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PLUMBING

BRANCH VENT

TYPE OF VENTS
A vent connecting one or more individual vents with a vent stack or stack vent

CIRCUIT VENT

A branch vent that serves two or more traps and extends from in front of the last fixture
connection of a horizontal branch to the vent stack

COMMON VENT

A vent connecting at the junction of two fixture drains and serving as a vent for both fixtures
A single vent that ventiliates multiple traps, in the case of back to back fixture

CONTINOUS VENT

A vertical vent that is the continuation of the drain to which the vents connect

DRY VENT

A vent that does not serve as drain and is located where if is not exposed to back up
of waste from a drainage pipe

DUAL VENT

See common vent

GROUP VENT

A branch vents that performs its functions for two or more traps

INDIVIDUAL VENT

A pipe installed to vent, a fixture trap and w/c connects with the vent system above the fixture
served or terminates in the open air

LOOP or CIRCUIT VENT

A circuit vent which loop backs to connect with a stack vent instead of a vent stack
Any vent connecting a horizontal branch or fixture drain with the stack vent of the
originating waste or soil stack

LOCAL VENT

Is a pipe on the fixture side of the trap through which vapor or foul air is removed
from a room fixture

MAIN VENT

The principal artery of the venting system to which vent branches may be connected

RELIEF VENT

A vent installed so as to permit additional circulation of air between the drainage and vent
systems where the drainage systems might otherwise be air bound

UNIT VENT

An arrangement of venting so installed that that one vent pipe will serve two traps

STACK VENT

The extension of a soil or waste stack above the highest horizontal drain connected to the
stack horizontal drain, the uppermost end above the roof

WET VENT

A vent which also serves as a drain

YOKE VENT

A pipe connecting upward from a soil or waste stack to a vent stack for the purpose of
preventing pressure changes in the stack
NATIONAL PLUMBING CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES
Is the flow of water or other liquids, mixtures or substances into the distributing pipes of a
supply of water from any source other than its intended source
Is the backflow of used, contaminated or polluted water from a plumbing
fixture due to negative pressure
Refers to any group of two or more similar adjacent fixtures which discharge into a common
horizontal waste or soil branch
A flange that is not drilled
A flange that closes the end of a pipe line used to discharge water
Is plugging an opening with oakum, lead or other materials
A short internally threaded section of pipe, used to join two pipes of conduits
Used to connect the two ends of two pipes, neither of which can be turned
A short length of pipe with threads at each end; used to join couplings or fittings
Is the extended portion of a pipe that is closed at one end to which no connections are made
on the extended portion
The length along the center of the pipe and fitting
Includes all piping within public or private which conveys sewage, rain water or often liquid waste
to a legal point of disposal but does not include the main of a public sewer system or private or
or public sewerage treatment
Is a pipe connecting several fixtures
Is a device located at the bottom of the tank for the purpose of flushing water closets and
and similar fixture
A metallic sleeve, join to an opening of pipe, into which a plug is screwed
that can be removed for the purpose of cleaning
Is the lowest portion of the inside of any pipe or conduit that is not vertical
Includes water supply and distribution pipe; plumbing fixture and traps, soil
waste and vent pipes; house drain and house sewers including their respective connections
Installation of all parts of the plumbing system which can be completed prior to the installation
of fixtures
A wye connections used on fire lines so that two lines of hose maybe connected to the hydrant
or to the same nozzle
Is any pipe which conveys the discharge of water closets of fixture having
similar function w/ or w/o the discharge of other fixtures to the building drain
Is the maximum vertical depth of liquid that a trap will retain measure between the crown weir
and the top of the dip of the trap

BACKFLOW
BACK SIPHONAGE
BATTERY OF FIXTURE
BLANK FLANGE
BLIND FLANGE
CAULKING
COUPLING
UNION
NIPPLE
DEAD END
DEVELOPED LENGTH
DRAINAGE SYSTEM

FIXTURE BRANCH
FLOOD LEVEL
FERRULE
INVERT
PLUMBING SYSTEM
ROUGH IN
SIAMESE CONNECTIONS
SOIL PIPE
TRAP SEAL

WATER RESERVOIR
SHOCK RELIEF AND EXPANSION
CHAMBER
50 FEET OR MORE
2 PERCENT
CULVERT
BLACK WATER
RECESSED
WHITE
BLACK
TRAP OR WATER SEAL
2.50 M
COMPRESSION VALVE
CISTERN
OVERHEAD STORM DRAIN
PRESSURE COCK
PRESSURE REDUCING VALVE
UNION PATENT
FLUSHOMETER
CORPORATION STOP
AIR TRAP
ABSORPTION TRENCH
ILLUMINATION
CATCH BASIN
WYE FITTING
1 1/2"
150mm DIAMETER
1 1/2"
2"
1 1/2"
1 1/2"
1 1/2"
1 1/2"
1 1/4"
2"
1 1/4"
1 1/2"
1 1/2"
2'
1 1/2"
1 1/4"
2"
3"
3"
1 1/2"
2"
2"
1 1/4"
3"
SIPHON-VORTEX
SIPHON-JET
REVERSE TRAP
WASH DOWN
BLOW OUT
WALL HUNG
THROUGH
PEDESTAL
STALL
BIDET
19.05mm or 3/4"
46 mm.
122mm
61 mm.
122 mm
5 FEET
1/4" BEND ?
51mm or 2"
64mm or 2 1/2"

(PLUMBING)
Install to be able to meet the water requirements during peak demands from a low yielding
water well
The device being used to eliminate the noise cause by water hammer
The location of water well to nearest septic vault
Slope of house sewer connected from the building to the main sewer
A passage under a road, embankment or canal which allow for the flow of water
The third kind of water after the storm water and area water
The type of bathtub oher than sunken, square, free standing
Color coding of high pressure steam
Color coding for fuel oil division
The water column that seals the escape of unhealthy gases in the sanitary drainage system
Service drop conductor clearance over the roof
A valve which in the water flow is shut off by a flat disk that is screwed down onto its seat
An underground tank reservoir to store water
Another classification of storm drain, besides from inside drain and outside drain
Tap used in high pressure water system with an interval valve to control the flow of water
A valve which maintains uniform pressure on its outlet side regardless of its pressure fluctuations
on the inlet side above the pressure level
A pipe fitting within the interconnection of pipes for the purpose of easy dismantling of
the connection when needed
A device that discharge a predetermined volume of water to fixture for flushing purposes and
is activated by direct water pressure
Another name for corporation cock
A U-shaped pipe filled with water and located beneath the plumbing fixtures
to form a seal against the passages of gases and odors
A trench containing course aggregate and a distribution tile pipe through which septic tank
effluent may flow covered with earth
The luminous flux density incident on a surface
An underground structure for drainage into which water from the roof or floor will drain through
sewer
A type of fitting for yoke bent
Minimum discharge pipe and fitting for bath tub
Minimum size of building sewer; it should not be less than the building drain
TRAP SIZES OF FIXTURES
BATH FOOT
BATH SHOWER STALL
BATH SITZ
BATH TUB
BIDETS
COMBINATION FIXTURE
DRINKING FOUNTAIN
FLOOR DRAIN
FOUNTAIN CUPSIDERS
LAUNDRY TRAYS
SINKS (DISHWASHER)
SINKS (HOTEL OR PUBLIC)
SINKS (KITCHEN OR RESIDENCE)
SINKS (SMALL PANTRY OR BAR)
SLOP SINKS (ORDINARY)
SLOP SINKS (WITH COMBINE TRAP)
URINAL (PEDESTAL)
URINALS (LIP)
URINALS (STALL)
URINALS (THROUGH)
WASH BASIN (LAVATORIES)
WATER CLOSETS
TYPES OF WATER CLOSETS
Quiet, extermely sanitary. Like the siphon jet but having the flushing water directed through the
rim to create a vortex that scours the bowl
Sanitary, efficient very quiet. A toilet bowl into which the flushing water enters through the rim and
siphonic action initiated by a water jet draws the contents of the bowl through the trapway
Moderately noisy. Similar to siphon jet except that trap passageway and water surface area
are smaller
Minimum cost. Least efficient subject to clogging, noisy. Simple washout and emptying through
small irregular passageway, prohibited by some health codes
Noisy but highly efficient. Strong jet into leg forces contents out
URINALS

