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Dual Low Bias Current

Precision Operational Amplifier


OP297
PIN CONFIGURATION

Low offset voltage: 50 V maximum


Low offset voltage drift: 0.6 V/C maximum
Very low bias current: 100 pA maximum
Very high open-loop gain: 2000 V/mV minimum
Low supply current (per amplifier): 625 A maximum
Operates from 2 V to 20 V supplies
High common-mode rejection: 120 dB minimum

INB

V 4

+INB

VS = 15V
VCM = 0V

INPUT CURRENT (pA)

40

20
I B
0
I B+
20
IOS

60
75

50

25

0
25
50
TEMPERATURE (C)

75

100

125

00300-002

40

Figure 2. Low Bias Current over Temperature

400
1200 UNITS

TA = 25C
VS = 15V
VCM = 0V

NUMBER OF UNITS

300

200

100

0
100 80

60

40

20

20

40

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

60

80

100

00300-003

The OP297 uses a super-beta input stage with bias current


cancellation to maintain picoamp bias currents at all temperatures. This is in contrast to FET input op amps whose bias
currents start in the picoamp range at 25C, but double for
every 10C rise in temperature, to reach the nanoamp range
above 85C. Input bias current of the OP297 is under 100 pA at
25C and is under 450 pA over the military temperature range
per amplifier. This part can operate with supply voltages as low
as 2 V.

60

The OP297 is the first dual op amp to pack precision performance into the space saving, industry-standard 8-lead SOIC
package. The combination of precision with low power and
extremely low input bias current makes the dual OP297 useful
in a wide variety of applications.

Errors due to common-mode signals are eliminated by the


common-mode rejection of over 120 dB, which minimizes
offset voltage changes experienced in battery-powered systems.
The supply current of the OP297 is under 625 A.

OUTB

+INA 3

Figure 1.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Precision performance of the OP297 includes very low offset


(less than 50 V) and low drift (less than 0.6 V/C). Openloop gain exceeds 2000 V/mV, ensuring high linearity in every
application.

V+

INA 2

APPLICATIONS
Strain gage and bridge amplifiers
High stability thermocouple amplifiers
Instrumentation amplifiers
Photocurrent monitors
High gain linearity amplifiers
Long-term integrators/filters
Sample-and-hold amplifiers
Peak detectors
Logarithmic amplifiers
Battery-powered systems

OUTA 1

00300-001

FEATURES

Figure 3. Very Low Offset

Combining precision, low power, and low bias current, the


OP297 is ideal for a number of applications, including instrumentation amplifiers, log amplifiers, photodiode preamplifiers,
and long term integrators. For a single device, see the OP97; for
a quad device, see the OP497.

Rev. G
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no
responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any infringements of patents or other
rights of third parties that may result from its use. Specifications subject to change without notice. No
license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.
Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.


Tel: 781.329.4700
www.analog.com
Fax: 781.461.3113
2008 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.

OP297
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features .............................................................................................. 1

AC Performance ............................................................................9

Applications ....................................................................................... 1

Guarding and Shielding ................................................................9

General Description ......................................................................... 1

Open-Loop Gain Linearity ....................................................... 10

Pin Configuration ............................................................................. 1

Application Circuits ....................................................................... 11

Revision History ............................................................................... 2

Precision Absolute Value Amplifier ......................................... 11

Specifications..................................................................................... 3

Precision Current Pump ............................................................ 11

Electrical Characteristics ............................................................. 3

Precision Positive Peak Detector .............................................. 11

Absolute Maximum Ratings............................................................ 4

Simple Bridge Conditioning Amplifier ................................... 11

Thermal Resistance ...................................................................... 4

Nonlinear Circuits ...................................................................... 12

ESD Caution .................................................................................. 4

Outline Dimensions ....................................................................... 13

Typical Performance Characteristics ............................................. 5

Ordering Guide .......................................................................... 14

Applications Information ................................................................ 9

REVISION HISTORY
4/08Rev. F to Rev. G
Changes to Table 2 Conditions ....................................................... 3
Changes to Table 2 Power Supply Rejection Parameter .............. 3
Changes to Figure 5, Figure 6, Figure 7 ......................................... 5
Changes to Figure 16 ........................................................................ 6
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 13
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 14
2/06Rev. E to Rev. F
Updated Format .................................................................. Universal
Changes to Features.......................................................................... 1
Deleted OP297 Spice Macro Model Section ................................. 9
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 13
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 14

