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A Monthly Editorial

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T
he fourth cornerstone of Islam is fasting during the day in
The Daar Of the entire lunar month of Ramadhan, BO you who believe!
Observing As-Sawm (the fast) is prescribed for you as it
Islamic Heritage was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-
Muttaqun (the pious).C C [2:183]. When the Muslim fasts, he
P.O. Box 450186 teaches himself many virtues, such as controlling his appetite for
food and legal sexual activities for a period of time. Fasting also
Kissimmee, FL benefits the body and promotes good health. Furthermore, when
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Fax (407) 348-9693 Muslim brothers and sisters feel in everyday situations and who
sometimes spend several days without sufficient food or drink.

Volume 9 Issue 2 The month of Ramadhan is the best month in the year.
RABI’ THANI 1422 Allah has sent down the Quran during Ramadhan, BThe month of
Ramadhan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for
June 2001
. . . continued on page 5

In this issue
The Movement to Unify the Reli-
The Muslim Creed
gions (2/2) ................................. 2
is now available in
Salafi Concepts ......................... 6 electronic format (PDF)
At-Tazkiyah is the Goal of the
Shari’ah To receive your copy every month, please send
both your name and email address to:
Seeking Knowledge (2/2) .......... 9
Importance and Status in Islam
MuslimCreed@yahoo.com
The Prophet Said .................... 12
Phases of Creation (2/2) Receiving the newsletter electronically will decrease our
financial burdens and enable us to continue
Al-Balaa’ .................................. 14 making it available to all our readers
Trials in Life & Religion (2/4)

The Muslim Creed 1 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


The Movement to
Unify the Religions
(2/2)

T
he call to Wa‘hdat Al-Adyan is a call to uni- tians are Kuffar, are Kuffar themselves, a well-es-
fying the religions of Islam, Christianity and tablished ruling in the religion, indeed.
Judaism. This call declares that all these three
religions originate from the same source, God. There- 6 – Confronted by the pillars of the Islamic
fore, these religions can be unified and all be consid- Creed that we have mentioned above, we are obliged
ered correct and valid religions to be followed. The to rule that it is an evil act --that seeks to combine
High Council for Ifta in Saudi Arabia had issued a falsehood with the Truth-- to call to Wa’hdat Al-
Fatwa declaring this call to be erroneous and an act Adyan and to bringing the various faiths together, so
of misguidance and deviance from the Straight Path. that they are combined into one unified faith. This
We will now continue with the Fatwa and the proofs act also seeks to destroy Islam and its firm founda-
to the falsehood of this Bid’ah. tions and will lead the Muslims to a general Riddah
(reverting from the religion), BAnd they will never
5– Among the pillars of the Islamic Creed is cease fighting until they turn you back from your
that Muslims are required to believe that those who religion if they can.C C [2:217], B
BThey wish that you
do not embrace the religion of Islam, whether Jews reject Faith, as they have rejected (Faith), and thus
or Christians, are Kuffar, meaning disbelievers. Such that you all become equal (like one another).C C
people are called Kuffar, for they are the enemies of [4:89].
Allah whose abode will be the Fire. Allah said, what
translated means, B Those who disbelieve from 7 – The effects of this devious call to unify
among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Chris- the religions also entails erasing the differences be-
tians) and among Al-Mushrikeen, were not going tween Islam and Kufr, Truth and Falsehood, and
to leave (their disbelief) until there came to them Ma’roof (righteousness) and Munkar (evil). In ad-
clear evidence.C C [98:1], and, BVerily, those who dition, this evil call seeks to demolish the barriers of
disbelieve from among the people of the Scripture dislike between the Muslims and the Kuffar, thus
and Al-Mushrikeen will abide in the Fire of Hell. eradicating Al-Walaa’ (loyalty to the Muslims) and
They are the worst of creatures.C C [98:6]. Also, Al-Baraa’ (disowning the Kuffar) and leads to end-
Imam Muslim reported that the Prophet said, “By ing the Jihad to raise high the Word of Allah. Allah
He in Whose hand is my soul! No one among this said, what translated means, BFight against those
Ummah, whether a Jew or a Christian, hears about who believe not in Allah, nor in the Last Day, nor
me and does not believe in what I was sent with, forbid that which has been forbidden by Allah and
but will be among the people of the Fire.” There-
fore, those who do not agree that the Jews and Chris- . . . continued on page 5

The Muslim Creed 2 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


The Daar Of Islamic Heritage
9th Annual Meeting

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Marvels of it’s Collection, Classification, and Application

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8/31 - 9/2, 2001
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Fax (407) 348-9693
The Muslim Creed 3 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6
Continued from page 2 ... Unifying the Religions truth, because they will be combining the truth --the
Quran-- and falsehood --the altered Torah and Bible.
His Messenger and those who acknowledge not
the religion of truth (Islam) among the people of c – No Muslim is allowed to agree to build a
the Scripture (Jews and Christians), until they pay complex that contains a Masjid, a synagogue and a
the Jizyah (monetary fines) with willing submis- church because this constitutes accepting a religion
sion, and feel themselves subdued.C C [9:29], and, other than Islam. This act also constitutes a rejec-
BAnd fight against the Mushrikeen collectively, tion of the fact that Islam overrules all other reli-
as they fight against you collectively. But know gions, thus allowing the people the freedom to choose
that Allah is with those who are Al-Muttaqun (the any one from among the three religions. There is no
C [9:36].
pious).C doubt that believing in this deviance, accepting it or
agreeing to it are all Kufr and sin that contradict the
8 – We also state that if the call to Wa’hdat Quran, the Sunnah and the consensus of the Muslim
Al-Adyan was issued by a Muslim, it will constitute Ummah. This act also condones the alterations that
a clear Riddah by him from the religion of Islam, as the Jews and Christians have introduced into the
this call contradicts the Torah and the Bible,
treating these changes as
Muslims ar aree rrequir
equir
equireded to be-
established pillars of the
Creed. This evil call also if they were coming
accepts Kufr in Allah,
questions the truthful- lieve that whoever does not from Allah Who is
praised from this devi-
ness of the Quran and its
overruling all previous
embrace the rreligion
eligion of Is- ance and falsehood.

