You are on page 1of 41

A.

PLANNING PARAMETER
I. Statement of the Problem
The problem to be addressed is the need to relocate and provide the 1,160
projected population of the informal settler families from Hagonoy, Bulacan with
housing and other supporting facilities to give them decent lifestyle, security of
tenure and shelter against hazards. These families are threatened with the
dangers of annual storm surges and flooding. Also, the emerging effects of
climate change requires an immediate adaptive solution for the survival of
humanity.

1. Project Requirement
The project Proposed Development of a Sustainable Socialized Housing
Community for the Urban Poor from Hagonoy, Bulacan requires the following:

1.1 Area of Development
The minimum area to provide the beneficiaries with sufficient quantity of housing
units is 6.17 Ha. To satisfy the efficiency of the site, the ratio of the saleable to
non-saleable shall be 60:40. Therefore, the area of development shall be a
minimum of 10.28 Ha.
1.2 Major Beneficiaries
The study will benefit the following stakeholders situated in Region III Central
Luzon:
Fisher folks and other Informal Settler Families
The fisher folks are usually considered informal settlers because of their
residence in the easement/ salvage zones, non-municipal waters and usually
the foreshore area. The proposed resettlement area will provide alternative
livelihood and post-harvest facilities and must be able to adapt to the
urbanizing environment.
Coastal Zone
The coastal zone is a multifunction area. Thus, these uses include buildings
and infrastructures. The coastal zone plays an important role in both land
and water ecosystems, making it the most vulnerable to be dominated by
man. It should be used to its maximum and be able to sustain itself for the
future generations.
Local Government Unit
It will help the Local Government Unit goal in minimizing number of
casualties and to lessen the damages during calamities.

1.3 Vision of the Region
The following are the vision and mission of the Provincial Government of Bulacan
that responds to the development of the project:
Vision
"A premier province with a vibrant economy, safe environment, and strong middle
class as the core of the citizenry where the people have equal access to
opportunities and services and are living models of its historical heritage and cultural
excellence."
Mission
The promotion of positive Filipino values among the families;
Programs on sustainable development;
The efficient delivery of health and social services;
The protection and management of environment;
Programs for reducing disaster risks and increasing adaptive capacity to
climate change;
Programs aimed at food security;
The strengthening of the micro small-medium enterprises

1.4 Major Design Requirements
The project proposal objects to provide the resettling population with a master
plan for a sustainable community which includes the following:
Medium Rise Building (Residential Units)
Neighborhood/ Multi-purpose Hall
Alternative Livelihood Program (Aquaponics)
Day Care center
Communal Playgrounds/ Open Spaces
Commercial Center
Parking Lots
II. Proposed Site
1. Site Data
2. Site Analysis

B. ARCHITECTURAL PROGRAMMING
I. Design Process

1. Methodology
The following are the systematic, theoretical analysis of the methods applied to
the architectural research.

1.1 Literature Search
This is gathering of data from architectural design or researched studies that
are already been done. This is achieved thru reading and scanning applicable
data in the following tools:
Book Search
The researcher examined the books from the library that are related to solve
the design project. Past thesis proposals that are associated with the topic
also became reference for the project.
Journal Search
Professional journals or magazines that deals with the particular building
types are considered in developing the task required.
Computer Search
The internet provides vast information about the project. Significant topics are
scanned and scrutinized to assist the enhancement of the design. Amongst
the tools for literature search, the aid of the computer is the most utilized by
the researcher.

1.2 Observation
These are noticing and recording of facts and events pertinent to the design.
This is used for acquiring and understanding about a design project. Activities
include site visits, visit to the clients work, social environment and home
environment. Information are attained through the following types of
observation:
Casual Observation
This is the method getting the big picture in a naturalistic observation,
discovering the history of the place, group of activity, discovering
questions and gathering of data.
Systematic Observation
This is a more focused way of looking at a setting or site. It is the way
of investigating for answer of a particular question. This is where the
counting begins, it draws more than general reaction but a conclusion
in which production may be based.
Statistical Observation
The researchers undertake the method of counting things in a very
rigorous manner to argue for a precision beyond reasonable doubt.
Statistical probabilities are used to create reliable prediction about the
response to a design.

