You are on page 1of 5

Natural Gas

Unit Equivalent to
1 cubic metre (m3) 35.301 cubic feet @ 14.73 psia and 60oF
thousand cubic feet (Mcf) 1.05 GJ
million cubic feet (MMcf) 1.05 TJ
billion cubic feet (Bcf) 1.05 PJ
trillion cubic feet (Tcf) 1.05 EJ
BBLS - barrels BCF - billion cubic feet
BOE - barrel of oil equivalent MCF - thousand cubic feet
MBBLS - thousand barrels MMCF - million cubic feet
BBLS/D - barrels per day MCF/D - thousand cubic feet per day
BOPD - barrels of oil per day MMCF/D - million cubic feet per day
NGL - natural gas liquids MMBTU - million British thermal units
STB - stock tank barrels
MSTB - thousand stock tank barrels
2127 liters - one ton LNG 47,000 tons = 100
thousand kiloliters LNG

135,000 m3 (62,000 tons) LNG ship
unloads 12 hrs docked 21
one month trip Korea from Middle East, 15
days Australia
1 cubic meter of natural gas ~
1/2 metric ton.


Prefix Unit
Kilo 10
3

Mega 10
6

Giga 10
9

Tera 10
12

Peta 10
15

Metric Imperial
1 kilogram 2.204 pounds
1 tonne 1.10231 US short ton (2 000 lbs)
1 tonne 0.98421 UK long ton (2 240 pounds)
1 kilolitre 6.28981 barrels (bbls)
1 barrel (of oil, bbl) 158.987 litres
42 US gallons
0.1364 tonnes
1 cubic metre (1 kilolitre) 35.3147 cubic feet
1 kilojoule 0.94781 British Thermal Units (Btus)
1 calorie 4.186 joules
Other

1 cubic metre 35.3147 cubic feet
CONVERSIONS
Table 2 Petroleum and coal
Average Energy Conversion Factors

cubic metre cubic foot gas million Btu therm gigajoule kilowatt hour cubic metre of LNG ton of LNG
1 cubic
meter gas
1 35.3 0.036 0.36 0.038 10.54 0.00171 0.000725
1 cubic
foot gas
0.0283 1 0.00102 0.0102 0.00108 0.299 0.00005 0.00002
1-million
Btu
27.8 981 1 10 1.054 292.7 0.048 0.0192
1 therm 2.78 98.1 0.1 1 0.105448 29.27 0.0048 0.00192
1
gigajoule
26.3 930 0.95 9.5 1 277.5 0.045 0.018
1 kilowatt
hour
0.0949 3.3 0.003415 0.03418 0.0036 1 0.000162 0.000065
1 cubic
meter LNG
584 20 631 21.04 210.4 22.19 6,173 1 0.405
1 ton LNG 1,379 48 690 52 520 54.8 15 222 2.47 1
1 barrel
Arabian
Lt.
0.152 5 350 5.46 54.6 5.75 1 597 0.259 0.105
1 ton
Arabian
Lt.
1.111 39 218 40 400 42.2 11 708 1.9 0.769

U.S. Customary Unit Metric Equivalent
Crude oil 1 barrel
0.1364 metric tons
5.75 gigajoules
Coal 1 short ton 0.9072 metric tons
Natural gas 1 cubic foot 0.0283 cubic meters
Natural gas plant liquids 1 barrel 0.0862 metric tons
Btu/joule 1 Btu 1 055.1 joules
Petroleum products
Motor gasoline 1 barrel 0.1172 metric tons
Distillate fuel oil 1 barrel 0.1340 metric tons
Residual fuel oil 1 barrel 0.1502 metric tons
The following table sets forth certain standard conversions from Standard Imperial Units to the
International System of Units (or metric units).

LNG NG OIL OIL COAL
t/y 10
6
mmcF/d toe/y boe/y tce/y
10
9
Nm
3
/y
-----------------------------------------------------------------
1 1.41 1.22 25 1.9
0.71 1 0.87 18 39
0.82 1.15 1 20 1.55
0.04 0.056 0.049 1 0.076
0.53 0.74 0.64 13 1
-----------------------------------------------------------------


To Convert From To Multiply By

MCF Cubic meters ("m") 28.174
Cubic meters Cubic feet 35.494
BBLS (U.S. 42 gallons) Cubic meters ("m") 0.159
Cubic meters ("m") BBLS 6.290
Feet Meters 0.305
Meters Feet 3.281
Miles Kilometers 1.609
Kilometers Miles 0.621
Acres Hectares 0.405
Hectares Acres 2.471