A basin like fixture design to be struddled for bathing the genitals and posterior parts of the body
NOTES
No building supply pipe shall be less than WHAT size in diameter
Minimum height of Fire Service Connection from the grade/floor
Maximum height of Fire Service Connection from the grade/floor
Minimum height of Dry Standpipe Outlet from the floor line
Maximum height of Dry Standpipe Outlet from the floor line
Considered extension of bulding drain outside the building wall
Fitting for base or soil stack and building drain
Wet standpipe for a riser not more than 15m
Wet standpipe for riser more than 15m

4"
6"
RATIO OF 1:25
RATIO OF 1:30
RATIO OF 1:75
RATIO OF 1:75
RATIO OF 1:5
4 CLOSETS
3 HEADS

Dry standpipe for a riser below 23m


Dry standpipe for a riser more than 23m
Ratio of water closets for female population for elementary and secondary school
Ratio of water closets for male population for elementary and secondary school
Ratio of urinals for elementary schools
Ratio of water closets for female population for principal worship places
Ratio of lavatory to number of occupants
Minimum number of water closet required for female office and public buildings
Minimum head of water required in section of plumbing for water test

GI PIPE SIZES
1/2", 3/4", 1", 1 1/4", 1 1/2", 2, 2 1/2"
3", 4", 6", 8", 10", 12"

AIR CONDITIONER
BUGLARS AND PROWLERS
AIR DUCT
DRAUGHT OR DRAFT
4 STOREY
BLACK
DUMBWAITER
HUMIDIFIER
50 GALS.
THERMOSTAT
BULLDOZER
ACOUSTICAL LAY IN PANEL
DECIBEL
135-197 F
REAR OR TOP
SOUND ABSORPTION
SOUND INSULATION
LUX
WATER TABLE
AIR HANDLING UNIT
TRAVEL TIME
CONCRETE CASING
CREEP
TRAVEL TIME
FREIGHT ELEVATOR
BUFFER
PIT
WINDING DRUM MACHINE
GUIDE RAILS

600mm
FOR REPAIR AND INSPECTION
2 HOISTWAYS
4 ELEVATORS
3 HOISTWAYS
2 HOISTWAYS
30mm
OVER LOAD RELAY AND
REVERSE POLARITY RELAY

(MECHANICAL)
An apparatus that can heat, cool, clean and circulate air
They were deter to the intrusion alarm system in residential signal system
An air passage usually formed in sheet metal with insulation for ventilating on a building
The current of air or gases
Requirement for a dry standpipe
Color coding of piping for fuel oil division
A hoisting and lowering mechanism with a building equipped with relatively small car
excusively for carrying materials
The device for maintaining desirable humidity conditons in the air supplied
The average consumption of water per capita
An automatic control of the operation of heating or cooling device responding to changes of
temperature of the space
A tractor equipped with the blade attached by arms and bolted to its end, used in piling earth
The acoustical ceiling board design to be laid in an exposed grid suspension system
The total sound units provided by a given material
Heat rating for a fixed temperature heat detector
Fire tube boliers shall be provide with sufficient room for removal or replacement of tube
either from these places
The process of dissipating sound energy by converting it to heat
The system of deadening sound materials to wall, ceiling, floors to prevent sound from passing
through the members into adjoining room
The illuminance produce by luminous flux of the one lumen distributed uniformly over a one
square meter surface
Level of subterrenean water
Package assembly of air conditioning components which provides for the treatment of the air
before it is distributed to an air conditioned space
This is the criteria in selection of an elevator other than interval and average waiting time
Protection of PVC pipe underground
Reflection of sound from curve surface
ESCALATOR AND ELEVATOR
The criteria in the selection of an elevator other than interval and average waiting time
Type of conveyor that transport packages equipment crates
Important element of an elevator below the first level floor line that absorbs and minimize
building shocks to the car
That portion of the hoistway in the elevator extending from the threshold level of the lowest landing
floor of the hoistway
A geared drive machine in which the suspension ropes are fastened to and wind on a drum
Vertical tracks that serves as a guide for the car and the counterweight
MECHANICAL REGULATIONS
ELEVATOR
Car pit clearance depth from the bottom of the car
When machine room or penthouse is provided at the top of the hoistway, it shall have
a sufficient room for this
When 4 or more elevator serve all or the same portion of the bulding
Shalll be located in any one hoistway
Minimum number of hoisting ropes for traction elevators
Minimum number of hoisting ropes for drum type elevators
Minimum diameter of hoisting and counterweight ropes
Provision for all elevators

ESCALATOR
Minimum angle of inclination of an escalator
Minimum width of balustrade
Maximum width of balustrade
Maximum width of the steps
Kind of glass required in an escalator's balustrade
Maximum rated speed measured along the angle of inclination
BOILERS
R.C CONCRETE OR MASONRY
Provision for boiler rooms inside the building
3.00 mts. FROM OUTSIDE WALL
Minimum distance if the building is not made of fire resistive materials
1 meter
No part of the boiler shall be closer to this from the wall
5.00 mts
Distance of the smokestacks above the building within 50 mts. radius
2 CHECK VALVES
Provision between any feed pump and the boiler in addition to the regular shut-off valve
NON RETURN OR SHUT OFF VALVE Provision when two or more boilers are connected in parallel
ONE SAFETY VALVE
Provision of every boiler
TWO SAFETY VALVE
Provision for boilers having generating capacity exceeding 907 kg/hr
15 DAYS
Notification in writing in advance for boiler's inspection
REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING
68deg-74deg F
Temperature and humidity of the air to be used for comfortable cooling
35 degrees
558 mm
1.20 m
330 mm
TEMPERED TYPE GLASS
38 mpm

2.30 meters ABOVE THE FLOOR


STOP VALVES
2.13 meters
GALVANIZED PIPING
WHITE
BUFF
BLUE
BLUE
GREEN
BRASS OR BRONZE
YELLOW
GRAY
BLACK
BLACK
BLACK
CIRCUIT BREAKER
WATTS
AMPERE
OBSERVATION STANDS
TOWER OR FLATFORM
KNIFE SWITCH
TRANSFORMER VAULT
RECTIFIER
RAPID START FLOURESCENT
LAMP
JUNCTION BOX
5 STOREYS
3.00 m
500 mm
AIR CURTAIN
GOOSENECK
DISTRIBUTION LINE
1.20m
PLUG IN TYPE
COPPER WIRE
RACEWAY
CABLE WIRE
DISTRIBUTION PANEL
TRANSFORMER
NON FERROUS METAL
2.50m
STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER
OPEN WIRING
AUTOMATIC TRANSFER SWITCH
AIR SWITCH
ARC VOLTAGE
ARMORED CABLE
ASKAREL
ASSEMBLY
BASE LOAD
BRANCH CIRCUIT
BUS
BUSWAY

