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Design of PCC Abutment

From the STAAD Analysis, Class 70R Tracked loading is found to be critical and
hence, the same is considered for abutment design, i.e. 535kN
Design

Ther analysis and design of the PCC ABUTMENT is based on following data
1 Geometric data
No. of spans
=
Roadway fo bridge
=
Carriage way of bridge
=
Span C/C of expansion in square
=
Span C/C of expansion in skew
=
Effective span in square
=
Effective span in skew
=
Width of seating in span direction
=
Width of seating in roadway direction
=
Type of super structure
=
Thickness of super structure @ center
=
Thickness of super structure @ edges
=
Thickness of wc @ center
=
Thickness of wc @ edges
=

Values
unit
7
8.4
m
7.5
m
9.44
m
9.44
m
9.04
m
9.04
m
0.4
m
8.4
m
RCC Solid deck slab
0.8
m
0.7
m
0.075
m
0.075
m

Details of Kerb/footpaths(inclusive of crash barrier,etc)


:width
Kerb depth above road level at road side
Kerb depth above road level at outer side
hand rail vertical square post c/s
area(0.3*0.3) =
hand rail vertical square post
height =
C/C of vertical handrail post

=
=
=

No of Vertical post(span/spacing) =
Handrail horizontal square Post
c/s area(0.25*0.25) =
No of horizontal post =

0.45
0.25
0.25

m
m
m

0.09

1.1
1.5

m
m

0.0625
3

m
m

Road Top level(@ centre) in meters

102.775

Afflux

0.15

Vertical clearance(IRC 5:1998-106.2.1)


Bottom of deck level in meters

1.2
101.9

m
m

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

Highest flood level in meters

100.55

Ht of water level above sill, as given by PWD at High


flood condition
Sill level in meters
Depth of footing
Founding levels in meters

=
=
=
=

4.4
96.15
3.5
92.65

m
m
m
m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

5.5
0.71
2.510
0.42
0.3
0.25
0.02
3.94

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

=
=

0.72
0

m
degree

degree

Equivalent Radian

Ht of abutment(road top-deck slab thick-bead block thk.silllevel)


Front (River side)batter in abutment
Rear ( road side )batter in abutment
Width of bearing portion
Width of dirt wall portion
Thickness of bed block
Expansion gap
Abutment widht at sill level
Abutment widht at
top@ 5.5ht
Skew angle
Soil parameters:Backfill Soil Assumption
Angle of repose
Angle of wall friction
Angle of surcharge

=
=
=

30
20
0

0.52
0.35
0.00

Unit weight of soil(sat. cond.)

19

kN/m3

2 Loading data(Amendment two clause no. 204 of IRC : 6 - 2010 ---(referred as IRC 6:2010 A))
No. of lanes

No. vehicle admitted

Loading Class

Class A wheeled

(IRC 6 : 2010A - clause


204 note under fig2no.2 )

Class 70 R tracked

(IRC 6 : 2010A - clause


204 note under fig1 - no.2
)

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

Class 70 R wheeled

Exposure
Grade of concrete for PCC

=
=

Moderate
M25

(IRC 6 : 2010A - clause


204 note under fig1 - no.2
)

3 MATERIAL DATA :( Considered)

( Considered conservatively for design but min. allowable grade for construction should be M20(severe),as per table-5A,IRC21-2000 )

Allowable flexural Compressive stress in PCC Table:9

6.25

Allowable Direct Tensile stress in PCC Table 11

0.61

Mpa
From IRC:21table 9
Mpa
From IRC:21table 11

As per CI.710.1.1 when surface reinforcement are not provided the permissble stresses level shall be kept only upto 90% of the
allowable stresses

Allow. Flex . Comp. stresss after allpying reduction


factor

Allowble tensile stress after applying reduction factor


=
=
Unit weight of RCC
Unit weight of PCC
=
DESIGN NOTES
The design is based on the provisions of the following IRC codes:
1. IRC:5-1998
2. IRC:6-2000
3. IRC:78-2000
4.IRC: 21-2001

5.625

Mpa

0.549
25
24

Mpa
kN/m3
kN/m3

Length of seating of the bridge deck in abutment top

8.4

Effective length of abutment at sill level

8.4

Eccentricity for the vertical load

1.06

4 STRESSES DUE TO DEAD LOAD FROM SUPERSTRUCTURE


=
Dead load reaction from superstructure
=
Intensity of load per metre
=
=
Stress at Toe(river side)
Stress at Heel(road soil side)

m
(conservatively
assumed)
m

895.3
106.6

kN
kN

70.7

kN/m2

-16.6

kN/m2

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

5 STRESSES DUE TO LIVE LOAD FROM SUPERSTRUCTURE


Impact Allowance
Live Load from Super Structure
Live load reaction from superstructure
Intensity of load per metre
Stress at Toe(river side)
Stress at Heel(road soil side)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1
535
535
63.7