1.3 Interviews
It ranges from casual, fact finding, conversation for a systematically finding the
answer to statistically rigorous interview of a number of people. Interviews are
easy to conduct for gaining useful design information.

1.4 Photo Documentation
Photographs are good for embellishing the program with images of the
project to set the stage. The other uses of photographs in the program
document are to show the need for a particular facility, to show how a
proposed new concept works within other places and to show alternative
ways of approaching the design problem. Photos of the site are included in
the book to present the real view of the site.

II. Formulation of Goals and Objectives

1. Goals
To develop a high performance structure energy efficient and will optimize
the resources with an extended life cycle and a design that is appropriate to
the changing climate to withstand the rigors of the Philippines' typhoons and
consequent flooding. And to produce a design that not only incorporates
sustainable engineering, but expands our dependence on nature beyond
mere sustenance to include aesthetic, intellectual, and spiritual meaning.
2. Objectives
To design an adaptive structure that will protect users from natural
calamities.
To design a community that will provide the needs of the users.
To design a community that will enhance the connection of the user and
the environment.
To design a community where can people live, learn and interact.

3. Design Philosophy


Organic Architecture
"The solution of every problem is contained within itself. Its plan, form and character
are determined by the nature of the site, the nature of the materials used, the nature
Organic Ecological
of the system using them, the nature of the life concerned and the purpose of the
building itself."
Frank Lloyd Wright
There are three basic tenets of the philosophy of Organic Architecture as Wright
practiced it:
Nature of the Site
The Nature of the Site means respect and response to the landscape. It may
translate as respecting local traditions and designing a building that uses local
materials. It may also mean a structure that frames landscape views or takes
advantage of unusual site elements.
Needs of the Clients
The Needs of the Clients can be interpreted in the most practical terms: how much
room does the family need, or where do they like to gather. However, Wright also
considered how the structure could enhance the familys activities and hopefully
elevate their daily living into art.
Nature of Materials
The Nature of Materials extends beyond the use of local materials to include the
respect for the materials themselves. Let the materials reveal its natural beauty.
Organic Architecture is a philosophy which enhances connection between human
and nature. It is a philosophy that honors true patterns of nature and culture, pays
close attention to sustainability and respects us, as human, in a natural world. This
philosophy shows that beautiful structures could elevate the lives of the people,
leading each person to fulfill his or her potential.
Ecological
The Site is the Solution
Understanding the site is the key for sustainable design. This includes the method of
construction, materials and the existing system of the site. By design in harmony with
all of these, the structure will join the site rather than destroying it.
Nature is our Inspiration
By creating a place which complements the environment, other systems will begin to
regenerate. Understanding our place with nature, allows us to better observe our
impact. Nature inspires our work and informs our actions.
Work with Nature
As our surroundings come back to life, so do us. Sustainable design works with the
processes of nature.
4. Design Concept
4.1 Design Conceptual Development
System of Nature: Biophilia Hypothesis
The Biophilia Hypothesis describes the innate biological affinity human have to
nature. This concept goes beyond mere sustainability.
Architecture should directly respond to its environment by enhancing the connection
between human and nature. Inspired by the form and growth of bamboo that gain its
strength through a unified root system that support a bundle of green shoots; the
collective strength of the bamboo allows the forest to grow to extraordinary heights.
The structure is inspired with the capabilities of bamboo to withstand typhoons as it
is design to extended life cycle of the residential dwelling resulting from an excellent
physical structure and the social support system offered by a well-planned
neighborhood development which will not only provide shelter from the elements,
ensuring the safety of its residents; it will also give them a sense of security and
hope that life can proceed unhindered by the onslaught of natural calamities.
4.2 Form Concept
Rectangular Mass
In an architectural discussion the accepted definition of form deals with shape and
when the figure is three dimensional, it becomes mass. The square is one of the
most structurally stable geometric shapes. It represents the pure and the national.
However, because of the equality of its dimensions, the cube is a static form that
lacks apparent movement on direction. By using dimensional transformation,
considering proportion, we can turn a square into its variation, the rectangle and
serve as primary form of the units. Simple rectangular shapes are building
configuration response well to earthquakes. They can distribute force more evenly.
4.3 Elevation Concept
Tensegrity
The triangle is one of the most structurally stable geometric shapes. It signifies
stability when resting on one of its sides, the triangle is an extremely stable figure.
When tipped to stand on one of its vertices, however, it can either be balanced in a
precarious state of equilibrium or be unstable and tend to fall over onto one of its
sides. The figure is applied to function as bracing or support to the main form of the
building.