CAGE

CIRCUIT BREAKER
CONDUCTOR
CONTROLLER
CORONA
CUT OUT BOX
DEMAND FACTOR
DEVICE

Minimum for refrigerant piping crossing a passageway in any building


Provision of installation for refrigerant system containing more than 9 kgs.
Minimum for window type AC installed on ground floors
PIPING
It should not be used for steam
STEAM DIVISION
High Pressure
Exhaust Fan
WATER DIVISION
Fresh Water, low pressure
Fresh Water, high pressure
Salt water piping
OIL DIVISION
Delivery
Discharge
PNEUMATIC DIVISION
GAS DIVISION
FUEL OIL DIVISION
REFRIGERATING DIVISION
ELECTRICAL TERMS
The part of the cut out that is design to open or break an electrical current under an
excessive load
Unit of power
The unit used in the measure of the rate of flow of electricity
This is where an electric service conductor can be installed
A type of electric switch consisting of one or more movable copper blades which are hinged
and which make contact with stationary forked contract jaws being forced between them
Provision for building with an expected electric load demand of 200KVA
The conversion of alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC)
A kind of flourescent lamp that does not use starter element
An iron box or casing by which electrical conduit branches are formed
A passenger elevator with a constant 24 hour service for residential condominum
Minimum service drop of connection line above the ground and from the ground
Minimum distance of poles and transformer support located from the road right of way
A vertical flow of air used to separate different function of spaces
Original name of P-Trap
The main feed line of an electrical circuit to which branch circuits are connected
The minimum width of door in hospital housing unit
Another type of circuit breaker element other than bolt-on
The most practical conductor of electricity
A channel system in carrying electrical wire
An electric conductor consisting of a group of smaller diameter conductor strands twisted
together
Another name for power panel
A device used to convert voltage from higher to lower or vise versa
Metal containing no iron such as copper, brass and aluminum
The minimum allowance clearance from the highest point of the roof to the service drop
conductor from NBC
To bring down voltage
Wiring not concealed by the building sructure
Transferring the power load from the building circuitry to standby generator or during brownout
One with contacts that separate in air
The voltage across the welding arc
Cable provided in wrapping of metal usually steel wires or tapes, primarily for the purpose
of mechanical protection
A synthetic non-flammable insulating liquid which, when decomposed by an elctric arc
evolves only non-explosive gases
Is combination of all or a portion of component parts included in an electric apparatus,
mounted on a supporting frame or panel and properly interwined
Minimum load over a given period of time
That portion of a wiring system extending beyond the final overcurrent device protecting
the current
Is a conductor, or group of conductors, in switchgear assemblies which serves as a common
connection for two or more circuit
Approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor terminations in a
completely enclosed, ventilated protective metal housing where the system is design to carry
fault current and to withstand the magnetic forces of the current
System of conductor forming an essentially continuous conducting network over the object
protected and including any conductors necessary for interconnections of the object protected
and an adequate ground
A device design to open under abnormal conditions a current carrying circuit without injury
itself
A wire or combination of wires not insulated from one another suitable for carrying electric
current
A device or group of devices which serves to govern in some predetermined manner, the
electric power delivered to the apparatus to which it is connected
A luminous discharge due to ionization of the air surrounding a conductor caused by voltage
gradient exceeding a certain critical value
A metal housing that houses the circuit breaker or fuses; surface mounted
Is the ratio of the maximum demand of the system or part of the system to the total connected
load of the system
A unit of electrical system which is intended to carry but not utilize electrical energy

DUCT
ELECTRIC MOTOR
FEEDERS
FOOTCANDLE
FUSE
GENERAL LIGHTING
ILLUMINATION
KNIFE SWITCH
LAMP
LAMPHOLDER
LIGHT
LIGHTNING ARRESTER
LIGHTNING SURGE
LINE TAP
LOAD FACTOR
LUMEN
LUX
OUTLET
OUTLET BOX
PEAK LOAD
PENDENT
PILOT WIRE
PULLBOX
RACEWAY
RECEPTACLE
RIGID METAL CONDUIT

ROSETTE
SERVICE DROP
SERVICE RACEWAY
SUBMARINE CABLE
SURGE
5.5 mm2
HERTZ
PHON
REVERBERATION
WAVELENGTH
SOUND DIFFRACTION
SOUND
PURE TONE
CANDELA
LUMINAIRE
LAMBERT
LUX
FOOT CANDLE
LUMINOUS FLUX
IMPEDANCE
CONDUCTANCE
SOUND INTENSITY
ACCENT LIGTHING
HPS LAMP
SINGLE PHASE TO SUPPLY
120 V LIGHTING LOAD

A single enclosed runway for conductor cables


Machine which transforms electric power into mechanical power
The circuit conductors between the service equipment or the generator switchboard of
an isolated plant and the branch circuit overcurrent device
Unit of illumination when the foot is taken as the unit of length. It is the illumination on a surface
one square foot in area in which there is uniformly distributed flux of one lumen
An overcurrent protective device with a circuit opening fusible member which is heated and
severed by the passage of the overcurrent through it
Types of lighting that deals with lighting relatively large area covered
Density of the luminous flux on a surface
Is a form of air switch in which the moving element is a hinge blade wedge between
stationary contact blades when closed
Artificial source of light
Device for mechanical support of light
A radiant energy
Protective device for limitting surge voltage on equipment by discharging or by-passing
surge current
Is a transient electric disturbance in an electric circuit caused by lightning
Is the radial branch connection to a main line
Is the ratio of the average load over a designated period of time to the peak load occuring
in that period
Unit of luminous flux
A unit of illumination equal to one lumen per square meter
Point of the wiring system at which current is taken to supply utilization equipment
A metal box at an outlet which encloses one or more receptacle
Maximum load consumed by a unit in a stated period of time
Device or equipment which is supended from overhead either by means of the flexible cord
Auxillary conductor used in connection with remote measuring devices for operating
apparatus at a distant point
Box with a blank cover which is inserted in one or more runs of raceway to facilitate
pulling in the conductors and the distributing of the conductors
Any channel for holding wires, cables or busbars
Convinience Outlet; Contact device installed at an oulet for the connection of an attachment plug
A raceway especially constructed for the purpose of physical protection
of conductors, the pulling in or the withdrawing of wires or cables after the
conduit is in place and made of metal pipe of standard width and thickness
Enclosure of porcelain or other insulating material fitted with terminals and intended for
connecting the flexible cord carrying a pendent to permanent wiring
The overhead service conductor from the last pole or other aerial support to and including splices
if any connecting to the service entrance conductors at the building
The raceway that encloses the service entrance conductors
Cable designed for service under water
Is a transient variation in the current potential or power
Minimum wire size of THW stranded copper conductor in raceway for a branch circuit in a 30
ampere rating
Unit of frequency equal to one cycle per seconds
Unit of loudness of level
Prolongation of sound as a result of succesive reflection
Distance sounds travels during each cycles of vibration
Acoustical phenomenon which causes sound wave to bend or scattered around
Fluctuation in pressure, a particle displaceent in elastic medium
Sound sensation in a single frequency
A luminous intensity of light expressed in candela; Unit of luminous intensity
A lighting fixture
Unit of luminance equal to 1 candela per square meter
Unit of illmination equal to one lumen per square meter
Unit of illumination equal to one square foot
Rate of flow of light through a surface
Resistance in AC system
Reciprocal of resistance
Rate of flow of sound energy
Lighting used primarily to draw attention to particular point of interests
A type of HID lamp
CONNECTIONS
This connetions is used where the load is comparatively small and
the length of the secondary circuit is short

SINGLE PHASE TO SUPPLY


120/240 3-WIRE LIGHTING
AND POWER LOAD

This connections is used in most urban distribution circuits

SINGLE PHASE FOR POWER

The 120/240 volt winding is connected in series serving 240 volts on


a two wire system, this connection is used for small industrial applications

TWO PHASE CONNECTIONS

Consist merely of two single phase transformers operated 90deg out


of phase, the common wire must carry /2 times the load current

DELTA-DELTA FOR POWER


AND LIGHTING

This is used to supply a single phase lighting load and three phase
power load simultaneously

OPEN DELTA FOR LIGHTING


AND POWER

This connection is used when single phase lighting load is large as


compared with the power load

Y DELTA FOR POWER

Often it is desirable to increase the voltage of a circuit form a 2400 to 4160 volts to
increase its potential capacity

Y DELTA FOR LIGHTING


AND POWER

This connection is similar to the delta-delta bank with only the primary connection changed
The primary neutral should not be grounded or tied into the system neutral, since a single
phase ground fault may result in extensive blowing of fuses throughout the system
This connection requires special watt-hour metering

OPEN Y DELTA

When operating Y delta and one service is disabled, service maybe maintained at reduced load