10/02Rev. C to Rev. D
Edits to Figure 16 ...............................................................................6
10/02Rev. B to Rev. C
Edits to Specifications .......................................................................2
Deleted Wafer Test Limits ................................................................3
Deleted Dice Characteristics ............................................................3
Deleted Absolute Maximum Ratings ..............................................4
Edits to Ordering Guide ...................................................................4
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 12

7/03Rev. D to Rev. E
Changes to TPCs 13 and 16 ............................................................ 4
Edits to Figures 12 and 14 ............................................................... 8
Changes to Nonlinear Circuits Section ......................................... 8

Rev. G | Page 2 of 16

OP297
SPECIFICATIONS
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
@ VS = 15 V, TA = 25C, unless otherwise noted.
Table 1.
Parameter
Input Offset Voltage
Long-Term Input Voltage
Stability
Input Offset Current
Input Bias Current
Input Noise Voltage
Input Noise Voltage Density

Symbol
VOS

Conditions

IOS
IB
en p-p
en

Input Noise Current Density


Input Resistance
Differential Mode
Common-Mode
Large Signal Voltage Gain

in

VCM = 0 V
VCM = 0 V
0.1 Hz to 10 Hz
fOUT = 10 Hz
fOUT = 1000 Hz
fOUT = 10 Hz

RIN
RINCM
AVO

Input Voltage Range 1


Common-Mode Rejection
Power Supply Rejection

VCM
CMRR
PSRR

Output Voltage Swing

VOUT

Supply Current per Amplifier


Supply Voltage
Slew Rate
Gain Bandwidth Product
Channel Separation

ISY
VS
SR
GBWP
CS

Input Capacitance

CIN

VOUT = 10 V,
RL = 2 k
VCM = 13 V
VS = 2 V to
20 V
RL = 10 k
RL = 2 k
No load
Operating range

Min

OP297E
Typ
Max
25
50
0.1
20
+20
0.5
20
17
20

2000

30
500
4000

13
120
120
13
13
2
0.05

AV = +1
VOUT = 20 V p-p,
fOUT = 10 Hz

Min

100
100

OP297F
Typ
Max
50
100
0.1
35
+35
0.5
20
17
20

1500

30
500
3200

14
140
130

13
114
114

14
13.7
525

13
13
625
20

0.15
500
150

2
0.05

Min

150
150

OP297G
Typ
Max
80
200
0.1
50
+50
0.5
20
17
20

Unit
V
V/month

200
200

pA
pA
V p-p
nV/Hz
nV/Hz
fA/Hz

1200

30
500
3200

M
G
V/mV

14
135
125

13
114
114

14
135
125

V
dB
dB

14
13.7
525

13
13

14
13.7
525
0.15
500
150

V
V
A
V
V/s
kHz
dB

pF

625
20

0.15
500
150

2
0.05

625
20

Guaranteed by CMR test.

@ VS = 15 V, 40C TA +85C, unless otherwise noted.


Table 2.
Parameter
Input Offset Voltage
Average Input Offset Voltage Drift
Input Offset Current
Input Bias Current
Large Signal Voltage Gain

Symbol
VOS
TCVOS
IOS
IB
AVO

Input Voltage Range 1


Common-Mode Rejection
Power Supply Rejection

VCM
CMRR
PSRR

Output Voltage Swing


Supply Current per Amplifier
Supply Voltage

VOUT
ISY
VS

Conditions

VCM = 0 V
VCM = 0 V
VOUT = 10 V,
RL = 2 k
VCM = 13
VS = 2.5 V to
20 V
RL = 10 k
No load
Operating range

OP297E
Typ
35
0.2
50
+50
1200 3200

Min

13
114
114

13.5
130

13

13.4
550

2.5

Guaranteed by CMR test.


