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PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE

NOVELTY ASSESSMENT REPORT


Project Title

Proposal Number

Development of Magnetic
Rotary Engine

Applicant
Nikhil Raj,
SAP ID 500029501
B.Tech (Power System
Engineering), Vth Semester
University of Petroleum & Energy
Studies, Dehradun

Cost/Duration of Project

Rs. 64,000/-

A. Novelty of Proposal:
The applicant proposes to develop a magnetic rotary engine which uses only magnetic
forces and the concept of electromagnetism to function. This can be used directly to
vehicles, generators, motors, etc. The proposed work relates to an engine that converts
the magnetic force into automatic continuous power generating source from permanent
magnet. The proposed magnet engine will not pollute the environment. Thus, it has an
advantage of being simple and used for Eco-friendly mechanism.
B. Inventive Step:
o

This proposal relates to a robotic vehicle cum helicopter using android


application for remote operation (wireless camera) like monitoring/spying and
combat purposes.

The applicant proposes to provide a ground or aerial based unmanned vehicle


having an Infra-red camera mounted on top of it which can transmit the real time
audio and video with night vision capabilities.

The applicant proposes to use the android application device at the other end
which can control the movement of robot in all directions. The android application
device transmitter act as remote control that has the advantage of adequate
range, while the receiver end Bluetooth device fed to the microcontroller drives
the DC motors via motor driver IC for necessary work.

(Himanshu Goel)
(Anil Kumar)
Project Scientist

Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE


o

The proposed system will provide many applications in fields like medical fields,
military operations, remote sensing, commercial aerial surveillance, sports, oil,
gas and mineral exploration and production, disaster relief and in scientific
research.

C. Technical information provided by the applicant:


o

The proposal intends to development of a robotic vehicle cum helicopter using


android

application

for

remote

operation

(with

wireless

camera)

like

monitoring/spying and combat purposes. The robot along with camera can
wirelessly transmit real time audio/video with night vision capabilities.
o

The major advantage of the proposal is its self-propulsion system. It can work on
the ground as well as fly in the air.

An android application device at the transmitting end will control the movement of
the robot. At the receiving end, two motors and four rotors/propellers connected
to the microcontroller that will control the movement of the robot.

Remote Operation will be achieved by any smart phone/Tablet etc. with android
OS, upon a GUI (Graphical User Interface) based touch screen operation.

A wireless camera is mounted on the robot body for spying purposes even in
complete darkness by using infrared lighting.

D. Proposed Market:
o

The applicant plans to market its product in following industries:


1. Medical Field,
2. Military Operations,
3. Remote sensing,
4. Commercial aerial surveillance,
5. Sports
6. Domestic policing.
7. Oil, gas and mineral exploration and production
(Himanshu Goel)
(Anil Kumar)

Project Scientist

Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE


8. Disaster Relief
9. Scientific research
10. Aerial target practice in training of human pilots.
11. Forest fire detection and
12. Search and rescue animal in sanctuaries and parks.
E. Preliminary IP perspective
A preliminary IP search was done to identify patents claiming similar sensor based gas
detection systems. The search gave following patents of specific relevance:

(Himanshu Goel)
(Anil Kumar)
Project Scientist

Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE

Indian Scenario:

Patent
Title
Patentee
Priority
Abstract

Claims

Indian Patent No. 2435/CHE/2011


MAGNET ENGINE

MARIA PAUL, TAMIL NADU


18/07/2011
The invention relates to an engine that converts the magnetic force into automatic continuous power generating source from permanent
magnet. It can be used directly to vehicles, generators, motors, etc. The magnet engine will not pollute the environment, simple and echo
friendly and reduces the budget. The engine power can be reduced and stopped by moving the ring-magnet in the disc with the help of a clutch
mechanism

1. We claim:
1) A vehicle for detecting and removing buried objects, said vehicle comprising:
a) indexing head with plurality of mounting slots to facilitate mounting of clearance tools,
b) object detection array comprising of ground penetrating radar, marking device and distance sensor,
c) at-least one operation arm capable of holding the object detection array and the clearance tools, and
d) vision arm to carry infrared camera.
2) The vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the indexing head is rotatable.
3) The vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the vehicle movement, the arms movement and the indexing head is controlled
remotely.
4) The vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the marking device is selected from the group comprising of pneumatically spray
paint, placing identification mark, pouring liquid and combinations thereof.
5) The vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the operation arm is fitted with video camera to view the object detection and
removing process by an operator.
6) The vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the objects are selected from the group comprising of land mines,explosives,
metal objects and combination thereof.
7) The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein controlling the movement of the vehicle and arms remotely.