DELTA Y FOR LIGHTING


AND POWER

The single phase lighting load is all on one phase resulting in unblanced primary currents
in any one bank

Y-Y FOR LIGHTING AND


POWER

The primary voltage was increased from 2400 to 4160 volts to increase the potential
capacity of the system

Y-Y AUTO TRANSFORMER

When the ratio of transformation from the primary to secondary voltage is small,
the most economical way of stepping down the voltage

SCOTT CONNECTION
3PHASE TO 2PHASE

In some localities two phase power is required from three phase system

SCOTT CONNECTED
2PHASE TO 3PHASE

If it should be necessary to supply three phase power from a two


phase system, the special tap must be provided on the secondary side

T
TW
UF
FEPW
RH
RHW
RUH
THW
THWN
XHHW
BX
THHN
PE
SA
AVA

Thermoplastic
Moisture Temperature Resistant
Underground Feeder
Flourinated Ethylene Propylene Moisture Resistant
Heat Resitant Rubber
Heat and Moisture Resistant Rubber
Heat Resistant Latex Rubber
Moisture and Heat Resistant Thermoplastic
Heat and Moisture Resistant Thermoplstic with Nylon
Moisture and Heat Resistant Cross Link Polymer
Armored Cable
THERMOPLASTIC HEAT RESISTANT
POLYETHELENE
SILICON ASBESTOS
ASBESTOS AND VARNISH CAMBRIC
HEAT DETECTOR
Use low melting point solders or metal the expand when exposed to heat to detect fire
135deg-197deg F
Use of the scattering of light by smoke into view of photo cell through incandescent or diode
It responds to the high-frequency radiant energy from flames. Alarm is only triggered when
IR energy flickers at rate which is chracteristics of flame
Uses the interruption of small current flow between electrodes by smoke in ionized sampling
chamber to detect fire
TYPES OF CABLE
Fabricated assembly of insulated conductors enclosed in flexible metal
sheath. It is used both on exposed and concealed work

FIXED TEMPERATURE
HEAT DETECTOR
PHOTO ELECTRIC DETECTOR
INFRARED FLAME DETECTOR
IONIZATION SMOKE HEAT
DETECTOR
ARMOR CABLE (AC)

METAL CLAD CABLE (MC)

A factory assemble cable of one or more conductors each individualy


insulated and enclosed in a mettalic sheath of interlocking tape of smooth
or corrugated tube. This type of cable is especially used for service feeders,
branch circuit and for indoor, outdoor work

MINERAL INSULATED CABLE (MI)

Is a factory assembly of one or more conductors insulated with highly


compressed refractory mineral insulation enclosed in a liquid and gas
tight continous copper sheath. This type of cable is used in dry, wet or
continously moist location as service feeders or branch circuit

NON METALLIC SHEATED


CABLE (NM)

Is a also a factory assembly of two or more insulated conductors having


a moisture resistant, flame retardant and non metallic material outer
sheath. This type is used specifically for one or two family dwellings not
exceeding 3 storey building

SHIELDED NON METALLIC


SHEATED CABLE (SNM)

This type of cable is factory assembly of two or more insulated conductors


in an extruded core of moisture resistant and flame retardant material
covered within an overlapping spiral metal tape. This type is used in
hazardous locations and in cable trays or in raceways

UNDERGROUND FEEDER AND


BRANCH CIRCUIT (UF)

Is a moisture resistant cable used for underground connections including


direct burial in the ground as feeder or branch circuit

POWER AND CONTROL TRAY


CABLE (TC)

This is factory assembled two or more insulated conductors with or without


associated bare or covered or grounding under a mettalic sheath, This is
used for installation of cable trays, raceways, or it is supported by messenger wire

FLAT CABLE ASSEMBLY (FC)

Is an assembly of parallel conductors formed integrally with insulating


material web designed especially for field installation in metal surface or raceways

FLAT CONDUCTOR CABLE (FCC)

Consist of three or more flat copper conductor placed edge to edge


separated and enclosed with an insulating assembly. This type of cable is
used for general purposes such as: appliance branch circuit, and for individual
branch circuits, especially in hard smooth continous floor surfaces and the like

MEDIUM VOLTAGE CABLE (MV)

Is a single or multi conductor solid dielectric insulated cable rated at 2,000


volts or higher. This type is used for power system up to 35,000 volts
UTILITIES 1999
Part of the facility which accept the house cable riser and house the
terminal block at each floor and at the highest or end of a feeder riser cable

TELEPHONE TERMINAL CABINET

TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Is the simplest type of building automation system, which intercoms, PABX,


microwave links, analog and digital telephone system, video conferencing,
satellite links, structured cabling and similar devices

ON EVERY HOSE BIBB

A full open type valve is used in several locations in a water distribution


system, which of the following does NOT require it?

DRY STANDPIPE

A fireline system without a constant water supply and is equipped with a fire service
inlet and outlet connection installed exclusively for the use of Fire Service

WATER SERVICE PIPE

Term used to main water pipe delivering portable water to a building

INSUFFICIENCY IN THE SIZE OF


THE WATER SERVICE AND
DISTRIBUTION PIPE

Which poor design in the plumbing system causes water supply drop
when the fixture is simultaneously opened?

1 "
1 "
64mm or 2 "
64mm or 2 "

KITCHEN SINK TRAP SIZE


LAVATORY TRAP OR BRANCH SIZE
OUTLET OF DRY STANDPIPE
OUTLET OF WET STANDPIPE for riser of more than 15 mts

SLOPE OF THE DRAIN PIPE

Not needed in sizing the vent pipe for individual branch and circuit vent
based on the total linear footage of the pipe making up the vent?

3 WAY VALVE DIVERTER

A hot and cold water supply pipes, where it is mix manually in desired water temperature
temperature and direct the mixed water either at the shower head or at the fooe spout

BALL VALVE

Principle where a single lever valve used in kitchen sink and lavatory, they are
beautiful and maintenance free

132 LITERS PER MINUTE

Minimum water delivery in liters per minute for an outlet of a wet standpipe
at a residual pressure or 1.8 kilos per sq.mts

ELBOW REDUCER

A female GI threaded pipe reducer fitting use to connect a reducing branch pipe at an angle

FLUSH VALVE FITTINGS

General term used to described the fitting in the drawing

2" WYE AND 2 x 1/8


BEND COMBINATION

GI fitting used to accept the P trap assembly of the lavatory (drawing)

CIRCUIT VENT

Type of vent applied on installations with multi branch interval where the vertical vent pipe
takes off in front of the first fixture and connects to a main vent stack

REVERSE OSMOSIS

Stage in water purification which removes mineral deposits, slats, heavy metal, totally dissolves
solids while some useful minerals are retained

FIXED TEMPERATURE
HEAT DETECTOR

Fire detector installed in a fire alarm system, which uses low melting point
solders or metals that expand when exposed to heat to detect a fire, 135deg-197deg F

COUPLING

GI fitting to join two threaded fittings as close as possible but not exceeding three inches

PRESSURE REGULATOR

A device used to control an incoming high water pressure into the water distribution system
by mechanical means so as to bring it to a working pressure of 80 psi

WRONG CHOICE OF VENT TYPE

A poor venting system caused by a slow draining of water from


a fixture down a plumbing system

SUBMERSIBLE PUMP
jet,jack,reciprocating

A type of pump for driven well from 150 to 200 ft which work by a principle of venturi where
water of high pressure is pump into the well to draw water upwards through the return pipe

AT EVERY BRANCH INTERVAL


OF SOIL STACK

Which of the following does not require the installation of the cleanout?

