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ecryoulHo Peny6nrro Jyrocnoerio

OCHOBHA TEOJIOIUT{A HAPTA


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TEOIPAOCKI4 NPETNE.U
nPErnE.q rIA AOCETAIIIHI,ITE
r4c.fll4-
TYBAILA
NPT4KA3 HA OIIIITATATPA.UEAHA
TEPEHOT
HOB?i nO.UATOU?I ,UOErrErII4
CO KA-
PTIZPAIbETO
NPOEJIEMKI 3A PEIIIABAIbE...
nPI,l KA3 HA KAPTIIPAHI4TE
E'trJd.H.I4I\14
KOMIIJIEKC HA IIANEO3O}ICKII
ME-
TAMOP@I4TI4 14 MATMATCKI'I
CTEHT{
Kam6puyru Ir opAoBt4rIInYI{
@urnrrougz
Metafleco.uruq[ lr aireBPoJr[TIl
Ipa$rruurr rr&(phnq[
... .:. ,
3 e.negra rrrxplrJrr1lr
@e.ir4crlarr,rsrpaEz rrrxpr{m+r
Mepl,repr.r
Knapqnr,r METarlecoqilrqr
Meraruop$zsrparrr prtoJrr{Trt.
Keparo$upz r{ KBapl{Eeparo$r.rpu
.. ..
Meramop$r.rsrpanN
4r.ria6asra
fi cx.lvnfiftt4
Metamop$r,rsau Ha rraJreo3ortcxl,rre r[r(prrJr-
uI,I ...
KOMI]NEKC HA ME3O3O}ICKII CE.
AI4MEHTLI I4 MA|MATCKTI CTEHI{
Tpr.riac
@aqr,rja rta roracruqgrr ceArrmerrrr4 .. ....
Konrnomeparra rl recoqn[rl]r.
I.nrarqra ra porl${arllr
@aquia ra rap6onaurlr ceArr.uerrrr.r
flnoqecrz BapoBrrr{Il[
Banxosm[ rr Macr4Brrrt BapoBrrLrrlr{ . . . .
Aonomlrtcrcr,r
BapoBuril{lr
Meraruop$rasaru ra tpuiacxr.rte ceArrmerrrrr
Jypa
..
Bapoenraqu
@.ruuunra ceAr.rMerrrrr
MeramopSusam ua
jypcxrre
ceAlrMerrrlr
Mamrarcrg,r crerr[ .
Ceprrerrrarutu
Euja,6asw
fiuopmru
rl r<aapllqfiopr,tm
fopra xpega
@auuroulurn ceArruerrrl4
Ilnoqecrn BapoBrr4rlr4
Pygucrrr BapoBrrrrqlr
firlc r.r arxr{,qpzT
'
,. l..Kpe$ra Ettja6aeiz
TEPUTIEP
fopex eoqen
II.nuoqen
Kr,rqescxa KorJr[Ha
,fle6apcxa
KorJrrrua
flucxlttrhuscxr.r 6acen
Bacen
Ae6apqa
. ...
Tepqraeprrr p[onr.Trr
Kaaprepxra HacJraft{
Ezrop
I{peeruqa
flpony'arayu
fla4rzrrccra 6peura
,[eayrzym
Crariapu
Anynzym
Posrca fonprtancxa rlo(prrBra
TEKTOHI4KA
3anagno Mare,qoucxa
goua
,
,[e6apcxa
3orra. . .
PYAHLI IIOJABI4.
Jlencraurra r ilojaer,r Ha MeraJrrr
)I(eneeo
Marrnan
Hemetanr
Imc r,r aEo<ltAprrr
fmzrul .
Bapoeuraqu
Kaycro6ronzrz
TepnnonunepaJrur,r BoArr
I4CTOPI4JA }IA CTBAPAIbETO HA TE-
PEHOT
JI}ITEPATYPA .....
5
6
9
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18
l9
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4t
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t9
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2l
2l
2l
'r)
at
,,)
,)
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r-
yBoA
Bo pamrrue Ea flporpamara sa rspa6orxa ua OIK ua C@PJ reoJlorrrKnre [crparfi rra nr{cror
Krl.reeo 3anoqgarv ce so 1963 roAzrra, a ce Lt3BeAyBarrrz
Ao
1972 rop0,ua xora ce
Qmranuo
3aBplrreHr,r. leonourcoro Kaprtrparbe e r.r3Be,qyBarlo Bo erarrrt.
flpnute
AeraIrrIH
rrcrpam Bafloqrane 1955 rolzna xora B. M. Page 6ur ncnparert KaKo eKc-
lepr rro rer$orrcKrr rrpar[arba oA crparra rra OOH. I4crraor rl3Bpun'tJr crpyxTypuo reoJlorrrxo
Kaprrlparre Ha rroreclrara oxom{Ea ua Py,qruaxor
,rTajanrarure"
Bo I : l0 000 rla rroBprrmua
o,4 ol(orry 34 xruz. l4qara repztopzja oA crpaEa rla pyAur,rrrKr.Ire reoJro3r na 6acenor Taj-
irlr{Irrre [oAoIIEa e Kaprr.IpaEa eo I : 2 500,
.run
Kaprrrr rE r(op?rcreBue rlplr KourMJrr{parbero
Ha Kaprrre I :25 000.
Bo nepro4or o,q 1960
Ao
1963 roAr.rra BprueHo e
,qerurro
qrpyxrypuo
leg{rgulKo
Kaplrrparbe,
reo@zaruxr rlcrparu LI [crpa]Krltr
Ayrrqerta
ua uonpumna o4 oxolri 300 ruz,
'ro
rirefxa
I : 10 000, co IIeJI
Aa
ce
AaAe
rrepcfier(rrlBrrocra rra [omrrpor(ara o6racr Ea pygr.rrrrrero
Taj-
MIrurITe) A 14 sA r{eJIaTa MeTaJrorelleTcxa 3a[aAHo-MaKeAoHcKa o6nacr. Bo reororuxoTo Kap-
rl{pame yllecTByBaa: M. Apcorcxu, 9. Parenz(, T. I,InanoBcxrr,
J.
flengepxoBcKlr,
'(,.
fy-
sennorcxr, T. Paxlr(eszr(, l. 9yaen, B. Telrxosa, H. Pa,qoan(, C. Tanees reonoar u B.
ffousaclules, J6. Megrorrart, P. Apanfenosnrt, P. Cepgap, P. Eainosoe u A. Mareecrn,
TEONOIIIKI'I TCXHVIIAPU.
Bo nspa6otxara IIa la6oparopncxure auanr{3u yqecrByBaa: uerporpa$cxo-MurrepaJroufisr t4c-
[LIryBarLa: 9. Parreeu(, M. Tomr*, P. CrojanoB; rraneouronom(?r ficflr4TyBarra: I4. Hecro-
poBcxrl r C. Xaqz-Mrrpona.
Ocrinanraor'Gpen e pa6men nzs OlIt so I : 25 000, rrplr urro sa Bpeue Ha Kaprr{parLero
nMalIIe [peKhlryBarLa.
1963, 1964 tt 1967 roAr,rua e pa6oreuo Bo He[ocpeAua 6nusuua Ha orxprreHrrre py.qHr.r
nojarra,
co rlen
,qa
ce
,qo6ue
qenocEa
cJrr4xa Ba Merarrorerrercxara o6nacr 3aua,qua Maxe,4onzia. Bo
onoj uepvo,4r(aprr.rparbero er43BprueEo HanrzcroBr4re Kra.reso 52f1,2,3u4n 5412,3u4.
Bo reonourxoro-Kaprfipa*e yueciel*aa: T. I,IrauoBcxz,
[.
fysorroncxz, ]f. Hecropoacxtr,
C. Tauen,
J.
fleuuepxoBcxrr, M. Mauoj.rrosn(,
,[.
Epxonu(, M. PanxoeN(, reonosrn v P.
Eajnosor,'Jb. Menxosu( u
fl,.
flerxoBcrclr, reororrrxll re)clr.rqapu u B. Hegenftoscnra, reo-
Jroru0r [poclreKTop.
Bo nspa6otrcara Ha [erponorrrxo-MlrHepano[rxt4Te arrarwtsyr yqecrByBaa:
H. Pa4onz(, M.
Toruz(; P. Ctojanor, f,
,{euxoecxr
a E.
Jaruruaxoecxr-r;
uaneogTonorrrrfire rlcrrlrryBarra:
X. Cuacon, H. flarrtz(; M. Epqeroearl u B. Temxosa; xeruucxr4re auaruasrlr: I. @raruluosart
u
'4.
Tacena; ceAlrrlleurorrolrrKl4re :rrcltvffyr;ar$a ce vsBprrreurr Bo rlerporpa$cxara la6opa-
ropuja ua 3arogor 3a reonotrrxr4 r,r reo$zu,rvlcfi rrcrpa]r(yBarra
-
Eenrpa,q, oA crparla Ea
E. Pagoruern* u
n.
Cre$arroncxa.
flo rpono4r.rureara rray3a ol, 1967 roAr{rla
4o
1970 ro4r{Ea Ha nr{cror Kra,reso 3arroqrtyBa cr4c-
remarcr(a padota
Ea,OIK r
ao
1972 roAzr{a Korreqso e saBprrreuo reonoru(oro Kaprr.rparbe"
Bo oeoj flepfioA Bo reonoruKoro xaprfiparbe yqecrByraa: II.
,flerxoBcxrl,
M. Panxonurt,
K. flerporcxtr,
J. ]auueacrn,
reoJrosrr; P. Eafroeon, C. flouorcKr,I rr B. flonaacrrrtea, reo-
Jrorrrrl,r re)c[rtrapx. Bo oroj rrepl,roA rroBpeuerro na oroj repeu
pa6orea ,r T. Paxu(eanrt,
H.
IymypgarroB,
M. Korauenrart, C. Xaun-MrrrpoBa, reoJro3ll; P. Aparfenosn* r C. Cua-
coBcKr4, reoJIorrrKI,I Te)C&IqapE,
Bo r.rapa6orxara Ha la6oparoptrcxzre aE:urlrsr{ yqecrByBaa: nerporpaQcxo-Mr{rrepanomxl{ rlc-
rr1rryBarba: M. Mapxonu*, f.
.[esxoBcKr.r,
E.
JaurmaxoBcKlr;
rl:ueouroJrolrrxt4re nc]rrrry-
Barba rrir 1r3Bprurar C. Xaryl-MurpoBa, B. Temxosa, P. PaAoz.u.nt, H. flanrr(, E. flarnos-
cxlr; ceAr.ilterrroJrorrrxnre rrcruryBarba ce r.rsBplrrertrr Bo [ef,porpaScxata na6oparopuia ao
3aso,4or 3a reonoIIIKI{ r.r reo$uszv1[ I{crpa}rqyBttul
:
Eerpa4 oA cTpaua IIa
I.
Cre$a-
rroBcga, xegucxlrre atlaluz,L:ra n-r I{BBprrMa: I. @uluuosr( u
,[,.
Tacera, a flpepaqyrlarrl ce
oA fr. ffeexorcrz, K. fferponco,r, Pzcro Cmianos N M. Touua*.
I-{eloxyuuara re)srylrrxa
AoKyrreurar[,rja
ja
uspa6oru C. flouoBcKl,t, co noMoIIr na
I,.
fIEr-
NoBcrs4 *t M. Mrc<ajrorcxa.
Tonryrqugr ro cocraBrljq II. flemorcKr u T. I{sauoscltr.
Texcr rra roJr1yBaqo" ro peAl{nlpan E. Cr.Ixoutex, a crpyquo-rexnrrlxara pe4axqria na
reoJrorrrxa xapra
ja
o6pa6ore.n E. fferpoau(.
TEOTPAOCK]4 NPEF'IEA
Jlucror Ku.reeo ce naofa no saua4rglor
,qen
Ha CP MaxeAomlia uomery 20o30' (20'27'30")
u 2l"O' rrcroqga reorpa$cxa
AoJrlrc{Ea
s. 41"20' u 41"40' ceBeprla reorpa$cxa urlpoqruIa.
Bo cxnonor Ha Jrrrcror KI,r.reso ce BxJrorregrr n l7 t<trz oA Jrl/tcror Eypepll 1 : 100 000.
Tepenor ce oAffrxyBa co rr3pa3lrro rur{lur{Hctg4 r4 Br.tcoxoruraurlrrcKl4
perre$, ocBerr Bo rlgtoq-
rlr(or.u
gaflamtr{or
tren
II3 Jucror, Ka,qe ce uaofaar Ku.rescxata r
,[,e6apotara
KorJrllrla, KoI{
ce saIIoJrIIeT[ co Tepr[.repErr !I KBaprepllr4 EacJrarfi, $aKo
I( IIo
AonEIIaTa
rla CaTecKa
peKa,
Bo ceaeprtror r{ rlenrpaJrrrfior
AeJr
Ha nrrcror
,qomlx&.rpaar
xlacnBzre lra lnauilHrrre Euctpa,
,[,eurar,
Croroso n Kapaoprnaur-co uainraconl,Ire BpBoer: Tpe6rruxa Pyua (2.151), Me4e
ru.rqa
(2.153), Benu Bpx (l .S tOi, Xypxon
flor
(2.111), Caugarra'rr
(1.983),
Tpr lpo6a
(1.940),
Epsoaeq
(1.885),Eucrpa (2.102),
Jaua
(1.711), Irkrocxa (l-999), Berumap (2.37r,8. Kp_'nct
(2.345),,(enrcuruqa (2.255), Ko.rxurxa fharu.rna
(2,100), IJeuapnua (2.018), Ioaem PrA
Cnanej (1.714), A.nsnaunarra (2.076), Jloxoscxr4 Pnq (1.538), Pagyu (2.084) r
m.
Bo r,rcro.nmor
AeJr
ce r{craxnyBaar Mac.lrBr{re na Eyxoaux, Koprto,
,{peu
flnamlua u ceBep-
rtr,rre orpaurluuaYlwlr1cxa rurilurrua co nainncoxrre BpBoBI{: Koaapu (1.425),
Koprro
(1..518),
Iapga
Ky.ua (1.545), Apan Kyaa
(1.748), Ap6ur flnanrma
(1.885) LI
Ap.
_-._
fie6apcrara
u Kr4.rencxara NorJrlrua ne sa$a(aar roJrer{o rrpocrpaucrBo,
"
6iffinpur*
""
ao
TeK"rorrcxr4"e
ABrif,E{ema,
oco6exo
.[,e6apcxam
KorJrr{Ea, KaAe reKToIrcKr{Te
ABlr}KeBa
I{
Aelrecxa
CC AKTI4BIIil.
IIa ruanugara Eucrpa, Eyxourx, Jloxoscxr.r Pul u nomefo ceJrara Caarurto, Mpamopeq u
Typie e Morrrue
iaxo
uspasena xapcrraSnxaqniara. Kaxo
pesy.nrat
na onoj epoBLIoIreE rpoqec
ce o$opmerua msorydpoirur Bpartu4, yBun{, rrogopll, nelrrrepl{ u rrrxptmlr. Bpm'ulre rI yBa-
Jrr{Te ce Banonrrerr,t co Kapcrqz
[erpl{ryc.
Ha ruaru.crara Eucrpa uoroJreml,I Bpratu rr yBarur
ce: Cyno flo.ne, TonEso[a E Tpr Eape.
6
4to40'
?l
rI
fOCTI,IBAP O
/o
t=
!2
O
grpenu
Oaesap
\q- x
o^
%
\)z
OEAEACAH
?o*.rJ*o
nn.
46
41
-42
Cn, l.Ieorpa$cxa nonoxba Ha mrcror Krlqeso. Geographic position of the Ki6evo sheet. Ieorpa$ratrecxoe
tronox(eErle racra Kntrego.
7
Xr4porpa$cxara l,ipex(a e momue
4o6po
pasBl(ena co mnory6pojua pexra rl nororlu. Iraama
uo4errz apTgpr{$. Bg 3arlaAllzor
AeJr
ce Ilpuz
lpum,
xoj zsrr.rpa oA OxpuAcKoro Esepo
.ra
Pa-
.qr4Ka,
co flpr{roxaaa Mana pexa, xoja
ja qzuar
Baranuqa u lapcxa pexa. fftrNn,(pzm'z Pa-
4uxa
raj lrexorarrrHrlor
,,IIIrzrcKz
Moar" ro uenocpeAna 6ausnna na,[e6ap ce [perpaAeuu
co 6paga, uprr rrrro e crBopeEo ronemo axymynaq[ouo e3epo (,[e6apcr<o esepo), trr4r,r BoAlr ce
(opucrar
sa XIL,IlIlr4Jbe". Ha
Upnr ,(plurl
eo drrusr&tara rra ycrfiero
na lfucxyuurrptrrcra
pexa e rmrpaAerra rrcro raKa ar(ymynaqrroua 6parra co xoja e ctnopeuo axymynaquoEo e3epo
sa norpe6zre na XIf
,rlno6ovzqa".
Kaxol'uplmoxu ua I-{pun,[,pNu ce yrrrre ra 36ourxa pexa,
fleco.raucxa
(Carecxa pena) z
np. UpHr{ ,[puru
co cBol{re rrplrroxllt my npuuafaar Ha cnzBor
na
Jagpancxoro
Mope.
fonema
pexa (Tpecxa) xoja r,r3Bupa Bo BuA rra ronemo BpeJIo xaj ceroro Kv.rescxra I4BBop co
rrpraroxzre Cty4enur,rqa, 3ajacxa, pexa
r.r Eern.rxa pexa, my uprmafaat ua Erejclcaot cJIr.tB.
Bb neuocpegna 6;rnszna na Manporo e r,rslpaAeua axymynaqroua 6paua sa uotpe6ure ua
Manponcxzre xr{Apolleurpanfi.
Kapaxrepncrr4r{Ho 3a cvre peKI,I e
Aa
rlpery Ilenara roAI,IHa rle flpecyur-vBaar.
Bo neuocpeAna 6rmsr.rua ua
.ll,e6ap
Ha reKrolrcKare pylrypl{ ce
gaofaar
ABe
repmanurl 6awui
"[,e6apcxa,
xaj c. Eamr,urrra Ir Kocorparuxa, xaj
,[,.
Kocospacrr,r, uwja re[fleparypa I{3HecyBa
orory 50'C.
KoruynuxarzBrlr4Te BpcKrI ce cpe4rro pa3BI{eEr{. Bo racro'nuror
gen
rra Jrr.Icror uajronemo lrecro
e Kfiueno, a Bo sarraArrrzor
Aen,[e6ap.
Kz.reso co [oroneurltre.r(ecra so 3aua,rgra Maxegour.rja
(,(e6ap z focrnrap, Eurona r MalceAoncxr Epog) ce roBpga.+v co ac$anreu rrar, a locrueap
z Kra.reso co x(enesHr{rrxa rpyla oA rropl.raflen rioloCex, BO sa[aAu[or
AeJr
coo6partajunre
BpcKr,r ce oABr.rBaar rro
Ao[,rrrara'.rla
Fagzxa U
TIFnz
lpnu,
KaAe e r43rpaAeH ac@anrnnor
nar locrrnap-Manporo-.[e6ap-:6*r"a. .[e6ap
co Kz.reBo e rloBp3arr co maKaAamcxr4
uar, Eourroa Mocr-Janna-Kzqeacrr4 I{arop. famn+rzx co Marporo e rroBp3arr co acSan-
Terr rrar. Ocrauanara repzropuja rta ru{cror Kra.rcso
AeJryMHo
e uclpeceueua co mnory6pojuu
cencKt,r r,r uryancrcl:narilurra Kor{ ce
Aocra
rlertpucrartrrr 3a lvroroprrr]r Bo3rlna.
Haceneuocra e
Aocra
cra6o pasrNeua, oco6euo Bo [naH]IHcxrror
Aen,
xage uocrojrrr4Te Ha-
cel6ra ce cxopo HarryrureHrr. HaceneEocra e fiopagBllterra Bo pe*rr{Te
AoJrr,ilM
Lr so
,(e6ap-
cKara lI Kz.rencxara KornlrHa.
Tepenor e
Aocra
florryi[eu, ocBeu pamrrr,rqapcrxor
Aen,
KaKo u Teperrr4re rraA 1.600 Merpa
rI.B., r(a,qe e repeuor rroKpr{eu co searjo,qercxlr Kynrypfi LL fiacut:oo;ta. flourymeuocra
Aocra
ro oTex(HyBa r.rSBeAyBarbeTor.lla reoJrour(oro KapTlrparbe.
I
,,
i
nPEFIEA HA
AOCETAUJHHTE
'/Cnl4TvBAtbA
3a repeuor ua nr,rcror Kz.rego uocroiar nose(e Jrr.Ireparlrpur,I rIoAaroII[ r4 Toa Bo BLIA rra xp-atrri
sa6eneuuor, I{3BIrrraLI z noqe6nr crarr.t I.
Cnpema
pactronoxc.rBara Jrr{reparypa Ba repeEI,ITe Ira Jrl{cror Kfiqesq rIpBrI rIoAaroIIV llao-
fame xai A. Bou6
(1836, 1864) xoi
.sa ABa
rarr4 ryrrffryBa rrr4s oBI{e KpAI4Irrra, rpr Ilrro rlrt 38:
6enex<ysa naposnur+rte so oxor[Eara Ea Kra.resor.ga Kov rrpBo BuKa
AeI(a
ce ropHoxpe4titr,
a rroroa xora uonropr1o rrl rrocerysa osi,re rrpeAemr ro merryBa cBoero rrHeHI4e rr rLI o[peAeJryBa
3a ropHorprrracKlr-traxruralrlcKr{.
.
J.
Hanh (1876), Nopcsa (1905) Mr{rryBaar rro
Aorr}ulara
na Ifprm
,[pm
upu uro noxpai reo.
rpa$cmrte orutcn
AaBaar
r,r ocr(yAur{ Earucrr 3a reoJlolrlKata rpag6a, rrpu lrxro:n4 olrLturyBaa:t
IIEUTeO3OI4CIOTTe ITIKpI,IJTIIU fi Meplu.epu.
f. Oestreitr
(1900-1901)
ja
nplrcaxyBa crparlrlpa$aiara ua Mare4onzia, xa,qe us4noiyna
Ilafieo3olrtcKll uI(pI'IJIIIIL [I BapoBHlIqU.
J.
lleuiu( (1906, 19L1, 1924) co cBor,rre raryBarba no MaxeAoru.ria nys rlr rocraBJlBa reMe-
rurp
!a
reororujam na Maxe4ontja. Ha rlarlrara teprropzja npoeara rro
AoJIIlrIrara
ua Pa-
4[[r(A
u Bo IIeKoJII(y
peqsHI4III4 ro
AaBa
orILrcOI 3a reoJlofl{rara IIa oBI{e Xpillllllra.
l. Eon.res
(19i0).Mr.rrryBa no rarbr locrurap-Masporx Xanosz-Ae6ap-Crpyna Ka,qe
Koncrarr.rpaJr rraJreoaoucrcr rrrxpunr1rr co mepflepu u amQz6orlcxl,I lrrxpl{Jrqn, Earfleqm. Cmem
AeKa
rrxplrJrrll,rre oA Maapono ce oA rlaJreo3orlcxa CTapocr. @r'r.uurrnure IqxpI'IJIqrr BeJIrr
XU
*y rrprn*r"r Ha crap rraJreo3oxK, a BapoBrlr{qKt4re .uaclI U
$mauro;rnxlrre
CeAIIMeHTI{,
roz i"
jiayeaar
raj maracrzpor Cr.
Jonau
Erropcrll, Bo 6nnsrcIa na Pocryure n na
iyt
a
sarla4 otrl
fiero,
rr1r cMera 3a KpeAIIr'I. L Borr.res c/[era
AeKa
n{rrcor'e oA rIaIIeoSO}ICKa
gtapocT,
$opmupan
so uoce6ur.r e3rpa Bo cauzre rrrxpfimlr{, a clrre ce [pe[oxplleE?r co fipeAIII4 BapoB-
IIHIII{.
K. Gripp (1922) Bo BapoBgr,rqzre xaj Masporo u
.[,yO
naofa
4purxu
o,q KpI{EoIIIAI,I, KoI4
oAar Bae,ryro co lrlKpllnqlrre, rla Kor{ t4M
AaBa
rraJreo3ol{cKa craqocr. OA6elexcyra_Aer(a
Ba-
poBrlr{qr,ne Ko}r n{ cpet}IyBa rai Marp.oro [poAoJr]nyBaar tt.na Excrpa ff.ranuna. Ha Kopa6
usgnojyea cquia rla ivrepmepr.r,
AoJromr,rrr[
rr Kournoneparvt,
a ficrlrre rrt cuera sa rpilracKfi.
3a npeme ua flpaara cBsrcra rojna pa6orr rpyfla rra HeMarrKIn reondsfi, ulrja pa6om
ia
o6e-
ArrlryBa
F: Kossmat (1924). Toj e Brop aBrop xoj
,4ana
reoJrollrxa Kapra rra Maxe4onuia.
T. Cmr,rrtarm* (1929)
EaBa
orrupHrr rranr{crl sa'rnaqrjanur,rre
$enomerul
na IIIap fIraHI.rEa,
Kopa6, Kpuuu, Croroso r,r
Ap.
:
OA rrepuoAor r.romefy flpsara n Bmpara cBercra rojna uorero4rraar pa6oruie na'8. Pa4ona-
nosrrrt
(1932) u
J.
Mrarainoru( (1933) Kor{ ce oArlecyBaar IIa rllrlcH}Ior perrd xai Kocorpaeu.
Ieo.rolr4uor
AeJr
ro zsgecyBaar. Bp3 ocgoBa Ha Kocmaroszre sa6ereruru.t,
AoAeKB
HoBII rro-
,4aTorlu HQ
AOB4OT:
A. Manaxor (1938) ua caojam reoJrorrrxa Kapra sa flopev ro sa$a(a
Aenym
I4 Jrrlqtor Kzueao,
ro xoj merarrrop$lrrre
qreur{
Ee nr pa3qnerryBa, a rr{ orlxrrlyBa KaKo rreo[peAeJleur{ rrtr(pr,Irrlrr.
M. I{ml*
(1940) ctiera crlporrrBrlo oA Kocmar,qera IrIKpr.rJrrII,Ire ce:
,rcBvrvtltrr
6ap nainerfurvr
AeJroM
cr:apujrt o4 xap6oua".
Ce
4o
3aBprrryBarbero Ea Bropara cBercxa roina ne ce rlo3rarlrt HeKoLt pa6oru o,q o6racra sa
reoJrorriara lla Jucror Kr,r.rego.
1947 roArura Bo BpcKa co ras,rpag6ara Ha )s,IApoeueprErcKl{or cI,IcreM na Marpouo 3arloqrraro
e co
AeraJrHr4
reoJroIrINrI I4CTparE.
A. Manaxos
(1947) Bo o1oJrrrrrara na Manpono lrs4eojyra rraJreo3or{cKl4 ceAr,meurl.r Kolr rr,r
rpylupa
Bo rprr cepvr4: a) urrpr.rnur r4 KBaprlr4rr,I; 6)
Sznrur
u
@ocaloeocur{
BapoBrMqI{ }I
n) rtlepruepz co Kprlrror,r4{ }r Kopirnll. Oraa cepzja
ja
cmera 3a rIoMJIaAa oA oprorlepac$vre
a'"poriunr+, na IIIap flnanmra u cmera Aa
npranafaat IIa ropHlrTe
AenoBI{
IIa MJIaA [aJreo3ol{K'
auuroruo rra orllae o,4 3anapra Cp6rja.
,[. Japauoa
(1947) uorpaj reoJrorrrxara Kapra 3a oxoJrl[rara na Manpono, BpIrrI{ o6uxoaxa
na uole(e upoSunu
ao 3ana,ryra Maxe4onNja.
Csofite coilreAyBarba rlr rr3rlecyBa Bo [pe-
Jrrrur{lrrrapga cryluia. Herosfire roJrryBarra
ga
crpaTrffpa@uiata I.r TeI$oErIKara rra 3anagrra
Maxe4ouraia
AirJre
11oBoA Ha uose*e reoJro3r4
Aa
[oAeraJIHo rll [pom,arpaar o,q,4eJrHrlrre.IleroBll
.[ocraBKE
l(oln rlr
AaBa
rleuarr.rsr.rpalrr4. flpr rz c[opeAyBa I{ rIoBpByBa
AeBorrqc{Te
ceAI{-
Megrr.r o4 IIIap flnaurE:ra co ocrarlaJr[re
repeur{ no 3ana4ca Maxegonrja. I'IcrNor rrpaBl{ t4H-
Tepeceg 3ar$ryrro6 sa oporerlrlre
$au.
O,q6enex<ysa
Aa
xepqrurcxara oporeuesa xoja BornaB-
rrom saBpuryBa K6II xpalot rra [aJreo3olil(, rpogoJr]Kysa,qo xpaiot ua rpujac.
.[o
onoj 3arJryqor
noara
spe o"noru na roa rrlTo cMeTa
Aa
rrocroena EerrpeKrrHaTa ceAlrmerlraql{ja o,4 xapdon
go
rqpajot na rpzjac.
04 najparuaor rrepuo,4 rro s{lBpuryBarbero na Btopata cBercxa rojna ce rl Plcrpaxcrll{re pa6orr'r
I(oI{ ce Bprlem,r Bo BpcKa co [cTparure Ha MaIIrau I,I x(eJreso Bo oKonlrrlara IIa famaqUux oA
crpaga na C. fi"rrorurt z M. Fuctzrt (1947), a IIoAoIIEa u o4 M. flpotzrt
(1948), Kora ce
Ao6xenn
HoBI{ reoJroIIrKI{ rlo4arorlfi 3a oAAeJIHTI JIoKIUrHocrIr.
L. Kober (1952,1956) o6ycorryrajfui
ia
3artamra Maxegonzia co K. flet<osr( r co
Apyrlr
Earrlr reoJro3r{, rraBeAyBa
Aa
Bo
,Eom{Eor ,qeJI
rra Pdpra ce
iaryaaar
uepQeucxtl umpl{Jlqlr
Bo KoI,I ce Haofaar rurlcHlt rlacJram.
H. Ilauajton
(1952, 1958) sa roneM
Aen
oA 3ana4rra Maxe,qonuia
AarI
IroBI.r rloAarorlr, ro-
ce6no sa mparurpaabrjara.
Pa6orr Bo [oqeroxor
ctm, a rro,4ol$ra co copa6otrrr,rqrrre A. I'Ina-
HoBcKlr v I4. HecropoBcxr{ rta pemoE{urnoro reoJroruxo Kaprrlparbe IIa JrrltcroBl{re PeceE Lr
Kpyurero, KaKo 1,r na
ge.n
o,4 Jllltcror OxpI,I4 2 n
[e6ap
4, r;pn uno raagaojyBaar 1pI4 cepufi:
l. Czsa cepuja
(uareosozx);2. Bnonetora cgplia
(npeogna cepxja
raJleo3olrx'Tpuiac) u
3. Ceprja ua'rpziacrz
BapoBrr[qrr. Bo nsAroeuure cepruI ua4eoiynaat pa3lrr{ Bapl{eren'r
oA rrrKp[JrrM, Kor{ [percmsysaar
Saqzn
Bo
AorI,IEIrfl.ITe
ceplM. $a oprocor nonrefy IIocTa-
prrre rrr1pr,rJrrtrr 1l rpuiacruie BapoBur,rqn, cineraar
Aa
rrocrorl
,qucnopAaur$'Iia.
I4cto raxa
AaBaar
rro4arorl1a 3a rerregara na uojarnre Ea ]I(eneso I{ Maurarr rra rlolll4poxa tepr'rmpraia ua
3ana,ryra Maregomlia.
Og osoi repro,q sa rrcf,parqyBarbara roreKrryBaar
pa6otnre ua
J.
fleprr( q9l4) Bo BpcKa co
us6opor xa upo$ranor ia tsrpa46a Ha XU
,rIlIrMJbe"
so 6,11a3rga na
,[e6ap.
A. Cisarc
(1954) o,q6enexyra Aa
)r(erre3rrr,rre uoiaeu so MaxeAouuia ce Bo BpcKa co ByJIKa-
HU3MOT lra CTap [aJIeOsorIK.
M.
,[olerq
(1954) co reono3r,rre oA 6aceuor Tairru.rrute co6pan rpl,Imepoqu oA BapoBHzII]r co
AprrtrM
Ha KpptgorrArr 1r rcrrtre rrr
[crIparI4JI na ogpe46a xai H. Doreck no 3aua,zgra lepma-
10
uria. Bpa oApeA6a rra r(pltuor.rAr,rre yrBpAerro e
Aa
ce roa
AeBoncrg,r
BapoBrlruur z
Aa
rry
-npI,r-
uafaar Ea ropur{or
Aerr
tta
AoJreH
rr
AoJrrl?ror AeJr
lra cpeAen
AeBorr.
K. Ledebur (1954) co cnojor ficuprreu usreruraj sa reonorr,Iiara na Kz'reBcKr.ror 6acer na-
BOAr.r
Aa AeBoH
He e saqra[eH,
lyxy Aa
ceAilMeIlrr{re co pyAaTa rla )r(eJreSo my upunafaar na
crrJrlT), rr I{3HecyBa
Aocra
[oAarorlil 3a rpujacxr.rre ceAr,rMeHTLr 6es no6rr.rcxa uoAer6a tta r{cr1me.
A. Anronoru*.LI. Hecroporcxz (1954) Bo Lrcrorruute
genodu
na Eracrpa r.rsgsojysaar rrarreo-
golIcxr{
ceArillrerrrl4 6es noce6eu TperMaH lra crapocra.
B. M. Page (1955) pa6oru Bo ceBepolrcrorrullor
[eJr
Ha Enmpa xaj py4rnxor
,,Taiur,rurre",
.naia
pa6ora e oA roJrema Barrcrocr sa reoJrorEiara rr rexToulrxara Ira pyAlrrrrrero u no6.nzcxara
oKorurEa.
flaunut H. z Hxxorut( B. (1956) Bps ocrroBa ua rrponai4enara ilrrxpo u maxpoSayna ycra-
rroBltrfie
AeKa
ceAr.n{,eErrrre r
jameuor
so Krqescxara l(orJrrrua LtMaar IrrtrroqelrcKa crapocr.
PI. Anroruiesd r M. iopferu* (1956) xaj
Jy4oro,
Crrrrmure, Ep>x4auu, fforolrxarm,
Kosr,rqa tr rra
Apyru
mectonaofarilIura Bo 6nusl,rHa na Kr.r.reBo EarrrJre
Socurnrt
ocraror[,r Bo
BapoBur,rqrrre r.r BapoBHr{tlxzre rrrxpt4Jrrlu. 3a upr fiar rtra oaoi repeu ce orlpeAeJrerur rorulja-
tzrr, oproqepac[, rpaao6r,rrra, 6paxuono4a, rerpaxoparr.r, Kpurror{,qri, racrepo[ogrr, crpo!
Marolopn n
4p.
Co ElrB:Irara ogpeg6a 3a rrpB rrar ce rrorBpAyBaar rropaEerugrrrre rrocraB1r{ sa
locroerbero Ha AeBoHcKa
crapocr. Bps 6asa na naj,4ernrre
Qocrura
creHlrre rz oqpeAenyBaar
xar(o
noJrrro
u cpepro
AeBorrcxr{,
6tgeifi;z oBr{e crerfr cfipem,a Hr.rs BJreryBaar Bo cocraB rla
J.
Mm<ajnorztt (1956)
AaBa Aeranur,r
roAa?oqu sa
4e6apcxoro
rpycuo rroAparrile r,r cnr.era
AeKa
repr4ropLrjara na ropur,Ior I,r cpeAur,ror rex. rra I{pur
.[pum
e ceu3n[rrlrxa o6racr oA npB
crereu. Coue4ynarrara Ha
J.
Muxajlonn( ce [orBpAyBaar co aemjorpecor Bo
.[e6apcxo
op, 1967 roAr4rra.
A. Ilsanoscxu *r T.I4sauoscrr (1956) Bprrrene
AerarrEo
reoJrom(o
(aprr,rpaBe
na
Ja6rarrurla,
Kapaopman r.r Ctororo. Ha Croroso ro sa$a*aar reperror 3arraArro o4 Ba6un Cpr. Ha onoi
repeu rroxpaj
4eeog-sxpSou usgrojynaar
q
rrepM, rpviac, ropga
KpeAa, ruuorleu rr KBaprepHrl
Hacnarv. Bo poseruraso-6ermre BapoButzrlr4 ceBepolrcrolruo o,q PrxanoBo I,I ceBepuo o4 3a-
uora uaofaat mnory6poinr narrrerr6paExzjarvi tt 6p4xllouopr, Bp3 Korr ro o[peAenyBaar
cpeAeu
rpzjac. Bo qpseruare
BapoBrrr{qfi KorrcraTltpaar 6orara amour,rrcxa
$ayua
xoja
ia
on-
peAeJryBa
C. XaUl Mrnrpoea,
AoAeKa
Bo macuBrrrnre cBerJroqr{Br.r BapoBHr,rqlr, sarraqrlo o,q
flrcxyururzna xaj Jlyxono,
Ha Crprunr.rqa, Jla6ynrur<r,r Llsrop r{
Ap.
Bps 6asa Ha naieprzre
Sparmerrr
oq lameau6paruujarz,
KopirJM n 6paxuouoAr,r ro orpeAenyBa ropeu rpujac. LIc-
rzte Ea
,[,ysrap,
Jlorra, Ea6an Cpr, Sanora u
Ap.
KoucrarfipaJre uoiann rta rrrzuvrogrr?c4r,r rlr
,nlaHraHcl(I{ luI(pHmII.{.
3. I,Isauoscror u T. Kyrenrprcxrr (1959) co6pane s6upxa na
$ocnnr
og
Jy,qoro
(4prurcr
o4
xpvEollAtr z xopalr), xoia e onpeAeJreHa na Vnzrepsr{reror so Be.nrpal. Bpa 6asa Ea oBHe
[aJ]eoIIroJroIrrKI{ HaoAr,I M.
.[oleurl
HaBeAyBa
AeKa
Imcpunrllrrre co pyAara Ha )fieneso my
npr,rnafaqt Ha
EoneE AeBoH,
a BapoBHI{rU,ITe co KpraEtovr$]1ire roiu ce
janynaar
Bo IloBJrarrlrlror
,qeJr
rra
AeBoucxara
ceplria Ha cpeAerl
Ao
ropeu
AeBoE.
M.
.[onesq
(1961) Bo BpcKa co l{rrBecrr4rluorrara r{3rpaA6a na pyAEuror
3a )r(enesrra py4a
rai
Tailnrurre, uoctoer(tror matepnjar
AeraJrlro
ro o6pa6oryna ro crojor era6opar rps 6a3a
ua
crpyxTypuo-reoJrorrrxoro Kaprl,rpalLe ua B. M. Page r
Apyrrlre
uocroe(lr floAarorlI4 !rcEe-
cyBa cBolr floureArl
ga
reue3ara Ha pyAtiurrero. Bo oroj era6opar 3a trpB rrar ce clorir.erryBa
AeKa
Bo [aJreo3o[cxl,rre KpI,IHottrHv BapoBHr.rq[ 6rure oupe4erenn
$oczmrr4
ocrarorlrlr oA
KprlHouAI{, KopaJrll I.r c'rpoMarofiopz, o[peAeJreur4 oA crpara na H. Doreck 3a
AeBoHcKlr.
Orze naogu ce Baxctll KaKo crparrirrpa$cxu peflep Kou.ce m{rBpAyBaar co uaofarrero ua
AeBoHcKa
Safra
raj Bprx4ann r.r
Jygono.
1t
I,I. Hecroporcr{r'-(1959, 1962, 1966) o6pa6orysa rorrmpox'perrrog Ha rrrarrlagara Ezcrpa,
Croroeo, Kopa6 r{
Ap.
da Ko}r
AaBa
oruru4purz reonorrrxr4 [oAaroII[, KaKo Bo oAAenull ,IsBerrr-
TMf
-1311
r no ceojara
,qorropcxa
gucepraqvja.
Arropot Ha l,Icrr{ryBllu.ror rep-eu (Ermpa)
vs4nojy6a.
AeBorrcxr.r
mnaAorraneo3orrcxtl u rp*riacxw ceAr,rmerrrr4. Bo tpujac
,s4rojyna
AoJIerr,
cpe,qeu r,r ropeu tpzjac, a
AaBa
I,I cBoe MEeEIre 3a reKroHcKI,Ior cxrlorr Ha repeHor.
M. Apcoscnn (19$1, 1962) riputu crpyrTJprro reoJrorrrxo Haprlrpaee Ha fiorrrltpoxoro rroA-
paqI,re lra Tajruiurie rr Bo peouor
jyxlro
og Tajmnurre. Bo rlaJreo3or{rtot l.tsgsojyea
qerupta
Lepzr (tfopmaqfl.I): 1.4zja6as-crurnllro-Keparo$zpcxa
Sopma$.Ija;2.
xopusont Ha apxo3ur
ueio.nruqa; 3. xeapuEo-cepfi.rlmcra
Oopmaqria
u 4.
$utwrrrquo-x(ene3omra $opruargaia.
,[,ara 4etaneH
orrnc sa mop$,onorzjam rra crpyKrypr.Ire I4 ctpauqpa$cxo-reoJrolrlxz croJr-
6osr. floce6no narlacyBa
Aa
roJreuo yqecrBo rana 6noxoscxara reKToHuKa.
. :"'
C. flaerosu*.(1963) rmtsprrmJ1
,qeruuro
nerponorrrxo LIcrMTyBaIbe rIa'crerrlrre I{ py,qara oA
peBr.rpor Vxrumqa.
lsaxnyvyra
Aa
maufaqor Ha ruraurzua Croroao e Bi Bpcxa co cy6mapnrt-
cr$.rre epym{uu na 6asr,r.ntrare crenlr r,I BynKarlcxtrre eKBIrBanerrrLI Ha ra6porcxara marma
,[,.
fysenrcoecra (1963) co
qJreuoBrr
Ea leorourrur 3aBoA, Cxouie Bpuren
Aeranuq
reoJrorr(o
lprr4parbe,Bo 1 : 10 000 ua [rauarrara Croroso Bo Bpcxa co noiaeure Ha uaurarl I{ xeJre3o.
.}lsnroiy.aaar qmp
[aneosorirx, cpeAerr u ropen rpujac Ir KBaprep. I,Icto rara Kolrcrarl{paar
roJrem 6poj
'ua
noiarr Ea Malrru{ rI x(eneso.
A. Anronosrrt, P. flouosurt, C. Crojauonn(-Kysemco
(1966) Bo rexor Ira 1965 roArIHa Ha
unarunara Croroso
(Ea6r,nr
Cpr) ro [ecoK]rrrBltre
$rInr4Tlnrrtllt
rrnq)rrnqrl, NoI,I co [peMrIIrIl
npeeafaar Bo cepr4rlr{rr4cagn
$zmmu
z meramop(lr4caltw cfirHo3pHecrl{ KBapIsII{ flecoqultql4,
rrErrrrJre op4oBr4qrryrrcxa
Sayna.
B. Boudek, C. Crojauoen(-Kysenro, I4. HecropoBcxrr
(1966, 1968) xai mecnocra Tonr BoAa
ua Eucrpa Bo rurr4HecTr,tre rru(punqll r{ Bo BapoBHr.rqLITe KoLI ile}r(ar rlpeKy rirl{HecrlllTe ITmpI,IJIIIH,
11ar11ne 6orara
Qayrra
roja co,4prxlr ocrarorlu oA rrayrllnorl,4ea) IuKonKI{, TerIraKyJMrLt, Jlouro
corryBarru ocrpaxo.q{ t perxo 6paxrono4u. Bpa 6asa Ea orlpeAeJregara Bpcra
iaqro
ro
,qo-
ItillKyBaaT IIOCToeILeTo Ha IIOXK0BCI(LIoT KIIT:,{OJIeII,qeBoE.
Byiauonzrt B., I{rerx( C.
(1966) s6opysaar 3a rerle3ara rla )Kene3uure rls}ro{rlrta so 3a-
.rraArla
Mare4oruja, ra ue,4eojyBaar cJreAr{rrse rI{rIosE nexcflrrta:
f
.l oorurcKE
IIe)xI{Iura;
2.
-
lerNzurra na Fe
-
xnoprlTcKlr lrrxpr.Inqu u [ecoqrrl{Ilfi; J.
:1g1v1rysrcxo
Fe
-
xJIo-
pHTcK14 Jrex${rrrra; 4. nexvrura n* *e*4rrrr; 5.
-
xeMarl4Tct(o-Malrrarrcxl{
nex<nuta; t 6.
-
Jrelrg,[rrra rla xrrApoxcr,rAr,I Ha Fe. Co BaKBara uoAel6a m onSaltaar cl'(re ByJIKaHoreEo-
-cetr?ryleHrulr Jre)Kltuna no 3auagna Mare4onrja.
A. Keror( (1968; 196911970),,[. Kreyt(1956), @; Ty*au
(1934,1938) z
Ap.
tacrpax(yBaqr
Aane Aorrpruroc
sa rrosrlaBarbe lra oeoj repen oA pasIrLI
AoMeHI{
Ha reoJIQIrIKara rpaEKa;
t2
nPhKA3 HA OnUTATA TPAAEA HA TEPEHOT
Ilogpauiero Ea lrncroT Kr.reno nay upruafa na 3auaqno-Mar(eAorrcKara rorKToH-
cra eAEEnqa, a eAerr Marr
Aerr
na
fie6apcxara
Borra (aoxata Kpacra I{yrann). Ha
lrctrrtryBanoro lrogpaqie ce pasnnenu crre4unre reolourxn
@opuaqafi:
tralreosorrcrilr
naerauop{nTll I MafMaTcKn cTerrE, Me3o3orrcKa ceArIMerrTrI r.I MarMaTcKrI cTeHrr,
Tepq[epErl ceAIIMerITrI I.I prloJrrlTr{ rI KBapTeprrn HacJrara.
ffaneosouxor e trpercraBeu co
4e6en
r(oMrrrrercc og xau6pnyM-op4oBnqrryMcxr.r lr
AeBoHcrrI
naetauop$nrE n MarMaTcKIl cTerrn. Kana6pUynroT rr opAoBnqrtyMoT, r(aKo
!r
AeBoEor
r.rsABoenrr ce BpB uaigenara Marpo r nanxporSayxa, xaro n unrpoQxopara;
Karu6prcxnre n opAoBrrqncKnre ueranaoprfxrr creun rrMaar roJreMo pactrpocrpa-
EeErre ua Kapaopuau, Ctororo, Cnanei llnanrua,
AoAeKa neBoEcKr.rre
creHrr ce
pasBaerrE ua Buctpa, Byxonnx,
fiperr
llnanl{rra, ua ceBepEr{Te naArrrrH ua *lJII,IEcKa
ffnaunsa rr
Ap.
Karu6pnyna-opAoBrrq[cxrrre Meranaop$nrr ce naicraprr crerr[ Ea Jrucror Kn.rero,
upeKy xoll JIe)rcaT
AeBoHcKn
r tpnjacxrl ceAEMeETn.
qecro
rraTr.I oArrocor uonaefy
orne
$opruaqlln
e reKToEcKa nur neiacer.
Kana6pnyna-op4oBrrqnyMcxara
Sopnaaqlria
e lr3rpaltera og
$nnnrolrAn,
MTalecou-
ul{qnr KBapqnla, seJrerra ruxpnnqE,
$engcuarn3rlpaErr
ruKprrJrqn r[ TeEKTI upocnoixrr
oA MepMePn, Bo Kor{ rra Kapaoprrrau (Anuuaurnqa) ce naigenn crrTun nanaenu6pan-
xIlaIIr, apxeoracTeporroArl, apxeoqrraTrl n carrTapeJln, Korr yKa?rcyBaaT rra
AoJrHo-
-KaM6pacKa crapocr.
OpgonnqryMcxara crapocr e
Aorax(aHa
co uaofarero rra rpnnodnrcxa
Sayna
na
Ctororo (Ea6nr Cpr) upetcraBena co pogor Sinhornalonotos cf . tristani, KaKo n co
raigemlre rltaMlrrrrBrr*r crropu n xucreoc$eprlArr, uaigeun ro
Qrtnnrrre
rra Kapa-
opMau * Pxancrn Png.
fle6ennrara
Ha KaM6prlyM-opgoBrrqrryMcxrrre
creurr ce
trpoqeryBa Ea or(ony 5.000 ruerpu.
flenoxcxnre
creul{, Korr ce oEpeqeJreua Bp3 ocrroBa Ea trarruuorrorrrxll EaoAIr, Korro-
AoETa
r uaxpooayEa, sacrarreEn ce co
Qnnntounn,
forrrJroMeparrl,
MeratrecorrHEqE,
xBapqrrrrr, xap6onarnE rrrKprrJrqn H MepMepn. Jlerrar rps xanadprryM-opAoBuqrryM-
clulae cTeEA, a BP3 rIcTrITe TpaEcfpecuBso Earleraar rpniacrn ceAr{Merrfn. Ilecro
Irarrl ogfiocor uonaefy
XeBoEor
rr rprriacor e rer(Toscxn.
Onnnrougrre, Kon saBseMaar roJreMo trpocrparrcrBo Ea Tperrrpauoro uogpa.rie,
sacIatreHrr ce co aprnno$luulTll, aprllnolllncTrl, nscotrEl{qn, cep[qrrrcKo-KBapqErr
rrrKplrilqE n
gp.