710.1.2IRC78:2014
kN
kN/m

42.3

kN/m2

-9.9

kN/m2

6.1 STRESSES DUE TO VERTICAL REACTION INDUCED DUE TO BRAKING( 211.3-IRC 6-2014)
710.1.2IRC78:2014
Impact Allowance
=
1
=
Live Load from Super Structure
700
Live Load from Super Structure
=
700.0
Braking forces @ 20% of Live Load
=
140.0
This load acts at 1.2m above the road level
Moment due to Braking Force
=
290.5
Vertical Reaction at abutment
=
32.1
Vertical Recation at abutment per metre
=
3.8
Stress @ Toe(River side)
=
16.6
Stress @ Heel(Road side)
=
13.5

kN
kN
kN
kNm
kN
kN
kN/m2
kN/m2

STRESSES DUE TO HORIZONTAL LONGITUDINAL FORCE( IRC:6- 2014 clause 211.2


6 7,211.3,211.4,211.5,211.5.1.2)
Dead load reaction from superstructure
Frictional Force due to tractive effect
Where = coefficient of friction at the movable bearing
and it is taken as 0.50
Ref. CI.706.3.4 of IRC : 78-2000
Thereforce frictional force
Total live load on the span
Horizontal force@20% of LL
Longitudinal Force per support
(this force acts at bearing level)
Therefore, the design Horizontal force
Intensity of load per metre
Moment due to this force per meter
Stress due to this moment

=
=

895.3

0.5

=
=
=
=
=
=

447.6

kN

700.0
140

kN
kN

70

kN

=
=
=

447.6

kN

53.29

kN

=
=
=

306.42

kNm

118.43

kN/m2

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

kN

Stress at Toe(river side)


Stress at Heel(road soil side)

=
=

118.43
-118.43

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

kN/m2
kN/m2

7 ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE


The intensity of earth pressure is calculated using coulomb's formula and coeffiecients of active earth
pressure are calculated as follows and the lever arm for the earth pressure is taken as 0.42h(214.1-IRC
6-2014)
coeffiecient of active pressure, Ka is given by

sin2 ( + )
1
1
k a = sin2 ( ) * (1+ k )2 * sin( )
sin( + ) X sin( )

k =

sin( ) X sin( + )

where

Ref: Design Aids in Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engg- Dr.Kaniraj

here = angle of internal friction


= angle of wall friction
= angle of surcharge
= sat.unit weight of soil
Interior angle of heel wall with horizontal, = tan1(ht/rear batter)
= 65.46
Degree
= 65.46
1.14
o
cos(90 - +)= 44.54
degree
= 44.54
0.77697556
k= 0.7685297
ka= 0.5377544

Radians
Radians

calculation of stresses under span unloaded condition

29.43kNm
2.4

6.625

=
=
=

416.10
3.79
29.43

kN
m ( from sill)
kN

7.633

408.47kNm

earth pressure
location of earth pressure
earth pressure for height h- 1.2 m
(IRC 6 clause 217.1)
For 1.2m eq. earthfill,centre of pressure will be at a
height

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

total pressure exerted by back fill including the surcharge


effect
(this will act at a height)

=
=

408.47
3.31

kN
from the sill

horizontal component of earth pressure

291.26

kN

moment

964.48

kNm

stresses due to this moment


Stress at Toe(river side)

= (+)

(+/-) M/Z
372.779061

kN/m2

Stress at Heel(road soil side)


vertical component
acting at a distance

= (-)
=
=

eccentericity
stress at heel
stress at toe
net stress at toe side
net stress at heel side
calculation of stresses under span loaded condition
earth pressure
Distacne from the sill
Horizontal component of earth pressure
moment
Stress at Toe(river side)
Stress at Heel(road soil side)
vertical component
acting at a distance
eccentericity
stress at heel
stress at toe
net stress at toe (River)side
net stress at heel(soil) side

=
=
=
=
=

=
=
=
=
= (+)
= (-)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

372.779061
kN/m2
286.390
kN
1.51
m
(from heel)
0.459
m
123.47
kN/m2
21.91
kN/m2
394.68
kN/m2
-249.31
kN/m2

