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Fm-mD-H28\ 7A

25 wtober 1984
SUPERS~Iffi
FEXkSTlM28/7
31 August1978
(SeeNote)

FEDERAL
STANDARD
SCREW-THREAD
STANDARDS
FORFEDERALSERVICES
SECTION
7
PIPE THREADS,GENERAL
PURPOSE
his standardwas approv~ by the ~sistant Administrator,
Officeof FederalSupplyand Services,GeneralServices
Administration,
for the use of all FederalAgencies.

Orders for thispublicationare to be placed withGeneralServices


Administration,
acti~ as an agent for the Superintendent
of ~uments.
Singleccpiesof this standardare availableat the GSA BusinessService
Centersin Boston,MA; New York,NY; Philadelphia,
PA; Washington,DC;
Atlanta,GA; Chicago,IL; KansasCityrFD;Fort WXth, TX; Houston,TX;
Denver,CXl;San Francisco,CA; Im Angeles,CA; and Seattle,WA, or from
the &meral ServicesMinistration, Specification
Unit (mIS)~ m
6039~
?th and DStreets, S.W.,Washington,DC 20407.
N) DELIVERABLEDATA IQUIRED BY HIM ~

INNN4ATIONSKEETON FBERAL STAND4RDS


his Fderal Standardis issuedin hose-leaf formto permitthe insertion
or
remval of new or revised~ges and sections.
AU usersof FederalStandardsshouldkeep themup b date by inserting
revisedor new pagesas issuedand remving su~rsded and can=lled pages.
w and revisedpageswill be issuedunderChangeNoticeswhichwill be
numberedconsecutively
and will bear the date of issuance.ChangeNotices
should& retaind ~ filedin frontof the stardarduntil such timesas they
are supersededby a reissueof the entire standard.
IwTEsiQm
Ihe
Amri~
NationalStardardfor Pipefhreads,
originallyknmm as the
BriggsStandard,was formlat~ by Mr. RobertBriggs. Fbr severalyearsaround
1862ti. Briggswas superintendent
of the PascalIronWorksof Fkxris,Iasker
6
laterengineering
editorof the Journalof the
my,
Phii=elphia,-PA.
,FranklinInstitute.Afterhis deathon July 24, 1882,a paperby M. Briggs
containingdetailedinformation
regardingAmericanpipe and pipe threat! practice,
as developed~ him when superintendent
of the PascalIronWorks,w=
is
read beforethe Institution
of CivilEngineersof GreatBritain. l17is
recordedin the ExcerptMinutes,VolumeLxXI~Session1882-1883~Part 1~ of
that Society.
It is of interestto note that the nominalsizes (diameters) of pipe ten
(10) inchesand under,and the pitchesof the threadwere for the nvxt prt
establishedbetween1820 and 1840.
By publishinghis data,basalon Wars of practice,Mr. Briggswas the
meansof establishing
definitedetaildimmsions. he Briggsfornuladid not
providefor the internalthreadsor gagingrequirenen=for rmkingtaper
threadedjoints. It establish only the externalthreadon pipe,with no
tolerance.
In 1886 the largemajorityof Americanmanufacturers
threadedpipe to
practicallythe BriggsStandard,and acting jointlywith The Ameriain=iety
of ~ha,rlicalEngineers(ASME)they adoptedit as a standardPXtiCe mat
year,and xx3ster
plug and ring gageswere made.
Laterat variousconferencesrepresentatives
of the manufacturers
and the
ASME establish additionalsizes~certaindetailsof gagin% ~le~~~s~
specialapplications
of the standard,and in additiontabulatd the formulas
and dimensionsmre ca@etely thanwas done by Mr. Briggs.
Until the manufacturers
edoptedthe Briggsthreadin 1886,it seemsthat
each manufacturer
of necessitythreadedhis pipe and fittingsaccordi!ag
to his
best judgment. After1886 therewas sme attemptto work towardbetter
interchangeability.
However,the need for a bettergagingpracticeresulttiin
the adoptionof tie thin ringgage and the truncation
of the plug d ring
gages to gage the flanksof the thread. Ibispracti- of threadingfittings
ad couplingswhichprovidesthreadsto make up jointswith a wrenchwas
standardized
abut 1913.
ii

Cuu

IUIIICIIL..