(Himanshu Goel)
Project Scientist

(Anil Kumar)
Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE


8) The method as claimed In claim 1, wherein calibrating the vehicle and the arms before performing the scanning act.
9) The method as claimed in claim 8, wherein monitoring the buried object with an infrared camera mounted to the
vehicle.
Patent
Title
Priority
Patentee
Abstract

Claims

Indian Patent No. 1046/CHE/2014


LIVE HUMAN DETECTING ROBOT FOR EARTHQUAKE RESCUE OPERTION
28/02/2014
BHARATH UNIVERSITY, Tamil Nadu

Earthquakes produce a devastating effect and they see no difference between human and material. Hence a lot of times humans
are buried among the debris and it became impossible to detect them. A timely rescue can only save the people who are buried
and wounded. Detection by rescue workers becomes time consuming and due to the vast area that gets affected it becomes more
difficult. The present invention proposes an autonomous robotic vehicle that moves in the earthquake prone area and helps in
identifying the alive people and rescue operations.
We claim:
1. An autonomous robotic vehicle to identify presence of alive person buried in debris by a unique passive infrared sensor
(PIR) which emits infrared rays to detect humans.
2. The invention as claimed in claim 1, wherein, the thermal radiation emitted by the human body is received and manipulated
by the PIR sensor to detect the presence of alive humans and immediately provides audio and visual alerts to help locate the
person.
3. The invention as claimed in claim 2, wherein, the PIR sensor is placed on a moving all direction robot driven on a geared
DC motor for increased torque and low speed and stepper motor for increased turning accuracy and wherein a 3 wheel geared
drive with DC motors is attached to perform forward and reverse movement.
4. The invention as claimed in claim 2, wherein, the autonomous robotic vehicle comprises,
a) Embedded Microcontroller PIC (18LF45K22 I/P) / ARM,
b) Zigbee Transmitter and Receivers / RF Transceivers,
c) PIR Sensor,

(Himanshu Goel)
Project Scientist

(Anil Kumar)
Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE

d) Motor,
e) Motor drive,
f) Alarm,
g) PC Interfacing and
h) software tools such as MPLAB IDE For controller programming, Or CAD For circuit design, Eagle For PCB design,
Visual Studio for PC interface programming.
Patent
Title
Priority
Patentee
Abstract

Claims

US Patent US20110144828
Unmanned Multi-Purpose Ground Vehicle with Different Levels of Control
Dec 11, 2009
The Boeing Company

A vehicle comprises a platform, a propulsion system, a communications system, a sensor system, and a computer system. The
propulsion system, communications system, sensor system, and computer system are associated with the platform. The propulsion
system is configured to move the platform on a ground. The communications system is configured to establish a wireless
communications link to a remote location. The sensor system is configured to generate sensor data. The computer system is
configured to run a number of control processes to perform a mission and configured to perform operations in response to a
number of commands from the number of operators if the number of requests is valid.
1. A vehicle comprising:
i. A platform.
ii. A propulsion system associated with the platform and configured to move the platform on a ground.
iii. A sensor system associated with the platform and configured to generate sensor data; and
iv. A computer system associated with the platform, wherein the computer system is configured to run a number of control
processes to perform a mission and configured to perform a number of operations in response to a number of commands
from a number of operators.
2. The vehicle of claim 1, wherein the computer system is further configured to receive a number of requests to change control of
the vehicle from the number of control processes to the number of operators, determine whether the number of requests is valid,
and perform the number of operations in response to the number of commands from the number of operators if the number of

