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Bryan Jonas R.

Sayas
11211067 | EJ2
LBYCVW1- EXERCISE 1

1. Convert the following to their equivalent pressure or pressure head value

76 cm of mercury, S=13.6 to pounds per square inch (psi)


P = 13.6(9810 N/m3)(0.76m)
P = 101396.16 N/m2
=(101396.16 N/m2)(2.205416 lb/1kg)(1kg/9.81N)[1in2/(3,28ft)2][1ft2/(12in)2]
=14.71 psi

10.3m of water to equivalent height of oil, S= 0.83, in meters


Assume Pwater = Poil
Pw = Patm + 1(9810)(10.3)
Pw = 101043 Pa
Poil = Patm + 0.83(9810)(h)
h = 101043/(0.83x9810)
h = 12.41m

40 psi to meters of water


= (40 lbs/in2)( (4.448 N/1lb)[1 in2/(0.0254m)2)
= 275776.55 N/m2
h = 275776.55/1(9810)
h = 28.11m

300 kPa to equivalent pressure in absolute units, if local Patm = 99.79kPa


300 kPa + 99.79 kPa
= 399.79 kPa

235kPa-abs to meters of oil, S=0.79


(235kPa)(1000 Pa/1 kPA) = 235000 Pa
h = 235000/.79(9810)
h = 30.32m

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2. The container shown has three liquids contained as shown. If the pressure gage indicates 5kPa
gage, what would be the elevations of the liquid free surfaces (A, B and C) in the different
limbs of the manometer? What would be the elevation of the free surface of mercury (D) in the
manometer below the tank?
P2 = P1 + [(z2 z1)
P12 = air(2) = P10
5000 Pa = P10
A) 5000 1.30(9810)ha = PA
ha = 5000/1.3(9810)
ha = 0.39m
ElA = 12.39m
B) 5000 1.5(9810)hb = PA
hb = 5000/1.5(9810)
hb = 0.34m
ElB = 12.34m
C) 5000 1.7(9810)hc = PA
hc = 5000/1.7(9810)
hc = 0.30m
ElC = 12.30m
D) 5000 13.6(9810)hd = PA
hd = 5000/13.6(9810)
hd = 0.04m
ElD = 12.04m
3. What if the pressure indicates 5kPa? What would be the corresponding
surface
Pressure free
gage 12m
elevations?
A
P2 = P1 + [(z2 z1)
Elev 12m
P12 = air(2) = P10
Air
5000 Pa = P10
Elev 10m
A) 5000 1.30(9810)ha = PA
ha = 5000/1.3(9810)
S= 1.30
ha = 0.39m
Elev 8.4m
S= 1.50 4.0m

ElA = 10.39m
B) 5000 1.5(9810)hb = PA
hb = 5000/1.5(9810)
hb = 0.34m

Elev 5.7m
S= 1.70 4.0m

ElB = 8.74m
C) 5000 1.7(9810)hc = PA
hc = 5000/1.7(9810)
hc = 0.30m
ElC = 6m
D) 5000 13.6(9810)hd = PA
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D
Elev 4.0m

S= 13.6 4.0m

B
C

hd = 5000/13.6(9810)
hd = 0.04m
ElD = 4.04m
4. Determine in (a) newtons per sq.m, (b) millibars, the increase of pressure intensity per meter
of depth in fresh water
Assume: h = 1m
P = pgh
P = pg
P = 1000kg/m3 (9.81m/s2)
P = 9.81 x 103 N/m2 ~ 98.1mb
9.81 x 103 N/m2, 98.1mb
5. A branch of science that deals with water at rest
a) fluid mechanics

b) fluid statics

c) hydraulics

d) kinetics

6. Absolute viscosity of a fluid varies with pressure and temperature and is defined as a function
of :
a) density and angular deformation rate
b) density and shear stress
c) shear stress and density
d) shear stress and angular deformation rate
7. A block of wood (s =0.65) 20 mm thick is floating in sea water (s =1.03). Find the area of a
block of wood (As) in square meter which will support a man weighing 80 kg., when the top
surface is just at the water surface.
Ywater = (1.03)(9810) = 10104.3
ywood = (0.65)(9810) = 6376.5
10104.5 (20A) 80(9.81)(1000) = 6376.5 (20A)
A = 10.53
a) 10.53

b) 9.45

c. 11.43

d) 12.42

8. A pressure gauge, located on side of a tank at elevation 8 m, containing a liquid reads 80 kPa.
Another gauge at elevation 3 reads 120kPa. Compute for the specific gravity of the liquid.
120000 = 80000 + S(9810)(5)
S = 0.82
a) 0.82

b) 0.65

c) 0.72

d) 0.55

A stone weighs 468 N in air. When submerged in water, it weighs 298 N.