5"

Which is not a standard size of GI pipe for water supply? 2 1/2", 3",4",5"

URINAL FLASH VALVE ASSEMBLY

Device in control valve which work by discharging instantaneous


volume of water at higher pressure

TAIL PIECE or DEAD END

Term used for pipe extension of not more than 2 feet in length install in
any stack or branch of a plumbing rough in for the purpose of future trap

CHECK VALVE

A full open valve located in a supply pipe to every water heater

120 LITERS

For cold water, a family members of 12 needs a 3.6 cu.mts. of cold water.
What is the maximum hot water probable hour demand?
110 100 120 140 liters

AUTOMATED RETRACTABLE
PILLAR SYSTEM

Parking management system for two types of vehicular deterrent either articulated arm type
or straight beam type. It can be activated by means of radio frequency remote control, push
push button switch, photocell, magnetic loop or acces control

THREE FIXTURES

Exception of fixture to be connected into a single trap

DRY STANDPIPE

The presence of Fire Service Connection

POLTYBUTELENE PIPE
AND FITTINGS

Pipes and fittings which can exclusively be used for cold water lines for
potable main distribution water service, sprinkler and irrigation system. It
could be ", ", 1", 1 ", 1 " and 2"

UPVC DWV SANITARY


PIPES AND FITTINGS

Orange or brown in color with sizes of 4" and 3 meter in lengths of pipes
and fittings, ASTM 2729 standards

ASBESTOS PIPE

Least popular and not recommended use as potable water distribution pipe

SINGLE LEVER BATH FAUCET


WITH HAND SHOWERTELEPHONE SHOWER

Shower set for bath (drawing)

FIBER CEMENT PIPE

Pipe not used as water service pipe

GATE VALVE

A cut off valve installed in the service piping system

64mm or 2 1/2"

Minimum size of wet standpipe for a riser more than 15 meters from the source

61 cms

Minimum height of dry standpipe outlet from the floor line

AIR CHAMBER

Device used to prevent water hammering

VENT SIZE IS AT LEAST 1/2 THE


DRAIN IT SERVES BUT NOT LESS
THAN THE REQUIRED MINIMUM
W/C EVER IS LARGER

Rule of tumb in sizing an individual vent

FAN COIL UNIT

Mechanical equipment coupled with a central air conditioning system used


to dehumidify and cool the airstream injected to the conditioned space

1.5 TIMES MORE THAN THE


ELEVATOR CAR DEPTH

Spacing provided for elevator with single bank in a non residential building

DOWN COLLECTIVE CONTROL

Recording calls even when car is in use. It answer calls starting from the
highest and so on while descending

UP COLLECTIVE CONTROL

Recording calls even when car is in use. It answer calls starting


from the lowest and so on while ascending

GOVERNOR
safety gear, safety shoe
magnetic break

Safety device of a passenger elevator which activates if the car travels faster
than its rated speed by grasping the guide rail to stop the car safely

main drive chain, step chain, handrail


drive chain, bottom sprocket

ESCALATOR'S PART

PORTABLE GAS HOT FIRED WATER BOILER PARTS


ONE IN FRONT OF THE OTHER

When planning a multiple system of elevator layout where four or


more elevator are arrange in banks

1120;980;800;760

Nominal size of an escalator; escalator's width like those in Japanese brand

1150;1100;1000;900

Nominal size of an escalator; escalator's step like those in Japanese brand

105 mts per min.

Which is not the standard speed of electric traction type passenger


elevators for low to medium rise buildings

ADJUSTABLE LOCKING
DAMPERS

Type of dampers installed at supply ducts, which are electro-mechanically


activated by building automation system to close in case of fire within the area

AT THE ESCALATOR
MACHINE ROOM

Location of Control System or computer brain of the escalator

12 to 14 SQ.MT PER TON OF


REFRIGERATION

This is a guide for the initial estimate per Ton of Refrigeration per sq.mts. of a standard
room of normal condition without external solar heat gain and excessive internal heat gain
International Standard and EN 81.1 Code in designing a machine room
PIPING OR DUCT BELONGING TO OTHER SYSTEM SHOULD NOT RUN
THROUGH THE MACHINE ROOM
OPENING BETWEEN HE MACHINE ROOM AND THE SHAFT MUST BE FULLY OPENED
TO ALLOW EASY ACCESS
VENTILATION MUST BE SUFFICIENT IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN INDOOR TEMPERATURE
OF 5 TO 40 DEGREES
ONLY HOIST MACHINE MOTOR ASSEMBLY, CONTROL PANEL AND AUXILLARY
EQUIPMENT FOR FIRE FIGHTING ARE ALLOWED INSIDE
STANDARD INSTALLATION OF ESCALATOR NOT EXCEEDING 4.50 MTS./ TRUSS
THE TOP CHORD OF THE TRUSS IS WITH A STEEL ANGLE SUPERIMPOSED
ON THE BUILDING'S STRUCTURAL BEAM

COUNTERWEIGHT BUFFER

Main purpose of pit of the elevator shaft space

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

Safety device caused by insufficient water flow on heater when brown out

EXPANDED POLYTHELYNE
FOAM INSULATION

Vital part of Solar Water heater to keep the heat in and cold out

KNOCKDOWN BY MAJOR
COMPONENT PART

Packaging and assembly of elevator as it arrives on the site

GOODS WITH PERSON


SERVICE LIFTS FOR GOOD
PASSENGER ONLY
TRANSPORTS OF BED

Category of the elevator ISO 4190.1

COOLING TOWER

Cool the condenser unit in a central conditioning system

SINGLE POLE SWITCH AT START,


3-WAY SWITCH AT MIDPOINT AND
SINGLE POINT SWITCH AT END

Two lights in a long hallway connected in parallel are to be controlled simultaneously at


three points

POWER AND CONTROL TRAY


CABLE TYPE

Factory assembled of two or more insulated conductors w/ or w/o


associated bare cover ground conductor under a non metallic sheath
approved forr installation in cable trays, in raceways or in supported by a messenger wire

RH

Heat Resistant Rubber / 75 degrees

METAL HALIDE

Light source used in lighting fixtures best specified in areas such as those requiring high illumination
levels for detailed work such as needle work

SCOTT CONNECTION 2 PHASE


TO 3 PHASE

A transformer location required in some localities, where a three phase


power is required from a two phase system

TW

Moisture Resistant Thermoplastic / 60 degrees

ILLUMINATED SWITCH

Type of switch where pilot light inside a lit to guide the person inside

85 amperes

Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of 30degrees


w/a 22 sq.m cross sectional area in size for USE

LOW SWITCH EMITTING DIODE


4-WAY NON APPELATION SWITCH

Switch wiring device; Identify all (Brochure)

DRAWINGS

Main power supply and wiring system for 110/220 volt line; which wiring diagram fits (drawing)

7500mm to 9000mm
5000mm to 6000mm
10000mm to 12000mm
6000mm to 7600mm

What is the maximum horizontal range between two or more air terminal for lightning
arrest for an effective disaster prevention in building

550mm; 700mm
600mm; 850mm

An air terminal for lighting arrest is distanced at 7600mm. What must be the least height of the
air terminal above the building part being protected for disaster prevention

15 amperes

Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of 30degrees


w/a 2.0 sq.m cross sectional area in size for TW

PVC IS ALLOWED FOR AS LONG AS Best suited for Rigid Nonmetallic Conduit like PVC for underground installation in buildings
BOTH BURIAL DEPTH OF NO LESS
460mm AND CONCRETE
ENCASEMENT IS PROVIDED
ULTRASONIC

Higher than 20,000 Hertz

SABINS

Unit of acoustic absorption equivalent ot absorption by one square root


of a perfect absorber

AVOIDING ZONES OF DIRECT


SOUND

First defense method from external noise by site selection and site
planning for quiet internal acoustic environment

INSTALL ABSORBENT MATERIALS


WITHIN THE WALL OF THE
ENCLOSURE

The effective method can be employed to reduce direct noise, which is transmitted airborne,
for noise reduction within a space

SOUND TRAVELS SLIGHTLY LOWERThis does not describe the velocity of sound correctly
(FASTER)MOIST AIR THAN IN
DRY AIR
7,380 fps