Rev. G | Page 3 of 16

Max
100
0.6
450
450

750
20

OP297F
Typ
80
0.5
80
+80
1000 2500

Min

13
108
108

13.5
130

13

13.4
550

2.5

Max
300
2.0
750
750

Min

800

750
20

OP297G
Typ
110
0.6
80
+80
2500

13
108
108

13.5
130

13

13.4
550

2.5

Max
400
2.0
750
750

Unit
V
V/C
pA
pA
V/mV
V
dB
dB

750
20

V
A
V

OP297
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
THERMAL RESISTANCE

Table 3.
Parameter
Supply Voltage
Input Voltage1
Differential Input Voltage1
Output Short-Circuit Duration
Storage Temperature Range
Z-Suffix
P-Suffix, S-Suffix
Operating Temperature Range
OP297E (Z-Suffix)
OP297F, OP297G (P-Suffix, S-Suffix)
Junction Temperature
Z-Suffix
P-Suffix, S-Suffix
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 60 sec)
1

Rating
20 V
20 V
40 V
Indefinite

JA is specified for worst-case mounting conditions, that is, JA


is specified for device in socket for CERDIP and PDIP packages; JA is specified for device soldered to printed circuit board
for the SOIC package.

65C to +175C
65C to +150C

Package Type
8-Lead CERDIP (Z-Suffix)
8-Lead PDIP (P-Suffix)
8-Lead SOIC (S-Suffix)

Table 4. Thermal Resistance

40C to +85C
40C to +85C

ESD CAUTION

65C to +175C
65C to +150C
300C

For supply voltages less than 20 V, the absolute maximum input voltage is
equal to the supply voltage.

Stresses above those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings


may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress
rating only; functional operation of the device at these or any
other conditions above those indicated in the operational
section of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability.

1/2
OP297
+

V1 20V p-p @ 10Hz


2k

50k
50

1/2
OP297

V2

CHANNEL SEPARATION = 20 log

V1
V2/10000

Figure 4. Channel Separation Test Circuit

Rev. G | Page 4 of 16

00300-004

JA
134
96
150

JC
12
37
41

Unit
C/W
C/W
C/W

OP297
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
400

60
VS = 15V
VCM = 0V

TA = 25C
VS = 15V
VCM = 0V

1200 UNITS

40

INPUT CURRENT (pA)

NUMBER OF UNITS

300

200

20
IB
0
IB+
20
IOS

100

80

60

40 20
0
20
40
INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

60

80

100

60
75

00300-005

0
100

Figure 5. Typical Distribution of Input Offset Voltage

0
25
50
TEMPERATURE (C)

75

100

125

60
TA = 25C
VS = 15V
VCM = 0V

1200 UNITS

VS = 15V
VCM = 0V
40
INPUT CURRENT (pA)

200

150

100

50

IB
20

IB+

0
IOS

80

60

40 20
0
20
40
INPUT BIAS CURRENT (pA)

60

80

100

40
15

00300-006

0
100

Figure 6. Typical Distribution of Input Bias Current

DEVIATION FROM FINAL VALUE (V)

TA = 25C
VS = 15V
VCM = 0V

300

200

100

80

60

40 20
0
20
40
INPUT OFFSET CURRENT (pA)

60

80

100

10

15

Figure 7. Typical Distribution of Input Offset Current

TA = 25C
VS = 15V
VCM = 0V

00300-007

0
100

5
0
5
COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE (V)

Figure 9. Input Bias, Offset Current vs. Common-Mode Voltage

400
1200 UNITS

10

00300-009

20

1
2
3
4
TIME AFTER POWER APPLIED (Minutes)

Figure 10. Input Offset Voltage Warm-Up Drift

Rev. G | Page 5 of 16

00300-010

NUMBER OF UNITS

25

Figure 8. Input Bias, Offset Current vs. Temperature

250

NUMBER OF UNITS

50

00300-008

40

OP297
10k

1300
NO LOAD

TOTAL SUPPLY CURRENT (A)

1k

100
55C TA +125C

TA = +125C

1100

TA = +25C
1000

TA = 55C
900

100

1k

10k

100k

1M

10M

800

SOURCE RESISTANCE ()

COMMON-MODE REJECTION (dB)

10

10k

100k

1M

10M

100M

SOURCE RESISTANCE ()

140

120

100

80

60

40

10

100
1k
10k
FREQUENCY (Hz)

100k

1M

Figure 15. Common-Mode Rejection vs. Frequency

160

35
30

TA = 55C
POWER SUPPLY REJECTION (dB)

