0.75

24.026.0

19.022.0

Molybdenum

Copper

Other
ElementsE,F

...

...

...

...

...

...

Cb 103C min,
1.10 max
Cb 103C min,
1.10 max
...
Ce + La
0.0250.070
B 0.0010.010
...
W 1.502.50
...
...
...
...
Ti 5 3 (C + N)
min, 0.70 max
Cb 10 3 C
min, 1.10 max
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
Ti 5 3 (C + N)
min, 0.70 max
Ti 4 3 (C + N)
min, 0.70 max
...
...
Ce 0.050.10
Cb 0.61.0
Al 0.025
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
Cb 0.10
Cb 10 3 C min,
1.00 max
Cb 8 3 C min,
1.00 max
(Cb + Ta) 103C
min, 1.00 max
Ta 0.10
Co 0.20
(Cb + Ta) 83C
min, 1.00 max
Ta 0.10
Co 0.20
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
Ti 0.401.00
Ce 0.030.10

S31050
S31060

310 MoLN
...

0.020
0.050.10

2.00
1.00

0.030
0.040

0.010
0.030

0.50
0.50

24.026.0
22.024.0

20.523.5
10.012.5

1.602.60
...

0.090.15
0.180.25

...
...

S31254
S31266
S31277
S31600
S31603
S31609
S31635

...
...
...
316
316L
316H
316TiG

0.020
0.030
0.020
0.08
0.030
0.040.10
0.08

1.00
2.04.0
3.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

0.030
0.035
0.030
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045

0.010
0.020
0.010
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.80
1.00
0.50
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75

19.520.5
23.025.0
20.523.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.018.0

17.518.5
21.024.0
26.028.0
10.014.0
10.014.0
10.014.0
10.014.0

6.06.5
5.26.2
6.58.0
2.003.00
2.003.00
2.003.00
2.003.00

0.180.22
0.350.60
0.300.40
0.10
0.10
...
0.10

0.501.00
1.002.50
0.501.50
...
...
...
...

S31640

316CbG

0.08

2.00

0.045

0.030

0.75

16.018.0

10.014.0

2.003.00

0.10

...

S31651
S31653
S31700
S31703
S31725
S31726
S31727
S31753
S32050
S32053
S32100

316N
316LN
317
317L
317LMG
317LMNG
...
317LNG
...
...
321

0.08
0.030
0.08
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.08

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.50
1.00
2.00

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.030
0.045
0.035
0.030
0.045

0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.020
0.010
0.030

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
1.00
0.75
1.00
1.00
0.75

16.018.0
16.018.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
17.020.0
17.519.0
18.020.0
22.024.0
22.024.0
17.019.0

10.014.0
10.014.0
11.015.0
11.015.0
13.517.5
13.517.5
14.516.5
11.015.0
20.023.0
24.026.0
9.012.0

2.003.00
2.003.00
3.04.0
3.04.0
4.05.0
4.05.0
3.84.5
3.04.0
6.06.8
5.06.0
...

0.100.16
0.100.16
0.10
0.10
0.20
0.100.20
0.150.21
0.100.22
0.210.32
0.170.22
0.10

...
...
...
...
...
...
2.84.0
...
0.40
...
...

S32109

321H

0.040.10

2.00

0.045

0.030

0.75

17.019.0

9.012.0

...

...

...

S32615
S32654
S33228

...
...
...

0.07
0.020
0.040.08

2.00
2.04.0
1.00

0.045
0.030
0.020

0.030
0.005
0.015

4.86.0
0.50
0.30

16.519.5
24.025.0
26.028.0

19.022.0
21.023.0
31.033.0

0.301.50
7.08.0
...

...
0.450.55
...

1.502.50
0.300.60
...

S33400

334G

0.08

1.00

0.030

0.015

1.00

18.020.0

19.021.0

...

...

...

S34565
S34700

...
347

0.030
0.08

5.07.0
2.00

0.030
0.045

0.010
0.030

1.00
0.75

23.025.0
17.019.0

16.018.0
9.013.0

4.05.0
...

0.400.60
...

...
...

S34709

347H

0.040.10

2.00

0.045

0.030

0.75

17.019.0

9.013.0

...

...

...

S34800

348

0.08

2.00

0.045

0.030

0.75

17.019.0

9.013.0

...