Books, and voids the lam, whether Jews or Chris- d – Muslims are
not allowed to call the
aree KKuffar
tians, ar uffar
uffar,, meaning dis-
fact that Islam annuls all
previous religions. churches as “the houses

believers.
Therefore, Wa’hdat Al- of Allah” or to claim that
Adyan is a rejected, evil its people worship Allah
and prohibited call ac- in a correct manner that
cording to the Shari’ah and according to the abun- is accepted by Him. Christianity is a religion that
dant Islamic legislation in the Quran, the Sunnah and does not conform to Islam, BAnd whoever seeks a
Ijmaa’ (consensus of the scholars) about this subject. religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted
of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the
9 – Therefore, we rule the following: C [3:85]. Rather, the churches are houses in
losers.C
which Kufr is being conducted and practiced. Cer-
a – No Muslim who believes in Allah as his tainly, we seek refuge in Allah from Kufr and its
Lord, in Islam as his religion and in Mohammad as a people. Shaykh Al-Islam ibn Taymiyyah said that
Prophet and Messenger is ever allowed to call unto the synagogues and the churches, “Are not houses
this sinful idea or to encourage or propagate it among of Allah. Rather, the houses of Allah are only the
Muslims, let alone accepting it, participating in its Masajid. These synagogues and churches are houses
conferences and meetings or belonging to the orga- where Kufr is being practiced, and the houses take
nizations that call unto it. the rulings of their residents, who are Kuffar in this
case. Hence, they are houses of Kufr where the Kuf-
b – No Muslim is allowed to print the Torah far conduct their worship.”
or the Bible alone in a volume, so what about com-
bining them with the Quran in one book?! Those 10 – It is a fact that calling non-Muslims in
who do this evil act will be then led astray from the general, and the People of the Scriptures in particu-

The Muslim Creed 4 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


lar, unto Islam is required from all Muslims accord- hammad) far away from some of that which Allah
ing to the clear Texts of the Quran and Sunnah. C [4:49].
has sent down to you.C
However, this obligation can only be carried out
through arguing with non-Muslims in a way that is In deciding these rulings, the Council advises
better. Also, Muslims are not allowed to give up any the Muslims in general and those who have knowl-
part of Islam so as to convince the disbelievers to edge in particular to fear Allah and to remember His
embrace Islam. Allah said, BSay (O Mohammad), Perfect Watch over them. The Muslims are also
“O people of the Scripture: Come to a word that is called unto protecting Islam and preserving the Is-
just between us and you, that we worship none but lamic Creed from those who call unto sin and mis-
Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him, guidance, and to protect Islam against both the Kufr
and that none of us shall take others as lords be- and its people. The Council also warns the Muslims
sides Allah.” Then, if they turn away, say, “Bear against all types of Kufr theologies, such as Wa’hdat
witness that we are Muslims.”C C [3:64]. Al-Adyan, and from falling into their evil traps. We
seek refuge with Allah that any Muslim should be
As for meeting with the disbelievers in the the cause for bringing this sin into Muslim land and
pretext of calling them unto Islam and conforming propagating it. We ask Allah by His Most Beautiful
with what they desire and the goals that they seek, Names and High Attributes to grant us refuge from
thus destroying the pillars of the religion and the all types of sins and to make us correctly guided
True Faith, it is an evil act that Allah, His Messenger among those who call unto the correct guidance.
and the believers reject. Indeed, Allah is praised We also ask Him to make us all among the protec-
from what the disbelievers and the hypocrites at- tors of Islam with the light of the correct guidance
tribute unto Him. He said, what translated means, and the true knowledge from Him, until we meet
B…but beware of them lest they turn you (O Mo- Him while He is pleased with us.

Continued from page 7 ... Seeking Knowledge

mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and I’htisab (awaiting the rewards with Allah alone),
C [2:185].
the criterion (between right and wrong).C will have his previous sins forgiven. And whoever
Also, the month of Ramadhan contains a night, performs Qiyam (voluntary prayer at night) during
Laylat Al-Qadr, that is better than a thousand Laylat Al-Qadr with Iman and I’htisab, will have
months, BVerily! We have sent it (this Quran) his previous sins forgiven.” [Al-Bukhari & Mus-
down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree). And what lim].
will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr is?
The night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand When one is fasting, he is obliged to protect
months.C C [97:1-3]. his fast by abandoning backbiting, causing calum-
nies between people, lying, listening to music, and
Those who fast Ramadhan will earn for- so forth. Furthermore, when fasting, it is the Sun-
giveness for their sins, as long as one fasts with faith nah to read the Quran as much as one can, and to
in Allah and anticipating the rewards from Him. The remember Allah, give away charity, perform as many
Messenger of Allah said, what translated means, acts of worship as one can, especially during the last
“Whoever fasts Ramadhan with Iman (faith) and ten night of Ramadhan.