25
TA = +25C

20
15

TA = +125C

10
VS = 15V
OUTPUT SHORTED
TO GROUND

5
0
5
10
15

TA = +125C

20

TA = +25C

25

TA = 25C
VS = 15V
VS = 10V p-p

140
120
100
80
60
40

TA = 55C

30
0

1
2
3
TIME FROM OUTPUT SHORT (Minutes)

20
0.1

00300-013

SHORT-CIRCUIT CURRENT (mA)

20

TA = 25C
VS = 15V

Figure 12. Effective TCVOS vs. Source Resistance

35

15

160

BALANCED OR UNBALANCED
VS = 15V
VCM = 0V

00300-012

EFFECTIVE OFFSET VOLTAGE DRIFT (V/C)

100

1k

10
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

Figure 14. Total Supply Current vs. Supply Voltage

Figure 11. Effective Offset Voltage vs. Source Resistance

0.1
100

00300-015

10

00300-014

TA = +25C
00300-011

10

1200

10

100
1k
FREQUENCY (Hz)

10k

100k

Figure 16. Power Supply Rejection vs. Frequency

Figure 13. Short-Circuit Current vs. Time, Temperature

Rev. G | Page 6 of 16

1M

00300-016

EFFECTIVE OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

BALANCED OR UNBALANCED
VS = 15V
VCM = 0V

OP297
1k

VOLTAGE
NOISE

10

10

1
1k

100
FREQUENCY (Hz)

TA = +125C

TA = +25C
0

TA = 55C

15

35
30
OUTPUT SWING (V p-p)

0.1

1kHz

1k

15

25

TA = 25C
VS = 15V
AVCL = +1
1% THD
fOUT = 1kHz

20
15
10

10k
100k
SOURCE RESISTANCE ()

1M

10M

0
10

100
1k
LOAD RESISTANCE ()

35
TA = 55C
TA = +25C

VS = 15V
VOUT = 10V

TA = 25C
VS = 15V
AVCL = +1
1% THD
fOUT = 1kHz
RL = 10k

30
OUTPUT SWING (V p-p)

10k

10k

Figure 21. Output Swing vs. Load Resistance

Figure 18. Total Noise Density vs. Source Resistance

TA = +125C
1k

25
20
15
10
5

100

3
4
5 6 7 8 9 10
LOAD RESISTANCE (k)

20

0
100

00300-019

OPEN-LOOP GAIN (V/mV)

10

10Hz
00300-018

0.01
100

1k

10k
FREQUENCY (Hz)

Figure 22. Maximum Output Swing vs. Frequency

Figure 19. Open-Loop Gain vs. Load Resistance

Rev. G | Page 7 of 16

100k

00300-022

TOTAL NOISE DENSITY (nV/Hz)

TA = 25C
VS = 2V TO 20V

1kHz

Figure 20. Differential Input Voltage vs. Output Voltage

10

10Hz

OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

Figure 17. Voltage Noise Density and Current Noise Density vs. Frequency

10

00300-021

10

RL = 10k
VS = 15V
VCM = 0V

00300-020

CURRENT
NOISE

CURRENT NOISE DENSITY (fA/Hz)

100

100

DIFFERENTIAL INPUT VOLTAGE (10V/DIV)

TA = 25C
VS = 2V TO 15V

00300-017

VOLTAGE NOISE DENSITY (nV/Hz)

1k

OP297
1k

100
VS = 15V
CL = 30pF
RL = 1M

60
PHASE

40

TA = 25C
VS = 15V

100

90
TA = 55C

20

135

180

10

0.1

0.01

225

20

OUTPUT IMPEDANCE ()

OPEN-LOOP GAIN (dB)

GAIN

PHASE SHIFT (Degrees)

80

1k

10k
100k
FREQUENCY (Hz)

1M

270
10M

Figure 23. Open-Loop Gain, Phase vs. Frequency

TA = 25C
VS = 15V
AVCL = +1
VOUT = 100mV p-p

EDGE

40

+EDGE
30
20
10
0
10

100
1k
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)

10k

00300-024

OVERSHOOT (%)

50

100

1k
10k
FREQUENCY (Hz)

100k

Figure 25. Open-Loop Output Impedance vs. Frequency

70
60

0.001
10

Figure 24. Small Signal Overshoot vs. Load Capacitance

Rev. G | Page 8 of 16

1M

00300-025

40
100

00300-023

TA = +125C

OP297
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
Extremely low bias current over a wide temperature range
makes the OP297 attractive for use in sample-and-hold
amplifiers, peak detectors, and log amplifiers that must operate
over a wide temperature range. Balancing input resistances is
unnecessary with the OP297. Offset voltage and TCVOS are
degraded only minimally by high source resistance, even
when unbalanced.