4.4 Site Concept

5. General Objectives
The project aims to relieve the 1,160 projected population of the informal settler
families in the municipality of Hagonoy, Bulacan being threatened of perennial
damages brought by calamities aggravated by climate change. Their relocation to
the proposed project will lessen the obstruction of waterways in riverbanks and
seashores and help discharge rainwater.
The proposal intends to benefit the following:
Informal Settlers to provide a decent housing that will protect them from
calamities.
Local Government to provide housing needs and to minimize number of
casualties and to lessen the damages during calamities.
General Public to improve the image of the community.

6. Design Objectives
The design objectives in terms of planning and design set the guidelines on
generating the building envelope of the project in which the proponents endeavors.
6.1 Expansion
The project will employ vertical expansion since the chosen site is quite limited in
terms of area. In this development, the site will be utilized into its full potential
efficiency by building support community facilities while maintaining the 60-40
efficiency ratio, thus providing open spaces, parks and playgrounds.
6.2 Expression
Personality of character in the building can be attained by the ingenious application
of masses, lines and color treatment. The building comprises of masses adorned to
reduce the visual weight of the structure. Horizontal lines are applied to suggest
repose, stability, comfort, and widening effect. Vertical lines are also used to fortify
the structure with its strength, vitality, and dignity. Neutral colors are used to imply
inconspicuousness and rest.
6.3 Character
The character of the building is derived from its function or the use of the building.
The elements which comprise the building, its informal intimacy, the ingenious
application of masses, lines and color treatment suggest a residential character. The
cool colors applied create a homey feel which is suitable for its function.
6.4 Hierarchy
Various buildings will arise on the site but they differ from each other by means of
their functional, formal and symbolic role in the organization. Creating a degree of
importance in the organization avoids the monotony of the design. Thus, it is
important to emphasize the most important building of the project, namely the
medium rise buildings.
The approach to highlight the hierarchy of the medium rise buildings is by using its
quantity amongst the structure therein. Also, its visual access due to its height
signifies its dominance.
6.5 Style
Contemporary architecture which refers to modern regulates the overall design.
Some of the basic principle of this style is its simplicity in form and design, simplicity
and clarity of forms and elimination of unnecessary detail and the visual expression
of structure.
III. User Study
1. Identification of Users
2. Range of Behavior
3. Roles and Rules
4. Behavioral Pattern
5. Space Consequence
6. Space Computation



Area
per
Person
No. of
User
Anthropo
metrics
L
(m)
W
(m)
Furniture
s Area
(sqm)
Qty.
Total
Furniture
Area (sqm)
0.70
Circulatio
n (30%)
Total Area (sqm)
1.20 6.00 7.20
Sofa 2.00 1.00 2.00 1 2.00
Side Table 0.50 0.50 0.25 1 0.25
Dining Table 0.80 0.80 0.64 1 0.64
Chair 0.45 0.45 0.20 4 0.81
Kitchen Counter 2.00 0.60 1.20 1 1.20
Single Bed 1.80 0.90 1.62 2 3.24
Dresser 1.00 0.60 0.60 1 0.60
Water Closet 0.50 0.70 0.35 1 0.35
16.29 6.98 23.27
Corridors (25%) 23.27
Total Area of One Floor 93.09
Living Units per MRB 12
No. of MRB 97
8,998.29
Major Facility Requirement
Total Area of Residential Units
Living Units (1160)
Area
per
Person
No. of
User
Anthropo
metrics
L
(m)
W
(m)
Furniture
s Area
(sqm)
Qty.
Total
Furniture
Area (sqm)
0.70
Circulatio
n (30%)
Total Area (sqm)
10.00 10.00 4.29 14.29
1160
5,523.81 Total Area
Major Facility Requirement
Aquaponics Farm