(Himanshu Goel)
Project Scientist

(Anil Kumar)
Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE


requests is valid.
3. The vehicle of claim 1, further comprising:
A communications system associated with the platform and configured to establish a wireless communications link to a remote
location, wherein the computer system is configured to send information over the wireless communications link to the remote
location.
4. The vehicle of claim 2, wherein the number of control processes is configured to return to performing the mission when there is
an absence of the number of commands for longer than a selected period of time to return the control to the number of control
processes.
5. The vehicle of claim 1, wherein the number of control processes comprises at least one of a surveillance control process, a
navigation control process, a weapons control process, and an operator control process.
6. The vehicle of claim 1, wherein the number of operations comprises at least one of directing movement of the vehicle, changing
waypoints for the vehicle, changing a number of targets for surveillance by the vehicle, causing the vehicle to self destruct, firing
a weapons system, and changing the sensor data generated by the sensor system.
7. The vehicle of claim 1, wherein each of the number of operators controls a different control process in the number of control
processes.
8. The vehicle of claim 1, wherein the number of operators comprises at least one of an onboard operator and a remote operator.
9. The vehicle of claim 2, wherein the number of requests comprises at least one of an access code, a password, a certificate, and a
user identifier.
10. The vehicle of claim 1, wherein the number of commands have a number of levels of control.
11. The vehicle of claim 1, wherein the sensor system comprises:
a camera system configured to generate image data.
12. The vehicle of claim 1, wherein the sensor system comprises:
a global positioning system unit configured to generate location information.
13. The vehicle of claim 1, wherein the sensor system is configured to generate image data and location information.
14. The vehicle of claim 3, wherein the computer system is configured to send video data and status information over the wireless
communications link to the remote location.
15. The vehicle of claim 14, wherein the status information comprises at least one of a status of the vehicle and location
information for the vehicle.
16. The vehicle of claim 1, wherein the propulsion system comprises at least one of a gasoline engine, a diesel engine, and an

(Himanshu Goel)
Project Scientist

(Anil Kumar)
Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE


electrical engine.
17. The vehicle of claim 1 further comprising:
an energy harvesting system configured to generate power for the vehicle.
18. The vehicle of claim 5, wherein the navigation control process avoids obstacles and adjusts routes independent of a human
operator.
19. An autonomous ground vehicle comprising:
a platform;
a propulsion system associated with the platform and configured to move the platform on a ground, wherein the propulsion system
has two types of engines;
a communications system associated with the platform and configured to establish a wireless communications link to a remote
location;
a sensor system associated with the platform and configured to generate sensor data;
a power system having a number of batteries and an energy harvesting system; and
a computer system associated with the platform, wherein the computer system is configured to run a number of control processes
to perform a mission, send information over the wireless communications link to the remote location, receive a request to change
control of the autonomous ground vehicle from the number of control processes to a number of operators, determine whether the
request is valid, and perform a number of operations in response to a number of commands from the number of operators if the
request is valid.
20. A method for operating a vehicle, the method comprising:
loading a mission onto the vehicle, wherein the vehicle comprises a platform; a propulsion system associated with the platform
and configured to move the platform on a ground; a sensor system associated with the platform and configured to generate sensor
data; a power system having a number of batteries and an energy harvesting system; and a computer system associated with the
platform, wherein the computer system is configured to run a number of control processes to perform the mission; and
running the number of control processes to perform the mission.
21. The method of claim 20 further comprising:
responsive to receiving a request to change control of the vehicle from the number of control processes to a number of operators,
determining whether the request is valid; and
responsive to a determination that the request is valid, performing a number of operations in response to a number of commands
from the number of operators.

(Himanshu Goel)
Project Scientist

(Anil Kumar)
Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE


22. The method of claim 20, wherein the vehicle further comprises a communications system associated with the platform and
configured to establish a wireless communications link to a remote location and further comprising:
sending the sensor data from the sensor system over the wireless communications link to the remote location.
23. The method of claim 21 further comprising:
responsive to an absence of a command from the number of operators within a selected amount of time, returning the control of
the vehicle to the number of control processes to perform the mission.
24. The method of claim 21, wherein each of the number of operators controls a different control process in the number of control
processes.
25. The method of claim 21, wherein the number of operators comprises at least one of an onboard operator and a remote operator.
26. The method of claim 21, wherein the number of commands have a number of levels of control.
Patent
Title
Priority
Patentee
Abstract

US20140238762
Multi-purposed self-propelled device
Jan 5, 2011
Orbotix, Inc.

