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Introduction

Most electronic circuit today can be tested using steady DC (direct) current with
only low 1.5V to 30V voltage requirement but the most common voltage source supplies
an oscillating AC (alternating) current with a very high 220V to 240V output. A power
supply is any means of providing electrical power to a circuit e.g. from a battery, a
generator, a solar cell, etc. In electronics it is a piece of equipment that converts AC to
DC current. Using a power supply, one can use a regular household receptacle outlet to
provide electricity to an electronic circuit to test it.

Objective

To create a safe, reliable and effective 0V-30V DC power supply using the
Schematic Diagram below.

Schematic Diagram

Parts List

Quantity
1pc
kg
kg
1pc
1roll
1kg
1pc
2pc
1pc
1pc
2pc
2pc
1pc
1pc
6pc
1pc
1pc
1pc
1pc
1pc
1pc
1pc
1pc
1pc
1pc
1pc

Code

1N5400
1N4001
TIP2955
LM317T

1N5363

Description
Transformer
Magnetic wire
Magnetic wire
Bobbin
Fish paper
E and I core
Rocker switch w/ indicator light
Binding post
Power cord
Knob
Fuse holder
Heat sink
Mini fuse
Mini fuse
Diode
Diode
PNP Transistor
Voltage Regulator
Resistor
Resistor
Resistor
Potentiometer
Zener Diode
Capacitor
Capacitor
Panel Voltmeter

Remarks
30V
#22
#18
1in

Red and Black

Large and small


1A
3A

0.22Ohm, 5W
240Ohm, 1W
1Ohm, 5W
5kOhms
30V, 5W
4700F, 50V
1, 50V
0V-30V

Assembly Procedures

The assembly procedures are as follows:

1. Create a 30-volts step down transformer using the #22 magnetic wire as primary
coil and #18 as secondary coil.
2. Wind the primary wire with 700 turns on the 1 bobbin. Make sure the ends are
long enough.

3. Cover the bobbin along the wire with fish paper; make sure that the primary wire
is completely covered.
4. Wind the secondary wire with about 96 turns on the same bobbin. Make sure the
ends are long enough
5. Cover again the bobbin along the wire with fish paper. Then insert the E and I
core alternating.
6. Apply metal varnish on the E and I core if desired.
7. Remove the cover on the ends of the magnetic wire.
8. Test the transformer and measure the output voltage.
9. Design a 3 x 4 PCB diagram for the power supply from the schematic diagram.
10. Etch the PCB diagram into the copper clad with Ferric chloride.
11. After the PCB diagram has been etched into the copper clad, test it for any
unwanted short and open connections.
12. Solder into place the components except the components attached to the panel.
Note: Test each component before soldering them into the copper clad.
13. Fit the panel meter, black and red binding post and the potentiometer on the front
panel of the chassis; the 2 fuse holder, switch and power cord on the back panel;
and the PCB, transformer and heat sink inside the chassis. Outline the panel
parts on the back and front panel.
14. Put holes on the front and back panel, and chassis where the parts will be
placed, fastened or screwed.
15. Test each panel parts, then fasten them in the front and back panel.
16. Test the transformer before screwing it on the chassis. Connect in series the 2
ends of the primary coil to one fuse holder, switch and power cord. Then test the
connection using VOM, then test again by plugging the power cord to an outlet.
17. Connect the panel parts and the transformer into the PCB. Test whether the
power supply is working.
18. Close the Chassis.

PCB Diagram

1N5363

NEGATIVE

POSITIVE

Figure 1 PCB Diagram


Parts Placement

1N5400
1N5400

1N54001N5400

240 1W

5K Pot

TIP2955

1N5400

LM317

1N5400

3A Fuse

Figure 2 Parts Placement

Figure 3 Top View

Figure 4 Isometric View

Figure 5 Front View

Actual Appearance (without cover)

Figure 7 Top View

Figure 6 Side View

Figure 8 Isometric View

Figure 9 Front View

Figure 10 Side View

Conclusion

The power supply that has been created is safe, effective and reliable. The power
supply covers a small area and is very simple in design. The power supply provides a
voltage output of 0.2V to 32V. The power supply is tested to work on a 12-V 5-W light
bulb and can tolerate it up to 10 minutes. The power supply has 2 safety fuses to
protect the circuit and the load from excessive current. The power supply has good heat
sinking.

Recommendations

For best performance of the LM317, the 240-ohm resistor must be placed as
close as possible to the LM317 to minimize line drops. Provide a large copper area for
the ground to improve load regulation. The heat sink attached to TIP2955 and LM317
must be large enough for them not to heat up too much.

TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES


Taguig Campus
Km 14 East Service Road, Western Bicutan, Taguig City 1630
Electronics Engineering Department

A Final Report

Submitted In Partial Fulfillment


of the Requirements in ELE 3PA

Entitled

Power Supply Unit

Submitted by:
Carlon, Angelo Agustin M.
BSEcE-2SE

Submitted to:
Engr. Alvin Manongsong
Instructor

January 6, 2014
Date