The Muslim Creed 5 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


Salafi Concepts...

At-Tazkiyah
Is the Goal of the Shari’ah

T
here are several ways and methods which will help the Muslim purify his heart
from all impurities and evils that may hinder his journey on the path of Tazkiyah
(purifying one’s self and soul). These ways and methods will also help the
Muslim implement what Allah has commanded and ordained on him. When one
analyzes the various aspects of Islam, such as the creed, acts of worship, business
transactions and codes of conduct, he will discover that all these aspects seek to achieve
Tazkiyah for the hearts. In addition, At-Tazkiyah connects the hearts with the Creator
and reminds the slave with Allah, thus helping him achieve At-Taqwa, that is, fear from
Allah. Therefore, when one performs any of these aspects of Islam with sincere
intention and seeking to fulfill Allah’s rights, then he or she will achieve Tazkiyat An-
Nafs and will purify his or her soul, Allah willing.

The Prophet said, “I was sent but to perfect the slaves achieve Tazkiyat An-Nafs until they are
the codes of good conduct.” [Al-Bukhari]. The ready to be Allah’s neighbors in Paradise.”
Prophet’s Message certainly contains more than the
codes of good conduct. Yet, the Messenger said that At-Taw’hid is indeed a Tazkiyah because it
he was sent but to perfect the codes of good conduct, entails testifying and believing in Allah as the One
to indicate that this is the goal behind implementing Lord Who has no partners. This testimony is Taz-
the Islamic Shari’ah (Commandments and Law). kiyah itself because it is a virtue to accept the truth,
while on the other hand, rejecting the truth is a sinful
All parts of the Islamic Shari’ah, including act. There is no truth mightier than Allah nor more
the creed and the codes of good conduct, seek to present and clear to the minds of the creation. Disbe-
achieve Tazkiyat An-Nafs for Muslims. Furthermore, lieving in Allah and rejecting Him are the biggest sin
and as we have stated, Az-Zakah entails purity, cleans- and filth. Allah said, BVerily, the Mushrikeen (poly-
ing the heart and avoiding all types of evil and mis- theists, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Al-
conduct. Imam Az-Zuhri said, “The Message comes lah) are Najas (impure).C C [9:28]. The Mushrikeen’s
from Allah, the Messenger only delivers it, and we hearts are filthy because of their Shirk and their deny-
are required to submit to it. All the Shari’ah will help ing the Creator’s Attributes. This Ayah does not

The Muslim Creed 6 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


describe the physical filth that exists on the whoever voluntarily gives away charity will help him
Mushrikeen’s bodies, because they can easily wash it achieve At-Tazkiyah.” Allah has commanded the
off. Rather, the Ayah describes the filth of Shirk and Muslims to pay the required Zakat, which is a means
disbelief that these Mushrikeen have committed and of achieving At-Tazkiyah, as the Zakat rids the heart
which have engulfed their hearts and minds. from the ills of tightwad and being miserly. Also, At-
Tazkiyah elevates the Muslim and defends him against
Ibn Kathir said, while commenting on the the destructive forces of the whims and desires, and
Ayah, BAnd woe to the Mushrikeen. Those who indeed, this is how mankind’s conduct is bettered
give not the Zakat.CC [41:6-7], “Ali bin Abi Tal’hah and improved. Imam Al-Baydhawy commented on
said that ibn ‘Abbas said that this Ayah, ‘Means those the Ayah, BAnd sanctify them with it.C C saying that
who do not testify that there is no deity worthy of it indicates that the Sadaqah, “Will increase their good
worship except Allah.’ Also, ‘Ikrimah issued a simi- deeds and elevate them to the grades of the sincere
lar statement.” believers.”

Furthermore, the prayer is Tazkiyah, as Al- For all these reasons, we now realize that
lah has said, what trans- Zakat and charity are
lated means, BVerily, the
When one analyzes the various
some of the means with
prayer prevents every which the heart avoids
sinful and wicked act.C C aspects of Islam, such as the tightwad and being mi-

cr eed, acts of worship, business


creed,
[29:45]. Hence, the serly. Therefore, Taz-
prayer is one of the most kiyat An-Nafs is the
effective means that will transactions and codes of concon-- highest type of good

duct, he will discover that all


achieve Tazkiyat An- conduct that mankind
Nafs for the believers. can and should achieve.
The Muslims pray sev- these aspects seek to achieve When one’s heart is

Tazkiyah for the hearts.


eral times every day and clean and pure, all the
night, all the while re- problems that he might
membering Allah and face and the barriers that
learning to adhere by the Quran and Sunnah. The might hinder his path will be overcome and defeated,
prayer also guides and directs Muslims to acquire the Allah willing.
true Taqwa, as the prayer achieves the Taqwa for the
slave more than the other acts of worship. This is Allah has regulated the material aspects of
why when the Prophet would feel concerned about a life for the believers, such as requiring the Zakat that
matter, he used to revert to the prayer, as Imam Ah- is paid by the rich to the needy and the poor. Also,
mad has narrated. Allah has encouraged giving away all types of charity
in many Ayat in the Quran, and certainly, all the wealth
In addition, Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) is a and possessions that exist are Allah’s property in re-
Tazkiyah, as Allah has said, what translated means, ality, and most certainly, all mankind are His slaves.
BThen he should not have sexual relations (with
his wife), nor commit sin, nor dispute unjustly dur- Allah has also warned the Muslims against
ing the Hajj.CC [2:197]. selfishness and miserly conduct, considering refrain-
ing from giving away the required charity as an act of
Also, Zakat (obligatory charity) is Tazkiyah. destruction, as He said, BAnd spend in the Cause of
Allah said, BTake Sadaqah (alms) from their wealth Allah (i.e. Jihad of all kinds, etc.) and do not throw
in order to purify them and sanctify them with it.CC yourselves into destruction (by not spending your
[9:103]. Ibn Taymiyyah commented, “The heart of wealth in the Cause of Allah), and do good. Truly,