Sound with a wavelength of 1.50 m at Frequency 1,500 Hz

INTENSITY

Perceptual characteristic of sound which is the average rate of flow of


energy per unit area perpendicular to the direction of propagation
UTILITIES

VENT PIPE

It ventilates a house drainage system and prevent siphonage and back pressure

3/8"

It is the size of supply valve tank type for water closet

6 FEET

The maximum horizontal developed length between the trap seal and the
vertical vent inlet at the trap

2x2" WYE WITH 2" CO AND


2 X 1/8 BEND

Combination fitting between the vertical waste branch and the horizontal waste branch

COUPLING REDUCER

A female GI pipe reducer fitting used in straight connection, both are threaded inside

CIRCUIT VENT

A vent use in battery of plumbing fixture where the vent is installed in front
of the last fixture of the battery

JET, SUBMERSIBLE
TURBINE, SUMP

A water pump for a 200ft driven well to deliver 10gpm against 200ft. It is
located at the surface

RECIPROCATING
CENTRIFUGAL, PISTON, TURBINE

A pump motor installed on the surface attached to a lift and push a rod to
activate a submerge piston

TO FACILITATE AIR MOVEMENT


WITH LESSER RESISTANCE

The purpose of a branch vent slope of 1/4"

RECIPROCATING
CENTRIFUGAL, PISTON, TURBINE

A pump with an impeller enclose in a housing coupled with the pump motor
Its principle is to add a velocity to already flowing liquid

CENTRIFUGAL, SUBMERSIBLE
JET, TURBINE

A pump which delivers high water discharge with high water pressure drawn
from a shallow source like cistern, best suited as fire or transfer pump.
The motor is placed at the surface with shaft to turn the impellers below

46 mm

Minimum height of Fire Service station rom the grade

BELL REDUCER

A female GI pipe reducer fitting use to connect a reducing branch from


a main water distribution

POLYETHELENE PIPE

PE

WATER DISTRIBUTION PIPES

General term for hot or cold water pipes containing portable water supplying
different plumbing fixture

AT BRANCH SUPPLY DUCT AS


FAR AS PRACTICAL FROM THE
OUTLET

Where are dampers install to regulate the amount of cool air fo an even
distribution of outlets

SEASONAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Rating index of an air conditioning system which rate the number for the unit
of BTU heat moved per watt of electrical input energy

TONS OF REFRIGERATION

Standard unit rating to describe the capacity of the cooling tower

BOTTOM SPROCKET
GEARED HOIST
HELICAL GEARED MOTOR WITH
TRANSMISSION REDUCTION
CONTROL SYSTEM-PROGRAM
MABLE UNIT

Prime movers that drives the escalator parts

STANDARD ISO 4190.1 ELEVATOR CATEGORY


Pasenger use in which goods may be carried
Goods accompanied by persons
Passenger elevator
Service elevator for goods only

A European brand of elevator


GOLDSTAR-KOREA
KOPPEL A.W.
DOVER
OTIS-U.S.
5.500 mm

Required minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground
over residential and comercial properties and driveways not subjected to truck traffic and over
600 volts to ground
Required minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground
over public streets, alleys, roads, parking areas subjected to truck traffic, driveways on other
than residential property, and other land traveresed by vehicular such as cultivated, grazing
forest and courtyards

BUSWAYS

Approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor


terminations in a completely enclosed, ventilated protective metal housing
where the system is design to carry fault current and to withstand the
magnetic forces of such current

RIGID STEEL CONDUIT

A raceway especially constructed for the purpose of physical protection


of conductors, the pulling in or the withdrawing of wires or cables after the
conduit is in place and made of metal pipe of standard width and thickness

120/240 VOLTS

System of voltage used for computing branch circuits and feeder load

WINDMILL

Natural energy source derived from force of wind acting on oblique blades
that radiates froma shaft attached to a dynamo to produce electricity

PANEL BOARD

A point in th electrical system where the electrical load of a given area


is assumed to concentrate

SINGLE PHASE ALTERNATING


CURRENT

Alternating current generated by the alternator where its wave rises to the
peak, sinks to zero, drops to the negative peak and rises again to zero a
number of times each second depending on the frequency for which the
machine is designed

TWO PHASE ALTERNATING


CURRENT

Alternating current where the alternator comprises of windings mounted


at right angles to each other and provided with separate external connections
current waves will be produced and each of which will be at its maximum
when the other is zero

2.2, 30, 8, 14

Minimum conductor size for for overhead service drop for copper wire or cable

UF

Underground Feeder, 60-75 degrees C

THW

Moisture and Heat Resistant Thermoplastic used for dry and wet locations

REFRACTION

The physical behavior of sound when travelling forward in a straight path


changes in direction as it passes through different densities and causes
the sound waves to bend

38 mm (1 1/2")

Standard size of wet standpipe outlet for each floor

WYE FITTING

A type of pipe fitting for yoke vent

6"

The minimum horizontal clearance of vent branch immediately above the flood
level rim of the fixture

THERMOSTAT

A device installed on electric water heater used to detect the working temperature to
to activate a switch

1 1/2"

The minimum size or trap of a bidet

3/8"

Supply valve tank type for water closet

COUPLING

A threaded fitting to join two threaded fittings as closed as possible but


not exceeding 3 inches

AT EVERY BRANCH INTERVAL OF


A SOIL STACK

Location that does not require installation of clean out

BATTERY OF FIXTURE

Interconnection of the same fixture in one soil or waste branch with one branch vent

COMMON VENT

A single vent that ventiliates multiple traps, in the case of back to back fixture

NUMBER OF FIXTURE

A parameter in sizing the drainage pipe

SOIL PIPE

Conveys a discharge of solid and liquid wastes closets with or without the
discharged from other fixture to the house drain

UTILITIES

102 mm (4")

Minimum size of standpipe for a building in which the highest outlet is 23 m


or less from the Fire service Connection

UPFEED OR DIRECT METHOD

In water distributon system which constantly rely its pressure from the main water pipe apply only
if the main fixture is supply continously with the flow rate and minimum required working pressure

PLUMBING SYSTEM

System of building which includes the water supply distribution pipes the
fixture and fixture traps, the soil waste and the vent pipes, the house drain
and the house sewer, the storm water drainage with their devices

64 mm (2 1/2")

Minimum size of wet standpipe for riser of more than 15 mts from source

6"

Minimum height of a branch vent above the fixture it is venting

SIAMESE CONNECTIONS

Common term for a two way service connections

BALL

Single level valve used in kichen sink, lavatory faucets or at shower valve

NUMBER OF BRANCH VENTS

A parameter in sizing a horizontal soil branch pipe

1/4", WYE and 1/8" BEND, LONG


Fitting installed at the base of the soil stack and a building drain
SWEEP, 1/8" and 1/8" COMBINATION
12 TO 14 SQ.MTR/TR

Guide for initial estimate of Ton of refrigeration

JET PUMP WITH INJECTOR


JACK, CENTRIFUGAL
SUBMERSIBLE

A suitable type of water pump for deep well 4" or 6' casing to deliver
35gpm against 450 ft. total develop height

ZEOLITE

Passing on it can treat hardwater

CIRCUIT VENT

Vertical vent pipes take in front of the last fixture and connects to its soil
stack which acts as a vent

BUFFER

A safety device of a passenger elevator which reduces the collision shock


of a car or counterweight due to over travel beyond the lowest stop. It
It stops the car or counterweight safely

SEASONAL ENERGY ENERGY


EFFICIENCY RATING

Rating index of an air conditioning system which rates the unit for the number
for BTU of heat moved per watt of electrical input energy

PHASE FAILURE RELAY


DRIVECHAIN AND HANDRAIL GOV
SKIRTING PANEL SWITCH
MONITORING CONTACTS ON
STEP CHAIN

Internal electronic safety features of an escalator. They function as a


safety switches or detectors which monitors internal mechanical or
electrical abnormalities and shuts down the system in any eventuality

CIRCUIT BREAKER
ELECTRICAL PANEL BOX
PULL BOX
ELECTRONIC CONTROL PANEL

A passenger elevator safety device which protects the motor and its
electrical parts from over current