Area
per
Person
No. of
User
Anthropo
metrics
L
(m)
W
(m)
Furniture
s Area
(sqm)
Qty.
Total
Furniture
Area (sqm)
0.70
Circulatio
n (30%)
Total Area (sqm)
Neighborhood/
Multi Purpose
Center 1.20 60.00 72.00
Chair 0.45 0.45 0.20 200 40.50
112.50 48.21 160.71
1.00 7.00 7.00
Table 1.00 0.60 0.60 4 2.40
Chair 0.45 0.45 0.20 4 0.81
Bench 1.00 0.40 0.40 1 0.40
CR 1.20 1.00 1.20
11.41 4.89 16.30
Public CR
Cubicle 1.80 1.00 1.80 3 5.40
Sink 1.00 0.60 0.60 2 1.20
PWD Cubicle 1.70 1.50 2.55 1 2.55
9.15 3.92 13.07
Meeting Room 1.00 12.00 12.00
Chair 0.45 0.45 0.20 12 2.43
Table 1.00 2.50 2.50 1 2.50
16.93 7.26 24.19
214.27
Home Owner's
Association Office
Major Facility Requirement
Total Area
Area
per
Person
No. of
User
Anthropo
metrics
L
(m)
W
(m)
Furniture
s Area
(sqm)
Qty.
Total
Furniture
Area (sqm)
0.70
Circulatio
n (30%)
Total Area (sqm)
Day Care Center
Classroom (2) 1.20 1.00 1.20
0.80 24.00 19.20
Chair 0.45 0.45 0.20 25 5.06
Table 1.00 0.80 0.80 1 0.80
Desk 1.50 1.50 2.25 1 2.25
Book Shelve 1.50 0.45 0.68 1 0.68
CR 1.50 1.20 1.80 1 1.80
Pantry 2.00 1.50 3.00 1 3.00 33.99 14.57 97.11
Office
1.00 2.00 2.00
Table 1.00 0.60 0.60 2 1.20
Chair 0.45 0.45 0.20 2 0.41
Kitchen 2.00 2.50 5.00 1 5.00
CR 2.00 1.50 3.00 1 3.00
Record Room 2.20 2.00 4.40 1 4.40 16.01 6.86 22.86
Play Area 4.00 9.00 36.00 1 36.00 36.00
Corridor 24.28
180.25
Major Facility Requirement
Total Area
Area
per
Person
No. of
User
Anthropo
metrics
L
(m)
W
(m)
Furniture
s Area
(sqm)
Qty.
Total
Furniture
Area (sqm)
0.70
Circulatio
n (30%)
Total Area (sqm)
Utilities
Transformer Vault 6.00 9.00 54.00 1 54.00
Main Servic Board 6.00 2.00 12.00 1 12.00
Electrical Room 4.00 3.00 12.00 1 12.00
78.00 Total Area
Major Facility Requirement
Area
per
Person
No. of
User
Anthropo
metrics
L
(m)
W
(m)
Furniture
s Area
(sqm)
Qty.
Total
Furniture
Area (sqm)
0.70
Circulatio
n (30%)
Total Area (sqm)
Parks & Playgrounds (3.5%) 314.94
314.94
Major Facility Requirement
Total Area
Area
per
Person
No. of
User
Anthropo
metrics
L
(m)
W
(m)
Furniture
s Area
(sqm)
Qty.
Total
Furniture
Area (sqm)
0.70
Circulatio
n (30%)
Total Area (sqm)
Commercial Center (1%) 89.98
89.98
Major Facility Requirement
Total Area

Fire Exit
A width of 1m will allow 60 persons within 30 minutes;
User per floor = 6 persons x 4 units = 24 user/ floor
Therefore, fire exit shall be 1m of width.
Water Supply
Minimum quantity requirement is 150 liters (40 gals) per capita per day according to
BP 220.
40 gals/user x 6 persons x 4 units x 3 floors = 2880 gals + fire reserve = 3600 gals
per MRB is required.
Therefore, use 4 -960 gallon capacity horizontal water tank.





Septic Tank
The number of persons to be served is 72 persons; suggested size of septic tank per
MRB shall be d= 1.60m; w= 2.20 and l= 4.40m.