100
90

The input pins of the OP297 are protected against large differential voltage by back-to-back diodes and current-limiting resistors.
Common-mode voltages at the inputs are not restricted and can
vary over the full range of the supply voltages used.

AC PERFORMANCE
The ac characteristics of the OP297 are highly stable over its full
operating temperature range. Unity gain small signal response is
shown in Figure 26. Extremely tolerant of capacitive loading on
the output, the OP297 displays excellent response with 1000 pF
loads (see Figure 27).

100
90

20mV

5s

Figure 28. Large Signal Transient Response (AVCL = +1)

GUARDING AND SHIELDING


To maintain the extremely high input impedances of the OP297,
care is taken in circuit board layout and manufacturing. Board
surfaces must be kept scrupulously clean and free of moisture.
Conformal coating is recommended to provide a humidity
barrier. Even a clean PCB can have 100 pA of leakage currents
between adjacent traces, therefore guard rings should be used
around the inputs. Guard traces operate at a voltage close to that
on the inputs, as shown in Figure 29, to minimize leakage
currents. In noninverting applications, the guard ring should be
connected to the common-mode voltage at the inverting input.
In inverting applications, both inputs remain at ground, so the
guard trace should be grounded. Guard traces should be placed
on both sides of the circuit board.
NONINVERTING AMPLIFIER

UNITY-GAIN FOLLOWER

10
10

1/2
OP297

5s

00300-026

0%

20mV

00300-028

The OP297 requires very little operating headroom about the


supply rails and is specified for operation with supplies as low as
2 V. Typically, the common-mode range extends to within 1 V
of either rail. The output typically swings to within 1 V of the
rails when using a 10 k load.

10
0%

1/2
OP297

Figure 26. Small Signal Transient Response (CL = 100 pF, AVCL = +1)
MINI-DIP
BOTTOM VIEW

INVERTING AMPLIFIER
8
100

90

1/2
OP297

00300-029

Figure 29. Guard Ring Layout and Considerations

10

20mV

5s

00300-027

0%

Figure 27. Small Signal Transient Response (CL = 1000 pF, AVCL = +1)

Rev. G | Page 9 of 16

The OP297 has both an extremely high gain of 2000 V/mV


minimum and constant gain linearity. This enhances the
precision of the OP297 and provides for very high accuracy in
high closed-loop gain applications. Figure 30 illustrates the
typical open-loop gain linearity of the OP297 over the military
temperature range.

RL = 10k
VS = 15V
VCM = 0V
TA = +125C

TA = +25C
0
TA = 55C

15

10

10

OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

Figure 30. Open-Loop Linearity of the OP297

Rev. G | Page 10 of 16

15

00300-030

OPEN-LOOP GAIN LINEARITY

DIFFERENTIAL INPUT VOLTAGE (10V/DIV)

OP297

OP297
APPLICATION CIRCUITS
PRECISION ABSOLUTE VALUE AMPLIFIER

PRECISION POSITIVE PEAK DETECTOR

The circuit in Figure 31 is a precision absolute value amplifier


with an input impedance of 30 M. The high gain and low
TCVOS of the OP297 ensure accurate operation with microvolt
input signals. In this circuit, the input always appears as a
common-mode signal to the op amps. The CMR of the OP297
exceeds 120 dB, yielding an error of less than 2 ppm.