In 1913a Cmnittee on the Standardization


of Pipe Threadswas organized
for the purpse of re-editingard expandingthe BriggsStardard. IIIe
American
Gas Association
(AGA)and the AmericanSocietyof MechanicalEngineersserved
as jointsponsors. Aftersix years of mrk, thiscumitt- ccxrpletcd
the
revisedstandardfor pi= threadswhichwas publishedin the MJIE l?ramaction:
of 1919,and was approvedas an Anerican Standardby the Amrican Eng~neexing
StardardsCumnittee,w naned the AmericanNatimal StandardsInstitute.Tliis
stadard w= adoptedby and appearedin the first3 repxts of the Na:ioml
screw~read Cmznission(WE).
Wrking with gage and tap makers,the MYK extensivelyrevisedpipe &read
gage @lerances ad publishedthese in the finalIWTC Reportin 1933. Further
Cumittee on the Standardization
of Pipe
revisionwas made by the Sectioml
in 1927under the jointsponsorship
of AGA and
Threads,B2, which was organized
ASA
ASME. fieir firststmdard was the AmericanStandardfor Pipe Xlueads,
B2.1-1942. me information
from this standardwas includedin the firstissue
of the NationalBureauof Standards(NBS)Handbook1128(1942).
Drysealpipe L!reads
were added to the NBS HandbookH28(1944)and the 1945
Pipe I?wead
StandardASA B2.1-1945. Ihe
Drysealthreadswere separatedfrom
the ASA B2.1-1960and put intoa separate
standard
ASA B2.2-1960.
Tlwse
documentsas well as the NBS HandbookH28 (1957)also revisedtt!~
hand
tightengagementsand corresponding
El, pitchdiametersfor the 1/8 and 1:4
naninalsizesto betteragreewith the numberof turnsspecifiedfor otb?c
sizesof taperpipe threads.
as
Under the qxmsorshipof ASME, the final issueof B2.1 was published
U3AS B2.1-1968.
Responsibility
for this~rican NationalStandard for Pipe
fireds was transferred
fran the ANSI CanmitteeB2 to the ASME CcmmitteeRL in
1973 whichprepartithe sttiard
ANSI~ASMEFL.20.l-1983.
~SID=H28/7, 31 August1978,supers-d SectionVII of the NBS Handbook
H28 (1957). It was titledAmrican StandardPipe Threads (ExceptDryseal ati
Hose Coupling~s).
lhe
presentissueis a currplete
revisionof this
stardard
.
~~H28/7A
was prepar~ by the DefenseIndustrialSupplyCentei
(=-IS) and incorpxatesthe AmericanNationalStandardfor Pipe ~xeads,
GeneralPurpose(Inch),AN31/ASMEB1.20.1-1983.Significantchangesfrcm the
previousissueincludethe following:
(1)DeletedfullengagementL2 mrking ring gage.
(2) Deletedreferencegages.
(3)Deletedmasterplug gage with small (0.033P)truncation.
crest truncationsfor 27 ad 18 threadper incl]
wmkmg gages
(4) Increasd
to be equal to thoseof Drysealpipe thred gages.
(5)Reducedpermissiblewear on workinggages frum 1/2 to 1/4 turn.
turns-engagement
mthd
of gaging.
l.],

iii

SECTION 7 - PIPE TIREADS,GENERALPURPGE

~ SQE2L ~is sectionprovidesthe standardsfor generalpurposepipe


threadsused by the FederalServices.
1.1 Limitations. Ihefollowingpipe threadsare not coveredin this
section:
a. Drysealpipe threads(NPXF,
PTF SAE Short,NPSF,NPSI)- see
FED-SID-H28\8.
b. Hose cmpling and fire-hosecouplingthreads(NH,NPSH)- see
IZt%XWH28\10
.
NationalForm taper
c. Aeronautical
pipe threads WET) - see
MIL-P-7105.
?
69 Referenceddocuments.
2.1 Governmentpublication.Ilwissueof the followingdocumnt in effect
on the date of invitationfor bids or requestfor propxal formsa part of this
s~andardto the extentspecifiedherein.