Bo troAonrrr{Te ErrBolr ua
QurutofiArrre
ce cpertanaar
n reIIKn opo"-
noixu n nerfn oA qpEa
[o
crrBa trlepMepa, Bo r(oil ce najgern rcoso4orrrrr, Bps Korr sa
oBtre cTerrll rrlr{ e orrpeAerreEa
AoJrrro tro
cpeAHoTplliacKa cTapocr. Bo
Sunrrure
rraK,
ce uaigenr cllopll II rroneEoBrr 3pEa, r(olr rrcro rarca yxarcyBaar
Ea
neBorrcKa
crapocr.
13
Konrnoueparrrre, MeratrecoqurqrTe !r KBapqrrrrrre ce
ianyraar
Bo pasrrlrqllTlr Err-
Borr Bo
$unrrongure
rrJru [pexy ErrB,
AoAexa
xap6ouarurrre ruxprrrrqn rr MepMepnre
ce
ianyraar
Bo rroropurlTe urrBorl Ea
AeBoHor.
Bo rraepnaeprrre Ha Toun Boga, xai Eprrga;flfr fi, Ea
Apyrn
Mecra e raieqna Marpo-
Qayua
6ps xoia crapocra ua oBr{e e orpelelrer'a sa
AoIrHo Ao
cpeAEo4enoncxa. }Icro
TaKa Bo uorerie noxarruocrrr Bo MepMepnre ce raigeuN rouoAorrrrr co Koe e rrorBp-
AeHa Aonrro
II cpeArro
neBoHcxaTa
cTapocT.
Bo uaneosorrcrrrre uetauop$rrrrr ce
iaryraar
suauaiuu Jrerrc[rrrra Ea lrceleso rr
MarrraE, oA r(orl pyArrrrror
,rTaiunurte'6
e Bo excrrJroaraquia, gogexa Ea
ApyrrrTe
Jroxafluocrl{, Kar(o rrrro ce Mauxoeq, Epxcgann, IlnanqNurte, Exnoeq, Ctororo n
Ap.
ce BprrraT
neTanHr{
reoJrourx[ rrcTpaxcyBarba rI oBrle pyArrr{q[ ce upeA OTBapAEe.
fle6enunara
rra
AenorrcKrrre
creErr ce
qeun
Aa
lrsrrecyBa 2000-3000 naerpr.
IlaueoeoucKilTe Meranaop$urn ce upo6neu[ fiilr uax Bo EnB ce
ianyraar
KrKo rr3-
nnnu
guia6asn, clr{Jrrrrlr, prroJrrTn, xepato$rlr;prr a KBapqxepatoSupn.
Mesoso[crrrre rBopeBnEE trpercraBeulr ce co rpuiacxr,
iypcxn,
ropEoKpeAElI c-
lrrMerrrrr
!r MarMarcxrr creEr{.
Tpriacor e paoBrren Ha
Aocra
roJreMo rrpocrpancrBo Ea rper[pauoro uogpavie. Oco-
6euo ce Bacrarreur{ rro
Aonrrrrara
ua I{pun
Apru,t,
ua Croroso,
faua,
3auaAurrre o6o4n
Ea IiInEHcKa Ifnanuna u Eucrpa. Ilpetcrareurr ce co
{aq{a
rra KJracrrtquu ceArr-
Merrrr! (xournonaeparrr, rrecoqurqrr, pox(rraqlr u rnnnqn) u co
Saqnia
rra BapoBurrqr
(unouecrr, 6anxorurrr, MacrIBEu R gonouutcxn).
Tpuiacxrre cegrrMeuTlr [ex{ar rparrcrpecuBrro trpexy tralreoaor.Irer,
AoAeKa
oAuocor
r(ou rroMJragrrre ceAHMeHTlt
ga
iypa
u ropua KpeAa e rpaHcrpecrrBerr rrJrrr reKToucxrr.
Cn. 2. flperne.qrra re{no[Ixa Kapra lra Jrltcror Kra.reso. Generalized-geological map of the KiEevo sheet.
O6sopnaa reoJroruqecxafl fiapra Jrrrcra Krrqeso.
-
Keaptep.
Quaternary.
9erneprr.rvrrax cucrema.
-
Pzonratra. Rhyolite. Plromlrrr.
-
r{sxarr'r,
[ecoqu, rarlrrr4 rr Jrartop[, Gravel, sand, clay and marl. Ipasr.rfi, [ecrrrr'flrr,rrtBr It
Mepren[.
-
Konraomeparltr rjrrrrtrIr, [ecoqrrrrrln, narlopqr rr narropoBr{rr BapoBrraqrr. Conglomerate,
claystone, sandstone, marls and marly limestones. KograouepaTbr, apu{JrJrlTr,r,
.Ilecrlar*rr$rr,
r{epreJr[ rI Meprefi4crbre rrsBecllBEr.g'l
f.l'|ei, ah
-
Izrtc ,r amfi{,qplrr. Glpsum, anchydrite. fzrlc, anrraApzr.
'K?'
-
Py,qzcrr*r BapoBrrlrrpr. Rudist-limestones. Py4r.rcronrre rrcBecrusrs{.
K7''
-
,[uja6asr.r,
Diabase.
!1ra6asu.
KZ''
-
@nuulora4ur.r celrruerrra. Flyschoidale sediments.
(Dmrrueeraguue
orJroxreur,rfi.
JzS
-
Jlarlopqn, rarlopoBnrr4 BapoBrrrrqri, aJreBpoJrr{M, ilrrrrlqr{ rl rIecoqgr{qr.r. Marls, marly limes-
tones, alewolite, claystone and sandstone. Meprom, meprerlrcrrre r{sBecrE Ltfi,r, iureBponurbl
apfi4JIJrr{rEI U trecqaurKl4.
a
XTc
?1
Ea
lt,z
Se
pp
Y
I
14
-
frrunqu; fiocoqrffdlr, apr]r;rou[rcra, BapoBrrruItl t4 po)rsaqrr. Claystone, sandstone, argilo-
schiste, limestone and chert. Aprznnzrsr, recqaulr&z, aprr{Jroutacrbr, ,rgBeqnlExrn r{ EIrrMa.
-
Cepnerrrznzrz. Serpentinite. CepEeuutnr.rtrr.
-
fiujaiasu.
Diabase.
fiaa6asrr.
-
Ia6porra. Gabbro. Ia66po.
-
Iparum. Granite. Ipanarr,r,
:-
.[gopurz
n KBapqAr.ropr{rt4. Diorite and quartz-diorite.
,[zopur],r
u r(BapuArroprirbr.
tTr,,
-
Darucosztr rr macr4Brrr BapoBrrr.rq[. Thick bedded and massive limestones.
,[e6enocnoftcmre
a ffaccItBHble usBecrEfl(J{.
+n
Tz;
-
.fionomutcrl
BapoBrlrqu. Dolomitic limestones.
.[olomr4ronrre
r-rsBecn{tru.
3h
'Tz,l
-
flro.recrfi BapoBrruqfi. Platy lim-.stones. fl.nacrr.rrqarbre rr3Besrrrargr.
2+
_
''L'2,3
-
Irrrtrlrt r po]r$taqil.
Claystone and chert. Aprua.rura ri .trrrtlrra.
l+
'-L'z,l
-
Konraoirtqrarra r.r rrecowtrlrlr. Conglomerate and sandstone. Koru'aomeparrr ]r ilecrrauur[.
1
-
Kepato@upu r KBap4 repalo@r.rpr. Keratophyre and quartz keratophyre. Keparo$upsr u
reaprl reparo$rprr.
SX
-
Merapzoazru. Metarhyolite. Merapr.rom.rmr.
'
Spp
-
Memnraia6asr4 u cllturrwn4. Metadiabase and spilite. Meragra6asrr 1r
qfi,rJrnrrr.
M
-
Macrlsanr [epmeprn. Massive marbles. Maccusubre ilpauopr{.
SM
-
Kap6onarrm IuKpr,IJIrIr. Calcareous schists. Izlssecrroarre sraruur.
QDr,z
-
Kaapryrrr.
Quartzite.
Ksapqrarz.
FDt,z -':
@lillrrrTorlnu, rrecoqgvrlll lr &orrffromeparu. Phyllitoide, sandstone and conglomerate.
(Dnnrra-
TOt4Abr, IIeCqaHaI{g II KoIIfIOUepaTEI.
SQ
-
Kaapqrul Merarlecoqnrrqa rl r{Baprlr{Tr{.
Quartz
metasandstone and quartzite.
KsapqeBsre-
MeraEecaraBr{r{u II l(Bapqrr"bl.
Sab
-
@enqcnarzsfrpaoortt rrn(prutr{x. Feldsparisied schists. Ilonenofirtrrlarr,r3[poBilrrrrrre cJrartrI11,
Sco
-
Senenr rrIxprrJrrlfi. Green schists. 3e.reurre cJrarulr.
FCm, O
-
@rurrorgr.r, rpa$uruunlr [u<prlruIll, tueranecoqgralra f, aneBpoJr]rrn.
phyllitoide,
graphi-
te-schists, metasandstone and alevroiite. @N.nrutor4rr, rpasztoerre cfiarlql{, MeraIIecaIaIIr4r(Il
Ir aJreBponrtEr.
15
Bps 6asa ra uaigeuata $poiua Maxpo :h Mrfi(po
Sayua,
xogonosrna
{ayua [
tronel
:ror,
"rapocra
Ha rpuiacxure ceAuMesru e orrpeAeJrerra sa cpenuo rr rolrno tprriacxa,
ffoAeTa Aorreu
rpuiac ue e cnrypxo
norarcau.
fie6eunuara
na rpuiacr([re ceAlrMerrrrr rr3EecyBa 600-800 u.
Jypcx4re
cegglaexru
r(oucrarrlpaufi ce tro
AoJrr{Eata
rra_Pagnxa, ceBepno og
tanue,
xaro n oxolry ceJraTa Ileuuurre
u Mogprr,
iyrxuo
oq
[e6ap. Jypcxnre
ceATIMeETII
Jrex(ar rpa.rrcrpecnBrro rrpexy uocraprlre rraJreoaorrcxrr crerrl r tpniacxNre ce4[Melrrlr,
gogexri oArrocor KoH rroMJragure
SqrruorlArrn
ropuor(peAErr ce[aMeuTrr e rexTorrcKr{.
[pi."r"""uu ce co'$nauronArr[
ccgaMerrru rrarpaAeurr oA rnrrrqn, po2rcEaq[, rreco{-
EIIqu, nafiop(rtr UInEoBUTo-Kapdouaj[EII
IIIKpEnq[, IeCoKJIIIBII BapoBEIIqII] KaJIra-
perrrrTr( tr
Ap.,
Bo. Icorl ce.ianyriat troroneMll
IIaKeTrl oE BaPoBEIIqH 11 poICEaK.fyp'
c1rrfe ceArrMegTrr xoucrai"npaurr c xai
ffeunurre
r Mogpuu, rrsrpaAerrrl ce oE rrcorr-
Brrqg, nauopqu rr JrauopoBrlrrr BapoBrrrrqn. Crapocra rrM e o[penexa Bp3
-ocuoBa
xa orpeg"o&ara
rranxpo$ayua, xgia
yxa)rcyBa na rrairucoxrrre HrrBorr rra nuiac, og-
uoc11o Ea rpag11.rurrre cJroeBr! uniac-gorep,
AoAexa
crapocra Ha ce4lrMeEtrte xai
IJeuurure n Mogpuy e otrpeAeneEa 3a
Aorep-MaJrM
rr MairM-EoKoM.
fleGenuuara
ra
iypcxlrre
ceArrMenru rquecyBa oxony 900 na.
fopna xpega e r(orrcrarlrpaua.tro Aomruara
ra Paguxar Mana per(a Ea
fienrar
u Kpuru,
ua-ce""f"nTe II ceBeposaIraAEIITe uagunlr sa Crororo E oxoJry
[e6ap.
fopuoxpeg-
11nre cenrrMesrrr rsrpaRexu ce oA
$rruruorAuE
ceArlMeEfnr ro r(ou ce cpe*ataar
traKeTE oA nJroqecTrl-II
pyArrCTIrI{'BapoBEIIqu xAI(o II iloiasN Ira rutrcHrl rracJrarE.
Bpe rraigeUaTa MaICpo II MIIKpo
61I"3
cTapocTa Ea ropuoxpenEuTe celanaexTll e
otrpeneJresa sa rypoicxo-ceuoucxa.fle6enuEara
Ea oBrre ceAuMeETrr ce
qerrlr
Aa
[r3-
rrecyBa oxony 1.000 uerpu.
IIa rrone*e Mecra MeaoaorrcrllTe ceArrMerrrrr ce upo6lrenu rIJrIr Bo Hr{B ce rrsJrEeErr
MarMarcxt{ cienu, KoIr ce sacralreull co ynrpa6aorrtrrrr, 6asnqqn II xlrcelrlr Mar-
Vnrpa$asnqglrre u 6asNqnure creua npercraBerru ce co ceptreuTrrurTn, ra6porr
u
glfliadasI,,
Aonexa
r,IceJrure MarMaTETrr sacralresa ce co rpaEurl"rr
AIIopIITII
II
xBapqn[oprlr![, xot[ ce Bpaarru sa
iypcxuor
MarMarrr3aM. ]
Cepuenruurrr llTe ce
iaayraar
Bo BrlA rra troMarrll Macll rr ceroraur ce uoBpgarrrr 3a
gni6oxn rerToEcxrr
pyuryp[.
Fafponure u
guia6asure ce
jaryraar
Bn BrrA Ea upo6on trIrE Bo BEA Ea saJrrrBn, raro
Bo., TpniacftIr?er
TaNa lI Bo
iypcxrrre
u: ropf,orpeAHrrre ceAtr]l^eETa.
:'
Iloroneur Maclr Ko Hcrarrrpanrr ce rra eeBepEllTe tragrrurr ua
Ja6rlauuqa,
ua Crororo;
Kapaopuau rr
'Ea
satraguuretra1uf,rr Ha lflrllucxa fl.rarulua
fpaunrnre, Aroprrrrrre
rr KBapqgrropurlrre ce
ianynaar
10
BrrA Ea Malrrr rrrrrpysuBErr
MarMarc1rr rerra Bo
Soprua
rra gaixoiu, trplr rrrlo rr upo6nnaar uaJreosoncKnre crexrr
.u rpuia.cxgTe ceAuMeErn. Crapocra lrM e upo6nenaarrrqua, rro ce cMera
FeKa
c [ocr1
-rpriacxu.
Tepqnepunre ceEal/leErrl tI MarMarrrrrrTe ce sacrarrenrl co eoqeEclcfi Il IInIIoqeEcKlr
ceAnMeETI(; *
OA
-MarM-aTCXHTe
C'IeIIII SACTaIIeEII Ce pIIOJIIITII. .,:
'
f,oqeucxll
cegrrMerrrrr rcoucrarrrpauu
ce oxoJry
r
Koconpacrr xage rpalrgrltec:E4_o
rrexcer Eper(y
AonEa.Kpena.
IlpercraBerru ce co- rJrrrEqlrr natropqu, reqoquuqll I r(oE-
rlrollfleparll,
.rnia ge6ennua rrsrrecyBa oxoJry 500 u.
t6
IfnuoqeucxtrTe cegrrMeuTrr ce pa3BEeEr[ so K[qercrlror,
fie6apcxnor
r Ilzcryu-
rrrrnucrilror 6aceu, ro xoi ce Korrcrarrpanrr n suauaim uaofanxruta ua
iarnex
u
uoianu Ea rrrnErr (Ap6nroro).
fie6ernrara
Ha uJruoqeucxrrre ceArrMeuTrr e pasrrrlrlrra
Bo oAAeJTEE 6acesn. Tara no Kuqercxnor 6aces e naMepena
Ae6enusa
og oroay 250
Merapa, gogexd Bo
npyrnre
6acerr Ee e crrypuo yrBpgeEa.
Og uaruarcxn crerru sacrarrenrr ce prroJrrrrrr xou ce
ianynaar
na Byxorru( Bo BrtA
Ea rroMaJrn x([IqII Bo rrarreosoxcxrrTe ruKprlJrqn II MepMepI[ II Toa
AoJDrc
gna6oxlrre
pytrrypE.
Kraprepnnre BacJrarn ce
gocra
sacrarreErl, a rrpercraBeEr ce co MopeEcrilr ll
Orry-
ruornaquiaJrErr EqcnarE,
qpBeurrqa, 6rmopn, uporyruianurr Eacnarzl uaguucxrl 6pe-
qu,
crlrrapx, qenynNianurr
r anyBrriannu EacJrarn, [oBprrrrructca [orcprrBra (xynayceu
nrarepuian) rr aJryBrryM.
Hexou on xBaprepurrre EacJraru, rcaxo rrrro ce 6uropnte u aJryBrrouor ce xoplrcrar
xaKo cypoBErcxa 6asa sa qo6uaarre na 6noxoBlr rr
qaxafl
ll [ecox.
Ilcuurynauoro tronpaqie rexroucxrr My upruafa sa
ABe
xpytrull crpyrrypurr eAE-
Errqrr: Sanagno-uarce5orrcxara rerTorrcra e4rrurrqa (A) n
fle6apcxara
soua (sonara
Kpacra-Ilyxanu) (B). fpan6ara rra repexor e
@opunpara
co xepqrrucr(ara Ir crrr-
cKaTa oporeEesa.
Co xepquucr(ara oporerresa rraJreosorrcxrrre MeraMop$uru ce na6paun so 6narn
cEEr(JruEaJrEE rr aETrrKlrnuaJrrrrr
Oopun
(crpyxrypx), opneuruparrrr Bo npaBe{ ce-
nep-iyr, ceBeposatrag-iyroucrox n
iyrosanag-ceBepoucrox.
llosuauaiuu crpyxTyprr
no SauaguoMaxefloucxara sorra ce: 6paxnc[rrrJr[Eanara Bucrpa; crrnxJrrrualrrrre:
Byxorax, flpecera, Cnaneicxara, I(apaopMaucxara rr
trp.;
aETurrrtrEanute: Tai-
Mrrrrre, Ep:rpancxara, Bpdiaucrcara, fiecoqancxara, IlpuogpuMcrara n
Ap.r
xaxo
rr EaBJrar(Ere: fannqxara E Croroncxara. Ilcro rara KoucrarupaEn ce !r nyurnnre:
Bncrpa, Epaoneq r Jlyxoncxara rryrura. Og pacegrrre rrosEatrainn ce: Ocoicxxor,
Mogpxvxnor, 3auourKrror rr
Apyrtr
pacegn, xaro n rpa6eurme: Krqercxnor,
[e-
6apqa u [hcxyuurrlucxrror.
Bo
fie6apcxara
soua uosua.raiulr ce: ]I(yucxnor, Koconpaurxrror, Bamurrruor, Poc-
Tyrrrxrror r
fiedapcrrror
paceA, rcaxo rr
fleGapcxllor
rpa6en.
Anucxara oporeEesa ce Kapar(Teprr3upa co rrsreusrlaes Merauop$xuu, cfixrro E c-
6upare z upepa6oryBare Ea xepquucKrrre crpyxTypn. Bo uogoqrexrrara
Saaa
Ea aJrucr(ara oporeuesa ce cocAaAerrn repqueprrrre rpa6enu: Krqercruor,
[e6apqa,
Ilncxyuurlrucxnor t
fie6apcrnor
rpa6eu.
HOBr4 fIO.(ATOrII4,UOE\IEHr{ CO KAPTT4PAIbETO:
3a upn rrar: ce zapa6oru reoJrorrrxa Kapra Bo I :25 000 Ir rerroucxa r(apra Bo I : 100000,
e
AoKalKaHa
crapocra rra n{rrcor, e
AoKDr{ilIo
rrpacycrBo na xaudpnym ]r r.rsBprleuo e r{3,qBo-
jyrane
rra xam6pr,ryrr-opAoBt4rlr4ymcxr{or KorlrrJrer(c oA
AeBorlor.
Orxpaerr e roJrem 6poj ua
gaofanr,rurra
co
Sayra
co xoja e
Aoxa)xauo
zJr[ rrorBpAerro flpucycrBoro rra opAoBrrqrryl[,
AeBoIr,
rplriac,
jypa,
ropna KpeAa, eoqeE v rrnvoqerl.
Korcrarzpauo e flpficycrBo rra
,qBe
Jryrrmlr: Ercrpa z Epaoneq rt uaBnars{re lanz.rxara r.t
Croroscxara.
O,q uarm.arcxr{re creuz ce yrBp4er{}I meramop(lzsr.rpaufire
4uja6asru
rt crtvurytrvt, xeparo$upr
rI KBaprlxeparo$rapu, cepfierrrraurarfi,
Alrop:zrfiu
]teaprlAr.roplrrlr, qparrr{Tz,
ra6posz,
4uja6asu
u plaofi4'IiI.
Vrrpgenz ce nojasr,r r{a Marrrau Ha Croroeo z xaj cero Ocomruqa.
L7
I1Egerfiqo.
b'rarrom*icd.paa*larysane
ira
rraprepor.
Crpamrpa$cr(oro ptrt.IJreqffir&irrq rlaJEoaru(er rp6a 4e..0-e
I4sB. prrr, co rr-o.M,.oIII ua gErarlsr
ryI,eogo1rg1gsr
qclufly.BaBa,
[c*9 mxa rpe6a
Aa
ce lmBiuq qgamrp.l$cryo
paeuren]na1e
Ea Mso3oucrqre
Qopuargr
co
AeraJE{
nareouro;roung.r ngrmryrara
"
Ilorpe6no e
Ea
ce yrBpp qpoAo.rDrcyBanero na fa.rur.utara EaBJrars xon
iyr.
Aa,ee.gpogonnot.co
goxalrysrrEero Ea rcsqqra lra frcrcor, Igu(o tr.
@,.eslposta-rEa trcmlor.
So1xpe6qo
e ,qa
ce
rpo[6{,@
g,q.}T,B04tradpTo,m
gr-pa1q gCIgr1ata. tr,9,Lo.} a1ti'-ggiaeme
fiorpg4g e..aa...c9
Sppry{
Aarur
r,lprrerperyyrcgryrfqrylp.er-q3ayq4qQ?ry.ff
,.
i8
NPUKA3 HA KAPTI4PAHI,ITE EA'4Hl/u.l/{
KOMtrJIEI(C HA trAJIEOSOIICXU METAMOPOIITII
I,I MATMATCKII CTEHII
Haicrapara crparurpa$cxa elpcrr{qa, roja
ja qLrHI,I
rloAJlorara Bo 3aua$ra Maxe,qorulja, coc-
TaBe.Ea-e og ge6el Komrur.e6c na
Q1r.nraron,qrr,
METarrecoqmfl1r4 rI KBapqI,ITI{, Kouflro][eparli[,
sereg mxplurqr,
Sel4cuarraaupauu
r{ xap6onarcr<u ruxpulqn E Mepmepil.
,[,e6enunara
ua
oBre crerrlr e [por{euera rra 700C-8000 merpv. floxpaj HI{B ce sacraleH?I I{ MarMarcKI4 crelEt,
RaRo: meragop$zsupaun
gujalasn vt crrytrrwryt, metamop@uszpalrl4
pxoJrrlrr{, iueram,op$zsr'r-
paHr4 KBapq-xeparoSupu rl ceprrelrrlzuzrfi .
Crre ropenaBeAeulr creHl,r flperprreJre r[eramopSrua rrpomelu,l, uopaAl{ Irrro ce [aleoHToJrour-
KI{TS Eaolpr luou[re cllpofiaruulr. Bo uocne,qno Bperte co uponaofarrero lra Eer(oJlr(y JroKaJr-
Eoc1n co ilar(po rr lw.rxpo tbayna
(Kapaopman, CroroBo z Enctpa) ce BHece lrsBecHa cBernl{Ha
ga
crapocra rra rraJreosol{ctcnor KomrrJrexc Bo 3anapra Maxe4oruaja. flpeg oBLIe uaoAlr, ce
cmerarue
[eKa
Bo najrolem
AeJr
ce 3acra[eur4 creHl{ oA
AeBorrcxa
siapocr, a IrKoIlt l{crpaxq-
Barrtr cfieraa
Aer
e
gacrarreu
u xap6on. Hogzre HaoArl lra maxpo ll murpo$aytra
AoKalxaa
nocroene na xam6p4ym, opgorzu.rylu 14
AeBg:I.
Haj,4enara
Saylra,
no onoi ruomeit lre Hr'r ,4o-
rryrrrra
Aa
r,rsBprrnlme rEsgrojyrarre rra xam6pSrym oA opAoBr[I]rym, rlopa,4rl rlrro oBI{e ABe
ciparrrpa$cxz e4unzqr, rte 6u,qar BaeArro t4sABoeELI I{ olrl4lu{tuu. Cm,r.nra e uonoxt6ara r
co
AeBorI.
PI uerorara rpaur{qa e ycJroBr{o rrBABoeEa og xam6pr.rym }I opAoBrlryrym, rlopa,4!
crr,rquocra Bo JtrrroJrorlrlroT cocTaB rr L]rrITerI3r{BrIZre metaruopsxo-.TercrorlcKl,I [pomeH]r. IrasEa
xapar(repr{crr,u(a, roia rr,r ogno
jyna
xam6prrym N opAoBurglym oA
AeBoH,
e flplrtc1rlrlocra Ha 3rrarrll{
KoJrr[rrecrBa na rap6onarrra rvrarepuia Bo rrocJreErrroB,
AoAeKa
no xam6plryar lr opAoBlrltrryltl,
Molr(e
Aa
ce Kalxe
AeKa
cxopo
ja
nema.
Bo xam6prrym ra opAoBr.rquym Ir3ABoeHr{ ce c:relpr4Te JrlrroJrorrrxn
qJreIroBI{
I{.Toa:
$umlroragr'r,
merarrecoquurlr.r r aJreBpolwtwr, rpa$rrrumr ruxprrJtrIl{, MerarlecoqErrll{,. KBSprS{:rz; 3e[eHI{
umprrJrr&[,
SelgcnarnarEpaH]r
rrrxpr,rnqfi u mepmepfi. ]&arnara.4e6eruana ce:[poqeryBa
Ha
oxorry 5.000 merpr
,
@vl:-i,ivrro]:1r$ll
(Sqse)
,:
3a$a(aar najroleino [pocrparrcrBo r{ ce sasraneHr4 Bo
ABa
oAAeJIHI{ perrorn4. flpnror pemoE
rr saSa(a Kapaopman, Cnarej, P>xancru{ Ful,u Ctororo, a Bropl,ror,(peu fllam.ura u
iy>x-
Hrare naAr.rur{ xa Byxorrr.
flo4 r.rm,ero
Suarrorzgu
ce uo,4pas6rzpaar creur{ Bo Kotr [peoBJralnrBar
$usln;ttrz,
no uoqpai
HI{B ce qre*araar Merarlecorrur-Ilrr, merazueBpoJrt4Tt{, cepm$4TcKo-KBapISM iuE(plrrllv, rpa-
Srrzurur
umprnryr u
4p.
Cute oBr{e nlrroJrouqgr
trneuonu
mefyce6no c cuerryBaar Ir rrpe-
MrrrryBaar eArrr.r Bo
ApyM,
KaKo BepThKzurIIo, TaNa r{ xopl,r3ollranHo.
@rrnarzre ce reurorurotrecm creux ce 6.neAoxa$ejano-x<orre.mncana 6oia, Hamecra caBo-
-qpHE. I4maar cnrlaecr ciai xoj
goara
oA Jrr{crare rla cepurrytr, mycxoBr.rr r,rJlrr xJroplrr.: TeN-
19
uam 6oja e ycJroBeua
oA rrptlcycrBoro rra rpa$zrzunara marepuja, xoja ce
janyea
Bo Br.rA rla
TpaKlr. flopa4u roa llaMecra ce cpertaraar
@unllrz
co rpaKacra rpa,q6a, Kora ce cMerryBaar
cBeTJILt CO TelIrM TpaK?I. cCCraseElt Ce OA CepZqr4T t4ttyl n{,ycK)B;lT, KBapq, rlomaflE r4 rloroneul.t
KOnIIqeCTBa rla XnOprIT, a OA Crllpe,qEvl MrllrleparlU ce
jaryaaaT
rtarrlerltT, Typ-uallArl, q?IpKorI
I,t IMpLIT, xoj uecro e Jumorlrllr4carf. CrpyXTypaTa uM e Jrl4rrilAo6nacrrz.rga.
,(ocra
llecro Bo
Qnmtrou4r,rre
xaro
Saqun
ce
janyaaar
cepw$.rrcxo-KBapqurr ur(puJrr+r
r[eTarlecorrultrlr{, apxo3lt, rpasrrrurn ump}Inqra z
Ap.
Apxoalurre necouurlrlr.r Bo KolI ce
jaayeaar
noxpaj KBaprlor, xaxo 6rren mrnrepan
-
@e.n4cuarn,
ce cpe(aaaar ri Jrzcxyrlt4, a c[opeArro ce
janyraar
xnoprrr, JrrlMorr]rr r{ ManrerrlT. Osue creur,r
no 6oja ce cilBo3eJreuKacrrr co rrrKpr.rnaBa rexcrypa rr rtczmt4rcxa crpyKTypa.
Ceprrtrr,Ircxo-KBaprplr.rre rrtrrpr4rrqu, ffor{ ce no 6oia cBefiro
Ao
rem}ro cktrrr4lr rlpurr, r{rrraar r43-
pa3eua rrrKprrnecra rer(crypa ra reml,qo6.iracrzqEa ulz rpano6nacar4lrnta crpyxTypa. I4srpa-
AeHI{
Ce OE KBaprI
'I
CepAqr.IT, raxo 6r,rruu cocrojrul, a Bo rloroneMo r{ruI floilrairo Konr4qecTBo
ce 3:Icre[eH]r xnopuT'eru,qor rr MarHsu{T. Kaxo cnopegnu ce
jarysaar
rlr,rpxorr, ryplanurl r,r'
a[aTI4T.
Bo
Sumttoll4zre
Ha rrrraur.fira Croroso rroA caurror rpa Ea6un Cpr, o4 rlrcroqrrara crparra Ea
IlaAr[opcxa B[cour4rra ox2.070 M. Bo rrecoxnuBrrre
$wturu,
Kor.r rrperfiEyBaar Bo ceprrg,mcxlr
$rautu
IIJM Bo meraruopSaszpanrl cr{TEo3prrecrr{ KBaprIHr{ [eco\rrtr{r${, uaj,qeua e rpzno6arcxa
Qayua
oA poAor Synhomalonotos cf. tri.stani. Onoj pog e [o3rrar Bo opAoBrrrlt4y]u r.r roa oA
ropeE epeurtr
4o
nan4ejJro, a Bpcrara e najuecro Bo JrarrBr{pHr.reu z nan4ejlo.
Ha Kapaopmau I,t Ea Prxarrcru Plrg na uone(e Mecra Bo
Qunrron4nre
naf4eu e uareo$nopuc-
TIruIs4 anateprjan xoj yxaxyna
Ea opAoBllqrrymcxa crapocr. Hajgeun ce rrpamr.rrr.rBrrr{ clopr{
r xncrzoc$epr.rAl,I. Ke nare4eme Hexou oA oBve
Soputr:
Protoleisphaeridium cf,. angulatu-rn,
Trachytrilletes solidus, Stenozotrilletes cf. punilis,
Siminosotrilletes inaequitateratus, Tra-
chytrilletes rotundu.s, Stenozotrillercs pilncmtus
v
Ap.
floxpai ropeo[ruaEr(re creuu Bo cocraBor na
$zrurorAr{re,
ce cpe(anaar ]vraurrucrcrr r{ )Ke-
JIe3HIrt Iu(pI.rJrII[. Hajmuory nojaer Ea oBr{e ruKpt4Jrrl}I cpefiIyBaMe Bo peorloT
Ha rD-rarlr{Ha
Ctororo, ua Prxartcxtt Prn4 u Kapaop:vrarr. Ce
janysaar
Bo Br{A na npoc.noirc,r, rertn u He-
rIpaBr{nHI{ rera. flo,qeram{o oBVe creEz rte 6nAar ortrIurarur Bo'oAenor
,rpyAEE
nojaar".
METAUECOTIHUIII I,I AffiBPOJI]ITIA (Sq)
I4q4noerrx ce KaKo
ABe
rroronexlr [aprr.u4 no
SunnrorlArrre
]Ia
.(peu
fhanrrna na
jyxcurre
rraqw:rlvr ua Eyxoeurc. Bo cocras Ha oBr{e crerlr{ BneryBaar, KaKo rlecoq}Irltrll4, TaKa fi aJreBpo-
JII4Tfi, KaKo [r [peoAu noruefy oBr.re crerr2t) xotr uoce6Eo rre]lto)r(ar
,qa
ce o4nojar. flo 6oja ce
cBerJro
Ao
re:lulo-cxBtr, cexorrrrr ce rellxocnoeB?ITr{. Crpyxrypara I4m e rlcamvrcKa
Ao
aneBpo-
JrrrtrlrltrIa. fnaseE Mr,IHepa[ e KBapr{or, a nocna6r e 3acra[eH cepr4rIr,rr. Kar<o cnopeAHr.r ce
jaayraar
Qen4cnar,
Karrr$rr, rltlpxou, Tr.rrarrrirr, rparrar rr rypmilJrr{E.
TPAoI4TI4
TIHI4
IuKPTIIIULI (Sgr)
Ce
jarynaat
raxo
Qaqrut
ao
Srrurure
rr KErKo raxBr4 Bo Br.IA Ha e,ryra uoroJrerir.a Maca ce rr3ABo-
erul so I,IsBopLtrrIHEor
nen
ua Eaqzurra pexa. IpaQnrli.nrilre lrrKpr.Irrrlrr r.r]vlaaT rurpr4JraBa
rexcrypa I4 Jrecuo ce
qerraar
Bo reuxrr Jurcxt4. IIo 6oja ce remrlo cr,rBrr
Ao
qpnw. I4srpaAeur.r
ce oA MoIrrHe czrHo3pHecr KBaprI. floxpai KBaprlor ce
janyea
nbronemo KorrrrqecrBo rra [pa-
rrMrrecra rpa$zu.r.rrra marepuia, xoia e r4MrrperHrrpaEa rrrr3 rlenara cTerra.
gecro
ce cpe(anaar
JIIltmoEIIrcKIr( 3pEa Bo BII4 Ha KoIIKI,I IIITO [peTcTaBJBaaT OKCIIALIpaELI rlltpyrTr4,
20
3EIEHI4 IIIKPLIIIII,I (Sco)
Ilarpa4erur ce oA cJreF4Te rr.rrroBr{ rla crerryr: xJroprrrcl(o-cep[rl]rrcxn rrrxpt4Jrrtrrt, KBapqHo-
-cepErIrITcKr{ rrrxprr[rlr{, enr4or-amsz6oncru IuKpI,IJrrII4 z
Ap.
xaro
Qaryrr
so
@rlrnrme.
Ids4soeun ce Ea Crorono,
,{pen
flnarulrra rl rcaj c. IIpsqE-Kr-IrreBcKo.
Hajsacraneru{ ce xJropltrcl(o-cepmlzrcxlr IIrKpr{JrrIrr, Korr ce KapaxTepr{grrpaar co cBerJra IiI
remno3efleua 6oia u r,rspaserla rrrxpuJraBa rexcrypa. flospuuurara Ea creuara I4Ma ce4eQacr
ciaj, nopa4ra ceprrrs.rror r.I xJropt4Tor. frasEr rvrr,IuepaJrrlu cocrojrur ce cepr{rILIT, xJropr.rr r{
reap[, a cuope4rul mailIerllT, KturrIIlT, xemar[T r.r Jrr{MoEr.rrcxa m,arepuja. Bo saerlcuocr o,q,
oAlrocor Ha xnoprrror r{ ceprqrrror oBue crelrlr mo}r(ar pasrrr4lmro
Ea
6rap:ar
Aereprvrr,rur4pagll-
04 cuope4rr.rre cocrojxn najrrurory e 3acrafiert Marrrerrlrror. Toj ce
janysa
Bo MrIory cnrHti
3prla, KoLr ce paMrloM,epuo pacfiopeAellr{ Bo IleJrara r[aca.
Knaprryro-cepurlrrrcnzTe rrrxpr{Jrqr,r ce
janynaar
Bo Br([ rra reuKr.r upocrojxn u tey'.u Bo xJro-
prrrcr(o-ceprusrrcrsrre rrrxpr{nryI. Ce xapaxrepr,r3r.rpaar no cnojara BlronsroBo-3eneur4xaBa
6oia. Plsororora rruclogrnra ruarepuja 3acrarega e o(ony 50o/o. floxpai nea, KaKo rJraBur.r Mrr-
rrepaJrrr, ce
iaeyeaar
cepilqr,rr rr KBaprI. Xnopraror Ia eAerl I,I3orpoleu pyAerlur4rrepan, Bepo-
iamro
marrrernr, ce
janynaar
KaKo cilopeArrr{ r4 pacearrr4 rro IleJrara crerlcxa maca.
Erm4orcxo-am$ra6oacxzre rrrxplrJrql{ ce peJrarrrBrro
Aocra
sacraueEu. Vllpawro ce ruxprr-
JraBiz, a uo 6oja reuuo-Beneuu. Kaxo rraBErl cocroiru ce
janyeaar
aruQr6on, axrrlrntoJrrzr r{
elru4or, a Bo rromilJro KorlrrqecrBo KBapq, xJropr.rr r,t JreyxoKcerr. 04 cuopegurare coc'rojrur ce
iasyBa
arra"r,m Ir eAerr pyAerr r[trepan, repojauro manrerur (?).
@r.mlrorprte ce
ianynaar
Kil(o rerlr<rl npocnojrct raJrrlr rroururrt te*y. n uecovnuqu. flpe-
Te)rtno ce
jaryeaat
apxo3rrr.r flecoqriltr[,r oA cBsrJrocrBa
Ao
3eJreHr,rxaBo-cr{Ba 6oja u co ruKprl-
JbaBa rexcrypa. Ce cpeuryBaar oA crlrrrro3prlecril Bapr4ererr.r
Ao
aJreBpoJrr4rr4. Knacruqur-rre
3prra ce oA r{Baprl u
$en4cnar,
KaAe
Aourrurlpa
npBr.ror. I-{emenror e cocraBerr oA cr4Ten KBapqr
ceplrrgr, xJropr,IT r{
Ap.
OA c[opeArrrare cocrojxr.r ce
ianyeaar
MafiIerr{T, rypuarulrr, a[arr{T
II e[I,rAoT.
@ErrAc[ATr43r.IPAHr,l rrrKPI,LJrUra (Sab
)
I,Is,q:ouru ce KaKo sace6ua Kaprr{paga JrrrroJrorrrxa eArlrrr4qa so
Snrrrron4vtre,
a xa4e mefy-
ce6ru,ror o4lroc e
Aocra ueiacerr. Koucraruparua ce sarraArlo rr l{cro!trto oA ceJro 3ajac r.r oroJry
ceno Mr4cugr. Toa ce
jaxo
KaraxJragr{pagrr
creglr co cr,rBa
Ao
cr4Bo-seJreHrirxasa 6oja Bo Kor{
ce sa6elexyBaar spua o4
@en4cnarz.
(Del4cuaurre
ce
iarysaar
Bo reHxr4 Tpaxrr r,r [o.l[r!Jrl{
relt2. CrpyKrypara Ira oBrle creuv e uop$nporcnacrrrllrra
Ao
neruAoxJracrrrqrla. fnasEu coc-
rojxra ce KBaprL cepnII,IT t4 rlnarr.toxrrac, a cflope,ryrir MartteTlil" v ermAor. flnarr,roBnac4Te ce
jasynaar
penfiKTrro corryBarrr4 Bo BrrrA na
$euoxpuctailfi,
Kora ce
jaxo
cepraqnrl{cturfi. 9ecro
ce Ear[onEo I(aTaKJIaSI{paH[.
Cnpena rrorroBrrTe
AerarrHlr
t4crpa]r(yBarba 3a ]fiene3o ao oeo!
peri{oE ce clrera
AeKa
oBrre creHlt
[peTcraByBaaT r.rrlreH3vBrlo Karar(]ra3r{paHr,r Ilt yrrrKprrneHr,I rpaHr,Irr{.
MEPMEPI4 (,N,1)
Ce
jaeyraar
l{cxrrytmBo ao
Qlururor,rAr4Te
r4 roa Bo Br4q Ea MaJr[ [pocJrojx*r wwr nefui. flo
rrpaBllno ce llesrlafiIo KaTarora3r.tplHr4 r cnmtsnxosaHfi. rlo 6oia ce czBLl
Ao
qp:u.
cocra-
BeHI{ ce oA Kpl4cranvsfiparra KaffIlrrcKa marepr,rja, KBapq r rpaQnrrwro 6rrymruroena ma-
rcpzja.
Ha unagunata Kapaoprvran Bo Mecnocra Brrxarla Arurnauruqa Bo ropeuaBeAeutrile r{eplrepr{ Ha-
i4eur
ce clrrulr naruenu6pau<rraru, apxeoracreporroArlr, apxeoqnjau{ r{ ciurrapeJrrt, Korr yxa-
)KyBaar rra
AoJrerr
xam6pllym.
2t
KBAPIIHUI METAIIECOIIHIU}I (Sq)
Osrle creuz ce
jasyraar
na Kapaopruan E CraBei ffnaru-ura, KaAe ce Korrcrarzpasr Bo rrorop-
Hrrre
AenoBrr
na
SrurrarolrryTe
fiJrLr ce
janynaar
Bo paiuu{trr4rrr riltBorr na
Sr,rrnrorgr.rre,
KaAe
Saryrjaauo
ce cmerryBaar, KaHo 6o.rno, Tar(a r4 Beprzxanuo co
Surmrov4zre.
Eojara r{m Ba-
prrpa oA cL(Ba,qo cLrBo-3eneHuKaBa r,I 6reAo-3eneHr{KaBa. Toa ce cr4rrlo3prlecrv, MacilBHr.r crerlu,
caMo llWlecra rrrKprluraBrL ce xaparcrepl4sr'rpaaT co rrrHpr{JraBa
Ao
Macr'rBHa TexcTypa I1I co rpa-
uo6racru.nra crpyxTypa. Cocraserur ce oA spna rra r<raprl xoj uo [paBr4Jro e
4o6po
sao6Jrerr,
uo ce cpe(aBaar llr aurecTlr spna. Cocema perxo ce cper(araat
$er,4cuara,
JMcKyH, rlfipr(ou,
rypmaJrl{E,
xJropr4T, cepmurr ra
4p.
BpauBoro e crrrr}ilIucxo, cepurlt4Tcxo-r.trrtHoBrrro rr n[Mo-
Irtrrcr(o. 3acranegocra Ha KBaprlor
Aocrvra xo
90o/o, a uecro Ir fipery oeoj rrpoqerrr
KBAPUT{T\4
(Q)
Ce
janynaar
Bo BlrA Ha rrom:urrr Macr{ Ha.[pen flnartzua, KaKo u or(oJry Koru6apll ro
Qvlum-
r,r#rre. Ce pasmrxyBaar oA rvrErarrecoqur.rrlare rro crojara MacllrBrrocr xoja xaxo ilocJleAl{qa
rra nperp[eE merannop$r,rsam Bo KBaprlr{Tr{re Hece pasfi{r(yBaar 3prrara oA rlemeuror. Ce pas-
JrIltKyBaaT BO pa3Ir4qvTI'I HI'IBOr.I BO MeTarrecoqHr'Iqr'ITe U
srarUU'r.UUrTe
rrrKpfinql,I r{ MaI(pO-
cKorrcKr4 lrecTo Ilarr.r Ee.uo]r(aT Aa
ce pa3nr,rKyBaar e,qHr,r oA
Apyfl4re.
floxpaj KBapqoa oBr4e
cTeIIlI peTKO COAp)I(aT lvIaJIo NOJILtqecTBO Ha CepUIIIIT, .lllyCKOBI,tT, XJIOpLIT, III4)KOII, TypmaJII,IE
I/I lVtZtrrIETIltr. flo rrp<narr{HfiTe ce cperrryBaaT Jrl4morll.rr rr rJrrtrloBllma marepuia.
IEBOII
Ioreu
AeJr
oA Jrrrtcror Kz.reso e r.r3rpa4eE oA
AeBoHcRE
creHr{, uuja crapocr e onpeAeJrerra
co uaxpo$ayna, xorIoAoIITr4 Lr rroJrerr a:f1LTtpr3l1t,
Bo
Aeeouor
cJrr4rrHo Nar(o tt ro xam6prymor I4 opAoBr4rlr4ym, Ir3ABoeHr{ ce HeKonKy JrrrroJrorrrx[r
wrelroBll:
Sr.ra*rtou,qv,
KouffroMeparlr lt flecowilflg,I,
KBaprlrtrrr,
xap6ouanua rrrxpl{nrs,I tl Mep-
mepu. Bxymrara
4e6enmra
Ha
AeBoH
r43uecyBa 2000L3000 Merpr{.
<D?INVTOI'ALI (FD)
Bo osaa rpyfla I{sABoeEI,I ce creul4 Bo Kor4 [peoBJraAyBaar
$rrnarz,
no noxpaj rflrB ce
jaryBaar
apnanoounurll, aprlrurolltrIcrl,I, [ecoqHrrru{, cepl,Ir[{TcKo-rGapqHr{ rrrKpI,IJrrI[ lr
4p.
Oslre crerul
tlecro
ce cmellyBaar z nperafaar eFII,I Bo
Apyru,
r(aKo xopl4SoHTiurHo, TaNa r4 BeprflKanHo.
3a$artaar
Aoera
umpoxo rlpocrparrcrBo rra rlJraEurrara ErEcrpa, Ha ceBeprrrrre [aArrur rra
Ipeu
fl.nagmra, uarJa6narnaqa ra rro
Aom{rrara
na Idpml
.[prur.
@rummrrc ce crerryt co crrBa
Ao
rlpua 6oja, uamecro 6re4oxa$ejanu
go
)KoJrreHrr(aBn. fuasuz
cocroixr rlM, ce cep[ut4T IIJTTI lvlycxoBrrT, HBaprI Lt xJroprrr,
AoAeKa
KaKo c[ope4lr{ ce
iaryraar
MarHeu'IT, TypM{lJrIrE, rtrI,IpxoE urrfipltT, xoj naiuecro e JrrluvrorllITrrcuf. Crpyxrypara vM e rfai-
qecTo
JIeIIIltAO6.UaCtU.nra.
Aprwo$rrrurr.rre ce creull KoI{
rrr4uar
rrpeo4 og
Quru,rrr,rre
xoE apn{norruqrr{Te, TaKa
Aa
fl,r
KapaKrepr.rsrrpa$ v. eAr.rHrrre H
ApyrrrTe.
Aprralourzcrure ce cteHlr oA cllBa
Ao
rlpEa 6oja, co rrrxpr,rJrecra rer(crypa. Crpyxrypara um
e oA JrerMAo6nacrn.[ta
Ao
JrerrlrAorpauodnacnr.ura. I4arpagerur ce oA KBaprL CeprilIlrr, xJro-
pLIT, tlIycKO'BttT vr $rI{IIoBIlTa uarepuia.
fleco.urnrglre ce creuz co lrrrpr,rJrecra rexcrypa, Kolr uoxpai xracrnunnre 3prra Ha KBapq,
coApx(ar E [omaJro KoJrrlqecrBo na
Selgcuar
(ao 20o/), rropa,q{ rrrro Hemo)r(ar
Aa
ce yBpcrar
Bo apr(o3rrr.r [ecoqHr{qlr. floxpaj onre noc,rojar r{ npaBl{ apKoB}III IlecoqErrqfi, KaKo rrrro e
cnyuai ua Tajmr,rurte, afr.Ea
Apyrz
mecra. fleco.ruarprre.ce uaiuecro
6rl:ro
go
cr,rruo3puecru,
a perKo cpe'rurosplrecr?I. Crpyxrypara r.IM e [cam]rrcKa. Eojata z,M e cexoftlrrr oA cBerJro
Ao
TCMIIO CHBA.
22
CepzqNrcxo-roapqHrrre IrrKplurrlra uo 6oia ce cBerJro
Ao
remlrocr{Br.rr I frorrKororrr c1opo qpHrr.
Texcrypam Em e lrlxplrflecra, a clpynTypara Jreu.rAorpauo6nacmuua, raara rparo6iragrrrirga;
Eurru cocroiror ce KBaprL cepvqrr LIJrI{ .mycxoBrrr. flose*e rum rrouanry ce sacraflerru xrro-
pITT, erIrAoT rr MarHErI(r. Kano cnope4Er.I ce
jasyeaar qupKoH,
Typ.M,aJrraH 14 utr8rrfiT. floxpai
I*rBeAeHr,ITe crelrl4 Bo
SrmztoraAr.rre
ce
jaayrlaar
TeHKLI upocnojror :arilvt rfiarwr ne*r.r o,q reMrro-
-clIBt4
Ao
Ilpltrt ilepmpr, Bo Kor4 ce
jaryna
KorroAorrrrra
Oayna,
na 6asa ua xoja ce oBrre crer[I
orrpeAeneul.r KaI(o
AoJrIro
l,rnl.r cpeArro
AeBorrcxrr.
Tara rra [prruep pyAara ao Tajanrlrre e
o4peAeua KaKo
AoJIrroAeBoHcKa.
Henocpepro HaA pyAara Bo reuox upocnojarc oA rlpu MepMep
(20 cm) naje4ra e HoHoAolrrrra
@ayna
og xoia ce oApeAenr4: Polygnathus lingurfurmis, Poty-
gnathus cf. welbi u Belodus tiangularis.
Bo rrpo$unor xai Jlyxoeo naj4eua e KogoAorrrrra
Sayna
xoja noxaxyBa
AoJreH ,qo
cpq4eu
4eBo-8.
