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Mark Schemes

8C

Quick Quiz
Question

Answer

Topic

Marks

Matching End of Unit Test marks


to NC levels
Level

Marks Cumulative
available
total

Suggested
threshold for
achieving level

8Ca

8Cb

8Cc

8Cd

13

13

8Ce

17

17

25

23

End of Unit Test marks


Question

Level Answer

Mark scheme

1 mark for two correct

a spots

1 mark

b5

1 mark

c 38.5 C

1 mark

d a straight line drawn across the graph at 37 C

1 mark

a P = windpipe/trachea, Q = stomach

2 marks 1 mark for each

b i microbes stick to the mucus

1 mark

ii sweep mucus up windpipe

1 mark

grow, reproduce respire, get rid of waste

8
C

2 mark for all four correct

7
7

c acid

1 mark

a the vaccine was introduced

1 mark

b an increase every six years

1 mark

c 1989

1 mark

antiseptic

1 mark

a food poisoning, tuberculosis

1 mark for both correct

b i virus; ii fungus

1 mark for both correct

a room temperature; freezer; fridge

1 mark

b the growth of bacteria in milk is slowed down

1 mark accept bacteria


stops growing but do not
accept kills bacteria

it kills them

1 mark

any two from: water, sex, animals, food, by contact,


injections/contaminated needles

1 mark

a Some remain in the blood to protect against further


infection.

1 mark

b line rises more steeply

1 mark line must start above


0 on the y-axis, no mark if
this is not the case; accept
a line that rises as steeply as
the existing line but reaches a
higher level of antibodies

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8C

Mark Schemes (continued)

Question

Level Answer

Mark scheme

10

a increasing numbers

1 mark

b antibiotic resistance or greater pollution.

1 mark also accept


immigration or poor diet

Answers to Quick Check activities

8
C

Quick
Check

Answers

8Ca

Possible questions for the answers provided are:


1 What phrase can be used to remember the seven life processes?
2 What is the word for a living thing?
3 What is another word for a microbe?
4 What are the three types of microbes?
5 What do you need to do to see microbes?
6 What is the smallest type of microbe?
7 What is an example of a large fungus?
8 What is the name of a microbe that is a one-celled fungus?
9 Why dont scientists classify viruses as living things?
10 What is the singular of bacteria?

8Cb

Made with the help of fungi: beer, Marmite, bread, wine


Made with the help of bacteria: yoghurt
Made with the help of bacteria and fungi: blue cheese, vinegar
Microbes are not used: milk, jam, carrot, chicken, fried egg.

8Cc

1 a Example answers are given in the table below


Disease

Microbe

(e.g. impetigo)

bacteria

(e.g. touch)

How it is spread

cold

viruses

(e.g. air)

(e.g. athletes foot)

fungi

(e.g. touch)

b Any two from the following, which are not in the table: e.g. water, air, sex, touch, food.
2 symptoms
3 a Pupils responses will vary (e.g. colds).
b Pupils responses will vary (e.g. malaria).
8Cd

Pupils own responses.

8Ce

Across
3 antibiotic; 8 air; 10 chlorine; 11 yeast; 13 aerobic; 15 foot; 16 viruses; 19 pasteurisation; 20 measles
Down
1 dioxide; 2 athletes; 4 infected; 5 carbon; 6 bread; 7 microbes; 9 food; 12 poisoning; 14 bacteria;
17 skin; 18 warm

Exploring Science

M03_ES_AB_Y8_5415_U8C.indd 104

edition

104

Pearson Education Limited 2008

28/8/08 11:47:54