F~eral standard.
FED-STD-H28\lNcxnenclature,
Definitionsad LetterSymbolsfor Screw
Ihreads
(Activities
outsidethe Federal&n?ernmnt My obtaincqies of Federal.
specifications,
standards,~ cmmercial itemdescriptions
as outliti under
&neral Informationin the Indexof FederalSpecifications,
Standards,and
Cmmercial ItemDescriptions.The Index,which incltiescumulativebi+mnthly
supplementsas issued,is for sale on a subscription
basisby the Superintendent of ~nts,
U.S GovernmentPrintingOffice,Washingtm, K 20402.
(Single copies of this standard and otherFederalspecifications,
sttiards
ard commercialitemdescriptionsrequiredby activitiesoutsidethe Federal
Governmentfor biddingpurposesare availablewithoutchargefromGeneral
ServicesAdministration
BusinessServiceCentersin Boston,MA; w York,NY;
Philadelphia,
PA; Washington,DC; Atlanta,GA; Chicago,IL; KansasCity,I@;
FortWorth,TX; Houston,TX; Denver,~; San Francisco,CA; LOS Angeles,CA;
and Seattle,WA.
(FederalGovernmnt activitiesmay obtainoopiesof -ral
sttiardization
Stadards, ad Cbmmrcial
documents,ad the Itiexof Federal Specificaticms,
ItemDescriptionsfromestablisheddistribution
pointsin theiragencies.)
2.2

Other

publications.

The followingdocumentform a part of this


standard to the extents~cified herein. Unlessa specificissueis identified,the issuein effecton date of invitationfor bids or requestfor
propsal
shall apply.

AmericanNationalStandard.
ANSI/ASMEB1.20.1-1983Pipe Threds, GeneralPurpse (Inch)
-,
A

..-

(A@ication
for copies shouldbe addressedto the American~ietv O:
~iEngineers,UnitedEngineering
Center,345 East 47th Street, New York,w
10017 or the Anerican NationalStandardsInstitute,1430
Broidway,New York, NY 10018.)
3. I12finitions.
FED-SZIH28/l

I& termsapplicableto this standard

are definedin

4. Generalrequirements. Thread designs,designations


and inspection
requirements
shallbe in accordancewith ANSI/~ B1.20.1-1983.Gagesand
gaging-1
be in accordancewith AtSI/ASMEB1.20.l- 1983 and alternatives
in
sub~tim 5 &luw.
5* Detailedrequirenwts.
.
5.1 Alternatetape PPe threadgages- Limit type
There are occasions
when it is desirableb &k
the maximumand mininunlimits
of tmer threaded
productdirectlywith a limitwrking gage ratherthanwith a sta&lardbasic
workinggage,whichnecessitates
countingthe turnsby whichthe gage
overtravelsor failsto up to the basicsurfaceon the prduct. !fbmet
this requirement,
the designof limitgage shown in figure7.1 has been
develqed as an alternativeto the recognizedstandardtypeplug and ring
gages. ~ese gages retainthe basicnotchon the plug @ether with the basic
surfaceof the ring,and in additionincludetm retches,or steps,on both
plug and ring,one the mximum ad one the minimum. Ttw retentionof the basic
step or retch is not essentialbut facilitates
checkingagainstthe masterand
referencegages and also providesa convenientmeansof checkingthe maximum
and mininumsteps. me limitgage threadform,tolerances,
etc.,are the same
~ -ified
for * mrrespmding
standard ww gages.
5.2 Alternate
thread qages - Trirolltypes. Zero lead threaded
Ptrirollgages are &
t: providea functional
checkon externalthreadPitch
dizter,
taper, lead and flankangles.
Examination is by visual or by ~ial
itiicatir
reading.
Pitchdiamters at eacherd of the effectivethread(E.
using indica~r gageswith specialshortengagement
) IMY k ckkd
thre rolls. Externalthrez!d
3
mjor diametersand tapermay be checkedusinga
plain trirollgage. Ibis gage permitsmasuremnt of taperdeviationwhichmay
@ examinedvisually,or for all practicalpqoses be masured by inserting
two thickness gages betweenthe gage rollsti majordiameterof the product,
- on each side,at the pint of extremegap. his gage has a flush-pin
arrangementwith basic,maximum,and minimumstepson t@ body whichrepresent
the threadsize,and maximumand minimumstepson the flushpin corresponding
to the limitson crest truncation.
o

---

--

~:

--A

-L

----

~.--

l--

-A

-----.&:--

.-

b...