Ty"l 9"
oApeAeEI,I cnelsrr{re
@opmx:
Belo&ts triangularis, Spathognatladus sp.,-Poly-
gnathus
kockcliana, Polygnatlrus cf . tigonica, Bryantodus sp. r4 Polygnathus sp.
C.rnr.nro e ua npo$u"ror xaj c. I,Isrop
-
Kr,r.rescxo. Tyxa e uaj4en poAor Polygnathus, xoi
rrperelr{Eo ce
jaryra
Bo cpeAerl
AeBorr,
no
,qoafa
r.r Bo
AoneE 4eBoE.
Bo
Sn-mltor4.rre
ce nai,qenz u
qropr't
lt rroJrerroBr{ 3plra, Korr yra}r(yBaar
Ha
AeBoHcKa
crapocr.
Taxa so la.rnrnur< ce najgeuz cJre,ryrl;rre
$opur,r:
Flarinites peroagatus,
Laevigatosporircsvu=
Igaris, Florinites minor u
Ap.
Bo Jror(iuruocra xaj ceno Maapono flprrrmrrrr,rBulr clopr4 oA
poAoBr{re.
Clutreu c-nyuaj rurrame z eo Taimr.rune KaAe ce naj4erur KaparTeprrcTr{qrrr{ ocrarorlr,t oA xr{crrlro-
c$epr/gr, KoI{
yxiDryBaar
lra
AeBorrcxa crapocr. floxpaj re*e brururanzre creur{ ro
$xnzto-
}IArITe cFerr{yBaMe x(eJresHril ITIKpI'JITII I{ Toa Ea Eumpa ra I{rnnrcxa flnauuna Bo BrrA Ea lertr,r,
uPgclojKll It EerIpaBI{JrHI.r rela. I,Icuate rte 6u,4ar rroAefiuruo oflr4rrrnurr Bo oAenor
,rpyAHrI
nojarx".
KO}IUIOMEPATI4 I{ IIECOI{HI4III4 (D
)
Bo osaa
Oaquja
yBpcreHl{ ce uce@nrcrur r{ rrcamr{Tcrs,I creg}r. Bo sasrcrtocr o.( Toa Ror{ creurrr
xaAe [peoBnaAyBaar, TaKa ce r,r ns,4rojyranu Ha Kaprara.
{oumomeparure
ce
_sacra[eur,I
3alaArro, ngioquo fi ceBepoucroruro oA Kr4qeso, xaj Er,rrop
,(olempr, xai ceno Kap6yruqa, cero Kra4rmx rr safiaArro u
jyxlro
oA ceJro Clarl4lo. Haf-
qecTo
IIMqaT xeTeporeH cocraB. I{srpa4ou.r ce og o6nyroq[ ua r(Baprl MeTa[ecoqufiqr{, MeTa-
KBaplrym{ I( [ocr{rIII{ 3pl{a rra Krurr{cKlil
Sengcnarz
}I rurarrroKnacu. O6nyror+4re ce coBplrreHo
o6pa6oreru r
Aocrr4raar
ronemlirna
,qo
25 cm. Pemto llro)r(ar
Aa
ce cperrrar 14 rroxpyrrurr Ba-Iry-
toqr, oco6eno so uaprujara, xoja e rr3ABoeEa 3arra$ro o4 Kzueso. Korrrnomep-arzre ce
ja-
ByBaar qperex(Eo Bo
AoJrlrrror AeJI
rra
AeBorI,
xa4e u,ox<e6z osHaqyBaar rpagclpecr,rBgocr, a
rrrcro Tar(a ce
jaeyraar
r nnrpa@opMarlzcKr4.
fleco.rynuure ce rl3ABoer[r Bo rrexonxy JroxaJruocrr]r ,t roa: sarlaAuo o,q Kuueeo, na Tp*t
fpo6a, (ro r.renopuumaor
Aerr
rra pera Crngeuwrqa) z ua Kreuoerdrla. Ost,re r1ecoqgaqr.r Bo
lrt4luro rle ce pasrrl{KyBaar uo cnojor cocraB oA orrue orrr{r[rrllr Bo cocrilB ua
$ulnrou,qNre.
Ilarpager[ ce oA 3prla rla RBaprI u
Sen4cnar.
flocne,rytaoB
Aocra
fipoqegryalrgo Bapr{pa Bo
cocTaBoT, TaI
Aa
roHexoraru cpefiIyBtMe Ir [paBI{ apI(osHI{ [ecoqgullr4. Texcrypara ram
e IuKpr{naBa, a crpyr(Typara ucaurrrcxa. Ce cpeuryBaar crare Baprrererrr o4 naicurur go
nai-
KpyrEI}I. Eoiata ram e cBerJrg
Ao
remgocrlrBa, a [orrexoralu co seJreHlrKaBa Hr{agca.
KBAPIII4TI4 (QD)
Ce
iasyraat
Ku(o rro.ilLaJruMactr Bo Hexom{y roxuurEocrll r{ Toa: na Can4axrar[, ceBepgo.oA
c.
,[pyrono,
3arram{o o4 Mpamopeq r xaj i. Crr"runo. Toa ce rpere}rsro ir{acrrBurr t'6arxo-
BIITII creHrr Bo KoI{ perl(o ce cpe*aeaar Erq)ilJraBr.r uaprr{r. flo 6oia ce o6u.uro cfiFlvt ktrrr4
TeMHo-cI{BIr. Crpyxrypara IrM e rpano6tacrzwla,
,qo
6nacroucamurcxa.
Cocraseru ce rtai-
23
arecro
oA cKopo u3oMerpr.rqttr{ BpHa oA KBSpIL IIoMefy KoI'I ce rneAa RolfraKrerl croi oA ce-
r(yrlAapeE KBaprI: Koi ru IleMeHrlrpa sprlara. 04
gpyrzre MI{EepaJILt coAplrr [o]IaJro ffonl{-
qecrBo
rra ceprxlr,rr, rrycxoBt4T, xJroprrr, rMpKoH, lypr{:ra}Ilr 1l iuarllerur. flo rryrafauufrme ce
perlIyBa Jl[IMoH]rr rI muIIoBr{Ta marep}Iia.
KAPEOHATHU IIIKP}INIII4
(MMD
)
Os14e creg11 Tecgo ce rroBpgaHlr co
$nlnrouAl{Te.
Ce
jarynaat
}Ko rloroneurl I{nrl rloMiurll
$acr( Bo Er.IB. flpEre]xuo ce
iaByBaar
Bo roplrr4or
Aen
oA
Sr.nntora4ru.ror
xomrlnexc,
qesro
rlaTu I,I r(aKo rleroB saBplllerl
AeJr.
Kap6onarrutre lrrgp[Jrr$r ce paaBrrerlrlr Bo rloBerte JroNaJIHocrIiI: rla CanAarcaur, ConomlnMqa,
Byxoaux, nomefy ceJlara
flpyroro
u
JyAoBo,
rai ceno Kna,tgUlx, ceno Mpamopeq ]I Ha
ApyM
*Lar". Ce xapaxrepusr{paar
co rrecro cmerryBarbe na rap6onarrul [tr(pt4Jrrs4,
Qr.nrnora,4u
r
mepMepr,I, KaKo BepTI,IKaJIHO, TaKa II xopI.ISOIIraIlHO. EOjara MIIOry Bap4pa, IIo qpere)I${o ce
oA cBeTJro
Ao
rervulo-cr4Btr, IloHeKoraur co 3eJreEaKaBa rluallca. Crpyrrypata rilE e_nerMAo-
6nacrn.rna. klsrpa4enu ce oA KaJrrurr tlt xJroplrr, noxpai rol{ ce
janyaaat
KBapIL
Sen4cnat
u 6uorar.
Mepruepnre uo crojot cocraB ce ra3ABoeE]I Ira KaJIIITIcKI{ Ir
AoJIoMrITcKIrt.
Bo xanrglcxlrre Mep-
fiepr{ r43ABoeIII{ ce ruloqecTrl, macI,IBHI{ II XpmlorrcKtI.
IINOI{ECTX MEPMEPI4 (MD)
Oa14e cregu ce najrrr:rory
gacrarreEr(
Ha repelror rI Toa Ea I4.ru,rgcra fllarurra u na Eucrpa flla-
1a11la. flo 6oja ce oA 6enr
Ao
cr4Brr. Crpyxrypara uM, e rpauo6lacruuua. Zsrpa4enn ce IrcKrIy-
ril4Bo
oA Kamlr{r. Bo osr.re Meprreprr na Torur Bo,qa e nponajgelra mr,rxpo@aylra, xojalpmara
rra naj,qoanuor AeJr
rra
AoJrerr AeBoH.
Ogpe4euz c9 cJle4llrrle Bpcr[: Howellela__inchoans,
L,eoipieria migrans migrans; Neclan'ia cf. iesecta, Neclania cf . obtusa n Hercynella nobilic.
Bo llcrrare mepmepu xii c. Bpxaauu naj4ena e cJIeAHara
@ayna:
Faoosites cf. goldfussi, Eo-
spirifer cf. ibitmsis, Spiriger sp.,
(Jncinulus
sp., Cyathophyllum hexagorwm, Squameofa-
iosites cf . bohemicus, rr
Ap.
flperua osne
Qopmra
3acra[eE e nairopnuor Kar Ira
Aoneu ,4eBorr
(ems) u
Aongr.ror
Kar rra cpe,qen
AeBorI
(ajfel). floxpaj marpo$aynata EaiAerra e fi KorroAorrura
4ayria.
Taxa so mecuocra Cmpexa,
jy>xno
og Ifapesa Veurma, uaj4ela e cJlemra.ra_Qayna:
i'oiygnathus lingui.formis tinguiformis, Ozarkod'ina dpica denckmanni, Oneothodttt beckmanni,
Be[oZus sp, u Eeiodus triaiguiaris xoja npranara na najropul{or
AeJr
Ha Aoneu AeBorr
(emg).
Kaj manacitpor Cr. Eoropogzqa,
jyrxuo
ox c. Cp6iam,r uaigerul ce cneAl{I{re
Soprrut:
Incri.odus
Iatericrescensu Spathognathodus sp. Owre
@opmz
ce Kaparreplltal4paar, ltc-lo rara sa_roprlEor
.qen Ea
Aoreg AeBoH.
I4 no mepnnepr.rre oroJry pexa Cry,qenilllrla e saigeE
poAor Polygnathus
sp., xoi e
AeBoItcKIr.
MACI4BHII MEPMEPI4 (MD)
Ce
iaryraar
na Eyxoerm. Onre Mepmepr4, camo Bo LtcrovHl,Ior
AeJr,
Bo [o,ryxrara, ce 6auxoertr'1,
a 11a
qeJroro
ocragaJro rrpocrpaHcrBo maclrBrlll. fto 6oia ce o4 6eml
Ao
reMrrocLIBLI. Ctpyxry-
para vM: e rpano6nacrruna. ?Isrpa,qerur ce ucrsryql,IBo oA KaJTIII,IT. Kapcrz$rrcaquiara e cIrLlHo
z3pa3erra, raxa
Aa
oBr.re rlepmepz ce eruIrl o,4 najxapcrzQraxoaarurre
ro Maxegor*ria.
KPIIHOTIACKI4 MEPMEPI4 (MD)
Ce rasgsoerm ua Encrpa u roa Bo JroxaJrrrocrlrre
rfyroreu:
Jlorryurrur r
Jaropr.rqa
(l'rctourro
o,q Jlaaaponone) u na Vayuuqa, Cynraruqa u Coromyru4a. flo 6oia ce cIiIBIl, leulroclrBz
Io
qpnLt.
Cznno ce xapcruSrnrl4parlr4. Temrtrare Bapfiererrl CoApxr rIeIII4rcKa xap6onarua
lraca, rcoja e ,qeJrymrro [pexprrcran]rcarra
Bo KaJrrIr,IT. Petto ce cpe*araar rrorcpymlr,I 3plra.
Kaxo rropocreueru,r ce
jaayraar
sprla oA KBapr5 maruerl,Ir Ir ilrrruecTa marepzja. flocserrute
24
IIapTLII{: Ce OAItrmyBaT CO Toa IIIIO ocIIoBIIaTa lt{aCa qpeICTaByBa arperaT oA SpHa Ea KtUIIlnpIT.
Bo ru,rs ce sa6erexcyBaar
Aocra
Kplruorr4r,r, rropatg llrro ro
Ao6ltre
r{ cBoero IrMe oprollepacl4,
anrrr r{ gp. floxpai orre
Sop.am
xlaiAeua e r(ouo,4orrrua
$ayna.
Ha Coaoirryrruqa ce sajAeru.r:
Behilella triangularis i Belodella deoonicus. Kaj ceno Marpoao naj4eru.r ce: Behdellq. nian-
gularis,u Ozarhodina? sp., naCylraru,r:,;1a:
Icriodus cuadtus' I. nodosus u I. latericrescens.
Cllre osue
$opruu
m o[peAeJlyBaar oBI{e crelrl4 KaKo
AomrogeBorrqfl{.
tronoMrlTclq,I
MEPMBPTI (MD)
'l
Ce sacra[epr na Er.rcrpa r.r roa Bo Jroxamrocrlrr: Cyrnaluqa, Kaxorpauarer'ceBepogalraplo
ol Tajmvrure z na IdapNurcr Bpr, xaro E zcrorruo oA Krn.reeo" Ce rapaxtepusr.rpaar co 6era
Ao
pymegr,rxana 6oja. Bo rrssru,ror cocraB, uoKpai
Kanryryil xap6ouar, ce
jaayna,
uoBe(e znu
[otraJrKy rllarue3rryM xap6oxar.
,flocera
Bo oB]re
creHrr se e uai,qera H,Iry ItaKpo$ayna, uury
muxpoQayna
UAJIEO3OI{CKTI MATMATCK'I CTEH'I
Marmarq<ure crreulr rra.Jrzcror Kllqeso ce srlarlro uocra6o
gacrafleE]I
Bo o4roc Ha rcpltcra-
Jresn4re rrr6prlrr1N. l4cfiffe ce
janyaaar
Bo BI{A lra rroMaJIlI macr, perro i<;zr:4z.ilnu rrpocrp{lrllr
macrr, KaAe ie [erNsaar wM rB. npo6rnaar IlzuleoSollcKl{re utrq)I{Jrrl[.
3acranegu ce cJresrr{re marmarcra creuIr: memmop$zsttpaurl plroJrrrrrl (fl, xeparo$upu rr
roapqKeparo$rrpr (4), meramop@uerparm
piuja6aclz.
r ctnullrz (pp).
MBTAMOP@I43?IPA}Ir4
pI,tOJrIITr4
(x)
Ce sacralertrr rra [JraLurra Ezopa (Caugaxmu), sarla4to o,4 ceJro 3ajac u Paurraur, xaj ceno
fygoeo
14 rra CroroBo. Ha cexa4e KaAe ce orr(pr{eur.r rz npo6raraar Irtlleo3orrcxrfre u$pr.rJrr+{
tr:u ce
iaeyraar
Bo Br{A na mefocaojnr nertecrr.r rena. Ha Croroeo
pIroJMTr{Te
ce znrerrgusEo
meramopQxcaHrr, TaNa
Aa
Jrr{trar rra rrpaBll rrtr{pr{Jrr$. Cxopo Ea[oJIIro rrn e rary6eua IrpBo-
6xrnara MacrrBrrocr, salo6ugaar lrrKpr{Jrecra reKclypa u co ocraElurrrre rrrrpl{Jrr*r rrpaBar
eAIIa rleirr{Ea.
Ce xapaxrepraslrpaar co cBerJrocrrBa, crrBogeJreErir(aBa firn cms;a 6oia N rorenra rlBpcrr4lra.
MaxpocxoucrcIl ce pac[osrraBaar
$euoxpzcraaN
o4
Sel4c[ar
I,I KBapq
Crpprypara uM e upoQupcxa
,qo
6racrouopr[upcxa.
Ezrrm mrruepaJrl{ ce: rrJraruoxnac, oproKnac, KBaprI: lvrycKoBlaT r 6r,rorur. Ihamoxracor
IloperKo ce,
jaayra
Bo BrnA }Ia
oeEoi(prtcrarrr4
oA oproKnac. Bo oAgerurz Bapr{ererlr uoxpaj
lBaprlor ce
iaayna
caMo oproKnac. Ce qlertaraar rr r{rKBrrr Baprrererrr KaAe rxo
Serfoxprcral
ce
janyra
cauo KBaprI Bo ocrloBrrara Maca.
OA 6oerure Ml,IHepanlr ce cpertaraar rrycr(oBlrr ra 6raorur, roj nornanuo e nperBopeE Bo xJrop[T.
Oprorlacor (2V :
-
70
4o
71") e cropo cexoraur KaoJrtrtucau5 Hcro r{crryxarr, KaAe BAoJDT(
nyKIIarI.IHI{Te ce sa6elerxyBaaT peKpr,rcraJrr{cagE Mt4IIepamI oA ocIIoBrIaTa Maca.
.Ilnarr,roxnaclrre
rIoKaECyEaar rrotroJrem cieueu Ha LrA[omopilrsam Bo o,Sloc ua bproxnacor
rI r(Bapr{or. O6u.nro ce sa$areuz co KaoJrr4rfflsaru4ia u cepu4.rrnsaryrja. Ionelu.clma ua
$eno-
KplrcrtrlIlrre l{3rrecyBa 0,15 x 0125 mm
go
1,10 x 4150 mm. flpercraBerr e co an6rr-omnroxnac
(10-14%).
OcEosuata Maca e Mllxpoxpl,Icrrurecra go
$ersnrcxa.
Ce iocroz BoruraBgo oA KBaprI tr oA
ceKyIIAapEo CrBopeHI'I Ml'rrtepaJrlr I4 roa: KaoJILtE, cepEqI'IT, XnopLtT, MaTIIeTIIT rn,4p. Perr<o So
ocrroBHara r[aca ce
iaeyraar
r,I Kanqe,qoH, eru.rilor,
,c$en,
I[.rpI(oH E arrarr.rr.
.Bo iaxo
IrIKpLIJrecrlIr flaprur,I
Bo ocrroBHara'rwaca ce ea6erex(yBasrorremen co4pxajo4 cepi.r-
IIIIT II XJIOpIIT,
qIfl-t.iIrICKI4
Ce
y.CmepeIII4 IIapaJIeJIHO CO IIpaBl{IrtTe IIa qerUrr4BOCTa.
25
Meramop$uaupaul{re pl{oJlt4rr{ ro fiMaar cJreAruror nloAaneEcosraB:
$enorqpucrarur
Ira KBaprI
!-t8%i
Senolqpucralr.r
Ea oproxrrac 9:169/o;
$enoxpucranr
na ularuormc 14-166/o;
6uorzr
Vl%;
Manrerrm 0-0,5o/o; ocnoBrra naca 72-74o/o.
Xemr.rcxzor cocraB e
AaAeH
eo ra6enara lll, 2.
Ta6e.na I
Sios
TiOz
AlzOa
FezOg
FeO
MnO
Meo
CaO
NazO
KgO
PzOs
IIzO+
HzO-
CrzOs
COs
Nio
65,18
Or77
15,39
1,40
5,L2
0'41
3,69
1,60
3,06
0,70
0,55.
1,94
0,02
0r33
73,88
O,l7
13,07
2,03
o,72
0rl5
0,92
0,50
1,72
4;42
0,28
1,82
0,24
:
54,26
0,96
12,04
3,16
4,89
0,09
9,02
4,2O
4,46
4r0l
0,64
0,37
0,15
:-
2,51
63,52
o,8z
15,51
L'79
4,13
0r13
3,7O
0,89
4,22
O164
0,33
4,0L
0,12
0,01
73,64
OrLT
12,20
3,61
0,36
O,2l
0,50
0,87
2,31
6,22
0r05
O,60
3'
100,16 99,92 100;66 99,82 700,79
AsanuTr{qap: I. @lraunoaratt
MECTO-IIAOfEffAIUTS:
1. Prro.nrarlr-Croroso
2. Pnorur--c.
Jygoso
3. Keapq-4noprar-flap4a Kyaa
4. Kaapq-Anoprr-fiap4a Ky.rra
5. Pr.ronrr-ceBeprro o,4 c. Ko.napr,r
MATMA
1.
4sap4-.qropnrcxa
rpytra
-
Hopmaruro-raapqAr.ropnrcr[
Ao
rrenircKr4 rr.fl :_
.
2. Jlelxoczjexr.rrrp,ufl.rrcr(a rplma
-
Pananfis;r ran-
3. Jla6paaoix.rr"ri .py,r"'I
-.iiropo-""ii"ilJ*
r*
4. Knaprl4uopnrcxa rplma
-
Meaor<aaprlAlroplrrerrr rr,rr,
5. fparxrcra rpyrra
-
Tacno-rpaxrrcxlr rurr
KEPATO@I4PI4 ?I KBAprIKEpAro<DlIplI (r2)
KepatoSnpure I,I KBapqxeparo$upt4re ce orxprregr{ rla ruraur.ruara Eucrpa Bo 6rr.r3uga Ha
Meclrocra
.{,sa
Karuena il KreHoB[rIa. Toa ce creuril co cBerJro-cr{na 6oja r,r co
gejrelrr{KaBa
EI'raHca. Ill4pzlarocra I,IM e peJrarrrBrro cJra6o rmpa3erla. Crpyxrypara'rillr e xoJroKprrcraJrecro-
-[opOupcKa. Ce coctojar oA oclroBrla Macatr
@enoxpumarrr{.rra
KBaprI fi aJr6:g1r. Ar6rror ce
rloqecro ce
iaByBa
r4 ?oa Bo uoroJreitt,rl r[opmz. Hanaecra e 3Apo6eu Lr sa$areu co afirepaql,ria,
!P]l
uro ce srBopellr'.t KiIJrrI[T r,I cep[I[,IT. lonelurtara Ea
oeEoKpr,IcrLrrrrme
l,I3rlecyBa oKoJry
0,75 x_
!,7
nn. Knaprlot ce
iaByBa
o6zquo co cna6o 3aoxpyireua r RopoAzparm
$errcirpuc-
ranl4. Mefy
Suroxpzeaal4re
oA 6oerut Murrepanr M.ecrratvllrlrno ce aa6LlxyBaar BApo6eurr
xJroprrTllcilHr{ peJrzKrn,
Kor.r rroTeKEyBaaT oA 6aorzr.
ocEosEam Maca e r,Isf,paAeua oA mrrxpor(pr4crarrecr KBaprL ceprrrrrlrr, cnrnoJr]rctrecr 6rorzr,
Koi
AeJryMrIo
e xJropr,rrlrcuul ,r Marllerr.rr.
KBapqxeparo6upr.rre
ce rtalreoByJrxalrcxr,r er(BrtBaJrerlTr,I rta rpaEr{TcKa,ilrarua.
Ce
iarysaat
Karo l4lrrepcrparr(Or.rroBaur,r rerfu{ r,rJrr.r qpocJroixn eo uaJreosot4cxr.rre rm(prrJrr$,
Te [peMa roa r{ crapocra u.M e HaiBepoiaTllo KaKo }I Ha oKomMTe cTelllt.
26
METAMOPOI43UIPAITI,I,(ZJA5,\3I4 LI CUfinI4TI4 (pp)
Ha no4pa.mero rla rrJlalll{rrara Ezcrpa
(Cau4axrau) z na Eyxou{K, ce
janyraar
[fipr{Jrecrr.r
4vja6asu,
KoI{ ce xapu(Tepllsrlpaar co remHo seneEa 6oja, uoperxo co x(onreuuxaBo-seJreH-
r{KaBa. I4maar MacEBHa
Ao
urKp}rnaBa rer(crypa. I-{npcrn ce, Kol{trnr(Trlrr n
jaxo
rxr,rnaau. Coc-
rojxnre fim ce c[rrrosptru r,r rerrrxo ce paclosrraBaar rroA Mr]txpocxorr. Bpa 6aaa rra qperneAor
rfa nose(e flperlapaTr{ oA oBr{e JroKaJrHocTrr, [oKa]r{aa
Az
uc'rfi're Bo roJrera MepKa ce rIaMe-
Eern, KaAe cocrojxzre ce
AenyMrro
r4nv EaloJruo aJrreprrrcaEr.r l,l [perBopeHz Bo cexylrAapE?r
rrPoA)rKr*t.
Fgrr<o ce sa6ererxyBaar cBelr(H Mr,ruep:rlrlr. Crpyxrypara
4rrl
e oSrrcxa, Eajuecro
qpepro
Ao
KpyrrEosprrecra, Eo ce cpertaraar rl cllrHosprrecrr4r:iap'il4lr. Kai znrenwrBrlo u3meEerr{Te Bapl4e-
rerr.r crpyr(Typara e 6nacrooQzrcra, r(aAe camo Hamecra ce aa6enerxyBaar KoHTyplI oA cra[-
uecr nraruoxnac, xoj e ua[oJrrro upernbpeu Bo eru4or, IIoIIcI4T, at6ttt, KBaprI: cqpfirl]rr,
cocnplrT tr
Ap.
ff.nanrorcnacure Bo rrocBelro{re rraprur,r, Korr ce
janynaar
Bo lrsAonxreur{ ra6ru{qecril
@opwt,
o6r.r.uro ce rroJrr,rc.l4rrrercrol 6rr.rsEeri. [p"r"roenrl- i" co ar6r,rr r orrr"orru" (+ zv
:8:4"-lZ',
qo 2oo/o an).
Ayrutot uoxpaj rlJlaflroxJraerre ce
iaryna
xaxo 6nreE Mr.fiepaJr r{ sae&Io co xJrop}rror rlr
loloJIIIyBaaT HJIIluIecrIiITe merlmpocropu.
gecrO
ualllt spllara IIa ayrlrt1oT ce S4po6erfr r ro
rrrirB ce ilreAaar 3ailerorlE Ha rperBaparLe Bo xJroprrr. Perxo ce
jaryra
xopn6nen4a
florpai xJroprlror cel(FrAapuo ce
janynaat
errr,rAor, KaJrrryrr, r{Jrnr.eH\r, ne}'r(oKceu z
4p.
Perxo
ce IlprlcyrErl cepI.II[IT, i]IaIIIeTI,tT LI KBaprI.
Ba$r.rurre Ir3JrrrBI{ Ha EI.Icrpa (Caugaxrau) u ua Eyxonur ce [oBpszlur{ co cy6maprcrcralre
I{sJrrIBu ua 6asIIIIIlara Marura. Llcrzre n{ cperl{yBaMe Bo
AeBorrcKzre
ruxpt4Jrrlld Bo Br{I Ea
,rprja6a*u.r
uxpzni:g,r,
rySonu,
crryrrtutrrt,
pr,z1ialael^,
noxpaj Kor{ ce cperrryBaar 14 seJreurr alu6r,r-
Soncra.r
rrlxpliurrurt, ruro ro ore)firq'Ba HuBHoro uagnojyrane. KoncrarapaEr.I ce Bo Blr,q Ea
I,Il{repcrparrr$rxosarua Macllt Bo
$r.uuroragrrre.
3a npeme Ha [oI{MopcKHTe u3JrlrBar6a, Bprfieul.I
ce lt lilerasomarcKu rl3.ivr.eHl4) co Iuro Hoprrra"JrlrIlTe
4uja6awt
ce [peTBopegu Bo clu,IJrrrrltr KaAe
e r'IsBplueEa tpanc$opmaqr.rja na 6asu.rru{re rlJlarllloKJracE, ao an6rEr 14 RaJITITIT.
K. Ledeburg pr.rjadasure
ua Eucrpa ryr cmera sa
lpzjacxz,
AoAeKa
M.
,[onenq
rra r,rcfl,rre r.rm
ja
Aana AeBogcr(ara
crapocr, 6np.eif;u BeJrI.r
Aa
ce ficrrrre [gJr]rBaJre sa Bpeme Ha raJrox(erBsro
rla
AeBoHcKt4Te
rrrrpuJrrur T.e. I{crt{re ru upo6r.rBaar, Ho civlera
Aa
cexaxo lre ce rp}riacKr.I.
I4. HectopoBcKlr sa orlue guialazu r{ Hr.rBu}rre ry$orn, Kor{ ce naofaar wrrepcrparr,r$zxoramr
Bo
.4onHo AeBoHcKara
cepnja, cMera
Aa
rrly npvuafaar Ira l{HrrqEja-rrfmor }rarMarrlBar{ Ea xa.Ire-
AOHCKaTa
oporeHe3a.
HaurEro Mr{cJIerLe 3a crapocra na
gvrjada*tre
o4 Ercrpa (Canqaxmnr
u Eyxorrx), ce rroxJro-
rryBaar co MrrcJrebero rta M.
,[,oaeuq
v ?I. HecropoBcxr,r.
METAMOP'DII3AM IIA IIAJIEO3OIICKI{TE IIIKPIIruIU
flaneosouc:tlror KoMrIJreKc Bo reror Ha cBoero pa3Br4rr{e [perprreJr BoffraBrlom pemoEaJreu
aneramop$r,rsaM,
Ao,qeKa
KorrraKrHrror meraruopSl,Isar\{, I{
Ar{rraMoMera.}rop@lrsmor
ce o4 noxa-
reu suavaj.
flperflenoucxuot meramop$lrsam e najcrap qpoqec oA pemoH:lJrerl Hapar(rep Bpsarr sa KaJre-
AoIIcKara
oporelresa co xoj 6nne saQareurr la.erarvlop@urure, Kolr ce meramop@vsnpaun
Ao
crerleHor na
Saqrjara
IIa seJreur4 rrrxpr.rJrrlfi. Ona ro [orBp4yBa acoqujaqziara Ha Mr{rlepaJrr{re
Koz ce npersraBeHrr co xJropr{T, aldrrl n qo[cr.rr. Hexorauru.rre rrenrrrtL n [cztmr{Tr.I ce [per-
BopeElI co ]t'LeraMopoosa so
Snnrarzutru
IrrKpt4JrIIt4, MerarrecoqHrr[$,r, MerarGaprlt4Tl,r u
Ap.
27
Cemzmerainop$rurre rrpomeulr rrpercraByBaar Bropa rueramop$rra
$asa
ro rraJreo3or{cKzor
memruop$usarr. rlcro ra$a o,4 pen{ouaneE Kapa(rep co roj ce sa$areru.r
AeBoHcKr{Te
rreJrlrrcKo-
-[ciuvrl4TCKrr5 [ceozTcraIre r.r rap6oraTHrltTe ceAr.rMeHrr{ r{ flperBoperilr so
suantr,
ap$,IJro-
Qu-nzrn,
Msra[ecoqur{r{I{, .ilreraapxo3r,I Lr MepMepr{3upaur{ BapoBur,rq[.
Onoj merarrropQuaam flopaArr Hr,Icx]rre re.ufleparypr{ r cna6rre [prrrr{coqfi Bp3 fiocrapr{re
xarrr6pryru-opAoBr,rql{yMcKEre creHr{ flpaKfl{qHo He.\(an Hr.IKaKBo armiarure.
Oirycruoro na xap6ou lt nepm,
ja
orerxryea uonorN6ara
Aa
ce BrrAlr KarcoB oApa3 na onoj repei
Aana
xepqmlcxara oporeuesa. Ce flper[oJrara
AeKa
Bo oBa Bpeme
AorrrJlo 4o
zrnpysraia xa
rpaHoArlopr{Tcxara Marma, xoja'Auura JroKaJreE KouTarrerr meramopSrsaru. Hcrnot e na osoj
JrI.rcT rrSpa3erl Bo ceBeporrcToqHr.ro}
AeJr,
KaAe ce maunsecrrrpa co
$er4cuarusaqwjar
oErlocHo
co rrarpr{cKara Meraco[aroaa, xoja
AaBa
Kpymfi uopQrpo6nactr o,q an6zr so
Qunr,monq*tte.
3a npeme rta arrrrr{cxara oporerrma rlemror repeu 6rr sa$aten co }IrIreIr3EBrrI{
{mrtuomera:
mop@un qpouerrfi, Ror{ ce inama$ecrrpaar co Karaxnasr.Ipame Ha caeur{Te. Kataxnas[parLero
e
Aocra
r,rspaserlo xaj unrpyalrnrrr,rTe reJra,
,qo,qexa
Bo rrrxpr{nqrlre ce marrrsecrupa Co cexyn-
AapeE
cepr{rll{T, xoj nacranar rro ffrrlrBtuKor Ha lrcrrrTe, KaI(o pynrar I{a
Ar4uiLirlomeralrlop-
Szsam.
KOMTTJIEKC HA MESO3Or.rCKrr CEAIMEHTT.T rr MAIMATCKIr CTEHI{
Megosourot e flpercraBeu co rpnjacxn,
jypcrn
rt roprrorpe,Elu ceAEMerITr{, Kar{o lrt co ilar-
MarcKllt creHn.,
4orl
ce [peTcTaBerlr4 co cepEerlrr,rHr.IrN, ra6ponz u
4nja64sN,
Kar(o rI co rpaur{Tr,
,q[oprrrlr
r{ KBaprlAr,ropr{rr{.
I pI,IracKr.ITe ceAI4meHTII ce pa3BrIeHE IIa
AocTa
roJreMo rIpocTpaIIcTBo lI BoffraBrlo ro 3aB3emaaT
rlerrrprururror u
jyrosanaguaor
Aen
oA Jrr{cror Klrreso. Ce
Ao6nsa
Errelrarox
4a
uorvrefy tplr-
jacxlrre
r,r flaneo3orrtcrr{re rrrxprrnqu cxopo Ea ceKaAe flocrorr [plrBr.rgrla arnoBHa r(ouxopAarl-
r$tja, oArrocrro coce.ua perr(o ce aa6elexyna
4ucxopganqzja.
Bo cxnouor na rpnjacxnre ceAr.ruerlrr r,IBABoeHrI ce
ABe {ar$ar:
a)
$aryja
Ha Krracrrrrrrm ceAr.I-
MeHrI4 (xonuomeparz, fiecoqrrnl{rr, ffrzll'{ta rl po)fiHaql4) z 6)
Qaqzja
ua xap6onar[ ceAr{-
ilreuTr{ (unovecra, Macr{Brr?t u,qoro,lu.rrcxu BapoBrluwr).
Tprjacrare ceAfiMerlrr4 ce pa3Br4errrir ua Bucrpa, Croroeo, Kapaopman, Cmpgeuurr,rqa, Ionat<;
uouefy ceJrara Crrlsoso r Ap6rnono, Ha JIoKoBcKu PuF,, Iro
Aonlfiraru
gn TIpnn
,[pzan,
o4
ycrlrero
na flzq<ymutzncxara peKa go c. IJenruna, nomefy cerrara Kogagnx-Eperrrraurr
u )l*rt:zrrarrn Co uareonroJrorrrxr{re Llcrrr4TyBarta yrBpAeuo e
AeKa
tpzjacrurce ceguruerrrra
ce ra,rrolxeJre 3a Bpeme Ea ropeu ra cpeAerr rpuiac, T.e. My npzuafaar Ha arIrBI,IcKr{or r{ JraArrr-
CRI4OT KaT, a
AOK{IIKaHO
e IIOCTOeIbe Ea EopI,IqKl4OT I'I KapIIITTCKI'IOT KaT BO llpe,qenot ffa
Jama.
,fi,e6enznara
na rpnjacxnre ceru{Merlrrr r,r3lrecyBa 600-800 m.
@AM4IA HA KJIACTI,ITTHII CE4IIMETITU
KOHTIOMEPATI,I [I IECOr{HI4III,I (T2,3)
Korrnomeparl{Te ce
jarynaar
so 6asaffilror
Aen
Ha rpnjacxnre ce4vmeur}r, KoI,t rpiucrpecr4Buo
Iraneraar Bps flaneosor4cxure urxptl.nqu. Koucrarrapar{fi ce
jyxuo
oA ceJro Jlyxoeo, xai cero
,[,oararu,
Bo rr3Bopt4rrrur,ror
AeJr
Ea ffecoqaucKa pexa, notoa
J3
oA ceno Ap6mrono"(rrr. s.
Varallr1a) ua
jyrxnure
r:nrywmt4 na Crup,qeurrrrrrla, Ha Ezcrpa, KoHcrarrnparln ce Ea Mecrrocra
Tpz Eapr n T. w
.[,.
florsqe, fi Ha
Apyrlr
mecra.
Cocrageml ce oA Barryrorlr,r Ha Kmpr1 KBaprlr{rrr, KBapqur,r w
F,pyt:z,
uBpnfiIr,I, uzja ronemnrta
rmlrecyBa
4o
10 crrn. I{emenrupanr ce co cr{nzrlr4cxo-}r(eJre3eH'Ileuerrr. Ylcrsre ce cmerryBaar
co fiecoqErrr+lr.fJrrlrrqz rr poxrraqu. Eojara tLm e cuBo-3elerrytxaBa, xa$ejaea, moneroBa
Ao
28
upB.eltr4KaBa,
qJrado
ce ur(pr{iraBr{, IlaMecra Aocra
JD,rmoE}IT1{3upaEIr. crpyrrypara rrr.rvr IIce-
$zrcxa.
Co xonrnomepaflrre ce
jaeynaar
Il flecotrxr,rq[ xon ce cocraBelrr Epere)fiIro oA KBaprytrr
3prra, JMc$yr{, NaJrrlr,tr, fioperKo
@enAcuar
I.I
qr{pKorl,
a Ea Mecra ce sa6erex(yBaar spHa oA
xJroprrr r
anr6n6on, Eenocpelgro ne)r(ar Bp3 KorrrJroueparlrre, a rrr cperrryBEli[e !t Bo ffIfirrqlrre.
flpercy Kolrilroueparlrre Ir [ecoqHI{r{HTe
Ar.rpexfiIo
Jre)r(ar rirrlrulu I{ po}rfiar$r rrJrn rrax ce Ha-
TIJIO}I(CUE IUIOTICqII4 I{ MACiIBIIIiI BAPOBIII{qE.
,IC6CTTUTTAIA
HA KOIITNOMCPATI.ITC I't ICCOqIII4III{TE
nglrecyBa 20-100 .il{., a Hruecra e rle3rrarrla. Bo roruo}reparl{Te KoI{ ce xoucmrupauu xai
f. u
,(,.
florqe ce cpe(asaat BaE/roIIrr oA KpIrHoI'IAcKI{ mepmepl'I Ha
AoJ]eII 4enon.
,.
rJrI{HU?r r4 POX}IATIU (Tz,t)
fni'tuuare.a.poxruaqrrTe.,Bo o,qEoc Ha Korl$romeparr{Te ce sgafiro 3acrarreul,t. Ce
iaaynaar
no
IOAIIIIaTa IIa BapOBIIIIttIK[Te
-MaCIlI,
a rpaHlrPeCIB-IIO JIe]I(aT Bp3 [aneO3OI{CKI4Te lltr(p[nq[,
a c9
iaryraar
r,r Bo BrlrA rra MgrycJroinN nap'iulr, rertv u flomanlr Macr4 Bo BlpoBuuqxre.
fruuqlrte ce cocraBelrr4 o,q .$rr{IroB[ro-cepr4llrrrcxa marepnja, cepfirr]rr I,I KBap$II4 c]rrrllr
,spqa.
Kaj ltrrermr{Buo o6oem.$e Eaprrla ce sadeaexqyBa rrrnlrerlrlt3llpaqa seneuzr(aBo-Blro-
reroro-raSejana npauunrecra rrarepuia. Crpyrrypara uM e rremtcxa
Ao irrcaul{rcxa.
Eojaq
r{M Bapr,rpa oA 3eneq}rxaBo-c\Ba
Ao
Br4oJreroBo-rlpBeluxana u xaSejasa. Ha r,r3rneA ce rrno-
vecru
4o
JrLIcTecTr.r. Cxopo Ea ceKaAe co rarrnrgaie rlt cpe(anaue po*araqNre,
KoI,I ce co HIIB
recl{o rroBp3aHr{, perxo ce cpertaraar Bg Ht4B flecoqur.ilIfi I4 BapoBrrrlqu. Cr.rte osze cteml ce
c.MelryBaaf KaKo xopr43ollTaJrEto,
JaKa
14 Beprr.rxa'mlo. farnrqrare I{ poxGalu,rre ce sacTaueflI,I
rra
Aocra
ronemo rrpoclp{rrrcrBo. Koucrarupilur{ ce Bo }r3Bopt4rrrHl,ror
AeJr
na ffticryuunnncxa
pexa,
rroroa xaj c. Hepesu n Jlyiono, C3 og Jlyrono Korr
ApeEoK,
KaAe ce
larynar
ro BIIA
Ha eArra
Aocra
recna rpaxa rroA macr{Brrrrre BapoBur.rqr{, xaj c. Cenqe na Jloxoscx[ Pr,t,q, ce
ianyaa
Bo Br.rA Ha recua rpaKa rroA rrJroqecrrrre BapoBHr.rqu. Ilcro raxa ce Kolrcrarrlpairr,r xai
3anora, ila
gyprnrqa
z Kaneru, ua Epas,qa,
Jarrra-Baraiqa,
I{epen, ua Crvrp4euruqa, rro-
inefu cerara Typje-CnrroBo n Ap6znoro. Ha Ezcrpa ce Korrqrarr,rpanu uefy 9yxnutona-
EI{rIa rr Tpr lpo6a, xai JlasaponoJre, KaAe Jrexar rroA BapoBrrr{qure. Inrnrylre ce cpe*anaar
I4cro rara z Bo BapoBur.rrlr{Te Bo BnA rra mefycrojml [aprr.r]r, r(axo rrrro e cnyuai na lore4ap-
HIIK I,I
lV
ol, c. farur.nrrx. Perxo co rJrflrrqr{Tececpe*aaaarflrrlrrroBr{To-JlarropoBfirl{ u BapoB-
Hr{vKLI flaprLtt4r apxosrtrr [ecoqrrr{rlu rz
4p.
floxpai rnzrng,rre fi po}Kuarlr{re rra cexa,4e ce, cpe-
rtasaar ra6po4zja6a3H[ r,r3JrlrBlr x npo6ora.
Po>xualgrre ce
Qoprwrpaulr
co HaroruuryBarba rra paAuonaprrru urfii co Haromr.IJryBalbe
rra
Sioz, cpcraErla IIa )r{ene3err xt4ApoKcr.rA, o4 roi ce poxcrarlr4re rlpBerrKacro o6oenN.
-Quoema
TOa polKrlarlr4Te
ce coqAaAeH:I,I 3a BpeMe Ha cy6iuapmlcKrlrre rr3nfiBr na 6asn rgaTa n{anr4a. Mrrpo'
cKolrcKrroT fiperne{ oBa
Ao
rIeKaIe ro [o]rBp,{fBo;
3a crapocra Ira Korr.rnoileparure, ueco.rmlrune, rrutrrqlrre rr poxcraqr,ITe rroy3AaEr{ [oAaroII]I
Ha JII4cror Kr,rqeao uema. [opaneuEr4Te r,rcrpa)r(yBawl rI{.
q[eraJre
3a nep[o-rap6oEcl&.r
.!r
AoJrrrorpr{jaau
u roa Bp3 6asa ua cyrrepflo3r4rlt4.la co
Apyru
Jroxarlrocrrr ao
]yrocrarnja.
Bo rnrnutrme, NoIr ce orKprreHr{ rro
AonzHara
ua
[plru ,[pnm
xai c. Jlyxono, Korrcrarupar&I
ce
Snopramuqxr.r
ocrarorg{ oA cfiopr4 rr [oJrefr oA po4oBr,rre Podozamitesu Coniferde lr.:apar.-
reBucur.urz sa rpvjacxara Bererarlvja, mefyroa, uo6ru,rcxa o4peg6a aBTopor ue
4asa.
I{a
coce,qrytor nucr Oxpug xaj ceno
,{o6osjaur,r
ro rrpocaoixrn oA BapoBrrl,tlgl, KoI{ ce
ianyaaat
Bo rJrrlftIqLtre:
oA oBsa
sagaia,
e nai,qena 6brara mzxpofiayna, o,q xoia ce onpe,qelenr noBerte
Sop,uu
rllflrrrrHr,r 3a aHzst4cxl,tor Kar.
Ha uaTor sa.ceno logueie Bo r.Jrznr+.rre ce
jaryeaar
upocnojxr oA cr{BI{ BapoBrrl{qu Bo KoIi
e yrBpAerla cneAlrara KouoAorrfira
$ayna:
Hindeodella
petraq-oiridtsu Loyshodina venanaglue,
6opmu
ce
jarynaar
Bo ropulror
Aerr
Ha aur4r3t4cxr{or Kar r,I fipoAomr(yBaar
Ao
KapHIlcKI,Ior xar
Br{JryrmreJruo. 3emajfur ro Bo [peABu,q oeoi uo,qaroK z
Qarror, AeKa
raiu,y, r(aAe e onaa
$aqNia
pa3Br.reEa co Mr.rEl,I1vr.una
,qe6elrana, Ilpe.rira rofpElll[re
AenoBil
[ocTeIIeHo IrpemullyBa BO BaPOB-
29
IflaWIr OApeAeHrI KaKo aHI.I3I{CKI{, clt{,Era[e
4exa
rpujacxaTa Tparlcrpecrfa uajnepoiargo na
HarilLlor TepeE 3arloqEana Bo aIIr43t4K. floe4nnu
qJreuoBti
(nuronolrn<r.r)
r1e ce pasBr4eHlr r1o
IXeJroro pacllpocrpalreHlle
IIa
Oaquiara.
Bo 6asara najuecro ce
janyraar
Korr$romeparrlr, Eo
racTo Tar(a Ha lt{Ory MecTa ce 3MeHeTLI cO ltecoqEl,rllll u rnmlqra. Tany fage Ce 3acTaneHLI czTe
qJIerIoBI4
oAHoclrre ce KapaKrepll3r.Ipaar co
$aqujarur.I
qpeoAu, r(aro BepTlKaJrrIo,
TaKa r{
xopl4soHraJrHo.
OAIIII'A HA KAPEOHATHII CEAIIMEHTII
Bo osaa (baquia ce fisABoeur{ rrJloilecrrr BapoBr{r{qfi, 6aExosurlr ]r .ItracrrrBua BapoBrrtlrlr.r Lt
Ao-
JroMr,ITCKr{ BapOBHtIrII{.
rrnorrEeTl4 BAPOBHI4TII4 (T2,'
flno.reculte BapoBrrI,IqE
'Jre)Kar
Bp3 rJrfiHrlr4re rr poxcrarlr4re, KaAe fiocrerlego rlpeyr.rgyBaar,
IIa OTaAe Bo IOAOIHI'ITe
AeIOBII
Ha OBVe CeALIMeIIT]I
TIeCTO
rIaTI4 Ce cpeTHyBaaT melualE,a, KaAe
ilIIrnIqLIre LI poll(IlaquTe ril cpeTEyBaMe Bo BI,IA IIa ne(rl, TeHNu npocnojXn [JrrI cKpl]v[4 Bo
[noqecrl{re BapoBH}rq[. Ce roEcrar.r,rpallri Ira roJreMo rrpocrpaHcrBo ]Ia IlnaHuuara Er,rcrpa,
on$afujfra ro
qerrrpaJrrr?ror
AeJr
na osoj MacrirB.
flno.recrute BapoBrlrtqfi ce cocraBerilr og xap6onarna marepnja,
AeJryMHo
rrpexpficrur.rcaga
Bo KaJITIIIT, Bo KorI ce [operKo sa6ere)Kysaar flrvHrlr4 I4 perKo po]KHarlr4
Ro BI{A na manu macn
n ne(r. flo 6oja ce cnno-6env:, ct4BvI, po3eur.rxaBr.r, rramecra cil(apouggr{. Ce
jaaynaar
reggo-
rlJroqecrl{
4o
6anxonzua. Kapcrrortraqzjara e
Aoc'ra
r,rspa3eHa. Kora nerxar
Ar4peKrHo
Bp3
[aJreo3ollqfl,Ire rxKpLrJrIIrr, [oqHyBaar co xap6oHarHr{ rruer,rJrrryr.
Jloxarnro ro nro.racrNra
BapoBHI{q[ ce cpe(aBaaT neft,I o4 po)I(Har[{ Ir Hrr,rHrlr{, Bo KorI ce rra lone,4apHvr( KoHcrarr{-
parur nojanu Ha MaHralI.
Hi
gayuruqa,
ceBepol{crottrro oA c. fanzrnrnr<, Bo rlJroqecal{Te BapoBHI4rIr{ e orxpuerro IIoBo
uaofamtrure Ha amorrl{rcxa
$ayna,
Ho r{crara e
Aocra
cla6o couynana.
Onpe4eren e poAor
Procarnites sp.. co rrlro ce qperlocraByBa
Aa,
vt oBze BapoBllfir${ My upunafaar 11a cpeAeg
tpuiac. floxpai amoHl{rzre ce orKpLIeHu z cra6o oqyBaHrr ocraroqr4 oA racreporrop.
Bo oxo.rumara ua lrecgocra Cmpqu (J3 oq c. Iaruunrx), na Mapyrua (sana4uo
o4 ceno fapz)
Bo [roqecrvre BapoBHIiIIIE e KoIIcTafl4paIIa MrdKpooaylla oA cpeArrorpujacxa crapocr. Onpe-
AeneIIrI
ce cJreAHr{Be poAoBr,r:
Meadrosp,ira iulia, Glomospira
sheanai Lt
Ap.
Bo nno.recture BapoBlrzr$t oA Jroxuurocra Cyso flore ra Pyclru Epgo, onpe4eJrerrr4 ce KoHo-
4olrrl4
oA cpe4Horpuiacxa crapbcr. Onpe4enenu ce crreAuuse po4o"z: Beioai\a tiangularis,
Gondolella naoicula r
I1p.