...

...

S34809

348H

0.040.10

2.00

0.045

0.030

0.75

17.019.0

9.013.0

...

...

...

S35045

...

0.060.10

1.50

0.045

0.015

1.00

25.029.0

32.037.0

...

...

0.75

S35135
S35315

...
...

0.08
0.040.08

1.00
2.00

0.045
0.040

0.015
0.030

0.601.00
1.202.00

20.025.0
24.026.0

30.038.0
34.036.0

4.04.8
...

...
0.120.18

0.75
...

A 240/A 240M 05a

Nitrogen

TABLE 1

Continued

UNS
DesignationB

TypeC

CarbonD

Manganese

Phosphorus

Sulfur

Silicon

Chromium

Nickel

Molybdenum

Nitrogen

Copper

Other
ElementsE,F

S38100
S38815

XM-15J
...

0.08
0.030

2.00
2.00

0.030
0.040

0.030
0.020

1.502.50
5.56.5

17.019.0
13.015.0

17.518.5
13.017.0

...
0.751.50

...
...

...
0.751.50

...
Al 0.30

S31200
S31260
S31803
S32001
S32003
S32101
S32205
S32304
S32506
S32520
S32550
S32750
S32760K
S32900
S32906
S32950
S39274

...
...
...
...
...
...
2205G
2304G
...
...
255G
2507G
...
329
...
...
...

0.030
0.03
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.040
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.04
0.030
0.030
0.08
0.030
0.030
0.030

2.00
1.00
2.00
4.06.0
2.00
4.06.0
2.00
2.50
1.00
1.50
1.50
1.20
1.00
1.00
0.801.50
2.00
1.00

0.045
0.030
0.030
0.040
0.030
0.040
0.030
0.040
0.040
0.035
0.040
0.035
0.030
0.040
0.030
0.035
0.030

0.030
0.030
0.020
0.030
0.020
0.030
0.020
0.030
0.015
0.020
0.030
0.020
0.010
0.030
0.030
0.010
0.020

5.56.5
5.57.5
4.56.5
1.003.00
3.04.0
1.351.70
4.56.5
3.05.5
5.57.2
5.58.0
4.56.5
6.08.0
6.08.0
2.05.00
5.87.5
3.55.2
6.08.0

1.202.00
2.53.5
2.53.5
0.60
1.502.00
0.100.80
3.03.5
0.050.60
3.03.5
3.04.0
2.93.9
3.05.0
3.04.0
1.002.00
1.502.60
1.002.50
2.53.5

0.140.20
0.100.30
0.080.20
0.050.17
0.140.20
0.200.25
0.140.20
0.050.20
0.080.20
0.200.35
0.100.25
0.240.32
0.200.30
...
0.300.40
0.150.35
0.240.32

...
0.200.80
...
1.00
...
0.100.80
...
0.050.60
...
0.502.00
1.502.50
0.50
0.501.00
...
0.80
...
0.200.80

...
W 0.100.50
...
...
...
...
...

S32803

...

0.015

0.50

0.020

0.0035

0.55

28.029.0

3.04.0

1.802.50

0.020
(C+N) 0.030

...

S40500
S40900L
S40910

405
409L
...

0.08

1.00

0.040

0.030

1.00

11.514.5

0.60

...

...

...

Cb 123(C+N)
min,
0.150.50
Al 0.100.30

0.030

1.00

0.040

0.020

1.00

10.511.7

0.50

...

0.030

...

S40920

...

0.030

1.00

0.040

0.020

1.00

10.511.7

0.50

...

0.030

...

S40930

...

0.030

1.00

0.040

0.020

1.00

10.511.7

0.50

...

0.030

...

S40945

...

0.030

1.00

0.040

0.030

1.00

10.511.7

0.50

...

0.030

...

S40975

...

0.030

1.00

0.040

0.030

1.00

10.511.7

0.501.00

...

0.030

...

S40977
S41000
S41003
S41008
S41045

...
410
...
410S
...

0.030
0.080.15
0.030
0.08
0.030

1.50
1.00
1.50
1.00
1.00

0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.015
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

10.512.5
11.513.5
10.512.5
11.513.5
12.013.0

0.301.00
0.75
1.50
0.60
0.50

...
...
...
...
...