The Muslim Creed 7 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers).C C and will forgive you. And Allah is Most Ready to
[2:195]. Imam Al-Baydhawy commented that the appreciate and to reward, Most Forbearing.C C
destruction referred to in the Ayah, “Means over- [64:17]. This is a small demonstration of the many
spending, squandering the wealth and refraining from Ayat in the Quran that discuss the subject of spend-
joining and spending on the Jihad, for this will ing the wealth in Allah’s sake.
strengthen the enemy and will allow them to destroy
the Muslims. What further testifies to this fact is that As-Siyam (fasting) is also Tazkiyah. Allah
Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari has said, ‘When Allah gave said, what translated means, BObserving As-Saum
victory to Islam and then its following increased, we (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was pre-
went back to our families and estates to reside there, scribed for those before you, that you may become
so that we will be able to effectively manage them. Al-Muttaqin (the pious).C C [2:183]. Therefore, the
Then, this Ayah was revealed.’ Further, this last Ayah true goal behind As-Siyam is achieving the Taqwa
describes miserly and loving money as types of atti- of Allah, and whoever achieves At-Taqwa will
tude that will lead to eternal destruction, and this is achieve all the other benefits of Siyam. Hence, Siyam
why Al-Bukhl (tightwad) is called destruction.” achieves Taz-kiyat An-Nafs. As-Siyam is one of the
most beloved and hon-
Also, Allah said, ored acts of worship to
what translated means, The Muslim is rrequir
equir ed to feel that
equired Allah, because it indi-
B O you who believe!
Spend of that with
what he enjoys of bounty is not cates a heart that is free
of Riyaa’, that is, show-
which We have pro- because of his power or as a rre- e- ing off, for no one ex-
vided for you, before a cept Allah can truly be
Day comes when there sult of his har
hardd work. Rather
Rather,, it sure that a certain per-
will be no bargaining,
nor friendship, nor in- is because of Allah’s gr eat Bounty
great son is fasting. This is
why the rewards for As-
ter-cession.C C [2:254],
BBelieve in Allah and
and perfect Kindness. Siyam are unlimited, as
Allah has said in a Qudsi
His Messenger (Mo- Hadith, which trans-
hammad), and spend of that whereof He has made lated means, “All the deeds of the son of Adam are
you trustees. And such of you as believe and spend his except for As-Siyam, for it is for Me and I will
(in Allah’s Way), theirs will be a great reward.C C reward for it.” [Al-Bukhari & Muslim].
[57:7] and, BAnd spend (in charity) of that with which
We have provided you, before death comes to one Hence, all the acts of worship and the laws
of you and he says, “My Lord! If only You would of Islam, such as Taw’hid, the prayer, the fast, Hajj,
give me respite for a little while (i.e. return to the Zakat, being kind to the parents, keeping the rela-
worldly life), then I should give Sadaqah (i.e. Zakat) tions with relatives, being just, avoiding all types of
of my wealth, and be among the righteous (i.e. evil conduct, etc., seek to perfect the Muslim’s sla-
perform Hajj).”C C [63:10]. very and his being subservient to Allah. For one to
draw closer to Allah, he must enter through the doors
All the money that exists is actually Allah’s, of perfect slavery, humbleness, subservience and
and He gives it to whom He wills, and He is the Most meekness for Allah, the Exalted and Ever-High. The
Kind, Most Generous. Yet, He promised those who Muslim is also required to feel that what he enjoys of
spend their money in His sake with multiplying their bounty is not because of his power or as a result of
wealth, along with granting them His forgiveness. his hard work. Rather, it is because of Allah’s great
He said, BIf you lend to Allah a goodly loan (i.e. Bounty and perfect Kindness. Doing all this will
spend in Allah’s Cause) He will double it for you, achieve At-Tazkiyah, Allah willing.

The Muslim Creed 8 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


Seeking
Knowledge
(2/2)