A multi-purposed self-propelled device is provided which includes a drive system, a spherical housing, a biasing mechanism, and a
payload space within the spherical housing. The biasing mechanism can include single extended spring to engage an inner surface
of the spherical housing diametrically opposed to a contact surface engaged by the drive system. Alternatively, the biasing
mechanism can include one or more (e.g., a pair) of portal axles each having a spring and contact element to push against a
respective contact point in the inner surface of the spherical housing. As such, the portal axles can produce a vertical force that
similarly actively forces the drive system to continuously engage the inner surface of the spherical housing in order to cause the
spherical housing to move. The self-propelled device can be implemented to carry a payload or multiple payloads for various uses
and activities.
The payload space can be utilized to carry any payload. For example, the payload can include a camera, which can send images
and/or a video stream from the self-propelled device to a controller device. The controller device can be in the form of a
smartphone, tablet, or any other suitable operating device. Further, the spherical housing can be transparent to allow the camera to
take images or real time video, thereby allowing a user of the controller device (e.g. smartphone) to control the self-propelled

(Himanshu Goel)
Project Scientist

(Anil Kumar)
Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE


device by viewing the video stream.
In still other variations, the payload space includes a single payload or multiple payloads for civilian or military use. Such payloads
can include one or more of: a camera, an infrared sensor, a chemical sensor, a biological sensor, one or more explosives, a listening
device, or any other payload that can fit within the payload space.
For variations including a camera or other image capturing device, a touch a drive method is disclosed that provides the user with
the ability to dynamically control the self-propelled device by touching location points on a live image or video feed. The method
includes receiving an image or live video feed from the self-propelled device that provides a field of view of the camera mounted
within the self-propelled device. This video feed can be displayed on a touch-sensitive display of the controlled or mobile
computing device. The method further includes receiving, on the touch-sensitive display, a user selection of a location point within
the field of view of the camera, and based on the user selection, generating a command signal to be transmitted to the self-propelled
device instructing the self-propelled device to maneuver to the location point.

Claims

Furthermore, the method can include determining a position of the location point in the field of view based on a first reference
frame of the field of view as displayed on the controller device, and mapping the position of the location point on a second
reference frame corresponding to the location point relative to the self-propelled device. In such arrangements, the command signal
is generated to include instructions for maneuvering the self-propelled device based solely on the second reference frame. Further
still, for live video feed implementations, the controller device can generate the command signal dynamically in conjunction with
receiving the live video feed.
1. A self-propelled device comprising:
a spherical housing;
a drive system disposed within the spherical housing, the drive system to power one or more wheels;
a carrier mounted atop the drive system, the carrier having a top surface corresponding to a floor of a payload space within the
spherical housing; and
a biasing mechanism coupled to the carrier, the biasing mechanism to actively force the one or more wheels to continuously engage
an inner surface of the spherical housing in order to cause the spherical housing to move.
2. The self-propelled device of claim 1, further comprising a protective cover encasing the spherical housing, the protective cover

(Himanshu Goel)
Project Scientist

(Anil Kumar)
Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE


configured to break away during periods of intense shock.
3. The self-propelled device of claim 1, further comprising:
one or more batteries coupled to the drive system; and
an inductive charge port coupled to the one or more batteries, the inductive charge port to enable inductive charging of the one or
more batteries.
4. The self-propelled device of claim 1, further comprising a charging port coupled to one or more batteries disposed within the
self-propelled device and coupled to the drive system, the charging port configured for plug-in charging of the one or more
batteries.
5. The self-propelled device of claim 1, wherein the biasing mechanism comprises a left portal axle and a right portal axle, each of
the left portal axle and the right portal axle mounted to the carrier and including a spring coupled to a contact surface to provide a
force against the inner surface of the spherical housing, wherein the force includes a vertical vector providing sufficient biasing to
actively force the one or more wheels to continuously engage the inner surface of the spherical housing in order to cause the
spherical housing to move.
6. The self-propelled device of claim 5, further comprising a camera coupled to the floor of the payload space between the left
portal axle and the right portal axle, wherein the spherical housing is optically transparent.
7. The self-propelled device of claim 6, further comprising a camera stabilizer mounted to the floor of the payload space between
the left portal axle and the right portal axle, wherein the camera is mounted to the camera stabilizer.
8. The self-propelled device of claim 1, further comprising one or more of: a chemical sensor, an infrared sensor, a motion sensor, a
listening device, or a biological sensor disposed within the payload space.
9. The self-propelled device of claim 1, further comprising one or more explosives disposed within the payload space.
10. The self-propelled device of claim 1, wherein the spherical housing is sealable to permit the self-propelled device to be
substantially waterproof.
11. The self-propelled device of claim 1, further comprising a receiver coupled with a processor operating the drive system, the
receiver to receive an instruction signal from an external controller and transmit the instruction signal to the processor, the
processor to execute the instruction signal as a command to the drive system to maneuver the self-propelled device.
12. The self-propelled device of claim 11, wherein the processor operates a door mechanism on the spherical housing, and wherein
the spherical housing mechanically opens via the door mechanism upon opening instructions received by the processor from the
external controller.
13. The self-propelled device of claim 1, further comprising a stabilizer mounted to the floor of the payload space, the stabilizer