224.22
2.7825
160
444.86
171.9
171.9
157.2
1.51
0.5
67.78
12.02
183.97
-104.17

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

kN
m
kN
kNm
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN
m
m
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2

8 STRESSES DUE TO FLUID PRESSURE


the stresses due to fluid pressure is calculated as per the
provisions under clause 214.1 of IRC:6-2014
intensity of fluid pressure
force due to fluid pressure
moment due to this force
stresses due to this moment
net stress at toe (River)side
net stress at heel(soil) side

=
=
=
=
=
=

4.8
105.3
232.6
89.91
89.91
-89.91

kN/m3
kN
kN-m
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2

since this stress are less than the stress due to earth pressure,earth pressure governs the design
9 STRESSES DUE TO BUOYANCY FORCES
width of abutment at sill level
Ht of HFL above sill Level

=
=

width of abutment at HFL


volume of abutment submerged
Unit weight of water
For full Bouyancy,reduced weight of abutment
15% of reduction in weight

=
=
=
=
=

stresses due to buoyancy forces

net stress at toe (River)side


net stress at heel(soil) side

=
=

3.94
4.4

m
m

1.36
m
11.67
m3
10.00
kN/m3
117
kN
17.50
kN
(213.3:IRC6:2014)
4.44
kN/m2
-4.44
-4.44

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

kN/m2
kN/m2

10 SELF WEIGHT
SI NO

Description

Weight/RM

Lever arm(
from toe end
point)

Moment

KN"
46.9
95.0

"m'
1.0
1.6

KN-m
46
149

2.8
1.6
1.8

458
7
10
670.2

1
2

front batter
below bed block

3
4
5

rear batter
bed block
dirt wall
total

165.7
4.3
5.8
317.64

Point of action of resultant


Therefore eccentricity
Stress at toe
stress at heel

2.11
0.36
124.83
36.41

from toe(water side)


m
on toe side
2
kN/m
kN/m2

SUMMERY OF STRESSES AT SILL LEVEL


Description of loading
SI NO

Stresses due to
1 D L of super structure
live load from super
2
structure

5
6
7
8
9

Vertical reaction due


to longitudinal force
cum friction
Horizontal
longitudinal force cum
friction
earth / fluid pressure
and live load
surcharge
self weight of
substructure
total stresses in dry
condition
buoyancy effect
total stresses in wet
condition

Span loaded condition


@
@
Toe
heel
KN/sqm
KN/sqm

Span Unloaded condition


@
@
toe
heel
KN/sqm
KN/sqm

70.7

-16.6

70.7

-16.6

42.3

-9.9

0.0

0.0

16.6

13.5

16.6

13.5

118.4

-118.4

118.4

-118.4

184.0

-104.2

394.7

-249.3

124.8

36.4

124.8

36.4

556.8
-4.44

-199.2
-4.44

725.3
-4.44

-334.4
-4.44

552.4
maximum stress developed is
maximum tensile stress developed

-203.7
720.9
-338.9
725.3
KN/sqm
0.725
MPa
338.9
KN/sqm
0.339
MPa
Max. Comp. Stress is within limits
Tensile stress is within limits

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

The stresses are well with in the permisible limits of the grade of concrete(M25) adopted in the
design. The section in safe at sill level and does not require revision

ABUTMENT PRESSURE CALCULATION AT FOUNDATION LEVEL


1 details of foundation
u/s cut water

0.71

d/s cut water

0.71

Front offset
Rear Offset
u/s offset-along length
d/s offset-along length
Height
total width of footing
length of footing

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
4.94
10.82

m
m
m
m
m
m
m

Front offset
Rear Offset
u/s offset-along length
d/s offset-along length
Height
total width of footing
length of footing

0.5
0
0.5
0.5
1
5.44
11.82

m
m
m
m
m
m
m

Front offset
Rear Offset
u/s offset-along length
d/s offset-along length
Height
total width of footing
length of footing

0.5
0
0.5
0.5
1
5.94
12.82

m
m
m
m
m
m
m

Front offset
Rear Offset
u/s offset-along length
d/s offset-along length
Height
total width of footing
length of footing

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
6.94
13.82

m
m
m
m
m
m
m

Front offset
Rear Offset
u/s offset-along length
d/s offset-along length
Height
total width of footing