1 million tones LNG =~ 2.2 million cubic meter LNG
1 million tones per year (tpy)
LNG =~ 140 million standard cubic per day (MMscfd) gas
100 MMscfd gas ~ 730,000 tpy LNG
~ 2,100 tpd LNG
1 million cubic meter LNG = 6.29 million bbl LNG
=~ 460,000 tonnes LNG
1 cubic meter LNG ~ 600 cubic meter gas
~ 21200 cubic foot gas
=~
1 standard cubic foot (scf) = 0.0268 normal cubic meter (Nm 3)
1 standard cubic meter (scm) = 1.057 normal cubic metter (Nm 3)

1 kmole gas = 22.41 Nm 3 @ 101.325kPa(A) and 0 oC
1 lb-mole gas = 379.49 scf @ 14.696psia and 60 oF












Price Conversions for Natural Gas
"US$ 1.00/MMBTU" is equal to:

for other fuels

expressed in R$
multiply by to obtain multiply by to obtain
5.46 US$/ barrel of oil Exchange rate x 37.30 US$/ mil m natural gas
40.22 US$/ ton. fuel oil Exchange Rate x 1.06 US$/ mil ft natural gas
51.32 US$/ ton. LNG Exchange Rate x 0.10 US$/ therm
46.63 US$/ ton. PLG Exchange Rate x 3.97 US$/ cal
42.66 US$/ ton. diesel Exchange Rate x 3.42 US$/ mwh
13.10 US$/ ton. firewood Exchange Rate x 0.95 US$/ Gjoule
26.98 US$/ ton. charcoal Exchange Rate in R$



million
BTU
'000 cubic meters
natural gas
Ton
LNG
Ton
PLG
Ton
fuel oil
'000 cubic meters natural gas 37.30 1.00 0.73 0.80 0.93
ton LNG 51.32 1.38 1.00 1.10 1.28
ton PLG 46.63 1.25 0.91 1.00 1.16
ton diesel 42.66 1.14 0.83 0.91 1.06
ton fuel oil 40.22 1.08 0.78 0.86 1.00
ton charcoal 26.98 0.72 0.53 0.58 0.67
national coal (4,500 kcal/Kg) 17.86 0.48 0.35 0.38 0.44
ton firewood 13.10 0.35 0.26 0.28 0.33
barrel petroleum 5.46 0.15 0.11 0.12 0.14


natural gas: 1 cubic meter = 9,400 Kcal (20 and 1 atm)
1 million BTU ( 1 MMBTU) = 26.8 cubic meters ( m) natural gas.





































Mass or volume gas Energy & other
1 cubic metre of gas 38 megajoules as methane
44 megajoules as W.A. NWS LNG
1 billion cubic metres of natural gas 730 000 tonnes of LNG
1 Trillion Cubic Feet (TCF) Approx. 1 000 petajoules
20 million tonnes
1 tonne of gas 1 333 cubic metres
1 terajoule 26 300 cubic metres of gas
0.929 million cubic feet of natural gas
17.63 tonnes of LNG
1 MCF (eg. per day) (millions cubic feet) of gas (also 1MMSFD = 1
million cubic feet per day)
28 317 cubic metres
19.39 tonne of LNG
1 057 Gigajoules
1.1 Terajoules
1 tonne of LNG 1 460 cubic metres (at 20C) (or 1 333 at 0C)
54.5 Gigajoules
9.5 bbl of Arab crude oil by energy equivalence
51.7 MMBTUs
1 tonne of crude oil 7.33 bbls
42.1 gigajoules
1 MMBTU 1.055 Gigajoules
3.6 gigajoule 1 MWh
1 petajoule (1 terajoule) ca. 20 000 tonnes (20 tonnes) gas
1 terajoule of gas per day ca. 7 200 tonnes per year.
1 million tonnes of LNG per year 1.333 billion cubic metres per year
3.65 million cubic metres of natural gas per day
100 MW power station (33% efficiency) ca. 25 terajoules per day (10 Gigajoules/1MWh)
Coal ca. 20 Gigajoules per tonne
Condensate ca. 32 Megajoules per Litre
Crude oil ca. 37 Megajoules per Litre
LNG ca 25 Megajoules per Litre
Natural gas ca. 38 Megajoules per Cubic Metre