. .

. ----

FEWSZD-H28/7A

IN

B~lC GAGING NOTCH


TOP VIEW OF PLUG GAGE

------

GAGING FACE
BOTTOM VIEW OF RING GAGE

e
MAX
7

MIN/

hA~X

B%SIC
GAGINGFACE
PLUG GAGE- LIMIT TYPE
SIDE VIEW

RING GAGE- LIMIT TYPE


SIDE VIEW

FIGURE 7.1- Alternative

form of taper pipe threod limit plug

and ?hreod ring gages.

E73HTD+28flA
6.

Notes.

6.1 Supersessionmte. In additionto su~rseding~STD-H28/7 dated 31


August1978,toge~er witi _sTD-~8\~
thisdocumnt also s~rsedes
appmiix A4 Subsections6 - 7 and AppendixA7 of ~SID-H28, dated31 ~rch
1978.
CIVILAQXY ~RDINATI~

MILIT!AKY
1~:

mulErce - NBS
Wr - Am,APM,FAA,m,m
GsA- Ess,Km
HUD-KC
Justice- FPI
N?SA- JFK,lx, NSF
USDA-AFS

custodians:
Army-AR
Navy-s

Air For= -

11

Review Activities:
Wny - AT, GL, ME, MI
Navy - YD

~MTIES:

PREPARIX ACIMTY:
DLA - IS

(Doll
ProjectWX3-0U51)

mS7D-1128/7A

APPENDIXA
PITCH DIAMZIZRMEASURDIINIOF TAPER THREADPLUGAND FUhGG?GES

10. ~.
~is appendix providesreferenceinformation
on masuring pitch
threadgages using calibrated
wires.
me information
diametersof ta~r
containedhereinis intendedfor guidanm only.
20

Pitchdiamter measurements.

20.1
Procedures.
Procedures for masuring pitch diamters
of taper threti
plug and ringgagesappearin ANSI B1.20.5-1978
AppendixB. fiis ~rican

NationalStandardis incorporateintoFRI-STD-H28/8A,
DrysealPipe Threads.
See latesteditionsapplicable.
20.2 MeasurinqWires. Requirements for calibrated
measuring wires usd
in
diameter
measurements
appear in ANSI/ASMEB1.2-1983AppendixB. This
AmericanNationalStandardis incorporated
into FED-S~H28/6A, Gagesand
Gagingfor UnifiedScrew!f%reads
- UN and UNR T?weadForms (Notissuedas of
1 &to&r 1984). See latesteditionsap@icable.
pitch

APPDiDIX B

SPECIAL PIPE THREADAPPLICATIONS

!ttlis
appendixprovides
reference
which had been included in ~SlD+i28

30.

information

Smpe.

threads

on special

pip

Appendix7. l%einformation

-tained herein is for guidan= only.


40,
~reding of pipe for Axner
icanNationalStandardthreadedsteelflanqes.
Rquirmnts for extra longexternaltaperpipe threadson pipesengagedwiti
threaded steel flanges
of classes600 or higherrating,a~a~ in AnnexA of
=1 B16.5-1981,AnericanNationalStandardfor Pipe Flangesard Flanged
Fittings. See latesteditia a@icable.
50

Internalstraiqhtpipe threadsin finisheddrumsad externalthreadson

EWE
50.1
Standarddrum closures. !ltRflangesof the bungad vent are tapped
res~tively with 2 in. ard 3/4 in. straightpipe threads havingdinmsions in
erdance with tableVII.B.1. Large tolerancesin additionto the allowance
have beenprovidedto ensureeasy seatingof the plug in the flange when making
up the jointwith a propergasket.

T~LE Vil.B.
i

Drum piuq and fianqe

thread

iimits

of size

and tolerances.

Major diameter

Item

Size

Threads

per inch

Flange*.~*~.
Plug
Flange......
pl~ ........
.*

***.**

in.
3/4
3/4
2
2

Maximum
in.
Wmwm-m
1.0274
*. . *
2.3395

14
11 1/2
11 l\2

Minimum

1.0324

7blerance
in.
w

O8

000200

1.0074

2.3495
~*3~95

.0200
1

Minor diameter

Pitchdiameter
Item

Maxiin.