0
0
0
0
0
6.94

m
m
m
m
m
m

I footing

II footing

III footing

IV footing

V footing

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

length of footing

13.82

Front offset
Rear Offset
u/s offset-along length
d/s offset-along length
Height
total width of footing
length of footing

0
0
0
0
0
6.94
13.82

m
m
m
m
m
m
m

Front offset
Rear Offset
u/s offset-along length
d/s offset-along length
Height
total width of footing
length of footing

0
0
0
0
0
6.94
13.82

m
m
m
m
m
m
m

VI footing

VII footing

VIII footing
Front offset
0
Rear Offset
0
u/s offset-along length
0
d/s offset-along length
0
Height
0
total width of footing
6.94
length of footing 13.82
width of abutment at foundation level
6.94
length of abutment at foundation level 13.82
Depth of footing
3.5
eccentricity of vertical loads
0.56
Rear Offset of last footing
0.5
2 STRESSES DUE TO DEAD LOAD FROM SUPER STRUCTURE

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

dead load reaction from superstructure(Deck)


intensity of load per metre

895.3
64.78

kN
KN

stress at toe

13.85

kN/m2

stress at heel

4.82

kN/m2

m
m

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

3 STRESSES DUE TO LIVE LOAD FROM SUPER STRUCTURE


live load reaction from super structure
535
intensity of load per metre
38.7

kN
kN

stress at toe

8.3

kN/m2

stress at heel

2.9

kN/m2

6.1 STRESSES DUE TO VERTICAL REACTION INDUCED DUE TO BRAKING( 211.3-IRC 6-2014)
Live Load from Super Structure
=
700.0
kN
Braking forces @ 20% of Live Load
=
140.0
kN
This load acts at 1.2m above the road level
Moment due to Braking Force
=
290.5
kNm
Vertical Recation at abutment
=
32.1
kN
Vertical Reaction at abutment per metre
=
2.3
kN
Stress @ Toe(River side)
=
0.5
kN/m2
Stress @ Heel(Road side)
=
0.2
kN/m2

STRESSES DUE TO HORIZONTAL LONGITUDINAL FORCE( IRC:6- 2014 clause 211.2


6 7,211.3,211.4,211.5,211.5.1.2)
Dead load reaction from superstructure
Frictional Force due to tractive effect

=
=

895.3

0.5

=
=
=
=
=
=

447.6

kN

700.0
140

kN
kN

70

kN

=
=
=

447.6

kN

32.39

kN

299.61

kNm

Stress due to this moment

=
=
=

37.32

kN/m2

Stress at Toe(river side)


Stress at Heel(road soil side)

=
=

37.32
-37.32

kN/m2
kN/m2

Where = coefficient of friction at the movable bearing


and it is taken as 0.50
Ref. CI.211.5.1.2 of IRC : 6-2014
Thereforce frictional force
Total live load on the span
Horizontal force@20% of LL
Longitudinal Force per support
(this force acts at bearing level)
Therefore, the design Horizontal force
Intensity of load per metre
Moment due to this force per meter

5 ACTIVE PRESSURE CALCULATION AT FOUNDATION LEVEL

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

kN

Active earth pressure calculated by rankine's method


coeffiecient of active pressure, Ka is given by

ka =
where

(1 sin )
(1 + sin )

,Int. angle of back side wall w,r,t horizontal

90
1.57

degress
radians

here = angle of internal friction


= angle of wall friction
= angle of surcharge
= sat.unit weight of soil
ka= 0.3335377
calculation of stresses under span unloaded condition

18.3kNm
2.4

10.125

earth pressure

497.08

location of earth pressure

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

4.13

kN
m ( from footing
bottom)

18.25

kN

10.917

=
=
=

478.83

kN

3.87

from the footing


bottom

478.83kNm

earth pressure for height h- 1.2 m


(IRC 6 clause 217.1)
centre of pressure will be at a height
total pressure exerted by back fill including the surcharge
effect

(this will act at a height)

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

horizontal component of earth pressure

478.83

kN

moment

1855.30

kNm

stresses due to this moment


Stress at Toe(river side)
Stress at Heel(road soil side)

