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Electric current[edit]

Electric current

Name of unit

ampere (SI base


unit)

Symbol

Relation to SI
units

Definition

The constant current needed to


produce a force of 2 107 newton
per metre between two straight
parallel conductors of infinite
= 1 A = 1 C/s
length and negligible circular
cross-section placed one metre
apart in a vacuum.[8]

electromagnetic
unit; abampere
abamp 10 A
(cgs unit)
esu per second;
statampere (cgs esu/s
(0.1 Am/s) / c
unit)
Electric charge[edit]

= 10 A

3.3356411010 A

Electric charge

Name of unit

Symbol

Definition

Relation to SI
units

abcoulomb;
electromagnetic unit (cgs
unit)

abC;
emu

10 C

= 10 C

atomic unit of charge

au

1.602 176
4621019C

The amount of electricity


carried in one second of
time by one ampere of

= 1 C = 1 As

coulomb

current.[25]
faraday

96
485.3383 C
= 3.6 C
3.335
6411010 C

1 mol NAe

milliampere hour
mAh
0.001 A 1 h
statcoulomb; franklin;
statC; Fr;
(0.1 Am) / c
electrostatic unit (cgs unit) esu
Electric dipole[edit]
Electric dipole
Name of unit

Symbol Definition

Relation to SI units

atomic unit of electric dipole


moment

ea0

8.478 352
811030 Cm[29]

coulomb meter

Cm

=1C1m

=
= 3.335640951030 Cm
10
10 esu
Electromotive force, electric potential difference[edit]
debye

[30]

Voltage, electromotive force


Name of
unit
abvolt(cgs
unit)

Symbol

Definition

Relation to SI
units

1108 V

= 1108 V

statvolt(cgs
statV
unit)

c (1 J/Am)

= 299.792
458 V

volt (SI unit) V

The difference in electric potential across


two points along a conducting wire carrying
= 1 V = 1 W/A
one ampere of constant current when the
=1 kgm2/(As3)
power dissipated between the points equals
one watt.[25]

abV

Electrical resistance[edit]
Electrical resistance
Name of
Symbol
unit

ohm (SI

unit)

Definition

The resistance between two points in a


conductor when one volt of electric potential
difference, applied to these points, produces
one ampere of current in the conductor.[25]

Relation to SI
units

= 1 = 1 V/A
=1 kgm2/(A2s3)

Capacitance[edit]
Capacitor's ability to store charge
Name of
Symbol
unit

farad (SI
F
unit)

Definition

Relation to SI
units

The capacitance between two parallel plates


that results in one volt of potential difference = 1 F = 1 C/V =1
when charged by one coulomb of
A2s4/(kgm2)
electricity.[25]

Magnetic flux[edit]
magnetic flux

Name of unit Symbol

Definition

Relation to SI
units

maxwell(CGS
Mx
unit)

108 Wb[31]

= 1108 Wb

weber (SI unit) Wb

Magnetic flux which, linking a circuit of


one turn, would produce in it an

= 1 Wb = 1 Vs
=1 kgm2/(As2)

electromotive force of 1 volt if it were


reduced to zero at a uniform rate in 1
second.[25]
Magnetic flux density[edit]
What physicists call Magnetic field is called Magnetic flux density by
electrical engineers and magnetic induction by applied mathematicians and
electrical engineers.
Name of unit
gauss (CGS unit)
tesla (SI unit)

Symbol
G
T

Definition
Mx/cm2 = 104 T
Wb/m

Relation to SI units
= 1104 T [32]
= 1 T = 1 Wb/m2 = 1
kg/(As2)

Inductance[edit]
Inductance
Name of
Symbol
unit

henry(SI
H
unit)

Definition

Relation to SI
units

The inductance of a closed circuit that


produces one volt of electromotive force when = 1 H = 1 Wb/A
the current in the circuit varies at a uniform
=1 kgm2/(As)2
rate of one ampere per second.[25]