Flange......
Plug........

1.0045
.9810

Flange . . . . . .

2.3150
2.2830

Plug........

Mini-

ZWerance

in.

in.
.0185
.0180
.0220

.9860
.9630
2.2030
2.2610

0220

Maxi-

Ibler- Miniance
.

.
0.&8
.9398
2.2628
2.2328

:n.
0.0200
.**am*
.0200
*e*,

O:;i48
9*.*9*

2.2426
*8..*

~
6

-SID-H28/7A

ial drum closures. Scme typesof explosivesand other dangerous


formof flangeti
materials are transmuted in containers having a spxial
The dimnsiofisof the straight
screw threads of these parts are
plug
established
by the lnterstite~rce
&xmnissia. ti thread form is that
originally
developed by the Manufacturing Chemists Association
(mu Chemical
dixmsims
are:
Manufacturers Association) . Its principal
Mrm of threzul: ~le,
60; depth of thred,
0.0933 in; and radii of crest
and root,0.0075 in.
Internal screw thread in flange: threads per inch, 8; pitch dianeter,
2.2067
in,; maxinm major diamter,
2.305; minium major dimter
8 2.295 in.; maxinam
mimr di~ter,
2.1184 in.; xninimun minor diameter, 2.1084 in.; length of
thread, U/16 in.
E3ctemal ~rew tired
cm plug: pi@ diameter, 2.1887 in.; maximumsajor
di~ter,
2.287 in. ; minimum mjor diaueter~ 2~277 ine; maximun minor diameter~
2.1004 in.; minixmmminor dianeter,2.0904in.; lengthof thred, 11/16plus
1/8 in. recess.
50.2

S-

60. raper and straiqhtthreds for riqid steelelectricaloorduitand


fittings. R2quir-nts for conduitand fitting
threads appear in the National
ElectricalManufacturers
Association(-)
Publicaticm
No. ~1-1977. (See
These thre-s
are based upon standard taper and
latest edition applicable).
The m-standard
size 4 1/2 - 8 pipe thread has -n
straight
pipe threads.
A sumary
of conduit thred
characteristics
is provided h? table
dded.
VII.B.2for informatia.

TABLEVI I.E.2

Conduit

Characteristics.

&ging

Description

Conduit
Thread
Designation

NTc -

~read

lPTL1 limit
gage

%me as WI

External

taper

tiified
~ limit

SHORT External ;ame as NEWexcept minimum


to tab
thread length is qual
taper
~latedminimumthreadprojection of connector
in UL514B0
Ibread tapers down fran El
pitch

Interml
taper
I ..

Same

extra

NW
gage

diamter

~~ial
NPT Ll
@s 4 pitch
gage

4 pitches

as NPT except
engagement.

Internal Same as NPT except 1 pitch


JWead
extra engagenumt.
taper
depth is the same as for NIC

~
L1 gage or
special NET
L~ plus 1

External pitch diameters less than NPT

NPSMGO thread
gage

diameter

straight

El wi~

pitch

~xi~

gage

for 18tpi,-o=oo2:
to~eran~
0DO05
for 14tpi,-().002;
tolerance
0.006
for 11.5tpi,-O.0025;toleran= 0.008
for 8tpi~-o*oo3;
toler~ce
00011
Minimumthread lengthis qual to
tabulated
minimum thread projection of connector
in UL 514B.

Nsc -

SHCRI

Internal Pitcti dimters greaterthanNPJ


straight diameterEl withminim
for 18tpi,+0.002;tolerance0.006
for 14tpi,+0.003;tolerance0.007
for 11.5tpi,+0.005;tolerance0.00:
for 8tpi,+0.007;
toler~ice0.012
rlinimum
threaddepth is the sameas
NPT L2.

NPSM G3

Internal Same as NSC except minimum thread


for 18
straight depth is 3.5 pitches

NPSM G3

and 14tpi and 4 pitches

gage

for 11.5

and 8tpi.
)

ml.

w-

t-a

mm

#Mm

A-

CMMl

thread

gage

thre=