(Himanshu Goel)
Project Scientist

(Anil Kumar)
Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE


including a gyroscope to maintain a substantially constant orientation for a payload when the self-propelled device is in motion.
14. The self-propelled device of claim 13, wherein the stabilizer further includes a dampening system to reduce impact force on the
payload during impacts on the self-propelled device.
15. A computer-implemented method for operating a self-propelled device, the method performed by one or more processors of a
mobile computing device and comprising:
receiving an image from the self-propelled device, the image providing a field of view of an image capturing device mounted
within the self-propelled device;
displaying the image on a touch-sensitive display of the mobile computing device;
receiving, on the touch-sensitive display, a user selection of a location point within the field of view of the image capturing device;
and
based on the user selection, generating a command signal to be transmitted to the self-propelled device, the command signal
instructing the self-propelled device to maneuver to the location point.
16. The method of claim 15, further comprising:
determining a position of the location point in the field of view based on a first reference frame of the field of view as displayed on
the mobile computing device; and
mapping the position of the location point on a second reference frame corresponding to the location point relative to the selfpropelled device;
wherein the command signal is generated to include instructions for maneuvering the self-propelled device based solely on the
second reference frame.
17. The method of claim 15, wherein the image is a live video feed provided from the image capturing device within the selfpropelled device, and wherein generating the command signal is performed dynamically in conjunction with receiving the live
video feed.
18. A non-transitory computer-readable medium storing instructions that, when executed by one or more processors of a mobile
computing device, cause the mobile computing device to:
receive an image from a self-propelled device, the image providing a field of view of an image capturing device mounted within
the self-propelled device;
display the image on a touch-sensitive display of the mobile computing device;
receive, on the touch-sensitive display, a user selection of a location point within the field of view of the image capturing device;
and

(Himanshu Goel)
Project Scientist

(Anil Kumar)
Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE


based on the user selection, generate a command signal to be transmitted to the self-propelled device, the command signal
instructing the self-propelled device to maneuver to the location point.
19. The non-transitory computer-readable medium of claim 18, wherein the instructions, when executed by the one or more
processors, further cause the mobile computing device to:
determine a position of the location point in the field of view based on a first reference frame of the field of view as displayed on
the mobile computing device; and
map the position of the location point on a second reference frame corresponding to the location point relative to the self-propelled
device;
wherein the command signal is generated to include instructions for maneuvering the self-propelled device based solely on the
second reference frame.
20. The non-transitory computer-readable medium of claim 18, wherein the image is a live video feed provided from the image
capturing device within the self-propelled device, and wherein generating the command signal is performed dynamically in
conjunction with receiving the live video feed.

FTO Status:
o

The applicant has already developed and established non-GMP manufacturing process of PNB-001.

In view of the The present technology is highly prone to obviousness unless the same is not produced using the known
parameters and chemicals, making the processes. Therefore, the technology attracts the provision of u/s 3 (d) of the
Patents Act.

F. Scope of IP generation:

(Himanshu Goel)
Project Scientist

(Anil Kumar)
Scientist-B

PATENT INFORMATION CENTRE

The applicant is yet to disclose the technical details, instrumentation and functioning of the proposed sensor based model for
detection of gases. Further, comparative data is also required to establish advancement over the existing products and technical
knowledge in the field. In absence of the requisite information, it is too early to comment on novelty and the scope of generation of
future IP.

(Himanshu Goel)
Project Scientist

(Anil Kumar)
Scientist-B