0.030
...
0.030
...
0.030

...
...
...
...
...

S41050
S41500M
S42035
S42900
S43000
S43035

...
...
...
429G
430
439

0.04
0.05
0.08
0.12
0.12
0.030

1.00
0.501.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.045
0.030
0.045
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

1.00
0.60
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

10.512.5
11.514.0
13.515.5
14.016.0
16.018.0
17.019.0

0.601.10
3.55.5
1.02.5
...
0.75
0.50

...
0.501.00
0.21.2
...
...
...

0.10
...
...
...
...
0.030

...
...
...
...
...
...

Duplex (Austenitic-Ferritic)
1.00
0.75
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.90
0.80
1.00
0.80
1.00
0.75
0.50
0.60
0.80

24.026.0
24.026.0
21.023.0
19.521.5
19.522.5
21.022.0
22.023.0
21.524.5
24.026.0
24.026.0
24.027.0
24.026.0
24.026.0
23.028.0
28.030.0
26.029.0
24.026.0

W 0.050.30
...
...
...
W 0.501.00
...
...
...
W 1.502.50

Ti 63(C+N) min,
0.50 max; Cb
0.17
Ti 83(C+N) min,
Ti 0.150.50; Cb
0.10
(Ti+Cb) [0.08+8
3(C+N)] min,
0.75 max;
Ti 0.05 min
Cb 0.180.40
Ti 0.050.20
Ti 63(C+N) min,
0.75 max
...
...
...
...
Cb 93(C+N) min,
0.60 max
...
...
Ti 0.300.50
...
...
Ti [0.20+4(C+N)]
min, 1.10 max; Al
0.15

A 240/A 240M 05a

Ferritic or Martensitic (Chromium)

TABLE 1

Continued

TypeC

CarbonD

Manganese

Phosphorus

Sulfur

Silicon

Chromium

Nickel

Molybdenum

S43400
S43600

434
436

0.12
0.12

1.00
1.00

0.040
0.040

0.030
0.030

1.00
1.00

16.018.0
16.018.0

...
...

0.751.25
0.751.25

S43932

...

0.030

1.00

0.040

0.030

1.00

17.019.0

0.50

...

S43940

...

0.030

1.00

0.040

0.015

1.00

17.518.5

...

...

S44400

444

0.025

1.00

0.040

0.030

1.00

17.519.5

1.00

1.752.50

0.035

...

S44500

...

0.020

1.00

0.040

0.012

1.00

19.021.0

0.60

...

0.03

0.300.60

S44626

XM-33J

0.06

0.75

0.040

0.020

0.75

25.027.0

0.50

0.751.50

0.04

0.20

S44627

XM-27J

0.010N

0.40

0.020

0.020

0.40

25.027.5

0.50

0.751.50

0.015N

0.20

S44635

...

0.025

1.00

0.040

0.030

0.75

24.526.0

3.54.5

3.54.5

0.035

...

S44660

...

0.030

1.00

0.040

0.030

1.00

25.028.0

1.03.5

3.04.0

0.040

...

S44700
S44735

...
...

0.010
0.030

0.30
1.00

0.025
0.040

0.020
0.030

0.20
1.00

28.030.0
28.030.0

0.15
1.00

3.54.2
3.64.2

0.020
0.045

0.15
...

S44800
S46800

...
...

0.010
0.030

0.30
1.00

0.025
0.040

0.020
0.030

0.20
1.00

28.030.0
18.020.0

2.002.50
0.50

3.54.2
...

0.020
0.030

0.15
...

Nitrogen

Copper

Other
ElementsE,F

...
...

...
...

0.030

...

...
Cb 53C min,
0.80 max
(Ti+Cb)
[0.20+4(C+N)]
min, 0.75 max;
Al 0.15
Ti 0.100.60 Cb
[0.30+(33C)] min
(Ti+Cb)[0.20+4(C+N)]
min, 0.80 max
Cb 103(C+N)
min, 0.80 max
Ti 0.201.00;
Ti 7(C+N) min
Cb 0.050.20
(Ni + Cu) 0.50
(Ti+Cb) [0.20+4
(C+N)] min, 0.80
max
(Ti+Cb) 0.20
1.00, Ti + Cb
63(C+N) min
(C+N) 0.025
(Ti+Cb)
0.201.00,
(Ti+Cb) 63
(C+N) min
(C+N) 0.025
Ti 0.070.30
Cb 0.100.60
(Ti+Cb) [0.20+4
(C+N)] min, 0.80
max

...