In Figure 33, the CH must be of polystyrene, Teflon, or


polyethylene to minimize dielectric absorption and leakage.
The droop rate is determined by the size of CH and the bias
current of the OP297.
1k

+15V
1N4148

C2
0.1F

R3
1k

R1
1k

1/2
OP297

+
4

D2
1N4148

C3
0.1F

1/2
OP297

1k

1k

SIMPLE BRIDGE CONDITIONING AMPLIFIER


Figure 34 shows a simple bridge conditioning amplifier using
the OP297. The transfer function is

R RF
VOUT = VREF

R + R R
The REF43 provides an accurate and stable reference voltage for
the bridge. To maintain the highest circuit accuracy, RF should
be 0.1% or better with a low temperature coefficient.
15V

RF

VREF

R5
100k

R + R

IOUT
10mA MAX

1/2
OP297

VOUT

+15V
8
7

1/2
OP297

IOUT =

VIN
R5

VIN
100

= 10mA/V

15V

1/2
OP297
+

VOUT = VREF

RF
R
R + R R

Figure 34. Simple Bridge Condition Amplifier Using the OP297

00300-032

R4
10k

0.1F

REF43

VOUT

2N930

1/2
OP297

Figure 33. Precision Positive Peak Detector

R2
2k

R3
10k

1/2
OP297

15V

Maximum output current of the precision current pump shown


in Figure 32 is 10 mA. Voltage compliance is 10 V with
15 V supplies. Output impedance of the current transmitter
exceeds 3 M with linearity better than 16 bits. R1 through R4
should be matched resistors.

0V < VOUT < 10V

PRECISION CURRENT PUMP

R2
10k

RESET

Figure 31. Precision Absolute Value Amplifier

VIN

CH

15V

R1
10k

1/2
OP297

Figure 32. Precision Current Pump

Rev. G | Page 11 of 16

00300-034

VIN

D1
1N4148

00300-031

C1
30pF

VIN

1k 3

0.1F

00300-033

+15V

OP297
R2
33k

NONLINEAR CIRCUITS
Due to its low input bias currents, the OP297 is an ideal log
amplifier in nonlinear circuits such as the square and square
root circuits shown in Figure 35 and Figure 36. Using the
squaring circuit of Figure 35 as an example, the analysis begins
by writing a voltage loop equation across Transistor Q1,
Transistor Q2, Transistor Q3, and Transistor Q4.

+ VT2 ln IN
I

S2

= VT3 ln OUT
I

S3

+ VT4 ln REF
I

S4

IOUT

Q1

VIN

2lnIIN = lnIOUT + lnIREF = ln(IOUT IREF)

(I IN )2

R2
VOUT =
I REF

VIN 2

R1

(VIN )(I REF )

Q3
10

R3
50k

R4
50k
15V

Unadjusted accuracy of the square root circuit is better than


0.1% over an input voltage range of 100 mV to 10 V. For a
similar input voltage range, the accuracy of the squaring circuit
is better than 0.5%.

R1

R2
33k
6
IOUT

Q3
10

4
V

VOUT

MAT04E
8

C1
100pF V+

1/2
OP297

7
Q2

1/2
OP297

IREF

14
13
Q4
12

R3
50k
R4
50k
15V

00300-035

1
2
Q1
3

An important consideration for the squaring circuit is that a


sufficiently large input voltage can force the output beyond the
operating range of the output op amp. Resistor R4 can be
changed to scale IREF or R1; R2 can be varied to keep the output
voltage within the usable range.

C2
100pF

VIN

1/2
OP297

14
Q4
12

In these circuits, IREF is a function of the negative power supply.


To maintain accuracy, the negative supply should be well regulated. For applications where very high accuracy is required, a
voltage reference can be used to set IREF.

A similar analysis made for the square root circuit of Figure 36


leads to its transfer function

13

Op Amp A2 forms a current-to-voltage converter, which gives


VOUT = R2 IOUT. Substituting (VIN/R1) for IIN and the previous
equation for IOUT yields

R1
33k

+
MAT04E

Q2
5

VOUT

Figure 36. Square Root Amplifier

I REF

VOUT = R2

R1
33k

Exponentiating both sides of the equation leads to


I OUT =

V+

IREF

C1
100pF

All the transistors of the MAT04 are precisely matched and at


the same temperature, so the IS and VT terms cancel, where

1/2
OP297

Figure 35. Squaring Amplifier

Rev. G | Page 12 of 16

00300-036

I
VT1 ln IN
I S1

C2
100pF

OP297
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
0.400 (10.16)
0.365 (9.27)
0.355 (9.02)
8

0.280 (7.11)
0.250 (6.35)
0.240 (6.10)

0.100 (2.54)
BSC

0.325 (8.26)
0.310 (7.87)
0.300 (7.62)
0.060 (1.52)
MAX

0.210 (5.33)
MAX

0.015
(0.38)
MIN

0.150 (3.81)
0.130 (3.30)
0.115 (2.92)