15,399.54
6,599.80
21,999.34 Total Lot Area Required (sqm)
Provison for Open Spaces (40%)
Total Required Area (60%)
Cistern
To provide water supply to four MRBs which requires 3600 gallons each:
3600 gals x 4 = 14400 gallon capacity; 1 gallon= 0.00368 cu.m
Therefore,
1
0.00368 .

1
14400
= 52.99 53 .

IV. Site Planning Consideration
Locating any building in the site requires careful consideration of the context so that
the building fits functionally, visually and environmentally. It needs considering the
existing site location and context, its surroundings, views in and out, access and
connectivity, microclimate and building setting. Detailed site organization is
insufficient unless the broader context is evaluated. Site planning is therefore all
about ensuring that the building becomes an integral part of the site, is unified with it
and responds to the spirit of place.
1. Site Layout
The arrangement of the buildings in the site is a combination of two of the three
types of site layout. First, a curve layout is applied to avoid acute angled spaces that
will be considered as waste of space and also to allow easy vehicular circulation
around the site vicinity. Also, a cluster layout is employed to organize the buildings
into their specific zones. The cluster consists of forms that are grouped together by
proximity or the sharing of a common visual trait. A clustered organization is flexible
enough to incorporate forms of various shapes, sizes, and orientations into its
structure.





2. Zoning of Activities
The major design requirements are organized considering the adjacency, similarity in
general rule, required environments, and relative proximity to building. The zones are
classified as residential, commercial, services and open spaces.
The zoning of activities helps to promote a sense of direction. The residential zone
should be peaceful for the residents of the building. Thus, the residential zone is
located away from the entrance which is the chief source of noise. The setback from
the property line that are planted with trees and plants serves as buffer from outside
noises.








3. Orientation
The building's orientation and distance from each other allows each unit to receive
ample daylighting and natural ventilation. The medium rise buildings are located on
the inner part of the site to establish a division from the other zones that generate
great noise. The other zones, aside from the buffer zone itself, serve as buffer from
noise.










4. Approaches
There are three approaches into the site, namely the vehicular, pedestrian and the
service approach. These three approaches enter the site through the main entrance.
Though vehicles from the customer and services going to the commercial center can
access it directly, the main entrance serves as primary means of entry by the three
approaches. To control the traffic flow, a rotunda is employed.













5. Audibility (Noise Level)
Noise means any unwanted sound. Noise is not necessarily random. Sounds that
disturb people or make it difficult to hear wanted sounds are noise. Acoustic noise
can be anything from quiet but annoying to loud and harmful. Reduction of noise is
necessary for the building since its function as a residential dwelling is to be
conducive for rest and relaxation.





Certain forms are advantageous in terms of noise reduction. The I-shaped form is
considered to be the best form in avoiding noise since the noise production is
directed outwards. However, its linear form can consume a bigger amount of space
in the site. The L- shaped plan is also a good form in considering the noise
reduction. Its configuration will take full advantage of the space of the site since it is
comprised by the major spaces and also incorporates with the open spaces.
6. Site Distribution
The efficiency ratio of the project is 60- 40. It means that 60 percent of the site area
should be considered as saleable and the rest of the site, which is 40 percent, is
allocated for open spaces such as roads, playgrounds and parks which are
considered as non-saleable.
7. Faade/ Focal Point





Faade is the face or front of the building, however, facades can be multiple
determined by the number of vista points. Since the site has several vista points,
facades are applied on every side of the buildings. The bamboo skin serves as
double faade for the building which also serve as element for resisting forces,
controlling water and air penetration and vapor transmission, insulation and
admission of daylight and vision.
The focal point is situated adjacent to the main entrance of the site, it serves as the
rotunda that controls the flow of approaches.
8. Site Adaptive Plan
The layout chosen to implement, a cluster layout, minimizes the use of roads. With
this, rainwater infiltrates into the soil and flood amounts can be eluded, if not,
diminished. Also, most of the buildings in the site was installed with a rainwater
harvester. During rainy season, rainwater is collected in large storage tanks which
helps in reducing floods in the site. Apart from this, it also helps in reducing soil
erosion and contamination of surface water. Catch basins are also built to catch
rainwater from the site.