...

Maximum, unless range or minimum is indicated.


Designation established in accordance with Practice E 527 and SAE J 1086.
C
Unless otherwise indicated, a grade designation originally assigned by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI).
D
Carbon analysis shall be reported to nearest 0.01 % except for the low-carbon types, which shall be reported to nearest 0.001 %.
E
The terms Columbium (Cb) and Niobium (Nb) both relate to the same element.
F
When two minimums or two maximums are listed for a single type, as in the case of both a value from a formula and an absolute value, the higher minimum or lower maximum shall apply.
G
Common name, not a trademark, widely used, not associated with any one producer.
H
Iron shall be determined arithmetically by difference of 100 minus the sum of the other specified elements.
I
(Al + Ti) 0.851.20.
J
Naming system developed and applied by ASTM.
K
Cr + 3.3 Mo + 16 N = 40 min.
L
S40900 (Type 409) has been replaced by S40910, S40920, and S40930. Unless otherwise specified in the ordering information, an order specifying S40900 or Type 409 shall be satisfied by any one of S40910,
S40920, or S40930 at the option of the seller. Material meeting the requirements of S40910, S40920, or S40930, may at the option of the manufacturer be certified as S40900.
M
Plate version of CA-6NM.
N
Product (check or verification) analysis tolerance over the maximum limit for C and N in XM-27 shall be 0.002 %.
UNS number was editorially corrected.
B

A 240/A 240M 05a

UNS
DesignationB

TABLE 2 Mechanical Test Requirements


TypeA

UNS Designation

Tensile Strength, min


ksi

MPa

Yield Strength,B min


ksi

MPa

Hardness, maxC

Cold BendD

Elongation in
2 in. or 50 mm,
min, %

Brinell

Rockwell B

Austenitic (Chromium-Nickel) (Chromium-Manganese-Nickel)


...
and Strip
...
800F
800HF
...
904LF
...
201-1I
201-2I
201LF
201LNF
...
202
...
XM-19K
and Strip

80

550

35

240

30E

217

95

not required

100
95
80
75
65
65
71
94
75
95
95
95
125
90
95

690
655
550
520
450
450
490
650
515
655
655
655
860
620
655

45
45
35
30G
25G
25
31
43
38
45
38
45
50
38
48

310
310
240
205G
170G
170
220
295
260
310
260
310
345
260
330

30
30
30
30H
30
30
35
35
40
40
40
45
40
40
35

...
241
192
...
...
...
...
...
217
241
217
241
255
241
241

100
...
90
...
...
...
90
...
95
100
95
100
25J
...
100

not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
...
...
not required
not required
not required
...
not required

105
100

725
690

60
55

415
380

30
35

241
241

100
100

not required
not required

100
90

690
620

60
50

415
345

40
40

241
241

100
100

not required
not required

100
90
95

690
620
655

60
50
50

415
345
345

40
40
35

241
241
241

100
100
100

not required
not required
not required

100
100
75
80
80
75
75
70
75
87
80

690
690
515
550
550
515
515
485
515
600
550

60
55
30
32
35
30
30
25
30
42
35

415
380
205
220
240
205
205
170
205
290
240

40
40
40
45
45
40
40
40
40
40
30

241
241
217
241
241
201
201
201
201
217
217

100
100
95
100
100
92
92
92
92
95
95

not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

90
85
75
70
78
78
90
87
75
75
75

620
585
515
485
540
540
620
600
515
515
515

50
40
30
25
35
37
40
45
30
30
30

345
275
205
170
240
255
275
310
205
205
205

30
30
40
40
40
30
35
40
40
40
40

241
241
217
183
...
...
217
217
217
217
217

100
100
95
88
...
...
95
95
95
95
95

not required
not required
not required
not required
...
not required
not required
...
not required
not required
not required

