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LBYCVW1

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Sayas

11211067 | EJ2

LBYCVW1- EXERCISE 1

P = 13.6(9810 N/m3)(0.76m)

P = 101396.16 N/m2

=(101396.16 N/m2)(2.205416 lb/1kg)(1kg/9.81N)[1in2/(3,28ft)2][1ft2/(12in)2]

=14.71 psi

Assume Pwater = Poil

Pw = Patm + 1(9810)(10.3)

Pw = 101043 Pa

Poil = Patm + 0.83(9810)(h)

h = 101043/(0.83x9810)

h = 12.41m

= (40 lbs/in2)( (4.448 N/1lb)[1 in2/(0.0254m)2)

= 275776.55 N/m2

h = 275776.55/1(9810)

h = 28.11m

300 kPa + 99.79 kPa

= 399.79 kPa

(235kPa)(1000 Pa/1 kPA) = 235000 Pa

h = 235000/.79(9810)

h = 30.32m

1|Page

2. The container shown has three liquids contained as shown. If the pressure gage indicates 5kPa

gage, what would be the elevations of the liquid free surfaces (A, B and C) in the different

limbs of the manometer? What would be the elevation of the free surface of mercury (D) in the

manometer below the tank?

P2 = P1 + [(z2 z1)

P12 = air(2) = P10

5000 Pa = P10

A) 5000 1.30(9810)ha = PA

ha = 5000/1.3(9810)

ha = 0.39m

ElA = 12.39m

B) 5000 1.5(9810)hb = PA

hb = 5000/1.5(9810)

hb = 0.34m

ElB = 12.34m

C) 5000 1.7(9810)hc = PA

hc = 5000/1.7(9810)

hc = 0.30m

ElC = 12.30m

D) 5000 13.6(9810)hd = PA

hd = 5000/13.6(9810)

hd = 0.04m

ElD = 12.04m

3. What if the pressure indicates 5kPa? What would be the corresponding

surface

Pressure free

gage 12m

elevations?

A

P2 = P1 + [(z2 z1)

Elev 12m

P12 = air(2) = P10

Air

5000 Pa = P10

Elev 10m

A) 5000 1.30(9810)ha = PA

ha = 5000/1.3(9810)

S= 1.30

ha = 0.39m

Elev 8.4m

S= 1.50 4.0m

ElA = 10.39m

B) 5000 1.5(9810)hb = PA

hb = 5000/1.5(9810)

hb = 0.34m

Elev 5.7m

S= 1.70 4.0m

ElB = 8.74m

C) 5000 1.7(9810)hc = PA

hc = 5000/1.7(9810)

hc = 0.30m

ElC = 6m

D) 5000 13.6(9810)hd = PA

2|Page

D

Elev 4.0m

S= 13.6 4.0m

B

C

hd = 5000/13.6(9810)

hd = 0.04m

ElD = 4.04m

4. Determine in (a) newtons per sq.m, (b) millibars, the increase of pressure intensity per meter

of depth in fresh water

Assume: h = 1m

P = pgh

P = pg

P = 1000kg/m3 (9.81m/s2)

P = 9.81 x 103 N/m2 ~ 98.1mb

9.81 x 103 N/m2, 98.1mb

5. A branch of science that deals with water at rest

a) fluid mechanics

b) fluid statics

c) hydraulics

d) kinetics

6. Absolute viscosity of a fluid varies with pressure and temperature and is defined as a function

of :

a) density and angular deformation rate

b) density and shear stress

c) shear stress and density

d) shear stress and angular deformation rate

7. A block of wood (s =0.65) 20 mm thick is floating in sea water (s =1.03). Find the area of a

block of wood (As) in square meter which will support a man weighing 80 kg., when the top

surface is just at the water surface.

Ywater = (1.03)(9810) = 10104.3

ywood = (0.65)(9810) = 6376.5

10104.5 (20A) 80(9.81)(1000) = 6376.5 (20A)

A = 10.53

a) 10.53

b) 9.45

c. 11.43

d) 12.42

8. A pressure gauge, located on side of a tank at elevation 8 m, containing a liquid reads 80 kPa.

Another gauge at elevation 3 reads 120kPa. Compute for the specific gravity of the liquid.