SAFETY SHOE
SAFETY GEAR
OUTSIDE DOOR LATCH
DOOR LOCK SWITCH

The elevator door components that detect the obstacle during the door closing and re opens
the door

AIR CURTAIN

Mechanical equipment install on top of the main doors used to retain cold in the interiors

WAIT INTERVAL

Dividing the travel length by the rated speed

EVAPORATORS CANNOT BE
LOCATED AT CEILING

Major physical restriction does a split type air conditioner system have which restricts
its efficiency and performance

CONDENSER AND EVAPORATOR


Not ideal physical installation of a split type air condition
ARE INSTALLED AT THE SAME
LEVEL W/ 15 MTS. DEVT. DISTANCE
EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH
SAFETY SHOE
OUTSIDE DOOR LATCH
DOOR LOCK SWITCH

Activate by preventing the door to open during elevator car run,


the door elevator will open only when the car stops at the floor

SAFETY SHOE
OUTSIDE DOOR LATCH
DOOR LOCK SWITCH
SAFETY GEAR

Opening of door for passenger in case of power failure in the elevator

MAGNETIC BREAK
SAFETY SHOE
CIRCUIT BREAKER
GOVERNOR

Activate if the car travel faster than its travel speed, the power will turn off,
and grasp the rope to operate the safety gear

FOR CAR OVERRUN

Main purpose of shafts overhead space

LIMIT SWITCH
EMERGENCY SWITCH
TRAVEL SWITCH
MOTOR CONTROL SWITCH

Device that open and closes the electric current in an elevator when it has reached the
designated end of travel course

FAN COIL UNIT

Coupled with central air conditioning system, used to dehumidify and cool
the air stream injected into the conditioned space

CIRCUIT BREAKER

A device designed to open and close a circuit by non automatic means


and to open the circuit automatically on predetermined over current
without damaged to itself when properly applied within its rating

SERVICE RACEWAY

The raceway that encloses the service entrance conductors

Y-Y FOR LIGHTING AND POWER

A transformer connection which is ideal in the event of change of primary


voltage from 2400 volts to 4160 volts to increase the potential capacity of
the system

24 AMPERE

Maximum allowed ampere rating of one chord or plug utilization equipment connected in a 30
ampere branch circuit for lighting or utilization equipment

5.5 sq.mm

Minimum wire size in sq.mm type THW stranded copper conductor in raceway for a branch
circuit with 30 ampere rating

3500mm

Minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground, at the
electrical service entrance or above areas or sidewalks accesible only to pedestrian lanes,
measure from final grade line or other accesible surface only for service drop cabled together
with a grounded bare messenger wire and limited to 300 volts to ground

30 amperes

Minimum ampacity of feeder conductor with a load of more than two wire branch circuit supplied
by a 3-wire feeder but not exceed the computed branch circuit load

3.5 sq.m

Minimum wire size in sq.mm type TW copper conductor in raceway for a branch circuit with 20
ampere rating

45 Amperes

Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of 30degrees


w/a 8 sq.m cross sectional area in size for THW

MULTI WIRE BRANCH CIRCUIT

A branch circuit consisting of two or more grounded conductors having a potential difference
between them, and a grounded conductor having equal potential difference between it

A CLEARANCE OF NOT LESS THAN Pre requisite in use of split knob and tube wiring
76mm SHALL BE MAINTAINED
BETWEEN CONDUCTORS AND NOT
LESS THAN 26mm
PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR

A type of water coolant operates at a pressure of about 150 atmospheres

DEVICE

A unit of electrical system which is intended to carry but not utilize electrical energy

BUSWAYS

Approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor


terminations in a completely enclosed, ventilated protective metal housing
where the system is design to carry fault current and to withstand the
magnetic forces of such current

60 CYCLES

Standard frequency of water supply by the company like Meralco

USE

Underground Service Entrance / 75degrees

SERVICE DROP

The overhead service conductor from the last pole or other aerial support
to and including the splices, if any connecting to te service entrance
conductors at the building

BOILING WATER REACTOR

A type of nuclear reactor where the water coolant is permitted to boil


within the core by operating at somewhat low pressure

BALANCE LOADING

In a 240V, a three phase 3-wire service, branch cicuits are loaded and distributed to each
of the three phase with this objective to attain

CABLE TRAYS

Unit or assembly of unit sections and associated fittings forming a rigid structural system
used to support cables

OPEN DELTA FOR LIGHTING


AND POWER

A transformer connection where the secondary load is a combination of


lighting and power. This connection is used when the single phase lighting
is large as compared with the power load

DELTA Y FOR LIGHTING AND


POWER

A useful transformer connection applied when single phase lighting load is


all on one phase resulting into unbalanced primary

ARMOR CABLE TYPE ACL

Type of flexible cable which is a fabricated assembly of insulated conductors


which permit its use at exposed weather or excessive moisture

THREE PHASE ALTERNATING


CURRENT

A type of alternating current where the alternator comprises the three


armature windings set at 120 degrees to each other, current will be
produced in the form of triple wave

30 amperes

Minimum branch circuit rating for household ranges and cooking appliance

POROUS ABSORBENT

Type of sound absorbent best for lower band frequencies

HERTZ

Unit of frequency which is equal to one cycle per second

SINGLE PHASE ALTERNATING


CURRENT

A type of alternating current generated by alternator, where its wave rises to


its peak, sinks to zero, drop to a negative peak and rises again to zero
a number of times each seconds depending on the frequency of the
machine is designed
INTERNET

MORE STUDIES
LABEL OF DRAWINGS
CATEGORIES OF ELEVATOR
ELEVATOR
ESCALATOR
PUMPS
VALVES
LIGHTNING ARRESTER
SERVICE DROPS
NBC
NPCP
FORMULA OF TL
CYCLE OF FAN COIL UNIT

NEED TO BE RESEARCHED (SUMMARIZED)


NATIONAL PLUMBING CODE
Combination fitting between the vertical waste branch and the horizontal waste branch
2 x 2 WYE WITH 2" CO AND 2 x 1/8 BEND
2 x 1/4 BEND
4 x 2 WYE WITH 2" CO AND 2 x 1/4 BEND
2 x 2 TEE WITH 2" CO
LOCATION 8

Fitting in water closet in its order of sequence from the floor drain to the soil branch
2" P-TRAP 2x1/4 BEND 4x2 TEE
2" P-TRAP 2x1/16 BEND 4x2 TEE
2" P-TRAP 2x1/8 BEND 4x2 TEE
2" P-TRAP 2x1/4 BEND 2x1/8 BEND 4x2 WYE
Fitting installed at the branching tee from a horizontal soil branch to a horizonal waste branch
4 x 2 WYE AND 2" 1/8 BEND COMBINATION
4 x 4 TEE
4 x 2 TEE
4 x 4 WYE AND 4" 1/8 BEND COMBINATION

LOCATION 13

Fitting assembly joining the bare lavatory and the 2" tapped tee
1 1/4" DIAMETER STRAINER WITH POP UP VALVE
1 1/2" DIAMETER TAIL PIECE WITH POP UP VALVE
1 1/2" DIAMETER P-TRAP WITH POP UP VALVE
1 1/4" DIAMETER P-TRAP WITH POP UP VALVE

LOCATION 12

Use to accept the P-trap assembly of the lavatory


2" SANITARY TEE
2" TEE
2" TAPPED TEE
2" WYE AND 2 x 1/8 BEND COMBINATION
Fitting installed at the base of the soil stack and a building rain
1/4 BEND
LONG SWEEP BEND
WYE AND 1/8 BEND COMBINATON
1/8 BEND AND 1/8 BEND COMBINATION
A parameter in sizing horizontal branch pipe
NUMBER OF SOIL OR WASTE BRANCH
AMOUNT OF FALL OF THE PIPE
NUMBER OF BRANCH VENTS
TYPE OF VENTING SYSTEM

