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Table 2.

3 Material for Steel Work


Item
No Material Reference
Code And Standard Or Equal
1. Hot rolled beams. bars, channels, plates and
angles, bracing, structural tees
A36
2. Plate girders
A36
A572 Grade 50
A588 Grade 50
A588 Grade 46
A588 Grade 42
3. Columns A36 or A572 or A588
4. Cover plates A36 or
A572 Grade 50
A588 Grade 50
5. Column base plates and splice plates A36
6. Connection bolts A325
7. Welding AWS D 1.1
8. Column anchor bolt A36 or
A307 or
A193 Grade B7
9. Round tubular bracing A53
10. Square and rectangular tubing A500, Grade B or A501
11. Castings A27, Grade 65-35 or A148, Grade 80-50
12. Forgings A668, Classes C, E and F
13 Crane rails BS 11 or equivalent
1. Structural ASTM A36 Use for all structural steel other than steels
specifically indicated in this specification
2. High-Strength Steel a. ASTM A572
b. ASTM A588
Grade, as required.
Use yield as required
3. Low-Sulfur High-
Strength Steel (for plates
over 12 mm in thickness)
ASTM A588 Grade A or B
ASTM A572 Grade 50 with
special process (such as
vacuum degassing)
a. The sulfur content of the steel shall be 0.010%
maximum, and the sulfides shall be in globular
forms.
b. The steel shall have the following properties in
through thickness direction:
b1. Reduction of area under tensile test shall be 25%
minimum.
b2. The yield and tensile strengths shall be not less
than 75% of specified strengths of original A588
or A572. For plates thicker than 56 mm, yield
tests shall be performed with test specimens
conforming to ASTM A370 Figure 5 for 12 mm
dia specimens.
c. The steel shall be 100% ultrasonically tested, per
ASTM A578 Level I for plate thickness of 19 mm
and greater, and level 11 for plate thickness less
than 19 mm, except that a 25 mm dia. Circle shall
be used instead of 75 mm dia. Circle, and
scanning shall be continued over 100% of the
plate surface.
d. The steel shall be tested for Charpy -V- Notch
Impact, in accordance with ASTM-A370 with
frequency (P) indicated in ASTM A637; and shall
meet the following requirement:
Direction Charpy Value
(Mils-lateral expansion)
At 0C
Longitudinal 70
Transverse 60
Through-Thickness 30
e. Use: Where indicated, especially for plates loaded
or stressed in through thickness direction.
4. Stainless Steel Hot rolled,
annealed and pickled
(HRAP) finish
a. ASTM A240,
b. ASTM A240, conforming to
A358, Class 1, Grade 304
Plates
Plates for fabrication of welded plate piping included
in structural steelwork.
5. Stainless-Clad Steel, with
finish, RMS values of 10
to 30
ASTM A240. Type 304
stainless cladding steel on
backing plate of ASTM A36
steel. Conforming to ASTM
Thickness of cladding shall be nominal 1.2 mm
sincle clad for backing plates 6 mm or more in
thickness.
6. Tubular members
6.1 Round tubular Bracing
ASTM A53 of the following
type and grade:
a. Type E or S, open hearth
or basic oxygen steel only,
with sulphur Content not
exceeding 0.05%
b. Grade B only (2,460
kg/cm2 yield)
Use standard. extra strong or double extra strong
weight.
6.2 Rectangular or
Square Tubing
ASTM A500 Grade B or
A501
For tubular framing
7. High Strength Bolts AISC Specification for
Structural Joints Using
ASTM A325
a. Bolts and Nuts: Use the following materials unless
otherwise indicated.
For bolts sizes use A325.Type.1 steel
b. Washer:
A325Bolts: One washer under the head or nut
whichever is the element turned in tightening.
8. Shoulder bolts for slotted
Sliding connection
8.1 Bolts ASTM A325, Type 1 22 mm diameter shank; grip length of bolt shall
equal the thickness of the mated parts plus two 3 mm
thick washers plus 3 mm. Bolt threads shall be 19
mm diameter and the length shall aqual the thickness
of two nuts plus 6 mm.
8.2 Washers ASTM F436 Two 22 mm diameter washers required.
One washer under the bolt head and one under the
nut.
9. Castings a.ASTM A27, Grade 65-35.
b.ASTM A148,Grade 80-50.
Use for all castings unless otherwise indicated.
Use only ,where high strength steel castings are
required
10. Forgings ASTM A688. Classes C, E
and F
Use for all forgings unless otherwise indicated.
11. Stock Material As specified in Items
1 through10
Mill test reports for applicable material shall
ordinarily constitute sufficient record, but separate
tests may be required on pieces selected from any
shipment.
12. Crane Rails-weight 50
kg/m or more (Lighter
rails shall conform to
manufacturer standards),
ASTM Al No. 1, Rails with
carbon content 0.67-0.82%
Or manufactures standards
meeting the same required
a. Product: Shall be control cooled and heat treated
or end hardened, as made by one of the following
manufactures or approved, equal in accordance
with their standard specification for crane unless
otherwise indicated.
a.1. Bethlehem Steel Corporation. USA
a 2. United States Steel Corporation
b. Length: Standard 12 m, subject tolerance of
ASTM A1
c. Size: As indicated on the design crawings
d. End Drilling Three holes each end, spaced to suit
specified joint bars and as required for tight end
joints.
e. Marking: As specified in ASTM Al
13. CraneRail Accessories As indicated Accessories shall be as made by, or as fu
rnished by.
one of the rail manufacturers indicated in item 12 in
accordance with their standard specifications for rail
accessories, for the specified rails and in occordence
with the requirements of this Item 13.
13.1 Joint Bars ASTM A3 Low-carbon steel, with 6 holes and with size and
shape of bars and spacing of holes as required for
tignt end joints.
Heat-treated, with finished hexagon heads in
accordance with ANSI B 18.2.
Alloy steel with one washer for each bolt
13.2 Bolts and Nuts
ASTM B325 and ANSI
B18.2
13.3 Spring Washers AREA Specification For
spring washers.
13.4 Rail Clips ASTM A36 or better Shall be "Tight Fit" type, made of pressed st
eel plate
with reversible steel fillers and 2 holes each clip.
Also it shall be designed to allow for the resilient pad
and lateral adjustment of the crane rail of 5 mm
relative to the crane girder, during and after
installation.
13.5 Resilient Pad The resilient pad under the crane rails shall be
manufactured from synthetic elastomer and be
resistant to wear, shear. crushing, oil, grease, oxygen
arta ultra violet rays and shall be reinforced along its
length with a steel strip.