EAHKOBT4TVI Lt MACT4F.HI4 BApOBHr4rIVt (T2.3)
Mac[sEI,Ite BapoBul{r[l ce xo]rctarr.rpaur.r Bo rre[ocpe+ra 6m,nuna na c. Iarn.nru1, KaAe ce
rrporeraar xon
iyroucrol(
I{ ceBeposalaA Bo Bt\A Ha eArra recna napurja. I{crnre co 11pe614-
rlyBarbe nto)rT
Aa
ce flparar rla rloreror Eonernuox-larur*mr-PocoKr.I-JlasapoloJre-
Kosjax,
iyrosala+ro
oA cero lapr.r. floroa rr.r cpertararte Ha Bpasga,
Jana,
Mana r.r fo.rrelia
Mer,qanzqa, ieuapuqa, loncu irra4, xage ce
janynaauru
a,qqo rourrtpoxo qpocrpuu{crBo.
?[cro raxa rr,r cpe(aram,e ua Kapaopmau, rro
Aonr,ruara
ua Ifpnn
.[,pr*
(oq y"rr,r""o nu nNcry-
rrlrrMHcxa.pel(a Bo
Upm lpvm,
rra ce
Ao ceJro
[,Ieulaure)r
sarraryro oA cerro Mo4puv (rw.L.
Crpanuuqa), uomefy ceJlara kouaurnx-Eperrrraur.r n )l{yrrurcaw., lra forax n Grp4eunu,rqa
u rla
Apy*r
JroKamlocrE.
Bo nogunara Ha MacI,tBHI4Te BapoBHlrqu ce cpertaraar 6anr<oszrz [aprr{}r, Ko}r Jre)r(ar r{JM
Bp3 ilrxErlure r.r polKHarlr{re
r{J[4 Bp3 flnoqecrr.rre BapoBHnq[.
Baponrrzqzre
no 6oia ce cI{BLt, cueo-6eJm
,4o
poserrnrasfi. Ha rroBprwma ce
Aocm
14c14rKgru{,
KaAe ce sa6erexysaar pa3rrrrquru
rrpaBrlr.r na rryxrrarznrt. 3a$arenu ce co ulITeH3rrBHa rex-
30
HrrKa I{ KapcrlrQuKallrlia. 9ecro Ilarl{ Bo BapoBrrr.rr[rre
ce cpe(anaar nertu, [aprr.r[ rr c11parr1rr
oA po)r(Hal{rl I{ rnErrqll. Macusur,Ire BapoBrlru${ rra
Jarra
so uxja [oArrua ce ipertanaar-6an-
NOBI{TII IIapTI'I[ II IIJIolIeCrIlt BapoBHuIII4 oA KoLt rlocrelleHo flpeilErlyBaaT, cla6o ce npe1pr4-
crulllculHl4 r4Jlrr
AeJryMrIo.
Ctpyxrypara IlM e Kpr.Icrarrecro sprlecra,
,4erpr.t"[qga r.IJrr.r opra-
rroreHa. Iasrpa4gra ce oA Kanqr.rrcKr4 3pHa co [pl{mecll Ha
AonoMr{rcxa
nnarepzja.
Bo Nacrasl*rte BapoBrlm*r ua Epas4a-Jama-Cyru
,[on-Jlyqrmo-garrrog rr rro
AoJrrrrrara
ua Banaswla, KaAe ce orl(pueur{ rla
Aocra
loneuo flpocrparrcrBo na marpoQayua, xoia e ou-
peAeJreEa oA
qpaEa
Ea C. Xa4&-Mnrpoea, KaKo cpeArlo
Ao
ropuo rpujacxa. Bo .rroxannocra
Jama
ro clrtBltTe I{ TeMrIo cEBIrre BapoBHr{r[r ce uaj4eur 6paxr,rouo4ra rr racrepo[oArr, Korr ce
cna6o ouyrauu. OA 6paxrouo4ure ce o[peAeJreHr4 cJreArrure
$opmu
a rtu4irlu: Terebrarula
dngusta, Aulocothyris aff. suptng, Aulocothyris wahneri, Aulocoihyris wa,ageni, Aulbcothyris
incurrtata, lValdheimia angustaeformls u
4p.,
a oA racrepoloArrre ce olpeAeJrenu: LVortthen,ia
aff. elati.or. Onpe,qe.renara
@ayna
yKalxyBa rra cpe4norpujac<a ctapocr (auuazcxr.r xar). Ha
I,[craTa JIoKiuIHocr Bo [oropH]rre Hr,IBov Bo cBernoeIBr4Te BapoBr{rtrg,r naj4enr,I ce lrrrraBr4
rryuaKerm oA Jbytury_pr o4 urxorn oA poAoBzre Daonella
"
ttitooio,ii""/."
""p"n*"""
crlemu{re
$opmu:
Daonella bulosiensis, Daonella lornneli, Hahbia l,i.neata, Halobia norica,
Halobia su/erba' Halobia paraceltika,
Posidonia oengensis, Monotis hoerassis, Neritaria sub-
neritina, Trochu's
fasejatu,
Naticopsis elongata, Trochus sp. r{
Ap.
flose(ero oA orrpeAeJreHr,rre
Qopmn
Kapaxreprlcrltqlrr{ ce
ga
ropeu rprajac, oAHocrto sa xapul,rvxo-Hopr,rAcroror xar. Og ro-
KulEocra
Jaivra,
Kosjax,
rrauon,
Bpaaga r Jlasaponone'so uaciinur{re BapoBrrr4rlrr e naj4lra
mrxpoSayna, xoja r,rcro raxa yxa)r(yBa
Ha cpeAerr rprjac. Bo napoanrrqr,rre o,q
Jama ,[-p
irajxa
P-an91w*
ia
onpe4enyBa crleAllara
$ayna:
Glomospira demsa, Glomospira? sigmaiilalis,
Aeolisacax &,mington z
gp. Bo Jroxangocra Epaa4a Bo rlpBerrxacrr4Te BapoBnuqu ucro raxa
rlr orlpeAeJryza: Glomospira densa n Aeolisaccus dun'i.ngtoni, a Bo JroxaJrgocra
gamou
Bo cr{Bo-
-6erute BapoBltm${ olpeAeJryBa nose(e poAoBr{ r4 Bpcrrr 14 Toa: Baccinela
floriformis,
Cyo-
noplryltq., Stromatoporidac; Texularia
sp. v
Ap.,
co Kor{ ro olpeAeryBa naArrrrcKrtor rtar.
O,4 rcrara JroKaJIIrocr e olpeAeneua r{ KorroAorlrrrara
$ayua
o,q poAor Gondoleltq. naaicula.
Bo.noxarurocta Jlaaapouone (I{pnz
Bpn)
ja
orpeAenyBa Meandrospira dinarica rr
Ap.
Kapaxi
TeprrcrrrqEa
@ayua
3a aHrrsrlcxltor Kar. Kaj
Janve
Bo Macr.rBut4re BapoBrrr4rlr rra orpeAenyBa
$opinnre:
Duostomidae, Lituolidae, Cytuonaphyta fi
Ap. Sopmr
r,rcro raxa Kapaxrepr{crr,rqgr.r
3a cpeAen rpzjac.
Bo naponuuq[re Ha JIoKos ce naj,4euu [pecerlu o,q 6paxzouo,qv Korr He ce o[peAeJrrrB[.
Bo Maczsrulre BapoBrrrrryl nomery Jryxoro, Mo,qpuu,
,(penorc
ra
.(,o.uraur KoHcrarr{paga e
I'r.
9[PeAgneua
-cneAuajra
KouoAo]rrrla
@ayna:
Neogondolella amonbergensis, Endn.tiognothus
zigleri, Louthodina splongeri,. Leuchodina miilleri, Preniodina koche,-Prioniodetta etinoides,
Paragondolella naoicula, Hindeodella triasika, Prioniodella prioniodellites,
Lonchodina uenusta',
Apatognathus mitzapoulli, Spathognatodus homeri, Spirilina cf. gurgitata,
Gond.olella nom-
bergensis, Paragondolella naoicula r4
Ap.
Bp3 Kou e curypuo
AoKalr(ag
cpeAeu rpzjac.
Bo uo4pauuero raj py4qaxor
Tajru,nrure
go
czso-6enr4re, po3oBrrre MacnBgrr l.r.epmepacrr.r
BapoBIrLilIIrt, KoLI ce Bo fioAr.Irrara 6aExoezru, naj,qena e a]vtoHr{TcKa
oayrfa
KapaKreprrcrr4trrla
3a cpeAerl Ir ropeE rprjac. Llcrwre Jre)I(ar
Ar4peKTIIo
Bp3 rlafleosorrcrfl.Ire ruxpr,rJrrll1 rrnrr Bo
[oAI,IHara ce cpertaaaat ffII4HoBr{To:rrecoKrMBH Br,IoJreroBI{ rlaprr,Irr, perl(o
KoEuro.]r,reparfi oA
cpe4norpn
jacxa
crapocr
Ha Ctoroso rroronemr4 MacE ]Ia Macr4Burr BapoBHrrq[ ce cpe(anaar ua lo.nem Pr4, ieuapzqa,
a oA,qerqr ycaMeE[.t BapoBIIrqKII MacU ce cpertaaaar Ua llone(e MecTa, KaAe oAHocoT co rraJreo-
SozcKETe rrrxpr{m& e
qecTo
IIeEopMaJIeH-TeKToIIcKLI. Ogr,re ocaMeIM .Macr E 6nororz uper-
craByBaaT ocrarorll{ Ha HeKorarrrHI.ITe poBoBE
KoII [oAor+{a 6rae LrsArrtllarr{ co TeKror{cK[Te
ABzlKeIba
L
AoBeAeHLI
Bo HeIIopMaJIeH o,qloc Co [aJIeo3oI{cKLtTe rrrKpzJrr+(. OA JroK{UrHOcTa
feuapurla n Mapyrua ce onpe4erenu cJre,ryrlrre
@opmu
na mraxpo$ayni Gtomospirella shengi.,
Glomospiretla cf. gordialis,
Glomospirella cf . orilculosa, Glomospirella sp. t
Ap.
oA cpeAlro-
rpziacxa crapocr. Bo mac[suure BapoBuuqr.r rra Jrorrruocra Mana Mer4alulqa r,r Kpemer
3l
(Exroaavro Eauzro) e uaj4eua
,qo6po
orryBalra zttuoHrrrcxa
Sayna,
xoja e oqpeAeneua oA cr-
parra rra C. XaWr-MurpoBa KaKo cpelgrotpujacxa. I2[c"rara co4p)rs noserte
Sopmz
oA KoIi
ce najsuavajr*t: S,turia sansaodni, Mortophylites
'pitonela, Norites gondola, Monopkyllites
sandolinus,
Qtmnites
anornalusr Lr
4p. $opmu
Bps KoI{ e oflpeAenerr:cpegerr tpuiac
-
aur{-
Xai celo Jlyrono ce cpe(anaar c[so-6eJr[ ]r poseHl{Kan*r naponrrrqr, Bo uaialno4rana ce
jaryaaar
r.unuqz N poxararg,r. Bo acrurd BapoBHlrqr{, sarlaAuo o4 ceno Hepealr (Crpmnrlqa)
e Rorrcrarr{paur.r xoparul oA r(or{.e oilpe,qeJreH poqotTlusomilla sp.; a naj4enn ce r,l
Qpar-
IrerlTrl o4 .name:rrr6palrxlrarll, o,q KoI4 e orlpeAener po4or Rynchonela sp.
Bo macnsgnre pogeHrrKulBrr BapoBH[rM, KoIr ce orKpxeHll ceBepoucrotrHo oA c. PrxaEono,
ceBepno o,q uecuocra 3asora orxpuertr4 ce mrory6poiry.{ypy6pauxrlarlt N 6pu<r.ronogu.
C. Xauu-Mzrpora'rra orpeAerrxna
qrepume,$opmx: Walhei;mia a.ltEustct, Myoplwria orli1
eularis, Myophoria,avqtdLt
Ap.,
Bp3 Xorl e Onpe,qenerf arUlsl4cx(}Iot KaT oA 3orlar4 co Rlrcho'
ne.lq
decuria-ro,
gps
po3eru4aBrre ce
|aeypaar
rlpBerrxacro-xa$ejann BapoBr{ru& co 6orata
amour,rrcr(a
Qayna,
roia o4ronapa rta sorrara co Ceratites tircdosus. OrrpeAeJrer[r ce cneArlrrre
$oprtru:
Ceratites cf . t'inodosus, Halilueites'off.
pl'icatus, Protei.tes labiatus, Mongglalites
cf .:spherophyllus, Ptychites staclrci, Gymnites
palmai, Nmites gondola, Actretes boeckli u
ap,
Ilpo$r,lnot ce BaBprrrypa co
qllBeulrxaBrr
BapoBr{4rILIr
IpeKY
KoI{ Jre}r(ar po}rcnqrcr <[arlr,flr
u [roqecrl,I BapoBH]IqLr Co po]IGaI+{.
Kai celo Epx4arm r Kouarllrx Bo cr.rBure BapoBlurqr xor ce cna6o
4olo:uurrwru,
ce nai4enu
rr oupe4errenz cneAufire
$opmu:
Spiiigua
(Teractineta) corula, Aoicullopeaen
palseri,
Aoi'
'cullo-pecten
scharseri, Bps Kolr e curypHo o[pegerreu aHlr3l{crca xat (sona co Rynchonela de-
curtata).
Ha foaarc (ncrouno oA ceJro Ma.nxoeq) Korlsrarl{paurr ce crso6erfi po3eIMI(aBIr EapoBrtrElllr,
KoI{ ce co
QuuospnecT
rrsrneA,
Aocra
Macl.rtsHrrl co cocema Hetrspa$fra croeBrtrocr. I"Iuaa}
xapaxrqpucrr.rqeE:caxapol{Aelr I,I3r'neA: @ocn.nHu ocraroru Bo r['IB rre ce:rtoEcrarr{ptu}I.
Bo uo4paujero IIa Cmpgemqa, uor<pai Erroqecrlrre BapoBrrfirur ce cpe(asaat u Macl{Brrr{
rapo"iraun'co rlpBerrxacrocrnso-6era 6bja. flpeo4or oiA ruroqecfl.Ire BapoBHI{qu KoH MacI,IB-
rlrlrre e IIocreIIeII. Bo umure e r(oHcrarrlpaga cla6o oqyBalra murpo(layra
Ifo
,qo.nvnara
ua lleco.raucxa
pexa, so trrdctlsuure aaponiungr naj4ena e KoHoAoI{ma
$ayua
0A pogor Gondolella naairula.
Hauomerrynzwr,e
AeKa
xaj mecuocra Cmpryr Bo rroAonnl{re AeJIoBI{
rta- ruloilecrzre BapoBrIlII+l
'u
na Mapyura, Bo rroAoJrllrlrre
+eJroBrl
ua llracllBlrltre BapoB:Ir.Iq[ e uai4eua uuxpo$ayra, Koja
e orrpeAeneua NaKo
4omrorpujacxa
(xamurancr<a norxat), OnpeAerIeHLr ce cJre#tr{re, opryt
Glomospirella. shengt, Ghmospirelta cf. gordalis, Glomospirella ort'icuhsa, Meandrosp'ira
julia
u gp.
IOIOMVTCKTI
BAPOBHT{UU (T
2,,)
Koucrarnparlrr. ce Ea Kapaopman r'flpecexa, Eojara rut e,6era
Ao
rIpBeIILIKaBa. flperexcto ce
iaayraar
Bo
AoJlrlr.rre AroBrr
na rpniac, 6zno xaxo:rro.M{urllt nertn unu rrpocnojrcn Bo uTIIrlIIrrTe
r{ rrecoqrlzqure r{Jrr.t KaKo oAAeJruu
,4eJroBr.r
cu}txpoEllwu,I co IIJIoqegrIITe BapoBIII4rII{. trIarpa-
AeIIr,r
ce og CaCOa u MgCOa. MgCOa npoqerlTy^arluo
Aocra
Bapllpar-raKa
Aa
I4Ma IIpeoAI'I
oA
Aonomr4rr,rqrur
BapoBgnrlr{ Bo rpaBrr
AoJrorfrr{rt4.
Sacera Bo IrIrB ue e uaj4ena
1rl.r(artsa
Qayrta
METAMOP@I4SAM IIA TP4JACKI'ITE l
CEAIIMEIITI{
Tpnjacxlrre ceAlmrerrrlr ce sa$arenr co cr.rJren
AurlaJqomeramopSusau,
wli rcrrenaurEr e rrq-
aBpa3eII so.6ilaarEraor
AeJr.
Karco pesynrar rla roa rJu,fiilutTe, areBpoi[rrl,Ire I{ uecoqrtrl4rg.rre
ce cna6o yumpr,rlenr,r, a
4en
o4'r.Irr.1uecrara marep:lia e rpas@opur4palra Bo cepru{llr.
32
Jypclolre
ce4r,uuenrr,r rla Jrficror Kz.reso Ba rrpB rrar ce r(oHcrarr,rpaur{ co uspa6orxara
na OIK,
a Koucrarr4paull ce rro
Aonvrrara
rra pexa Pa4zxa r,r roa tta rrogpaujero ceBepuo og c. Tpe6zrure
t c. Bnryrue. Bo xnzcypata Eapzrt ri o,q renara crpaua na Paguxa oA ycrr{ero ua Xr.rpbsunvxa
peKa Bo Pa4rxa ce,4o
Jauue
na
jyr,
KaNo fi oxoJry ceJrara
|Iermrure
u Mogpuu,
jyxrro
u
jyro-
sarlaAIro o4
[e6ap.
flo
4onunara
na Pagzxa l4crr4Te ceAlrmrerrrr{ ce fipercraBerrlr,co
$ar,ruro-
I'IFII4. ceAI'IMeIITII, I{SrpaAeIIL OA IJII{HIILI, porr<tlaqu, [ecOrlHIiIIIl4, fiII{IIOBI{TO-Kap6OUarrUl
UIKpI'UIIIII, JIaIIopqu, [ecoKIII{B[ BapoBHLIIIII, I(aJIKapeIII{TII Ll
Apyrn
ce,qruvLellTll.
JypcXZte
ceAlltlvLeHTl4 oKoJry cenara IJemrurre z Mogptv, t{cro raKa ce npercraBeHz co
SJI|4urouAIra
ceAl4,llleHrl4 (npe$nuur), fiSrpaAelrIl oA JlauopoBzro-xap6orarun ce,quMerrrr4, rJrr.rHr+r, Ilecoq-
Huqtt rt
4p. .I{,e6enzuara
rra
jypcxrare
ceAr4.MeHrrr rr3uecyBa oxoJry 1000 m. O4nocor na
jypcxzre
ceArrmeHrz xon rpzjacxzre e rexTorrcxr{ Irnr{ TparrcpecllBelr, KaKo I{ Norr rlalTeo3olrcgr4Te IrIK-
punqlr.
@nr.iluoraAruare ceAl,Imerlrrlr, IIo
AonzHara
ua PaAzna ce KapaKTeprl3r{paaT co crrBo-3eneErIl(aBa,
BlIoJIeroBa go crano-xa$ejana 6oja. 3a$arenu ce co sHarerl rueramop@zaaM I,I t4HreHBr,rBrIo ce
rexTolrllrgllpauz. Ilrurqrzte I{ [ecoqE[qr.rre IIa rroBprut4rra ce snarno uoxprueur. Jfzcrecro ce
qelaar.
Bo rnr,rHqme ce
jaeynaat
upoc.nojxu oA crrBr,r cr.uu.r$zxorarua BapoBlr?rqfi, a Ha ue-
KonKy n!.ecra Bo oBI4e ce,qr{Merrrfi ce Koucrarrrparrz z ilranr{ rena oA
prtjadarrrt.
flo
4onr,ctara
rla Pagzxa, xai m.anactnpot Cn.
Jonau
ErropcKl.{ Bo rnl4lrrrrlrre fi rrr4prrJrrlLtre, Kor4 ce cge-
rryBaar rrEtll3rvleE(Irql{o ce sa6erex(yBa roneMa na6panocr z 6ypmarx Bo Irtcrzre. EIa cauoro
ycrr{e }Ia )Kupoaruavxa Pexa no Paguxa z
jyrozcro.uro
KoA Tpe6ururca Pyua ce
jaeynaar
poxGaql4 co clrtBo
Ao
BlltoreroBa 6oja,.Kolr ce 3EarEo rfa6parua I,I rroKpr[erlr{. Perxo ce xa@*.
jarz.
Poxuaurrre, [opaAu ronemara rlpBcrr,ura c1pqar Bo reperror.
.fe6e;rmrara
ua
jypqa.le
ceAltMerlrlr Lr3IIecyBa oKony 900 nnecrapa, Irrro Iflr a6opyea Ba uouEre 6psa ce4zru,enraqaja ro
osoi spemencxa llrrrepBan,
Ianexy
no6psa oArrrro e crryuajor co ceAr4vr,erlrrrre oA zcrz
Saqu-
jaruru
o4nuxrr Bo 6acesor flnn,qoc z I{yxanz.
BAPOBT{r,1\V\ (Jtz)
Bo napor:rzrll4re,
Koz ce
janyraar
KaKo cocraBeu
qJreu
ua
jypcraare
ceAv.rvrerrrrr, Horlcrarupaua
e mzxpoSaytra oA paAl,IoJlapvttv, xl{Apo3ot4, exmroAepmarr.r, Tuurr{rr?uuI,
$paranenru
oA rex-
crynaplrrt4, IIoro3apI'IALI x
nP.,
a oflpeAeneHl{ ce cJIeIFII4re BpcTLr: Meyendorffina cayeuxi,
D_'icty.ocorrus_ cayeuxi, Nautilotoculind
sp., Calpionelopsis obtonga, Catpiaieta sp., Catjionela
slipilca, Thaumatopmella pmoooesiculifera,
Eacinella irregulaiis', Tricholina r'p.'*
lp.
*o,
co crrrypEocr yxarxysaat
na uajrzcoxzre HI4BoI{ ua tujac, otrFlocgo }Ia rpauz-rru}rre iroe"z
Ha Jrr{)ac-Aorep.
a II,[,IIIIH,I4 CEAr,t MEHT kt (!
z,E)
Jypcxure
ceAr.rmeurz na no,qpavjero Ha cenara IJeuuure z Mo4pnv,
jyrxno
o4
,[e6ap
ce
fipercraBeHfi Ltcro rar(a co
Sauunrz
(upe$nmu)
ceAzrvr.eErrr, ]rcrpaAeurl oA JranopoB]rro-Kap-
6ollarua cepr'rja. orue ce,4zmelrrl{
[opauo 6ea-rperr.rparlz Karto'ropgoxpe;prrr,
no sps 6aia
na rrai4errara
muxpo$aiua oA crpaua rra
n-p
P.
pa4ozurrt
"
4o*"*urru iyp"*u
.ruio", *,
I{crt4re. Ha norerte Mecra Bo_,oBr,re ceAr4ueuiu xoncrarvpalflr ce: a) croean co
pritopene-
ropli_s striata; 6) caoenx co Ctipeina
jurasica;
s) cnoenr'co Bacineti irregularisvrTrocholinq
waldensis, r) cloerN co Calpionela alpinarxar(o t4 nperanoxeHir mrxpo6pluu cn Calpionela
alpina. cupema roa oBr{e ceArrvr.erlrrr
mr npruafaa, na
4o"ep-maron
u mar*-n"oxo*.
f-T^Iii:- :"{TIeHrI{
ce ucTo.raxa xaxo I4 rpujacxzre aa6aterur co ct4nerr
Ar.rua}r,oMerarrrop-
QI4silM
qI4,
I4HTeHSI'rrer ce aa6e.nerxysa oco6eno xaj .r:nrarqrare
rr apn{Jrourrcrzre
xaj Kora ce
qtBapa
CepIII$'IT 3a CMeTKa
Ea IJII4IIeCflitTe
MI4IIepaIII4, OTaAe.OBIrte
UI(pI,IJII+4 fiMAAT CBL1JTeCT
33
cjaj. Kaxo nocJre5uqa rra
Amrailrotreramop$Namot
no
QlvuroN$rr{re iypercr
ce,ry&rerrrr'I Bo
[oJrl{rrara ua Papxa ce sa6enexynaar 6ygrnupiuLe
H finrlcl4palte Bo oBlre ce,ry{.MeIITIt.
Marmarcrorre crer{r Ko}r ce sacrafleur.I co cepnerrrl{Hanr, ra6ponn,
yttjadasrz^,
ryalrrrrl'r, 4no-
CEPIIEHTI4HUTU (Se)
Oslle cregr,r ce Korrcrarr.rpaHr{ Ha rurururirna Ctororo, lolem PvA, loleua r Mana Mer4aruqa
n Epas,qa, nomefy
""r"ta
Mogpz.I r.r JIyroBo, na
,[,eurat
(no xpe4rure ceAld[enrr) rr rrpr
fu;d'ua
X[posgatrKa peKa bo Parurxl (ao
jypcxr,rre
ce4rrrvrentu). Cepnenturulrrre ce rrc-
irn.ry"rn, og
gogm6orsrie
Aero"rl
na semirrrata Kopa ,qonrx 4na6onl{re
pynrypll, opl{eH-
rzpami Bo pa3lrl4 IIpaBI[{, KaKo onaAerILI Macrr.
Cepnenrrnzrcgrrre
reJra no najroaem
AeJr
ce mrlnolrl{TlnsltpitrrLl
}r [percraByBaat acoqriqlrii
Ea-11aprg]6a
z 6noxosu o4 6aaurr, [oBp3aHI{ co s4po6eua cepflellrlmrlTcxa Maca. OQuolnt-
c6r.rre macr ce cBpsaurr co
,qzja6auare,
NaKo reuergrl4, TaRa I4 lro EaqLIHor IIa fiolaByBalse.
Ha mecra, KaAe ce cpe(araar ceplerrrr.rur{Trire,
qecrl,I
ce uojarn rla IcpaJbylrrrarbe.
Ta6era II
11
SiOz
TiOz
A1zOs
Fe2Oa
FeO
MnO
Meo
CaO
NazO
KsO
Pr Or
'HzO+
HaO-
CraOs
Nio
COr
36,26 38,00
trag 0,08
5,48 1165
7,73 5156
2,60 2,61
or2l o,2l
32,60 33110
o,5o 2,5L
o,go 1,75
trsg 0,30
13,76 14,26
0,10 o,l2
0,38
o31
_
45,74 42,30
2,37 L39
lz,lt 16,43
4,00 4,93
5,05 5,57
0,27 0,22
15,80 10,57
7,10 10,00
1,25 1,76
o,2o 1,63
0,04 o,2l
5,50 4,52
0,06 0,34
0,10
y'=
38,74 47,M 56,76
0,10 0,56 2,8O
2,14 16,30 12,89
5,35 7,89 6,93
3,7O 3,82 5,53
0,55 0,27 0,32
32AO 6,54 2,8O
2,75 10,40 4,60
0,68 3,30 4,55
o,24 0,85 0,45
0,20 0,15 0,58
l0A9 3,36 1,42
2,05 0,04 0,02
0r52
0,29
O,34
45,94 47,84 45,80 46,97
1,20 1,03 0,98 1,18
20,41 L7,24 16,32
.
17,33
3,36 3,39 6,76 4,60
5,82 3,78 3,48 5,62
0,28 0,38 O,2l 0,21.
8,50 6,70 l2,OO 10,36
5,27 10,78 6,58 6,50
2,9O 3,30 2,05 3,00
o,5o 1,05 o,5o 0,50
o,l2 0,05 0,10 0,09
5,50 4,36 5,08 3,76
0,34 0,05 0,05 0,05
too,76 100,15 100,54 loo,92 99,65 100,31 99,87 100,14 99,94 99,92 100,13
Anaaura.rap I. @aflfiross*
MECTO-HAOfenUUrSn
l. Cepnextrrat
-
C3 og Jlytono
2. Cepuerrrnur
-
Epasga
3. Cepnenrzrrr,rl
-
Qlsrss6
4. Ia6po
Auja6as
-
c. fogurie
5. Ia6po tuiadaus
-
c. Hepesu
6. fa6po
-
c. Cenqe
7. Ia6po
-
[crotrto oA c. Kosnqa
8. .[o.repur
-
J3
og c. MparuoPeq
9. fa6po
-
Jloxaa
I0. fa6po
-
ceBepno o,q c. Carsogo
ll. Ia6po
-
JIoxBa
MATMA
l. OprayrNtrreplrl. rp.
-
[epr{AorlrrcKl.r rarr
2. Oprayrrarneplrg. rp.
-
opraynrrcxrl run
3. OprayrarrrepriA. rp.
-
oprayrurrcrr{ Tr.1[
4. Ia6pongna
rPyla
;
Mnrparrrcxn rran
5. Harpora6polr,qrra
rp.
-
Bepuurr,rror urt
6. Xoproneuluicl(a
rp:nla
-
Xopu6legltr. rtrrl
34
7. Ia6pounna rp.
-
Hopmanno ra6p. rNu
8. Ia6pou,qna rp.
-
si-ra6por4err rrln
9. TepaaNr-ra6. rp.
-
.Hopn. rey.-ra6poug. ruu
10. Ia6pouAna rpFra
-
Hop. ra6poug. 'izn
11. fa6polrAqa rpyla
-
si-ra6pouAerr r4n
Cepnerrnaouzre
ce reMgo
gefierlrr
ri
jano
rporrru]r; flopa44 rex.rorlcrzre
Ae+opilary'ilr'34-
Ao6I,IEaaT
6peuor4ef
-I,I3EIeA,
Itp]I: IIITO ice upeIUIreIUI.
cO XtUIIII4TCI(I{ xs'Iry['
Usrpa4ep1 ce BonIaBIIoill oA cep[eIITEII, xoi e sIBopeE KaKo ceKyIIAap,eE IIpoAyKr IIpE aJI-
repargiara 11a ofl,rBrrgoT Ir 11upoxcerrrlTe. Perxo ce 3acrarleHrr
peJlr'Il(rrr oA oiI}IBrIrIII, II4poK-
ceHr{ r{ tlarqerrm. Cer<ynqapno ce
iaByBaar
Kuurqlrr, TalIK, xJropLIT, aI(TI?trroJII'IT I'I
np.
Cepnem.uUror e npercraBeu BornaBIIgM co aurl'ropur, a fioperxo ce
jaryna.ll
xpl{3orl{n'
Xeruucrs{ot cocraB e
AaAeH
Bo ra6erara llll, 2, 3'
IrrrlAEA3r4
(pp)
,figja6asrre,
NaKo rr ra61rcnure rlr rroBpsyBa4e sa
jypcr<uol marMarlt3aM. Iz cpe*araM.e Ha
rroBerte uec12 Bo s44 ua npodog so [areosorrcKl{re crelu.I,
laxo
I{ ro rpujacrure r
iypcr<ure
ceAEMerIr11 Bo BlrA lra npo6or w usil:r1e*l. I4s,qeoerrr_ce rra cTpMIff{IIa, rra PaAytr, sarIa,AHO OA
celo Hepesu, Cer1r1e, na Ea6r.ar Cpr, nomefy ceJlara Cnatruro u Ap6rnoro, raj celo Cnnsoso,
oKoJry Kragrurx r.r Ha
Apyrlt
Mecra.
Ko11ranruu l136eglr Bo ogoJrgrrre crerr[ cxopo EuKaAe Hece xoHcrarlrtpaHl'I. Ce xapaxrepfl3I-
paar co terl11o 3enegr4xaBa 6oja,
qrpcrr ce il Komflaxrlrl4.
Ctpyxrypara r{rd e o@nrcxa, cy6'
oSrrcra r{Jrr{
Aonepr{Tcxa.
Cocrarelll{ ce BouraBrrom oA rrrlarEoKnac[, rroroa ayrwt n xJroplrtr,
xaxo 6rrrur MrIEepamr.
flnaruornacgre'ce 3rlarrlo uulreplrcaEr{ Lt [percraBeru co uo6a$,I!trIrrre
qnelroBrI.
Aynatot
11 xroprmor r1,1 ficuomryBaar Mefyflpocropzie florrry rurarr.IoKJlaqrlre. Ayrl'rror cr{opo ce-
11orarfi e cBex(. Qecro ce sa6e.nerxyBa.rorem co4prxaj ua xrop[T tt r(anqrlr, r(axo ceKyrlAapHrr
coemjra,r, [oroa ce
iaaynaar
r4 errr.rAor, Jreyxoxcerr rr JrrI]vtoIIET. Crropegno ce
jae3na.Marrlerr{T
r[ I,urMeHrIT. Perxo coApx(ar fi rwtwT.
Bo guja6asure ce cperuyBaar floperxo r.r lran4orecrlt rzrIoBI,I ua
ryia6a*t,
Ka{e maIIAoJrI{re
ce lrcfloJ]rrerrl ccl r(anrlrrrr, xoj e naxrra4no crBopeE I4 rrl.3itrrorrrryBa rrexo.rau[rllTe IlryrlJxaql
no gr,rja6aauara oclroBua Maca.
Bo
4lja6asrurre
Mactl rroperxo ce
jaeysaar
u
rySoru
co xapalcrepficrl,Iqua rySosua crp]'r(Typa.
Cocraneml ce oA ocrroBga r,r.aca no xoja ce sa6ererxynaar
Seuoxpilcralfi4
o4 ruarzotnac u
rn4pogceg. ,Kaxo
qetrnegr.e
ByJrrerlcxr,ror fleneJr, co xoj ce
qemerrrllptlurlr rnaBHllre M.fiEepaJII'I.
I4cio raxa ce'aa6enerxynaar s4po6eul,I 3pIIa oA rlJrarlroxnac, KBapI{ rl
Ap.
Kaparcreprcrrguo e
Aa
IIa Muoly rrrecra
4rja6a3lrre
rlpemrrrryraar 6o.uto so ra6porute.
.fiuja6asnre
ro r{Maar'cle4ru,lor MoAaJreIr cocraB: rlnaflroKnac
-
49-52%; IMpoI(ceE
-
32-42%; xJroprrr
-
4. 5o/o; ocrroBrla maca 0,5-2o/o.Xellwraotor cocraB e
AaAeH
so ra6e-
.rara III/l-13.
floxpaj
gvrjadasme ce qre(anaar u Kpyrrllo3pHecflI Bapl,Iererr.I-AoJlepurv, I(oI{ ce KapaKrepu-
gnpaar
co Kpyrlrrosprra o$rrcxa crpyxrypa.:OcBen anreprrctlnr{re Iuraryroxnacrr sacrzlrleuu ee
I4 IOTTIOJTIIO CBe]rg{ IMpOXCeHT.
.Bo ,qnia6asrare
ce'cpe*anaar perxo r.r
Aocra
d6orarenu [apT]I]r co ]KeJIeso, Kollt Bo
Qopma
na
Jrr{ittogrrrgKa marepzia ce
iaByBaar
no rryturarrr*rre Ir Ea rroBplrrltrtrtre Ira creII]I?e.
TAEPoBI4 (u)
Koucmurparu,r ce Ea nose(elvlecra Bo BrrA rta rrpo6oz, rrpu rlrro ru npo6nraar fiaJreosorrCrg.me
urpr{nq}r, Kaxo n rprniaucrte r
iypcralre
ceALIMeIrrI{. Ha cexaAe'rlr cpe(aBal[e
co
Auia6a3rrr9.
35
fa6ponr,rre ce l,rsABoeur,r Ea rfecuocra Kepzrvron lpo6 (Ja6raunqa),
ororry c. Cerqe, Ea Jroxsa,
xaj c. flprcorjarnar
jyrxlro
o,q c. Jloror, Ea frpecexa r4 ceBeposarraArlo o4 c. Knqqrrrx.
la6posrre ce Kaparoepu3r{paar co cr.rBo-3eneErrraBa,4o rexuocr{Bo-3ene}IrxaBa 6oia, czrrro
Ao
cpe$ro3prrecr cocraB, co roJrema rlBpcrt4rra.r4 r(omnarTrrocr. Crpyrrypara uM e ra6pozgrto
3prlecra co lrecrzml{qHo BuAlI,IBu r(prrcranr{ o,4
$er4cuarrt
rr manlerfir. Cocraseurr ce oA
qpl{rKacrlrt
Kplrcrtulrl Ea 6asz.reu rlJrary(oKJ1ac, Itor4 ce 3HarHo sa$arerfn co anreparlr{ja, rrpz
Irrro ce sa6erex(ysa coc[pr{Trrcarbe r.I cepn+,rrusaqzja Ha r{crr{re.
Karo 6znru cocrojrz uoxpaj
Se:r4cuarrte
ce
janyraar
r4 rrr{poxceun (aynrr), roj cxopo ce-
Rora[r ce cBe]rs{. 9ecro ce aa6ene>xyBa [plrcycrBo rla oJrr{Brlrr, xoj e
Ae]rymrro
cep[errrt4rrr{-
SI{paE. Cnope,4rro ce 3acrafierlr,I: Juivlourrrcxa marepuja, xJropvr, e[r,IAor, uarlleinr, c@ert
,r rcaprl. Bo ra6ponnre perxo ce cpe(anaar aHopro3rrrcxrr, onr{Br4uocn r.r xopu6neuArlrcxrr
TI4IIOBLI.
Cocrojxzre na ra6ponute
qecro
rrarz ce rlrcrroxprrteur{ r s4po6enu KaKo [ocJreArrrla Ha [p]r-
TI1ICOqI,I, co IrITo e 3roJlemeE [porIeHToT Ha rlpeTBaparLero IIa rnaBHr{Te .MZHepaJrIlt BO CeK}'H-
AapHr{.
Mo4arnrNte rlclrltryBalba ro [oxa]r(yBaar cne,{unor cogprNaj rra oAArreEr,I Ko.ufiogerlrr.r: rrktpo-
r(ceu
-
ll-zLo/o;
$en4cuar-52-%70%;
xnopzr-5-13%; orars{ Bprra
-
2-5o/o; otn-
BI{rr
-
l0-ll%; cropeArl cocrojxz 3-8o/o . Xeur,rcxuor cocraB e
Aagerr
so ra6enar a LI
l4-|l
.
rnAufitra (y)
rpanr,rrzre ce Korlcrarzparrr{ Bo 6masuna ua cys,[or,3arraArro o4 c.,[yuery6Nqa rra e,qna
4la6ora_pyurypa
lra KorrraxTor nomefy [iureo3or{cKrrre ruxpLrJrrlu n rprjac<ure BapoBrrzrlr4
u xaj c. Eerranu Bo BtlA rra MaffI upo6ou Bo rraneosorrcrsrre rrrxpr{nqu, Ha uonpurrlnaie
Aocra
nrilvtolrHrl4sllpanu.
CocraBeuu ce oA
@en4cnat,
KBopA: 6raorr,rr z am$r,r6ol.
Crpyxrypata
I'IM e xllrlL|Alroruop@ro SpHecra
,qo
nopoupo6-rracrr.r.ruo 3prrecra. O,q
Se4cuarure
ce sacraleHr{
IlnarnofiJlac v oproxJlac, xoj sornaBuo e Kaonr{rlr.I3r{paH r{ cepilrlrrtTrrtcarr. Knapqor e cna6o
3acrarleE. AmSz6onor e npercraBerr co xopu6JrerrAa, a 6rorr,rror e aJrrepr.rcrg1 r4 fiperBopeg
B{ xnopHT. Cuope4rut cocrojxa ce MycroBrrr, emrAor, artarr.rrr:c$eu,
dzpxou
u lzluonlar.
Czre muuepanz rnj'uecto ce Karar(rrasztpatil4. 3a crapocra Ea rparlrrrr.Ire lrelta floAeram{r,t
rro4arorllt, Eo ceRaKo ce TIoMJIaAI4 o4 rpujac n repojarno ce xpajrur
4r.loepeuUliarz
o4 fle-
II,ICTepCRLTOT 6arOlrlr.
lt4oPuT?l I/t KBAPUIUoPIITI4 (8)
Ce
janyaaar
KaKo ManI,I uHrpysr.rBulr rena Bo
$opma
Ha
AaiKoBLt,
Kon rr.r npo6rnnaar flaneo-
solrcKl{re ITIKpI{mU.r. Ko}Iraxrnr r.I3MeIIE ce
Aocra
perKv. Perxo ce
janyeaar
Bo Br,r,q Ea }rery-
clojnr BTl{crrarllt rena. Ha Lr3rlreA
Aocra
cBe}r(r{, a rro. 6oja ce cr,rBr4
Ao
ct4Bo-3eJregr{KaBtr ,r
)r(oJrreHI{KaBu. CurnospEl{ ce r,I Macl,tBrlrlt.
Korrcrarzpaur ce ceBepEo oA ceno Tajmnune, rla M.B. Bpreu Karuen raj ceno Pevauz, xa
A64rn6exrqa, Apprl Kyra, ua Croroso u
Ap.
Kai cero Pe.rarrn ce Bp3EtrIr4 sa uojarzre rra rpa-
HI{Tor, KaAe ce cpe(aeaat I4 rlomanrl fleritl,arvrcxll x$rq[.
,[nopzrilorre
reJra npercranynaar
auo@nsz ua rparu.rrcxure MacrrBrrt, Ha Irrro yKalxyBa z ,rpr,taycr"o"o ,ru
"punrrrr",
Ilpanure
AEopIirIt
ce )r(oJrreHrrtr(aBvI tr co cna6o BnAJrr.IBa rrrxpr.rJraBa reKcrypa. Cocrasertr4
ce cxopo rIcKJryqI,IBo oA [JIaMoI$rac r.r ayrr,rr. ffnarvoxnacor e rrafloJfl{o pacrraArrar rr rrper-
BopeH Bo cepIlIII,IT LI KaoJrI,(H, a camo Bo perxrr cnyqaeBv ce sa6ele>xyBaar rreroBltre KoHTypI,I
co uejacrul 6mngrul JIaMenIr. Ayrztor e pacrraAuar
rrprl rrrro rrpenara Bo yparrur rr xJroprrr,
Ao-
AICA
x(eneSOTO Ce U3IaqyBa BO Mi[IIeTI]tT.
Kaapq4uopzrilTe ce iomojar oArrJrarr{oxnac, ellrAo?, xBaprl KaurgrlT: trlailrT}rr lt
gp.
flnarzo-
KJ'Iacllreice Ea,MIIory'saCTaleIII4 I{ BoffIaBIIO ce aITepI{caIII4 I4 IIpeTBopeIfl,I Bo eIII{Aot, Cqp}IlMr
36
II l(aJrrlrlrT. Enz4oror e qpeTcTaBerl
co Kpymu,I Iq)I4cTanI,r, rpyll}lpallr4 Bo arperaTr.r, Korr IIpaBaT
IlaptuenElr rlt43oBllt. Xloparot ce
iarysa
cexyrr4apEo, a RBaprlor e ficro rar cegylrAapeg ,r
ce
janyna
ro
Sopma
IIa cr,rfis.r 3prla Kor{ rr{ r{c[omryBaar nyKHarzHr,rre.
Xemzcrc,ror coqraB e lr3rreceu so ra6ena ll3, 4.
Ta6era III
10 11
r
tl2 l3 t4/,
SiOs
TiOz
AlzOs
FezOg
FeO
Mn'O
Mgo
CaO
NazO
KgO
PaOs
H2O+
HzO-
COz
CrzOs
46,88
"1,62
15,88
1,83
7,74
o,27
7,51
9,50
2A0
0,60
Or23
4,12
0,06
0,05
46,48
1,60
17100
3,24
5,gL
0,16
742
10,70
2,15
0r65
0,08
4,32
0,O7
0,04
43,12 43,08
2,25 1,30
14,83
-L2r64
4,44 l,g'7
5,73
. 3,09
o,22 O,25
4,79 3100
14,10 15,20
.2,80 5,20
tIag
0,30 0,11
3,89 3,77
0,08 0,09
3173 10,55
45,60 46,31
o,55 tAO
16,07 20,17
7,99 o,g1
5,19. 5,77
0,27 0,18
6,4L 7,64
9,15 10,45
4,60
.2,83
trag 0,86
0,12 0,18
4,38 3,69
rf
'f
45,40 44,16 45,96
1,35 1,50 1,52
16,28 L7,02 16,79
4,92 5,32 3166
6,11 5,22 6,00
0,52 0,14 0,19
8,27 9,30 2,gl
8,32 10,70 9,40
3,46 1,37 . 2,gl
0,31 2,ll 8,13
0,18 0,16 0,19
3,84 4,2t4 4,10
0,34 0,26 0,04
45,29 47,45
1,46 1,72
l%55 21,t9
4,78 2,66
5,63 5,56
0114 0,07
6101 2,79
9,25 7,22
2,74 4,26
1,02 1,66
0,60 0,59
3,66 3,16
.f o'20
48,74 47,65 48,66
L,95 1,60 3,2O
16,89 76,77 18,88
6,25 2,67 4,73
4,80 7,75 1,67
o,M 0,38 0,26
5,25 7,03 4r4A
1O;37 11,40 7,05
0,10 .2,52 4,60
0,14 0,43 lrTO
0,41 OA3 0,59
3,45 1,66 4,22
o,82 0,12 0,04
0,08 orzl
'
o,02
-
99,69 99,82 100,27 100,24 100,39 100,46 99,31 100,50 100,01 100,40 99,62 99,7t 106,62 t
Anannrzuap: I. @z.nunogu*
l.
aria6as
-
c. Heesr.r
2.
Auja6as
-
,[eroja.*<a
BoAa
@aAy.{)
3.
4lrja6as
-
c. Cemle (Cereur<a pera)
4. ueaaSrp
-
c. Korlag1a11
5. gzja6as
-
CIl o4 Cnunono
6. ,qujadas :- C3 og c.
(naAi{rr$
7. pl;rja6ras
-
C3,og c. Krra4rzrr
8.
Aoneprocxa
gzja6as
-
C3 o4 c. I(na4rrar
9.
ania6as
-
c. KnaArurr
I0. gzja6as
-
c. llsax.rlrrrha
I I.
4aja6as
-
c. I4eaa.{uutra
12,
tuja1as
-
Croropo
13.
4uiaGs
-
Croroso
14.
Ev,ia6as
-
c. Ocoj
MATMA
I. Ia6pozgea rpy[a
-
c. ra6porfleu tzn
2. Ia6por4ua rpyla
-
c. ra6pougerr rlm
3. Ia6polrasa rpy[a
-
ilfipoxceu ra6pougen rrar
4. I4iotwana rpy[a
-
c. Merrrofr.rroBcxr.r rr{[
5. fa6pora4na rpy[a
-
rropm:urno ra,6po[Aer rrln
6. Jleyxo-ra6porr4rra rpyna
-
agrorrrroBcxlr rr4rr
7. Ilarpora6pounEa rp)lia
.--
ocexc[r-ra6pozgrm rr.rn
8. Ia6por,qna rpyla
-
Hopn{:urHo ra6polr4en ruu
9, Ia6poagna rpyrla
-
rropilturqo ra6pora4en rzn
10. fa6por.r4.na rpyla
-
Hop.iuarrrro ra6pou4en
-
Mlrxparrrcr<r{ Tr{n
l l .
,[zoprlrcr<a rpyrra
..-
EopManno
A]ropzrcK]r fl{rt
12. Baucxa Ha r*po*cerrr* ,evoJ-;;;;;;
.^,
13, fa6poz4xa rpyrra
-
uopmamro-ra6por{Aen mrxfpaarcr<r{ TurI
14. Harpoczjeunrcxa rpyna-ilenarrarpocr.rjenatcrra
tru
Knapq,qloprtnre Ir
F{opurr,rre
ce rromJraAr4 oA
AeBoH,
lilgejirucmor ro [po6r.rBaar. I,IssecHn
aBTOpr{
fIlI cMeTaaT 3a Xepq}IIIcK[r.
17
TOPIIA KPEAA
fopnoxpe,4ulre ceAI,IMeHrlI ce Kolrcrarllpaxlr ua
Jafuraunqa,
Croroao,
.[,eurar,
rro
AoJrrruara
tla Pa4zxa, Ma.na pexa u lapcxa pexa. Ognocor Norr rpriacrurre z
jypcxnre
ceAr{merrrr{ r,I
IIaJIeO3OHCKPTTe rrrKpr4JrrryI e TelcToHcKlI t4.Jrr4 TpallcrpecuBeH.
Iopra xpe,qa e [percraBelra co:
$lnuron4nu
ceAr.rueur]r Bo Kor{ ce r.r3ABoeHr{ cJroeBr{ oA rr[o-
qecTl4
BapoBIII4rIr{; pyry[cTllll BapOBHIIq[ I{ fl,tIlc I{ aIIxI4AplrT. Bo ropUoXpe4[rTe ce4{lr{.erlTrl
rra HeKoJrKy mec'ra ce xorlcrarrrpaH[ ra cy6mapuucxr4 r,r3Jrr{Br.r rra
4rzja6asz.
@JIUMO?IAH?I
CEI?IMEHTII (K3')
3assemaat roJremo rlpocrparrcrBo utia
4e6enrrra
e 3rrarrra u r,r3rrecyBa oKorry. 1.000 uerpu.
llerv:r'e ce Ea rIoBprrII4Ha
Aocra
llc[o(pruelrrrt I{ pac[aAnarr{,
[opa!r{r{ rur.,o ce rroAJro)rgrr Ea
eposxja, xoja e Bo oBLIe ce,ry4megrld
jaro
uureuazsua. Bo cocraB na
Snr.ruror.rglulre
ceAr4llellTrlr
BneryBaaT,: [eCOqHLilIE, rnUEeHU IItr(pI4JIIII4, aIIeBpOJMTI4, JIaIIOpIII{ Irt JIIIOpOBI4TIII BapOBIII4III4.