(+/-) M/Z
231.12438
-231.12438

kN/m2
kN/m2

231.12

kN/m2

-231.12

kN/m2

=
=
=
= (+)
= (-)
=
=
=
=

324.83
3.34125
1085.34
135.207226
-135.20723

kN
m
kNm
kN/m2
kN/m2

135.21

kN/m2

-135.21

kN/m2

=
=
=

4.8
246.0
830.4

kN/cu.m
kN
kN-m

103.44

kN/m2

net stress at toe (River)side

=
=
=

103.44

kN/m2

net stress at heel(soil) side

-103.44

kN/m2

net stress at toe side


net stress at heel side
calculation of stresses under span loaded condition
earth pressure
Distacne from the sill
moment
Stress at Toe(river side)
Stress at Heel(road soil side)
net stress at toe (River)side
net stress at heel(soil) side
6 STRESSES DUE TO FLUID PRESSURE
the stresses due to fluid pressure is calculated as per the
provisions under clause 214.1 of IRC:6-2014
intensity of fluid pressure
force due to fluid pressure
moment due to this force
stresses due to this moment

= (+)
= (-)
=
=
=
=

since this stress is more than the stress due to earth pressure,fluid pressure governs the design

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

7 PASSIVE PRESSURE CALCULATION AT FOUNDATION LEVEL


The intensity of earth pressure is calculated using Rankine's formula and coeffiecients of passive earth
pressure are calculated as follows
coeffiecient of active pressure, Kp is given by

Kp

1 + sin
1 sin

where
here = angle of internal friction
= sat.unit weight of soil
kp=

3.0

0.00kNm

( taken on consservative side , assuming soil will get scoured during


flood)

earth pressure
location of earth pressure
moment
stresses due to this moment
Stress at Toe(river side)
Stress at Heel(road soil side)

0.00

=
=
=
=
= (-)
= (+)

0.00
0.00

kN
m ( from footing
bottom)
kNm

(+/-) M/Z
0
0

kN/m2
kN/m2

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

8 SELF WEIGHT

SI NO

1
2
4
5
6
7
8
8.1
9
10
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

Lever
arm(from toe
end point of
Description Weight/RM footing level)

KN"
front batter 46.86
below bed block 95.04
rear batter 165.66
bed block
4.32
dirt wall
5.76
earth over rear batter triangular
portion 131.1475
earth over rear batter rectangular
portion 50.0745
LL Equi. Surcharge 160.056
earth over footing on rear side / I
footing offfset 62.225
earth over footing on rear side /
last footing offset 95.475
weight of cc footing below sill /I
footing 118.56
weight of cc footing below sill /II
footing 130.56
weight of cc footing below sill
/III footing 142.56
weight of cc footing below sill
/IV footing 83.28
weight of cc footing below sill /V
footing
0
weight of cc footing below sill
/VI footing
0
weight of cc footing below sill
/VII footing
0
weight of cc footing below sill
/VIII footing
0
total 1291.6

Moment

"m'
2.47
3.07
4.27
3.07
3.28

KN-m
115.9
291.8
706.8
13.3
18.9

4.27

559.6

4.69
5.19

234.6
829.9

6.19

385.2

6.69

638.7

3.97

470.7

3.72

485.7

3.47

494.7

3.47

289.0

3.47

0.0

3.47

0.0

3.47

0.0

3.47

0.0
5534.6

Span Unloaded
Resultant Load acts at a distance =

4.3

Therefore eccentricity =

0.82

m - from toe point of footing


level
m

Stress at toe = 54.946813

kN/m2

stress at heel = 317.26587


Span loaded (without LL Equi. Surcharge)
Total Selfwt = 1131.5
Total moment= 4704.7

kN/m2
kN
kNm

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

heel side

m - from toe point of footing


Resultant Load acts at a distance = 4.1578845 level
Therefore eccentricity = 0.6878845
m
heel side
2
Stress at toe = 66.079444
kN/m

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

stress at heel = 260.00759


9 STRESSES DUE TO BUOYANCY FORCES
volume of abutment submerged upto sill level
=
volume of footings
=
I footing
=
II footing
=
III footing
=
IV footing
=
V footing
=
VI footing
=
VII footing
=
VIII footing
=
total volume of abutment submerged
=
reduction in weight of abutment
=
15% of reduction in weight
=
stresses due to buoyancy forces

kN/m2
11.67

m3

4.94
5.44
5.94
5.44
0
0
0
0
33.43
334
50.1

m3
m3
m3
m3
m3
m3
m3
m3
m3
kN
kN

-7.2

kN/m2

SUMMERY OF STRESSES AT FOUNDATION LEVEL


SI NO Description of loading
Stresses due to

D L super structure
live load from super
2
structure
Vertical reaction due
to longitudinal force
cum friction
4
horizontal force due to
longitudinal force cum
4.1
friction