120000 = 80000 + S(9810)(5)

S = 0.82

a) 0.82

b) 0.65

c) 0.72

d) 0.55

9. Find the volume of the stone. The volume of stone in cubic meter is

468-298 = 170N, 170/9.81 = 17.33 *kg of water displaced*

V = m/d = 17.33/1000 = 0.01733 m3

a) 0.0173

3|Page

b) 0.0165

c) 0.045

d) none of above

10. Find the specific weight of the stone in kN per cubic meter. The specific weight of the stone is

m = 468/9.81 = 47.71kg

p = 47.71/0.0173 = 2757.8

y = (2757.8)(9.81) = 27054 ~ 27.05kN

a) 27.05

b) 23.9

c) 24.5

d) none of above

11. It is the pressure measured above absolute zero; also the sum of atmospheric pressure and gage

pressure.

a) absolute

b)absolute pressure

c)absolute

d) absolute volume

viscosity

temperature

12. The term used as the resultant vertical force exerted on a body by a static fluid in which is

submerged or floating is:

a)reaction

b)buoyancy

c)hydrostatic force

d)inertial force

13. If force, length and time are selected as the three fundamental dimensions, the units of

mass in the SI system would be written as:

a) FT2/L

b) FL/T2

c)Nm/s2

d) Ns2/m

14. Calculate the pressure at a depth of 10m in a liquid with specific gravity of 0.8

P = (0.8)(9810)(10)

P = 78480 ~78.5kPa

a)78.5kPa

b) 62.7 kPa

c) 89.4 kPa

d) 98.3kPa

15. How many meters of water are equivalent to 75cm mercury (Hg)?

0.75 = Hh20 (1/13.6)

H = 10.2m

a) 8.5m

b) 10.2 m

c) 9.4 m

d) 6.3 m

16. Oil with S= 0.86 is being transported in a pipe. Calculate the pressure if a U-tube

manometer reads 240mm Hg (mercury. The oil in the manometer is depressed 125 mm

below the pipe centreline.

Phg = 0.24(13.6)(9810) = 32019.84 Pa

Poil = 0.125(0.86)(9810) = 1054.575 Pa

PA = Phg Poil = 30.96kPa

a)68.5kPa

b) 30.96 kPa

c) 49.4 kPa

d) 28.3kPa

17. An object is constructed of a material lighter than water. It weighs 50N in air and a force of

10N is required to hold it under water. What is its density, specific weight and specific gravity.

18. The mass density is :

(50/60)(100)

=833.33 kg/m2

a) 832.5 kg/m2

y = pg = (832.5)(9.81) = 8166.83 N/m3

4|Page

a) 9178 N/m3

d) 8167 N/m3

S = 832.5/1000 = 0.8325

a) 0.7784

b) 0.9084

c) 0.8325

d) 0.6785

21. Whenever the absolute pressure is less than the atmospheric pressure, the pressure is said to be:

a) atmospheric

b) vacuum

22. This property can be thought of as the internal stickiness of a fluid. The rate of deformation of

a fluid is directly linked to this parameter.

a) specific weight

b) Viscosity

The pressure at the bottom of the river section 9.2 m deep was determined to be 97kPa. It was

noticed however that the river has two layers of water having two different densities. The lighter

one has a specific gravity of 1.02 and 7 m deep.

23. What is the specific weight of the denser liquid?

97000 = Po + 1.02(9810)(7) + s(9810)(2.2)

S = 1.25

a) 1.75

b) 1.55

c) 1.45

d) 1.25

24. What is the specific weight in Newton per cubic meter?

6y = 47000

y = 7833 N/m3

a) 7833

b) 8910

c) 7650

d) 9234

vertically with the open mouth facing down and submerged in water.

25. When the water has risen 30 cm inside the cylinder, how deep in meters is the open end

(mouth) from the free surface?

Vcylinder = (3.14)(22)(3) = 37.68

Vh2o = (3.14)(22)(0.30) = 3.768

Vair = 37.68 3.768 = 33.912

P1 = 101325 Pa

P2 = (101325 x 37.68)/33.912 = 112583.33 101325 = 11258.33 Pa

Pmouth = Psubmerged + Ph2o = 11258.33 + 9810(0.3) = 14201.33 Pa

h = 14201.33/9810

h=1.448

a) 1.43

5|Page

b) 1.67

c) 1.53

d) 1.23

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