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Context is perhaps most celebrated and often misunderstood words in

architecture.
While designing any building, it starts from scratches of possibilities.
Spaces are formed according to the demands of function that is to be
carried out.
They may or may not adapt to the context in which they got to be built.
Saying They may not adapt to the context doesnt mean that they go
against site and nature. Farnsworth house by Mies Van Der Rohe is a
good example in which architecture respects the nature around it and
also we see a fresh context is created by using glass and concrete as a
building material.
There were times until industrial revolution extorted in 18th century
Britain, where railways and roads were not there. It also means, there
was no exchange of materials or any kind of goods among different
regions of the world. Harappa Houses were made of sun-dried or kiln fired mud bricks. They were built using local material. Buildings could
be only built from the locally available materials. They express the local
materials from which they are built. Since there were no exchange of
materials, different regions show different architecture.
On behalf of industrial revolution, hundreds of thousands of miles of
roads, railways and canals were built. Mass production of goods has
changed the perspective of architecture practiced at that time.
New materials were exploited and experimented. They are made
available at each and every corner of the world. Being more stronger
and durable the materials, Twinkling stars of better future was not too
far.
Irrespective of locality and surrounding, fresh architecture tends to
evolve and express global context. Thus alien structures which doesnt
have any relationship with their surroundings have begun to appear.
There is nothing wrong if that independent architecture gives clues of
progression of civilization; if that independent architecture creates
unmarked context. Ticking around this would reveal some of the great
examples to look at, which really stand independent of context where
they actually stand in.
The Eiffel Tower designed by an architect Stephen Sauvestreis is a
good example of architecture evolved independent of context. It had
created its own context in and around Paris.

All these points make one thing very clear that architecture expresses;
architecture influences its surroundings; creating context is an inborn
quality of architecture just as some streets in Pondicherry create
context of French colonies.
Context in India is a very tricky thing. In case of Bangalore, each and
every building expresses different context. Tall glass boxes, low
standard of construction, IT looks etc have recreated the context of that
particular region.
The problem with the term CONTEXT is that most of the people
associate with the history of either the eras of the golden bird times of
India or the colonial times as if after that point, history seized to be
exist and as if the society after that, just refused to admire and seek
better architecture.
And architecture just to be evolved has nothing to do with existing
context. Architecture, independent of surrounding context, creates its
own context as in case of Iskcon temple at Bangalore, the unique
combination of glass and gopuram, blended modern and traditional
elements. The gopurams were made with special technology using
Ferro cement. It was for the first time that this technology was used for
temples. The basic structure is a main frame of steel and wire mesh
covered with cement and concrete of around 6 inch that adds to the
dynamics of the structure. The architecture happened because of the
evolution of technology. Thus created the new style of architecture that
itself becomes the context and spatiality of the region.
In conclusion, repetition of old context in new architecture makes no
sense. Adopting a new architecture irrespective of the existing context
allows progression of a civilization. It prevents architecture of a region
to be stagnant. It always glimpses the possibilities of creation of spaces
which comprise of surprises. There by throws light on endless journey
of architecture to be happen.

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