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(TWO WAY SWITCH)
(TWO WAY SWITCH)

DOMESTIC WIRING

Objectives

  • 1. To draw wiring diagram and using wiring tools

  • 2. To draw schematic diagram

  • 3. To do testing and inspections related to the wiring -physical testing -testing without power supply -testing with power supply

Tools Side cutter Tack hammer Combination plier Test pen Screw driver Multimeter
Tools
Side cutter
Tack hammer
Combination plier
Test pen
Screw driver
Multimeter

Introduction

Two way switching is used to control lightning on a stair way, a corridor or in a room with two entrances and exits. Each switch will either turn the light on or off. A two way switch acts as a change-over-switch and does not have a straight forward on-off position. This means that if the power is off, it is impossible to tell if a two-way switching is in the on or off position.

Procedures L1 30 30 30 30 AC Supply 30 S1 S2 A. Before wiring installation 1.
Procedures
L1
30
30
30
30
AC Supply
30
S1
S2
A.
Before wiring installation
1.
Draw schematic wiring diagram for circuit above.
2.
Make estimation for cable length, clip and shoe tack.
3.
Sketch the wiring route on the wiring board.
4.
Cut the cable based on the length, colour, and size.
B.
During wiring installation
1.
Strip the end of each cable.
2.
String the cable using suitable tool.
3.
Install the wiring clip on wiring route within appropriate distance.
4.
Install the cable follow the sequence.
5.
Mark the end of cable (live and neutral) to avoid confusion during cable
connection.
6.
Install the lamp base for menthol and casing base for switch.
7.
Make sure the cable polarity is correct. Any mistakes because polarity will
cause dangerous.
8.
Connect the source of the wiring installation to AC supply in consumer box.

Result

Result
a) Load b) Neutral c) Live d) Earth e) Switch 1 f) Switch 2 a. Bulb
a) Load
b) Neutral
c) Live
d) Earth
e) Switch 1
f) Switch 2
a.
Bulb was installed at earth.
b.
Neutral to load.
c.
Live to load and switch.
d.
Earth passes through whole circuit
e.
Switch 1
f. Switch 2

Analysis Data

C. Testing and inspections the circuit

  • 1. Do physical test and visual test.

  • 2. Used megger Ohm Tester for insulation test.

Switch 1 Switch 2 lamp Live    x Neutral x  Earth  
Switch 1
Switch 2
lamp
Live



x
Neutral
x 
Earth



3.
Testing the lamp with power supply 240Volt
Switch 1
Switch 2
Lamp
OFF
x
OFF
ON
OFF

OFF
ON

ON
x
ON
Discussion
In the middle of the experiment, we having difficulty to determine which pin is the
main and which one goes to load. This causing our circuit does work on a few
attempts. After a brief explanation from En.Kamal, using a multimeter with certain
method, we should be able to recognize which pin to use to install the cable.
Conclusion
From the experiment we learn how to install two-way-switch properly by following the
procedure given and explanation from En.Kamal and En.Majdi. We also practice
safety while installing the circuit to avoid incident. Our objectives to be able to plan
wiring sketch using wiring tools, draw schematic diagram and install consumer box
were all achieved. By using all the right procedures, we are able to install our circuit
successfully and in the end, the circuit working fine when we tested using multimeter.

Questions

1.

2.

3.

Names three (3) examples of places for wiring installation above.

Why the physical and visual testing is important?

States five (5) safety precaution while doing this wiring installation.

Answer

1.

Places for wiring installation like above can be commonly found in the stairs, corridor, and bathroom with two ways out.

2.

Visual and physical testing of the installation is important to ensure the wiring and its component used correct installation methods and to make sure that there is no sign of damage.

Questions 1. 2. 3. Names three (3) examples of places for wiring installation above. Why the

3.

i. Avoid water at all times when working with electricity. ii. Never use equipment with frayed cords, damaged insulation or broken plugs. iii. Turn off the mains. iv. Always use insulated tools while working. v. Labelled each cable to avoid confusion.