Petxo ce sa6e.nexyBaar Bo
Qrururou,qrzre
ceAr4lvr,elrTr,r r4rrrepceplrcru Korrilroueparr{ rr pox(-
tltaw(I.t IIapr]I}I. Onr.re ce4umeHTn ce o4[t4KyBaar co clrBa, Te.[1Eo-cI4Ba
Ao
seJreHl{KaBo-cuBa
u ra6ejana 6oja, uopa4u lrrro oA [opauerrrrfl,Ire [crpor{yBarrrl oBr{e ceAralrerrrr4 ce rtapeqerllt
,rqpEll $rutilr",
a LtcrI,ITe rrl cmeraJle 3a rromJraA fizureo3orrK. flopafpr trecrllTe cmer4r"ar"u
Bo oBI4e ceflmllerlrllr rle ce Mo)rflItl zs4rojyraEa Ha oAAqlEI{ JrlirroJrorrrKllt turelloBrr. I4crrryvor
IIIpaBar raponru,rqr,r-e, NoIr [opaAl4 csojara rlBpcrr.rEa rla repeEor jaclro
ce TlcraKrryBaal.
Ilecoqru,rqrre ce cpeAHo
Ao
clrrllospuecrr.r, 6ojara r{M e orBo-3eneHr4r(aBa, rrMecra raeejana
.qo
TeIfiIO-qpBeIIKaCTa, r<ora cogp)I(ar
AocTa
JILuvtoHIITcKa marepzja. Cocraner*r ce oA KBaprL
Jrr4cK)'rI, xJroprr, perxo
Sen4crrar
r.r
4p.
I{emeuurara marepr.rja e KBaprsro-cepvru4Tcr{a, xap6o-
rlarHa IrJII{ TJII4IIoBI{ro-nI,IMoHrrTcxa.
Crpltaylrara r.rit,t, e [caMr{rcl(a go uceQvrcxa. 3a pas-nuxa
oA rnl4rrllt{re ce
jarynaar
Bo rroreHKl4 znz no,qe6enra 6anqn. fleco.rltrx$.r ce oco6eno 3lcra[eHr.r
Bo cpeAfirrurrror I{ fioropHllor
AeJr
r{a rcplroxpe4rrara
Qaruroz.ryra
cepraja, no ce
jarysaar
Bo
IleJrara cepzja Bo Bt4A Ha reuKlr rraxsm.
f.nuEecrr,me rIIKprIJIrryI rr uuleBponurrlTe ce oAJrLtKyBaar co cr,rBa
Ao
Temrro-clrBa u
qpua
5oia,
HiMecTa co cLlBo-3eneIIrIKaF rlt )r{onrellr.tKasa. Jluctemr{ ce, Ea floBprr[Gla ce gpo6ar no Br4A
IIa CI'ITIII{ JITICKI,I I4 IInoqE. Cocrasewl ce oA cepilrtlrrcKo-rJrrIEoBura marepuja, xJropur, CPITeII
I(BaprL a ce cpe(ana rz [parrlxacra nfilvr,oul.ITcxa marepuja. Crplxrypara r.rm e renzrcxa. Inu-
HecrrrTe rrlKplrnqfi
qecro
ce 3acrarreu[ Bo rlollzcKtlTe
AeJroBr{
ua
Qnzuroraguara
cepzja) a ce
cpe(aeaat vI lrr:as Ilenlror upo$zn na
SnraruouAr{r.rre
ce4r.ma.errrrr. Cna6o ce rueramopQytcattur,
r(aKo z r{enara cepraja, rrpr,r Irrro ce sa6erexyBa cna6a rrJlrcfipanocr Ha r4crsre. Jlanopqzre
u na[opoBl,ITfire BapoBur4qz ce
jaaynaar
Bo BtlA Ha rroreursr [aKerr.r no
$nrruroz4nara
cepzja
I'IJrI'I Bo BI'IA rla le(r. JIanopIII4Te ce oco6euo 3acrarre,Hrr ceBeprlo,og celq I{eruurre, a rz cpe-
rtasame Bo Ilenara
@rruror,4rra
cepnja. flo 6oja ce crrBt4
Ao
)r(oJrrerraKaBa, perKo remuo cr4Br.(.
Jloxaluo no
$ar,Iuronguara
cepuja ce sa6eaerxyBaar r,rrrrpacepzixu Kournogeparz. Konrno-
Meparl'Ire ce cocraBeHu oA BaJlyrorlu Ha KBaprL BapoBllr{rlr4, r{xpr.rrrrg tt
4p.
Bpsrnuara Maca
Iflvl e oA [ecoxJlt4Bo-r'rurHoB[Ta,
xap6onarna trJM Jrr,rMo[tr4Tcxa Marepr,rja. Ce
janynaar
Bo rlpoc-
aojror o,q 5 go
10 Merpa. Bo ueuocpe,ryrq drys*rria rra geng,
pocryuri
orxpr,rena !
'egra
naprria
rtrIl KorrffIollteparll Bo
$nrzurolr4rurre
ce4nmerinr so ror,i ce cpe*anaar rvurtypz oA rlepzrrrymr{
rf l{oparrfi, Kon ce cna6o ouyeaul{ rI rro ce [peralrox(eryl. flop44r caa64ra o,.rynarroci rrcrzre
ce Heor{peAerurBr,r.
'O,q
uoselte Jroxamrocrl{ og cepujam na
Qnraruonryir,rre
ce4rauenru ce aett,t'eH]I [aJrr{orroJrorrrxrrt
upo6r'r, uo Ltcrlme rle-AoAoa
ryK9E
rroy3.Aaur,r p*yJrraru. H. flauwrt z E. flaslogc6t4
p1r
o11pe-
{eJry.BaaI
exe;grnre
$opmu_:
Potleruites'luc.t1fera,
Pollen'i.tes macroiereitui, Pitlteni,tes iliangulgiu5,
Benites labrastus, Cllasopollenites aelossoides, Sporopollenites:ria1nas;.sporites
adrienis"itubiui,
3ii
Podocarpus papilia
formis,
Cllasopollmites clossides r
Ap.
Korr rrr o4lrecyBaa" KorI cpeAerl
Ao
ropeE r[ego3orlr(, uo no6nncxy Ee rr{ o[peAeJryBaar.
klsrvl:le aBroprt oA JroKaJrrlocm Ma-na pexa r,I Koualnr.rxa ruraHrrna rlr oflpegeJryraar
$opmnre:
Pollenites d.eformatus, Monocolpolleniies trongoli.s, Brachphyllum sp., Equisetus sp., CUaso-
pollmhes
sp., Membranisphaeri sp., Tricopopollenircs sp., Taxodiacae, Sporites sp. lr
Apynr
@opuu
Ko.r{ ce rrrrrfitrur.r
ga
Kpe4ra ctapocr.
CeneposanaArro oA c. Pocryure n Ezryure na
.[eurar
so
$.ruuol.I4nam
cepuja ce sa6e.rrexqynaar
rparoBr{ na 6purynarre I4 BJIeqeIbe, 6rorrur$z
(rparoar Ira
ABLI}r(erLe
na qpnu) r gp.
IIIOI{ECTI{ BAPOBHI4qI4 (K?')
Bo
$nrruorguara
cepnia ce qle*araar rromaJrr{ lr [oroJremu maclI, cJroeBnu tel<u oA ruroqecrr.r
BapoBur{r$4. 3acraner*r ce Bo r{enara
$.nuuror4na
cepuia. flo 6oja ce craeo-6eru.
.(ocra
ce
na6parm D r{fioxprueurr. floronelru MacI{ ce nouc"rarllpaulr ceBepEo oA ceno Hosar so Ko-
rtr(rrrKrlr florox, ceBepor{crorHo
qA
ceno,Eperrrr[r{a, rraA ceJro fopeuqn u l. MernuqaHr(,
rroroa rta flecoropr.rqa, Bparre Kpacra, rrpn ycr]rero na Mana pexa Bo Pa,ruzxa, ceBepuo oA
ceno Koconpacffi, Ha,[errcr.rrrnqa, rroroa ce
janyraar
Bana,4uo o4 Pocryrua ua Benr.rcra Kpwu
u rra
ApyM
rvrecra. Bo osve BapoBur.rut4 e Korrcrarltpana mrxpo$ayna, xoja e oA crparra Ha
P. Pa4oraur( oupegelexa 3a roplloKpelE{a-ceH,oncra. OnpeAeJreHr[ ce cneA]rr{"e
Qopmu:
Globotruncana cf . angusticarinata, Globotuncana cf . stuarti, Globouuncana cf . arca, Globo-
truncana cf. caliciformis, Ghbotruncana linneana, Orbitolina sp., Globiguina lirmeianatri-
carinata, Fmaminifera sponga,Captocampylodon pontis, Pithonella oaalis, Pseudolitothamnium
album, Globotrancana nicarinata, Ghbotuncana morg'inata, Globotruncana habonensis, Aeo-
lisaccus kotori, Thaumatopmella
poroooesiculifera,
Rotordinella carselai, Discorbis sp., Valoula-
mmina sp, Vidalinasp., Coptocampylodon
fontis,
Discocuelina, Aloeol'ina, Coscinopltramma,
Captocampylodon sp, t
Ap. Sopmu
co Kor{ e orpeAeneua ryporrcKo-cerloucxara crapocr.
Baponruryme rtaA cenoro I. Menun.ra$fi Lr foperrqr, na Bpane Kpama, rrpt4 ycrr,rero Ha
Mara pexa eo Pagma r xaj Bouxos Mocr ce
jaxo
na6panu r4 r.Icflo(pureru, KaKo
pmJxrar
HA IiIHTCItrSIIBIIIII TEKTOIICKI'I
ABI,I}I(CIbA
XOU OCO6CSO CC MATTT@CCTUPAEA IIO
AOJIITIIATA
:TA PAAT,TXA
PYAI,ICTHKI BAPOBHI4III4 (K?3)
Kaj ceao Eanuurre, bo renocpe4na 6m.rsruIa na,{e6apcra Barua u na
,(err.rcznnrla
ce
jaeynaar
6arxonrrra, MacI{BrrI4, CI,IBI{
Ao
reMIro-c}IBIrt BapoBril4rg, Bo KoLr ce sa6ere}KyBaar [paBlt
Jrymaxefir oA
pyALtcrr{. I/.crure ce oA crpaHa na B. Temxosa n I,I. HecropoBcKu o[peAeneH{
xaKo fopHoKpelull,I. o,q onue JroKaJrrrpcrr.r ce o4peAeJrertr,r
cne4rizre poAoBLt:
Radialites,
Sauaegezia, Carp'ina, Sabinia, Caprinella u
gp.
Orue BapoBlrurur ce
jaro
lrcrroxprueur{ r{
zcrryrEu. Oguocor rla
QrrruroraAur{re
ceAr,rmelrTr Korr pyAllcr}rr,rre BapoBrlrrpr e
Aoc'ra
Ee-
jaceu
zan e reKrorrcxr4.
rullc 14 AIIxu.qPuT
(K'?i3)
Bo
$rnruron,quara
cepzja Ha ropua KpeAa o4 o6ete crpaEl{ na Pa4rxa, oA ycrrrero na Mara
pexa Bo Pa4uxa, rra ce
Ao
r{3Jre3or oA KJrficypecrfior
Aen
na Pa4r.rxa so
.{e6apecara
KorJMHa,
na uose(e Mecra ce I{oHcrarfipaul,I rroitraJrLr I{ rroroJreul{ Macll fl{fic u atlxilApl,rr. flojaen ce
orxpr.Ieuv ficro raxa r nomefy ceJrara I. r
,(.
Koconpactr.r.
,{,e6enrnara
rta rz[crlr{re rtacJrarrlr
e
,qocra
npo6reiuarztrua, Eo rpy6o seanero ce cmera
Aa
r.rgrrecyBa or(oJry 500 m,
flocragoxot Ha rurrcHlrre HacJrirrur oA [perxoAllr{Te ficrpax(yBaqu e pagJrr.rrrlro rpempau.
I4. HecropoBcKlr sa fiocrarroxor Ha fi{rrcor
AaBa
r.rurepecur.r rro,4arorlrl, co Kor{ ce
lrornofiyBaar
*tttaufi4Te iuricnerra. Toj cru.era:
,rAexa
rt4[cor e crBopeH rlo ttar IIa.ueracouaro3a, co [peo-
39
6pas6a na tsapornvql{re rroA
4ejcrso
rla reprfianuure r.r
Apyru
noglr, npz riiro'repuarurire no4u
so ce6e coAplr(ale
jonz
ua Soa, Korr [pr.r sarleHa co Casoz rra [pr4M.apHoro MecTo ce crBapa
arrxr{Apr.rr,
AoAeK?
co, erpallctroproBarr: co BoAara". floqaramy r4craKrryBa
Aa
Bp3 6aga ua
uose(e MzrlepaJrerrlxz rr xeI,r.HcKo-TexHoJIouE(vI LtcrrvtTyBal6a ce
AoruJro Ao
BuArrL pe3yJrTarr.r.
Co xerrracxrlre r{ Te)Gronou[g4Te auauru:rLt rte e Korlgrarzparr floronem, co4pxaj na NaCI r
MgClz, IIIro aBropoT ro HaBeAyBa Ha MIIcna
Aa
rlIllcor He e crBapal{ Bo IInt4fi(oBoAHa cpeAI{Ha.
I,lcro raxa cmera Aa
rvrrcgure rlacnarur nairepojaruo ce crBapagr{ KaKo p$ynrar Ha xr.rApa-
tuta1uja rroA BJrfi
iaElre
rta [oBplflLtrrcxlIre Bo,qfi, Bo ycnoBlrr Ha clrtrx(eu Ea,qBopelxeg rrpu-
Trrtco(, Bo ocpeArla
Ara6oqzHa
(100-150 lu) ua penaqraia: CaSO+
*
2HzO:: CaSOa x
x 2HzO. 3a anxx,qpzror cmera
Aa
Hacrauan co xt4Aporepmanua Meracorlraro3a oA BapoBHI{-
qure: cacoe
*
So;:.+ I{zo
-
caso+
f
Hzcoa,
AoAeKa
a.rra6acrepor ro rperrrpa KaKo
rzrrrepme4njapeu rpo4yKr, rracralrar rplr xr.rAparllsaqnja Ea auxlrApzror: CaSO+
+
I
l2}lzO
:
:
CaSO+ x I
l2HzO
irpn ycnoenja ua xu,4parusaqnja ro cy6apearura KrrilMa I{ reureparypa
rre floBrrcoxa'oA 170"C, ilpr{ Irrro sanpemr,rrrara ce 3roreuyBa sa oxdny 30o/o, nopa4[I ruro
rlrrrcor e rpmryAuo na6parr z [Julcfipan (4rjauzpcro Ha6yparLe). Barceoro rperrrparbe Ha
rrocrarroxor rra rrrrrcor ce o6jaanyra u co
$axruurara
rroJrox(6a ruro
gaofame
rroBer(e rrpe.MVHlI
oA aH)(IrApnr r(oH rrrfic u naporrizx.
luucEure nojaeu ce upercraBeHll co rzlc, aHxuAprLT Lt ara6acrep. Bo rzucuara .Maca
qecro
ce cpe,(aBa opraHcKa iuarepzja, froroa Ilapqzrba oA BapoBrrI4IIt4, poxcraqKa ruarepuja I4 cai[o-
poAeu cyn$yp. Izucuzre HacJrafl4 ilMaar KapaKrepltcrr4t&ra crpyxTypEa
,na6pauocr,
roja
HasraHaJra, [opaArlr 6y6peme [peArlrcrroHt{pa]Io co xzApamsaquja.
Izncor o6paryna roJrervur HacJrarv suavajnu oA eKoHoMcKa z ilLl{rrepanorrrxa rJIeAHa rorrxa.
Mrnepa.nourxzor
cocras Ha rxficHrrre Hac,rram B6opyBa sa fiocrerreHr{ [pe.]u,rEr{ oA rrlrrc Bo
auxr.IApl,rr z ara6acrep Bo BapoBur,r(.
Auxz4puror ce
janyna
Bo BHarperrrHrror
Aen
Ha rrrrlcHara Maca, KaAe rlocrerteHo rrpe.]ILIHyBa
so ana6acrep. Ce o4ruaxyBa co roJrema r(procr r{ ,rBp4rrrra. Eojara my e 6ena
Ao
remuo MpKa,
xoja
4oafa
oA rp[cycrBoro Ha opraHcxa marepuja. Muxpocrpyxrypara My e KpucraJrecra,
cpe4Ho3pHecra (ivrosauuna).
Ana6acrepor ce
jaryra
Bo rroBprur,rucxzTe
AenoBlr
Bo cnoeBlr, a xaj ceno Kocospacrr ce
ja-
ByBa MacvBg,1t Ir Bo
4e-rtw, .upexy
arxr{,qpr{ror, o4 xoi [ocrerreuo upenafa.
,(ocra
e racrryxaH
rr sApy3rarr uo4 nnrjanae Ea r4HTeH3fiBHr{re rexTolrcxlr
ABrlDr(ema.
flo 6oja e 6en
Ao
cl{BKacro-
-6en, perxo ce cpe(araar v caxapor{Aurr [aprfir,I
fzucor ce
janysa
Bo Br{A Ha rrposr,rpHtl, coBprueHo rrJroqecrr,t Kpr{cranu. Kaxo axqecopuv mra-
rrepaJrr4 Ha n{ficor ce
jaryna
camopoAeu cyJr$yp.
Xeuzckraor cocraB ro rroKaxcyBa cJreAlrr{or co4pxaj Ha oAAeJrrIu Kor[Io]reHTLI:
III II
'SiOz'
'
"
RaOa
CaO
Mgo
Sos
COz
KP.'HzO
flp4ryecz
0,41'
'
0,09
32,47
0,47
49,11
0,32
19,,46
1,28
0,08
42,46
0,01
ou:,
Y'
0,21
0r1o
27,55
44,20
,TO
I. Ana6acrep
-
Kocospactl
If. Iuuc
-
Kocoepacrz
III. fiznc
-
Koconpacrra
q0
Aianurzuap:,[,.' Taiera
Cr4pocm Ea nrrrcur,rrg Hacnafrr oA pa3ul,r aEropr{ e pa3fi4rrl,Iro
Tqer[par{a.
f
.
Dgn
res Ha 'r,rrr-
eor.,My
AaBa
rraJreo3or,rcxa c?apo.cr,
Q.
Kocrvrar
lrr
cmera 3a r-Igp]wcrr{ go
4onuo-tprajhcxn
co
qze
MrrcJreme ce cJrolr(yBaar B. PaAoranoeld*, P.
]Ia6pr.r*
u
J. Muxaj4onz(
JI- Ko6ep,rrncor
ro cmera aa rpzjacxz,
AoAeKa
I4. HecropoBcxfi ro cmera 3a
AoJrrro Ao
ropHorpujac<u. Co
Earrrrrrg uajnoar Mlrr(poflaneorrroJloruxr{ ficrltrf,yBarba'e
AoKa]KaEo .qa, uapvr,rrbara oA BapoB-
truqg nov ce saofaar Bo
qirrcor,
a r(olr ce:Aqnyruuo rlperBopelu Bo uzug,
fl-p lajra}aqo-[u[rt
naofa
SopmloA
cer{orrcKa crapocr, rpII ruro n4 orrpeAenyBa cJreAr-Irrre
Qoprur:
Globotr4l6pn4
tribar inat a, G lob otrtmcana l'ineiana, G lob olrunc ana sp, lr
.Ap
;
Co osa e
AoKalr(aEo Aexa
rrlrrrcor rracr:lutur uajnepofhrno nb"nar ua m.eracomarcxr.r lnameru{ na
KpeArrr,rre Bapo"n,rurrr(,,Ho r(ora e raa.meracomarosa r4BBpI[eEa Ilq e-iagxg. Cupema.roa rr craposra
Kr'E
qHPI,qr4rADAsr4
(pB)
Osrae creuz ce
janyaaat
Bo BI{A na .ne(u I{JrI,I Bo Br{A lra [oMaJIu macrr Bo KpeArrure lffiac-
Tr{qurr ceAr,rMeHTI,I- Ce xoscrotr.rparlu raj c. Ocoj Ia ceBepHo oa Epoiirzqa. ?Icro Caxa ce
ja-
Byplar Marrr Mac.r4 ng fapcxa r,r Mana pexa. I,Ictzre. ce fislr.rBaJre cr4rlrelrercKl.r sa Bpeue ua
cegl.rmeurarytiara
;r..a
ropEjll{peAlr,I-{re
$nuunu
EacJrilrrl,'Karco pesyrirar_ rr1. oBre rB.rrrssrbn,
ceA[MeHTHara ceprja sago6una 3eJreHI,IKaBa Hrrarrca, Irrro
Aturo
[oBoA
ga
noe4ianu rrcTpax(yBaqr{
lopauo oBlre ceAruellrrr
rIIj cFpcrar so
Auia6a3n.
.fluja6asrre
ce pqrxo cBe)rs4-14 rrpere]r(Eo ce pacflatrHarn. Hajuecro'ce clrfirospnecrr. IlaeEr
cocrojrcr ce rurilrrlor(nacti^ ayrv:T,
AoAeKa
om.tBl{Iror ce
janyna
[opet(o. Cuope4uo ce
janynaar
}larIIgrI4T, arlarrlrl u coeu. Cexyn,qaprrr{ ce cepn$,IT, KurrIr4T, xJroprrT, errr4AoT I{
peTKo
KBaprI.
Xemxcro,ror cocraB e
AaAeH
so ra6erara IIIll4.
TEPIIIIEP
Tepr1llepn:rre ce,ry.rMerrrrr ce flpercraBeuu co ropnoeoqertcrr ceflzrirermr (Ee), nlrroqeucnu
ceArrMerrrr{ (Flar) u repryrep*ll
*"J;ii"rrEH
(Ea)
Bo nenocpe4na 6rurazlra Ha ceno Pajvaun n Memuaqaur u f . z
,[.
Koconpacrr{, KoHcrarr,rpaur.r
ce cxBo-IIpHI,I ceAr{merlTl4, cocTaBeulI oA fJrrIHr$I, JraIIoprII4 II KOHHIOmepaTLt CO ne*U O,4 Upun
JraflopoBl,Irr{ BapoBur,rq[. Bo
osue ceAzmeurr{ ce cpe(anaar flperalrox(eHlr [apTI{r,I oA Hrr.rHrIIr
Il rIecorIHIrrE oA roprroxpeAuara
$rmurozqna
cepuja Bo Br.rA IIa [oroJremu ra rromaJrfi uopqzrba
r 6noxoBu.
,[ocra
ce na6parna n ficloxprfleuu. Ce Ao6r.rna
Bfietraror(
AeKa zcrl{Te ce
,,HaJre[egu"
nps
frnrurovtrtcv.e
ceAlrMeIITIa. Kouraxror co rrarrcor e
Aocra
uejaceu, Hauecra KaAe e oT-
Kpr{err ce sa6erexysa eAen renox 6pevoz,4eu cnoi cocraBerr oA rvrlc, ilrr.rurlu ,I rlecoqrlrlqz.
Konruomeparrrre ce cocraBeurr oA BilJryror{r,I Ha KBaprL BapoBurrqfi rr
,qpyn4
ceAr{meHTr.r oA
ropuol(peryIa
Qnuurozgua
cepuja.
Irllru+are II Jra[opqr,rre ce co
qpHa
6oja n ce
jaeynaar
3ae4rro co ocrarrrurr4rre Jrr{Tonorrrxr{
rrJre-
rroBl{ Ea oBr{e ceAr,rMerrrN. Bo raponurrqzre Korr ce
janynaar
Bo BIIA na rertu Bo oBlre ceAlr-
merlTrl e korlcTaTfipana nr.nxpo$ayna, xoja e oA cTpaua ra B. Koxarrcrfi-.[,esr.rAe olpe4eJrerra
KaKo ropuoeorleucxa. 04 .uoxarurocra Jlurua-Kpacra, olpe,qeneHrr ce cneAHrrre
Soprru,r
u
poAoBI,I: Nurnmulites sp., Discocyclina cf. discus, Discocycl'ina scalaris, Discocyclina sp.,
Asterocyclina sp., Ghborotalia sp., Fabiania sp., Aloeolina cf.
formasinii,
Di.siocyclina aff .
pratti;.Aloeolina
cf.
festica,
Alaeolina ellipsoidalis,-Lithothamnium sp. r4
Ap.
ilJrr.rorlEH (P12,3)
flnzorleucxilre.ceAl4ueIrrrr rra Jrrrrcror Klr.reno ce pasBr{euu so Kzqescrara Korfitua,
,[e6ap-
cxara KorJrr{Ha, Bo flzcxyururuucxlror 6aceu v 6acenor ua
,[,e6apqa
4l
Il.nnoqencxnre ceAr{Meurrr so Krqescxata KorJrI{Ea ce
ianynaar
Ea rI.B. o4 650
4o
800 m.,
no
fi,efiapcxara
xorrunra:Ea E.s. o4 700
lo
800 m., Bo flucxynurrrrrcxnor 6aceu u 6acenor
na
,4e6apqa
ce
iaaysaat
Ha Helrrro tIorJIeMa Ir.B. oA 800
go
950 m.
I(nqencxa KoTnrrEa. Bo Kuqescxara NorJrr{Ha IInr{oqerIcKI{Te ceArIMeIIrI{ ce.BOUraBrIo 3ac-
Taflertrr na o6o,Bruor
AeJr: AoAeKa
rlelrrplrJrul,Ior
AeJr
Ira KorJrl{rrara e rIoIq)[eH co KBaprepeE
Iragoc. flnnoqencrmo cJrarl(oBolgro esepo LIMilJro
Aocra
roJremo npocrparrcrBo Ir HeroBI{Te
Bogrr
ia
uorpr.rBure ,qoJrr{rlara
na Tpecxa romefo K}r.reso u Maxe4oncrrr EpoA, a IIa ceBep.
4-na6oxo
saBJreryBaJle no 3ajacxa pexa.
fl.rmoqencrurre ce,qrMeH?fi rpaEcrpecr.IBHo Jre)r(ar rIpeKy [afieo3oltcKlrre lrKpl{m{lr Ir Bo'
ryraBgo rr.r cpe*aname ro o6o,ryuror
Aen
lta Ku.rescxata ro'rrirga, rta [oApaqrleto nomefy
ceJrara Ocaomej,
'IlptorUn,
Konn6apz, Crparoururre,
lV
og c. I{,onapr.r, c. Sajac, IpeurUzqa,
"flnangfiI
z Tpalp.Unn,[,on, Paunawr, OcOi,
[pyroro,
Cp6jaUn, Klrrego r c. Jlasapqz.
,[,e-
$enranara
na ulroqencKr{re ce,ry{Merrrr4 Bo Kr.r.rescrata r(or&IEa
[ocalrra
u
go
250 an.
Bo'najropnnre,qeroBu Ea rrm4or{encKr{re ceAI.rMeEfI{, KorI ce
AocrarIHI{
sa naftryqyBare, KoIr-
crarupann ie
.raranu
rn fiecoqrr'Korr Bo uo,4na6orulte
AenoBI{
upeeafaar Bo cEBIit,
no
sJlerr-
Kacro-ct4BrI z xa$eiaeu r.truHoBrtT]r [ecoqu vt rJtfirllut, [ecoKJrrrBr.t rlrrluu I{ rrcorlpl: co rlpoc-
lo
jrr
o4 lraxaJrr{, Korl ce cla6o npsann. Vlcrure ce cmeuyBaar KaKo Beprl{Kiurno, TaKa I{ xopt4-
sorrrarrrlo. Marepujaror e
Aocra
,qo6po
o6pa6oren, Nexnacw$nqnpffi, a coAp)Kar I4
Aocra
KpyrErr Barryrorlr4 oA creHrrre r(or ce
gaofaar
Bo rreflocpeAlradttrctnla ua Ku.rescxara KorJrr.ura.
Bo uo,qga6oxrre
AeJroBr{
Ha ruu.roqeEcKr.rre ce,ry{rleurr{ e Koucrarrlpal{ n
iarren,
wia
4e6enlnra
BograBrro e He3HarHa, a peu(o rrsrlecyBa 5-12 m. 04 exouomcxa rlre4la rouKa vlrrepecur.r
ce nojaaure xai cero I. n
I.
CrperomNurre, c. I{preeqr r4 c. Ocromei
(na mlcrot Kpyurero).
C:apocr4 rla fiJrr.roqegcxr.rre ceArrllegrrr e oApeAeua oA crpalla na H. flarmzlt ra B. Hr,lxonz(,
KOr{ I{3BplrrrltJre [ureoIIToJroIrIKr{ IltcrI}ITyBarLa Ha ceAI,IMeIITLtTe oA
jarnenornor
6aseH Ea c.
Ocnoruej rr Bps ocIIoBa Ua UponajAenara Ma(po II tt{I{Kpo
Slopa:
Salix angusta' Alnus kefer-
steini, Alnus sp., Fegus aylaadon, Pterccarya denticulata, Caria sp. ycrarroBllJle
Aa
riulox(e-
rbgro Ea ceAui[eETr,rre
g
crBaparrero Ea
iarreEor
so Kr4.regcrTa KorJII4r{a cuafa Bo Bpeme
Ea cpeAerr rrJrtrorleu
(PIz), mefyroa [oropur,Ire
AenoBr4
flpercraBellr co llar*il{ I{ EecoIILt,
repojauro ce ropEorrJllroqellcKl4,4o KBaprepHrl.
fle6apcxa
r(ornrrua.
,{,e6apcrara
Koiurr.ura ce [porera uomefy BLIcoKlIre rpe6enn na Cto-
roso,
Aeutar
rr ceBepHrrre orparIIIII na
Ja6rarurqa,
xoja ua an6agcnara reputoprja ce [po-
trera
Ao
ffuurconeja, ceBqprro o4
,[e6ap. ,fle6apcxara
KornlilIa 3a Bpeme lra ropen rrJrlloqeu
r,r KBapTep e r{crroJrrlera co cJraTI(oBoArIo e3epo, Koe r{creKno no l{plur
I,pnm. ,[,e6apcxrot
6aceg xolr
jyror,rcrox
Korvtyur,rq[paJr co fllrcrc]murumcxuor 6acerr r.r Oxpu4cxara
4errpecr,ria.
flar,roqegcxr.rre ce,u,rmerrrrr no
,fle6apcxara
KorJrr.fiIa ce 3acrilnenll co [ecorll4 u c.na6o Bp3{lrrt4
trar(zur[, [operro ce
jaryraar
upocnojxu oA rrecoKJMBI4 rJrxril,I z co. nettr,r oA rlecoqr I4
qaxanl{,
co )xoJrreuaKaBo-rlpBerracra 6oja. Wsr,ine ce orrplleErr Bo
,4na6oKo
BceqeEI,ITe
AonuELI
Ea
o6o,qor ua
,[,e6apcrara
KorJu4rra. Perxo Bo rtecoqur4llltre ce sa6erexyra rpaAarlzolra cnoe-
Br4Tocr. Bo nenocpe4na flrmstzctta na
.(e6ap
eo
4na6oxo
Bceqerrlrre
troJrr.IHI,I
ce sa6elerxysa
xoco uacnojyBarre tra rlcr[re. frnzoqeEcxzTe ceAr{Mellrlt TpaECrpeczBIIo Jre)r(ar rlpelcy fliuleo-
gotlcxr.rre
lrrxprrmlr4 r.r rpujac<ure z KpeAru,Ire ceAlrMelrrlt. Bornasuo ce
xoptr3oHralluo rrac-
Jroelu{ (narmacreun),
Eo ce sa6enexyra n cna6o nopemeryBalse Ea ficrlrre co rIaAeH aroJr
o4 5
4o
l5o, xaKo [ocJregr{qa rla HemeKToEcKlIre
ABlDfierba.
flm,roqeucrurre ceAr,ilIelrrrr Bo
.[,e6apcxuor
6aceu so rroBprrurrcxltre
AenoBrr
ce pacnafaar Bo BLIA Ha rroBputr{rlcrl{ pacrpecllr
marepzja.n, r,rJril ce rroKp/r,relllr co rlpoJryBujamro-qelynnianna noxpraxa.
flecoqHuqzre ce cocraBeHr{ BoHraBEo oA 3prra rla KBaprI,
pox$raql4, BapoBHr.rIII4, rrIRpI,IJIrII4
!r
,qp.
KoI{ ce cra6o BpsaHI{ co rnI4HoBLIr IIeMeHT.
42
Kai ceno Eanarug r ceBepoaarrapro oA cero Eperuraul{ tsoor(puefl.Ire npo(!u4q ce.sa6eJle'
)r(yBa Aa
rugoqerrcKr{Te ceru.rmerrrr4, novuyraa} co 6aaanqu xoirrncinreparz, a
jyrosana,qrro
oA ceJro flporanerur<, so
,qna6oxo
BceireHrlre
iapym
ce r(oEcrarlilpaull cJroeBlr rra rJrltrIlr, KaKo
r{ Ea eAe[I [pocJloraK Ea JrrrtIErIT.
: . ..
,.
.
Mo*nocra 11a 11J17orle11c11l.rre
ceAr.rmerlrl,I oA
,[,e6apcrcton
6aaeu_og pa-1YE aBropI'I e pasJrrlrMro
Tperr{palra) }ro cexaKo cl[erame
Aa
ce ucrl4re
4e6errr
na4 250 M (?)'
3a crapocra Ea $epc1rrre ce4dmerrrr,r o4.fle6apuc,rot 6aceu rrema c[rypur4 rloAaroldrr, Eo cIIo-
peayralt.r rn co ce4rameurure oA flucrrymurlfirclo{or
6acerr, rou mefyce6no xoM,}'III{IMptl"ne,
iaxa
ga
Hr4Brllrre cqqr{melrr:{ mefyce6no ce I,rAeIrfl.ItIHr{, uainepoiarrro ce o,q cpeAlro
Ao
Foplro-
IlnuoqellcHa ,cTapocT.
llucryuururEcKu 6aces. Bo ffzcxymurzllcKEor
6acen rsMoqeEcKl{re ceAfiMerrrl'I ce KorI-
.rarupaun IIa Jrr{caor Kuveno, uo-mery ceJrara I. u
,4.
Jlyroro lr.Hepesu. ffpercraaeur'r ce co
CptBVI *t Te]|,IIIOCI(BII JIa[Opq]I, .MaCIII4 TeMHOCI{BLI Vl CkIB]I fiII.IHII,
,arneHOBIITIrI
rJI}ilI}I CO npOC-
,roir*
""
JrnrEIlIT
(2.-5 m), uecoqu,Iqu I,I
qaKa]ul.
Bo
,ruclleuejlllle"
qpreHLI rafiopqr
(6pauA-
ur,rsepu) ce orr(pleEr{ ocrpru(oArr Ko}r He ce oApeArll{rr.
!o
Jr{Nopqure Eirla orI'IcqE o,{ Jrlrci
to"ra napa.rerulla, xora I4
AeEecKa
pacrar Bo oBlre relleEl,I .klqara tblona e oApeAeIIa oA crpqEa
na E. KlrrarroB.
I. Japauoe
ja
osnauyra KaKo MJIaAo ruuoqelrcxa. flo nar tta rIaJrI{IroJrorrIKLt
uclpnyBarba
"ro""rr"^"o
jarnen
lI rJII{HI4 ce o[peAereEE,sa
AoJlrlollm'roqeHcl(I{
(?). Merytoa,
crroeBlrre uoropunor Aen
rta upo$unor Kor4 ce sacrarleEll co rtecoql{ u cla6o Bp3aIII4 KoHrJro:
Mepar[, aepoiarxo ce cpegrlo
Ao
ropHoru[oIIeHCKI4.
flruloqencrgme ceplyerrrr,I og lkcxynuru{rrcx[or
6aceu ce saSaterrn
"o
,r"or"xrorutca ,'r
[opemereEr4, rar(a
Aa
11a#Ir{or aroJr rra r{crr{re u3EecyBa 10-J0:. Mo*rrocm rta oBr'Ie cAI.t-
merlrrr rrcIrecyBa u
4o
200 m.
Eaceu
[e6apqa.
flnuoqeEcrs,rre ce4r,rmerrrr,I so 6acesor na
.(e6apqa
ce
iaayraar
[omery ce-
.rara Bp6jaru,l, fo4znje, ca1arono, Ap6moeo lr 3arragrro o,q c. I{s4ernarje.
Cocrasegra ce oA rrecoqrr
prrntr4rtr4
co rlpBeuxacra,
Ao
)r(onrocuna 6oia.
gaxarrrte
roz ce
ja-
ByBaar ro najroprrure AeJroBlr
[percrzlByBaar 3aBpurra repaca rla HeKorauEoro esepo, Koe
r{cregno no Carecxa pexa Bo Oxpz,qcxNor 6acen. flog xuacruqllllor cloi na ncoqr{ rr
qaKzulxt
Jre)r(ar cr,IBr{
Ao
)r(oJrTeHlIKaBLr tltyft5r^, KoI,I EaiAo6po ce oTr(pl{eHr{ xaf c. Ap&utoBo, KoII ce
Roprlcrar Bo rrrrAycrplliam sa ryJrw *t KepamrrAr4.
,[,e6enr,lrmra
Ha rrnuoqucxfire
ceAr'Iit{,eErlr
o4 6aceuor sa
,[e6apqa
E3HecyBa oxony 140 m.
Carypur flo4arorlg sa crapocra rra ce,ry,uueEurre oA 6aceuor rra
,[e6apqa
Ee nocroiarr IIo
.uopre4y"ai,fr, * ltcrllTe co ceAr,ImeETlrre og Kraueacxzor, ,[e6apcrcror
n Oxpu,qcxnor 6aceE,
rro ce u oBI{e ce+IMeIIrIr ce oA IIn[OqeHcKa
cTapocT.
TEPIII'IEPIII nroJlutu (7-)
Ha nexolry rvrecra rra Eyxonm ce
jasyraar
xo{Llrllr rl{rloBat, Kor[ rlo 6qia ce crrBlr
Ao
clrBo-
-pyMegrrgaBr.r.. Plmaar nop$rpcxa crpyrcrypa. Ocuosara r,rnn e
AeJrymrro
craKJlecra, AeJryMHo
r,r3rpaAeEa oA KBaprI. Keapqor r,r marr.roxracor
goafaat Bo Ir4{orropQnr xpucmn[ uJI]I KaKo
rcr1ogpruerg rrapq16r. II4.romop$urre
$enoxprcrarllr
oA rurarl{oxJlac ce Kopo,rylpIlult I{
r4crry1agr.L flo upcrnarare ce saBner$/Ba ocgoBrTa.
flnarroxnacl{re ce SorlapEi{. flo
pa6or
r.tga TeFIr(a soEa, roja e cBe)fia,
AoAeKa
ocralrarl,ror Aen
e KaoJII{IrI,I3Ltpan. flonexoralrr Bo
rrrrB ce cpeuryBaaT Bxno[eHlr
@parruenrx
oA cr,rrr{o3prrecr KBapII I4 ilrl&Ia, KoI{ rlorceryBaar
IIa aJreBponrur, aa@aterua co upo6ojot Ha prloJlllrllre.
Mo4arnruor cocraB Ha oBr{e crerrxt rroKa}r(yBa
AeKa
MuHepanure
ce 3acrarleHl,t: KBapII
-
50%;
Qen4cuar
-
Ao
20o/o; * ocEoBrra maca
-
ao
80o/o. Oq cr.nrc<arno-xemrrcxr{re
aH[uIIt3I{ ce
Hre,qa
AeKa
oBrre crerrr{ npuuafaar rra NaJrr.rcKara Marua, Jreyrocl{elrl4tr rpanl{Tcxara rpy[a II
Tr4rIOT Ha pa[aKr,rBr{ .Nrarma.
43
Xefircr${or cocrSB e
A?A9II
ao raderara I.
.
KBAPTEPHU HACJTATI{
Knaprepnure HacJIaM ce pac[pocrpaHerl{ rta
.qeJrrror
rnrcr kr,rqero rlr r4crlrre ce flpercraBeHlr
co: MopeEfi, 6rnroprr, IIpBerrHrIa, [porryBr{ym, flaArl]IcKrr 6peun,
AeJryBr{y.l{,
clmapfi, aaynriamrr
IIacJIarl4 r,I COBpeMeHa pOBKa rroBprrMHcKa [oKpt4BKa.
,
.
Mopelrcrorre Eacnarl,I ce xolrcrarrrpaurr Ea ruraurrnlara Eracrpa, Crororo,
,[eruar,
Kpsrr v
Pagy.r. I4arpageml ce o4 cla6o o6pa6oreu I,r Eecoprr.rpan rvrareplrjar, cocraBerr o4.flecoqr,r;
1JII4HL;,
cna6o o6pa6oreur{.Barryrorlrd, lraxaJrrr ra 6noxoBu co rorreur.rEa n
4o
15 m3. Marepr.r-
jaror
og roj ce cocraBeur{ mopeucrl4re ceAr4Meurr4 rrorex}IyBa oA crerlr,rre o,q naj6nucxara
oKoJrLuIa, xon 6prne sa$arerur co r{eKorar[Hnre rnaqnjaqrur.
Mopencxttre ceArlmernl{ rra rrJrarrr{Hara Pagyu ce Korrcrarr.rpauu
J3
o4 Mo4pNv, I(aAe ce nper-
sraBellllt co cna6o o6pa6orerrrlr, trecro r{uapaEE co rpe6trarunE Banyrorlfi ra 6noroev, Ilperexclo
oA BapoBlrrrq[, Ieaprplrrr, rrecoqulrqu n gu1a6asz. Mopencr<zor marepujaJr e rroceu.oA
J3
xon ClI.
Ha Croroso anopehcr<zrre rBopeBr.rrrrr.fi rraquia,Eurre uojarz ce cpe(anaat Ea uose(e mecra
I{ BaB3emaar
,qocra
rrrvporo rrpocrpaucrso.. Pacupocrpauer]I ce Bo ropnr4or
AeJr
na
Jaiucxa
u lapcra pera, ceBeprlo r{ r,rcrottrto o,q lolean Pug,,
JVI
o4 @ypxa, xaj F,xnonavxoro Eaunlo,
Ha rlaAuHara IIa Ea6urf Cpr, no r.rsBoparrrHrror
,qen
ua'fleco.raucxa per<a, jyrxno
oA cenara
Ocoj u Moropue, na Kenanrqa, r{crotruo r
jyxuo
o4 lapz r,r Ha
Apyfl4
Mecra. Oco6euo uur-
poxo [pocrpaucrBo r.ilr.r,aar Bo
.trsBopr{rrrHl{or
Aen
na lapcxa r.r
]ancxa
pexb, xa4e ce cpe(a-
Baar pa3Jrrlrrrnrr maqujaar*r
sopmz
KaKo rrrro ce: lvlopeHfi, rlt4pr(oBrt, 6eAeuu r
4p. [rpxo-
Bure ce oco6ego
4o6po
t43pa3eHrrr Ha camr.rre rpe6erna Bo Br{A rra crefieHlrua. Mareplrjanor
e cocraBerr oA crelrv, KoI,I ce iraofaar Bo Heflocpe4ua ol(onr.rua, xoj 6ur sa$aren co HeKo-
raI[Hr{Te rureqepfi. I,Ispaanro
,qo6po
orryBalru MopeHrr ce Koucrarupaur{ Ha [aror 3a Exaosaqxo
Eavnno, KaAe saBprlaBaar co qtrpx.
Ocrarorlr{ Ha rnaqujarura o6nuqz (BuCoKLt rlzpxonz)
ce
.cpertanaat.ua
na4r.urzre na Ea6un Cpr, a Bo r{3Bopt4uulrtor
,qen
ua fleco'ragcxa pexa ce
cpe(anaat ocrarolll4 oA Mopeulr. Kapaxrepi:crr.rquo e
Aa
ce o,q6erexrw
4a
ruaqujarrrrrror Mare-
pzjan e BorJraBEo Hocen oA
jyr
xon ceBep.,
Cnpema H. IlemajloB erapocra na maqrjaquzre Ha Croroso e repojarno Br,rpM,cxa, mefyroa,
no6nracxn ffilyprM noAarorllr 3a crapocra ua rnaqlrjaqzrare 6apeu Bacera ue nocrojar.
Ha Encrpa, maqrjannnre EacrrIrr{ ce KorlcrarlrpaHrr Ha
rlayuruqa, gypxoe
,(or,
Ione,qap-
ruax, Tpe6zun<a P1ma, flauunzqa z
Ap.
Mecra, KaAe noxpaj moperrrrre ce cpe*aeaar v
Apyrr
rnaqujanuz
@opmra,
KaKo rrrro ce qr{pxoBr4,
6e,qeiuz r
4p.
lnaqujalnr.ror marepnjan rl
n[ope-
IrI4Te Ha Eucrpa ce KapaKTepr{sr{paar co
Aocra
Kyc roK, roner\ir,Ll 6roxonu z rpy6 marepzjan.
Ha
,[eurat
z Kp.r n
(C3 oq c. Pocrlma), ce r{cro raxa Koucrarr,rpaur,r lr{opeurr r{ qrrproBlr, KaAe
uaqziamruor marepvjan e uocell rrcro raxa o4
J3
xou CI4, a cocraBerr e o4 cla6o o6pa6oreru4
6roxosr, BaJrJrroqr.r, irar(arrr{, rrecoqfi r.r
4p.
Mopenrme na Kpvzn (flenucuuuqa) nar<na4uo ce
pa3rleceHrr,
fiopaArl I,rHTeH3i,rBHa,qeHy4aqzja.
:
B?-lroP (i)
Europr ce Korlcrarvpauu xaj Europ
.(onenqr,
Ka,qe
AeJryM
npeeafaar rla Jrtcror Kpyrueeo,
uoroa xaj c. Jlynono, tvrauacrtapor Ce.
Joran
Ezropcxu, xaj Eamrarure, Kocorpaun<a 6arra,
Cnaruno, Pocoxz, Maaxoeq I4 Ha
Apyru
Mecra Bo BrrA Ha uomarn uojaaz. Eziopttre ce
ja:
BJBaar Bo BI4A rla nrotr[ co
4e6enzrta 4o.
10 m r.r o6n.rgo nara6r Bo rrpaBeq Ea rlaAor rra repeHor.
Ezropure, uo Haqr,Iuor Ira [ocrilrroxor
jlro]r{ar
ga
6u4ar rr3BopcKlr (naArrfi usropr) r repmaJrHr.r.
44
il
Ezropzte, uo 6oja ce cBeulo-xtorneEiaxanur: o6xdynaat co uyffrr4rrrr l,t o6u.r:ro BKnorryB4ar
rroman[ napuilrra rr oA
Apyrr
crerrr,r, Kar(o lt opraucxa mareprja.
I{anopcrcrre 6xropll ce oco6euo
Ae6enr
xaj c. Pocorua (20 rvr), ra4e ce
jaBynaar
Bo Br4A Ha
Tepaca,
AoAeKa
ocTaHanrlr1e mecroEaofanuilrra ce
jaaynaar
Ha rrLaro [pocTpaHcTBo Ilt co mUIa
4e6enrura.
Tepmamtz 6zropz ce Koucrarlrparrr xaj KocoBparrrxa 6arca z xai c. Eamurura, KaAe ce crBapa
aparoElrrcKrlr Tarror oA rorrJrr.Ire BoAr,r Bo BLr[, Ha rrpocTpaEr,I rrJrolrrlr, aps ee(e
Qopruzpannre
Te.pa.qt4:Ea
PaAI{Ra r.r EalLnuxa pera.
.Ce
janynar
KaKo relror rroxpfiBail Bo KapcrrllLre rrpeAefi{,
AeBoucxr{re Mepmepu r rprjacru,rre
BapoBrrr{ur{, KaAg fl{ I,Ic[offryBaar rprauNre.
TT,pBe.Hr,rqa
e Koucrarr{paEa ceBepgo oA ycrr4ero
rta Cene.rxa per(a Bo llpttu
Apur*,
ua Cyro flone (Ezcrpa) u ua
Apynr
nrecra Bo BapoBulrrrxrlrre
rI MepMepElITe MaCIIBLI Ha BpTaquTe.
nPonyBrryM
(pr)
flponyrzja.lrrtrtre HacJrirfl4 be zcro raxa
Aocra
paclpocrptmerr4 rra qeruror
nracr Kr,r.reso. I,Icrnre
ce
janayraat
ro uepr$eplrzre
AenoBz
Ha Kz.rescrara I{
,[e6apcxara
xornrzrta z 6aceuor ua
,(e6apqa.
flperctaneur.r ce co rpy6oxJracrl4qell marepraja,r, nexraczQzqraparrr4 ce-u cna6o
d6pa6oterua, cocraBellu ce oA )KonreIIHKaBo-rIpBerIr.rKaEV rrecoxrrllBE rJrltHr,r,
qaKurr4,
fiapqmLa
rt 6noxos[ oA roapq, Irrxpvnrlrz, BapoBru{qrl }r
Apyr%
creHu oA KoLI ce r.rarpa4Hlt oroJtrlrrre
rra4ldwr.