V. Design Consideration
The design considerations are intended as a design guideline and a planning tool in
designing the structure itself.
1. Layout Type
The layout type applied in the building design is the corridor type plan. It is derived
from the repetition of a single unit in a linear manner.





Then considering the noise as stated, the corridor type was transformed into an L-
type layout. The living units are accessible through the corridor which also serves as
their emergency passage into the exits. The type of plan chosen promotes an easy
sense of direction. Its horizontal form also stimulates a tranquil environment which is
suitable for a residential dwelling. The passageway also serves as an extra sun
shade for the living units and extra protection from rain during storm surges.
The layout considered anthropometrics on building space. Average space for an
individual is computed together with the areas of the furniture then additional space
for circulation is included.
2. Building Distribution
The efficiency ratio for a building is 70-30. This indicates that 70 percent of the space
within the building is saleable which includes the living units itself. The other 30
percent of the building area is non saleable and functions as open space such as the
corridor and the stairs which serves the living units as its access and emergency
exit.
3. Natural Ventilation



Passive cooling techniques are encouraged in the structure. Windows and openings
should be tactically oriented to wind paths to allow air circulation inside the living
units. However, rains brought by these winds during storm surges should be
lessened by providing louvers. This also allows light to be diffused as it enter the
living units making it well lighted. Stack effect will be controlled by providing exit
points for hot air to leave the building.

4. Fire Safety
The arrangement of the spaces in the building considers fire provisions of the fire
code of the Philippines. The maximum distance from any point to any exits shall not
exceed 45 meters. This would allow any occupant to exit the building/ floor at ease
during fire situations. The width of the stairs is also a factor to be considered, a 2m
stair can accommodate 60 persons per minute. Since the occupants per floor do not
exceed 60 persons, a 1m stair is provided in the building.
5. Building Utilities
The building to be habitable should be useful and function well for the people using
it. In order to function well, utilities are installed in the building to serve the users.
This includes power and water.
4.1 Power The buildings in the site are powered by means of an
underground distribution system which means that the wire used to
distribute electricity within the site is under the ground. It is safer than the
overhead distribution system since there isn't any potential for accident
because the wires fall under the ground. It can be impossible to meet the
wires in the event of underground distribution systems since the wires go
below the soil. Poles are never required in the event of underground
distribution systems which make the systems cost-effective at the same
time.
4.2 Water Supply Since the building is four story high, water tanks for the
water supply are strategically located on the roof deck. This will apply a
down feed distribution throughout the building. Down-feed distribution
involves the pumping of water to upper level storage tanks which gravity
feed to plumbing fixtures. The water tank capacity to serve the medium
rise buildings are 4- 960 gallon water tank.

6. Adaptive Design
The flood susceptibility of the site is classified as low to moderate. This means that
the site experiences flooding of less than 1m in height. These are usually inundated
during prolonged and extensive heavy rainfall or extreme weather condition. To
adapt into this condition, the ground story is not used for living purposes but for car
parking, trash bins and bicycle storage. The users can also utilize the space to build
business area such as stores.
VI. Method of Construction
Post and Lintel





The structure utilizes a post and lintel construction method. Post-and-lintel
system, in building construction, is a system in which two upright members, the
posts, hold up a third member, the lintel, laid horizontally across their top surfaces.
Its simple design supports a large amount of weight, thus allowing buildings to rise
higher than one story and broadening doorways and windows. One of its advantages
is its the simplest of the structural systems. It allows the building to stand by itself
without depending on floors and walls to resist deformation. It also helps to establish
a rhythm and a modulation and it has good respond to earthquakes due to its
stability. Its drawback is that a post-and-lintel construction has limited weight that can
be held up, and small distances required between the posts.