W
e previously stressed the importance of pointed ibn Abza, a man from among our Mawali (as
seeking knowledge in the religion and the freed slaves are called).” Umar said, “You have
stated that this is the best type of knowl- appointed a Mawla as their temporary governor?”
edge that Muslims are required to seek. We also He said, “O Leader of the believers! He is a reader of
stated that the majority of Muslims in the present the Quran, has knowledge in the rules of inheritance,
time have abandoned seeking such beneficial knowl- and also has good judgement.” Umar said, “It is a
edge, and that this has led to widespread ignorance fact that your Prophet has said, ‘Allah elevates some
in the various aspects of Islam. We will now, Allah people with this Book, while humiliating some
willing, elaborate on the importance and the neces- others.’” Furthermore, ibn ‘Hajar said that the last
sity of seeking religious knowledge. Ayah above indicates that, “Allah elevates the knowl-
edgeable believer above the ignorant believer, a
virtue that entails the abundance of rewards and
The Status of Religious Knowledge being elevated to higher grades (for those who have
religious knowledge). Being elevated in this life
By Allah’s Grace, the Muslim can acquire the entails acquiring a higher standing and a good repu-
highest grades both in this life and in the Life After by tation. Then in the Last Life, such people will be
seeking and acquiring religious knowledge. The best awarded a high rank and a better place in Paradise.”
type of knowledge is what enhances the faith in the
heart and elevates the status of the slave with Allah In addition, Allah said, what translated means,
in this life and on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed, BAllah bears witness that none has the right to be
Allah has reminded us in His Book of the importance worshipped but He, and the angels, and those
and virtue of religious knowledge. For example, He having knowledge (also give this witness).C C [3:18].
said, what translated means, BAre those who know Ibn Kathir said, “Allah mentioned His Own Testi-
equal to those who know not?C C [39:9], and, BAllah mony along with the testimony of the angels and the
will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and people of knowledge. This only indicates the high
those who have been granted knowledge.C C [58:11]. status of the scholars.”
Also, Imam Ahmad reported that Nafi’ ibn Abdul-
‘Harith met Umar ibn Al-Khattab in the area of Allah also said, what translated means, B...and
‘Asfan, after Umar had appointed him the governor say, “My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”C C
of Makkah. Umar said to him, “Whom did you [20:14]. Ibn ‘Hajar commented that this last Ayah is,
appoint as temporary governor for the people of the “Clear in indicating the virtue of knowledge, because
valley (meaning Makkah)?” He said, “I have ap- Allah has not asked His Prophet to ask for an increase

The Muslim Creed 9 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


in other than knowledge, the religious knowledge edge in what is allowed and what is prohibited in the
that is. Such knowledge explains matters of the religion. They thus recommend excellence in every-
religion for Muslims regarding the acts of worship, thing, including the treatment of animals, even when
business transactions and knowing Allah and His slaughtering them. This is why Allah has directed all
rights that need to be satisfied, such as praising Him animals to ask for forgiveness for the scholars in
from all shortcomings, etc. All these aspects of return for their excellent behavior.” [Mukhtasar
knowledge are combined in the knowledge of Tafsir, Minhaj Al-Qasidin]. He has also belittled the acts
Hadith and Fiqh.” Furthermore, Allah said in the that are not preceded by correct knowledge.
Quran, what translated means, BIt is only those who
have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah.C C Furthermore, the Prophet said, “The angels
[35:28]. lower their wings for the seeker of knowledge,
pleased by what he is doing.” [Ibn Majah]. Imam
Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated that Al-Khattaby said that the scholars have three opin-
Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufyan related that the Prophet ions regarding the meaning of the angels lowering
said, “He whom Allah intends his good, He grants their wings, “One of which is that they spread their
him knowledge in the religion.” Ibn ‘Hajar com- wings. The second, it means that they will feel
mented that this, “Indi- humbleness, which in
cates the virtue of the
scholars above the rest The best type of knowledge is turn indicates their plea-
sure with the seeker of
of the people, and the
virtue of knowledge in
what enhances the faith in knowledge. The third,
they stop flying so that
the religion above all
other types of knowl-
the hearts and elevates the they attend the meet-
ings for the purpose of
edge.” status of the slave with Allah studying the knowl-

Also, Abu Uma- in this life and on the Day of edge.” In addition, Abu
Hurayrah narrated that
mah said that the Mes-
senger of Allah was
Resur
Resurrrection. the Messenger of Allah
said, what translated
asked about two men, a means, “He who takes
scholar and a worshipper. The Messenger of Allah a path to seek knowledge, Allah will make easy for
said, “The scholar’s rank is as high above the him a path to Paradise.” [Muslim].
worshipper as my rank above the least one among
you.” The Prophet then said, “Allah, His angels, the As for the statements of the Salaf on this
residents of the heavens and earth and even the ant subject, they are in abundance. Ali bin Abi Talib, may
in its den and the fish say Salat (asking Allah to Allah be pleased with him, once said to Kamil ibn
grant forgiveness) for those who teach the Khayr Ziyad, “O Kamil! Knowledge is better than wealth,
(all that which is good and beneficial) to the people.” for Knowledge guards you while you guard your
[At-Tirmithi]. Hence, the Prophet has made the wealth. Also, knowledge is the ruler, while the
grade of the scholar just below that of the prophets. wealth is ruled. Furthermore, the wealth decreases
Ibn Abbas said, “All animals, even the fish in the sea, when it is spent, while knowledge increases when it
will ask for forgiveness for those who teach knowl- is spent.” Also, Al-‘Hasan Al-Basri said, “If it was
edge to the people.” If one says, “And what signifi- not for the scholars, mankind would have become
cance does the scholar present to the fish so that they just like animals!” Furthermore, Mu’ath bin Jabal,
ask for forgiveness for him?” The answer is, “The may Allah be pleased with him, said, “Seeking knowl-
benefit of knowledge reaches everyone and every- edge for the sake of Allah is a Khashyah (meaning
thing, including the fish, for the scholars have knowl- directs one to fear Allah), and an act of worship;