XM-17J
and Strip
K

XM-18
and Strip

...
XM-29K
and Strip
301
301LF
301LNF
302
304
304L
304H
...
304N
XM-21K
and Strip
304LN
305
...
...
...
...
309S
309HF
309CbF

required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required

A 240/A 240M 05a

N08020
N08367
Sheet
Plate
N08700
N08800
N08810
N08811
N08904
N08926
S20100
S20100
S20103
S20153
S20161
S20200
S20400
S20910
Sheet
Plate
S21600
Sheet
Plate
S21603
Sheet
Plate
S21800
S24000
Sheet
Plate
S30100
S30103
S30153
S30200
S30400
S30403
S30409
S30415
S30451
S30452
Sheet
Plate
S30453
S30500
S30600
S30601
S30615
S30815
S30908
S30909
S30940

TABLE 2
TypeA

UNS Designation

S30941
S31008
S31009
S31040
S31041
S31050

Hardness, maxC

Cold BendD

ksi

MPa

ksi

MPa

Brinell

Rockwell B

75
75
75
75
75

515
515
515
515
515

30
30
30
30
30

205
205
205
205
205

40
40
40
40
40

217
217
217
217
217

95
95
95
95
95

not
not
not
not
not

84
78
87

580
540
600

39
37
41

270
255
280

25
25
40

217
217
217

95
95
95

not required
not required
not required

...
...
316
316L
316H
316TiF
316CbF
316N
316LN
317
317L
317LMF
317LMNF
...
317LN
...
...
321
321H
...
...
...
334F
...
347
347H
348
348H
...

100
95
109
112
75
70
75
75
75
80
75
75
75
75
80
80
80
98
93
75
75
80
109
73
70
115
75
75
75
75
70

690
655
750
770
515
485
515
515
515
550
515
515
515
515
550
550
550
675
640
515
515
550
750
500
485
795
515
515
515
515
485

45
45
61
52
30
25
30
30
30
35
30
30
30
30
35
36
35
48
43
30
30
32
62
27
25
60
30
30
30
30
25

310
310
420
360
205
170
205
205
205
240
205
205
205
205
240
245
240
330
295
205
205
220
430
185
170
415
205
205
205
205
170

35
35
35
40
40
40
40
40
30
35
40
35
40
40
40
35
40
40
40
40
40
25
40
30
30
35
40
40
40
40
35

223
223
...
...
217
217
217
217
217
217
217
217
217
217
223
217
217
250
217
217
217
...
250
217
...
241
201
201
201
201
...

96
96
...
...
95
95
95
95
95
95
95
95
95
95
96
96
95
...
96
95
95
...
...
95
92
100
92
92
92
92
...

not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required

...
...
...
XM-15K
...

80
75
94
75
78

550
515
650
515
540

30
30
39
30
37

205
205
270
205
255

30
30
40
40
30

...
...
217
217
...

...
...
95
95
...

not
not
not
not
not

required
required
required
required
required

...
...
...
...
...

100
100
90
90
90

690
690
620
620
620

25
20
25
25
25

293
290
293
...
293

31J
...
31J
25J
31J

not required
...
not required
not required
not required

required
required
required
required
required

Duplex (Austenitic-Ferritic)
S31200
S31260
S31803
S32001
S32003

65
70
65
65
65

450
485
450
450
450

A 240/A 240M 05a

S31060
S31254
Sheet and Strip
Plate
S31266
S31277
S31600
S31603
S31609
S31635
S31640
S31651
S31653
S31700
S31703
S31725
S31726
S31727
S31753
S32050
S32053
S32100
S32109
S32615L
S32654
S33228
S33400
S34565
S34700
S34709
S34800
S34809
S35045
S35135
Sheet and Strip
Plate
S35315
S38100
S38815

Continued

Yield Strength,B min

Elongation in
2 in. or 50 mm,
min, %

309HCbF
310S
310HF
310CbF
310HCbF
310 MoLNF
t # 0.25 in.
t > 0.25 in.
...

Tensile Strength, min

TABLE 2
UNS Designation

S32101

Type

S32803
S40500
S40900N
S40910
S40920
S40930
S40945
S40975
S40977
S41000
S41003
S41008
S41045
S41050
S41500
S42035
S42900
S43000
S43035
S43400
S43600
S43932
S43940

...
405
409N
...
...
...
...
...
...
410
...
410S
...
...
...
...
429F
430
439
434
436
...
...