VII. Structural Concept
Bamboo Architecture
One of the main focuses of the design is to minimize the damage caused by the
powerful tropical winds that sweep across the eastern part of the archipelago. In
Asia, bamboo has long been known as an elastic material and is often chosen over
wood or even steel when building in areas where wind is a factor. And while its
possible that some of the bamboo culms will be overcome by the wind, in most
cases, replacing them is much easier than it would be for wood or steel. It also helps
immensely that the green plant is indigenous in Hagonoy. So if rebuilding is ever
necessary, the raw materials are right there in the buildings own backyard.
VIII. Material Specification

The materials utilized enhances the interpretation of the style and character. The
materials are applied in the following:
Posts, Walls, Floors are built with reinforced concrete to ensure the stability of the
building. These materials are known for the strength it can guarantee the building. It
assures security to the user not only during typhoons but during normal days as well.
Roofs GI sheet rib type roofing type is used to cover and protect the building from
rain and direct sunlight. The roof type complement the character of the building being
a residential dwelling.
Fenestration openings are employed with different kinds of window depending on
the location. Jalousie and bamboo made sliding window are used. Bamboo window
storm shutters serves as protection from formidable winds brought by typhoons.
Faade plastered concrete walls comprises the faade of the building. The bamboo
skin serves as double faade for the building which also serve as element for
resisting forces, controlling water and air penetration and vapor transmission,
insulation and admission of daylight and vision.









IX. Preliminary Studies (Design Tools)

1. Site
1.1 Site Schematics































































1.2 Traffic Mapping (Pedestrian)

































3AM- 5AM
The father (fisherman) usually starts the day at 3am,
preparing for work. The mother cooks breakfast for
the children who are going to school. Commercial
store owners are also preparing for business.


5AM- 8AM
The mother usually does essential household chores
such as preparing their children for school. Customer
of the commercial establishment starts to purchase
necessities. Students prepare and go to school for the
morning class.


8AM-11AM
The mother does household chore, rest a couple of
hours then prepares lunch for the family. Students
stay at school for the morning class. People starts
playing and utilizing the basketball court and multi-
purpose center.

11AM- 2PM
The father goes home for lunch and maybe a nap.
The mother continues household chores. Student
goes home for lunch.



































2PM-4PM
The father goes back to work and continue his
activities. Students goes back to school for afternoon
class.


4PM- 6PM
Mothers fetch their children at school, shop and
prepare for dinner. Activities on the neighborhood/
multi-purpose center continue.

8Pm- 10PM
The family prepares to sleep. The people in the
neighborhood/ multi- purpose center starts to
decrease.

6PM- 8PM
Fathers go home. Mothers continue preparing dinner
for the family. Children playing on the playground go
home. Activities on the neighborhood/ multi-purpose
center continue.

Traffic Map (Vehicular)
































7AM- 7PM
Customers of the commercial areas continue
purchasing. Users of the neighborhood/ multi-
purpose center do come and go. Also, other vehicles
travel inside the residential area.

7PM- onwards
Vehicles that entered the site start to diminish as
they exit the site. Minimal entrance of vehicles is
expected by this time.

4AM-7AM
Shipments from the commercial are done. Also, the
breadwinners of the family goes to work at this time.

1.3 Activity Mapping

































3AM-5AM

5AM-8AM

8AM-11AM

11AM-2PM



































2PM-4PM

6PM-8PM

4PM-6PM

8PM-10PM

1.4 Approaches

















1.5 Zoning of Site











1.6 Spatial Network














2. Buildings
2.1 Schematic Diagram (Bubble/Block)
2.1.1 Living Units













































2.1.2 Aquaponics

































2.1.3 Neighborhood/ Multipurpose Hall

































2.1.4 Basketball Court

































2.1.5 Daycare Center













































































2.1.6 Commercial Center




















2.2 Matrix Diagram

































Living Units (MRB) Aquaponics
Neighborhood/ Multi-purpose Center
Daycare Center
Commercial Center
Basketball Court
2.3 Flow Diagram

































Living Units (MRB) Aquaponics
Basketball Court
Neighborhood/ Multipurpose Hall


































Daycare Center
Commercial Center
X. Final Design
1. Site Development Plan (1)
2. Site Sectional Elevation (2)
3. Regional/Vicinity/Location Map
4. Floor Plans (Individual Buildings)
5. Elevation (2)
6. Section (2)
7. Structural/Architectural Bay Section
8. Perspectives (Site Aerial and Interior)
9. Miniature Model (20x30)
XI. Appendixes
1. Literature (Books, Papers, Magazines, Journals)
2. Case Studies (2 Foreign and 2 Local)
3. Photo Documentation
4. Interviews
5. Maps and Figures