The Muslim Creed 10 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


studying the knowledge is Tasbi’h (praising Allah); Imam Ahmad ibn ‘Hanbal said, “It is neces-
searching for it is Jihad; teaching it is a Sadaqah sary to seek as much knowledge in what teaches the
(charity) to those who do not have it; conveying it to necessary aspects of the religion.” He was asked,
those who deserve to learn it is Qurbah (a good “Such as what?” He said, “The necessary aspects,
deed); and knowledge is the companion and the such as the prayer and the fast.” Also, Imam Mo-
friend when one is alone.” hammad ibn Abdul-Wahhab said, “Know, may Allah
bestow His Mercy upon you, that seeking religious
In addition, Kaa’b said, “Allah has revealed knowledge is required, and that it cures the diseased
to Moses, ‘O Moses! Learn the knowledge and teach hearts. The most important aspect of knowledge that
it to the people, for I will fill the graves of those who the slave is required to obtain is that which when
learn the knowledge and teach it with light, so that implemented, it will direct the slave to entering
they will not feel lonely in their graves.” [Mukhtasar Paradise, and when ignored, it leads to entering the
Minhaj Al-Qasidin]. Also, ibn Al-Qayyim said, “The Fire, may Allah save us from it.”
slave’s completeness is ensured by two powers:
knowledge and love. The best knowledge is knowl- Gaining knowledge in such aspects of the
edge in Allah.” As for Imam Ibn Al-Jawzi, he said, religion as the creed, the obligations, the prohibitions,
“Whenever the slaves become active in their wor- and rulings regarding the various transactions, is an
ship, it will be as if they obligation, for what is a

Imam Ahmad bin ‘Hanbal said,


were told, ‘Your wor- means to fulfill an obli-
ship does not benefit gation is also an obliga-
other people, while the
benefit of the scholars “L ear
“Lear ning the rreligious
earning eligious knowl- tion. This is not the case
regarding what is not
reaches the people, for
they are the inheritors of
edge and teaching it ar aree bet- necessary or required
from the Muslims. Yet,
the prophets.” ter than the voluntar
voluntaryy Jihad a part of the Muslim

and the other voluntar


voluntaryy acts
Ummah is required to
Furthermore, gain knowledge in such
ibn Abbas said, “Prophet
Sulaiman ibn Dawood of worship.” matters and aspects, oth-
erwise, everyone will
Alayhim Assalam was gain a sin.
given the choice to either knowledge or wealth, and
he chose knowledge and was given wealth and the We should state here that acquiring knowl-
kingship with it!” Finally, a wise man once said, “All edge is better than voluntary prayer at night, volun-
the gains of those who lack knowledge are insignifi- tary fasting and voluntary charity. Imam Ahmad said,
cant, while no significant gain has missed those who “Learning the religious knowledge and teaching it are
have acquired the knowledge.” better than the voluntary Jihad and the other volun-
tary acts of worship. Knowledge is the greatest act of
worship and the most required obligation, for with
Seeking Knowledge is an Obligation knowledge, both the Muslims and Islam will live. As
for the voluntary acts of worship, they benefit only
Anas bin Malik narrated that the Messenger those who practice them. The religious knowledge is
of Allah said, what translated means, “Seeking knowl- the legacy that was left behind by the prophets. It is
edge is obligatory for every Muslim.” [Ahmad]. the light of the heart, and its people are Allah’s people
The scholars have stated that the knowledge men- and His party who deserve to be the nearest to Him.
tioned in this Hadith is knowledge of the Quran and Indeed, those who have the most knowledge will have
Sunnah. the highest grades with Allah.”