Bo
,[e6apcxata
lr Kr-r.rescxara KorJrlrHa mareprjaror e o6pa6oreu rr rro.ueurag co rnurroBt4la
cyflcrarlqa, co Kapaxrqpl,rcrrrqlra x(onreEur(aBo-rlpBeur,rxaaa 6oja. flporrysuja.urure EacJrlrrlr
ce KoEcrarr{pauz xaj c, Konapr r1 fipercraBellr/t ce co cna6o o6pa6orerf marepnjan, cocraBeH
rpere)rcro oA rlapqwtra rra Meprfi,epu. Ha nnaruntara Croroso (@pxa)
ce xonctarrrpanz qpony:
nzja.ir:rx IracJrarrr, Bo BrrA Ira Harrocun rtouycrrt, r{percraBe}rr{ co rpy6 rvrarepnjal (6loronn
u
uaKanu IloMelrraHil co cymzru,r). flponynnjanHr.r EacJrarr4 ce rroroa Korrcrarl4ptHrl xaj c. Mar-
poBo, rro Mana pexa r lapcxa pexa, a cocraBeur,r ce o4 cra6o o6pa6oren anarepr,rja.n, cEeceE
og oxorutr,rre rraAl{rryI. flpo.nyeujaruure Eacnam so
.fl,e6apcxnor
6acen il{ rrorprrBaar rurlro-
qeECI{.Ire
ce,qum.eurz,
.KaKo
r{ [ocraprrrre KpeAIIrr ceAr{rvr.elrrrr. flporryrzjarnruor marepzja-n na*
r[ecra ce
ianyra
Bo Bt4A Ha pacrpecr4r mareprajal, a HaMecra eo cra6o cBpsaur4 rraprr{rr, KaAe
BpslrBoro er.oA rJu4uoBlrror. perxo
xap6onarno rrorexno. flponysujamu
EacJrarr.r ce cperta-
Baar no JIeBara crpaua Ea ffoueecxa pexa; no Tpecxa Lr
W.,
KaAe ce cperrryBaar Bo Br{A rra
KoHycI{, a LlgrpaAeEz ce oA [ecoqvt, uarcatw r.r noitlaJrlt 6noxosz.
'
:
HCKI4 EpEril,I (d)
Ce pasanerua Bo [oIII{cKIltre
AenoBr,I
Ha rlaAr.tHrlrre, tto,q BapoBuuqHI4Te I,r M,epmeplrfire i]IacI{Br4
naj c. Ianzvur.rx, Pocorca, Ha Ey(oBr,rK u
Ap.
rrecra, tta Eucrpa, Croroao, KpullH,
,[,eurar
n
Pa4yu. Kaj c. CBr4rururre, dpeuure ce cocraBeHll oA arnecrrr rraptrrrrrra rra BapoBlruqrr u Mep-
MepI{, qeme}Irr4paEr,r
co xap6onareu rIeMerIT.
,[,e6enrznara
Ha [aAr.rrrcKure 6peun l.I3lrecyBa
Ao
l0 rvr.
!
I[EnvB]IvM
(d)
fienynr,rjarrrror
rrtaiepnjan e cocraBelr o,q rmanorrar luarepzjan, [ome[rarl co
gpg6una
o4
pa3IIoBI,IAeu m,ateprjar. Tepenot floKpfierl co
,qorysnjaren
marepvjal, o6r.rnyaa co 6yjna
nereraquja.
Ae6errzrra
ua
4eryrzja.mu,rre Hacnarr{ rr3rrecyBa 5-10 merpa
Bo coctaeot ua
,qerryrzjaruu.Ire
rracJrarr{, BneryBaar u lracJraflirre oA KapcreE
Aerprrryc,
gac-
rarreulr Ea rrnarlrlrrara Ezcrpa (Torul Bo,qa, Cyro lrone, Jlasapono.ne, Ko6nm.ru
,[,o.r,
jylxuo
45
oA TpI{ fpo6a, flaururu,rqa, xaj c.
.[yurery6nrla,
Bo peo]Ior sa Xescxa unaruani u K.renoruqa).
Oroj marepujax e l.I3rpa4err oA xp[yceE uarepujar, rromerulu co uryr n
,qpo6una,
cEeceurr
oA oKoJIHrIre rIaAIrElr. Kapcrruror
Aerpzryc
BoruraBHo flr sa[oJrrlyBa
AHa-Ta
Ha uocroe(rre
Bpratl[ Bo BapoBHl{rure.
,(e6eruuara
rta oBr4e rlacnam r43HecyBa Etarllecra rr [pexy 10 uerpa.
.(eryar,rfamrz
EacJrarr4 ce ocodeno sacrafierrr4 ro rrpro6aru*ror
Aen
na
,{e6apcxnor
6aceg,
cocTaBeII oA uaplllIrba u
,qpo6rua,
cEeceEa oA oKom{r'Ire rIaAI{rII4 I,I flo.ilIelu{ula co flrlrmoBr{Ta
ruarepzja.
cuIIAplI (ss)
CocmseEu ce BorJraBHo Bo [olgro]rs{ero rra BapoBrrr,Irrxr.rre.Macr4Br{ rra 6ucrpa, Crororo,
,[,eurar-
Jloxoscrg4 PN4 u rra Mrrory
ApyM
meqm. Coctasertx ce o4 neo6pa6oreun affrecrr4 11aprry1*u
u 6noxon[, Irtmecra cla6o qemerrurparrrr
co xap6onareu rlemerrr. floro.nemu no.iaau rta cr,r[ap[
ce xollc'rarl,IpaHlr Ea Ctoroso, ceBeprto o4 lonem Pu,q, na
t{ayunaqa,
Vrxr.rnnqa, ceBqprro oA
Kaueru, fenapr.qa, rrtcroqrrlo o,q c. Horax, ua Kouauzx, xaj c. Memtr.ragr,r rI
Apyrfi^Mecra,
Bo lloAllox{uero Ha BapoBHI.IqKIITe }racI{BrI. Kaj c. fapn, uo rloArlo)rfl4eTo }Ia BapoBrlnqKr{Te
maclrBrr ce
jaryra ocyJII,IHcKIr nnatepujan co
4e6eruura
go
50 rvrerpa, xoi ce crBapa t
AerlecKa,
oco6eno Bo 3r{McxrroT rlepfio,q. Cvuapcnnor.marqrr,rjan Bo fioAoJrurlre
AenoBlr
cna6o e cBpsztrl
co xap6onareu
qererrr.
fla4 ncru marepzjar e Koucrarr.rpau rro
Aonurrara
IIa lapcxa pexa
tt so 6tmsrrla na JlasaporloJre, I4cro raxo Bo [oArro]fl{ero rla BapoBrrr,Iwolle tlacr{Br,t.
fforoaeiull cuflapra ce Kolrcrarlrpallrr rla rlnaEmra Encrpa, oco6euo oA neBara crpaua ua Pa4nxa,
o,q ycrl{ero na Xrporul4qxa peKa IIa ce
Ao
Eorurcos Mocr (ycruero
ua Mana peKa Bo Pagzxa).
Ha Kpurx rrcro raKa ce KoIIcrar4paELI clrrlapu Bo rloAEolrs4ero Ea ropEoxpe4rr,ITe BapoBrrnrlr4.
AnyBfivrvr (al)
04 xraptepEl{Te ce#tlleEru an}rBl{jaruuare EacJran4 ce uajnoserte sacraue}ua r{ Toa no peq-
IIr4Te
IoJMHI,I
rI Bo KoTJr!ilILlTe. Hcrr,rre ce MoIrrHe pas6raerut so Krr.rescxara xornzEa,
.(e-
6apcram xorrrrra, 6acenor na,[,e6apqa, rro.qonrrrrara na If,prur
Ipvru,
Pa,ry,rxa, ronerua pexa,
Eauulura, Cml.r.nencxa, Jleunanuapcxa pexa, Tajmnunca pexa, Ipeurulqa u Eprx4aucra pe1a
z uo
AonnrmTe
Ha HI'IBIIITe IIpLITOKI{.
Anyanjarnrrre HacJrarlt, Kor rLI rc[oJflryBaar Koplrrara Ha pex[re
v flororlzTe, KaKo u peq-
rlzre repacfi ce [percraBerlu co rpy6oxnacrr.ruen ru.arepujaJr, cocraBeu oA rrecoxn]rBr{ 1'1rvrrr4,
EecorII4,
qaKam{
lr o6ayrorga oA pasllrr crelrrl, KoI{ ce coBpureEo o6pa6oreuz u co pa3Jrr{rrr,rra
.qumeuarja.
Arrysvjanuzre HacJram, KoIr ce 3acrarreull so Kruescxara u,(e6apcgara Kor&rga,
Aocra
ce
4e6enz,
Iuro e ycruroBerro co crpyKTypEr.rTe
AyIIqeILa,
r,r3BprrreH[ Bo [opaHerrrHr4Te
roAr.rru,I rr ycrarroBerla e
ge6elmta
ua anyarajanur.ror Harloc o4 3G-50 rvlErpa. Mmreparurara
acoqzjaqrja n
Qopmara
rra spuara, yxar(yBaar
AeKa
r43BopHrror m,areprjan-aa cos4arare rra
oBI,Ie ceAI{.n{,eETr,[, rlorexEyBa oA oxoffu4Te rraAr.rur.r.
,(e6enrurara
Ea anyBr.rymor Bo peqllrrre
Aoru.tur.r
e 5-10 rerpa.
Arynujamure ceAfiMerrrz no Kr4.rescrara KorffrHa ce cocraBeurr oA rrecors{,
qagurr4
14 11e-
coKnIrBI4 ffII4HtI, KOI4 Jrex(aT IIaA rrn[orleHcKr,rre ceAr4rr,eEr]I rr
AocTa
rrDrpoKo ce pac[poclpa-
IICTI,I.
POBKA IOBPIIIT4HCKA IIOKPI4BKA
Bo
,[e6apcxzot
6aceg Bp3 rrnI4oIIeHcKI{re ceAr{Merrrr4 ce cpe(ana rIpBerIr,rKaB [ecrgrrrBo-$rzrro-
BI4T r{arepl{jan, xaxo rloKpr{Bra Ea rrJrrlroqeEcKr4Te ceArrMeurz.
,{e6en!{rlara
rra oBa rIoKpr{BKa
,r3lrecyBa or(oJry 5 m,. I,Icrurot mareplrjar ce cpe*ara !r rra
Apyrr4
norJrrrocrtl, rlo oA Jrorneu
e suauaj, xoj ce crBapa co mexattuqxo pacnafarre lla rrocraplrre cepilr,errm.
46
TEKTOHl4KA
Tepnropzjara rra Jrlrcror Kfi.reso nprau#a Ha
ABe
Kpymm crpyrTypru erulrMqrr: 3aua,qro-
-iraxe[orcr(a sorra (A) u
,4e6apcxa
aoua (Kpacra-I]yxaan
e-olra1-(S).
3auapro-maxe4olrclra sorla Bcyuuocr ro npErcraByBa BrrarperrrHr{or
,(rurapcrur
nojac, xoj
3{l pu}Jll-rKa o;q,{e6apcxara soHa ce oArIt{KyBa co Iqpymru crpyKTypH}r
ooprrru
I,I l,Ilcrerl3raBrrrr rrlrrlr-
KarrlBllr.r o6ruu+.1 (uarrarr.r, Jryumrl I{
Ap.).
,[e6apcxara
soua ce oArrr{I(yBa co crlrrrrlr rrJr}rxar}rBurr crpyxTypu n pa4r.rianna rexTorfirxa.
flporeramero Ha capyxTyprrre Bo 3anagno-ruaxeAoucxara sorra e CS--JI,I
go
CC3-lp,
{oAeKa ,[e6apcxata
3orra ce flporera o4
iyrosaua4
Korr ceBepotrcrox, urro srratrr{
4exa
.rexn
Ilorrperqy oA crpyxlypl{re Ha 3auagno-maxeAorrcKara soua. O,q rexroucxara rapra na HP
Al6aruria ce ureAa
AeKa
ceBepuo o4 En6acan oA soaara Kpacra-I{yxaJrr{ ce rae4rojyna uorpe-
qeE
poB Bo ceBqlor{crorr}Ia Eacoxa, xoj rr.r ceqe crpyKrypr{re oA sorlara
,rMup;p.rra",
a rta
sautara rqruropnia, c"rpyxrypure og 3anagna Maxe4ornja
Texroncrgror paaroi rla Teperlor e rIoBp3aH sa
ABe
rcpymu,I oporerleglr: xepqurrcxara rr u[rrrrc-
xara. Co xepruficl(ara oporelre3a rroJreo3orircrerre ce4vrmeurn 6zne perroEarrrro meramopQu-
3lrpaEr{ u ua6panu ro 6nam crrHKrrr{rramrr,I r,l arlmxmlrraurll crpyKryp]I.
Afirrrcl(ara oporeue3a yfioBl{ra cnnerl
ArrEauouerauopSr.Iaam,
r.IHreE3rlBHo na6rparce Ha re-
perror
r.r ro uajroreu
4er
npepa6cryBa*e Ha xeprrrrcx)Lre crpyr(rypu.
Bo noxacrrrre
$au
rra EUIrMcKara oporerre3a xon xpajor Ha
AoJrerI
r{nr4 rloqeroxor Ira cpeAerr
rru.roqen rripenor 6rn saSateu co illorrrue rrrrrerl3r.rBrra pa4ujamra rexrorrr{Ka, co xoja ce
Qop-
MrrpeEI{ nose(e rexToucxrr rpa6errr.
ffaneoso[crolre memruopilur.I creuu ce lnlTeu3r{Bno na6panu so 6narfi cr{HKnErIanH}I rr arllrl-
x;ritranrul crpyxrypfi. Clnllcmurarnrre ce rroxpymlrr,
,4o6po
r,rgpa3erlrt, rramecra co 6paxr-
Sopmeuxaparrep, AoAeKa
arirrrrmnrarrrre ce rocna6o r{3pa3err?I, Tecrlrr rr orBopeErr crpyxT}pr.t.
3a crapocra rra crpyrrypl4re Eeuo)r(e co.c[rypuocr
Aa
ce s6opyra, Kor{ ce xepqerrcrr4, a Kor{
,uur}Icls.r. 3emajfti
ja
ro rrpe4su4 opuerrraqnjara rra aJrrmcxr{re crpyrry?r4 Bo rpzjacxure
ce{r.rmeErr,r, xoia znna [paBerl C-J, o4rocrro C3.-JH lI oprreEraqrjara na cq)ytr]?rrre Bo
larreoSo[c(EoT KomllrleKc, xoia rrvra rfajpasru4qrll,I rpaBrlrl, ce c]vr,eTa
AeI(a
xeprlr4HcKr,rTe
crpyrTyplr ao nareosoficrurre rrrxprrmg,r 6rue go6po rrgpaseHrr, rro co :urrulcroro na6rrpame
ro uajronem qer rrpepa6orelm. Bepojauro clpyrryprrre co rlpaBeq 3-Vl u Ckl-I3 ce xep-
IU,IHCKI,I.
Cercpr4apnoro na6zparre co Koe ce sa$arenu crenlrre. oA flureosor{cKrrror n rpriacxr.ror Kot{-
ruIeKC e rfi(reg3l,IBlro I43pagelro. Jlsnear[r.rte fi r{,urrrre rfa6opn co caoiara opuerfmqfja rE Ko-
rlr4paaT [oroJrei[rrre cTpyKTypt4.
-
SArrAmro-MArG[oHcr(a SoIrA (a)
florpyrnu.r crp)'r(rypll Bo rpaur{rs,rre na 3auar{qo-Mar(e4oucxara sorta ce: 6paruromx.rurra.nara
Er'rcrpa (1),
Tajmnun<ara aurrl$rillana (2), Eyxosr.r.rrara clruxnrlrram (3),
Eprx4arrcxara
47
arrrzxff{Hrura
(5), flpeceqxara crrurtnlruana (10), Bp6iancxara arrrrll(m.firana (11), Cnanei-
cr(ara cfirlgrtilrraJra
(12), flecouaucr(ara cI{HK[{HuIa (13), CroroBcxara cNuxalnrana
(14),
KapaoprvrancKara
cr{Hxru4uiura
(15), I-{pnoapumcKara aIrrLrKrII{Eana (16), Ianr,r.rxata IraBnaxa
(18), eroroBcKara HaBrIaKa (19), Mo4pIaql{Ltor pacep, (24), 3asourxuor paceg (25), KNuqs-
ixror rpa6en
(a), rpa6enor
.4e6apqa
(a') r flzccyrrrrrurrcKlitor rpa6eu (a").
Epaxracrnxlt&rarrara
Eucrpa
(1)
-
e uajxpyrrra crpyxryprla eALIHxrIa rla Jrr.Icror Kuuero, taxa
4i
aa$a*a eqr{a rperr.ffia oA r.rcrrror, r,raKo e oBAe sacraflerl cauo uejsuunot
jyrxur gel. I4arpa-
.4erla
e oA cregr.I rou npuuafaar IIa xam6prym, op4oBl,Iryrym, AeBoII ra tpNiac. Toa e Kpy[Ea
6paxz$opmna
crpyxrypa, Bo
qr{r.r
Kpuna ce sa6erexyBaar cexylrAapnn na6opz, oxoJr}t c. Mae-
poao, I{apena
geruma,
ficroquo o,q Jlasapouone lt rta Apan Kyla, KaKo Lt Jryr[m,ITe Euctpa
r,r EpsoeU
(20 u 2l) rro Kolr
AeBoucxr4re
creurr ce uajasttarn rps rpvjac, xap6uym-opAoBt4rlt4-
vcg4lrre
Bp3 AeBoH;
KaKo lr mnory6poinrr paceArr Kor.I oBaa crpyxrypa
ja
pacnapuane Bo o.4-
,q"r*,
6noxoe[. Og uocne,ryruse oco6ego e Ba]KeH Ocojcuor paceA (23) xoj ro o4rojyra
xar.6pnym-opAoBl4ril{ymcxIror
KoMrIneKc oA
AeBorr.
Osaa d.rgxruHaJra rra rrcrox npemirrryra ro Tajmuruxaia antnrurzuana
(2)
xoja BpBI,r [o
AoJrH-
rlara rra Tajmltuxa
pexa. Hejaznoro
jyrosanaAHo
HpI,tJIo e il3rpaAeuo oA creHlt np'xaru6pnyru
r,r opgoBr{qfiyM
r.{
AeBoH.
Bo
jyxcuor
AeJ]
oBaa crpyxrypa LIMa rrpaBell Ha
qporerarbe cxopo
C-J, a uoroa cBpryBa xoE ceBeposartaqr 6naro rose Bo raa Hacoxa (32611).
Cenepozcroqgo
oBaa crpyxTypa rpemr4lryBa no Eyxorr.rvxara
cfirlrsulna11a (3),
Eqja
no uaj-
roneM
AeJr
e r4sfpa4erla oA creHr/r Ha_AeBorI, a [oxriurKy oA-creHlrre
Tl
K4M6pI,Iym u opAoBr,Iq]rym.
Oraa crpy;trypa iro ce rma 6paxzo$opmen
p6nux, ro sa$arta_qeq EyxdsEK, a r-r4 rralrrlaor Jrzcr
e 3acraleg nejaznuor
jyxer gen.
Czcremor rra pace4z ao uejarzut4or r{croqen
Aen ia
I4crrpe-
cexoJr Ha uose(e 6loxonr, Kov HeHopma.nuo crojat eAeH I{oH
Apyr.
Jyxaro
oA Kl,rrreBo na xpajrurre cerepnr4 [aAr{Er{ sa kllarmtcxa ruraHurra nerxz Bpxt4alrcxara
agrrr4nrrruana (5), uue ilcrorrno KprrJro e u3rpaAelro ucxJryrrl{Bo oA
AeBorrcxrr
crerrl4,
AoAgr(a
BO 3aUaATIOTO r(pr.rJro noxpai
AeBoHor
yqecTByEa rpaidc, KaKo Lt pl4onlrrl4 u
4uia6asn.
Ha
xplrnara Ha oBaa artrraxnlutana ce pa3Br4ellr nose(e ce$rlrAapril4 crpyK.rypt4. Taxa Bo
IIqjsrI-
Iloro r{crorruo Kpr{no ce sa6ene>xyra Crapuuucxara clr}Ixrrr{Hana
(6) u ffpocrparrcxara aurr.r-
NJrrrrrana
(7), a ro ceBepor{crorrurror
Aen
xouclrarlrpaua e Kap6ynnqxara currxrumara (4).
Ha sana,4noro KpLrJro ce
.ea6ere)fiyBadr
uore(e cexyrr,qaprrlr- crpyrTyprz oA Kot4 'nojac:ro ce
ucraKrlyBaar Mparrropcxara
czllKrrr{rlana (8) u C:rarratcrara aHrLtr$rrrHana (9). Oclanatzte
crpyxrypr4 ce scrpeceqellfi co uoee(e paceAu co xoq ce ge$opur,rpault,.raxa,qa.ce sa6ere-
lr(yBaar cErMo rloeAr.rEevuu
sparmerlrrr.
ocKara na Eprx4ancKara arITr(KJ[4rIaJra co llpoTefarbe
C-J, 6raro rone NoIr ceBep
Q5517).
flpeceuxara cr{HKJ}r,rHaJra (10) moxe
Aa
ce flparz oA ceJro Os,qonenu npery flpecexa ll ceJlo
flouoeq Korr ceJro Kleuoeq. I4srpagena e og xaan6plrym,-opAoBr.rqgymcrli r rpniacrcra crerur
u rtelrro ManKy o,q
4raja6asn.
Ocxara r{ e xoprrsouranrla co roa rrrro ro
jyn<nuor
AgJr
I{Ma
CC3-JJI4 rrpaBell a Bo ceBepul,Ior
AeJI
cBpryBa Ko]I ceBepoilcrox.
Ilapalonlo co oBaa crpyxrypa e Bp6jarrcxara cr4uxrrr4nana (11), xoja e LI3rpaAeHa o4 xam6-
p[y]r-opAoBr,Irlrrymcxr,r u rpujacxu crerur. flpo4o.mxemae Ea oBaa aurrIxJrl{rraJra .Mo)Ke
,4a
ce
rrparr4 ceBepuo o4 c. Exnoreq. flpeg rlaBJrexyBarrero oBaa,crpyxrypa [percraByBaJla eAHa
rleJrrrEa, IIo rro IIaBJTeK)rBarLero raa e qpe$rcIara rr Bo
,'yrxlrzor Aen
e fio.DlepeHa 3a oxoay 1.000
ilerpr{ Bo ceBqpor4crorrrla Hacoxa. Ocxara rra oBaa crpyrrypa 6naro rone xon cenep (0/5).
Bp6jaucxara EurraxnurraJra (ll) [peur{rryBa ro Craeejcr(ara cvurtlrIaEana (12), xoja ro sa-
$prta
peonor ua.Cnarej fl-raluaa. ll3rpaAeua e oI creHv og xaru6puym, opAoBLIqryM u rpujac.
flomefy [ocne,qHzBe
ABe
crpyxTypr ce sa6ere]r{yBaar
@parruentz
oA
ABe
crpyxrypz I,I roa
oA eArla aErr{Krrzuana oxoJry c. Jlaxrzme fi eAEa cr4r{Kmrurlra na PaxN,qa r{ Bo
AoJu4lrara
rra
,cn.
3. rrper.ueArra rer.,oHcrr,
TB;?.##ffi:H[tIii";?il1X*:.ri#:t:
map or the sheet Kidevo. 06-
48
s
I
I
6.
c'
I
A
-.3irua$ro-r[ar(eAorrqxa
soqa: 1. Epaxrczux;ryrna:ra 6ucrpa, 2.
ltaimetun<a arrrrrxlrrauaJraj 3. EyrollrqKa
cr4HKJrrIE:ura, 4. Kap6ynzw-a_crrEr{Jrr4rraJra, 5. Bpxq4ancra aEr}tKJlzEaJra, 6. Crapuraaoca cznx.nr,rnaaa, 7. flpo-
f,pgcry
:IFm{Km{HaJra, 8. Mparuopcrca cr,rur(Jr4raJra, 9. C.naruncxa anrzx.nranana, I0. flpecevxa c[rrxJrrrHa]ra,
ll'. BpSiancxa au?Iff{aalraJra, 12. Cnaaejcma
pr.rrrmrrltEaJra,:13.
[Iqco'ranc(a iuff]rrnr4r{at^:, 1.4, Croroacna cug-
lilulaJra,
15. KapaopuancKa cturillt4rrara. 16.
UpnoApr4-ucma
ar{rrrxrrntasa, lT.
gepuerravxa
cragr{rr4rrara,
l8.Ialul'nca HaBJrar{a, 19._Croroncra rraBrrar{aj 20, Jlyruui Br,rcrpar 21. Jlyruaa Eirsoserir.22,,JJyr4oacrci'ayruna,
23. ocojcrc.r paceg,24.,Mo4prrqril pace4,_25. 3aaourxrz paceA, (1).- Kr,r.reecxn rpa6en, (ar)
-
rpa6eii
lei
6apqa, (a")
-
flacxlanrrnurc{r.r rpa6er,
.E
-.{e6apcxa
aora, 26- )Kyuckr.r paceA,
Zi. Koconpauta.r
ir"""a,.28.
Pocr5,trrxu paceg,29. Earra.nu pacel, (6)
-
.(e6apcxr rpa6en.
A
-
\[estern-Macedonian zone: 1. Brachisyrlcline of Bistra, 2. Anticline of Taimiite, 3. Syttclhe of Bukovik,
4. S1'ncline of
llarbunice,
5. Anticliie of BrZdan, 6-._Syncline of Stardin, 7. Aniiclirie-of Piostran, s. Svpctine
of Mramor,9. Anticline of Slatina, 10. Syncline of Preseka, 11. Anticline of Vrbjane, 12. Syncline of Shvej,
13. Anticline of Pesoiane, 14 Syocline,
9f
Stogovo, 15- Syncline of
llaraorman, te. i\nticline of Crni Drim,
17. Syncline of eernenice, 18.
\lappe
qf
Gauite, i-s. N"p,p. or Stog6vo; zo. tr,*rt
"r-ni.ir",l1.
iirurt of
Brzorec,.22. Thrust.oJLlkovo,.23.-Faultof Osoje 24.Faiitof Modrid,25. Fault of Zaroge,(rlC.aU." oit<i-
devo, (a')
Graberl od Debrac,
(a")
Graben of Piskup$tina. E
-
Zone'of Debar, 2,6. Fautt.6f-Zripa, 27, Fauli of
'
.
"Kosovrasti,.28._Fault.of Rostu5a, 29. Eautt of Banii5te,
(6)
-
Grabea of Debar.'
A
-
3osa sauaprofi MareAorr,rr: 1. Epaxncrarrxnnnanr Blrctprtr2. Atlrututuna.nr Tafinnraurra, 3_ Byxoar,rwiia
czrxrr[raJrb, 4. Kap6ynra.n<a g-4nftJrarran65
5.-Epxqanc$a-B alrrzKnrrEanE, 6.
CrapwEcHa.e ims(Jlrllurc,'7.
flpocrpancrcaa agTlrnrrlrrrarE, 8: Mpamopcra.a &r*orrznanr, 9: Cnarlrncr<ag ,r**licrrrnra"", io. iipta""r"
crIrtrornHaJrE, 11. Bp6fircKa arrutxrrr{H:lJrB, 12. C.rraeeucxa cn:gr<tttriatte, 13. flecovarcraa irrraH:rzxa:ia, 14.
Clorogcl(0E crtnXJrrruaJra, 15. Kapaopa,ra4cr(arr cuarg'rr.ruam 16. I{pno4pralcK:ul apTr{r(JlrlutaJrr, 17.
gepnenr.rqxax
9r'rnxnunanr,
18. Ianu.*<zu nagbrr, 19. Croroecxafi r{a4ear, 20.
getryii
Eucrprr, 2l Veruyft'Epsoseqa,
22-. Jlyxoscxnfr ueu4ifr, 2-3;?astou Ocoja, 24. Pasroru:Mogprava,.25. .Paslou 3iauore,
Cd
fpaee11 Xq.ieeii
(a) rpaQem
[e6ap4a,
(a'i) flucxyuurtr,rnc4r.rit rpa6err, E
-
Sona-.46pa,26. )Kf'ncNr,tfi'paerir,r, lZ. Xo"o-
npaurxr.rfi pa3rro,Dr,
28. Pocry[Ircafi pasnonn,.29, Eaagynrfi pa3rroM, (6),rpa6en
,[.0p".
0
peKa BaJbaiqa. Arrrr.rKrrrEtarrara e
AeooprwrcaHa
co paceAl4re rro xolr e crryrlrrelr
Ipa6error
r{a
Ae6apqa
r.r co rrexoJtrqy
,qp'ym
rromarrIl paceAr. Crurxrursanata e
4e$opmupaua
r{cro raKa
oA ropec[omelrafl.rre
paceArr, a co faru.ntara lraBnana (18) e u [peceqeEa r{a
ABa
AeJra,
TaKa
Aa AeHec
r{3ffreAaar r(aKo oMenHII crpyftrypE.
Karo rprpo,Ero npoAoJrlxeExre Ea cr4u(rrr,rnanata Cnasei
(2) e flecoqaucxara aururrll{rrara
(13) xoja BpBlr rro flecoqaEcxa pexa rr e rmrpaAerra [perexuo oA creuu na xam6pNyrrn E opAo-
Br{ryqnr,
AoAeKa
rpnjac e sacra[eu cauo co
Spar,ueEru.
Ocxara ]I e c(opJ xopitscHranlla,
oAEocEo 6raro rose so CC3 Eacoxa uoA arorr o4 3" (345/3).
Ha nnanunara Croroso r Prxagcrcra Pn,q paanzeua e Crorosc(ara cllrrrrl4Eana (14) ro unja
rp4A6a uoxpaj rau,6pNyrn, opAoBr4r{nym x rptrjac yqecrByBaar u
4uia6azd.
Hejsrarroro upore-
rarbe Korr ceBep e uperruraio co fanrqxara HaBnaKa
(18), a xon
jyr
co 3auouruor paceA
(25) xoj ronpeKo
ja
ceue.
Kapaopiuancxara clrrrKlrrrgana
(15)
Noja urua cJrttqua rpa46a HaNo Lt [perxo,4uara n npno6Nuto
[percraByBane eAEa crpyruypa, co 3auouxuor paceA (25), uoupeuuo e upeceqeEa I{ oABo-
ega rra
ABa Aena.
flo osoj pace,q ce ureAa r{ 3rrarrlo ro-upAEyBaILe Ha oBaa cHIrKrIIlIrIana Bo
sarra4Ua Eacoxa, rara
Aa
ocxara sa,qo6r.ua [paBeII Ea Ilporeralbe C3-JI4,
AoAeKa
Ctoros-
cKara cr4ggrrlrEatra:ailLa rlpaBerl Ha [porerarbe crol]c C-J co Ee:]Ea-rHa Bepreuqa. Ocxnrc n
rla
ABef,e
c"rpyKrypl{ ce xopllsollram{fi.
flocae4rzae
ABe
caplrr(rypr{ 3arra,quo rrperucryaaar ro l{puo,qpiltucKara aIrrI{KIIuHa[a (16)
r(ora BpBr4 rro
AoJn{rrara
na
qpura
IpuM
u e flpere}r(Ho IrpaAeua og rpujacxra ceAlInlerrrl,I,
Ao4er<a
xamdprym rt op4oBrrrgryn{, ce nocna6o Bacrarreulr Bo KoI{ ce aa6enerxyna 9epneEnuxara
cr.rrrrJrrrrraJra (17). floxpai onre creuz Bo c,Hrroror Ha oBaa crpyxrypa ce
iaaynaat
n
4uia6aaa
'
1a roa ca6o rra [crolrrroro r(p[no. I4crtpeceueua e co mnory6poillr rlo[pequl{ r
gr.rjaroiiannrt
pace,qr,r, Kor.r srIaTHo
ja ge$oprurpane. Bo
jynarr.ror
4en
e npeceqeEa co JlyxoncKora Jrlr[[o:
(22), raxa
Aa
KoH
jyr
cocerrr,a ce
ry6n.
flomery I{puoglumcxa9 arrrrrxfl{Iana, Ctoroncxara rI Kapaopuancra?a cIrIrKrILHaIta, Ha
3i[raArrlrre fiailvtwr tla Croroso r Kapaopinan, Teperlor e rrpercraBeu co cI,IrEt4 6noxonn so
Korr camo morxe
4aice
Hacerar rleKor4 crpyKrypr4, rro HlIKaKo n noce6no
Aa
ce r.rsABoiat. Bcaur-
rroci oroj
Aen
ro EpercraByBa rrcrotrrroro Kpr{no na l{pno,qpzmcxara currKlrrx(afia t4rlrr 3arlaA-
Iroro r(prirno ua CrororcKara, ofo{ocEo Kapaopuarrcl(ara cLITIKTII{rrara, Bo Koe Mo)r{e
Aa
ce
ga6enerxar
fiomanr4 ua6opn xojz ce co mnory6pojmrre
pacepl pac[apqeEu Bo oAAeJTHE Iroro-
Jremr{ I.InI4 rlomaJrl,r 6noxos[.
Snavajru.r crpyrryprr trcro raxa ce rl HaBnaxlrre lanra.rxara
(18) N Croroscxam narnaxa (19).
larn,t.xam rraBnaxa (18) xoja [poAorurryBa KorI ceBep rla m4cror locrxnap, rla Jr[cror Kra.rero
oA ceBep xou
jyr
ce flparr{oA Cege.ma flnaErua, e ilperr{Hara co HeKonKy
,4wiaronarnta
pace,qn,
a na
jyr
ce: rracraByBa r.r ce rparrr [pery Tpe6zuma Pyua, ceno lanuuEux, Jlasaponoae,
Kosjarc, Iopen Jlonyuuurn, ce.no Krqescrn I4asop, ceJro Exnoseq n Jly4nro. OA ryga
Ao
flpecnau e flpexurrara co pace4{. Og flpecran fipoAon]fiyBa ua lonema Mer,qauzqa, xa,qe ce
lpeKrilIyBa rr Eersr.rrloro rlpoAnox(eHl{e e EeraqIO.
flo oBaa IIaBJraKa BorJraBHo e rraBrreqeu rraJreosol{Kor rlperry rpuiac I{ He3lrarrro rrpexy
jypa
r4 ropga rcpeAa, a na CeEe.rxa fharulua z Tpe6uuxa Pyua,
Aen
oA rpnjacor e EaBnerreu
rrpe4f
jypa.
Parunranara Ea rraBnexyBarbero e
Aocra
6nara, rrslrecyBa 15-30', perxo rrpeKy
30". HasnexyBarLero e Bpr[eEo oA t4crox Korr sarraA, oArlocrto axcziamrara paununa uafa
Korr rrcroK rroA aron oE 20-25".
flo
qelara
AoJrlru4ga
rlaBnar(ara e fipeceqeua co rrurory6pojur uomallrt I{ rroronemlt pace4rr,
I(OI{ IIe E3BpIIMII0 SIIaTIIE IIOMpAHyBaIba I{ IrtS]vIeHIlI.
ffapanenno co oBaa rraBrraxa rpan CroroBcxara HaBJIar(a
(19) xoja [oqrryBa o,q ceao Tpe-
6nurre, ce cnyrura Bo pexa Pa4wra Il rro Eea ogr(
Ao
r[auacr4por Cs.
Josau
Europcxn. Ha
AeJror
oA ceno Tpe6nurre
,qo
per<a Pa4r,n<a
jypcrvrre
ceAr4merrrtr ce EaBnerreul{ rrpercy ropno-
KpeArMre ceflI{tlerlrr.r, a HaBnar(aTa rrpoAoJDr(yBa xon
jyr
II ceBep. Kon
jyr
BpBI.t I4cToqIIo oA
50
magdcfl.rpor
Cs.
Joearr
Europcxu,
rlpe4y ceno
Janve,
KaAe ceBepgo oA cenoro ce sa6enexysa
norpeqeu
paceA rro Koi 3auaAgoro-r(pr4rro
e crryrreso
3a ororly 800
t:-tp-_1,,I'-_15*utu
o4
iexa
pa4luca
Ao
ceno
Jauue
rpniacxure
BapoBrrI{III4 c rraBJreqeHr4 IIpeKy
,yps{I{Te
ceAll-
,i*i".-npigorrNqfsaifua
riou
jyr
ua'Cyum.mo
Bpgo
qoara
4o
cnoiyrane co fan,.n<ara Eas-
,"*r, o,rgti"11o 1.arur.rxara
rraBnara ja
upeuorpnea
Croroscxara
rraBJrara rI HanenraJra Al{pe(rrro
Ha roprrogpeA1ll{re ce[fiMellru. O,q Cyruu.ntg Ep4o upexy Pocoxn r1
UpIII4
Bpr ce nparlr ce
go
p.""rl-
g;#"qa.
O4'ceao
Janue'4o
pexa Ba:rarr,rqa co I4cKJryqoK Ha Cyuru'nco Ep4o nanle-
;;;tp",acgl{re'BapoBrrl4qr4
npe1y ropgoxpepgre
cegr'Iuer1rll' Og BalanNqa
Ao
Cxara
HaBnaKaTa e rir.ag1r.Ipaga c0 mopellc4t4 rtrareprjan. 04 CXana 11a ce
Ao
ceBepEo O[ CeJIo Eloaqn
Iitc.fo TaKa e Maclg{palla
co
j[opeHII,
a e ilgflpeceqeEa
co paceAl{, oAIIOeIO CaMaTa [peMI4HyBa
BO paceAr4. oA Erosq[
ilo)I(e,qa ce [paTI4 nO Kouru".rxn norox, a oATyKa IIo ce
Ao
celo IJe-
*r"r. .i:
ry6il,
,"
"
j"."o
xaqe
gpsra.
O,q celo IJergIurre BpBIr rpeKy ceno Orauarua
u IIaB-
"."y;; "o
ilp A"Our"i;".
oa c.
$einurrre Ao
c. Oruurann rillreo3ollxor e uaBneqeu
upexy
iypa,
a oAIyr(a
4o
rpauraqara rpuiacor Jrexc{ upe(y iypa.
Kaparrepor IIa IIaBJIaI(ara cocM? Ilcrr
KaKo I4 rcaj laru.I.n<ara rIaBJIaKa.
HaEucrpa ce
(ogcrarr.{parrrr Jryum}rre Excrpa
(20) r Epsgell
(21) ro xolr
AeBorrcxllre
IIrKprurI{[
, *"p*"p, ce 6laro na6paUZ I{ HaBne\IeHIrt
IIperCy tpnjauotre 6gAI'IMS}ITI'I.
JlyKorcrata Jr.ylma
(22) xoia saBneryBa co He3EareII
AeJr
rla oeoj rmcr,
AoAeKa
3Earlro [oI43-
pur.*" e
iyrxno
na nr,rimr'OxpuA e Koucrarr{pana.ro
xpaimor
jyrosauaAeu
Aer
rra Jrl4cror
it o""o. fio orua nylma uajaenarr
ce
AeBorrc4rlre
$rnzron4Ia
[pexy ruroqecrzre BapoBHr4I$r
;-;r""rr[r ;A
ryrjaixa
crapocr. Pamrurnara na najannynarbero
e
Aocra
crpra, u3uecyBa oKoJry
60". CereposairaArro
oA lyroso nyurnara rpeM[rfyBa
Bo Beprr{KarleE paceA
-
MoApx'ua't
pace4 (24j Kor.r 3arrortrryra xaj celo lopno Jlyxoro r rrpexy ceno Mo,qpzq u ceJro
.[penox
mox(e
Aa
ce [parrr
4o Jyrocronencxo-ar6aucrara
rpaul{qa. Onoi paceq Elrra Kapalcrep
IIa
4la6rnrcnr
paceA, 6l,rgeifu{
r1o rrero r{sJreryBaar
cqpflerrrl{Hztlr n
Sparmerrrll
oA [aJreo3ol]tKo1.
no c. zsrreAa 4exa
JlyxoscKara Jryuflra
(22) ce rpoAoJrixyBa no onoj paceA, coJoa rlrro Ha
nor."or oA
,[omio
go
I]optro Jlyxoro
IT*"
IIoMp,SIyBaIbe
IIo ronperlH_paceg.^floxpaf
oml-
uraglrre pacegr.r ce
iaeynaar
r mrory6pojrul uoua.rr
paceAll Hotl IIeJrLIor repeu ro pacflapqane
Bo oAAenHIr 6noxosrn.
Teruxo e
Aa
ce xax<e xoj cr{creM Ha paceAr.r r(aKo EacralraJr, uo cerlaK tlo}Ke
Aa
ce 3aKlylII{
AeKa
paceAr.rTe co flpurBerl r{cToK-SarraA r{ ceBepo}IcToK-,yro3arla,q
ce Ilocraplr oA paceAl4Te
"o """"po""rrag-jyroficroqerl
r,r cenep-jyrxeu rIpaBeII. Ce pas6upa
Aexa 4oafano 4o
o6no-
ByBarbe Ha rleKor{ oA nocrapr.rTe paceAr4, TaKa
Aa
TI4e
AeHecI(a
I{3rneAaaT KaKo
Aa
ce IIoMJTaAI{
paceAr.r.
Bo no.reroxor rra cpeAerr [xI4orIeE oMeJrHr{ AenoB}I
Ira reperror 6zne sa$aterru co-I{HreE3EBH}I
pa4'liannu
A"r4r*re*n
z KaKo p$ynrar rra roa ce cos,(aAelil Kfi.rescxr'Ior rpa6err (a), rpa6euor
,[e6apqa
(a') u flnqryruurLtHcxlror rpa6en
(a"), xoj uore(e e 3acrarterl Ha coce,qrr,tor JIIrcr
OrqpuA.
Kraqesc11fior rpa6eu
(a) e sanorurer co rrlrraolleucffl{ I.I KBaprepr*I ceAI,IMeIrrIr I]t ce Eaofa no-
mefy rncro.uuzre rraAngrl Ea Ercrpa,
jyxnnre rIaAI{HII na Eyxosr.rr, sarIaAHI{Te rIaArlIIr{ Ea
ileiiax 1a ceBqpgr{re rragr4gr,r na U.nNncxa Enarrr4rra. lpa6euotcerlporera so upareq C-J.
Ipa6enor
le6apqa
(a') nacranan cJruqro KaKo r{ uperxo4Iulor co paceAlt Ko}r I,tmaar rtpaBell
11a [porerarbe C-J u LI-3 krcrroJrrrer e co uruIoqegcxla t4 KBaprepHI4 ceAllmelrrrl.
flzcrqmugmrcrgror rpa6eu
(a") ro co3Aiure paceArr co npaBeII rra nporerarbe C-J. Pace,qor
oA 3arraAuara crpaua 6nn uo4noryBan rlr Bo KBaprep, TaKa
Aa
rlo Heto r{eJrl{or 6acen e cfiyllrreu
r.r rraBeArlar rcorl sa[aA o4 10-25'.
AEEAPCKA
3OHA
(B)
,[e6apcxam
Borla e Bcaullocr
AeJr
oA sorlara Kpacta-I{yxanr,r xoja e pa3BI{eEa ao HP Ar-
6auraia. OBaa soHa e co 3oHara Mrap4nra oABoerla o,q 3ana4uo-MaxeAorrcl(ara 3olra, Eo co
51
Sop-nuparrero
IIa rronpeqrltor poB ceBepuo o4 Ennacau
Aorlna
Bo KoTITaKT co crpyxTypilre
o4 3ana4ro-maxeAorlcKaro 3olr&; Osoj oqnoc cxopc Ha rlerrara floBprmnra e rexTorrcg]r. if.i-
ronel
AeJr
oA crpyKfypl,Ire oA 3auaAlro-MaKeAorlcKara 3oHa ce HaBneqeEr,r npeKy
.[e6apcxara
SOHa,
AOAeKa
rIoMaJr
Aen
e oABoeH co paceAu.
,[e6apcxam
soua ce oArMKyBa co clrrrrr?I [[r{Kar[BHut crpyxrypil oA nrerapcKa lr
Aex.ruerapcK[
pacloHrl,
KoII ce zTITeII3I,IBTIO Llcupeceqerllrl co InUory6pcjrfU reprrxlnrlr4 pace,qlr, Kor{ ce
paSrI,IrII{To
opl{HerrrpaEIr. Kaxo IroKplmHr{ pace,4[ Bo oBaa 3oHa Mox(ar
Aa
ce r.r3ABoiar Xyn-
cKxor paceA (25), Koconparrrxr4or (27), Pocryurxuor (28) z Bamrurruor paceA (29),
xaxo
r
,(e6apcxror
rpa6eu (6).
Xlmcxuot pacea (26)
rrua CC3-JJI4 nporerarle I{ Mo}r(e
Aa
ce rparr,r oA cero Eam ulure
,qo
cerlo Xttturtaue. flo oeoj paceA crryIureu e r{crolrnvror o6c4 na,(e6apcxuor rpaden .
flonpexno Ea rrperxo,qu{or paceA e Kocoeparu*r.rJr p:lceA
Q7)
xtj ce flpcrera o,q
jyrosana4
Korr ceBepotrcroK, oA BrulBor na Maua per(a Bc Pa4zxa
A)
ceno Pajuzqa. Co onoj paceA e
lpeAl,Imolrrzparra
Aonzuara
rla pexa Pa4r.rra rc oeoj
Aer-r
Hr reperrcr. flo ce rr3ureAa
4exa
onoj
paceA e o6Eorynau, TaKa.I(oE xpajor Ea rr[iloqea I4rrla []=rerort.)r Ha KBaprep rro Hero lts6rrre
Torrr'rr,I mmrepanHlr t43Boprr oA KJII
AeHec
[ocrorr ca]rto Kocorpaulxr,ror.
flapaleneu na oroi paceA e Earutun<uor pace4 (29) roj rrrra vcril KapaKrepr.rcrlrKr,r, Kar(o u
rIperxoAIII,Ior u nepojaruo Hacrarlafi Bo rrtcro Bpeue. Ha rtero Jre)xr4 repmomranepamlara 6ama
Eanuurre (.[e6apcxa
Eama).
Pocryuutuor pacea (28) Jrexfl.I Iro[pequo Ha Koconparuxfior paceA,
raKa
Aa
ce rpcrera o4 CC3
Bo IJrI
upaBerl. flocre4unor ro ceqe Pocryurxuor paceA. Bepojarno
AeKa
nna osoj paceA
cTapocTa My e r{cra KaKo Irt ua'Kocoapauftfi4or paceA, oArlocHo [ocrKpeArla, co xoj e flpeArrcllo-
HI'IpaEa
AoJrrrrrara
rra peKa Pagara o,4'BnilBor ua XtzponnEw(a peKa
Ao
Blr.rBor ua Mana
pexa Bo Pa4uxa.
,(e6apcxzot
rp-a6eu (6) e
Qopru{pau
co
ABa
rap,MenHr{ paceAr,r, co rpaBerl CC3-JJI4, o4
xoI,I eI+rzor e )Kyucxr pace4 (26),
uo Noj e cuyrurerl rlcroquaor
Aen
rra rpa6euor, a Broplror
o4u nepojarno rro
AoJrr{[am
na I{pnN
,[pzm
N rro Eero e c[yrureu BauaAHLLor
Aen
Ha rpa6euor.
,(,e6apcxuor
rpa6err e Ecrlonrrer co rrnfioqeucrlr u
(Baprepur,r
ceArrmeuTr.r, Kor{ ce cra6o uope-
MCTCHI,I.
t2
PYAHI/ nOJABl4
.i,
Jlzctot Kr.rqeso e 6orar co pyArlr{ n:jaar, flocrojar Jlexrrrrrra Kou ce B} excrrfioaraqnja, le-
)r&trrlTa Korlt ce so
$aaa
Ea r4cTpaH(yBarbe, floToa Jrex(Iltrrlra KolI Bc flepcfleKrfiBa 6ra
Aourne Eo
[peABIaA 3a er(cuoararytja u mrrorySpcjrru pyAuz uojasz KJz ce
Aerarrrro
trcrpa)r(yBaar r{Jrra
(e
ce ucrparxyBaar, TaKa
Aa
sacera He.llox(e
Aa
ce oqeH?I urltBllara exoHorlcxa BpeArlocr.
3acrauer*r ce.neri<r,rurta z uojanu lra ivlerarrr{, Eeltera[Ia, raycro6zoanrfi, a ceorBopeHr,I r4 rlo-
rp(e mai4anu rra rpaAexeu anarep:ajarr fi repmorluuepaff{Lr r,rsBopt4.
JIEX(IIIIITA II IOJABII HA METAJM
OA meraru,r.nuate uojaeu ll ne)r(rrrrrra Ha Jrrlcror Kr,rqeer
gacraileEz
ce urjasz Ea ]r(eJre3 o Lt
it[allraE. Bo ueuocpelpra 6mtsruIa Ha ce]ro Tarap Eneequ K)rlcrari{prlt e [Hrepecrla Mrrrrepa-
Jroruxa nojara ua 6arap, Eo rrcrara o,q exJrl)-lrcxa rneAqa roqKa rle e [ErepecHr.
XEJIE3O
ffojawrte rra )r(eJre3o ce najncnory6pojnn rra Jrr{cror Krz.reBc.
.flocera
ce yrBp4eH]r rrexonxy
Jrorfl{Irrra oA KolI Bo excrrJroaraqaja e camo pyArrzxor Tajmgrure. Tajm.zrqre nex(u Bo ce-
BeporrcToqHr,IoT
Aen
Ha rrraHr.rllara Etrcrpa, 3a[aAHo oA rrcTor,rMeHoTo celo. flo noa,qyuura
tutt:r,z.ja oAAiurerreuo .e o4 Kuveso 16 xm.
Py4ata ro onoj pyArMK Hac'ranyBa Bo
Aorrrr,lAeBcHcKure Qunraroz4ra
il rtJ rIJCraHJKor e ce-
AI,IMerIrrIa.