S32205
S32304
S32506
S32520
S32550
S32750
S32760
S32900
S32906

Yield Strength,B min

Hardness, maxC

Cold BendD

ksi

MPa

ksi

MPa

Elongation in
2 in. or 50 mm,
min, %

101

700

77

530

30

290

...

not required

94

650

65

450

30

290

...

not required

95
87
90
112
110
116
108
90

655
600
620
770
760
795
750
620

65
58
65
80
80
80
80
70

450
400
450
550
550
550
550
485

25
25
18
25
15
15
25
15

293
290
302
310
302
310
270
269

31J
32J
32J
...
32J
32J
...
28J

not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

116

800

94

650

25.0

310

32J

not required

Brinell

Rockwell B

required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required

109

750

80

550

25.0

310

32

not required

100
116

690
800

70
80

485
550

15
15

293
310

32J
32J

not required
not required

87
60

600
415

72
25

500
170

16
20

241
179

100
88

not required
180

55
55
55
55
60
65
65
66
60
55
60
115
80
65
65
60
65
65
60
62

380
380
380
380
415
450
450
455
415
380
415
795
550
450
450
415
450
450
415
430

25
25
25
30
40
41
30
40
30
30
30
90
55
30
30
30
35
35
30
36

170
170
170
205
275
280
205
275
205
205
205
620
380
205
205
205
240
240
205
250

20
20
20
22
20
18
20
18
22O
22
22
15
16
22O
22O
22
22
22
22
18

179
179
179
...
197
180
217
223
183
...
183
302
180
183
183
183
...
...
183
180

88
88
88
80
92
88
96
20J
89
80
89
32J
88
89
89
89
89
89
89
88

180
180
180
180
180
required
180
required
180
180
180
required
required
180
180
180
180
180
180
required

Ferritic or Martensitic (Chromium)

not
not

not
not

not

A 240/A 240M 05a

S32950M
S39274

...
t # 0.187 in.
[5.00 mm]
t > 0.187 in.
[5.00 mm]
2205F
2304F
...
...
255F
2507F
...
329
...
t < 0.04 in.
[1.0 mm]
t $ 0.04 in.
[1.0 mm]
...
...

Tensile Strength, min

Continued

TABLE 2
UNS Designation

10

Type

...
...
XM-33K
XM-27K
...
...
...
...
...
...

Tensile Strength, min

Continued

Yield Strength,B min

ksi

MPa

ksi

MPa

Elongation in
2 in. or 50 mm,
min, %

60
62
68
65
90
85
80
80
80
60

415
427
470
450
620
585
550
550
550
415

40
30
45
40
75
65
60
60
60
30

275
205
310
275
515
450
415
415
415
205

20
22
20
22
20
18
20
18
20
22

Hardness, maxC
Brinell

Rockwell B

217
...
217
187
269
241
223
255
223
...

96
83
96
90
28J
100
20J
25J
20J
90

Cold BendD

180
180
180
180
180
180
180
180
180
180

Unless otherwise indicated, a grade designation originally assigned by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI).
Yield strength shall be determined by the offset method at 0.2 % in accordance with Test Methods and Definitions A 370. Unless otherwise specified (see Specification A 480/A 480M, paragraph 4.1.11, Ordering
Information), an alternative method of determining yield strength may be based on total extension under load of 0.5 %.
C
Either Brinell or Rockwell B Hardness is permissible.
D
Bend tests are not required for chromium steels (ferritic or martensitic) thicker than 1 in. [25 mm] or for any austenitic or duplex (austenitic-ferritic) stainless steels regardless of thickness.
E
Elongation for thickness, less than 0.015 in. (0.38 mm) shall be 20 % minimum, in 1 in. (25.4 mm).
UNS number was editorially corrected.
F
Common name, not a trademark, widely used, not associated with any one producer.
G
Yield strength requirements shall not apply to material under 0.020 in [0.50 mm] in thickness.
H
Not applicable for thicknesses under 0.010 in. [0.25 mm].
I
Type 201 is generally produced with a chemical composition balanced for rich side (Type 201-1) or lean side (Type 201-2) austenite stability depending on the properties required for specific applications.
J
Rockwell C scale.
K
Naming system developed and applied by ASTM.
L
For S32615, the grain size as determined in accordance with the Test Methods E 112, Comparison Method, Plate II, shall be No. 3 or finer.
M
Prior to Specification A 240 89b, the tensile value for S32950 was 90 ksi.
N
S40900 (Type 409) has been replaced by S40910, S40920, and S40930. Unless otherwise specified in the ordering information, an order specifying S40900 or Type 409 shall be satisfied by any one of S40910,
S40920, or S40930 at the option of the seller. Material meeting the requirements of S40910, S40920, or S40930, may at the option of the manufacturer be certified as S40900.
O
Material 0.050 in (1.27 mm) and under in thickness shall have a minimum elongation of 20 %.
B