The Muslim Creed 11 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


Phases of The Prophet
Said
Creation of
the Human Being
(2/2)
Benefits from the Hadith
O
n the Authority of Abu Abdur-Rahman, Ab-
dullah Ibn Mas’ud, who said: The Messen-
ger of Allah, Salla Allahu Alayhi Wasallam, The scholars listed many benefits from this Ha-
and he is the truthful, the believed, said to us: dith. If one looks closely at these benefits, he will
be certain of the good knowledge and correct com-
“Verily, the creation of the one of you is prehension that Allah has bestowed on those schol-
brought together in his (or her) mother’s womb ars in their correct understanding of the statements
for forty days in the form of Nutfah (seed), of the best of mankind, the Messenger of Allah, Salla
then he is an ‘Alaqhah (a clot of blood) for an Allahu Alayhi Wasallam.
equal amount of time, then a Mudh-ghah (a
morsel of flesh) for an equal amount of time, The Prophet has said, what translated means,
“May Allah radiate with pleasure the face of who-
then an angel will be sent to him and will blow
ever hears my speech, then memorizes and com-
Ar-Ru’h (life) unto him, and will be com-
prehends it, and then conveys it. There may be a
manded (to record) four matters: To record his
carrier of Fiqh (knowledge of the religion) who is
(the fetus’s) Rizqh (all his gain of material pos- not a Faqih (one who has good Fiqh in the reli-
sessions during his life), his life span, his gion). And there may be a carrier of Fiqh who
works, and whether he will be happy or mis- conveys it to whoever has a better Fiqh.” [Ash-
erable (in this life and in the Hereafter). By Shafi’i, and held authentic by Al-Albani in Al-
Allah, other than Whom there is no god, ver- Mishkah]. This is because some people may memo-
ily, one of you may behave like the people of rize many Texts of the Quran and Sunnah, yet they
Paradise until there is but an arm’s length do not have good understanding of the meanings
separating him from it, and that which has entailed in these Texts. Such people may use a par-
been written overtakes him, and so he behaves ticular Text to state or derive an unrelated rule. Or,
like the people of Hellfire and he thus enters they may read the Text, yet they do not understand
it. And one of you may behave like the people which part of it has the proof to a certain rule. We
of Hellfire until there is but an arm’s length ask Allah Almighty that He grants us and our schol-
separating him from it, and that which has ars the gift of Fiqh and good comprehension in the
religion. The Prophet said, “Whomever Allah wills
been written overtakes him, and so he behaves
that he acquires all that which is good (in this life
like the people of Paradise and thus enters it.”
and in the Last Life), He will grant him the Fiqh of
the religion.” [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]. Following
Related by Al-Bukhari & Muslim are some benefit from the Hadith we are explaining:
The Muslim Creed 12 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6
1-- This Hadith encourages the Muslims to ask 8-- One’s actions, whether good or evil, are only
Allah to grant them firmness in the religion. The apparent signs and are not the final authority as to
Messenger of Allah used to ask Allah for the same what one’s end will be like, whether good or evil,
for himself, as Anas has narrated that the Messen- meaning Paradise or Hellfire.
ger of Allah used to say, “O You Who change the
hearts (Allah)! Grant our hearts firmness in Your 9-- Some scholars said that creating mankind
religion.” [Al-Hakim]. through these stages that the Hadith states is meant
to ease out the hardships that women endure during
2-- This Hadith encourages the Muslims to seek pregnancy. Allah is Able to create the fetus in its
refuge with Allah from the evil end. Our Salaf were final shape and ready to be delivered without going
always asking Allah to save them from the evil end. through these stages.
One of them once said, “Nothing brings tears to the
eyes more than the previous book (that takes prece- 10-- Some scholars allowed abortion as long as
dence just before one’s death).” Ibn Rajab has listed life has not yet been blown unto the fetus. They
many sayings for our Salaf that demonstrate how great said that the fetus in this case is not alive yet, just as
their fear was from the evil end. Muslims must never the case when one ejaculates outside the womb.
be proud of the good deeds that they perform, or on However, this opinion is weak, invalid and is refuted
account of their apparent righteousness. They must because the fetus will start taking a certain shape as
always carry feelings of hope in Allah’s Mercy and soon as conception is successful. Also, the Prophet
fear from His punishment and from the evil end. said, “When the Nutfah is forty two --or forty and
some-- nights old, Allah sends down an angel who
3-- Those who know and understand how they will give it its shape, its hearing, its seeing abili-
are created must always thank Allah for creating them ties, its skin, its flesh and its bones.” [Shar’h Mus-
in the best of shapes, and, as a consequence of this lim for An-Nawawi]. In addition, new scientific dis-
knowledge, obey His orders and avoid and abandon coveries testify to this fact.
what He has prohibited.
Ibn Rajab said, “Some scholars of Fiqh have al-
4-- The ultimate happiness or misery that every lowed the woman to have an abortion as long as life
man or woman will achieve is only known to Allah has not yet been blown unto the fetus. They equated
Almighty. this case with Al-‘Azl (when one ejaculates outside
the womb or uses a condom, etc.). However, this
5-- One can swear to the truthfulness of what he opinion is weak. This is because as soon as concep-
is reporting, so as to make sure that the listener has tion is successful, the fetus will have already been
more confidence and certainty in his report. created and started to take shape. When one uses
Al-‘Azl, there will be no fetus altogether. Al-‘Azl
6-- One must always feel certain that his own only serves to prevent conception. And even Al-‘Azl
sustenance will be provided for him, and thus feel cannot prevent conception if Allah wants it to be
satisfaction with the Rizqh that Allah has granted successful.” [Jami’ Al-‘Ulum Wa Al-‘Hikam].
him. One must also avoid being greedy and not sell
his honor and religion for material gains, as some 11-- Some scholars of Fiqh have relied on this
people do in the present time. Hadith as evidence that if a fetus of four months or
more is born dead, then the Janazah (funeral) prayer
7-- Life and death are Allah’s Domain. Muslims must be held for it. This is because after four months
who understand this fact will not fear anything or have passed, life will have been blown unto it. This
anyone for their lives, except Allah, the Almighty. opinion was supported by Imams Ahmad, Sa’id ibn
Such Muslims will always be courageous. Al-Musayyib, Ash-Shafi’i and Is‘haqh.

The Muslim Creed 13 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


Al-Balaa’,
Trials in Life and Religion
(2/4)