Toa e xouunexcEa pyga xoja cuafa eo oorrr,rrcxr{oT Tr.rrr Ha nex&Iurra (uo B. Byja-
nosr( n C. I{eeurrt). flpumapuara pyAa e flpercraBeua co ivrr{rrepa]rr4 oA rpyflara Fe-xnopzra,
Korr fl{ rmrpa4yBaar ooJIETzre, a r{cro TaKa LL ocHoBrrara, Maca Bo xojh lerxar oBile oomltrrr.
flo4paj oBrre ce
jaeyra
cl4Aeprrr v Ma[HerI,tr) a Bo fiomarla Mepr(a rrrrmerlrlrr, py'ruJr, Jreyrcoxcerr
,t rurplrT. Py4ara nacrarryBa Bo rpz croja, uoxpaj Korr Jroxamlo ce
jaeynaar
v rrorrranr4 npocno
jxa.
Brcyrurara fipocelrua
ge6elmna
ua rpr.rre cnoja uanecyBa oxony 15 m. flpoceuen co,qp>xai
na Fe so pyAara e 3l
,8o/o.
florpaj Tajmr,rurre rrr r{Mame cneAur{re JreN(rrurra:
Jy4ono,
CeIatrla-
lrre u Koszr14, Opnor KaueE, Mam<oeq, Exroneq u Koqaqzrc.
Jy4oso
:next;rt 12 KM ceBeposafiaAuo oA Kr.rrreBo, a rro Bo3Ayrffra ruwrja lr5 rcu, oA lrcrozme-
rroro ceno ro sauaA-jyro3a[aAlra Eacoxa. PyAara EacrarlyBa Bo xnoprrrcxlr rrrrpvtJrr$t Kotl
BneryBaar Bo cocraB Ha
AeBoucrl,rre $unzrou4u.
floBnarara
ja
colmrryBaar BapoBrlltqrl,t
Irlxpt4Jrqu. Py4ata ce
jaeyea
so cnoj co
Ae6erzga
oA oroJry 5 an. I4ma
ABa
rr,I[a Ea opyArle-
ru4e Lr roa: xemarrrrcxo Lt Ko.nmner(cuo co flpeoAa nonrefy rule. flo xnacz$nraqzjam ua B.
Byjauorrrt v C. I{eerr( oea riexurrrre rlrox(e
Aa
ce yBpcrt4 Bo rp}aara Ha xeuarl4rcxo Fe-
-xroyiuruu.r Jrex{rrrrrra. flpoceven co4prxaj ua Fe-py4ara e' 4lrlo/o.
Csl4rLu[rre z Kosuqa ce
gaofaar
Bo peorror ua
]y4oro
14 roa eAerr
Ao ABa
Kr{nomerpa ceBepo-
a:ulaArro oA c. Cszmrurre, a
Apyroro
3 xru 3-J3 o,q c. Kosuqa. Py4ara HacranyBa Bo
AeBoH-
cxure
$rnrrbvgu.
Toa e LrcxrryqfiBo xomrrrer'csa pyAa co co4pxaj ua Fe so pyAara ol,35o/o.
53
Opnos Kamen aerxz nomefy ceJrara Berzqa n L{pcxo, oxony 12 xu
JJI4
o4 Knuero. Pygara
IlacrarryBa Bo
AeBorrcKr,Irc $znzrou4l,r.
Toa e Jrulfiou]Itrrcaua xomrurercna pyAa, co
Aocra
qecrfi
rlacrarryBarta rra cr.rAepr.rr. Fe so pyAara e oKoJry 45%.
Marxoeq ce naofa Ea oKoJry 12 rm 3-J3 o4 Kraueno so 6JMsrrEa rra nc1or,rmeEoro rleno.
,(eeouor,
ro xoj uacralyBa
pyAara e [percraBerr co remEo curra
SNmma,
xJrop*rrcxa czuruo
xapdouarlrcaur,t ufiqprlnqr,r co pyAa, BapoBl{r.rlrKr4 rrrxpr{nqfi, rrJroqecrr,I Ir Kpr,ruor.r4cls.I meptueplr.
Karo upuo6rrEa
pyAa HacrarryBa raxaEapelreHl{or
,rIrIEMosr{T",
a rvlecru.Mritlrllo rr Bo marIrEMT.
ffpocexor [3rlecyBa 4l,l0o/o Fe Bo py,qara.
Exroseq
*
Jlex<uurrara Jre)xar 3arratrHo oA ceJroro, a oroJry 19 xm 3-J3 oA Klr.reeo. Py-
Aara
oBAe rracranyBa ro xam6pncxo-op,qoBr{q[ymclg4Te
Qruztongu
rl e [percraBelra co
,rlua-
moSIlrrcKIrI utKpl/tlql.I" Bo Kor{ ce cpeTEyBaar cJloeBr.t oA
rrluaMo3r.tr"
co,qe6enurla go 7 m.
Pygam e'o6uxnoseuo Kpyfluo ooJu4rcxa. flpoce.muor cogpx<aj na Fe Bo pyAara LIsI{ecyBa
oxo;ry 30o/o.
Kogauax
-
Jlerxnurrero Jrexor EelocpeArro
Ao
cenoro oA 3alamrara crparra. Pygam Eacra-
rryBa Bo xaudpr,rcxo-opAoBrrrryryucrclre
$r,r.nzrorrAr4.
Tyxa ce pa6orz 3a JrI,IMorrI{TrIcaE
,rlfia-
.r{o3r,rr" unj upoceuen cogpxaj rra )r(ene3o Bo py,qara l,I3rrecyBa oxo-rry 33o/o.
Hajroreu 6poi ua nojann Ha )r(eJre3o r(oucrarr{paurit ce
ga
Ctororo, KapaopuaE I{ Cnanej,
AoAeKa
rromanu oxoxy Tajrnnurre lr Ha
Apym
mecra. flpererxro ce pa6orr 3a Iuailloslzrcrl{
rrrxprnrlr{, Nor{ ce
janynaar
xaxo Bo xam6praym rr op,qoBr.rq[ym, raKa I{ Bo
AeBoH.
flpoqentyan-
Hlrtor cocraB ua Fe Bo oBr{e uII(pfinrIII ce
ABrI}KLI
oX 20-27o/o.
MAHTAH
IIosEar[ cc Eer<onxy Jrexs{rrrra rla Mirrrrau KaKo lr roJrem 6poj na nojanx. Hajro:remo Jrexfl4rrrre
e Kapa
,[epe
ua Croroso, a rroivrturr,t ce V>xmnrqa, Ea6rau Cpr, Bp6jaucxo, lenapzqa, I{cro
TaKa rra Crororo, uojarara r<aj c. Ocomrnqa u nojaazre na lore4apHltx z larrn.ruax.
Kapa'.[epe cc naofa Ha 3arraArrr4re uagfiu,r na Croroso Bo usBopr{rrrnrlor
,qeJr
Ha r{crorilvr,eurrtor
noroK. Py4ara EacranyBa Bo opAoBfiqrymcxr4re [rKplrnrg Bo Br,rA ]Ia cercyrrAapua oxcnArra
tvraErauoBa py4a. Manrarlcxrrre Mr.rHepaIM ce [percraBerr]r co xoroluop$rrr,r flcr,rJromenau;
xoj e
4zcueproBarr
co LrrJTrr\t4 o,q rrr{pony3r{r. Crre Mrruepanrl ce [rrrI,IMrIo qpacuarr{, rrpr rrrro
rpaAar 6peuecra crpyxrypa. flomarxy e sacraleE poAoxposrrr. Ocrauanure oxclrAr4 rra Marr-
raH ce flomanxy 3acra[euu. O,q mr.nrepanrare Ha )r(ene3o ce
janysaar
Jrr.uvroHr.IT I{ rerlrr, KaKo
IIpOAyKrr4 rla [perBaparbe rla c[Aepr,rT r,r ru,rpr,rr.
Jlex<urlrero e
Aeranuo
r.rcrpalr(yBarro rr ycrauoBerlo e
Aa
rlmda roneua nepc[eKrr,rBrrocr. Man-
rarrcrr{Te or(cv,qrlfi pyArr rroxa]KyBaar peJrarfiBHo
Hn3oK co4lxay' na
SocQop,
a cogpx<ajor
rra iu,urarroBara Homrrofierrra r{Brrecyna
4o
30o/o.
Co [orxouure I{ co uoAna6oxute qymlarr.rEu
4oj4euo
e
Ao
rrpr4mapgata xap6ouamra Marlraucra
pyAa, Bo xoja co,4p>xajor na.marrran ue orafa. Cexyu4apnara MarIraIIoBa pyAa Bo Jre]rfi{rr.ne?o
e rrpoAyKr na pacnafaBe Lr rlperBaparLe Ea [prmapuara xap6orurHa pyAa.
Heiaunror HatrErr
rra uojaeynal6e.I4 Mec"oro e olpaH,rqeH IIa rloBprrrr{rrcKzTe
AenoB}r
Ha pyArr}rre
reJra, Kou [per-
xo,Ero 6zne sa$areru.r co reKrour{Ka. Marpoc<oficxtI py4ara e reu]ro-qpEa, Tetcr]lpara r{ e
uiynnr.n<aaa, KaAe ce rraplulba ua xap6onarna pyAa
larysaar
ao Br{A Ha MrrrpopeJrr,txrrr, trcrr{Te
ce
qemeufilparfin
co o(cr,rAr,I rra MarIraH rr cJrrrrlr{cxa
ia.nouura.
Masrancrara pyAa
ua Yxonuqa ce
jaeyaa
Bo BLIA IIa r{3AoJr}Keurr nertecru cJroeBr,r no
$unu-
Tot4Arrtre co
Ae6enrga o4 5-20 melpa r,rnr{ Bo Br4A Ha rro]raJrrrr tekyt lt tuacr,r co
4e6elrula
o,4
1-5 merpa.
Bo no4la6or[Te
AenoBIr
pyAara [pzMapuo e xap6onarna,
AoAeKa
Bo rroroput4re
AenoBrr
e
oxcr,r4ua. Irraner Mreieparr rla npllmapuara xap6oHarna.pyAa e poAoxposr.il,
,qo,qexa
or{crlArlara
s4
{5.r"rn
'o1#;5
*" d"
r
x
TA
U,"o
tt4fit^
..t
tW:t
(-)' FC)
FC-ffF.4
'k
\9
a
a
a
e
(ap
+
a
Kt4r{EBO
Kt;'
o
-"Ua
'F-
;s:"
rlmo
Uttl
t^-8.
i;r,ra
z--\
t_
CmO
-'lrr
9oi\
FCinO I
,&l
.
p^-
-
-,{i.,
oure
'ix,s-B
tr
-o*
ooJ'
n';t
ul
SA;.
$5q:u
ao
l2
-
,(\ e\ z: z:' ,t
.,l
rtl
6 5 5.7 I I 10 lt
0,
, ,rokm
Cl. 4. IlperneA,rra Rapra rra
pyAnr{"e
nojaara ua .rrracror Ku.reso. Mineral occurrences on the Kidevo sheet.
'
Oftoprlzu, (apra
rtoJre3rrbrx ncRotraembf,x tta rficre Kr,rqeso.
l. Jlentrurta rra MslaJIn (Fe
-
xeaeso, Mn
-
uurraa); 2. flojas{ rra Me?aJrrr (Fe
-
>*e;reso, Mn
-
[anrarr,
Cu
-
6ar<ap); 3. Jle>ruurra rra rreuera.rrra
(gi,
ah
-
rurrc u anxrlgpllr); 4. Jlexzulra xa xaycro6r.roaurn (Ul
-
.irarnr.rr); 5. floearr<ura KaMeEonoMr{; 6. floaarcu ffrifttarrlra; 7. Ilosarr<rlt-r lrrrbyrr(apr; 8. flosalrurll rtec.
rcapu;9. floaprnuncxn o?Korr Bo pa6ora;10.
JaltcNa
arsuBrra pa6ora;11. Tepuomr.rrepanrax 6aru.
1. Deposits of metalls
(Fe
-
iron, Mn
-
mangauese), 2. Occurrences of metalls (Fe
-
iron, Mn
-
ma4ganese,
Cu
-
copper), 3. Non metallic deposits
(ei, ah
-
gipsum, anchydrite), 4. Deposits of caustobiolithes (Ul
-
lignite), 5. Important quarries, 6. Important clay
pit,7. Important
gravel pit, 8. Important saqd pit, 9. Active
opeu, pit, 10. Active mining work, 11. Thermomineral spa.
I. Mecropoxq4enr4t MeralrJror (Fe
-
)r(eJreso, Mn
-
maprarerl)r 2. flpoxeaenrs MsraJlrroB (Fe
-,r(eJreso,
Mn
-
mapraneq, Cu
-
rrle4r), 3. Mec*opox<4enarr rreuer:urJroB (gi, ah
-
r:mc, arirra4pnr), 4. Mecropoxr-
Aerurr
Kaycro6rao.nrlroa (Ul
-
nurnrar), 5. 3navlrrerbua, K,rxterloJloMu
,
6. 3narnltomnoe mectoAo6brBaulre
ilrnnbr, 7. 3ga.rure;rr.uoe lfiecroAo6rrganl[e rpaBrrr, 8, 3na.ratenrnoe aaecro4o6rrearu{e trecxa, 9.
,[erctay-
roruNe rloaepxroctnrre pa6oTbr, 10.
.{eracreyrorque
roprrbre pa6orrr, 11. Tepmomauepansnrrft Kypopr,

3
55
pyAa e rrpercraBega BronaBlroco[crrJromenau."Ocragamrre
Mn-oxcz,4z: [I4poJlr{3yr) }rarlra-
1g111gt t4 6payrwr ce rocna$o
3acraueur,r. Cogprxltrata Ha qp]ruapuam pyAa fisrrecyBa 20-24o/r,
a Bo cegyrr,qapgo-oKcr{AHara
pyAa cogp>xajor Ha Marrrarlcxara Kol\ilrloHerrra ce SroJIeMyBa r.I
z3rlecyBa 24_28%. Cogpxajor
Ha )r(ene3o Bo or(crrErara pyAa Bo o.4Eoc Ira [pvMapHara
pyAa;
groJregeg
sa 0,5
Ao-trS
o/r.
Iy'.cro raKa Lt co4prxaior na-cztrutluiara
e 3r'oJremerr sa l-3'/o.
.-Ocmnarorte
uojasr Ea maHraII na Bp6iarrcxo, Ea6zu Cpt, fenapuqa, xai c. Ocomrzqav EP.,
magraucr(ara pyAa r{il14 cnu.nro'uojaeynane,
a. coAp)Kalor ua maEralr Bo pyAara uagecyBa
20-28%.
MaurancrNre nojasu na fone4apuzx t4 lanr.r.ruux ce Koucrarr,Ip:luLt Bo rpuiacrclte rnI{Irq?I
Ko14 ce
jarysaar
Bo rroAr{Hara rra macI.IBHI{re BapoBur.ilIt4vtxlr4 rio rapoennqzre. Osze uojanlr
614ne uosHiTr{
yrrrre oA [peA II. Csercxa rojua, rto rro ocno6o,qysanero ce ]Icrpa]KyBaHlrt
rraKHaAHo r{ e r(orrcrarr{pago Aa
ce pa6orfi sa pyAa co penarltBr{o, cra6 KBaruret, 6z4ejful
[pocequlror cogpxaj Ha Marlrur Bo pyAara r3lrecyBa oxorry 20o/o.
:
florpaj orgrrraHr{re Jrexrurxra nocrojar u 6poilul nojanz_o,4 xou uajrolema KoHlleHrpaquja
ua nojanr.r ce
jarysa
Ha Croroso LI HeKoJIKy uojarz na Encrpa.
I,Iurepecno e
Aa
ce og6elexu
AeKa
rla [narlr{Hara Croroso uocroiar nojasr KoI'I
qulrar
rlpeoA
oA )r(ene3lrr4 xou manraucrcrlr, oAHocHo x(ene3rro-MarlraHcKl{ rloiasra. Bo IltcrfiTe RonltilecrBoro
II rla
ABeTe
KoMrroEerlTtr
gIIaTHo
Bapr{pa, TaKa
Aa
eIIII{ ce upu6nzrxynaat nose(e KorI x(ene-
soro a
ApyDIre
I(oE magragor, CNre orze nOjasu ce oA ceAuMeHrIIo tlore1no.
Ilojarara na 6axap xaj c. Tarap Flesqu Bo H,errocpetrHa flwrcwna na
,(e6ap,
rrpercJaByBa
Irr.rHepanouxa nojana, lII,Ie IlorertJlo e xfiAporepManHo.
HEMETNIII
OA. rfelrera11,rTe Ce SacTartegl,t rr.i11g I{ aIIxIirApIdT, tJlytr1g'1, BapoBIIt4IIU 14
,qp.
rullc I4 AHXr,t.uPr4T
Ce
janynaar Bo
AoJrrauara
rra pexa PaAuxa Bo
AoJur{r4ua
o,q 5 xm I{ Toa oA ceno Kocospactra
,qo
ceJro Pajvnqa. kucor HacranyBa Bo roplroxpeArrrrre ceAI,IMeHrI{ Bo BIitA Ira.creucxa Maca
co fipaxailqrro HeorpaHr4rreur{ pffepBra. floxpaj o6zquuor rvffrc fi arDfi,IApl,Iror ce
jarysa
*I
xpr4criureu rzuc. Xemucxl,ror cocraB Ha rl,rficer Ir aHxfiApl,rror e HarIpeA o[t4lrraE, oA Kov ce
ilreAa Aa
cocraBor
ga
o6znuraor il Ha Kpr{crrrJrul.ror fl{rrc e oArurrreu v ce cnara cxopo Hartonuo
ce reopercr(rror cocraB
ga
rzucor. Iytucor ce excrlJloarlIpa co,
Ar{eBerr
NorI, a lI co rrorxorur
sa'norpe6zre ua
$aSpuxara
Ba rfirrc Bo
,[,e6ap,
rm4}lr4
Ce
jarynaar
xai ceno Ap6u.noror Koe. Jrex{ulrre ce saofa Ea oKoJry 30 xm cerepuo og Oxpu4,
rra [aror Oxpug-Ku.]eso. Cnafa iriery uajronemvre Jrexorlrrra Ha rJII4Ht4 eo Maxegoruzja.
Kearhreror Ha rarfirara BorJraBHoJvr oAroBapa sa rpy6r xepamrltlrt4 rrporr3BoAl,I rI sa ryJlapcxa
un4ycrpwja.
BAPOBHI4UIzI
Ha nncror Kzrreso ce BapoBHr.rqI,I
Aocra
gacrarreHr4,
KaKo rt mepMepl,tre, ce Kopl{crar HaKo
rpa4elr(eu marepzjan sa rrrro ce orBopeuv nose*e KameEoJroMrir. floronemra Kau.eEonomlr Bo
mepmepr,rre ce orBopeHu na Eyxonux, xaj Kzuero, Kt4rreBCKn I4seop ra
4p.
Kaj c. Earulrure Bo lr3Bopcxr,rre 6raropu e orBopeu KaMeHonoM xa,qe 6uropor ce Kopttcrll Bo
rpaAexGr,r rleJrr{.
'56
Bo neuoqlepra 6rumrcra Ea Kz.reso o4 nocroinzre aJryBr(oHr{ ce
AaBar
traxartr4 u necoqlr nmo
raKa 3a rpaAexcll{ rleffi.
KAYCTOEIIOJIIITII
Kaycro6uormrrrre ce saSarerm co'jauen-rmnrzt xoj ce
ianyaa
so Ku.rescr&ror 6aceg r roa
uomefo ceJrara,[oano n lopno Crporomnurre, KaKo u so flNcrqm[ITfiEcxrot 6aceg. Bo Ku-
qeBcxrror
6aceg .rmrszrnnor cnoi ce
jaryra
Bo urznrr co
Ae6e.nrana
og 5-7 lr,Erpa Ea rleg-
uattro rpocrparrcrBo, TaKa
Aa
Ir pegepBr{Te ce rleslrafiIl{. Bo uoEoso Bpe,rue ce Bplrrr.r l.rrrrerl-
sr{Brro ncrpax(yBarLe sa o6es6e4yBarLe Ha pesepB[ sa norpe6rre Ea repmorlerrpaaara Oorouei.
TEPMOMIIIIEPAJIIIU BOAE
Tepanomr,ureparuurre Bo4l ce
iasynaat
xai ceno Eannurre u xaj ceno Kocorpaeu. LI so
EBerc
e'
noxaflEocrrr Bo,ry{"e ce KalrurpaHr{ r.r r.mrpaAeEr[ ce 6arrcrg4 Jrerrr{Jlr.JrllTar.6{gei]fu ucuue utlaar
remrrqparypa na4 50', Osrle
.flrxepanrrrr
BoAr.r ce cymr-ropoar,r,ul r{
.paru{oar(MBrlrr.
.*
57
|,/.CTO?|,4.JA
HA CTBAPA}bETO
HA TEPEHOT
@opnurparcero lra repeHor rroqHruro co
Soprnzpamero
rla reocr4nrcrrrrraJrara Bo lroe6sss1sl
rra ram6prrym Kora [oqHIuIe
Aa-
ce riuro]fiaT TrrIILttrHrI MopcKI4 ceAr,IMeIITlr I{ Toa IIeJrzr[ rr [ca-
,'lvutrr,ir'.r<oh
4bcta:qecro
ce cmeEyBdaf nei2rzxanno u"xopusonramto,.flonpemeno,4oafalor4i
llom&iu,Ir I,UII4 rloro,reMl4.IlsrHsu r$ 6asr4wla ;narnia xoja
ja
[paraar4 rrr.rBri]r{Te
ry$ona
u'.isrmsu
Ha pI,IoJMTI,I;:P$.paouruE*t:xopxsoErri
4oardlo.4o
ratoxdrde'.na renxr upoclojxrz r.rJrlr MaJrrl
nerfu.r o,q BapoBIrI4qLr. ffapareruro co ceAlruerrrare Bo pa3rrtztrur{ HrrBor,r
4oafano 4o
$opmrparre
IIa )r(eJre3oBl,Irt4 utripEnrll/t (IuaMosl4rclsa
ur<punqn). flo ce r,I3ure,4a
AeKa
reocuuKrrzrliurHr4oT
cTaAI.IyM [poAoJI]I(LuI I4 Bo opAoBl,Iqfiylr^u Toa co cJllqrra ceAla[ellTarlqja raXo ro ram6pnyuor,
co roa rIITo IreAocracyBaaT rap6ouarz ,r,rs:l,r4BLr Ha 6agvr;ll:,r crerrrrt, )KeJre3HLt rrrxpl4nrlil r4 rvl&I-
raH, a
qeqro
flaTrr I{ Ua IIpeoAII}I x(erre3o-MilEfaHcKl4 rrIKpr4JIrryI. IIIro crarfyailro aa Bpeme IIa
cluryp He IrI{ e rlo3lraro. flo ce r,r3rneAa
AeKa
3a BpeMe rla cr4Jrypor rrocroeJr rrpeKr.rA Bo ce-
;g,nuenmqujara
dngejicn
Aocera
cr.rJrypor He e Koucrarr,rpan. Bepojaruo
uo rrurolxerLero rra
opAoBl,Iqvym
ga
Bpeme rla xarreAorrcKara oporeEeaa
Aorruo 4o $opiul,lpane
rla rrJrr{KarriBH}r
crpyltrypr.r, rro KaKBz 6r.rne uo
Qoprrta
a rpocrparrcrBo reruKo e
AerrecKa 4a
ce s6opyea.
Ipy6me KoIrHroMeparLI Kon ce
jasynaar
Bo
AoJrurrre AenoBr.r
rra
AeBorI,
KaKo
Aa
rraBecryBaar
IroBa rpaHcrpeania u
AllcKopAarrquja
ao ,oArroc Ha rocrapl,lre
Sopruarylrr.
Bo cexoj cnyvaj
3a Bpeue Ha
AoJIeIuI
cpeAerr
AeBorr
ce
Sopmzpa
HoBa reocr{Hxnfirralra Kora rroqrr.yBa
Aa
ce
TaJrolr(ar [ceoI,ITLr, rlcilMlrrl4, [eJrzrr.t u xap6ouarz, Kor4 lrecro ce c.llileHyBaar Beprr.IKEIJrIro
E
xoplr3ollrarlHo. Osaa ce4lrlvlerrrarluja mec-rrm,uuno 6una upexurryrura co tursrlruBrr
Ea 6as[.rgr.r
creIIII Ilt KIICenI4 creEz (px63u.Im).
Bo
AoJrerI AeBorI
goafano
Ao
ceru,rMeHraqnja
na xrene3o
(xomruercua
x(ene3lra py4a) xora ce crBoper.il{ Jre)rs4rrrrara xaj Tajmuure,
Jy4ono,
Csramrarure,
Kosr,lqa, Marroeq *r Epx<4arua u
gp.
flo ce r,r3rneAa
AeKa
ceAumerrraqr.rjara
Ea )Kene3oro ce
oABLIBaTIa Bo 3L[fiBr{ KaAe rulo}Kerrero 6r,rno pe.narzBrro Mr,rpuo. Era,qejfu,r ropeH
AeBoH Ao-
cera Ee e IIIlrKa,qe KoIIcrarI{paII, I{sHIeAa
AeKa
KoII xpajor Ha cpeAerl
AeBoH Aoara Ao
oporerlr{
ABIrDI(eI6a,
3a KOI{ I4CTO TaKa TeIIIKO iliLO)I(e
Aa
Ce KOI(e KaKBLI cTpyXTypII
4ale,
OrZe
ABrDr{erba
ce Rapaxreptt3xpaar co t4IIreHsLIBeH pe&IoHiIIreE tvleram.op$rsarvr ra Ua6rparre. flprmapUure
ceAl4lvlelrrla 6rane meraM,opQusr.rparru
Ao
crerrerloT na
oaqziara
Ha 3eneHr.r rrrKpr,rJrrl[ u rper-
Boperrlrt ro
Qznzrzqlrfi
lrrxpl{nrlr4, MerarrecoqlllrilIrl, Merar(oErnomeparr{ Ir MepMepI,Ig4paEI{
BapoBHTlrI[. Co na6rapaeero ce co3AaAerlz 6rarr,r et{Krr.firarrmr4 t4 arrrrlrxJrr,rgaJrgr
Sopmn.
Bo sarpuurara
Qasa
Ea oBaa oporeue3a
AorrrJro Ao
rruTpyArparLe Ha p[oJrrrtrt4, xeparo$Npr
1r r(Baprlxeparo$r.rpr,r, KaKo rlr
4uia6asu.
04 cpe4eu
AeBorI
rra ce
Ao
cpeAerr tpzjac I{rvlame x[aryc, raKa
Aa
He 3gaeile KaKBII rparfi ocra-
BLtJIe Ha IIaIIIIIIOT TepeE xepItrt4IICIg{Te OpOreEI{
ABLDKeI6a.
Tpziacxara rpancrpeczja B{IloqrryBa Bo floqeronor Ha cpeAerr rpvjac r4 ce xapaxrepr,r3r{pa co
ceA[MeIITar{Eia ua uceQzrcrlr, rrcaurrTcxpr I{ fieJrnrcrs{ marepzjan xoj ro
Aom{aor 4el
6pso
ce cMeHyBa Beprzr(il.mro lr xoplr3orrrarnro. 3ae,4rro co oBrre creHr4 ce
janynaar
r,r xap6onarnu
crelrll Ho rIcrI{Te I{Maar fioApeAelra yJrora. Bo ropru,ror
Aen
r{a alrz3r{K il Bo naArrgr{K ce ra-
Jro)r(ar xap6onarrun crerrrr ua [Ivpoxo [pocrparrcrBo. Co rurs r.r 3aBprrryBa rpzjacxara rparrc-
rpecuia, rreKaAe Bo
AoJrlrzor AeJr
rra ropen rprjac (rapuzcxzxar).flo
ora,qoafa
Ao
oporeun
5,8..
ABT.DI(erba
KorI BO sIIaTrIa mepa rlr rrpepadorr4Jre crapllre cTpyKTypt4 II saeArlo co lpl,IiacKure
Sopmupa;re
rroBl{ crpyr(Iypti.
Oar,re
,ryroxena
ce uarur$ecrfipaar co ctrJreu
Altrrtrnro.r\,r.erar[op$rsam
.ruj
r,rrrrerlsrarer oco6eno
e rr3paserr ro 6asanur,Ire
AenoBu
na rpujac. IazEqzre, ureBpoJrrirt4re u [ecoqErflIr.rre ce cna6o
yrrrxpr,rnerlr4, a
AeJr
oA ilMrloBr4rara rearepr{ja e rpauc$opmvpau Bo cepzrlrdr.
flpra
SopmnpamEro
ua
iypcxam
reocrrrrxJrr.ftrana
4oafa Ao
slrareu rurrlziarerr Marmarvsrlln
roi nr
AaJr
cepflerlTr,rutyrrvtre, ra6poszre, gwja6awne, rpaHurzre I{ rparroAr{opr,rrfiTe.
Jypcxara
rpancrpecrja aaSa(a eAerl rre3rrarerr
[eJr
lra EarrraTa repttropzja, rrrro 3rralM
Aa
3aBJreryBaJI camo receH 3aJrI4B no xoj ce rElrroxrar rlperelrcro rreJrzrrr rr ttcamvTlt. 3a rpente
rra oBaa ce,4vuerrrarlr4ja
4oarano Ao
srrarnfi npo6or z vtgrrfrBLr ua
4vja6asu.
Kora rroquzura rI
Kora 3aBprrrr{la
iypcxara
reoczHrsrktHaJra He e
jacuo,
1urcj{ar He e cvrypuo rlo3uaro Ko}r ce
xdrosr4 ua
jypa
ce sacrarrenlr. Oporeuure
ABr4x(eEa
Koz rracrarlrure xon rpajor ua cpe,rgra
jypa
6ane
4ocra
r{rrrerrslrBur{, a ce Marlr4Qecrzpauz co cuJreu
SrrraMofferal[op$rasam,
co xoj
jyp.
crcrrTe ce4irmerrrr{ ce 3rraruo yruKpr,rJreurr u y6paru.
Kpelgara rpancfpEczia 3auoqnytsa Bo rypou r,r rpae
4o
xpajor Ea ceuorr. Taa sa$a(a srrarllo
[oronej]ro.[pocrpaEcrEo oA rrperxo4lara. ce ranorxar
@nzruon,qlrx
ceAr{MeHTLl. 3a npeme ua
cegram,exrargajara
4oararo Ao
rresrrarrrr{ rlsJrzBarLa ta gvrjadaslt
flocne KpeAa
Aoafa Ao
3narrlr4 oporeHlr
ABrrlxerLa
co Korr ce
$oprurpaur
uaBJraKLt u Jryrurlr4.
Bepojarno
AeKa
oBr{e HaBJraKLr rr Jryrrrru 6zle npe4ncuour,IpaHr.r co oporeur{Te
ABr{}r(eBa
rlocJre
iypa,
a moxcro ll rropauo, Ho Kolrequriror o6nrzx ro
,qo6zre
flocJre r(peAa.
:
3a sperue Ea ropeu eoqeu flpere)r{Ho ce ri}Jroxrene uce$zrcxo-rrcamr{Tcxr{ ce,qlrvreuTn, KoLI Bo
oArroc rra KpeAa Jrelr(ar rpauclpecr,rBuo. KaxBu rroxperr.r HacralraJre [ocne eoqeE TeIrIHo e
Aa
ce Kalxe, 6znei:ftu lrqrr,ror ]ra JMcror Kraqeso e Korrcrarvparr Bo
ABe
rromaJrlrt oABoeHr.I
maclt,
Koz ce I43BeAeHrr oA xoplrgouTanga nono>x6a.
O,4 ropeu eorleu
Ao
genec
onoj repeu flpercraByBa Korruo.
Ilocne eoqeu rracrarryea
Qasa
na pa4raja.mur
ABr.tx(erba.
Bo muoqeu rrJrrr Bo rrJrrroqeu
4oafa,
,qo
npo6nriarbe rla MJraArr pI{oJMTtl, Kor{ ce
jaeyraar
na Eyxonnx. Pa4ujarnMre
ABr.rx(erba
ro
Aocr.r{EryBaar
csojot l,rarcrmym Bo floqeroxor rra cpeAerr finzol1eu Kora ce crBopeEr.r rpa6e-
Hllre lra Kzuero,
,[e6apqa,
flzccymrurua z
,[e6ap.
Oer.re rpa6euu dvrrezcIroJlrrerlr co BoAa
rI ce crBoptIJle rrJrllorleHcr(r{ e3epa Bo KoII lloqEana HopMilJrIIa ceAr,rmerlTarlzja. KoU rpajor ua
ropeu rlJrr,roqerr
Aoafa Ao
rrclomryBarbe rra Kra.rescKraor z flucrymutlrrrcxlror 6acen, uprz rrrro
Hacrarrane rpecerurrrra rr rroquaJr
4a
ce
$opanzpa
JrLtrrilrftIzor cloj. flpeg
ga
Hacrarle HarroJrrro
ucrlonuyBarbe
ua 6agermre
Aor[no Ao
rroBropno npogna6ovyBame, TaKa
Aa
npexy Jrr4r'rrr4rlrrtor'
cnoj r.raname ranox(erbe rla rm,rgr{ r,r [ecoqrr fi rrorrroJruo ]rcfloJtrryBarse Ea 6acerurre co e3epcxlr
ce,qr4meETrI.
Bo xnaprepor, oco6eno Bo
Ar,rJryBr.rymor
r{ roa Bo flosrrnaq[iarnmre fleprro4tl
AorrrJro Ao
srlarrra
eposzja ua oxoJrHzor repeE, a vI Ea runzorleqcxrrre ceAr{1vr,eEur. Taxa Ea upmvrep Bo KrrqeB-
cxaor 6aceu epoArrpaEa e rrorpt4Bxara rra n[rur{Turror cnoj oA oKoJry 40 merpa. flpeny onaa
epoAr{paHa IloAnora o6pasyrarra e peqHa repaca co
Ae6eazEa
oA 4-8 m. flo cr,rre
peqErr
,qo-
rmra
Sopur.rpaurr
ce pewrra repacr{ r{ aJryBr4yiu. Cyrogonrarglre
Qopuupane
uponyrr,rjamrrt
rrauocl,t, a [o clpmr,Ire [agr.fircrs{ crparrr4 ce
$opmupar AeJryBr.rym
vI cur;:apr, a Bo lrenocpeArra
6rursrua Ha MzrrepanIurlre tr3Bopr.r ce raJrolr(ar 6vrporn.
59
JIITTEPATYPA
Acpa,uoau* 8., Paxu* C., (1955): MI4KPOCKOIICKH fiPEIJIE(
y3OPAI(A
I43
JyAOBA,
TAIMI4IIITA
.UAMJAHA,
BPttrEBA, OPJIOBOI KAMEHA 14
.UP.
Crpyunv
6orrA
na feo.nouncra 3aBoA
-
Cxonie.
Aafr.ouueaal 14.', fopfeeu* M., (1954):II3BEIIITAJ
O PE3yITATI4MA fEOIOIIIKOI KAPTIAPAILA,
TEPEHA
JyAOBA,
CBIIIilIIIITA, MA-IIKOBEIIA, EXJIOBEIIA 14 BPEJAHA. <Dong
crpyure
4oxynrerrraqxje
Cl3 Eeorpag.
Ariilouueeuft H., topfeeu* M., (1955): IIPI4IOI 3A CTPATLIIPA<DI4Jy
JyfO3A[A.qHE
MAKEAO-
.
tl4lE. 3artfiou{x Cpucxor feonoun<or .4pyrrrrBa
sa 1955 r. EeorpaA.
fopieutt PI. lopteeuk M.,(1956): PESyJITATI4 IEOJIOIIIKOI KAPTI4PAILA PyIOHOCHIIX TEPEHA
HA JILICTOBI4MA PECEH-KPyIIIEBO (1) I4 OXPI,I"[ (2). @onx crpyque
,qoxymentaqraje
Ieonouuor saro4a CPC
-
Eeorpag, 1956.
Aufroweutt A.,
Jeaxo
R., (1952): KPATAK II3BEIIITAJ O IEOIOIIIKOM KAPTIIPAILy PyAI4IIITA
,,TAJMIIIIITE" CA I'EOJIOIIIKOM KAPTOM I :25 000 (PyKO[I4C).
Crpy.n*r
6osg
na
fsororuxr saBoA Ha CPM Cxorie.
Aufrouocut( A., Ileuyepxoecxu
J.,
fyuaxoecxu
,[.,
C[iupxoecxu .5'., (1953): I,I3BEIIITAJ 3A IEOJIOIIKOTO
KAPTI4PAILE HA TEPEHOT
Jy,(OBO
-
1953. Crpyreu
6ontr
na leonour<r saros Crortie.
Aufrouoeu* A., Hectfiopoecxu 1,1., (1954): OEABEIIITEILE O KAPTLIPAILy HA nIICTy
AEEAP
4 ([nA-
HI4FIA EI,ICTPA). Crpyven
Son4
na leonoulxn saBo,q
-
Cxonje.
Atfroaocur? A.,Iloiloeutl P.,CiiojauozurtC. Rysertxo.,(1966): OPIOBIIIII4yMCKATPIIJIOEI{TCKA
(DAy-
HA HA CTO|OBy. Pe$eparu VI Cagerosarra reorrora
Jyroc.naewje, Aeo
I
-
Oxpzg 1966 r.
Apcoecxu M., Paneeuk C., (1961): PESyJITATI{ O.U CTPyKT}?HO-IEOJIOIXKOTO KAPT}IPAILE
HA IO.UPAr{ETO HA C. TAJMI4IXTE BO I : 10 000. Crpy.mra
gong
na feorouxlr sasop;
-
Cxonje.
Apcoecxu M., (1961): OIIUITI4
UPTI{
HA TEKTOHCKI4OT PA3BI4TOK HA IEIATOHCKI,IOT
XOPCT-AHTI4KNI4HOPI4:/M I4 HE|OBOTO MECTO BO ANIMCKATA CTPYKTYPA
HA MAKEAOHI4JA. Tpy4onu sa leonoluxr 3aBoA
-
Creonje. Cs. 8.
Apcoecxu M., (1962): PE3YITATI4 OA CTPyKTTTPHO-TEOIOIIIKOTO KAPTI4PAILE HA nO,U-
PATIJETO nOMEfv KOEI,IIII4H
.UOn
-
c. JIEIIIHI{4A,
JyXHO
OA c. TAJMI4IIITE.
Crpyven
$on4
na feoaout<z saBoA
-
Cxonje.
Apcoecxu M., (1962): PE3yITATI{ OA
AETAIHOTO
TEOJIOIIIKO KAPTI4PAILE BO M
:
I : 10000
HA IIO,IPAr{JETO MAJIKOEU-JyAOBO. Cryyren
6onA
lra feorourxr saBoA
-
Cxonje.
Apcoecxu M.,(1962):3HAr{EHZETO HACTPATI4TPA<DCKOTO PACr{nEHyBAILE HA IIAJIEO3OI{-
CKI,ITE IIIKPNNIII4 BO 3AIIAAHA MAKE.qOHI4JA 3A IPABI4JIHOTO BOAEISE HA
[IPOCfiEKUIOHI4TE PAEOT\I HA XEJIE3O. Tpy4orlr na looaourr<ra saBog Cxorie. Ce. 9.
APCoacxu M,, (1,964): TEKTOHI4KA 14 CETISMI4I{HOCT HA MAKEAOHI4JA CO IIOCEEEH OCBPT
HA CKONCKATA KOTNI4HA 14 HEKOI4 IIOTNEUI4 3A MEXAHI4SMOT HA SEMJO-
TPECOT O,U 26.
JynII
t963 IO,4. Ctpy.reu
Sorrg
-
Tpy4osu.na leonolrfrz saBoA
-
Cxortje.
Cs.11.
Aqtcoccxu M., Cilojauoe P., (1966): OIIIIITI4 KAPAKTEPI4CTIIKI4 3A |EOJIOIIIKATA fPA,UBA HA
TEPI4TOPZJATA HA CPM. Pe6epatra VI cassrosaEa reorrora
Jyrocaasrje neo
I
-
Oxptrl
-
1966.
Ba6uk 8., (19s8): MI4KPOCKOICKII [PErnEA IIPEIAPATA, CTEHA CA TEPEHA KOPASA.
Crpyrerr
$on4
na leoaoulxr saBoA
-
Cxonje.
Eouaee f ., (1920): IIETPO|PAOCKO MI{HEPAJIOIIIKI4 i43yIIBAHI4JA B MAKEAOHI,IfA. I4sgarr.re
na E.A.H. Km. XIII, 1920. Co$uja.
Boud A.,"(1840): ESQUISSE GEoLocIQUE DE LA TURQUIE D'EUROPE. Paris
(Cprrclclr rrpeBoA
so feoro[fior Ananu na 6. flon. Km. III, go4atar<).
Boud
A.,
(1864):
DER ALBANISCHEDRIM UND DIE GEOLOGIE ALBANIENS. Sitzungsber d.k. Akad.
d. STissens. 49. Sitzung. \fien.
BOUTCATT
J. Q92O):
REMARQUES SUR LEXTENSION DE CRETACE EN ALBANIE ET EN MACE-
DONIE., C, R. des seunces Soc, geol. de France. No. 16, Paris.
60
Eoltucx 8., Ctlojauoeurl C. Ry*uxo., Hecfropodxu LL, (1966): HOBI4 IIAIACIII4 IOPILOCI4IyPCKE
<DAfrHE HA [IAHI4HI4 ETICTPI4 (3AIIAAHA
MAKE4OHI4JA). Pe@ep*rz VI caserosaba
reoJrora
Jyroclanuje, 4eo I, Oxpr.rg, 1966.
Boytex 8., Rpute
J.,
Cruojauocu* C. Ryeetxo.,(1967-1978): O @OCI4JIOHOCHOM IOXKOBJEHy
y
3AIA.UHOJ MAKEAOHI4JI4. Tpy4oaz na leonoutxz saao4 Cxonje. Ce. 13.
Byjauoau* 8., Ilaefru(. C., (1966): PE|EHEPAI{I4O}II4 Ll .{Pyffa IOCT|EHETCKI4 IIPOUECL
y
XEIE3HI4M IEXAIIITI4MA 3AIIA.{HE MAKEIOHI4JE. Pe(fueparu VI Caserosarba reo-
nora
Jyrocnarr,rje, 4eo
U, Oxpzg 1966.
Byjauocutt .B., (1965): MIZHEPAIOH4JA I,I TEHE3A MATMATCKI4X JIEXIIUTA IJIAHI4HE EI4C-
TPE. I.nacszr nprp. mar. myseja, ceprja A Eeorpaq, 1965.
Byxaruiruoat* C., (1960-1961): AEPOMATHETHA I{CII4TI4BAILA v 3AIIA'IHOJMAKEAOHIIJI4.
@ong crpyvre
AoKyuerrrarluje
Cl3, 6eorpaA, 1960, 1961.
faiapux 1., (1937): I4CII4T]IBAILE HA CEKIII4JI4 PECEH-KPyIIIEBO. I{sneultaj o pa,qy I.I4. 1936,
Eeorpaq.
taiapuu l-., (1939): I{SBEIIITAJ O TEPEHCKOM PAAy }IA JII4CTOBILIVIA
,,IOCTI4BAP-KIII{EBO"
I,I
,,KArIAHI4K".
Io4rzrirrax f . 14. 1938, EeorpaA.
Gripp K., (1922): BEITRAGE ZUR GEOLOGIE VON MAZEDONIEN, Hamburg Unive. Abhandlungen
aus den Gebiet der
Auslanskunde,
Bd. 7, Ilamburg 1922.
fytetxoecxu
fi,.,
(1963): PE3yJITATI4 3A fEOJIOUKOTO-CTPIaKTyPHO KAPTI4PAILE HA fInA-
HI4HA CTO|OBO. Crpyreu
$ong
na leo.nouxra saBoA
-
Cxonie.
fysetxoecxu
,[.,
Lleauoecxu T., Apioecxu M., (1964): PE3yJITATI4 3A fEOIOIIIKOTO KAPTI4PAILE
I{A nO,mAqJETO C. PAIIITAHLI-KOJIAPIA (KI4I{EBCKO) BO MEPKA I : l0 000. Crpy-
-
qeE
$ong
na reoaotuKl,r saBoA
-
Cxonie.
fyterrxoecxu
,[.,
Ctrrpauxoa M., (1966): IEOJIOIIIKI4 COCTAB 14 XI4APOIEOJIOIIIKLI fiPVII{KI4 BO
IIOIIIULPOKOTO IOAPAAIJE HA MABPOBO BO BPCKA CO TYEEILETO HA BOAA OA
MABPOBCKATA AKyMyIAIII,UA. Pe$epatr VI CaseoBarLa reorrora
Jyrocnaauje,
Oxpr,u
1966 r. Kn. L
,[oaen4
M., (1951): I{AJIA3VIITA XEJIE3HE Py.UE v 3AflAAHOJ MAKEAOHI4JI,T IPEMA CTAILV
?ICTPAIE HA .UAH t. IX. 1951.IO.[. Crpyueu
$ong
na leonoulxtt sanog Cxortie.
fioteuq
M., (1954): IIPOfPAM I4HBECTI,IU?IOHE U3TPA.ULE 3A PYAHIZK XEnE3HE PyIB
TAJMI4IIITE
GEOIOIIIKI{ AEO).
@ona ua 3II4M.
flomu4
M., (1954): PyAI4IIITE
AEMI{P
XI4CAP
(CnE[qE) CA OCBPTOM HA CJITIqHA HAJIA-
SI4IIITA
y
JyTO3AfIA.(HOJ
MAKEAOHIUJI4. Crpy.rEl'r
$on4
ra leonorur<ra saBoA CRorIie.
,[o.aeu4
M., Pucilutl M., I4aauoecxu 3., Ryeeuyucr<u 7., (1956): EJIAEOPAT 3A PyAHIITE PE3EPBI4
CO COCTOJE,{'HA 31. XII. 1956. f. Py4apcxn 6acen Ku.reeo.
,[orcu4
M., (1960): I4SSBIIITaL,IEOJIOI}IIA TAJMI4ilITA" 1960 I. @onA crpyqrre goxymenrarlraie
cr3.
,\yrypuauoe H., Ciliojauoe P., Iferfrpoecxu R., (1962): TOJIKyBAq 3A OCHOBHA IEOJIOIIIKA KAPTA
HA C@PJ 3A nI4CT
,,KPy.IIIEBO"
Crpyven
@orr4
ua leonourxr.r 3aBoA
-
CNonje.
puhovnih
J., Q96t):
?Isnefirraj
,,POROCILO O INTEGRIRANJU RUDNIH VZORCEV S PODROCJA
TAIMISTE IN DEMIR HISAR", AI'RIL 1961. @ong Crpyune
,qor(yMerrrarlzje CI3 Beorpa4.
Lleauoecxu A., Hecfropoecxu 17., (1954): XE
,,fJIOBOr{nqA"
-
,{P}IM
(IEOJIOIIIKII
I,I3BEIIITAI).
Crpyveu
$or4
ua feo.:routcra saBo,4
-
Cxouje.
Ueauoeacu A., Lleanoecxu 7., (1955): COOfIIIITEHI,IE 3A PyAIIUITE IIOJABI4 HAJ.IEHI4 HA KAP-
TI4PAIII4OT TEPEH BO JIETOTO 1955. fO.U. Ctpyuen
Son4
na feororrrr4 3aBoA
-
Cxonje.
Lleauoecxu A., tr'Iaaruoacxu 7., (1959): I43BEIIITAJ 3A |EOJIOilKOTO KAPTI4PAISE HA 3A[IA[HI4TE
fIAAIIHtrlI HA KAPAOPMAH,
-
CTOfOBO-JAEIAHIIUA. Crpyven
6onl
ra leonoruxu
3aBoA
-
Cxonje.
Lleataacxu 7., (1954): IPOPAT{yH HA PE3EP3I4 HA
JAInEH
BO EACEHOT
,,OCJIOMEJ"
-
KII-
r{EBCKO.
Crp.
6ona
sa leonour. saBoA
-
Cxonje.
I,Ieauoecrcu 7., (1956): TyMAr{ 3A |EOJIOUKATA KAPTA HA OXPI4ACKA OKOn}IJA. JII4CTOBIL:
.[EEAP,
IOCTI4BAP, KI4IIEBO, OXPN,E, PECEH, KPyIIIEBO, BO M
:
I : t0 000 Crpy-
qerr
OoH,4
sa leoaourxra saBoA
-
Cxouje.
I,Ieauoecxu 7., (1958): I43BEIIITAJ 3A' IEOJIOIIIKOTO KAPTIIPAISE HA IJIAHI4HA
JAEnAHI4UA.
Crpyren
6on,q
na leonoruxz saBo,q
-
Cxonje.
Lleauoecxu ?., (1960): OOCI4IOHOCHI,I TPI4JAC HA IIJIAHI4HI4 IAII4rII4III4. Tpy,qosr rra leo-
Jroullor sano4, cxorfje, ce. 7.
Iileauoecxu 2., (1961): PA3Br4(E TPIIJACA HA [InAHI4HI4
JABIAHIIULI
(HPMAKETOHI4IA). IV
Konrpec reoJrora
Jyrocaaauje.
Krs. I. Tzrorpa4.
I,Ieauoecxu 7., (1966): IIPETXO,UEH II3BEIIITAJ 3A |EOJIOUKOTO KAPTI4PAISE BO 3A[A,UHA
MAKEIOHI4JA 3A IIEPI4O,( 1963-65. Crpyuen
$org
na feoaorur(r{ saBoA
-
Crtonie.