SUBMERSIBLE PUMP
jet,jack,reciprocating

PUMPS
A type of pump for driven well from 150 to 200 ft which work by a principle of venturi where
water of high pressure is pump into the well to draw water upwards through the return pipe

RECIPROCATING,TURBINE
CENTRIFUGAL, PISTON

A pump motor installed on the surface attached to a lift and push a rod to
activate a submerge piston

JET, SUBMERSIBLE
TURBINE, SUMP

A water pump for a 200ft driven well to deliver 10gpm against 200ft. It is
located at the surface

RECIPROCATING,TURBINE
CENTRIFUGAL, PISTON

A pump motor installed on the surface attached to a lift and push a rod to
activate a submerge piston

RECIPROCATING
CENTRIFUGAL, PISTON, TURBINE

A pump with an impeller enclose in a housing coupled with the pump motor
Its principle is to add a velocity to already flowing liquid

CENTRIFUGAL, SUBMERSIBLE
JET, TURBINE

A pump which delivers high water discharge with high water pressure drawn
from a shallow source like cistern, best suited as fire or transfer pump.
The motor is placed at the surface with shaft to turn the impellers below

JET PUMP WITH INJECTOR


JACK, CENTRIFUGAL
SUBMERSIBLE

A suitable type of water pump for deep well 4' or 6' casing to deliver
35gpm against 450 ft. total develop height

BUFFER

ELEVATOR
A safety device of a passenger elevator which reduces the collision shock of a car or
counterweight due to over travel beyond the lowest stop. It stops the car or counterweight safely

PHASE FAILURE RELAY


DRIVECHAIN AND HANDRAIL GOV
SKIRTING PANEL SWITCH
MONITORING CONTACTS ON
STEP CHAIN

Internal electronic safety features of an escalator. They function as a


safety switches or detectors which monitors internal mechanical or
electrical abnormalities and shuts down the system in any eventuality

CIRCUIT BREAKER
ELECTRICAL PANEL BOX
PULL BOX
ELECTRONIC CONTROL PANEL

A passenger elevator safety device which protects the motor and its
electrical parts from over current

OUTSIDE DOOR LATCH

During elevator emergency to rescue passenger, this type of elevator is used to open the door
from the outside

SAFETY SHOE
SAFETY GEAR
OUTSIDE DOOR LATCH
DOOR LOCK SWITCH

The elevator door components that detect the obstacle during the door closing and re opens
the door

WAIT INTERVAL

Dividing the travel length by the rated speed

EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH


SAFETY SHOE
OUTSIDE DOOR LATCH
DOOR LOCK SWITCH

Activate by preventing the door to open during elevator car run,


the door elevator will open only when the car stops at the floor

SAFETY SHOE
OUTSIDE DOOR LATCH
DOOR LOCK SWITCH
SAFETY GEAR

Opening of door for passenger in case of power failure in the elevator

MAGNETIC BREAK
SAFETY SHOE
CIRCUIT BREAKER
GOVERNOR

Activate if the car travel faster than its travel speed, the power will turn off,
and grasp the rope to operate the safety gear

FOR CAR OVERRUN

Main purpose of shafts overhead space

LIMIT SWITCH
EMERGENCY SWITCH
TRAVEL SWITCH
MOTOR CONTROL SWITCH

Device that open and closes the electric current in an elevator when it has reached the
designated end of travel course

GOVERNOR
SAFETY GEAR
SAFETY SHOE
MAGNETIC BREAK

Safety device of a passenger elevator which activates if the car travels faster
than its rated speed by grasping the guide rail to stop the car safely

International Standard and EN 81.1 Code in designing a machine room


PIPING OR DUCT BELONGING TO OTHER SYSTEM SHOULD NOT RUN THROUGH
THE MACHINE ROOM
OPENING BETWEEN HE MACHINE ROOM AND THE SHAFT MUST BE FULLY OPENED
TO ALLOW EASY ACCESS
VENTILATION MUST BE SUFFICIENT IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN INDOOR TEMPERATURE
OF 5 TO 40 DEGREES
ONLY HOIST MACHINE MOTOR ASSEMBLY, CONTROL PANEL AND AUXILLARY
EQUIPMENT FOR FIRE FIGHTING ARE ALLOWED INSIDE
STANDARD INSTALLATION OF ESCALATOR NOT EXCEEDING 4.50 MTS./ TRUSS
THE TOP CHORD OF THE TRUSS IS WITH A STEEL ANGLE SUPERIMPOSED ON THE
BULDING'S STRUCTURAL BEAM
STANDARD ISO 4190.1 ELEVATOR CATEGORY
Pasenger use in which goods may be carried
Goods accompanied by persons
Passenger elevator
Service elevator for goods only
Transports of bed
A European brand of elevator

GOLDSTAR-KOREA
KOPPEL A.W.
DOVER
OTIS-U.S.
ESCALATOR
BOTTOM SPROCKET
GEARED HOIST
HELICAL GEARED MOTOR WITH
TRANSMISSION REDUCTION
CONTROL SYSTEM-PROGRAM
MABLE UNIT

Prime movers that drives the escalator parts

AT THE ESCALATOR
MACHINE ROOM

Location of Control System or computer brain of the escalator

main drive chain, step chain, handrail


drive chain, bottom sprocket

ESCALATOR'S PART

1120;980;800;760

Nominal size of an escalator; escalator's width like those in Japanese brand

1150;1100;1000;900

Nominal size of an escalator; escalator's step like those in Japanese brand


ELECTRICAL
Two lights in a long hallway connected in parallel are to be controlled simultaneously at
three points

SINGLE POLE SWITCH AT START,


3-WAY SWITCH AT MIDPOINT AND
SINGLE POINT SWITCH AT END
DRAWINGS

Main power supply and wiring system for 110/220 volt line; which wiring diagram fits (drawing)

A CLEARANCE OF NOT LESS THAN Pre requisite in use of split knob and tube wiring
76mm SHALL BE MAINTAINED
BETWEEN CONDUCTORS AND NOT
LESS THAN 26mm
MULTI WIRE BRANCH CIRCUIT

A branch circuit consisting of two or more grounded conductors having a potential


difference between them, and a grounded conductor having equal potential difference between it

550mm; 700mm
600mm; 850mm

An air terminal for lighting arrest is distanced at 7600mm. What must be the least height of the
air terminal above the building part being protected for disaster prevention

7500mm to 9000mm
5000mm to 6000mm
10000mm to 12000mm
6000mm to 7600mm

What is the maximum horizontal range between two or more air terminal for lightning
arrest for an effective disaster prevention in building

5500 mm

Required minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground
over residential and comercial properties and driveways not subjected to truck traffic
and over 600 volts to ground
Required minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground
over public streets, alleys, roads, parking areas subjected to truck traffic, driveways on other
than residential property, and other land traveresed by vehicular such as cultivated, grazing
forest and courtyards

3500mm

Minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground, at the
electrical service entrance or above areas or sidewalks accesible only to pedestrian lanes,
measure from final grade line or other accesible surface only for service drop cabled together
with a grounded bare messenger wire and limited to 300 volts to ground

24 amperes

Maximum allowed ampere rating of one chord or plug utilization equipment connected in a 30
ampere branch circuit for lighting or utilization equipment
Minimum ampacity of feeder conductor with a load of more than two wire branch circuit
supplied by a 3-wire feeder but not exceed the computed branch circuit load
Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of 30degrees
w/a 22 sq.m cross sectional area in size for USE
Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of 30degrees
w/a 8.0 sq.m cross sectional area in size for THW
Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of 30degrees
w/a 2.0 sq.m cross sectional area in size for TW
Minimum wire size in sq.mm type THW stranded copper conductor in raceway for a branch
circuit with 30 ampere rating
Minimum wire size in sq.mm type TW copper conductor in raceway for a branch circuit with
20 ampere rating
Minimum branch circuit rating for household ranges and cooking appliance

30 amperes
85 amperes
45 amperes
15 amperes
5.5 sq.mm
3.5 sq.m
30 amperes