I
n the previous article on Al-Balaa’, we men- This wisdom also includes the fact that if the
tioned several of its general aspects and ex- believers are always triumphant, victorious and domi-
plained its intended impact on the heart of the nant, then their ranks will be joined by those whose
believer. We will now, Allah willing, expand on this intention is not sincere regarding the religion and
subject and will also explain the reason behind the following the Messenger of Allah, and who only
defeats and setbacks that the believers sometimes seek whoever has dominance and glory. On the
suffer. Imam ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah has included other hand, if the believers are always defeated, no
these articles in a chapter in his famous and beneficial one will join their ranks. The divine wisdom has
book, Ighathat Al-Lahfan min Masa-ed Ash-Shaytan, thus decided that the believers will have the upper
meaning, “Saving the Weary From the Traps of hand sometimes and lose it at some other times.
Satan.” He continued, “... This is how the ranks of the believers will be only
joined by those who seek Allah and His Messenger,
8 — There is a great wisdom behind the not driven by their quest for this world and its
defeats and setbacks that the believers sometimes material gains.
suffer by the hands of the disbelievers, and only Allah
knows the full extent of this wisdom. This wisdom Furthermore, this wisdom includes the fact
entails reminding the believers of their slavery, full that Allah loves that His slaves perfect their slavery
dependency on and meekness to Allah. It also re- to Him during both good and not so good times,
minds them to pray to Allah to grant them victory during times of peace and during upheavals, and
over their enemies. If the believers are always victo- when they gain victory or suffer defeat. The slaves
rious and dominant over their enemies, they will feel have to fulfill the terms of their slavery to Allah
arrogance and pride. On the other hand, if they are during all of these circumstances, each case having
always defeated and dominated by their enemies, the its own distinct and relevant type of slavery. In
religion will never be established nor will the truth addition, the heart will not attain its righteousness
have a state. Hence, the Most Wise has decided that without perfecting this slavery, just as the body is
the believers will experience both victory and defeat, strengthened by experiencing heat, cold, hunger,
so that when they suffer defeat, they pray to Allah, go thirst, exhaustion and fatigue, along with the oppo-
back to Him and show their obedience and meekness site of all these conditions. All these hardships and
to Him. And when they gain victory, they establish trials are essential for mankind so that they attain
His religion and its rituals, enjoin righteousness, their perfection and the righteousness required of
forbid evil, perform Jihad against His enemies and them. The necessary righteousness will not be present
give their loyalty to His loyalist friends. when its requirements are not met.

The Muslim Creed 14 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


Also, whenever the believers are tested with towards Allah and His Messenger. Then, Allah in-
defeat by the hands of their enemies, their hearts will formed the believers that it is His wisdom that the
be cleansed and purified. Allah said, while mention- days are turned for people, that each will acquire his
ing the wisdom behind His allowing the Kuffar to prescribed share of these changing situations, and
defeat the Muslims during the battle of U’hud, BSo that mankind will acquire their full share of suste-
do not become weak (against your enemy), nor be nance and life. Allah then informed them that He has
sad, and you will be superior (in victory) if you are decided this wisdom so that He knows whom among
indeed (true) believers. If a wound (and killing) has them are true believers. Allah has Perfect Knowledge
touched you, be sure a similar wound (and killing) in everyone and everything before, during and after
has touched the others. And so are the days (good they occur. Yet, He has decided to witness the
and not so good), We give to men by turns, that believers bring this eternal knowledge into reality, so
Allah may test those who believe, and that He may that they produce the evidence to their faith. He also
take martyrs from among you. And Allah likes not stated that this way He chooses martyrs from among
the Thalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers). And the believers.
that Allah may test (or purify) the believers (from
sins) and destroy the disbelievers. Do you think Martyrdom is an exalted grade with Allah
that you will enter Paradise before Allah tests and an honorable rank that is only achieved by being
those of you who fought (in His Cause) and (also) killed in the sake of Allah. If it was not for the fact that
tests those who are As- Allah’s enemies are
Sabirin (the patient sometimes successful in
ones, etc.)? You did Allah has Perfect Knowledge in battle, the grade of mar-
indeed wish for death ever yone and ever
everyone ything befor
everything before, e, tyrdom, which is one of
during and af ter they occur , yet He
(Ash-Shahadah - mar- the most beloved grades
tyrdom) before you met after occur, to Allah and one of the
it. Now you have seen has decided to witness the most beneficial to the
it openly with your own
eyes. Mohammad is no believers bring this eter
eternal nal slave, will not be
achieved. Then, Allah in-
more than a Messen- knowledge into rreality eality
eality,, so that they formed the believers that
ger, and indeed (many)
Messengers have pass- pr oduce
produce the evidence to their faith. He wants to purify their
ranks and rid them of
ed away before him. If their sins when they re-
he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your pent and go back to Him and seek His forgiveness for
heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on their mistakes that caused their defeat. Allah also
his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, wants to destroy the Kuffar because of their injus-
and Allah will give reward to those who are tice, mischief and aggression, especially when trium-
grateful.CC [3:139-144]. phant. Furthermore, Allah criticized the believers for
thinking that they will qualify to enter Paradise
Allah has thus mentioned several types of without having to perform Jihad or practice patience.
wisdom behind allowing the Kuffar to defeat the If the believers were always victorious and domi-
Muslims. Afterwards, He reassured the Muslims, nant, then no one will fight them, and hence, they will
strengthened their hearts and gave them the glad not be tested with the hardships with which they have
tidings that they will ultimately be the dominant party to practice patience.
because of their strong faith. Allah also assured them
that although they have suffered a loss in the sake of These are but a few facts comprised in the
His obedience and obeying His Messenger, their wisdom behind Allah allowing the believers to be
enemies have also suffered because of their enmity triumphant sometimes and defeated sometimes.”

The Muslim Creed 15 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6


Our Objectives

8 To project a clear image of the religion of Islam in accordance with the Quran and Sunnah
as understood by as-Salaf as-Saleh (pious predecessors).

8 To warn Muslims against all types of Shirk (Polytheism) and Bidah (innovation) related
to religion, and against the sacrileges, the fabricated weak Hadith (Prophetic traditions)
which mar the beauty of Islam.

8 To oppose and refute the advent tenets and ideologies such as atheism, communism and
sectarianism.

8 To cooperate with Sunni Muslim organizations to achieve the above objectives.

8 To propagate Islam amongst non-Muslims.

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The Muslim Creed 16 June 2001 Vol. 9 No. 6