SEATING
PLANE

0.022 (0.56)
0.018 (0.46)
0.014 (0.36)

0.195 (4.95)
0.130 (3.30)
0.115 (2.92)

0.015 (0.38)
GAUGE
PLANE
0.430 (10.92)
MAX

0.005 (0.13)
MIN

0.014 (0.36)
0.010 (0.25)
0.008 (0.20)

COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-001


CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES; MILLIMETER DIMENSIONS
(IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF INCH EQUIVALENTS FOR
REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN.
CORNER LEADS MAY BE CONFIGURED AS WHOLE OR HALF LEADS.

Figure 37. 8-Lead Plastic Dual In-Line Package [PDIP]


P-Suffix (N-8)
Dimensions shown in inches and (millimeters)

0.005 (0.13)
MIN
8

0.055 (1.40)
MAX
5

0.310 (7.87)
0.220 (5.59)
1

0.100 (2.54) BSC


0.320 (8.13)
0.290 (7.37)

0.405 (10.29) MAX


0.060 (1.52)
0.015 (0.38)

0.200 (5.08)
MAX

0.150 (3.81)
MIN

0.200 (5.08)
0.125 (3.18)
0.023 (0.58)
0.014 (0.36)

0.070 (1.78)
0.030 (0.76)

SEATING
PLANE

15
0

0.015 (0.38)
0.008 (0.20)

CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES; MILLIMETER DIMENSIONS


(IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF INCH EQUIVALENTS FOR
REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN.

Figure 38. 8-Lead Ceramic Dual In-Line Package [CERDIP]


Z-Suffix (Q-8)
Dimensions shown in inches and (millimeters)

Rev. G | Page 13 of 16

070606-A

0.070 (1.78)
0.060 (1.52)
0.045 (1.14)

OP297
5.00 (0.1968)
4.80 (0.1890)

8
1

5
4

1.27 (0.0500)
BSC
0.25 (0.0098)
0.10 (0.0040)
COPLANARITY
0.10
SEATING
PLANE

6.20 (0.2441)
5.80 (0.2284)

1.75 (0.0688)
1.35 (0.0532)

0.51 (0.0201)
0.31 (0.0122)

0.50 (0.0196)
0.25 (0.0099)

45

8
0
0.25 (0.0098)
0.17 (0.0067)

1.27 (0.0500)
0.40 (0.0157)

COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-012-A A


CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS; INCH DIMENSIONS
(IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF MILLIMETER EQUIVALENTS FOR
REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN.

012407-A

4.00 (0.1574)
3.80 (0.1497)

Figure 39. 8-Lead Standard Small Outline Package [SOIC_N]


Narrow Body
S-Suffix (R-8)
Dimensions shown in millimeters and (inches)

ORDERING GUIDE
Model
OP297EZ
OP297FP
OP297FPZ 1
OP297FS
OP297FS-REEL
OP297FS-REEL7
OP297FSZ1
OP297FSZ-REEL1
OP297FSZ-REEL71
OP297GP
OP297GPZ1
OP297GS
OP297GS-REEL
OP297GS-REEL7
OP297GSZ1
OP297GSZ-REEL1
OP297GSZ-REEL71
1

Temperature Range
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C

Package Description
8-Lead CERDIP
8-Lead PDIP
8-Lead PDIP
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead PDIP
8-Lead PDIP
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N

Z = RoHS Compliant Part.

Rev. G | Page 14 of 16

Package Options
Q-8 (Z-Suffix)
N-8 (P-Suffix)
N-8 (P-Suffix)
R-8 (S-Suffix)
R-8 (S-Suffix)
R-8 (S-Suffix)
R-8 (S-Suffix)
R-8 (S-Suffix)
R-8 (S-Suffix)
N-8 (P-Suffix)
N-8 (P-Suffix)
R-8 (S-Suffix)
R-8 (S-Suffix)
R-8 (S-Suffix)
R-8 (S-Suffix)
R-8 (S-Suffix)
R-8 (S-Suffix)

OP297
NOTES

Rev. G | Page 15 of 16

OP297
NOTES

2008 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and


registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
D00300-0-4/08(G)

Rev. G | Page 16 of 16