Fluid/earth pressure

6 passive earth pressure


self weight of
7
substructure
total stresses in dry
8
condition
9
buoyancy effect
total stresses in wet
10
condition

Span loaded condition


@
@
Toe
heel
KN/sqm
KN/sqm

Span unloaded condition


@
@
toe
heel
KN/sqm

KN/sqm

13.9

4.8

13.9

4.8

8.3

2.9

0.00

0.00

0.17

0.00

0.00

37

-37

37

-37

135.21

-135.21

231.12

-231.12

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

66.1

260.0

54.9

317.3

261.2
-7.2

95.3
-7.2

337.2
-7.2

53.6
-7.2

254.0

88.1

330.0

46.4

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

maximum stress developed

337.2

KN/sqm

< SBC ( =
500kN/sqm)

minimum stress developed

46.4

KN/sqm

> 0 (no tension and


hence safe

the maximum earth pressure developed is well with in the safe bearing capacity of the soil at foundation
level . Also no tension at the founding level. Hence the section adopted is safe at founding level

CHECK FOR STABILITY AT FOUNDATION LEVEL


lever arm for the vertical load from the superstructure
with reference to toe of the footing

2.91

m
( from toepoint at
foundation level)

restoring moment due to dead load of super structure

188.5

kN-m

restoring moment due to live load of super structure

113

kN-m

overturning moment due to horizontal longitudinal force


Span Unloaded Condition-overturning moment due to
active earth pressure and live load surcharge(due to
horizontal component of earth pressure)

300

kN-m

1855

kN-m

Span Loaded Condition- Overturning moment due to


active earth pressure without live load surcharge(due to
horizontal component of earth pressure)

1085.3

kN-m

restoring moment due to self weight of abutment(span


loaded)

4704.7

kN-m

restoring moment due to self weight of abutment(span


Unloaded)
restoring moment due to passive earth pressure

=
=

5534.6
0.0

kN-m
kN-m

UNDER SPAN LOADED CONDITION


CHECK FOR SLIDING
summary of the sliding forces
longitudinal horizontal force
horizontal component of earth pressure
total

=
=
=

32.4
324.8
357.2

kN
kN
kN

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

summary of the forces against sliding


Self weight
vertical reaction due to braking
dead load from superstructure
live load from superstructure

direct loads
coefficient of friction between fissured rock and
concrete,(By 706.3.4-IRC78:2014)
frictional froce due to direct loads
passive earth pressure

Total forces against sliding


factor of safety against sliding

(By 706.3.4-IRC78:2014)
CHECK FOR OVER TURNING
summary of over turning moment
longitudinal force
active earth pressure due to hori. Componenet
total
summary of the resisting moment
dead load from superstructure
self weight
Passive earth pressure
Restoring moment due to braking vertical reaction
live load from super structure
total
factor of safety against overturning

=
=
=
=
=

1131.5
2.3
64.8
38.7
1237.3

=
=
=
=
=

0.7
866.1
0.0
866.1
2.425

kN
kN

> 1.5 hence safe against slinding

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

(By 706.3.4-IRC78:2014)
UNDER SPAN UNLOADED CONDITION
CHECK FOR SLIDING
summary of the sliding forces
longitudinal force
horizontal component of earth pressure
total
summary of the forces against sliding
Direct loads(selfwt+DL from Superstructure)
coefficient of friction between fissured rock and
frictional froce due to direct loads
passive earth pressure
Total forces against sliding
factor of safety against sliding

kN
kN
kN
kN
kN

299.6
1085.3
1385.0

kN-m
kN-m
kN-m

188.5
4704.7
0.0
6.8
112.7
5012.7
3.6

kN-m
kN-m
kN-m
kN-m
kN-m
kN-m

> 2 , hence safe against overturning

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.0
478.8
478.8

kN
kN
kN

1356.4
0.7
949.5
0.0
949.5
1.98

kN

kN
kN

> 1.5 hence safe against slinding

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i

CHECK FOR OVER TURNING


summary of over turning moment
longitudinal force
active earth pressure due to hori. Componenet
total
summary of the resisting moment
dead load from superstructure
self weight
total
factor of safety against overturning

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
3.1

0.0
1855.3
1855.3

kN-m
kN-m
kN-m

188.5
5534.6
5723.1

kN-m
kN-m
kN-m

> 2 , hence safe against


overturning

From the above Analysis and Design, The assumed proportioning can be
safely adopted as Abutment Dimension.

The Consulting Engineers Group, The Department of Civil Engineering, EBET-i