Lleauoeexu 3., Ryeeuyucxu 7., (1959): TAJMIIIIITE, EJIABOPAT O PyAHI4M PE3EPBA,MA CA CTA-
ILEM IOqETKOM 1959.IO.8. Pyroiizc (@onn)
-
Knqeso.
tr4euaj,toe H., (1953): ilPETXOIEH TEOIOIIIKI4 II3BEIIITAJ IABAPOTIOIE OXPI4,U-PECEH-
KPyIIIEBO I4
AEMI4P
XI{CAP. Crpyuen
Son4
ua leonoulxu saBo4
-
Cxorlje.
6l
Lltnai,toe H,,
\19!$;
KPATKO IOJAIIIISEIBE O rEOIOIIIKI4M II TEKTOHCKT4M
IIPEII4KAMA 14
XI'tAPOTEOIOIIIKIIM OCOBI4HAMA KI4qEBCKOT JII(THI4TCKOT EACEHA. Crpyren
$orq
na reonorrtrll saBoA
-
Cxonje.
Iltnajtna I/., (1956): nI{cT PEcBI{-KPvuEBo I (anvHcKA IIAHI4HA
-
EAEA cAg). Tpy4osu
xa leonoruxu sanog Cxonje, cB. IV.
Llruairce
!l',
Llgtyogcxu
4.,
HeciliPiecxu LL, (1956):
Pylrffa IOJABI4 HA CEKUIZJATA PECEH-
KPyIIIEBO 1. Tpy4osra,na leoaoruxn SasoA .- Crconje, ca. 5.
I'Isuajne .F/., (1956):.XEIE3HO-PyAEH
EA3EH BO 3A[IAII{A MAKEAOHI4JA. Tpysosz ra feo-
i:oruriz 3aBoA
-
Cxonje, cr. 5.
llenajme H., Lleauoacxu A., Hecfropoecrut 21., (1956): Py.UlII4 IIOJABI4 HA TEPEHOT KAPTIIPAH
IIPEKY NETOTO 1 952. TOIfiHA,
:*
JIA3APOIONE_OXP}LE_PECEH KPYIIIEBO-AB.
MI4P XI4CAP. Tpy4oaN na leo.nouixa saBo4
-
Crouje, cs. 5.
Ilsnajioa E.,._(1960): UIABHE IIPTE TEKTOHI4KE MAKEAOHI4JE. Tpy4oea ua feoaoutxr saeo4
-
Cronie, ca. 7.
.Llsnajiob
{2
(!s6l): KPETAIbE v KOTJII4HAMA MAKEAoHI4JE 3.\ BPEME TEPUI4JEPA t4 IIo-
T.IETKOM
KBAPTAPA. Tpy4oara na Ieonoulxr.r saBoA
-
Cxortje, ce. 10.
Iltnajtoe
8.,
(t.sO2l9 CTAPOCTI,I
JESEPCKI{X TEPACA 14 IIAJIEOCEI43Mo.qI4CIOKAUI4JAMA
y
MAKEAOHWVI. Tpygonu ra leonormcz saBo,q
-
Cxonje, cr.. 12.
.I,IIUII M,,
(1940): PE3VJITATI4 NETPOTPA@CKO-TEOJIOIIIKOT TIPOMAT"AISA HA NI4CTY PE.
CEH-KPI/IIEBO. To4aunrar feo.n. Kpa"'r. gpyrmBa sa 1939 roAzHa. Beorpag. l
Ilrur? /til., (1947): PE3ynTATI.,I TEOIOIIIKI,IX flPOMATPAISA HA JII4CTOBnUe,
pBCBff-Xpy-
lrrEBO
14 IOCTI4BAP-KI4qEBO. Tpygoer.r na feonormsz sanog, Ci<orljs.
gn. 1.
rlfioecxu f .,
O9s4):
I43BEIIITAJ BA rEoJiotuxoro KAPTI4PAI6E Ha iioBfl4dxar,loxonl4HA
HA IOJABI4TF HA IIIIIC KAJ C.ROCOBPACTA-AEEAPCKO.
Crpy.reu
@ong
ua leoaouncr
3aBo,q
-
Cxonje.
Jauuut?
7., Iroil.oeu* t,.,
iteezl:
npETxo,uHIl rI3BEIIITAJ O TEOJIOIIIKI4]VI I4CT?AXZBAIbI4MA
HA IOJABAMA Py.qE rBoxfA
y
OEJIACTI4 KI4TIEBo-Io6TIIBAp. @or44 crpyvuo
4oxymexraqzje SHC. Beorpa4.
Jauuutt
7., Iloiloeuti P., Ifaeirutt C., (1962): I,I3BEIIITAJ-O rEOIOmKO-rEO@I43I4[IKI,IM
IICT?A-
XI4BAILZMA HA IoJABAMA Py.UE rBoxfa v osnacTr4 KAr{EBA
Lt robtrzeapa.
--
@onq erpytrue goxyruenraqzje
SHC. Beorpag.
Jaaauft
7..{rofrozurt P., u
spyiu,
(L964): I43BEIIITA} o rEoroIIIKo-rEooI,IgIzrrKI4M
}rcTpAxll-
BAIbTTMA HA [oAPyrrJy SAIIAIHE MAKE.qoH]rfE. @cin4 crpyqge
4ony**ru[r;e
3Hc,
Eeorpa4.
Ja4uu*
7.,_!f9iio.aurt P., Ileefrurt C., Aafrouoaw( A., (1966):14 3BEIIITAJ O IEOJIOIIIKO-fEO@I4
SI.,IaIKI{M
ECTPAXI4BAILI4MA HA IIOAPYI{JY 3AIAAHE MAKE.qOHI4JE
Y 19&. rOUZrrZ.
@orr4 I4ncrzryra 3a rryr$reapue cr.rpoBr.rEe. Beorpag.
Jau,utrl
r.._Q!e_Q: I4SRE_IIIIAJ o rEonofiIKo-rEooi43rlr{Kl4M IaCTPAXI4BAIBI4MA
HA IIoA-
PyrIJy SAI]AIHE MAKEIOHIIJE. @ou,u crpyque
soxyueriraqrai. 3HC; B;;i;x'-igee.
Saranoff
p.112+?r-lgl
LAGEoLocIE DE LA MAcEDoNIB occropNtAr,E.c6MMii\iic-arroN
-_
PRELIMINAIRE. TpyEos'4 ra leoaoun<r.r saeo,q, Cxonje, ce. 1.
;--'
Japaxoe Z-:.(P_1!!-lE9!!oiIIKr{ I4'xr4,UPorEonoIIIKti'ISBEiIITAJ BA ocHoBHrIoT
npoEKT
3A XI'I.UPOUEHTPAJII'ITE MABPOBO. Crpyuen
go44
na-Enen. ,rp"*pl-lfvf"npoao,,
-
focrzeap. I948. rognra.
JAPAruOE 4-^(19,5_I): IPE-BEH4TE HA
UPHII ,qPI4M.
BTOPO KPATKO COOIIIITEHIAE
3A rEO- '
noil4JATA HAAIEAHCKO-JyTOCJIOBEHCKI,ITE
l.t4}i.APux.u. rpy.q;;;i*oo**
.
3aBo,q
-
Cxonje, ce. f,,.
REXU? A.,-(7968): ENAEOPAT O I4HXEISEPCKO-IEOJIOIIIKI4M
14 XT4.qPOTEOJIOIIIKIIM
TTP]g.JTVI-
KAMA TEPEHA
AEEAPCKOT
IO,UPyrIJA. Cxorje 1968.
Kexurt A.,
(!?_e?/lQ.APD4pQKI4 3EMJOTPEC o.U :b. Houla'spvr ts67. r. Lr rEonoruKo-TEKToH-
_ _
C{4 OlnI4KI4 HA OKOJIHI4OT TEPEH. Tpy4onr ra leonoufr<u saBon
_
C""n;.,
--"r.
ii.
Kaextfr
[..!!_66J:-MTTHEPAJIHI4 CACTAB Pv,unulT.iiTAJMIaIIITE,
ca ocn?rou'ue nrronv
_
fEHE3y. Pe$epanr VI Cassrosama reoJrora,
4eo
i
-
OxprEg.
Kober L., (1952):
I.E_IILINIEN
DER TEKTONIK
JUGOSLAVIEN^S.'Sondersusgabe d. Serb. Akad.d.
lTissenschaft. Bd. 189. feoaourrr uHcrrryi
-E.o"p"g. -'
Kotercfiue
!1!_t_2!?y_os-!."1!9yo"
eaaos, cxoilje, (isoo): r-nonoruJa HA cpM. TyMArr KoH rEo-
IOIIIKATA KAPTA 1i200.000._-crpyqen
6oug
na feonourxn saaog
-
cx.u;e.-
--
Kotcxfruc Ha leo,Toru Ha
,,tr4Hgyctzpoilpoexfr" og'3atpr6, (iSOa): fEOTEPMII.IiG
ACTPAXI4BAIf,A
y
_
CPM, BO 1967. I. Crpyuen
$ong
na leo.nourxra saBoA
-
Cxonje.
Kotexfruaua padofia
ua aeilopx,^{llle._eleol.qclJA
E sHerpERIsE TEKST seARUEs I EIARTE5
-GI_E^9PqJ_II}_T_E_SI_qPERIqE
NE SHKALLE r :2oo 000. Tirana,-iszo.-f"p.."Al
I<OSSMAI
F., (1924):
GEOLOGIE DER ZENTRALEN BALKANI{ALBINSEL. MIT EINER ljSpniSrcu1.
_DES
DINARISCHEN GEBIRGSBAUES, Ber1in.
-
Kossmat
r=_Q-els)..]vITTTEILUNGEN
UBER DEN-cEoLocrscHEN BAU voN MITTELMAZEDo-
r-
NIEN. Verh Siichs. Ges. \?'iss. Leipzig.
KUPUIi 8., (1956):
I]EKA 3AUAXAIBC O
TTTASAS.POXILAqKOI @OPMAUIII4
AI4HAPI4.qA.
Becrrzrt 3aso,qa sa reoJrorrrxa r.rcrpalrcrrBar6a HpC. r{i6. XI. Blorpa,q.
62
Jlacxapea ,B., (1956): nPErnBA HA RAJIEOT,PAOULJATA HA OXP?LECKOTO E3EPO 3A BPEMB
HA HEOIEHOT. Tpygoen rra leororrtr<z s:rBoA
-
Crconje- ca. 5.
Jlese6ypi ff., (1954): CTPATI4PA@ZJa 14 TEKTOHI4IG I'v'AHOf DA3EIIA KI4IIEBA. Crpyuex
$oxg
ra leonout<u saao4 Cronje.
Jlyxocuk M.,
(1953)t I43BEIIITAJ O TEOJIOIITKOM nPErnEAv MECTA
y3ETI4X y
OE3I4P.3A
I43IPA,4I6y EPAHA 14 XE HA
UPHOM.qPI4My.
CrpSnrex
6ong
na feonoruxs sanog Cxonje.
Jlyxaeurt M., (1953)t TEOJIOITTKA I4CIII4TIZBAISA.Uy)I{ HOBE BAPI4JAHTE 3A PEIIIEILE XI4IPO-
EHEPIETCKIIX IIPOBJIEMA IIPHOIA
APIIMA. Crp) rex
6on4
ua feonouu<r aa6o4 Crorlje.
Mataxoe 1., (1938): IEOJIOIIIKI4 CACTAB II TEKTOHUIKA IIOPEqJA II ILEIOBOT OBO.EA. Ieo=
JrouEoI Anarr, xrs. XV. Beorpa,q.
Maluxoe A.,
(1947): COMUNICATION PRELIMINAIRE SUR LA GEOLOGIE ET LA TECTO.
NIQUE DU MAVROVO POIJ. TpyAo", na looaonlxu saso4, Cr<ouje, cr. l.
Mapxoewl ,5., (1959):
yCJIOBI4
CTBAPAISA,UI4JAEA3-POXILAqKE OOPMAULIJE TPI,IJACKE
Meteuiiiujeewl f .,
1ts3z1:
TEoJIoIIIKITI CACTAB KII4CyPE
UPHOr API{I,[A.
3arruclrnx Cprcxor
reoaqlukor.,4pyrrrrBa. S6opnur 212..Teotr.. anarm Earn<an. flo;ryoc:t. xru. XI. I Eeorpaa.
Mapxoeut? M., (1957): flETPOIPA@CKA AHAJIIISA 3A CTEHE flIAHI4HE CTOIOBA (3A[A.UHA
MAKE.UOHIIJA). Ctpytren
$on4
xa reojrouixa saBoA
-
Cxonje.
Medwenitsch W., (1956): IIOJIOXBATA HA IEIAIOHH.\I,ITE BO I'AHIIUATE OE CEBEPHI4TE
'
14
JyXHL'ITE ,IIHHAPIIII4
oA
.qkTHAPrIAllTE
(s. str.) lI XEIEII?1.U[TE.
'fpy4oau
ra
. Ieo;rotuxlr slBo,{ + Crcorlie ca. 5. .
Muaanoeu* 8., Mutoaauoautt
,4.,
(1955): I4SBEIIITAJ OIEOMAIHETCKOM I4CilATLIBAIIIy TEPEHA
TBAJIAHAOBA A TAJMI4IIITA.
(Dorrg
crpy.are
goryruenraqzje.
Cf3, Eeorpag.
Mu,tarncuti 8., Ilepu* M., (1956): I43BEIIITAJ O rEO@I43I4r{KIIM I,ICII4TI4BAILI4MA HA TEPEHy
'
TAJMI4IIITA. @o:rg crpyqge
qbxylrbgaaqrje CI3
:BeorpaA.
Munuoeuti.S'., (1957): IIPI4KA3 IEOOI43I1qKI4X I4CfiI4TI4BAIbA HA JIEXI4IUTIaMA C[lJIl,lKAT-
Hl4xPyIA'fBoXfAyJyTo3AIA"UHoJMAKEAoHIIJI4. Becrurc 3aao4a sa reorrouma r4
Muxajrcewt
J.,
(1933): TI4IICAHI4 PEJbE@ KOCOBPACTA
y.qOnI4HA
PAII4KE, BI4IIIE
AEEPA.
,An.Gol.de-laP6n.Bblk.'TomeI1,fasc.2pp.278-281,'Bograd,1933.
Muxajmcux
J.,
(1951); SEMJOTPECII?I OEJIACTI,I BO MAKEUOHI4JA. Tpy4ogu ra feojroirlxu saso,4
-
Cxonje. cs. 2.
Muxaj,loctii
J.t,
(1956): CEA3MOJIOIII(A RAPAKTEPI4CTI4KA HA TEPEHOT HA'J!TO3,\ilA!,HA
.
14,
JyXHA
MAKEAOHIAJA. Tpy4onr na feo;rout<n saaog Crouje, ca. 5,
Muilpoe ?., (1958): HOBI4OT TEPMAJIEH I43BOP BO C. SAIbI4IUTE
.UEEAPCKO.
TpyAoau na-Xeci-
nolrrrrl saBoA
-
CNortje, ce. 6.
Hecfrapoecxu'L1.,
(1959):,flPEqXOAHI,l I,ISBEIIITAJ.3A |EOIO|I4JATA HA CTOIOBO, EI4CTPA,,
KoPAE_'qEIIIAT.Crpyverr&orr,qrraIeorrorrlxnBaBoA-Cxorlje.,:l..'.
Hectaopoecxu If .,
{1962):
CTPATI4|PA@CKA IIOJIOXEA I{4, CJIOEBI,ITE OA ilPOOI4I{OT
;,KPE.
MEH II" HA IIJIAHI4HATA CTOI'OBO. Io,qzulen s6oprrrx flprpog. ruar.
@axynrer
sa reo-
rpa6raiaureorrorilja.Krr.XIII-1,Crorrje.'','.,,,i,.
Hecfropoecxu L1., (1962): rEOnOil4JA HA'ilOIIIUPOKATA OKOJII4HA HA JIA3APOIIOffi I4
AEEAP.
(,{or<ropcr<a
4rcepraquja).
Iogzrr, s6opnur ua flprapo,6. mar.
@axynrer
na Vrtneps. ro Cxonje
KE. XW.
Iilicuropoacxu LI., (1966): IIPE.IXOAHO'COOIIIIITEHI4E 3A CTPATI4IPAOI4JATA If TEKTOHI4-
ia flp-upogiio.,tuar.
$axyrter
Cxonje, xrr. XV, ca.'3.
..:.Cxouje.
Hefr
I.,
(1950): ZSreUrraj O OBT4JTACKy T,ICTPAXHI4X PAAOBA HA rBOXfy KOI CnEnqE
- .
,
I4 T-AIMI{IIXTETI(AKO fl IT.CTP$IU4BAI5:/ MATHETI4TCKE PVAE KOE KyP.{TI.lrtE
i '-
MAKEAOHIAJA. @bn,q crpyrrrb
,qorymdrnarlraje.
Chabs. reoa. saBo,q- Eeorpafi.
'
.
Huxotturt II., (1912): IIAIII{JAUIZJE IIIAP IIIAHILHE I4 KOPABA. Inacnax feonoutr<or
Ap}'ElrBa.
I. Eeorpa4.
Hoaaxoecxu 7., (1962):. MAHIAH
,,CTOPOBO",
trOAI,IIIIHI4 TEXHI4qKU
fl3BEIIITAJ O I,I3BPIIIE-
rreBo.
Hoeaxobcxi:7., (i961): MAHrAI{:,,JA,qOBO". rO.qEIIIEH I43BEIUTAtr 3A I43BPIIIEHLI PAEOTI4 BO
1960 [O,4UHA --- KIIqEBO. Crpyuen
(bosa na l'3. na CPM.
Hoaaxoecxu.f;,,(1961)::'KPATAI( TEXHI4TIKIZ I4SBEIIITAJ O
ynAfAILl4MA
I4 IIOCTfiIHyTI4M
PEgynTATI4f\4iq. 3A 1960 fOAI4Hy 3A'MA'HIAH ,,CTOIQBO". Crpyunr
SonA
na f.3,
xa CPM.
Noutack E,;{1929)i GEOLQGISCHE UBERSICHT VON ALB.{NIEN. ERLAUTER. ZUR GEOLOG.
KARTE I : 200 000, Salzburg.
Nopesa F., (1929)z
GEOGRAPILIE UND GEOLOGIE NORD:ALBANIENS. ceol. Hung|rica, Ser. geol:.
Fasc,3. Budapest,
OStTCiCh R.O (1900):
VORLAUFIGE MITIHEILUNGEN UBER EINE:EUROPEISCHB TURKEI; Mitt,
d.k. ceol. Gesells. lfien.
6j
Ostreich K., (1902): BEITRAGE ZUR GEOMORFOLOGIE MAZEDONIENS. Geol. Gesells. BG fV, !flien.
Ilaerceu*Cfi.,(1963)t EIAEOPAT O MIAHEPAJIOIIIKOJ CTyAIAJI4 MAHIAHCKI4XPyIAOBIACTI,I
CTOIOBO I43 PEBI4PA I-yXI{HI4IIA l,l III-BPEJAHCKO. Crpyvna goxymeatarsrja
Mr4rreparrolrrKo-rerporpa$. saBoAa Ilptpo4nomareMarr{t{Rox
Qaryateta,
Beorpa4.
Ilaetoem( Cfr., Puciau? M., (1947): I43BEIIITAJ O TEOIOIIIKO-PyAI\PCKI4M VICTTZITUBAILI4MA
HA JIZCTOB}IMA OXPI4.U,
.(EEAP
14 OKONVHE XPOMHI4X PT/AHLIKA
,,PA.UYIIIE"
T4
,,JE3BPIIHA"
Y HPM I4 KOCMETY. IOJABE PYAE MAHTA}IA HA JII4CTY,UEBAI'.
Ctpyuan
Soug
na leo.noruxr sarog Crouje.
Pase M..B., (1955): TEOJIOIIIKA CTPyKTITA
(TEI(TOHI4KA) JIFXTIIIITA I(EIE3HE PyAE
y
, BJI}I3I4HI4 TAJMI4IIITA. (Cpucxo
xpBarcKl4 rIpeBoA 113serrr1sjs 3a BnaAy C@PJ ol re)uurtrKe
nomokr OYH), Cxonje, 1955.
Ilauilu* H., Huxoau* .B., (1956): ilPI4JIO3II 3A SAfIOBHABAIf,E CO fiII4OIIEHCKATA @JIOPA
HA MAKEIOHI4JA. Tpygorz na leororrxu saaog Cxonje, cn. 5.
Ileputi
J.,
(1954): IEOnOIIIKA OCHOBA 3A I4,[EJHI{ ilPOJEKAT XE
,,ilIIIIIJICKIA
MOCT". Crpy-
uer
$ong
na 13, Cxonje.
Ileilxoau*. 1(., (1958):
NEUE ERKENTNISSE UBER DER BAU DER DINARIDEN.
Jahrb.
d. Geol.
Bundesanct,
Jahrg.
1958. l0l Band, Heft. 1, Vien.
Iloiloau* P., (1968): I43BEIIITAJ O I4CTPAXZBAILI4MA SAIIMHE MAKEIOHI4JE v 1967 tO['IlJJl4.
Crpyuer
$orrg
na leonollncu aanog'- Cxouie.
Irpofrutr M., (1948): nPETXOIHTI V3BEIIITAJ O TEOJIOIIIKOM CHI4MATLy U TEOIOTnKO-Py-
.UAPCKIdM
I4CTPAXHZM PA.qOBI4MA HA IIOJABAMA MAHTAHA Y OBJIACTI4 TA-
II4r{HI4KA
y
MAKE.UOHHJI{. Crpyqen
OouA
na leoaoruxr.r saeog Cxonje
Pasoeanoewt 8., (1932): fI4nCHI4 PEJbEO KOCOBPACTA
y
IOII4HI4
PA.(I4KE B?IIIIE
IEBPA.
fuacrrrar Cpncxor reoJrorrrxor
ApyrtrrBa
18, Eeorpag.
Paxurt C., Aepauoewt 8.,: I,I3BEIIITAJ O nPEruIE,{y MI4KPOCKOICKUIX'ilPEIIAPATA PyIIIIIITA
TAJMI4ruTE. @orgorcxa crpyqxa
4oxymentaifzja
Cl3
-
Eeorpa4.
Paneau( V., Eaduft 8., faeputroeutQ H., Mapxoru* M., (1961): KOJIEKTI4BHI,I PA.q nPEfm.UA MI4KPO-
CKOICKI4X IPEIAPATA CA IIJIAHI,IHE CTO|OBA 14
IEIIIATA.
Crpyver
gong
na Im-
Jror[r{r{ BaBoA
-
Cronje.
Pucfrutt A.,
loten4
M., I,Ieauoecxu 3., Ryeeupucxu 7., (1955): nPOPAqyH PyAHIZX PE3EPBZ CA CTA-
ISEM HA
AAH
31. XII. 1955 TOAI4HE 3A
Jy.UOBO,
CBT4ILIiIIITE, KO3tr4IIA, OpnOB
KAMEH, MAIKOEU I,l EXJIOBEU.
(Donn
Ha pyg. 6acen Kvr.leeo.
Cu,vw? B., (1951): I{AIIIA PyILILIITA MAHTAHA lI ILZXOBA IPI4PO.IHA KJIACIaOI4KAUL4JA.
EP. 2. Caser sa eneprr.rjy r exqrpaxr. r.rHAycrp. Bna4e OIIPJ
-
Beorpag, Cy6orraqa, 1951. ro4.
C.uunanu* 7., (1929): O UIAIII4JAIHilM TPATOBI4MA HA IIIAP IIIAHIIHLI; KPr{I4Hy 14 CTOTOBy.
Bull. Soc. Geograf. serb. kol. 15, EeorpaA, 1929 rcn.
Cfracob X., (1965): IIAIEOSOUICKA LL T?I4JACKA KOHOAOHTHA <DAyHA OA 3AIIMHA MA-
KEUOHI4JA. Tpyponi na feonormsr saBog
-
Cxonie, 12.
Cfraueuxoan* A., (1952): 14 3BEIIITAJ O IEO<DI43I4qKI4M ILCII,ITLIBAILI{MA HA TEPEHy
y
OKO-
JMH.Id TAJMI{IIITA.
(Doqn
crpyrrrre goxymenraquje CfS, Eeorpag.
'Cfrojasuweuri
t/.,
(1958): IEOMOP<DOJIOIIIKA fIOCMATPAILA IIA TLIIICHOM PEJ6E<Dy V
AO-
JM}JI4 PAAIZKE. Io4uur. s6opmrx sa @ra.n.
Qnxyarer
na YnrEaepsrar. flpnpo4no-ilareuar.
ogAen. Krr. XI. Ho. 8
-
Cxouje.
Ty*au@., (1934): HAyr{HA EKCKyPHI4JA
y
BAP.UAPCKY EAHOBI4HV. I. TOK EKCKyPS}IJE.
II. IIEKA ONAXAILA IIA EKCKYP3TZJI,I. 1. O.U NPEIUEBA
IO
BAKCI4HAIIA. 2. KPT,IC-
TAJIHE CTEHE EAEYHE. 3. MPAMOPHI4 OHI4KC KOT JIEIUKA. 4. IUAP INAHI4HA
OI KAPA H'IKON,TUE
.qO
KOPABA. 5. CTEIbE KOPAEA. 6. CTEILE EI4CTPE [JIA-
HI4HE. Jlerouuc
Jyr.
Arag" cs. 46
-
3arpe6.
Ty*au(D., (1938): MI4HEPAJIOIUKA RETPOTPAOCKA ilPOyIIABAILA HA CEKUI4JAMA PECEH-
KPyIIIEBO I4 CKOIJE-T. BE.IIEC I4 IOCTI{BAP-K}IqEBO. ?Ieseurraj o pagy sa 1937
EeorpaA.
Towu* M., (1962): IIIKPIIJLABI4 KBAPU-IIOP@I;]FI4143 OKOII4HE C.
JYAOBA
(3AIf.
MAKE-
IOHL'IJA). Tpygonr na feorrouixr.r sdaog'Cxouje, cn. 9.
Hanh
J., Q876):
REISE DURCH DIE GEBIETE DES DRIM UND VARDAR. Denksch. d. \Pien, Bd.
XVI, \fien.
xhpsep X., (1965):
,UAnr4 Cy MAKEAOHCKE Py.UE TBOXfA CTBOPEHE nOA
yTT4TIAJEM
PACT-
BOPA PACfIA,UAISA. Tpygorr.r rra feon. saBoA
r
Crconje. Cr. 12.
Xapueecxu
I., Q967): AEBAPCKI4OT
3EMJOTPEC O,U 30. XI. 1967 fO.U. Cronje, 196?.
Xayu-Muilpoaa C., (1959):
HOBA HAIA3I4IIITA AHI{3I,ICKE OAyHE
y
AOII4HI4
IIPHOI
.{PVMA.
Tpy4our na Ieonorr.cr.r saaog Cxonje, ce. 6.
XalarMuwpoaa C., Hecfropoecxu 14., (1960): HOBA HAJIA3I4IIITA TPIIIACKE @AyHE HA ilJIAHI4HI4
CTOIOBO
-
3AIAAHA MAKE.(OHIzIJA. Tpy4ouu na feoroutt(rr saBon
-
Cxouje. ca. 7.
XPucfroe C., (1963): I43BEIXTAJ 3A I]EONOIIIKOTO KAPTI4PA}LE HA JII4CTOBI4TE 6I4CTPA_
KIEHOEII-KI4TIEBCKO, BO M
:
I : l0 000. Crpyren
gong
na feonorttn sarog, Cxonje.
Ilcuju*
j., (1906): oCHoBI{ 3A rEorPA<DI4Jy U rEOnOrI4Jv MAKEIoHIIJE I4 CTi{PE CPBI4JE.
Cpncxa Kpar, Ar. Krr. I ra II Beorpa,q.
a
I
r..
F
r
F
3
r
i
Ileujutt
J.,
(1911): OCHOBII 3A IEOIPAOWY 14 fEOJIOn4Jv MAKEUOHI4JE 14 CTAPE CPBUJE.
Cpncxe Kpar. Ax. Beorpa.q Krr. III.
Ilauju*
1.,i1924).
IEOMOPOOIOrIaJA. Krr. I u II. l4sA.
'[pyIII.
unaml. Beorpas.
Cisartz A., (1954):
ZUR PETROGRAPHIE UND GENESIS SUDVESTMAZEDONISGHEN EISEN-
SILIKATLAGERSTATTEN. Becnr.r< 3asoga 3a reorr..E reo0ug.-ucrp. !IPC,.xr. XI, Erq.
.I6pi
P., (1931): PyAHI4K filIICA KOA.UEEPA. Crpwen
$onr
na febnarrfirir sanog,6koni6. ';;-.
\IufrqtA.,09A): EJIAEOPAT 3AIEOJIOilKATAmAqBAI{PyAIII4TEPESEPB}I I{A II4IIC-
AJIABACTAP BO OKOII4HATA HA @-KA 3,\ fl4ftC,,KOCOBPACTI,I",4EEAP. Crpy.reu
OosE
na feonouuor sasog, Cxouie.
Vtiua A., (1971): EJIASOPAT 3,t KOHTPOJIHOTO EYIIIEI$E Ll TEOIOIUKI4TE I4CTPAXHI4
PAEOTI4 IIA
JAIIEHOBI{OT
BACEH
,,OCJIOMEJ".
Crpyren
Ooqn
na leonotmor sasog,
C,rcor.je.
'
"'.h
'{'=
a
a
aia :.4
.. ..
-:i:ii-:;'
a.,'r -ij,
!,1 -l
)
t.t-
',ff,,l::.:
.
.;.t< -':-
i
.i
-;:t'"-1 :aJi,i ..j1
i- i .:.1: l
i
.31
L-_.
l. ..
L
t
;.+
-'-a *
r-.:
! -,
:65
GEoLOGY oF TI{E SIIEtsT KICEVO
THE SHEET KIEEVO HAS BEEN MAPPED AND THE $ELANATORY TEXT PREPARED BY
THE STAFF OF THE GEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE, SKOPJE.
Rocks developed in the area 6pvered by this sheet are Palaeozoic metamorphic and magmatic rocks, Mesozoic
riai*.otr anh magmatic rocks, Tertiary sediments and effusive rocks, and
Quaternary
deposits.
Cambrian/Ordovician meamorphic rocks csnsist of phyllitoid
1oc.ks,
melalandstone,
quartzite, greel schist,
f;lffi;tt#;d ;ct ist, ana thin rnarble interbeds with iower Cambrian and Ordovicinn fauna, in a thickness of
about 5000 m.
Devonian rocks lies over this complex. These are
phyltitoids, conglomerate, metasa[dstone,
quartzite, carbonatic
schist and marble. The thickness is 2000-3000 m.
Palaeozoic metamorphites include also diabase, spilite, rhyolite, keratophyre and quartz-keratophyire effusionr.
The Triassic lies transgressively over the Palaeozoic complex. It ctnsists of Middle and Upper Trassic clactice
and limestone, 600--400 m. ti,ck.
Over these and the older base lie transgressively flyschoid shale, chert, sandstotre' marl, argiillaceous-calcareous
."t irt, **aV tmestone, and calcareniti. Based on microfaunal ide[tification, there are separated the Upper
Lias,
-Lias/bogger,
Dogger/Malm, aud Malrri/Neocomian. Their thickness is 900 m.
In a tectodc relation witl this complex are Upper Cretaceous flyschoid sediments
(flaglike rudist limestone
and
gypseous deposits) of the Turonian/Senonian, with a depth of about 1000 m.
T1e Mesozoic series is perstrated., or it includes effusions, by ultrabasite, basite in acid.magmatite (serpenti-
"rtO
O"U"r",
glanite, diorite,
quartz-diorite, gabbro) associated with
Jurassic
maglatism.
Tertiary sediments and magmatites c,onsist of transgressive Upper Eocene shale, marl, satrdstone and con-
glomerate of about 500 m. in thickness.
Middle ard upper Plioceqe
sedbhents are developed in the basins of Kidevo' Debar' Piskup$tin and Debarce'
and consist of-rirarl, sand and clay with coal, not exceeding the thickness of 250 m.
Magmatites are represented by rhyolite veins along ruptures in the Palaeozoic complex of Bukovik.
Quatemary
sediments are nraoy. These are morainic and. fluvioglacial formations, terra rossa, travertine,
pied-
riont deposits, slope breccia, icree, slopewash debris and alluvial deposits'
A greater area of the sheet belongs to the'!?est Macedonian tectonic unit; only.its small southwestern
part-is
in ihe Debar Zone. There
"."
*ioy
plicative and disruptive structures. Most distinctive are Tertiary troughs
of Kidevo, Debarce, Piskupitin and Debar.
Useful mineral ores are conained, in deposits and occurrences of iron
(Taimi5te,
Judovo,
Sviniiite,
-etc.)
in
palaeozoic
formations, rn*g"nir",
"iro
ilr Lo*.r Palaeozoic schist and Triassic shale
(Govedarnik and GaliE-
iiti. tfr.."
"r"
mineial .mlbc"m.ots of copper.near D_,ebar. Nonmetallic ores are represented by
-enormous
"*6*rr"Llgyp.oro
*a
-nyOrit
i" tt
"
Radika River valley, and clay, limestone, travertine and
gpvel deposits'
Ligrrite is forurd in
Kidevo
basin, and thermomineral
(50'
C) sulphurous and radioactive water sprhgs ifl the
villages of Bailii5te and Kosovrasti.
Translated by
Danica Miiovi6-Pili6
'": -
I
:'66
.J
LEGEND OF MAPPING UNITS
Ouateraary
1. Scattered soil, 2. Alluvium,
3. slope wash, 4. Deluvium, 5. sloping
ground breccia, 6' Proluvium, 7' Terra
rossa, 8. Calc tuff, 9. Morene.
Pliocene
10. Rhyolite, 11. Marl,
clan sand and
gravel'
12. Marly limestone, sandstoue aqd conglomerate'
Cretaceour
13. Diabase, 14. Gypsum urd anchydritp,
15.
platy
limestone
(a), rud,ist-limestone
(b), 16. Flyschoidal oedi-
ments.
Jurassic
u.Dioriteandquartz-diorite,
18.Granite, 19.Gabbro,20Diab.ase,2l.Serpentinite,22.Ivtarl,rnarly
limestone,
;;";.'ifi-;Gyri;;;;";a;;;,-Eltr"vtto"",
arsil.oschiste, limestone aud sandstone, chert'
Triassic
24. Dolomitic limestone, 25. Thick bedded and massive limestoue, 26. Platy limestoue, 27. Claystone
(a), chert
(b), 28. Conglomerate
aud saqdstone.
Devonian
29. Metamorphosed diabase and spilite, 30. Ilerato-phyre
and
quartz-- keratophyre, 31: Metamorphosed rhyolite,
32. Dolomitic marble,:a. cfi"i'ti:;;;ri5+.
fr"iri".m"rbl.,
]5.
Platv
-marble,35.
Carbonaceous lchists,
57:0;.rii;; 5ti. congtome.it
(a), sandstone
(b), 3e. Phvllitoide'
Cambrian
-
Ordovician
40. odartzite. 41. euartz
-
metasandstoue, 42.Marble.43.
Feldspar sclusts 44. Greea schists, 45. Graphitic
schisis, 46. Metasandstone aod alevrolite, 47. Phyllitoide'
LEGEND OF STANDARD MAP DENOTATIONS
1- Normal boqndary: established, covered or supposed, 2. Gradual
transitio-n: established and covered, 3' Ero-
;i.ili,ffid;il'ilr"-uir,it.Jtii;ith'd$);;;a-iio
uo,i"a"'v of uncertain character, 4. rntr'sive boundarv: es-
i"irifili*a'*vered,
5. B;;a&;?;*rt
"rir"
,ot"-ic rocks: established and covered 6. Bedding dip elements,
overthurned. bed,7. ff".i^t"i6.a S. Dip efem.nts oilotation: nolmal,-foliation
with lineauon,9.
A':ris of
;y""il;;a *ti-"tir,., 10.56;i;i. orr"i"ri ioiarl-it. Plunging of axis of anticline and
lvnchne,
12. Dip ele-
;;;il}ii"t ;
"trti.if
;"i"ti
j.
pip
.r"*."t of
"i.avage,
t+l riUt witrrout denotation of character: observed,
;;;;,i;;i,pp"'"t;e;dd;;adi;iiva"i.'*i""t"d,-1j.
Relative fault.- flanks mouving, 16. Fault with
relative dowrtrown uro"CizlF""rt-^"i,
ra, r.o"iof tirrust observed and covered, 19. Front of nappe: obser-
vred and covered, 20. Di.apiric;;aii,'zt.
rvracrofalna, maruae macroflo-ra, nricrofauna, 22' Deposit of iron,
23. Metallic o"*.r"r,""riF.-iro", Mn-**g*.ise, Cu--copper, A. Non meallic deposits:.gi--glypsum'
"fr
-
*"tryOrit, Zs. Outciops of i1G ;;" bodie1, f"-irorr, tvtn-maneaoaise, 26. Deposit-of lignite,
.27'
Main
qr"*t*-*i clay-pits, 28.-1;;o;t r1i.*a-pitr *a
exuuit-iit.,
ZS. Active open pit, 30. Mining works abandoqed
and active.
67
TEOJIOUIf, JIIICTA KT4![EBO
.;'::ief
"i:
.t,jti:.':; i!":i;i .i ,.,r'.r,r,,:i.i i-,,.,';.r;
JII4CT KAqEBO KAPTI4POBAJII4 UI ilO.gCHI4TEJIbHbIfi TEKCT HAII4CAII4 rEoJIorIrJ',
.]]:{
TEOJIOTUq ECKOTO fiHCTI4TYTA B CKOIINE
Jlucr Kz.rego cJrararor rraJreosoficKtle Mer',rMop0rrlIecxr{e rr l.lar.Marr.rqecKrre Eopo,Ebr, Meso3ofic([e.ogaAotrlrbre
Y Marma'rl4trecK4g r1o-po:Abr, Tpsrr4llrrbre ocaAorlnEre t4 rrsBepx(eHubre tropo,qbr ri trsrBqprnqErre cttjioxenfr.ij
Kem6plzfie<o-opAoBr4lccxve metam.op$uuecrlle nopo4ri rrpeAcraBrrerr6i
$l.ra,rlrror4ar,,t,r, r
MeraflerqaHrrtaMr,r,
KBaprII4TilMr4, SeJrerrbl.llll4 CJrartrIaMrr, {oneBo[rlafl43r.tpoBarurbrMl,t cJrarlqaMu r.r TorJr{r4Mrr [pocJrofiMr4 MpaMopa
c ,Ic&oIIaeMLlMra ru.rrxnexem6pzficroro r4 opAoBar(q(oro Bospacra. To:rqrana KoMrrJrer(ca oxo;ro 5.000 m.
.:::,.:: .'_t:
.', ..
;
,i
:.
,.:-
,.;
.,...,.;
.,
;:tr.'i.; -,r. a
.'..
. .:'r-;'. .i, .;:. :r.,i
Tpuac saneraer rpaHcrpecclrBrro IIa rlareosoftc(oM r{ottrrJrer(ce. 3ro
-
o6aomo.rErre dopoAbr r.r }rsBeCnrqr(I,I
@peAlre. ra, sp$iifupAacoBo,ro Boip+cra, .tciruluEbr
oA
.600
A9r',800. il..
,.
.
.,1
Ha
gz:<
ra ua 6o.nee ,qpeBHeM ocnoBarr[r{ Tpaucrpeccr{Brro orraraJrtrcB
$nlrur'earagnsre
apilr,T,'rr.rrEr, x*,ugr, ,ta"-
qaH,I'IHIr,
MepreflIl, UII4HI4CTO-IiI3BeCTI(oBIICTEIe CJIaBIIbI, I]eCqaIILIcTLIe ASBeC?IIEI(I4 r IJIbKapeEIltr,r.
Ha OC-
rroBarr}I}l Mr4rlpozcKonaeMbrx ycaarroBJrer+,r repxrnfi fleilac, aefiac-Aorrep,
,qorrep-MiurLM; [1 MaJrbM:rreer(oM.
Tolrqrzrra xomn.nercca 900 iu.
Brmre necornaclro 3aJreraror Bepxuer[eJroBsre
$nnrrresr,rgnbre
orJrox(ennE (uart.rarsrp py4ltcroBr,re r{sBgqfirr11r{
zrzuc)TypoH-ceHoIrcKoroBo3pacTa.I4xTonuMrrao,&qIol'00Q#-..:..,'i,.:.'i.].
B cepzz Me3ogos., aJrr{ flpopr,rBar ee, EaxoArlTcfl ynLTpaocuoBr]rre,
ocHoBrrbre n Kr4cJrEre MarMarrzqecKue flopoAbr
(cepnerrrzuutu,KBapqeB6IeAI'opI,TI?I,ra66po),[pzypotIeHHbIeKIopc(oMyMa!M3TI4?M,}l.!;
Tpbrurnrue bca4ovntre:
.
z ,vlarMaTlrqeclu4e,
Eopo4b.r
,.IlpgAqraBrerrEr,.,lcparrcrpeccaBHElMr4.
Bep)cresorleHoBhrMr4
aprr.tJlJlr4Ta,i!fit, MepreJrfl.l1lr, [ecqarrr4r{ar{a ,4 HorrftroMqparqjur{, ttoJrrrlxHrrr.oXorro
500 lr.
Cpegne r4 BepxEerlJrrrorleHoB-ble
orJIo)KeIrilE pa3BilTbr B KrEveacKoM,
,fle6apcxonr
r fll{cqtlllrrrtncl{o.M oacceriEaxt
paBrio-Kal( 11 B 6accefiEe
.4e6apqa.
9ro
-.r{epreJrr{,
fiecnr4 14 urr4rrbr c yronrnr,nnu
rlnaciamr,r. Toaulzna cepzu
Cpegz marmarzqecrfix nopo.q B rlaJreosoftq{or{ xoMlrexce Ey'rcoarna BAorE pasnoMoB orMeqerrbr )rcran6r pnonrrra.
gelaepflrunue
o6pasosarua, rlojrrsyrorca rreA{arbru pacflpocrpageruear.
Orryr cocroET r,rg reAur,rxoBbix tt
P::t:-:'":1Y:111"11 :9t=:Iagrrfi,'xpacgo3emr,
trsteirxoi,rctoro
rySa,
rporrroBxq,
"""orno"i,r
op;;fi-;
Han6onrruaq
qacrb
.trr.IcTa sauxta 3dna4nomareAogcx;ft TeKToHVqecKoff eArznr,lqefi r.r rr,rxrb coBcem ne6orrrma.s
1ac}
Ae6an95ofi
sorofi.PasBrrtsrMuoroqficJleHur,re
cxrran{ar6re r pasaomrsre clpy}ffypbr. Brr4arorcr rpe-
Tlrrrllbre. rpa6erru Kraveea;
ffd_oapqa,
flzcrcyumtzna u
,[e6apa.
cpe4ra uolesnbrx r.Icxorlaembrx rlplrBo4rrm Mecropoxq4eun fi, lt iloflBret4e )r{eJre3a (Tafimzurte,
Io4ono, cau-
nirnrte t
trp.)
B_ilaneosoficrMx o6pasorartfiflx, nrapranqa B rrDrcrerraJreosoricxrar:il.tp+a*urx
rfrrrrrrrral
(Ioge4apnux
u farr.s4rr). tr4merorea muneparlorzvecxlte KolrrleHTpaqar,r nrdfia y,.(e6apa.
B lo.rrynre
pafluxrt
cyrriecrnyror 6oratrid mectonaxolx,qeuun rsrwan;, r4gBecruflra, zsetcTxont,reroro ay6r-, rpaagt,
Iglylt
o6napy>xen e Kr,r-rescrofi 6accefine, a replromrarrepaJrbrrbre cepur{crble r.r paAr{oaxTurBuqe
r,rcro.lt1axr.t
(50'L{)
raxo4aTca B
AepeBrrrrx Banrarure z Koionparz.
flepeno4
A.
,{anznoaofi
68
JIETEHAA KAPTIIPOBAHHBIX E.qEHI4II
rleeteprnruat
cEgreMa
1. Prrrura.a seu:r.fr'2. A"rrmortrii,3._Qcrm,4.,[emorrymr
5. Ocsmrure 6pexuuR,6. flpoaroruyu, T. Teppa
pocca, 8. Ilssecrxonrri ry60, 9. Mopena.
Ifnzoqeu
10. Pao.nurrr, 11. Meprena, rrr,rrrbr, necox u rpaaufi.
Eoqeu
12. Mepre.nuclrre llsBecrrrrlr$r, trecqfirr.rxrr r KorrJromeparbr, 13.
.{za6asrr, 14. ftmc r4 arrrr.IAplrt, 15. flnac-
TrlrrqarLre r,r3BesrElr{rr (a), py4rctrnbre
I.I3BecrrrflKra (6),
16. @nr4rrleBr4,(rtbre orJro}KeEzfi.
IOpa
17.
,(noputu
n KBaprl-Ar4opr.rrrr, I8. Ipanzrrr, 19. Ia66po, 20.
.(na6asrr, 2I. Cepnenrza ur,;., 22. Mqrrerua,
l{q)feJr]Icrbre rr3Becrrrffr(r{, aJrneBpoJ[4Tr,r, aprtJrJlr4Tbr rr flecqarruKll, 23, Aprnanlzrbr, apil,IJromtcrbr, r4gBecr-
ttfrlu Lt IIecqaIIfiKa, fiulMa.
Tpxac
24.
IotomunuqHbro t4sBecrrrlrttu, 25. Tor,crocaoncrbre rr maccrlBHbre rr3BecruEr(ur 26, flrracra11qarrrfi r,rssec-
rrrxx, 27. Aprzanzrrr (a), ruura (6), 28. Konraoiueparsr ra Eecqarrr4r$:r,
flerou
29. Metauop$o3r.rpoBarrrrEre
Asa6agrr
tt crttrrurbr,30. Keparo$zpbr lt r{Baprl-Hoparo$raprr,
31. Meramop$o-
3t'tpoBalE6re prroJrrrbr, 31,,
_,Eononrzrorr,rfi
mpamop, 33. Kpzuozgoerrfi mpaiuop, 34. MacczeHsrz mpamof, 35,
fl.rraclas'ratrrft upamop, 36. Zseec{xonrre cnarrlra, 37, keapqzrrr, 38.-Konrlromeparrr (a),
rr"c.rir**iu-qoy-
39. @unnatoz4rr.
Kena6pzfi
-
opgoaz4nft
40. Knapqnrbj,41. Keapq
-
I'rerarrecqautxw, 42. Mpailrop,43. floaeeofiurnarEbrecJrarqt4r44.
3eneurre
craErlrr, 45. Ipa@uronl,re cJIaErIrr, 46. Metauecqa$yrtfr. u aJrJreBpoJurrrrr, 47. @wtsurora4or.
JIETEH.UA CTAH.UAPTHbIX OBO3HAqEHI4IZ
l. Hopararrrnaq rparrrllla: ycranoBreuuafl,
[oKp],rraE r.rJr]I EpeAfioJraraewat, 2. flocrenernrraft nepexoA: ycra-
noeJlelllurrrft E-troKpbrTitr_3. Sposuonaa rp:rrrhrla: ycrarroBJrer*ra-E (c
ua4enr,rem), rroxpbrra{ u rpairuqa c Hecrr-
rypbrrl,m xapaxTepoMr 4. Ipanuqa urrrpyfl4Ba; yc'TauoBJreurra.{ r.r rro(pr4ra.E, 5. Ipauzqa er<epSierarxoro Byrrb-
r(:ulllra: ycraHoBneErlarl
1I IIoKpr{Tar, 6. Snememz rraAerrr.rE cJroa, ollporfiarryrrrfi cnofi, 7. loprasonralrnrri
caofi, 8. Snementz [a,qeEI,Is
$onraqzrr;
uopma:ruuit,
$om.raqr.rx
c .nr,taeaqr,refi, 9. Ocr cwnrgrirlur, , un -
HJrrirra.r:.r4, 10. fla4errae ocei ane.nxzx cKJraAoK, 11. florpytNenrre ocefi agTrrJtr.rHaJrrr n curtl;rzrtatrlr, 12.
3aeuenta [aEeErrE
"perrlag:
BeprrrraJrrrag Tperqura, 13. 3aLiuenu rraAerra.E r{Jrr4Ba}r(a, 14. Pasror,{ 6es o6os-
IIarIeErr-E xapaKTepa: ycrarroBrerxrr6rfi,
uorepztr,rfi, EpeiqrloJraraeMrrfi ra
$ororeoJrornqecKlr
ormeuenrrft, 15.
Pe.rrafl4groe cmerrlTerrbre KpI.rJra pasnoMa,
16. OrnocrreJrrrro olyrqetoe KprrJro, 17. Paeiroamras
"o*r,i8.
U"rro
ueuryft: ycrarroBJrerEloe
r rloKp6rror 19.qeno rraABr{ra: yqrarroBner+roe I, r]oKpblTor 20.
.{aanzprcrcblft xor-
rar<tr 21. Maxpo$ayna, Mopcr{a* marcpoSnopa, ulrxpo$aytra, 22. Mecropoxgelrze x<enesar 23.'flpoeanenaa
MerarrJloB: Fe
-
rxeneso, Mn
-
Maprauerl Cu
-
ueg),24. Mecropoxtgeurna ne,uerarrnoa: gi.i rra6c, ah
-
arrrl4Aprrr, 25. Ornprrcx 6onrrilrx rena ropur,rx lrcxorlaer{brx: Fe
-
xceaeso, Mn
-
ruapranEq, 26. Meito-
lecKa ,I rpaBrr.E, 29.
.{efic:rayroulfie rroBep)$rocrurre pa6orrr,
30. fopnrre pa6omr: sa6poluenurre r.r
Aeftcr-
Byrorq[e.
{t-
69