A 240/A 240M 05a

S44400
S44500
S44626
S44627
S44635
S44660
S44700
S44735
S44800
S46800

A 240/A 240M 05a

SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS
A supplementary requirement shall apply only when specified in the purchase order.
S1. Charpy Impact Testing of Plate
S1.1 Charpy impact tests shall be conducted in accordance
with Test Methods and Definitions A 370.
S1.2 Number of TestsOne impact test (3 specimens) shall
be made from one plate per heat treatment lot in the final heat
treated condition.
S1.3 Orientation of Test SpecimensUnless specified as
transverse specimens (long axis of the specimen transverse to
the final rolling direction, root of the notch perpendicular to the
rolling face) on the purchase order, the orientation of the
specimens shall be longitudinal (long axis of the specimen
parallel to the final rolling direction, root of the notch perpendicular to the rolling face). The manufacturer is permitted to
test transverse specimens provided that such tests meet the
acceptance criteria applicable to longitudinal specimens. Unless otherwise specified on the purchase order, the specimens
shall be taken so as to include the mid-thickness of the product.
S1.4 Test TemperatureThe purchaser shall specify the
test temperature. The manufacturer is permitted to test specimens at a temperature lower than that specified by the
purchaser, provided that such tests shall meet the acceptance
criteria applicable to specimens tested at the specified temperature (see Note ).

steel covered. It may be economical for the Charpy impact tests performed
on duplex stainless steels covered in both Specification A 240 and Test
Methods A 923 to be performed at the lower of the temperatures specified
by this supplementary requirement and Test Methods A 923 Method B,
with measurement of both lateral expansion and impact energy.

S1.5 Acceptance Limit Unless otherwise specified on the


purchase order, each of the three specimens tested shall show
a lateral expansion opposite the notch of not less than 0.015 in.
[0.38 mm].
S1.6 RecordsThe recorded results shall include the
specimen orientation, specimen size, test temperature, absorbed energy values (if required), and lateral expansion
opposite the notch.
S2. Materials for High-Temperature Service
S2.1 Unless an H grade has been ordered, this supplementary requirement shall be specified for ASME Code applications for service above 1000F [540C].
S2.2 The user is permitted to use an austenitic stainless
steel as the corresponding H grade when the material meets all
requirements of the H grade including chemistry, annealing
temperature, and grain size (see Section 6).
S2.3 The user is permitted to use an L grade austenitic
stainless steel for service above 1000F [540C], subject to the
applicable allowable stress table of the ASME Code, when the
material meets all requirements of this specification and the
grain size is ASTM No. 7 or coarser as determined in
accordance with Test Methods E 112. The grain size shall be
reported on a Certified Test Report.

NOTE Test Methods A 923, Method B, applicable to some duplex


(austenitic-ferritic) stainless steels as listed in Test Methods A 923, uses a
Charpy impact test for the purpose of determining the absence of
detrimental intermetallic phases. Method B specifies a test temperature
and acceptance criterion, expressed as impact energy, for each type of

SUMMARY OF CHANGES
This section identifies the location of selected changes to this standard that have been incorporated since the
A 240/A 240M 05 issue. For the convenience of the user, Committee A01 has highlighted those changes that
impact the use of this standard. This section may also include descriptions of changes or reasons for changes,
or both. (Approved Sept. 1, 2005.)
(1) Added N08700 to Tables 1 and 2.

11

A 240/A 240M 05a


This section identifies the location of selected changes to this standard that have been incorporated since the A 240/
A 240M 04ae1 issue. For the convenience of the user, Committee A01 has highlighted those changes that impact the use of
this standard. This section may also include descriptions of changes or reasons for changes, or both. (Approved March 1,
2005.)
(1) Revised S32101 strength in Table 2.
ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned
in this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk
of infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.
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if not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards
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12