9. Find the volume of the stone. The volume of stone in cubic meter is
468-298 = 170N, 170/9.81 = 17.33 *kg of water displaced*
V = m/d = 17.33/1000 = 0.01733 m3
a) 0.0173

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b) 0.0165

c) 0.045

d) none of above

10. Find the specific weight of the stone in kN per cubic meter. The specific weight of the stone is
m = 468/9.81 = 47.71kg
p = 47.71/0.0173 = 2757.8
y = (2757.8)(9.81) = 27054 ~ 27.05kN
a) 27.05
b) 23.9
c) 24.5
d) none of above
11. It is the pressure measured above absolute zero; also the sum of atmospheric pressure and gage
pressure.
a) absolute
b)absolute pressure
c)absolute
d) absolute volume
viscosity
temperature
12. The term used as the resultant vertical force exerted on a body by a static fluid in which is
submerged or floating is:
a)reaction
b)buoyancy
c)hydrostatic force
d)inertial force

13. If force, length and time are selected as the three fundamental dimensions, the units of
mass in the SI system would be written as:
a) FT2/L

b) FL/T2

c)Nm/s2

d) Ns2/m

14. Calculate the pressure at a depth of 10m in a liquid with specific gravity of 0.8
P = (0.8)(9810)(10)
P = 78480 ~78.5kPa
a)78.5kPa
b) 62.7 kPa

c) 89.4 kPa

d) 98.3kPa

15. How many meters of water are equivalent to 75cm mercury (Hg)?
0.75 = Hh20 (1/13.6)
H = 10.2m
a) 8.5m
b) 10.2 m

c) 9.4 m

d) 6.3 m

16. Oil with S= 0.86 is being transported in a pipe. Calculate the pressure if a U-tube
manometer reads 240mm Hg (mercury. The oil in the manometer is depressed 125 mm
below the pipe centreline.
Phg = 0.24(13.6)(9810) = 32019.84 Pa
Poil = 0.125(0.86)(9810) = 1054.575 Pa
PA = Phg Poil = 30.96kPa
a)68.5kPa

b) 30.96 kPa

c) 49.4 kPa

d) 28.3kPa

17. An object is constructed of a material lighter than water. It weighs 50N in air and a force of
10N is required to hold it under water. What is its density, specific weight and specific gravity.
18. The mass density is :
(50/60)(100)
=833.33 kg/m2
a) 832.5 kg/m2

b) 742.5 kg/m2 c) 539.5 kg/m2 a) 972.5 kg/m2

19. The specific weight is:


y = pg = (832.5)(9.81) = 8166.83 N/m3

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a) 9178 N/m3

b) 9123 N/m3 c) 7882 N/m3

d) 8167 N/m3

20. The specific gravity is:


S = 832.5/1000 = 0.8325
a) 0.7784
b) 0.9084

c) 0.8325

d) 0.6785

21. Whenever the absolute pressure is less than the atmospheric pressure, the pressure is said to be:
a) atmospheric

b) vacuum

c) positive gage d) absolutely positive.

22. This property can be thought of as the internal stickiness of a fluid. The rate of deformation of
a fluid is directly linked to this parameter.
a) specific weight

b) Viscosity

c) roughness coefficient d) compressibility

The pressure at the bottom of the river section 9.2 m deep was determined to be 97kPa. It was
noticed however that the river has two layers of water having two different densities. The lighter
one has a specific gravity of 1.02 and 7 m deep.
23. What is the specific weight of the denser liquid?
97000 = Po + 1.02(9810)(7) + s(9810)(2.2)
S = 1.25
a) 1.75

b) 1.55

c) 1.45

d) 1.25

The gage pressure at a depth of 6 meters in an open tank of liquid is 47 kPa


24. What is the specific weight in Newton per cubic meter?
6y = 47000
y = 7833 N/m3
a) 7833

b) 8910

c) 7650

d) 9234

A cylindrical container, having a diameter of 4 meters and a height of 3 meters is inverted


vertically with the open mouth facing down and submerged in water.
25. When the water has risen 30 cm inside the cylinder, how deep in meters is the open end
(mouth) from the free surface?
Vcylinder = (3.14)(22)(3) = 37.68
Vh2o = (3.14)(22)(0.30) = 3.768
Vair = 37.68 3.768 = 33.912
P1 = 101325 Pa
P2 = (101325 x 37.68)/33.912 = 112583.33 101325 = 11258.33 Pa
Pmouth = Psubmerged + Ph2o = 11258.33 + 9810(0.3) = 14201.33 Pa
h = 14201.33/9810
h=1.448
a) 1.43

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b) 1.67

c) 1.53

d) 1.23